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SiL. MILLER, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER.
VOLUME IV. HDMBBR 39, j
THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION.
TERMS $2.t) FER ANNUM, IS ADTAHTR.
WHITE CLOUD, KANSAS, THURSDAY, APRIL 4, 1861.
I WHOLE NUMBER, 195.
hkt 1 0drg,
Brave wcarts an fainting In the West
Till hearts of gallaat men,
Who once oppression's with did breast.
And feeed the tyrants, when
Tbe law Vng tta?eit darkle hong,
With larid grandest grim
Men who thro' all these rears hart aanf
Freedom's htroie bran.
The sonls of mothers who grew strong
Beaeatb tba storms of war
Who eever faltered wbaa tba rong
Tba Trnth'i fair form did oar
Ate trembling bow, ai hanger-criei
From helpless babes op-come;
While, weir with woo that on tbem lies,
Tbelr beam are stricken dumb.
Attain a Sreilde grimlr site
A put, nnwelcoiae gnest;
By many a door it waiting flits,
Upon a fearful qncit;
While Winter's storms do (tercel break
Acron tbe prairiei bleak.
And moaning blaiti and ecboei wake.
With wild end wailing ibnek.
Famine within'. Winter without!
Hirk! the monrnfalpraer;
Listen to that an-ouhed ibont,
Tbe Weitera breerei bear:
"Father of Herein! hear oarer
Oar lapplieationi heed!
Hear the bnrdeat that on as He
Cire ear aeto onr aeedl
afaro mere. Lord, span the land,
Its desolation eee ;
Throogh Ibu thick daikneu, let Thy Hand
la Love extended be!
Teach those whom harreit richly bleti'd,
la Pity tweet descend;
Hay they whom fortone bath careu'd,
Swift or their plenty tend!
Lord! aala ai Thy patience giro,
Tby spirit freely poor,
That e'en the sefiVringi we lire,
Miy lift as ap the more!
Mot for oarielrei, O! LetJ! these feers.
Bat helpless ones apraiso
Their voices plaintive in onr ears,
Their eyes with longing gaze."
Hirk! the prayer. Its moornfol wail !
For loader swells the cry.
As apoa every Western gale
Its heavier woe doth lie.
Fcrishiog ooes do londly call.
Till fainting in tbe strife,
A brother's aid they ask from all.
To lift again to life.
From tbe 'Philadelphia Press.
AH OPEN LETTER TO JAKES BUC
Four years ago this day you entered
tba Presidential chair, the Chief Magis
trate of the happiest and freest peoplo on
the earth. The contest from which you
emerged a conqueror, althongh distin
guikhed by unexampled animation and
acrimony, was followod by expressions,
on tbe part of friend and foe, of complete
confidence in your personal integrity.
Those wno hail opposed your election
were profuse in announcing their dispo
sition to give your Administration tbe
fairest trial. The principles which pre
Taried inyonr triumph had been anticipa
ted in your speeches before yonr nomina
tion, endorsed in yonr letter accepting it,
affirmed in your inaugural address, and
reaffirmed in vonr letter to Governor
Walker, under date of July 12, 1857,
and were so plain, so self-evident, and so
convincingly right, that the American
people were ready to hail id you the au
gust successor and representative of those
great men who laid the foundation of the
Government. In the choice of your Cab
fnet yon were supposed to be singularly
uccessfnl. From the aged statesman at
the head of your constitutional advisers,
down to your Attorney General, there
was no name that had not at one or at
another time been associated with high
and honorable position. These gentle
men, selected from both sections of the
Confederacy, each a type of his own peo
ple, were kno-tn cordially to sanction
and heartily to co operate with yon in
the policy to which yon had been com
mitted in the previous campaign. Ev
ery department of the Federal Govern
ment was in your hands. Both branches
of Congress were controlled by a major
ity of jour supporters. The Supreme
Court of the United States was known
to sympathize with yon. Our commerce
fith all the world was in the most flour
ishing condition; internal trade in its
manifold ramifications was prosperous
beyond all example ; sectional strife bad
terminated in a national victory, thus
giving new guarantees for the preserva
tion of a Union which at that time seem
ed held together by bonds alike sacred
This inspiring prospect should have
elevated yon above all unworthy passions
and nnholv ambition. When von moun
ted the Presidential ohair you were not,
according to your own account, quite
sixty-five years of age. Too old to un
dertake the destruction of your country,
yon were young enough to make it more
potent at home and mora honored abroad.
