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VOLUME IV. NDJHBER 46, J
E PLTJRIBTJS UHTTK.
BY CAPT. G.'W. CUTTER.
thn' raahy tad tUght art A tan tint appeal
In that Flag of ouf country onturledi
And lie stripes that are swelling in majeaty there,
Like a faihbfllr adbfnlng the world:
Their light! are nnsnllled ai thoie in the sky,
By a deed that our Fathers bate JcnlS
Aad they're leagued ia as Use and at holy a tie,
Ja their motto or "Mam is Oaii
From the hoar when those patriot! fearleuly don.
That banner of itarlight abroad,
Ever toe to themielvei, to that motto they clang, .
Aitbeydoeg to the promise of God.
By the bayonet meed, at the midnight of war,
On the fieldi where our glory was won,
Oh! periih the heart or the band that wonld mar
Onr motto of "Many in One."
Mid the smote oftbe eonteit the eannon'a deep roar
How oft it hath gathered renown!
IVhile thoie stari were reflected in riveri of gate,
When (be cros and the lion went down;
And though few were the lightt in the gloom of that honr,
Vet the hearu that were striking below,
Had Cod for their bulwark, and Troth for their pow,
And they Hopped not to number the foe.
From where onr Green Mountain lops blend with the iky.
And the giant St. Lawrence ii rolIM,
To the waTet where the balmy Ileiperidei lie.
Like the dream of tone prophet of old;
They conquered and dying, beqoealhed to onr care,
Not tbii boundless dominion alone
Bnt that banner whose lorelinen hallow! the air,
And their motto or "Many in One."
We are many in one, while there glitters a itar
In the blae of the heaven! above;
And.tyrants shall quail 'mid their dungeons afar,
When they gaze on that motto of love.
It ihall gleam o'er the tea, 'mid the bolt! oftbe itorrn,
Over tempest, and battle, and wreek;
And flame where onr gnnt with their thunder grow warm,
'.N'calb the blood on the slppery deck.
The oppreued of the earth to that standard shall fly.
Wherever its folds shall be spread;
And the exile shall feel 'tis hii own native sky,
Where in stars shall float over hit head.
And thoie stars shall increase, till the fnllneis oftime
Its millions of cycles hai run
Till the world shall have welcomed in minion sublime,
And the nation! of earth shall be one.
Tho'the old Allegheny may tewer to Heaven,
And the Father of Waters diviJe,
The link! of our deitiny cannot be riren.
While the troth of thoie words shall abide.
Then, oh! let them glow on each helmet and brand,
Thongh onr blood like onr riven ihall ran;
Divide ai we may in our own native land,
To the reit ofthe world we ere one.
Tiien, op with our flag let it stream on the air,
Though onr fathers are cold in their graves;.
They had hand! that could striae, they had sooli that could
And their sons were not born to be slaves.
Up, np with that banner! where'er it may call,
Oar millions shall rally aronnd;
A nation of freemen that moment ihall fall,
When iti itars shall be trailed on the ground.
From the Mobile Advertiser.
A VISIT TO PENSACOLA.
Saturday night, having obtained a
berth for a trip to the Warrington Navy
Yard, at a Httl8 after 8 o'clock we cast
loose from the Hitchcock's Press wharf
on board the steamer Kate Dale, Capt.
J. M. Brainard, bound for that pi are,
with a load as per manifest of 10,000
solid and hollow shot, 40,000 cartridges,
some 140 boxes of grape, and quantities
of bacon, pork, flour, and other rations
for the troops of the Confederacy.
At 12 o'clock we found ourselves close
under Fort Morgan, the relief of the Fort
showing itself sharp and clear in the
moonlight, with no sign of life about it
but the Scare of a sentinel walking bis
watch on the ramparts. There was
scarcely a perceptible swell on the bar,
which, wb crossed at once, and on risipg
in the morning Barrancas' light was
flashing right ahead of us, and off to sea
ward lay the frigate Sabine and sloop of
War at. Louis, and two vessels nnder can
rasa, a British and American bark bound
for Pensacola. As the light strengthen
ed, the smoke of two Eteamers conld be
discerned still farther at sea, which we
recognised to be the boats of the New
Orleans and Havana line, this being the
point where they meet on their trips go
ing and coming. Soon we had passed
Fort McRee and the low battery on its
right, and heading toward Fort Barran?
cas, and running close to Fort Pickens,
came in sight ofthe steamer Wyandotte
lying inside, and of the rising snn at
about the same moment. We were hard
ly made fast at the Navy Yard when the
two steamers and the. British bark pass?
ed ns and proceeded, np the Bay.
