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SOL. MILLER, EDITOR AND fCBLISHER. )
THE CONSTITUTfON AND,THE UNION.
TEtUIS $2.M fEB ANNUM, IN ABTANCB.
VOLUME IV. NUMBER 41. J
WHITE CLOUD, KANSAS THURSDAY, APRIL 18, 1861.
WHOLE JMJMBER, 197.
Sw- M -N.
OITB SHIP OF STATE.
BY ttlLUAM D. GALLAGHER.
U Urn Vnr old eUyi ef Elfbiy.SwTtB,
Oo heart m bop- oat ftu,
TV fuhioatd the nodtl, sad laid tht k.tl.
Aid baildud onr Ship UStit
Twts oik of oor Northcri mount iaa
And pin ofoir Southern hiHt,
And onr Mi Jlind'i oadar and iron.
And our Wboltlaad'i Iloklnf wills.
Britannia ruled the war tben,
'Mistnit of many a aea,
Aad tht Hed-Cron flf u tht aifnal
Forothtr fl to fin:
Botortrtha broad AtUntlc,
At ttrofiff and calm aa fate,
Bode a gallant birqot? that flew from none
And thu was oar Ship of Statt.
flme the brave old daji of Eight -Sen,
When we faihioned its glenoot form,
And gave to the brerxe iu Stripes and Stan.
It haa weatbrivd man a itnrro
Bat itt ctptaiat bsre been of the truest men.
And iu crewi of the bravest un;
Aad though Iti fott have been mighty,
tt bear- bat a few fcint scirs.
With a continent to watch ocr.
Twat the bolwrt of the Free;
With an ocean' piths to open,
Twaa the Egle of the Hen:
tt hat won the world' applansei.
It has served the age needs.
Till it stands without a rival.
In the glory of its deeds.
From the htnve old days of Eighty-Seven,
Tilt oor evil days of late,
We've trotted the nation's safety
With oar gallant Ship of State:
Bat now, with a tempest gathering fait,
And a sea that threats to whelm.
Her captain's a era en, who shrinks aghast.
And fears to man the belna.
Oh. for a day or that vigor
The nation knew oToU,
When her flg had heroes and statesmen
Beneath tt every fold!
Oh, for an hour of Maxkood,
To fix oor wavering file
To bear on tie helm witajfrmafi.
And reeao oor Ship oT ute!
Pewit Valuit, Kt., Fcbnury, INil.
STORY OF AN OLD SETTLER.
The Know of many Winters linr left
their whitman upon my lie.nl, liut many
event in the war are itiil freah in mem
ory. During the long and blooily itrng
gle for imlet'endence, I wu compelled to
witneM many horrors.
My father was one of the early .ettl.n
of the Kennebec. I was the oldest of
four sons. Before the commencement of
the war, my father had bnilt him cabin
quit, comfortable for hi. purpose, and
commenced clearing conrerting the ear
age wilderness into a garden, to teem
with corn and grain.
I and my brother of course assisted
him in his labors. The war broke out
the second year after oar settlement on
the Kennebec. At first we apprehended
bat little danger from the ..rages, as
they hal hitherto manifested friendly
disposition. But we were soon conscious
of the danger. The Indian commenced
theirde predation. upon the white settlers.
Tales of blood were daily borne to onr
ears. We went to onr daily labor with
onr weapons in onr hands. At the close
of a Summer's day, we were seated in onr
comfortable cabin as usual. A knock
was heard at the door. My mother turn
ed pale, and looked at my father, as if
entreating him not to open it until he
was certain who was without. I imme
diately acted upon this hint, and step
ping softly to the entry, was enabled to
reconnoitre the premises through small
crevice. My mother's fears were not
without foundation. An athl-tic savage
Mood at the manner. Instead of undoing
the fastenings, I proceeded to add to their
strength. I repotted the discovery I had
"But one, did yon .ay ?" said my
"Only one," I replied.
"Now see what yon can discover off
the other side of the cabin."
I did so, and to my snrprise .aw three
more of the rascals cronched like serpents
in the grass. I reported this also.
