I l.yri L. .. . ..
cK J ' ' twio. ' " . w" jwwi urn nf ;r - V8,- r?
ls)L. MILLER, EDITOR AND FUiLISIEB.
THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION.
TEBM8 IZ.H rEt ARIUS, II ABTilCB.
o a B
VOLUME IV. NUMBER"25.i -
WHITE CLOUD, KANSAS, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 27, I860.
WHOLE NUMBER, 181.
" . - J '
, ..-', jib-
Ok! Ik now, tk btestlfat ihw,
f '), a ty-UdtkcMitkUlawi ",
v;TTie bada f ik potpl yo moot.
klDBtSf BlOBf .
BmstlMaaow! ttcts it neihlif wroif;
Flylaf to kin a fair lady'a cbook;
CliaglBf to lipa la a frollaioiao fraak.
Boaatlrsl aaow from kaaraa abort,
?ar h aa aapl, aid flekl ai Ion!
, " CbulBf.
Il llfbta Ik faoa aid ll iparklai tko ajo;
. Aad Tta lia dop, wltk a kark ul a bocad,
o Saap at tk trrtult that addr arcnd.
T Iowa la allre, aad IU kaaK In a flow.
To wtlceH tk eomltf of fcaaBtlfal mow.
low lb wid otowd (ooi urajiaj alotf ,
ailing aab othtr wltk laagkttr aad ong!
Hw tk fay alodf oa hk motaora flaab br
Vrlfkt for a atoaoat, tkoa loit to tbo ajo.
Oaiblng tkoj (o,
Oror tkerrt f th kaaatifalaaaw:
Bbow as par whoa it filli from tk tj,
T b traaiplod la road bj tbo crowd raihtaf by;
To bo tranplod aad traiaod tj tko tboaiaada of foot,
" Tin ltbladi wltk tbo Sltk or tbo kombio atroot.
Oao T w poro aa tbo mow bot t foil:
Vol! Ilko tko taow flakoa froai koaroa to boll:
-Foil, to bo mmplod aa tha flltk oftbo atrott:
VTi, to b aeolTod, to bo aplt on, aad boat.
Droadlag to Jlo;
c lUnf mo tool to wkoooor would biji
Doallnf la ibaaio for a mortal of broad;
Hatlaf tko lirlof aad faarlof tbo doad
MoreUal God! ban I ral'aa to lowl
Aad jot I waaoacollkothltboautiralaaowl
Oaoo I wai fair at tko btantlfal aaow,
& TThb an oto IUo In critali, a boirt liko lia flow.
Ooeo I on lorod for raj laaoooat frace
vkatiarad aad aoofht for tbo obano of mr faoo.
, Cod,adn)rolIbaoloal by mj fall.
Tk oanatt wratck that fi abiroriaf by,
,Wia tak a wido iwmp, lat I wasdor too atf l
For all Ikat on or akoat mo, t know
YfcoaVa aatklaf tlial'f pur bot tbo boaattfal aaow.
Bow atraaf It ikoold bo, tkat tola koanUfal aaow
, kotll faU oa a alnaof with aowkoro to fl
ow ttraafO It woaU ko, wkoa tk nifht oaato ajala,
If tko aaow and tko loo attack ttj Aaaanai bcaial
To wlakad for pttjn, too woak foi my ojoaa
T ko koaid la tko craak rtk crazy towa.
a mad la tkIr jy at tbo anow'a coaiiaf dowa
Ta lto aad to dio la my tornblo woo,
-Wltk a bod aad a abroad of tha baaotlfnl anew!
c (From tk loaday MareBty.
D0E8TICZ8 CT THEPEJniSYLVA
c' B1A COAL KIBES.
Itn't it btrtly poiiibla that the iabjict
tit 'politics may b talked at a man until
lia baa really too much ; in faet, a com
plete enrfeit of Polly ? I think 1 may
.Minn fn huard an opinion that the
thing oan be done indeed, I will go far
lriar. ina I here ear. and I eay boldly.
that the thing hat been done ; and that
I myeelff in my individual identity, am
. mm in Tioint. I feel that I hare had
'o much of the affaire of State in thelait
f.'. wVa. th&t I don't think I eliould
mourn if I ne-er again heard mention
made of the little matter! of Diinnion.
filatery. Tariff. Nigger-driring. Major
?i'?M White Honee. Binht of Suffrage,
17.;. tor nnr Totinor abiiitT. vote for
Known. ScroffCfl. Hoffffl. HoRfe, Jogge,
nr nirn. or ur of the other multifari-
na kindred of election nnieancei, for the
term of about twenty-fire natural Htm
if T ahnnld have bo manT. and I don't
triinV T iha.ll. into a doaen or two.
