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ffL. MILLER, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER. -
THEJCONSTITOTION AND THE UNION.
TERnS---$2.0 rER ANNUM, IN 1DTANCI.
VOLUME' IV.-NUMBER 33.; 7 .;;,.
WHITE CLOUD, KANSASTHURSDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1861.
WHOLE NUMBER, 189.
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UJERT7 ASD TJHIOJT, ONI AHD
There feat eat glorfaa eatlga,
There Bin ear aagra flL
Ai Brat Um Mnl krafl w hui
Dare r.lak thaan fteas Ik ek yl
Put nlM tt parricidal vs.
With Impiaea hand ta eaizo
Aid uu freta aet the flrmaoaeat
Tl glery of the breaxnt
TV cm fCti M hlaa who wield
The brand of elrll wtr.
Or blot Iran that preol galaxy
On rlagl gleaming ,u'-
Bull aU ear glarioe aaaiga,
Aad rtlll oar ttf Ui Mat,
Tat wttpiaj ajai Taat U pn
Aid aa iIwd flj no Bar.
Oh! braihraa la taa Ualoa atraaf ,
Bataiaa y aftba daj
TTbaa oar iira, baaaaih tkat kaaaar,
iton Drt hi (lociai wara aafoltad
O'ar fraalaaa'a aacrad froaal,
Aad tkittaaa Butat aaaradania Hood
To lojal aaion beaad.
lu ttripai wfra dyad at Moaaiaatk;
la Braadjwiaa'a rad ilraam;
Oa Baiatofa'a Irnaiplad plaia;
Bj Lailaf laa'a iad freaa.
lu itara aboo out a'ar Baakai'i haijiit;
Fort Moahria tham laaai;
Aad hifh o'ar Totktoira'i kambled camp,
Thar flaihad la dazilia( ahoaa.
HIm! toali rmartjrtd aaroai,
Biia Tram yoor troaalad piaa,
Aad faard oaea mora oar Caiaa
Oarbroaea raoalr aata!
Biu! ilark, (root old Xaw Harapihira;
Kim! Unrola, (rom tba baj;
Wm! Sarattr, ft tba rlea Saldt,
At on Ual jlorioai day.
Apia o'arbraad laaaaaabi,
Biia! Mariaa'a iwarl brigade,
VTboaa firry tramp, Kka whirlwind rath,
Sartpt dowa tba arrljUda.
Wiy bow ilaapr Haary'r patriot baartt
Wbj Otii'toajao or flaraa!
Hancock and Adami. lira tbay yet.
Or lire tbay Lat ia namal
Tbwy aanaot dia! iaaaiarul tratk
Oatlattt tba chock of lima,
Aad fit" Iba raitbral tinman heart
Willi rn lablina.
Tbay lira! on erary hill aad plala,
By aaarr (Itaiainr; rnr,
Wbara'ar thair tlolaj raat hara trod, .
Tbay lira, aad lira fcrarar.
Tba otm'ry or tba part tball raiia
Frarh allan to their nama;
Aad coninf yaari, with rararaat hand,
rrolect tba tacrad llama.
TTa know ao North, aor Soalb, aor Wait;
Oaa Caiaa biadl ni all;
tu atari aad atrip! ara o'r a flaaf
Veltb Ibern wall aUad or fall.
TWn aUy yoir banda, ya traitor boat,
Aad ceaaa yoar rain aadearor;
Cod gaaidi oar I'mMa, toei and alroaf,
Forerer aad foreter.
Ha alpetb aot Uka baraaa dead,
Aad caaaldViaf in tba (rara;
Bii oatatrrtebad ana ia qaiak u amiu,
Ooaipotaat to aara.
to! be ahall break tha coward Kaad,
Aad brand tha traitor knar
With mar than Arnald'a aaathlaa aharae
With bia aceareed frara.
Some Practical Lessons from oar His
Laws do not extents thamttlrM. Even
moral and pujaical larrs preanppoie ifl
thair oparation othar force than wkat ia
imply inhtrent in the lawa themaelras,
Still more evident ia thia principle in the
oparation of all hntnan laws. The law
which nobodr ezecntaa haeomta marelr a
dud latter. It ia no leneer a rale of
aation. It no longer preacribes, to any
Parnate, what ia rieht. nor forbida. with
ur effect, what is wronir.
Tha habita of peace, and of settling
qnaitions of opinion bj Toting, hare, in
at degree, withdrawn pnblic attention
from the compaliorr powera of roTera
mints. There are indication! indeed.
that these powers are doubted, and that
the heresy is beginning to obtain, that in
this country the opinions and will of any
considerable number of the people must
be submitted to nnleaa they can be com
promised by Tolnntary agreement.
