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rBj.RXi" s"cr3SCai?cio-T, s.oo.
- CoLoisrEL Caldwell,o the Beloit
Courser, in noticingjtho retirement of Mr.
Barnhart from the Osborne Farmer,
claims that he (Caldwell) is now the old
est continuous editor and publisher in
northwest Kansas. He is kind enough to
dd: "Tilton, of the Wa-Keeney World,
jf we mistake not, comes next to us is
grade of service, as his paper is but a few
weeks younger than ours, and he founded
it." You old rascal, you know that this
"World is precisely one week younger
than the Courier. "We feel like saying
that, if your crowing could have been
foretold we believe we would have started
the World' a week earlier than its first
issue did appear!
Sheriff Keeler, of Leavenworth
county, has issued a proclamation that, if
all the saloons in Leavenworth city are
not closed by the first of May, he will
take steps to close them. The Standard,
the Democratic organ of that city, is, as
a matter of course, thejorgan of the saloon
keepers also. It calls the sheriff's procla
mation a harmless thing, and declares
that the saloon keepers are not likely to
run. Such sentiment, as far as the latter
declaration is concerned, could emanate
from no other kind of a newspaper man
than a journalistic stinker. For the
severe criticism of any law, with a view to
securing its repeal, the World has not
one word of censure. This is a right
which free people should enjoy. When
it comes to urging the open violation of
any law, civil liberty is being trampled
upon, and the agitator ought toJ be de
prived of the privilege of dishing up such
rot. In the observance of tho right one
of these two styles of public writing, will
depend largely the ultimate fate of free in
' stitutions. Defiance of existing 1 aw means
anarchy, and no admirer of free govern
ments wants this.
PRECISELY THE POINT.
The Ness City Arc-v gives new settlers
some sound advice. Here is an extract,
which we heartily endorse:
Follow tho experience of those who
have been here ahead of you and have
been successful. Nine times in ten such
persons have invested their spare cash in
cattle. No matter if that bpare capital
will not buy more than three or four cows.
Your farming shoxild, for the present, be
confined, in the main, to the raising of
feed for these cattle. Outside of this the
small grains can be planted. They will
make good winter pasturage for 'your
cows. If you succeed in getting a good
crop you are so much the better off. If
you fail, your crop of cattle, properly
cared for, does not fail. Your means are
not exhausted nor are you compelled to
go back to your wife's relations cursing
SHOULD BE RETAINED.
It seems to the World that Dr.
Healley's retention as surgeon of the
state penitentiary would be a graceful
tribute to western Kansas. The grand
empire comprised in the sixth congres
sional district of this state has only this
one member among the officers of that
institution. It would seem that this vast
territory should be permitted to furnish
this one officer for that place. Against
Dr. Nealley, we believe that precious
littlefault can be found, even from Gov
ernor Martin's standpoint The doctor
was a soldier of the Union in the war of
the rebellion. He is a competent phy-oioiu-
and a gentleman. Certainly these
are qualifications enough for the surgeon
of 'the Kansas penitentiary, or for that
matter, of any other. These points will,
-re presume, be granted cheerfully by the
governor. The fight against Dr. Nealley's
reappointment, we are told, is made on
political grounds. Ckmcerning this phase
of the case, we are inclined to think that
the doctor is being sinned against - His
record in this county has been that of a
Bepublican. He was elected to the leg
islature in the fall of 1882 as the nominee
of a Bepublican ocventio Hia vote
as a legislative member were Bepublican.
His appointment by Governor Gliok aa
Burgeon of the penitentiary was, we have
always understood, not the result of any
concession by the doctor to Democracy,
but of an overwhelming array
of petitions from members of the legisla
ture, many other prominent men
throughout the state, and very generally
from this portion of the state.
These aresome of the main facts in
the doctor's favor. Whatever statements
-nay have been peddled to the contrary,
we are firm in the faith that his brief
aociations with Gliek influences have
ot turned him into a Democrat.
WHAT SHALL WE PLANT?
As a general rule, our old settlers know
the answer to tluVqnestion. With almost
singular unaminity, they exclaim, "Such
products as our stock will consume for
If ever' new settler knew this same
lesson as thoroughly as it is known by
the old settlers, much very probable
suffering in this portion of Kansas within
the next few years could be averted.