Ho Uit week I elipped off the earee of
seineee, and elid away down into Penn
ylrania, to aee eome newly-aco,nirei
property. An old unele of mine named
Saett." had alto just elipped and elid he
had elipped from poverty, and into an
other and a better fortune. The old man
had been an oily old oore an adwpoie
aneient an nnctuona nnole a eebace
oie. alippery ewell aeoapy apecimen
fatty farorito of mine for many greaey
yean. He had rolled through the world
like huge bladder of lard, not to be
rSUreepectful to the eld gentlemen. I
Annld iuDDOe he would weigh about
ACVJ nnnnrla. Tint thara il no ffCttin? at
bie weight with any ehow of exactneee,
fethf alwaya slipe off the ecale platform
Um ria crate fairlv On. HOW the old
manhaa eontinued to keep np hie weight
while's-hea been bo poor, ie a mystery
to trie'; bat then he's the man who hae
mosopolbetl the goed-aatnre of the hnn
dredoreofellowa I kno w who haren
got any 'at all. and w all know that
good na.hr ran to fat.
Well, the old man got the oil ferer
terybody in Pennsylvania Ie nffenng
from thia year, and began to bore for oil.
He 'thought hie chance as good as any
Ikftdy'a, forhiacarmwaa called Butter
IfeuUws; it waa aiUiatei Mar Tallow-
4wat Pwmatam Bidge, about two
riiksj frost the Candle branch of Oil
Creek, Jrja above the North Bpermaoeti
Forks, xae oia man tnangnt na per
sired indications of oil, and as every
? there waa minins on his own is-
Jlvldial hook, aad help could -not be
aired, the 6Hy ancle eent for me to cobb
ad belB.hka work his olaim on shares.
Nothing loth, I started on my tear;
"pothing remarkable till we began to get
sear the oil district, whither we were go
ing by stage ; about forty miles- from
Tallowtown, tin driver got tbeJieary
anchors ready for action ; then, whenev
er we came' to a steep hill, instead of
patting on a brake, he would throw out
an anchor: if one didn't seem to be
aocgb, b wunl4 let. go another, and if
the exigencies or the case demanded it.
over wonld go another one or two. Ask
ed the reason, and was informed that the
oily nature of tbe soil made the road eo
slippery, that a brake would be of no
nia whatever. About ten miles farther
along, they pnt on a sharp-shod team,
took off the wheels and running gear,
and fitted on a est of runners. The idea
of sleighing, with the thermometer at
70 , and no more snow te be seen than
out-door violets at Christmas, was a cu
rious one but we did it. Skating in
mid-summer would be nothing to it.
Got to the farm of old uncle Suett ;
old man at the gate, standing in the mid
dle of a large greasa spot ; shook hands,
and at once found that my hand was
dripping with greats, as if every finger
was a tallow candle, and Id been warm
ing my hands before a blast-furnace; had
dinner ; the corned beef had been boiled
in oil, I should think, like a Christian
martyr, and each particular vegetable
had, evidently, been cooked in a partic
ular kind of grease each greaaier than
all the others ; began to think I had got
into tha oil region ; was sure of it when,
tbev having brought me a backet of wat
er for my wash stand, I bad to tear off a
strip of the towel and nie it lor a wick
to burn an inch and a half of oil off the
top of the water before I oould wash my
In the morning the old man showed
me his claim ; offered me half, and we
agreed to go right to work; he waa vary
enthusiastic, and told me that eome of
the neighbore in the vicinity had very
rich claims; he said that the man half a
mile to the north had o well that yielded
nine barrels a minute but this was
nothing to the man half a mile to the
eaat, who had two pumps going all tha
time, each one throwing a stream aa big
an your leg and this did not begin
to compare with the man a mile
and a quarter to, the south, who had
so much oil that he nsed to take
an oil bath every afternoon to make him
supple; and he conld already knock a
ehirj off the top of his head with his heel,
take a reef-knot in hie left arm, and fas
ten both legs around his neck in a doub
1 hnw-knot and this man'a claim wasn't
to be mentioned in the same day with
that of the Vermont Yankee two miles
ami of ns. who had been obliged to put
np machinery of 9.000 horse power, for
making barrels, Desiaes wmcu na au
three circular saws, a planing machine,
and a turning lathe, all getting power
from a single water-whsl, which was
driven by ft steady stream of oil that
came from his claim back on the moun
tain, and on sunshiny days, when the oil
wonld fir out of the. ground faster than
other times, he had to lose several thou
sand barrels every afternoon, that ran
over the water-gate.
I feared that eome one had hoaxed the
old gentleman; but we set to work nev
erthsless. We walked along the stream
till we found a place where the oil was
a think on the water that you could
grease your boots by wadiag through the
creek. Then we maraea on cioiui,
and began. In five days, I became dis
gusted and started off to proapaot, and
see the country. The result of my ob
eervation is as follows :
At ffrMiu Gulch, on the east fork of
v. riw.toit River. Smitrcters k Co. are
at work Smiggers and four sons. They
were splashing abont np to thsir kees in
a very fair article of train oil, worth
about 37 cents a gallon at minnera' prices.