After a capital breakfast on board, we
started on a ramble about the Navy Yard,
where the general appearance of things
differed but little from what we had no
ticed on a former visit, some' ten months
ago, the first thing that struck the oye
being the absence of the United States
marine uniform from the officers and sen?
tinels on duty. The steamer Fnlton, ly
ing on the stocks where she had been
placed after being wrecked a,- year ago
last fall, has been stripped of her plank:
ins to the bends, and the timbers of her
upper works have been set np and par
tially planked; most of her guns .have
been removed, and two have been .plank
ed in hattery behind a rampart of sand;
just outside the main wharf, but. the pyr?
amids of balls, the quantity of twhich we
amnsed ourselves with calculating, and
found to amount to about 60,000, do not
seem to have been meddled with, i There
are now more than 1,000 tens of these
missiles here, besides what there may be
at the different forts and batteries.
xirxll " . .J
Jnst outside the, gate are the Marine
Barracks,, a very , neat and conveniently
arranged group of buildings, consisting
of a Corps de Garde .in the center, with
a house for officers.' quarters, itc, on
eachjiide, and, the quarters .for themen
in. the rear. , The whole iVsurrounded by
awall. and encloses a sufficiently spacious
parade grotin'd for a battallion of' .men,'.
The barrack's were occupied in part by a
company whose name we omitted to
learn, and the rest has now been assigned
as quarters for the Zouaves.
Crossing this stream we 6oon came to
the Marine Hospital, now the head-quarters
of Gen. Bragg, and some distance
beyond it are the general barracks, a
large three story building, only a portion
of the plan of which is completed, but
even now having room for five or, six
hundred men. Here are quartered about
half of Col. Clayton's regiment, his "own
quarters being in a comfortable frame
building, more to the front and the 'east.
In the rear of these is the parade ground,
with room for the maneuvers of a full
regiment, and with convenient houses
around for the quarters of officers', the
whole encompassed withgfoves of live'oak
and other growth. From the barracks
a railroad track furnishes means of 'con
veyance for stores to and from the redoubt,
about a thousand yards in the rear of
Fort Barrancas, which itself is some dis
tance farther up the coast, and the' light
house still further, and one or two sand
bag batteries havo been constrncted on
the bluff above the beach in the interven
ing space, but these, we think, have not
yet received their armament.
The redoubt, at which we next arrived,
is barely visible in certain directions
from the sea, its purpose being to serve
as a depot of provisions and ammunition
for the other works. It is not intended
as a work of offense, and is commanded
by the guns of Fort Barrancas. For its
own defense it is abundantly provided
with loopholes for musketry, and is de
signed to mount some eighteen Rons of
moderate calibre. In the rear the Red
Eagles have knocked np some comforta
ble shanties, which they call the Eagles'
The redoubt, which may some other
day prove the Malakoff of this system of
works, and so it has been christened by
some of its visitors', though unfinished,
has received more attention in its con
struction than any other portion of them
on this side of the bay at least. It con
sists of two long and two short faces, the
gorge being closed bv a curtain which is
flanked by shoulders, each intended for
one casemate and one barbette gun. Four
barbette guns are intended to be mounted
on each of the lateral angles of the work,
but the foundations, even of the' platforms
of these have not been laid, and the'whole
terreplein is at present a loose sand heap,
or rather sand pit, encumbered with rub
bish. The work is surrounded 'with a
deep ditch and a counterscarp, pierced
with loop-holes, and provided with six
or eight casements for cannon to com
mand the ditch. The covered way is
crossed by traverses to enable the garri
son to resist the attack of a storming
party, who, after gaining the covered
way, would he next exposed to the tire
from the ramparts. The defenders, driv
en from these, would be able to resort to
the p-alleries beneath, in each vault of
which are two loop-holes, (132 in all,)
aad an air-hole above for ventilation.
