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SOL. MILLER! EDITOR AND FUBLISIE1.. V
VOLUME V. NUMBER -46;j,
Br A. i. DUGANNEl
I mt th mythic hittories
Tfc.1 (U ihe KiciUwc;v,j -
They wni to me hot proems.
In the old irmbolic .lories
Read ! mnJeru love, and hates;
And fr mere thin allegories
Feetn te me tin ancient Fates.
Thoafh their web, be dire eonfution,
Warp and woof have purpose itrong,'
AJ with shesn orrf iribation,
Dip they "it! the o'' f ""F
CtmI Ci dettroyi Mi brother,
Anl Mi brow with Moodihe'd drips;
Fierce ikfitei ilyi Mi mother.
And ii Konried with leofpion whips.
Ftill. the relentless Ate
lollow. Crime t Fate's ebyis
5hr whote with "' ' VeajttTC,
And nfo'J rii Nemnii!
Not Imi 'lone, bot hiitoriii.
By P.rc b.odi are woren;
And rch aatioa'i ileepeit myiierie
By Pr iheari ara'elorea.
trim the yenri wbcn Eihiop ipoilen
Yeird their foei on Mrroe'i Ule
Fmm the yean when Hebrew tniten
nmopt J and illed betide the Nile
Frma the yean when iwart Pbsniciaai
lh.;ht aad mid Anjria'l ilarei .
From il y.ari when hiegfciy Grecian
Tiwinred llelou to their graroi
Fron tlie year, when Roman patroaa
Told their wealth by aertile gyret,
Aad wilb nohle Roman natroni
Waerrd (1adiaton tiret:
Still. i( iiera, retntleii Ate.
Folloxi Crime to Fate'i abyii; '
Nation have their Day of Jodfneni
Naiioai hare their Nemeiii!
The Fart reread all myiteri.l,
Ahke to Kin and Peasant;
And the Pan ia 6lled with biitoriea
That ihame the doblooi rreieat.
IVhWt tlrouh Alia, deierti iolenaf
Foiei proul and adderi hill.
There, on eramblin; wall and colamn
Roin urilei her Nemeiii.
U'herr, thrnneh nrope'i itormfnl agei,
Mate the iwnr.l of Freedom ieizef
1 her, in battle holiett paei,
Venanre lenrei her jnit decreei.
Wlter tte patriot, iword shall terer
larrrra bondi from trilie or elan,
Thrr t!wt iwonl ahall thine forever,
Flame-tike in the march of Man
For the risltroat goddesi Ate
(!rrctt Ibe Cooil with mother! kin;
Joitu-e hath no dread of Vengeance
Frreitom fean no Xematii!
THE FIFES BOWER.
Everybody who knew John Gordon,
knew him to be (he meanest and most
contemptible man that was ever permitted
to wlk the earth. His brother Peter was
not a whit better, so it would appear that
mfHrmesa ran in the blood of the family.
John was pretty well off, so far aa this
worlii'x goods are concerned. His prop
erty waK all invested in buildings, which
hd oit him thirty thousand dollars. He
did not marry till he was forty.'probably
from the fear of incurring unnecessary ex-.
penp; and finally when he did take' a
wife, it was as he would have taken t
honse-ktvper a fervant.
Mm. Gordon was a poor woman, and
had lieen obliged to work very hard for a
living. Prohably she married oh purely
prnlfntial considerations, for she could
not pnvtibly have loved such an abortion
of a man aa John Gordon. She took
good care of him. better than ha deserved,
anil wa in every reapect an ohedient and
faithful wife. All she received in return
w the meagre snpport her husbandV
When they had ben married about
nree y.ara. John was taken sick.-and
'inger?.! along for a year,, during which
t'rae his wife was an exi-ellent, devoted
wife Her wj,0 ;m fiePmei t0 t0
charge her duty to him with fidelity.
an had made a bargain with htm. and
"' Performed her part of the contract with"
One day I l,ear,j thstt John Gordon
w deal; it waa a smnll loss to the COm
mnnity. nd I did not think of pitying
ife. for her lot would certainly" be
"Mtonitt.. hT his departure. A she
wnll he entitled to one-third of the in
uofthe real estate, which? Tor her; a
Poor woman, as she had been, and having
no lasnnona tastes to gratify, would be a
..mMmU verv h8r4 CMe. Mr Docket,"
"TT" ?M5nR herReU bv mv 8ide
J.'" madam, I thonghtyon. were
? V0r- Yon have -th;rd f th
income ofy0nr husband's estate, orabodt
hon.and dollars a year"
she'!! "vT t,hM X am not t !" thi.'"'
w repheil. gloomily.