There is nothing in the principles of
onr system to sanction thia idea. His;
tory shows that oar government haa Tin"
dicjtad its right to be born and. exist,
hitherto, not merely by the persnaaien of
words, but by tha legic of. force.
John Adama sstimated that in 1776
w more tnaa two-thirda of the Batire
population of the eoloniea farored inde
Ptndanes and the measures ofthe'rero'
latum. It is doubtful whether een one
slf farored the cause in 1777. Theaef.
en yeara of that war were not paaaed by
car peopl8 ;n anited and harmonioos no
tion sgainit a common enemy. Their
went enemies were of their own house
hold, and in large districts of the country
people ware most of the time ,acqni
esciog in British rale, and een co-opa-
rauag to extend it. Bamonatrance and
Pjnnsaion were largely naed in the ha
tpaning, md were not remiUed; bnt the
harp logic of bayoneU and bnlleta, and
the atrict cogency of the halter, ter
ninated lh resistance and vindicated the
nfbt. Whan Arnold sought to compro
auathe question,'-in 1780. there wai
ora plausibility'in hie reasons far-it
"n we can now easily sppreciaie, and
more persons who .would, have , counael.
ed acquiescence.. Yet" -Waahing'ton arid
hie compatriota enforced, the -hard lawa
of war, regardlesa of opposite opjniohs.
and wonld only accept of the aorrender
After the.war many-of -the. neonla of
New England, and wpec'iallTMaiuachn-
aetta.pressed by .poTertT'arid by person
al: and TpublidebUcTamdr'Mo? an i.
aue of paper money "and3 a stay of .legal
proceedings for the, collection .of debts.
There waa great, real and wide spread
distresa. which led to open and organiz
ed reaistanee to the laws, known aa
Shay'a rebellion. Large bodies, of men
assembled, resisted legal process and
broke np the aitting of the courts. A
body of threo thousand assembled near
Springfield, with the design of possessing
themselves of the arms in the arsenal at
that place. This waa in the winter of
1787, before the (Joustitution had been
framed. General Shepard, with a few
western militia, bad charge of the arsenal.
When the large body came in eight the
General, having drawn up hia small force
on the hill at the arsenal, sent an officer,
not to compromise or negotiate, but to
warn the insurgents to desist. If tire an
swer was favorable, he was to file to the
right ; if not, then to the left. The offi
cer filed to the left. "Give them a shot
to the right," said General Shepard.
The cannon waa fired accordingly, bnt the
rebels seeing no harm done, moved on.
Give them a shot to the left," said
General Shepard. This, too, was done;
but instead of stopping the advancing
bodv, the failure to do any harm seemed
to encourage them, and they pressed on
with greater confidence. "Give them a
ahot breast high, by !" said Shepard.
It was done. It killed, instantly, three
men And wounded a fourth, and the law
less body retreated in hasty confusion
from t'ae men who knew their duty and
dared to excute it. The forces of the
state, under the command of Lincoln,
(ominous name !) approaching in a few
days, the registers of the law fled ; but
Lincoln was too quick Tor them ; by a
night march of forty miles in the fucn of
a norllnixt winter snow utorrn, ha rame
up with them at day break, and though
they broke anil fled in every direction,
he captured a largo number of prisoners
The rebellion was ended and peace and
order restored, not by compromises or
concesaions, hut by the enforcement of the
Aftet wards, while Washington was in
the second term of his Presidency, an in
surrectinn arose in Western Pennylvania
and the adjoining Bute, where the pco
pie, wanting a market for their grain,
distilled it largely, and. therefore, felt
burdened by the excise duty then exist
ing. Their complaints were analagou
to those of the cotton producers against
impost duties. They resisted the law.
maltreated its officers, and by organiza
tion through an extensive district beyond
the Alleghanies, for a time effectually
nullified the law there. Washington,
having in one proclamation called ou
them without effect to respect the law,
told them next that it must be obeyed,
called out the militia and enforced it.
Fifrwm thousand men raised in three
fiiatea. and led by their governore and
General Morgan, were marshalled by
Washington for the enterprise. He gave
four weeks of personal attention to the
preparation, intending at first to lead the
forces himself over the Alleghaniee. His
Secretary of War did accompany the ex
pedition, but the President found so much
readiness and zeal awakened that he did
not finally think it necessary to go him
aalf. No blood waa abed, bnt the law
waa thenceforward obeyed and reaistanee
to it quelled. Possiby the appointment
of a fast would not have answerea
purpose so wen.