Thaw air that this oil was vary good.
and they could mm -Tarj guou n.iuB
by barreling, if the barrels didn't cost so
mnr.hr thar can't afford to barrel train-oil
- ' . ,, . j i:-:
this year, and so they have to let it run
to waste though it is a fine article for
lubricating machinery. This is a fine ag
ricultural coantry, and pumpkins, by a
special graoe of Providenee, attain
most enormeus site. In the spring.
Smiggers and the boys are going to plant
97 acres of pumpkins, which, when hol
lowed out, will take the place of barrels.
Hooped with white-oak saplings, they do
very good service, imiggere tried this
dodge this year, but he picked his pump-a-ina
while thev were green and small.
f rhnm holdintr more than two
u.iia and a half: and before they got
, m.rVt more than two -thirds of them
warped and eplit. They hoped for better
luck next ssason.
Lard Xeral. lilobbs iirotnera ar.
having very good success here. .ight
feet from the surface, they etruck a vein
of first quality Cincinnati Jjaru, at rnin-,
14 cents a pound. They nave
ont 22 barrels a day for lour weeas; -
satisfied ; don't want to aell.
Pomatum Poini, on Soap Mtvtr.
Wiggins, wife, two girls, and a hired
ail 11 hML and times prosper
ous. 22 feet underground, they tapped
vain of winter-green hair-oil, which Is
-.iji: 11 Thaw alaa fOOUd B) ISW
VZat n'omatum. tad thi rein of
moustache cosmetio; not prolUbl. to
work-though the girlilim P""
- c anapimana of CTvWallSM po
ajbTJinaai UU bjw 7 -j.
Taatnm.and cosmetio in quart. Ars
hort of barrels, and Wiggins has bees
trying to agajiBX crs of Bmiggsrs
pimpkias. Old Bmig said : "Nary
J,nk. for loTjnor "J
IoTe,, gave Wiggins an ids-, ne seat
Mrs. W. to Bmiggsrs to offer the hand
of, Mies Labricatina Wiggins in exchange
for 10 acres of pumpkins, delivered at
Pomatum Point, Smiggers hesitated,
but finally agreed, on'oonditien that
Wiggins wonld give the girl a dowry of
200 barrels, of hair oil, aad Saul his own
pumpkins." Wig agreed, and the happy
pair are to be married when the pasap
kins are in blossom.
Talloitlotcn.Tho principal find of the
inhabitanti of this thriving city is in
Tallow. It is found at the depth of
about 200 feet, mixed with mica, brown
stone, and white marble. The process
of smslting tallow is interesting, but I
havsn't time to describe it. There is
generally about 73 per cent, 'of pure tal
low. A little sust is found eceasionally
in thin deposits, and some fine nuggets of
whale's blubber and red precipitate oint
ment have been discovered.
Soaptoton. Coggins St Co. are work
ing a very fine vein of fresh butter; this
valuable mineral is found in combination
with lard rock, dripping-stone, and red
hair grauite ; it is washed with a cradle
and long-torn, and in some instances
worked with a quartz-crasher and sluice
bonee ; Coggins, at six feet depth, tapped
a vein of croton oil os big as a gimlet ;
at thirteen feet, ha encountered a layer of
soft-soap ; at fourteen feet, he etruck a
vein of castor-oil, discharging a barrel an
hour ; at fourteen and a half feet, he fonnd
a valuable nuggst of Dalley'a Pain Ex
tractor, a email pocket of oil of cinna
mon, and a crevice thet yields ninety
hogshsads of pure epermaceti ; then, at
eighty two feet depth, they struck lard,
by whioh they knew that butter was
near, after cutting through six feet solid
leaf lard, they were rewarded by striking
Besides these flourishing mines, I heard
of a lake of salad oil up in the interior.
with several fast yatchts in it ; they tnea
a small steamboat on it, but had trouble
about getting water for the boilers ; hav
ing previously tried ealad oil, and finding
that it wouldn't make steam ; I met a
man who aaid ha waa in the habit of
ewimming every day in a perfumed pond
of liquid bear's grease, in Ducks county;
I myself saw a soap-grease bog, and a
hill.so.alippery with the rivulets, of oil
ooxingout, that a man might turn baek
hie coat-tails, sit down, and slide two
miles and a half down the side of tha
mountain without Motion snongh to make
his pantaloons need a pateh.
When I got baek to my uncle, I found
that the old man bad discovered a large
cavo, from the top of which, hung like
itntlactites, millions of mould candles,
six to tha ponnd. He also whispered
something abont having fonnd a deposit
of aausages, superimposed upon a strat
um of suet dumplings, but I don't believe
this till I ses it.
The only discontented man I've seen
in the country is a Michigander, who
struck a vein of salad-oil, and then was
down on his luck, because he couldn't
find some sort of a tree that bore ready
made glass bottles, with the corks in,
and irilt edge labels on.
