Newspaper Page Text
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SOL. MILLER, EDITOR AND PPBLISIER.'
THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION.
VOLUME V;-yiS UMBER 38. . n
" 1 - s. 7i ' JfH
i TERMS--;$?. riR ASNCM, I AlTAIOav
(tftpfa gtlrg, '
WHITE CLODD,, KANSAS, THURS'My, MARCH 27, 1862. '.
by john a. wmttieil
BcsiJ a stricken field I l00,".. , ,
Os tk. tori tirf. on trass "H,
Hsnj heavily tbe ew of aloed.
Still ia the fiesb rnoends lay ibt slata.
Bit all the air ".nick w,tn P"
Aid l"tj "lbs ,na tearful rslnj-
Tiro angsls, each with droopinf, held,
Aid folded "' " "i"''1' tnJt
Wiidxil bj tilt Tilhj f tie dJ.
Th ont, with fonbead uintly bland.
And lipi f lUiiinj, not ummuil,
htatl, wtrpiif, on her olne wind.
Tie olber'i Irowi were KJlred isd knit,
Hit teitleu wf wltb-firt lit,
Hu bandi Tor battle jmntleu fit.
Ho k(r t katw a Toica of Feact i
II there no reipite' no releawj
lVbta ibill the bopeUn (joarrel ctaie! t
"Ok, LorJ, bo louj! Ono bnau acal
It more than anj parcbaaent seroU,
Or air II J J tie windi unroll.
"IVbat price ru Illiwortb'i, jonnf aid knnt
Ho welfh tb ill that Ljon Jirlt
Oreaaattbe coil orU'inibrp'a jmoj
Oh, brother! If thine tjea can lee.
Till bow and ben th end ahall be,
lVbat hope reoalnt Tor ibea and mi.r
Than Freedom aternlr laid: "I abna
No strife nor panf beneitb the ann,
When banua rifbu an naked and won.
1 knelt with Ztika'a hinted (lock,
1 watched in Toniant' cell of rock,
I walked with Sidney to the block.
"The moor cf Manton felt raj tread,
Threigh Jersej snowa tbe march I led,
Mr roiee 3Iaenta'c charge! apod.
Pat low, through wear dajr &nd nifbt,
I ualcb a vagae and nimleia fight,
Forleare to atnke one blow aright.
"On. euher tide mj foe they own;
One gnarJ throogh loe hia ghattlj throne,
Aad one through fair to reverence grown.
'Ufay wait we longer, mocked, betrayed
By open foei, or those araid
Te speed thy conimg throcgb my nidi
Why watcb te see who win or fill!
I shake the dart against tbem all;
1 leave tbeni to ibeir senselesa brawl."
'Kiv.' Peace implored; "yet longer wait;
Tbe doom is near, the slake is groat;
GoJ knowelh if it be too late.
Still wait aad watch; the way prepare.
Where I, with folded wings of prayer,
Mar follow, weapoalesa and bare.
"Too late'" the stern, sad voice replied;
"Too la'e"1 its mocrnful eel sighed;
la low lament the answer died.
A rustling as of wings in flight,
An unwirJ gleam of lessening while,
Sopaned ibe vision, sonnd and sight.
But rinnj me, like n silrer bell.
Hung don llie listening sky to tell
Of holy help, a sweet voice fell.
"full hope and trust," it sang; "the rod
Must fall, the wine-press most be trod,
Hut all is possible with God."
The following is from tha pen of Wes
lej BratKh.w, Esq., and makes a fitting
companion to "Washington's Vision,"
which sketch, written by Air. Bradsbaw
t the commencement of onr national dif
ficulties, was Widely eonierl hv th nri.
ad commended by Edward Everett as
"tParhTtii m u:tl ; . . t
m.u6 a uigmj troparcani lesson 'to
"e true lover of bis country:,"
Two o'clock of tbe third night after
"cu. juxweiian's arrival in Washington
wiua commind of the United States
Army. lonnd ihnfc tncl 1a,.taA Dl.
Uler DOriDtr nrsr cavroral mon. ......-.. r
. o -" O.IWSI tusjaf aojviis us
Ag the honr ramo fnllintr trirnnevft t,a
night, togethir with the dnll rambling of
-. wagons and artillery wheels, the
-..eu ne-o, pushing from him his maps
JM reports, leaned his forehead on his
arms, opon the table before him,"
ra "it in a sound sleep, so that even the
occasional booming of the heavy guns,
wing placed in position on the intrench
?' W,u insnfficient to disturb it, r
l conld not have been slumbering thus
oore than ten minutes." said the General
w an intimate friend, to whom he related
tn! grnarr'tive' ""hen I thought
oL ." u J"' room whih I hd care
ally locked. we ti, j.i.i
d some one strode to me. and laying a
"and UDOn mir .r.IJ !j Ji6
i solemn voice:
"'General AfcCUlln Jn i .