In 1800 occurred one of the greatest
political revolutions our country has ever
wen. Yet it waa peaceful. The federal
party had grown np with the administra
tion dnring twelve yeara, and no otbsr
.. l,.rl hn tried in our government.
Terribly anxious and even desponding
were the defeated party ; yet we do not
find that assassination of the successful
candidates waa even suggested. Avail
: .v.n,.I.H nf the tie between Jetrer
.on and Burr, most of the federalize
.ought to compromise on the atter. But
many ot them were wjo u - -
TT..;irnn nnnossd it etrenuouely and
since it waa
Governenr Morris said,
ewidantlv the intention of
.; -.- .!, Mr .Terfforson
nr teliow-ciuaeuai w ui--.- -
their President, it eeema proper to fulfill
that intention;" and Bayard, another
federalist, finally gave the eUct.on.to
ty wbmitUd to the law. aoqatesoed m the
popular decision against them, and the
country waa not rained. "
a: ... ftrward. when Burr was
the tnreaaa in -' - - ,
. - t - ! .nr.Tntra.ta Mexico ana
?Z3L -7t.ni States. President
Jefferson did not wait tjeoeiv. amhaa.
aador.frofli'.him it Waahmgton. bnt n-
. . fi' ::U-'t.. ra waa breathing
auntiy on !-"" ."ta lllB Mrt of
the treason oi --. ..-:,;
the people, issued a proclama ion deaonB
ingherou and thj tS. and aa
ft expr me-uK-.-"" - :
K - .. - jr..v..mMnnneetwhicn
?!LT;.; indulge conver
ted Bnrr'a hitherto, uinmphal PfoPJ
S,flufb'. followed f by ptfd
LihirDolitieal. disgrace, ao eftctar.
lasttnapolitieal, disgrace, a --" faifonal. the latter will be. Lorantlle
Mr. whole W.SRmL
no one dared again to try that dangerous
road. f , , 't "r
In the last term of the next President,
Madison, 'several, of the New England
states, dissatisfied with the war, and with
the manner in which, it was conducted,
assembled in convention at Hartford to
devise means of security adapted to their
aituation andr"not .repugnant to. -their
obligations aa members of the" "ffnibn
And they, too, called for amendmenta of
the- constitution soma of them the aame
aa are now again proposed in order, the
better to protect what they deemed thair
local rights and Interests. President
Madison neither recommended adoption
of i heir pronosed amendments of the con
stitution nor appointed a fast dsy to pre
serve the integrity of the Union, but pro
ceeded, as President of the whole Repub
lic, to conduct negotiationa and enforce
the laws ; and aspiring men of those
days, instead of taking part with the dis
affected, anil calling on the President and
hia party to compromise with the malcon
tents, joined in austaining the govern
ment, and with united zeal condemned
the participants in the Hartford Conven
tion to political ostracism from which
they were never recalled.
Simultaneously with the Hartford Con
vention, the civil authorities at New Or
leans were, nnder tho forma of law, em
barrassing the measures necessary for ef
fective resistsnee to the pnblic enemy.
General Jackaon neither acquiesced nor
compromised, but declsred the city nur
der martial law and enforced it. lbe
country waa net mined, but aaved ; and
the man who dared to take the responsi
bility of promptly enforcing right meaa
nra, waa not politically mined thereby,
but ultimately made President by a peo
ple who can appreciate courage and pa
triotism. Ambition, defeated in ita purposes of
aggrandizement, often becomes danger
ous. It was so with Arnold, it was so
with Burr, and it was so .vith Cslhonn.
In 1832, South Carolina, under his lea
lerxhip. undertook to nullify the United
States laws, and set the Uniied State
government at defiance. The facta have
lately been aet before onr readers, and do
not need recapitulation here. Tho Pres
iiient, Jackson, neither proposed corapro
mie, negotiation, amendment of the con
stitution, nor a fasti His proclamation
rings yet through history, that the Fed
era! Union shall be preserved and the
laws enforced. Under the shadow of his
determination, other politicians did om
promise ; bnt it was without hia aid or
connivance, and though mueh vaunted
by their admirers, it never made either
of them President. And hero we msy
suggest, in passing, what the aspiring
may do well to note, that no subsequent
compromiser has attained that honor.
In 1813 the people of the State of
Rhode Island assembled by delegates in
State Convention, framed a State consti
tntion, and by a majority of votea, but
without the sanction of their existing state
government, adopted it and attempted to
put it in operation. The old State gov
ernmeiu resisted, and called on the Uni
ted States government for assistance nn
der the constitntion, and it waa granted.