Yonr enemies for more than forty years
had imputed to yon many questionable
qualities of head and heart ; bnt yonr
fritnds relied upon yonr Administration
10 repel this imputation. The first ac
cused yon of selfishness, ingratitude, and
aristocracy ; the second claimed for yon
JvVT utriDuiM .ot private charac
ter. The first had frequently predicted
that, if iter clothed with ttin aim net ;m.
petltl Mwerof trm PrMiri'oni.v Tnn wnnlJ
devote yourself to the overthrow of the
party to which near yon fortieth year you
attached your political fortunes ; the sec
ond contended that by (your moderation
and consistency yon would not only im
mortalize yourself, but so consolidate
the Democracy at the close of your Ad
ministration a to leave it without a re
spectable adversary. How you, fulfilled
ine prophecies of the one, and how yon
disappointed the hopes of the others, the
impartial historian will record on bis im
It would bo superfluous to recapitu
late the thrice told tale of the downfall
of yourself, your party, and your country.
Even those who envied yonr friends,
while those friends were rejoicing over
your election, were shocked at the man
ner in which you prosecuted and honnded
tho men who, during many years of mi
nority, had carried your cause upon their
shoulders, until finally they placed yon
in the Presidential chair. No snch spec
tacle has ever been presented in any conn
try. Yon struck the most fatal blows at
those who had rendered yon the most de
voted service. There was a rancor and
a cruelty in your treatment of these men
that no imagination could have anticipa
ted, and no logician defended. Even
those who attempted to maintain their
usual kind relations to your person were
repelled with haughty and freezing in
difference, or subjected to your will by
being made the slaves of your caprices,
and the echoes of yonr treacheries. In
proportion as you conducted this unpro
voked warfare upon these citizens, you
took into yonr confidence men who had
never treated yon save as an object of ha
tred and scorn.
Posterity takes little note of, the treat
ment extended by a public man to life
long supporters. It is not so tolerant,
however, when such turpitude is accom
panied and succeeded by persistent at
tempts to distract and demoralize a hap
py and united people. Had you but serv
ed tbe Republic had you maintained
your plighted faith to your piinciples
had jou displayed a wise, comprehensive
and practical statesmanship had you in
sisted upon economy and integrity in
your Administration, the judgment of the
people would have rewarded you, and
your recreancy to your friends would
have been forgotten in the stern impar
tiality and justice of your policy.
The ruler of a civilized and Christian
people may, in a moment of rash impulse,
inflict incalculable injury upon his conn
try. But you have no impulses. That
which at first seemed to be the madness
of the moment soon assumed the shape
of settled malignity. When you consent
ed to trample upon a holy and an undy
ing truth, it is now evident that yon
had made .up your mind to persevere to
the end. No entreaties could move you
to change your course. Even those whom
yon had wounded without provocation,
repeatedly and humbly exhorted yon to
pause in your career. In vain. It on
seemed to have become the incarnation of
Absolutism. The bloody fields of Kan
sas, the perishing industry of Pennsylva
nia, the arguments of the good, the thun
der tones of the ballot-box, produced no
more impression upon you than upon
the walls of the building in which you
sat, cold and heartless as those walls
Not content with doing wrong your-
xnlf. von insisted that all others over
whose intetests yon exorcised the slight
est control should likewise do wrong.
Hesitation or refusal on their part to
yield to your commands was punished
with instant exclusion from place, or
remorseless social ostracism. No one
was too high to be reached by the shafts
of vonr anger : no one too tow to oe
around under the heel of yonr proscrip
tion. Yon raked the omciai Kenneis tor
victims. Whether an honest man objec
ted to vonr conduct who held position
under yon in a foreign land, or in your
own Btate, or near tne rresiaenuai uu
sion, he was recalled or removed without
an opportunity of defense. And in pro
portion as yon persecuted the good, yon
compensated the bad. Thus, your own
example became a grand premium to all
who worn ready to accept place at the
loss of character.
