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ML. MILLER, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER. )
VOLUME IV. NDMBBR 37,j
mt f 0rfrj.
" Lont ma it wit,
0'f t) Id that u Wont of a TfuhiDftos'i jrmtf.'
Wti! wtr aloft, tkon basint
Lat anrj raotrj fold ,.
Tltkl a oar wild, nacoaqier'd litli,
Hinjont, aad (ira iin to Daath
A (lorr aad a clans,
TVaara HtaTas'i para dew maj fratata tfaaa,
Aad HaiTtn's para raathin wain.
Wara! in aloft! I h.tr tl ilk
Low nttliBf an tfa braaza,
Whiab wbliilai thronjh taa loftjr fir,
Aad baodf tli birchen treef .
I bear tbe tread of warrion, arm'd
To eonqeer or to die
Tkeir bed or bier the heathy hill.
Their cancpj the ikj.
What! what l lib or death to theot
Thtj only fttl aad know
Freedom ie to be itrD;led for.
With an anworthj torn
Their hornet, their heirtbf , the all for which
Their fathers too have fonfht,
And liberty to breathe the prayer
Their cradle 1 itpi were taoght.
Onl on they rath like moontain etreaml,
Ke.iille.sly they (weep;
Oh! thoie who lire are heroes now
And martyrs thoie who sleep!
While still the slurs and stripes do war
Above the field of strife.
With a proad triumph, as it wen
A thing of soal and life.
A momentary dream! oh, not
For one poor, transient boor;
Not for a brief aad homed day.
That fltg eie.1i its power.
Fall flashing on oor dormant sools,
The firm conviction comes,
Tha-t ethat oar fathers did forfAt ir,
W can do for our homes.
We, too, coold bnve the giant arm
That seeks to chain each word.
And rnle what form of prayer alone
Bhall by oor Cod be beard.
We, too. in trinmph or defeit,
Coold drain oor hearts bet reins.
While the good oIJ canse of Liberty
For Chorch and tate remains.
Fiom the Nw York Mercurj.
IS COTTON XING?
We are heartily t-ick of political ex
citsment. We consider it an intolerable
bore, and had hoped that it would cul
minate and die out with the Presidential
election; but tho pextilent little potato
State of South Carolina mill keeps the
nnitance np to fever beat, and there is no
way of refuting it a recognition. Little
South Gairie is in a "state of mind" abont
the election of Lincoln, and hr rhival-
rou sons are putting cockades in their
hats, and cocktails in tbeir months.
They remind us of the great Dutch Coun
cils of New York, io the davi of cood
old Peter 8tnyveant. The Council were
informed that a British fleet had appeared
off Sandy Hook. "Tonsen tnyfels!" ex
claimed the Council in very high Dutch;
"hundred tousentuyfels! million tuyfals!"
and paasad a reflation directing that the
andaeious British Navy should be instant
ly and totally annihilated. Having thus
declared their "fiediah purpose," the
council fall to smoking their pipes; and
troubled themselves no more about tho
"Wretch!" says South Carolina to
the Union, "leave the Palmetto State
immediately, or your head shall be punch
ed. If we owe you anything, take our
notes at ninety days, with the privilege
of casual extension. Union, we despise
you! You must immediately secede
from 8outh Carolina." Then the Caro
linians wink impressively at the civilized
world, and think they hare said a very
"But" says onr terrified old grand
mother, "ii not thi treasonable talk ?
Ought not an army or, at least a few
cows be sent down there to quiet the
Army be blessed! What good would
n army do, we should like to know ?
If the Federal authorities really wioh to
restore the equanimity of the sweet pota
to State, they want no army but they
do want Vermifuge.
We repeat it Vermifuge!
Tae South Carolinians and tkeir fel
low mourners are irritated by a strong
feeling in the stomach not in the soul.