This rule of action, for the present, at
least, constitutes the dividing line be
tween prosperity and calamity in this
section of Kansas. In all sections of the
country, all .thoughtful people know,
farming pays when the products are fed
to stock. If this doctrine is good for
Southern plantations, for farmers along
the banks of the Mississippi and Missouri,
for fields in the Erie railroad regions, and
for homes by the side of the great lakes,
it becomes irresistible in its overwhelming
force when applied tto western Kansas.
This proposition, not one of our old
neighbors in Trego county will deny. If
new neighbors do not wish to profit th
year or next by the force ofthe example,
they must not, in the years that are to
come, aud when their sufferings bear pain
ful witness to their mistakes they
must not then, we now say, accuse the
World of not giving them good advice.
In the direction of pointing out to stran
gers the true industrial path, to say noth
ing of its other features, this paper
will pay its price many times over
to those who read it carefully. It says
now to now comers: For general farming
this section of Kansas is not jet safe, but
it is about as safe for raising the classes
of feed necessary for cattle, horses and
sheep as any section of Kansas
is for goneial farming. But this
is only a part of this question. If farm
products in general could be produced
here with absolute certainty, the produc
tion would not pay. In that event, wheat
wouldjseldoni be worth to exceed 50 cents
a bushel or corn more than 15 cents.
These grains cannot be grown for these
prices. These low prices would obtain
on account of our romoteness from the
great grain maikets. It costs the farmer
too much to get his grain carried from
here to those markets. Lie stock can be
driven from one railroad line to another
to obtain better shipping rates. If the
railroads have a general pool, cattle or
horses or sheep can be driven on foot to
the general market. This is one great
advantage of having stock, instead of
grain, to sell. This and the fact that in
the very process of feeding grain to stock
the stock owner gets a magnificent profit
on his grain and is handsomely paid for
the trouble of feeding, constitute reasons
for stock farming ii western Kansas
which no wakeful citizen will long ignore.
An error very many of the early settlers
here made was in refusing to engage in
the stock business to any extent what
ever because they were not able to begin
on a large scale. Time has been a great
coirective of this error. Five years ago,
the World urged that every one of our
people begin stock raising, if he could not
get more than a pig or a calf to begin
with. From such meager beginnings,
under determined management, a herd
soon looms up. So if a new settler here has
only ten dollars instead of four or five
hundred, he can make a beginning.
This is what he cannot make too soon in
the stock business.
Resuming the talk about what to plant;
we are somewhat doubtful about the
propriety of advocating the raising of any
farm products to sell. If, however, there
is an avenue open for .this industry in any
direction, it is in raising stock, feed to
sell lo stock men who wish to purchase.
The demand for stock feed is increasing
constantly. It would seem that when a
man has considerable cultivable land,
and not enough stock to consume the
products of his land, he might be able to
sell his surplus ,to neighbors who had
not raised enough feed. Of oouse, this
market is a small one at present, but it is
Hon, A. J. Felt has sold the
Seneca Tribune to T. J. Wolfley. Mr.
Felt was one of the Blaine and Logan
electors for Kansas last fall. Of the
many able journalists in Kansas, he is
one of the ablest We dislike very much
to part company with him on the news
paper track. He, doubtless, knows his
own business, however. He has dropped
into a channel where the money will show
up with more rapidity than it does in
newspaper offices. He is a large owner
of real estate, and a director in a bank.
STOCK P-3:iTG3- ?r BASIS OP OTJ-R ICsTX)TrS1?3I3S.
Tho rain seasonrfor the growing of
crops lasts in this section of country for
from six weeks to two; months each year,
with possibilities of occasional showers in
July and August This is the rule. The
exceptions only prove the rule. In 1880,
no rain fell untilpthe latter jrnrt of May.
At that date the prairies did not begin to
be as green as they are to-day. The rains
of that year continued to be heavy
through June and July. That year those
who planted late raised abundantt;crops.
For precisely the same reason, it seems to
us that, in 1879, 1881, 1882 and 1883, com
paratively fair crops, instead of pretty
general failures, would have resulted if
crops had been planted quite early. The
farm season of 1884 -w as as nearly perfect
here as it is often found in any portion
of the country. Planting, owing to the
backwardness of the spring, could not be
done until late. Copious showers throucrh
the usually dry midsummer were, there
fore, all that saved the crops.
What we are about to deduce from
these past conditions is only speculation.
