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IL. MILLEB, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER.
VOLUME IV. NUMBER 30,
BT EDGAR ALLAN FOE.
I. - .
Heir th tladgei with Ik. bells
What a world of memotent th mlodj frtIlil
IIow the J tinkle, tinkle, tinkle,
In the icy air ofoight!
While Uit .Uti that oreriprinkl
All the heareal, .m to twinkle
With a rryttalllne delight;
Keeping tint, time, time,
la a tort t Eonic rhyme,
To till lintiaabalatioa that .0 timidly wells
from the belli, belli, belli, belli.
Belli, belli, belli
From the jiagling and the tinkling of the belli!
Beartbe merrr wedding belli
TThst a worlJ of htppineii their harmony foretelli!
Throo'h the balmy air of night.
How the ring not their delight!
From the molten-golden notei,
And all in time.
What a lipoid duly float!
To the Innle-dOT that liiteni, while ihe gloat
On the moon!
Oh, from out the toamling celli,
What a gnib of eopbony Tolomiuoaily welli!
IIow it iwelli!
On Ihe Falore! how it tall
Of tli. raptare that impeli
To the twin-ing aad the ringing
Oi'the bell., bell., Ulli,
Of Ihe belli, belli, belli, belli,
Belli, belli, belli
To the rkyming aad the chiming nf the belli!
Hear Ihe lend al.rara belli
What a tale of terror, now, their tnrbnlency telU!
In the itartled ear of night,
flow tbey .cream ont their affright!
Too mneli horrified to tp-ak.
They can only shriek, shriek.
Oat of tone,
la a claeioroos appealing lo the merer of the fire.
In a mid expostulation with the deaf and frantic fire,
Leaping higher, higher, higher.
With a deiperate deilre.
And a reiolnto eadeaeor,
Vow now to lit, or aerer.
By the lide of the pale-faced moon.
Oh, the belli, belli, belli'
What a tale their terror lelli
IIow lliej clang, and cltih, and roar!
Whit a horror they nntpoor
On the bosom of the palpitating air!
Vet the ear, it fully know.,
Ry the twan-inj, .
And the claaging.
How the danger ebbi and flowt;
Yet Hie ear dutiaclljr telle,
In the jangling.
And the wnngling,
How the danger ilnki and iwelli.
By the unlmg or the milling in the anger of the belli
Or the belli, belli. lie III, belli,
Belli, belli, belli
la the clamor aad Ihe clangor oftha belli!
I7ear the lolling of the belli
Waal a world ofiotemn thought their monody compcli!
la the iileace of the night,
IIow we ihirer with affright.
At the melancholy menace of their tone!
For errry aoeod thai floats
From the mil within their throati,
Ii a groan.
And the people ah, the people
They that dwell np in the iteeple,
And who, tolling, tolling, tolling.
In that maSIed monotone.
Feel a glory in 10 railing
Oa the hnmnn heart a atone
They are neither man nor woman
Tbey are aeirherbrote nor hnman
They are Ohooli:
And their king it il who lolls;
And be rolls, roll., rolli,
A p.tan from the bells!
And hi. m-ny bo.om iwelli
With the pian or Ihe belli!
And be dancei, and he yelli;
Keeping time, time, lime,
Ii a tort of Bnnie rhyme.
To the pa an orthe belli
Or the belli:
Keeping time, time, tine.
In a iort or Rnaic rbjme.
To Ihe throbbing or the belli
Orthe belli, belli, bellt
To the lobbing orthe belli;
Keeping time, time, time,
In a happy Banic rbjme,
To the rolling or the belli
Orthe belli, belli, belli
To the tolling or the belli
Or the belli, belli, bell., belli,
Belli, belU, belli
To the moiaiog and the groaning of the belli!
Cowardice of the Charle stonians in the
Whils u a State, South Carolina hai
never been ranch else than what she ii
low the feeblest and the moat torbnlant,
ha most deptndent and the most boast
ful, the least faithfal and the most trea.
son-loving member of the Union the
territory escapes unrelieved infamy by
the circumstance that, to a email number
of its people, the causa of American In
dependence owes perhaps as much as to
ny other equal number of men. Prom
inent among them is he whoso gallant
defease of it in June, 1776. Fort Moul
trie itself commemorates by bearing hia
name, which it will continue to bear on
"1 some new capitulation, in soran other
confederacy, ehall beatow upon it that of
ome Rhett or Keitt, that the name and
mimory of both Freedom and Moultrie
7 be without a memorial in all South
Carolina. In 1802 Monltrie published
;o volumes of "Memoirs of the Amer
"n "olntion, so far as it related to
k s States of North and South Carolina,
nd Georgia, fcc." They show why
Booth Carolina and the whole eountry
should be proud of him ; and as clearly
why he and the whole country were
sahamed of her.
