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SOL. MILLER, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER.
VOLUME IV.NDMBER 43. ,
THE CONSTITUTipfl'AND THE UNION.
i TERMS $2.M PEE AXSDM, IS ABTANCK.
1 tl WHITE CLOUD, KANSAS THURSDAY, MAY 2, 1861.
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SbV &maV femV (4 J ' Iflf A
&mt f Mtxn.
the; call me a tbaitor, sow.
Tha folio win lisci were ari.ed by itctaf an oM
ma latently i.nc t t-w American flag, ai ft floated
froM tW (U foa of tba boftlt to Ma tophi.. "I lif."
i(Jbt,"tn MuntWppl, wbTe thy tml lei 11,11 fljfb
raited; bat I lave that flag; I bore It tfaroojh the Indian
wars, and at 5w Orleaai. nader Uaaaral Jacktoa. I am
ixty nfat years of ag. I was born and raitad In Ibis
Futa. My father, an old Revolutionary soldier, was ont
of tb earlfeit settlers. Mycoontry has been very good
ta me, aad fare roe tha land I love. My eoantry I love.
I lova Tenasnte; I am sorry 1 arrer Hit her. I want to
lira where that flag waves. I don't like tba peep! of
Mississippi; Ujr tallmt frailer, naar
t have borne that flas; In early years,
To tonqntr a savage foe,
Whose ravaging deeds on or then froalltri,
Droegbt terror, death, and woe.
And how wa suffered, mld toil and pwo,
Tit history will tell yon bow;
Yet those whose peace those wars did gain,
Can call aae a traitor now.
1 bore that flsg In New Orleans,
Which eitys doom was thought
Beyond the power of patriot means,
rc the glorious Eighth was foeght;
Bat when I caw to tfe Stripes and bun
The British Lion bow,
X little tbooght, in my gratefnl prayers,
To be tailed a traitor now.
No Felitan flag was beard of then;
No moon's lone star was fonnd;
No Palmetto bush, with Its shaggy stem,
And the serpent coiled arannd;
Hot the Stars and Stripes alone remained
' And pray, can yon tell me how,
That he who bora that flag, tmstaincd,
Can b called a traitor nowl
Ob, had I remained in my native State,
Where my chieflam's grave is made;
Or bad I been doomed to a simi lar fate.
And my bones near bis been laid;
Or had he. been spared for lua roantry'a good,
I am sore he'd not allow
Tbnta fiianda who in arms by him bad stooJ,
feboold be branded as traitors now.
Hat Hby, in my , am I thus assailed!
lo my name why pjlj thititalnf
Hare I to my country ever failed.
Or to society proved a bane
No' no such charge or kindred crime
Can he stamped on my furrowed trow;
But, became rebellion I matt decline.
They call me a traitor now.
Bot yet. in my heart, I can't deinatr
.My eoantry, so free and upri '
Whose toils and innmpbl helped to share,
Forages will yet rndore.
When n. admen cease, and calm react.
And reason their minds rado.
They II tbea these cruel wordi re met.
That make me a ttaitor now.
THE FATAL SILVER BULLET.
A REVOLUTIONARY STORY.
In thn summer ami nntntnn of 1777.
while Sir William Howe, wilh a flee
and part of the royal army, whs lying at
New York, Gen. Burgoyne, with hi ar
ray, were advaucing from Canada to Al
The object and design of the enemy
was to possess themselves or Like Cham
plain, with the whole of the HuiImiii
and thereby to cut off ull intercourse and
cummunicution between the Eastern and
Southern States. For the purpose ol
watching the motions and annoying the
operations of the hostile armies. General
Washington had hired small bodies ol
troops to be stationed at Finn Mill, Red
Iluok, Grcenbush, and several other pi
ces on the eat side of the river between
Albany and New York, with strict or
ders to take up and examine all stran
gcra travelling np and down the river,
either by land or water, and if detected
in espionage or employed in communi
cating information between the Biitish
armies, to be punibbed according to the
rales of war.
About the first of September, a pedes
trian 'passing northwardly was hailed
and stopped by a sentinel 'of the jnard
placed at Red Hook, and commanded by
Capt. John Man. field, of Connecticut.
The man was abont thirty years of age.
and clothed in :he habit of a farmer. He
was condncted to the guard honse. Capt.
M. inquired of him his name, tho place
of bis residence, as well as that to which
he was going, his business there, etc.
