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gL. MILLER, EDITOR' AND PUBLISHER, y
VOLUME IV, NUMBER 12;
I(j0t oebjr: '
THE SHIP OP STATE.
WIDE AWAKE SON&-BY I..Wf LOCKE.
Birl! kA! '"?' JnB ' ',",,
Jiit bXO J tl Ton; A-
Ti. jood U Ship of Sute, ij loj;t
U coming into port.
W14 .battcnJ Milt, i anchor jono,
1 fiif the rojBci will ilreni! bcr;
f ti cirri" "" " crow.
Ail e!i t new commander.
t'EOiri Otr Liaroln i th mm.
Oar Lineal, it the man;
With r. itnrJj mat,
From tb Pine Trr State,
Oar Lincoln it the man.,
Fonr jetri ago the pnt to tea,
ITith praipecti trijhtlj beaming;
Jlrrhtll " urong, her tailt new bent,
A.d .rerr pennant ttreatnlng.
SU loeJ the g!, the plowed the waret,
Kor TetreJ the ileept commotion;
Alajf rtie, noMj on the taileJ,
Plead miitrett of the ocean.
C'HOiri Bnchtnan wat the man,
Bacbanan wat the man;
ll.t bit fonr y.art' trip,
Learet a crippled iMp
Bnthanan wat the man.
Thert't oatlnj aboaM the ihip,
7htret a fead no force can tmotlior;
Their blood ii np to feirer b.at,
TbtjVe catting down each otbar.
Bictanin here, and Donglai there,
Are beleUng forth their thnnder;
Utile canning rognet art 1I7 at work,
In pockcticg the plandf r.
Ciiorfs Itochan.n it the man,
Bnrhanan It the man;
flut Nonmber'i ton
rhall complete their fan.-
Dacuanan it the maa.
Well git her what repairt the needt,
A thorough or.rliK.ling;
lltr tordid crew ihall be diimitttfd,
To eek tome hunest calling.
i'nre Lincoln loon tliftll take the helm,
On truth and right reljing;
In calm ur ttonn, in peace or war,
Hell ktep Iter colon fljing.
Viioars Old Abram it the man,
Old Abnm it the man;
Wilh a ttnrJ mate,
From the Pin Tree State,
Old Abrtm it the man.
THE ABTPTTL DODQEB.
We give room to the following com-
aicnication from a distinguished ,Er-
pcnitor, showing to the peoplo of the
South hotv the Hon. Stephen A. Douglas
-ioged the "Fngitivc Slave Bill :
Horn the Honorable S. A. Douglas, in
the Senate of the United Slates. Au-
ytut, 1850, Dodged a Vole on the "Fu-.
jhire Slare Bill," and the Rectitude
and Yeracittf which Characterized a
Statement he made to the Same Body,1
Deeemltr, 1851, fn Explanation of the
The act entitled "An act to amend,
J supplementary to act, entitled an
rt respecting fngitives from justice and
fMjiK escaping from the service of their
waters; approved Febrnary 12th. 1793;"
orijnated in the U. S. Senate. It wan
Wght to a test vote in that body by an
orier that it should be engrossed and read
tWrd time on Friday, Angust 23d,
1550 in the affirmative 27, in the neg-
'ie 12 the lion. S. A. DourIos not
ng present and not voting. (Tide
1st session. 31st Con-
pws, p. oSl.)
On completing the business of the day.
. ' Senate ailjoarned over to the sneceed
?5 Monday, that is to say, from Friday,
e 23 1. to Monday, the 26th of Angust.
-Vide Journal as above, .p. 582.)
OaMondaj, the 26th of the same
caotsth. Ao engrossed bill for the abovo
tt was passed in the Senate without a
Vision, and sent to the House for con-""-(Vide
same Journal, p. 587.)
w iiuu. Cenllpmon hninrf nnnrAhfllY
1.1 v . ddao1uency in the particu
i above tadicated, might cast a cloud
his prospects, if not defeat his aspi-
Si., " h,8h 0, arose in the
&1 h ?ec,emb- 23d. 1851. and ad
J 'o & body a long discourse in
diction of his claims to the confi-
ucb oi tn8 country, and particularly of
tte people of the South ; and among
-. amuga made the following singular
toment respecting his absence on occa-
,.T ! PSaof the aforesaid bill.:
iV Pecuniary obligation matnr
2, m N.ew York for near four thousand
"OllarS. in n.. -r i.e.i.
h. r t'"J"eui oi property wmen
iW.i... u " .mcago.
r nt '
"6 " my nnhltn dnii
A- m A V .
ttir.t ' jf T.erT. compron"80 questions
B reader it improper to leave the
jjhto8d.y of payment arrived,
r.M8 n wrn&ement with Mr. Maury,
Indent or the Bank of the Metropolis,
cm;i i19 ma"er forme temporarily,
mJ official duties would enable mo
10 S've it mr r,. l ....: c-i:
eutirpl rv,oulial oncuiiuu. .L'cutiiig
Iihon'i. er n,s rorogeroen-.
