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" ItL. MILLER, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER.
THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION.
TERMS tt. FEB ANNUM, IN ADVANCE.
yOLUME IV. NUMBER 27, j
WHITE CLOUD, KANSAS THURSDAY, JANUARY 10, 1861.
, v ,
WHOLE NUMBER, 183.
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- D IATX OTJ KOBLE ITHIOH.
JUS MX -J. ' . .
or d. clat rKEust. ." ,
It came to oi threngh darkness, ,
v ft It rime to ns through blood;
TFU It tbone ont hkt the "Promise
.& ' OfGod"npo th Bool.
" i 1: it beacon it hat tarred
t.j, ,s With tree, naerring flimt,
And eatt a blaze of glory
Upon ear nation's name!
iiirM) 'Vi Cod tare oar noble Union!
Tarai left m by oar fathers.
Those sonlt of priceless wor.h
-The noblest types of manhood
That erer walked the etrth.
Twai boaght with fearfal ttreggles,
Of sacrifice tablime.
And ttands a rrood reemento
For all Ibe rominr time!
Cod tare oar noble Uaioa!
Oar land a watte nf aatcre.
Where beast and taTiijre stnyed:
Iti wealth of lakei and Titers
Unlocked bj key of trade;
Then son-like rote the Union
A terror to onr foet
And k)! th!i"waileornatere"
- Jlew "blossoms at the rete!"
Goi tare oar noble Union!
' Where etrili lay hid for aje
la deep primeral ploom,
, tlebold a konndleit gtrden
A continent in bloom'
With Iron bandt of rtilroadt,
'J Certrle tonpet of wire,
r Andeaeriet wilhia ntt
Which time shall nerer lire!
Ood taee oar noble Union!
8t now upon onr beaernt
Are tijras of romine tiormt;
And dark, eoholy pasiions
I'nfolJ their liidrnnt forms.
The brieeit hearts aaiun; ns
Are filled nilh dnnht tin A frtr.
While sonad of horrid dicorJ
Are jriia on oar e-r!
God are emr noble Cnion!
U a '
ie i i
,. Tke hallowed (! that bore ns
, 5o proudly thron-h the wari,
It utere a nana woaui terrr
" Its suteriooietfbirj
Great God! can we to blindly
, Cast all Thy iiiftt away J
Or throbt there in tbit nation
O-ae heart that Kill not prey
"Cod tare onr noble Caion!"
c Ciittearlen'8 Compromise.
t . Mr. Crittewlen explained a resolution
Hh intended to offer. It would practi-
callj.re tdblisli tho Missonri Gorapro-
. raise ; declares Congreks shall not inter
"Un with slavery in tho States ; provide
for .the faithful performance of the fugi
'tiv slave law, kc. Ho said we were in
troablous timen, which required eoncili
tion,nd aacrifica bj every lover of the
Union; calm reflection wasnecpssary.
If this mighty experiment bo overthrown,
L it will be the greatest shock ever received
by civilization worse than the French
''revolution. Snppone the Southern States
come and ask to go ont, and ask for a
tfair division, would the North refuse?
Wonld it not gie them all they now
- have ? Is it then mere partyspirit that
tfircveut. giving them nil they would get ?
By establishing the lino ha proposed,
.what would they gain by refusal ? noth
ing hut all the fatal consequences of Dis
In view of these mighty confeqnencen
tand great ovcntB, is it not better to settle
it on the Missouri Compromise line ?
The people were satMied with that for
r thirty years, and would be satisfied with
-it again. It was his ssttled conviction
t that unless something is done, we wonld
.tie a separated and divided people in less
.than six months. Is not this the cheap
fit price to, pa for union? Some peo
.pl (reri not' afraid ; but so sure as he
stood there, Dinnion would follow unless
'something was done, and he feared it
would swallow old Kentucky as true a
State as yet exists in the Union. He
thWht the North sught to bo satisfied,
... D..Oir. t - .i.:..t .u. rp :.
ma oouiu nas ouiy oua tuiru mo a. cm
When ws come to make a peace-
orTerinflr." db wo measure carefully and
'count every "cent ? It Tis a glorious sac
'rifies of party to savo the Union a'Un
:io'which has cost much sacrifice. Wash
frVion said Providence hslpsd them. Is
45iis great work to bs dashed in pieces ?
-The) prssent trouble was tne resmi oi a
long controversy, and weliave now come
io a1 place where the preservatioii of the
iMot&try demands the sacrifice of party.
ci The highest duty of the Senate is to
.preserve the Constitution and the Gov-
-tKBJBtrnt, and hand it down to posterity.
,We are in a position where history will
record oar actions. When we saw the
discord sad danger we showed a bitter
-nartir snirit. and a jrreat country was ru-
IntA - and to. the amazement of all the
-world the trreat Republic has fallen, and
pur .names go down with a stigmft npon
hem. He wished to God it was in his
power to save, the Union by giving up his
Bnea UIUIUH. uc nuuiu iuiho oi
W'onein the Sonth bent on revolution.
S. 'Ht 3idf not believe in such madness.
TK cohTd fpeak for his own Sute. Old
Ksitricky will be satisfied with his rem
idT.1 antl-ttand by the Union and die by
s'Htf closed with 'a strong appeal to save
tti koBOT'of the' flag, and said he hoped
lint 'Mel wonld be the case. - Ho then of
'tTbwress? alarming dissensions bare
ifiitiri'oetween the Northern ana boutn
rn Stsletn-'to'tbt rights of the com
raon Territory of the United States, and
it is eminently desirons and proper that
the dissensions be settled by Constitution
al provisions which give eqnal justice to
all sections, and thereby restore peace ;
Resolved. Thafhv the Senate" and
House of Representative's the following
article be proponed and submitted as an
amendment to the'Conatitntion, which
shall be valid as pait of the Constitntion
when ratified by the conventions of three
fourths of the State.
1st. In all the territory now or hereaf
ter acquired north of latitude 36 deg.
80 min. slavery or involuntary servitude,
except for the punishment of crime, is
prohibited ; while in all the territory
south of that line, slavery is hereby rec
ognized as existing, and shall not be in
terfered with by Congress, hut shall be
protected as property by all departments
of the Territorial Government during its
continuance. All the territory north or
south of said line, within Mich bounda
ries as Congret. may prcicribe, whpn it
contains a population necessary for n
member of Congress, with a republic n
form of government, shall be admitted
into the Union on nn rqnality with the
original Stntes, uith or without slavery,
as the Constitution of the State shall pro
scribe. 2d. Congress shall have no power to
abolish slavery in the States permitting
3d. Congress shall have no power to
abolish slavery in the District of Colum
bia while it remains in Virginia or Mary
land, or either ; nor shall Congress at
any time prohibit the officers of the Gov.
eminent or members of Congress whose
duties require them tq live in the District
of Columbia, bunging their slaves there
and holding them as such.
4th. Congress chnll have no power to
hinder the transportation of slaves from
one State to another, whether by land,
navigable rivers or sea.
5'h. Congress .shall have power by law
to pay nny ownpr who shall apply, the
full value for a fugitive in all cases where
the Marshal is prevented from discharg
ing his dnty by force or rescue made af
ter arresr. In all such cases the owner
sImII have" power to"6oe the county in
which the violence or rescno was made,
and the county shall have the right to
sue the individuals who committed the
wrong in the same manner as the owner
Gth. No future amendment or amend
ments shall affect the preceeding articles ;
and Congress shall never have power to
interfere with slavery within the States
where it is permitted.
The last resolution declares that the
Southern States have a right to the faith
ful execntion of the laws for the recovery
of slaves ; and such laws ought not to
be repealed or modified so as to impair
their efficiency. All Jaws in contlict with
the fugitive slave law, it shall not be
deemed improper for Congress to ask
The fugitive slave law onght to be so
altered as to make the fee of the Com
missioner equal, whether ho decided for
or against tho claimant ; and the clause
authorizing the p-rson holding the war
rant to summon a ponsea comitatns, to
be so as to restrict him to cases where vi
olence or rescue is attempted.
The laws for the suppression of the
African slave trade ought to be effectual
PonnuiT or South Carolina. We
ropy the following from Niles' Weekly
Register, of September i9th, 1832, when
Sonth Carolini ami Georgia w ere a
their old tricks :
' One would think that Sonth Caroli
na had redeemed all the rest of the States
from the dominion of England, in the
Revolution instead of being resciiod by
the valor of the people of other State.
The whole free population of South Car
olina and Georgia was only 184,000 in
1779. perhaps hardly 140.000 in 1776,
and Delaware sent more soldiers into the
regular army for general service than
both of the lend talking 'States, and out
of her own limits. Delaware had more
regulars killed in battlo than both out of
theirs. Neither had a man to spare.
Georgia was weak, because of the dis
persed condition of her small population,
and nearly one-half of the inhabitants of
Sonth Carolina were rank tories; and
besides, there was another enemy within
that required close watching. These peo
ple mu.t think that the history of the
Revolntion is already lost
" The reference of these people to the
principles of Jefferson, is happily illus
trated in one of their acts South Caro
lina hiving voted six-and thirty times
to make Aaron Burr President of the
Every word of the foregoing is appli
cable to Sonth Carolina to-day, with the
addition that, carrying ont her Federal
spirit, she voted in 1860 for John C.
Breckinridge, who, like Aaron Burr, was
Last Yeah ajtd This. The Louisville
Journal says: Last year, when the Uni
ted States marines captured John Brown
and his fellow traitors, who had seized
the United States Arsenal at Harper's
Ferry, there were no objections raised to
the employment of Federal troops. Now
the United. States Arsenal at Charleston
is in possession of private citizens, and
Fort MonI trie is threatened with attack,
U is nrzed that it wonld be tyranny and
despotism to tend Federal troops for
Debate on the Adoption ofthejieces
.sion .Ordinance. - '
Mr. Ingolls reported the following or
dinance ; , '
We, the people of South Carolina, in
Convention' assembled, do declare and
ordain that the ordinance adopfedibros,
in Uis-Convention of thet 23d of May,
1788, whereby the Constitntion of the'
United States was ratified, and all acts
and parts of acts of the General Assem
bly of the State, ratifying amendments
to the said constitntion, are hereby re
pealed, and the nnion now subsiding be
tween South Carolina and other States,
nndei the name of the United States of
America, is hereby dissolved.
In the debate on the adoption of the
ordinance, Mr. McGrath said what you
have done to day has extinguished the
authority of every man in South Caroli
na deriving his authority from the Gen
et al Government. I am in favor of this
body making such provisional arrange
ments as may be necessary in the interval
which exists between this moment and
the time the Lcgiidntare may act. I am
not, however, to bo implicated in the idea
that there is no lawful authority within
the limits of the State except the Gene
Mr. Gregg thought all the laws of
Congress should fall instantly to the
Mr. Cheever said an immeno chasm
had to be made in the Ijws. It it neeet
sary to avoid th$ inconvenitnet to the peo
pit, and we must make temporary ar
rangements to carry on the government.
Mr. Hayne The Congress of the
United States is no longer onr govern
nirnt. It will be for our Legislature to
say what laws of the United States shall
be rontinqed anil what not.
Mr. Miles We have to deal with
stem facts ami realities. We mtut pre
vent confusion, anarchy and derangement
of our government affairs. Things must
for the present remain in statu quo or con
fusion will arise.
Mr. Hayne thought sudden action in
Mr. Chestnut e must reviviiy sucii
laws as are best to preserve us from ca
lamities. Mr.'Mnzyk thought the present postal
system a nuisance ; he thonght the pub
lic wonld be better served by private par
ties. Mr. Calhoun We have pulled the
templo down which-has been built three
quarters of a centnry. We must clear
the rubbish away and construct another.
We arehoutelets and homeless, and must
secure ourselves from storms.
Mr. Dnnkin If that ordinance is
passed, Tilings will go on in the Custom
House and Post Office exactly as now,
until other arrangements are raado by
There is a rnmor in town, apparently
derived from responsible sources at Wash
ington, to the effect that President Buck
anan is insane ! This is probably not
true, though in view'of his conrse through
the last six eventfnl weeks, the confirma
tion of th report wonld afford no reason
for astonishment. More lamentable im
becility, or more deliberate treachery,
was never seen. At every step he has
contributed to the disruption of the Re
public; and if, asMr. Cobbdeclared, he
shall prove to be the last President of the
existing Union, it will bo duo to either
his own weakness or wickedness quite as
much as to any other cause. Let him be
pronounced a lunatic, and he may stand
at the bar of history relieved of a crime
with scarce an equal in the records of hu
man frailty and depravity.
But. whatever be tho truth as regards
Mr." Buchanan, ths miserable collapse of
his Administration cannot be disguised
or disnnted. Howell Cobb, after secretly
consninnz aeainat the Government of
whose executive arm he was a member,
and a sworn servant, goesliome to pro
mote in public the treason he has long
plotted in private, leaving in rain and
confusion the Treasury, which he receiv-
ed overflowing with abundance. Jacob
Thompson. Secretary of the Interior,
openly avows that ho regards the call of
Mississippi as more imperative ttian his
duty to tho Union, and yet the President
of the United States keeps him in office I
The Secretary of War, having'prevented
the re enforcement of Fort .Moultrie sixty
days sgo, when it wonld have excited no
attention, still persists in exposing the
handful of men there to sudden d est mo
tion by an overwhelming force, ss if in
the hope thst the shedding of their blood
will unite all the Slave States in a war of
disunion. Gen Cass, the oldest and most
respected of the Democratic statesmen
who lived in the dsys when there was a
Democratic party, revolts at this deliber
ate treason, and refuses any longer to be
implicated in such an administration.-
With his resignation the last vestige of
dignity and ot true patriotism seems to
have left the Executive, and it wonld be
a relief to the country and wonld allevi
ate Mr. Uucnanan s own reputation in
the future, if he could now be proved to
be insane. -A err York Trumiu.
It is proposed to repeal the present
Personal Liberty Laws, and adopt the
Virginia Act, which, is represented as
perfect It guarantees the right of trial
by jury where the question of -Freedom
is concerned. Wonld that satisfy the
.When the panic 'came in '57, we
thonght it A-Loss, bat now in '60 it
tarns up A-Gsin. Vanity Fair.
LIBERTY. AID TJBI01T.
.BY RALTU WALDO EMERSO.V.
O, tenderly the baefbty day
Fills W blae tn'witb' art;
One mornlrla Ibe mirwiy beaten,
?y '?"''" " Sr- -
The eaaacm bwaeHutS tana to towe,
Oerpaltes are not less; ""
The joy-bells chime tbeir tldiaft down,
Whitn children's roicee bless.
For Ho that flent; tho broad blae fold ,
O'er niaaUInf land, and sea,
One-thirl part orthe'say naroDed
For the banner or the free. .
The men are ripe of Salon kind
To build an eqnal state;
To lake the nature from the tniad,
Aid make of dnty fate.
United States! the ajei plead
rretent and Past, in nnder ionf
Go, pot yocr creed into yonr deed,
Kor tpeak with doable leope.
For sea and land don't andentand,
Jfor tkies, withoot a frown.
See rights for which the one hand fifats,
Dy the other cloren dowa.
Be jait at home: then reach beyond
Yonr charer o'er the sea,
And make the broad Atlantic poad
A ferry of Uie frte.
And heachforlh, there thall be no chain,
Bate anderneelh the sea, .
The wires shall mnrmat tliroafh the maia.
Sweet ten's of Ltiirrr.
The centciont ttan accord abort,
The watert wild below.
And nnder, thronxh the cable ware.
Her aery errand) o.
Far He ihlt worketh high and wise.
Nor paaseth in lit plan,
Wilt take. the ton oat of the tkiet,
Ere freedom ont of man.
The President's Hypocrisy Denounced.
Many, strangely enough", felt something
like indignation when it was announced
that the President would proclaim re fast.
Notlhat humiliation-and prayer are nn-
snited to any human circumstances ; on
the contrary, the more needful, when
mischance or misconduct even our own
has brought calamity npon ns. But
when a pilot has drifted npon dangers
which he has not the. skill to foresee or
avoid, and, withthtit making an effort to
weather them, points the ship ashore, in
vites wreck, throws np the helm, and
then falls to invoking the powers above,
every courageous soul crios, oharae !
God helps those who help themselves.
There are no records of miracles on be
half of the sluggard, though the diligent
may always discern a divine hand work
ing with his own.
We will not closely criticise the terms
of the proclamation, which, if it had
not seemed like an apology for imbecility,
would have commanded a wide and spon
taneous respect. Although the President
assumes that his vascillating and ineffi
cient conrse was right ; although he com
plains that "the wisest counsels of our
best and purest men are entirely disre
garded ;" and although he bespeaks
prayer, not that we may be endowed with
wisdom and strength to know and deiend
the right, bnt that we may "yield a just
submission to tho unforeseen exigencies
with which we are no r surrounded;" yet
we can fully nnite in the petition that "ths
Omnipotent arm may bbvb ns from the
awful effects of our own crime and follies
our ingratitnde and guilt toward our
Heavenly Father." With the assump
tion like that of Mayor Wood in his
thanksgiving proclamation that the De
ity is on onr side.'and that we have only
to pray to be confirmed in our own de
vices, we have nothing to do. Let the
people heed the proclamation they need
not adopt its fanlts and by all means
remember, when the inefficiency of our
federal head suggests indignation for a
functionless piety, that this very fsct is
ss much controlled and overruled by Di
vine Providence as the circumstances to
which it seems so inappropriate. New
CoKCtssiOK. P. and W. met on
Main street the other day, jast after a
fresh batch of "Crisis" news had come
in and says P.,
" I have-been studying hard to think
what concessions we can make to the
Sonth, more than we have already made.
We have conceded everything demanded,
and evervthinr imaginable. We have
granted all they have asked of ns politi
cally, and, as social compromises, we
have sent them preachers to tar and feath
er we have shipped them 'scnoolmarms
to insult-and even to imprison we have
in fact I don't know what we conld
do for them, that we have not done, and
"Bnt I have thonght of one more con
cession I suppose we might make," ssys
"And what 'is that?" anxiously de
"Ton observed the item in this morn
ing's psper, that they barreled np an Ab
olitionist and rolled him into the Miss
issippi river down there' the other day?"
. "Yes well V
"Well, if thatthing.is to be continued,
it will cost them considerable for' cooper
age. Don't yon think we ought to make
one more concession, just for the sake of
fraternal peace, and furish them the
bsrrels?" Xenia Snot.
The receipts in the South Carolina
Customhouse, at theu highest average,
have been abont 8150,000 per annum.'
The average expenses have bees over
70,000. leaving an excess in favor of
the United States of abont 980,000
South Carolina Ordinance of Secession.'
An Ordinance to repeal an Ordinance
patstd tn Convention on the 23d . of
. May. H88.
Wrerkas, The 'Constitntion of the
United States was adopted in order to
form, amore perfect Union, establish
jnstice, .insure domestic tranquillity, pro
vide for the common defence, promote the
general welfare, and secure the blessings
of liberty to ourselves and our posterity;
And whereas, It has ceased to effect
any one of these objects, it is now the
interest and duty of Sonth Carolina to
repeal the acts by which she entered into
Therefore, we, the people of the State
of Sonth Carolina, in convention assem
bled, do dcclaro and ordain, snd it is
hereby declared -and ordained, that the
ordinance passsd by ns in convention, on
the 23d or May, 1788. whereby the Con
stitntion of ths United States of Ameri
ca was ratified : and also, all acts and
parts of acts of the General Assembly of
this State ratifying amendments of tho
said Constitution ; and also, the words
"and of the United States," contained in
the fourth article of the Constitntion of
this State, and in the amendment thereto,
ratified on the 6th day of December, 18
34 ; and also, all acts 'of the Congress of
the United States, and nil acts and parts
of acts of the General Assembly of this
State, made in conformity with and to
carry out the said Centitntionof the Uni
ted States and of the amendments there
to, be and the same are hereby repealed,
abrogated, abolished and made nnll and
void, and not binding npon this State, its
officers and citizens.
And lit it further ordaintd. That the
Governor of this state do appoint an
agent to negotiate with the Federal Gov
ernment of the United States for the ret
rocession of all places inthisStste which
have been heretofore ceded to the United
States for ths erection of forts, maga
zines, arsenals, dockyards, and other pur
poses, and for the rendition thereof ; and
for the rendition of any other property
to which this State is entitled, and the
General Assembly of this State shall fix
and provide a suitable compensation for
the services of 6aid agent. w
'And beTTfufttfeF orrfSiaftfTrhat" the
second article of the Constitution of this
State be, and it is hereby amended, by ad
ding thereto a 14th section, as follows :
Section 14. The Governor shall have
the power, by and with the consent and
advice of the Senate, to make treaties and
appoint embassadors and consnls, and all
other officers of this State, whose ap
pointments are not herein otherwise pro
vided for, and which shall be established
by law. And he shall have power to fill
all vaeancies that may 'happen during
the recess of ths Senate, by granting com
missions, which shall expire at the end
of the next session, neshall receive em
bassadors and all public ministers,-and
shall commission all officers of State.
And be it further ordaintd. That the
General Assembly of this State shall
forthwith elect two. delegates, who, to
gcther with the delegation now commis
sioned to represent the people of this
State in the House of Beprcsentativcs of
the Congress of the United States, shall
go to Atlanta, in the Commonwealth of
Georgia, or to any other place in which
they may be invited by the delegates of
other States desiring to form a new Un
ion Confederscy with this Common
wealth, and there form with them a Con
gress ; and shall then and there propose
to said Congress to adopt as a tempora
ry form of Government "The Articles of
Confederation" adopted by thirteen States
on the 8th of July, 1778. except the first
article, and the "style" therein mention
ed, wherever it afterward ocenrs, and the
4th section of the sixth article, and so
much of the ninth and tenth articles as
require the "assent" and "consent" of
nine States, and ths eleventh article, sa
ving the first sentence thereof.
Andbt ilfurthtr ordaintd. That if the
said Congress shall declino the said prop
osition, the said delegates shall be, and
they are hereby authorized, to agree no
on any other form of Provisional Gov
ernment npon which a majority of the
said Congress shall unite ; the same to
be submitted to the ratification of this
convention. And the General Assembly
of this State shall fix and provide a sui
table compensation for the expenses of
the delegates from this Commonwealth.
And be it further ordained. That the
General Assembly of this Common
wealth shall forthwith enact all such laws,
and take all such measures as may be
necessary 'to carry into effect this ordi
nance, and secure the welfare and safety
of the Commonwealth of South Caro
A Habd Hit at'Sooth tiABOLA.
The Louisville Democrat says : -
We do not see how Kentucisns can
have any sympathy with South Carolina.
He papers assert that Kentucky can
hardly be considered a slave State. Her
legislature forbids a Eentnckian from go
ing with his slaves into her border. She
exhibits for Kentucky and the border
States contempt and derision. We trust
that Kentucky will be enally indifferent
to her. Let ns strive to get her rights in
the Union. If she fails, let her act inde-
nondantlr. and not be dragged after
Sonth Carolina throngb.mnd.and mire,
like a tin-kettle to a mangy car's tail.
A naner nnblfsned in 'Stoekbridge,
Mass., in the year 1800, states thartbJ
librarv of a latelT deceased clergyman
sold for 3, and the liquors in his.cellar
How Winter hat coaae, withitt coM, chilling breath,
And (be eerdara baa dropped from tho treet;
All antare teens leeehed by tho (lager edeatb,
Aai the streams are hegianlng to freeae.
Tbea wanton yon eg lada o'er t We ntera caa slide.
And Flora atteade at a aaan
tVhaa ia plenty jeo lit by a geti Eta-aMe r
Thea't the time to remember rha poor.
When the coM feathered mow shall ia plenty descen J,
And whiten the prospect around
When the keen catting wieJt from the north shall attend.
Hard chilling and freezlag tho ground
When the poor robin redtreait approaches yonr cot,
And the icicles hang at the door
When ia health yon enjoy eterythlag that it good
Can yon gramble to think of the poor
When Iba poor harmless hare may bo traced to the wooJ,
Ily her footttept indtntel fa snow
When the lips and the fitj-ri are starting with blood
When the mtrkinton a rock tbootin; go
When the hills and the dales are ail eo? errd with white,
And the ritrri coageal to the tVre
When the bright twinkling star shall proclaim a cold night
Sore yon oo-ht to remember the poor.
When a thaw shall easne, and the waters Increase,
And fie risen ailinsolent grow
When the fishes from prison obtain a release-
When in dinger the travellers go
When the meadom are hid by the proud swelling Cood,
And the bridges are nsefel no more
When its fiienda yoa enjoy everything that is good
TLen ratntmbcr the state of the poor.
Stand Firm Be True.
We feel indignant, sometimes.
we hear timid Republicans counseling an
abandonment, in part, of Republitsn
ground. We are asking for nothing
that is not clearly right. We have dons
nothing wrong we have nothing to
spologize for nothing to take bsck, as
a party. We have fought a hard battle
we have come ont of it victorious, and
shall we now call back the routed, flying
enemy, and basely snrrender all that we
have gained? Never 1 Let us stand
Arm as the eternal hills npon the Repub
lican Platform, and "turn this govern
ment back into the channel in which the
framers of the Constitntion originally
piacea it." borne there are who are
counseling Mr. Lincoln to take into his
cabinet two or three gentlemen who do
not agree with him politioally. They
do not know the man. On the 17th of
Jnne, 1858, in a speech delivered in this
"CtiyS Mr-Lincoln a.idl-
"Our cause, then, mnst be entrusted to.
and conducted by, ill oxen undoubted
friends those whose hsnds are free.
whose hearts sro in the work who do
cart for the result. Two y ears ago the
Republicans of the nation mustered over
thirteen hundred thousand strong. We
did this under the single impulse of re
sistance to a common danger, with every
external circumstance against us. Of
strange, discordant, and even hostilo de
ments, we gathered from the fonr winds,
and formed and fought the battle through,
nnder the constant, hot fire of a disciplin
ed, prosd and pampered enemy. Did
wt brave all then to falter now f now,
when that enemy is wavering, dissevered
nnd beligerent ? The result is not doubt
ful. Wo shsll not fail if wk stavd
rinv, tit thall not fail. Wise counsels
may accelerate, or mistakes delay it, bnt,
sooner or later, the victory is sure to
The victory hat come brilliant, glo
rious, overwhelming. Mr. Lincoln, him
self, led the triumphant host. The peo
have entrusted their canse to him, know
ing "his hands to he freo" his "heart
fn the work," and that he doet "care for
the result." Will he entrust it now,
think von, to those who are not "its own
undoubted friends?" Will he call
around him a hostile cabinet, and reward
with office and honor the very men whom
the people have repudiated ? We do
not speak as one clothed with authority,
but we are satisfied that he will do no
such thing. - Abraham Lincoln naver be
trayed a trust never violated a promise
never deceived a friend and now,
when a free and mighty people have
crowned him with the highest honor of
earth, we do not think he will begin thst
work. He will carry ont the policy of
the Republican party and the two mil
lions of freemen composing thst party
ahonld rally aronod him ohoer and sus
tain him. Let there be no wavering, no
faltering now no treacherous council
no base surrender of principle. Let there
be justice, moderation, prudence, but un
flinching firmness. We have undertaken,
in the language of Mr. Lincoln, to "turn
this Government bsck into tbe channel
in which the framers of tbe Constitution
originally placed it." Let ns do it.
Springfield (111.) Journal.
The Washington correspondent of the
Philadelphia American says of the safety
of the Treasury:
Mr. Cobb's patent is considsred safer
than Hobbs' great toe, now nistory
ill embalm the iiinstnons names ot
Hobbs and Coobl It is supposed that
our lata Secretary has designs on the ex
chequer of Geergia. After breakinf tbe
Treasury here he has now started on a
mission to break np the union, uive
him fnll swing for ninety days over the
finances ot tbe projected confederacy, and
the name of disanion willnever be beard
Tun Yicx-PnxsiDmrr Elbct. A. gen
tleman with a'Jarge frame, inclined to
portliness,. with, a complextion dingy ma
Corwin's. and thin iron-grey hair. His
features are heavy bnt regular, and bis
voice set npon a sharp key. He is grave
in bis deportment, and yon wonia say, a
man of reflective habits,- distinguished
rather :far strong common liese than for
those higher qualities of mind which
The Position of Col. Davis.
"In his speech herothe other evening.
Col. Davis uttered the following glorioos
" "If Mississippi, in her sovereign-cs-pacity,
decides to submit to the rule of
an arrogant and sectional North,. then I
will sit me down as one npon whose brow
the brand of infamy and degradation has
boon written, and bear my portion of the
bitter trial. But if, on tho other hand,
Mississippi decides to iesist the hands
that would tarnish the bright star which
represents her on the national flag, then
I will come at your bidding, whether by
day or by night, and pluck that star
from the galaxy, and place it upon a
banner of its own. I will plant it upon
the crest of battle, and gathering around
me the nucleus of Mississippi's best and
bravest, will welcome the invador'to the
harveutof death; and future generations
will point to a small hillock npon our
border, which will tell the reception which
the invader met npon onr soil.' "
How any freo born Jlisissippian can
read the above inflated specimen of ego
tism and bombast, without feeling con
tempt for its author, or a total loss of
sslf-respect, we cannot imagine. Who
is Col. Davis, tint speaks of "plucking
a star" from tho National galaxy, and
placing it upon a "banner of its own ?"