He replied by giving a name, and sta
ted that he belonged to the place above
Red Hook, and was a farmer, that he
was now on his way to the next town
above, with a view to purchase a pair'of
oxen, from a farmer of his acquaintance
living there. " '
He wag asked whether lie had abont
him any letter of communication from
Lord Howe or any other British officer
at New York, addressed to Gn. Bur
goyne or any other British officer in the
army, to which he promptly answered in
Capt. M. then told htm that such were
the orders of his snoerior officer, that it
became his doty to search the 'person of
every traveller un'ler similar circnmstan
ces, to which he replied 1 'had no ob
iectiom to being starched.
Capt. M. then directed two or three of
joegnard to take off his coat and exam
me the Dockets, folds, linin?. and everv
other part critically. While this was
doing, one of the guard observed the
prisoner to pass his hand with a qnick
mot'on from his vest tiocket to his month
The search however continued, and was
finished without nr discover? " Mrh
would justify the fnrther detention or the
prisoner. "Capt. M. was then informed
w U sQspieioui tireamaUacf noticed by
the gnard What waa now to be loue ?
Strong suspicion had, attached ithcir to
the stranger, hnt no-positive proor had
yet made it appearanre against him.
An expedient soon anggested itself-to
the ready thought of the Yankee Cap,
tain. He observed to the prisoner, "we
luve detained you on your journey for
some irngin 01 time, anil jsui.jecteti you
to a pretty, stria examination. I feel
bound lytihe rules of civility to treat you
to a bowl, of toddy before yon proceed
on, and if yon will drink with us yon
shall be made welcome." The man was
pleased uith the invitation, and readily
accepted it. The Captain took upon
himself the office of bar keeper, and soon
prepared the toddy. To make tt genu
ine and to answer the purpose for which
he wanted it, he stirred iu a good and
efficient dose of, emetic taitar. Our
strangpr being thirsty and somewhat fa
tigned by travelling, drank very freely
ot the beverage, while the captain and
others prebent barely tasted and passed
A free conversation soon commenced
between the stranger and his sew ac
quaintances. He enquired of Capt. M.
the number of men under his command,
and at the different military stations
above Red Hook, whether they were fur
nished with field pieces of any kind of
cannon what number of sentinels were
placed on the watch at a time how of
ten, and what time in the night they re
lieved, tc. ,
Abont twelve or fifteen minutes after
the toddy went round and went down,
our guest began to grow pale and look
wild. "Something," said he, "i the
matter with me I feel very sick at my
stomach all at once 1" He rose imme
diately from his seat and went into the
wooil yard, where a quantity of .chips
were lying, and soon began to vomit
He was carefully watched by Captain
M. and several of the guard, and wai
seen by them to draw tvith his foot n
parcel of chips over the matter emptied
frorrubis stomach, before he returned in
to the liouae. While he was rinsing his
mouth in the house. Captain M. directed
a search to be made among thn chips,
where was soon found a silver ball of the
sixe of a small musket bullet, mde by
two pieces of vsrv thinly plated silver,
bent round and lightly sol lered tngethor.
Enclosed in this fatal bullet was found
n letter nn a sheet of silk paper, signed
by Lord Howe, addressed to Gn. Bur
gom. giving information respecting the
situation nf the royal fleet and army at
New York, and requesting advice from
the General by the bearer, what progress
he was making vith th army under hi
command towards Albany, at which
place he hoped and expected soon to meet
him. The bearer, of rourse, waa ron
tinnrsd in custody, and a court martial
apredilv formed, bv whom, nn lit clear
est evidence of guilt, the unfortunate
prisoner was convicted, sentenced, and
A Few of the Latest from Prentice.
The Southern Confederacy has levied
a dntv of 82 per ton nn ice. They seem
determined not to "keep cool" down
If onr Kentucky secessionists, impa
tient of delay, want to hurry np disnninn,
why don't thev. in imitation of the hold
spirits nf the South, rob the arsenal at
Frankfort ami the barracks at Newport ?
Mr. Breckinridge says he owes all that
he is to Kentnckv. He certainly doesn't
owe it to her that he is a disnninnist.
She has no sort of disposition to claim
to be his creditor upon that score.
Green peas are selling in Charleston.
South Carolina, at two dollar a peck!:
Gov. Pickens, please send a peck 'of
peas to Maj. Anderson with onr compli
ments, and yon shall have' the Louisville
Journal a year.
We are against coercion, hnt we have
no doubt that if South Carolina were ro;
ercerl into the Union, the event would
create a greater amount of secret joy
within her own borders than within those
of any other State.
