Newspaper Page Text
JOL. MILLER, EDITOK ASD fUiLISIER.
THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION.
i TERMS $2.W fEM AMUH, IS A1TAICE.
VOLUME IV. NDMBEK 47.
WHITE CLODD, KANSAS, THURSDAY, MAY 30, 1861.
WHOLE NUMBER, 203.
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THE PEE8EIT CSIBI8.
BY JAMES RC88ELL LOWELL.
i ii U 4m fer FH3as, tkrouh lU.broad
inkS ichikf bn'ut.
Bl lLiilIofjoj pnplwtle; uvmbilnf on"ft Eut to
Aai lb ilin, wterr b conn, ftb lb 1 wilhln
To tb iwfol tcij of ntibaod, at tb tonQr aablioio
OranBtnTlmurinbkMioaodoa tbo tbbny'tum of
i' . 'Tim.
Tbmgb tbo U of bit tad palta abooU tb iartantmnt
IVbllt tbauaratl oftba Ap wnnji oattb'i tjitan to aad
Attba barrtefaacb nr Eta, with a ncofalrlsf ttart.
oTatlw.wiMI bob at natlos. itaadiaf witb' mat lip
. . P.
Aad (Ud Tratbi jtt mifbtin maa-cbild leapt bnatb tb
So lb EtII'i triampb ttadctb, witb a tanor aad a chill,
Uadrt eontintnt to eontiaiat, tb Maw of ata.img ill;
Aad tbo tlarc, whm'n b eowcti, fecli bit jmpulwt
la bot'torJnpf tbbinj cutbarard, to U draak sp by tb
Till a corpi erawb round aaboried, deltioj la tb nobler
For mabiad ar on ia spirit, and aa laitiactboan aloaj
Seaad tb canb't electric circle, the twill flatb afrifbtor
IVbotber coBMioni or aacoaidoai, yet lluminltj'i ran
7broab iu oeeaa oadered fibm, feel tb gatb of joy or
la lb fain or Ion of a race, alllhe reil bT oqatl claim
One to ry man and aatioa comet tbe momeat to decide,
la tb atrif of Truth with FaUbood, for tb food or erii
Boom fmtaat,'God'i new Hemiab, oSerinf each tb
bloom or bKf kt, '
Faru tbofoati apoa tb left baad aad tbe tbeep opoa tbo
And tbe choice foet by forerer twin that darkneu and
tlast tboa cboaen, O, ray people, oa wboae party tboa abab
Era tbe Doom from iu worn eaadali ikakee tb dait afalait
TboefhtbeaBMefTilprorper,yet it Troth aloo U
And, albeit sbe wander ootcait bow, I arooad bar
TreopiofbeaelifaltaU anfeli, to eatbitld bar from all
Backward look aerat tbo aft, aad tbe beaooa mooMatk
That like peakt of tome eaak continent jot tbroafb oMir-
Not an ear la court or market, for the low, forebodinf cry
Of tbeie Crieee, Gods etere wianoweri, from whne feet
tbe chaff matt fly;
Merer ehowt tbe choice memeatooi, till tb Jadfmeat batb
paued by. ,
Carelett eeemt tb freat Afeafer; Hirtorj'e pafee bat
One death frapple la tbe darkoen "twiit old ijiKbi aad
Tralb forerer oa the eeaflbld, Wroaf forerer oa tbe tbrone
Tet that ctffjld awayi tb fatnre, aad, behind tbe dim
Slaadetb God within tb ihadow, keeplaf watah abora
Wo it dimly la tbe Prauat what la small aad what la
Bhrwof faith, bow weak an arm may tarn tbe helm of fate
Bet the seal la atill oracalar; amid tb market's din.
List the ominoas atera whisper from tbe Dolphin, cares
Tbey epalare their childreas children who meka com
promise with lie."
Blarery, the enh-born Cjclopi, feDeit of the fiaatbrood,
8oaaofbraUtb Force aad Darkaeaa, who, bar drenched
tb earth with blood.
Famished in his self-made desert, blinded by onr parer day,
Gropes in yet anblaated refioaa for bis miserable prey
Shall we foide his fory.nnfers where oar helpless chit-
die n playl "
Thee to side with Tratfa la aoble, when w abar her
Ere her canaa brief fame aad prest, and tla ptosperoaa to
- . bJsl;
Then it is lb brar man (booses; while tb coward stands
Doebtiaf in bis abject spirit, till bis Lord 1e crucified.
And tb oattilade make rlrtce oftb faith tbey bad d
Coiat o o'er earth's chosen heroes they were men who
- stood alone.
While tb mea tbey afoaind for berled tb ooatamelioas
Stood serene, aad down the fetere saw tb foldea team
To tb side efDerfectJnrtice, mastered by their faith di-
By oa maa'a pbtla troth to maabood, aad to God'e an.
