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JOL. MILLER, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER.
THE CONSTITOTIOft'AND THE UNION.
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VOLUME IV. NUMBER 17.
SONG FOR FREEDOM.
Am" Until Sam'i Farm." '"
Amos; th aricn. paitiei,
Btfor. tht people now,
Tbrrt. oul one for Freedom pitt
ite rtrt to Slurry bo-.
Oor put i . the only one
TkJtiidel with the oppreiieJ,
I olJ Abe of ibe Weit!
Tien com with ta, come with m,
Mak. no delay;
Come from ertry party
Join onr cn.e toliy.
Our pltform, it i broJ eoon jh,
Cpon it 11 ean tund;
Oer leioeri ere both tried sod txne
Tbea come and join oor band.
Tbere'i the famoaa "Union" party,
That och preteniiuni made,
tl now en hand, in North and Sosth,
For dicker and for trade.
They for Uoojlai or for Breck,
A either pay. them ell
Bot OlJ Abe, rnaol, with one fair blow.
Will crack iheir psliry BM.
Then come with na, VIC
Tre Democratic pa'ty
Dont bitch loelhr now
At Chirltilon and at Daltiraore,
Tli.y had a gloriona row.
Ai .plitting rail, waa all the rage.
The mania they did get;
And io tbey thoa-ht they'd try their handa
Cpon a party iplil.
Then come with a, etc.
Fart went for Donglai, and they fonnd
lie made a Cm-rate wedge
The other half ran offfor Ilreck,
And sted him aa a aledge.
Wilh upethaman eflurt., they
Their pay iplit in twain;
Aod now they fied, to their di.may,
The breach won't clo.e again!
Then come wiihoi, etc.
Doth parti et o cofrnpt have got.
There isn't any doabt
Bet they will get what they need had
A tboroogh eleanfn out.
Alt honeit men are leering them
By hundred, erery day;
Here', a cordial invitation
To tep alony thi. way!
Then come wilh sa, etc.
We fling onr banner to the breeze
TLe emblem of the free;
Upon fte rbld. iriomphant flo&t
Lincoln and Liberty.
And by theie magic word, we .wear
That flag .hall ne'er be furled,
Tillin November, victory
Yo thoat to all the world.
Then come with n, els.
From the New York InJcpcndent.
Stephen Arnold Douglai.
BV KEV. HOBEUT nATFIBLD.
Some of the opponents of Mr. Douglas
'earn not to be pleased with the means he
is using to improve his prospects for the
IViJeacy. And it is new and rather
vttrtling to aco one in his position per
ambulating the country, trumpeting his
own merits, and begging for the votes of
'i people. But this course is -so in.keep
mg with the character of tho man that it
"Vmld neither excite, surpriso nor sub
ject Mm to special censure. As the gea
ileman courts notorioty, and seems da
lerm'tneJ to keep himself before the peo
v't. it may not be nmit-s to call the atten
Jn of your readers to the part ha; has
k'tna in other days, in some matters
"it are now among the irrevocable facts
We shall not speak of his strenuous
caJearors to secure the annexation of
Texss, nor of his advocacy of the 'Fugi
'j'e Slave Law, nor of his untiring exer
tion for the repeal of the Missouri Com
promise; ; though on each of these topics
chapter might be written. We wish
i.s notice his conduct on the occasion of
theoresetitation of the Memorial of the
New England ministers to the Senate of
.lie United States believing as ve'-do
that his source at that time gives ns an
:&s-gat into the real character of the man.
Daring the pendency of the Kansas and
Nebraska bill ia 1854, 3 protest against
t piMge was circulated for signature
among the clergymen of New England.
This Memorial was brief, conobed ia.re
pectful language, and protested in appro
priate terms against the repeal or mod
cation of the existing legal prohibition
of Slavery in that put of Out national
.domain abont tn K. :..a :tn thn
lemtotves of Kansas and Nebraaka. The
proposed legislation was protested aginst
being a moral wrong, nnjnst to the
otoral 1 principles of the oaimamty. and
nght with peril to the peace"1 and per
Pt7 of the Union.' This weighty' and
My document waa ona that anT irood
mieTofJesas Christ might be glad to
''eX and mora than threat thousand mia-
,rteri of New England .appended their;
"C io if,
Oa the Uth of March a few daya.af
'tef ths nassacn of tha nhnoxiona .bill
.Wimemorial was presented to theJLTni
W Sute 8enatel Mr. Donglaa at once
aounced it with characteristic virulence.
