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TERMS $2.01 rER ANSON, IS 1DTAICI.
VOLUME IV.NUMBER 332r
MAETIAHD '-'THE HEAET OF
BT A. J. H. Dt'OANXE. . .
ran. HUW. if Sfyiirttik tfca cflon'ef "Ai
t.,mittirtT. - J f" " " iMtlii miIo Tth
I ) ditit f t! jmrpow of joi ing other BoslJwrn 8utt
i bcmiif pl Conftdriy.
Uarcll Ita NiTion'i crumpled tbut
Halfrnit, mid DIhbIo1 jn
Ail Efk lie SUM who I071I heart
MttU tot the Union nan!
t'efirl the NatieVe baneer'd bine,
Aid faih lu gulei from hill to hill;
Tr MaiTiaOT, thank Cod! ! true
Ttne to the Uaion still I
Beheld! fren Ternoa'e lilent tomb.
He rmatt ts . . SlaKtium!
CmU liak bo worlhitr soil with fame!
JTo teed halt ihoa, O, Baltimnre!
Of iuie4 ihifti, to crown the ibnre!
mile toll the warei of Cberapeake,
Their leawird ton thj truth ihall ipeak;
AaJ round ear home, retcrninr, thipi
Oy "fwo iTiiLT' witbeatrrlijii!
Tor, hijh on Allethanr'e edje,
And bine Kotoctin'e raiity ridfe;
Aad n the ancient Warrior crap,
I M tea thooiand itarrr flap;
And. woreo with ererr itripe and itar,
I n scrolls of glory flaihin; far,
I tee nil Unoa'i aznre band
Knelaip the zone of Maryland!
Heart f onr Nation! nobly Heeled
To breart aad baffle llaapr'e ihoeki!
TtrSD, in the changing battle.fleld
Tact, at lh Ballot-Boil
Reart of the Union' .... Maryland! .
'Clasp tiioo its Banner in thy hand!
Where Calrert's tolerant footstepe trod.
And good Charles Carroll worshipped Cod.
Three deep within thy hallowed sod
Tlair thou tliat fl.ij for aye!
From Frnqnehnnna'sjoTOoe tide,
Aad where TaUient's waters glide.
To tVicomeeeo's sonllt side,
Ve Southern maidens rise!
0s! ftown with wreaths yoar patriot baeJ!
Go! bless the hmre who loyal stand!
Co! peet the sons of Maryland
YVith lips, and cheeks, and eyes!
Ko sweeter lip, no parer cheek,
Ko brighter eye, in lore may speak
V warmer heart the world command.
Than woman heart in Martlixd!
Faithful, amid the faithless now,
O, filter of the South! thou art!
Henceforth onr Banner-Bearer thou
Thy ame "The Union's Heart!"
Onr flag shall wave oor Union stand,
While beats the heart of Maryland!
(From the Louisrillt Journal.
Gen. Jackson's "Force Bill."
The Philadelphia Pres, in a defence of
the position assumed by air. Douglas in
his answers to the Norfolk questions of
Mr. Lamb, the Breckinridge elector, rrP
calls to public attention the attitude which
vu uanmed by tfce General Government
when South Carolina, by her celebrated
ordiauce of 1832. declared the Federal
revenae lawp, within the limits of that
Stat, to be absolutely "null .and void."
Gen. Jackson, who was than President,
promptly met the issue tendered by the re
volted State in .his proclamation of De
cember 10th, and en the 16th January,
1833, hs communicated to Congress the
attitude, of South Carolina, and invoked
the Representatives of the people, to pro
claim "that the Constitution and the
Laws are Supreme and the Union indis
soluble." Congress promptly co opera-,
tsd with the President and passed "an
act farther to provide for the collection
of duties on imports," which was ap
proved March 3. 1833. The following
are sections of that act :
Sic. 51 ' And be it furthtr tnacttd.
That whenever the President of the Urii
ttd Ststss sbsll be officially informed,
by the authorities of any c State, or by
a Judge of any Circuit or District Conrt
of the United States, in the StaU, that,
within the limits of such State, anylaw
or laws of the United States, or the -cution
thereof, or any process from the
courts of the United States, is obatrnc
ted by the employment of military fore,
oriy any oUur tinlauful mtant, too
great to be overcome by the ordinary
oorse of judicial proceeding, or; by the
powers vested in the marshal by existing
lSWS,, it shall be lawful forhim. thaPraa-
(dent of the United States, forthwith "to
usufthia. proclamation, .declaring'. such
ISCt Or .informatinn. anrT nomrinv all
-") l hu use tusa sss si
such military and other force toi, disperse;
sad if at any time after issuing auoh
proclamation, any such .opposition, of
obstruction shall be made.ln the manner,
F h7wo means aforesaid, the Prniient
to it, and htrtby ulauthoriud fbomft-
W TO EirpLQY'BOCH KIAN8-TO BCTPMBB
THE SAKE, AXD TO CAUSCTHK SAID LAWS
o nccsss to be duty executed, aa art au
Jnoriied and provided in-tha caaea there
n mentioned by the act of-' the j twenty
thth of February.t one thousand seven
wnmred and ninety-five, ontiUedi5'.An
ct to provide for calling forth the mill.