Btiielrfwt.rbatalaf heretics) Christ's bleodiag feat I
- '.'track, "-'
Taitlf ap saw Calrarita rr, witb tb crose that tan
Aid tb sooaat of aafalsb aambet bow each faratloa
Oa bw word, of that fraad CntBO whicb ia prophet
beam bath baraed
Blac the first maa atood God-CMqaetod, witb bia faca to
ForHamaaityawoepa oaward: where tavday tbe) martyr
euaaa, - - - . -
Far ia treat tbo crow ataads ready,' aad tb crackUnr faa
,. Ota bare, 1
Wbib tbe bootiaf aaob ofyaatarday la. siteat aw retara,
(waa apin eacree aanea lata History foldeaara.
Tl. b borooe aa to ait tb Ml alaree
Ofavbtgaadary .rlrtae carred-apoa war fttbers'frares;
WoraUppara of llfbt aanstra make tb preeeat bfat a
W fcW Karwr laeachod by eawarda. ttatrod by aaa
Tan tbcwtraka toward Past or Fitara, that aakry.
Tbey war mea rfpraoeat ralor, atalwact old feeajailaata;
Uacoariaetd by as erfibbat tbat all rirta wae tb raat"a;
Bat w make their araab' OeW eajeabood," thiakiaf it batb
Boardlaf UlaaoUTBerbata,wblla ewitaaieWiprr
; ' Ita flee . - , -
Tb rid blast r that et lmpsJaeOaWf tbea
i. aetae tbe aee. r ' "' "
Tbey bar rtgbts wbosara aaalataU tboa; w ar trait
ors to oar airea,,,
Bmotbarlaf la their boly ashes Fredom MwJit altar.
BaBw;maka wreed oar jailorl ajhajj wia-oar
kastatoalay,'. . .'!,..;
Ftaa ti toaabe of tb olat paoabata atoal tb faaaral laf
wlty, . ,K.,V!
To Kfbt ap tbo tautyi-fafeu nasftba propbeti f to4ay!
j Hear oeeaeioea. taacbi
' aew 'datlaa; Time aukee aaeieat
They mnst npward atiO aad oaward, who woahl kai
, abreast of Troth! - '"" . .
Lo, before a fleam bet camj-Brea!wa oarselraa maat pii-
iMacb ear" MajSewer aai steer beUhj threofhtbe'ies
: perete Winter ea, J- 'fi. . H
Hot attempt tb Fatnra portal witb tboTast bleodaat.
-1, .A 4yiraa'TmrTT'
WaaMugtOH Its Strategic Point, De
feaiei and JJaagera:
Washington Cfty has no fortifications,
except the Navy Yard and Arsenal may
be so' considered, bnt they are not 'con
structed, for any sachpurpose. . The city
lies on the Potomac, -which a little above
Georgetown bends almost directly to
wards the east ; a small, .creek divides
Washington City from Georgetown,' and
from the month of this creek the river
takes a southeasterly coarse, until it gets
below Washington, when it proceeds di
rectly south. Washington, commencing
at Bock Creek on the west extends four
miles and a quarter to the Anacostia,
which is its eastern boundary, and is ,'a
branch of the Potomac. The Navy Yard
is situated on the Anacostia, a short dis
tance north of its month, "and embraces
within its enclosure a space of about one
hundred acres. At the extreme south
point of the city is situated the Govern'
ment Arsenal. A hundred guns might be
mounted in the Arsenal grounds, and
sand bag protections could be placed over
them; bnt tney wonia commanu no ap
proach to the city except that by the riv
er. They 'could be nsed effective to de
fend the Navy "Yard from an attack by
The District of Columbia was origin
ally taken from the territory of.Maryland
and Virginia. The site of Washington
City, is surrounded by, lolly hills, all of
wnicu are sumcienuy near 10 cuiumnuu
every part of tbe city. Immediately op
posite the, Arsenal is the Insane Asylnm,
a large ana magmnceni onuuing mat can
be rendered impregnable. In the hands
of the Government, it .could sweep the
river, but, in .the handrpthe i aasaiUnti.
it coulJ, with a fevrguns,. destroy both
Navy Yard, and arsenal, and, in tbe end,
cut, off all relief by way of the river.
From its commanding elevation, itcould,
bv shot and shell, destroy alltbat, part
of the city lying East and South of the
Capitol. On the West bank of the
Potomac, the lotty nuts auora the most
eligible sites for batteries. Once, in -the
bands ot the enemy, tnese nu is can oe
fortified; very strongly, and can shot and
shell all that part of the city lying West
of the Capitol. The President's. House,
ttnd the group of Government buildings.
including the btate. War, Ireasury and
Navy Departments, the Pension. Office,
the Attorney General's Office, are within
a mile and a half of the Virginia shore,
from which they can be reached by a
battery of the most ordinary efficiency.
