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L. MILLER, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER. )
THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION.
i.j- . .
! TERMS $5.00 PER ANNUM, IN lDTUCRr
VOLUME IV. NUMBER 22, J'
. WHITE CLOUD, KANSAS, THURSDAY. DECEMBER 6, I860.
WHOLE NUMBER, 178,
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depict f 0ftrg.
IHE HEABT OF KW EIGLAND.
X THANKSGIVING ODE.
BT THOMAB O. SPEAR.
jl, Bn f "aw rmly "
ItbtiU totha trleaipht oferder and law
B,w leret illii prMtptt ! rerefither. drew,
w, on hid orthtir mt from the oeeea they taw;
fftM the bleik. I""11 '' wk, MJfl,""t
Aleie u the riroge tke w.edtnri found,
, w,, fini there kindled. hiTt lit with their flame,
Tbt aatleei ty I,ft r," th d",rt I,,0,J-
Tbae, Beni ef !e Enjlud! whtrerer ye etray.
Forget net the areeepti oferder end lawj
lot nidi the world the example duplay,
Toar rtii rei w,r foremoit i.
Tbere Liberty Willi ia tat beioty, d imilea
Oi Tillager'i will end tke eitiien'e eare,
ltd with eweel Coitiatment it dill Uf ollei
Tin yeeraeo tilt drink i her freib mountain ir:
There eeaadeth alood, from tar aalleyt aad Mill,
The mane orwheeli where the bright watert flow;
Aid htr plooght "d br wheeli, end bar awifl-wkiriieg
Hit mida Wr la grtitneii to Socrlik and grow.
Oh! Hurt of a Englind' Howiweet to rtaall,
li ik laad aftka tiraottr, lha plencrti of hama,
mm tha loaji aftha f iltnmi itill oand la aaah ball,
Tka ft of tbur obiUran dttirtad to roara.
t Uu ira tba aaanai wk.ra la .blldbaod thay plajad,
tka atit coantrj dwallioj, tha fur ipraadinj town,
yilittba bnitla of toil, and tha conttna of trada,
Jj tba Mtaol boo wbtra baybood bajin ita ranawa.
tl jml aftha fialJ, wban tba itndiai wara o"ar,
tklt wtkia'd tha al iato amolaol pnda
Tka nulla! af Kbool-aiatet by fort it aad ibora,
Tha wboap in tka waadi, and tba laap in tba Uda
TTiib ill tba wild plaiiorea that fladdan'd tba tlma,
Irand tba aait aottia or ino( looking fim,
IUI1 Ua la tba tboojhn of lhat bright nanharn ellraa,
That Tirtaa bit fill'J with a panablaii abarm.
Inra Hatrt of Xaw lajland! whota itranjOi baa laan
YThara fraaJom damiaJad a orJ or a blow
ffbeia mil indbritut hiT lrujUJ aad dud,
In biltlii thit aitnhill'd t"ia mi jhtiatt foa;
luD ta pic or io wr. far tha cnota lhat la trna,
Tbn tint errr a toici. and a blada to dafaad;
At iiliint il wban thy protactuti wara faw,
Tha rijht to daclira, and tha walk to bafnaad.
fraa Hairt of Naw Enrlindl Thy throb la tha aaraa,
Ta Truth and to Dity, in iTry iky,
lei wa loa to rcmambar thy Uar bonor'd aaraa,
Too trifhl In iti daada for tba world to dacry;
led bill thai, InTO&Ing , oh! land oftLa trna!
Too fraa to epp'ati, and too trira to appal,
Tkit Error any aarar that "readout nado.
Which Allure intanjad for tkao and for all.
Osaos, Southern Kamai, Nov. 5, '60.
I havt u yst teen in the Extern pa
para no mention of the accumulating
tronblti and threatened strife in South
ern Kansas. Indeed, the Free State men
along the southern half of the territorial
border, though. expecting and preparing
for anith r straggle with the mthleas
bandit of Musoori, have so much con
fidence in their own strong arms and
trusty weapons, as to regard the present
war like scheme, and threats of their en
smiai, as of too little importance to
awaken general concern. They are pre
paring for the worst, yet claim no assis
tance from abroad.