Th. knocking continued until it be
came farions. My father of conrse tnrn
ed a deaf ear to his entreaties for admis
sion. Finding that ai tifice wonld not an
wer, he wa. joined by, his comrades,
and together made n more fkriou attack
upon the dnor. In truth we wete little
alarmed, for there were bat four saTaget,
and we felt able to contend with them
The fact was, they supposed the male
member, of the familr had not ret re
tarded from work; coiseqnently they bad
oniy te contend witb. femalee. Toe bit
ages now hroneht a lanre stick of wood.
and with their united strength used it as
a battering ram. Thi. plan promised to
oe laceesatnl. The door began to yield.
In the cabin were three loaded muskets.
They were already in hands .killed in
ueir use. We knew a disagreeable sur
prise wu in .tore for onr foe., and this
knowledge gave a. strength and eonrage.
The door yielded, and they rushed in.
Poor fellow., it was the last rnb that
three of them ever made, for they fell
dead upon th threshhold beneath onr
well directed 8re. The fonrth one fled
in consternation. We panned him far
into the forest, but he wa. twift of foot,
and baffled pnranit. '
"He will bring down mora of bit red
jnead. upon n," said my father, -wiping
Indeed, the escape of the Indian was
unfortunate., After this we ware kent in
continual alarm. We were tired at in
the field, by unseen foes, and were oblig
ed to take the greatest precaution to
guard against surprise by night. One of
me inuians siain wa. a brptner of him
who was so, fortunate a. to escape,' and
we knew that to avenge hi. death would
henceforth be the greit object ef hi. life.
Once we were attacked in the middle
of the night. After a hard fight, ve suc
ceeded in driving them away with the
loss of several of their number.
Finding onr position growing more
critical every day, we began to think
abont leaving our solitary cabin, and
seeking some white settlement. Before
our dwelling was the stump of a tree
which had been broken off by a strong
wind about four feet from the ground.
This stump was hollow. One morning.
as my father opened the door to go to
his work, I heard the report of a gun,
and almost immediately another, while
simultaneously with the first report a ball
titiuck the chimney near me. I ran to
"Go look into the hollow stomp," said
I did so, and to my astonishment saw
an Indian in the agonies of death. 1 re
cognized him instantly as the one who
made his escape. He had secreted him
self there during the night. Fortunately
his aim was bad. The ball had passed
within an inch of hi. intended victim s
Before he had time to make his escape.
he had received the contents of my fa
ther's rifle. With our nnited strength,
we dragged him forth. We now relin
qnished th" idea ot leaving our home,
thinking Unit after this event we might
live in comparative safety.
Soon after this, I joined the ranka of
my countrymen, encountered much hard
ship, and saw real service. It so hap
p.ned, once upon a time, that I was sent
out on a scouting party, in onr zeal
we went so far that we were obliged to
pass the night from camp. There was
no dwelling near, and we were iu the
vicinity of our savage loes, whoe enn
ninz we had reason to dread. We made
arrangements to pass the night as follows:
We were in a small clearing, which
had been made before the war bioke out,
and afterwards abindoned as untcn ible
on account of the Indians. Near the
mi-Idle of this was the trunk of a large
tree which had been blown down, and
whose roots had taken from the soil
whereon they grew, an immense quantity
of earth. I placed myself on one side of
this rampart of esith, and my friend on
the other, with the nnderstanding that
we should watch each other during the
By making a small opening through
this natnral fortification, I was enabled
to thrust my gun through and watch the
approach of an enemy toward my friend,
and he, by a similar operation, could do
the same favor for me.
The night was not very dark, and ob
jects could be seen at a considerable dis
tance. Having arranged matters in tnis
manner, we felt bnt little apprehension
in regard to a surprise. The hours roll
ed on. I fell very sleepy, and was hard
ly able to keep my eyes open.
Abont midnight my attention was ar
rested by a bush which I did not recol
'ect seeing in th early part of the night.
At first. I gave little heed to so slight
circumstance, hut at length began to fan
cy that it came nearer, still I strove to
persuade myself that the appearance was
to be attributed to my eyes, rather than
to reality. After watching for half an
hour longer, I conld not doubt that the
bush was in'tuotion.
I waited with breathless anxiety -until
it was within gunshot, and then taking
deliberate aim, I fired into the bosh. It
fell instantly, and I heard a heavy groan.
