Newspaper Page Text
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. IAS I
L. MILLER, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER.
THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION.
i TERMS t.H fER ANNUM, IN A1TAICE.
i ffS .
VOLUME IV.NUMBER 34, (
WHITE CLOUD, KANSAS, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1861,
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nf YEAR'S 1DDBE88 TO SOUTH
Ge4 caoralnf, Mlu Booth Carolina;
Prey don't etay eat there U th eoldi
Oir Camteiei bf m4 finar.
Is th f lorlooi Wlntara of old.
ChI. Bam, 1 bif tnpk board littler;,
Look, aai that bit niece it not km;
Bo pf7 V" J" aao'1""! narl frettin j
We wiili yon a happy w Tear.
feme, coma ilit.r Malno waaU to kits yea,
And bind yoar Falmotto with Pina;
Little Rbody ta aorry to nn yo;
Coaaactlcot .end. yoo a Iia;
Saw Tork will be lonely aod dreary.
If Carry learei meant barroom,
And kar rallayt, from Hodion to Xrie,
Be ahmdad in tadnau and (loom.
Oh! coma, for tha hnmer'a infection
Mil GcortHa look, inllaa and poau;
JUr. Sippi neit aadly a.jleaU ni;
Airy Bams her good ancle float..
(ran Florida itarta ap to ?ex m.
The' the tadiaaa we cha.ad from her ihorei;
And the raatiaf Tb.nila. of Tezaa,
Ilia torrent of baldarduh poor..
Oh! join net the tonga and the danael
Oflbe tirani who lead yoo attray
The ShJ.Ili, the Toombiet, the Vaneeyt,
That lead to de.trnctioa the way.
Tet, ban) down the fay of Palmetto
Conre la, and we Tl pt p the ban
And yield yeor alraglance yet to
The iaancr of aulpet and ef atari.
Yet, Tally once wore ronad the banner
That manballed yoor brne and yoar free,
Vkea it ttraamed o'er the plain, of Sarannab,
And lathed o'er the hi lit of Bantee.
Thoah now like n vixen yon carry on.
Begniled by yoar Keitt and your Rhett,
Well remember jour Eomter and Marion,
And (ladly forfire aad format.
Let the thonglit of yonr earlier (lorr
Co flailiie; thro' heart and thro' brain.
Embalmed by yonr tajet of .lory,
Baptued in the blimd of yonr llayne.
ITe longer by falsehood be gammoned,
or applaad whrre rank ireatoa reionnd.i
Anl yoar niad-.llli, forgetting yoar Hammond,
Will reference yonr Finekney aad Lowed...
Of yoar uiher .liter, take eonaael,
Uy time and affection endeared,
Jfor .hatter from rooflree to groead-.ill.
The temple onr forefather, reared.
Tirgmia mi, "Wait awhile. Carry;"
6taid Maryland conntel. delay;
In the Cainn Keotucky will Urry,
Till her torn hire forgotten her Clay.
The fire yet .orriret in the embera
Of Shelby, of Knox, and Serirr;
nrare. tree Tenaet.ee yet remember.
The faith that her Jackeon held dear;
And on Andrew .till liret to remind nt
Of the Andrew that eleept 'neath her tod:
Thote link, in firm concord thai) bind 01,
One coontry, one flag, and one God.
Bo come, now. dear, croti little Carry,
Don't tay la tlie inlki and the cold;
The longer away that yon tarry.
We mil. Ton the mere from the fold.
Come in; Uncle Fain .hall not tpaak yoo;
Well .peak a kiad word in bia ear;
Aad eien Ma.iacka.ettt will thank yoo.
And with yoo a Happy New Tear!
ABE WE TWO NATIONS t
&. UOBACB GRBELET.
Th public mind of the Free States is
ilewlj realizing the pouibilitr it i
not yet accepted as a probability of the
urersnee of theie United States into tiro
distinct and riral confederacies. Alarm
iata query, "If two, why not a dozen ?"
and talk of Republic on the Pacific, an
independent New England, a federation
efthe Middle Stales, of the Northwest,
etc but all this is fantastic aad absurd.
Everything tends tojperpetnate and main
tain the Union everything but one
Slavery. If Me are divided, that divides
ns nothing else. New York, Pennsyl
tsnia, Ohio, the Northwest, the yet un
settled Missouri region, thePacific States,
are diverse in their characteristics; but
their several peculiarities provoke no
antagonism : They rather prove that
"All latnre'a difference make all Nature", peace."