Since the 1st of December last, the
Frte State settlers in the towns bordering
oa Missouri hare been almost constantly
annoyed with incursions from bands of
Pio Slarery asiasaius. By one of these
gangs Hugh Carlaud, a peaceable citizen
and guiklsM of any crime, was seised,
carried before a Pro-Slavery mob, tried
for somo pretended ofTunse, pronounced
innocent, and discharged ; yet the next
morning his dead bo ly was found dang
ling npon a limb of a tree, the face mu
tilated, and the body and limbs braised
and lacerated from head to foot. This
barbarous deed was perpetrated a few
miles east of this place, by what is
known as "The Dark Lantern Commit
ttt," a band of blood-thirsty assassins
that live in the vicinity of Barnsville
a small village within hailing distance of
the State line. A few weeks previous a
young man by the name of Guthrie was
bang at midnight ; and about the same
time another person, whose name I do
not now recollect, was killed by the same
prowling cnt-throatt from Missouri.
bmca then, other murders of Free State
men hare taken place. Among these,
John Denton, a worthy and peaceable
young man, while standing in tha door
of a grocery immediately upon the State
line, was shot down by a Missouri horse
nan, who, after seeing his victim fell
and eipire, galloped back to tha haunts
of villainy from which he emenred.
And such has been our experience for the
1u .... rr.i - r.? l :
-. or. me assassinations ui iu
ereued in frequency, boldness and im
pndenre nntil the present time. A few
dsys sines a school teacher, by the name
of Ellis, residing with his- family in this
neighborhood, was pursued and fired at
wveral times by a naif score of murder-
oat villains, and but for the fleet nees of
bis horse wonld doubtless have been slain.
Be found a refuge in the house of Will
am Stone, Esq., but is threatened with
certain death if he fails to leave tha Ter
ritory within six days.
Bnt these events are, in themselves, of
mall importance. I mention them -be
cause they are part of a general plan aad
purpose of the Slave Power to drive the
free State settlers from Southern Kan-
eu. Tugitives from Slavery's bloody
rule in Texas and Arkansas are almost
daily passing through this portion of the
Territory, and from these we learn that
it ii publicly proclaimed at the design
of the Mob Power in that section of trm
Union to continue their persecution un
til every Northern "man is driven from
Texas, Arkansas, and Western Missouri,
antl tbatwhen that work is accomplish
ed, the victorious cohorts of the Dark
Power are to invade Southern Kansas,
and sweep -away ita entire Free State
Those who are far removed from the
seene of threatened danger will regard
these statements with much allowance.
Indeed, wa of Kansas do not heed the
threats of invasion that are constantly
tilling our ears. Yet the present conse
quences of thit projected villainy areeuf-
heient to arrest the attention of the entire
country. The Pro-Slavery cowanle of
this Territory men who, during tba last
year or two, have kept eilent and peacea
ble through rar are again acting the
parts of spies and guides for the bands of
marauders that are now constantly wan
dering on errands of crime through the
country. The Border Ruffians of the
western counties of Missouri, embolden
ed by the success of thsir brethvzn in Ar
kansas and Texas, and confident of assis
tance when the hour of peril shall arrive,
are organiaing, arming, and drilling for
the threatened conflict. I am credibly
informed that in Bates County alone at
leaat three hundred of these braves are
holding frequent drills and otherwise
preparing for the anticipated "war."
Several times these Bates County vaga
bonds have appointed a night in whioh
to march into the Territory, slay Capt.
Montgomery find Dr. Jennison, and by
way of amusement, burn Mound City.
Indeed, they have been two or three times
seen, sixty or seventy strong, within the
Territory, yet always at a safe distance
from the city they have doomed to de
struction. Thus matters stood until the 29th of
Augnst lait, when President Buchanan'e
proclamation, offering the New York
Lands for sale on the 3d and 15th of De
cember, struck terror to tho hearts of the
people. Bnt the end was not yet. Very
scon after the posting of this proclama
tion, the settlers upon the eight mile strip
( numbering-1.527, according to the late
census) were warned to leave. Many of
them had erected expensive dwellings,
and expended their all in fencing and im
proving their farms. To leave was ruin.
They chose to linger, hoping that torn
thing would be done to save them from
the impending oatastrophe. They would
not believe that orders would issue to
drh'B them from their homes at this sea
son, and leave them shelterless for the
Wintfir. But the Free State man who
hopes for the least show of mercy from
any of the Kansas appointees of Buchanan
is doomed to disappointment.