ypout xouUzrzz:ivzz ,:
tt--j j .1 j-'t " tic u tun vc
a rn;. . "v uie "ve l neara
1 voice possess ntv iha j: j
jn terrible ton, of thVoTe tht .TdreT
aensi .e fewfnl words- And the
nation that passed througntrie. as it
WB. mr ""' and I coweringly
"rank into myself at the thought 'ofmr
S wh;5 l?8006'1."0 onV compare it'to
o! S ?. -eep . storm
of brain T??rged dtrect'y through
althonr . 2, not move however,
f omS,IMned hard,y t0 r!se 7 ttd
SoJ P'nessto 'replytothe
u nestd that . .i i.r .
"Ptaf ", BoiemnTOics
'Gentral 1--7jf ......
r But -; T??. you iihp at
j WHOLE NUpEIfi;
"There was a peculiarity about it this
time; it seemed as tbongh I a mere atom
of matter was suspended , in tbe centre
oi an inbnite space, and that tbe voice
came from a hollow distance all around
me. As the last word was uttered I 're
gained, by some felt and yet un&riowri
power, my volition, and 'with the change
the grape 'shot discharge "sensation in my
brain ceased, and a strange out new one
sejzed my heart; one as ofTa huge, rough
icicle being sawed back and forth through
and through me. ,""' . -"
'retarted up, orratherl should say I
thought,! started up, for whether 1 wae,
awake or asleep I am utterly unable
trt ilfMnla 11. Rat ' t I.....tl& ... '1 .
. uciue. uijr uidu. cuuugiii. wai auOUl
siij uiajio, uiu utiuro iuy eyeiiti8 iiaa
half opened, my bnnd .was grasping them.
But this was all. Thetablo was still be
fore me, and the maps," all crumpled in
my lightening clutch, were still before
me; but everything else had idisappearod.
The furniture, was gone;' the, ceiliug-was
not to be seen. All h awwas the, "tab
leau I am about to describe to yoq.
"My gazo was turned Southward, ami
there, spread out before me, was a living
map. That.is the only expression Lean
think of as befitting tbe scene. In one
grand coup cTail my eye took in the
whole expanse of country.'as far south as
the Gulf of Mexico, and fiom the Atlan
tic ocean on the ea.t to the Mississippi
'river westwardly. Before fully fixing my
attention .upon the immense scene, how
ever, I thonght of the mysterious visitant,
wbose voice X bad beard bnt a moment
previous, and I. looked toward him. An
apparition stood on my left, somewhat in
front, at a distance of about six feet from
me. I sought for his features, .hoping to
recognize him. Cut I was disappointed,
for the statue-like figure was nought but
a vapor, a cloud, having only the general
outlines of a man. This troubled me,
and J was turning the matter over in my
mind, when the shadowyr visitor, in the
same slow, solemn tone as before, said:
'"General McClellan, your time it
short ! Look to the Southward!'
"I felt unable to resist this ,command,
even had I wished to do so,, and again,
therefore, my eyes were cast over the to
ing map. Out on the Atlantic I saw the
various vessels of the blockading, squad
ron looming up with the most perfect
distinctness in the bright moonshine, that
illuminated every thing with a strong,
but mellow light. I saw Charleston
harbor and its forts, with their pacing
sentinels, and their sullen looking bar
bette guns. My eyes followed the ocetn
line all the way round into 'the Gulf, to
New Orleans, and thence up the Missis
sippi. Fort Pickens, and infact every
fortification along this watery boundary,
I beheld in as much 'distinctness as yon,
sir, see that Corporal's guard passing
there. This sight filled me with delight
ful surprise; but it would be utterly im
possible for me to describe the ecstatic
amazement that followed, as within the
limits I mention, my eyes took in, in a
minute, but with lightning-like detail,
every mountain range, every hill, every
valley, every forest, every meadow, every
river, every rivulet, every city, every vil
lage, every camp, .every tent, every body
of men. every s-entinel. every earthwork,
every cannon, and I may say, dispensing
with fnrther detail, every living and every
dead thing,' no ma(ter what its height or
bulk. My blood' seemed to stopin its
channels with joy, as 1 thought that the
knowledge, and therebyadvantage, thus
given to me, would insure a 6peedy and
happy termination of the war. And this
one idea was engrossing my mind, when
once more, that slow solemn voice said:
'General McClellan, late your map
and note what you behold. Tarry not;
vour time is short."
"I started, and glancing at the unearth
ly speaker, saw him extend bis arm and
point Southwardly. ;
" Still I saw no features.
