Newspaper Page Text
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SIL. MILLER, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER.
( T. t 4
THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION.
TERMS MM FER AMXUM, II 1BT1ICI.
i ";. .j i
VOLUME IV.--NUMBER 31, (
WHITE CLOUD, KANSAS, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1861.
WHOLE NUMBER, 187.
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THE AMERICAN FLAG.
r ds. JoiErn rodhax skaki.
Vftea .freedom, from hermoiataia bei(ht,
UaferleS hr standard ta tie Ir, t '
Eke lort tlx tint rci frjijet.
Aid Mt tb lUn f f lory tkere!
She niiflel with in jorjeon 3j
Tli nitty fceMrle f th skies,
A1 striped lu pirt, celestial wait ,
Wi etreaaiafe oft aurniif lltht;
Teen, from lis esaaiion Ii the son, '
Kb called btr if 1 bearer down,
Aid fare iato bii taifbty bud
Tbe ijmbol of ber ebesea Id.
Majestic monarch ef the cload!
Who rear'st lion tby ftjtl form,
T hr tb tetspeit trompief land.
Aid see tbi lifbtsiif-UMM driren,
When stride Ike wsrriors ofthe norm,
Aid rolli the thcnder-drim ef heirenl
Child of the Seal ltbee lit jinn,
T guard the banner of tko free,
Te hcrer ii tb salphar smoke.
To ward away the battle ttroko,
Aid bid itl blendiags this afar,
tiki rainbows on the elond of wir,
The harbinger of rictorj!
Flx of the briTal tbj foldi shell 0,
Th si jn of bop mnd trinmph bib!
When speaks th sijaal trnmnat-Ua,
Aid the lort ' '"" tleemiaj
(Ere jet the life-blood, warm aid wet,
till dlmm'd tie jliit'niof bajeait,)
Sack eoldier'a eje aball bri(btlj torn
To where tby meleor-floriei bin,
Aid, ei hit eprlapaf atcpi idranco,
Caceb war ud TOifeaneo from tbo Klaneel
Aid wben the cannoi nonthiip raid,
Iliare in wild wreatbi tbo battle ehreod.
Aid (orj aabret rite an.l fall,
IJke akoota of flam 01 reidnijht'j pall;
There ihall tbj rictor-flaaeee glow,
Aid cowering foes iball aink beneath
F.aeh lllant arm that atrlkea below
That lrelj ntiMlr of dratli!
Flaf of tb aaatl on oeeai'a ware,
Tkr atari ekall (Utter o'er Ike brare;
tTken Death, careerior; on the (ale,
flwepi darkljr ronad the bellied aail.
And frighted warre rulh wildlj back,
nefnre the broailiidet reeling rack,
Each dyiac wanderer of tke aea
Shall loek at R to liearen and the.
Aid rmile to aee thy iplendora fly
la triamph oVrhii closiag eye!
Flag or the free bean's hope and home!
By angel-hnnda to ealor jfiren!
Tby start bare lit th welkin dome.
And all tby hoee were Lorn in braren!
Torerrr float that itandard sheet!
ITbare breathes the foe bat falls before nil
ffiUi Freedom's soil beneath ear feet.
Aid Freedom 'i banner streaming o'er m?
The Charleton Mob.
The New York Tribune of Tue.dajr
14m the following :
The state of thingi which the leaders
of the revolution in South Carolina hare
brought upon themselves is, wo suppose,
inch, in many repectx, ae scarcely gux
pictel elsewhere. We learn, for inntancs,
through a private letter from a perfectly
revpectable soiirce in Charleston, thnt the
otW day a body of twenty Minute Men
from the country entered a large private
homo in that city and demandvd dinner.
A dinner was given them, and they then
demanded ten dollars each, saying that
they had not come to Charleston for
nothing ; and the money waa furnished
Another fact of still greater aignifi
eaece has come to our knowledge. Gov.
Pickens has written to an officer of high
rank in the United Statee Army, a na
tire of South Carolina, who is loyal to
the itari and stripes, requesting liim to
come to Chatleston and protect them
from the mob. The officer has declined,
eaying that he can aerve his country else
where, and that he does not wish to have
any part in the proceedings now going
forward in that State.
