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lL. MILLER, EDITOR AND fDRLISDER.
THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION.
i TERHS $J.W rER ANNUM, IN ADTASCE.
-VOLUME IV.NUMBER 29,
WHITE CLOUD, KANSAS, THURSDAY, JANUARY 24, 1861.
WHOLE NUMBER, 185,
fSliiif (SuitiNf Kansas Ihirf.
. Cz) . v
' rrr MiTi - a t aawa bbb- -a a
THE SITS OF THE CONSTITUTION.
rTVhUst tin Uit mmtm were tigning, Dorter Freak-
Em, leokinctewardt tke President's ektir, at the back of
WBMNttl m m nepf bvu u vs peintwu, uuwnn .
HiV MmWi near his, thai paiaters fond li diflloalt to
distiagaish la their art a miBg from a setting tan.
"Ihara," eaidbe, "often. Bad often la thecotme of
lit eostioa, aad la tbe eicitsitadet of my bopet aad nan
at to lu Una, gazed apaa It withoat being abla to tall
whether It waa Hilar ar letting. Bat new, at length, I
bare tka happiaau la kaow that it it s ritiag aad not a
aattiaf ob. gemtirarte fetter. ArtcU o ike Maiuo
Twaa at tba hanr ofSemmer art,
J Tk day it brighteet death smile go ,
When thee, the mightiest ta eehiere,
Their ilgaeta to aar Ckartar gaee ,
A aakla band ia eoader kail.
Obedient U their eosnlrr'i call.
BaUai ta ebair wbara sage dakata
TrVae well eeairolled be Washmgtoa,
Appeared, at If hong out be Fata,
A pietared image efta 8m
That emble-i, weald it tat or abiaat
VVhal patriot'! ejo eaald tbaa dlnne!
Aad ka, tka Sage, at whose command
Tka farkad lightaiagt left thalr play,
Vf at there, aad Iracad wlih steady hand,--A
nana that ao'or shall pass awaj;
Aad whoa the glonoos talk wu dona.
Said proudly " lit a ruin inn'"
Tat, h tka gloomy boor was oVr,
Aad tliif all Freedom's knghteit day;
Hope lighted op all beam onoe aiora,
Aad faari like pliaatoni patied iwtji
A foatlo opirit borerad tkera,
VTllh ailence daap ai that of prajar.
Aje, 'twas a ruin; iaa that peered
Abore tkoaa pnrpla pictnrad tiiila :
.Jk aaa wboia raj afipleodor cheered
Tha IreeBieii bj their dutaat nlle;
A mo whoia beeme ihall aeeer eet.
Though aallonl ihall their aamee forget.
nKh, laleit aga ehall feel 111 rT,
And milhoat warm beneath itf etnilei;
(5a aioantalB peak In (lean ihallplar,
Aad fladdea the remateit iilee;
Tka fettered aerf ihall oal in power,
.TThila Kinp torn pair, aad Tjrinti cower.
Ai when amid chaotic alfht,
Wheo earth came roMaf. eold af form,
Jabaiah laid, "Let there be light!"
And light came ftreaaiiBg from the ttorm:
" tV itretmed the rajr fiom render inn.
' -UTatrreadmnlUlle-doed waedowe.
Tu here tie there it fllli tha world,
Thoogh etraageljr rmog from the TVeit;
Fierce lightologt from lt face are hurled,
Ta iratke tba Tjraai'e glaamiog creit:
Aad tho' it reee o'ar hllb ol blood,
Tka Magi bleued iu dacxliag flood.
Highly Interesting Letters from Gen
eral Wool His Position on the Se
(3EK. WOOL! LETTER TO A FHIEXD IN WASH
1I0T05. Trot, Dec. 30, 1860.
Mr Dsar Sin : South Carolina, aftar
twontj-Mven ytan, Mr. Rliett tars thirty
5art, of comtant and incraaiing efforts
by htr laadara to indnce her to tecadc, has
-fWUrorl heraalf ont of the Union : and
lhii. too. withoat the sliwrhtest wrone or
injustice dons htr people on the part of
AL- i1 .. .-A C U rTn?n.l Cat.
inetJIOTtiruuieuv 01 inn uuiwu uum.