The Memphis Avrlanehe ty that
"the guns of Jefferson Davi stalk before
Mr. Lincoln's diseased vision." We
never heard of guns stalking before. They
have got no legs to stalt with, and we
don't suppose they can stalk with their
We are authorised to say, that if the
seceding States will return to their loyal
ty, they will be welcome to ,take their
old place in the Union and no questions
The United 8tate troop" at' Fort
Rrnwn. in TetM. recfutlT performed
at the secession oigan at Austin waxes
furious, indignantly rtvlrog those evolu
tions a sort of "coercion." The eeceamon
n.rrv nntfht to have tWO asylnHH. '
three miles sqnate. one of them for its
man men auu wwi i -
Me rtunin. the New York hatter, paid
a thonsand dollars premium, for the hon
or of baying the first ticket ol; at an.
.: rv,, .Tenn T.ind's first concert; Cm-
.:. x rin1t,a tha Rnstnnlsinffer. a few
ri. afterwards, iiaid eight hundred dol
lars for a similar honor; andVe now see
.!.. . M.n in thn Snmh has Daid 23 per
cent, premium for the notoriety of taknfg
the'firat Sl.000 bond to he ioned by the
Southern Uonfeleracy. iuese o.
fire-eaters have learned aonuUiiBg from
tKTuifw, After all.
THE GALLAHT BASQUE. '
Oareaasrrf It fttUnt bars;,
Af (tlltst uimrn ana hrri
Tbt Ejl tpirit makti htr flu M,
Th Eagle! wittf lir bannrr.
Where Heaven snbtd. Its boandlen Mae,
Where winds nnit warei caa bear her,
Ber etce in thaniVr peaki Is raloia.
That, hall a r, (till mill fro her!
FMm thirty empires tinted in me,
Phe lakes her sirenrth and (tore,
Ami aakea rjM-rrti "hunk the sna,
Mrtt tike a soahke story,
la peace, she rrvps Ike tirenjth of war;
In war. her tiassinn ever
Is still to save Trim Atea. who fain
Would peace and freedom terer.
This, with the jriant's mirht endowed,
No riant will dpnle her.
Ofstrvnrth and wisdi'SB jaitlrrrnaJ,
Nn loji'ted re aim onliraid her:
She heeds no nock f fnes who hate,
Bat steers with prorrers xreily.
For thoe who hail wllh cheers elate
for those with csr,es ready.
Oh' gallant harnve. if errr thus,
Thy path Is rieht pnrnlnr.
No hoctile hate can rer the rock.
Or waee, so work the rain.
Tha seas shall own thr pro-ress wide.
The realms of earth and r'srr;
An I with his itaity rnnrrh of pride.
The son shall write thy stury.
From the New Y.irk Post. J
THE SLOPE COEEESPONDEKCE.
The Southern T.oan in the London Mar
ket Negotiations Declined.
We are indebted to Messrs. Slope it
Co., hankers in London, for a copy ol
their letter to Mr. Crawford, a bunker in
Charleston, S. C. in answer to his prop
osition for the negotiation of the loan in
the London money market, of the "Con
federate States of America." for Cfteen
millions of dollars.
Our readers will remember the letter
of Mr. Crawlord. published in our papei
in the first of March last.
The letter we now iive is creditable to
the hmnci'il judgement of Messrs. Slope
& Co , and v ill convince our readers that
the Sont hern reMlion has no sympathis
er in Great Britain.
The irifl tig eirors of Mr. Crawford's
t.orieondeniH in regard to the gcogra
phy or the United btates do not in th
least diminish onr respect for their old
fashioned British loyalty and sound piin
viples. These we pass over with complacency.
The writers have, however, dune good
servite to the people of the United Slates
in giving permanent record to thu nuni'
of the man who N the admitted and his
torical nssailaut of his country'a Hag
Let his name be lorever execrated.
Bishopsqatb Strekt Withix, )
1-i.ndon. M in 1.22. 186L f
J. Singleton Crawford. Etq , Banker,
Ciurlislon, S U :
Dear Sit: We have the honor to ac
knowledge the receipt of your favor ot
he 28ib ultimo, asking from tit our
viena as to theprobiluliiy ol the success
fill negotiation or a loan of fifteen mil
lions ot dollars, soon to lie issued by the
Confederate States of America, iu this
maikrt, and offeiing to onr house the
agency of that Government for the pur
We feel duly honored hy the otter you
have made, hut in the present condition
o' things in your country we must le
speftlully decline your propositions.