Acting President Tyler, with John C.
Calhonn aDnroving. sent United Statea
troons to Rhode Island to coerce the peo
pie of a sovereign atate a people nearly as
numerous in white population, and at
least ennallv intelligent and brave with
the people of South Carolina.
In 1846 the Mexican war began. Hith
erto our wara had been more of a defen
aive character, and carried on chiefly at
home, with the exception of that agamat
the Barbarv States, in which the credit
was crivan to the officers and man en
gaged rather than to the efficiency of onr
government. The doctrine of the booka
was almost universally received, thst a
republican government, however good
for the people, and in times of peace, ia
necessarily too tardy and inefficient for
the prompt exercise of great national
power. A few there were who thought
differently, bnt the idea of onr army aoon
"reveling in thehalleofthaHontezumaa"
was generally ridiculed. Nevertheless
it was. in faet, done, and with hardly an
apparent national effort, after a rapid se
ries of uninterrupted successes nnparallel
ed in history, and the world awoke in
amaaement. to tha conacionsneee that the
strongest, the qnickest'and most efficient
national government in we worm u u
deviaed by onr fathers.
The cause is to be found especially in
the subdivision of duties, which leaves
the federal government, unembarrassed
by the administration of local affairs, to
concentrate aa occasion may require, the
whole power of the nation npon the few
bnt important duties assigned to -it by
the constitntion. -The operations of
the national government, thus simplified,
may have promptness, efficiency and
power such as no other government can
possess, and such as the world haa never
before seen. Our constitution ia neither
worn out nor deefctive, bnt anataina a
o-nrsmmsat which, if adminiatered aa it
". ... - - .l .- . : T
should be, ana as luei innancai wtj umww
;... tinar it may be admistered. ia
abundantly competent to-day. for reeia
e.nna. to national enemies, for the snpnres.
sion of insurrection and rebellion.- the
punishment of traitors, rand the enforce
ment of all its lawa. JT. Y:Pot.
Now that Leuisisna has seceded from
the Union, there eeema to be little or no
deubt that Ooiigreee will eeeede from the
nroteetioa doty on sugar. Weppoee
that, if the former eecesnon waa
A VOICE FHOM TEE LOYAL NOBTH. "
-- i!iw .
. ,BT, OUTER WEXpKU. HOLMES.
- v -u ' - L
- i Weala(!rematryUMta-a!tjt,
. j With eaddeatdroloa aad aye;
Bar banner dreop ia ahradad lifat
Baaoatk tbo arfatry akyj
W.llpllalaaaajUawia. ; f
Ba far bar atara bar) aaajl '
- Jr -TaojbdiMrdIiaJataayabiaa,
Wo bare a Caaatry yet.
Twera rain to alfb a'ar arrora pan,
Oar aoldiar hoard tb thmteaiaf blaat,
.And apiked bia aaalcee gini;
Ha law tba atar-wraatbad eaaif fall.
By mad inaadera torai
Bat aaw it froaa tba baationed wall.
That laafhed Ihairraga to eearnl
.What tbonih thair angry cry i Bug
Acroaa tba bow!in( waret
Tbay amlte tba air with idle tsafna,
Tba fathering etona who brara.
Eaoofb repaacb' tha treaapat riaja;
Ba ailent, patient, calm
Cod help tbem iTtie tarapaat awiap
Tba Fine ajalnat Iba Palm!
Oar toilaoma yeara hare made aa taaoa;
Oar atraagtb baa alept nnflt;
The farnaea fir ia alow to Ban,
That blda oar ploafaabare aaelt;
Tla bard to lot tbo bread tbay win
In apila of Hatnre'a frown
To drop tba Iron thread wa apin,
That waare oar waba of tawna!
To aas tba mailer; tarblaaa atand
Bfra tba mptld flama,
Ta fold the arm that flood tha land
With rirrra from their loom;
Bnt harder still for tboao who lean
Tha Troth forjot ta long:
When once their lambrln( ptstlan barn,
Tba paaeafal are tha atronf!
Tha LrJ bara narcy oa tbo wk,
And aalm their freaiiad ire.
And oar brothera ara they ahrlrk
"We play with Northern firel"
Tha aale holl hia monatain balfht
Tlie lirer pace bia den!
Cite all the I'aantry, each hi right!
God help o all! 'Amen!
Disunion the Doom of Slavery.