Content aa I am with the eonntry, we
that is uncle and I could atill be m
,tnMl to nart with our elaim, for money
down, for we have both seen enough of
this slippery country to be willing to
Tbe old man says, if it will be any In
ducement to any one to buy, he'll swear
to a lot more things, and among other
trifles, that he'e just discovered a fountain
of sweet cream.
Unctuously. Dobstickb, P. D.
Goiso Baci. Among the Statee
which South Carolina proposes to take
with her ont of the Union, ie Texas; bnt
that 8tate, before taking the final step,
will remember the position she was in
during the years 1839-40,. when she had
declared her independence of Mexico, but
not yet admitted to the united oiaiss.
was a State bv herself, a "lone star,"
bnt in the most deplorable condition.
Rhn had to maintain her own customs,
her own army, her own navy, and her
nwn hnnndarv-Hne commissioners. Her
finances ware in terrible disorder. Gen
eral Hamilton, her agent abroad, procur
ed the recognition of her independence,
but could not raise a ducat on her ac
count. -The navy was soon laid np in
ordinary, the army reduced to a handful
of men without pay. and tbe taxation be
came most oppressive. A few American
and English vessels traded in her ports,
but commerce waa languishing and pro
duction stagnant. Texae waa glad, at
,i.. ..-Kaat nnnortunitv. t eecape from
her aolttary wretchedness, and take ahel
ter in the nurturing arms of the Union.
t M ha tha same with South Caro-
i: :f y,mr avtatinir aeinsioa ouuaiu uo
1. """ - ... , , . .1 u v.
carried into practical effeet. X. T. Evf
A Good 0x. uioomnein proine.
Scatt County, III., is a strong Democra
t; !.,. There are about 70 Democrats
and 3.Repablicans. The judges in that
precinct, at the late election, were all
Democrata. Two Democratio clerka
. annotated, and neither of them conld
write. Two more were appointed, and
they, too, wew unable to write. At this
juncture oi ana, " """ - "S
l)emocrat, known as "Timber Jtns,"
weatsbo-ting through the crowd, "U
there a'ry Republican here?" His Dem
ocratio frienda desired to know what he
wanted of a Republican. " Why," said
Jim, " d n it all, I wand to find some
body that can wiU, so that we can go
t with this dtctfro." qvkasWtt?(7??.)
Tk artada an fclowlaf wUtatly'
Leaaly o'at tk aaidalfkt bob,
Frotoa aall aad ley nut
Sklrar la tb Hortbora blut !
Wild bird to tioli reck-BMU Soo,
For tk wlnlr ar atowtaf wtatarly!
-' -?". -" j
O'or tk moor tk oottor atriiaa
nrtniac aaow kit patkway klooa;
Etara koop urabliBf la aal nt,
Aa tboofk too cld I look aboall
Glad ball aoo bia owa roof tr
For tko wind ar blowlof wtatarly!
y tk f lb cotur'i daa
Bit, yat oearcoly foola tko flat,;
Oftan loaka ak fram tk door,
Foarlaf tad tkat dUnal aoor,
Aad wooplaf for kor aon at aaa
For tko wlada aro kowlinf wlatarly!
ARTEMTJS WARD VISITS
It Is now'goin on 2 (tool yeres, as I
very well remember, since 1 crossed the
Planes for Kalifornia, the Brite land of
Gold. While crossin the Planes all so
bold, I fell in with sum noble red men of
the forest (N. B. This is rote Sarcasticnl.
Injins is Fir in, wherever found.) which
thay sed I was their Brother, it wintid
for to smoke the Calomel Artsmus means
calumet of Peace with me. Thay then
stole my j'erkt beef, blankiu, etsettery,
akalpt my organ grinder & Soooted with
a Wild Hoop. Durin the OheaTa techin
speech he sed he ahood meet me in tbe
Happy Huntin Grounds. If hednx thar
will be a fits. But ennff of this ere.
Beven Xocsi Mutton, as oar skoolmaaUr,
who has got Talsnt into bim, eussycally
I arrove at Salt Lake in doo time. At
Camp Scott thara was a lot of U. 8. sol
jers, hosstensibly sent out there to smash
the Mormins, but really to eat Salt Tit
tles & play poker & other beautiful but
snmwhat onsartin games. I got acquaint
ed with sum of the officers. Thay Ieokt
putty Bcrnmpshus in their Bloo coata
with brsis buttings onto urn & ware very
talented drinkers, but so fur aa fitia is
eonsarned, Ida willinly put my wax fig
gers agin the hull party.
Jay desire was to exniDit my grate
show in Salt Lake City, so I called on
Brigham Yung, the grate mognll amung
the Mormins. and axed-hta Mrtaishan to
pitch my tent and onfurl my banner to
the jentle breexis. lis Ieokt at mo in a
ansteer manner for a few minita & sed
"Do you bleere in Solomon, Saint
Paul, the immaculateness of the Mormin
Church and the Latter-day Revelashona?1
Ses I, "Ime on it!" I make it a pint
to git along plaaunt, tho I didn't know
what under the Son the old feller was
drivin at. He sad I mite show.