w execute the laws of the Union;
tf1fa,eu- . .
rr'mm msurrecuons, repel .invasions,
no to repeal the act now in force for
IBSt PQrnOM " nrl ol.n h. V,o .ot of
tne third of March, one thousand eight
wndrsd and seven, entiUed "An" act au
wonang the employment 'of theland
a naval forces of United States'in caies
8ic.6. Jlndbe it further enacted,Tbnt
jnmySuu where the jails are not il
'owedtobe used for the imprisonment
Pjrsons arrested or committed nnder
laws of the United States, or where
horjses are not Allowed to be so ned it
hall and maj be lawful for any tuarsbal,
under the direction of 'the Judge of the
United Staleaprthe proper .district, to
nsa other convenient plce't within the
limits of safely State, and io mate inch
otherproTisionaas be'may" deem expe-
dient'aiidlieceMary for.that'phrpose. i
TrnHtdStatuStdtuiit atlaroi.p p 632.
ggwif-j i- ' t icy. rj!iTa!c" Sj
. It will hero be seen that 2Sr. Dpngfas
hadthe strongest precedents'' for, his re;
plies'5to'the"Norf61r: questions, and that
Mr. Breckinridge might have responded
as promptly, 'had. he regarded himself as
an old Jackson Democrat," instead of the
candidate and. favorite of those" who hold
principles.'identical with the Sonth Car
olina"1 ordinance. It is noticeable thai
during the year when .South Carolina
had Tebellearagainst the Union, the Con
stitntiorT And the, enforcement of the laws,
she'Had refused her electoral vote to Jack
son, then in the zenith of his popularity;
and to" Van B'nren, then the 'darling
"coming man" of the Democracy, "the
Northern man with Southern principles, ''
and that her Legul.nt lira gave the vote'of
the State to Floyd for President, and
Hen'ry'Lee for Vice President. This ex
plains why South Carolina is 'the only
State in the South where John Bell and
Edward 'Everett are not zealously sup
ported, for both these distinguished states
men were in'Congress when Gen. Jack
son asked it to proclaim the supremacy
of the laws, and that the Union was in
dissoluble, and both'recorded their votes to
euitain the President. And perhaps this
may be a key to explain why the peculi
ar organs of Mr. Breckinridge are so
unjust to the' noble Tennesseean John
Bell, who gave his'aid, with James Knox
Polkvto Andrew Jackson, as to denounce
him an "atraitor," and nnrit to assume
the duties of the Presidency. The heart
of the monster of Disunion lies iff Sonth
Carolina, and wherever its pulsations ex
tend, the, vitality is derived from the
sme rebel State which, in 1832. an
nounced doctrines that General Jackson
declared were "utterly repngnant both to
the principles upon which the General
Government is constituted, and to the
obiects which it was expressly formed to
attain. South Carolina repeats those
doctiines now,. and John Bell and Ed
ward Everett, are now aa they were
twenty-eight years, ago, uncompromi-
flinclr onnnsed to them. We have a
right to conclude, then, when the Cour
ier, in the interests of John C. Breckin
ridge, denounces John Bell as a traitor,
that it refers to hie firm refusal .to lend
aid and comfort to the enemies of lbs
United Stales or, in other words, that
he is a traitor to the Secessionists who
wMit to elevate Mr. Breckinridge to the
Presidency, that they may reaffirm their
Gen. Jackhon'a policy was cordially
mtained br. Senators Chambers, ofMd
Clayton and' Nandain, of Del., John
PVirctrili -of- a.. Felir Grundy and
Hugh Lawson White. .of Tenn., J. 8.
Johnson and Wageaman. of La., and
Wm. C. Rives, of Va.; all representing
.!. States, while Dallas and Wilkina
of Pa.: Mahlon Dickerson. aud. Theo
Frelinghuysen, of N. J.," Ewing, ofO.,t
it;h nf N. ii. Holmes, ot flie.t. u-
.t.r .nf Maaa...and Silas Wright, of N.
V m nn the record with them. Jn the
Honseof. Representatives at the 22d ses
;nn nf.CnnereKS. there were, we think.
oifl mflmbara. when itheJorce Bill pass
A rit hndv.149 avea to .47 nays, c and
among.tho yeas were .orty-five. Southern
ReDrasentatives, including JOBS.BELL
and James K. Polk,, Tenn., Chilton Al
len. R. M. Johnson.-Lecompte, R. P.
Letcher. Lyon. T.rA. Marshall. Standif
er, and Tompkins; of Kentucky, eight
from .Virginia, Ashley, from Mo... seven
from Northj Carolina, , J.. ,M.. ,WyP?.
from Ga'.. Miiigan.;of Del., .three .fro.m
La., seven from Md and Jamea Blait.