'Not to have it ?
Aa'Slr Gor!1on.hM en poaseeiion of
twowivhu?yhMb"doW to him
two weeks before he died."
. ow rnld that be !" . .
tvter showed me the deed; be says it
; been recorded.!- . .i.tfix.-
nd.r t! ? mnc-h tbe be,ler for '"
eni00 'lT Rel,lt "ithoutyonr con-
w m.t"a Premises f i
W!Ir:"Palr"ta l did- "!.
0li? nj n'm9 du,J t"-d OB
"Didyontignitr' . .. ..M
"No, sir." ;
"Then it is a orgery."
"T suppose it is."
i on . are contntent vo
vonr name to thedeml ' i!
"I "am' snre that I did not, for irvefy
good reason." " ' ' - '' "
. "How's that.?"
'5 cMhot' write;"1 F'nevf r "wfrite -my
name;I was brought np.'in'the'co'nntry,
where gifliido nofgetso much schooling
as now. My folks were very poor, and I
never had a'chvncVtb'go toschool," re
plied Mrs. Gordon, with some confusion'.
"Did your husband' know you could
not 'wire V ." '
"No; I never told him."
I diKmiseeil her, with the rcqnest that
she should call the next day. I went at
once to the Registry of Deeds, and found
that Mrs. Gordon had told' the Untight
story; "her miserable, contemptible hns
band had given his property to h?R bro'th
er. in his last days, so as'to cheat his wife,
who caret! for his health and nursed him
in sickness, of her just claims upon his
estato. t. t v i . j i
He was a villian;-hnt I need not say
I Wt a deep, interest, in this case of my
client, and resolved to bring matters to
an issue at once. The next day, when nhe
caUed, she directed me to lier-sUtcry by
whom It cohl.! btTproven that Mrs. Gor
don could not write her own name, who
had seen her' make 'her niark often within
a nhort time.
The person who professed to have wit
nessed tho signature of Mrs. Gordon, was
a clerk in the office, of Peteri My first
move was to arrest him on a charge of
fraud, and sue his employer for my client's
share of the rents, which he had refused
to pay over to her.
When I had proceeded thut far, I re
ceived .a visit from Peter Gordon.
V What do you mean, sir 1" he asked,
"I mean to get justice for the widow."
"Her husband was worth nothing whon
"Bnt the wife had one-third interest in
his real estate."
"'It was sold to me, and she signed away
her right to dower." .
"Geriainly, she did !" "
"Did yon see her sign 1"
"To, be snre, I did, and so did my
"There's a warrant out for the arrest of
your clerk, and I have some hopes that
he will turn State evidence, and convict
He started back in astonishment nnd
"I I don't understand you," he stam
"Don't trouble yourself about it, Mr.
Gordon, you will understand it all in
"For God's ake. don't nrrest my
clerk ! He will be the ruin of roe," groan
"Yon should have thonght of that be
fore," I said.
"Yon don't mean; to jiay that every
thing, isn't, all right about my brother's
affairs ? Because if it isn't. I will make
it all right, yon know." he whined, in
supplicating tones. o
"Yon say yon saw Mrs. Gordon sign
"Well, no not exactly, bnt I sup
pose she signed it."
"You know sh'e.didn't."
'How shonld I know ?"
"She,csn't write; she never wrote her
name in her life."
'1 pressed the rascal. closely, and made
him acknowledge that his clerk had sign
ed the 'name for.a, "consideration." I
would have caused! both of them to be seat
to the State Prinon, if Mrs. Gordon had
not-begged me to spare them. As it was,
I secured the entire, income of the estatp
for, my client,, and charged my bill to
Peter," who was glad to pay it.