Thco who are plotting the disruption
of this Government and the establish
ment of a Southern Confederacy, claim
to be the only true friends of the South
and its institutions. Those.wlio are for
maintaining the Government are. de
nounced as RepublfcaBjtA4toliti6nists,
fec. Any man, with hslf a. man's rea
soning power, can see that the friends of
the existing Government are the only
true friends of Slavery. The prosperity
of the South its wealth nnd refinement
has resulted from the existence of the in
stitution of Slavery and that institution
has depended mainly for its existence
upon the protection afforded it by the
Constitution, which has bound the Free
States of tho Confedersry, as well as the
slave, to its maintenance. No other Gov
ernment in the world, haa been able to
sustain slavery so successfully as this
none, indeed, to sustain it at all. The
constitutional support of seventeen Free
States, united with fifteen Slave Statea,
and forming one of the first powers of the
enrth, haa extended over this institution
a protection which has kept the anti
slavery sentiment of the whole world at
bay. as far as any practical interference
jeopardizing our aafety ia- concerned.
But bow will it be after the present Gov
ernment is dissolved, and the Northern
States are absolved from their constitu
tional obligations, and instead of being
parties to the maintenance of Slavery,
as they are nnder the Constitution, be
come its open and avowed enemies, not
in the abstract, bnt practically, and aa a
Repnblic? It is clear to be seen that the
South will be greatly and fatally weak
ened, and the doom of alavery irrevoca
In this opinion we are endorsed by
one of the most sagacibna leaders of the
oresent movement in Sooth Carolina.
In 1851 the Hon. W. W. Boyee atood
out successfully against secession, though
in 1860 he was forced to yield, seeing
thst in ten years those engaged in "edu
cating the Southern mind," and "firing
the Southern heart," bad made ench
rapid progress as to render resistance
self-immolation, and very few politiciana
at thia day are in the habit of carrying
their convictions of right to snch an ex
tent. Bnt the arguments of Mr. Boyce
against secession in 1851, are unanswer
ed either by himself or his co-secession-isu
in 1860. and they will net be answer
ed. Thsn, after speaking of "the hostile
spirit of the age to the institution of slav
ery." he said :
Secession, separata nationality with all
its burdens, ia ne remedy. It is no re
dress for the psst ; it'ia no security Tor
the future. It is only a magnificent sac
rifice to the present, without in any wise
gaining in the future. For
the various ressons.I have stated, I object
in as atrong terms aa I can, to the seces
sion of South Carolina. Such is the in
tensity of my conviction on this subject.
that if eecession should take place of
which I have no idea, for 1 cannot be
lieve in tha existence ef such stupendous
madneaa I shall cossmam thb ibstito
tiob or Slavery as doomed, abd that
thb Great God. ib ocb bubdmbss, his
HADB Ca THE ISSTBCXBBTS OF ITS DE-
STBOcnoB. SatknU; (Tenn.) Banner.
"We see that since the Hon. John Bell's
great" Union speech in Nashville, many
of the secessionists are engaged in writing
letters to him. saving themselves the
price of postage etampa by publishing
their epistolary efforts ia the newspapers.
Why is the Union like a crab-apple ?
Because, to be worw aaytniBg, it
The Only Possible Compromise.
The proposition discussed in the Tri
bune a few daya ago, that Congress should
purchase and emancipate the alavee ia
the Border Slave States, has already at
tracted considerable attention, and meets
with ranch favor from all bnt the fanati
cal devotee of slavery in the North, who,
like Charles O'Oonor, eoaidr.th:insti
tntion a divine blessing,- and wonld be
glad to introduce it into the Free Statea.
A resolution in favor of gradual com
pensated emancipation" in the Border
States and of colonizing the negroes in
Liberia, was yesterday offered in the New
York Assembly, and referred to the
Committee on Federal Relations.
The facts are briefly these : In the
8latea of Delaware, Maryland, Miasonri,
Arkansas, Texas and Louisiana, there
are about 600,000 slaves, and more than
fonr times as many whites. Last week
a gang of twenty-four cotton and planta
tion negroes were sold at auction in
Charleston for an average of 9437. The
price of slaves, it is well known, is not
so high in most of the States we have
named aa in South Carolina. Taking
into account the old and the feeble, the
women and the children, it ia evident
that the average worth of negroes cannot
be more than, 8500; and ia probably
much less. The sum of 9240,000,000
would, therefore, be an ample compensa
tion for the liberation of all the slaves in
the Statea we have named.