" Smoothing out the largest and most
accurato'ona ofmy maps, I,seized a pen
cil, and qnfco wore bent myJgaze out over
tha 'living map. as i jookcu wis iime,
a'cold thrilling.chillran over me, and the
huge rough, icicle agato began its sawing
motioatbrough my heart. For, 'as, pen
cil in hand, I' compared the map with tho
.. . : " rt.. ....
living map, i saw masses oi mo, uucmj .
forces being hurried t& certain points, 'so
as to thwart movements .that within a
day "or two, I" intended Jto .make at those
identical points'; whihTon "two particular
approaches to Washington I beheld heavy
columns of the foe posted1 for a concentrat
ed attack that I instantly saw most suc
ceed ia itt object, unless speed ily prevent
ed. " ' - - 7.
'Treachery! treachery !' cried I, in
despair. And", as before, my blood seem
ed to stop ia it's channels for joy, it now
did so" for fear. Buin and defeat seemed
to atare me'in the.face. !At this dreadful
moment that same slow, solemn roice
strnck once more npoa my oars, saying:
"General McClellan. you have been
betrayed .and, had not God villedM olA
.;.. 0T0 thr ran of to-morrow had set.
the Confederate flag vmld havefloatedi
above the Uapuoiana yovrvw y..
But1 note -what yon tee , Tour ttne u
short.' .Tarry not f : -
V-'Ere1 the jrordrfrhad ft tholips of
myvapory Mentor; my pencil was flying
with the speed of thought, Jransfemng o
the map before me all thatT-ipon the
tbe tdg ,WSpme,inT.tenou jnd
unearthly induenceas upoa KfVlW
n'otetf ani recorded, the.amatatpomt
Ibehed whhout'the sligWt effort. jTe-lay-or
f.'ke.' WfcW "I-t tWi was
ever, I had become conscious that aere
was a shining of! light on my left,i that
.icunjr lucreasea until me moment l
ceased my task." when it became in an
instant more intense than the noonday
sun. Quickly I raised my .eyes, and
never, were I to live forever, shonld I
forget "what I saw. The dim shadowy
Tignre was no longer a dim shadowy fig-nre.-hut
the gloriu'ed and refulgent Spirit
oj Washington, the father of Ins Country,
and now, a second lime it'i Saviour.
"My friend, it would be utterly useless
lor mo to attempt to describe the mighty
returned spirit. I can only say that Wash
ington, as I beheld him in my dream, or
trance, as you may choose to term it,
was tho most God-Jike being I'could have
ever conceived of. "Like a weak dazzled
bird I sal gazing at, the heavenly vision.
From the sweet nnd " Rllonf tnntn n(
Mount Vernon our Washington had risen
iu uuic mum liiumiu unu. raise tip, Willi
his saving arm, our fallen, bleeding coun
try, iis x conunnea tooKing an exprcs-
muu oi en ui una oenignuy came geiuiy
npun ins visage, ami tor me last time l
its victims forerunners of its approach
And wberr the proper' time does come, it
will sweep down upon, and forever an
nihilate Disunion with a thnnder that
shall reverberate throughout tho world for
ages upon ages to come. - r
air, there will be no more BuU;fiun
'air I .;"-
heard that slo;w, solemn voice bayin
me somecuing iikc tins:
. '.General McClellan, While yet in the
Uesli i beheld the birth of tbe American
Republic. Indeed it was a hard "and
bloody one, but God's Messina was upon
the nation, and therefore, through this,
her first ouEAT,8TnnaoLE for existence.
he snstainedi her out triumphantly. A
century has not' passed since then, and yet
the Child Republicans taken her position,
a peer, with .nations whoso page of histo
ry extends for ages into the rpast. She
has since those dark days,.fcy'tbo favor
oi jou, greatly prospered. And now,
by very reason of this prosperity she has
been brought to her second cheat strug
gle. This is by far tbe most perilous or
deal she has to endure. Passing as she
is from childhood to opening maturity,
sho is called on to accomplish that vast
result, self -conquest, to learn that impor
tant jesson, self-control, self-rule, that in
the future will plnco her in the van of
power and civilization. It is here that
all nations have hitherto failed; and she,
too, the. Republic of the earth, had not
God willed it otherwise, would by to
morrow's sunset have been a broken heap
of stones cast up over the final grave of
human liberty. But her cries have gone
up out of her borders like sweet incense
unto Heaven, and she will bo saved. Thus
shall peace once once more come upon
her, and prosperity fill her with joy. But
her misson will not then be yet finished,
lor, ere anotber century Mian nave gone
by, the oppressors of tbe whole earth,
hating and envying her exaltation, shall
join .themselves togctner and raise up
thdir nands against ber. Hut if she still
be found worthy of her high calling they
shall surely bediscomfittcd, and then will
be ended bet third and last great.
struggle for existence I Thence forth
hhall tbe Republic go on increasing in
goodness and power until her borders shall
end only in the remotest corners of the
earth, and the whole earth shall, beneath
her shadowing wings, become a Univers
al Republic. Let her in ber prosperity,
however, remember the Lord her God;
let her trust always in Him, and she shall
" The heavenly visitant ceased speak
ing, and as I still pontinued gazing upon
him drew near to me, and raised and
spread ont his hands above ma. No
sound now passed his lips, bnt I felt a
strange influence coming over me. I in
clined my bead forward to receive the
blessing, the baptism of the Spirit of
" The following instant a peal of thun
der rolled in npon my ears, and I awoke.