"Yon air a marrid man. Mister Ynng,
I bleeve t" sex I, preparia to rite him
snm free parsis.
"Very much," says he; "I hev eighty
wives. Mister Ward. I sertinly am mar
rid." "How do yon like it aa fur aa you hev
got?" sed I.
He eed "middlin," and axed me
wouldn't I liko to see his famerly, to
which I replied that I wouldn't mind
minglin with tha fair Seek dt Barskin in
the winnin smiles of his interestin wives.
He aecordinly tnk me to his Hair-nm.
The house is powerful big, & in an ex-
ceedin large room was his wives ana
children, which lent was squawkin and
hollarin ennff to take the roof rite orf the
house. The wimia was of all sues and
ages. Sum was pretty & sum waa plane
sum was helthv & snm was on ins
Wayne whieh is verses, tho sich was
nnt mr intenshnns. aa I don't 'prove of
puttin verses in Proze ritins, tho ef oc
cashun requires I can Jark a Poim ekal
to any of them Atlantie Munthly fellers.
"My wives. Mister Ward," sed Ynng.
"Your servant, inarms," sed I, aa I
sot down in a cheer which a red-heded
female brawt ma.
"Besides these wives you see here,
Mister Ward." sed Yung, "I hev eighty
more in varis parts of thia , konseorated
land whioh air Sealed to me."
"Which?" eez I, gittin np & Btarein
at hira all round. i
"Sealed, Sir. seeled."
"Where bowts V sex I.
"I eed. Sir, that they waa sealed?
He epoke in a traggerdy voice.
w in tney prooiy commas on m
atile to anv crate extent. Sir?" I axed.
"Sir." aad he. tnram aa red ae a oubq
beet, "don't you know that the rnlee of
our Chnrch is that I, the Profit, may hev
aa many wives as I wants?"
"Jeeso." I sed. "Yon air old pie.
"Them aa ie Sealed to me that is to
say, to be mine when I wanta am airet
present my eperretoonl wives," sed Mister-Yung.
"Long may they wave !" sex I. seem I
shoed git into a scrape ef I didn't look
-In a privit cenversashun with Brigbam
I lernt tha follerin fax: It takee him six
weeks to kiss his wives. He don't do it
only onct a yere, efc sea it is wnes nor
niaantn a hnnaa. Ha don't pretend to
know his children, there is eo many of
urn, tho they all know hiss. H ees
ationt awarw child ba meata Calls him Pv,
TT-V. ..- ... tr:.
be takes it tor grantia uw . .
wivia'air Tery expenair. They allars
want suthin, A ef he don't giv it to nm
thay sat tbe bosse in a uproar, am a
fits amung theirselves so much that hs
haabilta itin room for there spaehnl
benefit, dc whan too of nm git into a row
ha has nm turned Iooas into that place,
wharatbsdHpootw Battled aeeardia to
to miss or IBS uoiaon prize nng
timss thay abuse hiaeelf indlvideoally.
Thay hev pulled the most of his hair out
by the roots, fe he wares meny a horrible
scar upon his body, inflicted with mop
handles, broom sticks, d: sieh. Oeca
ahunly thay git mad & scald him with
bQin hot water. When he got eny waze
CTankr: thar a abut him np in a dark
closit, prsrisry spankin him arter the stile
of mnthers when there orfsprings git on
ruly. Sumtimss when ha want in swim
min, they'd go to the banks of tbs Lake
St steal all bia close, thereby compeiiin
him to sneek home by a sirooetins rowt,
drest in the Skanderlne stils of ths Greek
Slaiv. "I find that the keen of a marrid
life way bevy onto me." sed the Profit,
'& sumtimss I wish Ide remaned aingel."
I left the Profit, and etartid for the tar
vera where I pnt np to. On my way I
was overtnk by a large krowd of Mor
mins. which thay surrowndid me Sz statid
that thay was going into the Show free.
"Wall," eez I, "ef I find a Individoonl
who is goin round lettin folks into his
show free, Ho let yon know."
" We've bad a Itevelashnn biddin ns
go into A. Ward'a Show without payln
nothin I" thay ahowtid.
" Yes." hollered a lot of fameilo Mor-
minesses, eoazin me by the cots talee fe
swiagin me rownd very rapid, "we're all
goin in fro I Bo ses the Revelaahun 1"
" What's Ultl Havelaabun got to no
with my Show ?" eez I, gittin pntty rl
ley. "Tell Mister Rovelashnn." sed I.
drawin myself np to say fnll hite, fc look
in rownd upon the ornery krowd with a
nrowd St defiant mean, "tell Mister Rev-
erlashnn to mind his own blsniss, sabjsck
only to the Konstitushun of tbo united
" Oh. now. let us in. that's a sweet
man," sed eeveral femailee, puttin there
arma rownd me in lnvin stile. " Becum
1 of ns. Becum a Preest, St hev wives
Sealed to von."
