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1 SEYHKTH1T1AE. WA-KEEXEY, KANSAS, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 19, ISSo. sTJIBER 43.
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For Prefcident-Elect in 1888,
Oexiera.1 Joiixx A.. Logan,
But little wood is taken to Nor
county is getting her
Dances are said to be quite com
mon at Oakley.
Almena, Norton county, has a
newspaper the Ster.
TmitTY-riVE cents a bushel is
quoted by tbe Cat as the ruling price for
a bushel of Thomas county corn.
- Leonard is the name' of a new
town in the center of Sherman county.
Leonard is said to expect the B. & M.
Tiie Grinnell Golden Belt of last
Saturday claimed that Rev. Mr. Weller
would preach at Oakley, the next day, tho
first sermon over preached in St. John
Wi. Jay, her best man, declares
that there is nothing in tho report that
Mrs. Walkup is intending to go back to
Emporia to live. Permit us to congratu
Martin Allen, Hill P. Wilson
and A. D. Gilkeson live outside of
Hays City. The city sued them to com
pel the payment of an occupation tax.
The city was beaten.
The Cat is inclined to kick because
the Oberlin land office has not yet ac
knowledged tho organization of Thomas
county, and will not allow a proof to bo
made before the officers at Colby.
Kansas is behind in nothing.
An Ellis county paper comes to hand this
week with a new word invented and
patented by tho editor, as follows: "Cor
roctost." Commonwealth, S. Fuller,
fight or treat!
J. H. Downing, of the Hays Star
Sentinel, who was recently appointed
clerk of the Ellis county district court,
has done a graceful act in making Mrs.
JMcQuary, widow of tho late court clerk,
his deputy. She is said to be highly
.qualified for the position.
The Cat purs pleasantly on the
proposition that nearly all tho settlers in
Thomas county are from west of the Mis
souri river. It infers from this that they
are good at standing drouth. The ani
mal falls asleep and goe3 to dreaming,
though, when it asserts that another
"drouth is not likely, and that the 'cli
matic change' is here."
A horse race was the attraction
ct Webster, in western Hooks county, a
week ago last Saturday. The Eagle ox
tends its wings and howls lustily because
Evans, of Stockton, who was stakeholder,
woxild not deliver tho stakes to anybody
he kept them for himself. The World
wishes that some such a snide as Evans
"would capture the stakes at every horse
Tace -which shall be instituted in Kansas
in the future.
The thieving Tom Cat must en
joy seeing exchanges giving it credit for
that business-jam-at-the-land-office article
which it stole bodily from the Western
Kansas World. Without any desire to
discriminate particularly against this fe
line organ, it sometimes seems to us that
about the only reason apparent for a good
many fellows staying in the newspaper
business is the fun thoy have in padding
out their puerile sheets with stolen
World is getting to be a fashion
able newspaper name in Kansas. This
' WoBiiD was the only representative of the
the name in Kansas when it was estab
lished, and for some three years there-
after. Then the Hiawatha World was
started by General Wilder. It is yet
.alive and doing well. Now The Oberlin
World has been born. It is the offspring
of A. G. McBride, Esq., late of the Kirwin
Republican. That World is a five-column
quarto, is edited by an intelligent, ener
getic man, and bids fair to succeed. The
Westebx Kansas Would wishes The
Oberlin World a smooth sea and a golden
port of entry.
Old Grandpa Gregg has been
taken to the Smith county poor house.
He was a Union soldier in the late war.
The Beamsviile Dispatch thinks it a shame
that the members of the G. A. R. order
., did not prevent Mr. Gregg being put
into such a place. The Smith Center
Bulletin, with a clear showing of sound
J'aabse, endorses the view of the Dispatch,
' Knf oAHa flinf nil mKkptih nhnnld hn in.
t6rested in shielding an old soldier from
tl, Koh treatment That paper suggests,
v IIOWHTeri IdlBli Udiuauo uio auixMitiuu. ui
Mr. Gregg's condition did not come to the
-if '" nouve oi any on ine urrtuu aiuij uiou.