In the rear, on either side, is a staircase
leading down to a place of total darkness,
and at the foot an unwary 6tep might
Dlunce vou into a well, the water of which
J " .!! ! .-.1 ...no
DOUS up irom uniainug springs, uu i.u
off by circuitous drains into the ditch,
and is thence conducted away from the
work. Feeling your way around these
pitfalls, and meeting in your progress the
iron doors of a magazine or two (and
thercare others in the galleries before
visited.) you see at last a glimmer of
light, and following its direction, find
yourself in the gallery of the counterscarp,
which KnrroHnds the entire front of the
place. Beneath this are vaults for stores
and ammunition, which we did not visit.
Thin tc-nnld be the final stand of the gar-
vUnn ,'f fir'trnn from the bodv of the
place, and when further resistance provea
unavailing they would not be compelled
tn Rnrrender. or be smothered likeiratsin
their holes, but leaving slow, matches to
the trains communicating with their-mag-azines,
could retreat through subterranean
passages to Fort Barrancas.
After dinner the whole party "took"
Fort Barrancas on their ratnrn. This is
crarrisoned bv the Enfala' Rifles, .whose
tents ;are pitched in the ditch. In Us
general outline it does not differ greatly
from the redoubt, though on a larger
c.l. fcawincr tin flanking fire except from
the epaulments of the counterecarp,ia,Jhe
rear, the faces fronting to the watering
open ana pierced for musketry, while the
guns, twentyfive, or thirty in all, are
mounted on the ramparts. The entrance
is through the glacis, and oyer' a draw
bridge in the rear. In front is a commu
nication underground with the old Span
ish fort, which performs the part of an
outwork in front. This is merely a semi
mmnlar Hutturv of ten or twelve guns.
Barrancas or more fnlly.'Fort'Sah Car
los de Barrancas occupies the raost
,.Atmm..ninov'rineitiori of all the WOTKS,
and is directly in the line of approach
of vessels entering the bay, but its deten
sive capabilities are not great.
- ' J J '.. ! '
fAla.i Advertiser calls
the attention. of the privateers to'.tiw'fine
pickings to be naa from me Dpnnguio"
of tea ships arriving from China.
WHITE CLOUD, KANSAS, THURSDAY, MAY 23, 1861.
.V - - '
'T ,i . t
fefiOTHEB JONATHAN'S XAMENT
FOR 8ISTEB. CAROLINE.
he baa gone ihe baa left ns in passion and pride
uur stormy-browea ititer, so long at our side:
fibe has' torn' her own liar from onr firmament's glawi
And turned on her brother tbe face of a foe!
O, Caroline, Caroline, child ofthe sun!
We can never forget that our hearts have been one
One foreheads both sprinkled in Liberty! name.
From the fountain of blood with the finger of flame.
Von were always too ready to fire at a toocb
But we said, "She ii hasty ihe does not mead ranch.''
We have icowted when yon uttered some turbulent threat;
Bnt Friendship still whiipefed, "Forgive and forget."
Has onr love all died onl? Have its altars gtowa cold)
Has the enrse come at last which the fathers foretold!
Then Nature molt teach 01 the itfength ofthe chain
That her petulant children would aever in twain.
They may fight till the bnzzafdi ere gorged with the ipoil,
Till the harreit growl black ai it rots In the Mil,
Till the wolves and the catamounts troop from their cave!.
And the shark track! the pirate, the lord ofthe warei.
In vain ii the itrife! When Its fury is past.
Their fortunes muit flow fa cne channel at last.
Ai the torrent! that rush from the mountain! of inow,
Roll mingled in peace through the valleys below.
Our Union ii river, lake, ocean and aky;
Man breaks not tbe medal when God cuta the die!
Thoagb darkened with sulphur, though cloven with stent,
The bine arch will brighten, the wateri will heal !
O, Caroline, Caroline' child ofthe ins!
There are battle! with Fate that can never be won!
The itar-floweriug banner mmt never be furled,
For its blossoms of light are the hope oftbe world!
Go, then, onr rath sitter! afar and aloof
Bun wlld-in tbe inmhine away from our roof;
But when your heart aehes and your feet have grown sore.
Remember the pathway that lead! to our door!
From the N. Y. Erening Post.
The First Defeat of the Rebels.
It is evident that General Scott has
once more beaten the enemies of his coun
try by mere force of his admirable strat
agetical genius. To do so, he has, ,as
was necessary" suffered not only traitors
but loyal men, to rest under a misappre
hension. Those who remember the impatience
with which the American public watched
his apparent inaction at one period of the
Mexican war, will not have forgotten the
shout of admiration which went up from
the people when it was at last discovered
that the supposed inaction had been in
reality the wisest and shrewdest action ;
and that by the most masterly display
of military strategy he had outwitted the
enemy, and obtained a splendid victory
when nought but defeat and disaster stared
our army in the face.