Immediately 'north of the city and on
the very boundary line,-is a range of hills,
all of which command the city, and from
which a battery conld easily destroy any
and all of the pnblic buildings except the
Capitol. - The fjapitol is perhaps the
only building in the city that cannot be
destroyed by shot and shell fired from
beyond the city limits, and when taken
most needs be carried by storm', or 'by
batteries erected within its immediate
vicinity. Guns placed npon the terraces
of the Capitol can sweep all tbe approach'
es to the building, and the building prop
erlv manned, couldbe held for weeks a-
gainst the most powerful army that the
enemy can just nowbring to Washington
Tbe Congress, in 1845. retroceded to Vir
ginia all that partof the District of Co
lumbia which had been taken from her
territory. This restored to Virginia all
the west bank of the P torn ac, and all
the hills' on that side which command the
city. In the debatein Congress npon the
selection of a seat of Government, tbe
necessity of having the Virginia side of
the river included within tbe District was
pressed, because of tbe possibility that a
time might como when' a hostile' force
might occupy those hills aad menace the
Uoveromem ana uongress.
The entrances to tbe city from Virginia
are various. Alexandria is' situated seven
miles below Washington. The river at
that point is abont two-thirds of a mile
wide. Coming north, the river widens.
extending on the Maryland side in almost
a ana line aorta ro inemguiu oi.tuoxu-
acoetia, then bearing west all along.' the
south of the city ; on' the Virginia side nf
the river, at about three' miles north of
Alexandria, bean off to the! west, making
a distance from Arsenal. Point to tbe Vir
ginia shore of nearly two.milesl -8onth
of the President's house the' river is less
than a. mile wide, bnt the shore of: the
Virginia side is low and marshy for near
Iv a mile back', where thai hills rise: As
yon go further up the river, the hilIs.;'of
t irgiBia coave ciose to ue water a eagr,
and thus powii'ii fearial proximity to
From the point, almost due sooth of
as' the long bridge, starts from the Vir
ginia snore, ana leaaingirom tne nortn
east, reaches the city about half a mile to
the southeast of Washington1 Monument.
From the city end of the bridge Maryland
avenue leads' directly to'the'lfanitou and
14th' street to a point oneijlock' east of
aesw vA iseiucus w uuusaw. A,uw-visuj(U so ma
bid dilapidated affair, coastrucied partly
of wood and partly of iione.' 'It. haa' long
- . -.-'
carryintr off part of it, nntil'now it is "so
patched and-rickety aa to be;unsafs 'for
ordinary .travel one half, of the time. A
small battery .sear the Monument could
s'weeb 'thehridtre from end to 'end,' and
blow the structure itself to pieces with half
Adoaira shots: ' ". - J ,. ' "'
At ueorwetown-there is an ,aqneduct
by which the. Alexandria canal is carried
over the Potomac. This connects Vir
ginia and Georgetown, and consequently
witb Washington. This acquednct is
sound, structure, and half a day's labor
could make it a splendid bridge. It can
be defended by a battery on Georgetown
Heights, and by another upon the observ
atory hill, so effectually that it would be
almost impossible for any troops to cross
iUl 'Ihere is another bridge from tbe Vir
ginia to the Maryland shore, situated al
most three miles above Georgetown.
This bridge can be defended or destroyed
with great facility. These are all the
approaches by : bridges from Virginia to
the District. IBnt. there are two bridges
connecting the city with that part of the
District lying south and east of the Ana
costia. A hostile force can cross from
Alexandria on the Maryland side, and in
a march of onlv Seven miles can reach
It will be seen that Washington must
be defended by force placed beyond the
city. The Virginia shore must be well
occupied for miles above' and below the
river, and the occupation must be made
a strong one, for if these fastnesses be
once reached by hostile troops, the city
would be at their mercy., Not only must
the Virginia side be -occupied,. but .the
whole country around' the city, extending
for miles. '
An attack can be made from' Maryland
as well aa from Virginia, and.the city
surrounded by hostile troops, will require
not only great vigilance, bnt ah immense
army to ..protect jL The difficulty is,
that the foe. must be met and fought and
beaten before, he comes, within sight of
the city. Once in possession of any of
me nuis arouna tnecuy, ue coum ueuis
lodged only -with'great labor 'and 'loss of
life,, and in the meantime . be coaia de
stroy the city itself.,
It is. reported that special messengers
from Governors Letcher and. Hicks have
visited the President, ridiculing the idea
of danger-to the Capital, and offering to
guarantee its' safety if General' Scott will
countermand his orders for national troops.