'Not a Sel!" sea I. atartln back in
horror at tho idee.
"Oh, stay, Sir, stay," sed a tall, gawnt
femaile, ore whoos hod 37 summers mnst
hev parsed, "stay, & He be your Jentle
" Net ef I know it, yon won't," eea I.
"Awa, yon skanderlne' emallo, awa 1"
Go St ba a Nunnery 1" That's what I
ssd, jes so.
"St I." sed a fat, chunky femaile, who
mnst hev wade mora than too hnndred
lbs.. " I will be vonr aweet gidin Star I"
Seal. "He bet too dollars dc a half
yon won't 1" Where ear I may Rosas,
Hs still be troo 2 thee, oh, Betsy Jane I
N. B. Betsy Jane is my wife's Sir
" wutist tbon not tarry near m sue
Promist Land ?" ssd several of tho mis-
" He see vou all easenshally snssed be
4 I wiltist !" roared I, aa mad aa I cood
be at there infernnl nonconta. I gtrdid
up my Lions & fled tho Seen. I packt
op my duds St left Salt Lake, which is a
2d Boddnm St Germorrer, inhabitid by
aa thaavin St onnrineipnld a sst of rstchis
aa avar irawd Breth in en v spot on the
Globe. Abtbmus Ward.
Ba Annas of Sooth Cakouwa Patbi-
otisu n thi Ambmoai Rbvoujtioi, II-
UJ8TBATBD BY HlSTOBT. It IS hOpSd
that South Carolina will respond as jai
riotically to ths present call for rasn and
arms as she did in fas war of '76. Ths
following will show South Carolina in
its present light. The Boston Transcript
thus sums np certain well known histori
cal facts : ...
Tha "Colonial" Flag, we read of in
the newspapore, waa "hailed with intense
enthusiasm in Charleston." W do not
doubt this faot the "Colonial Flag"
waa alwaya popular m South Uarolina,
and during the American Revolution,
that State, with a Northern army to ae
eist her, could not even preserve her cap
ital from falling into the hande of the
British. The iababitanta of Charleston,
.. a hrM nraferred to return to their al
legiance to the British Crown, rather than
n -M Honaral T.iacoln to Oave it. DO
rr.r.aral wu the defection of the patriotic
oause, and so many of the people of South
Carolina bowed their necke anew to "Co
lonial" vassalage, that Sir Henry Clin
in considered hia triumph complete, and
eommnnicated to the British Ministry
tho intelligence that the whole State bad
yielded eabmiasion to ths Royal army,
and had become again a part of the Brit
Soon after the fall of Charleston, and
when the disaffection to tbe American
canse was so general, two hnndred and
ten persons, who styled themeelvee to be
the "principal lnnaoiiame . m mw .-j.
signed an addreee to Sir Hsnry Clinton,
in which they stated they had every m
jnmni tn ra.tnrn to their allegiance.
and ardently hoped to bo admitted to the
character and condition of British eub-
. n aallarl
iects. The uontineniai vongiwaa E..t.u
upon rjoutn vjeroiiua to t,a ....
Jr,,?nw tha Revolutionary war. She sup
plied only 8,660, or . thounnd Itu
than her quota oi woopa.
The Toledo Times (DmoeraMo) givee
the following odvic to the Hsa. Uw
renceM.KiU: ' . .
"Rave, tsar, fret and foam, KU, aad
than blow yanr brains oct."
An orthodox critio says ef Graora
Sand, Tory nnjuatly: "Wkst- ska w
Boat wonderfully potfisal bar works,
ska is almost immortal."
Tt (a an UterwatlM fact, that BO USlSSBl
tstarnshsTB been raetivad fram B
Carolina. Thsy haT I ooen wunneia
THE raiT TALL OF -NOV.
ax jahes auaaaXL tonxLL.
Tk aaow had kfu la Ik gloaalaf ,
Ab bail! all tkaalfht. ,
Bad tot koaalaf tk Said aad atbay
Wltk a alloac dp aal wtij.
" t,t ory plao, aad St aad aoalock.
Won orattao to ! fbr aa owl:
Aal tk poorwl twlf oa tk aim traa
Waa rlffod laek &p wltk paarl.
Tram akada now roafod wltk Carrara,
Ca chaaUdaart mslUod araw;
Tko atiffrallt wato aoftoaaj to awaa'i dawa
Aad atill Ssltarad dowa tba taow.
1 tkoBfkt af a maaal Is awaol Aabsra.