They are more valuable to each other
than though their pursnita and products
were strictly homogeneous ; they bane
fit each other by their reciprocal wants
and supplies ; California is the comple
nent of New England, and each is bleet
like in what the other takes and what
So it -might he as between the Slara
States and them all so it would be but
for 61avery. They produoe what the
Free States need they need what the
-tter produce in excess. Every staple
Of the South in larmier onnenmxl at tha
North ; where the demand for each of
them is steadily increasing. It is diffi
colt even yet for tha people of the Free
otates to conceive that tha South ia in
ton breakinf away from them.
"ough in the 8outh it is ovary day as--nmed
that the North bates and would
destroy her, there still prevails an almost
nniform and fervent good-will for tha
bonth at the North. It is because 81a
y burdens the South, cripples the
oouth, scourges the South, perverta the
oral sense of the 8outh, that the North
- it for ever banished from that sun-
j ".umj. x-b surgeon aver removed a
r or a wen with a mora sincere good
will to Tlnfiont tl,.., k XT V. :t .11.
j. would aid the South to rid herself of
"wieanui anemaly in a Christian Re
fiiawieh sbabnn to herbosomaa
A58-r I-??- hK rioh-t M-asing.-
;,. ,7 u" uiauco me Doum to ener
Tampire until it shall have drain-
edher of her life-blood, nowhere will her
infatuation bo more profoundly deplored
than among the Anti-Slavery men of the
Andwe call all parties1 and classes in
the Free States to witness that the grounds
whereon the South now proposee to break
op the Union are hardly comprehensible
by the North. Tbey,aeeBa,Bp flimsy, so
nnreal that the very few of us can believe
that they are pnt forth in earnest. Mil
lions do not this day believe that the
South will defy the Federal authority,
mainly becaue they can conceive noth
ing like a reason for no doing. Only a
very few of the moat indnrated Demo
crutic politicians at the North now pre
tend that the South has any valid excuse
for seceding. And Europe, the Canada,
the civilized world, in fact, regard
the matter as we do. Nowhere, outside
of the Slave States, is it really believed
that even the Cotton States will actually
secede, because it is everywhere felt that
it would be madness on their part to do
For, in fact, all their complaints and
grievances resolve themselves into this :
"We of the South cherish Slavery and
love it ; therefore yon of the North have
no right to condemn and oppone it."
The arraignment of the Free States for
their resistance to Slavery Extension,
their deficient alacrity in slave-catching,
their repugnance to guaranteeing the
Bafe return of slaves brought into Free
States by their masters, etc., etc., rest
clearly on this assumption. "Are we
not brethren ?" asks the South of the
North ; "and if we are, why do you ob
ject to our Slavery 7 ' "X ea, replies
the JSorth, "we art? brethren ; therefore 1
dare not be indifferent to your fanlts, nor
a partner in yonr sins." "Then," retortB
the South, "Since yon will intermeddle
with what docs not concern you, I leave
you." Hence State Conventions, Se
cession Ordinances, and a keen demand
for Minie rifles and revolvers.
The Southern requirement is in essence
this : "Since we are slaveholders, and
we form with the Free States one nation.
that mnst be a slaveholding nation.
Mr. Calhonn's dispatch of Aug. 12, 18-
44, to Hon. Win. It. King, our Embas
sador to the French Conrt, justifying in
advance the Annexation of Texas, pro
ceeds throughout on the assumption that
Slavery is not a sectional bnt a National
interest, to be advanced and fortified by
the diplomacy, the prestige, and if nred
be the arms, of the United States. Gov.
Wise took the same ground in his pre
sentation speech to the Emperor of Bra
zil, and was answered by a most expres
sive silence. Messrs. Buchanan, Mason,
and Soule, in their famous Ostend Man
ifesto, not only held this ground, but ad
vanced beyond it. Wo were therein not
merely committed as a nation, to the sup
port and diffusion of Slavery : we were
held to be justified, by our interest in the
"peculiar institution," in seizing and
annexing Cuba whenever Spain should
evince a purpose to abolish Slavery there
in 1 The doctrine thus proclaimed to a
shocked, astonished world, was so mon
strous that the American Minister at a
European Conit publicly pronounced the
Oatend Manifesto a forgery when it hrst
reached him in a newspaper, holding it
impossible that three American Embas
sadors could hnve thus committed their
Government to doctrines that better be
fitted the quarter-deck of a pirate than
the diplomacy of a Christian State.
Are we, then, essentially two nations?
Yes, we aro, if Slavery Extension is to
be tho avowed and paramount object of
one ; for that is not the nation which
Adams and Jefferson founded, which
Washington defended, Warren, Mont
gomery, and Mercer died to make free.