'lh memorialists were assailed with
Pwrseand foul, mouthed abuse. He
Cafgd them with the erossest irnorance
ni stigmatized them" as liara. "These
wrea thousand rnirtistflrs." hoaaidhava
Joi4 forward with an "atrociemv falae-
3 n "atrocious calumny" against
" Senate of the United States. Thay
- -aesecratoq too pnlpit,". ad '.'pros
titutod the sacred desk," to the misera
ble and corrupting influence of party-politics.
"Their protest'.provea thenvto be
without any reliable information; on the
subject," and it .is. evident ,"that these
mennownolf wnat t ttiey are talking
about."-' 'This reckless calumniator of
therclergy of NewtEngland, is further
more moved to declare that tbey "ought
to be rebuked" and required to .confine
themselves to their vocatipn, etc. It is
now more' than six years since these ar
rogant and insulting words were nttered
by tho benator from Illinois.
The writer of this article waa .not
among the subscribers to the Ministers'
Memorial, and has no personal reasons
for disliking Mr. Douglas, or taking ex
ceptions to his course, on the occasion of
its presentation. In common with thou
sands of others, we.havo tend the record
of that day' proceedings, and have felt
ourselves disgraced by the fact that a
member of the United States Senate could
use such language in speaking of a body
of men like the ministers of New Eng
land. Stephen Arnold Douglas ! taking
it upon himself to denounce, in language
fit only for a bar room, the great body of
Oiinstian '.teachers of every denomina
tion in the New England States 1 1 Had
the man forgotten where he was, or lost
all sense of shame ? Jeremiah tells us
of some in his time who had lost all
power to blush. And we have seen men
who, through devotion to the brandy bot
tle, or by other means,- have brought
themselves into a condition where blush
ing is an impossibility.
We charitably hope that Mr. Douglas
was not altogether himself on the 14th of
March, 1854. That a- man neither daft
nor drunk, should act and speak aa he
did on that occasion, soems .utterly in
credible. The Old Hero of San Jacin
to replied to his tirade, and vindicated
the petitioners from the aspersions that
had boon cast upon them. He declared
1 hut the protest was respectful, and that
if the signers bulieved that the passago;of
thoIvansas and Nebraska bill would be
a breach of faith on tho part of the Gov
ernment, they had an 'undoubted right to
flny so. He went further and reiterated
what ho had befoie told the Senate, that
the bill teas a breach of faith, and that
the excitement that followed its passage
was natural and inevitable.
Mr. Everett, by whom the memorial
had been presented, also spoke, but with
characteristicmildness, in reply to Mr.
Douglas. He was confident that the pe
tition was signed by individuals .of all
political parties, and that it expressed
the "sincere convictions of men who look
at this subject strictly in "a moral and re
ligions aspect." Ho added, "I do not
think it would be possible to find any
body of men of the same number, em
bracing a greater amount of personal and
moral worth than these three thousand
and fifty individuals. Many of them
are personally known tome, as men ven
erable for years, distinguished for learn
ing, and of the utmost purity of life and
character." These commendations of
the men he had vilified, seemed to exas
perate the Little Giant, and he returned
to his congenial work of defamation.
"I doubt, he says, "whether there1 is a
body of men in America--who combine
so much nrofonnd -ignorance upon a snb,-
ject upon whirh they attempt to enlight
en the senate as this same uoay oi preacn-
era."' k Among these three thousand
nroachers were hundreds of men whose
superiority to Stephen Arnold Douglas
would De recogmzou in any crcic wucio
ability and culture and moral worth are
appreciated. They can bear the abuse
of such a man as Douglas should he in
flict hi commendations npon them, it
would be time for them to ask,- What
evil have we done that this man should
he nraisinsr ns ? And now, that he is
seen itinerating around through the coun
try, Jikeanother Japnei lnsearcu oi
father, resorting to the arts of the petti
fogger and the demagogue, there is noth-ing-in
all,tuis to which we are, disposed
to take' exceptions. .Such a course is in
perfect keeping with bis' character' and
with the antecedents' of 'his history: Tho
tastes arid habits of the. man aresnch as
r riv him am influence over the vulgar
.r.,1 rnmAv elements-in societv. Other.
classes will listen to him fjfom enriosity,
bnt the stews and grogshops of the conn-.
try will furnish him witn bis most ap
preciative and enthusiastic auditors. '
And this latter class will rally, to bis
support almost en mow in November
next. The inevitable law pi affinity ,-will
draw around him the scum and sediment
of society. And it is fitting that it
should be so. He is the ''natnral and
proper representative of thee clasaea.
