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fL. MILLER, EDITOR AMD PUBLISHER. I
THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION.
VOLUME IV. NUMBER- 2b. J
i TERMS $?. PER mUtt, W 1DTASCK.
WHITE CLODD,,JQUJSlS,r THURSDAY, JANUARY Y), 1861.
STARS OF XT COUNTRY'S SKY.
BT LYDIA H. SIGOURNEr.
Art y all tfcerc 1 An all lhrtf
Start ofray conBtrj's tkyl
A y !" tbtral jffrs ye all trr,
Is yoar ibEsiaf bomr on hifkl
Cocnt as! Count ns!" wai tbtir an van,
Ai they 412x14 on my ritw,
la floriom perihelion
Avid tfitirfialdt of bin.
I tan not count yt rightly,
Tbtrtt a clond with a laMt rimj
I cannot makt yoar namaer oat.
For ny tyt i with tear art din.
Oh! bright and bWsiad angel !
Oft white wng floating by.
Help tot to eoont, aad not to mil
Oat stir in mycoantrj' iky!
Then the angel toochM mint eye-lid,
And tooehd the forming clond,
And It table rim diiptrted.
And it fled with roarky ihrond.
There wai no mining Pleiad
'Mid all that ititer race;
The Foathera crott hoe radiaat fortfc,
And the tVe star kept itt alaoa.
So f knew it vat the angel
rVho woke the hymning itrain,
Tbtt at oar dear Redeemer birth
Poard oat o'er OethUhem'i plain.
And ttiU itt heafcaly key stoat
My likening emintry held.
For all hr constellated star
The diapason iwcllM.
THE WINTER RIGHTS.
Iflho winds blow,
And the snow snovr.
And tho fire snap pite.
Love it alive on a Winter night!
IThes the stars glisten,
listen! O, listen!
(f the world be white.
Ho! there Is fa a on a Water night!
T.t the wind 6oir then.
Let the snow then,
Aad the wnrld wax white;'
And spaed the right on n IVintrr night!
No. 1. The murder of Broderick, "'be
cinse be opposed a wicked administration
and tlie extension of lavery."'
2. The destruction of the "Free South"
(niwipaper) in Kentucky, became it op
poied the exteasioo of Slavery.
3. Arresting Dr. Breed, of Wiudiing
ton City, ud placing him under fire
thousand dollars bonds, for stating thai
be was opposed to the extension of Slave
4. The whipping, tarring and feather
ing of an Irinh mechanic at Charleston,
South Carolina, for saying that it was
digraceful for a white man to work be
side a nogro.
5. The expulsion of a colony of whit
men and women from Madison county.
Kentucky, for giving it as their opinion
that Kentucky would be more prosperous
6. Breaking np a Methodist Confer
ence in Bonham, in Texas, because they
fstred that they would proclaim liberty
throughout the land to all the inhabitants
7. The defeat of a bill in the Missouri
Legislature for the charter of a Methodist
University, because the Methodist Church
prophibits the traffic in human flesh in
8. Gov. Black's veto of a bill passed
by the Nebraska Territorial Legislature,
abolishing Slavery in the Territory.
9. Gov. Medary'a veto of the bill abol
ishing slavery in the Territory of Kansas.
This is a great Democratic victory. The
people don't want slavery, bnt a Locofoco
Governor says they mnst have it the
Booth demands it.
10. Pouring thousands of doll era' into
Connecticut previous to the late elections;
with the hope of bribing the State to r.
pndiate the principles of freedom ,-nd to
id in the propagation of slavery and ne
11. -Taking np the candidate of the
Know Nothings and conservatives for
Governor of Rhode Island, securing his
election by Federal patronage and cor
"jption, and then olaiming the result as
"great Democratic victory."
8obody "Sold" at Last. George
Iw. (says the Savannah Republican.)
has at last succeeded in working off' his
worthlHs old muskets on soft enstomer.