When the money of the people was
used to debauch the people when the
Chief Magistrate consented to degrade
himself for the purpose of gratifying hu
revenge the reckless men around yonr
person accepted yonr own conduct as a
Iicenso to them. Beat alike upon plun
dering the treasury and breaking up the
Union, they organized a system of pec
ulation uneqnaled in any civilized Gov
ernment, and, with yonr aid, enlisted tn
the work of destroying the Democratic
party. Yon pretend at thii day that yoa
were ignorant of their practicea in the
first, bnt yon cannot deny that yon stim
ulated and encouraged them in the sec-
ond. The disruption ot tne uemocrauc
.. . r!hriMtin and Baltimore was
plotted in the White House ; and when
; e-M nuwomnlished. althoutra admon
ished that it must lead to the dislocation
of the Union itself, yon relusea to mrow
nrfllf into the breach, and to accept
the regular nomination of the party.
Once more, yon employed the patronage
of yonr Administration in oraer w g"
:.. .nnt nairioni. Yon saver forT
gave Stephen A. Douglas became he in
dignantly refused to endorse yonr defec
tion in 1857; and when yon contrasted
the popular verdict which gratefully ap
proved1.ii course with the popular r ex
pression which condemned yonr own.
1 i.i tr..i tu editald h defeated.
venal he hazard of ths annihilation of
the Union. Yon saw the Democratic
party staggering nnder tbe donble burden
of being held responsible for tbe enormi
ties of your Administration and of being
identified with the cause of Disunion.
Again yon were admonished that perse
verance in these proceedinfrs must lead
to the most direful consequences, and
again yon refused to listen to the voice
of reason. Indeed, through your organs
and yenr friends, yon circulated the doo
trine that it was far better that the gen
eral opponents of the Democracy should
triumph than that the regular candidate
of the party shonld be elected; and when
this portion of your programme was ful
filled, when by means of your patronage,
and with theaid of yonr mercenaries, you
assisted to elect Mr. Lincoln to the Pres
idency, you gave currency and credit to
that fatil theory which has hurried our
free institutions to the very precipice of
Disunion. Preparations for armed resis
tance to the laws as a consequence of Mr.
Lincoln 8 election were made under yonr
own eyes, participated in by your own
cabinet Ministers, advocated by your
own newspaper exponent, and so far ap
proved by those who held positions un
der you in tbe different States North and
South, as at last to assume the air of a
virtuous revolution. In that hour, when
for a moment, you seemed to compre
hend the magnitude of your crimes, did
you step forward to execute your high
trust, by anticipating tbe machinations
of the Southern conspirators, by crush
ing Secession in the bud, and by making
an example of every man who held a
commission at your hands who dared to
approve their proceedings ? Alas ! no.
In your last annual message to Congress,
whilst argning against the right of a
State to withdraw from the Union, you
offered immunity to the enemies of the
Union by declaring that you had no au
thority to punish them. Your Cabinet
exploded in the midst of your own com
plications and your country's distresses,
and then was disclosed a picture of crime,
moral and political, snch as no nation
has ever been called on to witness.
Compelled to summon to yonr side other
counselors, animated by different senti
ments, and resolved so far as they conld
to rescue tbe Union, yon embarrassed
their action by your timidity, vacillation
and weakness. At this moment, while
you are preparing to assist in the inau
gnration of yonr successor, it is doubtful
.vhether yon have left him even the frag
ment of a Government to administer.
Your enemies might congratulate them
aelves upon the entire fulfillment of their
predictions, if they were not called upon
to mourn over the decay and downfall of
the Union itself.
It may be said, these are harsh words
to address to an old man. Your coun
trymen have been told that as yon ap
proach the close of your official term,
you manifest some regret at the past ;
and within a short time it has been
given out that the weight of years and
cares has fearfully oppressed your spir
its ; but, Mr. Buchanan, the very last
acts of yonr Administration have shown
that still in their ashes live tho wonted
fires of your malignity and revenge.
Many of your recent appointments have
shocked the country. Even now, the
name of one of the chief agents in all
thoe proceedings which have contribu
ted to rush the Republic upon the verge
of ruin, is pending before the United
States Senate for a high judicial position,
and others who have been equally prom
inent in the proscriptions and treacher
ies of the fonr years gone by, have been
honored with the most distinguished
marks of vonr confidence. It will, there
fore, be seen that you return to private
life, just as yon are approaching the
Psalmist's age, without feeling a single
emotion of remorse for the wrongs yon
have inflicted upon a patient and suffer
ine people. I do not envy your reflec
tions in the winter of your years ; bat
like that Frenchman, when called upon
to vote whether he wonld doom tbe ty
rant of his country to the death he so
richly merited, I conclude this epistle in
his own words : "I commisserate the
poor, and the needy, and the oppressed,
out x nave no puy tor wis opprcucur ui
my country." J. W. F.