-jTk There may be something in this. We
sdojibt not that there is.
The constitution of the state provides
in section 2 of article 10: " It shall be the
duty of the first legislature to make an
apportionment, based on tho census or
dered by the last legislutie assembly of
the territory; aud a new apportionment
shall be made in the jear 18GG, and ever
five years thereafter, based upon tho cen
sus of the preceding jear." The first
section of the same article declares that
"in the future apportionment of tho state,
each organized county shall have at least
It is assumed that there will be a spe
cial session of the legislatuie in 1S3G to
make the apportionment required in the
chapter of the constitution above quoted,
and it may bo predicted safely that the
session will be one of more than usual in
terest, for this apportionment business
strikes a great many gentlemen, aspiriug
and conspiring, ith a good deal of force.
Every one who cares to demote time and
study to the matter is prepared to suggest
a plan, and some who do not study tho
subject are quite as ready to offer advice.
It may as well be understood to begin
with that Kansas people understand what
they want and they are never afraid to
ask for it. Since tho last apportionment
some important changes in the state's
population have taken place, some new
counties have been organized, and a
great many citizens a full quarter of a
million at least havo come into the
state and located chiefly in the w estern
counties. These new people will be
heard from through patriotic Kansans on
missionary duty. There is now and has
been through all of this year, a gieat deal
of energy among the boj s out west. New
towns are growing up like mushrooms,
and the map of the future is already
made. That region will come down, if
not "like a wolf on tho fold," at least
like genuine Kansans after something.
Thoy will look in upon tho legislature in
special tession and make their wants
known in language more plain and
forcible than child-like. and bland. So
that no apportionment slate will be worth
a continental that has not taken tho
above mentioned facts into consideration.
The constitution further provides that
tho number of representatives shall not
exceed 125 and the number of senators
shall not exceed 40. The" apportionment
must be based on tho census of this year,
which gives us a total population of 1,268,
562. The population of the unorganized
counties, 3,839, does not count. If wo
should provide for 125 leprosentatives
and upon an equal basis, it would amount,
in round numbers, to 10,000 population to
tho representative. But that cannot be
done because, (1) every organized county,
without regard to its population, is on
titled to one representati'e, and, (2) there
will be half a dozen more counties organ
ized within a jear and before the next
regular session of the legislature.
There aie now 85 organized counties,
and that settles tho matter as to S5 rep
resentatives. Allowing for fie now
counties, so as to save trouble when thoy
apply for representatives, that leaves the
whole number of representatives to be
provided for uoav 120. With 85 located,
one in eery county, there are 35 to bo
divided among the more populous coun
ties. Where will thoy be placed r
Suppose we draw a lino at 10,000 as a
base. There are twenty-four counties
under the line, not counting the two that
were organized since the census w.is
taken. The population of tho twenty-four
is 121,74-1: add the two new counties, and
wo have twenty-six of the eighty-five a I
little less than one-third with a popula
tion less than one-tenth. Taking out the,
population of these smaller counties, we
havo left 1,142,970 of population in the,
remaining fifty-nine counties to bo ap
portioned among (12026) ninety-six
representatives, which would f& the
basis at 12,000 of population. Tofcla
In the eastern quarter o Kansas,
about one-half of the members of
the legislature reside. In thes one
fourth of the state just this side of
that, it is not difficult to believe
that enough members can be'-found,
when they are added to the one-half
of the members already referred to;
to take care of the interests of the
eastern half of Kansas-in the appor
There is, however, a serious side;
to this apportionment case. - It is
this: Will the eastern members
treat with, common fairness the just
claims of central and western Kan
sas? or will eastern members, hav
ing every advantage which power
confers, seek to exercise a tyranny
which will result in vast injury to
the central and western portions of
the state? There is a very' pointed
point to this question. It is that, as
far as the texture of the house of
representatives shall be concerned
under the new apportionment, there
will be forty members the number
in excess of one representative for
each county to quarrel over. That
eastern members who have the
plxver to do so, will see that their
portion of the state secures its full
share of these members is not a
debatable proposition; but will they
be satisfied with this number. Such
eastern members as display any wis
dom in this matter will place them
selves oil record as statesmen, be-
j cause they will develop the capacity
of denying their immediate constit
uents a favor for what will, beTond
a doubt, be for the good of the
state. In' the eastern end of the
sixth and seventh congressional dis
tiicts, are a few counties which
should, of course, be given more than
one representative each. In the
majority of instances, however, it is
likely that no effort will be made by
the counties in either of these dis
tricts to obtain more than one rep
Now, as has been said, if each
county was created a representative
district, forty new districts would
have to he carved out. Be3Tond the
rights which shall be shown to the
extreme western counties including
such organized ones as ar,e without
a representative and such unorgan
ized ones as are likely to be organ
ized at an early day the heavily
populated counties will divide these
forty districts among themselves.