The Vision had departed, and I was again
sittingin my apartment, with everything
exactly as it was before I fell asleep, with
one exception. The map' on which I had
dreamed I, had been marking wat literally
covered with a net work of pencil marks".
signs and figures. I arose to my ieet and
rubbed, my eyes, and took a turn tor two
about the room, to convince myself that
I was really awake. I again seated my-1
self; but'the peocillings were as plain as
ever, and I bad belore me as. complete a
map and repository of information as
though I had spent years in gathering
and recording its details. My mind now
became confused' with the strange and
numberless ideas and'thonghte that crow
ded themselves into it, and, I involnntari-.
"God has stretched his arm, and the
American Union is saved ! And onr be
loved, Glorious Washington shall again
rest quietly, sweetly, in his tomb,.. until,
perhaps, the end of tho prophetic century
approaches that is to bring the Republic
lO Iier THIRD AND FINAL STRUGGLE, When
he may, once more, lay aside the cerements
of Mount Vernon, and come, a messenger
of succor and peace, from tho Great Ruler,
who has all the nations of the earth in His
keeping. But that future is too vast for
our comprehension; wo are the children
of the present.
" When Peace shall anain have folded
her bright wings, and settled won our
land, that strange, unearthly, wonderful
map, marked while the Spirit eyes of
Washington looked on, shall be preserved
among American archtves, as a precious
reminder to the American JSalion, of what,
in their becoxd great struggle for xm-
tence, they. owed to God and the Glorified
Cfpirtl of Washington. .
"Verily, tho ways of God are above the
understanding of men.
'AND ONE PETVATE KHIED.'
Cold words, lo tell a tnotbera dotfn; lore
That ber oU a;e was desolate indeed
That tbe proud stay of her declining years
Wae taken from her at ber utmost need.
Brief words jet it waa ttmble to feel
The bitter woe their scanty limits held!
Pmill joy it aeemed, in that small hoar to know
The field was taken and the Toe waa qoelled.
Was it for this tbey lent bin forth in pride,
A roolhcrs blessing on his boyish head,
A sister kisses on his beardless lip
Thus to receive him voiceless, cold and dead!
lie was their all, perchance, they loved him lo!
He went; and now O. breaking hearts, be ftlll
Colombia's Massing on her bravest sons,
Hallows the grave bis preclooa form aball &U.
God bless him! no delosive hopes of spin.
No glittering glory lored bis yoothfal eye;
Loving bis country with boy's prond lore.
He thoogbt it little for her sake to die. I
And so he went and tlins they bear blm bone,
Tbe crimson stain apon his goldea hair,
The hasli ordeath npoa tbe hero heart
Tbe heart so eager then to do and dare. ej)
And Oiongh on earth no trumpet sonnd his fame.
Royally angel harps In Heaven shall tell
How, with his yoang soul fall of boly seal,
Tbe brave boy-palriot for his country fell.
Iy 6ank1do"wn on' my knees to seek wis
dom, and guidance from on High. As I
arose refreshened in 'spirit, 7that same
solemn voice seemed to say to me, from
an infinite distance:
" 'Your time it short !t Tarry not P
"In an instant, thought became clear
and .active. Hastening out couriers, with
orders to have executed certain manoeuvres
at 1 certain points', guiding myself by
that now, in my eyes, unearthly map,) I
threw myself into the saddle,' and long
ere daylight, galloping like the tempest
from post to post and camp .to camp,
had tbe bappiaots to. divert the enemy
fr.om.his .object, which, my friend, I as
sure you would hare proven entirely sne
cessful by reason of ,the last piece of
treachery; ha J not Heaven interposed.