A Republican friend of ours, who doss
not want an office, having just returned
from Washington, informs ns that Old
Abe is besieged by a swarm of 'hungry
office-seekers unprecedented in the histo
ry of onr country. He says that there
are a hundred applicants for every office
in the eift of the Government; and that
the quota from Illinois exceeds that of
all other States pnt together, .avery re
publican in Illinois who carried a lamp
aid wore a cape for Old Abe last Fall,
thinks he is entitled to an office. It is
said that there are some forty or fifty ap
plicants from Joliet alone, where Old
Abe was ia a minority of over six hun
dred. "Tea thousand thousand are their
tongues, and only tests for ten."
It turns out that South Carolina is not
the master spirit of the confederate States.
She is looked upon by her confederate
sisters, chained as she is to Fort Sumter,
and suffering as she is in pocket, with
something of pity. Georgia, whose port,
Savannah, draws all the commerce
Charleston loses, is the Empire State.
The irreat men of Sonth Carolina sentnp
to Montgomery to reguiaie tne aaairs oi
tne nations oi me cum, auo uaciuwuj
crest-fallen,-and tbe prevailing question
is whether she shall proceed, in pure
spite, to cat her own tb'rbat that is, at
tack Fort Sumter.
XADXA, ITA1I TEAT FLAG!
Madau, opera that lag!
Tooeh aot a eiaglaetar! ,
From aaa to snoantaia' crag,
Twaa cat fwaaaUeara'tUld
. ' Thatgavelt aaoar lot;
Than, anaaawu, letllctaad.
You rat shall harm it aot!
That flag of Liberty,
Whose (Very and reeown
Are spread o'er land and sea,
And weald yoe strike it dowal
Hadasaa, sntpead yonr will.
Cot sot ita Heaven-bornles;
Oar Coantry Veasiga atiU,
Streaked with celestial dyes!
On oceeal ware aad heath,
la battle aad in blast,
Oar fitters aheered beneath,
Or allied it to the mail.
A teir for thoaa who fell
For those who lived, renown
It canght their last farewell,
Ob! ds not bote it dawa.
Onr heart-strings roaad thee cling.
And mem'nei o'er thee crowd;
On field and deck, thy wing
Hat been a freemen's sbroad!
Old flag! the storm still brave;
And, Traitors, leave tba spot
While we're aa erm to save,
Yoar rage shall harm it not!
What Shall he Dose with a Seceding
State T Henry Clay's Opinion.
Louisville, Ky., Nov. 16, 1860.
I remember well how Mr. Clay nsed to
talk, write and speak on this point.
Tbongh when on the brink of the grave,
his eye flashed with its old fire, his form
rose to its fall height, and his voice re
covered its commanding tone, whenever
Secession was even alluded to in his
presence. He had no patience with the
bare suggestion of the idea. He was for
crnshing out all agitation of such a topic.
Were be living now, he would bafor lop
ping off the hydra head of Secession by
the strong arm of the offended law. He
would be for keeping ths Federal ma
chinery at work in every State, and the
Federal officers everywhere at their posts
to administer justice, transport and dis
tribute the mails, and collect the Federal
revenues. He would have no parleying
with actual traitors to the General Gov
ernment. He would be for forthwith
putting down or stringing np all nullifi
ers and seceders. Public enemies who
dare attempt "peaceful secession" or
"take the chances of revolution," wonld
find no mercy from him. In April, 1851,
I heard Mr. Clay emphatically declare
to Mr. Prentice and other friends, in the
reading room of the Gait House, that he
approved the marching .of the United
States army into South Carolina, to re
sist her Secession, if she dare attempt it.