Ho who reads and compares carefully
the dispatches from Charleston, Mont
gomery and Washington in this morn
ing's journals, cannot avoid the gratify
ing conclusion that, that which looks at
first blush like a disaster to the govern
ment, is1 in reality but the successful car
rying out of an admirable p'an of milita
ry operations. Before this the traitors
.see themselves caught in the toils. In
fact it 6eems to have sickened the chief
traitor, Jeff. Davis, already, for Mont
gomery dispatches relate that when the
news from Charleston came and the mob
serenaded Davis and Walker, "the for
mer was not well and did not appear;"
nnd even his secretary was costive of
words, and ''declined to make a speech."
The facts which tend to the conclusion
we have pointed out may be summed up
General Scott has been averse to the
attempt to reinforce Fort Sumter. He
saw that it wonld cost men and vessels,
which the Government could not spare
As an able General he saw that Sum-
tir and Charleston were points of no
military' importance, nnd would only
nw.I valuable men to hold, if we took
them with no adequate advantage gain
He saw that the two keys of the posi
tion were Fort Pickens in the Gulf, and
Washington, the Capital.
He knew that Davis had not general
ship to perceive that on the 4th of March,
and for some weeks afterward, it would
have been almost impossible for the Fed
eral Government to defend Washington
arrainRt snch a force as the traitors had
alreadv collected before Sumter, and
which could be marched at any time on
a capital not yet prepared for defense
not -yet even purged oi traitors.
His plan's, based on these facts.were at
once laid. By every means in his pow-er-he
concentrated the attention of traitors
and loyal men on Sumter.- He must
have seen with infinite satisfaction the
daily increasing force gathered at Charles
ton, while the Government lost no time
in strengthening'the capital. Every hour
the traitors spent oeiore oumwr gave
them only more surely into the hands of
To make assurance doubly sure, ne
pretended to leave Fort Pickens in the
lurch;. It-was said to be in danger, when
Scott knew that a formidable force was
investing it. Men feared that all would
be lost by' the inaction, of the Govern
ment, when it was never more shrewdly
At last Washington was reasonably
safe. Forces were gathered. Once more
our brave old General saw himself with
minna in his hands. Then came tno ar
mament, popularly believed to be des
tined for Sumter. J.ne wovernmenr. saia
not a word only asked of the traitors
the opportunity to send its own garrison
. needed. buddIt of-fopd Therrefused
and fearing the arrival of the XVderal
fleet drunk and besotted with treason,
aad impatient to shed the blood of loyal
soldiers, they made the attack.
Scarce had they begun when they saw,
with evident terror, ships, hovering about
the harbor's mouth; they plied their can
non in desperate haste; but no ship came
in to Anderson's helpl What was the
. Made bold by the, furious thirst for
blood, they dared the. ships to come in.
But no ship offered its assistants to An
derson 1 More, the guns of Somter were
only directed at' the works of the traitors,
and Major Anderson evidently tiled to
fire in such a manner' as not to kill men.
He did not. even try a. few bombs on tbe
city, though it is certain, from a letter of
J i- -on .v.. v.:-
one oi uis own omcers, mat. ms guuo
would reach beyond the centre of Charles
What was the matter? Beauregard
must have thought the Government offi
cers both fools anil cowards. When his
own boats were sailing unharmed about
the harbor, between Snmter and Moul
trie, bearing bis orders, was it possible
that the forces outside could stand apa
thetic, while a brave garrison was being
done'toideath? When the battle was to
the death, would a' shrewd officer neglect
to divert his enemy's attention by firing
If it seemed mysterious to us, waiting
on Saturday with breathless suspense, it
must have seemed incomprehensible to
any cool head in the traitor camp.
Still no ships come in and in fact tho
reports state that only three or four small
vessels remained in the offing. After
forty hours canonade, in which not one
man is killed, Major Anderson, an officer
of .nndoubted courage and honor, runs up
a white flag, surrenders tho Fort, and be
comes the guest of Gen. Beauregard.
Let no man hastily cry traitor ! He on
ly obeyed his .orders. He made an hon
orable defense. He. took care to shed no
blood. He "gave orders . not to sight
men, but to silence batteries."