.Although aha may haveieized thereTenne
cotter, and hoitted her treasonable Palmet
to flat; orer the Unitad States Arsenal, the
("Worn FTnnaa Pnet OfTtr-a Castle Pillck-
osy and Fort Mo nl trie, she ii not oat of
the Union, nor beyond tbe pale ot me
TTnifarl Status. "Dsfora she can tnt ont
of their Jurisdiction or control, a reeon-
traetion of tue Uonstitution must oo naa
iil mir mint Tn the) latter CSM. it
Would require no prophet to foretell the
-It,is reported that Mr. Buchanan has
receiVed informally the commissioners
appointed by the rebels of South Caro
lia to to negetiate for the public property
.tti-eka k.rhnr nf flharleston. and for oth-
fajT purposes. It is also reported that the
President disapproved tbe conduct ol Major-Anderson,
who being satisfied that he
'Trtmld-net be able to defend Fort Moul
tii with tbe feir men under bis com
inanl wrialr took nosseasion of Fort
SnttpUiCwhers- be could protect himself
-and: tbe country irom tna aisgrace wuicu
-might hava ocenrred, if heibad remain
evi inPnrt Moultrie. BeinkT the com-
' mander in the harbor, he had the right
to occupy Fort Sumpter, an act which
jUie safety of the Union, as well as his
own' honor, demanded. It is'-likewise
stated, that apprehensions are entertained
cvTnf MaTnr Anrlnnnn will be reanired- to
abandon Tort "Sumpter, and re-occupy
-vn & ma- ii! rrt... m Ka via fAnn.
On MOUlktll. XUSiO veu w uw .---
iation for snch apprehensions, for surely
cth President would not aurrender the
citadel of the" harbor of Charleston to
rebels. Fort "Sumpter commands the en
trance, and in a few hours could demol
cish Fort Moultrie. Bo long as the Uni
ttil States keeps possession of this fort,
ithr independence of South Carolina will
only be in name, and not in fact. " If,
howerer, it. should be surrendered to
s South Carolina, which I do not appre
hnd,"the smothered indignation of the
1Frea States would be roused beyond con
troLv Jt would not be in, tbe power of
jtwy one to restrain it. In twenty days
rjtwo hundred thousand men would be ia
crf sdinass to take Tsngeance on all who
would betray tbe Unieninto the hands
of its enemies. Be assured that I do not
exaggerate tbe feeling, of the people.
'They are already sufBeiently-excited at
the attempt to dissolra tha Unioa for no
thtr reason than that they constitution
ally exercised the most precious right
conferred upon them of roting for tbe
person whom they considered the most
worthy and best qualified to fill the office
of President. Fort 8nmpter, therefore,
ought not, and I presume will not, be
delivered over to South Carolina.
I am not, however, pleading for the
Ffte Statesfdr they tare' not in'danger;
but for the Union and the preservation
of the Cotton States. Those i ho sow
the wind must expect to reap the whirl
wind. The leaders of South Carolina
could not have noticed that we live in an
ag of progress, and that all Christen
dom is making rapid strides in the march
of civilization and freedom. If they had,
they would have discovered that the an
nouneement of every victory btainl by
tbe hero of the nineteenth century. Gari
baldi, in favor of the oppressed of It.ily,
did not fail to electrify every American
heart with joy and gladness. "Where
liberty dwells, there is my country."
was the declaration of the illustrious
Franklin. This principle is too strongly
implanted in tbe heart and mind of ev
ery man in the Free States to be surren
dered because South Carolina desires it
in order to extend tho ara of Slavery.
With all Christianised Europe and near
ly all the civilized world opposed to Sla
very, are the Southern States prepared
to sat aside the barriers which shield and
protect their institutions under the Uni
ted States Government f Would the
separation of the South from the North,
give greater security to Slavery than it
has now under tbb Constitution of the
Union? What security would they have
for the return of runaway slaves ? I ap
prehend none, whilst the number of run
aways would be greatly augmented, and
the difficulties of which slaveholders com
plain would be increased ten fold. How
ever much individuals might condemn
Slavery, the Free States are prepared to
siiNtain and defend it, as gtirauteed by the
In conclusion, I wotiljl avoid the bloody
and desolating example of the Mexican
States. I am now, and forever, in favor
of the Union, its preservation, and the
rigid maintenance of the rights and in
terests of the States, individually as well
Yours, dec, " tfoKN E. Wool.
wool to obk. cass.
Trot, Deo. 6, 1860.
Mr Dear General : Old associations
and former friendship induce me to ven
ture to address to yon a few words on
the state of the country. My letter is
marked private because I am not author
ized to address you officially.
I have read with pleasure the Presi
dent's Message. South Carolina save
she intends to leave the Union. Her
Representatives in Congress gay she has
already left the Union. It would seem
that she is neither to he conciliated or
comforted. I command the Eastern De
partment, which includes South Caroli
na, Georgia, Florida, Alabama and Mis
sissippi. Yon know me well. I have
ever been a firm, decided, faithful, and
devoted friend of my country. If I can
aid tbe President to preserve the Union,
I hope he will command my services.
