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'CENTRAL COMMITTEE MEETING.
TheRepublican Central Committee of
Trego county, Kansas, is hereby called
to meet at the office- of the Western
Kansas Would, in "WaKeeney, on Satur
day, August 29, 1835, at 2 o'clock, p.
m., for the purpose of determining the
method and time of placing a county tick
et in the field.
The attendance of every member of the
committee is urged.
W. S. Tilton, Chairman.
The Colby post-oiiice. we discover
by the pur of tho Tkoma-. Cat, has been
officially moved from John "V. Irwin's
house, three miles south of Colby, to the
town of Colby. A. J. Senter is tho new
Captain L. J. Perry lias sold his
half of the Paola Republican to his part
ner V. 1). Greason. Perry is one of tho
very vigorous newspaper writers in Ivan
was. There is no danger of his staying long
out of the editor's harness.
This seems to be the year for peo
ple to got poisoned to death from eating
toadstools for mushroom?. The latest
victim is John P. Firman, who recently
moved to Chicago with his family, from
Elraira, N. Y. Air. Firman used to own
the Elmira Gazette.
It begins to seem like we can see,
between Grainfield and Kenneth, a huge
chain of smoke, with ever and anon long--drawn
out line3 of lightning flashing
through it back and forth. As we con
Ktruo the signs, this scene means war.
Tvar to the knife, "war to" tho hilt ! Those
t wo editors nrc at it !
Mrs. Hilmtaa, wife of Charley
Hillman, of "D" company, atFoitlLryp,
was struck on the head, Friday of last
week, by a ladder blown fiom its position
against the house. Tho Grr. Am. Adxo
eate of lant Saturday sa j s that, as it went
to press, the lady lay iu a critical condi
tion at her home on North Fort street.
Sixty-six bottles of lemon extract
were drunk in one recent week by a Nor
ton young man of splendid abilities, the
Courier tells. lie wanted a stronger in
toxicant, but it was unobtainable. That
paper expresses the hope that he will
heed the counsel of his many friends and
tho promptings of his own manhood, and
-henceforth live to better purpose.
We are in receipt of the premium
list and rules of tho first annual fair of
the Norton County Agricultural associa
tion. Albert Graves is president of the
association; R. P. Falknor, correspond
ing secretary, and our good friend, L. H.
Thompson, recording secretary. The
association offers $2,251.00 in cash pre
miums at the first fair. Tho fair is to be
hold at Norton on October 6, 7, 8 and 9.
Tho pamphlet, containing this informa
tion holds forty-six pages, and is a cred
itable piece of work. It bears the im
print, "Courier Job Print."
It was a fact well settled in our
mind that tho Trego county delegation at
.the Millbrook judicial convention sup
ported a man -whoso ability insures for
him the respect of those who know hinii
Apropos of this position, is the following,
from last week's Phillipsburg Herald,
whose senior editor, Air. Lewis, laras a del
egate in this convention: Whilo at. Mill
brook, wo had the pleasure of making
the acquaintance of E. A. Alcilath, Esq.,
of Gove eonnty, who was a prominent
candidate for judge. We were much
pleased with the gentleman's appearance,
and if we mistake not, he will yet be dis
tinctly heard from at no very distant
Democracy in western Kansas
has been at least three-fifths wind. In
the future a few federal office holders will
bo added to this. We publish their call
for a judicial district convention as news,
frfthout solicitation. It is just three
fifths, wind, as far, at least, as Trego
county is concerned. It says that the
"basis of representation will be one vote
cast for governor at the last election, one
delegate for every fifty votes or fraction
of twenty-five." This same call gives
Trego county jtzv votes. Trego county
cast 107 votes for Glick last fall, and is,
therefore, to take the three-fifths wind
out of this call, entitled' to precisely txco
ffalega.es in the Lenora convention.
KANSAS CHOPS AND RAINS.
The Kansas Ciop and Weather Bulletin
for the mouth ending July 81, 1835, is on
That portion of the Import relative to
crop probabilities was published in the
World last week. We hope that all of
our subscribers have read it.
We now take occasion to give to our
readers the Jly comparison of the temper
ature and rain precipitations at Luiven
tvorth and Dodge City for the past eleven
years, as revealed by this admirable re
port: Leavenworth. Dodge City.
a zi op
1877 76.30.... 5.34
1881 -80.20.... 1.72
1832-72.50.... 3 44
1833 -76.80.... 3.58
1885 77.90.... -156
Upon looking a little further, we find
that in the Julys of these e!een years the
aggrogate rainfall ai Leavenworth has
been fifty-five inches and eighty-three.
hundredths, and at Dodge City thirty
nine inches and ninety-eight hundredths.