A few days since the Indian agent,
backed bv fifty United States dragoons,
lighted his torch and started for the Free
Ktnta Kattlemant. Uunnni? to ma nonne
of a Free State settler, he drives ths fara
ily from the premises ; hurls their house-
rinl.i trnmla after them : touches fire to
the roof that lms sheltered them, and
then stands sentinel over the kindling fire
until the entire buildiuz is wrapped
in flames. And then the fifty one
brave agents of Democracy atart for
the next house, and leave it only when
the red flame that encircle it bid defiance
to the little group that stand gazing up
on the ruin of their once happy ad peace
fnl home. Then another and another of
the Freo-State home are devoted to quick
detraction, and the unsheltered inmates
left weeping by the dying embers. And
thus has the infernal work progressed un
til 74 homes are reduced to aalies !
As for the settlers upon the Mew-York
lands, they have until the middle of De
..mliar tn nranara for a similar fate.
And in the meantime bands aie murder
ing aud banging their citizens, stealing
their property, driving them from their
iim thraatenin? them with death, and
bv a hundred other modes subjecting
them to annoyance and constant peril.
Snchis the, condition of affairs in
sn.wr. K.nsaa. And. as might be
presumed, the people are determined not
i i,. ihna annoved. lhey are
preparing to strike a blow that wiU be
decisive one way or the other. They
oannot afford to be always on the watch
-i . .rminr fnr defense. They de-
"J- :-. t: .!,.;,:.,
sirepeace, ana n iney cauuu. . .--have
it. will figM for xt and fight too.
with a purpose to win: If our border
troubles are again inaugurated, the war
will be carried into Africa." Cor. N.
lrogreM of the Seceasioa Movement.
To tht Editon of the Evening Poet: .
At a second meeting of the Coney Is
l.nrl anMsaionists it was resolved :
Tn tr all Southerners ten centa per
head, who arrive at the ln .'
ai. iiinn one hundred dollars, in
one dollar, five per cent, bonds. "interest
payable in dam, principal in crooJ, to
mature on Milleniam day.
Agents, Hash, Soup A ripe, com -
tee of fifteen. "Pm
' N. B. Two large erabs and one old
porgy resigned this day.
la the" Philadelphia Ledger "we find
the following advertisement, which i
cool imr.ndenca we think can certainly
remove 'dilapidated linen from the bush.
nr a vrrpen Re a raanewtable COlOC-
ed family. - WHITE BOY. H ,ojr 16
" . in await nn th table eUU
years v, -".--- - - .
mace mnw" b v rZ
house. Address, with reference. -$ ran
dergast," Blood'a Dispatch.
1 n,- ! t.nina sees i
brethla inspeuM Iho hangman.
Dedicated to Those who nave Tailed to Bseever
the Bodies of Friends lest on the Lady Elgin.
Hold fait tby traainrai, natlaaa datp;
Hold fait thy jawalf, kaap thy gald;
la aanlaia catena Jat tham tlaap,
Kawraatbad with many aVamarald fali
Of Xaraidl pal aad ahmlaf hair; '
Mini lad with aaarb aad aaa-planu nra.
TV atk not thaaa, O' lraacharaai daapi
Kaap thin, and f ami, and baatan fold;
Oiva at tha daad, wboaa laia wa waap,
Era tby arabracai, ittn aad cald.
Hat a iwrpt from aach baloTad faca
All that wa bapa, yt fair to traca.
Giva ai oar daad. that wa may gaxa
Onca mara into tba ayaa whoia light
Of bapa and loTa, la hippter dayi,
Mada ocr lifa'i wanry pathway bright.
Glra ai ocr daad, thon mi-hty tea
What an thoia fadad form ta tbaal
Vo antwar from tba lallen lata
Noaa, aaaa tha wild warat'taraga roar,
taatbiaf-, aa if iq team, thay kraak
Upon tba draary, wrtcl-atrawn ibara.
Tampcitaom lea! thcra coma! a day
Ubaa thy draad power ihallpaat away.
Than, raatemed from tby rntileii (nip.
By lOTereign Iora'i all taring hand,
Wa ihall btboU acr dead at lattj
Ta life and baanty, tea them itaad.
Ha who Milled atarm-Texed Galilee,
ShiIUry, "Gne op thy dead, O! lea."
How the People of the South. Talk
aad Feel Interesting Letter from
Frahkijk Codhtt, Miss., Nov. 10.
Editors of the Missouri Democrat :
I have been casting abont for a coherent
plan of a letter, and at last have given
it up. in despair. Everything here is in
a whirl of confusion and execration.