Henry Clay's general opinion of the
way to treat secession snd nullification,
as I heard him state it publicly and pri
vately, and as he expressed it in his let
ter of Oct. 3, 1851, to Daniel Ullman
and others of your city, was this :
"Suppose the standard should be rais
ed, of open resistance to the Union, the
Constitntion, and the laws, what is to be
done ? There can be but one possible
answer. The power, the authority, and
the dignity of the Government ought to
be maintained, and resistance pnt down
at every hazard. The duty of executing
the laws and suppressing insurrections is
without limitation or qalification ; it is
co-extensive with the jurisdiction of tbe
United States. No human Government
can exist without the power of applying
force ; and the actual application of it in
extreme cases. My belief is that if it
should be applied to South Carolina, in
the event of her secession, she would be
speedily reduced to obedience, and that
the Union, instead of being weakened,
wonld acquire additional strength."
s e s
" Palmetto" Whiskey from Nobth-
bn Distillkbiis. For several days
past, we hsve noticed dray loads of Lin
cinnsti " Bust-head," the genuine "con
traband," "strychnine," "kill-ronnd-
the-corner" rifle-whiskey, passing through
the city, on the way to Charleston and
other points in South Csrelina and the
Sonth. What a commentary upon the
non-intercourse fire-eaters, lfaey are an
" orful" nation down there, some of them
but they can't make their own.whis
key. Porkopolis does it for them. It
drinks just as well, they find, so long as
the barrel bears the Palmetto stamp.
It's a pretty shrewd idea of Porkopolis,
though sailing their " tangle-foot" un
der Palmetto colors. It's a pretty cute
way to "sell" the Carolinians and a
little bad whiskey at the same time, by
branding a Palmetto tree on one end of
the keg. The stream of Cincinnati whis
key pouring into the Sonth, will have a
tendency to fire the Southern head as well
as tbe Southern heart TasA. Jtatntr.
The Two Peesidests. The "Mont
gomery (AlaJ Mail, asserts that Messrs.'
Lincoln and Davis were both born .ia
Kentucky, the former in the year 1809,
and the latter in 1808. That each left
his native State' at an early age, one em
igrating north the other sonth; both serv
ed in the Indian wars of the West; both
commenced their political career .about
the same time, and were Presidential
electors in the 'election of 1844, "Davis
for Polk and' Lincoln for Clay. They
were elected to Congress near tbe same
time, '45 or '46, and were in the same
year, and almost "the aame day, called to
preside over 'their respective Governments
one as (President of .the United States,
tbe other as President of the Confedera
South Carolina Always Cowardly.
ihe Boston irsnscnpt thus sums np
certain well known historical facts :
Tbe "Colonial" Flag, we read in the
newspapers, was "hailed with intense en
thcsiasm in Charleston." We do not
doubt this fact the "Colonial Flag"
was always popular in South ' Csrolina,
and daring tbe American Revolution that
State, with a Northern army to 'assist
her, could not even preserve hsr capital
from falling into tbe bands of the Brit
isn. ine mnaoitants oi unaneston, as
a body, preferred to return to their alle
giance to tbe imtisn Urown, rather than
to aid Gen. Lincoln to save it. So gen
eral was the defection to the patriotic
cause, and so many of the people of South
Carolina bowed their necks snew to
"Colonial" vassalage, that Sir Henry
Clinton considered his triumph complete,
and comminicated to the .British Minis
try the intelligence that the whole Stato
had yielded submission to the royal ar
my, and had become again a part of the
Soon after the fall of Charleston, and
wuenaisanectionto the American cause
was so general, two hundred and ten per
sons, who styled themselves to be the
"principal inhabitants" of the city, sign
ed an addres to Sir Henry Clinton, in
which they stated they had every induce
ment to return to their allegiance, and
ardently hoped to be admitted to
the character and condition of British
subjects 1 The Continents! Congress call
ed npon South Carolina for 16,932 sol
diers during the Revolutionary war. She
supplied only 6,660, or ten thoutand lest
than her quota of troops. Massachusetts
was called upon for 52,678 soldiers. She
furnished 67,907, or npwardsof fifteen
thotaand more than her quota 1 Indeed,
Massachusetts, during the conflict in be
half of national independence, furnished
more men to the army than every State
south of Pennsylvania ; and when the
war balances were adjusted, after pescej
was proclaimed, it was ascertained that
Massachusetts had overpaid her share in
the sum of 81,248,801 in specie.
The following startling and highly in
flammatory dispatches appear in' a news
psper "out West," to which they were
specially telegraphed :
Late! Later!! Latest! ! ! Highly Im
portant from Charleston Our Special
Dispatches by the Underground Line !
Charleston, Sopper-toie, Feb. 14.
All the babies in ths entire South are
in arms, and many are now employed at
TWO AMD A HALT MlHUTES LATEE.
Hundreds of the noblest women in
South Carolina are behind the breast
works, and they boldly express tbeir de
termination to remain there.