When Prerost appeared before Charles
ton, in May. 1780. the Governor and
Council were in the town from the nr.
nt indications, it might seem they are
there still. Frightened as they were,
they had sense enough to appoint Moul
trie to the command of the troops, but
they were too far gone to sustain him.
"The Governor (aaya Monltrie) repre
sented to me the horrors of a storm.
He teld me the State's Engineer (Col.
Senf) had represented to him the lines
to be in a very weak state. After some
conversation, he propoaed to me the sen
ding out a flag, to know what terms we
could obtain. I told him I thought w-
cumu iinu against ma enemy, that 1
did not think they could force the lines,
and that I did not choose to aend a flag
in my name ; bnt if he chose it, and
wonld call the Council together, I would
aend any message. They requested me
to aend the fallowing, which was deliv
ered by Mr. Kinlock :
" 'Gen. Moultrie, perceiving from the
motions of yonr army that your intention
is to besiege the town, would be glad to
know on what terras you wonld be dis
posed to grant a capitulation, should he
be inclined to capitulate.' "
Prevoat's reply, which abounded in
promises never intended to be kept, was,
of course, given to the Governor, who
called a meeting of the Council, at which
Moultrie. Pulaski and Laurens were ores-
ent also. The military men concurred
in advising the civilians not to think of
surrendering, and demonstrated that the
enemy could be beaten off; one of these
advisers had done the thing before. But
the Governor could bo made to believe
nothing which did not go to overrate the
British power and disparage that of his
own eonntry. Finally, Menltrie was au
thorized to send word to Prevost that
surrender upon his terms was declined ;
but offering, if lie would appoint a com
miasioner to confer about terma, to send
one to meet him at audi time and place
as Prevost might prescribe.
Gen Monltrio says :
"When the question was carried for
giving up the town on a ntulralily, I will
not say who was for the question ; but
this I well remember, that Mr. John Ed
wards, ono of the Privy Council, a wor
thy citizen and n very respectable mer
chant of Charleston, was so affected s to
weep, and anid : "What I are we to give
up the town at last !"
"The Governor and Council adjourn
ed to Col. Beokman's tent on tho lines.
at the gate. I sent for Col. John Lau
rens from his house, to request the favor
he would carry a message from the (jov-
crnor nnd Council to Gen. Prevost : but
when he knew the purpose, he beggod to
be excused from carrying such a message;
that it was much against his inclination;
thai he would do anything to serve his
country, but he could not think of carry
ing such a message as that ! I then sent
for Col. Mcintosh, nnd requested he would
go with Col. Kogcr Smith, who was
called on by the Governor with the mes
sage. They both lagged I would excuse
them ; hoped and requested I wonld get
eome other person. I, however, pressor.
them into a coniphauce, which message
was as follows :
"I propose a neutrality during tho war
between Great Britain and America, and
the question whether the Stale ehall belong
to Great Britain or remain one of the
United Slates be determined by the trea
ty of peace between those two powers."
Chief Justice .Marshall, in Ins ma oi
Washington, thus chronicle this dis
"The town was summoned to snrreii
der, and tho day was spent in sending and
receiving flags. The neutrality of 8outh
Carolina, during the war, leaving tlie
question whether that State should finally
belong to Great Britain or the United
States to be settlod in the treaty oi peace,
was proposed by the garrison and rejec
ted by Prevost."
Ramsay, in his history, published in
1789, thus stales the action of his own
"Commissioners of the garrison were
instructed to propose a neutrality during
the war between Great Britain and Amer
ica, and that the question whether the
State shall belong to Great Britain
or remain one of the United States, be
decided by the treaty of peace between
The British commsnder refused this
advantageous offer, alleging that they
had not come in a legislative capacity,
and insisted that, as the inhabitants ana
others were in arms, thsy should surren
der as prisoners of war.