The Washington correspondent of the
It ii itated that much disaffection ax
nU among the German and Irish volun
teer troops, who are taken away from
their business and homes to perferm mil
itary doty, while the Secession leaden
re enjoying the luxury of treason com
fortably, and without any personal x
porore. The Baltimore Clipper has informa
tion of a eimilar character. It says :
We learn by the fresh srriTsl of i
tons cutter from Columbia. South Car
olina, at his home in Waahington City,
that 6ad and sorrowful stats of things
prevails there. Business and work of
all kinds are ins paralyxsd condition,
owing to the excitoaent existing among
people abont the approaching inau
utHm of what they term a hostile
government. The talk of war has caused
"rything else to be suspended. He
"Presents the peoplo m excited almost
to derangement, and relates a case whsrs
aWlow-mechanicofhishsd he,n com
plelely crazed end made an inmate of a
janstic asylnm by the warlike demonstra
"". wound him. Nearly every me
.mc employed on the Capitol of the
otte has left, and those remaining be
nd will follow in a few days. Other
aecoanics employed elsewhere will soon
? r departure, and unlets times
"Mil eoon improve, many of the native
mwhanics and laboring force of the State
"! eek employment elsewhere.
A paragraph of the Cincinnati Com
oL la relation to Gov. Pickens
"jure upon the money in the Charleston
SiSs? is headed "PickeM aDd
South Carolina Toryism.
The New York Tribnne is resnrrecting
the details of the disgraeefnl transactions
of the South Carolinians -in the Revolu
tionary War, by which, the leading men
of that province evinced their own cow
ardice, their lukewarmness arid even ha
tred of their country's cause, and crip
pled the movement of-the Northern Gen
erals who would have saved them from
degradation. In 17S0, in the month of
April, Gen. Lincoln of Massachusetts,
who commanded the American forces at
Charleeton, was summoned to eurrender
by 8ir Henry Clinton, the British Gen
eral. Thie he refused to do. On the
8th of May, another summons from Sir
Henry brought from Lincoln an offer of
terms, which was rejected ; but the "mil
itia and citizens" tooktho matter in hand,
and, only three days afterward, Gen.
Lineoln thus addressed Gen. Clinton :
To his Excellency, Sir Henry Clinton :
"Sir: The same motives of humanity
which inclined you to propose articles of
eapitamtion to this garrison, induced me
to otler tbose 1 had the honor of sanding
you on the 8th instant. They then ap
peared to me snch as I might proffer,
and you receive, with honor to both par
ties. Your exceptions to them, as they
principally concerned the militia and cit
izens, I then conceived were such as could
not be concurred with ; but a recent ap
plication from these people, wherein they
express a willingness to comply with
them, and a wish on my part to lessen.
as much as may be, the distress of war
to individuals, lead me now to offer yon
my acceptance of them.
1 have the honor to be, tc,
Charlestown, May, 1780."
By the terms of the surrender, the
Continental troops were prisoners of
war, bnt "those poople" were prisoners
So far as hostile ocenpation merely is
concerned, it may be said that Charles
ton stood as did New York and Boston ;
but neither Gage nor Clinton could have
written from cither place, after one
month's experience, such a letter as this.
Sir Henry Clinton, writing to Lord
George Germaine, one of his Majesty's
principal Secretaries of State, from
"Head Quarters, Charleatown, South
Carolina, June 4, 1780," says:
"With the greatest pleasure, I further
report to your lordship, that the inhabi
tants from every quarter repair to the de
tachments of the army, and to this gar
rison, to declare their allegiance to the
king, and to offer their services in arms
in support of his government. In many
instances, they have brought prisoners
their former oppressor or leaders ; and
I may venture to asert that thvre arc
few men in South Carolint who are not
either our prisoners or are in arm with
On the fifth of June, 1780. over two
hundred eitizenof Charleston, many of
them the lineal ancatur of the very men
who are now blustering about Northern
tyranny and federal oppression, signed a
"Humble Address." i'u which they im
plored Sir Henry Clinton and Admiral
Arbuthnot to consider them no longer
as prisoners on parole, but to readmit
them to the character and condition of
British subjects, and ultereJ those das
tardly sentiments :
"Although the right of taxing America
in Parliament, extrited considerable fr
ment in the minds of the People of this
Province, yet it may, with a, religions
adherence to truth, be affirmed, that they
did not entertain the most distant thought
of dissolving the union which so hsppi'y
subsisted between them and their parent
country ; and when, in the progrese of
the fatal controversy, the doctrine of In
dependence, which originated in the
more Northern Colonies, made its ap
pearance among us, oar nature revolted
at the idea, and we look back with the
most painful regret on those convulsions
that gave existence to a power of sub
verting a Constitution, for which we al
ways had, and ever shall retain, the most
profound veneration, and substituting in
its stead a rank Deraoeracy which, how
ever carefully digested in theory, on be
ing reduced into practice. has exhibited a
system of tyrannic domination only to
bo found among the uncivilized part of
mankind, or in tho history of the dark
and barbarous ages of antiquity ."