These Quarters of a Minute Lateb.
A number of young ladies were in srms
the greater part of last evening, and many
more are extremely anxious to follow the
self-sacrificing example of their sisters.
Shame on tbe young men.
One-quarter of a Minute Later.
We have learned from a reliable source
that the study of military tactics will be
introdnced into the female schools of this
State immediately, as the spirited girls
declare their willingnes to take charge of
the South Carolina 'infantry' which is to
A renort from the interior says that
tbe negroes 'wear' drilling, hut it needs
confirmation. Everybody is in a blaze
of excitement, and the gas company has
suspended in consequence.
Cokcldded to Rihaut. The Alexan
dria Gazette says that a gentlemsn of
Pittsylvania County, Virginia, a strong
secessionist, in February last, bsing dis
satisfied with tbe course things were ta
king in Virginia, went to Mississippi for
the purpose of buying land, and to re
move his negroes to that btate. He had
just returned, and called on the Delegate
from his County,, to ssy, that though he
had tbonght Virginia was slow, " I hope
she will be slower still;" that he saw but
few of the substantial, wealthy proprie
tors in Mississippi who were not dissat
isfied with the course of events Booth, at
the prospect of heavy taxation, and of no
benefits nnder the new order of things
that they could not expect nnder the old
Union ; and told him " that if Virginia
and the Border States got saeh guaran
tees as wonld be satisfactory to tnem,
they had no doubt that Mississippi and
ths Unit States would return.;' ne con
cluded to remain in Virginia.
Greeley Sweabiho. There are still a
few persons who entertain the idea coa
cerninz Horace Greeley, which was pre
valent among country school-masters,
with anti-slavery sentiments, believers in
tire science of parenology. ceasnmers of
Fowler literature, aad teaperanoe epos
ties not to speak of the short petticoat
and bran bread reformers ten years sgo.
They are shocked at the ststement that
Greelev is swearihtr londlv about Sew
aid "Greeley swear impossible!"
decided vim. and d s matters and
things in general with" a venomous em
phasis that wonld astonish those who be
lieve him to be bat a short remove from
a saint The bitterns' with wbish he
calk those who diner with him "d- d
cowards," is exceedingly refreshing.
Andy JohnsoB.the glorious -Tennessee
eenstor. commeacsa ousirms . i.
"OUR FLAG WHEN WEPABT."
Oh! what will beeeeae of that flag when wa parti
Shall it droop o'er tba tomb of oar aatioaal fusel
Shall It stream or tha wreck, whoa each hope of the heart
Haa abaadoaed that wrack ta oblivion aad ahaasat
rVbea that baaaei ef glory forever is failed.
Shall each gem be ra-aet aad translated ajatl
Shall the bright constellation that lighted a world.
Be replaced by a distant aad desolate star?
Rather heap its proad trophies, aad over than cast
Thie aU of oar boaor--thIa ihraed of ear ebaae;
Fire tho pile! fliag tba aabee abroad om the blast
It was bora amid storm let it perish ia flame!
The Ever-Xemorable 22d.
We presume it is not necessary for us
to say that George Washington was the
greatest man, take him for all in all, that
ever lived. He was coolly, grandly great.
He made no buncombe speeches from
dry-goods boxes on street corners. He
did not straddle the American eagle and
sail through a vast expanse of wind, bosh
and nonesense. He didn't make an ass
of himself by writing long and empty
letters to the newspapers. He didn't as
sassinate Shakspeare and strangle Latin,
as do the patriots of the present dsy.
He did'nt go around with his coat pock
ets filled full of Arkansas "toothpicks"
and "pistuels." He had no tools and
lickspittles, whom he secretly labored to
get appointed to fat places, and then take
the lion's share of their pay himself.
George was far from being "a sucker."
He didn't, as so many of tho patriots now
adays do, quarter all his family, includ
ing lii 'ennf in the rnnnlrvr " nnun lllw
ing his "annt in the country." upon the
Government. Nor did he chop off tho
hesdsof postmastsrs. custom-collectors,
lighthonse tenders, &c, for dsring to say
their souls were their own. and for ex-
pressing their honest opinions on Stste
and National questions.