In the papers it is called "chivalry." in
the Materia Medica it is differently do
nominated. Wo take a medicinal view
the disease, and advise an immediate
owpensation of Vermifuge. Mr. Buchan-
should flood the South with it imme
diately. Fire hundred U. 8. marines,
WwUrJth vialg of.thewelUknawn.mixj
tare, would be amply sufficient to re
tore peace to the South, and far more
efficient than twice as many federal bay
onets. Instead of "shouldering armsl"
the beneficent order would be, "Uncork
rt, tIn8ted of the sanguinary
t-nsrge bayonetsl" our suffering Caro
J friends would hear that peaceful and
nope giving command, "Dispense Ver
mifuge!" Bat timid people insist that all the
Southern States need Vera-imge. To
P'eue them, we will allow that such is
case; and then the question arises;
" " pay to let them have it? Is the
""I0n,W0rth preserving at such an ex-
Bv Wl nt ,.... 1- - ..... .- r.
- j u.bi idv us biib a lew
'"known facts, leaving the reader to
Jw for himself.
..p whJe white population of the
tun OWe ot tns Bouth Georgia,
" .- I
is not quite half as great as the popula
tion of this city and Brooklyn alone.
The white population of this city alone
is three times as great as that of the en
tire State of South Carolina.
Then) are Uiree times as many white
persons in this city, as there are slave
holders in the whole South.
The hay crop of the North, West, and
East, is twice as valuable as the .best
cotton crop known in manv rears.
The wheai and grain 'crop of the West
this year, is worth as much as the cotton
crop tinder any circumstances, and ahonld
a war in Europexanse an extra demand
for it there, it would double its value.
Nearly all the most valuable private
property in the Southern State is insur
ed in Northern and Eastern insurance
For a year, at least, the Sonth will be
dependent upon the West for tbe food
she eats, as bhe is now npon tho North
for the clothes ihe wears, the materials
she builds houses and railroads with, all
her furnituie and all her public amuse
So much for the "mutual" dependence
of one section upon another; and now let
us see how we of the North are benefit
ed by the Union.
Wo take the Southerners' cotton, and
pay them for it. They come North with
the money thus obtained, and spend it
here. Hence we really get the cotton for
In case of secession, we could still get
the cotton, for cotton follows the market
like everything elte. We should get it
too, as cheaply as we do now; bnt the
money we paid for it would not come
back to us at least not all at once. In
that way we should lose Miss Specie,
But how such a change would benefit the
South, we cannot imagine. If she
chooses to spite herself by paying twice
as much for the neccstanes of life, in Eu
ropo, as bhe would haao to pay for them
in New York; or prefers to waRte her
money in fruitless attempts to cultivate
manufactures at home, we can t see how
the new "Southern Confederacy" is go
ing to keep its half of tho American Ea
gle on the wing.
It must be remembered, too. that un
less the seceding States could buy the
government property within their limits.
Federal troops would be ordered to hold
possession of it. Armed vessels of the
Union would be placed in all Southern
ports, to enforco the payment of the Fed
eral dues by all vessels entering and de
parting. There could be no shrinking
Then, too, the seceding States would
be grand fillibustering grounds for tho
fanatics of the Garrison and Wendell
Phillips school. Having no reason to
fear the interference of the general gov
eminent, these crazy reformers would stir
up a general insurrection among the
slaves in less than a year, in defiance of
every precaution that might be taken to
exclude their emissaries from the South.
Let the slaves be once fairly at the busi
ness of burning, killing, and destroying,
and ten thousand blacks to help them
could easily be recruited in Hay ti. Where
then would be the "Minute Men" and
The thinking men of the Sonth cannot
help foreseeing the horrors we depict;
and we will venture to say that no life or
fire insurance company in the world
would be willing to insure white lives or
property, in a distinct slate State Con
federacy; at any premium !
In fact, no slaveholder's life would be
worth as much as a sixth mortgage on a
country newi-paper, in five minutes after
his State had seceded.
And do not the Southerners know all
Why, of course they do. They know
it; and we firmly believe that Yancey fe
Co., might as well try to pull a tail out
of a comet as to pull any Southern State
out of tho Union !
Bo let rt hear no more about disunion,
and the "Palmetto Flag," with a bubble
on a grreen field, and "Room for More"
on tho edges. If the Carolinians can't
pay us what they owe us in cash, why,
we'll take it out in potatoes. We haven't
threatened them with the sheriff, hare we?
We don't want to frighten them into
paying us right away.
Just let them keep cool, and give ns
their notes !