At Leavenworth the average July rainfall
in this eleven years has been, barring the
slight decimal remainder, live inches and
seventy-live thousandths. Substantially,
Leavenworth has averaged to receive in
each month of July during the past eleven
years one inch and four hundred and forty-one
thousandths more than has fallen
in the same periods at Dodgi City.
The World speiks of this comparative
data thus at length in order to show the
investigator of Kansas meteorological his
tory just the relative extent of the rain
fall iu the eastern and the western por
tions of the state during the to the farm
er, at least important month of July for
a long series of years. Dodge City i3
practically in the longitude of Wa-Kee-ney
; but, being in a more sandy region,
it is to be doubted whether the lainfall
at that place has been as heavy during
the period named as it has been at this.
At all events, it would seem that in the
summer time, when rain counts for lo
much in agriculture, western Kansas does
not fall as far behind the eastern part of
the state as is generally supposed.
In other words, the lesson which wo
here offer to our readers certainly will go
very far toward inducing any of them
who may jet be in doubt that the World
has been correct all along in assumiug
that enough water for the purposes of
successful agriculture falls here every
year ; that the only difficulty which has
been experienced lies in the uneven dis
tribution of tho rainfall, and that, when
the buffalo-grass surface has given way
to that of the taller grasses, the agency
of this proper distribution will have been
heralded in for all time.
Thd Phillipsburg Herald of last week
opens a cannonade on whisky business in
Phillips county, as it is carried on by the
druggists. It shows that during the five
months of March, April, May, June and
July, 9,383 statements were filed. Of
these 4,124 wore from Kirwin ; 2,061 from
Logan; 2,041 from Phillipsburg; 948
from Marvin and 208 from Long Island.
From this showing, the Herald reasons
that Kirwin is an extremely unhealthy
place, that Logan and Phillipsburg have
nothing to brag of, -vhilo Long Island
must be the safest place in which to lo
cate, as the physical condition of the peo
ple there seems to be in much better
shape. That paper then goes on to name
tho largo quantities of beer, alcohol and
whisky -which were sold to several inebri
ates. This is not a good showing for our
neighboring county but the showing in
itself is a good thing. Bold journalism
will cause the druggists who violate tha
law so brazenly to get out of the business.
The Herald understands that two drug
firms at Logan have voluntarily surren
dered their whisky permits.
The Western World, of Chicago,
says, with entire truth, that the immigrant
to .Kansas finds plenty of schools and
A big corn crop is claimed for El
STOGIC ZEjBIMIIESre- JTIHIIEI BASIS OP OTTIH, XIETDTTSTZRIIES
JKBJIpiTKASAS, SATUB'DAT,' ATDTG-TJST .221885.
, LET IT PZ DECIDED.
It is-intimatdd that J. E. Burton, of
Abilene, is likely to be a candidate next
peason for John A. Anderson's place in
congress. Burton ought to be hissed oit
of decent society, unless ho biings a suc
cessftil suit for libel against the Topeka
Journal for accusing him of stocking a
house in Topeka with prostitutes last
winter. Burton, it seems, can not laugh
off this charge. There are too many who
know him as the pot of theipre:ent house
of representatives, and believe the Jour
nal's charge to be true. The World
wishes to see Burton vindicated if he is
innocent. It wishes to see him branded
as a miserable outcast if he is guilty. It
wishes to see the Journal placed upon its
metal, and given the opportunity to tell,
not only what it knows about Burton's
house of prostitution, but the names of
other members of the legislature who
were frequenters of that house. An un
derstanding should be xeached as a prece
dent for cases ot this character. It can
not be decided early enough whether a
virtuous people are to be raped by lecher
ous leadeis or these leaders pulverized by
the right-minded masses.
Trego County Teachers' Insti
tute. To the Editor ef the Western Kansas World,
Dear Sir: Our County Institute for
1885 is to-day a tiling of tne past. Its op
portunities began, progressed, ended. Its
influences have began, are now in prog
ress, and are silentl) , tnougii suoiimjiy
mystenously, slipping humn destiny.
Conversant witu. ics purpose, it spirit
ana its woik, the writer, riom a louuiaiu
of pleasant memories, lecpeettully sub
mits t.oe following unselfish, impaitial re
flections: Taere weie, personally, present,
enrolled and in attendance, tnnty-lour,
twenty-nine of whom weie ladies, nve,
gentlemen. Of tnese, fourteen are now
teachars, ten puipose teaching; the pros
pective relationship of the remaining ten,
to mo, unknown.
Tho opening of the institute was mark
ed by tno emphasis it gave to the sub
ject iu personal endeavor, both ;is ielated
to the work of the institute and to indi
vidual achievement in general. On this
point, and throughout the progiess ot
our work, substantial, practical, coidial
co-operation was maintained among thote
orlicialiy related to the institute. I can
not lefrain from expressing most cordially
my appreciation ol the counsel, the watch
ful oversight, and the able assistance
rendered by Supt. Bich. Neither would
I withhold the merited commendation
due Pi of. Combs for the earnest faithful
ness which daily characterized his work.