"That aiap'is looked upon by no hp
man eye save' my own, and therefore
treachery ean do ua no harm. I have 'on
it every whit of information that Trued,
information that the enemy would give
million&tojwep'fromui. Thefate of the
mmr- is settled. i x - '
jTly .rebellion truly jwems very fotm4
idable, but it is oniy straggling m auo
path of an avalanche. The mighty tojo
nlinemasttof national! poweria'd' retm
briea wilU'tfatll the proper moment
cofcakV-now and ihwi'letalip down upon
It seems to bo established by common
consent that until recently the organiza
tion of cavalry has not received proper
attention in the present war ; consequent
ly mat arm is excitinc, witbin a tew
weeks, increased notice, and we hear in
every direction of regiments being rais
ed to supply the manifest deficiency. A
few remarks upon the uses and relations
of the cavalry arm, will enable .our
readers to attain a proper nnderstanding
of tho subject:
Under tho Napoleonic system designed
for continental warfare, on fields well
known and used for. such purposes for
centuries, the proportion of cavalry was
established at from a quarter to a sixth
of the infantry ; i. e., with an army of
200,000 infantry, there should be from
30.000 to 50,000 horc, according to tbe
nature of the war Compared with this
limit, a glance will show our deficiency,
and some historic reasons for it.
In our revolutionary war and that of
1812, so difficult and expensive was it to
maintain horses, and so few compara
tively, were the actions in the open field,
tuai tnat arm was comparatively neglec
ted. After tbe latter war, for many
years we had scarcely the skeleton of an
- '- ., . . -
During tbe Mexican war the dragoons
grumbled much .and not without cause,
that,they had small, opportunity of dis
tinction where most of the actions con
sisted of attack on intrenebments, as, after
the first battles of Palo Alto and Besaca,
tbe Mexicans met our army! in the open
field but once at Beuna Vista. where
they hoped to crush us by the overpower
ing preponderance of four or five to1 one.
Ourf dragoons were employed after the
conquest of the capital, in conveying
wagon trains and" conductat from Vera
Onus to Mexico, or in foraging pities to
points at a" 'distance from the national
Tha experience of-the Mexican war
was improperly prejudicial to'the cavaT-j
ry. its tendency was to ueprecisue laeir
value in the future.
As early.as June, 1838,: two regiments
of dragoons two. thousand in all had
been adde4.to' our little army, and consti
tuted lU entire cavalry force.. During
the Mexican war a third was added, which
disbanded at tha peace. '
' Li May, 1846,, a regiment of aoanted
riflemen was created, bnt it cerrsd through
tbe war q oof. j. -In March, 1855, two
regiments of cavalry were formed for ser
vice on our widely extended Western
country. These, then, constituted the
entire Cavalry" fare at the opening of the
present war two regiments or csrury,
two of dragoons,1 and one' of mounted
rifles. At?th recent'" sJuddon aad im
mense iaerea of itrMarmyito 2W.O00
men, the dMiprofortion' of earalry rwae
not obemed alto reladea'to'tlw infant.
ry ;and thus, acting upon our old expe
rience, especially tbe Mexican, we find we
have underrated its value. The fanlt is
being speedily repaired : we shall have a
splendid body of horse ready for theiield.
A few words will not be out of place
aa to the practical uses of cavalry. Let
it hr borne feftnind-that .inTantty "!.
arm oy prc-emineuco tuo very bone and
sinew of army.organization. Tbe infant-
rjuiarj, -an a loot, is a little nost in
himself, wherever he stands. However
arrayed, in rank he never loses his indi
viduality; What the trooper gains in
celerity and machinery, i. e. his horse,
be loses in his individual freedom and
Tho principal value of cavalry consists
in rapidity of movement. It readies a
given 6pot while infantry is not more
than ready to march. On a battle-field
it is so important at a given moment
the critical one to gain a decisive point,
that cavalry were antly termed bv Mar
shal Saxe, I'arme du nomen. Its use,1" af
ter battle, cannot be too highly estimated.
To pnrsue the retreating enemy ; to rout
anti tusperse ; to cut clown ; to reach and
occupy points in advance before tha ene
my can reach and. hold them such is
the duties of cavalry'after an action, as
they were demonstrated after tbe battle
of Cerro Gordo, in accordonce with Gen.
Scott's prophetic order of the day.
The common distinction in the French
and English armies, of heavy and light
cay airy, is not altogether arbitrary. It
arose first, from tbe great inequality
in tho size of horses. Then, upon large
horses were placed large men, heavily
caparisoned. Such are tbe cuirassiers
and carbines, used for covering retreats
by successive shocks or short charges,
and for compact masses in storming bat
teries. The light troops are chasseurs,
corresponding to light infantry, lightly
equipped, and mounted on fleet rather
than stout horses.
In all cases a cavalry charge shonld be
supported by infantry, to occupy tho po
sition, while cavalry can ,storm bnt not
It baa been established that well form
ed fnfantry squares are impervious to
cavalry charges ; but infantry onco bro
ken is soon disintegrated by tbem. Tbe
proper and timely nse of cavalry often
tests tbe judgment of a commander ; and
we recnr to tho blunder of the "Light
Brigade" at Balaklava, as a notable in
stance of their improper nse, meriting the
rebuke of a great commander, applied to
a similar movement on another occasion :
"Magnifique mais ce n'est pas ta guerre."