Who made him a King or an Autocrat,
that he dare speak with so mnch self
sufficient effrontery? Is he the whole
State of Mississippi; is all its valor, and
are all its men embodied in his single
arm, that he can pluck np nations by the
roots, and plant them whtre he will 1
Can vanity and ogotism, and self-laudation
and assumption possibly go further?
"1" will come at yonr bidding. "1"
will pluck the star of Mississippi from
the National Flag. "1" will place it
upon a banner of its own. "1" will plant
it npon the crest of battle. "I" will
draw around "Me" the nuclous of Mis
sissippi's best and bravest. "I" will
welcome the invader to the harvest of
death ! Such are some of ths wonderful
things which "I, me, and myself," alias
Col. Jefferson Davis, means to do. "I"
am the huge Colossus that bestrides this
narrow globe, and as for the rest of the
irupiv, pottyr rara," let tkoMwaitc be
tween my legs. Col. Davis is n respect
able member of the United States Senate,
a good officer, a prudent and brave sol
dier; but wheu ho allows his rampant
self-esteem and vanity to run away with
his judgment, nnd to utter such huge
swelling words of self-assumption and
self-superiority, he must disgust all in
dependent and manly thinkers of nil par
ties or creeds. Thank God, Mississippi
has not yet sunk so low thst she has to
rely alone on the right arm of Col. Da
vis to assert and maintain her rights
when violated. Sho has many a son as
capable as he to defend her in the conncil
hall, and strike for her on "the psrilons
edge of battle," who would be ashamed
to exhibit nny boastful rhodomontade of
what he expected or intended to do.
We should havo been inclined to let
this piece of vain-glorying pass into tho
contempt it deserves, had it been the
mero effusion of a fervid imagination,
thrown out in tho heat of a fiery extem
poraneous harangue, nrging ths people
to the ovei throw of the Govarnment of
their fathers. But Wo understand it is
a staple commodity; part and parcel of
tho accustomed speech; msde repestedly,
conned carefully, delivered majestically ;
and being the only paragraph published
out of his set speech of two hours, and
being published as "Col. Davis's Posi
tion," it is his deliberate opinion of him
self and of what ho is expected to do. It
only shows, how inordiate vanity, opera
ting upon a moderate intellect, flattered
by past successes, may induce its posses
sor to the ntterance of the most inflated
self-laudation. Vicksburg (Mitt.) Whig:
Bccbasak akd Jacksox. " Look on
thit picture, and then on thit." The
Boston Urantcript compares Mr. Jincnan
an's soft-sosping reply to Mr. Cobb's
resignation with Jackson's language to a
Sonth Carolina member in 1830, who'
called to take leave. On retireing, he'
asked Jackson if he had any commends
for his friends in thst quarter.
"Yes, I have," replied the General r
"please give my compliments to my
friends in your Stste. snd say to them
that if a single drop of blood be shed"
there in opposition to the laws of tho
United States. J tall hang the first nan
I can lay my hands on engaged in such
tressonable conduct, npon the first tree I
Stautatiov ik Athsti. The Atlan
ta Locomotive of Saturday says :
"Never before have there been as many
laborers thrown ont of employment in
Atlanta as at this time. Most of' thst
carpenters are idle, (tbe improvements
having all been diseoBtinned,) aad many
of them have largsf families depending
upon them for brd. and they can get
no work. There is, indeed, a great deal
of suffering among the laboring classes
in our midst, and we think something
should be done for them, such as work
ing tbe streets, orsomething of tbe kind,
in order that they may make a little
money to bny bread for their families.''
Exit South Cabolwa. South Caro
lina having quit tho Union in a buff, her
sister States should say to her as Hamlet
said, to Polonius : "Thon wretched,
rash, SKtding fool, farewell I"
It is not permitted by law for a parent
to bury an anbsptized child in England
with religious ceremonies.
i ' I, iiiit iiiitTm rm i