Wm. Drayton, and; T. R. Mitchell, from
South Carolina-iThe cotton Statasj were
net prepared tp be precipiUted;intq a
revolnUonthen. and even South Caroli
na had .oonservati veaons to denounce the.
treason.of bar rocreant statesman and.dan
gerous advisers. "t,J
These Southern Conservatives, ,who
..-'a .Alt hir Gen.. Jackson m. thi.
course which has lent imperishable lustre,
.. u:: -.im;;etrntinn.-were sastamea oy
. . ' r xT.,kn tetumpn. who
a nooiy army oi . . r , ei,,
forgot partr politic. m.he cr""-0
..--eJTi.'iin.. .Among them were
EdwardJ;verett,vJohn Q-.incy Adams,
.A Ri,fnH ChoaU.of. iiaas., o'-ww
Cambreling. Micha'el'Hoffman.John WS
m.i. Vomlanrk and Aaron VVara, oi
"'JZ " -fiT" tj:.":: rn I -Thos
L-V e"i? v.nfr.rf'knd.E. Wnittle-
sey. of Ohio ; Dennjr. MSSfSS
le"berg;.anl.Horn,wof r Penn:; GeofflJ
t, -. ' -n-jr iviT". TTnro.rA T3verett. ot
t: rVe.MjJ.'XTadd BalDti. I.:Jnge611,
of Con.-: all bOhem the prewntative
lfi.'. .V:nd wielding influence.
before talent ar.d Prioti!m"B.dt
m.r,.hiB had .deteriorated;-- shey-mow
have in onr national conncile.
t: r7.mala.Hish tkhooL- Tney
'-a-a iMt iW'eJDsar.evaniBg-
.!!r.rl.ial that-the. MaVwilalae
-.o . J.ta4 and aang aafollowa
arms! j gJtUl"r, . 1 ' 3 .
The apologuti (ormfcmmxpnjMM
cdndnct:a.'beeri well -l. ggg
of rfelroy rwbo mnrdered iu.P"
"iVifi. a:.l vi.imarl th merer.'
ana du s ;. t; ---,
Coart became he was a potr orpnan
The Death of Ralph Farnliam. 'the
.ijunjcer mu. veteran.
HIS LAST HOURS. ,
The Boston Traveller of Saturday de
tails the death of Ralph Farnham, the
last survivor of the Battle of Bunker
Hill: 2 Prom its columns we extract the
AlWMr. Farnham 's return from -Bos-tori,
bia health seemed rather to improve
than to be impaired, and he often' spoke
in the most gratified manner of the re
sults of the excursion. "I fuel younger
than a year ago," and "My health never
was so good," were common remarks
About four weeks ago he got up one
morning as usual, and was pouring some
hot water fro til; a tea kettle to w'ash with,
when his son's wife observed bis! hand to
tremble, and beiwas, noticed to.tnm pale,
as if about to faint. Mrs. Farnham took
hold of the kettle, and, as he seemed to
grow more faint, finally assisted him to
lie down. He lay some time, but finally
got np to eat some breakfast: It wag
noticed that histappetite was not so good
as usual, and he seemed to act as if some
thing was choking ' him.' He ' remained
in this condition annmber of days; but
finally improved and was again quite
well. After this he often brought in his'
own wood aa usuall and continued in ex
cellent health until last 'Saturday, when
he was again slightly ill."
HIS LAST CONVERSATIONS.
On Tuesday afternoon, while his son's
wife was with him, he aslced : "Ain't
there angels in the room V She replied,
"Father, do you think there are?" "Oh,
yes, said lie, "tne room is tuiipt tnem.
and they have come to assist me borne.
While Mr. Miller was there he said to
him : "Don't leave me till I get home to
On Wednesday morning, about an
hour and a half before' his death, he at
tempted to raise .hitnsalf in bed,- and aU
most succeeded in doing so, but. failing,
asked to jea raised, up, uttering his last
words, ""Raise me up a little higher
A short time, before his deathdie .was
conversing with. his grandson on the sub
ject of the troubles atjtbe Sontb.i His
language on this occasion, as, nearly as
can be recollected. was as .follows : "I
believe, these troubles, will all come out
right in the end, and that the Union will
not be broken up. I may not live to, see
the difficulties all settled, but they will
be. I hope, and wish the oountry well.
I have no doubt. Mr. Lincoln will do jus-
tice and bring
iug South Carolina right. I
tavo orrcat confidence in his ability to
govern the nation' and prevent it from be
ing broken np. .' , f' .
A, short time before his, deaf, he re
peated the 14th versa ,of' the first chapter
of Hebrews Are,' they . all, not minis
tering spirits gentforthto, minister to
them who shall be heirs .of salvation ?"
At the Jast election he was. unable to
go to the polls' bn account of the rain, and
this circumstance pained him much. . He
was .very ,fond "of Lincoln., always allud-
: i 1,;... tha nil RnJitt'nr';" lint
with all his enthusiasm in .favor of his
own party, he was! not bigoted at all,
nor did he ever dispute with hist neigh-
bora npon political qnestions. though he
often conversed .with thenar on the state
of thetconntry, up to the time of -his
death. . v B6
On Monday afternoon he was engaged
in prayerfor aome time, and on- 'TueaJ
day- morning, as soon as be got up;- he
knslt'by.ms:bwd ana engaged in earnest.
prayer:' vr - -" r - i
-Many of his conversations of late have
related to his visit to Boston. He seem
ed to.regardihis.trip withai great' deal
of pride. -c On one oecasionlis- spoke of
the distingnished ;visitorswhoi came to
seehimiat the;. Revere IHouso-c "One
day," ssid-he. "Edward 'Everett-dame
to see meu:al'ean't3 remember much he
aaid to me, exceptitliat I asked him who
was going to-be President, 'and he re
nlietl. ;.It'a hard tellifag;who williba-
President till after the election.' One
dav Governor Banka and Mrs. Banks
came to 'see me. .and each of them made
rna'a nrMpnt' Mrai Banks' kisted. me,
and'l don't fec6llect:thst Ilever'felt so
embarrassed' in' airmy'life'as Idid, when
I found the 'Governor's wife was"1 going'
to kiss me." .