Wkaro a littlo koaditoBO ttod;
Bow tb Saka wara foldiaf It f aally,
Aa did rablaa tb latti In tha wood
Up ipok osr llitlo ktabal,
Saylof, "Fatbor, wko oakea it '"
Aad 1 tald kar of tk fool All f a:ar,
TVko daik oat for aa ba'aw
Afala I kekad at tba laaw lk.1,
Aad tkoBfkl oftbo Iradaa iky
That aribad o'ar aar rt groat aarnw,
Whaa tkat moon J waa boapad kij'i
1 ramambor tka f radaal paUac.o
That fall from tbat (load Ma taaw;
Flako by f.ako hoallaf aad kldlaf
Tha acar af lia daap-itakbad waa
Aad fala u tk aklU I wblipirad,
"Tka aaow that tltliath all.
Darllnf, tho morolfal Faikar
Alaoa cas oak It fall r
Tbaa wltk oyaa tbat tavr aol, I tint kor;
Aad ako, kmiaf baak, aeald sat kaow
That my ktta waa glraa to bar alitor,
Foldad clot aadot tk daap'aiaf maw
Dbscoiptio os His Pexsoial Apkab
Atca A SnoaT BioaaAPHT'ox Him.
Bostox, Nov. 27. 1860.
James Montgomery, whose recent op
eration in Kansas are now attracting
considerable attention, was here last
Summsr, and I saw something of him.
In person he is tall and straight, of spare
but highly nervons organiaation. and
with a step aa elastio as an Indian s.
Judging by tbe pictures of Col. Fre
mont, I ehould eay that he and Mont
cromarv rasamhla aarh othar strikingly
in their physical characteristics. Mont
gomery ie a vary different man from
John Brown. Brown, in company, sat
apart, avidently possessed by an idea,
and determined to iulhll bia mission in
tha world at all hasards. Montgomery
sat at the table and ate his dinnsr liko
other people, giving yon tho impression
that ho waa a brave, frank, open-hearted.
sincere and honest man, who wonld do
hia duty, bnt wonld cautiously consult
bis friends, and try to adopt tne sen
mesne of reaching the result desired.
Brown depended upon hie despotic will ;
Montgomery evidently relies upon ths
influence of common sense, of which ho
possesses a great deal, tojexert Its proper
eway over hie associates, i nave ooiain
ed some particulars of hia history. Hs
waa horn in Ashtabala County, Ohio,
but emieratad to Kentucky whan ho
was 15 yeara old. Ho at first nndertook
the nrofession of a eehool teacher, and
also learned the carpenter's trade. By
joint brain-work and hand-work ha soon
acquired a competency, ai an osriy
age ha married a Kentucky girl, ef high
Iv resnectable family, with whom he liv
ed four yeara. She died, leaving no
children. Boon after thia he lost all bis
property by a heavy freshet, whioh car
ried off his mill-dam which ha had be-
rrnn fn hnild. He nOW WAS obligsd tO
begin life anew wife and property were
gone, bnt tho cool head and strong hands
remained. After awhile he married
again. Hie eeeond wife waa a young
girl of the neighborhood, uneducated,
and of eimple manners. She has be
come the mother of eeven, children, the
eldest of whom is a stout girl of sixUsn.
During hsr husband'a absence npon his
nnmarons exnedltione. to defend his own
hnmn and those of hie neighbors, she
provides for the family. At one time,
when thev were destitute of provisions,
she waded throngh tho enow to the woods,
and with her ana oroeured game enough
for the support of the household until
After eeveral years of hard work in
Kentucky, Montgomery, being obliged
to compete with elave labor at en a qbj,
found himself unable to improve hie con
dition ; eo he resolved to remove to Mis
souri. Belling all bie property except
hie cbeet of toole, he. with hie own and
wife'a family, want to Cincinnati, and
there took passage fer St. Louis.
He had only 1.50 in bia pocket when
he arrived there. Failing to obtain em
ployment, ho pledged bia chest of tools
to the captain of a Miasonri boat for a
passage up tho river, and on arrival re
qaeeted the captain to take such tools ae
ho preferred for payment, But the offer
waa declined, the captain generously tell
ing him that he would wait for tbe mon-
mer and bv teaching school in Winter.
In ths Snmmer of 1855 hs proceeded to
Lawrence, intending to prs-smpt a heme-
teed for himself in Kansas, lis was
disappointed to Gad moat oi tha beat
CiaiBU OCCapia bw aaw . -
search aoothward to Idas, where he
bought tba claims of two Pro-Slavery
men who had become tired and dsairoaa
cgattingbaektoMiaioari. and stf wars
wiUfog to sell a earnest any price. Ha
finished thek oakta, aad, returning to
WfW-rwIforhTssilT. swdartsd thfm
ey antil hff conld conveaienity py
Montgomery atopped in Missonri;a year,
annnortin himself by bis trads in Snm-
t their new home. He then went back
to Miasonri for a time, in order to com
plete a contract for work, and returned
ia the Spring with 200. the frnit of hie
Winter's work. A gentleman who vis
ited hira not long ago says that hia farm
is the best hs saw in Kansas. It consists
of 240 acres, a large part of whioh has
been placed under cnltivation by himself
and his boys. He ia a good judge of cat
tle, and tak- much pleasure in pointing
onttlieir fine points, and he delights to'
I anticipate and describe the improvements
which he intends to make when quieter
times and a greater degree of prosperity
i shall give bim tha means.