..i . ee
Thx -Expessks of Secbssiom.; The
Columbia South Carolinian publishes an
ordinance just passed by the City Conn-
cu io raise supplies iur ure jcas iwi.
Besides a tar of 85 cents on every hun
dred dollars' worth of real estate, and
innumerable taxes on horses, wagons,
places of amusement, tc, &c, it is or
dained that one dollar per bead shall be
paid on all slaves under sixty years of
age, not liable to street duty, whjch said
tax on slaves shall be paid by the jowner
or person baring' charge and ' control
thereof;' and one dollar each on every free
negro, mulatto, or mestizo, over the aga
of ten and nnder sixteen years; ten dol
lars on every male free negro, mulatto,
or mestizo, over the age of sixteen and
under sixty years; seven dollars on every
female free negro, mulatto, or mestizo,
over tbe age of sixteen and under fifty
fiTe'yeara; ind twenty-five dollars on er:
ery male free negro, mulatto, or mestizo,
over the age of twenty-one and nnder; tbe
sea nf iitr Tears, exercising anr me-
cbanic art or trade within the limits of
the said 'city.
Piccolomini's next effort as a vocalist;
it is stated, will be in the "Cradle Song."
- T .)
WHIT & CLOUD, KANSAS; THURSDAY, MARCH 21, 1861.
Gor. Hicki "Giving it" to King Cotton.
Tell ins; Incident at a Baltimore Concert.
Baltimore. Jsn. 18, 1861.
Gov. Hicks holds oat manfully against
tne pressure ot tne secessionists, in a
conversation with Mr. Chief Justice Le
grand, of our,Court of Appeals, a day or
two ago,,the.Gorarnor is represented as
having addressed the Judge very anima
tedly, some that as follows: "Mr. Le
grand! 1 would hare yon know that when
I say No, I mean No, and not Yes !
And now, let me tell you, Sir, if every
man, woman and child in the State,
were to ask me to call the Legislature
together, I should not do it, unless ad
vitad thereto by my conscience and my
judgment 1" This emphatic disposition
of tbe question speedily terminated the
Judge's argument in favor inaugurating
rebellion by a call of the Legislature, the
very first act of which -body would be to
impeach and depose the Governor.
They tell another equally emphatic
story about the Governor, greatly to his
credit. It is this : When Judge Handy
came on hero last month, as the messen
ger of treason and rebellion on tbe part
of Mississippi, ho sought to influence the
Governor by the lavish use of Mississip
pi cotton eloquence, but finding his efforts
in rain, he jumped up from his chair, and
walking across the room, exclaimed, with
all the theatrical force of Mr. Forrest
himself: "Finally, Gor. Hicks, let me
tell you that cotton is King !" Up jumps
the Governor from his chair, excited by
this announcement, and lifting np his
arms high in the air, exclaimed, at the
top of his voice: "Mr. Handy not
Commissioner of Mississippi, bnt Mr.
Handy let me tell you, sir, that I will
seo King Cotton in he 11, sir. before he
shall reign over me!" And nine-tenths
of the good people of Maryland have
since responded Amen 1 to their glorions
old Governor's alternative. Judge Han
dy cut about as sorry a figure in his mis
sion to the Governor as ever Lover's
hindering Handy-Andy did.
As one of the most conclusive eviden
ces of the state of feeling in Baltimore,
let roe tell you what took place a few
nights ago at a concert given by the Uni
ted States Marine Band, from Washing
ton, to the Independent Grays of this
city. The programme was duly printed,
and at the end thereof it wound up with
the announcement that the "ConstitUi
tional Quadrille" would be played,
"with all the national airs." Dnringthe
first part, a gentleman present, known as
a South Carolina sympathizer, sent up a
note to the band. Hissing, forthwith,
began, and when the band struck up the
Marsellaise Hymn, in response to the gen
tleman's request, it was received with an
avalanche of hisses throughout. The
band played the "Constitution Qnad
rille," but just as they closed, and were
abont putting up their instruments, with
out giving "all the national airs," a gen
tleman nf the city, of a family which
have furnished brave defenders of the
country's honor on the battle-field, arose,
and demanded in a stern and imperative
voice, that the national airs shonld be
played. Instantly the audience, num
bering some 2,000 ladies and gentlemen,
seconded the demand, and the national
airs were given and received with a hear
ty good will, in the midst of the most
stormy applause and waving of hats and
handkerchiefs. The authors of this at
tempted Indignity to the national airs,
and especially to the Star-Spangled Ban
ner, were glad escape unnoticed amid the
storm of excitement. Cor. of the N. Y.
