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YEA.oaXi'S' STJSSCTaxi'Tiosr, $2.00.
Ashland has been elected the
county seat of the newly-organized county
An average of about one hundred
filings a day is reported at the Garden
City land office.
All through western Kansas the
corn crop seems to be in a luxuriant con
dition, with the exception of spots where
hail has put in its pounding.
Jewell county will have' a fair
this fall. It will be held at Mankato on
September 29 and 30 and October 1 and
2. If Jewell is in this western congres
sional district of ours, it is developing
into one of the crack counties of Kansas.
The following attorneys of Ellis
county sent a petition to Judgo Pratt,
pledging to him their earnest support in
the case of his consenting to be a candi
date for re-election: S. Motz, A.D. Gilke
eon, D. C. Nellis, C. W. Eeeder, M. M.
Fuller, Chas. Howard, J. C. Leahy.
It is claimed by the Chieftain that
1,000 head of cattle are unloaded at
Pueblo ,daily. They are driven from
Texas to Dodge City, then loaded for
Pueblo, there given about eighteen hours'
rest, and sent to their final destination in
Montana,' Seven hundred and fifty car
loads are to go through this routine.
The work of booming Senator
Ingalls for the Republican presidential
nomination seems to have been begun by
Senator Manderson, of Nebraska, the
Omaha Republican, the Leavenworth Times
and the Council Bluffs Nonpareil. This
booming is all right, on tho theory that
it will prevent just an equnl waste of
wind in some other direction. As a
-matterofcold political fact, it seems to
the Would that before the country west,
of the Mississippi furnishes a president,
it would better take on the ability to
produce a real vice president.
The actual southwest quarter
section of Kansas was homesteaded a few
days ago. It is said to be a very pretty
piece of ground. Who is going to get the
extreme northwest quarter section of the
state? And who three years ago yes
two years ago would not have laughed
scornfully if he had been told that the
southwest quarter section of Kansas land
would be homesteaded in 1885? This
land is in the county of Kansas. That is
a sandy region down there, and is not
fairly comparable with Cheyenne, the
northwest county of the state.
For more than a week there have been
6igns of danger from another Cheyenne
Indian raid through western Kansas.
The scene of the menaces has been the
Cheyonne and Arapahoe Agency, Dar
lington, Indian Territory. The govern
ment troops at that place have been too
few to preserve decent order during the
threatening attitude of the Indians.
Troops have now, it seems, been centered
within reaching distance of the place in
numbers sufficient to give the red devils a
fight if nothing else will do them. Governor
Martin lias been much interested in pre
venting any murders in this state by the
Indians, and he has had the attention of
the authorities at Washington directed
to this matter, and they have heeded this
alarm. Governor Martin has also been in
close communication with General Auger,
of the U. S. army. General Auger's
headquarters are at Fort Leavenworth.
If these Indians make this raid, they
will probably "go through St. John or
"Wallace county. There are enough
white people in western Kansas to or
ganize a rousing reception for these reds.
If the raid is begun, the white men in
the southwest ' should arm, and press
northward for recruits, thus placing the,
whole male population of the western
counties under arms. They 'can have
help from this far east if it is needed.
Begular troops are valueless as Indian
fighters; One respectable reception of
the Indians by the citizen soldiery would
forever do away with Indian raids in
Of the Indian bucks who have been
threatening this new raid, there are said
to be between eight and twelve hundred, f
They are, for the most part, so young as
not to have participated in former raids
through Kansas, and are armed with the
modern repeating riflo.
THE BOOM TO CONTINUE.
Header, this is a good deal for us to
declare. Our position on the boom'busi
ness in western Kansas this spring has
been conservative. We have aimed to
state only such facts as we could back.
Having been a witness of very much
suffering in western Kansas immediately
following the collapse of the boom of
1878-9, we determined then it was a devil
ish sin to say or do anything to induce
people to settle here under false pretenses.
We think the same way yet. It is wicked
to seek to develop a new country on the
principle that three sets of poor people
must move into it and out of it before its
occupancy should be undertaken by well-to-do-people.
We are not aware that this
line of policy has ever been formulated
into a maxim. Its existence, though, is
more than half a reality.