3ut moral and ChristiaBamea will ba
the dissolute and graceless. Thoughtful
and caitfid men will conclude that a man
so unfit (or, the ?resldncy wai , rrw
j':c-.nTiprtirin with the highomce.
with "perhaps Uie'amgle exception of
WnBufr Mr. Douglas mUlm m
j ;m. rr..t the ministers ot newxing
land and of theJRnited States, ignorant
..v.- rce.nl .them, are ableto-ais
lavm UI2 IHB nak. - ; - y ' a " '
criminate between. reckless demagogne
and a wise and honest statesman. . Ana
unless, we are . greatly imstaken, .be will
find these " ministers, and the- people - n
hn ennfidence and, anection inoy .
a long quietus io Dkcpueu rM3
las, and theaisasirous laKHauwawLu.,;
he is tho author.
Garibaldi had bnt eight men 'killed in
the conquest of tha Kingdom of Naples.
nBTJSH TO THE FIGHT.
FreeHn,'Mw. tbatinio forielnf
Gnat tho innea Uym head;
Bl.k theaa sot by faint penning,
Poll Um watek-wtH through the land.
--, Stab with butTera,
Waving proudly through the land.
Fight ye not with elaahlnj oeta,
Ifof with trick r bribery jbt;
All wo a.k la honen battle.
Armed alonl with Train tad Bieht.
Re.h lo til CSmbat,
With yoor weapoa., Troth ud Rljht.
Might I. Right, let thoao luever.
Who have learned tho tyrant, creed;
Sight la Might, he oor forever,
Tno In perpo.e. Era. in deed.
Menee oar wateh-worj,
"Tn in pnpoM, flraa in deejd."
By yonf banner', conrtellatlon.
By y onr eagle in tho akiel,
By yonr falbera' proclamation.
Strike for Freedom ere ah diet.
Tin la fleeting,
Strike for Freedom ere ah die..
By the hone, that now an bleaching
All along Nw England' .bore.
Looking npward and beseeching
Von to yield as .lave, no nor,
Swear this moment,
Thnt yon will be .Uvea no more.
Speech of Hon. C. B. Tompkins, of j
Among the speeches in Congress'pub
lished by the Republican Congressional
Committee for circulation among the
people, we find that of Hon. C. B. Tomp
kins, of the Morgan District in this
State. It contains a fair exposition of
the progress of the slave power in its ag
gressions upon the free States. It is a
document that will do good by a gener
al circulation among tbe people. We
copy a few paragraphs from it. After
detailing their acts of plunder and ag
gressions in Kansas, he adds :
All these wrongs, all these outrages,
all, these crimes of blood and deeds of
horror, were committed to plant the ac
cursed institution on the soil that had
been, by a great national act, .dedicated
to freedom. Bnt. violence and. arson,
bloodshed and murder, failed. The black
banner of slavery is trailing in the dust.
The. stars and stripes wave triumphantly
over a free and joyous people, ibe here
tofore invincible is conquered. I have
borrowed the word "aggression" to ox
press tho conduct of the South toward
the North. . I do not intend to make the
charges without the specifications.
1. I charge npon slavery, that the en
forcement of the Missouri compromise
was an aggression npon the North.
2. I charge the annexation of Texas,
wherebr the Mexican war was brought
upon the country, more than two hun
dred millions of money were spent, and
many thousand lives sacrificed, as an ag
gression. 3. I charge that the adoption of the
fugitive slave law, with many .of its odi
ous and obnoxious provisions, was an
aggression npon the people of the North.
4. X, charge tnat.tne decision oi me su
preme Court in the Dred Scott case was
an aggression upon the North. It was
a decision made for the benefit of slavery
and to deprive the people of the free
States of "their equal rights in the Terri
tories. 5. I charge that the repeal of the Mis
souri Compromise line was an outrage
ous aggression npon the rights ot the
North ; disreputable to the nation, and
dishonorable to the party engaged in it ;
one that has brought in its train innumer
able woes, and created an excitement that
will not be allayed during tbe present
6. I charge that the murders, robber
ies, and arsons, in Kansas, were aggress
ions of slavery.
All these things I have charged aa ag
gressions of slavery are national aggress
ions, for which the slavery party, having
control of the administration of this Gov
ernment, are responsible. I charge them
as direct; positive aggressions, on the
rights. of the free people of the North.