When Baron de Kalb met. General
Marion, during the Revolution, ho ex
pressed his amazement that "so msny
South Carolinians were running to take
British protection." Marion's explana
tion of the source of Toryism then, will
answer very well to acoonnt for Secession
and its attendant bluster to-day. It was:
"Ths people of -.Carolina form two
classes ths rich and the poor. The
poor are rery poor ; the rich, who have
slaves to do all their work, give.them no
employment. Unsupported by therich,
they continue poor and low-spirited. -The
little they get is laid ont in brandy
not in books, and newspapsrs; hence
they know nothing of the comparative
blessings of our country, nor of the dsn
gers which threaten it ; therefore they csre
nothing about it. The rich are generally
:.i..f,.i,l ( titir. last the British
should bum their houses and carry ea
A writer in the Louisville Joernal says
"if the demands of theSonth are not ac
cedeaito, slavery in the border States
willflisttewejin .Un years;'l- Isjtbu
a slnr at the North .rendering up tbemg--
Louis Napoleon on the TJnios His
ConversationwithFaulkner He De
The Paris correspondent of the New
ark Daily Advertiser, after describing the
New Year'seception of the French Em
peror of the -various Foreign Ministers,
spoaks! of-his interview with the Ameri
can, Embassador. He, says :
It now devolves upon your correspon
dent to describe an incident" of the diplo
matic reception,-0 occurring a few mo
menta after their formal address had been
prononnced, which, at the present mo
mentous juncture in the. affairs of our
own country, will excite a deep interest
in the United States. The statement I
am about to make may be relied upon as
exact in every particnlar. When the
collective reception of the diplomatic
body was over, the Emperor passed slow
lyalong the line of embassadors, and
ministers, speaking a few words to each
in person. After a moment's conversa
tion with the Persian Erabsssador, who
Mood at the right of the Minister of the
t nuea otaics, tne Jmperor approached
Mr. Faulkner and cordially shook his
hand. The nsnal words of greeting were
then exchanged, after which the Empe
ror asked, in English :
"What is the intrllicrenco vou have re
ceived from the United States ? Not so
alarming, I trust, as the papers represent
"Like most nations, Sire," replied
Mr. Faulkner, "we have our troubles,
which .have lost none of their coloring,
as described in the European press."
The Emperor "I hope it is not true
that any of the States have separated
from the General Confederation."
Mr. Faulkner "The States still form
one common Government, as heretofore.
There is excitement in portions of the
Confederacy, and there are indications of
extreme measures being adopted by one
r two of the States. But we are famil
iar with the excitement, as we are with
the vigor which belongs to the institu
tions of a free people. We have already
more than once passed through commo
tions which wonld have shattered into
fragments any other Government on earth,
and this fact justifies the inference that
the strength of tho Union will now be
found equal to the strain upon it."
The Emperor "I sincerely hope it
may be eo, and that yon may long con
tinue a united and prosperous people."
Mr. Faulkner then aske 1 permission of
the Emperor to present to him Mr. J. G.
Clarke, acting Secretary of Legation,
and Mr. E. Boyd Faulkner, acting As
sistant Secretary, to whom his Majesty
made n few kind remarks, and then pass
ed on to the Minister of Denmark.