Prof. Bowen oi narvara, in u j"w
of Lincoln, (see Sparks' American Bi
ography.) remarks upon this, ignomini
ous proposition : -it.
"This nroDOsal did not come merely
from the commander of a military garri
son, in which case, of course, it would
have been only nngatory,; ine uotu
of tho State, clothed with discretionary
powers, was in the place, and prooaoiy
much of his Conneil along with him.
Whether such a propositioawouia.u-
bean justifiable under any, circumstances
is a question that need not be discussed .
at any rate, it would not "have evinetd
much nonorauiu ur pim..v o
But to make such an offer in the pjesent
3 , Itnl. .1...I nf Irnason.
case was conauci uum .uuu . -T - ,
Till within a fortnight, not on enemy
feot had pressed their ground-;, and ren
.. RrWinh held no atronJT DOSltlon,
had captured none of their forts, and oc
WHITE CLOUD, KANSAS, THURSDAY, JANUARY 31, 1861,
cupied only the little space actually cov
ered by the army in front of the town;
the garrison equalled this army in strength
and might safely bid it defiance. No
succor was at hand, for the British, while
the certain arrival of Linceln within a
week woald place, them between' two
fires, and make' their, position eminently
hazardous., Yet, with these prospects
before them, the authorities of the place
made a proposition which was equivalent
to an offer from tho State to return in its
allegiance to the British crown. The
transaction deserves particular no
tice here, because the surrender of
Charleston in the following year, a sar
render of Charleston in the following
year, a surrender brought aboat by the
prevalence of the same unpatriotic feel
infra was made the ground of some very
unjust reflections upon the conduct of
Lincoln, their military leader."
This was South Carolina in 1779, and
she was as cowardly and selfish in 1780,
aa the record proves. Several of the
Statca had reason to mourn the apostacy
of degenerate sons, bnt South Carolina is
the only one which, in her sovereign ca
pacity, enacted the treason of Arnold
without his bravery, and made such sons
as Monltrie and Marion ashamed that
they owed alleziance to such a State.
X. T. Tribune.
A letter from Old Ironsides.
U. 8. Navt Yam, Philadelphia,)
15th December, 1860. )
Gestlbmb. : I had the honor to re
ceive, yesterday, your notice relative to
the Town Meeting to be held in Inde
pendence Squaro, on Thursday, 13th inst.,
at noon, in which you inform me that
you had done me the honor to name me
as one of the Vice Presidents.
As a native of this city, on the call of
my fellow-citizens, had my views been
essential to what I might deem just, hon
orable and patriotic, I should have ad
vised a rendition, not only to the South,
hat to all the States, of a full, fair and
constitutional redress of all grievances of
which they had a just tight to complain,
on their relinquishment of all .oppressive
or mutinous proceedings founded on the
action of any State whatever, and a res
toration to the charter articles of the
Constitution, anything of which they may
have been deprived through a vicious,
unfair, or latitudinons construction of
that instrument, or a revision of the Con
stitution itself, which closely binds to
gether myriads of the human family
seeking, nnder it. all their rights in pur
suit of honor, welfare and happiness.
As nn important nation, we should bear
in mind that, through the imperfection
of human nature, no combination, even
of the most profound and virtuous
minds, can arrive at perfection ; and tlmt
all difficulties and dangers cannot, in n
first essay in forming a code for the pci
petnity and stability of a bond of frater
nal biotherhood and nnion, bo foreseen
and provided for in so extensive a com
munity of powers ; and our own unfor
tunate experience may teach us in future
that no compromises will ever prove to be
a corrective for wrongs done or meditated.
My voice is, millions for the redress of
just grievances, but net one cent for im
I have the honor to be your obedient
servant and fellow townsman.
W. Bradford, Eq., Chairman, Phil
adelphia. i e i
AmnriM T.larrnl.H as SerN WITH E SO
LI 8 II Eyes. Abraham Lincoln is a gaunt
giant, more than six feot high, atrong
and long-limheil. lie walks Mow. anil
like many thoughtful men, ( Wadsworth
and Napoleon, for example.) keeps his
head inclined forward and downward.
His. hair is wiry black, his eyes are dark
grey; his smile is Iranlc, mncers ana win
ning, bike most American gentlemen,
he is loose and careless in dress, tnrns
down his flapping white collars, and
wears habitually what we consider eve
nintr dress. His head is massive, hia
brow full and wide, his nose large and
flnJir tun month coarse and full: his
eyes are sunken, his bionzed face is thin,
and drawn down into strong corded lines.
that disclose the machinery mat moves
ilio l.rneil in it Tlii irreat leader of the
Republican party this Abolitionist
this terror ot tne democrats inis asnni
AM lawver. with a face half Roman, half
Indian, so wasted by climate, so scarred
by life a straggles, was corn in lovrj, in
r..iH.ll TT, (vrenriTatrinr who rflmei
from Virginia, was killed by the Indians.
His father died young, leaving a wmow
n.l unnl children. Thev removed to
Indiana, Abe being at that time only six
years' old. Poor and struggling, his
mOtner COOIU UUII nunu uiiu iuuio iD-ii
months' rough schooling; and in the
clearings of that new, unsettled eonntry,
the healthy strippling went to work to
hew hickory and, gum-trees, to grsppla
with remonstrating bears, and to look
. r.ihntnn frennant rattlesnake. Tall.
strong,.lithe and smiling, Abe toiled on
as farm laborer, rauie ariver, snrep ieu-
,Ur L-illpr. wood cutter, and lastlv.
as' boatman on the waters of tho Wabash
ind the Mississippi. Unee a Week,
m. finftnorfinlil Rennhlicsn save that
Charles C. -Bnrleigh, a rabid Abolition-.
ist, delivered a political address at a
school house, in West Farms, Westfield,
ir. Tfinradar evenintT. and uttered
sentiments so offensive that a mob gather
ed and broke np me meeting, ana cele
brated tha.trinmpu. by making a bonfire
of the school house and its contents.
CONSTITUTION AND THE
Let otben prale warn, aaaij day.,
Aad air perfemed with ntaa,
Aad load complain of Wintry tils,
in alnf aonf (if right m wroif )
Or WiaUrt heart nteeiaeea;
Orileifbiat urbUJ wftf wtHfto,
See, ben be eaeaei with baadaj drami.
And trnrapete loadly blewiaf ;
And ecatterinf leaf and healthy breath,
Bailief, freealng, anewlaf!
Away! away! with me la-day,
Along the frozen neer
Let other! wait with gleaniaf iiate.
Well make tho Wight Ice qiirtr!
Pen woodland tree, who iwift at nil
The red blood hotly bon&dinf ;
With merry criea and flaihing eye.,
And iwifk ikatei gaily eaiading!
Or aoize the gun, and lightly ran
0er woodland, mead aad prairie.
To bent the deer, with hope and fear.
And ay and fooUlep wary!
Aad monnt Ihe hi II, with right good will,
Tea bracing air inhaling;
Up, npward go, where cloadi of taow
In other bine are aailiag!
And aow to-night, by bright anoonlight.
With asfi belle lightly tinkling,
O'er frozen mow away we go.
The blot .Ur. brightly twiakllng.
O! ye who Iota the glowing itore.
And ligh for Sansmer weather.
Com oat to-night, while all ii bright,
And well be off together;
And ne'er again will yon complain,
Or aigh when Aatnmn doiei;
And writ dnll layi on Bommer dayi,
And with for Summer roief .
A Gloomy Time in Charleston An
A Charleston correspondent of the
Philadelphia Inquirer, writing on the
31st nit., says the effect of the madness
of Secession is fearfully apparent in the
former city. Trade ts almost entirely
stopped, and money scarce enongh to
alarm the most saoguine. The market
is badly provided, and already serious
foars are entertained as to the possibility
of a famine. Somo grnmbling has al
ready been heard from those who have
the hard work, and more still from those
taxed for tho expenses of tho political
game. 1 lie upper classes aro so digni
fied and secret, that it is only on an oc
casion like the present, that one discov
ers that they ever feel the money pressure.
fto city in the world -has so much of
what may be colled decayed gentility.
or so many people with aspirations thou
sands of times in excess of their means.
The history of this hybrid npper-tendoro,
wnii its norror oi iraue, is a puiuuie mo
ry to those used to the intelligent indus
try of the North. There is a class in the
city' who believe that tho world is waits
ing breathlessly to know their thoughts
The most seriously compromised par
ties here are the merchants, and those
whose relations are with places and per
sons outside. They see only bankrupt
cy and rnin before them ; and it will re
quire more than Southern oratory to pnt
their balances on the credit side for them.