The zeal, earnestness, and working etii
ciency ot thosj in attendance were more
than oidinarily satisfactory. I am not
mistaken iii the judgment that, by tho co
opeiative influences of our instituto work,
tno tjdehers of Trego county will enter
upon the duties of the coming year with
broader views and more clearly-defined
outlines ot ther calling, with steadier pur
poses, stronger governing power and po
tency of leadership than hitherto. The
cordial, kindly spirit which characterized
the entire session, which made us one
body, one zvorking- unit, cannot be omitted
from tho enumeration of the character
istic, pleasant features of our subject.
Notwithstanding the highly satisfac
tory degree of success attained, it must
not be taken for granted that farther im
provement js not possible or desirable.
Doubtless, a clearer and wider scope of
vision reveals inequalities on the way,
rough places in the ascent, which may
justly challenge every one in attendance
to progress in future efforts.
Anon, the scenes of life are changing,
The panorama, swiit, is passing by,
With iron grasp of heroes, rangingj
Seize and shape high destiny.
Very truly, your ob't servant,
J. Word Carson.
Wa-Keenoy, Aug. 15, 1835.
Lest there might othervvise be un
necessary delay in the matter, we will say
that the announcements of candidates
for Trego county offices will be inserted
until the nominating convention or tho
election at the option of the candidate
himself at our regulation price of five
dollars apiece. This is a good time for
us to chirp in a sentiment which will find
a responsive echo in every, live man's
breast, viz : No candidate who fails to an
nounce his candidacy through the col
Tinis of this journal can hardly expect to
convince people that he himself hopes to
make much of a run. "A word to the
C. M. Burr, if we are to believe the
Grainfield Cap Sheaf, has captured a cen
topede. The animal is said to have ta
ken to alcohoL This is a new kind of
"pede," and the animal acts strangely.
.While the "to" part is to us a-mvstprv. w
suppose the thing is fairing an alcoholic
W. F. Pagetr, as we announced last
j reek would be the case, is out of the ho
tel business. Monday morning he went
''to Ogallah to invoice the goods in the
store house of C. T. Clark. , After the in
voicing was completed, Mr. Paget t took
charge of the store, he having purchased
it. Mr. Clark, who has been here a long
time, will go to Michigan to live, we are
told. Pagett will make a good merchant
The people of the Ogallah region will like
him. We will tell them these things now.
Dr. Jones has purchased of J. W
Millard the popt-ofiice building. The
doctor will occupy it with his stock of
drugs about the first of September. He
will also add materially to tho size of the
building by constructing a rear addition.
Mr. JE. . Millard has purchased the
building which is occupied by Scott's
drug store," and he will move his goods
into it about, the time Dr. Jones moves
his stock of drugs.
Of Interest to Settlers.
Washington, July 17. Tho attorney
for the general land office spoke as fol
'Any land entry that is based on a
sworn-to lie is fraudulent. By settlement
is meant the act by which a claimant
shows his intention to claim the land.
Usually it consists in building a shanty
or breaking the sod. Contests are often
decided by tho dates of settlement. Le
gal settlement cannot be made by an
agent, not even by a member of the fam
ily. Tho settler must go in pe:son actu
ally upon the land he desires to secure
and pei form some act of settlement. The
S3tlleaisnt act of widows and spinsters
may consist in giving ordeis to a hired
man, but tho orders must bo carried into
effect. A pre-emption iiling must be pre-,
ceded b: settlement, but the defect may
be cured by making settlement before an
other person commences. an adverse set
tlement. A homestead entry may be
made without prior settlement. Filings
and entries based upon settlement must
be made within one month of settlement
on offered land, and within thiee mouths
on unoilered land.
A claimant who swears to settlement
one or two months, or years, or otherwise
before the real date of settlement, is guil
ty of perjury, and besides committing a
crime hia entry is liable to contest. Par
ties who swear falsely to settlement on
school sections befoie survey gam noth
ing if anybody chooses to lepoifc the truth
to the general land office. Aliens cannot
make legal entry or settlement until they
nave become citizens. Married women
cannot be settleis unless deserted by their
husbands. No one uuder 2l years, ex
cept the head of a family, can make set
tlement or entry. All entries made con
trary to the aboo are subject to contest.
Homestead and pre-emption claimants
must comply with the law in the matter
of residence. The entries of herdsmen,
miners, busmess andprolessionalmen and
other people whose employment keep
them away from their tarms are liable to
contest. Visiting claims onco a week or
occasionally during a month is not resi
dence. Poverty sometimes excuses non
lesidents, but pretended poverty never.