,nj " . .
Parson Bro'wnlow's paper 'of last week
contains trie following: 'r- ' '" "
0'n.Toesday, night 'atl'eigBt,6,cldck7
theUst inst., it wss'rum'orsd'thrbngh our
town that preparatiohS-were making' at
the oftice of Gen. Ramsey to Tiave"Gov;
4 Street 1 It was soo'n ascertained
. .' .t r.i-!---j. izj ' -ca-jri.'
tnat'tm wmgy wsu urosneu up auu-. iu
readiness in the wholesale liquor house
nf-oria'-Dfevfous. a' farein' 'Jevk who
holds'fdrtla'!'about::two! doors' 'south'5 ot;
T. lL.' 'SRm O nri'Onw -aMat -'jfrwV
eitisens among them " the- best.
nauiBvr ".bri "-v "- ""
tha biB'cev'and irrespective' or partu
collected on Gay street, with dubs.-gis-tola
and' other ''irmplejnenU .of hiMband"
raed'in thisrdiBgfaWdt,wbxk ,tbJaT-'it
cbnla bhljsdrobyitbloi tof
.'mrii blood ! i .Ther.desiated and.: bow.
Ky mtiiMii'rtDresentatipeot a -TeanesW
8ehaior, .'inJcee'pingfeT; fntnre.work; in
iV5f h'raathing".bols of taU.'wnere.ifllain-
fancy UieTSTerage.; 'nd.jra j predict,
that if 'Govi Johnson U.barned.in effigy
privata..,anesking. and- eowardlj;.
manlier, as those, concerned. - they mast
barn it as they would a man's house.
THE NEW YEAR AST) TD TJSIOr;
' U lftiil Miliar:'. --Jczd
, BTaCK0RCI. BjfflBB; iVt
r r ncJ-CeJWeaishi- r I '"'n Cj
t A wilderayacJsrcrUi; HU aaJtt nfi .flsj; J-r;B
'Creatlre epinCihook Hi Ihoesaid ssirids, , ,
-- Tosollinbaty throysTSaeaei.-:j:a oi Ci
Aad chant the chormaotRia lore difUe ,.,.r ,r.
J Hi-ld.lta'iTftty.Vy'ft-jV-ta35 i
A pearly bow of promise, erery drop ' zi
That sparkles there, a singing, ahiaiaf world!
Ho woke the malic of the northern Harp,
The ylldj weird ehimieg f the PUiadee-I
, And bade the arches are, Bthsri spbera (r, ,-,,-,
Rer erberata' their balielnjaha blgk. .
,, Tbe Mighty. On
Who sweeps the lyre of Agteaad tanasnaiaa
The praises often thousand singiag trtrUa,
Creates tht ittrs of Union, lid ittaita
The letry heart tjfljherry! . ". J shall we,
Trood cljiUren oTtbe hrare, to strong, the free, ,
Behold ear bannfr, blaxoned by tha,breiU
Of glory; roHied by i ilaref onr atrn
Upon the warn of faction, la tbay wert.
But ehl nlng shadows, nc-V of emal 'orbs',"
Forerer circling ihrMfn tha Beondle beiresi i -(Of
everlasting purposa orahall wn , --
Hear'OissoIation sonnded, ind fbrboar
Te brand (he traitor hearts that dan rorget' ;
The bondfor.which our fathers fsaght and bdt .
' Cursed be the traitors doibly, trebly doomed
'The pitefDiseord for her rletiras yawns, '
Then, back recoiling, ghoddereUreeeire' '
Their hearts a fooler and 1 fiercer boll !
God sire the Union! Cire thy dawning year, (t
This prood baptismal anthem let ta last
Diiiolrleg sigh' be Union nadissorredf" "
Nw Plates, willi starry emhlema, one, by one.
Come stealing throngh tl.e Future's twilight dim,
like orbs of evening from Hs dosky sky.
To take their place at list with those that tread' 'a
Their high, unwearied and nnwearyieg ronnd,
Before the golden gates and battlementa
. Of Paradise. The harp of Liberty
, balj sound amiii, till Death himself eipire;
Till Cod has made ns free, immortally.