The following points are strongly put,
and will commend general attention.
The slavery party is constantly cosa
plainiagthat the free States enact personal-liberty,
laws, and that tbey do not ful
fill their constitutional obligations.
Whatever acts may be passed by onr
Legislatures, so 'that they do not interfere
with the Constitution of the United States
von have no right to. complain. Bnt if
von think that Constitution violated, yon
ri '. o nTi.. . ". -
nave yonr remeay. aena your mumcy
into the free 8tates; commence your sails
in the Federal courts, and try the valid
ity of onr statutes. We pledge ourselves
that yonr .agents. shall bekindly 'treated,
nr1 shall have a fair hearing.' We will
not follow yonr example ; we will not
pass laWS in pwuu uu pauiwuia viumuuu
of yonr 'rights, and in palpable violation
of the Constitution, and then drive out,
by threats or violence, any.man who may
come into the Bute to -test the -validity
nf nnrli aBaetments.
Rnfnr von.com plain of ns,. go .hone
and seize andUang the pu-ates ,who are
rtAverrinc' around yonr snores engaged
rhrtha slave- trade, xon may say a jury
aw w -- . f i
will-not oonvict-tavsm. way sot z rw
eanse the community sustains them in
their unholy tramc ana in ineir vioisuon
of the laws. Bnt if yon really desired
to pnnish those men, yon could easily
devise the .ways and means a whipping
on the bare back with a raw-hide,,a coat
of tar and feathers, or some other correc
tive that yoVare in 'the habit of using. I
would not advise these punishments ; in
frfls State tber wonld, BOt be practica
ble ;-Ut iaiStatas jbere jsuci ttogs are
in constant use, it is rather surprising that
some person' has not thought of '.thus ap
plying :tbem. -Men who commit'acts de
clared by the whole civilized world to be
piracy, yon permit to escape, while yon
say yon Will hang the wan wh"6 circu:
lates Helper's book.'' Before you com
plain of the free States, arrest and pun
ish the scoundrels who so cruelly treated
the Irishman at Columbia, , South Caro
lina, for no offense1 bnt saying that slave
ry was detrimental to free labor.
Take from place and power the men
whose hands and faces are reeking and
smoking with the blood of onr people in
Kansas, and put them to death, irunish
the thousands of others who have com
mitted acts of violence against Free State
men ; and are yet nnwhipped of justice.
These things yon must do, before yon
complain of us. I take no pleasure, in
these criminations and recriminations. I
know that all the States are' a part of my
country ; but when I hear of the wrongs
and the outrages perpetrated on men
merely because they will not subscribe to
the doctrines you hold, and hear yon
complain of us for not doing onr duty as
citizens, I will let you know that yon,
too, "are made of penetrable stuff." I
"Learned lo d.rid yonr Sere decree.
And break yoo on th wheel yon meant for me."
In Thomas Jefferson's celebrated letter
to the New Haven merchants who had
remonstrated against the removal of Eli
zns Goodrich from the collectorship at
that port, and the appointment of a suc
cessor whose chief qualification Was that
he was a partisan of the President,
hope is expressed that a good time may
come when -the only questions ..about a
candidate for office will be these : "Is he
honest? Is he capable? Is he faithful
to the constitution ?"
When Jefferson said a good thing he
said it well, and this is one of his good
things. These three questions are just
the questions which the people of the
United States ought to ask in regard to
candidates for the Presidency. Let Abra
ham Lincoln, for example, be subjected
to the ordeal of these questions.
It he honest i Look npon bis face. Is
that an honest roan ? Inquire among his
neighbors who honor his . guileless integ
rity by the familiar name which expresses'
their confidence and love Honest Old
Abe! Read his speeches. Hear him
wbpn ha addresses a nonnlar asaemblr.
The first element of nis power over his
hearers is tbe irresistible conviction which
they have of his honesty.
Is he capable f Let his whole history
from his early and nnfnended atrng-
to his present high position
among the acknowledged leaders of a
learned profession in one of the greatest
States of the Union give the answer.
Let the people of his own State who know
him as thoroughly as they know any oth
er public man, say whether he is capable.