tb-doKt L moreor "on1". 0"
- xeot became dna. I rivoivpri
no more of it until, on the day
frn. r um8 uue, i received a note
Jir. JUnrv. nrnrocnr. hlo An
quen,7 r fortification that, in conse-raiJe-.0
,the unexpected absence of a
d i Ae director of hIa bank "
.,., was unable to carry out the
detJvTDV I thus found myself sud
J placed in the position in which I
8i,UVttpdled t0 S t0 w York in-
tfcf.i , . snucr my oto to be
-- ona tUe
tUttnZ '"Ter.C,M .CrU .f J
'-'- -1 '--- -- -- -g. - , u.., ,.... ,...., . . .,
t ' .ji t r-i J. . ..J " t
t .. " - . - .-...- ... y-!...- . , . . . - , . . ...i.., . . :
" i. r
mediately passed wpnnd.heQhamber,'
and inquired! of i several; Senators on each
side fnendly.to thefugitivo.jbill, whether
I, could venture to,ejibsent jhree pr(four
daysfor.thepurpose.of attending to this
i.0fej"8css!: W Jfeceived , from
tP,vl5Lt?.S n-nifefa-.J1SSS": tbatthe'dUcn;'
sionfw'Dtjld,contiriue.at jeastia week, and"
probably" two weeks longer, before"' the
Toting could begin'. Belying implicitly!
npon this assurance, I went from the Sen'
ate. Chamber directly to the cars. ami.
riding all night, arrived in New York the
Meeting several. Illinois friends there,
I was enabled to meet the obligation and
avoid a , protest during the three days'
grace allowed me by law. While din
ing with these friends at the Astor House,
on the day I:'had concluded my business,
one of them alluded to the fact that the
fugitive lull had been ordered to bo en-i
grossed for a third reading, in the Sen
ate. I expressed my surprise, and doubt
ed the correctness of the statement. He
then showed me tho paper coutaining the
telegraphic announcement, when I im
mediately roso from the table, and told
my friends that I mnst leave for Washk
mgton that afternoon, in order to be en
abled to vote for the bill on its final pas.
sage next day." .
I left New York in the fire o'clock
train. that afternoon, and after riding all
night, on my arrival here the next' day I
found that the final vote had been taken
the day previous." (Vide Appendix to
Cong. Globe, 1st session 32d Con., p.
To a proper, appreciation of the above
statement, tho following remarks are
1. When the Hon. Senator says that
he received the message alluded to from
Mr. ilaary "on the day" bis (N. Y.)
"debt became due," it is obvious that he
meant nominally, due, for he afterwards
speaks of the day of grace, thus : "I
was enabled to meet the obligation, and
avoid a protest during the three days'
grace allowed me by law."
2. It is equally obvious that he made
the payment on Monday, the 26th day
of August, for he says in substance that
he was dining with friends at the Astor
House on the day that he concluded the
business that learning that the "fugitive
bill had been ordered to be engrossed for
a third reading," ho "immediately roso
from the table," took ''the five o'clock
train that nfternoon, and after riding all
night, on his arrival" in Washington,
"the next day, ho found that the final
vote had been taken the.day previous ;"
that is to say, that the day on which "the
final, vote" was taken, and "the day on
which he completed his.hnsiness," was
one ana tne same, ana mis was ma mua
day above named.
8. He does net say in express terms
that his financiering occnpied the
whole of the three days grace,
but it is certain that snch must
have been tho fact, for the Senate was
not in sessionon Saturday, the 24th of
Auuust. and Friday, the 23d, afforded to
him the last opportunity he could have
had for consulting "several Senators on
each side friendly to the'ftigitive bill," as
. r i 1 :. iL.
to tne propriety oi nis leaving uu mo
business, andfor.the purpose indicated.
If we assume that, his note nominally fell
due on Friday, tho 23d, then thalastday
of grace would be Monday, and it is eer
tain, for the reaon above expressed, that
thfinavment was made on the day last nam
ed. The note could not nominally have
fallen due at any earlier day thn Unday,
as in such case payment on Monday
would not have been within "three days
In addition to the above, the following
facts and considerations have an impor
tant bearing on the case :
L It appears from Senate Journal,
(as above, p. 560.) that the Senate, on
Thursday. August 15th, took np this fu
gitive "bill, and postponed the further
consideration of it until Monday, An
gus! 19th, making it the special order or
that day: It also appears from the1 same
Journal, p. 561; that the Hon.' Senator
was oa that day in his seat.-and voting
m questions Which came before the body,
aad that the Senate adjourned over to
the succeeding Monday, that is to say;
from Thursday, August 15tb, W Monday;
August' 19th. 1 ' .' .