Meantime, while the rebels are igno
rantly .glorifying the victory of five
thousand men over eighty, what news
comes from Montgomery? The telegraph
in the hands of tho rebels says:
"Fort Pickens was reinforced last
"It is understood that Charleston har
bor is blockaded."
Dispatches from Lieut. Slemmer, cap
tured by the rebels, gave Davis the first
intimation of Ins defeat ! JNo wonder
that the rebel chief was "sick," and went
to bed ! No wonder that his Secretary,
Walker, declined to mako a speech.
And what from Washington? These
"The report that Anderson had sur
rendered, and is the guest of Gen. Beau
regard, has been communicated to the
President. The latter was not surprised,
but. on the contrary, remarked, 'The
supply vessels conld not reach him, and
he did right When he was told that
the report was that nobody was injured
in Fort Sumter, he seemed very much
gratified, and remarked that he regretted
that Major Anderson could not be sup
plied, as that was all he needed.
The next act in the play will represent
a scene at Fort Pickens, in Pensacola
'The position of affairs is this: Charles
ton is blockaded, Fort Pickens is rein
forced by troops which the traitors fool
ishly believed were destined for Sumter.
Washington issecure beyond peradven
ture. The traitors have, without the
slightest cause, opened the war they have
to long threatened. The country is roas
eu to defend its assailed liberties, and
gathers enthusiastically about the Gov
ernment, and treason has been checkma
ted at the first blow it struck. Let them
keepJSumter a few weeks.
Let no man cry traitor to Major An
derson I Let no oneear for the energy
of the Administration. Let us thank
God that brave old Gen. Scott remains
to give his loyal heart and wise head to
bis country s service.
Webster os Nullification. At a
meeting called in Fanenil Hall, in Dec.,
1832. when Dexter. Otis, and Webster
spoke to express, their gratification at the
position assumed by President Jackson,
in issuing his proclamation, Webster
said : " I hope I may stand acquitted
before my country of any negligence, m
failing to give the true character of this
doctrine of nullification, when it was first
advanced, in an imposing form, in the
Hall of Congress. What it then appear
ed to me to be, in its very, nature, it now
proves itself in this, the 'first attempt to
put in practice. It is resistance to the
law hv force : it is disunion by force: it
is secession by force: It is Civil War."
Gew. Scott's Approval of Major A
dersok. The New York Post publishes
the following extract of a private letter
jnst received in that city from Washing
General Scott says that Anderson has
performed the greatest piece of artillery
general-ship ia the history of the world,
in holding .out so long as he did, and
keeping his guns going for thirty hours,
with so few men, without relief and with?
out sleep.. He was forced to yield from
sheer exhaustion. -
Special Dispatch to tee Ceaelestos
Mercury. The floating battery was last
seen putting to sea in pursuit of tbe Unit
ed States Jeet.
Later. The battery, is a little ahead.
Still Later. The fleet has surrender
ed. . The battery- is towing it toward
Washington is onrs 1 Mr. .Lincoln is
the guest of President Davis. The'Con
federate army will attack Chicago to
The Destruction of the. Harper's Fer
ry Arsenals Details of Lieutenant
Correspondence of the N. Y. Tribune.
Chaubersbcbo, April 19.
Our usually stately old town has been
in a fever of excitement fqr several days.
The excitement had just'liegnn to abate
a little, when at 1 o'clock this afternoon
several large omnibusses drove into town
and a company of regular troops landed
at the railroad depot. They proved to
be Lieut. Jones and his company of reg
ulars from Harper's Ferry, and they an
nounced that they had fired the public fac
tories and blown up the arsenals at ten last
night and mado their escape. The news
spread like wildfire, and oar people gath
ered around them by hundreds, and cheer
after cheer went up for the brave fellows.