And. Time ia daslsjpan hie brokt'i Lyra; ""
.Thrice, rspjured moment! If ill blessed like Ikwaj 0
Are Hearei's bright centuries, how brief will bo
Its coantleil ages of Eternityj ",
s e e
Diphtheria, its Symptoms and Cure. 0
Except in tho malignant form; diphthej
ritis is insidious in its invasion. The
outset of the attack is generally marked
by slight fever, but not invariably. In
the commonest form, in pseudo-membraneous
pharyngitis, some discomfort. is
the. fauces is usually complained of early,
with, perhaps, some difficulty of swsllpw
ing. and tho clan'dsr"of the angle, of the
jaw are commonly swollen: There is
slight thirst, loss of appetite," otun bead-
ache, sometimes shivering, and a sense of
prostration. From twelve to thirty-six
hours after the invasion of the disease,
there is found, on examination, common
ly on the tonsil, spots or patches of whi
tish or opaline exudation, like coagula
ted mucus. These speedily coalesce, and
may spread .over tho entire fauces, snd
palate, or invade the -windpipe. If the
disease, is not arrested, the plastic deposit
becomes, thick and, leathery, yellowish or
ash-colored. . The surrounding mucus
surface is red and swollen. The disease
in the milder cases yields readily to prop
er treatment, .which consists in modifying
the mncuous sdrfsces .by thearplicatioB
of astringent solutions,"., in the employ
ment of potash ana tonics, tne very spar
ing use of evacuants, and attention .to hy
gienic preeautiohs. In the more dsagsr
ons form of psendo membraneous laryn
gitis, the precursory symptoms are iden
tical, but hoarseness, cough, ana tender
ness on piessure' upon" "the" windpipe,"
promptly supervene, and the febrile move
ment is commonly more active.; ,;The
plastic exudation is. formed as before, but
now 11 encroacuea uu mo giuuio aryiiun
of thewindpipe:',8ome difficnlfy;of res;
piration occurs, thea' ftuffocaUve parox
-A l a 1a mTaI Isa e.esi OBwS7ei
ysms; continually ibcreailngjn.' intensity
and frequency;; tne breatbing -becomes
sibilant, the hoarse .cough' is .stifled, tbs
voice dies'butI"'We do' not wish to de
pict the scene ef helpless;-hopeless -sgony
that succeeds., . -, c 'i rr-.-r
The characteristic features of, tbs
lignant form of diphtheria are the' intense
constitutional disturbance headache; fe
ver.prostration, the exeacaive engorgement
of the. cervical glands, and the extent of
the peculiar ;deppsit,. whioh covers tha
palate, the nasisffoMsj. . the throat, then
becoming partially detached and decom
posed exhales an intolerable' foe tor:"" 'The
patient siakslnto'a atste of profound ady
namiaor prostration; andldiesjn "estate
of somnolent quietude contrasting strong
ly with tha agitation preceding croupal
sanbeation;'' :or should -hsrecover,- jhe
Dasses thronahis tedious coavalescenee.
with diseased kidneys, perhaps,! or par'al-,
ysis, or a complication of other danger-
lt "S -
To'rtunately tFtflatter,f6rmi:is"6f rsre
ocearrsnee. - The first' forts is curable.
The second .variety ;ie that which 'often
occurs sporadically,- and it-is of vast im
portance that it should oe'undsrsteid.
It isicenstantly -confoanded Twith ''false
crouppa mosti deplorable -error,:twhich
continually causes children to be tormcnt-;
a oy yioieni ana , saperuuuu jjqjbic, or
what is worse,' induces fatal ' neglect in
regard to one of theVrnelcet andCmoenh-
luiuusi ui mionaaej. ajoe se aewjt.eaauwae,'
then..that when a child .in full health is
suddenly- seized, daring eleep.with cough
and h'oarscBcaswith opprssss J brsathing
cued and to give powerful medichic, or
even homeopathio.glpbalas; for this is
not trne.croup. bat a disorder requiring a
hot. foot bath; and restricted' sappers for
tna Hiinre. 'Ot,;oa lae -conixary,-. alter
alight .febrile" movement, aehild.haa
cold ef'a' acre throii.slifht hoarsaaess"
anda litUe.difficiilty efdjiglrJiUoo, the
throat ahanldlbe exatmiafid or a physician
summoned at once, for nineteen tiraes in
twenty true diphtheria croup commenc
itf this way."" We say nineteen times in
tweaty.'for sometimes' itr commences - in
the-wiadpiper.primai-ily. We: do 'not
write. on thesym'ptoma.or history, of this
rsre variety, which we beueve is always
fatal! J'Bbt wo cannot sufficiently protest
against the'fallacious ideas cthat prevail
iaiaoiiiwty.fand even among sow: physi
oi.uiputnenuc; croup.r it ia,,nninioas
laryngitis that furnishes occasion for, the
boasts of empirics; iFis " false croup that
awakens the' eblicitode of "parents and
against which every mother keeps, that
precious bottle ef hive syrup or of glo
bules. If there happens to be true croup,
diphtheritic croup, there is every chance
that the physician is not called till the'
second; or. third day, when grave syrap
toms announce that the windpipe is - im
plicated. ..,,,. . .,
We have already said a word aa te
the treatment of the first form of diphthe
ria. In malignant eases"the most ener
getic sastainingmessurrs are rtqnisite.