The argumenta in favor of thia acheme
are that it offers a peaceful aolation of
the troubles which now agitate the coun
try; that it would check the increase of
slavery, and in time rid us of an odiona
and formidable evil, the ultimate result
of which, if some remedy be not applied,
will be to Africanize one half of the con
tinent; and lastly, thst it would add
largely to the general wealth and pros
perity of the nation by the immenae rise
in value and in profitableness of real es
tate in the South. For Delaware, Mary
land, Missouri, and Texas, emancipation,
with the aid of the Federal Government,
ia not nearly ao great an undertaking aa
waa the abolition of alavery in New
York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania,
which was effected by those States with
out any assistance from any quarter.
To the nation at large, and especially
to the Free Statos, the money this project
would cost would be no objection. One
year of war would cost as much or more.
The purchase of Cuba on the terms pro
posed by Mr. Buchanan, wonld have re
quired as large a sum. The nstion has
at hand an obvious and available resource
to carry out the financial part of the
measure in the public lands, whose value
at the lowest estimate cannot fail to be
more by aeveral hundreds of millions of
dollars than that of all the slaves in the
States North of the Potomac and west of
the Mississippi. JV. Y. Tribune.
Thb Slave Popclatioh of Viroiku.
In specnlating upon the course likely
to be Dursned by Virginia in the present
crisis, we may obtain a good deal of
light by considering tho distribution of
ber slave population, and its relative
proportion to the whole popnlation east
and west of the Blue Ridge. From the
Comnendinmof the Census for 1850 it
annears that the white inhabitants of
Western Virginia constitute nearly forty
eight per cent, of the whole white popn
lation of the State; while the proportion
of alaves to the whole popnlation in that
Dart of the State is less thsn eleven per
cent. On the other hand, the ratio of
alaves to the whole popnlation east of
the Blue Ridge is nearly forty-sight per
cent. It thns appears that in the estern
portion of Virginia, inhabited by nearly
one-half of the whole white popnlation
of the State, the ratio of slaves ia lsee
than that of Maryland, which is fifteen
and one-half per cent, while in Eastern
Virginia it ia greater, than in any oi mo
Slave Statea except Mississippi and
8outb Carolina, being bnt three per cent
less than. thst of the former, and nine
per cent, less than that of the latter
It is not probable that the census
which has just been completed will ma-
lariallr varr these results. They eer-
tainly'indicate that in tho approaching
convention in Virginia there muat be di-
idad counsels. In many of the conn-
tiea of Western -Virginia slavery may be
said to have but a nominal existence,
emr! in nearly all of them it constitntes
bnt a small proportion of tho whole pop
In view of these facta it is not to ne
supposed that the Seeeesionista of the
Atlantic shore win encceea ib commu
ting their brethren across the monntaine
to a course of political action which can
not fail to involve them in rain. X. Y.
Pott. . .
A good-hearted old Republican yeo
m.t. nf Illinois, having imbibed the fool
ish notion that attempts are jt'o be made
nnnn Mr. T.i'nrnln'a life by Doison OT
AtWwia ravantlv walked at long die
tance for the purpose of Bttsjriag hie sol
emn warning. Arriving in mar picacuvw-riiamriM-of
Bennfalicaii royalty, he be-
eame abashed and forget his errand. He
turning to leave, when a asaaea is?
spiration atrnckhim, and be uid'.quelt-
ly. "a won't leave uui eu , b
Jnstmarkmy worda! Doi' yo oi
nothing except wAa the' old woman cookt
far ye I"
CnwamitniTw.: There ia a rumor that
tha r authorities intead to save Gwieral
Twiggs the mortification of reeigniagbi
A-WORD FOR THE HOUR.
BV JOHN G. WHITTIEB.
Tb flrmaaaeat break ep. Ta black ecliat
Light after light gaaa oat. Oaa eti I atar,
Laridly glaring tbroagb tbo (make of war,
Aa la tbo drenn of tbo Apocalyaaa,
Drag other dawa. Lat aa aot waaaly weep
Her raahly threatea. Gin a grace ta keep
Oar faith aad patiaaaiar heaaSiao ohwaM walpn
Oa oaa head iato fratricidal fight,
Or, oa tbo tha other, yield eternal right.
Frame liee of law, aad good and 111 eoafoand!
What fear we! Safe oa Freedoaa'a raataga-graaad
Oar feat ara planted; lat a there renala
la aararaagafal ealaa, ao mean aatriad
Which tratk eaa auction, no joat elaim dkid,
Tba aad apeeutore of a aieidel
They break tha linka of Calon: ahall wa tight
Tba Era of hall to weld anew tba chain!