We are, not in the habit of accenting
propositions of this nature from persons
unknown to us, anil as we never hail the
favor of any previous communication
from you. and do not know anything ol
the character and standing of your linne,
we leei jnsuneu in ueciining your oner.
As to any success of vonr Confederate
loan as yon pleaie to term it in tin-
uon'ion money maraei. we auvise you ai
once to ai.andon all hope or expectation
on that point. The peoide here have al
ready suffered losses enongh in the taking
of tha bonds ol Florida. Miijppi. Ec
uador. Pernatnbuco. Patagonia. Arfcan
sas, and other of your "Gulph Stales."
and they do not, at present, feel inclined
to rene.v their acquaintance with you
again in money mailers on the generous
terms heretofore proposed even if yon
were not, as you now are, in open rebel
lion against the legitimately constituted
Government of the United States.
We therefore repeat that you ran have
no snecess here, in London, in the negn
tiation otyoiir proposed loan. Our sen
tor hail an interview with lon) t'ai ment
ion on the subject of your letter, and he
asaated him that it ia tha unanimous tie
termination ofr Her Majesty's Govern
ment to discourage any effort on the part
of the C. 8. A. lo procure .mquey bete,
and yon may rely upon it that he is in
It ia lamentable that a person of your
apparent financial sagacity could enter
tain, for a rnoment, an idea thaf the ucu
rity to 'he offered for the loan by the "C.
8. A.," would enable yon to negotiate it
here, and by Englishmen too. who have
thegreateat abhorrence of dithonrtty.
The mortgage yon proprase upon the
fort, arsenals, custom houses, mints, and
all other property which hia "fal en into
your possession." is intensely ludirrona.
How this property fM into Trir hand
we are informed by your papers, but we
have bo iiea that esr nosey shall B
into yonr hands --without some bettet
pleilges than the ones, yon propose.
The transfer of' Florida to trustees I
and the pledge of the "faith and honor"
of Mississippi, are equally rulicnloiis.
Indeed, all persona to whom we have ex
hi hi tel yonr letter regard the propositions
aa the lst joke of lite season, and pro
poe to get np a fan-eiat 'Dreary Lane
Theatre, tit be entitieil '"Th C. S. A..
or a New Way lit Secure New Debts."
The fact is, if yonr banking house is
not a tit-til ion creation, then we conclude
that its head is destitute of those princi
ples which would justify n in holding
fnrther communication with him.
A few words more, and we shall con
elude all we have to say on the silt je.t.
The British people can have no confi
dence in a Government at the head of
wnich ia it man who approved and justi
tied the vilest repudiation ot State iaith
and honor on recoid.
We have his written and printed de
clarations of the fact., an I as we aie per
feclly cognizant nf all the circumstance
connected with that violation, we feel at
liberty to invite your clo-eat attention to
it, and now send you copies of the deiia
ions of your ronrts and the repents ol
popular meetings sustaining snch desci
tons. The judges who made them, the
popular orators wliosu-t'.ineil them, have
since been Governors, diplomatic repre
setatives to Europe, and lat and least,
one of Idem ia Presi lent of a Confedera
ted Government that deludes itelf with
an idea that a vegetable fibre, which no
Americm can eat, is the pabulum tipou
whiih Englishmen feed, and ulucli sus
tain them and keeps them all noble
men, bankers, and peasants from the
workhouse. There's pluck enough in
England left, th-.uk Ilea en to live with
out slave cotton und'to refuse "C. S A."
bonds. ' "
We can hardly end here ; for we havp
something more to say, and tlietefore ex
ten I our lonespomlence wnh n banker,
"the character and credit of whoe honsa
we have no information of." Let u
There is nothing so revolting to an
Etiglishm m'a loyally as treixin. There
ia nothing so unpardonable to him as the
mult ot him who comd fire on his coun
try ' flair.
We have the assurance tint one Mor
gan did that deed. Hid he been elected
President of the C. S. A., we should not
have been surprised, as ell lint is true
uid loyal to ti nation seems to have met
I he ssme fate as the claims of the British
bond holders or Mississippi and Florida
Rut the race is not to the swift. Repn
.'latora are honored where traitors are
If yon do not regard onr opinions with
respect, smd yonr loan to some pli mi
banker here; and learn, as very soon you
will, i he value of honesty and the opinion
uf our countrymen.
With rtnall respect, we are, as ever,
.st.PE Si Co..