Counties like Shawnee, Sedgwick,
Leavenworth and Atchison not to
name several others will knock for
three representatives each. By the
time these demands have been ap-pi-oximately
satisfied, the danger is
that the second-class counties will
devour the balance of the forty dis
tricts, for two potential reasons:
First, they are likely to Avant them ;
secondly, the first-class counties will,
as the natural result of a bargain
eventuating in their own success, be
bound to support them.
The World speaks for western
Kansas when it declares that eleven
unorganized counties in the western
end of the state, extending from the
northern to the southern boundary,
should be provided for in this appor
tionment bill. These counties are
Cheyenne, Sherman, Wallace. St.
John, Gove, Greeley, Wichita, Scott,
Lane, Hamilton and Seward. In
other words, the squabble among
the organized counties should be
based upon a total demand for one
hundred and fouiteen districts. Raw
linsf Finney, Thomas. Commanche,
Meade and Clark counties, although
organized, have not had a consti
tutional representation in the leg
islature, because the kind of ad-
vipe which the World is now giv
ing was not heeded by the makers
of the pvesent apportionment bill.
It is unnecessary for us to go on
and show how the new western
counties will be wronged by a hog
gish course on the part of the leg
islature this winter. Western mem
bers, as far as thev have the welfare
of tins end of the state at heart,
will work for-at least this much
common fairness in the apportion
ment bill. The World suggests
that the papers in the unorganized
counties, as well as those through
out western Kansas generally, would
do patriotic service by creating a
strong public sentiment in behalf of
'H Statesmanship, decent devotion to
home interest, etc., it is to be hoped,
will also he brought into play in the
formatioji of the forty new sen
atorial districts. Western members
should see, as far as possible, that
the districts in this portion of the
state are not made large enough to
be sure of containing in excess of
fifty thousand inhabitants each be
fore another apportionment is made.
XEW JUDICIAL DISTRICT..
There is some talk of pressing the
legislature, at its approaching spe
cial session, to create a new judicial
district, ta be composed of two
tiers of counties, extending from the
east end of Russell countv to the
Colorado line, and from the west
end of. Greeley county to the west
line of BartonVountyt' -
The World is opposed to this
It opposes it in behalf of its
neighbors; it opposes it Iq. behalf
of economy; it opposes it as pre
mature, because, such step should
not ' Jbe taken- in this - district-
by a special session of the legisla
ture; that body willt not have the
time necessary! to investigate the
true relation oiche old seventeenth
district or the proposed "new cut
off"' with reference to the symmetry
of either of these in common with
the various other judicial districts
of the state.
nere is one oasis, however, on
which we will consent to see the
seventeenth district hacked into
pieces this winter. If the case is
referred to Judge L. K. Pratt, and
he declares that he cannot, without
overwork, preside over the courts of
this district, as it is now constituted,
until a new legislature shall have
been chosen, the World will waive
the objections which it has just in
terposed. Each new judicial district means
twenty-five hundred dollars per
annum in the way of extra expense
to the state, when, indeed, with re
porters, etc., it does not mean much
moie. We would not see judges
overworked. We are equally op
posed to seeing a few men who have
voluntarily placed themselves in an
attitude of hostility to the judge
elect attempt to secure legislation
which, to say the very least, would
be costly, and, we think, unneces
sary. SHOULD BE LOCATED.