Tho facts as I gathered them from
Lieut. Jones are as follows : Several days
ago, he was advised from headquarters
that his post was in the most imminent
danger, and directing him to be prepared
for any emergency. Yesterday, he had
information from various sources that an
attack wonld be made on tbe arsenal
last night. The militia of the place, who
professed loyalty, resolved to disband the
laborers who were acting as guards, and
manifested a significant uneasiness ; aspo
cial train was known to be on the way to
the Ferry, and there was positive informa
tion of bodies of troops, in all amounting
to over 2.UUU men, having moved trom
Winchester, Charlestownand other points
towards the Ferry. Early in the evening,
the little garrison, consisting oi but ou
men, commenced tho preparations to en
able them to destroy the arsenals and arms
in case of necessity. They cut up planks
and other timbers with their swords to
ignite the buildings. They emptied their
mattresses, filled them with powder, and
.ried them into the arsenal, so that no
suspicion was aroused among tho peo
ple. Tho arms, 15,000 in number, were
then placed in the best position to be de
stroyed by the explosion, and splints of
boards and straw were piled in different
places in the shops, so that all the pnblic
buildings could be destroyed. At 9
o'clock, Lieut. Jones was advised of tho
advance of not less than 2,000 men,
who expected to be upon turn by mid
night, and he-at once set to the work of
destruction. Tho windows and doors
of the building were opened, so that the
flames could have free coarse ; and when
all was ready, the fires were 'started in
the carpenter shop, the trains leading to
the powder ignited, and his men marched
out. The cry of 'fire alarmed the town,
and just as Lient. Jones and his men were
entering the lodge to escape, an excited
crowd pursued him, threatening ven
geance upon him for having fired the
buildings. He wheeled his men, and de
clared unless the crowd dispersed he
would fire on them. The mass fell back,
and he fled up the canal and took to the
woods. Several shots were fired after
him, but without effect. He was not
out of the town over fifteen minutes when
he heard tho first explosion, and the light
of tbe burning building lit his path as he
escaped northwaru. He does not doubt
but that the destruction of tbe arsenals,
shops, ifec, is complete, as he heard tbe
different explosions distinctly.
When he got out of the town he found
that four of his men were not. in ranks,
and he hears that they have been captured
and slain. He made a hurried march
for Hogrestown, wading streams and
swamps, and reached that place at 7
o'clock this morning. He at once pro
cured omnibusses there, and reached this
place in time for the afternoon train east
ward, and amid the hearty cheers of a
large crowd of our people, departed for
The troops were covered with mud,
and were evidently much exhausted, as
they had not eaten anything after leav
ing Harper's Ferry until they arrived at
Chambersburg. Here they were prompt
ly and bountifully provided with provis
Triaio i Kansas ! We copy the
following from the St. Joseph Gazette :
Atchisok, Kansas, April 18, 1861.
"Editors Gazette: Atchison is no
place for coercionists. A meeting was
held here last night for the purpose of
indorsing Abraham Lincoln's war meas
ures and to organise a military company.'
But the conservative men turned out and
voted down all their propositions aad
adopted resolutions declaring that the
people of this city do not approve Mr.
Lincoln's coarse, and that they deprecate
civil war; that they have no'qaarrel with
Missonri or. any other State; that all they
require is to be let alone.
A resolution to organize a military
company was promptly voted. down, and
a resolution adopted in its stead that the
formation of a military company wonld
give countenance to tbe Administration,
and although they might at .any other
time wish for a military., company, yet
nnder the present excited .state of affairs,
it might be construed into giving coan
tenance to coercion.
It is said that if Kansas il invaded,
the traitors intend to enter the State at
Atchison. The cowardly and contempt
ible position taken bj that town wonld
seem to invite an invasion by rebels npon
our peaceful citizens.
Let some one of the secession speaker's.
the Hon'. John C. Breckinridge, as the
chief, answer this simple question': "Are
yon willing to support the government
in repelling ah arsaed ia'vasioa of the
federal capital V'Jfiuitville Journal.
TEE STABS AND STRIPES!
BV FRANCIS DE UAE3 JANVIER.
Tho Stars and Stripei! What band shall dart
To deiecrate the flag we bear!
The flag of star!,' whose cLeering light
Brightened oppression's gloomy night!
The flag of stripes, whose heavenly dyes
Flatbed Freedom's dsj.sprinx through the skies!
Oar flag! The standard of the free!
Symbol of hope and liberty!
The Stan and Stripes! What memories rise,
Whene'er that banner greets oor eyes!
By patriot! borne, o'er land aad sea,
It led the way to victory!
When slaughter swept the inrging main
When carnage strewed the crimson plain
It marked the spot where heroes stood
It was baptised In beroei' blood!
Tho Stars and Stripei! What power ihall stay
Immortal Freedom's onward way?
The heaven! are the triomphal arch
Throngh which she takes her mighty march!