In asserting now that probabilities
seem to point with certainty to the con
tinuance of the boom in this section of
Kansas, the World does not undertake
to say how long the rainfall will make its
continuation practicable. We simply
mean to predict that the rainfall has ex
tended sufficiently far into the summer,
and now permeates the ground in such
immense quantities, as to render reason
able the conjecture that drouth is
dispelled for this year, at least. What
crops have been planted, not excepting
corn, bid fair to yield well.
As concerns the condition of the civil
ization of the near future in this section
of Kansas, more depends, perhaps, upon
whether this conjecture of ours for this
summer shall prove correct than upon the
condition of any two or three summers
hereafter. The seasonable summer of last
year has precipitated into this region an
army of land hunters. Nearly all the
public lands in this longitude, and, for
that matter, much further west, have
been taken. If this summer proves
to be even approximately as seasonable
as last summer was, these lands will be
occupied to a considerable extent the
coming fall. The way will be paved for
immigration through the coming winter
and spring. In other words, and to cut a
long recital short, if the present boom is
not broken down by a general crop
failure, agriculture in this region will
have received such an impetus by the ar
rival of the crop season of 1886 as to make
the calling respectable. It cannot be
profitable under the present system of
soulless freight charges. Indeed, this
fact would very nearly hold good if each
farmer could dictate the extent of his
crop yield. But we admit that farming
will be followed wherever crops will grow.
We do not admit, however, that any
sensible man will farm here for years yet
without either having stock to consume
his surplus products or a bargain made
with stock owners for the sale of such
If, on the other hand, the boom of this
year does collapse, he who attempts to
farm here in the immediate future,
beyond raising feed for stock, will be
accounted crazy. But if farm products
will grow, farming will assume respecta
bility anyway. This is so all over, even
in many sections where there is no profit
in the business.
Indeed, the Wobld could not object to
the era of stock-farming being heralded
in so that its reality could no longer be
questioned. We feel sure that the time
has come when he who pursues the policy
of procuring as much land as he con
siders necessary for the requirements of
as much stock as he will ever wish to
hold will have reason with each recurring
year to thank his lucky stars, for at least
two reasons: First, he will have become
engaged in stock-farming, which is the
only present basis of industrial prosperity
in this portion of the New Wesi; second,
he will have obtained,, at an opportune
period, a quantity of land which will
probably add to his wealth quite as
rapidly as his stock does. This double
barreled road to the possession of riches
is going to end in many rich men in
western Kansas and make this section a
real rival of central or eastern Kansas in
point of enterprise and wealth.
With the sure introduction of this new
era in western Kansas will come that
desirable boon of permanency in the prices
of real estate. No country is really home
like until these prices become somewhat
In the matter of health, this section of
Kansas- so far distances the central and
eastern portions of the state as to render
comparisons odious to them.
STOCK! F-LlRIMIIlsrG- THIS BASIS OP OTTIR HETnDTTSTIEMCTS
S. A. Haseltine A: Bra, patent solicitors,
Springfield, Missouri, "send the World
the following list of patents which were
issued to citizens of Kansas during the
R. Adair, Stovall, nlow.
J. Arnold, Eoanoke, well bucket.
B, Cuthbert, Palestine, oil-expressing
O. Baney, Melissa, plaiting apparatus.
A. Wilhelm, Pleasant Hill, cultivator.
J. C ANTE EL ls ARTICLE.
The World would be giving its own
conscience a stab if it were to fail to re
view J. Cantrel B's article this week.