Indirectly and undesignedly, however,
that charge was useful, in impressing up
on the Russians the great daring of. Brit
ish cavajry, which Lord Lucan had been,
and was afterward very slow in display
"COME, BUSH 10 THE BESCUEl"
The Flag We love.
fHon. Bobcrt O. Winthrop, in his
speech on the occasion of presenting a
banner to the regiment of Senator Wil
son, paid the following beautiful tribute
to our .National nag:
Sir, I must not detain you longer. I
have said cnongh, and more than enough,
to manifest tbe spirit in which this flag
is now committed to your charge. It is
tbe National ensign, pure and simple;
dearer to our hearts at this moment, as
we lift it to the gale, and see no other
sign of hope npon tbe storm cloud, which
rolls and rattles above it, save that which
is reflected from its oivn radiant bnes ;
dearer, a thousand fold dearer to us all,
than ever it was before, while gilded by
the sunshine of prosperity, and playing
with the zephyrs of peace. It will speak
for itself, far more eloquently than I can
speak for it. ;
Behold it! Listen-to it I Every star
has a tongue, every stripe is articulated.
There is no" langnags or speech where
tneir voices are not tieard. lucre s ma
gic in the web'of it. I has an answer for
every question of duty. It has a solu
tion tor every doubt and every perplexity.
It' has a word'of good cheer for every
hour of gloom or of despondency.
jjenom it i .jjiKien to it i it speaKS
of earlier and of later straggles. It speaks
of victories, and 6omo'times of reverses,
on tbe sea and on the land. It speaks of
patriots and heroes among the living and
among the dead ; and of him, the first
and greatest of tbem all, around whose
consecrated ashes this unnatural and ab
horrent strife has so long been raging
"tbe abomination of desolation standing
where it ought not." But before all, and
above all other associations and memo
ries whether glorious men, or glorious
deeds, or glorious places its voice is
ever'of Union and liberty, of the Consti
tution and tbe laws.
Behold it I Listen to it I ' Let it tell
the story of its birth to these gallanVyol
nnteers, as they march beneath it folds
by day or repose beneath its sentinel
stars by night. Xet it recall to them the
strange, evenlfol history of its rise and
progress ; , let it, rehearse to .them tbe
wondroustales of its trials and triumphs,
in peace as well as in war; and whatever
may happen to it or to them, it wilPne
ver be surrendered to Rebels ;' never be
ignominiously struck to treason.norever
be prostituted to any unworthy and un
ennstica' purpose of revenge, depredation
And may a merciful. God cover the
head of each oaeof- its.hrave -detendert,
in tbe hour of battle !
Alive tortoise wis found aix feet below
thesnrface'of the ground, by Mae woflt
men; 'while diggiag'a foundation' at Pon
Br DATID PAUL BKOWJT. '
Com, rash u tbe rescoe! tbe Union's la danger!
The rebels aad traitors are thirsting Or blood!.
Tho hone of art yoath. is tba sao.il oftbe stranger,
Aad carnage etalta whart on altars once stood.
JTbea rash ta tk reseaot arease rroaa yteValaaaWist
TLe shade of yocr ratbesa appeal to yosr aid;
Let the traitors sjranea with their rash levied anmbers,
Tra patriots aad freemen are never dismayed.
The foo is before as. March onward to meet tharn;
Let them boast as rhey may, they bat dig their own graves;
The brave and the just ar still eager to great tbem.
And teach tbem the difference wixt freemen and slaves.
Let them scoar-o their poor boadsmen, and talk of their
Inboman, remorseless, conceited and Taint
When tbey grapple with heroes, they'll soon learn tbe story.
That themselves are the objeets of seem aad disdain!
Come on, then, yonr tattered palmetto displayiag,
Yoor golden pretensions will soon tarn to brass)
We know that yoor roaring is nothing but braying ;
That the skin oftbe lion disguises the ass.
What then shoold are fearl Ob! we fear tbe disgrace,
Tbe ri le blot on the page of Republican story,
tYhich oor tears and oor prayers can never efface.
Which forever shall tarnish onr National glory.
Von talk of oppression1 why, who is oppressed!
What hand ever smote yon. what foot ever rpnrnedl
You're been coorted, and flattered, and fostered, and
In reqcltal efall 'gainst yocr country yon've tamed.
Yon have palsied the arm often raised to defend yon.
Invaded the Union yon'vo sworn to maintain,
Yon've outraged tbe laws that were made to befriend yon,
And wonnded the bosom that yearned to sostajn.
What, then, are the evils that more yonr displeasure?