Bishopsgate Street Within.
Got. Pickf.xs Hkar Plus Talk.
A Cii- r es-on rrespon lent ea"s :
Military estrediencr so stii.-tly rules
even the Press that many a fine thing i
thn lot to t e world. wh swear bv
the Palmetto. Take the following choice
morsel. It occurred the early pirt of
he week. A tall planter, from the np
countiy. appeared lefore his excellency
and sohcteil an appointment as Lieuten
mt. Captain or U ijur in the South Car
olina army :
Gov. Pickens "Have yon ever seen
sen ice. sir ?"
Planter 'Mo, sir."
Gov. P. "Have yon been at West
Point, or any other military school ?"
Planter "No. sir."
Gov. P. "Have yon ever been in anv
way connected officer with the local mi
Planter "No. Wr."
G'ov.-P. "I think, sir. yon mnt yield
to those who'have snperior, claims."
Planter "I say. Governor did the peo
pie ask yon any such questions More
they elei iel you ? because if they did. I'll
Iip d I if I see how yon gut into the
Gv. P. ( To hi grinning r ilet)
"Show this gentleman at once to the
Hadd Fame or Cast TcviiEastK Ss
CESsiMsT8. East Tennessee is evident
ly no place for Secessionists, whether the
billowing letter from Kuoxville to the
Montgomery (Ala.) Advertiser ia to be
believed or not :
Here we have had the very devil to
fight. We had to tight him in every
form, and in every conceivable attitude.
Many of oar number have been burnt,
and hnnr. and kicked in effigy. We
have been brauded and treated as traitors
in some instances our orators forbidden
to speak, and not unfteqnently pelted
with rotten eggs ! Iu one locality in this
region, women, monnted on an ox wagon,
and dn'ving the team tbemlve, carried
the flu of one of Tour most' talented
lawyers, and hnu hw up to the limb of
a tree in the wood! At the same time
and plat they hung another clever gen
t lent n. rat hita .town, and then kicked
hint higher than a kite. - - -
Four or five hundred penple'ara daily
dyimj of hunger iu the n-rtiiwetera prov
inces of India.' Horrible!.
Tfena Saliih is still alie, and InrVing
among the Nepasl kills, watching his ou
MY NATIVE LAND.
Thtwy jnj ia ntlirr elimri b font).
Their parrr Jot . homt;
And I th wor! I mi;Ht wan tr roond
In ilifitnt etimet might roaai
Dot after to my snat b koowa,
Upon a U tgn trand,
Tbt peace. ili hope. t!-e pride I ova,
In ibis, bj biIt land.
Thou other 6eUrmv bv n grtta.
And nther kie ft blue:
And nilier fares fir b taten.
An I heart l foand aa tfna;
Ob be it rated bv mllJett rule.
Or swayed by lawless hand.
Whhjor, wilh pride, what r betid.
Ill lore my native land.
SOUTH CABOLINA IH EARLIER
The Warn la.-of 178S nnd the Treason
We have been much interested in a
eoiviirreiice to the debate in the Legis-l-ittiieand
Convention ot Smith Caioliu
on the adoption of the Federal Constitu
tion, as repotted by Jonathan Elliot.
The part icipiuta were chielly men of
great ability, and uot a few tanked iiiuug
the foteuiost statesmen of the day. Ol
such honored fathers the present abort
sighted an I traitorous politicians of the
Palmetto State aie sadly degeuerate sous.
A tithe of the wNdotu and sag icily ilis
tingtli-liing their progenitots would have
aed them the ligrcelul position they
now occupy in the eyes of lite entire civ
ihzed world. The debates in question
were, as onr readers may remember, pio
tracted through many days, and marked
by gieit r.igniiy of exptrasiou and bin
eerily of purpose.
We are tempted to quote several strik
ing p.isiige in timely illustration of the
ttii n ai ktiou ledged condition of the
Southern States, mid tlie jn-tness of their
position under the Feleral Constitution.
Edwanl I Jul ledge, tor instance, iuisieil
that they had iheir lull shaie in the House
it Representatives. "The Contitution
has provided tor the census ol tbu people,
and the htllnber of Representatives was
to be duelled by the number of people
in the several btates; th.s clause wa"
highly favorable to :he Southern inteiest
Several ol the Northern States weie al
ready full of people. It teas olheiwi.
with us; the migration to the South iv
immense, and we should in thetourse u
a lew years rise high iu our represent a
tion. whilst At her States would keep theii
present iiositmn. (jteiulenieii thouhl
carry their views into futurity."