Euchre Extraordinary asd Ex
citing Game. The following extraordi
nary and exciting game of euchre was
recently played by old hands at the
cards. There was a tremendous large
concourse of people present to witness
the contest, the spectators numbering
nearly thirty millions, besides immense
numbers of outsiders who were less in
terested in the result. 'The stakes to be
played for were tbe largest ever known
to. be riaked in this game, and the betting
was correspondingly heavy the odds al
ways being largely in favor of the ulti
mate winners :
PnoORAMME OF THE GAME. South
Carolina and James Buchanan against
Major Anderson and Gen; Scott,
South Carolina deals and turns up ten
of spades; (niggers,)
Gen. Scott passes.
James Buchanan, baring the best
bower, assists ' South Carolina. .They
play, and tbe old General, baring a good
hand, draws Buchsnan's best bower.
takes three tricks, and thus euchres bis
Major Andersen now deals and turns
James iiocnanan passes.
Gea. Scott says he cannot assist tbe
South Carolina passes.
Major Anderson turns down hearts re
luctantly. James Buchanan passes again.
Gen. Scott passes again,
South Carolina passes.
Major Anderson thereupon makes clubt
tramps, and. oy JU tritf ploy it alone:
Tbe hand is played the Msjer makes a
march, and Sonth Carolina and James
Buchanan are sknnked.
Maror Fernando Wood's; bride is aaid
to be just one third as old. as her liege
lord. He has just attained lis fifty first
r , e ?ri i . il
Come forth, ya rata who laow tie right,
Aad. knowiag, turn tl right pert Ml
Bund try oar commoa cooalry'a flag
Of stars and stripe red, 'white, and Una!
Speak boldly oot be Wrrebe tins c-
, Oh! letyoarasaadaUlHthoJIui,
To comfort, cheer, aad saecor, too, c .
"- Tort Semter's trWaad nehla band!
Tell them to guard oor banner well
Altboagh it floats as proad b,
It was, and is, tad slllleeill be,
The proadast emblem on the zone;
For 'neath Its folds protection dwells
Before its progress despots fall;
It brooks no insult fears no fee)
Tat erer beeda Oppression's aail !
Tell Anderson to fear no more,
Thoagh traitors prato and treason rail
Tboogb compromise sha4l meet do tad,
Concession prove of no avail
Yet ha ahall bo sustained nnharmed.
He need bnt ask; for ready staad
Twice forty thontand loyal sons.
Waiting to hear bis first command!
Then roose, ye men who know the right.
And, knowing, dare the right pnrsue!
Stand by our commoa eonntry'e flag
Of stars and stripes red, white, aad blae!
March boldly on where Jnstice loads
Let Trath yoor raliaat leader be;
For they are free ia very deed,
Whoe'er the power of Trath makes free!
THE 8EAX OF G0VEBBKEBT.
At a time when there are clouds around
the National Capital so that we can but
dimly discover whether the three and
thirty stars are yet in tho blazonry of the
banner whicl floats over the Great Dome,
it will be interesting to know why this
Capitol was decreed to be the ornament
of the banks of Potomac, rather thsn of
some of the greater rivers. The Hon.
Mr. Varnuro, of onr own city, represen
ting a name which rose to the highest
honors of the House of Representatives,
by his useful and agreeable little volume,
has traced out the history of that mag
nificent bnilding, where gold and marble
and carved work and gorgeous drapery
nnrd beautiful crystal elucidate the mod
ern idea of Republican simplicity, in
more than one way perhaps chiefly in
proving that somebody was very simple
to allow the contract to precede the cal
culation, and build atw.ee so' beautifully
and so bountifully.