If that is the Amerioan Union, there must
and will be another ; as Mr. Lincoln's
Administration is certain not to conform
in tha eisantial reauirements of such a
.!;. .a nalhnnn and Wise, and tha
Oatenri matmates assumed oura to be, it
is plain that the Slavery-Propagandists
must bide their time or seek in a differ
... TTnTnn tha ennanrnmations at least
l.mtnranlw rfantSll tllim in tbjB. A R
it? a J ::..t,i mnat ranrftu the
pu oilcan aumiui.ii ,....,..-
81ave-Trade, and encourage the forma
tion of Frae 8tate, and speak Kinaiy
to Liberia, and rejoice in the brigniamng
prospecU of Hayti, aa no ProSlav-ry
away has done or can safely do. It will
neither in its foreign nor in domestic pol
icy walk in tha footsteps of its Pro-8I-vary
predecessors. Hence Slavery pra--..L.
t.Va nn its bad and walk, not
fearint thatHr. Lincoln will do anything
especially oonoxioue w i d. .
becanse it teeis mat im ..uu -. -phere
thus created or demonstrated la nn
rawnrahla tr ita lomrevitr.
Idle, then, the qeeon-;Ie Seceaaioa
a core for any of the eyila it affirms T
All know that it is not Hone anPPw
tbat Slavery-Extension will be "nred.
or the return of fugitives facilitated. Jv
a separation of the Slave, irom wn.
h.. Tint tha alaveholders virtually
..-. Jinnw flvarnment mnat be earaeat-
. ' - . . ? 1 Tu.alarv ?
ly,-affirmatively, acuveij "---
'I 1 1:. nniier anr other. 1M
we cannot i -- j ... r
Union haa ceased flft be our especial con-
: t..Mrnra it mnat ceaso to com
j ' ;.ka.-a.W- 'We must declare
uieuumiiu""- ;- - ,
.. . .mil vannmatA it-
li as nuisance r-- ... -ai
Whether the Slave State, will or wiH
not in fact renounce the Uniot ' "J"
away frem it,3H. certain tbat they have
J , ..A in mnram and COBBQe
in it. Should they "main in it th'
Mr. Lineoln'i term, it will be rather from
fear than low. '.mra'"fi
in the South aince Lincoln 'e eleet ion to
very many citixsns of Free States, nss
been such as even savages do'not bestow
on those tbey regard as brethren. A
thousand of our most rampant king ha
ters might -traverse the most, despotic
kingdom of Europe with far less justifi
able apprehension of personal annoyance
or peril than the hundred best known and
best-loved Americana must feel if called
to-morrowt.to.- ran theganatlet of the
Slave States. If we are indeed one peo
ple, then it is cleir .that our Southern
brethren have peculiar modes of illustra
ting their notion of fraternity.
Let us know, then, whether it be indeed
disloyalty to the American Union to love
and hope for Universal Liberty. Too
long has Unionism been held up as the
antagonist of Impartial Freedom too
long has "The Union for ever 1" been
the watch word of the champions of
Slavery-Extension. At last, the swell
ing words wherewith Webster closed his
great reply to Hayne "Liberty and Un
ion, now and forever, one and insepara
ble," are felt to glow with a new nnd
deeper meaning for the Union has ta
ken the side of Liberty. Forthwith,
South Carolina tears down the Stars and
Stripes and runs up the Palmetto instead
her prelates cease to pray for the Pres
ident just when bis need of prayers would
seem to be at its bight it becomes trea
son to whistle Yankee Doodle in the
ctrcets of Charleston ; and Lord High
Commissioners visit tha trembling ten
ant of the White Honse to tell him that
unless the threescore U. S. soldiers in the
harbor of Charleston are promptly with
drawn, they will not be answerable for
the consequences ! In the presence or
such demonstrations, ideas are developed
and judgments ripened with unwonted
velocity ; and thousands of honest citi
zens who have been reared to like Sla
very and hate Republicanism, are im
pelled into new trains of thought. Let
the good work go on unhindered, nor
donbt that it will resultln jnst and bene
The Historical Events of 1860.
We find in the New York Evening
Post an able article concerning the events
of the year jnst past, which have created
the most excitement, and which will
probably occupy space in history. The
events at home were :
1. The arrival of the Japanese Em
Visit of the Great Eastern.
Tour of the Prince of Wales.
Election of Abraham Lincoln.
Treason at the Capital.
The events abroad were
1. French annexation of Savoy
2. The Heenan and 8ayers fight.
The Massacro in Syria.
Tho liberation of Italy.
China broken open by the Allies.