It occurs to us, however, that, as the con
ditions are essentially the same, the past
is our only beacon for the immediate
future. If this is true, the conclusion to
be drawn is that from six weeks to two
months of rainy weather may be expected
between now and the last of June; that
these rains, beginning with the first of
April, instead of the' last of the present
month, indicate the probability of the
bulk of the rainfall taking place in April
and May, and that, allowing for incorrect
ness in the conjecture, early planting nat
urally suggests itself to the thoughtful of
our old settlers.
LARGER TYPE FOR NEWSPAPERS.
The last Printer? Circular says that
one feature of the coming newspaper will
be larger type. We hope so. The small
size of the type, the poor quality of the
paper and ink used, and the rapidity with
which most presses of larcre dailies are
run, all tend to make reading the paper a
very difficult undertaking. Even the
publishers themselves must feel tho
necessity of an improvement, but dismiss
the thought with the decision that the
greatest amount of news must be gotten
into the smallest space possible. It is
desirable to have all the news; but we
think that if editors would discard a great
deal which they now publish, and "boil
down" and put in larger type what they
retain, they would find their venture pop
ular and successful.
Weekly papers, especially those with a
very limited circulation, generally use
larger type than the dailies; but still
larger type would be preferable. We
believe farmers as a class" care more for
the size of the print than they do for the
size of the paper. They have but little
time to read by daylight, and the best of
news in fine type has few charms for
them by lamp-light
The great amount of labor-saving ma
chinery, the low wages now paid to jour
neymen, and the cheapness of paper and
postage, ought to prepare the way for this
much needed improvement Paper and
postage, whatever they may cost, are
cheaper than eyes. Suft. Thompson in
Indt sit ialisi, Kansas Agi icultural College
Superintendent Thompson has opened
up a big subject Unfortunately for the
cause which he would serve, Mr. Thomp
son's argument -begins entirely too
many stratas above the bottom of the
subject to accomplish any great results
in the direction "of reform.
The "boiling down" process which Mr.
Thompson recommends is one of the
chiefly-cherished thoughts of every live
newspaper editor or publisher. But there
is a severe limit to this process. Thoughts
cannot be expressed on paper without the
us 3 of signs. A report of a murder or any
other important event must be accom
panied by a sufficient number of signs to
give adequate expression to a variety of
facts. This cannot be done in a cramped
article. The same principle holds
good in articles that are devoted to argu
ment lii making these propositions, we
can say with entire accuracy that no one
excels us in devotion to brevity in writing.
The point which we would make is that
too much brevity is often equal to total
Farmers, as Mr. Thompson says, are
advocates of large type. He should have
gone a step farther, and added that they
are, as a rule, sticklers for. bed-blanket
papers. Many of them carry into practice
the theory that a home paper is dear
because it lacks the size and cheapness of
tome of the great city weeklies. They
would not complain, perhaps, of the use
of large type, and the consequent abridg
ment of reading matter, until their atten
was called to the fact About the mo
SATURDAY, APRIL 11, 1885.
ment some envious rival of the large
typpaper would demonstrate ,-fclat he
was"furnishing fifty or"a 'hundred per
cent, more reading matter for the same
money, the big-type paper would have to
be enlarged out ofgall proportion or go to
the wall. This enlargement of the naDer
to correspond with the increase in the
size of the type would not be thought of
seriously by any live publisher. Cheap
paper is poor paper. Uood paper costs
heavily. Heavy costs are involved in the
increase of press facilities. The present
wages of journeymen do not permit the
average publisher to save as much
money as his hired help can.
Finally, the only way in which a model
paper can be gotten up is to use type as
small, at least, as brevier, and theD give
with all possible briefness every article of
statement or argument. Small papers
are the pressing need. These and large
type do not agree. It is a weak eye, in
deed, which can not read brevier type
the same in which this article is printed
if the organ is not growing old and the
print is plain. Spectacles adapted to
different degrees of impaired sight will
heal the first defect, while the latter is
sure to be remedied by a new publisher
if the old one does not mend his ways.
In our judgment the New York Sun is
the great model of what an American
newspaper should be in the matter of
brevity and general appearance. Super
intendent Thompson's ideal newspaper
would be no New York Sun.
In the matter of the petition of Frank
Gavett, to purchase tho no 1-4 sec 34, 12,
22, last Monday, County Supt. Ben C.
Rich appeared for the state at the order
of 'Probate Judge Conger. After a full
and complete hearing, the judge decided
that Gavett was not entitled to purchase,
so the land will go to sale. Hereafter
parties desiring to purchase school land
by settlement will make their improve
ments and residence complete, so as not
to pay the costs, as Gavitt did.