We have known the writer long and
well. He has proved by his faith his
works. Any one who is acquainted with
the manner in which Mr. B. has stayed
with this country and advocated
her fortunes in her darkest, as well
as in her brightest hours, must, as a
matter of common intelligence and a show
of generosity, concede that he has played
the part of a pioneer to perfection, and is
scrupulously honest in his expressed
From the reading of the bulk of the
first part of Mr. B's article, it might be
supposed that he is a fool ulstraiston the
farming possibilities of western Kansas;
but he states so many facts in support of
his position as to go a long way toward
converting any doubter who has not
studied long, as well as closely, the agri
cultural capabilities of this immediate
section of western Kansas. Mr. B's po
sition is advanced, if not extreme. We
hold that the land hereabout has not
been civilized sufficiently for the purposes
of safe general agriculture. It is evident
to nearly all who have been close obser
vers here for a number of years that the
disappearance of the Buffalo, or Gramma,
graBs will mark the precise era of safo
agriculture. We presume that Mr. B.,
in private conversation, would admit the
correctness of this theory; but he has
worked hard here, knowing that he had as
perfect a moral and legal right as any
body to a home in the New West, and
when tho agitation, real or constructive,
comes up between agriculture and free
range, he becomes a zealous advocate of
the former. We are for stock-farming
in the best sense of the term. If the
friends of free range will maintain an
attitude of almost sultry quietude, they
can have a stock-farm era of some length
and great prosperity on the compromise;
but as must be patent to all of them who
do any thinking, the more they proclaim
the sacredness ofthe free-range theory,
the faster they will fill the country with
men who will settle it closely, try to
farm prematurely, but hasten the real
Mr. B., near the close of his article,
places himself among the advocates of
stock-farming. He asserts, in the most
emphatic terms, the futility of conducting
straight farming here for profit He de
clares that it does not fay!
There is in this article from this man
a lesson which the new comer should
read and re-read, and then if there is any
danger of his not remembering the last
part, he should commit that to memory.
judge Pratt's open letter.
The annexed letter, which first ap
peared in last week's Phillipsburg Herald,
will explain itself. We are sorry that the
circumstances' have placed Judge Pratt
in such a position as to render it neces
sary for him to decline a candidacy for
.re-election. However, our past high
opinion of his manhood has been vindi
cated by this declination. Itis a noble
act, free from the smear of political trick
ery. If there is in the district another
candidate for the position who would
have done the same thing for the same
reason, he is the man we wish to see win:
Phtllipsburo, Kan., June 22, 1885.
Honorablee S J. Osborn, John A.Nelson,
James Kelly and others:
Gentlemen'. I am in receipt of your
kind favors of the 3d and 5th instant,
requesting me to become a candidate for
re-nomination to the position of judge of
the 17th judicial district I had presumed
that the silence of the friendly journals
of my own county, and the statements I
have so frequently made in personal con
versations, would be accepted as an indi
cation of my personal desires, and that
my name would not be suggested in con
nection with that position. But the
evident sincerity of your request;
the great number of letters of
similar import received, from individual
friends, and the earnest endorsement of
" yy V si Jf& fV .Ssr Jr
SATURDAY, JULY 4, 1885.
influential journals of Ellis and Trecro
fivonties, will, I trust, bo received as an
apologyfor, and justification of, this state
ment. It would be an inexcusable suppression'
of my true feelings, were I to fail to
express the most smcere and heartfelt
gratitude for such an expression of con
fidence from those whose esteem I have
learned to so greatly value.
But, many months ago, when from the
effects of injuries received, my physical
condition was such as to convince me
that I would be unable to discharge the
duties of judge longer than to the expira
tion of my present term, I took occasion to
say to my friends that I would not be a
candidate, and I now have reason to believe
that there are worthy parties in the field,
as candidates, who would not have been
aspirants for the position but for those
assurances; and, although my health has
been restored to a greater degree tban I
had reason to expect, I cannot now rtsn
sistently, with my ideas of justice to those
parties, voluntarily allow the use of my
I desire, however, to convey to you,
and to all those who have joined you in
this request, and also to all others who,
in like manner, have manifested con
fidence in me, my sincerest gratitude, and
to assure you all that in the future it will
be an inspiring ambition to me to be
worthy of the esteem you have so gen
W. H. Pratt.
E. P. Worcester, late of the
Thomas County Cat, has started a new
paper at Kenneth. He call it the Sheridan
Comity Times. Mr. Worcester ought to
know something about running a paper
on buffalo grass. He was one of the
conductors of the Tribune at Roscoe,
Graham county, in 1880. We can tell
him now, however, that if he dont't retire
from business before getting rich at pub
lishing one of two or three papers at
Kenneth, his business future is to be a
very long one.
Death of Mrs. Carson.