This is agreed on aU. hands. Generous
wine, beef essence, eggs and brandy, milk
and 'what other, forms of nutriment "the
fancyof the patient or tha ingenuity of
the attend sht s can suggest' must "be ad
ministered. In Great (Britain, tincture
of sesqnichloridaofjron is much relied
on, and it has been extensively employed
in New York. Clorate of potash and
diluted muriatic acid are very generally
approvedrbf. From the latest accounts
of Parisian practice, as compiled by
Loiseau.-.jt- appears that nourishment
and chlorate of potash are there chiefly
depended on except when surgical inter
ference is requisite. w'In New'-Torkf qui
nine, has been much need, with' what ben
efit we are not informed; Calonlel,
whichwas formerly the great remedy,
under the supposition that the' "effusion
was "a fibrinious deposit by' mercurials
being weU established, has now fallen in
to comparative disuse. A few "practi
tioners persist, in , cinnabar 'fumigations
and.mercurial inunetipns, and,, calomel,
bat the general sense of ihe 'profession is
opposed (o the employment of any debil
itating measures. The local treatment
consists.in.tbeapplication of the vapor
of hot water, of astringent gargles and
the caustics. The aqueous vapor which
facilitates the detachment of the false
membranes and soothes the surroanding
parts, washes of solutioa-.of -'chlorate' 'of
potash, and caustio solution of nitrate of
silver, are tne particular remedies wbicn
seem to" have the highest testinionisls in
In diphtheritic cronp the' same general
measures are employed,' the vigor with
whioh sustaining meaiurea are ased .being
adapted to the seventy, ol the. cons titution
sl disorder. In additional, "repeated
emetics are still generally recommended,
though with less confidence than former
ly. Ipeeso and kermes mineral are pre
ferred to antimonials or ofher emetics .in
ducing prostrstion. Troassaa .and-Bar
tonnean advise sulphate efcopper emetics.
In the cronpal cases' attentien to the' local
treatment is redoubled to1 protect if possi-
blrthe.interiorcof. the lanrnz from the
fatal diphtheritic exudation.
, When these measures, have besa .vainly
employed, and the diphtheritic exudation
traveling on'ward'has reached the"gIottis,j
ana tne mumeacougu ana aiisTwu voioo
announce that. the vocal chords Jare cov
ered with the plastic effusion, treacbeoto
ray, the surgical, prcedure- consisting in
maaing an .aninciai opening., into . ins
.windpipe; is the only resource We
ahall not discuss the arguments respecting
the operation. Far ns it is a settled point
that it iSjtbe solemn duty of the surgeon
to. recommend and pejforra the operation,
when the condition,we aye',adverted to
is established, all experience teaching
that the only alternative, ander tht cir
cumstances, is certain death.-.
t - iu"
-. is t.
Ltteitsbly CoRnrjpT. Parson Brown?
low, of.Jbe Knoxville (.Tenn.)i Whig,
in hispeculiarly original 'aiyle of "edi
tbrialixing, thuB- spesks- of the present
Administdstibn:"- ' l- c- ' ' id0C
The eiti ot7 parry intend to steal
every thing they. can, ;lay heads upon.rr
.The history of Buchanan's, administra
tion, throughout, has been one of wbole-.
ssls plunder. Cabinet officers, snd clsrks,
have alike .been, accomplices, aad-bavc
been'pariiclpants in'the profits. "Eobk
iag'back'bver the 'whole lihitoryJf' this
AdrainislfaUoutbe'sale "of Fort-8nel-
liag. and the purchase of -Willett'e Point.'
the lsrge"contracts for, supplying tbs Ar
my in Utah.'the heavy purchases of Mblea
and Horses, the notoriously corrupt .con
tract for the Overlsnd California Mails,
tbe.infamb'us derelopaenUl.'inregird to
the Navy-yards, Land .Sales.in Kansas,
Mining Claims in California, and con;
tracts of.every description, including, the
large' PriiiKiig Swindles at Washington,
leave no doabt bnt'that tho last foar years
have. been devoted alone' tastcsliag; forg
ing, and plunder, in high plaeea and low
places. rue corrupt army-oi inicvea in
posaeosion'of' the Governraent, havein
arif-defense. eiiter.toldeatroyithe Nation
al Government, or bring Aboatr a general
--. . ?.j i s - te -Trill r j iTci ::.'
ana recoras i r ii nsu w,",,.'i
harrows and gfaV-irbnsfronicntr'to
circunerenee,-no eaeh'xaray of thieves',
robbers; liars, aavd lbrters,!cejd Ufocjad
in all the Infcrnsl.Begiaa, as tbosa hol
ding office nnder. Jsmas Hschanan I"
r-- y- ' -' - - -T
"Tha Tvtniavilla Journal DrwaoaaeeaMr.
Corwin's renort from tha Coaniittaa af
TIV tfteasm. nAAvlcallalBS ai iUfl
'try is estimated at 7,500,000:
vrom ova or, aaa bistxu.
Sister Carrie, my der, ' '
I la sorry is boar, ; juf .(,,
That yoa are iaUadiag toloHaoe; , , . .
-v' ThVyylrtkraet ' ' '
c:Il C.'i Thau yonrtraok la ah looked, aiB-i C
.. Al4rombepobylchcoiiKttogrieea i
. -To,iiaajbww.'aMihir,t-id a rj
Aid willful ud haaghly,
Like spoiled minx is ywa are;
, SwTliaofyent bouty.tl
' - Ton owe to indulpn papi.