I repeat that the account given of this
important conversation between Napole
on III. and the Minister ef the United
States may be .relied upon fully. I have
it from a gentleman who was present,
and who heard every word pronounced
on both sides. Indeed, the circumstan
ces arc now very generally known among
the Americans in Paris, who comment
upon the affair according to. their indi
vidual political sentiments; but all, I
believe, concurring in the opinion thst
the interrogations and observation of the
Emperor were inspired by a sincere re
gret at onr unhappy internecine divisions,
threatening a disaster which will not be
attributed, in Europe, to its real soutcea,
and which could net fail to inflict a ter
rible blow upon the struggling popula
tions of Europe, looking to our country
as a model of political liberty, and to
our unexampled material prosperity as
tho most signal evidence of the success
and stability of republican institutions.
General Jackson's Will. In Juno,
1843, General Jackson, in his retire
ment at the Hermitage, wrote his will
with his own hand. In it, among other
bequests, are two which ought, at this
time, to be published for present reading.
The sentiments therein expressed evince
more than Roman patriotism, and should
sink deep into the hearts of tbe people.
Here is the literal language of the illus
trious dead :
"Soventh. I bequeath to my beloved
nephew, Andrew J. Donelson, son of
Samual Donelson, deceased, the elegant
sword presented to me by the State of
Tennessee, tctVA. thit injunction: That he
fail not to use it, .when necessary in sup
port and protection of our glqriout Uh-
ton, mnd for the protection oj tin contti
tutional righti' of our beloved evntry
should thay be entailed bj foreign ene
mies or DOMESTIC TRAITORS.
"Eighth. To my grand-nephew, An
drew Jackson Coffee, I beqneath ths ele
gant sword presented to me by the Rifle
Company of New Orleans, commanded
by Captain Beale. as a memento of my
regard, and to bring to his reeollection
tho gallant ssrvices of his deceased fath
er, Gen. John Coffee, in the late Indian
and British war, under my command,
and his gallant condnot in defence of
New Orleans in 1814-15, vith this in
junction : That he wield it in the pro
tection 01 me rignis sesurea 10 me Amer
ican citizsn under our glorious Constitu
tion against all invaders, whether foreign
foes; or ictzsttr traitors."
The hoar has come. Charleston Mer
cury. And "the man" is in Fort Sumter.
Louisville Journal. ,
A i i sen a am, a.
The Louisville Journal advises the
Kentucky Secessionists that as then are
no forts in the State for them to attack,
to try their hand on the Newport Barracks.
BT MRS. LTDIA H. BIGOCRNET.
Ho! Eajle ifon beaded Butas,
Wilt drop thin olir lair.
Aid bid U siifta ef war aid wo
Speed btntliftkmfh lb alt J
Aid tb aoariaf lagl aaawirad, .
Wart n his po.brrach bight r.
"!fo! Freedom's chieftains (if tb trait,
111 part It till I die!"
Ye start, that ihine la aparklinj bin
Upon jnr bannered ftU
Shall half be stricken from yonr placet
And halfln closda concealed!
Bnt silent wen those glorions orbi.
With dread amazement fraofht
Each tremMief in its crystal sphere,
At tbe dark traitor thought.
Oh, human hearts! to ceneord trained
lr sirea who stood of yore,
As Lretheri, who around their hemes
The Lion rampM in gore;
Will ye the heritsr they won,
With rnthless hand diridet
Or read th Gontian kaot they drew
Aronad yt, when they died!
Then from th Tater Fitria's tomb,
Beneath Monnt Tenon's shade
Aid from th hero's bed, who sleeps
la Xaihville'a beantoons glad
And from green Qniaey's honored breast.
Where sire and son repose
"Br$al not that bniP' solemn role
I n deep accordance rose.
Hark! hark! o'er forests robed in snow,
In saany, flower-crowied rales
From when Atlantic's thsider tone
Th far Pacific halls
from mart and dell, where miiliena dwell,
y prairie, lake and hill
Bolls on. the fall, sublime raipoise:
" JT nrerr, mrta trill!"
Compliments to the President and
The Charleston Mercury of the 4th,
has the following editorial :
The following telegraphic dispatch
from Washington is indicative of the
policy Mr. Buchanan hss finally determ
ined upon :
"The Message was then examinsd by
the Senators, and proved to be the nomi
nation of one Mclntyre, of the State of
Fennsyirania for the office of Collector
of the Customs of the United States, at
the port of Charleston, Sonth Carolina.
"Mr. Mclntyre will not go to Charles
ton, but will remove the Castom House
to' tbe deck of a man-of-war, under the
provisions of the Force Bill of 1832."