Prior to the designation of Washing
ton, tbe Congress seems to have held a
roving Commission, and in turn honor
ed and perplexed Philadelphia, Baltimore,
Lancaster, York, Princeton, Annapolis,
Trenton, and New York.
It was the embarrassment of riches, in
tbe profusion of position. As it was not
the day of railroads, the conveniences of
some of these places was of tbe mini
mum and with all that railroads have
done, some would be regarded as the main
Various offers were made by different
States "tbe honor of your company is
invited," was the card issued to Congress
by New York, who proposed curiously
enough tbe very place where a British
fleet did reach and in which they left the
evidences of tbeir visit, in blackened
roofs and charred beams Kingston, in
Ulster County, was offered, and had it
been accepted ! the waters of the Hud
son would have reflected the glories of
Little Rhode Island suggested New
port, and a very good proposition that
was. In tho bathing and sailing and
cool evenings and softened days, the Fire
eaters would have been extinguished and
the Ocean and Fillmore would have
brought all sections of the country to
gether in a delightful reunion presided
over in its tenderest relations, the snpper
Maryland was willing to take Congress
to Aunapolis, and renew the glories of
that ancient town once more waking
her streets into the life of that time when
the accomplished gentlemen of the South
brought their dignity and their patriotism
to foster a rising country.
Virginia mother of States, was wil
ling to extend its arms to the nation at
Williamsburgh. The destiny of the Re
public pointed to another and a better
choice at least, such is the judgment in
tbe approval of which, this generation
has come up.
Philadelphia, the city of his founda
tion, who followed George Fox's quiet
pathway, absolutely insulted Congress
away. The riot of October 21, 1783,
was too much for the States and Con
gress fearing that the mob might often
practice such ultra-Democracy left for
the calm and peaceful home of tbe stu
dent, Princeton. -" ""
The subject of a permanent location
was now among the great questions, and
nnder Confederation and Constitution,
tbe Government seemed, necessarially, to
be placed on the baak of the Delaware
and the Susquehanna ; and atone time
Gormantown, in, Pennsylvania, was se
lected! by a bill which passed both Hou
ses 1 foiled at last only by the presence
of a few unconcurred amendments. 1
Is it not very strange, viewed, in the
light only (or, gloom) of eranta now
around ns, that in 1790, '"the Sonth
Carolinians 'offered as objection to Phil
adelphia the number of Quakers 1 who
they complained, "were eternally dogging
tne soutnern members wita tarnr schemes
of emancipation V-so early did the ques
tion lift itself np. ' ' ,
One gentleman in tbe debate said that
New York was superior to any place be
knew for tne orderly and decent behavior
of its inhabitants. If we have a vacant
square or triangle of land in our city
hard as the times are let us erect there
a statue to Mr. Page, who so long ago
discovered and proclaimed oar trne mer
its. Who ever heard of Conno-go-cheaque?
and yet this most Indian and most un-
Known piace neia equal poise tor--some
time with Baltimore ! in the Congress
ional action for the high honor of the
Elbridge Gerry said there ought not to
bemore than nine States out of the thir
teen North ofthe seat of Government.
Then came on a great debate and cor
respondence, in which the evils of a loca
tion in a great commercial city were urg
ed ; and that it was dangerous, was the
view taken by Washington and Madison
and Lee and Carroll, all Southern gentle
men, though national statesmen. If they
had known what New York would be,
and how jealously liberty is guarded in
London, their objection to a great com
mercial metropolis would not, perhaps,
have been as powerful.
Madison said that the location would
be of small importance, if the decrees of
Government could be instantly promul
gated. Had there been shown to that
great statesman at that time, the little
laoie ar, wuien yonasr ooy is nait care
lessly looking, while he hears ! the voice
uttered a thouaand miles away and un
derstands it, he would have seen the won
der of whose possibility be did not dream.
At last, undoubtedly by the great in
fluence of Washington, on the 12th day
of April, 1791, the first corner stone of
the Territory (so it was designated) of
Columbia was' placed. The Rev. James
Muir mado the address, and hoped that
there a structure might arise whose mag
nificence would astonish the world. If
the world had to pay the bills, it would,
probably, be very much astonished.