Credat Judaus I While this. fact is sig
nificant of the manner in which the.'seces
sionists are being cowed by the magnifi
cent uprising o'f'the North in all its
strength, the promises of Gov. Letcher
and his advisers are not worth the paper
on which they are written. Every oue
know 8. that the possession of the Capital
is' vital to the maintenance and. foreign
ercognition of a Southern Confiederacy.
The secession .leaders have not, scrupled
to substitute fraud and treachery for-vio-Ience,
when the means of violence have
not been ait their disposal.
The question as to what American is
possessed of tbe most assurance, is no
longer open .to dispute.. The man is
known, and was in Washington yester
day. His name is Robinson Judge
Robinson, of Richmond,- Va. This per
sonage, ab old friend and classmate of
Lieut. Gen. W infield Scott, actually had
the temerity to visit our great and loyal
leauer witn tne tenuei.oi a commission as
commander in chief of the armies in. hos
tile array against this government. On
learning the purport of Judge Robinson's
errand, the General looked taller than ever,
and' his eyes flashed fire. "Who are
you, sir," he said, " that dares to make
me such a proposition ? A word more
and you will not get back to Richmond.
I have sworn to support the Constitution
of the United States. For half a century
I have kept my oath, and I am not going
to break.it now. I. realize all its honor
able obligations, and will now' defend
the flag under which my battles have been
fought." After, this, I trust, .we shall
hear no more of the defection of Winfield
Billy Wilsoh's-Zodavks. The regi
ment of "roughs raised, by Billy Wilson,
in New York, is composed of the hard
est of; New'York's humanity. A letter
from a New Yorker contains the, follow
ing incident, which is sufficiently illustra
tive of, their tiatfu:
"Yesterday a Methodist clergyman
went "down, to Stolen Island to exhort
them. Billy Wilson drew' his 'men up
and called 'attention 1' The. parson then
gave them"' a. very edifying and appro
priate discourse, to '.which in obedience
to the Colonel's command, they listened;
attentively.' Vvhen the parson had, fin-,
isbed, BifJgavehisboyBVaihort talk,
somewhat in this wise: 'Boys',. I want
ypnto remember what the minister "haa
told, you. It is, all . for your good ;
take'his advice, and follow it, for there
is no knowing .but every d d one of
yon vtAI" be" in h 1 in leas than six
monthaj' Here a voice in the ranks
called bnt, 'three' cheers; for h II' and
tney were, given witb. a wiu. The par-.
son, astonished and angry, asked- what
it meant. 'Ob,', says Billy, 'the boys
don't know 'mnehr aborif '8erip'ture.
They think h 1 is' somewhere between
Montgomery aad Newi Orleans, and they
are. df-d anxious 'to get:: down in that
neighborhood ""J.. ' - . '
' JeffT, Davis', tears jat repentance are
private tears, (privateers.) We, guess
Old Abe will "dry them np" beTore long.'
been a nnis&nce. every rise in tbe. river
THE FIRST GTJV IfFIXED! "M AY
GOD PROTECT THE MOHT !"
Tba first faalsred! ( - ' t
"May God protect lb Right!" . .
Let tb free-bora son's of lb North arise .
lopowei'kareaxiajTaati'bt! . k , t.,
- 5 . Shall tb tlorfaaa Cafasr or fathers aaade, . .,
. 7f rathleeawaWMkaelereaT' -CU
AodweofFreedoeaeaejedrtibU , jr. ,.
By traitToat foes b plaadtredt . ,
Arts! Aria! 'Aria!
Aad ffrdra forth fifbtl. -..
Aad let oar watchword arr b-r '
May God protect tba Blfht!"
Tbe first (an ia fired!
Hi echoes thrill lie Ian J,
' And wTth bounding beerta tie patriot throne;
Now firmly take their ataad.,
We will bow no more to the tjraal few
Who acorn oar loot forbearing.
Bat witb Colombia's atari aad stripes
Well qaeacb their tniit'roat daring.
Arise! Arise! Arise!
And gird y lor lb fight!
- And let oar, watchword ercr be
May God protect the Right!"
Tbe first goals fired!
Obi heed the sigael well;
And the thaader-tone, aa It rolls along.
Shall aoanil Oppression's knell.
For tbe arm of Freedom Is mighty atill,
Aad its strength shall fail aa Barer; ,
That strength well giro to oar righteous cante
Aad oar glorioet land forerer.
Arise! Arise! Arise!
And gird ye for tba fight!
Aad let oar watchword erer be
"May God protect lb right!"
Condition of Virginia The State
Nearly Destitute of Arms Reign
of Terror at xuenmona.