The chronoloev of treason in America
is given as follows, and will be valuable
Decomberl7. The South Carolina Con
vention met at Columbia, and elected
Gen. D. F. Jamison as its President.
December 18. Frightened away from
Columbia by the small pox, the Con
vention TO-assembled at Onarleston.
December 19. The Federal postmaster
of Charleston offered the Convention
the services of his messengers.
December 20. The oidinance of beces
sion unanimously adopted.
December 21. A new form of oath
adopted by the Convention, requiring
allegiance to the State of South Car
olina, instead of the Federal Govern
ment. December 23. Toombs telegraphed his
disunion message to Georgia.
December 24. The South Carolina Con
gressional delegation withdrew from
the House of Representatives.
December 24. South Carolina adopted
a declaration of causes, and Governor
Pickens issued a proclamation, de
claring the independence of the State.
December 27. Major Anderson- having
removed his command to Fort 8umter,
thfl Sonth Carolinians seized Fort
Mnnltria and Castle Pinckney.
December 27. The Charleston rebele
seised tha United States revenne cut
ter, William Aiken, her commander
declaring himself a secessionist.
December 28. The 8outh CarolinaCom
miasioners, in -an interview with the
President, declared their ultimatum;
viz: the immediate withdrawal of the
Coxrciok. The latest case of "eeer
ainn" is that whioh the Collector of New
Orlaana nraDossc to exercise over the
marahants of Louisville, refusing to al
law them to bring foreign geoda op the
Mississippi river unless they pay duties
to the independent nation of Louisiana.
This is else a bright and interesting evi-
rlAacti of that free navigation or th Mis
iaainni which the nation of Louisiana
propoaes to oroato all "friendly States."
But let ns net talk aboat "coercion."
Let us COMPROMISE. Chicago IH-
A jealous lover, named Dilworth, at
Aleghany, Pensylvania, shot at his rival
;n the vaatibnle of a chnrcb. on Sanday
night: a bystander knocked aside bia
Jan or he would have killed the man
whn had auDolanted him,- aad an whose
arm the yoaag lady was leaning.
The aword-fisb'e weapon, generally
about three feet long, is but a continua
.inn of bk upper iaw. So the sword'
fish has aa much jaw in proportion to his
ize as Little uini oi uunois.
BONO IN HONOR OF MAJOR ANDEHSOX.
i - r
BY WILLIAM BOM WALLACE.
r J . 1
We thank Thee, O, Cod, that while treaaoo atalka
abroad in high placet, there la oM Baa who lore, bia coca-
try I on nan who wlU delbal bit ooantry'e Bag! (7ed
Httt tni prvUtt He gtUmU Jtajar eaerena aaa? kit Me
imirBulop Jmtt' Pngtr a, Jadieaajiat. Jaataa 1
O, well nay the aatioa wreath tor bia
Garlanda green, nnd para and eplndld,
Who rowed, ia the Mill night foldlag dim,
Tbat the Bag aboald be defended:
That aboard rn.Uc, Mill, each nareot fold
O'er the gran of tho daitard tory.
And ita eagle amwer, at of old.
To the morning"! earheit glory I
Not for him t wait for feeble chief,
Aa he only groaned and trembled.
When the traitor, ronnd diaeaiaed relief.
While their baae, black heart, diaaeaabled:
Not for bim to peril atari that bant
On kinga tbat would Freedom cmother
For hii great, brave, loyal heart waa naraed
By a true Kentucky mother!
Bow the walla of Sumter hailed bia form!
How their gnnt breathed "no aurrndr!Ma
Aa oar flag flatbed o'er. Ilk a ttar-ht um,
In the band oflta item defender!
And O, when the morniag'e flam diiplayed
Erery atar on th rampart, peerlett,
How th dark-aoaleil trailer abook ditmaye
At th loldier itnding feuleia!
Then well may th natioa wreath for him
Garlandi green, and pur aad tplendid,
Vho Towed, ia th ttill night folding dim,
That her flag ihonld be defended!
And, Hero, well may thy great heart beat
With th god hk pult of glory;
Forth traitor, wrlth beneath tb feet
Of th on who ia Marred In itory!
The baffled Ch.rleitoniantcoold.ee, by th eid f a
apy-glaai, Major Anderaon on lb rampart..
Why bo Bargain Can be Made.
The Secessionists are divided into three
I. Those who intend to go ont of the
Union, and stay out. This includes all
the Cotton States, excepting, possibly,
Arkansas and Texas.
II. These who intend to go out, not
to stay ont, but for the purpose of extort
ing from the adhering and loyal States
of the North, concessions to Slavery as
tho condition of their return to the Union.