What plea can yon nrge for this fratricide strife!
Have we cnptnred yoar forts? have we sqandered yonr
Have we plotted yoar death, or embittered your life?
Oh! search yonr dark thoughts! aad youTl Gad that tbe
Of hatred, revenge, low ambition and pride,
Impels yon to sacrifice all yoa Inherit
AH your brave sires lived for, and for which they died!
Armies and Their Leaders.
Sinco the battle'of Bull Run, the spokes
men of the South have gone off into .en
logiums on the courage of the rebel
troops, mora florid and bombastic than
ordinary. Forgetful, too, of tho time
honored maxim, "Comparisons are odi
ous," they have passed no flattering
judgment on tbo comparative courage of
the forces of tbe Government. We are
disposed to allow tbem all the comfort
which they can derive from this bonrca ;
they will need it all and much more of a
better quality before the conflict closes.
And we can cheerfully leave it for disin
terested cotemporaries and for an impar
tial posterity to decide wuicb showed tbe
most unflinching courage, the men that
stood at the breech, or those who rush
ed up to the muzzles of the guns in
masked batteries at Bnll Run. Every
calm observer knows fnll well that the
question of the relative courage of the
parties in this contest is one of mere sec
ondary importance. Courage in a sol
dier is all very well in its way. We do
not by any means undervalue it ; but it
by no means decides the fate of cam
paigns, unless backed up by other and
more important qualities. There is war
ning for the boastfnl spirits of the South
and instruction for the true friends of the
Government, in tbe opening of the wars
of the French Revolution.
The allied forces, no doubt, booted at
the soldiers of revolutionary France as
arrant cowards, from their conduct in'the
first movements of the campaign of 1792.
iiiron marched with ten thousand men, to
the capture of Mons. On his way bis ar
my came in sight of tbe Austrian forces.
Two regiments of dragoons were seized
with a panic, and before a single gun was
fired tbe whole army was in flight, leav
ing, all their camp equipage behind.
Dillon advanced from Lille To'nrnay, and
at the first flash of the Austrian guns his
troops gave way and fled in wild confu
sion, leaving all their baggage and am
munition to the enemy. " Bnt they ,were
not, therefore, incapable of making good
soldiers. There was in them the stuff
for making a formidable army an army
that stood unflinching on many a bard
fought field, and bore off thence tbe palm
r. . i - --
Tho same men who. in earlier months
of 1792, under Rochambeau, -Lafayette
and Luckner, had opened tbe campaign
so disastrously and disgracefully to France,
in a few short months, under Dnmoriez
and Kellermann, stood up at Vol my,
against the united armies of Prussia and
Austria, led by the veteran Brunswick,
and By tbe firm stand they madechangee
the whole history of France and Europe.
It was their want of confidence in their lead
era and in their insubordination that caused
their first dieraeefnl retreats ; aad when
these deficiencies were supplied they were
prepared tor a conquest sucn as no mere
courage could ever have secured.
The condition of tbe French '-army at
that epoch resembled that of the .United
States at tbe commencement of the ofen-
entconteat. '"The revolution had .already
drivWout'a large pro'portion oftbe no
bility, who lid' been long accustomed to
furnish the leaders off the r royal armies.
Superior and subaltern officers had left
their positions, and were now enrolled in
the service of the' enemy! ' Fifteen thou
sand of these emigrants weT serving un
der the Duke of Brunswick, when he was
confronted by Snsouriez. Tbe .!&
also, from various causes bad., been seri
ously reduced in that perioov of J fearful
commotion. Tbe army of the monarchy
had wasteiaway to ajnere skeletonIt
is true that, when, war .was proclaimed.
revolutionary levies poured ripTdly. in,
and the ranks'were mfred'Iry artisans,
tradesmen, mecnantct, oargwra ana peas
ants. , But U, was esMierto ,6B.utkaV tanks
than' to fareiss suitably qualified officers.