Mrs. J. M. Carson died at her home,
in Sheridan county, about six miles east
of Kenneth, on Saturday, June 97, aged
47 years, 5 months and 1 day. Her
brother, Adam Coover, of Buchanan
county, Iowa, who had, in response to a
late telegram, come out to see her, told us
that paralysis was her ailment. Mr.
Hoover did not get to Carson's place
until Sunday evening after the death of
his sister. The deceased was buried last
Monday in the burying ground on or
near Carson's place, in the Saline valley,
in this county, about thirty miles from
where she died. Her brother wishes us
to say of Mrs. Carson that she was a kind
wife, mother and neighbor, and that
everybody who ever knew her in the sev
eral places where she had lived loved her.
We know that she had lived in western
Kansas since its early settlement, and are
sorry that she could not live to enjoy the
prosperity of the brighter period which
is in dawn.
A few evenings ago City Marshal
Frick skirmished around and captured
one of the Snyder boys, on the charge of
shooting within the city limits. It was
claimed that the fellow had fired a gun
from inside of his mother's residence, on
Railroad avenue. The prisoner was taken
before Police Judge Groft. That official
then began to hunt for an ordinance to
guide him in the trial of the alleged
shooter. He could find nothing of the
kind. The boy was I6t loose. May we
venture to hope that, by the time the
next fellow is arrested for discharging
fire arms within the town limits, an or
dinance to meet his case will be in ex
istence? There is nothing particularly
rash in the indulgence of such a hope as
this, is there?
Mr. W. H. Pann, taking advantage
of the Fourth's being a holiday at the
land office and Sunday following it im
mediately, went to Ness City yesterday
(Friday.) to be cone three days. Men
whose services are ts valuable as those
of Mr. Dann labor under the disadvantage
of seldom being able to leave home, while
some fellow whose ability and shiftless-1
ness would not entitle him to respectable
standing as a sand-pounder can get time
to be absent from home almost any day,
and if his absence extends to several
days, or even wears into weeks or months,
no one seems to be affected materially.
Mr. Jo. Escher's condition is improv
ing, but he is still confined to his
Lemon, the carpenter, has built him
a workshop a few steps southeast of
Marks'a blacksmith "house.
. A H. BLAIR,
Land Attorney and Real Estate Agent.
- CONTESTS A SPECIALTY.
Wa-Keenbt - - 'Kansas.
JOHN A. NELSON,
Attorney at law
U. P. Land Agent for Trego, Gra
ham and Ness Counties,
WA-KEENEY, - KANSAS.
Stock Eanches a Specialty.
Parties meaning business request
ed to write me.
- Wa-Keeney, Kansas -
2 Stories ; ioo Feet long
BUILT OF STONE.
I make the Comfort of my Guests my Study
W. F. PAGETT, Proprietor.
STE6BINS & DAY,
Have For Sale
AND DESIRABLE CLAIMS.
From Illinois, Indiana, Iowa
Parties having land or any
kind of property
Will do well to call on us, as
Office first door south, of World
shd? & jr & Jr
SISTGKDE COZPTT, 5 CS2STTS.
A3fD DEALER IN
Wagon Work & Wagon Material.
I can secure, on favorable terms, by
order, any article which I may not happen
to have on hand.
CHAS. PETERSON & CO.,
Rem Estate JIgets,
Collyer, Trego Co., Kansas.
Union Pacific Bailroad Lands in
J.H.BAKER, N.P. 6. C. SHULTZ, Atty.
Land & Emigration Co.
Bttiti Laiis aid Ttwi Lots
BOUGHT AND 80LD.
LOCATING A SPECIALTY.
Will attend promptly to all Legal
Business before the Courts
and U.S. Land Office.
QSBORX M OfflftOS,
Attoraefs-at-Law 4 Real Estate Agetis
D. H. HENKEL,
REAL ESTATE ft LOIN AGT.
LOCATING A SPECIALTY.
OFFICE WITH O9B0R2T MONROE,
fJNLLTf X Mo for
HiThe Land Agents, 1
K Wa'Keeney,Ks, JJ
B Branch Office at 3p
H$ ClayCenter.Ks. fit
HK School Land and jflk
Wft- Deeded Land alfl
$loo7ooo TO LOAN!
On Keal Estate at 8 cer cent.
-u -"&- $m
zill W,'! .