They call themselves "reconstruetionists,"
and their leaders are Hunter and Breckin
ridge. III. Tho'e who interim to stay in the
Union, but who keep threatening in the
most ferocious manner to go out on short
notice, unless the Free States will get
down upon their knees, beg pardon for
voting for Lincoln, and tender to the
South the most abject pledges in favor of
eternal slavery. Ibis class rally around
the Crittenden resolutions for amending
the Constitution in an unconstitutional
The Republicans are asked to placate
the Secessionists, and thus save the
Union. Can it bo done ? Not by un
worthy and humiliating concessions ; and
for these reasons :
I. Nothing can be done to restrain the
first mentioned class : for their secession
was a foregone purpose. So much fer
II. The second class are equally bent
upon going out of the Union, provided
thev are able to effect that obiect. tor.
they fancy that if once quasi out of the
Union, they can extort form tne Worth
better terms as the conditions of their re
turn than they now can aa the conditions
of their staving in. Present concessions
are therefore thrown away upon this class.
They prefer to negotiate outside of the
III. The third class are playing a hy
pocritical part, and hence are dangerous
men to trade with. Besides, they have
not sufficient strength in their saveral
States to control the secession sentiment,
therefore are not worthy of serious con
sideration. What, then, ean Republicans do ex
cept to adhere firmly to their principles,
stand by the Constitution aa it is, hold
no parlay with conspirators and traitors,
and bide their time? iv. Y. TrUmtu.
A Niw Ststkm of Removals from
Orrica. At last the right test is to be
applied to men holding office nnder the
Administration. Heretoior they were
compelled to do wrong, and many a good
fellow lost his head because ne woum not
support the Lecompton, the English bill,
or oppose Judge Douglas ; but now nn
der the lead or Stanton ana Holt, every
office holder of the Federal Government
who assists the Disnnionists will have an
opportunity of walking ont with his head
under his arm. The terror of the place
men of this city, who believed that the
0. P. F. intended standing by the Dis
nnionists. is inexpressible, and it is as
tonishing how mnsb they are becoming
attached to the Union as it is. Like the
Anti Lecompton Democrats, two years
ago, they are in the habit, every morn
ing when they awake, of spitting to see
if their beads are atill oa their shoulders.
Wath. Cor. of Phil. Prat.
Birorrr of Grkat Evkbts. The
New York Times says.' during the French
revolution the first thtng every Parisian
did on waking np in the morning, was
to feel if bis head was on bis shoulders.
Our people, it adds, before tbey are
dressed, send for the morning newspaper.
to see if the Union baa been dissolved
There are some gentlemen in high
places who would do well to remember
that the crinte which made the same of
Arnold infamous for all time, waa simply
an attempt to deliver over Forts into tne
power of the Enemy. Albany Etening
A "Settlement" Already Made.
The plan of compromise now before the
Legislature of Virginia, and to be urged
also, it is said, in the Legislature of Mis-
sours, Worth Uaronna, 'Tennessee, and
Kentucky, baa one altogether superero
gatory proposition wbieb, if considered
in lis proper iignt, woum save a gooa
deal of utterly useless debate, and prevent
much serious disappointment. The res
olution we refer to is tho first ef the se
ries, announcing "that there mnst be some
definite and conclusive settlement of the
Slavery question between the two sections
of the country, or separation will be ine
vitable." Any discussion on that point
we hold aa utterly useless. That " settle
ment " is mada already. For years past
it has been under debate throughout the
whole country, in the newspapers, in
pamphlets, in Congress, in State Legisla
ture,' on the stump, in Presidents' and
Governors' Messages, in party platforms,
and was settled finally and forever by the
people at the ballot-box, by the largest,
most intelligent, and most enthusiastic
popular vote ever given in any nation, en
the bth of November, I860. It was set
tled that under the Constitation of the
United States Slavery should never be
extended over another foot of the pnblio
domain, while it waa held in the States,
and, as regards those " held to service
and labor under tha laws thereof," pre
cisely as it always had been, nnder the
Constitution, from the inception of the
Government. The verdict of the people
was calm, determined, intelligent, and
irreversible. It is the very blindness of
fatuity to re-open the discussion. It is the
very madness cf fanaticism to expect any
other decision. Legislatures may resolve;
Congress may resolve, may compromise,
and may ooncede; gentlemen whose
stocks are at a low figure, or-whose mer
chandise is a drug, may bold secret
sessions, may send committees to Wash
ington, may publish the longest and
ablest documents ; but nevertheless the
people, the great-hearted peole, who
think with their brains and work with
their hands, and who love liberty for
themselves and their prosterity, will only
decide again and again, as often aa the
question is pnt to them, that the system
of human bondage shall never be extended
over a single acre el tne virgin sou ot
these United States. This is as fixed as
a law of nature : as certain as the preces
sion of the equinxoes ; as inevitable as the
daily glory of the rising sun settled for
ever and ever. We do not mean to be
wanting in respect for the House of Dele
gates of Virginia, for the Legislatures of
the other States who propose to re-open
this question, for the two Houses of Con
gress, nor even for tho committees of gen
tlemen who hnrry with their little propo
sitions to Washington. But we tell them
that this "settlement" is the people's
business, and they have attended to and
finished it. If the existence of the Union
is dependent upon a reversal of their
judgment, then the separation of the
States may as well come to-day as to
morrow, as well this month as this year,
as well next month aa next year ; for the
judgment, pleaso Almighty God, will
never be reversed. N. Y. Incline.