The State of Alabama is the victim of
the "sell," Md ;t tMmi Georgi,, only ea
"Pjd the humbug., bj the skin of. her
We take the' following with re
grd tothe purchase, from theMontgom
7 Mail: ,"
t 0D'j "r to t,'te..in-refercnceitb
the objectionable purchase'of George Law
ooikets, that the Governorlearns. from
Sgnt of the State, C6I. 'J. Powell)
H there was. strong -competition 'for
,ne gani, an(i;th'at the.prieewas thus
"" P on Alabama. It is" nnde retood
"t Col. Cooper, of Geotgi goffered 1 5
Pece for the lot, after they wero pur
? a ' If onr Gorg; f"d cohtinne
will 1st them have them ai eoH. t-Indeedi
behsve he has authoriMdJtheialet of
goes aa soonas possible." - j j
iniS1?0?- M-Xorton.: thelitest and
g iwUnguishea,scionof the gifted
BWM ,,w""tIn8 Tbe9 Lives of the
, The "Eeetion f lB25?r., ;
Since the beginning of onr government
iTfJnJwo elections of President
ortnetTnited State. ISfWrBSSSffot Hep
re8entat-ve.7:Mtv Jeffetwm-wtirso elect
Mr. Jeneraon was alerted on the-one
hundred and thirty sixth ballot, after an
exciting struggle of aix days and aix
nights. The incidents of this election led
to" a' change in the Constitution of the
United States in regard to the mode of
electing, President and the adoption, by
amendment, of the present plan, by which
the President and Vice President are voted
for separately, and in caae ofa non-alec
tion by the electoral. college, the House
chooses a President from the three high
est on ioe usi oi candidates for the several
Under this mode there has been bnt
one failure to elect by the collezes. which
took- place atthe election of 1824. when
there were fonr candidates for the Preai
depcy dividing the popular vote so that
neither got.a majority of the electors.
The system of nominationa then in
vogue was by a caucus of the members of
Congress belonging to each party. The
last nomination by that mode was in the
canvass ,,of 1824. The regular nominee
of thacancus was Wo. H. Cra.vford, of
Georgia, Secretary of the Treasury in the
Cabinet of President' Monroe. Mr. Cal
houn. Secretary of War in the, same cabi
net, had been originally a candidate, but
was withdrawn at a late stage in the can
vasa by his friends in Pennsylvania, and
his supporters generally coalesced with
those of Gen. Jnrkson. He accepted the
nomination tor v ice t'resiitent, and was
elected, on both the leading tickets. John
Qiiincy Adams, Secretary of State in the
Monroe cabinet, was rnn mainly in the
Eastern States, and Gen. Jackson in the
Southwest and South.
Mr. Clay, then in the height of his pop
ularity, as Speaker of the House of Rep
resentatives, was the fourth candidate. The
Congressional caucus' which nominated
Mr. Crawford was bnt thinly attended.
The "odious" caucus system was the
main topic of attack by all the other can
didates against Mr. Crawford, who nn
happily 'at this time, fell into a critical
state of health, from an attack of paraly-
WHOLE NUMBER, 184.
The result of the canvass was the fol
lowing vote in the electoral college, the
whole number of votes being 261 :
For Gen. Jackson. 99.
For Mr. Adams, 84.
For Mr. Crawford, 41.
For Mr. Clay, 37.
There was no choice by electors. The
three highest candidates were, Jackson,
99: Adams, 84: Crawford. 41.
Mr. Clay was shut out by five votes,
and this was effected by Louisiana. Mr.
Clay expected the whole. vote of the
State, which would have given him 42
and excluded Mr. Carwford. Bnt the
friends of Jackson and Adams combined
in the Legislature, by which the electors
were then chosen, and divided the vote
between them, viz., two for Jackson, and
three for' Adams.
Had Mr. Clay received that vote, and
been a candidate himself, instead of hav
ing to select for himself and" friends be
tween rivals, bow different might' have
been his own. fortunes, and perhaps the
whole political history of the country.
On the official announcement of the
votos of the electoral colleges, and the
failuie, to olect, the House proceeded to
the election of a President.
It was effected on the flrst ballot. The
canvassing ant the discussions naa an
been done in the interval. The support
o'f'Mr: Clay and his leading friends was
given to Mr. Adams; and it took scarce
ly atf hour to. consummate' an election,
which produced a great; ' excitement
throughout the cotiritryy and wis made
the immediate topic of great and in
creasing.p.olitical excitement whiclttlirew
all past parties into a chaos, out of which
at last emerged two which for nearly forty
years contended for supremacy in" the
nion. . . T
Mr. Adams was elected;by the Honse.