They, all who now suffer, must be pre
pared to discover that to, crazed and sel
fish politicians, struggling for the votes
of the poorer white population, is attrib
utable nearly the whole ovil. Blindly
rushing into a contest rninons from the
first, they have, by flattery and cajolery,
raised the wildest excitement, and now
a furious and maddened mob will be their
ruin, ihe horrors oi me nrst t rencn
revolution will be enacted in this city.
if once the spark is lighted which leads
to bloodshed. Then will these fanatic
leaders be swamped in the rush and car
nage, ami fall on the swords they have
placed in snch dangerous hands. The
worst anticipations are felt as to the con
duct of the servile population, should the
rigor of their treatment.be relaxed. Ibis
evil has already began in the forced idle
ness of the colored people, whose masters
cannot End employment for them ; for
if idleness was ever a curse, it is em
phatically to the ignorant slave.
Martix Vak Benin's Opinio or Lik-
cor. At a late dinner party in New
York city, ex-President Van Buren re
lated that, in his Western tonr, while
President, one Lincoln, a lawyer of some
local repute, was Chairman of the recep
tion committee ; and in their formal in
terview he was so much impressed with
him, that he called to bis room after
wards for more intimate discourse. He
had often thought of that interview and
that man. and failing to hear of him in
public lifo, he had set.it down that a
brilliant intellect was lost to the world
nnder the insatiate leveling of the gigan-
tie West. Two years ago, however.
that man emerged, and was heard of in
a senatorial contest that aroused the in
terest of the whole eonntry. To-day he
was heard of again as the President elect.
And that man was Abraham Lincoln, of
Springfield, III.- Mr. Van Buren gave
it as his testimony, from the remembrance
of more than twenty years ago. that he
was "endowed with talents to adorn the
The Charleston Mercury says "that all
the eood ladies young and old of
Charleston, are as bnsy as bees, prepar
ing creature comforts of all kinds for the
reliant men who are keeping watch and
ward on the ramparts and breastworks
which defend the city.
Harper's Weekly publishes portraits
of all the seceding South Carolina mem
bers of Congress. They are not as well
executed as they.-ooght to be. Louisville
The Capital in Danger.
"Occasional," the usually well in
formed Washington correspondent of
the Philadelphia Press, writes as fol
lows: "Some weeks ago, I intimated that it
was the purpose of the Disunionists to
seize the Federal Capitol. This sugges
tion was derided by some, bnt we are
now on the eve of the fulfillment of the
ptophecy. In the South American States,
and particularly in Mexico, after a pop
ular election has decided one way, tbe
defeated party has resorted to arms, and
ocenpied the leading cities. I have no
donbt that a similar outrago is contem
plated by the Disunionists. Indeed, the
Richmond Enquirer, the organ of Gov
ernor Wise, not more than four days ago.
recommended that Washington shonld
be ocenpied by tho Disunion forces. To
this end, Handy, the Commissioner from
Mississippi, visited Maryland ; and, af
ter being rebuked and rejected by Gov.
Hicks, proceeded to Baltimore, where
he delivered a violent and treasonable
"One of the most conservative men in
that State, a statesman of enlarged ex
perience and ability, devoted to the Un
ion, informed me yesterday that ho had
little doubt that Maryland, unless a coun
ter sentiment could bo roused at once,
would enroll herself on the side of South
Carolina. The purpose is to prevent the
inauguration of Abraham Lincoln, in the
city of Washington, on tbe 4th of March.
This is openly avowed. Not ten days
ago, one or the most distmguthed booth
ern Senators coolly informed a gentle
man that Mr. Lincoln wonld not dare to
come hore after the expiration of the term
of Mr. Buchanan ; that this city would
be seized and occupied as the capital of
the Southern Confederacy ; and that Mr.
Lincoln would be compelled to take his
oath of office in Philadelphia or New
York ! It is vain to look to Mr. Buchanan
for relief in this dark hour.
"Should Congress pass a force bill, he,
by the declaration contained in his last
annnal message, ia committed against
executing it, and wonld, of course, refuse
to affix his signature to it. His backers
in tho Senate and in the House have per
sistently resisted all attempts to mqniro
into his proceedings in regard to the pub
lic property in the South, and one Sena
tor based his opposition to such a resolu
tion on the ground that the President was
Commander-in-Chief, and that his pro
ceedings could not be investigated.