It will never do for him or you to leave
Waabington without every atar in this
Union is in its place. Therefore no time
should be lost in adopting measures ta
rlftfaat those who are consnirinsr azainst
the Union. Hesitancy or delay may be
no less fatal to tbe Union, tban to tbe
President, or your own high standing as
It seems to mo that troops ahould be
sent ta Charleston to man the forts in
that harbor. Yon have eight companies
at Fort Monroe. Va. Three or four of
these companies should be sent withoat a
laammt'i del ar to Fort Moultrie. It
will save the Union, and tha President
mnch trouble. It is said that to send at
this time troops to that harbor wanld
produce great excitement among the peo
ple. That is nontense.whsn tbe people
are as much excited as they can be, and
tha leaders are determined to execute
their lonr meditated purposes of seaara
ting the State from tbe Union. So long
aa von command the entrance to the city
of Charleston, South Carolina ennnot
nMia hrailf from the Union. Do
not leave the forts in tbe harbor; in a con
dition to'indnee an attempt to take pos
session of them. It might easily be
dona at this time. If 8onth Carolina
should take them it might, as she antici
pates, induce other States to joibher.
Permit me to entreat you to arge tba
Pnuirient to sand at once three or four
mm nomas r-artillarr to Fort Moultrie.
The Union can be preserved, bat it t re
quires firm, decided, prompt and eaar
getie measures on tha part of tha Presi
dent, tie naa oniy 10 oxers me pjnut
conferred upon him by tho Constitution
and. laws of Congress,' aad all will be
safe, and he will prevent a civil war,
wliich never fails ta call forth all tha bas
er passions of the human heart;) If a sepa
ration should take place, yon may resiae
sarsd blood would.flow in torrents, fel
!nav1 he rueatilmAa -famine and desola
tion, aad Seaatar Seward's irrepressible
conflict will be breogbt to a conclusion
mnch sooner thaa be could possibly have
anticipated. Let me conjure yon to save
trtaTTniAn-and thefahv avoid the bloody
and desolating example of the 8tates or
JBOXICU. A. awjiew eMVD w. --
will bring with it the desolation of the
Cotton 8tates. 'whioti axe prepared Sir
war. Tlwir-weskaiee will "be fewed , ia
the number ef their sIatss, with bat few
of the essentials to carry on war. whilst
the Free 8tates hsve all the elements and
materials for war, and to a greater extent
tban any other people on the face of the
Think of these things, my dear Gen
eral, aad save the country, and save the
prosperous South from pestilence, famine
and desolation. , Peaceable secession is
not to be thonght of. Even if it should
take place, in three months we would
have a bloody war on 'our hands.
Very truly yoar friend,
Johst E. Wool.
Hon. Lewis Cass, Secretary ef State,
Washington, D. C.
As one of the members of the Anderson
family is at this time somewhat prorai
nent in the public atteatien. it may not
be uninteresting to the country to know
a little of the antecedents of the gallant
gentleman. Major Anderson's father and
mother were both Virginians the former,
Richard C. Anderson, a Lieutenant Col
onel in the Continental army at the end
of the Revolutionary war, and tbe latter a
Miss Marshall, a cousin to Chief Justice
Marshall. While a captain, this officer
led his little band into New Jersey on tha
memorable C iristmaa night of 1776,
which threw the Hessian forces, at Tren
ton, off their guard, when the great attaek
was made. In this battle be was one of
the few officers who were wounded. He
was also in tha battle of Brandy wine, and
in othor actions in the North. But his
services in the South are of more interest
to us at this time. He was at the siege
of Savannah in 1779.. and in endeavoring
to icale the ramparts, was thrown, or fell
from snch a height that he met with an
injury from the shock, from which he
never recovered. On the death of the gal
lant, Pulaski, he received, as a gift from
the dying hero, his sword, which wag for
a long time in the possession of the fam
ily; but was unfortunately lost by the
horning of a house in which it was de
posited. In 1780, tho Colonel then a
Major endured the siege of Charlestou.
S. C. and was of course taken prisoner,
remaining there in thit condition for
several months, but being exchanged in
time-to be-present at the seige and cap
ture of York. On this occasion ha serv
ed as an aid to Gen. Lafayette, who (it
may be remembered by many citizens of
Louisville) recognized the Colonel on his
last visit to this country, at bis arrival
at Portland, as his old frieud and com
panion in arms.