Draw aot wa area now a freer breath,
A from oar aboaldara fall a load af death,
Loathaam a that tha doomed Mezaatia lore!
Why uka w ap Iba acenraod thing again!
Fity, forgirc, bat arre thai baak aa mora.
Who, drank with paaiioa, holat Diraaioa'a rag,
H'llb it ail reptile blazon. Lat na prata
Tbo golden elaater aa otr bra a old flag
Ia aloaar anion, aad, if anmberieg laaa.
Brighter haD abiaa tbo atara which atill rem tin!
Peter Cartwright on the Union.
Rev: Peter Cartwright of Jacksonville,
so well known to all religious denomina
tions and political parties in Illinois, de
livered a lecture in New York City a
few evenings since. We eopy the follow
ing from the Herald's report of his say
ings: Rev. Mr. Cartwright thus concluded
his really, interesting lecture:
General Jackson was certainly a wick
ed man in the earlier part of hia life, but
I am glad to say that be joined the Pres
byterian Church, and gave ample evi
dence of piety. His end was that of a
Christian peaceful and happy. Loud
applause. I am a atranger, and not
much of a politician, but still I say de
voutly before God and all mankind with
whom I commune I wish wo had such
a man as General Jaeks'on at the helm of
affairs at the present moment. Tumult
oeas applause.1 My father waa a revo
lutionary soldier, and ho fought two
yeara and six months, on many a fisld,
to gain the independence of this, country.
I had two uncles who fell in the battle of
Brandywine. and another who was the
private secretary of General Washington
dnring the lie volution, ttut.au mat my
father left me was the boon of Liberty
and Freedom, and 1 have always consid
ered that this was the beat inheritance
that a father could leave to his child.
Applause. I must alto say that my
lather taught me to hate toriea then, and
I bate them still. Applause. I am
in favor of free speech and free debate
loud applause although now nn old
man of seventy five years.
Old aa I am I love my country. I
have seven children, forty-four grand
children, and a large army of great-grand-ohildrsn,
with many more to come. Ap
plause. Although I am dying ot old
age, I desire to leave the inheritance of
freedom to my children. Let the heav
ena fall, but preserve the Union. Loud
and prolonged applause. Old at 1 am,
andttiffat 1 am, I would thoulder my
rifle for the Union. Renewed applause.
I go for peaceful measures; if that won't
do, then here I am. Union we mutt have.
In the course of my life I have mingled
a little with the politiciana in my native
SUte, bnt I fonnd it waa a dog's life,
for a man who wanted to keep a good
conscience. In conclnsion, let me say
to yon that our wilderness has been made
to bloom and blossom like the rose.
Where we had a few thousand of settlers
scattered in Kentucky. West Tennessee
and through the South-West, North
West, and West, we now have over
400,000 citizens. Applause. And
still emigration ia Westward, where
there is yet a world to be settled and col
onized. Lrst na men nave union, ior u
wa bnt keep together as a nation we shall
L . . &1 1 ?? fuuil.M M
De instrumental in giving iib
numberless nations yet unborn.
Daiviso oot Poob White Mex ! The
Mobile Mercury, of the 27th nit. a lead
ing secession organ in Alabama, comes
to us with a leading article headed " Vig
ilance Needed," and among other things,
" 2d. Slaves are constantly associating
with few vhite people who are not tlave
ovmert. Snch people are dangerous to
a community, and thould be made to leave
Thia ia the spirit of secession I All
white people who do not own negroes.
are " low white people ;" mey are asugBT
ous to any commnnity, and ought to be
made to leave the cities and States where
they are. Thir accords with Rhett's
doctrine of allowing none to vote but
taosa who owned land or negroes. Thia
doctrine will be avowed in Tennessee; by
aareeaaioniats. in leea than aix months.
No wonder ther are" down upon Andy
Johnson ! He opposes a privileged order
of thw sort. Parton BrvtuAomt Jumper,
of Jan. bti. T
Mb. DocoLAa. Many of the most dis-
tingakhed taea, who heretofore sustained
Mr. Dongles. aueriy repudiate ib hobo
fnl. positions be took yesterday, which are
wholy inconsistent with, his bold declara
tion at Norfolk, after the Presidential
election, that attracted snch general com
mendation. It requires aa expert rider
to manage two horses at this time, ana
even Mr: Donglas'a great experience in
thia respect k at fault Waek. Cor. N.
There, ao force
in Booth Cariina's
argaments, bnt a
great deal about herj
Florida has seceded, without produc
ing a remark beyond the telegraphic an
nouncement of that event, or creating any
sensation except that occasioned by the
burning of a little, harmless powder ia
Charleston and elsewhere in Cottondom.