having received 13 S.tateii: Gen. Jackson
received 7 States; ana" Mr.'Crawford 4
the number of :Sta'tes being'then"24.""-
The election was madetwijthout delay,
bnt history lells ns'tha't there'was a nar
row escape, at several points, from fa'
nre to elect, and the chanceofa failure of
Mr. Adams-tobe"elecreilat-all. ,
who Mafor'Ahaerton 1m, and What
c ""Major Anderson4 is now'abont fifty-six
years am, and w,as(j born in Kentucky,
.State,- and. Kradaating'with tfistinctionfon
Jone 30, 1825. The. record of his mili
tary service shows that he was promoted
to a first lieotenancy in "1833, and made
captain by, brevet in 1838, . for gallantry
and successful strategy in" the war against
the Florida Indians. r In the same year
he was appointed Assistant Adjutant
General, with the rank of captain; the cap
taincy itself not coming until, the October
of 1841, and his present rank of Major
oniy reaching hira last year.
Major Anderson has also performed a
large amount of the staff duty incident
to the service of a few years "since, and
before it was made distinct from duty in
the line. He acted aa. Assistant Inspec
tor ot tne Illinois volunteers, serving
with Abraham Lincoln in. the -Black
Hawk Warorib32. He was.Assistant
Instructor, and Instructor of Artillery- at
the Military Academy in the years 1835
-8-7, and was Aide-de Camp to Major
General, 8cott in 1838.
During the Mexican war, the Major en
dured all the labors and dangers of the
campaign, being severely wounded in the
assault on the enemy's works at 'Molino
del Rey, and receiving brevet majority
"for gallant and meritorious conduct in
that action." Major Anderson has also
received fronTthe Government" man v evi
dences of its trust and confidence other
than those bestowed by the War Depart
His ltst service, previous to his takinz
command of Fort Moultrie, was as a
member of the commission, ordered last
summer by Congress, to inquire into the
manner of instruction at the West Point
Military Aeademy. The labors of that
commission, in which Major Anderson
performed his part, have already been laid
In physique, the Major is about five
feet nine inches in height ; .bis figure is
well set and soldierly ; his Hair is, thin
and tnrning.to iron gray ; his complex
ion. swarthy ; his eye dark- and intelli
gent; his noso prominent and well form
ed. A stranger wonld read, in bis air
and appearance, determination, "and an
exaction of what was dne to.him. .He
has a good deal of manner. In inter
course lie is very conrteons, and his rich
voice and abundant gesticulations go well
together. He is always agreeable and
gentlemanly, firm and dignified, a man
of nndannted courage, and as a true sol.
dier. miy be relied on to obey orders and
do bis dnty.
'A TJlTOir 010.
BT. JJJtta A. Cj o-costnok.
4 Tte Cajas &ai4intiks ''
Tboogh odwn' hopM or Colon ll,
' 'OcrcounttjoVir wollcfteriib. '
For thii Uo to!m oftro ui brt'i:
Fomko lb wo wiD noforl
O, Union flr o'tf Union wan
Cod blOM oat Bo, (otonrl
Thoofa fortifn tjttnu, Jotpot fclip,
Do watcb with txnhitioa
Tho civil Uif, iltto bicktrinp
That if into on nation;
Bo ihii too 7 of freo aad tlan:
Tba Union Bono shall MTOt;
"Bed, Whit, ud Bino"o'or Union wtto
God Lloit oir fl( foroTtr!
O. Colon Sutot! ra tbirtjr.tnrto,
That coaitltato u aatlaa;
To Trrfitorits tUro ot free
in oct Coaradmlion! '
With ono accord boat patriot1! braro:
Ont, Union thai not onrcr;
6, Sun and 8tripoi o'er Union wito
'Cd bleu onr fltj fororrr!
O, Ship of Stato! nil pronJl on,
Tbo ooi ofwotldi nn on'tboo;
O, flat that waod o'ar WaiMnfton,
Wotod o'et hit conqoerinf irmj!
Tn Iriomph float oVr fnttnon btiro.
Thy rld noao ihail dioaorot;
Waro on, Btirpinj lod Banner, waro,
God bleat ont flmf fotoret!
- -i . , j
T " "3"3 1 .. .
Jost So 1 The St.. Joe-! Free;Demo-crat-.thoaitersely.
Borden'Difficqltiea,: -J - - w
' The Missonriaris ssy-ttheir'slaves have
beenab'ddcttid the Kansans'say their
houses havebeen burned, and theirtfiraa
threatened'; they have been 'shot:at;.thejr
mnst'6iiht, -or be extetmiBated. And
they do'figbt. - At Jongat Montgomery
and Awjatr-MwaroTs:es,B mr jy .