Gekbrai. Wool asd Mb. Lixcour.
According to a correspondent of the New
ark Mercury, who writes from Spring
field, Mr. Lincoln received a letter from
General Wool a few days ago, saying to
him that he (General Wool) was com
mander of the Eastern division of the
United States Army, and as the times
were threatening, he desired Mr. Lincoln
to say what force be desired at the capi
on the 4th of March, and they ahall be
on band. Mr. Lincoln (adds this cor
respondent) said to me, " I never saw
Gen. Wool, bnt it was a most comfort
ine letter, and I wrote to his In reply :
' As yoo and Gsn. Scott are aa well and
better an acquainted with the nature and
extent ef the angers, and the necessary
means to meet them, I take pleasure in
committing all that to yonr discration ;
and so the matter rests."
Woclbh't Grixd. A farmer net
many miles from Keokuk took a load of
. w - 11 a- fc :l e
corn 10 a juissoun mui to gn it gruuuu,
a few daya since. The miller enquired
where the farmer came from, and on
learning that he was from Iowa, refused
to grind for "him or any other d d
abolition Republican from Iowa." The
farmer explained that be voted for Dong
laa. "Yes." said the miller, 'and that's
meaner than a Lincoln Republican. Get
out with vour d d abolition corn. I
won't srrind it for you." .atnd he didn't
The farmer returned home a madder, if
not a wiser man, and is now keen to
whip and drag out every disunion aad
secession fire-ester in the land. Gate
Louisiana bas torn the eagle from her
Mag, and put in its place tha pslicaa.
If Missouri should follow her example,
bv electimr a maiority of SecetsioaUts to
her Bute Convention, she ought to pnt a
goose, stripped of its feathers, trpon her
ensign. Fayette Manner.
Yancey, the Alabama fire eater, while
at Williams College, showed his venera
tion by pitching a keg of pickles into a
Eiyer meeting, ne ia now ungguig
friends into the worst piclsthat could
be prepared for them.
Sharon Carter, a noted Phiiadelphian,
died in the Quaker City aa Friday last,
aged 89. He continued the eld-tiaea
tiaf"i"manra In tria flaw of bia death faOB-
breeches, high-tee boom, etc. aad was
atamous Din collector.
Bweet ie tb rale where th Mohawk gently glide.,
On ita clear, winding way to th aa;
Aid dearer than all itoried itreami on earth betide,
la tan bright, rolling neer to me.
Bat tweeter, darer, yt, dearar, far, than laeie, ,
Who charmi where oihen all fail,
..It my bta-eye beanie, boaal.rkMM. " "tt -'--Th
belle oftho Mohaak Vale.
Bweet an th acaa of my boyhood'i tunny year..
That beipangle the gay ralleya o'er;
And dear an th fnenJi teen throajb memory 't fond teari,
That kar tired in thru blettad daya of yore.
CHoara Bnt tweeter, dearer, tec.
Sweet are th memories while dreaming I roam
Through my Iord bauatt, now motty and gray;
And dearer than all It my childhood', hallowed home,
That la crumbling note Merely away.
Bnt tweeter, dearer, yei, dearer, far, thaa tlie.e.
Who charm, where otbere all fail.
Ia my blaceyed, bonnle, bonuia Eloue,
Th bell of tie Mohawk Vale.
Parson Browalow's Prayer.
PRAYan DCRixa this wiktkp..
Seeing that the Episcopal Bishops of
the Carolinians have composed prayers
to be used by their clergy daring the ses
sions of the Legislature, we have deemed
it proper, sustaining the relation to the
Methodist Church we do in East Tennes
see, to compose tha following prayer.
and order that it be used by all local
preachers, in all their public ministra
AunoHTr God, our Hsavenly Father,
in whose hands are the hearts of men,
and the issues of events, not mixed np
with Locofocoism or rendered offensive
in Thy sight by being identified with men
ef corrupt minds, evil designs and dam
nable purposes, snch aa seeking to upturn
tho best form of Government on earth.