Montgomery's experience in Kentucky
and Missouri had convinced him of the
bad office of Slavery, and upon leavlag
Miasouri lie bscanie thoroughly Anti
SIavry in hia opinions. Therefor, al-
j though he remained quistly on his farm.
he soon became a prominent mark for
Border Ruffian malice. Several attempts,
were made to assassinate him, and on
ene occasion, being set upon by three
men, he narrowly escaped their bullets
by biding all day in the timber oa tbe
creek. Finding hia home the most dan
gerous place he onuld remain in, he took
op arms, and, collecting a few of hia
neighbors, commenced reprisals on hie
assailants. His exploit from 1856 to
1859 are mattsre of history, and I will
not andertaka lo racapitnlate them. Tbe
most readable and trustworthy account
of them may be found in a volume writ
ten by William P. Tomlinson. entitled.
"Kansas in 1858." Tbe events or 185S
were followed by pacification, under the
anapieees of Gov. Denver and Montgom
ery, and an era of good foaling existed
for a considerable time. Judge Will
iams and Montgomery took part togeth
er in a celebration in honor of the restor
ation of peace, and Moatgomery'a oper
ations were generally regarded, even by
his enemies, ae justified by tho stats of
the coantry and the neceesities ef the
Free State ssttlsrs.
Hnmora of the Bnroh Cms "Gta
Wad Poker" "Muggins," 4o., eke.
An allusion waa made a day or two
since in the reading of a deposition, to
some games at the house of Mrs. Boyd
on Hallowe'en. Among tho games was
tbat of picking raisins from a dish, filled
with horning epirite. Some objection
waa offered in the reading of this portion
of tha depositions, during ths disposition
of which ths Court inquired if Mr. Caul
field, who waa reading tha deposition.
waa present at ths time. "No," said
Oaulfield, "if I had been there, I should
have been mors likely to. have got the
spirits than tbs raisins."
The testimony of Mr. Wa. A Marshy
was ths subject, also, of much merriment.
Tha mysteries of "Gan Wad Poker"
wsrs explained to tho Court and Jury,
in answer to a question by Mr. Van Ar
man. Witness said that aaoh "gnu-wad"
represented livs cents, two ef them ten
oeats, three of them fifteen cents, and
thus progressing In sn arthmetioal auo
cession, when Van Arman crustily inter
rupted him, eaying : "Well, air, I think,
I can easily comprehend that. Go on."
Tha witnees, upon being aakad if the
room 140, Tremont House, wu need for
gambling purposes, he said he didn't ssll
it so, but hs noticed whsa the game waa
through, that the man who had tho most
gun wade had to foot tha bills. Upon far
ther questioning u to the time for eom
meneing the game, tho witness deposed
that they generally got about it as eooa-
The same witness sllndod to ths gams
ef "Muggins" aa being often played at
these social gatherings atthe"Tremoat"
Ae tbie game ia not well known ta tha
pnblie, a deeoriptioa of its mysteries.,
aad a disquisition upon tbs introduction."
of tha game to Chieego, may not prove'
uninteresting. A pack of carda ie dealt
ont to any number of persone, an arbi
trary card being left in tho centra of the'
tabls. Tho first player to tho left than
takes ths first card from hia hand, aad
if it ia a sequence in number to ths oard
in tae centre, places it were; u not,
placea it in a separate pile by hie side.
Each player doee likewise. Any player
who neglects to place hie sequence upon
tho centre or eide piles, or makes any
mistake whatever, Ie at once saluted by
tho whole company, amid shouts ana
laughter, ee "muggins," and receiving
from each an additional card. Tho las
player having earda in his hand ia salu
ted ea the "grand muggins," andstande
all ths neeeesary eppropriations incum
bent npon hie new position.
Abont tba introduction of this game
to 'Chicago, there is and probably alwaya
will be a dispute. Some writers attrib
ute it to Gil. Davidson ef Albany, aad
others to John Broogham, the well known
comedian. Which of the twain did in
troduce it, will probably forever remain
a myetery, ae hidden ea the sources of
the Nile or the riddle of tho Bphynx.
Ths probabilities sre. hewsrsr, in favor
Ths Prince of Wolee correepondeat of
tho London Times, ssys that Amerioan
hotels ars. as much tbs Admiration ef
travallero aa English hotels ars their
Mrs. Jamas K. Polk baa prBSsaial to
tka Tsnaeesea Historical Soolstr a por
trait, by Hosisy. of hsr late dtstisgaiNM
Why ia Colonel Fremont's, fortune
like Josi of Ara ? Beeaois it's Mads of
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