Let those who heard him a few weeks
ago, at'the Cooper Institute say whether
he is intelligent enough to be the successor
of James Buchanan, Franklin Pierce,
Millard Fillmore, Zachary Taylor,
James K. Polk and John Tyler. We
happened to hear that speech.. It was
not classically ornate as one of Edward
Everett's orations, it was not like one of
Thomas Jefferson's epistles, but, in our
judgment, it wag a better exhibition of
mar. Kiun oi auiuiy wuicu uiuos
man, and which qualifies a man for such
an office as the Presidency, than Ever-;
ett's eulogy on Washington, or Jefferson's
letter to the New Haven Chamber of
Commerce. A more thorough and ex
haustive exposition of the subject which
he had in hand, no other man could give.
There was not a word in it of vulgar
stump-speaking not a word of the
"spread-eagle" ytyle of oratory not a
word of claptrap ; it was straightforward
argument on the great question of' the
trmesand waa as, able as it was .honest.
It he , faithful to the Conttilution t
Those who believe that 'the Constitution
is the charter and guarantee of slavery,
and that by itaTown force it carries the
institution of slavery into all the territo
ries, will ear No. Snch an answer from
that quarter is reason -enough for-tvsry.
body else to, answer Yet. The views of
Webster, of (J lay, of Marshall, of all
onr eminent men who lived before the
new school of Democracy was founded
by Calhoun, are his .views on tbe ques
tion now at isaoe. That is enough.
Sew Tork Independent.
Nokotlr Goes For Douglas t
Maine goes against Douglas !
New Hampshire goes agtinst Douglas!
Vermont goes against Douglas I c -'
Maasachusatta'goM atgaraat Douglas I
Connecticut goes against Douglas I"'
Bhode Island. goes against Douglas!
Mew York goes against Douglas !
New Jereev goes against Douglas !
PENNSYLVANIA has' gone against
Douglas 1 ' cir - ; : Lr .' i ' r
OHIO has gone against Douglas I(
INDIANA has gone against Doug
las!. - '-. t . .-
Michigan goes against Douglas !
Hlinois"is going against Donglaa 1
Wisconsin goes against Douglas ! '
' Iowa goes against-Douglas!'
Minnesota goes against Douglas!, m
Tbe Union goes against Douglas I .
Every .State goes against Douglas !
Everybody goes against Douglas I
The Union goes' for Lrscour f
Everybody goes 'for LmooLS !
"Little Gianfa papers please copy 1
NOVEMBER 1, I860.
POLITICAL SOJTO." '
One mr to t combat with rekiniled teal, ,
On flag to the hreei, and oar handa to th steel !
W eiri k for tho right, an 'ra aak aa Mai
. W W ready and Mget to nan tntn fray. - t
fltfik for th right, men strike for th right!
Clee p yonr ranks, men .how them'yoir might!
Baler, may tremble, nnd power may quail;
'Wo strike for th right, and th right shall prevail !
Oar fore.u and lake., from Wisconsin to Main,
Send oat their brave aone to the'eonBict again;
While mountain ud prairie, with eamp-firt I aglow,
X-cho th war-ry, nnd welcome th blow. .
Strike for th right, fee.
Tho trompet are aoendlng, th Bottle's began;
There', danger to fas, nnd there's work to b done;
Tho timid and (laggard mar shrink Aon tho Any,
Th glory oompeniates r straggles t-day.
Birik for th right. See.
Already tbelr peril la felt by cr foe.;
Alrsady they falter and shrink from oar blows;
Th .boat of onr oomradu ring thrilling and clear;
Th victory' certain, th eietory' near.
Strike fn th right, ke.
A cheer lor onr leaders, tho twin-heart ed braves!
A cheer for th banner that over at worts!
With Lincoln nnd Hamlin, we've nothing to fear;
Th victory' certain, th vietorj'a near.
Btrik for tho right, Itc.
From the New York Tribune.
What the Bepublicans Have Done.
A correspondent at Delphi, Indiana,
states that Mr. Hendricks, the Democrat
ic candidate for Governor o'f that State,
recently made a speech there, in which
he challenged any hearer to name ono
good act which the Republican party in
Congress had either done or attempted ;
and that his auditors probably struck
dumb with amazement at his impudence
made no response whatever., How is
it possible if there were even one He
publican present who. is not tongue-tied
that he should have failed to thunder out,
"The UomsTKAD Bar, I"
Let ns give a more circumstantial, yet
condensed, reply to Mr. Hendricks' chal
1. Tbe Republicans, in Congress have
originated and carried through both
nouses a bill providing, by liberal grants
of Public Lands : to tbe several " States,
for, Manual LiBoaStMuiABUu ; in-.every
State that is, Seminaries in which tbe
teachings of the Natural and Physical
sciences, with the application of their
fruitful truths' to Afrriraltnrer' Manufac
tures, and the Mechanic arts, shall be
systematically taught. This measure.