This policy is probably in accor
dance with the views of Gen. Scott.
Old men will cling to past ideas. This
old man, pnffed np with the vanity of
what he considered his exploits in onr
harbor of 1832, it doubtless ambitions
of renewing a similar glorification over
his name by Yankee plunderers and
Southern imbecile Union-savers. Alas !
the old man has sadly outlived his era.
Oblivious of the changes of the time,
and the transactions of ths day, he still
sits dreaming dreams of things long
passed away gazing at the vain sosp
bubbles of an aged brain. Senility must
plead for his folly. Blind leader of the
blind, Mr. Buchanan and his counselor
will both fall into the pit.
On the 20th day of December. 1860.
tbe State of South Carolina withdrew
her connection from tho United States of
America. She has appointed such du
ties upon her imports as sssmed best to
her. She has sppointed her officers of
customs to collect those duties. She
now holds all the forts in her harbors,
save one, which is still in the hands of
the United States Government, and for
the surrender of which the Executive of
the United States hss refused to treat.
Here is causa of war. Fort Sumter
lies within the limits of the territory of
the State of Sonth Carolina.
It is now proposed further, on the part
of the United States Governmsnt, to at
tempt to collect Sonth Carolina revenue,
in a harbor of the State of Soath Caro
lina, by means of an armed vessel sta
tioned in our waters. The attempt will
bo a blockade of a port or ports of the
State of Sonth Carolina. It is a virtual
it is an actual declaration of war.
The people of South Carolina are not in
a humor to be further trifled with ; nor,
in our opinion, are those of the Southern
slavsholding States. The attempt will
be war; and as war, will be treated by
this State. Let the said man-of-war
come. Let the attempt to blockade he
mads. It will be met with war, and
war in every legitimate and recognized
mode of warfare known amongst civiliz-
zsd nations. We have no dreads, and
not many regrets. The end is certain de
liverance. In the meantime, Yankee
commerce will be made the spoils of our
i a s
Browstlow oh' Axst Johxso. Par
son Brownlow, through the Knoxville
(Tenn.) Whig, says :
We can tell the vilifiers of Johnson,
on acsoant of his, late speech in the Sen
ate, if they are ignorant .of the fact, that
th people of Tennessee are witk him,
and, by an overwhelming majority, will
austain him in his portion. Nay, while
the town meetings and Tillage cliques are
ottering loud swelling words of condem
nation against him, the real people of
Tennessee, irrespective of parties, are re
sponding. Well done, good and faithful
servant f And upon the issues raised in
his speaeb, he can beat any Secessionist
in Tennessee of any party, in a race for
Governor, tortt THqcsAKD totm 1
The' Charleston Mercnrr. nt Wfni.'
dav mornimr. admits tha wnalrnMa nf
their position, and says thst Fort Bump
ier can, in a row nonrs, entirely destroy
From the New Hampshire Statesman.
The Constitution of a Repnhlic His
torical. In this papar is printed an old docu
ment, tbe original of wliich can be found
in the archives of the the New Hamp
shire Historical Society,' and perhaps
elsewhere. It. ie the Constitntion of the
United States of America,., a .Republic
of the thirty-three confederate States
which existed on this conlinent prior to
December 20, 1860. It is a political
paper which seems to have been in its
day mnch talked abont, yet poorly un
derstood. It was adopted in 1783, and
is supposed by some to bavs been abro
gated, so far as it related to one State
at least, by the withdrawal of Sonth
Carolina from the Confederation, at tbe
date first mentioned above. The inhabi
tants of that State were chiefly negroes
and Democrats. This withdrawal oc
casioned a similar degree of excitement
in this region to that which followed the
division of the town of Boscawen, which
occured some months earlier.
Tbe President of the Republic was at
that time an aged gentleman, named
Buchanan, who bad become distinguish
ed as a writer for the New York Ledger,
and the inventor of a pulmonary balsam.