The tone of conversation and the com
plexion of politics seem to change every
day. Men all agree in swearing that they
knew Lincolu was going to be elected,
but no two swear alike about what is to
be done, while all, with wonderful una
nimity, bwear at one another. "If it had
not been for the Breckinridge men," snys
the Bell Everetts, "we should have had
a conservative President." "If it had
not been for that cursed little Bell party,"
bays the Breckinridgers, "we should have
had a Southern President, or at least a
Thero is as much antagonism and bit
terness of feeling between the Breckin
ridge men and the Bell men as between
the-Douglas and Breckinridge parties at
the Northwest ; or, as it is now, since
the election, between the conservative and
disunion parties, and with the Bell, or
conservative party, I find the Douglas
men almost invariably counted at least
it is so in those parts of Louisiana and
Mississippi through which I have thus
far passed men talk in this way :
accae i vicksburo first day after
First speaker "Well, just as we ex
pected ! New York has gone for Lin
coln ! lie is elected, sure. No use spen
ding any more money telegraphing
we'll need all the money we've got be
fore long if "
Second "That's so. We are going
to have hot times here now. Pettes is
pledged to call the Legislature. In thir
ty days we will be in a separate govern
Bell Man "How much better off will
we be then ?"
First "We'll be independent. Are
we going to snbmit to a nigger-stealing
President? Never 1 The Fugitivo
S ave Law will be abolished. The coun
try will be full of John Browns and ab
Bell Man "That remains to be seen.
He is not pledged to abolish the Fugitive
Slave Law, and as for abolition docu
ments, we won't be worse off then we
are now. Haven't your party republish
ed all through the South the very worst
abolition sentiments. I would as leave
let my negroes get hold of Helper's Book
as the Delta."
SCBSE II LOWER K1VER PACKET.
Hot-headed Schoolmaster "We have
got to fight. There is no nse ef saying
the Union can be dissolved peaceably."
Mississippi Plantar "I am afraid so.
bnt it need not have been so. If all the
Southern States wonld unite, we would
go off peaceably."
Schoolmaster "xes, ana there's tne
rub. We can't unite. Two or three
States have got to start the thing, and
the rest are bound to follow. Mississippi
will not be behind." -Planter
"I don't know; I've got
some.debta to pay, and I want to aell
some land up here in Madison Parish,
bnt I can t do it now."
Third Speaker (coming in) "Yes,
and there are a good many men in that
aame fix. It will ruin half the planters
on tha Mississippi river those men, for
instance, who nave bought plantations
and depend on the coming crops to meet
8CEW1 m ATCH1Z. S
Fint "Well, what'a the election
Second "Ob I Lincoln is running, so
fast that they have stopped telegraphing:
can't keep op with him."
Tint "Well, sir, what can't be enr
ed has got to be endured. In my opin
ion Lincoln ir going to disappoint us all.
Tf ha acta no to the spirit of his own
anaaehM. fee "is coins to be a link between
the North and Sonth.-and I should not
wonder if we were better friends thanev-
Fire-eating Overseer "II he does the
North will call him a traitor. aad' nut
time they'll get some d d 'Abolition
ist who'll play hell with us."
No. 1 to No. 2 (Treating overseer's
remark with great contempt.) "Well,
I would not Uke five dollars less to day
for any negro I've got."
These scenes are nearly verbatim, and
have passeJ under my observation during
the past "week. The true question is, not
what the papers or theipoliticians say,
but how do the people feel ? This is tho
sum of my observation 'thus far." Al
though there is an infinite amount of con
fusion, indecision and impotent rage with
all parties, and although leading men
have promised immediate action in the
event of the election of a Black Repub
lican President, and probably the Legis
lature of Mississippi will be immediate
ly convened in view of it, no action will
be taken without reference to the people,
and the people, I think, will repudiate it.
In the city of NalcheE. for instance. Bell's
majority over all candidates was 72. and
the conservative majority, including Bell
and Douglas men, over Breckin
ridge, 250. Walworth, the present Rep
resentative in the Legislature; was elec
ted by the conservativeparty, but in the
present campaign has gone over to the
disunionists. A day or two after the
election, the Courier appeared in an arti
cle suggesting the propriety of this re
signing his seat, and a leading member
of the Bell party Informed me that if he
did not immediately respond to his hint,
a petition would be circulated which ev
ery one who had previously supported
him would sign, requesting him to re
sign, "for," said he. "if the Legislature
comes to act on the subject of dissolu
tion, it is of the highest importance that
ws have a man to represent us, and he
doe not." The same gentleman inform
ed me that the conservative party all
through the South are determinately pre
pared to meet the disunionists, and wher
ever there is a custom house or a United
States arsenal they have an understanding
with the Federal officers and troop, and
are prepared to forestall them. In Lou
isiana I could hardly get the planters to
talk politics at all. Some looked upon
the election of Lincoln as a "good joke
npon Schneider;" others as an inevitable
fate, and all soon fall back upon the
more important topics of cotton and
prices. The Disunionists that J have
met have been chiefly overseers, sshool
masters, editors, politicians, and loud-
talking gentlemen without apparent means
of auppurt, and with nothing at risk. I
have not yet heard a single planter advise
immediate dissolution. Of course these
nninions are cronnded on hardly two
weeks' observation, but I give them, and
the scenes on which I found thsm, for
what thsv are worth.