I am sure yon can't say
y That yoaVe aot hid your wiy,
- U each ofoar (laaily broils:
While t vow and declare.
TenVe had "your fall share.
In each of the national spot la-, c , .17
" 'Jast wilt for a "waionv ?r
And listen to raaaon, " k
Nor beliere what your false lovers say;
Tor their pnyera and sight.
Aid their Satt.ring Ilea,
Will laid yoo to raia somo day.
Thongh they promlao to fair,
Gay deceivers they are.
Trim tho one whom list evealng' yon klsse'd.
t To TTmmni lad Bkm, ' :,-.
Aid ehiralrone Ktia,
Orr, Mtitminetr, Pittm lad Out.
Borne day, ill forlorn,
Bedraggled aad tan,
Like the Prodigal Eoa la Ma need,
Ton will knoek it tho door,
Aid come homo once more,
j Nor venture again to secede.
u1 s '- IVewbe warned of jront rate,
r - Before It's loo lllei
. Like a deir little innocent limb,.
Come out or1 your pot.1 '
,-, . And do aot fertet'
All tho klida.ss ofgood Uaele Saaa.
Tke Talaotto tree
No aholur trill bo.
When tho dark cloidt of aaarchy lower
Too wiu hotter tho root .-;
Of your owa eagle's aett.
And the ttroag arm of Federal power.
Thai, dear little Sit,
Now giro na t kits,
To make tp these family jars;
Becastion ihall never
Onr Uaion dissever
Harrah for tho Stripes lad tho 8 tart!
The New Orleans Picayune savs of the
inne oi x anitee JJoodie :
It was played on every battle field in
tha great strife for American liberty, from
Bunker Hill to Yorktown, and the Pedee
(S. C.) It was heard amidst ths howl
ing of the leaden storm of infantry and
artillery on the plain of Chalmette, on.
tho bVnks of the Chippewa aud beneath
the snowy sierras of Mexico; and the
poises of every true American heart, of
whatever State or section, have leaped
into accordant harmony with it for gene
rations past, and will do so for genera
tions yet to come.
The ssme pspcr gives the following ac
count of the origin of i"The Slsr Spsn
And it was to this same air that, ,in
1814; Francis Scott Key, of Baltimore,
then ajonng man,, and afterwards an
eminent lawyer, composed that well
known lyric, "The Star' Spangled Ban
ner." - It so happcaedthat Key nnder a
flag. of truce, went on board a British
frigate, which was one of. a fleet that, was
their5 beleaguering-'Baltimore. ' During
hislstsyoa bbsrd the frigate, it was deci
ded to commence the bombardment of
Fort McHenry, and f tho young Balti
morean was compslledo be a witness of
the deadly attack' npon the 'defences' of
l.:-'.:-;;.., i:..Lr J li. 'tv: m.. rll.'
uio iieutaa en ana uia notne. i no ion
responded gallantly,: and the engagement
between it and the fleet lasted throngaoat
tbe nigbt. lir. -" ,
"tho rockets' red f!arr.
'. ' ThoboeakoWarrUaglnair,'- '
the ardent young patriot cobld see
. r, r - ."-thro' tho oighl.
That ou Sif was still the re;"
and when tbe'sBorning came if was still
plainly duccmable, flying proadly and
ttmj --, -r- ---'
;Ii tho dawi'a early light," T
just as it was "
- "Al too twilights tut gloaming.'
This was the inspiration-' P"The SteV
Spaog led. Banner," so; called from the
writer's designation, of theAraericanfleg,
in the chorus of his song. . And far dis
tant be the day when the descendants of
uotr wnu.uovw nacu aucir diuvu uu uu-
tla-'fieldsof liberty, and when the coun
trymen of those, who have brightened the
page ef . onr .country's history by such
words ss these, and by the noble achieve
ments that suggested them, shell be
ashamed "of the song,' of theflsjrthst -in
spired it. And let ns say of these songs
as did the Jews in their captivity, MU I
remember not-these, let my tongue clesve
to the roof of my awuth !"' 3 -
.-,"As the hunted hart pants far the
.water broos." as One wild horse, jast
csptured, pants to career- once mora in
UUitjviOTTJU, litrwuuBU u we saso uaiuyD usaiuo
-iiasthe eared lion pants 6 roam again,
taalatoaarcb of-the desert snd the jangle;
wxhave Mississippiansj panted to i be free.
Fellow'icitisens 1 -fallow Misaissippians,
tbe'bnrafng. desire 'of !yonr hearts is now
realised YOU .ARE FHKE VkJu
hury,JStm. ' fia efT ' r t- 3 z
.,'0h.'.'yes,.dcsx Mies., years :;free from
bonds," aa free as ye were when ye rs
p'rjdietsd theeer6f tba Union" Bant
- South Careliaavprbfaesca a'deadlyjios
tflHy to tkrareioa, yet aeia':ia trt much'
inJttvbVofrtaaia'sseaaci of obuiniiw
I loans from 4 her bsnks and rid
WHOLE NUMBER, J8;
King Jonathan the First,
f A Yankee is emphatically a civilman.