He was a man of rare energy, mnch firm
ness of purpose, and moved by senti
ments of the loftiest patriotism. He was
the idol of tbe Democratic party, which
sleeted him, and always occupied the
chief place in the regard of that harm
nious and innocent organization. His
death is thought to have besn occasioned
by chagrin at tho use made of money by
seme persons, calling themselves Itepub
licans, to carry a county electionin.Penn
sylvania. This was a thing before un
heared of ; the Democrats having inva
riably adopted for that purpose old Mon
ongahela whiskey. It is said be left no
descendant to mourn his loss or emnlato
He was sneceeded by a man called
Lmooln ; a person of no grsat repnta
tion. He had been a fiat-boat-man and
the keeper of a small grocery. -In the
latter capacity he acquired some knowl
edge of money accounts, and aftsr bis
election some irregularities were detected
in the conduct of Mr. Buchanan s Cabi
net advisers and officials, amounting
to a trine of some millions of dollars.
In view of the character of this Lin
coin, Mr. Cobb, of Georgia, who had
always been firmly attached to the Un
ion, and who, during the four years in
which he had charge of tbe finances, in
vested its large surplus with scrupulous
care, withdrew from tbo Government,
and instigated tbe treason in South
Carolina, before mentioned. He was,
like Mr. Buchanan, a story writer for
the New York Ledger. Nothing fur
ther is now known of him.
The people of New Hampshire should
read the Constitution of this Republic.
If they are violating any compact, they
are willing to make suitable redress.
They ask nothing bnt what is just ; thsy
win iuuujii 10 noiuing mac is wrong.
Parson Bkowslow's Bioarurur of a
Secessionist. In a late number of tbe
Knoxville Whig, Mr. Brownlow thus
sums up the sins and sorrows of the edi
tor of the Columbiana ("Ala.) Chroni
This Lucofoco Disunion sheet, publish
ed in Alabama, and edited bv one John
W. McRae, is out upon the editor of the
Knoxville Whig, as a "recreant of the
Reply. The editor was born and
raised in Sonth Carolina removed to
St. Clair county, Alabama, where he
took np a school, got his pay, and aban
doned the school before it was out! He
read law at Asbeville, Ala., and failing
to get practice, he turned Methodist
preacher was turned ont of the church
removed to Colnmbiana turned Whig
afterwards went into a Democratic
Convention said in a speech if God
would forgive him for voting the Whig
ticket, he never would do so againl He
was caught on the street by the boys,
who administered baptism to him with
a bucket of slop from a kitchen 1 He
now edits a secession paper. This is
our reply to all his slander and abusol
Disunion Speakins. The secession
element of onr town wss entertained on
Monday night, at Ramsey's Hall, with
speeches from one Judge Dickinson, and
the Hon. Reuben Davis, both of Missis
sippi. Dickinson made a poor impres
sion, and disgusted all sensible men. He
dealt in wholesale abnse of all who were
not for secession, and was supposed ts
have been prompted by John Barleycorn.
Mr. Davis made, as onr information
goes, a elear, sensible ana interesting
speech, and we hear it spoken of in com
plimentary terms. Ha bad the candor
te admit what is not generally conceded
by Secessionists. Ha stated that tbe
"nigger" was not at the bottom of onr
tronbles, bnt that it waa the "Tariff."
This we wish onr readers to bear in mind,
and they will be the better enabled to
appreciate all this clamor for a Sontbem
Confederacy. SashviUt (Tenn.) Whig.
The Boston Atlas, the most radical of
the New England Republican papers.
says since the withdrawal of the Seces
sion Senators "it is possible that now the
oenste and House may agree on some
plan of adjustment not degrading to the
It is suggested that "Dixie", be adopt
ed as the popular air for the Southern
BOB ANBEB80V, THE BOLD.
A " Je jfuVrto." .
Bob Aidersaa. a bald boy
No boldor in tb land
Waa seat to gairi hi coaairy 'e flag,
Againit 1 rtbl band
In Moultrie's walla he fonad not
3 PreWetiM Itmi tb !-"-- - -
And ao, laid b, t Samter proaJ
This ery night will go.
Bo Aadertoa, tli bold bar.
When darkness hi J tb bay,
Spiked all hit gnat, and silently
To Samter sped away.
As Perry left lb Lawrence,
Sal raised his Sag one mora,
8a Anderson's more praidly wares
O'er Sooner than before.
Bob Anderioa, tb bold, eays:
"Now, Traaion, do yonr worst;
The gnns of Samter guard the flag
From every ha.nd accarted."
Th baffled, mad aecaders
Discover that they're told;
Tbe flag tbey dread is gnarJed by
Bob Aaderion, the bold.