A gentleman just arrived in New York
frohrRichmond, Va.1, reports to the Trib
oneta horrible condition of affairs. Pro
visions had advanced from 20 to 50 per
cent. ,Tbq Governor had refused to. tol
erate any neutrals. All who would not
take the oath of allegiance to the State
ranst leave the city. No letters conld go
North except, by, express; and then only
when their, orthodoxy is guaranteed by
some known Secessionist.
An elderly lady applied the other day
at the Express office to send a letter
North. The clerk1 answered, "Madam,
I cannot-for ward yonr letter unless -yon
bring some person well known.to vouch
for yon." She said that she would read
lib repueu mat iney were unuer omens
to transmit no letters unless the parties
sending them brought some well known
person to vouch for them.
A municipal official had two weeks
ago a black list of Northern men made
ont, upon whom he intended to call as
soon' as the' right ikind of a party conld
be made ud. Most of the men on tbe
list have left.
The State was suffering greatly for
want of arms. Tho new companies are
clamorous, for arms. The old companies
haye mostly flint-luck muskets ; a few
only have percussion arm's-
The State of Wrcinia had 15.000 mus
kets of tbe old flint lock pattern, which
immediately on tbe secession of the State,
were put under contract to three parties
to be. altered, to percussion locks. Five
thousand were given out to a manufactur
ing company, which nntil lately has pass
by the name of the Union Manufacturing
Company, but which painted over the
word " Union "' on their sicn when Vir
ginia seceded.' The company is compos
ed of Northern men., and until now has
been engaged in the manufacture of steam
engines and sewing machines. They will
probably be able to get their 5,000 guns
altered in a year. Another 5,000 have
been given ont to John H. Lester, form
erly of Brooklyn, where he used to carry
on a largo machine shoo. He had no
shop .in Richmond, and will .probably
attempt to set tbem done in lialtimore.
The remaining 5,000 have been given to
J. Brown, who has hitherto been carrying
on an iron railing and wire manufactory.
Ue will hardly be able to alter l.UUU a
year, ana. all cannot tnrtf ont more than
12 to 15 per day. The State to pay 32 a
piece for the alteration.
Oar informant never, saw a Sharp's
rifle in the 8tate, and never heard of any
body who had one. Aa for Colt's pistols,
they were not to bt:bad ; 950 would be
readily paid therefor common Colt's
The Tredegar Iron Works at Rich
mond are the only works which cast
cannon. J.bey Bad. recently bongbt an
other establishment, which had been clos
ed for sometime, and are now employing
abont' 1,000 hands, 600 of which are at
the old establishment. But everything
the Tredegar Works has made so far has
gone .South, and they are yet behind their
orders'. ' ' '.
Besides the Tredegar Works, there are
twoor three Other" works casting balls
and heukiBg shells. Oae man Bamed
Rahm, who was until lately a strong
Union man, has now raised a Secession
flag, -and is veryTrasy easting Secession
Recruitina' ia active!-- Kola? on in Rich
mond ; on Main street there eight,or ten
rendezvous. Three-fourths of tbe recruits
are net over 18 years old. A howitzer
company jost formed is composed entire-.
Iy of boyt. Their eight howitzers, are
rifled, aad were procured froen the-North
last fall. -
The city was awfully scared" a week or
two ago oyer a report that the Pawnee
was. comrakz np to attack it. thouah
that vjessel. could not possibly get within
miles of the city, owing to her draught.
Qaaeaaea1 1 4aUaaraaweawjl T aV T " . 1'
upinuuuuiuu sunt h usee armed
many lof urn vita scythes, and the whole
populetfionywM-overwhelmed with fear
Ae.Jt'ki ". was soon
found to be false. ' ' -'
Alleged Slaughter of Babels In Fort
Moultrie Over Three Huired Kill
ed-Xany Wounded-How the 81ura
ter was Concealed The Mortality
on1fnrria' Talanil - -?'
The New York Tribune oftte 80th
publishes the following statements which
trerepTOtlcreor- ii-m;i . ii,.-txsi
i A. soldier, who was drafted into the
service of the Rebels 'in Charleston, and
who 6erved at the guns in Fort Moultrie,
at the Beige of Fort Snmter, has made to
us the following statement. His reliabil
ny .is voncnea lor, ana we have every
reason to believe that his statement is
everyway worthy of belief.
Our informant 6tates that he served
nnder Capt. Havens,-and went into Fort
Monltrie the day after Major Anderson
left Fort Sumter. He remained three or
fonr days after the fight. He belonged
to the Artillery, and served at the guns
most of tbe time during tbe Beige, lue
guns of Fort Moultrie opened aboat half
post four in the morning, but Major An
derson did not fire a gun for near two
hours after. When he did open, his fire
was rapid and destructive. The balls
from Sumter struck the port-holes of
Moultrie, and at nearly every discharge
somebody was killed. Their places were
supplied by others. There were in Moul
trie more than one thousand men, and
between three and fonr hundred were kept
at the gnns constantly. Not more than
that number conld protect themselves in
the casments of sandbags, which, while
they afforded excellent protection, were
much torn up; and. knocked down, It
was between nine and. ten o'clock, on the
first day the greatest loss of life occurred.