You will receive this before the Legis
lature of Mississippi convenes, and per
haps it may guide you in interpreting
the events. People here are in a (Jharyb
dis of passion ; bnt trust a careful looker,
they have no notion of being drawn into
the vortex. .cscore.
Correspondence of the Savannah News.
A Georgian's Opinion of Secessionists.
Milledoevili.e, 6a., Nov. 11.
Dear Newa : It is the Sabbath, and
the various ehnrehes of this city have
just olosed their solemn services to AI
mighty God with a united prayer for the
good of our beloved State. I hope your
readers will pardon me, in my great de
sire to lay before them the schemes and
machinations of the politicians who are
now about to decide the fate of onr native
State, if I should trespass on time which
ought to be devoted to rest,
In my letter of yesterday, I foretold the
rise of a Union party, with Johnson,
Stanliani &: Co.. at its head. I have
since ascertained that there will be a great
disunion party organized under Cobb,
Toomba. Ben Hill fc Jo. ibis is a mere
flvimr rnmor. but sounds so much as cir
cumstances are at present pointing, and I
prediot that before many days Cobb,
Toombs. Iverson. J. A. Jones oi roic,
Ben Hill. Judge Law. Bartow, King of
Qlynn. ke., will all unite for a common
pnrpose under the "Southern Rights
Party." This name they may not adopt,
bnt their object will be the same, namely
"Resistance to the inauguration of
Abraham Lincoln." -
Leading politicians are very cautious
in their conversation, Weighing each word
re it departs to return no more. They
are, at this time, listeners, nottalkers. I
must make one exception to this rule.
Mr. Toombs is very much- excited in ev
erything he saysi and is considered by
many aa too extreme. Acknowledged
leaders have very little to eay, and what
is said sounds very much of the "Dear
Peoole." 'What my Bute does I en
dorse." "Through weal or through woe.
through good report or through bad re
port, I follow the fate of my native State,
fcc., kc," the well) known .clap-trap of
the demagogue. That man who ia eent
by his people to represent them in the
Legislature, end when grave questions
arise, instead of speaking out like a man
who knows he ia representing a constitu
ency who have sobm confidence in hia ca
pacity and integrity, cringes and shrinks
from the responsibility of his own opin
ion and-tsakee uea-pf such slap-trap ex
pressions ae the above, is a demagogue
of the moat danserons character one of
those men who wonld pander to theprej
odices and enoonrage the lowest vices ef
the people; for the eake of the gratifica
tion' of. his ownranholy ambition- Bach
raea are deasagognea at heart, aad oaght
ta be "rebaked by their people and taaght
to know thsiii they have ao eoafideaoc
in the people, a right-thinking communi
ty will have no confidence in thsm.
FLAWS JOB PlStmOX.
Those who desire to break up the Un
ion are of as many shades of opinion in
regard to the plan for doing ao as there
were colors, in the coat of Joseph. Each
has a particular plan of his own, but I
think they may be divided intofonr class
es! 1st. The disnnionist per ee.
2d. The disnnionist on account of the
election of Lincoln, who thinks that rev
olution is the remedy.
3d. The disnnionist on account of the
election of Lincoln, who thinks that se
cession is the remedy.
4th. The disnnionist who is willing to
wait until the Senate of the United States
is in the hands of the Republicans.
I ought perhaps to give another class.
I rsfer to, fifth, those who are iu favor of
trying Mr. Lincoln in hopes of his pur
suing a conservative line of policy, and
thereby save the Union, but favor disun
ion as soon as ths first attempt is made
by Congress to circumscribe our rights
or interfere with our institutions.
1st. He believes that the Union ia a
curse to the South, end the Government
an oppression. They think that tha tar
iff laws are a systematic robbery of the
planter to enrieh the manufacturer, and
are in favofbf "free trade and direct tax
ation." To this clsss belong Jndge
Jones of Polk, Gen. Bethune of the Cor
ner Stone, tc. This class are willing to
break up tho Union in any manner pos
sible, either by secession or revolution,
either in conjunction with other States,
or separate and alone.