II. It appears from the same journal
(p. 562 to 564) that the Senate on.Mon
day. August 19th. iu the first instance
-i. - .A .MArnn a variety Of mis-
cellaneoussuDjects, -ui uuutjr "p"
to the consideration of the fugitive slave
, t a. Cll nwAMtOnnri
bill when the Hon. Mr. Mason l toe an
thorof the bill) proposed an amendment,
and the Hon. Mr. Dayton a suhtituto
for such amendmentVthelpnrTclpaKobject
of which was to,sccure to the supposed
fugitivethc:right;of trial by jnritf the
State where arretted, whicb was rejec'-'W
by a vqte of 11 in the affirmative :to 26
in thehegative, (vide journal as abosve,
n 5RS."i urirl therenDon Mr. Wmthrop
mnA '..i ..nnnVlmont'tft'the amendment
proposed by Jrlr.. Maseu. socuhng to tne
fugitive a right.tothe writ of habeas cor
. i.:-t. ..Vs 1sn rplMted. bv a vote
UU3, tllVaJ V c-i-w - J---- "7 t t
of 11 in the'aifirraative, to 26 in the i neg-
: V;.l ?nnrnnl as above D. OOU.J
Mr. Douglasdid not vote on either of the
above .qMstibM. Both elicited much
discussion.' ' It does notiappear from tne
CoHgresaional Globe, or elsewhere; that
i. ai, .nv'n&rt.whatevcr in -the pro
ceedings.-- In, point of fact he was not
present in the Senate dnringthe'-day: -
ttt f-- fiVa.m- Antrnst 20tbi -the
Senatft: .after transacting considerable
miscellaneous business, proceeded to tu
T r i t .k ipbb a & . . . . .x .;v.v mrt- -f" t . -. 1
i ' ! -ir .y(- i ftaflftw -r vrjMh i. lit ir im. lun i-i-iiiz- iRiiniki -""'H - - -v.-.
consideration of this, fugitive bill,- but
the yeaa and-pays ,were,no. called. dnrins
tneJ atuljthereforejt, does', not appear,
from the journal whether Mr; ''Dbnglas
wait nr vtVnnVnA.u.r'! tltlrrt'StfTli.-'- --T
- w. - uw 1aMVUW .LiUt l UUCB RU
pear from' the Congressional " Globe, 4hat!
the bill; and-iu principles, Were extensive
ly discussed on thts,dajv and .that there
was no Donglas presentto take part in
the proceedings inpoint of fact he was
absent on Tdesday'also. '
IV. On Wednesday, Aag.' 21st, the
yeas and nays were called onja singlo
question, not material to be stated, an
sing in the transaction of miscellaneous
business no Donglas present to voto on
it rPliA Gui.t. !...- ....- I-1 a- it...
.. j. no ueuiu; men uiuteeueu 10 lue
consideration of the fugitive bill it was
debated as on Tuesday no question, ta
ken but the Congressional Globe proves
no Douglas present, or rather that he
took no part. In fact he was absent as
on Monday and Tuesday.
V. On Thursday, the 22.1. in the first
place miscellaneous business was transac
ted as usual. The Senate then proceed
ed to the special order of the day, when
Mr. Pratt, of Maryland, moved an
amendment, greatly adding to the sever
ity of the bill as proposed by Mr. Mason
rejected by a vote of 10 in the affirm
ative, to 27 in the negative ; no Douglas
present to vote on this occasion. ("Vide
journal as above p. 573.)
VI. On Friday, August 23d. yeas ami
nays called on a. single question arising
out oi miscellaneous business ; no Doug
las present, to vote on that question.,
(Vide" Journal as above, p. 574.) The
Senate then proceeded to the considera
tion of the fugitive bill, when Mr. Chase
moved an amendment ; rejected yeas 1,
nays 41. No Douglas present to vote
at this time. Mr. Underwood next mov,
ed an amendment; rejected yeas 4,
nays 30. Douglas missing as' before.
(Vide Journal as above p. 575.) Mr.
Mason then moved to amend his amend
ment ; agreed to yeas 22, naya 13.
Donglas again missing. (Vide Journal
as above, p., 57G.) Mr. Underwood's
amendment came np again ; rejected
yeas 14, nays 22. Douglas still missing.
(Vide Journal as above, p. 5S0.) Mr!
Davis, of Massachusetts then, proposed
an amendment, very material ; rejected
yeas 13, nays 24. Donglas nowhere.
(Vide Journal as above, p. 581.)
No further amendments being propos
ed on the qnestion : Shall this bill be en
grossed and read a third time ? (
It was determined in the affirmative ;
yeas 27, nays 12.
On motion by Mr. Baldwin, the yeas
and nays being desired by one-fifth of the
Those who voted in the affirmative
are, Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Barnwell,
Bell,' Berrien, "Butler. Davis of'Mississip
pi, Dawson, Dodge'of Iowa, Downs,
Foote, .Houston Hunter; Jones, King;
Manguro, Mason, ,Pearce,.Busk, Sebas
tian, Soulo, Spruance, Sturgeon, Turncy,
Underwood, Wales, Ynlee.
Those who voted in the negative are,
Messrs. Baldwin, Bradbury, Chase, Cbo-
per. Ifavis or. juassacnuseiis, jjayion,
Dodge of Wisconsin, Greene, Smith,
Upham, Walker, Winthrop.
So it was ordered tbat this.bill be. en
grossed and read a third time. (Vide
Journal as abovo, page ool.) .