There must be sufficient breaking and
cultivation, of the laud, and improve
ments, such as buildings, clearings,
lences, wells, etc., to snow good taith and
honest intention. Where little or no
breaking or cultivation or impi ovements
are shown, especially if 1 evidence has
been doubtruJ, tho entry is liable to suc
Timber culture entries must be on land
naturally devoid of timber. The claim
ant must actually come within the land
district to swear to his entry papers.
Tne third year after entry, five acres, pre
viously broken and cultivated must be
planted in trees, cuttings' or seeds. The
same with five acres more during tho
fourth year. These must be cared' lor
and culthated. If not, entry can be suc
cessfully conte-ted. Besidence is not re
quired. An agent can do all the work,
but the entryman is held responsible.
Improements"made by a prior claimant
axe credited on the purcnaser's claim.
Deseit land entries cannot extend more
than a mile and a quarter in-any one di
rection, and cannot embrace cultivated or
timber or grassy lands. The desert land
must be brought to an agricultural con
dition within three years from the date of
entry or the. entry will be liable to con
test. The act of congress of May 14, 1880,
holds out as an inducement to contest
fraudulent entries, the privilege or prefer
ence right of entry for thirty days after
cancellation where contestants are dulv
qualihed to make entry. A preferred con
testant cannot sell his right of entry so
as to invest the purchaser with the privi
lege. Such person must take his chances
with other c'.a jnaLts. In. general all entries
wherein the requirements of law are not
fully met are liable to contest, and, under
amended rule of practice, No. 35, the
hearing may be had near the land in
volved. All the rulings of the local offi
ces, as well as of the commissioner of the
general land office that involve the denial
of supposed right, are subject to an ap
nea! to a hiffher tribnnnl. and vnlnahln
lands are frequently lost by not taking an
Land Attorney and Real Estate Agent.
CONTESTS A SPECIALTY.
Wa-Kkeney - - Kansas.
Attorney at Law and Notary Public.
1&3r0jjice with Osborn & Monroe.
B'WOl doctor cattle, horses and all
S. J. 0SB0UN. LEB MONROE. D. H. HENKEr ;
Osborn, Monroe & Henkel,
EAL ESTATE BROKERS
And Loan Agents,
WA-KEENEY, - KANSAS.
70,000 acres wild and improved lands for
sale. Will purchase land in Trego and
adjoining counties and pay cash for same.
$100,000 Money to Loan at SPerCenti
J. J. Sears. T. B, Morton.
SEARS & moTon,
gii-3ob :e O-,
Cleveland Station., St. John Co, Kan
U.P.R.R, Kan.Diu,, whore all bains stop.
We are doing a General Land Business.
Locating in Thomas and St. John counties
made a specialty. Plenty good govern
ment land in these counties, unoccupied.
Contesting claims and all other land
business promptly attended to.
J. H. BAKER, N. P. G. G. SHULTZ, Atiy.
Land & Emigration Co.
HOMESTEADS iliMBER CLAIMS,
Deeded Lands and Town Lots
SOUGHT AND SOLD.
LOCATING A SPECIALTY.
Will attend promptly to all Legal
Business before the Courts
and IT. S. Land Office.
gT Correspondence Solicited. f
CHAS. N. BENEDICT,
Wants to buy all the Produce at
the highest market price, which the
farmers have to dispose of.-
Call and see me.-
SXUSTG-ZilE C02P"2", . SCXd.-T'rS
" 3SP0MBEB 26..- J;
fii.M.Wifc-au:.,ii- ii ilm-jj-w
JOHN A. NELSON;
ATTORNEY AT LAW
U. P. Land Agent for Trego Gra
ham and Ness Counties,
WA-KEESfEf, - KANSAS.
Stock Eanches aSpecialty
Parties meaning business request
ed to write me;
CHAS. PETERSON & CO.,
Rem Estate Jm$
Colhjer, Trego Co.,- Kansas:
Union Pacific Hailroad Lands iii
Stoiai ui G-o?e
. H. Eeelef,
First door north of City drug store,
east side of Franklin street.
Everything ia First Gla.s Style.-WA-KEENEY,
XAscrACTCixss or ra
Strong and Duribto
Willi! KOT .
Call and see Engine
and Pump in operation.
R. G. KESSLER,
Agent for Ttfgo and Goto CV$,
VBJe5? bow for ' '
ga&8ftThe Land Agents, g -
PBt5gSaire Wa-KeeneyKs. Jj
fl8reffe Branch Office' at Sfl
fflCTjflP Clay Center,Ks. v'Sk
WJHBISim) School Land and $&
WMS3 Deeded Land !J
TiJ For sre. im
sS 4 ? ;
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lj. & ,K I"-. -f .