Thou hast graciously promised to hear
the prayers of those who in an humble
spirit, and with true faith such aa no
Stcanonut can bring into exercise
call upon Thee, be pleased, wo beseech
Theeavorably to look upon and bless the
Union men in this Commonwealth, and
sustain them in their praiseworthy efforts
to perpetuate this government, and nnder
it the institution of our holy religion.
-Possess their minds with the spirit of
true patriotism, enlightened wisdom, and
of presevering hostility towards thoss
traitors, political gamblers and selfish
demagogues who are seeking to build up
a miserable Southern Confederacy, and
under it to inauimrate a new reading of
the Ten Commandments, so as to- teach
that the Chief end of Man is Siggtr! In
these days of trouble and perplexity, give
the common people grace to perceive the
right path, which Thou knowest, leads
from the camp of Southern mad caps and
Northern fanatics, and enable them stead
fastly to walk therein I
Bo strengthen the common masses, 0 1
Lord, and so direct them, that they, be
ing hindered neither by the fear of fire
eaters, nor by the love of the corrupt men
in nower. nor by bribery, nor by an over
charge of mean whiskey, nor by any other
Democratic passion, but being mindful of
Thy constant superintendence! tne awiui
majesty oi Any rigaieotuneu, oi uj uai
red of a corrupt Democracy, and its pro
fligate leaders, and of the strict account
they hereafter give to Thee, they may in
counsel, word and deed, aim supremely
at the fulfilment of their duty, wbicb is
to talk, vote and pray against the wicked
leaders of Abolitionism, and the equally
ungodly advocates of Secessionism.
Grant tbat those ot J.ny proteased aiinis
tors who are mixed np with Modern De
mocracy, and have become so hardened in
sin aa openly to advocate tha vile delusion,
9 'a1 aL J a ih.AB - - - -a Al Itaila
speeaiiy auauuuu auoii unuuuiatcMiau u-
its, or go over to the cause of the Devil,
that their positions may at least be une
quivocal, and that they my thereby ad
vance the welfare of the country I And
grant that these fire-eaters may soon run
their race, that the conre of this world
mav be so peaceably ordered, by Thy su
perintendence, that thy Chnrcb, and Thy
whole people, irrespective of sects, may
iovfallv serve Thee, in all Godly quiet
ness, thronsb Jesus Christ ear Lord
Amen! XnoxviUe Ten.) Wtog.
A Feamul Retilutio. In view of
the outrageous aetioa-ofejG6vernor of
Mississippi, in planting a battery at
Vicksburg, to fire at Northern steamers,
the Cincinnati Gasette says :
"Bv breaking down embankments we
ean easily overthrow all the country ef
the lower Mississippi, aad drown ont the
towns and plantations."
xne annual iuunuawuu m uvuiawua,
Mississippi and Arkansas, and tho vast
destruction of property twreoy, snow
tbat this terrible suggestion is set wide
of the mark. If the States of this Union
are to' regard each ether as enemies, and
seek for means of mutual anaoyanee,
snch Areata as the above tell ne fearfully
that very much of oar territory will be
laid waste. fAtf. Nerth American.
Hpitw KOT Rbadt TO ACXIOWLBDCri
Sooth Caolij-a IroaOTroaurr. Ane
master of a brie! iust arrived at this port
from Havana, reports that on the day
nrevioas to her safliag, about 10 A.M.,
a aassll DncansnM iront uawieaion,
, m dfll ! .1...
in past Mora Castle, with tha paltaetto
flag flying, or rather the stripes with bnt
one star, but waa immediately, by order
oftheoffioeria command at the Moro,
brawurht ta aaahor trader its robs, and
J 7 ... . . m -rt wwt -at-
kept there antu aoona m r. m.., wwm to
flag of theUaion waa WMed,- and she
waa sermifted to pass up in uaroor.
Personal Liberty Bills'.-' '
There is a bill before the Massachusetts
Legislature proposing the- repeal of her
Personal Liberty Law. Wendell Philips
recently had a hearing before the Legisla
tive Committee having this matter in
hand. He said : "T
Well, Massachusetts has pnt upon her
statutes this bill". For what purpose ?
Why, it is a bill to claim all she possi
bly can against that law. She. has said,
unanimously, it is unconstitutional.