fairly carried into effect, would have been
worth more to tbe country than all that
the Democratic party ever devised or
dreamed of. It was temporialy crushed
by tho veto of the Democratic Presi
dent. II. They have originated, matured and
carried through the House, a bill pro
viding for a Daily Overland Mail to Cal
ifornia a measure which would reduce
by at least ten days the average time con
sumed in the transportation of letters
from the Western Stated to the Pacific
Coast, render emigration and travel across
the Plains secure and comparatively easy,
accelerate the settlement and cultivation
of the Far Wast, and bring the Rocky
Mountain and Carson Valley gold re
gions within half their present practical
distance from the Mississippi Valley, re
ducing the cost of subsistence therein by
at least a third, and of postal communi
cation therewith by three-fourths. This
great measure of beneficence and Nation
al progress tbe necessary forerunner oi
the Pacific Railroad having triumph
antly passed tbe House, was stifled in the
Senate by a wily, treacherous Democrat
ic intrigue, whereof the Great Mail steam
er monopoly enjoys the benefit and prob
ably paid the cost,
III. The Republicans in the present
House originated and passed a Mileage
Reform Bill, whereby the present exorbi
tant and elastic allowance or orry cents
for every mile traversed, or .alleged to
have been traversed by eacn member, in
proceeding "by the usual traveled route"
from his home to Washington, at the
beginning of each session, and returning
thence to aaid home at its close, is. reduc
ed to ten cents par mile, calculated by a
bee line from his home to Washington.
By this reform, the members from Cali
fornia, Oregon and Washington, who
now receive about 17,000 each for their
attendance on the sittings of each Con
gress, would be cut down to abont
87'000. and which would still be a lib
eral recompense. When the bill passed
increasing the annual compensation of
members from f 8 per day to f3,000 per
annum, .we were assured that this, reduc
tion and equalization of mileage would
beone of its inevitable consequences ;
yet four years have since elapsed without
say redempdoc.of thai) promise; and at
length the bill to redeem; it, originated in
a Republican Committee, of;Waya and
Means, and passed by? a. predominantly
Reaublican House, is throttled and killed
;i el nTnmir fraBlia.. Th mStntre
m.nnlA ..At an.jr.lr diminish' tnW'SMal
expenses of the .GoTsrnmeat.by m heavy
amount it would replace inequality and
wring by Justice, and frZS.
'caiism devised and carried it through
one House ; ltemocrncy suwpj u. u
.Via ntrtar. ' I 1.Z .
IV. -The present Repnbliean House
iramea ana passea 1,0017 .k.iu.v-
rvrnoMtincr . PtirrTKCTTTn. TAWTT- BUX.
which; had:itnotbelikewie stifled by
the Democratic, majority in the 8enJLe,
would, have stopped the. incurring of
oi Sr i(l . W a. T Y7 .& STakoa let on a .
aiercanuie ieoi.in jurupo ur wuiia
that we might and should produce at
home stopped tbe continual exportation
of our Specie at the rate of. Pifty to One
-Hundred Millions per aanum-stoapeU
tbe congregation of idle and needy labor
era-in our cities each winter stopped the
continual loss of tbe most valuable ele
ments of our richer soils, now carried
away annually in the' form -of Wheat,
Flour, Corn, Meat, &c, never to return
stopped the accumulation of our Pub
lic Debt, and tho means of shuffling with
federal shinplasters to avoid the appear
ance while clinging to the reality of in
curring such debt stopped our discred
itable begging and wheedling of Euro
pean capitalists and bankers for tbe means
wherewith to build our own Railroads
and given an immense and lasting im
petus to tho development of the industri
al and mineral resources of the wbol
country. Every Republican in the Sen
ate voted to take up this bill with intent
to pass it ; but Democracy said io, and
"t lies dead on the table of tho Senate.
And for that, Mr. Hendricks, your party
has just received a lesson in St. Louis,
and will soon hear thunder from Pennsyl
vania and New Jersey.
V. But, not to make too long a cata
logue, the Republican party alone stands
committed, by pledge and deed, to tho
policy of allotting the Public Lands for
a nominal price to Actual Settlers only.
so as to render them the Free Homes of
an intelligent and independent yeomanry.