1 his is pleasant as shotving the hope-
fulness of the honorable gemleinan, but
rathtfr damaging in the present atate ol
fftirs, to his prophetic ability.
Much has been said of lute concerning
the sufficiency nf I lie Southern Slates loi
self-goveuinient. Tbo vvoid ol General
Cllirles Coateswoith Pilickney iu the
South Carolina L'gislatme. .lanuatv IC,
1788. have lost none ol their loice by the
lapse of half a century. In reply to Mr.
Lowndes, Mr. Pinckney said:
The honorable gentlemen alleges that
the Southern Sate aie weak. I since e
ly agree with him. We are so weak that
by oiirselve we could mil foitn a Union
trong enough for the purpose of e fleet u
allv ptotecting each other. Without
onion with the other Stales, South Car
iliua must soon tail. Is thste any on
imoiig us so much a Q lixote as to sup
pose that this Stale could long maintain
her independence if she stood alone, oi
was only connected with the Southern
State ? I scarcely believe there is. Let
an invading poa-er send a naval force in
to the Chesapeake, or keep Vitginia in
alii in to attack South Camlina with such
a naval and milils'y lorce a Sir Henri
Clin'nn brnnght here in 170. and though
iln-y tniulit tint soon conquer ns, tier
would certainly do us an infinite ilral ol
mischief, and il they . OHSiderably index
ed their numbers, ne should probably
fall. Aa from the iiatuie ol onr climate
and the fewness of our inhabitants wo
are in lonbtedly weak, shonld we not en
deavor to lorin a clo-e union with the
E lalern States, who arestmtig?"
Again', speaking of the Ei-tern States,
the same gentleman n-ed tlte-e words :
"They can enji? tlieir independence
without onr asisance."
Snch 1 man ige gives the lie to the fre-
.nent aeition that at its ado lion the
Federal Con-tuntion was considered ol
feiiive and unfair to the Sonth.
For the benefit nf tho misguided in
dividnils who prate about the snperinr
strength and valor nf the South in revo
lutionary times, we present the following
tribute to the North, from the speech of
When the arm of oppression lay
heavv on ns. were they ( ih" Eastern
States- not Hie brt to arouse themselves!
WherVthe sword of civil discord was
drawn, were they'not the first in the fieht?
When war llelnged their plain with
blood, did they demand the Southern
troops to the defense of the-Noitli? No!
Or when war floated to the South did
ther withhold their assistsare? The an
swer wan the msb.'. When we atoo.1
with the spirit, but weakne of yonth.
thy supported na with the vigor and
prndenr of age. Whti our Vountry
was auMiie.! when ouf ritixe snhmit-
.. . ". ,
ts to superior power, it-was then the
States evinced theiratraehnientr J le saw
not a man who did not know "that the
shackles nf the South went hntkea asun
der the arena af the Jort'''"v
I bis a nooia iaaimHj..!,'", .'"rs
nsnimitv of the North, which the chival
ry wonM do wll to remember. And
sssuJss 'the dwakies seatisaeBU sow
vauntinglv promnlged in the Palmetto
Stte, how wise and suggestive the fol
lowing judgment utteied by the gifted
statesman and patriot Charles Pinckney,
(one of the delegate of the Federal Con
vention.) in his address to the South
"it mnst ne ntivions, that without a
superintending Government, it is impos
sible that the liberties nt this country can
long be -ei-ured. Single and unconnect
ed, how wek and contemptible are the
Inrtrest of onr Slates! How nnahle to
protect themselves irnm external or do
mestic insult! How incompetent to Na
tional purposes would even paitial union
lie! How liable to intestine wars and
cnufuioii! How litt.e able to secure the
blessing of peace."
"iet n. tnereinre, tie carelul in
fctrengthsniiig the Union!"
Here are warnings which South Cam
lina should have profited by. and which.
coming fiom one of her own sons, she
'nght to have respected. Thev were
quite aa applicable iu 1860 as in 1788.
Who Makes Wart
We live nn ler a Government based on
a written Constitution. Th t Constitu
tion require every functionary and ( on
occasion) every citizen to Miuport und
uphold it. It expresly prescribes that
all duties and imports shall be uniform
throughout the Union. The President.
on Ins iniiigmation, takes a solemn oath
. r i. . i it- i ' .
u ruiurcn ion laws, ne lays peijury lo
hi soul if he does not in good failh en
deavor to do so. To let the ie venue iro
incollected nn half our seaboard, is to
paralyse and ultimately preclude its col
lection anywhere. To allow rebels and
traitors to intercept anl misipprnpnate
thoe revenues i even-worse thin to let
them remain uncollected. A Govern
ment that would tamely snbmit to tin
roiifee ttsclf a hiinibiig and a hatard.