"What have you done?" said my com
panion. "We will see iu the morning," I re
plied. We kept our position till eanrise, for
fear of surprise. Upon examination, we
fennd th body of a stout Indian lying
in a pool of coagulated blood under the
bnsn. tie nan laxen inn meiuuu w id
connoitre. A it happened. i$ proved
fatal to him and bia purpose. I have
passed throngh many .scenes; bnt I never
shall forget the hollow stump and the
Tm 8rarr o th South. We fre
quently receive'as many as a'half doxen
letters in a day from the different Prin
cipalities in the 8oothern Confederacy,
threatening ns with death in iu moat
horrible forms. These revolting 8tatee
are swarming with desperadoes and as
utlni who'wonld be altogether happy
in bathing their hands in the blood of
Union men. A more terocious sou ma
levolent barbarism cannot be'fonnd on
God's green earth, than that now domi
nant in this' " Southern Confederacy."
Private worth, public virtue, age and
experience none of these can soften or
restrain the multiplying and relentless
brutality which ."engendered by the mob
spirit of this "new form of civilisation.
Talk abont riding a Union editor upon, a
rail! Why, the Prince of Peace, if He
were upon the earth again, could not tra
verse the- dominions of these. Yaneeys.
Rhetts, Devises, SJidells and Wigfallf,
and live, without repudiating His Sermon
on the Mount, and proclaiJaing this Son
vi n.M tm WOod-ordained,
Christ-begotten, and Heaven-approved I
J KnwvxUt Whip.
GOD, PSE8EKTS XT COTOTKY !
BY FRANKLIN W. FISH.
Oh, God, ftttnr nty coutqr! """
Kp il itf from Ttrjr tula,
Till w brine lb Kin In (lory
To ibtir !r batk Sftia.
Kttp it safe from strife and ftction.
Till Ihrooiboot tbo land it hoard,
"Brother mort brothrn almji,
Both la dood aad heart and word."
Let tbo cry rinf oot for Union,
From Kentucky ' paisy ood;
From Lriro old Muiocbototu,
When tbo Piljrim F'lheri trod;
From the ripplinf Madawuka,
From the mffhty wood T Maine,
Till the bill or Sacramento
nd their echo baek aftin.
By the lore oral) that' noble!
Brethren taad a en forrijlit.
Tilt the trmitort hnnk before aa,
To their own coofenlel nig-ht!
Leaf e o not, oh, slont Palmetto
Bat remember ancient Borne;
It Ma civil strife destroyed ber
We've anooxb of that at borne.
Will Vermont now qnit a Union
That her father framed and won:
Can tho blipd ber eye, for-ettinf
Mollr Surk at Bennin-toa?
And thon, fallint Bomb Ctrolini,
Paasa before tbo deed i done.
By the memory of thy Jaiper,
By the name of Marion!
There are memories banging oVr n.
Memories oflsnd and sea;
Of the good ship Constitntlon,
Of tli action of Monltrie
Well preserve them by onr honor,
Kepp thesa safe from every stun.
Till we bring the Slate in g'-ory.
To the Union back again.
MADISON OH 8KCE8SI0N-XWPUB
Mohtpeliir, May 29, 1832.
My Dear Sir: Whilst reflecting on
my sick bed, a few mornings ago, on the
dangers hovering over onr Constitution
(1,) and even the Union itself, a few
idenH which, though not occurring for
the first time, have become particularly
impressive at the present (2). I have
noted them by the pen of a friend on the
enclosed paper, and you will take them
r I... .1 t. rrit .
inr mini iiihj mio wuriu. ai tuai u miy
thing, and tliey happen to accord with
your own view on the subject, they may
be suggested where it is most likely they
will be well received, but without naming.
or dttignaling in any manner, the source
I am still confined to my bed with my
malady, my debility, and ay age, in
triple alliance against me. Any conva
lesence, therefore, mnst be tedious, not to
add imperfect. With all my good wish
es, James Madi.oh.
Nicholas P. Trist.
Moxtfeuir, Deo. 23, 1832.