No other National Platform but theirs
ever asserted the beneficent principle of
Free Homesteads ;' no other party hut
the Republicans ever reported and car
ried through Congress n Free Homestead
bill. Their bill was radical, comprehen
sive, thorough ; all the Republicans in
both Houses supported it ; but when the
Democratic majority in the Senate rejec
ted, this and insisted on passing a half
way measure instead, the Republicans,
after struggling desperately for a whole
measure, consented, in view of the ex
posed and needy condition of the squat
ters of Kansas, lows, Nebraska, Minne
sota, fec, to accept the Senate's halfway
measure temporarily rather than get no
thing. That half-way measure, though
it had passed both Houses with scarcely a"
dissenting vote," 'your Democratic Presi
dent vetoed, and tbe Demedratie Senate
refused to Dasa it over bis veto.- 00 we
must, await tho inan hrationof aRepnb
lipari President to give life to a thorough.
beneficent Homestead Act.
Freemen of America ! such are the
leading practical measures of tbe Repub
lican party, aside from those directly re
lated to Slavery. Throughout all the
late session, tho Republicans were press
ing the passage of these and kindred
bills, while the Democracy insisted on
spending month after month in sterile
speech making on abstractions connected
with Slavery and .Negroes. John mown s
raid, Helper's book, Douglas' new Sedi
tion act, JetT. Davis and A. G. Brown's
resolves asserting tho right and duty of
Congressional protection for blavery in
the Territories 6uch were the topics per
sistently interposed by the Democracy to
waste time, make party capital, and pre
vent practical legislation. Judge ye be
tween them 1
Douglas' Power as a Speaker.
Here are some of ths fruits of the "Great
American Statesman's" labors :
Mr. Douglas Spoke in 15 Towns in
And tho Republicans gained in them
Mr. Douglas spoke in Cleveland,
And the Republicans gained in the city
and County, 1,500.
Mr. Douglas spoke in Columbus,
And tho Republicans gained in the city,
Mr. Douglas spoke in Ft. Wayne,
And the Republicans gained in the city,
Mr. Douglas, tpoke in,Laneatltr,
And the Republicans gained ia tho Coun
Mr. Douglas spoke in Richmond,
And the Republicans gain in the County,
And the Republicans-gained in the Coun
ty. "00. r
Mr. Douglas spoke at Indianapolis,
And the Republicans, gained 700.
A Good Oxe. At the Democratic
nnw-wow at Mommoutb, 111., tho other
dav. a large transparency was paraded,
upon which was painted the figure of a
white man hugging a iar, negro wenco,
and the words. "The stronghold of Re-
publisanism." When it, was brought near
the speaker's stsno, an 01a isay touiiug
np with interest at the picture, exclaimed
in seeming surprise, and loud 'enough for
ail:aronnd to hear. "Why. la me! Doug
las has found his mother." This exclama
tion stirred np such a tremendous hub
bub, that' the thing was carried off in a
hurry and concealed from further view.
Apt Illusteatjoji. "The Dyamy
krat party ought to . have the American
Aigle off its banner this election, said an
honest Patlander.'tho .o.lher day.
"Why VI asked 5 bystsnder.
vBekase ye sea the Aigle isa't a double
beaded bur d, and the party is," was the
"""What would you put np in its place,
Pat!" . -
"T-,fo Kilkenny eats, bedad."
'Metal finger na3x to protect the lingers
from the soreness incident to com husk
ing, are among tiniest inventions chron
W. H. Fry of tbNew York Tribune
ripidljr? -tJJa. V, i8 dOttit -
writes "J more
WHOLE NUMBER, 1731
BT A VOTER "05 TBE FEXCE."
Since thy Sag, O, Democracy, naila In tho dait.
And thy helmet, once gloriooi, I aorJid with mat,'
What brigbt-gWaming sword in tho haul prevail.? '
Tis Lincoln', th gallant old splitter of rails.
It is drawn for th right, for th national caoir,
Upholding onr proaj Constitution and laws;
An J wherever it flashes vile tyrinny fail..
And trembles before th old splitter of rails.
One onr nam ml th prid and th bop of th uorlJ.
And nations rejoiced at oar ensign anfnrled.
Like th light which in tempest the mariner Lai'i
Bat those days will come baek withth splitter of rail..
Let them prat of Diianion they 're prated before;
Let them boa.t of their ralur their threats w ignore;
For tbe cass of onr conntry and honor rrsvatr.
When led by the dasnlless oil splitter of rails.