Meanwhile, all the men in office here re
gard the present condition of things as
the best manner of protracting their offi
cial terms. Every blow struck at the
Union during Mr. Buchanan's adminis
tration receives their ardent applause.
The assertion is every honr made that no
Southern officer in the army or navy will
take arms against South Carolina or any
seceding State ; and great stress is laid
upon the fact that the present commander
of fortresb Monroe is heart and soul with
Governor Wise and the minute men of
A Frkkchmah's View or titb Results
of Sbcissiok. An old French officer
writes to tbe Courrier des Etats Unis that
in the event of a dissolution of the Union,
France wonld retake Lonisiana, accord
ing to ancient treaties; Spain wonld re
claim Florida; England wonld appropri
ate Oregon and several other States;
Mexico, nnder English protection, wonld
retako the territory of New Mexico, Tex
as and California; and England might,
perhaps, keep California as an indemni
ty for the subsidies farnished'to the Mex
ican Government in the war against the
former United 8tatcs.
It is Louis Napoleon who wonld begin
by a very simple and logical process of
reasoning; tor every one Knows that ISa
poleon III. aims at consolidating all that
Napoleon I. had in view with regard to
Napoleon I., in 1803, ceded. Lonisiana
to tbe United States for the sum of five
millioas of dollars, which the Govern
ment of the United States engaged to pay
to the American merchants whose goods
and ships had been seized during the
wars of the French republic, from 1702
to 1801. But as the United States have
not paid the aforesaid five millions, and
as. for more than fortv years, we have
seen brought before Congress, session af
. . -rn i i:.'i u:ii !.:. t.
ur session, B r rcncuapouauiuu uni, wun.ii
has never been passed; therefore, as soon
as the Union shall be dissolved, those
who claim this sum will address them
selves to Lonis Napoleon, and he will
pay their demands and retake Louisiana.
England, who suspects some such thing.
has already ordered, several ships of war
te the Gulf of Mexico. - - -
The Tribune informs us that a body of
"iwentr minute' men" recently entered a
private house in Charleston, demanded
dinner, which they ate, and finally by
wav of dessert, presented a supplemental
rv demand of ten dollars each, alleging
that they had not come to Charleston to
fight for nothing. We comprehend this
statement, with a slieht exception. Why
"twenty minute men !" Why not with
equal propriety call them half hour men?
Half-past' seven p. m. men t 'semi-weekly
men? The chronological designations
are obscure, and shonld be illustrated by
footnotes. If the final demand of the
"iwntv minnta men" had been suc
ceeded by foot notes, 'inscribed upon that
. . w 1-
portion-of their person, wmen uravo sol
diers never exhibit to their enemies, the
narrative would bo. much.mpre. satisfac
Bail on, O! I'eicn, itrong aad great!
Hamaaity, with all it fear..
With all the hope, of fetor yean,
Ii hanging breathleii on thy fata!
W know what Matter laid thy keel;
What warkmaa wrongbt thj rib of Heel;
Who mad ach mait, and tail, aad rop;
What anvlle rang, what hamnwr. beat;
In what a forge and what 1 Leal
Were ibapJ th aaebors of thy bp!
Fear not each todJen tonnd and ehck,
Tli sftb war and not th reek;
Tie bat th flapping of th tail.
And not the reat mad by th gala!
In ipit of rook and temperft roar,
I ipiu of false lights en th there,
Sail on, nor fear to braait th tea!
Onr hearti, osr hopet, an all with the!
From La Prenc, of Paris, Dec. 4.
The French Press on Disunion Hos
tility to a Southern Confederacy.
France cannot be otherwise
than proud to find her protection claim
ed and her alliance songnt by all oppressed
nationalities, and it is her interest and
her glory not to fail in any of the obliga
tions that her high position imposes up
on her. But in the present caso (that of
the protlered alliance ot tbe bouthcrn
States) the question of independent ia
complicated by a question of slavery,
andthe one flings an nnhappy shadow
over the other.