Dear Sir: I have received yours of
the 19th, inclosing some South Carolina
papers. There is in one of them some
interesting views of the doctrine ef seces
sion, among which, one that had occur
red to me. and which for the first time I
have seen in print; namely, that if one
8tate can at all withdraw from the others,
the others can withdraw from her, and
tnrn her, noltntem voltnltm, out of the
Union. Until of late there is not a State
that wonld have abhorred such a doctrine
more then Sonth Carolina, or more dread
ed an application of it to herself. The
same may be said of the doctrine of nul
lification, which she now preaches as the
only doctrine by which the Union can be
I partake of the wonder that the men
you name should view secession in the
light mentioned. The essential difference
between a free government, and govern
ments not free, is, that the former is
founded in compact, the parties to which
are mutually and equally bound by it.
Neither of. them, therefore, can have a
greater right to break off from the bar
gain than the others have to hold him to
it. And certainly there is nothing in the
Virginia resolutions of '98 adverse to
this principle, which is that of common
sense and common justice. The fallacy,
which draw, a different conclnsion from
them, lies in confounding a single party,
with the parties to the constitutional com
pact of the United States. The latter
having made a compact, may do what
they will with it. The former, as one of
the parties, owes fidelity to it till released
by consent, or absolved by an intolerable
abuse of the power created. In the Vir
ginia resolutions and report, the plural
number (State.) is in every instance rued,
whenever reference is made to the author
ity which presided over the government
As I am now known to have drawn those
documents, I may say, as I do with a
distinct recollection; that it was intention
al. It was in fact reqaired by the course
of reasoning employed on the occasion.
The Kentucky resolutions, being less
guarded, have been'more easily perverted.
The pretext for the liberty taken with
these of Virginia, is the word "respect
ive"prefixed to the "right, dee.," to be
secured -within the States. Conld the
abuse of the expression bava been fore
seen or sispected, the fornj of it wonld
doubtless have been varied. But what
ran be more consistent with common
sense, than all having the rights, 4c,
should unite in contending for the secu
rity of them to each ?
It is remarkable how closely the nulli
fies, who make the name of Mr. Jefferson
the pedestal for their colossal aeresy, shnt
their eyes and lips whenever bis authority
is ever so clearly and emphatically against
them. Yon have noticed (1) what he
says in his letters to Monroe and Carring
ton (p. 43'and 202, vol. 2d) with respect
to the power of the old Congress to co
erce delinquent States; and his reasons
for preferring for the purpose a naval to
a military force; and-moreover, his re
mark that it was not necessary to find a
right to coerce in the federal articles, that
being inherent in the nature of a compact.
It is high time that the claim to secede
at will should be pat down by the pub
lic opinion, and I am glad to see the task
commenced by one who nnderstsnds the
.ubject (2). l
1 know nothing of what is passing at
Richmond, more than what is seen in the
newspapers. You were right in your
foresight of the effect of passages in the
late proclamation. They have proved a
leaven for much fermentation there, and
created an alarm against the danger of
consolidation balancing that of disunion.
I wish with you the Legislature may not
seriously injure itself by assuming the
high character of mediator. They will
certainly do so, if they forget that their
real influence will be in the inverse ratio
of a boastful incorporation of it.
If you can fix and will namo the day
of your arrival at Orange court house,
we will have a horse there for you; snd
if yon have1 more baggage than can be
otherwise brought than on wheels, we
will send a vehicle for it. Such is the
state of the roads, produced by the wag
ons hurrying flour to market, that it may
be impossible to send our carriage, which
would answer both purposes.
With cordial salutations,
Nicholas P. Trist.
Montpemer, January 20, 1833.
Dear Sir Yours of the 11th was da-
ly received. I am sorry that you conld
not visit ns at the intended time, and still
more so for the obstacles to it. We shall
look for yon at the period yon now have
It gives me pleasure to learn that a re
action (1) is taking place in South Car
olina. Common sense, common good.
and the universal protest, out of the State
against nullification, cannot fail to break
down the party which snpports it. The
coming generation will look back with
astonishment at the infatnation which
conld produce snch a state of things.