Let Freedom's glad shont not r-echo in rain.
From th plains ofthe Weit.to th pino.weoda'ef Maift; '
And firm be oor ranks, till November" wild files
Shall uitnc.i thy triumph, old splitter of rails. ..
Mutilating the Records.
Wo stepped into the office of tho'
County Clerk a few days since to look at
the files of the State Register for 1840
which were then required by law to bo
sent to all the County Clerks in the State,
and to be preserved by them as part of
the public records of tho State. Wo
found that the Register for November 8th;
1849, had been torn out from the file and
abstracted. This is the number which
contains Mr. Douglas' Springfield speech
of October 23d, 184S, in which he declar
ed the Missouri Compromiso to be "a
sacred thing which no ruthless hand
would ever be reckless enough to disturb,"
and in which ho referred to the Wilmot
Proviso resolutions of the Illinois Leg
islature in the following remarkable Ian-'
"In August, 1848, he (Mr. Uouglas v
had voted for the Oregon bill, containing;
a clause prohibiting Slavery in that Ter
ritory. About four months afterwards
the Legislature assembled and passed' a
resolution instructing' our Senators- and1
requesting, our Representatives in Con
gress to vote for territorial bills in Cali
fornia and New Mexico containing a pro
hibition of Slavery, in thoso Territories.
In other words, they had instructed him
to do precisely what he had just done with'
out instructions. He bad been informed
that bis Whig. irionJa, onJ, pcrb'apar a
few others peculiarly situated', confident
ly expected biin to resign rather than
obey those instructions. It would be dis
ogreeabla to disappoint them in so rea
sonable an expectation. It was-asoribus
question, however, requiring grave and
deliberate consideration, whether' he could
conscientiously do, under instructions,
what he hadjutt done from the dtctafes of
his own judgment without instructions.
As the decision of so important a ques
tion required time to consider, he invited
them to wait and see."
Upon further inquiry at Springfield
and elsewhere, we learn that all the files
of the Register for 1849" in alllhe coun
ties in the Stale, except two or three, have
been similarly mutilated.1 One of ther
few copies extant is in the hands of the
Hon. Richard Yates. Ono copy, is still
kept in Springfield. One copy was ti
be seen in Quincy two years ago, bnt it
has since been stolen and destroyed.
Perhaps half a dozen copies are yet pre
served in the State, but the effort to de
stroy even these have been zealous and
unceasing. We need nor wonder ' Chi
cago Press and Tribune.
Abe Yoc a Democrat f Well, let as
tell yon a bit of a story. We will call
no names. The other day, an old Dem
ocrat, who has always stuck to his own
party, through good report and evil rer
port, said :
"I've Always been a Democrat, and
am about tired of it. I don't belief er tbe
Democratic party stands where it did ten
years ago, and I am going to Tote for
"Vote for the nigger party !' said a
"Well," replied, the other. "I voted
for Pierce when there was no nigger ex
citement, sll quiet, snd after, he got in it
was nigger. I voted for Old Buck, and
it has been nigger, hioOeiI; NIGGER,
all the time, and now I'll try a change.
I'll give the Republicans a tnrh any how;
it can't be any more nigger than it has
been, and it may be a great deal list.'r-
An Alabama paper' expresses it be
lief that Mr. Yancey's whole political
life has been a curse to the conntry. We
believe so too. We don't wish Yancey
dead, but we are sorry his mother didnt
refuse to hat his father. LmisvUle
:fhe Detroit Tribunerebukes those'un-
feeling and heartless people who- pot: it
into tbe beads of weak' men like Daniel
Pratt, George Washington Mallei . and
Stephen JV. Douglas, that they are run
ning" for the Presidency. vT
Democratic Tactics. The - Times
and Herald call upon, the Democracy lo
burst upon tis enemy'. That' is joet what
they did when tbey ran against Curtin
and Lane. Chicago Press and Tribune.
A maaument.ia about to be raised in
Gloucester, England, to Bishop Hooper,
. 1 '1 -t... :..'.1 ' n r
On the spoi wuero us was uurui, ja..iejve
years ago tho remains of the stake and
chain were excavated t'ere.
Tbe remain' ftf Col. F. A. Lntfttden;
of thfl.ew Orleans Pie""' W
l'', tbe victims of the Lady' Mfe
of the 3.- Orleans Picayune. anA one.
1 ter, have been fonrjd at Kenosha
i - - -.- K -vif-, $$