When the corner stone of the Capitol
was laid, there was but one umbrella in
the crowd, and the snn being hot, it was
offered to Washington, who sent it to tbe
"The fine old coarlly gentleman
All of the olden time."
When Jefferson was consulted as to
tha'plan of the City, he sent them a port
folio full of those he had gathered in Eu
rope, but tells the Commissioners that he
prefers the plan of Babylon, after which
Philadilphia is built.
Messrs. John son, Stuart and Carroll
gave the city the world-approved name
of Washington, but the great man who
was thus honored, designated it as the
Be it known, said Webster on the 4th
of July, 1851, as the corner-stone of the
Capitol enlargement was laid, "that on
this city the Union of the United States
It is ten years since these words were
spoken, and those that stand in tbe great
Council Room of the Nation, in which
Mr. Webster was the living statue of
the Constitutional Statesman, hear lan
guage which, if it be but words, is un
worthy of the acre and the civilization of
the age and if it be the prelude to acts
it is well that the grand old men of the
Capitol's first days are where "the
wicked cease from troubling." X. Y.
Journal of Commerce.
A Prbttt Picture. The Washing
ton correspondent of the Tribuno gives a
brief statement of the present condition
of the country.
The experience of the country is show
ing that it is necessary to have a Presi
dent who is something more than a bag
of straw. Gen. Jackson ' advised Mr.
Polk not to take Mr. Buchanan into his
Cabinet, as he was unfit for any such po
sition. He little thought the Pennsyl
vanian would reach the Executive Chair
itself. But he has done so, and we see
the consequences. The Union broken,
the authority of tbe Government defied,
the Treasury bankrupt, tbe public secur
ities plundered, the Mints and Sub-Treasury
robbed by the very officials who were
sent to guard them, the forts and arsenals
left to fall into the bands of traitors, trea
son stalking in the departments, and de
moralization and disintegration penetra
ting the whole structure of the Govern
ment. Never was a more deplorable
spectacle presented to the public gaze in
PBRSiccnoir, Do Yob Sat? The
threats against us, for our opinions, are
abont to be met by Union men, and vis
ited npon others. We are called upon
by the farmers and mechanics of Knox
county, to ask1 all business houses in this
city, to put out a flag at tbeir windows,
either displaying the stars and stripes, or
the British flag, or the one star Palmetto
flag of Sooth Carolina, that they may
know who is for and who is against tbe
country. They say they must know and
will know where men stand. They also
want to know where professional men
stand doctors, lawyers and preachers.
They say they mnst know that they
bare a right 'to know and that they
will not be kept in the dark upon the on
ly great and momentous issue before tbe
American people. Brownlow't Whig.
A Tennessee paper says that both wings
of the Secession party in that State bare
been broken.- Yea. its wings are broken.
its tail-feathers plucked out, and its comb
and spurs cut Why doesn't it crow.
, Garibaldi's Island of Caprera lies near
to Elba' and Corsica, and contains 2,500
William Curtis Noyes, i
'owns and carries Waihingt
of New" York,
TEE PEOPLE'S ANTHEM. "
The following lines, by Bobert KicoIL tho Scotch) Poet,
will be read with peculiar Interest by the people ofXaaiat.
Lord, from Thy blesed throne,
riorrow look down apon!
God save tho Poor'
Teach them tree liberty
Make them from tyrants free
Let their boasee heppy be!
Cod sire tho Poor!
Tbe arms of wicked raea
Do Thon with might restrain
God save tbe Poor
Boise Tboa their lowliness
Soccer Tboa thoirdistrese
Thea wbom the meanest bless!
God sae the Tout!
Giro thea aucnch boaetty
Let their pride manly be
GoJaare tie Pec i!
Help them to hold the right;
Giro them both troth aad might.
LorJ of all Lint and Liom!