It is not a little singular that the son
of this officer should now be in defence
of the same city for which his father
fought eighty years since, but against
enemies how different! Louuville Jburn
An Ixcidbst at Fort Sumter.
One of the Baltimoreans who recently
returned from Fort Sumpter details an
impressive incident that took place there
on Major Anderson taking possession.
It is known that tho American flag,
bronght away from Fort Moultrie, was
raised at Sumpter precisely at noon on
the 27th ult., but the incidents of that
"flag raisins" have not been related. It
was a scene that will be a memorable
reminiscence in the lives of those who
witnessed it. A short time before noon
Maior Anderson assembled the whole of
his little force, with the workmen em
ployed on the fort, around tho foot of the
flagstaff. The national ensign was at
tached to tha, cord, and Major Anderson,
holding the end of the lines in his bands,
knelt reverently down. Ths officers, sol
diers and men clustered around, many of
thsm on their'knees. all dseply impress
ed with the solemnity of the scene. The
chaplain made an earnest prayer such
an appeal for support, encouragement and
merer as one would make who felt thst
"man's extremity is God's opportunity.
Aa the earnest, solemn words of .the
speaker ceased, and. tbe men responded
Amen, with'a fervency that perhaps tbey
had never before experienced. Major An
derson drew the "Star Spangled Banner"
up to the top of the staff, the band broke
out with' the national air of' "Hail Co
lumbia." and lond and exultant6 cheers,
repeated again and again, were given by
tbe' Officers, soldiers and workmen. "If,"
said the narrator, "South Carolina, bad
at that moment attacked the fort, there
would havebeen no hesitation npen the
part of shy maa within it about defend
ing that flag."
Gettiko Tired or it, Disunion talk
7 . - "-ei 3 1 t
is becoming a uore, auu tue secession to
cabelary is about worn threadbare. ,AU
those who are not confirmed politicians
are weary of talking and hearing about
"secession" and "concession," co-opsri-tionists,"
precipitationists" and "anli
co eperationisti." "precipitationista" and
"submissionisu." Then wa have "co
erce,"" "coercion" and "ceercionists,"
and the phrases, "oysrt act," 'Jcosrce a
State," and "submission to Lincoln."
If this secession' bore moat go on. .will
masswdyplsaas invent soma new words
and phrases to express the same old
ideas ?-M TMma. .
Forrest, oh IDisoxioh. Edwin For
rest. the tragedian, in. a. recent lettn,
H t .,
Great God 1 in what a melancholy coa
j:.: i nnv mnnlrrnnwl An inaradi-
eablo curse begins st.the.very root of his
heart that harbors a single thonght that
faVors"disBiori. May God, ia His wis
dom aad strength, avert the overwhelm
DISSOLVE THE XWIOH!
DmoWe tka Caioal TVbo woM aart
Tha chala that Mad si baart to heart! "
Back link wu (argod by tainted tirai,
Amid tha Reeolanea'e fires;
Aad aooled oh, where eo rich a Hoed J
la Wanea'a tod ia Sanatert blood!
-, -- DiiaolTaUoUoiaaiatawaayraaee, ' "-
Wbea Terror reared her Moode lanee,
And maa became dettraetMa'a ahild,
Aad woman la bar pauloaa wild,
Diaoed ia tha U re-blood of ber Qaeea,
Before tha dreadful gallletine!
Plreelro the Union! Boll away
Tho iptngleg flag ef Clorj'i da;
Blot oat tho hlitory oftaa brare,
Aad deiecrate each ratnefi gme;
Aad thaa abore tho wreck of join,
QaarTaa etemitr oftaaii!
Diuolre the Uetoa! Casltbe,
That thaie who apeak inch word are free!
Croat God! did aay die ta care
8och lordid wrolchei from tho grata
Whoa breast to breast, aad kaad ta hand,
Oar Fatrlot Fathers freed tka lasdl
Pisealra tha Ualoa! Ho! Forbear!
Tho sword of Damocles it there!
Cat bat a hair, and earth shall kaow
A darker, deadlier tale of woo,
Thaa Hitter, 'a enmioa tale hat told.
Place Nero's cu in blood o'er rolled!
Dmolre tho Ualoa! Speak! ja kills!
Ya ererlastiag monntaiBt erj!
Shriek 'ott! re streams aod mingling nllt!
And ocean roar ia agoar!
Dead Heroes! leap from Glorj't tod!
And thield tha manor of joor blood!
