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THE F0U2TF OP JtAECH.
"Blesses those &i aspect aothinf , fcc larj shall
V troca kis ftKstaat koroe,
. A jinglies; peree he showed,
Aad m the letsrt asoae
.' -. ' . His bee wai all a saaile,
Aad W talkea til the white.
How b toe
redi tartest la tl leu
; taertioe hl Pate,
fle'4 slaies fcU the tin
' Wper-.p let h rise.
Let' it fall.
Twas mat tat a nwitl.
That It ha worked aa har.1
Jot at ell.
- " Bat effiee W eaaM hear.
As the Im7sst eeUier'i wear
Which fx hit raak, jew kaow
Aad to tat paslis shew
What ha retsl
I Mar hiss, aAstHhat
Be has a kinky kat
Oa his heme;
iTie arun wra were swev,
JLae kit paokau ia ta ear,
Ami loadlr ka deelarea,
. Tba far patty asea ka easel
Mat a Jot;
11a soorae their oirty tricks
Aa aa fcr pelitles.
Twee a pie.
" . FoBti sa tka sedjra chaese,
Aad taoafbt It woajraaa fenfire,
Attk hest. .
Oar frteee ai4aot explain.
Bat task aa aarly train.
Far the West.
S ERBNADrao a Youxo Lady. In my
young days, gays the editor of an ex
change paper, I was extravagantly fond
of attending parties, and was somewhat
celebrated for playing tho Ante; hence, it
was generally expected, when an invita
tion m extended, that my flute would
accompany me. .
I visited a t plondfif party one evening,
and was called upon to faror the compa
ny with a tune on the flute. I, of conrse,
immediately complied with the request.
The company appeared to ba delighted,
but more particularly so, was a young
lady, who raised her hands, and exclaim
ed that it was beautiful, dec. I of conrso,
was highly flattered, and immediately
formed a resolution to serenade the young
lady tho following- night. Previous to
leaving the party, I made inquiry respect
4sg her residence. I started the next
nigfit, "in "company with several young
friends, and arrived at the lady's resi
dence, but made a most glorious mistake
by getting under the window of an old
'Now, hoys,' said I, "behold the
sentimentality of .this young lady the
moment I strike np the Last Rose of
" I struck np, but the window remained
closed. The boys-emiled.
"OhI'? said I, "that's nothing: it would
not be in good taste to open the window
on the first air."
' I next 6trnck np on "Old Robin
frav." Ptill the winfinw rcwainwl
cTSseuTrhe boys snickered, and I felt
. ;Onco more boy,'
isid I, "and she
I strnsk np ajrain "My love "is
the red. roil rote." Still there was
"Boys," said I, "she's a humbug.
Let as sing "Home, sweet Home," and
if that don't bring her, we -will give her
We struck np, and as we finished the
last line .the window was raised .
"That'a the ticket, boys," said I,
"I knew we could fetch her." "
But instead of the beautiful young lady
it turned out to be the old Quaker, in
his night-cap, and dressing-gown.
"Friend," said ho, -"thee was singing
of thy tweet home and if I recollect
right, thee said there was no place like
home why don't thee go to thy home ?
Thee is not wanted here thee nor any
of thy party. Farewell." ' ,
We and our hats went home.
1 he poet vv auer tens a goon story 01
courtly -evasion and ecclesiastical wit.
The poet went, on tho day of the disso
lution of Parliament, to see King James
the II at dinner1 Dr. Andrews, Bishop
of-Durham, were standing .behind his
Maiesty's chair, when the King asked
"My lords, cannot I take my subjects'
money when I want it, without all this
formality of FarliaraertT"
The Bishop of Durham readily an-
twored, "God forbid, Sire, but you
ahonld 1 l on are the breath of our
Tho. Kind turned and said to the
Bisop of Winchester. "Well, my lord,
what say you ?"
"Sire, replied the liisbop, "1 nave
0 CklilUl-taKIZV 01 pariuuiHiwit rates,
TtieKing replied, "no puts off, my
lord ; answer me presently."
. "Then Sire." aaiU he, "l thin: it is
lawful for yon to take my brother Steal s
- money, for he oners it.