You see as qnickly as I do what is go
ing on at Richmond. Among the diver
sified projects of the mediators, it is not
certain which will prevail, and very pos
Bible that they may all sink together. It
would seem that the doctrine of secession
is losing ground; but it has as yet more
adherents than its twin heresy, nullihca
lion, though it ought to be buried in the
same grave with it. Many seem to have
lost sight of the great principle, that com
pact is the basis and essence of free gov
ernment; and that no right to disregard
it belongs to a party till released from it
by canses of which the other parties have
an equal right to judge. (2) In the event
of an irreconcilable conflict, not of rights.
but of opinions and claims of right, force
becomes the arbiter.
With affectionate sanitations,
Nicholas P. Tbist.
Mowtpeuer, August 9, 1833.
Dear Sir I am mnch obliged by
vour favor of the 6th, inst received.
I shall with pleasure welcome
Mr. Davis, (1) should he favor me with
a call. I am glad he is but half wrong
on the two vexed and vexatious subjects,
and that yon have set bim half right on
that half. All real friends to the Union
will finally rally against thou speculative
error, which, assuming a practical char
acter, must subvert it.
We are suffering intensely for the want
of rain. Mr. Randolph must be a favor
ite of the clouds in having had for his
fine crop of corn, received! so critically,
the crowning shower.
I wish you an agreeable and beneficial
trip to the springs, and everything else
that can be so. Mrs. M. offers ber affec
tionate love to Mrs. Trist.
Accept my cordial salutations,
J AXES MaDUOB.
.Nicholas P. Tbist.,
Ccrmso cp thb America Sick. Mab.
The scent of the carcass of onr defunct
Union haa excited the bird, of prey on
every hand. Spain and France have, de
scended on St. Domingo, aad propose to
organise an expedition to Mexico to re
cover that loet gem of the Spanish crown.
And now it is reported that a Mexican
force is msrching.oa Texas, to re-annax
it to Mexico. Certainly Mexico has a
good title, and we wish ber joy at ber
It would make it still mora rich if
Louis Napoleon should take notion to
raaxnex Loaisiaaa to' France, and Flor
ida to Spain. Those provinces having
reverted to their original condition, of
conrse the French and Spanish title, are
revived. Then, probably, England will
want ber colonies back.
The Seccssiov Flab ib thb Right
Place. The Hopkinsville (Ky.) Mer
eurv remarks :
The New Orleans Crescent says that
some of the negroes have Secession flags
nymg on their dirt-carts. Wa are not
surprised at this. Judging from the
number of runaway bills wa have nrihtx".
a meat manv of the niamra era in farnr
at immediate secession. And we really
tninx that a secession flag is far mora
appropriate tor a nigger dirt-cart tbsn
for a 6tate Honte. ' " '
ABTEMTJS WARD AM05Q THE
Hi "YayinE Experience wltn Two
Artemus Ward, in Vanity Fair, gives
some of his experience among the Sha
kers: I sot down to the tableland the female
in the meal bag poured out sum tea. She
sed nothin, and for five minits the only
live thing in that room was a old wood
en clock, which tickt in a subdood and
bashful manner in the corner. This deth
ly stillness made me oneasy, and I de
termined to talk to the female or bust.
So sez I, " marriage is agin your rnle, I
bleeve, marm ?"
"The sexes liv Btrickly apart, I spect?"
" It's kinder singler," sez I, pnttin on
my most iweetest look, and speskin in a
winnin voice, " that so fair a made as
thow never got hitched to sum likely fel
ler." N. B. She was upward of forty,
and homely a. a stumpt fence, bat I thawt
I'd tickil her. r n
"I don't like men," she sed, very
" Wall, I dnnno," .ex I, "they're a
rayther important part of the popnlashun.
I don't scarcoly see how we cood git
along without 'em."
" Us poor wimtnen folks wood git
along a grate deal better if there was no
"You'll excuse me, marm, but I don't
think that air wood work. It woodent
" I'm afeard of men," she sed.
"That's onnecesiary, marm. You
ain't in no danger. Don't fret yourself
on that pint."
" Here we're shet out from the sinful
world. Here all is peas. Here we air
brothers and sisters. We don't marry,
and consekently we have no domestic
diffikilties. Husban. don't aboose their
wives wives don't worrit their husban.
There's no children here to worrit ns.
Nothin to worrit us here. No wicked
matrimony here. Would thou like to
be a Shaker?"