Beginning a Hew Government on
A letter from Atlsnta, Georgia, in the
Brooklyn Eagle, tells a story of an old
Planter from "the interior," who enter
tained sensible views of the crisis. We
" A day or two ago, and old planter
came to town with a load of cotton, who
said 'it was the first time he had been tu
town for two years, an' he wouldn't ha'
'cum no how, but he thought bs'd cum
along with tbe boys (two big negroes)
this time tu see ef be could find ont some
thing about tbe great fuss they wss a
makin' in ths noospspers abont goin'
out of tho Union.' A sharp cotton mer
chant freely voIrJnteeredfto make the mat
ter plain to him, and did so with his
mind's eye on tba-4oadof cotton of the
old man's. After listening some time,
the old fellow intertnptad. saying: 'An'
then all the se ce-secession business is be
cause them Northern Republicans elected
Lincoln, is it? Because wa wasn't strong
enough down here ? Well, then, I say,
tee ain't strong enough for 'em we'd
ought to be whipped: an' what's more, if
they kin whip us in a good-natured set-to
at the ballot-box, they're pretty sure to do
it when it comet to fighting in earnest.
Besides, I don't see what we've bad to
complain abont here in Georgia we al
ways get a good price and ready pay for
our cotton an' I was thinkin' yesterday
that I only knowed, myself, of two nig
gers, in the hull course of my lifo, that
was rnn off by the Abolitionists. Why,
out in Kentucky, an' Virginny, and some
other States ronn' there, I've beern of
hundreds bein' carried off and them fel
ler, wouldn't a said a thine about it if
South Carolina hadn't a made such a pow
erful noise. No, sir 1 I'vs slways been
treated tolerable well in the Union, an'
I would rather stay in such a place than
try what I kin do in some other; an' if
you're roin to berin yonr new govern
ment by givin me a little more than half
price for my cotton, 1 can t see wny 1
shonld go in for disunion.'
"Thus yoa might hsar nearly the same
story a dozsn times a day from the hon
est, simple-hesrted planters who now
throng the cotton - market. All seem
equally at a lots to know tha cause of
A MiSBissipms's Ormoa or Lixcolx
Ths Springfield (III) Journal of Mon
day ssys :
An old msn, hailing from Mississippi,
dressed in plain homespun, came to our
city Saturday. He mingled freely with
the Republican representatives got their
views, and seemed to think that" we are
not qnito so black as we are represented.
He called on Mr. Lincoln falked freely
with' him. and heard ths President elect
express bis sentiments and intentions.
He learned that Mr. Lincoln entertained
none bnt the kindest feelings towards the
people of the South, aad that he .would
protect the Sonth in her just rights. He
had, a long conversation and went away
delighted. He left the office, of Mr. Lin
coln in company with a friend, who com
municated this to us, and when outside
the .door, he remarked, while the tests
stole down liis furrowed cheek: "Oh I
if the people of the. South could hsar
what I have heard, they would love and
not hate Mr. Lincoln. I will tell my
friends at homo, but," he added sorrow
fully, thsy will not believe me I" He
ssid that he did wish every maa in the
South could be personally aeqnaintea with
South Carolina makes a great ado
about leaving. If she-made half tbe ef
fort to get oat of the Union that her army
did ta get oat ef Kansas when Jim Lane
got after them with tha Free, State boys
at Bull Creek, she woald bare bean where
the devil drove the swine, long ago.
Several prominent members and Sen
ators, who hava been in consultation with
Mr. Weed, now siy that they have can
vassed the entire ground, aad see ae
chance of a compromise which .the Sooth
will accept not disgraceful to tbe Repab
licans and the" free States.'
What the CharlMtonians are Slotting.
Cniiu-ssTojr, Jan. 2, 1861.
We are in the midst of increasing ex
citement, and almost nndsr martial law.
Preparations for active defense are pro;
greasing, tbe tidings from Washington
beinfr by no mesns favorable ta peaceful
acknowledgment of the independence of
the Palmetto sovereignty.
'We have.had rumors that tho steamer
Harriet Lane has been despstchsd, or is
about being despatched, with reinforce
ments for Col. Anderson at Fort Sump
ter. The Governor is determined to in
tercept her at Morris' Island, three miles
below the fort, where earthworks are be
ing erected, composed of palmetto logs
and sand. Similar earthworks are being
erected on the other side of the channel,
at the lower end of Sullivan's Island, so
thst shs will have to pss throngh a ra
king fire, and it is believed thst she will
be sunk before she can reach the fort.
The Citadel Cadets have their battery on
Sullivan's Island, and have charge of the
defenses st that point. The Vigilant
Rifles are stationed at Morris' Island,
near the Light Honse, and their guns
have full command of tbe ship channel.
The company of Zouaves have been sta
tioned at another point with a powerful
battery, near the month of the harbor.
Every defensible point of the harbor is
in possession of armed men.
No definite movsmsnt hss yet been
made for an attack en Fort Sumpter,
though rumors are abundant in relation
to some movements in that direction.
The rumor on the street is that it is to
be starved out and then stormed by large
bodies of men on rafts, protected by the
batteries from tbe shores. Major Ander
son, however, is undoubtedly beleaguered,
but is believed to be in possession of
abnndant supplies, and shonld the for
tress be attacked he can hold ont long
enough to reseive succor, if it is ths in
tention of the Government to make any
movement in that direction.
The number of arms in the United
States Arsenal, which is now in full pos
session of the State, has been greatly ex
aggerated. They do not exceed 25,000
stand, instead of 70,000, and many of
thm old flint-locks.
Tbe news of the resignation of Secre
tary Floyd was received with unmistske
able sorrow, and a subsequent report that
be bad withdrawn his resignation was re
ceived with quite jubilant demonstra
tions. The city is nightly patrolled by tbe
military. Though there is no faar of the
negroes or any enemies within tbe city,
it is thought necessary to drill the new
recruits in all the stern realities of the sol
Preparations are making to fortify
some of the points of thehsrbor with cot
ton bsles, covered with a foot of earth,
bo as to prevent their conflagration from
hot shot that may be used from Fort
Sumpter. Chevaux de rise and other
obstructions are being devised to drop
in the channel to prevent any vessels of
war from coming in. AH the buoys in
the channel are being removed, and the
lights on the coast will be extinguished
as soon as it is ascertained that any na
val vessel is approaching. The coast is
the most dangerous in the country.
The military on the coast, nnused as
they are to such exposure and hardships,
are suffering greatly. The weather has
been quite cold, as well as damp and
dissgrsesbls, and their relatives in the
city are in great distress about them.
The realities of practical secessieh are al
ready found to be mnch more serious
than was anticipated, although tho first
gun hss not been fired yet.
As yet there have been no clearances of
vessels made out undsr the new regime.
All vessels thst have cleared since the
20th did so nnder United States papers
made out and issued to thsm before tbe
act of secession. The first vessel that
arrives from Liverpool will create a
rumpus, though it is presumed no attempt
will be made by Major Anderson to pre
vent her passing into the city.
1 learn to day that tbe Post umce De
partment at Washington has refused to
fill an order of the City Postmaster for
8500 worth of sumps.. It is supposed
that cash in advance will be demanded
for them. This is awkward and diffi
cult to remedy.
All the fire companies have donned
military uniforms, "and are drilling in
prospect of being called into active ser
vice. It is now reported that Msjor Ander
son was scared out of Fort Moultrie by
three rockets let off at the eastern end ol
Sullivan's Island, and that be left in
great baste, thinking it was a signal for
attack. This ,is not so, however, though
it is certain he did not take mnch time ia
transferring his command. This is evi
denced by tho condition of the quarters
nt the officata anch as hats, boots, coats.
piano opened, with books oa tba floor,
and atool overturned. Diipwtek a tfe
Looto. A correspondent of the Boston
Courisr.asks : , -
If KentucltT trosaront of the "Union be
fore the 4th of March, ean Abraham Lin
coln, who is a native ef that state, be
inwguiatad President under a Coaatita
tion which nrevides that the President
must be a native bora eitiaea of the Un
Mr.Tap'psn, aa elderly gentlemen. Ml
down in Milk street, Boston, on Friday,
by treading on a hoop skirt, anid broke
TUE FOURTH OF JULY AT AUCTION.
BV TV. J. FIJIGO.
The Legislatare af Boath Carolina hat patted a law
declaring that the Foartb of July ihall no longer be obler
red at a holidaj. Ditftekfnm CAertVrfe
Here'e tha Fonrth of Jale, going, geiag!
For tho Toartb oVjarr Whit ie bid! "" '
With iu clatter df memories, show! ng
All about what joor grandfather! did.
Aad iu mane aid record, decUnig
Certain tights, in a long rigmarole
Too nameroaa ta meatioa, aad bearing
Certain ligaatarei set to tho whole.
Into separata parts wa can't put it,
Bnt we'll tell it for what It will briag;
Ba'gira nt a bid jut ta itart it
For tba old iallnnbla thing.
In tha dajt that are (one who'd hare taoight it!
Ita poat eteort eiteemed It so dear,
Net tha gold of tho world coald ktte bought It
Whit it bid! Fifij cents da I heart
Fifty caatt! Going, goiag! See renad It
Tkera it wound aa old three-colored rag.