SpiAKrsa Grammatically. "Sal,"
exclaimed Ebenezer to his dearly belov
ed, when he arrived in Gotham with his
, bride, on a wedding tour, "Sal. get on
-cr Sunday -go-to-meetin dressings and
. ' Hinge, and let's take a perpendicular
promenade round the prejoncts of the
Ti "Well, Zeb," replied the fair one. Til
do-U- nd nothing shorter. But can't
yoa ay Vur say without talking gram
mar &nd tpllege edification? If yon
- waA me tea. take a slather round, and
take, trot wuh yoo, why in salted Je
rewsaJcm donl you say so V
, Fathkoc8Xi4. We know some old
rnaida who protevt against vulgarity in
the press, deelare they would not read any
&icg of the kind,1 at the same time will
erteal a-vf pnvateir and devour the of-
frrdicg articles. TXJa. p0ta us in mind
of a coarenatioa betwVn some ladies and
Dr.- JsliFsoa, -itr bli had revised his
rat djjticnary. -.""Uh 1" said they,
"Doctor, ve are m gla yon lave left all
tie bad words eat of yotarnew diction
ary i" "b ! a! ! tie eenteiaf ions lexi-apL-er,
yo jp ; 4, fooii for
t. 'J, - have yon " , '
Satchex Under tie HUL
Many tough stories of this SOtorions
place, as it existed itnits pUmy days, are
told by the river men. An old stager
narrated to us the following : The town
was at the height of its infamous notori
ety. Almost its on!y inhabitants were
gamblers, cut-throats and prostitutes. It
was hardly considered safe for a stranger
to go ashore unless armed to the teeth and
accompanied by a squad of dare-devils.
Robberies and assassinations were of dai
ly almost hourly occurrence. Many of
the river captains were in league with the
devils who mled it, while others were
held in the most slavish fear.
A different man, however, was Cape
L , he feared acither man nor devil.
Eia boat was one of the largest, and his
crew tho most, hardy and fearless on the
Mississippi . Brave, chivalrous, honor
able and generous to a fault, he consider
ed his boat a castle, and all on board, as
under his patronage and protection.
Was a passenger robbed; ha gavo him
self no rest until the money was restored
or the thief detected. Did a blackleg
come aboard ; he was put ashore the mo
ment he evinced bad conduct.
During a downward trip the boat of
Capt. Li , bad oceasion to toncn at
"Natchez under the hill" to take in some
freight One of the passengers who
lounged into one of the hells in the im
mediate vicinity of the shore, was robbed
of a large sum of money. The moment
he discovered his loss he rushed to the
captain and told his story. The latter
apparently paid no attention, hut waited
nntil the freight had been all transferred.
lie then coolly walked np to the door of
the "bell aforesaid, and demanded the
delivery of the stolen money. Of conrse
his demand was disregarded and himself
threatened with a pistoling if he didn t
go about his business. Uomg on board
his boat he ordered all hands to arm
themselves and como ashore. At the
same time ha directed an immense cable
chain nsed for anchoring and other pur
poses, to be carried ashore,' and wound
about the tenement in which the thieves
were, and secured of course, at both ends,
to the boat This done, the kcaptain arm
ed to the teeth and accompanied by the
crew, approached the door of the "hell,"
and once more demanded tho stolen
money ; but vaas again denied. . He then
said he would give the robbers five min
ntes to make np their mind, and if at
that time the money was not brought on
board, he would drag the house into the
river and take it to Sew Orleans with
him. Accompanied by his men, he" then
went aboard and ordered np steam. Still
the thieves did not appear ; and as the
time was expiring, the engine was put in
motion the cable made taut, and the
thieves' tenement subjected to a strain
that made every stick of timber in it
groan. Another moment, it would have
been dragged headlong into the river,
blacklegs and all, when one of the fra
ternity rushed on board the boat with the
money. The cable was unloosened, the
captain wickedly touched his hat in adieu
to the discomfited thieves, and the noble
hstcaraer disappeared behind the jutting
bluffs with a triumphant snort.
Capt. L often touched at "Natch-
ez-under-tbe-hill" after that, but the
blacklegs always gave him a wide birth.
Calls os Manse. v e gave an ac
count, on Tuesday, of a little census
scene that came off in Canal street, be
tween the marshal, and a lady of Mile
sian extraction. We give to day a simi
lar occurrence between one of the mar
shals and a gentleman from Germany,
residing in Broad 6treet :
"Who lives here !"
"What's your name ?"
"Sharmany, on der Rhiue."
"What's your father's name ?"
"Nix for straw."
"When did you arrive in Albany ?"
"Mit a steamboats."
"Got any children ?"
"Yaw two barrels mit krout."
"How lon have you resided in this
"Two rooms nnder basements."
"Who owns tho building ?"
"I bays not'ing. Hanse bays der same
twice a month.
Where did you live last year ?"
"Across der red store as you come np
mit der market in your rite hand, per
hind der bump vhat pelongs to der black-
The marshal ha vine entered all this,
made np his mind that he would push
ahead and examine llanse, wno lives np
stairs "mit der banisters." We shalll
note hia sueccss at an early day. Albany
Advantages of as Awxiso. A little
boy about five years of age was sent to
the grocery store at the corner, on some
trilling errand, and while there hu bright
eye lighted upon a barrel of pippins ex
posed temptingly to view, just outside of
the door, in going ont, it appears he
took one, and returned to his mother
"Whore did yon got that nice apple,
Willie 7 inquired his mother.