A Timely Letter on a Subject of
Interest to Every Settler.
The following letter, from one of our
worthy board of county commissioners, is
Mr. King presents, in a forcible man
ner, the principal reasons why the busi
ness of laying out public roads should
not be deferred:
Bakch, Dec. 11, 1885.
WT. S. TlLTOX,
Dear Sib: I uish to call the attention
of the settlers of Trego count to to the
importance of having roads located be
fore much fencing is done.
If next season is a favorable one, a vast
amount of fence -will be erected, and a
great many will place their fences on tho
section lines and fence across sections, re
gardless of how. much it may inconven
ience their neighbors.
If attention ia given at once to locating
roads, while thejeountry is in its present
open condition a great saving will be
made to the people of the county.
W. F. Kko.
Opera Hall the Place-Christmas
Eve the Time.'
There will bo a children's Pop-Corn-Candy
Festival in Opera Hall, Christmas
eve, to which everybody and his best
friends are invited.
Parents in town and in the country are
hereby requested to furnish the commit
tee a list of their children's names, in or
der that all may be served; and every
body is requested to have some spare
change ready, when called on, to meet
the necessary expenses for sweetmeats.
We can't tell you exactly what you will
see or hear, but late hours will be avoid
ed, and every little boy and girl shall
have something to dream about.
Mrs. G.L Verbecb:,
Mas. A. L. Fusok, f Committee.
Mbs. E. T. Carsox, j
Report of School
IN DISTRICT NO. 4, OGAITjAH TOWNSHIP,
FOR THE MONTH ENDING NOV. 27, 1885.
No. of pupils enrolled 9.
No. of visitors 5, viz: C. C. Ridgway,
Thos. Roberts, Chas. Ridgway, Myron
Benson and Samuel Ridgway.
Average daily attendance 8.
An examination was held Nov. 27, and
the following is the average per cent, of
the pupils examined:
ZeUa Ridgway 00 Ella Culler 90
HattieRMsway 85 Mary Vansickle 88
Aha Cutler 75 Johnny Cutler 80
Fred Furbecfc 83 Belle Furbeck 80
Basil Ridgway, 85.
J. S. Smith, Teacher.
The author of "Sloey Short Stops,"
in the Grainfield Cap Sheaf, says that
"about six years ago Mr. Barney Sloey
came to this country, bringing with him
farming tools of all kinds, which have
always been freely loaned to such of his
neighbors as had none. Among the
rest was a corn planter, which is the only
one in the neighborhood, and has been
used by nearly every one. Some scoun
drel, taking advantage of the absence of
the family, kas sawed'the tongne out of
the planter and made way with it It
would certainly fare hard with him if he
Jo. Irwin reports coyotes unusually
thick about his sheep ranch, in the Smoky
Land Attorney and Real Estate Agent.
8. J. OSKORX.
QSBORN & MONROE,
Attomeys-at-Law & Real Estate Agents
JOHN A. KELSON,
Attorney at law
IT. P. Land Aijeni for Trego, Gra
ham and Ness Counties,
WA-KEENET. - EANSAS.
Stock Eanclies a Specialty.
Parties meaning business request
ed to write me.
S. J. OSBOKX. LEE MOXBOE. D. H. HEXKEIi.
Osborn, Monroe & Henkel,
REAL ESTATE BROKERS
And Loan Agents,
WA-KEEXEY, - KANSAS.