Bob Anderon, tbe bold boy,
Deserret th nation's thanks;
Re knows and does his dnty well.
Deipite rebellion's praaki.
Well give thro cheers Tor I'aioo,
Oar conotry's flag nnfold;
And three times three well giro to thee.
Bob Andersra, th bold!
Charleston Correspondence of the Baltimore
The Secession Sovereigns in Council.
Ever sines I have been in Charleston
I have intended giving yon some idea of
the men who campose' the "Sovereign
Convention" of the people of the Repub
lic of South Carolina. No one who
spends one day in the Convention will
fail to discover that its standard of brains
and intelligenae is of a vary high charac
ter. In the first place, the planters in it
are those most noted for intelligence,
learning and judgement. Its legal gen
tlemen embrace those of every class of
the profession judges, lawyers and so
licitors. Besides, it. hss a fair sprinkling
of ths first and best informed commercial
men, medical Men, clergyman and men
of leisure and intelligence usually de
nominated gentlemen, becansa they do
no work. There are five in the Conven
tion who havo filled the officn of Gover
nor, five who have been members of the
United States Congress, and one who
has filled the position of Speaker of the
House of Representatives I moan Mr.
Orr. There are also four who bavo been
United States Senators, four who have
been Lieutenant-Governors of South Car
olina, and one who is the present Lieutenant-Governor
of tho Republic of South
Carolina Hon. W. W. Harlee. There
are also eight of ths present Judges and
Chancellors of the Commonwealth, to
gether with one ex-United States Judge,
(Mr. Msgrath all of them men of great
ability, erudition and foresight. Besides
these there are abont twelve of the rever
end clergy, embracing reprassntatives of
all denominations except the Roman
Catholic. Many of the .delegates are
lawyers of the first ability, State's Attor
neys of mark, together with many ex-legislators.
St. Andrew's Hall, in which the Con
vention meets, is one of the oldest in the
city. As its name indicates, it belongs
to a Scottish Society, whoso membership
embraces the best and wealthiest citizens
of the town. It is a very small apart
ment, not so large as Carroll Hall, and
was nsod, if yon remember, by Fernando
Wood's Hew York delegation dnnne;
the Charleston session of the Democrstic
National Convention. The room is
handsomely decorated with pictures, and
tbe learned body congregated within its
walls, though most too closely packed to
gether, nevertheless present an imposing
and massivs array of talent.
Among tbe most noted and conspicu
ous men in the asssmbly is Hon. Judge
Msgrath prononnced Msgraw. This
gentleman is in appsarancs rather slight
ly made, easy and composed in carriage,
and thoroughly conrteous in demeanor.
He was, as yon know. United States Dis
trict Judge for Charleston, and first
sprung into notoriety through the conn-
try by throwing off bis judicial robes and
taking his present attitude against the
General Government. He is a man of
great perception and aenteness. He pos
ses tbe greatest eloquence, and is ca
pable of swaying .the passions of the peo
ple in whatever direction be may will it,
iHis festures are small and rather irreg
nlsr. The face is fair, with good color.
His hair is light and brushed clear back
from the forehead, displaying a brain
narrow at the baas and a frontal bone
tolerably high, not very wide, but re
ceding from tbe perceptive faculties,
which latter however are Terr fall. His
nose is good, and such an one ae wonld
meet the approbation of Napoleon. I
was not impressed with tlie first sight of
him, though as 1 came to bear and a
him oftener, 1 found a great-many tbmgs
to admire, particularly hit easy, graceful
gestures and manner of speaking.
Delegates Keitt, Urr and Miles have
been sufficiently near yon for many years,
and every one about yon knews them
well enough. An introduction to them
personally is not therefore necessary.
The Wat Trar Look at it. A Cin
cinnati paper says : "If they wish sla
Very abolished in abont six weeks iaMis-
s'ouri, 1st them put the State into the se
THE DIVISION OF VTEGINIA.
Tha Polier of Eastern Virginia towards
Western Virginia Every Interest ef
the Latter demands that they should
be Separated at the Bine Ridge.
From lite MidJIebourne (Tyler County) Plain
Dealer; Douglas Democratic paper.