These new lmescfifled withrevblutiona-
ry entbasiaa,and impatient of-coatrel,
were led by officers whom .they "did"not
know, aid consequently corild not trust,
officers, who in many cases, -did sot
know enough pf.their duties to be worthy
of being trusted. r
Dnmoriez, however, was a man bora
to command. His first review' of the ar
my on assrrming-the command, assured'
the men that they had one for a leader
whom they might safely follow. Subse
quent bold and vigorous acts taught them,
that their General was one who could
not be trifled with, who would be obeyed.1
Kellermann, also, was every inch a soldier;9
he speedily won the entire confidence of
his men, while he made his own authori
ty everywhere felt and respected. His
men soon came nobly up in emulation of
the high qualities of their leaden At
Valmy he boldly flung one of his col-'
nmns upon the veteran Prussian hosts,;
and when compelled to fall back by tho
neavy tire oi a mosxeu battery, ne ral
lied tbem on the brow of a hill front7
which they bad descended. There they
stood and sent up a shout that rolled from
rank to rant, .rising high above tho roar
of artillery a. shout that made the Duke
of Brunswick pause, recall his advancing
forces, and sound the retreat
When the French troops looked from
the platean of Valmy upon their retreat
ing enemies, they bad already wiped out
their former disgrace, and were now ready,
for all that career of triumph, which open
ed before them under the auspices of Na-'
poleon and his Marshals. They had gain
ed confidence in their leaders, they had'
learned to yield with military alacrity to
their authority, and had begun to feel a
soldier's just and sober confidence in them
selves. These were the elements of vic
tory; and victory, for long years thereaf
ter, was wont to perch upon their ban
ners. t t
We have the elements of as noble and ,
brave an army as ever trod the battle-field .
on the way to victory. Our brave troops'
won a victory on their first bloody field. -They
only needed to- make .that victory
complete, a full and hearty confidence in
their leaders, and habits of prompt obedi-
ence to their authority. The first of'
these thanks to that painful lesson they
are likely soon to' have ; for on their next
advance they' will have leaders worthy of
their confidence. The second is seldom-
wanted in an army, led by men "who
understand an officers duty, and aim to
perform it well. With courage, confi
dence and subordination in our army, we
look for results worthy of themselves and
the cause and country which they serve..',
Pickets and Scouting Parties.'
One of tho hardest things for a soldier '
to do is to stand on picket against an en
emythat resorts to Indian bush fighting.
A picket is a guard thrown out a consid- j
erablo distance from the camp, so that an
enemy may not approach unobserved.
With foil liberties to visit the 'outposts,
I strolled out on the road leading to Fair-
fax Court House; at every fifteen or twen- '
ty rods, a vigilant sentinel was on the
alert to bring ma to a haft, with the' in
quiry, "Your pass, jf you please?" Jn
a thicket of pines, which have sprung""
up all over the old worn out tobacco lands,
where, tho furrows of the plow are' dis-
tinctly visible beneath the interlocked
growth of evergreen, was a scouting par
ty, resting after a long, toilsome, stealthy
march through the woods. They had '
made a discovery of a battery a mile
ahead, and were awaiting the arrival of
their forces. Scouting is the most fa-
tiguing of all duties. It is not marching'
but running, skulking, creeping some
times on all fours sometimes with a vel
vet, tread, lest the breaking of a twig
should defeat all their plans. The party
resting crawled like snails through a dark'
forest to-day close up to a road, far inside '
of:the enemy's pickets,4- and counted 50
cavalry as they trotted past them, not 50 ,r
feet distant. A cough, a sneeze, a move
ment, and the three fellows would have
been on their way to .Richmond instead '
of lying- be'ro. Here comes tbeir .com '
rades with two captured rebels. They,
saw them got in their rear, made a rush,
frightened the fellows into non-resistance, ""
and took away- their breech-loading
.Sharp's carbines. - SuchU.the fortune of "
war. But bow did tbe Connecticut boya f
get behind the rebel pickets ? They did ,
it last night, comparatively an easy 'mat-"
ter, because tbe rebels' throw oat patrols, "
instead of pickets.
The tiro prisoners were taken to camp,
and onrTsearu beat high at the sood luck.
Tfieboys who did tbe brave deed.are en "
vied. Nearly every man would loss bis "
hat .into the air for the privilege of tryiai
his hand on the rebels;' It is a Very er
citiug employment. Ia company with a
captain 1 strolled beyoadtae pickets, and. 1
stood npon debajeablq.gronadr-fha was'-
scoured by.botti parties. One feels a da
ftire to gu a utile-iariuer to ee.a.iiiue.,
morei-fo face 1 rebel, w get1 &h.Bd'him,'
and bring hiss ia aS" a prize. But one r
needs eyes in tbe back of. hi head for
what I ass trying to do,. is inst what be
is doing. So there is. tension of nerves,
of brain and muscle the continual Sharp-"'
ening of every sense,, which tells at,latt
npon tne naruiest constitution. . " .
AMetbodktMiaMtar ia Otierbac''
anxionr to ebtala. a jisVaatioa aa'duaUiar -
ia,a reginient, wrpa,o, tha. Qfrintt,
,''I am a MclbCfdit preeielMr.of-tae Nor-' ,
tberVohio eoaser?isluAwt-e1t "
;' " "ey, : esssva sent 'ureacu, : ditsj sjt- -
ug, ..ma vtCTeiow requires.-- -
iin CRH,.''-?iri'h.i mifr
'-appointed Consul at Bea-Ayre-.?',a,"
.t . .
t, .. .- -?.