L. A. Braunigjboasts of a new"boy at
Captain Hanna reached home, Mon
day morning, from Denver.
County Superintendent Kich visited
Miss Clara Bushman's school on Tuesday.
County Attorney Sam Smith, of Ness
county, took in the sights of this city
G. H. Smith, the Ness City real estate
mstler, was in 'town on Sunday and
Hays City's leading attorney, whose
surname is Rathbone, was in town about
all of last week.
Arbor day April 2 passed at this
place without any visible mark of excite
ment in any direction. Tree planting
appeared to be particularly quiet.
Henry Thompson, of Cameron, War
ren county, ,H1., has purchased 160 acres
of school .land about seven miles south
east of this place. He will bring his
family to this county in the course of a
General Utility Dickey boasts to a
Wobld reporter of a remarkably hand
some bouquet which he carried into the
Methodist chuch one day last week. The
general related that Mrs. B. J. F. Hanna
framed the bouquet from her choice col
lection of flowers.
This item was unavoidably crowded
out of last week's Word: At the resi
dence of the bride's father, Dr. H. K.
Wilcox, in this city, last Saturday evening,
Dr. W. C. Nelson, of Graham county, and
Miss Sabrina E. Wilcox were united in
marriage. We wish the newly-mated
pair a happy voyage through life's treach
G. W. Howe, a land agent at Wash
ington, Iowa, was a caller a week ago
last Saturday. He is largely interested
in Gove and Sheridan county lands, in
this state, and operates to some extent
through the firm of Stebbins & Day. E.
A Benson, who is also largely interested
in lands in those two counties, also called
at this office a week ago last Saturday.
His place of residence is Davenport,
Iowa. Another man, who is also dealing
in western Kansas lands, called the same
day. His name is C. W. Hoffman; his
place of residence, Genoa, Neb.
A. M. 8TEPHENS0N
I am prepared to do all kinds of bar
ber's work in the best style
And can be found in the Shop at all hours.
Land Attorney and Real Estate Agent.
CONTESTS A SPECIALTY.
Wa-Keeney - - Kansas.
JOHN A. NELSON,
Attorney at law
U. P. Land Agent for Trego, Gra
ham and Ness Counties,
WA-KEEUET, - KANSAS.
Stock Bandies a Specialty.
Parties meaning business request
ed to write me.
Fashionable Barber Shop.
W. H. Keeler is located in the room
just north of Wagner's Drag Store,
Where he can be found at all business
seasons, ready to do
And any work, no matter what, which is
expected of a first-class barber.
W. H. KEELER.
- Wa-Keeney,Kansas -
2 Stories ; ioo Feet long
BUILT OF STONE.
I make the Comfort of my Guests my Study
W. JF. PAGETT, Proprietor.
GHAS. N. BENEDICT,
FRUITS & VEGETABLES
Wants to buy all the Produce, at
the highest market price, which the
farmers have to dispose of.
'Call and see me.
- tTG3 - XjE3 COPT, 5 CTTS.
KTJMBER 7 .
W. B. MCHrlELD,
AND DEAIiEB IN
Wagon Work & Wagon Material.
I can secure, on favorable terms, by
order, any article which I may not happen
to have on hand.
SEAL ESTATE RUSTLERS,
SO WE DTD.
.They gave us a square deal. They
are sending their price lists East and
the people are coming to see them
from four to ten a day, and I want
to say to you that if you ever ex
pect to own a home in Kansas, you
had better go right and see
Heal Estate Agents,
CHAS. PETERSON & CO.,
Real Estate JIgets,
Collyer, Trego Co., Kansas.
Union Pacific Railroad Lands in
S&eian and Gove
S3k A- '
favorite Drescrlntlon of one of tbo
Baon noted sad succea-f ul spfcU-lstt la the U. 8.
(now retired ) for the cure of wwrvmumMtiUmm,
Mtoat MmnKmmt Wemttn e and im Sent
Lo plain sealed envelope-. Draggm, 111 It
AddrM DR. WAHO 4k CO., I
Gall and see Engine
and Pump in operation.
R. 6. KESSLER,
Agtnt for Trtgo and CFovt Go's.
wci &fUJW5!L r-:fe
s , -tin
3 -li Strong and Durablt
& flrvUV atxi-iK, -nrnx,
" 6CPl WAKP,r
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l&cnl i ,taa
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