Where was the Hon. S. A. Douglas?
Thereupon, on motion byMr. Foote,
that'when the Senate adiourn it be to
Monday then next, that is to say, Mon
day, the 26th of Angnst, it was determ
ined in the affirmative yeas 21, pays.
15. Donzlas not present to vote.
Wh'creuponthe Seriate adjourned accor
dingly. VII. It thus appears that this; subject
was under discussion from Monday the
19th, to Friday the 23dthat a great
variety or questions were propounuea
and decided, eliciting an unusual amount
of interest and feeling, and yet we have
not either-in the Journal of the" Senate
or the Congressional Globe, the slightest
indication or evidence of the presence of
Mr. Douglas. Ho 'votes on nothingwhat
ever, neither on questions . arising in
transacting the miscellaneous business be
fore the body,, nor on any one of the im
portant questions of amendment of this
bill, nor on its. engrossment for a third
And yet ho would have ns believe some
very remarkable extravagancies; ' - ii-
1. That, after4hisrbill. had, been five
dtivs under consideration, and after nu
m'erons amendments had been proposed
most rejected some" adopted; and
wlwnit.irae obviously: approaching con-
summationseyeral, Senators oa each aide
friendly" to the, same, umiormiy aasurea
him that "the discussibn would continue
at-lastaweet and probably two. weeks'
iAcir. so that be could safely be ab
sent' three or four, days far the pnrpoee al
ready, so often HMUonaL. t , - -
' tt Tint on the very day this bill was
ordered to be engrossed, be left the 8enate
Chamber and went directly to the cars
and took a seat therein for New York,
"relying inS.ieit. 3upon theTeas-
It is well known that at that sea.on of
the year, trio evening wm iai-i u
:tn for Now York.at 6 o'clock; or
thereabouts. -Nodoubt the bill, was.or-,
dered to be engrossed, long -before that
hour, and'ifis certain many of "the most
t-r.l Vtneslioris of- amerrlments Tfad
been acted on.wl.there was intlw pro-
cecdiugs of the;.body.-the, most-. palpable.
:.i;.iions of tvpurnose.to disposo of the
lILt was IrCtne midst of dog-days
Snators and Jteprescnutives were, no
KANSAS JjBUBSJPffSBlPTEMBER-27, .
doubt, araiona'.tofg keae to- taeic. wives
bodytImu"ch" less tjeyeral " Senators ..'on
each jSide)"' could' cpntempl Ate1 af debate
of a'w'eek'and probabiyer'a1 fortnight on
any-8nbjectuat perinj, d Ipertten?
larly ,an,oe. .tlutLad.alreadyi;eagrosed
their attention, four or.fiye.days,? v j
IV. 'Who ,'cad' believe "fliat he tne
Senator remained in New'YorW:,ign6r
ant of the engrossment- bf ithat bill until
Monday, whetf he sat down to dine at
the Astor House, that is. to say., for no
less than seventy-two. hours after the or-
uer was maqe : xio.aouot me entrross-
ment jr nuay, p. m.j was annoqncea in
all'oftlie New York papers Saturday
morning,, possibly in the evening' papers
or Friday, ir not, certainly, in those or
Saturday, and was on that day tho, sub
ject or telegraphic and other communica
tions to the press of the city, to say noth
ing of editorial comments. -
It is believed. to be useless to pursue
this subject further. The state of. the
case is too obvious to require comment,
In the explanation already' referred to,
the Senator observed that "the dodging
of votes the attempt to avoid responsi
bility is no part of his Bystcm ;of polit
ical practice" thiquestioH,is,:t Whtthtr
truth telling is any part of that system?
And the further qnestion is, whether the
name of any man who can be guilty
of snch prevarication, can be toorthylof
a moments consideration tn connexion. wUA
the Chief Magistracy of a, great and free
Upon an examination of the New York
Tribune, of Saturday morning, August
24th, 1850, under the' editorial head :is
to be found the proceedings of. the Sen
at? of the previous .day, ordering the
Fugitive Slave Bill to be engrossedwith
the ayes.and noes.
The New York Evening Post, of the
same day, viz : 24th Aug., 1850, also
contains the proceedings of the Senate of
Friday, 22d, together with the names of
the Senators voting npon the order to
engross the bill.
Yeas Atchison, Badger, Barnwell,
Butler, Davis of Miss., Dawson, Dodge
of Iowa, Downs, Fodte,, Honston, Hon
ter, Jones, King.'Mangum. Mason, Pearce,
Rusk, Sabastian, Sonle, Sprnance, Stur
geon, Tnrney, Underwood, W.ales, Yu
lee. Nays Baldwin, Bradbury, Chase,'
Cooper, Dnvis of Mass., Daytorir Dodge
of Wisconsin, Green, Upham, Wilker,
It is certainly very strange, that Judge
Douglas should have been at the Astor
House all of Saturday, and nntil the
hour of dinner on Monday, and not have
looked at the proceedings, of the Senate,
which appeared in all tho journals of tbat
city on Saturday, particularly, as from
his'own' showing, he wasWmuch inter
ested, and in a" matter which excited the
attention of the whole country. In fact
it was,l measure of. that extraordinary
and exciting session of Congress.. , , ,,,..