France, who abolished Slavery herself.
cannot even seem to protect it in other
countries. Such an idea even would do
her a serious injury. The Americans of
South Carolina must, then, be persuaded
that if ever they obtain from the French
Government the moral support that they
demand, it will not bo as proprietors.
but in spite of their being proprietors of
slaves, and by virtne orthe principle, ac
knowledged for thirty years, that all
Governments de facto shall bo recognized
by the GoAernments of Enrope and
Tho rupture of the Union will entail
more risks than benefits; for while the
commerce nf England and the whole of
Europe will be admitted, with eur own,
to the tree ports oftha new confederation,
the Northern confederation will immedi
ately seek, in an exclusive alliance with
England, a counterpoise to the Southern
agreement with France. War will inev
itably flow from this antagonism. Hav
ing as allies slave proprietors, we will be
forced, by the nature of things, to defend
their institntions, and to tolerate their
plan of annexing Mexico and the Island
of Cuba, which the North up to this
time has alono prevented.
Franco will never laj herself open to
sueh a course. She ought not to allow
the Southern States to deceive themselves
in this mstter. She cannot even lend
such consent as silenco may afford ; her
dnty is to labor with all her power, to
prevent a dissolution. Inere ought net
to be for ns, on tbe other side of the At
lantic, either Southern Americans or
Northern Americans, but States whose
union is important to the equilibrium of
the world. The American marine is not
less necessary to France than the Russian,
Spanish an Italian navies, to prevent a
single Power from seizing the empire of
France was tho first ally of the United
States we hope'she will new be their
counsellor, and expose the abyss into
which they are hurrying an abyss in
which will be bnried forever a past most
glorious and a future most hopeful. For
the American Union separation is: sui
cide; it is the mnrder of a great nation
and a great principle. Franco cannot
lend a hand lo this suicide and this mnr
der. She has helped to mako this peo
pleshe will never help to destroy them.
Booh are, we are convinced, tbe senti
ments of onr Government.
Mb. Seward. Of Mr. Seword. the
Washington correspondent of the Phila
delphia.Gazette.iSays: Unlike Mr. Webster, who was always
careful that the "outer man" shonld be
in keeping with the occasion, he appear
ed in his rough and ready suit of grey.
without any evidence of preparation or
care. air. beward is not imposing in
Dresence of person. Few members of
the Senate would arrest the eye, of a stran
ger less ot first sight, or more after he
once became known. His voiee is husky,
his eloention is bad, and his gestures are
altogether unattractive. At times, when
he attempts to give physical emphasis to
soma forcible and finished thought, the
effort seems almost grotesque there is
snch little apparent aympatby between
the mind and the manner ot. .tbe man,
His intellect and his finished culture, how
ever, invariably triumph over these strong
natural defects, and heneyer fails to leave
the impression" of superior ability, schol
arship, thought and sagacity. -T,;3 -
Every eye was riveted upon, him, yes
terday for more than two'honrs,' and ev
ery' syllable he uttered was treasured np
and measured for its bearing, aa words
were never weighed in thsi' chamber be
fore. Except from the great ground
swell of the hnman sea in the galleries,
which' occasionally surged from the out
ward pressure in the halls and lobbies,
not a tone of the voice, was lost upon the
assembled multitude, inere were pas
sages of tonchinz eloquence which thrill
ed all hearts, and' exacted the generous
tribute of tears from many eyes not much
given to the melting mood.
Tn thn list of interments published in
the New Orlesns DelU, 65 are reported
as natives of the United States and 1
from South Carolina.
$2.00 PER AMUM, II ADTAIC1.
WHOLE NUMBER, 186.-
Paying the Piper.
The four States of South Carolina,
Georgia, Alabama, and Flordia, propose
to raise-j.at least 10,000 troops to- keep
Secession working smoothly. Now, an
army is not a fancy ball, but a stern re
ality, whose daily bread is not got'by
praying for it. Every soldier in. the
United States service costs the Govern
ment 8600 a year. The chivalry will
not volunteer for less pay and fewer ra
tions. For 10,000 men the annual cost
will thus be 86,000,000. Then the States
will probably need mails. As the conn
try they are to traverse is vsry extensive.:
they cannot ba carried for less than an
other 81,000,000. unless ths general ces
sation of bnsiness consequent on Seces
sion shonld resnlt in empty mail bags,
and so induce a curtailment of the terviee.