Uer mighty march! Nor shall she halt,
Till like the spangled azure vault,
O'er every land aronnd 'the world
The Stan and Stripes shall be unfurled!
While the following letter, from a re
liable man, discloses rather a bad state of
morals among us in the South, it con
cedes, to one distinguished functionary of
the Southern Confederacy, the credit of
educating his negro children. Many of
them, however, sell them into bondage, or
hand them down to their other children,
by will, to live in bondage, doing the very
thing the Abolitionists would do if they
were living in the South. The United
States census shows that according to the
negro population there are Jivt mulatto
children in the free States, for one in the
Slave States. The people of the free
States excuse their bad taste and morals
on the ground that their offspring of this
cast are "half white and free born."
Xenia, Greene Co., Ohio, )
March 27, 1861. f
Mr. Brownlow : Dear Sir : I see that
Senator Hemphill, of Texas, has taken a
verv active part in secession, and is a
member of the Southern Congress, and
now a Supreme Judge of the Southern
Confederate Court ; he has spoken of and
damned our Northern States and institu
tutions as negro-loving, but I wonld ask
him to be consistent with his remarks.
He has at this time, in Xenia, at the
Wilberforce University, (a Negro Col
lege,) his two DAUGHTERS, (they be
ing slightly colored,) for the purpose of
securing their education, and to take their
position at some future day with the bal
ance of our free people of color in one
of the damnable free States. I do not
see how it is consistent with his public
expressions, to have his own children
placed among us, to be educated in onr
schools, and inherit all of our principles
that is if he intends to have them return
to his Southern home, and console him
in bis old age, (I wonder if he has a
white wife and children,) and that he
may havo the pleasure of his grand-children's
society, (by these two colored
damsels.) O, consistency, thou art a
jewel 1 We are now thinking very se
riously of asking the Honored Judge
to carry those two fine girls to his own
home and have them educated at Galves
ton, or Montgomery, where he could see
them oftener, and give them the necessary
care and advice that we in Ohio give to
our young families. We have some oth
ei. of your noble Southern families rep-
represented here in our negro schools, and
we would say before they dissolve this
Union, it would be as well to have their,
children brought home, where they can
bestow the necessary protection for their
lives. I do not think it wonld be amiss to
remind the Hon. Judge of bis family.
For my position, I refer you to Hon,
John Scott Harrison, of Ohio. I had
the honor of a seat in the Union Conven
tion at Baltimore, as a delegate from
Ohio. Yours, respectfully."
Took-Hih at His Word. The follow
ing occurrence is a literal fact: An en
gineer on' one of our railroads, stopping
at a Water Station near this city, got
into conversation with a rough looking
customer, who complained loud and long
of the acts of the .Government He , said
he owed the nation nothing, and he didn't
care a red what became of it. The South
would come out ahead, and, lie hoped it
would. He was going to Canada. The
engineer asked him if that was all the
gratitude he had for a country that had
protected him and his property. Rough
denied the protection, he hadn't a cent of
property to protect.
Tbe other urged that at least the gov
ernment had given him personal safety.
This was also disclaimed in unmeasured
terms, the chap averriag that he had al
ways taken care of himself, -and never
rooked to the Government to protect
"But if any man assaulted yon, yon
would be prompt to appeal to Govern
ment?" "No. I would not, I can take care of
"Then," said tae engineer, jumping
down from tbe machine, "take care of
yourself." Whereupon he pitched in
and gave tne srumDier a tremendous
thrashing, greatly-to the satisfaction, of
"And he was right," -
"Or any other man." Chicago Tnb-
tnw. . " -r
The Savannah News gravely proposes
that Davis should declare all invaders of
Southern soil to be filibusters ; and hang
them as such. .
I WHOLE NUMBER, 202.
ThfcvBoute Between Philadelphia and
Baltimore Tojographical Sketch,
Perryville is rising into distinctionV
Millions who never heard of the place
before, now read of it every day. : '
It may be worth-while to. describe," oVr
at;least,Jocaliza, Percy ville.. This., now'
famous plaro is situated in Cecil County,
Maryland, sixty-one miles south-west of
Philadelphia, at the point on the east
bank of the Susquehanna river, where it
is crossed by the great ferry oj the Phil
adelphia & Baltimore Railroad. It is
from this latter circumstance that it de
rives all its importance, for otherwise it
is a sort of "point-no-point." There is
no village; and the only-houses with one
or two exceptions, are the railway depot,
engine honses, workshops and woodsheds. .