How the Fusion Works Anotherlr
5 '"' repressible Conflict. '
A Palmyra (N.tY.) correspondent of
the Rochester American gives an account
of Donglas.and Bell meeting held at that
place on the 24th ult. Hon. S. E.. Church
addressed the audience on behalf of the
Douglas wing, and S, J. Crooks, Esq.,
of Bochester, rang the Bell. Th'o( for
mer speaker steered clear of all subjects
calculatedito excite unpleasant remem
brances on the part of bis new.allies ;
the latter was not so prudent. But we
will let tho correspondent tell thetory :
S. J. Crooks of .Bochester was called
out for an afterpiece1, and he spoke, two
hours and ten minutes. He announced
himself a Bell man f" "I follow the big
bell wherever it'goes. " 'He proclaimed
his love for "my Irish brother," but still
insistedi he .should be here twenty-one
years before being allowed to vote. He
attempted a laudation of .Henry., t-iay,
but cot him so badly mixed, up with
Pennsvlvania iron bre.Hhat the whole
crowd lauzhed at him.- As otten as once
in. ten minutes he announced his text:
T want Bell Bell alone, and if I can't
gel BeHY am willing to takePonglas."
And he said "there will be no election
by the' people, but the election will1 go"
to the House, and' then Belt or Everett
will be the. President".. Gov.' -Church
t.ll-pd nrTnrith alomr.face: the leading
Democrats were swearing mad; the crowd
more than half dispersed ; the wagons
from abroad drove off, ;and BtUL Crooks
keptringing,hisBelln The -Bepnblicans
were in great glee, and we wish they.
would get Crooks here every week of the
campaign. But be need not be alarmed
he will not st .aaotber nyitation.-i-
Tho Democrats -have V-een';8as," bo
mistake. -. ..
"After Crooks' speech ten men solicited
an cuirauico avr aaro t ,-m ..w ,
they will berecefved Bext'meetmg.'
TTnir'McAM Old Book n. Mr. B. G.
Bennett, mail aeenton onebf the ""Ohio
aadnlndiaaa Baikoada. .was mcently
' . -m
turned outofroffice by Jar. BuchanaB.
Mr. Benne'addressed. a letter tOjannr
diana editorVand.ln .reply to 'a , remark
oT the lattcf.-said : ' '
csYbuaay'that G," 8mith,c"who"took
my place, is "meaner than Old iBnck 1".
That is wromrfor-two.Teasont: ,In the
first place, tfothing"in" "human shape ever
has orever1 can aDDroach Old Bock in
meanness ; in his case Bature tried an ex
periment to, see how.mean and contempti
ble a' man could be made, and live ; the
pext one, with "a shade' adraace, died,
and nature gave it op.
c:i BY JOSZPH Al XU5E8.
Ata " Cclnmbia, tU ffm ellt Octaa.."
, - -1
13 JW -i3 ia-U 13 1
.Pwrajaaayad . lik. rheaargtycf waaii,,,:, ..
Or windt tweepinj fortit and Jea;
'Itcoiet from I nation in motloiJ-! r '
Front piilHoat whoVe twbra lobe fit t! " ,-'
Then an thonghti, bejond worJt, which Imprtit them.
At the tbont, with nraplord apptaote:
"litre1! to Lincoln and llaallal God bfett them!
And bleit, too, our coantrj and cauln
And blett; too, our eonntrj and'eaote!
Aad bleu, too, onr coonlry and cann!
Ilara't to Lincoln and Hamlin! God blett them!
And blett, too, oor coontrj and caate!
Throagh the portal, of death tpeak the tirtt,
Aronted from their haTen of rett,
To'kindlo tho'tlambering firea.
Till the glow, in each patriot't breatt!
The ttretch oat their armt to carett them
Tbeir chiUren, who honor their lawt
And err: "Lincoln and Hamlin! God bleu them!
And blett, too, onr eoantr and cant!'
Cuoaci And bleu, too, our coantrj and canse, etc.
The future ipeaki ont with itt Toicet,
And joint with the rett of all time,
At it tmilet with delight, and rejoieel
At a aeese, more than grand, tbal'a tablim!
And rain it tb hop to inppreis them,
Or to ttifle tha thooti of applau,
AVhich err: "Lincoln and Hamlin! God blett them!
Aad bltit, too, onr coantr and aaata!"
CaoauJ And bleu, too, oor coantrj aad cast, etc.
Wanted, the Presidency.
It is with a sense of relief that wo turn
from theYcanvassing, exploits of Mr.
Douglas, and regard the more dignified
stand bf the nominees of the other par
ties. While eagerness for high offico is
indecorons, se'f-commendation is digns
ting. Whoever is tho people's choice,
let, us hear him say, with the proud Ro
"I do beteech yoa,
Let me o'etleap that cottom; for I cannot
Pnt oa the gown, ttaad naked, and entreat them,
For my wonndt' take, to gite tbeir inflVage:
pleat j on
That I msr patt thit dot ng."