The barbette guns of Fort Sumter
were silenced early in the day, and the
round shot from these -were most de
structive to Fort Monltrie, and. caused
the greatest loss of life. They were fired
with accuracy, tand at times the scene in
the Fort was terrible. During tfie siege
bttaeen three and four hundred were kill
ed, and a large number, were wounded.
The killed were collected together in a
moss, and at night placed in boxes,
brought down from Charleston andtaken
away to Potter's Field and interred during
the n12ht. borne of tbe men were hor-
xiblvsiDgled,-. and. others wera scarcely
dead wben-tbrown into tbe, boxes. Blood
flowed in streams from these receptacles,
and the sight was horrible. The surgeon
at the'Fort sent for help, and others came
down from Charleston. Ibe wonnded
.were removed to tne Hospital,, where
such as have not since died now remain.
In, order that the truth should not he
known in Charleston, the soldiers were
charged to say tbat nobody was hurt, and
were threatened. with instant death if they
disclosed the facts. There were a, good
many killed in the dwellings outside the
fort. The Moultrie House was very much
damaged, and a' large number of build
ings in the neighborhood of the fort were
demolished. The officers' quarters in the
fort were riddled, and it is the opinion of
onr, informant that had there been three
hundred men in Sumter, Fort Monltrie
would have been destroyed, and tbe reb
els driven out or killed almost to a man.
He, left Moultrie throe days. after the en
gagement, and went to Charleston. The
people there would not believe that no
body had been killed, and made constant
inquiry for their friends, who, they were
assured, were still on Sullivan's Island.
Hundreds of families, are yet tojearrj the
truth, which is kept. from tbem by the
greatest vigilance. - L
Our informant was duly discharged
from the service, and,' with five others,
embarked on board the bark Smithsonian,
Captain .Davis, which reached New York
on Friday morning last. .
ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY KILLED AND WOUN
DED ON MORRIS 18 LAND.
On3 of the Charleton volunteers who
was on Morris Island during the late
bombardment of Fort Snmter, came here
yesterday by the schooner D. B. Pitts.
He says that at least one hundred and
fifty men were killed and wounded at the
batteries on Morris Island, by the canister
of Major Anderson. He had occasion to
be at Fort Johnson also before -he left
Charleston, and there he learned that
on Sullivan's Island thirty-nine men had
been killed that a mortar had been
blown, from Fort Johnson by a shot from
Snmter. He had to go to Charleston in
a boat with some passengers, and when
there embraced the opportunity and stow
ed himself away in the schooner, and in
that way got off! He says the dead were
all taken and boxed and carried away in
the night and buried' in Potter's field,
where the negroes ,are buried.. He says
that thousands of negroes only want some
of their leaders to give them the word,
and great will be the slaughter.
Cosixdzritz-Laconics. The World
says JLhat. the following' dispatches have
lately passed between Mr. At Peasacola
Bragg and J en Davis : ,. 4,
Bragg I have caught a Tartar.
Jeff Fetch bim in.
Bragg He won't come;
Jeff Then. come yourself. '
Bragg He won't let me.
AYscpproaiD) Lost Ant Raoovkako.
It has been found out within a few-
weeks that the girls.pf, 1881 are sot be
hind the girls of 1776 in the use of the
needle. Boston TVanscript. .
Vanity Fair's advice to volunteer prin
ters if tbey happen to fall in with a type
of the Baltimore clue-wrlT anywhere,
under any drraniataacs,.U-doaa't forget
10. "aouuie leaa mm.
iP'riu'tkiSm JVaawiwoJtaesifisr JOrror.
Written oa Receipt tf tke New of the
., i ' BombaudMeatorSajater..
Bfcr reaVipai t
" Peals jea tb start)
Peals oa lb startled oar! '
Aad caaooB.'thaaderiag from afar,
Seem to bo heard e"ea when w an,
Aa crasblagly tbey read aad rear
Oorcoantry's walla ao dear.
Ob, Hearea! haa tlell iu fieada eat free,
To desecrate oar laadt
Or It it can it traly be
That we bat Tester' brothers err.
To boman moaner tamed, decree
To fratricide oar baada!
Igoobly tree! Gird oa tb aword!
Death to tbe traitors Death!
Aad may tb wrath of Ileareo bo poor'd
la direfal reegeanea oa the bord
Tbat ties of brotherhood igaored
., Did first the aword aasbeatb.