God tare tho Poor'
Tho Washington 8tar has the follow
ing obituary notice of Joseph Gales, of
tne national intelligencer, who died last
'Mr. Gales was born on tho 18th day
of April, 1780, atEckington, near Shef
field, England, and when but a lad, his
father was, by his liberal political prin
ciples', literally compelled to seek a home
in America. Mr. Gules, senior, landed
at Philadelphia, young Joseph being
aoout seven years of age. subsequent
lythey removed to Raleigh, North Car
olina, where Mr. G. senior, established
the Raleigh Register, which be conducted
lor nearly lorty years. Deceased was
educated at the University of North Car
olina. He learnt the art of printing in
Philadelphia, and in 1807 settled at
Washington, as the assistant, and after
wards as tbe partner, of Samuel Harri
son Smith, who, in 1800, had removed
the Independent Gazetteer to Washington
and changed its name to tbe national In
telligencer. In 1810, Mr. Smith retired
from business, and Mr. Gales became sole
proprietor of the journal, which was at
that time published tri- weekly. In 1812
he took into partnership his brother-in-law,
Mr. William W. Seaton, and in
January, 1813, began to issue tho Na
tional Intelligencer as a daily paper.
During the war of 1812 Mr. Gales
was active as a Republican of that day.
juntifying President Madison in his dec
laration of war with Great Britain. Ho
himself, as a member of a troop of horse,
was absent on duty down the Potomac
when the office of the National Intelli
gencer was destroyed by the British.
Mr. Gales was at one period chosen by
the councils to fill a vacancy in the May
orality of Washington, and was contin
ned therein by an almost unanimous vote
of his fellow citizens. His enterprise
and benevolence were proverbial to all.
The announcement of his death will
everywhere be received with regret, as he
has, through a long life of devotion to
political journalism, retained the friend
ship and esteem alike of friends and op
ponents. The Intelligencer baa always,
under his control, been regarded as a
model of ability and research, as well as
impartial and courteous in its bearing.
Indeed he may be ranked as one of the
statesman of the nation, being distin
guished for patriotism and devotion to the
prosperity and advancement of his adop
ted country, with knowledge of its past
and present history possessed by a very
few that survive him.
State or Thisos ix Mississippi. The
following is an extract of a letter receiv
ed within the last few days, by a gentle
man of Cincinnati, from a friend of his,
(and a reliable man,) in Mississippi:
We are in tbe midst of a Revolution.
Our State has seceded, and God only
knows where we are drifting. We have
not a dollar in the Treasury, and I pre
sume will have to submit to a forced
loan. Then will come a reign of terror,
for many xcUl not submit. South Caro
Una is doing this now, and her citizens
are beginning to complain, and my opin
ion is that the counter current will soon
set in against the disunionists, and drive
them from power. Mississippi is cursed
with a sadly wicked set of politicians,
who are determined to push forward
their pet scheme, or ruin tbe South that
is tbe opening of the African Slave Trade.
God only can help ns.
"Whilb tkt thb Lajip Holds oct to
Bcbk," Sec. A Washington correspond
ent, after approving of Mr. Buchanan's
late course, and commending bis patriot
In the midst of this great excitement
and threatened danger here, he has said:
"I shall ride beside Mr. Lincoln from the
White Hoase to the Capitol, even if it
rains bnllets. I shall then go to Lancas
ter, pass my days in retirement, and seek
to find consolation and religion in the
church. Bitter sorrow has taught me
that happiness can be foand nowhere
else." Mr. Buchanan, therefore, purposes
at once upon his return to his old home
stead to become a member of the Presby
terian Church, in which he has usually
Oblt OskTool i theFamilt. Tbe
Louisville Times very sensibly says: "If
there was a constitutional way of letting
South Carolina out of the Union, we
wonld bold np both hands for tbe meas
ure, and run tbe risk of her conquering
the balance of the United States and lay
ing them nnder tribute. But as it is we
mnst try and get along with her, and
thank our stars and stripes that we bare
but one fool in tbe family."
$2.00 PER AWU.tt, IX lDYAXCE.
WHOLE NUMBER, 193.,,
The Age of Bobbery. - t
In the old world and in the new,; po-
ets hare sung of the Age of Reason, and
of the Ages of Gold and Iron; thoy may
now sing of the Age of Plunder. His
torians and poets have told ns of govern
ernmenU where men have bought and
sold provinces ; have been bribed to car
ry victories ia battle;jiavs betrayed their,
country, when at peaco, .to a foreign en
emy for gold ; have sold their votes lor
money ; historians and poets have mark
ctl the era when venality has been com
f mon, when neither men were brave, or
I women virtuous.