" No," ses I, " it ain't my stile." ,
I had now histed in as big a load of
perviBhuns as I cood kerry comfortable,
and, leanin back in my cheer, commenst
pickin my teeth with a fork. The female
went ont, leavin me all alone with the
clock. I hadn't sot thar long before the
elder poked his head in at the door.
" Yon're a man of sin 1" he aed, and
groaned and went away.
Direckly thar cum in two yonng Sha-,
fceresses, as pntty and slick-Iookin gals
as I ever met. It is trne they was drest
in meal bags, like the old one I'd met
previsly, and their shiny, silky har was
hid from site by long white caps, sich as
I spose female goasts wear; bnt their eyes
sparkled like diminds, thoir cheeks was
like roses, and they was charmin enn 9 to
make a man throw stuns at his grand
mother, if they axed him to. They com
menst clearin away the dishes, castin shy
glances at me nil the time. I got exci
ted. I forgot Betsy Jane in my rapter,
and sez I, " My pretty dears, how are
" We air well," they solnmly sed.
" Whar's the old man ?" sed I, in a
" Of whom dost thow speak brother
" I mean the gay and festive enss who
calls me a man of sin. Shooden't won
der if his name was Uriah ?"
" He has retired."
"Wall, my putty dears," sez I, "let's
have some fun. Let's play pass in the
corner. V hot say 7"
"Air you a Shaker, sir?" they fixed
" Wall, my putty dears, I haven't ar
rayed my proud form in a long weskit
yit, but if they was all Hke you, perhaps
I'd iine 'em. As it is, I'm a Shaker
They was fnll of fun. I seed that at
fust, onlv thev -was a little skeerv. I
tawt 'em puss in the corner, and sich like
plase, and wa bad a nice time, keepm
qniet, of coarse, o the old man shoodent
bear. When we broke up, sez I, " My
pntty dears, ear I go, yon he no objec
shuns, hev 'yon to a innereent kiss at
" Yay," they aed. and I yay'tf. -
Bus or ran West. Illinois would
make forty such States as Rhode Island,
and Minnesota sixty. Missouri is larger
than all New England. Ohio is larger
than all Ireland, or Scotland, or Porta
gal, and eqoal. Belgium, Scotland aad
Switzerland together. Miesoari is more
than half as large as Italy, .and larger
than Denmark. Holland, Belgiom and
Switzerland. Miesoari and Illinois are
larger than England, Scotland, Ireland
and Wale. .
North Caeolum Lkoislatiox. Among
the amendments offered to the revenue
law in the North Carolina. Senate, we
find the following:
" Mr. Barton moved an amendment to
lav a tax of fifty dollars on eongs. He
offered it in 'good faith, for he considered
them the (neatest nuisance known to this
age." Mr. Oatlaw offered an amend
ment that every man that wears a shawl
be taxed one dollar.
One of the lately banded companies at
Charleston is commanded by an Episco
pal minuter, aad has in its ranks ten di
Mono or tee Secedbbs. "LetU. 8.
A NATIONAL HYMN.
Father of our father, hair;
Lead, ob! lead a listening oar;
Thon, who didst oar father ,
Wilt Tkoa not companion have!
Is thi boar of deep distress.
Bo onr sueegth aad tighteoBsae
May not rasaaeu, la aad aiids.
Long oar Oirwad land divide;
Cnnt that we again may sot
Brethren everywhere agree;
May oor people yet appear
Banded at oor father war.
Heavealy Father, grint that
Still may highly favored be;,
Hstiag sin and laving right.
Accepted, Father, In Thy tight;
Whea taeh cloadt a now arise.
Darkening all onr brightest skis
Bid aa fear no tatting ill;
la thy word or "peaeo, bo UII,"
Bid oor strife forever eeate;
My wo live in bond ofpeaee.
Then will wa oar Ftthers bless;
Praise the Lord ia rigbteoataes.
From the Nashville Democrat, Feb. 16.1
Plata Talk About Traitors in Ten-
JEFF. DAVIS AT STEVENS OK WARLIKE.
This inflated bigot made a speech at
Stevenson, on Thursday night, overflow
ing with blood and thunder. Tennessee
is not scared 1 Her sons have seen the
Can Jeff. Davis scare Tennessee? He
says that the Border States will come into
the Cottonocracy in sixty days. We
will simply say, that Tennessee has de
clared for the Stars and Stripes, and that
vile traitors, 6uch as he is, had better be
looking oat for a "safe retreat in some
vast wilderness some contiguity of
space," in which to bide bis head from
an indignant and outraged people.