These are now in uso as quarters for they
troops concentrated thero to protect tho
line of communication, and they afford
very good accommodations for this pur
pose. On the west sido of the Susquehanna,
opposite to Perryville, is Havre de Gracey
in Harford County, Maryland, from
which tho railroad, is continued thirty-six
miles into Baltimore. Between Perry
ville and Havre de Grace, the railway
communication is kept up by means of
the powerful steamboat Maryland, which
can easily accommodato two thousand
people, and has railway tracks on the
upper deck, upon which an entire train .
of cars, locomotive and all, can be trans
ported across tho. river. It is by all odds
tbe completest, best worked and most
capacious ferry arrangement in the Uni
ted States, and perhaps in the world.
The ferry steamer above named is now in
the service of tbe Government.
Below the Susquehanna, the Baltimoro'
Railroad crosses several very broad but
quite shallow streams, or rather sheets,
which are the estuaries of small streams.
The first of these is Bush river, about
eleven miles south-west of Havre de .
Grace. This is somewhat over a mile
wide. The next is Gunpowder river,
about seven miles further on, and of about
the same width as Bush river. The third
is Back river, within six or seven miles
of Baltimore, and about an eighth of a
mile wide. All these are crossed by
railway superstructure laid upon piles s
driven into the beds of the streams.
There is a fourth bridge, of the ordinary
kind, over a small creek at Canton, a
suburb of Baltimore.
The last of these is totally destroyed,
but the ethers have only been damaged
to an extent sufficiently to obstruct the
passage of trains, their very nature pre
venting any extensive destruction by fire.
It is the destruction or obstruction of the
bridges over these numerous Targe and
small rivers, below the Susquehanna,
which detains all travel southward, wheth
er civil or military, at Perryville, to
which place let us now return
Topographically considered, Perryville
is an important point, being situated at
the confluence of the Susquehanna river
with tbe head of Chesapeake Bay. At
the railway landing there is sufficient,
depth of water for large steamboats, and
from that point there is excellent naviga
tion to any locality on the Chesapeake,
including Baltimore,- Annapolis, the
mouth of the Potomac, and Fort Monroe.
For the present, Annapolis, which i.
about fifty miles distant, is the important:
point. The inn down from Perryville is;
made by the local steamers and freight
boats in about five hours. From Annap
olis over to Washington there are two
routes, one by rail and one by the stage
road. By the latter the distanee is about
twenty-eight mile3 a long day's march.
The railroad connection is by a branch
line of nineteen miles to the Washington
Railroad, which it intersects at a pout
seventeen miles from Baltimore and twen
ty miles from Washington. Some dam
age' was done to the Annapolis line by
the Secessionists, but we believe it is now
repaired and in use by tbe Government.
Beaurioard. A person- who- know
the rebel commander Beauregard; says
the Philadelphia North American, da
scribes him as an able General, but un
scrupulous and ambitions. Italian blood
flows in his veins, and if necessary to the
accomplishment of his purposes, bo would
betray his Master, as did Judas Iscariot..
He is unquestionably brave, and as full
of cruelty as he is of courage- The men.
under him, if called into action, would
shoot him., before firing a! shot at that
enemy; His expectation haa been. ta
take Washington by surprise. He-sseoM
to have shared the common, ddasioa of
tbe Southern people, that on the outbreak
of war there would be bread riots ia eve-.
ry Northern city, and that while the
North was suppressing domestic dissen
sions, they'conid march upon the Capi
tal and reduce the value of tbe stars and
stripes to a mere bit of boniiag;
The Petersburg ?Ta.) Express is be
coming rabid. In a single issue of May
1st it threatens Lincoln with " the ever
lasting torments of the pit I" protvoaaeee
Gov. Hicks, of Maryland, 'a doaUe dyed
traitor," and the "Peer of Scott;" puts
J. Qt. BennettRaymond, GreaJey, Bryant
and H. W. Beecheria "an .army of
grasshoppers f calls Bennett " old squint
eye," too ; styles' the NewTprkJth reg
iment "NewYork scoundrels'," and avera
"We" do not know whea we have en
joyed snch a hearty laugh, Jeff-Davia
to Beware oi a tot oi time spiuaie ua.uaw--ed
dandies and tape measurers." .
Gea. Scott will be seventy-five years ofc
age OB the 15th of June.