"Dot it at the drocery," replied Wil
f , id the man give it to yon ?" .
"Sfo, I took it."
"Why, Willie, that was naughty;
yon should not take a r pies or anything
else without permission.
"But nobody saw me."
"Oh, yes, Willie, there was one who
"Who saw me V
"Why, God saw yon."
Willie stopped a moment to consider.
and then with a good deal of satisfaction
expressed in his face, replied, "no he didn't
see me: thrr vat a awning over the
A Good Time Coxnro to Travellers".
A worthy landlord of our acquaintance,
whose disposition to accomodate all is
much more capacious than his honse.
being applied to by a guest for a ltd by
himself, replied t
"I am sorry, s;r, but it 13 impossible
to-night, I hope toon however- to be able
to accomodate all travellers."
'Yon propose building I suppose,"
said the guest.
"Oh no," continued the landlord
"but as soon aa the nights get warm, so
the bed buyt are able to get out, my
boarders all give np their beds and sleep
on the floor ; then I can give my beds to
travellers." Omaha Stbratkian. j
The dung of horses, sheep' and cattle
generally, act as fertilizers only in pro
portion as they are combined with cer
tain soils. On sandy, calcareous soils,
they are very profitable such soils being
deprived of the siliciate of potash, and
of the phosphate; while on a dry soil,
ric1 n potash, or on a soil formed of the
ruins 0 granite, or porphyry, or cling
stone, t'ese manures are of little value.
On the contrary, poudrete is an excel
lent fertilizer of such s;?s.
The efficacy oX urine as manure is well
known in Flanders. In China, the peo
ple are prohibited by law from that and
the excrement away. China is the coun
try of experiment ; ages have given to
the people discoveries of all sorts, which
Europe achieved but could not initiate ;
for tho Chinese hooks gve no scientific
accounts, they give mere recipes for their
operations. The last half century has,
however given us not only the knowledge
which enables rjs to equal them in many
arts, but to surpass them ; and this ad
vance among ns is due to the judicious ap
plication of chemistry. Buthow far in
the rear is our agriculture still, when
compared with the Chinese. They are
admirable gardeners ; they know how to
give each plant its proper edueation ; to
prepare for its appropriate soil. Among
them agriculture has attained the highest
degree of perfection. In that country,
which differs from ours in natural fertili
ty of soil, they attach very littlo impor
tance to tho dung of animals. Among
ns, we have w ritten huge volumes, but
made few experiments. In China, they
never manure their grain crops, except
with human excrement t--whie we scat
ter over our land the dung of animals,
full of all manner of weeds, the seeds of
which are-nndigested by tho animals, and
which spring np with great power among
our useful plants. We need not be as
tonished, then, that in spite of all efforts,
the noxious weeds cannot be extirpated
from our fields. A celebrated botanist
(Igenhou.se,) who visited China with the
Dutch embassy, states that it was im
possible to find in a Chinese field of grain,
one single weed."
In agricnlture, the grand maxim is to
give back to the soil in full measnre fno
.matter in what form) all that is taken
from it by the crop ; and to regulate that
by the wants of ejh particular plant.
The time will soon come, when wo shall
no longer manure our lands with solid
manures, but with solutions, exactly
suited to the, crop desired.
On dry horse dung, upwards of 70
per cent, is more water. The dung of a
horse well fed with chopped Rtraw, oats
and hav, I found to contain, when dry,
only temper cent, of the solid parts of
the substances. Therefore, in carrying
upon your farms two thousand pounds
of horso dung, you carry on to it fifteen
hundred pounds of water, about four hun
dred pounds of vegetable matter, and only
about one hundred pounds of the salt
necessary for another crop of hay, straw
and oats ;' which your horses have eaten.
These salts are essentially composed of
phosphate of lime - and of magnesia,
and fiiliciate of potash ; the latter salt
should predominate in the soil whilo the
phosphates abound in the grain.
Evidences or Good Farmiso. The
requisites and evidence of good farming
have thns been enumerated by good au
thority : "A good soil, well tilled, and
kept from virions weeds; lota well fenced
and suited fa number to the size of the
farm; substantial and convenient barns
and stables of sufficient dimensioas to
contain the produce of the farm, and to
comfortably house the cattle kept on it;
a judicionsly arranged dwelling, in a
neat condition, with a well, and filtering
cistern; convenient buildings to facili
tate the economical management of the
farm such as a wood-house, a wagon
and tool house, a workshop, granary and
corn honse, a convenient piggery, an ice
house, ash and smoke house all secured
against decay by being well raised from
fhe ground and neatly painted or white
washed; convenient yards attached to
the barns and stables, so arranged as to
prevent waste of the liquid manure, well
sheltered from the blasts of winter, and
provided with water-for the cattle ; door
yards laid with grass and flower beds,
and shaded by ornamental trees, indicat
ing the dwelling of taste, health and com
fort ; a kitchen garden highly cnltivattd,
and containing the various - species of
vegetables raised in our climate, with
strawberry and asparagus beds ; a fruit
garden or orchard, where choice apples,
cherries, plums, raspberries, gooseber
ries, currants, dec, are found."
Cloves Hat for Horses. I have
frequently heard it observed, that horses
fed for any considerable length of time
on clover hay, are liable to be attacked
by cough. It is also asserted that this
kind of feed greatly arirravates, if it does
not occasion the heaves. Now, there are
two remedies for this, either of which, if
applied judiciously, will prove entirel
effectual. One is to feed from a roancrer.
instead of the common horse rack. The
common method of curing clover hay.
renders the foliage so dry and crisp, that
it crumbles in being forcibly drawn
through the slats or rounds of the rack,
occasioning a fine, almost impalpable
dust, which, on being inhaled, irritates
the lungs, and occasions coughs. fcc.
Another and more economical method is
to cure clover hay in the urorjer wav.
By curing it in the cock, its foliage will
wilt and dry without being deprived of
its sweetness or elasticity, and will not
crumble. This is held to be the most
economical, as it not only enables ns to
save much trouble in the busy season af
baying, but obviates the senons loss from
the breaking and falling off of the finest
and most valuable parts. Germantown
Importast Fact. The American
Agricultural Journal says that a ponnd
of lean, tender, juicy mntton can be rais
ed for half the cost of the same quantity
of fat pork. Sheep can be kept in fine
growing order where other domestic ani
mals will seareely exist, and thousands
of acres in thr State, nnder an enlightend
system of shp husbandry, may be made
to pay a good interest, where now they
are nearly dead property in the hands of,
their present owners.
Value of Sheep ito the Farmer.
It is more imporimco to the farmer
than is generally supposed, that a cer
tain proportion of his farm stock ahonld
consist of sheep. Speaking on this point,
R. S. Fay, of Lynn, recently remarked
at an Agricultural meeting in 3osion ( as
reported in the N. E. Fj-ial j "sheep
are gleaners after .ojther Rtock, and will
help keep the cattle pstnres in good con
dition by being turned into them occa
sionally, to eat tho coarser plants which
have been left. Ttyjy will enrich the
land. There is no manure so fertilizing
as that of sheep, aud it does not so readi
ly waste by exposure as that of other
animals. Sheep may be made exceeding
ly useful in helping to prepare land for a
crop. A German agriculturalist has cal
culated that the droppings from one thou
sand sheep during a single night would
manure an acre sufficiently. By that
rule a farmer may determine how long to
kecp'any given number of sheep on a
particular piece of land. Mr. Fay said
he was accustomed to fold his sheep npon
land which ha designed for corn and
other crops; and in so doing he shut them
upon halt an acre at a timekeeping them
there by a wire fence, which was easily
moved from place to place. In this way
his land was well manured without the
labor of shoveling and cartinir." These
ideas are worth reading by the farmer.
We believe any farm will tear a certain j
number of sheep, in proportion to the
other stock, not only without loss to the
amount of grazing Which it will yield to
the cattle and horses, but to increase of
the same. Mr. Fay, by his management,
makes the lambs and manure pay for keep
ing tho sheep, and 'the wool is clear
Hints ts Farmers.
The farmer's lifa is shunned by many
because it seems one of mindless drudgery.
It ought not to be so. If half our far
mers would study and reflect more, they
might do less hard labor, and yet accom
plish more in the course of an year. Ten
hours work a day in summer, and eight
in winter, onght, with good management,
to give any man a good living. He who
works so hard that he cannot read or re
flect after the labors of the day are over,
does not plan wisely. Let no man shun
work when work should be done delve,
forever, is not the end of man's life. Tho
farmer's cveniuRS should be devoted to
mental acquisition and rational enjoy
ment. To sup and tumble into bed is a hogs's
f.ishion ; and highly injurious to health.
But let a -farmer have about him the
choicest works on hi own auxiliary avo
cations ; let these form the subject of
study and conversation at least two even
ings in a week, while the newspaper, the
newest and oldest volume, each have their
allotted season. Two or three dollars,
contributed by each family in a neighbor
hood or school district, wonld go a great
way in the purchaso of standard books at
modern prices. - Thews are but hints
which each reader will modify as his
judgment shall suggest. I plead only
for the essential thing of makirg home
pleasant, and its hours of relaxation,
hours of instruction also.
Taking Care or Fami Implements.
Every farmer should have a house for
keeping his implements;-. It ehould be
tight and dry; and adapted for repairing,
altering, cleaning and t-harpening them.
Every imploment, when not required for
use, should have its proper plaee, and
before it is laid past for winter, - all the
bright metal belonging to it should be
carefully dried and well greased to pre
vent lusting. Rust is a viper which poi
sons tho farmer's purse ; many farmers
allow thair plows, harrows and cultiva
tors to rust and rot in the corners of open
damp sheds, dnring six months of the
year, and they seem surprised that their
implements do not last louger. All farm
implements, after having been nsed dur
ing the spring, summer and fall, should
have their wood-work painted, also
their coarse metal work ; and every bolt
and nut should be oiled. The loss af an
ounce of iron by rust is equal to the loss
of an ounce of gold. Carefulness in all
things i economy, and a little extra trou
ble saves extra expense.
To make a Horse Follow Yoc. Yon
uf ay make a horse follow yon in ten min
utes. Go to the horse, rub his face, jaw,
and chin, leading him about, saying to
him, come along; a constant tone is ne
cessary. By taking him away from oth
er persons and horses, repeat the robbing,
leading and stopping. Sometimes turn
jim around all wars, and keep his at
ttation by saying, come along. With
some horses it is important to whisper
to them, as it hides the secret and gentlet
the horse ; yon may use any word you
please, but be constant in your tone of
voice, lue same will canse all horses
Scythes. A complaint is eften made
by workmen of their scythes not acting
well, of the edge not cutting uniformly,
and the form being wrong, fcc; now the
form best suited to each mower may be
tested by a very simple experiment. Let
a man with a piece of chalk in his hand,
walk np to a high wall, or a barn door,
and raising it as sigh aa he can, strike a
curve from riglit to left ; the line so
traced is the exact form that his scythe
should be ; and if he applies the edge of
it, and finds it to correspond, it will cut
uniformly from point to heel, and save
himself much trouble and labor.
"Protect voir Fruit Trees from In
sects. Mix powdered sulphur and cop
peras in equal quantities, and apply it to
the roots of apples, peaches, plums, or
any other kind of trees. First dig away
the earth and sprinkle in from four to
sixteen ounces, and replace thi dirt. Yon
may scatter a little in the crotches or
rough bark to advantage.
MANuarNO Grass Lavds. Is autumn
the best time for manuring grass lands ?
An experienced farmer says that a dress
ing of fine manure applied in October
will start a good coat of grass, and prove
the best preparation for corn the next
season which an be given. It has been
thonght that manure thus applied wonld
be subject to large losses from exposure
to the weather.
New Modi of PHorAOATiiro Plants.
Mr.'E. J. Lowe, F. R. A, has tried, with
success, the plan of sealing the cutting of
a plant at the base, so as to exclnde the
moisture of the soil from ascending the
stem in injurious quantities. -
When X Saw Sweet Belly Bone.
la tha ky to Wif am (fitiaraa;
Oa tka (rus tka awaaliskt fcD;
Bathed Ilia mmi af day&fkt'i bartlt,
Cbaad a aiakyad piapmaD;
1 tka mm iiaaa wgad-park
Waara tka eattb bra ta i
From Aaat Partyli aaihiaj-party,
I wai Maiag Nelly aaata.
Je3y tiafb eaftly flattered
OW a boar as wkita at aw;
Aad kef ekeek tha eriauoa aaaaet
Seanaly kad a waraKT f low.
'Mid krr patted kA, eeraultioa.
While taetk lulled Eke aeeaa feaai:
AO I aiarited eritfc pake, tfcnbbiaf.
At I saw tweet Nelly koaM.
Wkea tka A arena tia-ed tka V tea wood,
Taraiaf an the bares to gold,
la tka bwa by aider shaded,
I ay bee ta Nelly told. v
As wa stood together, faztaf
Oa tha star-berpaafled dome, ,
Bow t Messed the Aegast araaiag,
Wkea I saw sweet NeDy keasa.
White kaits aiiaf b wltk By tresses,
yarrows steal apoa ary brow;
Bat a bee scaib tkeais aad blesses
Lifts dediaierfaoneats aow.
Mstmi la a saowy kerchief;
Closer to my koeom cosjo
Ted asa, dost thoa et tl remember.
Wkea I saw sweet Nelly 1
A Feacmest. Swiftly glide our years
they follow each other like the waves
of the ocean. Memory calls np the per
sons we once knew the scenes in which
we were once the actors ; they appear be
fore the mi ni'i like phantoms of a night
vision. Behold tho boy rejoicing in the
gayety of his soul the wheels of Time
cannot roll too rapidly for him the light
of hope dances in his eye the smile of
expectation plays npon his lip he looks
forward for long years of joy to come
his spirit burns within him when he hears
of great men and mighty deeds he longs
to mount the hill of ambition, to tread the
path of honor, to hear the shont of ap
plause. Look at him again he is now
in the meredian of life care has stamped
wrinkles npon his brow disappointment
has dimmed tho lustre of his eye ?sorrow
has thrown its gloom npon his counte
nance he looks back npon tho wakirg
dreams of youth, and sighs for their fu
tilityeach revolving year seems to di
minish something from his stock of hap
piness, and he discovers that the season of
youth when the pulse of anticipation
beats high is the only season of enjoy
ment. Who is he of the aged locks ?
His form is bent and totters his footsteps
move more rapidly towards tho tomb
he looks back npon the past his days
appear to have been but few, ami he con
fesses they were evil the magnificence of
tho world fades from his view, and he
sinks down into the silehce of the grave.
A correspondent of tho Baltimore Re
publican writing from Washington, says:
We met Col. Sam. Stambangh to-day
in the rotunda of the Capitol, and while
we were looking at the carved represen
tations over the doorways of the rotunda,
the veteran Indian agent told ns that in
1830, with a delegation of the Menominee
Indians, he visited the Capitol, and ex
plained the nature and design of the stone
gronp8 in the rotunda, when the chief,
" Grizzly Bear," turned to the eastern
doorway,.over which there is a represen
tation of tho landing of the Pilgrims, and
said, "There, Ingen give white man corn;'
and U the north, representing Penn's trea
ty, 'There Ingen give um land;' and to
the west, where Pocahontas is seen saving
the life of Captain Srrlth, 'There, Ingen
save nm life;' ar.l ia-.'Iy to the south,
where the hardy pioneer, Danird Boone,
is seen plunging his knife into the heart
of a red man, while his foot is planted on
the dead body of another, 'And there,
white man kill Ingen.' Alas ! said we,
it is true, and pity 'tis, 'tis true.
"Chaw This." Consumers of the
weed will please "chaw" the following
from the Worcester, Mass., Transcript :
Wo noticed a man abont our streets.
collecting into a bag, old stumps of
cigars. In our large cities, the collect
ing of old cigars is made a lucrative bu
siness, as they are readily purchased by
tobacconists, and manufactured into fine
Specie is the World. Bicknell's
Reporter, Counterfeit Detector, and Pri
ces Current, says :
" It is supposed that the specie in Eu
rope anil America is at least 84,500,
000,000, and that the United States are
entitled to 8257,000,000, being about
$16 per head for every inhabitant of the
Ginger Beer. One pint of molasses
and two spoonfuls of ginger put into a
pail, to be half filled with boiling water;
when well stirred together, fill the pail
with cold water, leaving room for one
pint of yeast, which roust not be put fn
nntil lukewarm. Place it on a warm
hetrth for the night, and bottle it in the
"Sambo, is your master a good far
men "U yes, mass, fust rate far
mer he makes too crops in de year.
How is that. Sambo V "Why, he sell
all his hay in de fall, and make de money
once ; den, in de spring be sell de hides
of de cattle dat die for de want ob de
hay, and make money twice."
How to Fatten - Fowls. Confine
your fowls in a large airy enclosure, and
feed them on broken Indian corn, Indian
meal, or mnsh, with raw potatoes cut
into small pieces, not larger than a fil
bert, placing within their reach a quan
tity of charcoal broken into small pieces.
Eoued rice is also good.
It's the trouble that wears the heart out.
It is easier to throw a bomb-shell a mile
than a feather even with artillery. Forty
little debts of one dollar each, will canse
yon more trouble and dunning than one
big one of a thousand. ' -
A philosopher who is fond of diving to
the bottom of things, thinks that when a
young lady is offended with a kiss, the
only remedy is to give her another, ac
cording to the theory, simOia simQi-bus-curantor
A Yankee has just invented a suspender
that contracts on your approach to water,
so that the moment yon come to a puddle
it lifts yon over and drops yon on the
other side. - .'.-'!
Antiquity of the I. 0. of 0. F. ,
We find the following in an old Eng
lish paper, from a speech delivered by
Mr. Cooper, at a meeting of the Order of
Greenock, Scotland. Mr. Cooper said :
- "The origin of the Order of Odd Fel
lows is of very great antiquity. It was
established by the Roman soldiers, in
the camp, during the reign of Nero, in
the year 55. At that time they were
called "fellow citizens." The present
name war given them by Titns Cesar, in
the year 79, from the singularity of their
meeting, and from their knowing each
other by night or day, and by their fidel
ity to him and their country. And he
not only gave them the name of Odd Fel
lows, but at the same time, as a pledge
of friendship, presented them with a dis
pensation, engraven on a plate of gold,
bearing different emblems anch as the
sun, moon and stars, the lamb, the lion,
and the dove, and other emblems of mo
rality. The first account of the Order
being spread in other countries is in the
fifteeneh century, when it was established
in the Spanish dominions, and in the
sixth century by King Henry, in Portu
gal, an', in the eleventh century it was
established in France, and afterwards by
John D. Neville, in England, attended
by live Knights from France, who form
ed a Loyal Grand Lodge of Honor in
London, which order remained until the
twelfth century,whena part of them be
gan to form themselves into a anion, and
a portion of them remain np to this day
the Lodges which are now very nu
merous throughout the world, and call
themselves the Loyal Ancient Odd Fel
lows, being a portion of the original body.
The Manchester Unity is of a more re
cent date, although there is no doubt of
its emanating from the same source. . Its
first introduction into Manchester was
about the year 1800, by a few individuals
from the Union in London, formed them
selves into a Lodge, and continued in
connexion with them for some time, when
some difference cansed them to declare
themselves independent, and thus have
kept their work independent.
Nioht. Night levels all artificial dis
tmctions. Iho beggar on his pallet of
straw, snores aa soundly as tho king on
bis bed of down. Night the earthly
paradise of the slave, tho sweet oblivion
of the care-worn soul, the nurse of poetrv,
of devotion how the great panting heart
of society years for the return of night
ana rest l bleep is Uoa s special gift to
the poor, but for the great there in no
fixed time for repose. . Quiet they have
none; and instead of calmly awaitin
the approach of events, they fret and re
pino and starve sleep, and chide the tardy
hours, as if every to-morrow were bi
with tho fate of some great hereafter.
The torreut of events goes roaring past,
seeps eagrr expectation constantly on
tiptoe, and drives timid slumber away
There is something strangely beautiful
in the contemplation of night when the
smiling stars seem to do homage to thei
pale-faced queen, and the clouds float si
leutly through tho tranquil sky, and the
wind speaks in soti whispers, as if fear
ful of waking the sleepers. Snch is the
sweet repose of blameless conscience. Uut
when the hues of evening slant dimly
away, wnen tne cheerless rnrtaius of dark
ness are draw.), when serial shadows loom
up and flit along th j vaulted arch " lik
grim "hosts trailing blackness through
the heavens," such is the fearful shadow
that hangs over tho broken slumbers in
which there h no peace.
A Fair Offer. Dr. Franklin made
tho following offer to a young man:
" Make," said he, " a full estimate of all
yon owe, and of what is owing to you
Reduce tho same to a note. As fast as
you can collect, pay over to those you
owe. If yon cannot collect, renew your
note every year, and get the best security
you can. Go to business diligently, and
be industrious ; waste no idle moments
be very economical in all things ; discard
all pride; befaitnful in your duty to God.
by regular and hearty prayer morning and
night; attend church and meeting regular
every Sunday ; and do onto all men as
you would they should do unto you. If
yon are too needy in circumstances Jo give
to tne poor, do whatever else in your pow
er for them cheerfully, but if you can.
always help the worthy poor and unfor
tunate, fursne this course diligently and
sincerely tor seven years, and if yon are
not happy, comfortable, and independent
in your circumstances, come to me, and
I will pay your debts. . Young people,
A Singular Fact. An English butch
er asserts, as a singular fact, that he has
invariably found the shoulder of a sheen
to be exactly one-tenth of the weight of
tne wnoie body, and will buy or sell bv
Snakes. A piece of common indigo
made into a paste with spirits of cam
poor, and applied to the wound, will
neutralize the poison arming from a bite
from snakes of any kind.
Mcch Shorter. Doctor Charles Wil
son has written a vol j me of some hun
dred pages to explain the PoM-ology of
arunKenneu. w e could debns it in two
syllables Zuj Zag.
Lewenhoek reckoned 17,000 divisions
in the cornea (outer coat of the eye) of a
a.. I - ' -
Dutterny, eacn one ot whicb, be thought,
possessed a crystalline lens. .
The spring of a watch weighs .015 of
a grain ; a ponnd of iroa makes 50.000.
The pound of steel costs 2d; a single
spring 2a; so that 50,00 pro-luces 416.
Two thousand three hundred silk
worms produce one ponnd of silk; but it
would require 27,600 spiders, all females.
to produce one pound of web.
Captain Beaufort saw near Smyrna, in
1811. a cloud of locusts 40 miles long
matt ouv ysras orp, containing, as be
calculated, 169 billions.
No man can be provident of his time.
that is not prndent ia thi choice of his
If a man cannot find ease within him
self, it is to little purpose to seek it any
Knowledge will soon become folly,
when good sense ceases to be its guar
Why is a hen walking, like a eonspi
racy ? Because it is a fowl proceeding.
Useful aiiV' Ciirim
Novel MrrEOROLooicAi.TnoaT. The
late fearful inundations in France, have
set the philosophers and savaas of Pane
to speculating upon the probable causes
of a calamity which, with more or. less
violence, afllicta the country periodically.
At a late sitting of the Academy of Sci
ence, an essay was read on the subject, in
which the idea was advanced, that the
overflows oi the rivera are chiefly occa
sioned by the sirocco from Africa. It is
conjectured that the hot blast, in its course
over the sea, causes a rapid and copious
evaporation, and that the vapors are car-"
ried by it, and finally condensed mid
the cold atmosphere of the mountains in
the centre, east and south of France,
wbere they descend ana now mio mo
plains and valleys in fierce torrents, whose
volume is swollen by the waters of the
melting snows. This is at least an inge-
nions and plausible theory, whatever may '
be its practical value. . 1
Is thk-Sl-ji Inhabited? Sir David
Brcwster states that so strong has been:
the belief that the snn cannot be a habit-,
able world that a scientific gentleman
was pronounced by his medical attendant
insane, b:caue he sent a paper to tho
Royal Society, in which he maintained
that the light of tha snn proceeded from
a dense aad nntTersa.1 nra, which may
afford ample light to the inhabitants be
neath, ana yet be at such a distance aloft,
as not to he among them; that there may .
be water and land there, hills and dales.
rain and fait weather, aad that as Aha
light and tho seasons must be eternal! tha
sun may easily be conceived to be by
the most blissful habitation of the v
system. In less than ten years afte
apparently extravagant notion was
sidered as a proof of his insanity, it wa?
maintained by Sir V llliam HerschcII
a rational and probable opinion, which
might be dcdocible from his own obser
vations on the structure of the snn.
Amazons. In a paper rcid before tha
London Geographical Society, at ita last
meeting, an account is given of a visit to
the King of Dahomey, in Guinea, by Mr.
John Duncan. On the day after his ar
rival, he reviewed, in compliment ta Mr.
Duncan, a body of 9,000 of his troops, -all
femalet. Their arms, accoutrements
anil equipments are described as having
been truly surprising. Mr. Duncan tra
velled through the King's dominions, es
corted by 100 men. Mr. Duncan visited
a large town named Adafoodia, in the
interior, in lat. 12 N., and Ion. 1 ? E.,
where he learned that Mungo Park was
killed by the natives, in consequence' of
having discharged one of his native atten
dants, without paying him. nis books
were cut u and sold as amulets, n.
Slow Poison. To prove the assertion
of Doctors Graham, Fanstus, and Fow
ler, that smoking is a tlow poison, Grant
Thorbnrn, in a letter to the Home Jour- "
nal, Nov. 22, states that, in 1794, there
was an old burgomaster, who resided in
his mansion on a farm in New York, on
the corner of Pine and Nassau Streets, in
his ninety-sixth year, on whom he nsed
m van, emu oiuuuv suiuu, 'sTTJIfl, B4ye
Mr. Thorbnrn, "wassixty-twoyeare ago, x
and I have smoked six pipes, on an ave
rage, every day since." Tho doctors
have here a very obstinate patient in tho
person of " Laurie Todd."
Goi.beh Yellow. M. Gnimet gives
the following receipt for making a yellow
color, of a golden tint, niurh more intense
than the well known Naules yellow:
fake of antimoniate of potash ( carefully '.
washed) one part, and of minium two
parts; grind and mix them well into a
paste ; then dry the paste and reduce it
to a powder; and lastly, expose tha
powder for four or five hours to a red
beat, taking care not to raise the temoe-
rature so high as to disengage the oxygen'
from the lead and antimony.
To be in good taste, one's dress should
consist of but two colors, and those two
should be well selected. There are too
many individuals like the lady who in
sisted on the propriety of blue and green
together, because, as she sagely observed,
there was a parallel for it -in nature, the
sky being blue, and the grass and foliage
green. "True," replied the dressmaker.
who was much tried by her obstinacy
and want xt taste, "bnt you don't seem
to have observed that they are as far apart
Science Amono -tub Russians. The
Moniteui de la Flotte announces that the
Rnssian Government is aboat to have a
scientific vovago executed around tha
world, the direction of which has been
confided to one of the most distinguished
o (Beers of the Russian navy. This will
be the. thirty-niuth voysge around tho
world, that the Russians have made since
A man is taller in the morning than at
night. Iff the extent of half an inch, ow
ing to the relaxation of tho cartilages-
ten days per annum is the average sick
ness of human life. About the aire of
thirty-six, the lean man generally becomes
fatter, and the fat man leaner.
l)c Kansas &)tf, :
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