Either govern or abdicate, is the obvious
lictjte of common dccciicv.
I a highwayman were to poke his rifle
and his heail into a stage coach and tie
mind the passengers' wallets an I purses.
under penally of death, who could blame
i hat passenger who resisted, as a peace
lueiker and a liloodhe Ide. ? Who
would not say to any remonstrant, "Ad-
Itess onrsell to the miliar it ise who
lueaks the pence not the brave defenuer
of property and righ: 7
Theie is no peace there can be none
on any other basis than that of temped
for constituted authority tin I submission
to law, Thev who ilefv the legally con
stiinted authorities who break and
trample down the laws who have stolen
i be pioperly and fired at the flag of the
Union are. before (Sod and man, re
sponsible for whatever of bloo Ished may
result from their wiikeil rebellion.
Let n have peace in-tant, perfect.
I.winir peace; but only on the basis ol
iibnii-sion nnd obedience to the laws.
That obedience we have all sworn to ren
ler it i our simple duty to render it
it is the imperative duty of the Govern
ment to require it. Peace, on the b.isi
ol letting every one who chores defy the
laus. resist the laws, trample on the laws.
wonld be a stupendous lie. a hideou
mot kety. That i not peace which leads
inevitably through lawlessness to anar
Who are for the Union, the ConMitn
lion, and the enforcement nf the laws?
Lt them show it in the crisis now. upon
us! 1 honsanda have been talking of
heir devotion to the Union; now let
them back their words by deeN! The
Government fa about to vindicate its right
to exist to assert its authority and set
inrin us power, wi lis aee wno stands
by it. and who piopoe to substitute the
Spanish American reign of pronunaa-
mektot ud revolution for the peaceful
supremacy of law ! Mark the men who
prove reireant in thi hour of onr couu
try, trial! .V. F. TTorW.
Sr.CRKTlVK.VESS OPTHE AuMIWSTRATIOf.
A Wasliiugtou letter writer ha the
The new Administration keep their ae
crets very . lo-. and it ia impossible to
get hold or Tai ts enongh to predicate a
policy upon. This ia verv unlike Bu
vhanan and hia crew, for they allowed the
New ork tlerabl every morning (o giva
the foil letails of the yesterday a Cabinet
qnarrel, and the President always seemed
delighted whenever the report was accn
ratel.Vgiyen. thongh it might reflect no
creiiu upon himeir. Air. Lstneoln man
sues his nffairp with more prudence -nd
statesmanship. He keeps almost evety
lung that transpires at the White Hnne.
lo luiiiself. and the raemhers of the Can
met aie aa reticent as himself. Doubt
les thia i an excellent thing for tlie
ctinniryatIaige.Jint.it ia vexations to
the newspipars and llfirenrresporrdents,
who find it hard lo knaw wbat-tbe Ad
miniatratioti ia driving at.
Tnc Dakocr r' Wobkixo Caskxatb
Gens. A Charleston correspondent of
the New Voik Commercial Advertiser
In presence of tha fact which haa been
staled ia'fefeieBi-e to "the assault npon
Savastnpo namely, that the men who
workcl the gnus in casemates had to be
Trlieved every twenty tetanies, and rnl-
Ims.1i with aJcoaeolp the oilier fact, that An
dersoa and his, men fired from the case.
niatea.for twelve hours without, being re-
llieve.1. while.lhs shocks of their guns
were resiue-I' 3aVr eailea from . Humter,
what must hav iseen.the effect upon the
men in .tltese, narrow casemate-.? It ta
certainly, wonder that,, they were not
anatiarsa to piece-.
From Forney's Philadelphia Press.
A Manly Article A Douglas Dsmosraf
oa ths Ctisis.