Thia ia not so very' remarkable, consid
ering that the State, or perhaps wo should
ssy the Sovereign Repnblic of that name,
had only 87.000 inhabitants of all sorts
in 1850, and has probably now some
thing less than the popnlation of the
Seventeenth Ward of thia city say. in
round numbers, 100,000 1 Her 'chief
importance probably consists in being
one of that prospective confederacy of
"fifteen" States, with which our weak
nervea are so often startled. So long,
however, aa wo hold Key West, we can
console ourselves nnder the loss of such
an exceedingly small and never very
brilliant star in our national galaxy.
We certainly shall not advocate coercion
in her case, unless it be to the extent ef
sending back a dozen or two of the
Seminoles, whom the hated Federal
Government expelled, at enormous ex
pense, from the everglades and horn
mocks of that delectable peninanlal Un
less tho new generation of Floridians are
of different stuff from their immediate
ancestors, aix hearty war whoops wonld
send the whole hundred thousand scar
rying beyond the borders of their im
But seriously, it is rather cool on the
part of a Stato which never would have
risen beyond the dignity ef a desolate
Spaniah awamp. had it not been for the
97,000.000 which the United States
paid for her territory, to talk of the an
endurahla evils of the Federation! Cool
er atill, to forget, aa sho haa done, the
hundred millions or so which we have
expanded to clear her of the savagea who
held her in contempt of the miserable lo
cal strength which she now proposes to
turn against her benefactoral We do
not mention the millions spent in build
ing fortification at Key West and the
Tortugas, because we intend to keep
them. The Florida Senators have gone
off, and ao, we believe, has the delega
tion in the House of Representatives, said
delegation consisting of onel This
withdrawal leaves the Senate Commit
tees on Naval Affairs, and Post-Offices
and Post Roads, without Chairmen; for.
strange as it may appear, and the fact
shows how the Sonth has hitherto mo
nopolized the Government, theaa two
important Committees have been headed
by men representing a State without
commerce, and with a population but
little larger than that of Albany, while
manufacturing and commercial New
England, with its millions of inhabitanta
and hundreds of millions of commerce,
waa deprived of the poor privelege of
leading a single Committe, however in
significant. "But wo have changed all
that now!" .V. Y. Tribune.
Card from "Ubclb 8ah." Uncle
Sam is in great trouble on account of the
misbehavior and running away of aeveral
members of his family. He has issned
the following card, which wo give in our
columns. We do not know whether the
old gentleman intanda to bring them back
through the operationa of the " Fugitive
Slave Act " or not.
Fled from the service and protection of
the undersigned the following persons
here in described :
1. Caroline quite old, small and dark
complexioned,(lessthan half white blood)
very petnlant and bad tampered.
2. Sipni younger aad larger; very
dishonest not te be trusted with money.
3. Flora long and lank with vary
little flesh npon her ; also young, having
been bought not long ago at a high pricsr
for collateral advantages rather than her
intrinsio value to onr family. She has,
also, cost ns much to rare her of aa In
dian distemper, with which she waa long
afflicted. She may be easily detected, aa
she has the "keys" with her.- . . .
4. Alice Bama a sister or oippi.
much like her, with a somewhat better
character for honesty, bnt quite simplir
and easily imposed npon. v
5. Georgiana a sister of Caroline,
but not quite as old ; this one ir much
larger and atronger than either of the oth
ers, and also seemed mueh more reluctant
to go.' She, like Flora, also had a bad
spell of Indian distemper, which I was
at great expense ia curing. TboBgh she
has cost me much more than she is worth.
she is better able to take care of herself
thsn the others, who are depending upon
her to take care of tbem. Rock. Exprttt.
Mottoes. Motto of the Seeeders
Wee th-word of the Union meo-Hemp.
Principles of the Secessionists Nigger
Principles of tho Union men "Tha
Federal Union mast and shall ba aialn
taiaed." Patriotism of the Becamoaifts Lova
Patriotism of the Union men Lore of
country. J2fTo CUy Inquirer.
The form of prayer for the members
dftheCabiBetonFastday belna with"
the worda :
"Let ns pray."
By order of the Bishop in partilue.
Applications for pateata are' mede'aa
usual from eeeadiag State, aai are anted
npon as if the Union waa. iBUetv,. --f--
Eider-down petticoata are aew: "worn
by the Eegliew ladies in ceasefneace of
the cold weather.
J it I
ia t it