Ill oSkr It jnit at I foand it
What It bid for tha Fourth tad itt flag!
Going! going! I beg job eenilder.
We are now on tho third aad tail call
Coiag1 Cone! (Vhati tho name of the bidder!)
beclaratioa, flag, memories all !
A Constitutional Monarchy.
Hon. Alexander U. Stephens hss de
clared thst this govsrnmsnt, with all its
defects, was the best in existence. Mr.
Toombs says that the monarchy in Great
Britain is tbe best government in exis
tence. Thus we see the hand-writing upon
tbe wall. Mr. Stephens is exerting him
self to perpetnste the Union and save the
government. Mr. Toombs is exerting him
self to dissolve the Union and destroy the
government. Mr. Stephens is satisfied with
tbe present workings of onr govsrnmsnt
as guaranteed by the Constitution. But,
Mr. Toombs hatsa Democracy is "afraid
of conventions" csnnot trust the people
consequently the government of Eng
land is better tban that of the United
8tates. Mr. Toombs wishes to break
down the Democratic government and
form a monarchy, and then he wonld be
either Sir Robert, Lord Robertas, Count
Bobusl, or Duke Toombs. Be never
conld be king, only for a short time, as
Cobbs would either concoct a gunpowder
plot for his destruction, (and Sir Robert
don t like powder,) or secede witn at
least half of tbe realm, and its loyal sub
jects and princely possessions. Would
air Robert agree that King Howell, tbe
heir apparent shonld bs quietly coronated
as ths first rule of tho kingdom Georgians
and St. Simon, lies ? We have no doubt,
(being a wealthy man,) that Sir Robert
would at once be declared Chancellor of
That it is the object of the leaders of the
" immediste sscesson" party in Georgia
to establish a monarchy, there is not a
doubt. And we esn tell ths freemen of
Georgia, in all sincerity, that whan they
cast their votes for candidates running on
the " immediate secession" ticket, they
are voting away their freedom, and by
the aet are prep anno: their necks for the
yoke of despots and monarchs. Atlanta,
The Great Pacific Railroad. It is
not remarkable that the railway mana
gers of this city are wonderfully interes
ted in building a railroad leading into
8t. Louis east and west, has been bnilt
partly on the belief that some dsy the
great overland Pacific road wonld be
oonstrusted, and make the St. Louis
road one of the connecting links on tbe
great highway between the two oceans.
Whsn ths ether day it appeared as if we
were to be stripped ef this advantage,
there waa of coarse a great, deal ef nerv
ousness and fear. Bnt the amendment
adopted by tbe Senate removes tbe alarm,
and if it is adopted by the House of Rep
resentatives, all will go rightly. It is
understood that Senator Polk's amend
ment provides for fixing the initial point
between Kansas City and Leavenworth,
so as to form a connection with ths Pa
cific Railroad of Missouri, now building
to Kansas City. Anybody who will
look npon the msp will see the propriety
of this ronte. and it is now boned tha
bill will pass; of. Louu Democrat.
No .Explahatios Wakted. The
friends of secession'- give the most effect
ual answer to those who elsmor for somo
nsw manifesto from Mr. Lincoln. They
openly declare that anything that he
could say would do no Rood. Thus Hon,
Henry W. Hillard of Alabama, lately a
Bell and Everett msn. supporting "the
Constitution, tbe Union and theHnforce
ment of tha Laws." writes as follows to
Mr. Belmont and others of New York,
"It is not any apprehension of aggres
sive action oa the part of the incoming
Administration which rouses the South
ern people to resistance, but it is the dtm
oastration which Mr. Lincoln's election
of the supremacy of a sentiment hostile
to Slavery ia the aoa-slavsholding States
rf tbe Union."
Joaes has .hunted np Scripture anthor
itT for tbe secessionists. It is found m
thst passage or Holy writ wmen com
mences, "Depart, ye cursed," etc. AI-
MeLeaa. ot Aaueary, aaa round an
other text,, ia ,Jeremish. which reads,
"Secede mi be damned-" Che7omr
as Conernaica. It is a coincidence not
a little sifurnlar. that the nephew of Ma
jor .Anderson, the commander at Tort
Sumpter, is die classmate and chum of J
Mr. LmcolnVsoa tetTUrrard College.
8oath Carolina Patriotism.
The nnwonted arrogance of the little
State of Sonth Carolina, in dictating to
all the other Southern States what thsy
ehall do, and in attempting to drag them
into rebellion against the Government,
has not been considered by tbe other
States, in all its enormity. The message
of IterOorernor waa aa irfsult-to every
State South of Mason and Dixon's Liue.