In addition to ths army there will be
crowds of patriots, emulous, and even
rampant, to serve their country, at larare
salaries, as Presidents, Judges, Legisla
tors, i oreign .Ministers, ifcc. These, even
without the stealings, would quickly swal
low up 811.000.000 more. With them,
conjecture is at fault. But ths taxation
in these States already amounts to 82,
000,000 annually. Now, let us see who
is to pay this.
Ten years ago the population of, these
States was 2,418.000, and it can be bnt
little more now. as tho Sonth increases
very slowly. But of this there wero on
Iy 1,285,000 whites. Two thirds are
women and children who pay taxes no
where, leaving say 400,000 white males.
of whom at least 100,000 are minors.
South Carolina has but 47,000 white
males over twenty years of age. Now,
tax this handful of whites say ten tail
lions annually, and it will grind them to
powder. New York, with her 4,000,000,
or Pennsylvania, with her 3,000,000,
wonld be crushed out by snch a burden.
The tax-gatherer would be regarded and
resisted as a robber, and tho effort to col
lect such a tax wonld prove an utter fail
ure. . Property of all descriptions wonld
sink two-thirds in value. Men who
owned no real estate wonld immediately
move off, to be followed, by thonsanda
whom starvation would drive away. The
States would be depopulated outright ;
and as it is population alone which gives
value to land, ths value of the whole
would sink to that of South Carolina,
where the average is bow only 82 per
acre. In short, tho attempt to maintain
a separate military force of on'y 10.000
men wonld plunge these States into cer
tain and hopeless ruin.
JBut there are other. incidents ofSeces--
sion. A iNavy must be had, forts must,
be built and manned, arsenals and navr
yards established, a"' capitol Erected, and
a thousand other expenses incurred,'
amounting to millions of money. How
is this money to be provided 1 Not from
Customs, because Free Trade will pre
vail. Not from bonds, because the North
woald not touch Southern obligations of
this kind, while Europe still holdaimil-
lions that have been' repudiated twenty
years ago, and thinks that quite enongh.
Not from their own citizens, because a
tithe of the amount required does not ex
ist among mem.
'ibey are now largely-ia debt to the
North, without being able to pay, and
so can have nothing to lend. Their banks
can give no aid, 'became only the other
day they had bnt one dollar of coin to '
every six of paper afloat, and are now-
suspended. Besides this, the losses on:
slaves and personal property will amount
to many millions, thus alone impoverish
ing the community. So far from'being
able to assist the Stats, every man will
have enough to do to take careof him
self. Chaos itself wonld coma,, again.
The slaves, feeling the common pressure,
and witnessing the general disorganiza
tion, won1d;easiIy and safely break away
from obedience. " c - . - S
..They would either rise in murderous-
rebellion against authority, jnst as their
masters are now threatening to do, or
they wonld move off in large bodies for
ward tbe Free States, their numbers en
larged by accessions of. other fugitives in
tates equally disorganized, until blaverr.'
as a compaetinstitution, would measur
ably cease to exist.
Yet, in ths faee of such probabilities;
the people of these States are-so blinded
by passion that no consideration of com
mon sense appears to wsigh -with .them.
Tbey share in the loss of 860,000,000"
already realized on the cotton crop,' and
shonld their madases lower.it three cents
more, another loss of the same Magnitude
must be suffered. This is ,adoll begin
ning for secession. Rebellion should 1e
ont of debt, at least, in the start. -V.-r.
TrUiuni. " . ' re.
Ham ScKUMDOt or FonrPiM. We.
called attention yes'terday'to the inglori
ous surrender of Fort Pike, Xeuisisns,
by the officer in "commaad, Major Bos-,
worth. It will be rcmeatbered that b
offered no resistance, to the Secessionists,
and was apparently sitting up to bid
them welcome. It is not a little curious
thitbnly five days before he said :
Until 1 receive orders from beadquar--ters,
I would defend .tho fort while a man
remained to apply a mstoly to the guns
or spring a mine ; and," as a last resert, I
I wonld blow up the fort JanrT fieria-,4
with the star-spangled-banner, in ita ra-K
ins. Posterity, I trust, will do my mem
ory justice. - -j : . - a
If the account weliave "before given' be
correct, we hope that justice will aotVoe
delayed until the days of x'poetarity."J i
Four persons died .fa 'London,, last
month, from excessive use of cigars.