I But onr own nineteenth century, in our
boasted Republic, presents an age far
more bass, and a people far more venal.
The treachery and villainy of American
politicians, their falsehoods and hypoc
risy, are without a parallel in ancient.or
modern times. The only vico or virtue
of the public men having control of tha
offices and funds of this nation, is the
vulgar-knavery of theft. In political
corruptions of all sorts, the Domocratio
politicians and office-holders of this conn
tiy rival all, and even surpass the venal
men and measures of the most corrupt
governments that over existed since the
fall of Adam ! They excel especially in
larceny grand and petit larceny !
To tbe honor of these thieves, be it
said, they have no roundabout 'modes of
pilfering, and no subtle schemes of steal
ing and hiding no places, like the mid
night burglar, for stealing a march upon
the custodians of public monies. With
the brazen impudence of tho devil, and
with the growing appetite of theft, these
hardened villains, in open day, seize up
on the public monies, and abandon
their offices which they had only accep
ted because they offered opportunities for
wholesale robberies ! As thieves, those
villains are more shameless than are the
wandering Arabs. Contracts with our
Government are only taken, that the
Treasury may be made a prey ; and con
tracts are let out, that an opportunity for
robbery may be afforded. These renal
rascals stalk abroad with bronzed faces :
they raise their head in the halls of Con
gress, which ought to be covered with a
felon's cap under the gallows ; and they
open their mouths to make partisan
speeches, which ought to be crying in
hell for water to cool their parched
tongues I One who has been a success
ful thief in private life, is deemed best
qurJifiod for high public station. If a
man be too rich to need to steal, he ia re
jected by 'this party of robbers, as not
likely to want partners to conceal for him.
Present them candidates for office, who
are free from all imputations of political
corruptions, .and they turn from them
with disgust Knoxville Whig.
The Bohd of Tna States. Tho
Greenbrier (Va.) Independent thus enu
merates the boails of union between the
Northern and Southern States :
Material interests bind them ; rivers
bind them ; railroads bind them ; trade
binds them ; mutual wants and necessi
ties bind them ; the laws of production
and manufacture bind them ; the ice of
the North and tropical fruits of the South
bind them ; the most perfect Constitu
tion that was ever formed by man binds
them ; the yet unfulfilled destiny of this
great nation binds thorn ; thousands of
influences, seen anil unseen, all conspiro
to bind these States together in indissolu
Revelatioss Rebpectiso Mr. Flotd.
Another act of Ex Secretary Floyd
has just come to light, which does not'
reflect mnch credit upon him as a loyal
ist to tho government he was professing
to serve, and whose treasury ho was feed
It appears that last summer be order
ed fiye companies of troops to Fort Ran
dall, on the Missouri, and then orderod
all the wagons and horses and mules
sold, so that the mtfment winter set in
they could neither leave by the river,
which is usually frozen up as early as
November, nor overland, in consequence
of not having sufficient transportation
material to convey a single company.
"All Rioiit o the Goosz." A
very conservative and genial minister of
this city, meeting one ot his young
friends on the street, looked with some
curiosity upon what struck him as a
blue rote on the hat of his young friend,
and inquired what it meant. "Sir,"
said the young blood, "that is the blue'
cockade.'' "Cockade!" echoed the'
minister, "cockade !" "Yes, sir, bine
cockade. That's all right, ain't it, sir?"
"Yes," said the minister, "all right, all
right on the goose I" The young man
has not been seen since. Louisville Detti' '
Coptriobt. The following significant
hint sppears in the Charleston Mercury':
Some enterprising individual can make
a fortune by reprinting NorthemCopy-
righted works at the South. We depend
almost wholly upon the North for our
books, and there is' now nothing to pre
vent Southern publishers from pirating
Northern works, as the Northern pub
lishers have pirated from the English.
Any one disposed to embark in the busi
ness should do so immediately, in ad
vance" of any copyright law.
The Mobile Register says that "six
States (inclnding Louisiana), a beauti
ful compact little constellation of repub
lics, with an uninterrupted seaco.t line of
two thousand miles, have taken their
stand among the independent nationali
ties of the earth."
tit . J
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