Mr. Buchanan taytpM hernpi
ti-feaitea " pro-tlaverv mauJlli
Ihi old jmtiie'ifunetimianf ttnisHamef
c ;The f JHirtford'Times and theBortoa
Post, leading Administration1 Journals.
are decilSly.-m lavor ,ot WES&i: '
fo"rU.na arsenals of tKenitea ate.,at
varv"hrd: "The .'Tim-bol. t JnU
.; ir.a - 'r -. - --' - --' ..-' -t.
Tna Tomb of Charles CAnnotx.
Mr. Anna H. Dorsey. writing from Elli
cott's Mills, thns describes the ancient
eat of Carroll of Carrollton Doagho
regan Manor and his tomb. The man
sion is distant about fifteen miles from
Entering the gateway we drove through
a noble avenue, planted on each side with
treea of every variety of kind and foliage,
which ten years hence will be in their
prime, and soon found ourselves in front
of the Carroll mansion, which is a long,
comfortable two-story, building, termina
ted at the north end by the handsome
chape, which has become famous as the
repository of the remains of the gallant
old'signer of 'the Declaration of Inde
pendence.,. His tomb it set in the wall
on tlio left ot the altar, and presents a
shield and scroll of white marble, on
which is carved in relief a pen and roll
of parchment, surrounded by thirteen
stars ; a Latin inscription, appropriate
to the great act, appears on a scroll in
the' center. Below this are some figures
in batto reltivo, representing Fame with
inverted torch, and History guarding a
funeral am. -The chapel is cruciform, and
contains a: handsome marble altar, some
tine old pictures, a good organ, 'and is
decorated with rich1 and" "beautiful ' win
dows of stained glass. The Hoof of jthe
two wings of the chapel are elevated to
a level with the floor of the sanctuary,
and contains' some fourteen or -sixteen
pewsV'which are occupied during the rei
ligibus ceremonies by the, family of "Mr.
Carroll and their friends. The body ol
the church is paved with brick, and con-?
tains about forty commodious pews,
where his slaves who are carefully in
structed, in .the Catholic. faith jit and
Bread of Servile Insurrection in South
The Charleston correspondent of the
New York Times, while admitting that
the Secessionists proper are determined
to carry out their projects to the end,
says that the people are growing fright
ened, tie writes :
There is a lingering apprehension of
anarcny wnicn startles men in the home
of. tneir families, surrounded bv hundreds
of negroes, in whose minds they know
not what is going on. Though little is
confessed, yet I am convinced that many
a family is now experiencing the darkest
forebodings. If the plan for arming the
ptate is carried, ont, a very small snare
of'tlie adult male population will Be left
at home. Who is to guard the women
and the children' on the plantations t It
i scarcely possible that Carolina shonld
be able to command the means to gnard
her coast from raid by Abolitionists,
atttl the haters of ber institution, wbora
she will not fellowship in the Union, bnt
to whose evil dispositions they in a great
measure subject themselves by going out.
Said I to one of the chief architects of
secession "Who will protect yon from
the hundreds of John Browns now lying
in wait for an opportunity to renew, on
ly more sncceskfully, the attempt of Har
per'a Ferry ? How do. you know that
yorir negroes will not, within less than
one month, have pikes placed in their
hands, and scenes not ensne that chills
the blood to think of?" The only an
swer was, it will not be so we have no
fear of that. But there is not entire con
fidence on the point, as a sort of uneasi
ness, evinced in more stringent domestic
regulations, in the. repairing of old locks
anil the putting on of new ones, and ia a
hundred other little things, betray on
what the mind is dwelling. This is des
tined to grow on the public mind, and to
have its effect on the action of thoio in
""Massachusetts produces and" sends into
the channels of commerce of thejeountry
'nioVathsalfour. times. as...mnch per head,
of her popnlation. as South. Carolina.
Bnt this is "not all. In the products of
her'iridnstrr,'the profits of her- invest
ments' in'rammefee, navTgation.'in banks!
insurance, companies and. railroads, both
at home and abroad, are not included.