though his civility may not produce all
the bows, and grimaces, and unmeaning
compliments which accompany or const!:
tuts that quality among French'; rude"
ness of manners could be charged against
these people only, by these who know
Goldsmith, "wesf very different sppesr
ancos'to persons in fiirfercnt circumstan
ces. A person who is whirled throngh
Europe in a post-chaise, and a pilgrim
who, walk the grand tour on foot, will
form very different conclusions," Now,,
sundry people have been whirled from
Boston to New York in a mail-coach,
and said I know not what abont man-'
ners. I have traveled over the New
England, States on foot over highways
and byways ; supped in. the roost splen
did hotels and the most paltry inns,' en
tered every farmer's door that offered as
a resting place, and crossed any man's
garden, or corn field, or orchard that lay
in my way, without receiving an uncivil
word on my wbole ronte. On one oc
casion I lost myself in tho woods among
the Green Mountains of Vermont, where
I imagined there was no living creators
to he encountered for miles, except black
bears, catamounts, and similar country
gentlemen ; but on a sudden I emerged
from tbe woods into an open spot where
stood a log hut. A little flaxen head ur
chin espied me coming, and began to
scramble with all speed to hide him-,
self, as I supposed ; but no it was to
gain the summit of an immense log of
wood, which lay by the little pathway,
where he greeted me, as I passed, with
as profound a bow as I ever received.
In traveling over the kingdom of Na
ples, and contemplating the wonders of
the favored land, its fertile soil, its geni
al climate, its admirable capacities for
commerce, and the sloth and ignorance
of its population, its beggars, and its
brigands I have been struck with tho
whimsical. imagination of the scene that
might ensue, were a plain Yankee taken
from his plow tail and placed on the
throne of the Two Scicilies. His majes
ty would begin a regular overhaul of the
whole body politic tbe morning after his
coronation. "What's this I see ?" says
the king. "Whero are your overseers of
the highways your committee T What
idle fellows are these in tho streets ?
What are these bells ringing for every
day ? What means this crowd of ships
lying behind the mole with nothing to
do ? or this marina, the water's edge of
my great city, where I see no piles ef
merchandise, no trucks nor, dray-carts
driving abont with goods f Come, bus
tle, occupy ; set the lasxaaroni to work
upon the roads ; send the children to
school ; make a railroad hare and a turn
pike there ; bridge this river, and canal
that; hang the Calabrian robbers; give
the monks a ronse ; go into the churches
and strip me those trumpery' shrines :
sell the gold and silver jewels tvith which
they are hesped, and the interests of the
money will support all the poor in the
kingdom, for 1 11 have no , beggars nor
idlers while my title is Jonathan the,
First. People shall mind their business,
for Twill "" abolish these festas, which
come every other day, and are. good for
nothing but to. promote idleness.- Hence
forth there shall be no festas, but Thanks
giving and Independence. Set me up a
newspaper in every town ; take me the
census of the populstion ; fine every dis
trict that don't send a representative." .to1
the General Court.) I'll liavo everything
thrsshed and sent a bucking, even to tho
vernacular speech, for dolde far niente
shall be ronted from' the Italian. Sam
Bbowxlow ok Disubiosistb. Parson
Brownlow, in the Knoxville Whig, ssys,
in bis Prospectus, of the Disunionists,:
"The'nddlingand dancing of Nere,
while-Rome was enveloped in" flsraeey
was not more bratal. hellish, stupid aad
wicked, than is. the -conduct, of these'
eonntfy-destroyingr, God-defying, snd,
Hell-deserving TRAITORS to their"
country', who write and talk thus flip
pantly ot the most momentous event that
tbe human mind can conceive 1 Fight:
ing is to be done, and that at no distent
day, and the battle ground is to be along
the line of the border States of Marylinid;
Virginia. Tennessee, Kentucky, snd Mis
souri, which Stater have all declared for
tbe Union,.-The vile aad wicked leaders
who hire precipitated the revolution, mill
do none of the fighting, but will manage
to hold civil and military offices,' with
lsrge sslsries, to" pay which, money will
be wrung from the masses by a system
ot direct, taxes. And : these common, peor
pie will themselves here to shoulder their
knspsscks snd muskets, snd do ths fight
ing. Let those who voted the Disunion
ticket, -fight for their mad schemes; tbe
Union inea, if fight t bey ainst,, will, fight
on the. side, of tbe General Government,,
and fofT.the..,' Union, , the Constitution,
and the Enforcement of the Laws.' '
There is.e'ne good thing iatheGabriat
secession bnsineas -The late traitbr ; of
the Treasury" Debartsient Cobb, "was a.
'rarj i.I-7j -tV '. '- J.i.i .I-tstial--1"'
CBUUiuaw tor ueieKouj, auiu woo uniru.
. -Ta - --.' ' ' -liir.'st;
rJi Indiana, an infant found on a doer-.,
step 'has been christened Stephen 'A'.
DOTglss.W'tae reason.ihat'the'litUe W-J
low was ia'searcb of hiCmether. - ' : '
The bslls.of.tba raammotK 'OToya1
gun receatly;B-oatal,at.OI PpiatCoan
fort, Va., .weigh 4t5 lbs. ' , . "
Tfla "Best Holt" otthk Admihis-
tbstios The Acting Secretary of War.