To see a man who would bo President
to see him like tho shameless medicant,
show his stumps, and claim : an alms o
see him jostle aud scramble for the prize
;it is enough to make ns distrust elec
tive institutions, tor where is tho re
bnke, which a discerning" and indignant
people hurls at the head of snch a mounte
bank ? Do tbey understand him, and
say rlt is enough : we, want a hero, not
a varlet ? Alas ! no ; and the observer
of human natnre reluctantly 'admits that
an ignoble peoplo proclaims itself by an
We need not say that it is in no par
tisan spirit tbat wo thus speak. Many
of the sentiments which Mr. Douglas ex
presses are honorable and patriotic, but
his championship 'of them in this man
ner, as the self-appointed leader of.a par
ty, is in the worst possible , taste. For it
cannot be forgotten "that the prominence
of bis position is hot due to. the unsolici
ted'Toice of the people, but is the result
of an unprecedented and discreditable
course of electioneering.
Stump speech making was a conces-.
sion tothe ignorance of a sparse frontier
pbpnlation, which might' not 'be censnra
ble in their circumstances, bnt'shonldbe
supplanted as soon as possible by the or
gans of a better intelligence. Its exten
sion into more enlightened districts, and,
particularly, its adoption by candidates
for the higher offices, should be discoun
tenanced almost as earnestly as bribery:
A Presidential nominee advocating bis
personal claims in public and private,
from his seat in the Senate, and from a
hundred rostrums scenting tho great
dignity, as it were, like a beagle; and
yelping as he runs 1 Have wo como to
t The only merit of Mr. Douglas in it,
is his freedom from disguise, and yetthis
is its ereater shame. -For, not even the
tribute that vice pays to' virtue is here.
He reckons upon the demoralization pf
the people, as ene presumes me cupiany
of another to whom he offeis a bribe.
Mar it aDnear not for any party's sake,
bnt for the virtue of the State that he
has underrated- his countrymen. ;-Vw
tThe Last DoDGLAsms; Discovert.
The Detroit Tribune says Gen. Orville
Clark, a most dogmatic Douglasite or
that city, in a speech on Friday evening,
made the following remarxaDie state
ment: " -
The principle, of j .Belt-government is
one dear to every American. In devo
tion to it was' this country settled. Onr
forefathers left a land of tyranny and op
pression, for one .where tbey could have
a chnrch i without . a bishop a govern
ment without a king; where ,the people
should be tneir dwnf bishops and their
own'kintrs. They settled "on the bleak
shores" of tbeAtlantie.ia. a' ilaad withont
liM-and salemnlw risohed that thtv
ndd,be governed by the lavs of t God un-
tU theii had time to make better ones.
Democratic legislators improving' on
the law of God is new .phase j of-the
great, question. ,. ,
Let "Eu Bo. Mr;. Etbendge,! ot
Tennessee,i whose- independence raised, a
storm in the House, ,on Monday,,- by his
resolution against theslave trade, is an
original. 'Talking with some Southern
gentlemen. the other day, he remarked
that the fogitive slave Uw, about .which
no much fasawas making, is a considera
ble humbog. "Why'' he said, "if -a
mmr"m iT. one of two' things
certaln---eitber be.is aimean nigger, or'
has a mean master. - If-the nigger is
meaii be isn't worth catching 'and if the
master's mean the nigger ought torun"
1 How. to Convert a Democrat.
.Not many months ago a good Douglas
Democrat emigrated from Ohio toTexas,
fortho; purpose oft teaching .school; dec.
Hejlid. not, "however, remain long,, being
compelled'toleavef or be hanged' or mob
bed as ;an" Abolitionist; He'it Tnow in
Illinois, and i has written: to, his friends in
Wooster, an account of the. treatment he
receiveu a. mo nanus oi jjemocrats in
Texas. N e are permitted to make the
following extracts from 'his letter
"But yon havo not heard of my mis
fortune in. Texas. There I was taken up
by a mob ono night, about nine o'clock;
they took mo about a hundred yards into
a vacant building ; there they gavo me
a short and disorderly hearing, denoun
cing people of this climate, and partic
ularly, thoso of Ohio, and Massachusetts.
They suspicioned me of being an Aboli
tionist. "Bnt to make the story short, some of
tne mob. brought a rope after tuey exam
med me, which occupied three or four
hours. They read all my letters, about
twenty-live, examined, all my books, all
my clothes, but found nothing ; searched
my pockets, then proceeded to decide in
what way they, would dispose of me.