To arms! To arms! Ob, rally rooaJ
Tba flag we boa-ht ao dear;
Deafen tbo air with martial soiled,
Aad let tbo claag ofermi rescind,
Until tb cry of Iraaaoa'a drowned
Ia traitors' blood fore'er !
The Great Conflict Where Shall the
First Blows Fall!
The secession of Virginia has- cleared
the skies. A treacherous enemy has de
serted our ranks, who, while she remain
ed, was incessant in her efforts to en
courage the rebellion, to shield its out
rages, and to arm the traitors, with assu
rances that she would join them at the
I right moment in overthrowing a Govern-
uieut wiiicu sua uaa ueen emoarrassing
to the utmost of her power by a feigned
loyalty. She has now elected to make
her soil the battle field.
If secession was incomplete without
Virginia, we can crush it in its great
leader, who brings it directly within
reach of onr blows. In dictating terms
to Virginia, we can do it to the whole
Union. TPe canidictate these at Riclimond
in tixty days, if we will. We can now
make the war a 6hort one. It should be
ended in one campaign. A column of
25,000 men should, the earliest moment
possible, march, from .Washington' on
ouuuiu piucocu iruui names .tuver to rt.
Monroe. Resistance to two well appointed
armies would be impossible. Once at
Richmond, we should hold 500.000
slaves, rated in Virginia to be worth
8400,000,000, as hostages for the good
conduct of the enemy. Should we be
forced to extreme measures, all the other
States would take warning bv the example
U.J. .fit.:. ..i 1.. j rear r? t-
uiaut; us uiutr great leaner. 41 air. ljincoin
does not now strike an effectual blow,
upon him will rest the responsibility of a
prolonged and cruel war. In Virginia,
as the head and front of secession, we
have a position the most vulnerable to
attack. We hold complete control of all
her outlets to the seas. From Ft. Monroe
expeditions can penetrate by water far
into her interior. Washington will soon
be an immense fortified camp. Expe
ditions can penetrate the State from Pcn
6ylvania, at numerous points on the
North, and.on tbe West from tho Ohio,
should not that section prove loyal, as
we firmly believe and hope it will.
Threatened, on every side she can concen
trate no large bodies of troops if she had
them. If sho had such, she could not
keep them on.the field forwent of means.
she has no money in her treasury. She
cannot borrow a dollar, nor can she raise
any considerable amount by taxation.
At tbe very moment we are striking a
blow at Virginia, we. should fit out a
large naval and military force to operate
against tbe' Cotton States. Both Charles
ton and Savannah might be threatened
and captured by a force landed at Port
Royal, a deep estuary about equi distant
from these two cities. The capture of
the city of Mobile, which is almost entire
ly unprotected, would be an easy matter.
New Orleans might be threatened or as
sailed at the same time. Such an expe
dition would keep President Davis and
all tbe forces ha could raise at home, and
constantly on the loofcofft for his winged
enemy, whicb, beyond reach of attack,
conld select its own time and place to
deal a decisive blow. Such a force would
compel Virginia to fight out her own
battles single handed.
Another point of great strategical im
portance, is Cairo at the confluence-of the
Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. This com
mands completely the State of Missouri
and Kentucky, and a portion of Tennes
see,. ;and would, bean admirable base of
opperations. for ' a force teat, down the
Mississippi Upon this point a large
force should be concentrated, amply sup
plied with materials aad munitions of
war. . .
Now1 that we are in for a fight, let us
finish it at a blow. Tbe first thing u to
know where we stand, to learn who. are
friends and who are our toes. We
want bo relations' that, can embareas the
unity of onr purposes orplaas. We are
infinitelv stroBiwr with Virginia an.open
enemy, than a Ue-eheroos ally. If Ken
tucty, or Maryland; or Tenneswee are not
heartily with ns, let theta follow the ex-
ample ot Virginia, n o wa ao urauu
who will he holdian-OM of onr hands
while we are atrikiaej with the other.
w ot rnilv iMt ts, have the i
squarely presented, 'bst: we want the bat
tle iosgnt wiiav ue aaxagtmuu rasgsu
nnder the appropriate banners.
We cannot ad nut tne right of secession.
became wi canmotradmii a proptetiten
thalxMoUtour ommdstkMtiie. If the
will of a particular rcommanity, or indi
vidual, is paramount, then we accept
anarchy as onr necessary condition.- We
never admit' such a proposition. We
will fight to the last man and the last
musket firsti Neither will we admit
slavery will.be equally desirable as freer
dom. "When slavery assumes a ihostile
attitude, and is fighting to rnt ,iheiin'
round our necks, we Will pnYibitn all'
our powerto confine it within its present'
area, and if no other resort is left avwe
will proclaim freedom, in its place. yMrc
Davis haa taken the initiative and invites'
pirates and privateers to prey upon oun
private property. We will1 show" Kim,"
that we can retaliate with thousand1 fold
force, and removo from our system an
element which has brought upon ns bur'
present misfortunes, which has always
been a sonrce of discord, and which must
always continue to be so while it exists.