There was no cant about tieorge no
hypocrisy. He wa the same every-
whore. We find almost everything to
admure in him-hardly anything to cen- commanaing proportions, xie nas a gen
sure. He paid his .debts. He didn't rftl reputstion. wherever ha isknownjOf
fight tbe Tiger. He was innocent of po- being as 'tough as whip-cord." Th
ker. He didn't run among fast women. qoalificettoM for legal eminence at the
He eschewed bad whiskey. Ho was a
model husband. He never swore but
once-at Monmouth-and then he did it
scientificslly and with force. Ho was
great "on the fight"-not rash and
reckless, but cool, determined and terri-
ble. He was every inch a statesman, and,
in short, he was about as nearly perfect
as possible. We wonld rather see a pair
of his old boots in the White Honse. than
the whole live bodies of several aspirants
for that place that we have in our mind's
eye at the present writing.
Great was George Washington. He
sleeps at Mount Vernon, with his mantle
wrapped around him, and as Mr. Pren-
t.cY-.M of Olav and Jackson, there is
not the slightest dsnger of his mantle
being disturbed by any gentleman of the
present day. Cleveland flaimealer,
Goal Oil. The eil fever is beginning
to attack some of our people, and shafts
are being sunk wherever there is a grease
spot. All the world abounds in oil, and
why not Canton ? Men go to sleep with
their bnir full of oil, and of course their
dreams are of an oleaginons cast. Every
man you meet carries a bottle of the vil
lainous smelling stuff in his pocket, and
talks learnedly of stratums and sub-stratum,
of ssndstone, granite, shale, slate,
and all the primary, secondary, and ter
tiary formations. There ain't one of
them but who can account for the milk
in a cocoanut. It has been evident to a
great many, for a great many years, that
oil abonnds in inexhaustible quantities
somewhere in tbe bowels of the earth,
and only waiting to be tapped. Schwalm
stone quarry is suddenly invested with sn
importance it had never before enjoyed;
gangs of people visited it snd returned
with a pocket full of rocks; these are sub
jected to microscopic examinations and
finally thrust into the fire, and the indu
bitable evidence of oil fried ont. It can
easily be predicted that if the anticipa
tions of the oil explorers are tolly real
ized, there will he a great revolution in
tbe whsle fisheries. Some of the Philos
ophers think this country wss once an
inland sea inhabited by the monsters of
the deep, and thst oil as found was the
death bed of sn antediluvian whale. Oil
is imperishable, every vestige of tbe an
imal is gone bnt the grease. It looks
reasonable. Canton Repository.
ROCSD OFT THE HlSTOBT OF TBI Ad-
lansTRATio. We have now heard the
pleas in self-defence of two of Mr. Buch
anan's ministers. Thompson bss made
a full confession of bis treason, and glo
ries in it Floyd sets op tbe pitiful wsil
of a scourged dog, and expresses his pro
found dislike ef a merited instigation.
All that is now wanting is a frank state
ment from Buchanan himself. Tbe ex
President should tell ns how he was bul
lied by the Southern madcaps, and how,
in his vacillation and terror be succumb
ed to the threats of traitor. Such a doc
ument wonld round off the history of the
late Administration -pleasantly, and give
the future historian of tbe country rich
material for writing fascinating history
of the ias-and outs of the great Treason
of the country. N. Y. Pott.
The Legislature of Minnesota has chan
ged Jhe same of Toombs Connty, in thst
State, to Anderson Oonaty. complimen
tary to the gallant Major, of Fort Sumter.
In 8L Petersburg, the annual revenue
to tbe Government 'fron booses of fll''
repote, which are always faxed, is ssid
to be about 5QO,000.
Pen Portraits of Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln.
Though descriptions ef Mr. Lincoln's
features, of his family and dwelling have
abounded since his nomination to the po
sition to which he is now elected, our rea
ders will not bo displeased with the fol
lowing sketches by a Springfield corres
pondent ot the'New York World :
Tie visitor it- ushered into a moder
ately wide hall, from either side of which
doors Iesd to the rooms of the mansion.