2d. He wishes disunion, but thinks
that if time is given and an election is call
ed, that the people will decide that "the
election of Lincoln is 'xot' a declaration
of war." He therefore favors revolution
as a remedy. He proposes to seize the
Custom Houses in Savannah, St. Marys,
Brunswick and Augusta, to take charge
of the Post Offices of the State, and ap
propriate the proceeds of tho customs to
the State of Georgia. Some wish to
revolutionize immediately; others to
commence hostilities on the day of the
inaugnration of Lincoln.
3d. The class whom I have just de
seribed have no confidence in the people;
the third class, on the contrary, have con
fidence that the people of the State will
think as thay do, and wish to proceed ac
cording to law. This ia much the Urgeat
clats. and will undoubtedly control eve
rv other shade in this Legislature. To
this class belonz Gov. McDonald, Gov,
Cobb, Ben. Hill, Judge Law, Col. Gr-
trell, Judge Benning. Judge Iverson,
Hon. Robert Toombs. fec, &o.
4th. He is confident that Lincoln will
be powerless with a Congress opposed to
him, and is in hopes that there will be a
reaction in the course of two years. 1 hey.
too. are in favor of Disunion as soon as
Lincoln has a Black Republican benate,
5th. Can scarcely be called a Disnnion
All of these wish Disunion; they differ
onlv in mode, meant and time.
If I am to judge from what I see, they
will all eombine very shortly on a reso
lution bv the Legislature as the mode,
aonarate State action as the mesne, anil
immediate as the time. Ane resoiuuou
will be introduced this week, I under
stand. Who by, I cannot find out
Look out for squalls.
. . erl I .!
A Son of Henry Clay on Mr. Lincoln.
Under date of Nov. 1, 1860, Thomas
H. Clay, son of the "Great Commoner,"
wrote the following in regard to Mr. Lin
coln, and the results ol his election :
It is very clear to my mind that the
election of Mr. Lincolu would furnish no
reasonable pretext upon which to base an
attempt to dissolve the Union ; and yon
are correct when von say that a very
large majority of the people in the slave
States will promptly arrive at the same
I have never done injustice to Mr. Lin
coln. As President of the United States
I have no doubt but that his Admims
tration would be a national one, and thac
he would throw aside the extremists on
the subject of slavery. That the contin
ued agitation on "the subject of slavery
would still be persisted in by demagogues
at the South and fanatics at the North
for their own vile purposes, cannot be
doubted. His administration must nec
essarily be hsmpered and embarrassed
by the majorities opposed to him in the
co-ordinate branches of the Government.
These majorities in the Senate and House
of Representatives ought, however, to
mv fnll aianrance to the South that noth
ing contrary to its constitutional rights
would be attempted.
Wa hava confidence in tne integrity
and talents of Mr. Lincoln to carry his
ArlminiatratioB successfully tbreogh. As
. Bnn.iiaTn rnnaervative. I desired, for
rxenha hfttnra expressed to you, the elec
;nnf.Tn(,n Rll. I denrecate at all
times the success of the Democratic party,
wba'dan'ttatria election of thecandi
data of the 8qnatter Sovereigns, or the
candidate of the Aemocraia aaa otA.--
sionists. . ., . , .
Mr. Lincoln's antecedenta (his being
an Old Line Whig and friend of my
father's) have reassured me, should he be
elected oar next President.
A man in love Ties very little need of
victuals. 8o if your landlady doesn t
give yon enoagh to eat, fall in love with
If petticoat govwraa-eat U notore
oppressive now than formerly, it u cer
tainly double in extent.
Tba rirara polling ta tka aaa,
Manaor tba rnoaic of tha free.
And aa they throb along their aamt,
Va aenad It heard ta cbima with chaiaa;
Aad where tha boaadleg billawt break.
They abont tba choral, UD-Awixa'.
W litre free wlndt iweea o'er UU aad plan.
Bawling tha norm acratt tba mam;
Wreaking tba foreit from tba aod,
Unfettered aa tha will of Gad
2fa gyvea reitriin lha wiegi thay .hake
Tba wind! aad waraa ibeut IVtoi-Awall!
Tba clonda "like bIpi'go iiiling by,
Tbrongh tba rait "apper deep" on high,
Aad at their helm a winged form.
Blewi tha loud trampet of the itorv;
So that tba Titei and meaataiai qaake,
IViin lipi of tame ibent WlBtvAwau!