Secessionists everywhere proclaim it
to be a settled question. now that a State
has at any timo a right to secede from
the Confederacy, and re'time its original
powers, as a separata and independent
nation of ths earth. This being the de
cision npon this question, especially of
the South, wo give in a willing obedience
to the will of a majority, ever holding it
to bo our duty to submit to a majority
upon any anil all questions placed before
and acted upon by tho people.
Secession is a right, then, we can ex
ercise whenever a sufficient cause arises
to justify. And we now assert that wa
have for years, and have to-day more
than ever good ami sufficient cause to
justify ns in seceding. Combine all the
causes which the Gulf States can set up
for secession, and tbey will not eqnal tho
grievances which Western Virginia is
now bearing. It cannot be denied that
we have good and great causo to secede
from Eastern Virginia, and form a sepa
rate and independent organization. As
the thirteen American Colonics had to
pay tribute to ths king of England;, so
we now have to give of our substance to
support the pampered nincompoops of
the East. Inequality in representation
in the councils, and inequality in taxa
tion is bearing ns down, and holding na
as a more province of the East, and will
ever hold ns, unless we assert onr right.
interpose onr sirengiu, ana setup ior oar
selves. Our people begin to see and feel these
things sensibly, and their time has come
to act. While secession is the order,
they are determined to act their part;
and while other States are putting them
selves right, our people are arousing to
their duty toget into a right position too.
Now is ths time to urge tbo question
ths time for action for speedy action.
We are bound to act, or drift along until
our complete ruin will be inevitable.
Eastern Virginia is determined on seces
sion, if possible, and wa are bonnd down
by the unfair arid tyrannical legislation
from which we are suffering, we cannot
prevent it. 1 be question for ns then is,
shall we tackle along at the tail of East
ern Virginia, as she is nodding to tho
oecaonings anu (.ureses oi ooutn Caroli
na, until we are all oraggbo out of the
As they act, wo shonld act, and act
for ourselves. The time for following af
ter them is past wo are a people to our
selves. Their people aro not our people;
no ties bind ns to them but tho unjust
laws they have made in no way are we,
nor can we ever be of them. Our loca
tion, our trade, our interest in every way
admonish us to separate ourselves, to
protect ourselves while the power to pro
tect is left to ns. Wo are for secession
at once, and let the Blue Ridge of Moun
tains be the line.
The new Governor of Massachusetts
John A. Andrew in spsaking, in his
inaugural message1, of the tronbles of the
country, said :
"The truth of history compels me to
declare that one chief source of the diffi
culty which we' are called to encounter,
liss in the incessant misrepresentation of
the principles, purposes and methods of
the people who compose the majority in
the free States, by super-serviceable in
dividuals who undertake to monopolize
friendship for tho people of the slavshol
ding States ; snd candor requires me to
add that they profess a friendship, the
largest part of which might he analyzed
into dislike for their political opponents."
A Loxo Cocst. A catalogue of stars
has been commenced at ths Observatory
in Cambridge, Mass. It will require
five hundred years to complete it Do
they pay in advance for counting? If so,
we shonld like the job. We hope they
will have a good time counting the last
thousand. Providence Journal.
A correspondent at Washington tele
graphs to ns that Col. Hoger of the army
is expected to head the Virginia raid np
on Washington, and that Dr. Jones of:
the N. Y. Herald, is the person who. sent;
word to the rebels at Charleston, of tho
destination of ths Star of ths West 'for
that port. iV. F. Tribune.
In 1850, when there was a good deal
of trouble in the country abont Slavery,
a Boston gentleman asked General Horn
ton how it could be settled. J' Well,"
said the General, "yon go, North and.
shoot six men, and I'll go South and
shoot half a dozen, and I think, things
will go on qnietly."
LtTTLR RHODT I FlMR OF A LoiO OT
Dm. The Providence Journal asks the
question: "If all the States except Rhode
Island secede from the Union, is she Mo
pay tbe public debt ?" Go to bed, lit
tle "nn," and don't be asking impertinent
Parson Brownlow, of tbe Knoxville
Whig, spsaking ef the forced loaa in
Sonth Carolina, says:.
"The Palmetto 8tate is in the condi
tion of the fellow who said, 'It is noth
ing to get married, bnt it's h 11. to- keep
honse.-" -1 .
John C. Breckinridge is in favor of the
Crittenden Compromise. He thinks it
"concedes most to the North."
' Si. !.: