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SOL. MILLER, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER. )
THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION.
TERMS $2.00 FER AXSUM, IN AD7ANCE.
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VOLUME IV.--NUMBER 10, J
THE REPUBLICAN WAG01T,
Ai u jriru irw."
There's t right and wrong in politics,
And tight if en our '
Bo m'te hiniMMil p th wtjon, Loyf, V
To hf tie nitloo riile.
Th t'oiM" on wtjoB,
Far iu crowded with the people,
Ad iu dnrti'r Abrihun!
t'HOri WIt Tor the wagon,
Wait Tor the wigon,
Wilt for the wgo.
Fur the drirrr'i Alrabam.
Tbu w'jon ! nolle one
Trti mde in lerenty tix
Ti dnren by Ceorje Wnihmgton,
Throng itoray nolitici.
With Northern oik, nd Eirtern pine.
And H'eitern Mb lit bonnd
rtloietu, cjrpreH, cotton-wood.
In eretj wheel ere Toon d.
IVnit Tor the wagon, i.c.
The Mill Boj of llie Slubei, tott,
Kentnckj't Iltrry Clr,
Onee nt npon thii wagon,
Ai we're utting here to-daj.
He drore the road of Conpromue,
Br Coattitotion chart.,
And held the reinr of Union
All .round the people'i heart..
Wait Tor the wagon, &.C.
fa tbi. our famnns wagon,
IVith Tom Corwm at In. back,
Through all the trooblom elenentl,
Onr Lincoln keep, the track.
And bea llie hand of Web.ter ihook
Tbe hand of proud Calhonn,
Twa. here upon thii wagon box
They sat in cloie cornmone.
Wait for the wagon, &.C
Fojnmp into tbe nagon, boy.
Tli teople are it. pnns
e're ronning on the Union coor.e,
And Uncoln lIJi the .tnng..
The I'mon i. our wagon,
An 1 it irnt any .ham,
Ffr it', crowded with the pe-. le.
And it. ririrer. Abraham.
Wait fur the wagon, Le.
Frowtlie Indianapolis Journal.
The Ilcpnblican paper complain that
Douglas makes thesarao speech, or rath
er proclaims the same doctrine, every
where. Louisville Democrat.
No, air! They 'complain that he make
the same speech at every point where
he proclaim! the same doctrin. bnt that
a goon as he change his latitude he
changei his doctrine withont improving
hi ipeech. He lacks intellectual fertili
ty cDongh to find new dressings for his
ioctrine as long as he keeps it, and Re
pnblicans laugh for "complain," as the
Democrat has it.) at his machine made
peccii, hot they don't accuse him of
tirame inflexibility of opinion, by, any
mrans. He is not orator enongh to make
more than one speech, but he is politi
cian enough to advocate a dozen different
opinions. And if it don't suit his pur
pose to be frank, he is cautions enough
to keep his opinion to himself. An il
titration of both these characteristics
may not be ont of place :
a irEEcn ik 1850.
Rome species of property is excluded
by law in most of the States as well as
Territories, as being unwise, immoral or
contrary to the principles of public pol
icy. For instance, the banker is prohib
ited from emigrating to Minnesota, Ore
gon and Ualiiorma with his banks, lne
bank may be property by the laws 'of
New York, but ceases to be when taksn
into a State or Territory where banking
is prohibited by the local law. So ar
dent spirits, whiskey, brandy, all the in
toxicating drinks are recognized as prop
erty in most of the States, if not.all of
them ; bnt no citizen, whether from the
Northern or Southern States, can take
thii property with him and hold, sell or
use it at his pleasure inallithe Territo
ries, because it is prohibited by the local
law ; nor can a man go there and hold
his slave for the same reason. There are
Irwi against the introduction, sale and
use of specific kinds of property, wheth
er brought from the North or South,-or
from foreign countries. Congrtstimal
7W, 1850, parti, p. 371.
A 8PEICB IN 1858.
Slaves are regarded as nronertr." and
placed on an equal footing-'with other
property. Hence the owner of slaves
the same as the owner of any other ape
e of properly HAS A RIGHT TO
HLJIOVE TO ANY TERRITORY
AND CARRY HIS c PROPERTY
WITH HIM. Speech of Douglas ia
ew Orleans. Dec. 1858. -
Tbe Republican who complains that
iii. Douglas proclaims the same doctrine
n these two speeches mnst!be exceedingly
!Md to snit in variety. Take another
i. SPEECH IK. 1858.
m IT MATTERS NOT WHAT WAY
THE SUPREME COURT may hereaf
ter decide as to the abstractj-question
whether slavery mav or may not so into
8 Territory under the Constitution, the
people have the lawful means to intra
dace it or exclude it as .tbeyj please,. -for
'he reason that slavery cannot exist a day
nor an honr anywhere unless it is sup
ported by local police regulations that
CQ Onlv bflnKLsrilinhnd liv tha local Tjfcr..
Itllture. and if tha nennla aro nnnnaod In
slavery they will elect Representatives
who will by unfriendly legislation -effec
mail prevent us introduction in, onr
miast. uouglas' speech at Freeport,
" 'platform op 1860.
, . .- . ,
Resolved, That it' is "in accordance
with the'Cincinnati Platform, that dn
ring the existence of; Territorial Gov
ernments the, measure of retlrietio. what
ever.jt maybe imposedjby, the. Several
unsumuon on iuc ruwJSK Uf
THE TERRITORIAL LEGI8LA
TURE OVER THE SUBJECT 'OF
THE DOMESTIC RELATIONS, as
the same has been, or shall hereafter be
decided by the Supreme Courts of the
United States, should be RESPECTED
by all good citiaens, and ENFORCED
with promptness and fidelity by every
branch of the Federal Government.
VYickliffe'8 resolution, adopted at Balti
more by the Douglas Convention, and
especially approved by Douglas in his
letter of acceptance.
There is certainly variety enongh here
to satisfy the most fastidious.
A speech ik 1858.
The people of a Territory can, by
lawful means, exclude Slavery from their
limits prior to a formation of a State
Constitution. Hence no mat
ter what the decision of the Supreme
Court may be, still the right of a people
to make a slave Territory or a free Ter
ritory is unchanged. Douglas speech
at Freeport, 1858.
A VOTE in 1854.
Under which (Kansas Bill) the people
of a Territory, through their appropriate
representatives, may, as they see fit, pro
hibit the existence of Slavery therein.
Chase's amendment, March 2, 1854.
Yeas Chase, Fis.li, Hamlin, Seward,
Nays Bell, Dottglat, Houston, Hun
ter, dice 86.
Now any Republican may easily find
in the Freeport doctrine of 1858 and the
vote of 1C54, a most enchanting variety
of doctrines. Try another :
A sr-EECH in I860.
Now, are yon going to Ml me that
such people are not capable of. self-government,
merely because they live in a
Territory! "Not we." I hold that
every political community. State and
Territory alike, has, under our system of
government, the right TO GOVERN
ITSELF IN ALL THINGS THAT
ARE LOCAL AND DOMESTIC,
AND NOT FEDERAL. Douglas at
Concord, N. n., July 31, 1860.
A VOTE IN 1854.
Mr. Chase of Ohio moved to amend
the bill (Kansas and Nebraska) so that
the people in each Territory be allowed
to choose their own Governors and Terri
torial officers. Globe, 1854.
Yeas Chase, Fessenden, Foote, Ham
lin. Seward, &c 10.
Nays Bell, Douglas, Hunter, Ac.
39- , , . .
It must be admitted that there is jnst
the least possible taste of the remotest
suggestion of variety in the doctrine of
that voto and that speech. Let us try
A speech in 1849.
The Missouri Compromise had jts ori
gin in the hearts of all patriotic men
who desired to preserve and perpetuate
rim tiiAKsintrR of onr ulorions Union an
origin akin to that of the Constitution of
the United States, conceiveu iu luoaamc
spirit of fraternal affection, and calcula
ted to remove for ever the only danger
which seemed to threaten, at some distant
day, to, sever the social bond of the Un
ion. All the evidences of public opin
ion at that day seemed to indicate that
ft.;. nnMPROMISE HAD BECOME
CANONIZED IN.THE HEARTS OF
THE AMERICAN PEOFLE as a
RAnnRn THING WHICH NO
RUTHLESS HAND WOULD EVER
RF RECKLESS ENOUGtl IV UlD
Trim rPmm Douelaa' speech at
Springfield, IU. 1849.
A SPEECH IN UB60.
4.s.r. i- - " - --
Mw fMOTiri over there friend or enemy,
as the case may be wanU to know
something about the Missouri Compro
mise. Cheers.1 I have not the slightest
objection to telling him all he desires to
know npon that question. 7 brougham
the bill to repeal the Missouri Restriction.
Donglae1 speech at Providence, Aug.
3.1860. . ,,-..,
Just an interesting degree of .variety
:- i.- ..ArniH," of tnese two speeches
may be detected, we think.'by one whose
taste Tor variety nas not .-;-by
lavish gratification. Now for an il
lustration of 'his power not only of vary,-
ing his doctrines, but ot concealing
when lie choosea :
'to judge DOuaLAsr osaii-
, . , iWISED
Augusta; Maine, Ag,18,.-1860.
As Judge Douglas.-whenheTsas.here
on Thursday last, declared with strong
emphasis 'that, as a National candidate
for;the Presidency.' he had no opinions
to conceal? none bnt. jwwaa willing to
avowjn any part of tbe Union, ry
respectable citizen of this place, wSdwh
iJ;tA tn iseat on the stand with him,
put into iiSihanda the following qw"j
whichTiVwas"mo&t respectfolly requested
i .. : itia i-nnru'nf liia remarks.
The Judge on receiving it; (it' 1W -
Cam bsa YftlUS to SDeaK.' I Te3 It very ew-
tively, and, resuming h-)BV"t"
spectrally acquiesced in the propriety pi
the'quoition, and promised "to reply in
the course of his speech j jjtc-
"Will Jndge Douglas 1be so kind as
to oblige a, fellow, citisen by stating be
fore the people here assembled his answer
"Do yon hold, and if elected Presi
dent'of the United States, would yon
carry out, the 'doctrine that the 'people of
a Territory, before it -becomes a State,
have the. 'power,. nnder the Federal Con
stitution,1 and,' notwithstanding tbe Dred
ocott decision, to' prohibit or exclude
slavery tiieretrom 7
"In other words :
"Do yon affirm that tbe people of a
xcrruury nave me consuiniiouai ngm 10
crush the cockatrice's eggs, as soon as
these are deposited in its nest by the pro
pagandists of Slavery, or must they tol
erate the incubation, and wait till the
eggs become full grown and active vi
pcrs, that can be pursued and exterraina
ted only by the newly created sword of
state authority. '
With this question before him, which
he promised to answer, the Judge arose
and addressed tbe people for an hour and
a half ; but for some cause or other you
can judge what as well as I he not
only did not answer tbe question, but very
carelully avoided all allusion to it !
We submit to the Louisville Demo
crat whether there is not enough variety
in the above manifestations of Mr. Dong
las' views to stop all complaint on that
score forever ? And we submit to the
people1 whether a more thorough dema
gogue ever lived than the man who has
snch convenient opinions.
He Doe Care.
Douglas asserts that he does not care
whether Slavery is voted up or voted
down. H is record proves that he docs care.
In 1820, Congress, after mature delib
eration and long discussions, "voted Sla
very down" in all the territory north of
thirty-six and a half degrees. In 1854,
when it became apparent that emigration
could no longer be kept from the territo
ry in which Slavery had been thus inter
dicted, Douglas secured the removal uf
the prohibition. He was not willing
that Slavery should stay "voted down."
He docs care.
During the fierce struggle between the
Free State men of Kansas and the Pro-
Slavery radians who undertook to plant
Slavery there at the point of the bayonet,
Uouclas sympathies were always with
the latter. His speeches, reports and
votes all prove that he desired tbe success
of the Slavery propagandists and the
defeat and expulsion cf the Free State
men. xie does care.
In a speech in the Senate on the 16th
of May last, he boasted that he had been
instrumental in establishing slavery in
free territory five time the size of the
State of New York. He does care.
By the Dred Scott decision Slavery is
mado the common law of the land, has
the right to enter any of the Territories,
and is entitled to the protection of the
Federal Government, should the people
thereof object to its presence and seek to
expel it The Wickliffe resolution, which
Douglas indorses in his letter accepting
the nomination to the Presidency, ap
proves of this decision and pledges all
the branches of the Federal Government
to promptly furnish wnatever protection
Slavery may desire under it. He does
At the last session of Congress, a bill
was introduced in the House repealing
the law establishing Slavery in the Ter
ritory of New Mexico. Every Demo
cratic Representative in Congress from
Illinois either voted directly against the
bill or paired off with an absent Republi
can, which was just the same thing.
They so voted nnder advice from Doug
las. He does care.
In no solitary instance yet in which
voice, influence or vote of his could de
rmis the issue, has he failed to give it
nromntlv. fnllv and freely in behalf of
Slavery. He cannot, with any show of
truth, plead even the negative virtue of
indifference, tie is actively anu opcuij
for "votincr Slavery no" oar all occasions,
nnder all circumstances, and everywhere;
and toward no other class of men is his
hostility so uniform and so inveterate as
it is against those whose Tote is always
given in favor of putting Slavery down.
Verily be does care.
A Democratic Whig. At a late
Whig meeting in Philadelphia, David
Paul Brown, tbe eminent lawyer, made a
speech, in which be ie&aaStiDakoaratie
"I defy any body to tell me, what a
Democratic Whig means. I will give
a premiam t any one who can inform
. I asa s Federalist, and there is snch
a thing as a'Democrat; but a Democratic
Whig is between a norse ana an ass, par
taking of the qualities of ' both." "u -
.That-nnerv. vrnicn na pnzziea so
..nc UlCfllTnanvrOiuot amour lura-
rogatories, vhad to rely at last for eluci
dation upon the ingenuity of a "Phda
Mania Lawyer " Bearjn mind," then.
that' a "ueHiocrusi ii-u.g .!
Vhetween'a horse andanat" .
What are bow the -prospeota in the
country J" (sukedrone of our city pol
iticians yesterday, of a stanncn Demo-
cratic farmer. . .
- "Very poof ai it regard the crops,"
"IJuH mean iniewiwiMw ai
jm'.i Douelas and Johnson."
A'd d tight worse than, that of the
we-? . ,:.-,' -
Here tue suojcci ciudcu.
CAMP AIOIT 80IO F6K FREEDOM.
"Ilittory Mem. clearly to deraoMiat the fact that the
wor.t form e.er aimmed by tin moniter Tyranny, j, that
in which III. rMalded By a baagtty and rtlentleia ariiio-
cracy." - r ?'
Are not the Slarery Propaganda and Ibair facile tool.,
the Kalled Democracy, Ja.ttacri an ariitocracyl If not
the debaiemeat af lb free Uboriag claaanf. In which the
inccti. of their principle. maL ra.olt leating anna ont
ofrlew tha black Injustice to tint (Jo'wn-trodden African,
of tbe ayitem of AmericanSlarery i. net thii jmt ineb a
Freemen wa! onr freedom wronght,
By onr father' battles fooght.
By ear faiben heart's blood boegkt;
Freemen's sons are wa!
Freemen we! and shall we stanJ,
Calmly aee the tj rant's band
Stretched o'er all onr native land
Death to Liberty!
Freemen we and calmly 'dnre
Onr blood bought Freedom's forfeiture?
Witness daily more sec tire
Freemen we' and ne'er oppose
The ruthless march of Freedom1 foes?
While the tyrant's chains impose,
At their beck be dumb?
Freemen we! and by the blood
Of onr fathers, which bedewed
The field, on which they freedom wooed,
On which they Freedom won!
Freemen we! by Him who reigns,
The Freeman's God, and right mnmtains;
Yam slmll be the tyrant's paiat,
Freemen we! lis ours to dare
The battle's brunt, and ours to bear;
Ours to wage, and know no fear
War of Liberty!
Freemen, light we; bnt no sword,
Not the sanguinary horda
Tba ballot shall redress aflurJ;
There oor victory!
. Freemen we! hurrah! hurrah!
Gallant Lincoln well we know,
The people, friend, tbe tyrant's foe ;
Freemen we! press on, press on!
Work there i. for erery one;
The conquest urge, so well begun!
When Parson Brownlow will Join the
An Arkansas correspondent, who prob
ably wanted to "wake up" Rev. Mr.
Brownlow, of the Knoxvillo (Tenn.)
Whig, wrote to the latter stating that he
had learned with pleasure, npon what
"lie considered reliable authority," that
Mr. Brownlow was abont to join the
Democrats, and asked for the probable
date of that interesting occurrence. Mr.
Brownlow gave the date, or at least data
for the date, as follows :
Knoxvtlle, August 6, 1860.
"Mr. JortDAN Clark : I have your let
ter of the 30th ult., and hasten to let you
know the precise time when I expect to
come out and formally announce that I
have joined the Democratic party. When
the sun shines at mid-night, and the moon
at mid-day when men forget to be sel
fish, or Democrats lose their inclination
to steal when nature stops her ownward
march to rest, or all the water courses in
America flow np stream when flowers
lose their odor and trees shed their leaves
when birds talk and beasts of burden
laugh when damned spirits swap hell
for heaven, with the angels of light, and
pay them the boot in mean whiskey
when impossibilities are in fashion, and
no proposition is too absurd to be believ
ed, you may credit the report that I have
joined the Democrats.
I join the Vemocrais .' never, bo mug
as there are sects in churches, weeds in
gardens, fleas in hog pens, diet in vict
uals, disputes in families, wars with na
tions, water in the ocean, bad men in
America, or base women in France. No,
Jordan Clark, yon may hope, yon may
congratulate, yon may reason, you may
sneer, bnt that .cannot be. The thrones
of the Old World, the court of the Uni
verse, the governments of the world may
all fall and crumble into ruin ; the New
World may commit, the national suicide
of dissolving .this Union, but .all. this
must occur before I join the Democracy 1
"I join the Democracy ! Jordan Clark,
yon know not what yon say; when" I
join the Democracy, the Pope of LKome
Will JOlU IUO UlClUUUUt u.w , "--
Jordan Clark, of Arkansas, is President
of the Republic of Great' Britain, by
universal suffrage of contented people;
when Qaeen Victoria consents to be di
vorced from Prince Albert oy s county
court in Kansas ; when Congress oblig
es, by law, James 'Buchanan to marry a
V.nronean Princess : when' theTope lea
ses the capital at , Washington for -his
city residence, wnen .iexauucr w uu
aia, and Napoleon of France are elected
SenatorsTn Consrress from New Mexico;
when good men cease to go to heaven or
bad men' to hell; when tha. world is
turned upside down; when prootis affor
ded both clear 'and unquestionable, that
there is3 no God ; when men turn to ants,
and ant to elephants, Twill change tny
political faith, and come ont on tbe side
of Democracy ! L
, "Supposing that this fell and frank
MfT will enable vori'to'fii-npon the pe
riod when I will come ont full grown
Democrat, and. to communicate tbe same
to alljwhomTitmay concern in juzuumb
"I have the honor to be, fec, ,
Or MAKT.!loTHtBs. A.boy was born
at Salisbury Point on Sunday, that had
six grandmothers living, and all under
eighty years of age.--Mtcrjjwr Mast.)
Herald." '--a '
TheNetf York Journal' of Commerce
I a- -J ?
comes out ior urecatunutje.
SEPTEMBER; 13, 1860.
i - Humors of the Campaign.
Faithand Works. An ardent young
Republican rushed into the Herald office
in Cleveland last Monday and banded
Benedict a manuscript which read thus :
Two things are necessary to salvation,
viz. Faith and Works. In Abraham we
have Faith, and in Hannibal, Works.
The country is saved.
The young man immediately fainted.
Proper Pronunciation of Lincoln.
The nomination of Abraham Lincoln, as
the 'Republican candidate for President,
hat raised the question of its proper pro
nunciation many contending that it
should be pronounced according to its
literal orthography Lincollen. All the
best authorities, however, agree in pro
nouncing it as they do out West Ztn
ken. Below we give three leading au
thorities on the subject :
Link-on Lippincott s Gazetteer.
Link-un Webster's Unabridged.
Ling-kun Worcester's New Diction
ary. In Illinois, where everybody claims
the privilege of familiarity with "Old
Abe," they have somewhat improved
on the above, and speak of the distin
guished Sueker as " Old Abe Lick em."
Tbe Springfield (Mass.) Republican
gives a most fclicitons definition of "Hon
est Old Abe," the Presidential candidate
of the Republican party. It says :
He will make what we have not bad
lately an honest President. He is nei
ther a trickster nor a time-server, but a
straightforward, manly, able man, who
believes in tho principles he represents.
He is in fact the Republican Platform in
The Illinois State Journal tells the fol
Upon the reception of tho intelligence
of the nomination of Mr. Lincoln, tbe
statue of Mr. Douglas, whieh has so long
adorned the handsome jewelry store of
Geo. Curran, was quietly boxed up and
sent ont of town on a freight train.
The Union Ticket. The entire har
mony of the Republican, nominations is
curiously illustrated in the names of the
candidates, which are anagramraatically
the Vice Presidential name being a union
link on that of "Honest Old Abe." The
letters also contain Mr. Hamlin's first
The Detroit Advertiser gives the first
joke of the campaign, in that section. A
Republican was hailed by a Uouglas
man on tho receipt of the news of the
nomination of Abraham Lincoln, with
the question :
"Hilloa 1 what do yon think now ?"
"Think ? what do I think ?" was the
ready reply. "I think yon had better
embrace the only opportunity you'll ever
have of getting into "Abraham's bosom,"
&nu JOIU tUU xwjjuuiiuuua ub uuiu.
Henry Clay and S. A. Donglas False-
hoods of tne uougiaswes.
Shelbtvillk, Ind., Aug. 24.
Eds. Gazette : I notice in this morn
ing's Enquirer an editorial article claim
ing that Mr. Uouglas and glorious oia
Hrrv Clay were personal friends. It
may 'be that Mr. Douglas, while Mr.
Clay was living, simulated friendship
for him while in his presence ; but it is
equally true that, behind his back, he
lost no opportunity to defame and abuse
him. Nor will this trait in that gentle
man's character surprise any one familiar
with his treatment of the lamented Brod
erick. In 1858, 1 was engaged in canvassing
a portion of Illinois for Mr. Lincoln,
and, among other appointments; was
posted to speak at JftCatsonviiie, a oeauu
fnl citv in Morean county. As Mr.
Douglas was, during that entire canvass,
making every effort in his power to win
the old Whig vote to nis ouptiun., uu
friends in Jacksonville desired me to re
mind this class of persons thaf, some
years before, Mr. Douglas, in, a speecn
from the same stand on wnicn x was
speak that night, had denounced Mr. Clay
in the most venomous terms tho Billings
gate vocabulary could afford as a black
hearted villain, traitor, scoundrel, mur
derer, duelist, gambler, blackleg, and se
ducer. Donglas had behind him a life
size portrait of Clay, the body painted
in different colors, a pack of cards in one
hand and a Bible in the other ; and ev
ery sentence containing, an allusion to
Clay would be rounded off by turning to
the portrait, with.a demoniac grimace, on
the part of Donglas.
Ati reauested. I refcrred'to the matter
inmyspeech, that night and:was con
tradicted at once by some one in the
crowd, ivhen at least fifty men in the au
dience rose to their feet and bore witness
to the truth of rmy remarks.' J
Arr;n in the same issue oi me u-
. b . ' . - .: ..ni ;n
quirec is a nouce oi mc-wius """
Shelby county ior obwmu.j u u.
j.w t.w tha Republicans. This is lie.
and was manufactured ont' of cloth pre
pared for the occasion. z Eepnblicamsm
in old 8helby is erect,' and in October
will give a good account of itself. '
Will. C Moreau. -
It is said that John Woodtbe present
Governor of Illinois,' arrfve'd thirty-two
yearraeo at the site of the present city
Oi yuincy. iu a " J
cents in his pocket Now, fjnincy con
tains 20,000 inhabitants, and Mr. W.
lives in and owns a residence there which
cost him 8160,000.- '
A LINCOLN LYRIC.
OLD ABE, THE KAIL-SPUTTER.
AIR" Tkl Star SpamfUJ Rnntr."
Mail! hear ye the shotts wbisb are shaking the bills.
And filling with gladness our country's green valleys?
Til the name or "Old Abe" that ra, a .agic which thrills
Tbe beans of the legions whom Freedom now rallies.
O! that name lias a charm, like the tocsin's alarm.
Which can.es the Freemen for conflict to arm:
No raor will the bow, like a bery ofslares,
To the dotards who rnle as the tools of the knares.
Too long has oor country been coried by tbe sway
Of men who are lirtngto multiply eril;
It ia time to arouse, and to despots cry, Nay.
This rprmdtaf of Slavery work of the Devil
At a Democrat's hand may seem ever so grand,
Bnt cannot proceed in this rail splitting land;
For "Honest Old be,"uneclipsed at his trade,
is mauling tbe rails, and the fence w, ill be made.
We Freemen hare chosen this harJ working man
The Tuend of Free Labor ard Honest Requital
To summon us toilers, and, keeping the van,
To finish the work to Humanity vital.
No more soil, which the brave, who are now in the grave,
Shed their blood from the grasp of Oppression to save.
Most be turned into 'common' for men of black skin;
So the rails uf "Old Abe" will tbe darkeys fence in!
The Stomp Candidate and His "Great
Senator Wilson of Massachusetts made
a speech at Bangor, Maine, recently, of
which the following are tne opening pas
Yesterday tho citizens of the city of
Bangor witnessed for the first time the
stranze spectacle of a candidate for the
exalted office of President of tho United
States perambulating tho country, ad
dressing the people in advocacy of his
claims to fill tho chair once filled by
Washington, Adams and Jefferson. The
Presidency of the Republic is justly
deemed by the people a position of exal
ted dignity, and they have ever required
of candidates tho recognition and obser
vance of the proprieties belonging to
that lofty station. Whether Mr. Doug
las came here on his political mission by
his own volition, or whether ho was
bronght here by despairing appeals to
aid a waning cause and arrest if possi
ble the impending doom now casting its
shadows before the gaze of braggart pol
iticians, thoughtful men will instinctive
ly pronounce his course inconsistent with
the ideas they entertain concerning the
action of candidates for the lofty posi
tion to which he aspires. But as Mr.
Douglas is not running for the Presidcn
cv. bnt onlv running for the control of
the disorganized Democratic factions.
theso itinerating missions may be deom-
ed by an ever indulgent people quite in
harmony with the dignified character of
tho worK to wnicn no is aevoung uim
self with his accustomed resolution and
Mr. Donglas gave the people of this
city ysterday a disquisition on bis "great
principle" of Non-intervention. The
theme is a trite one. I have listened for
five years to his disquisitions on his
great principle," for he has weaned tne
ear of the Senate and nation with the
perpetual assertion of his illogical prop
ositions and tho iteration of oft refuted
assumptions. Whilst Mr. Dpuglas
powers of assumption and assertion are
anequaled, his range of argument, of il
lustration, are not exuaustiess ; so i can
not learn that his utterances of yesterday
contained any new exposition of the beau
ties of his "great principle." But his
great principle of "Popular Sovereign
ty," of "rion-lntcrvention," ot "Ben
Government," was again proclaimed and
enforced with his accustomed vehemence
of assertion, and the people of Bangor,
of Slaine, gently notified to "mind their
Mr. Donglas assumes to be the great
champion of the right of the people of Ter
ritories to settle for themselves the great
anestion wheihor Slavery shall or shall
not exist among tnem. into me car oi
the people he is ever blurting this "great
principle," and his own championship of
Now, I propose here to-day to show
that this "great principle' of which he
is the expounder, champion and repre
sentative, is so qualified, restricted and
limited bv himself, as to be ntterly val-
nless to the people of the Territories.
Under the championship of Mr. Douglas,
this doctrine of Popular Sovereigntyjiro
rr.nl rated by Gen. Cass in tha Nicholson
letter of 1848, has been made by conces
sions, admissions and qualifications, a
mere hollow raocuery, a mere Keeping ot
the word, while the sense is sacrificed.
Whilst Mr. Donglas has. asserted this
right of the people of the Territories to
determine the character of their domes
tic institutions for themselves, with per
sistent vehemence; ha ha substantially
yielded np that right made it practical
ly a right to introduce and protect Slave
ry, not a right to exclude and destroy it.
With professions of devotion to the
great principle of Popular Sovereignty
ever on his lips, Mr. Douglas has taken
the lead in the inauguration oLa.policy
which has opened tbe vast. Territorial
possessions of .the United fttatesto slave
ry, and left tho people of. the Territories,
WUlie luey reiuaiucu "i""i - ..j
powerless to exclude an institution which
Mr. Jefferson branded as an "abomina
ble crime." " -
A company in Lynn, Mass., has amas
sed immense wealth from the manufacture
of slippers. Jb, this case, tho road to for
te ne has been a slippery one. Louisville
Journal. 3 ,
Platform of -the National Umax
Partt. No North, no South, no East,
no West, no anything.
WHOLE NUMBER, 166,
Look at Facts and Figures.
IHt vrero possible that the election of
President should devolve on the House
of Representatives, how would it stand ?
There each State is entitled to one vote,
and that vote isdetermml hv ,t,. .
. . ' " - - "J .M US..-
jonty of the members of the present
uoue irom the respective States. The
vote mnstbe given for one of the three
candidates receTvinc thn Tiiotmct nnmU.
of the votes of tho Electoral Colleges.
i.10 one supposes it is possible for Mr.
iongias 10 rcacn tno lionsj. The se
lection must bo made of either Bell,
BreckinriiTgo or Lincoln. To elect it
will require the votes of seventeen States.
Tho votes wonld bo as follows :
For Lincoln Maine, New Hampshire,
Vermont, Rhodo Island, Connecticut,
Minnesota, Michigan, New York, New
Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, InJiana.
Wisconsin, Iowa, Massachusetts. Total,
For Breckinridge Delaware. North
Carolina, South Carolina.Georgia. Flor
ida, Alabama, Oregon, Mississippi, Loa
siana, Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, Cali
fornia, Virginia. Total. 14 States.
For Bell Tennessee. 1 vote.
The members from Kentnckr stanrl
five Democrats and five Whim, an.1
Maryland three Democrats and three
Whigs, so that these States cannot vote
unless some one member votes contrary
to his present position.
The Democrats of.Illinois prefer Doug
las: bnt. AS ho will not be beforr thn ITnnoo
of course they will vote for Breckinridge.
This will give him fifteen States. It is
asserted that J. Morrison Harris of Ma
ryland has declared that he will vote for
urccKinnuge to prevent the election of
Lane by tho Senate. This will eive him
sixteen Stales. Ho will then only re
quire ono vote. Who believes ho can
not obtain that vote ? Any one of ihe
opposition members from Kpntur-t-w vn.
ting for him will elect. He can get that
voto beyond all question, or else human
nature is not what it nlwav.q h.-Li hnnn nml
is always likely to be.
C :e : ;s.i. r ..
ucu it ii were possioie ior (lie jjoll
and Donglas mon to prevent the olection
by tho people, what would they gain by
it.: uo me lieu men oi Indiana preler
Breckinridge to Lincoln? Do a majority
of tho Douglas men prefer Breckinridge
to Lincoln ? Thce are queetions worthy
of consideration before making such an
effort to nlacc the election in thn ITnnso
where Breckinridge would most certainly
It is said, however, thnt thn T?nnn?.i;.
can States nrn.iM vntn tnr Roll r .......
the election of Breckinridge. Admit it.
ana no would then only have sixteen
States. He cannot eat thn nthnr Rtntn
because no Democrat would voto for him.
Those who think otherwise don't know
the Democratic members of the present
House. Indiana Journal.
Narrow Escape from Death bv a
Mosquito Bite. A gentleman who re
sides at the Belmont Hotel was awaken
ed on Sunday morning, at about one
o'clock," by a peculiar sensation. At
first he thought his nos'o was bleeding,
but on arising and lighting his lamp, ho
found, to his surprise, that it was not his
nose which had put his face in snch a
"bloody plight," but just below his left
eye, on the cheek bone, a stream of blood
was spurting out about the size of a largo
knitting needle. In vain he endeavored
to stanch the wound, but for two hours
it continued to run as when first he dis
covered it. During the third honr the -blood
ceased to flow with its wonted
force, and after, jhree-hours' steady en
deavors, and as the writer was abont to
summon a physicisnithe- bleeding di
minished gradually, lessening in forco
and quantity until finally it ceased alto
gether. By this time the gentleman was
so exhausted that it was with the great
est difficulty he was enabled to regain his
oea. x esteraay, upon consulting sever
al eminent physicians, they attributed it
to tbe bite of a musqnito, and say if the
flow of blood had continued much longer
he must have died from the loss of blood.
Sew York World.
New Biography on Grbeet. Hdr-
ace Greeley was born in Oregon, near
the confluxof Astoria. During his in
fancy, he subsisted entirely on rooU and
herbs, and was remarkable for wearing
a copper stock about his neck. He sail
ed for this country in a Galway steamer.
He got employment as a gardener, bnt in
trying to root ont a large Weed, tore his
linen. His employer, one Seward, for
getting to pay him his wages, he left the
Weed and 'invented "Greeley's Corn
Salve." ne discovered the Slievcgam
mon funds, was elected a member of Con-,
gress, and immediately after requested his
friends not to call him honorable. ReV
tired to his mileage : was presented with
tbe title of "Galvanized Squash," bj;T
Japanese ,G. BennettvProfessor of Her
aldry. He has since gone into the fence
rail business npon a large capital. -
1 " 'I' -
Eloquent. The following Kgiveifas, .
a specimen 'of the eloquence of "Mr. Tor
pie, -tbe Democratic candidate for Lieut."
Governor of the 8tatd of Jndiana.v If
was delivered in a recent, s&nmjr' speech.
tie said :
The,Blck Republicans are trying toTiia-1
stroy the' glorious belief tha Union a-,
belt wove and cemented Jby the common.- -blood
and treasure of onr forefathers a
belt wide enough to'reach from the Ren-'
nebec to 7 the Rio Grande, andi long
enough to reach from the Atlantic-to the
Pacific ocean, and more resplendent with
jewels than the, belt of a Heenan or Bayers.
y 4 -