He boasted of his preparations for war!
This same blusterer, in a speech a few
years ago, ventured to slander the Ten
nessee volunteers. We know what we
say, when we assert that, with all his
bluster, Tennessee conld, if so disposed.
subdue the whole Cottonocracy in a short
time. He calculates now on soldiers of
Tennessee to aid him in his wicked and
fiendish purpose of breaking up this glo
Ho is as proud and as vain as Beelze
bub. He thinks that he holds the "king
doms of the world, and the power there
of," in the hollow of his hand. He is
looking for the English Government to
bow to him. He says the English Gov
ernment will acknowledge the Cottonoc
This is all nonsense. The English
Government, as well as all others, knows
how to treat the flag of the United States,
and so will Jeff. Davis. Let him attempt
to subdue the Federal Government, let
him fire at Fort Sumter, or at any other
fort of the United States, where onr flag
now floats, and he is as sure to be hung
as that the snn will rise to morrow mor
ning, unless he runs like a coward, to a
country beyond the reach of Tennessee.
We know hundreds of men in his seced
ing Cottonocracy, who are ready to tie
the rope for the hangman.
Jeff. Davis has been producing discon
tent and teaching treason, as long as we
can stand it. He has been a vile conspi
rator against his Government for years.
'There is no use in soothing onr people
any longer. Traitors most suffer, unless
they stop their treason. We may be
asked to be patient. How, in the name
of High Heaven, can a man be patient,
when a traitorous flag is flaunted in our
face ? when a traitor comes to our very
border, and talks treason to oar country
He tsiks of sacking cities. Vile rebel!
Inflated bigot! Let him try the Tennes
aeeans, whom be has so basely slandered.
Let him try Nashville. Onr readers
must indulge as a little ; we cannot for
bear to denounce treason : and whenever
we cease to do so, " may onr right hand
forget her cunning."
We bare borne with treason as long
as it is possible to do so. Talk of tear'
ing down onr fair fabric of Government !
Never ! Never ! Jeff. Davis is en the
road to the gallows, and his followers
had better be csreful. An indignant
public will not forever endnrt. insult and
treason-plotting. Wa have lived pros
perously and happily for three-quarters
of a century, and we know that Tennes
see never will give np this free aad bap
py country, , ,
Let this vile traitor aad ait fool min
ion, come. Tennessee never baa forsa
ken the glorious flag of free aad happy
America, aad by the Eternal, ebe never
will ! She haa always conquered the
enemies of the country, aad will again,
if reqaired to do to. This is onr coun
try, and all the powers of earth cannot
fm as to give it np.
Bite. fbPow oentiinon! ear oonttij yet retaaiai!
By that dread nam wa was tbo rword oa high,
Aad (wearier ber to tire with ber to die!
Carl Schori is exclnded from the am
neety granted by the King of Prussia, on
the ground that, having aided in the es
cape of a person from prison, bis offense
was not political.
Tbo Tennessee Legialatare refused to
appropriate a dollar to arm the State.
This Nashville Union, the secession organ
of the Democracy, doesn't like that.
Wo don't think that 8oth Carolina
baa any warrant for ber conduct, bat .he
evidently has good deal of war-rent-
Brigbam Yoengj. said to be a lean
man, but it woaUa'bo-easy to count
bit libi.r-LouavilTe' Jturnal.
WaabiagtOB oa Coarcioa.
We print below, as appropriate read
ing for the day, an extract from -a letter
written by Geueral Washington tp Gov
emotChittenden, of Vermont, dated Jan
uary 1, 1782. The letter was written at
the time when Vermont, witb a Stat
Government' organized under herCrfn
stitntion of 1777, (under which abrewns
afterwards admitted to the Union,) waa
still disputing with .New Hampshire at
to her boundaries. The passage i' ex
tremely interesting, aa throwing- some
light npon Washington's view of the
relations of a State and the limits1 to be
imposed upon its exercise of sovereignty,
even before it had undertaken the obliaa-
tions imposed either by the articles of
Confederation or by the Constitution.