X. Y. Times.
No More Parleying.
We trust our federal authorities will'
not have another, word of negotiation, of
any character whatever, with any. State
or city-that is either rebellious or hesita
ting nor give ear for one moment to'
any mediator with his arrangements for
sparing tbe enusion ot hiooa. 'ihe con-
ly phraseology used by the government
should pe an unconditional demand; 'the'
the only phraseology listened to should
be that of unconditional submission;-
Government is the executor of law; ''and i
law does not negotiate, it prescribes, it
does not compromise, it punishes." . Tha
officer of the law does not go into a con-"
ference with the burglar and the murder-'
er; neither. with the man who himself;
threatens burglary, and murder in case'
they and he are not let alone. Nor should
it he. different with traitors and the friends",
of traitors: If the border States wiH not
perform their whole duty to: the govern
ment, they are to be reckoned with those.
States that have openly repudiated the.
government, All alike are its enemies,,
and all alike should be dealt with, as
such. To parley with;any of them isto'
sacrifice.the authority of law. without
which law is nothing.- ... ' " t
The war. haa actually begun', aad lie
sooner the government and alrioyal pea-.
pie conform .their entire action to thrk
stern facfof war; the sooner and the surer
will solid peace return. The olive branch
should nojonger be in your thoughts; it
ia the naked sword alone with which we
now have to do. What man does not
feel in his heait more confidence in the
duration of his government now, since
the great North has sprang to arms, than
ria liul txrn mnntfm furn.-when thn thnrnrrita'
of the North were turned on peace? -The'
government was then thought weak; it ia
now known to be Strong. Its frienda'
then could hardly help despising it ; its'
very enemies now are constrained to re-
spect it. Men cannot help having a re
gard for genuine power. There is a dread
majesty in it that takes hold of their im
aginations in spite of themselves. Every-
body's heart is stirred at' the sight of a
seventy-four. Why ? " See ; if yon bid
it sail to the end of the world,- it will lift
anchor, go,-, and arrive. The raging
oceans do not beat it back ; it too, as
well as the' raging oceans, has a relation'
ship to nature, and it does not sink,- bnt,"
nnder the due conditions, is borne along..
If it meet with hurricanes, it rides theta
out; if it meet an enemy's ship, it shivers'
it to powders ; .and,. in short, it holds on
its way, and, to a wonderful extent, does
WHAT IT MEANS AID FRKTKSDS TO DO."
And it is for this reason the. whole world;
salutes it. It is because onr ship of state '
three months ago; was to appearances, to
anything bnt that a mere wringling,
tumbling hulk, drifting as the wind and''
current drove that men would not honor'
it, and began to ingnire whether such a
concern, after all, was worth the saving.
The old ship now has every sail set, and'
pilotage and the helm. She is herself
again. And every man's heart shall thrill'
to see how she shall cleave every ware,-.
and shiver every foe.. ,
The government now must go straight
on in the vindication of its authority.' It
has a latent strength which the world Aas '
little understood, and which hat been -almost
'a secret to itself- That might ia
now to be called forth, and treason al
ready quails before its doom. It already
is beginning to feel the lesson that, in this1
republic, obedience is duty ; that authority
is justice, aad that government is JCSTicn-
Wilsox's Zopavas ahd the Hamas
Conros. An anxipni mother in New'
York'andertook'-to get her son released
from Wilson's Zouaves by a writ 'of kaj
beas corpus. A lawyer accordingly -via-
ited the encampment and said, giving a'
legal docameat.to OoL Wilson; ;
"It commands yon to surrender to me '
the body of Francis Wright."
"Why do yon want bis body.!- asked1
"He ia not yet sixteen," wae the re:
P01!!?- .. .. . , t
"Here," said uoi. vv uson, uureesiag
a subordinate officer, "find Francis
Wriht. take off his coat, vest, boots,.
stockings and hat, and deliver his body
to this ra-caL" .
The lawyer foand that before' he conld;
remove the body f Francis Wright-
frew. tba Island, it would be nicseiiry
to npplyf him with a new wardrobe, ad
consequently .this body waa teemnorarily'
left' whne'thefegal memeagiV ir a.,
quest of appropriate habilimeaU: "
Tie' step from the'flablime to'theki--dicaloas
Virginia, "the raelker of Pres-'
ideats," adopting. Jeff. Davis.