The valna-f-snch investments exceeds
200.000,000, a sum equaling the valne
of the entire slave property of South
Carolina, eetiraating.it at 9500 aJiead;
and'yielding.an-anneal aett profit -very
nearly equaling that of the ratir'efslav
labor of life" Stale," takingfout Ufa i cost of
itsimalntenaace.icacat - . -r
5 -J' i i V-
TnarToiis in, Cohobbss The Wash
ington3 correspondence 'of the' New York
Times, says: "The Savannah forts were
Mixed .by .citizens of Georgia, at. sogges-
nous ujicgiju ..i.-ii. i.Jluj uio
Georgia, Delegation ia Congress." n
J'JIkt Boaii Caraliaiaai are. beginniaaf
to iWtifjtaeir coast. A redonbt is being
thrown np aroana ueantort.
Where will the Westebh Proodcb
Go ? A correspondent of the New York
Tribnne inquires :
Have yon ever asked yourself this ques
tion ? In case of a peaceable secession
of Louisiana and Mississippi, where will
the immense exports and trade of the
West that now descends the Mississippi
It will of course take the route to New
York city, and increase New York three
fold her present greatness and prosperity?
If there. are any that doubt it, let.the
Legislature that. meets in a few.days abolish-the
toll next year on, the Erie Canal.
That will benefit New York city tens
of milljons. -AH thegrainTof the Went,
and of Canada too, willl come., hero to"
find a market. ,
la fact,. if retaliation npon Louisiana
was desirable, all this State has to do ii
to abolish the Erie Canal tolls. It wonld
ruin New Orleans.r J '--"
The Charletton Forts A SecetariAiut
' View, of the Qveatita.
The Republican papers of the .North
art now exercising their genius and .ven
tilating their patriotism by reviling' Mr.
Buchanan. Like frogs in chorus they
lift up their voices, and echo the ay that
the President of the United States has
not reinforced the forts in Charleston
harbor ; that Mr. Buchanan is abont to
sacrifice the officers and troops stationed
here 'to the madness of Carolina mobs,
upon the event of secession. In blind
hatred and malice against us, and in the
intensity of tneir desire to abase the Pres
ident, they lose their heads as well as
their tempers exhibiting only fury and
The first gun fired npon Southern
men by the United States Governmentin
a collision of arms, in the present temper
of the South, will sound the farewell funer
al salute over the grave of the Union, dead
and buried that Union which, in its
dsy, has so well served the North, and
so hampered and dwarfed the growing
energies of the sentimental, Union loving
South. Mr. Buchanan has mora sense
than his censors. He understand that he
cannot better serve the cause of disunion
thsn by producing bloodshed.
As to the bugaboo of mobbing the
forts, slaying the officers and troops, onr
amiable friends need not excite tbeir phi
lantbropio sensibilities, or roll up tbeir
eyes. We are not a monocracy here, and
believe in law, order and obedience to
authority, civil and military. No mob
will attack the forts.
When the State is ont of the Union,
when the forts are demanded and refused
to be delivered up to those in whom is
vested the title of eminent domain, and
for whose protection and defence alone
they were ceded and built np, and when
the .Federal Government, showing a
hostile purpose it shall, become necessa
ry and proper for us to obtain possession,
then it will be right for the world and
black republicanism to expect that the
State, by her anthorities, will move, in
the premises. The people will obey the
call for war and take the forts. The ex
citement here is a deep, calm feeling, very
different from the excitement of a mob,
and leading to different and far greater
resnlts. I his is no child s play. It is
not the uproar of school boys splashing
water in mischief; it is the quiet tread
of Ujcsar s forces crossing, the Knuicon.
1'or the hoary trickster and humbug,
who has inst retired from the Cabinet
because war is not made on South Cro
lina, we have only to say tljat his pres
ent imbecility eqnals ins past treacnery to
this section. Had he been early absent
from the President's conncilr, his admin
istration might have been' more success
ful. Charletton Mercury.
THE FLAG OF OUR UNION.
BY GEORGE T. MOBUB.
A aonf fot oat banne!" Tbo valchaot. recall,
Wlieh faro tU Bepnblie ber ttatioa :
"United wo aund diridad n rail!
It made and preaerroa na a nation!
Tbo anion ofbxet the nnion efUndi
Tbo anion efStatei none can aorer
The anion orbeittt-rthe nnion of banda
And tbo Flag of ant Union for otar
Tbo Flag of out Union for'arei!
Vf bat God la Hit Infinite Wiidem dealpcd.
And armed with Hii weapoaa of thunder,
Not all tbo earth", detpota aad faction combined.
Ban tbo power to conquer or tander!
Tbo anion of lakaa the union of land
Tbo onion of St ate a none can eater
Tba anion of hoartt tbo anion of baada
Aad tbo Flag ol oar Union Car oter
The Flat; of oar Union for oVer!
Senator Pngh Abetting the Secession
- AitsRicak 8LAVBBrnil715r The fol
Iowingare some statistics fof- the old coir
onial days. - One hundred and forty -fire
years ago, in the reign of George L, the
ascertained popnlation of the, Continental
Colonies was as follows :
'White Men. Negro Slaves.
u rr .! ft nift," -' ien
riser' uompauirv, e.uvu
Rhode Island. 7.500
New Jersey, - .21,000,
South Carolina,- 7.2rQ .-
375750 - 58,750
The .Buffalo. Republic describes a son
of theTreaitlent'eleet, Lincoln. 'who oaas-
d tbroughthat city'on Wednesdsy, as a
" long specimen of Western Buckerdom,
somewhat after tbrrtykofrHoaeei-Old
Abe; wears htrharrqmteloBg, and not
very smooth: verT-interestlnr in coaveraa-
tion; frank aad bold, with the go-ahead
air .so charactenatio.01 Weatera jpeeple;
and shows decided-signs of pas who will
snake his mark ia-the world. He made
a favorable impresslon.on; art with whom
he came in contact'3 " - " . .
Why Northern Arms are Sent South
A Washington correspondent of the
Philadelphia Press, writing on the 26th,
Last night the city was thrown into an
intense excitement by the report, contain
ed in Northern newspapers, that the citi
aens, of Pittsbnre had prevented the
United States Tjnarter-master from ship
ping South one hundred and twenty-four
ten-inch gnns. At first the report was
not credited; but when it was found to be
true, everybody was .pleased with the in
telligence. The Seceders seem to have
a great penchant to imitate the children
of Israel. It is known that, when, the
latter prepared to leave Egypt, they went;
the night before their departure, to their
Egyptian neighbors, asking them to lend
them their jewels, gold' and silver, etc.
The "next morning they decamped; taking
these things as sweet token's of rembersnee
of their Egyptian friends along ;with them.
Joeti so with our, Seceders. They want
to empty not only the. public coffers, bnt
to take with them guns; powder, and
other useful articles, no doubt as tokens
of remembrance. However that will notdo.
The Northern people mnst have their eyes
open. Knowing that the Government
is in bad, if not traitorous hands, not a
single gun or rifle mnst be permitted to
be shipped to the Sonth, at least aa long
as the present, crisis last. There are no
forts on; the whole sea-coast of Texas
where, these heavy guns, proposed to be
sent ,from Pittsburg, can be used. In
fact, there are no forts at all on the sea
cett of that State. Ami in the interior
forts, against the Indians, no ten-inch
guns have ever been used. The pretence
that-the gunsvare needed for the public
service, is, I tbinknothiagbut a rnsei
I havejost iefneal:front a member of
Congress that the Secretary, of War has
declared that if he cannot send those guns
from Pitts onrg, it will be done froni. an
other arsenal; -IietrthsTeforeVthepeople
of the North look out ! - - "-
, BtwccLou.. 8TOBtKei-.A eeatleaan
just returned to this city from .Washing
ton says, max ine mosr. naicniona bioticb
are1 in circulation there; even amongst ia
tedligent.pert08B,(iaitvgard tor.the .want
and, destitution of the North., .One per.
son, connected with a literary institution,
stated to onr informant that in Massacha
setts one hundred and fifty thousand per
sons were oat of employment, and thai in
Boston.'dealers inTfiour were i o bilged tjq
send'theTr st'deke. out o'f the 'ctijjoinh
keeping, from a fear thaf their stores
woald be'brokea' into aad pillaged by the
kmgry aM.ittptrait mob) A theutand
similar statements in regard to the con
dition of affaire at the North are ia cir
culatioa toroughout the eethV' South.
A Wwhington letter in the Philadelpia
Press, written on the 21st, says:
One of the worst signs of the times was
tne speech of the Hon. George E. Pugh,
a Senator in Congress from Ohio, vaster-
day. I do not speak of his remedy, be
cause I am ready to concede much in or
der to save the Union, and it may be
that his proposition the altering of the
Constitution so a to extend the Missouri
Compromise line to the boundaries of
California may be the best in order to
save those States which have determined
to remain in onr national brotherhood.
That it will have any effect upon those
which have resolved to go out, I do not
believe. They will go, and they will go
with arms in their hands declaring war,
npon the society and npon the interests of
the people of the free States. But that a
Northern man, a citizen of the great
Northwest, which section it is the settled
purpose of the Disunionista to paralyze
and destroy, should deem it his dnty to
denonnce such a patriot as Andrew John
son, passes my comprehension. His at
tack upon the Republican party was not
only ill-judged but ill-timed. These men
are not the enemies of the countrv. If
they have triumphed, they have triumped
luiuugu iuo divisions in ins democratic
party; they have triumphed because of
the corruptions of tins Administration;
they have triumphed because the South
ern statesmen repeatedly declared that
they preferred Abraham Lincoln to
Stephen A. Douglas. In fact, Abraham
Lincoln was elected President-not by the
votes of Republicans alone, bat by the
persistent and successful efforts of the
Secessionists to destroy the Democratic
orgsnizstion. Mr. Pugh' had no words,
or few words, of reproach for the Die
unionists. His batteries were levelled
npon the Repnblicans, npon the people
of bis own section, and upon that gallant
Sonthern leader who spoke the good
word for the Union on Tuesday and
Wednesday last. I confess that, when I
heard his speech, and saw how it inspir
ed the men who were denouncing the
Union and trampling upon the Constitu
tion, in the Senate of the United States,
I felt sick at heart. Thus it is that we
are being betrayed; thus it is that we are
being deprived of onr champions ! The
President gone 1 the Cabinet gone 1 most
of the Sonthern leaders gone ! the officers
of the Federal Government in the hands
of the open enemies of the country ! and
the Republican party itself appalled and
disheartened in the face of, this great peril!
I see but one mode of rescue, and that is
to wake the people, to organize them,
and put arras into their hands. To delay
is to die. Oar only safety is in immediate
action, ! action 1 ! action ! 1 !
How to Spell .a Fawliab Name.
There has been not a little diversity of
practice in spelling the name of the fort
opposite Fort Monltrie. Some papers
spell it Sumpter, others Sumter, "and not
a few. spell it either way, as bappsns to
be convenient We find that in Sparks
Correspondence te the "Ravolation, in
Marshall's Washington, ia Ramsay's
Sonth 'Carolina, in Gordon's History of
the Independence, in Lee's, History of the
war in the Southern department, and in
the lame edition. of Mr. Webster's works
in the speech in reply to Hayne, where
the great orator spoke of "the Marions
and compters of oontn Uarolina the
name is spelt "Sumpter." Bat in the
United States Stattitesaf large and in the
American Almanac a convenient" and
generally a very good authority upost any
thing that comes within its limits the
name is spelt '-'Sumter.'.' " In .this eon-"
met oi aumoniy. wc reier.io uoaamga.
Field Book of the 'Revolution? -'There we
find n'ae ti'mSt of the autograph of Gen
oral Sautter, in-'honor, of whom .we un
derstand the fort to, hare been named;
and he unquestionably spells his name
without the "p.". He is probably a safe
authority ujpoa this' point. At all events
we are willing-te err .with hint if 'at all,
and thereforedopt the spelling Samter.
Botton Adttrtiur;, .
The Columbus Tact, a Breckinridge
organ, during the. late campaign, says
thafvitis time to cease prating about the
fanaticism of the Northern pulpit, .when
we find Southern clergymen' praying to
God 'to confuse 'and discomfit freemen."
It is rumored thatoraters will be sent
here to stir up Kentucky te; leave the
Union. If any oneromee herein that,
character, 'he will be apt to Gad her foot
ia tho'stirrnp, alrttkheJew th small of
the back. Lomvitte Democrat.
J. B., .
The Old Gray Haired Puhllc Ftracftion
ary. Daring no period in the history of this1
nation has the standard of publio morale
fallen so low as daring the adminiatra
tion of James Buchanan. To find aa'
honett spot on which to plant your feet
in any quarter wonld bo almost impossi
ble. To plunder the public crib, to bribe
the press, to prevent free speech, to frown
down and silence, if possible, every no
ble effort for the real good of the people.
iuhi wuu power ine most corrupt,
unprincipled men, to reward those who
havo been willing to bow the knee to
slavery, to attempt to rob the nation of
its free territory against thaknownwish
es, protests, and solemn warnings of a
large majority of those most deeply in
terested, to run the nation into debtsomo
sixty or seventy millions of dollars by
downright extravagance, cheating and
rounerry uiese are some or the trifling
matters which havebeen the chief busi
ness of J. B. and the present Administra
tion. Does any sane man say that all
this wickedness has nothing to do with
the finsnciaL prosperity of the country ?