Tba radiant atari In roaad bloa ikiei.
Watch ear the world with ileeplau ayaa;
Aad coold the mnne of tho ipheree
Ea heard an earth by mortal eart,
Tha raptarooi ttrain la joy wonld break,
Tba limy ikiei are 'W'lDt.AwiKn'."
From the New York Times.
Treatment of Kansas by the Adminis
Kansas has been as sedulously kept in
the back-ground during the Lincoln-Fusion
campaign as it was prominently
placed in the foreground during the last
Presidential straggle. In the present
campaign, qusstiens of more tremendous
import, affecting the integrity, if not the
existence, of free constitutional govern
ment, have entirely overborne the mur
murs of our hapless trans-Missounan sis
ter, whose faintest shriek formerly rever
berated throughout the republic. But the
political condition of Kansas at the pres
ent time, and during the put four years.
furnishes a very forcible comment on the
misconduct of the Administration. From
1856 till the present time Kansas has
been in a very chronic state of disaffec
tion towards it, as virulent as its causes
were outrageous. The feelings of her
settlers towards Mr. Buchanan are those
of positive personal hatred, and that, too,
of an intensity that could have been pro
duced only by long continued injustice.
They bear no resemblitace in their nature
to the disapproval of bis general policy
which ia so universal in tho Free States,
nor to the chagrin of his life-long friends
whom, when in power, he has forsaken
and maligned, nor even to the somewhat
intense enmity of the Forney and Saunders
type; they are more akin to the feeling
which Perio and his compatriots may be
supposed to entertain for Bumbalino,
than anvthine for which the history of
this country furnishes a parallel.
The arttcle in the current nnrnbor of
the Edinburgh Review, on tho Presiden
cy of Mr. Buchanan, says that "even in
the last year of his term of office, tha af
fairs of Kansas remain to ba settled, and
are still as doubtful and dangerous as ev
er." So far as any paoifying action on
the part of Mr. Buchanan is concsrned,
the reviewer is correct, but so far as the
question in dispute four years ago related
to the triumph of Freedom or Slavery in
the Territory, that has been unalterably
settled by quite another power than that
of the President, and in quite another
way from what he and hb faction antici
But, for his defeat by the squatters in
that contest, the President has hsd his
revenze. more overwhelming to them by
far than the wager of battle ; and terrible
indeed to many a poor pioneer has been
the vengeance which he has taken.
During tho turmoil and struggle of
1855-6. the rifle was more familiar to
the hands of the Kansas farmer than the
plow, and little was done by them except
to break up patches of land here and there,
on which they might raise enough corn
for their immediate necessities ; bnt 1857,
and a new Administration, opened cheer
fully upon the Territory ; tens of thous
ands of emigrants, rich at least in braw
ny arms, poured in, and the generouc
soil gave them responsive welcome;
while under the political control of Walk
er and Stanton, peace was everywhere
established. But the corn had not yet
sprouted, and peace had hardly begun to
bear fruit, when the President qu.rrelled
with Walker, and confusion once more
ran riot from the Kansas to Fort Scott ;
the border forays were reopened all over
the Southern Counties, ana tne oiooay
massacres of the Marais ds Cygnes and
th. .trturtrlaa of Montgomery and John
Brown almost opened up the prospect of
a war of extermination, aiore areaaea
by the squatter even than this, however,
a proclsmation from Washington an
nonnrd that all the lands in the Kicka-
nnn ami T-awnmnton Land Districts (com
prising nearly tho whole of the settled
....;. f ttu Territory were to he
forced in market, and sold to the highest
bidder, and each penniless pioneer was
thus compelled either to obtain $200, or
see the fruits of his labor devoured by
speculators. In 1858. the financial crash
of the previous year made itself felt with
crushing severity in Kansas, and proper
ty was depreciated to such an extent that
three-fourths of the loU in every town
and village were sold, to pay titeir taxes.
But still, during both this and the follow
;no. war. tha President ceaselessly distress
ed and drove away the aettlera by con-
tinned sales of their landa Deiore tney nsa
t.fianrlMi a male bushel of corn. And
now cornea 1860 with' ita nnparalelled
drouth, and concentratee ail tne miseriee
.r k ... in seuiaral famine: and now
too, in the very hour of their distress, it
:. ...MnMil that tha President has or
dered the aale. oa the Sd of aext moatb,
r .t.. tract known aa the "New York
acres, and on which are hundreds of half-,
starved settlers, while it is also stated
that the United States dragoons have,,
just on the verge of winter, driven off 74
families from the "Neutral Lands," and
bnrnsd down their cabins.
Had these lands all beon kept backr
from forced sale, aa the circumstance dt-'-manded
had the settlers been given time
to pay for them, as has been the rule in;
other new States and Territories had
Ksnsss been admitted to the Union, for'
which she has earnestly prayed thrice,
and hsd the customary grants of landa
been given for public works and railroads'
had the constituted authorities main
tained public peace and order gaunt
Famine would not have reared its head
to-day in that fair Territory, nor would'
her deserted cabins and fleeing people
furnish such a monument of desolation to
the misrule and imbecility of Mr. Buchan
an. Amid ths general joy that will per
vade the country next March at tha close
of his term of power, none will be sa
deep as that of Kansas; and no State in
the Union will hail with such rapture the
day of redemption in the election of the
great Western Pioneer as ths long suffer
ing and now dejected and famine stricken'
people whose cabins dot the mighty ex
panse between tha Missouri River and tha
Life Among ths
Ilow they Receive the JVftr of Ripub'
lican Triumphs, and Tali Ineendia'
rism Before their Segroes.
Fits Hugh Ludlow, the "Hasheesh'
Eater," has bsen visiting Florida, and
thns describes some of his experiencea in
the New York Commercial Advertiser.
Though not "news," the incident related'
below is apropos just now :
I recollect sitting one night at a tea
table in Jacksonville, when the newa of
tha election of Speaker Pennington had
just arrived. A mercurial Southern
friend of mine arose Irom lue seat drop
pine on hia plate the fragment of bacon
which he had just spearod and holding
hia knife and fork high in the air, called
all tha divinities to witnese, that should
the dissolution of the Union ever come
to pass (Southerners always put it hy
pothetical) and should tho North av
er attempt to keep tho South in the Un
ion by tho force of arms far even dare'
to try kicking her ont (either of these
is a favorite hypothesis south of Mason
and Dixon's line) and should he be too
old to walk to the scene of conflict ho
would crawl on his bands and knees to'
the banks ol the Potomac and mingle the
boundary waters with his and the hostile
blood. A thrill of horror ran around the
table at this terrible declaration, and the
hair of several Northern invalids stood
erect. But, for the Iifo of me, I
could not take the thing seriously. I
straightway draw a picture of my ven
erable friend, who weighed two hundred
and thirty odd pounds creeping on all
fours in a pair of new oassimere panta
loons by which he set great store, through
the six inches of mire which usually ac
cumulate on Virginia roads abeut the
season of a Presidential inauguration
with an old musket between his teeth,
aud a cold chunk of bacon in the com
missariat department of his regular to
make a compound of his Gary blood with
the Old Dominion mud and ditch-water.
In an instant his face relaxed; hia knife and
fork came down; he uttered a hearty haw-
haw, chorused by all the table and in a
minute more, was attending to the aban
doned baeon with as placid a soul aa if
Keitt had been the Speaker instead of
It is astonishing to see with whst sang'
froid the people of the South will talk
of the slavery question before their ne
groes. A recall one occasion upon wmen
our whole party in one oi tne soutnern
States had been discussing the subject of
Abolitionism in the presence of five or
six attendant slave waiters. The w'aole
question of a possible internecine war be
tween the Hortn. and tne boutn nsa Deea-
canvassed from beginning to end. One
yonng South Carolina planter had bees
particularly biooatniraiy in nis tnreau oi
vengeance npon the North. Should the
AbolitioniaU (another hypothesis yoa
see,) march down to take the city Charles
ton, be would arm, all his negroes, ha
said, and set them in the van of the de
fending force to do battle against their
The conversation being over and tha
company dispersed one of the waiters,
an old Charleston negro, called me ont
nf tha room in the pretense of having a
felon on hie finger examined by ae.
When we stood in the dark of tne negro
quarters, he whispered to me
"MaSSa 1 AJO litem AOOlluuunie aau
mean to come and help ns t"
"Don't talk about such things, Cstearl
No ! They ca7 come. They couldn't
help yon if they would."
"Well. Maaea I list tell yon what I
I'd like to see'm put gnna introurhanda
and set ns ahead to do the fightin i
DeyM find ont who. we'd fight' fori
Dey duren't pnt de gans into oar haade I
And an hour after I beard Ceaar'a
master say that he wonld trust "him with
his life 1
The Cirfciameti Prose thinks th Sosth'a
worst solution, for thaw troubles is dia-
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