The Utter is to be found in fnll at'thtead
of the second volume of Belknap's His
tory of New Hampshire, and was referred
to at the last meeting of the Massachusetts
Historical Society. The 'passsge now
referred to is aa fellows :
"Yon mnst consider, sir, thst the point
now in dispute is of the utmost political
importance to the future union snd peace
of this great country. The State of Ver
mont, ifacknowledged, will be the first
new one admitted into the Confederacy;
and if suffered to encroach npon the an
cient established boundaries of the adja
cent ones, will serve as a precedent for
others, which it may hereafter be expedi
ent to set off, to make the same nnjnstifi
able demands. Thus, in my private
opinion, while it behooves the delegates
of the States now confederated to do am
ple justice to a body of people sufficient
ly respectable by their numbers, and en
titled by other claims to be admitted into
that confederation, it becomes them also
to attend to the interests of th.ir constit
uents, and see that, nnder the appearance
of justice to one, they do not materially
injure the rights of others.
"I am apt to think this is the prevail
ing opinion of Congress, and thst your
late extension of claims has, npon tho
principle I have above mentioned, rather
diminished than increased yonr friends;
and that, if such extension should be per
sisted in, it will be made a common
cause, and not considered as only affect
ing the rights of those States immediate
ly interested in the loss of territory; a loss
of too serious a nature not to claim the
attention of any people. There- is no
calamity within the compass of my fore
sight, which is more to be dreaded than
a necessity of coercion on the part of Con
gress; and consequently every endeavor
shonld be used to prevent the execution
of so disagreeable a measare.. It matt
involve the rain of that State against
which the resentment of the others is
pointed." Boston Advertiser.
Fbaxk Blair ib WASHiHaroar. The
Washington correspondent of the 'New
York Herald gives the followingof Frank
Frank P. Blair should be voted the
thanks of the President and tho Cabinet
for the truly self-sacrificing manner in
which he haa taken charge of the Missonri
appointments. No expectant from that
btato ever tbmks of troabhng himself
abont the good will of the Executive and
the heads of the different departments.
Frank is tbeir man. His word is too
"se-tame" that opens to them the door
to place and profit. When he says "I
will appoint you." or "I have appointed
you," as he not unfrequently does, they
know that his dietnm is equivalent to a
commission duly signsd and sesled; and
for this reason, probably, it is said that
whenever Frank is seen in publie, bis
left coat pocket i. stuffed fall with appli
cations', and his right ont witb comaua
ions for offices west of the Missonri riv
er. Verily, Frank baa got to be a power
in tho land.
Ahekicaw Newb AiaoAD. A letter
writer from Italy says :
"Onr papers are foil of American
news, with a liberal addition of editorial
comments. In order to show bow well
posted they are, I will mention that tho
papers oi yesterday informed ns that tbo
military forces of the State of Mobile had
taken possession of tbo Federal forts at
Havana; also, that the Bepnblican party
wonld prevent the inangnraeioo of Lin
coln by force of arms; also, that tho
slavery question was only tbo nominal
reason for the treasonable proceedings ia
Honta Carolina, aa there wen verr few
slaves ia tbo State. All these items are
from our French pspers. Tbo aativo
papers are of conrse ranch' further from
the troth." - ' ',
"The New York World a paper-that
tries very hard to be conservative say.,.
ia relation to the Savannah speed) -of the
Hob. A. H. Stephana :
This speech eaght to eeaviaot every
rational Northern maa of tbo. attar see
Ieesness of endeavoring to propitiate- and'
satisfy tho Cotton States by 'concession.
No concession, short of aa absatata-' tar
render, no approach, abort of a literal as
similation, can content. It willaerloa
ger answer simply to to!rat slavery, bat
wa most make it the fuadaaeatal law of'
onr political existence aad oaf tnareajo-
Malicious. The fraternal advieo, of
the Providence Journal to Kansas is:
" Now, young sister State, don't yon go
and secede before wo have bad a- obanee
to tpoad a few millions oa yon.""
A "gentleman of veracity" aesefte
that be eaw a korse'e nose frozen in.
while drinking at a trosgb, at Portland,
Maine, last week-
- picapiraxitn rrom lie orow.