whether to whip me tp death, or tie mo
on a wild mule, or hang me. By this time
1 became, ontirely reconciled to die, and
made them a brief speech npon tho con
sequences of perpetrating so rash and
hazardous an. act, explaining the cause of
their nntounucd suspicions, for which 1
was most certain then to die, for what,
my friends? for doing right. God knows
that I had done no wrong, but had tried
to reform them from tho sin of drunken
ness, horso racing, gambling, with all its
kindred train of evils ; that, my friends,
was the causo of their hatred towards me,
and for this they sought to kill me. But
they began to moderate after I talked to
tbem in that way. They then began to
parley about how they would dispose of
me in such a way that some other people
would, kill me, and to this they agreed at
length: That they wonld send me through
the Stato of Louisiana,- with the report
preceding me that I was an Abolitionist,
which would bo- equivalent to death, and
that they were to describe me particular
ly, as having but one suit of clothes, for
they kept a trnnk full of clothes and a
chest of new tools that I got in New Or
leans, with all my letters, maps, compass,
daguerreotypes, nine of them. They
drove, mo from there at or after 12 o'clock
with bloodhounds. I happened to have
three dollars in my pocket, and what
was due me I could not get, about1 8100
worth of tools and clothes at Orleans
prices. I traveled bnt fifteen miles, on
tho Louisiana road till day, then knowing-the
location of the counties and riv
ers, and tho Indian nation, I' turned my
course due North ; traveled by the snn
in day time by the moon and stars by
night ; keeping as, straight a course as
possible, swimming some streams, wad
ing others; going over mountains, through
sloughs, briers and brush all of it a
timbered "country ; at that or this time I
know that no person conld travel through
that country, without nsing every pre
caution ; if you stopped they would ask
you"a hundred questions or more if a
person did not suit their views, they
would detain biun I ate one meal a day;
stoppsd at(a poor looking place, and got
my dinner slept on the ground when I
did sleep, that'was no't much. "I travel
ed 200 miles in 7 days to the Choctaw
Nation, where I taught- a school four
months, then, came to my 'brothers' in
Central Illinois. ,
"Well, then, if the people of the New
Territories will not now at this advanced
state of knowledge, allow it to take a
peaceable decision after' it becomes a
State, then it js right for Congress to in
terfere and establish. laws to'prevent sla
very, if wrong, and protect it if right.
So you see again, has Congress si right
to make laws.tb authorize murder, "and
not to prevent it? it has no right, to au
thorize murder because it is wrong, .bnt
it has to prevent it, because it is right, to
dbYo ; so say the Republican party, that
Congress has a right to intercede for the
principles of right ; but it has no right
to intercede for the principles of j wrong ;
therefore of the two. greatest evils let us
choose the least." Wooster (O.) Re
What the Uhtted States Were
Osce. Cap t.. Nat. Johnson everybody
knows Capt. Nat. Johnson was .travel
ing'." nTfhe cars the other' day, 'when he
overheard' two Englishmen commen
ding this country ra' terraa' of unasual
warmth. -j- ,i ' . z c
"Do. yon like ,thia .country., though .?"..
asks Capt Nat,"
r "Indeed we do," replied the English-.
men;" "We'are surprised and delighted
with everything we see: your inetitu
tions and habits andJifa are all so differ
ent and. so much more wonderful, and at
tractive than we had ever inspected.". .
If'yon'tbtnk soDwell of our country
now.' reioined Captain Nat. "good God,
what wouldn't yoa .have thought of it if
you-oau-seen ii -ueiore pucuaunu wa
elected President." ,. , ;-
. Wisdom. JobnrVan Buren, in;a re-
cent speech made, at the. congratulatory
Democratic meeting, at Tammany, Hall,
N.'Y., over, .the result of a late election,
said'the ydnng D'emecracy' had' dared to
act against the theory" that trisdom was
not to be found in a man !until he had
lost all his. hair and , most cf his teeth.
This notion of. the old fogies John thought
i znr &(
1 1 nT?.ryr nr
$2.00 PER ASJtlJ ? nf ADVANCE.
iX U i fit.
i '-yt.ti.Zm -. JM
THE DIBOE OF THE DOOMED.
Aia-' nulkUi attillu'Diuk.'
There', a wail breaking forth. from a giant'. ttronghoU,
At coming areau an by ahadawa foretold;'
that wail ah dug of th faaad Smtttr King.
VhiL th "riJ.-Awiie.-.,erhll rrqaiem, ting' .
The breezet that iin- thraagh iaa for.it or Main.,
MUe th old wood. re4cbo HamVn'Vf.fr fame;
And the "Granit Boy." join in th raiUplitter't tong ,
i, mn oiu u.mocracy- unit u Ooatlo along.
Th Green Mountain Suit the laad of my birth
And th Bay Stale rejoice at my "lat of earth;
And mime- and clock land aaitit ia tb ihont,
While I, all abac, tat th Salt Kit r roat.
Th llardt and the Softt of the old Empire Stat. m
Are clad ia deep mooning, bewailing my fatex .
Jiot my fat alone, bnt poor Breck and Lant, .' .
For the Ker -Stone re-ecfaoet onr deatb-ion agaiaf
Th Bsckeri, and Hootitn, aodackart,ar oat; -
And the U'olrerinet join tho BrpsMicaa thont;
The nnzzarJi and Uadgera, and all Free State imnt.
ana luoir uaucrici icBiue uie toierelgnty tnipt.
t i . tr C "
The tire-eaiert brate. Mho at rit er my prl'd.