Common deference has always been a
warded to tbe members of a partnership
concern; and a decent regard for the
opinions of the largest stockholder in. a
concern, has never been donied, until
South Carolina arrogantly spurned any
conference with Virginia, though she is
ths largest slave owner in ths concern.
The Northern States accord to Vir
ginia the position, talents, and patriotism,
so indignantly denied by the rebellious
little confederacy of South Carolina 1
There are thousands of true-hearted,
conservative, and patriotic men in South
Carolina, and she can boast great and
glorious names in gono-by days. But
her Revolutionary renown is tarnished by
the many acts of cruelty, visited upon
tha Whigs and Patriots of thoso days, by
citizens of South Carolina. Ths Tories
overran the State in those trying times,
and well they might, for it is a fact at
tested by history that there were mora
Tories in South Carolina tban in the
other twelve States of ths Union ! In
South Carolina, it is wsll known, that
tbe Tories burned, and pillaged, and
wantonly destroyed the property and lives
of ths Whigs, who fled in every direction
before tbe infuriated mercenaries of their
own State. They were even more ra
pacious and cruel to their own country
men, than were the British soldiers. Toe
descendants of these plundering tories.
are now leading off in this Secession
movsment; and ws of the border States,
who recolect the spirit of their "illustrious
predecessors," don't wish to bo led by
them, or dictated to, aa to our duly in this
crisis. The vile leaders of this rebellion
in Sonth Carolina, are worthy of tba
ancient renown of their tory sires. But
thsy are not tho people to say to the patri
ots and soldiers of Virginia, Tennessee,
Kentucky and other gallant States, whst
thsy are to do, and when they are to act.
Mr. Sbward i.t the Gabuht. Ths
New York Times of Monday says :
Tho most important incident of the
day is the appointment of Mr. Seward
to be Secretary of State in the approach
ing Administration of Mr. Lincoln. Wa
believe it is quite certain that he has ac
cepted the sppointment.
In regard to tbe policy of Mr. oawsrd
as a Uabmot omcer, the limes gives tbe
following intimations :
Mr. Seward stands before the country
ss mo representative oi tne itepumican
party. lie has the confidence of that
party to a greator degree than any other
man : one, Ae can probably go further
than any other, in the way of compromi'
ting matters of difference with the south,
with the confidence of being sustained by
the party in so donig. If Mr. Lincoln
should be disposed, therefore, to yield
somswbat to the exigencies of the hour
sad the demands of the Sonth, it is a
matter of very great importance to him
that he ahould have the countenance and
support of one holding so influential and
commanding a position in the North aa
Mr. Seward. On the other hand, if he
had not resolved on pushing ths South
rigorously to the wall, and converting
the Republican victory over misrule into
a sectional tnumpnover tne oontn, ne
wonld have senaht support in the quar
ter where he would have needed it most,
-among tho conservatives and moder
ates of his party
Rahoino a DtscnoatsT ia Txisesske
wits a Grate Vieb. Parson Brown
low's psper, of last week, contsins the
following rsfreehing item :
"Hahoieo is Roam Couett. A fol
low recently passed through Roane coun
ty, talking disunion talk, and cutting np
considerably, as we have been told. The
Union men laid hold of him and hung
him with a grape vine, and so choked
him that he had liked not to hsve recov
ered. They made him take an oath to
support the Constitution and fight for
the general government, as wsll as to
talk in future on ths side of the Union.
"We desire to hear of some disunion
tat going into Sevier county, and talking;
This we believe to be the first esse of
the season of hsnging for' treason. Tha
grape vine remedy, if well applied, and
with moderation, as in this case, might
care tbe disease.
Mob Law at toe Sooth. A letter ia
the New York Herald, dated Mississippi,
Dee. Sttitb, says :
I have been tnrooab several
ia this State, and'aome of tbe
counties in Alabama, and I
hesitation in saying, that the
property ia both States are
opposed to the secession movement. It
ic got np aad engineered by the politi
oisns and the poor whites ; the slavehol
ders are compelled to fall in with it for
fear of having their property confiscated.
Tbe largest slave owner in this (bate was
warned, the other day, uat it bs gave
Teat to his Union sentiments, he wonld
be .lynched, and his property, eoafiscsieel.
He took the hint aad left t)t4ate. It
is ao ia every county, aad also in Ala
bama, Loawisna aad Georgia,
BrrsiTor tub Sooth Carouxa Forced
ItOAJf. Wat to the knife, and fork oyer.