Can a people really, prosper in temporal
things when the flood-gates of iniquity
are with such hands thus opened npon
them t We think not. Can it bo er
pected that pure-minded, honest, antemp
table men will multiply in such a demor
alizing atmosphere ? We think not".
Can it be wondered at. in view ofsneh
examplee, that onr banks, insurance com
panies, trust institutions, and other cor
porations, are defrauded and robbed by
their officers and clerks ? We think not.
When the seeds of wickedness and cor.
ruption are from high places thus sown
broadcast over the land, can any ether
harvest than crime be looked for ? Wo
think not. Can it be expected that oar
young men will not be tempted to take
the short cut to wealth and position when
me wages ot tnat path are offered them.
by the rulers and ehief men of the na
tion ? We think not. It is high' time
that we should come to a pause, and hold
up to tbegaze of the commnnitv tha
principal actors in this unprincipled dra
ma, ana we.cnarge yon, James Hcchan
an, President of these United State, aa.
either directly the author of ths w'ielra.1.
ness to wuich-wo have' alluded, with all
the collateral evils and consequences
which have followed, or as indirectly ap
proving it by refusing to denonnce and
stop it. We charge you with, corrup
ting, as no other man ever has, tho mor
als of the nation, by using" your whole
Executive power in upholding men and'
approving measures which have been m.
shame and a disgrace to us. We charge
your administration with being the aid
ers and abettors of all sorts of land spec
ulations, bribery, and fraud ; of squan
dering the pnblic money to promote yoar
own pecuniary ana political purposes.
We charge yon, by yonr example, as be
ing the chief cause and promoter of
many of the great evils and burdens
which are disturbing and retarding our
commercial and financial prosperity.
Arc these things true, and if so are they
of no consequence ? Is it not time to
break silence? What the people want .
now is better men and better morals.
An "Aonett" man at the head of onr
Government, a man who will willingly
do.no wrong, violate no golden rale of
morality, countenance no bribery, a man
who loves freedom, who hates oppress
ion, who will use his official position for
the moral uplifting of the nation each
a man is what thc-poopla want, and they
will have hira.
The newspapers of late are full of de
falcations, frauds, and other wrong doings
of men in places of trust. Almost every
week brings some nsw and startling de
velopment. Now tho special object of
this writing, is to call attention, to the
caute of these evils. Whsn'the trouble
can be "located," when the defaulter or
the" thief ia caught; how full of denuncia
tion men are: ''Send him to prision at
once," is the cry on all sides! Bnt what
shall wa do with. those rulers, politicians,
and their: followers who stand np boldly
and tesehsnch lawlessness Shall they
go unpunished ? What shall wo say: of
those men or newspapers which tescb.
that every principle of justice and, hu
mility is to be k violated, and that wc
must obey human" enactments when" they,
sra'condemed by the law which comande-'
ua-to love pur. aeighbbrs as ourselves?-,
No man's money, or character, or life ie
safe where such an infernal doctrine is
taught.. To, do wreng.nTeT, to do right
aJweryi should bcibe the teaching. To
disobey 'a wicked -law may cost you
fiery farnace, a den of lions, political da-;
struction, or even the wrath of some.
Democratic paper, bnt never mind. Do'
right thoegh the heavens fall. .Y. J
i .e 0 I at it
A mulatto slave, girl, brfoaging. to
Cctint Villa Kdera. ia Cahi, cenuaitted
sniside lately, te "avoid vMafshBwat fists
having, as wsc allssjsd, aided her yoaatj,
mistress, the Count's daughter, iaa-lors),
affair to which, her parents wore opposed.
Hon. Cave Johssow.. of Tennessee, haa
written a letter on the crisis. He.isua
compromisingly for the Union, and Isk
lieves- Southern rights will have greaser
security in it, then "they can" hare after a
dissolution. i ----- . .
The Beaton Post Bays that the Demo-,
cratic vote ia Mwaehasetts is small, hut'
itisa vbWfer principle! " '.'It isn't 'se
raall'-Mrtsiathe Hartford Press, "aa
the principle for which it is cast.' St .