Some months ago our correspondent,
'Occasional," created considerable alarm
in certain quarters, by calling npoa ths
people of Pennsylvania to pnt themselves
in a condition of military preparatiosr;
He referred to the almost inexhamtibtS
resources of onr people, and particularly
to the fact that many thousands could be
spared without interfering with those en
gaged in producing and mannfactnrinf
the necessaries of life, and in providing
for our commerce with other Stater and
nations. He alluded to the charaetcriatio
martial spirit of Pennsylvania, tor ths
gallantry of onr fathers in the Revolution!
the self sacrificing conduct of the womea
ol that day, and to the spontaneous exhi
bition of patriotism of the descendants of
such parents, in the second war with
England, nnd the late conflict with Mex
ico. In the last struggle we not only of
ficered five times moie regiments than
Gov. Sliunk waa permitted to receive by
President Polk, but supplied from the
ranks of those who were so disappointed
in not being able to march from their
own State, many hundreds of men to eke
nut the regiments of Virginia and other
Commonwealths. The cause of this ap
peal was, even at that early day, an an
ticiDated attack upon the Federal Capital
in the event of Mr. Lincoln's election!
Subsequent occurrences have signally fnl
filled the predictions, and signally vindi
cated the policy shallowed forth of ear
ever vigilant correspondent. If we are
not on the eve of war if the Border
States are not on the threahhold of retir
ing from the Union if the Capital of
our country ia nut at thia moment in im
minent danger; it will only be because
the Secessionists have become alarmed at
the magnitute of the preparations of tha
Federal Government, and at the raani
fest determination of that Government,
after abnn lant indications of its disposi
tion to await the exhibition of a peaceful
-pit it at the South, to maintain its au
thority at all and every hazard. Ths
Legislature of Pennsylvania is still in
session, and recent indications should
teaih it the perfotmance of the long neg
lected duty of preparation. Even ths
Republicans, animated by the motive
that it it was better to wait the issue of
events than to hurry to a warlike conclu
sion, resisted every step that contempla
te.! the reorganisation of the volunteers
and the militia of Pennsylvania. But a
new and different question ia now present
ed, mot onl v u the Uauital of onr conn-
try endangered, bnt little donbt ia enter
tained that conspiracies are hatching is
onr midst, and that the success of treason
in the Southern Slates begins to make it
respe. table. Even in certain quarters in
Pennsylvania, men are to be found on ths
corners of onr streets justifying secession,
applauding resistance to the lawn, iangh-
ug at every pacific proffer, and even pre
dict:ng that this" old Commonwealth will
join her fortnnes with those whose edifice
of Government ta based upon that want
of tiatriotim she has never exhibited;
that repudiation she has always -scorned; -and
th it rebellion, which, aa her own
history shows, waa crushed ont on her
western border nnder the lead of George
Washington himself. It is, therefore,
not a qnestion whether we shall he pre
pared for trouble, but whether we shall
basely fly before the apprehension ,of
trouble. The Government demands ths
aid of all its trne friend; tee mnst It' for
the Ourernnemt. or agoiiut tht s7orcr
mint. Let it be remembered that the
piesent administrators of the Government
have taken no step lo coerce any State
in the Union, or to force any Stato back
into the Union. They have even, for
want of power, refrained from the collec
tion of revenues, and their whole object
in their present preparations is tor main
tain a defensive altitude. If Fort Pick
ens is herd, as it will be held, this 'results
from a determination to prove that ws
till have a Government, and that every
effort looking to peace on the part of ths
Administration haa been responded lo by
new outrages on the part of those who
now may be attacking that fortress.. Toe
Democratic masses of Pennsylvania are,
therefore, called npun to stand by, the
Administration of Mr. Lincoln in ths
new attitude it haa assumed. If we have
any Uuion, that Administration i-ita
lepresentative. There is no other, unless
we strike hands with I hose who have
bankrupted our merchants, , interrupted
onr commerce, and broken down . oar
manufactures. The whole case is. with
the people, and if they will look- at the
facts as we have detailed them, we have
no doubt that they will approve any ac
tion of onr' Legislature that may pnt
Pennsylvania in a condition of military
Mr. Haaaaureck thanked the. President
to lay for having appointed, him to ths
highest place in hi gift that iv nine
thousand five hundred feet shove the
ocean, the altitude of Q ilto, the capital
Sst Marriaoc mot- Lawful. -The
Jndgealn the Houe of Lords bars He
rided that a clergyman has no power to
solemnise his owa marriage, and that the
children of snch a anion are illegitimate.
A Mra. Wood worth, only 29 year old,
rnmraitted suicide at Et Badolph, N.
T., the other day, from fear" of her bat
baal's return -from California. ' "
r It is alleged ia J he Westminster Re
view that iron fetters for alavs-dsshrs srsv
sold hy Liverpool asrebaits.