At Chaileiton got miied when Democracy died
Ar now hriokingfur Belli Tor Iluatton, nre-,'',,
For the Ualtimor Clique broke Uemocncy'a nck.
An "llone.t Old Abe," tb Repoblicant found. -
VVboie coat-taili, ibey iiy, r. iodm way. from th groand;
Wlio can fill th "Big Chair," and bit feat loach th leor, '
While dack.ggd Dgy mut ting rmor:
Alatl for the hopet I bar cherlibed to long;
Alat! for the hobby I moonted to ttroag; 5 -
Alat! that I cnt the Compromiie halter.
Which tet me adrin on'thit perilont water.
My Kaniti-N'ebrtila hat withered away.
And the friend of th Kjnattertnnit go to'decay.
With ao one to heed th tmall giaatt behett , '
And no "Abraham'! boiotn," whareon b can rait.
The Campaign in Egypt.
We have reliable intelligence of tha
progress. of the carapainin Southern Ill
inois during the past two weeks, tha rs. .
suit of which will prove a source of" the
gravest astonishment to the Pro-Slavery
jjaiijr iu nuvemuer noxi, aau oi equal
delight and satisfaction to tho friends of '
freedom and free labor. Since the great '
Springfield, mass meeting, Mr; Yates, in
conjunction with A. C, Fuller, Esq.,
Kepublican nominee for Presidential
Elector, has addressed the people at Law
renceville, Olney, Flora, Greenup, Effing
liam, Vandalia, Nashville, Dongola,
jonesboro, "Jnledouia and Cairo the
average attendance at each meeting being
over four thousand persons. Mr. Yates .
has been makings most gallant and suc
cessful battle throughout this region j and
wherever he-and Mr. Fuller have travel
ed there wjll be found a line of Republi
can votes in November which will con
confound a certain class of politicians.
Mr. Yates goes now into the WabaslT'
counties, finishing his labors in that part
of the State at. Shawnee town, on the 8th
While these gentlemen have been work
ing in the South and Southeast, another
corps of speakers and canvassers have
been pushipg the cause forward in the
Southwest. At Carlylo and Trenton.
(Clinton Co.,) Pocahontas, (BondCo.,)
Vandalia, Nashville, Sparta, Evansville,"
and Bed Bub; (Randolph Co.,) Freedom,?
(Monroe Co;,) and Belleville, (St. Clair
Co.,) Messrs. 8. A. Hurlbut, Joseph
Gillespie, T. G. Allen, Gustavus Koern-
er and John Schecl the two latter speak
ing in uerman nave been addressing
large meetings and securing hundreds of '
votes for Honest Old Abe.- In every"
precinct throughout tbe.Southern.conn-.
ties the people are clamorous for, infor
mation on the issues now at stake, where '
four years ago, they were deaf to every
thing notjabeled "Democracy." As an -evidence
of the success which Bepnbli
canism has met in "Egypt" this veanit.
may be stated that John Logan (d. w.)
tendered his services to the JJOHglas state
Committee not long since,, desiring to be
pnt somewhere in the thickest of' -the"
tight, because his Ninth District was safe
for any required majority, and h'at' the
.aforesaid Committee remanded' him "to
his. own. counties as the locality .where his
services were most needed. Chicago
Press and Tribune. ,
Jcdoe Bautlev os David Tob.
Judge Bartley made a political "speech '
at vv oosrer, unio, on tne zstn nit;; -wherein
he spoke thus flatteringly of hif
fellow Democrat, David Tod, so-aetime-known
as ''Gov. Tod,:" , t
"David Tod is well known '.to; 'the.,
people of this State as agump-head.and,'
ignoramus'. - His egotism arid" variityy
have made him a borrfn private conver-
sation ; and bis Munchausen stories cbiv
necfed with bis mission to :Braxn,--iac.
which' he never fails todepict "himself aa
a hero have made him a fit subject of rid
icule." r ' -J cr : i
' HcvoBs oftnz'CuoAxas.-TM.'iS'-sonri
Democrat has a notice ofJa'Doog- 4
las' demonstration in St. Joseph cIt'says.'
that banners were carnea ia ue proeas .
sion bearing the following device , -
"uia ado cut au tow .so,, wnert- rw ,
split-that last 7rale, he 'kan,::rah,-'iaer
taongh'to kepffsiteoir the'leetle 'Jiant'!'''
"fur Presadsnt, a. s. dugasav for -
Presadent,iH. V. johniu3g7 nai'riie
"Duglas forever, never beet yit.'-'," r f .
"Deth to the Bale splitter Abalisbun.
ists:'1 . '-1- - ' - -: --a
The Donglas men in one sUgobf tbe.
Charlsston farce proposed, it is taidto'"
accept' aa ultra Sootbera'plUferaiTwkh'
Douglas ,as the. candidate. This abow-r"
ed most conclusively, that tbeycarecV
more.for the principaVthanfor the nHria"
ciple. Prenticer ' . - -
Douglas has "told hk Jrre."' Ib'a
i 4 i
. ? -2 (I " 1
I Mr It