70,000 acres wild and improved lands for
sale. Will purchase land in Trego and
adjoining counties and pay cash for same.
$100,000 Money to Loan at 8 Per Cent.
S. R. Cowick. M. D. Hollister.
Gowick & Hollister,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
ESAL ESTATE DEALERS.
Will practice in all State and Federal
Courts and before the Government Land
Office. Special attention given to
Contests. All kinds of legal papers
promptly and accurately drawn
and business for non-resident
attorney s attended to.
DO A GEXERAL LAND BJJSIXESS.
Wa-Keeney, Kansas; TarMo Valley Bank,
Office up stairs in Western" Kansas
Close Bros. & Co,,
REAL ESTATE DEALERS.
Of wild land in Trego and Graham
counties at from 85.00 to
S8.00 per acre.
J, B. H0GAN, Agent.
ggTOffice first door north ofgf
S. E. H0GH,
Real -:- Estate -:- Dealer.
Buys and sells Real Estate, secures
Homesteads and Timber-claims
for those wanting gov't land.
Will practice in all State Courts and bo
fore the Gov't Land Office.
WA.ZBENBY K ANS AS.
J. WORD CARSON,
Purchasing, Selling and Locating
LAND AGENT &ATTY.
Makes Soldiers' Homestead Declaratory
Entries, Timber Filings, Pre-emptions,
Homesteads, Final Proofs. Attends
to Contests in all phases, etc
Promptness and fair dealing. All work
Office in Basement of Keeney Block,
UXDER U. S. LAXD OFFICE.
HOMES I RANCHES FREE FOR ALL.
Take Notice, Everybody.
Thoeo trho want Homes or Ranches where small
herds of cattle can be held, -will be accommodated by
calling upon the underpinned, who holds himself in
readiness ct nU times to locate settlers upon Govern
ment Lands in Lane, Gove, Scott and St. John
counties. Being an old pettier, he has a thorough
knowledge of these counties, and knows just where
the choicest lands are to be found. Charges reason
able and according to the service rendered.
Is a PRACTICAL ENGINEER k SUBVETOR and
constanUy knows what he is doing. Numbers of
Timber claims are still to be had in these counties,
but setUers are preferred.
Call upon or address, t
P. W. HEY,
Farhswohth, Lane Co., Kav
feBranch Office at fe
(HjJ Clay Center,-Ks. v
pA' School Land and j
D. S. CLOTFELTER & CO..
Agents for the sale of G2,000 acres of se
lected lands, lying in Trego and Graham
counties, belonging to
Clotfelter, Thomas & Hammett,-
CHAS. N. BENEDICT,
Wants to buy all the Produce, at
the highest market price, which the
farmers have to dispose of.
Call and see me.
Of all Kinds
WILSON & SNIDER'S
Gne Door Wesf of the Commercial Hotel,
OPPOSITE THE DEPOT.
Lunch At All Hours.
Booth's Fresh Oysters !
PLATE OR aTTABT.
W. H. Keeler,
CITY SHAVING PARLOR.
First door north of City drug store,
east side of Franklin street.
Everything in First Class Style,
C. M. PAULTi,
Successor to F.O. ELLSWORTH
AND OTHER KINDS.-
Will Put the
PRICES f GOALS DOWf.
As Low as Possible.
Will Buy & Sell
wheat, rye, oats
And all Kinds of jBretih)
W. B. IBITCRMfl,
AND DEAXEB 127
Musical I nstru ments
Wagon Work & Wagon Material
I can secure, on favorable term?, by
order, any article which I may not happen
to have on hand.
Strong and Dnrabltr
, wiu aror
Cll ! mmdt
trfce JLtaC .
Call and sea Engine
and Pump in operation.
R, 6. KESSLER,
COLLY ER, KAlTSjtti
Agent for Trego and Govt Ct r
' W-'9 x ' J
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