What is that statute? People are talk
ing about the provisions of the Personal
Liberty bill. The'provisions of that bill
are simply these, that in case a man is
taken up under the Fugitive Slave Law.
the Supreme Court may issue a habeas
corpus. Then the other part of the stat
ute provides that a man who undertakes
voluntarily to help in the return of a fu
gitive slave does it at bis peril, and that
if the alleged fugitive proves not to be
a slave, the person so volunteering shall
be punished. This the substance of what
is called the Personal Liberty bill. I
want to ask yon why it should not stand:
and that is the purpose of the remarks I
wish to make to you this morning.
Now, gentlemen, how does South Caro
lina behave ? She is the State that ia
making tha trouble on this occasion.
Let me tell yon a little piece of her his
tory. In 1820 she passed an act provid
ing that any colored cook or steward ef
a vessel coming into the state ahonld be
imprisoned during their stay, that tha
captain should pay their jail fees, and
that if he did not be shoul be liable to a
thousand dollars fine, and the negro man,
if he remained there, should be sold into
slavery. Mr. Justice Johnson of the Su
preme Court, 1823; ruled the law uncon
stitutional. Mr. tionn vjuincy Adams a
few years subsequently, at the raqaeaVof
the British Government,' brought the un
constitutionality to the notice of South
Carolina. Did she repeal it? Not a
bit of it. Massachusetts sent Sam; Hoar
there, later down, to teat the constitution;
ality of that law, and try the case ; she
mobbed him, and passed a law tbat if
Massachusetts sent anybody else to do
the same thing she would put him ia
the State Prison. And then she waited
with that law, a little modified, but un
repealed essentially, on the statute book,
until 1850, when theDred Scott decision1
is supposed to have made it constitutional.
Now South Carolina kept an unconstitu
tional law on her statute book for thirty
years, until she brought the Saprenic
Court around to her opinion. In spite
of foreign Governments, in spite of sister
States, in spite of the Supreme Court,
she kept the statute there She said, "I
believe it constitutional ; it is necessary
for the safety and the police regnlationa
of my State ; I will wait the argument
until the Supreme Court has opportunity
to revise or substantiate its position."
And she has conquered. Now, what do
you ask ? All we aak is for yon to wait
a year or two, and give ns an opportunity
for reargument. Even then we would be
only following the course which the
Southern States have universally follow
ed in regard to the Supremo Court.
But, say gentlemen, "it is not constitu
tional." Tha lawyers doubt ; some are'
en one aide and some on another. Gov.
Andrew says it is not unconstitutional ;
Mr. Charles G. Loring, perhaps the high
est authority, says it is not unconstitu1-'
tional. With a single and perhaps not
even one exception, Jndge Thomas
thinks it not unconstitutional ; and bis
decesion is the more weighty, because on-
political around be wishes it repealed.
Then, no lawyer believes it to be uncon
stitutional except on the ground that tbr
Fugitive Slave law is constitutional: no
man says it conflicts with the Constita
tion. Mr. Phillips closed by saying; that as
Pascal said to his monastery, when tbr
army of Louis XIV. thundered at their
gates, " Ton may compromise your prin1
ciplse, bnt yon will never save the Porte
Royale," so we may disgrace Maseacba
setts, bat we will never save South- Can''
Tar TTrpaT flraaaiTnvnrr.Tba first
disunion speech ever made ia the United
States House of Representatives waaby .
Josiah Qatnoy, of Massachusetts, in re
gard to theLaatsiana enabling act, ! an
gary 14, 1811. Ha said:
"lam compelled to declare it as my
deliberate opinion that if this bill passes,
the bonds of this Union are virtually dis
solved, that the States whleb compose it
are free from their moral obligations, and
tint a Until be the duty of all, to ttmtl
be the duta of tome to prepare definitely
for a separation amicably if they tanr
! : et. . I"
VKXflMty y anay eenew
The Louisville Journal dsBOtteat
Vice-President Breckinridge at a eo-optr-
ator with the Southern oontptratora ror
hreeawa- n tha Union and oraeiortatra?
kentaeky into a.Sontnern Confederacy.
Tha Minute Mea declare that tbey hsva
placed ns nnder ban. Very well ;' wo
will " hang our ban-ners on the outward
wall," as we and Snakapear, agreed lcf
ago. LataniUt Democrat.
Tria nbarlaatoa JaVCaTTT. ia it Sari
Sil,, Savaaaafa. NewTexk-eai ,oOlr
parts of the United cvmmu icwign
ports. ' '
A duajeatnJf jnror, at MaehiserMaiae,
eoaeetTted to a verdict eat tf 'aympsalr
fer a sick jaror. The Jn4gs discharged
him, with a sharp reprimand, without
r. . 'i
W . 5