The one in which visitors are usually re
ceived contains a library of law and oth
er miscellaneous books, and npoa the
opposite side is the drawing room, aim
ply yet elegantly furnished, and com
manding an outlook npon the garden,
which, though bleak enough at this sea
son of the year, must in the summer be
extremely beautiful. Everything about
the house betokens the residence of the
well-to do, comfortable citizen of the
Mr. Lincoln himself has been so often
decribed, so often crayoned, painted, pen
cil sketched, and photographed, that hi
personnel ought by this time to be per
fectly familiar to that many headed mon
ster, the general publio. One eannot lay
his hand on his bosom and say that Old
Abe is a handsome man ; bnt there be
those, and judicious observers too, who
would hesitate before pronouncing him
ugly. His face is quick and mobile ia
expression, his eyes, dsrk and lustrous,
set deeply in his head, like Webster's,
speak before his lips are opened. His
fne " are nign ana prominent; we
lower portion of his face thin and drawn
nto hard wrinkles. The deep lines
" his mouth are probably as good a
certificate as he would desire of thststrsn-
no ll1 through which he has msde hi
!"J am.B-. Hu &7"t statnre-six
AAt- anrl t htraTiA ieMhA e-i rAm h, arm mm .
Pe .ianes ana snranes wnico aoes
S"Ta Mjn--.ce to his really stalwart.
west were, in tne sany aays, psrtly
muscular. It not unfrequenUy occurred'
that the presiding Judge found itneees-
7 l0 a,8?V" coari Ior . m8
?rder t0 whip refractory witnesses, or
'"P8 uPon boisterous counsellors the
"' " w ?
J"?1. onB " cu"' " -Ita
b,iItT.m a '?h ? taBbl9 fiShtvWM ?ot
b! d'lpntal. It is not probable that
y"4 " "r '""uu " pessary w p
b" g?"ents by thrashing the opposing
counsw.ro u.u uo .ver a a. so. au r
"n "r I woal,d mucb "ther aot b"
be.en ihf co,nn8oL ... .
Legends of his prowess, m the dsys when
a8 oraBa lUB Pnr"u'1 n"??1 V
gation, are yet current among his early
T tt .. 1- 1 S
tuiupauiuun. cruuauiy, iu ma pnysicai
courage and dsring he was' indebted for
his secession to tbe leadership dnrinir the
early Indisn troubles npon the frontier.
His capacity as a leader was often tried.
during those short campaigns in the wil
derness, snd was never found wsnting.
If he csrries to the executive chair th
pluck and dsring which enabled him to
hold his own against the rampant flat
boatmen, with whom, from time to time
even the most peaceful of the craft wonld
now and then come into hostile collision;
if he takes thither the sdroit finesse and
executive decision which enabled him to
evade an ambush of Indians in the Black
Hawk war, and to beat the dusky warri
ors at their own system of fighting, when
ever they revealed themselves, he will
make just such a President as the present
The fnture lady of the White Honse
is, perforce, a personage to whom tost
now the liveliest interest attaches. That
she will adorn and grace even the exalt
ed position to which she bids fair to suc
ceed, none who have bad the fortune lo
ses her can donbt. She is yet apparent
ly npon the advantageous side of forty,
with a face npon which dignity and
sweetness are blended, and sn air of cul
tivation and refinement to which famili
arity with tbe coartly dwelling' rooms of
London, or the aristocratic saloons of Pa
ris, wonld hardly lend an added grace-
She is admirably calculated to preside
over our republican court. If one were
permitted so far to describe her personal
appearance as to meet hslf wsy ths re
spectful curiosity which is felt npon the'
suDject, ine description woma oe : inat
she is slightly above the medium stature.
with brown eyes, clearly cut features, del
icate, mobile, expressive ; rather distin
guished ia appearance than beautiful.
conveying to the mind generally an im
pression of self possesion, statslinesa and
elegsnee. I distrust my own opinion,
on subjects of this kind, bnt I conear la
the belirf prevalent hereabouts that she
will make as admirable a leader of the
stately dame aad lovely dembiselle of
the national oapitol as the most fastidi
ous social martinet conld desire.
Tax Fust Lkvm at tsz Bouts
Warns Hocix The Montgomery cor--respondent
of the Charleston Mercury
say of Mrs. Jeff. Davis first levee, that
.& i i -aa. 1...1 L st eV?
11 WBS largely iia'Daou vj mo laouiuua-
ble belles of Montgomery, sad a great
number of the distingue. who-are dockiag
to the capital. She is a lady of mediam
age, not remarkable for beauty, hut wear
a polished and dignified elegance aad
grace which sttracUaad please far mere
than physical perfection. Her suavity ef
manner and tne cordial reception she
gave to her nmsermous visitors, ha giv
en great satisfaction, and is an assarsne
for many fntnre pleasant soirees.