. Scraps fboit Pbbhtice. rAVe think
that London has about the meanest Times
of ,any city in the world. .
Bishop Polk ihe General ran away
from Gen. Pope i No-10. The Bishop
can't set himself np against the Pope.,
'The'FederarGovernment 'has a post
office at .Bnll 'Rim and one "at Fort Don-
elson. and it will immediately have one
at Pittsburg Landing. Ihe unarmed
mails follow, onr armed males.
Ttin rmeral imoresaion in regard to
the battle of Pittsbnrghi Landing is, that
there was the worst. Generalship there,
bnt the best soldiership.- '
" A good many of the yonng rebela who
went from Kentncky have been making
;norrinn intr. the sou I hern" part of the
Bute for the purpose of cow stealing.
Soraof theyonrig raadale might chance
to steal their mothers.
Onr. 8ata. -Houston's aoa was woun
ded at the PitUbnrg battle, and is a pris
oner, at St, Iionis ; tlsp, Pierre Sonle s
son ia prisoner.
m.. i,rna,. rif'BoetOB, have held a
project;nd ;reol'aUo.W poiBted.
JtMdHi. That wneawa-w -"
thecUnited Stale., ,;.'" ,
for lliat Territoiy. thatahall atut os best.
Jtoolwi, Twne-.w.- "-j'
leave we shall i P7 "- -expeasea
of travel. - -s . -
"KrrT Jm't' earaalt taiaTO
no- : ...' i li-- lL .-.
JtttUwtH, TMat V--fT-"7-7rw
WHITE, CLOUD, KANSAS;1 THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1862.
r . ; ? Wimmm
a did. not stim '- '.
i -; T-. : : : : : :
BY COE. SPENCER W. CONE, N. T. V.
i V.5PwB)i'B) itona-cloadi, abaineaad aarroVr,
inka the ann of Treaioa day, .
And for m a jrloriooi 5forrow
tVej tnUaioai ahedi.iti ray.
Hark) oar ttortry STiHTO calling:
'It ha. dawned; it ihall not let. x
Elrel to Meet, their tool, appalling,
Charge then with the bayonet!
' IVaite no powder at a diitanee;
Man to man the conte.t be.
Tyrant.' tool, make poor retiitaico
To the oniet of the free;
Yet they boaaied Oh! how londly
Till oa Bnaanake'i i.le via met
Now, ko flaz floatt there to proodly
Whoie the conquering bayonet!
Stalwart Northmen labor made yon
Not for "roud-tilU" of tlie Sooth;
'ol to serve them which betrayed yon.
With the dott opon yoor month;
Bot to graip tho arm ofglory.
And, wilh'hearti on honor aet,
To re-write yoor aalton'a atory
With the Freeman, bayoaet.
In the flag, by treaion riven,
God i Mitiog back each liar.
8nalclted a liagle night to Ilearen,
At the meteor, of oor war.
They hare led ni, they thai! lead nt,
Conquering and to conquer yet,
Wheretoe'er fair Freedom need ni,
With the Daioa bayoner.
Be onr toola, then, high oplifted
To the Ood who bleuetb Right;
Hit, our llrenglh, and with that giHeds
Death ii trinmpli weaknett Might.
He bath borne onr banner for 01;
On oor foei Hit curie it let
Seali He ttill oar armi victorioni
Charge them with the bayonet!
From the Weit imperial tweeping,
doting from the ttormy lea.
Drive them for a glorioai reaping
By the war.eylhe of the Free,
l'rood Manattai loomi defiance,
Laitofnlttlieir itron-hold.J let
Northern Freemen Cod' Alliance
Win TH1.T with the bayonell
Letter from Orpheus C. Kerr.
From the New York Sunday Mcrcnry.J
Editor T. T. : Everything in this
dislocated city, my boyj from the venera
ble patriarch of the Navy Department
to the emancipated and irory sons of Af
rica, wears such an excessively sleepy
look that the very potatoes en the dinner
table close their eyes for want of excite
ment: Society droops like a sick oyster,
and bnt for the fashionable animation of
the First Circles', otherwise known as N.
P. Willis, all things, eve'n to Government
stocks, might go into hasty decline. The
scriptural, poet, my boy, is popular ev
erywhere ; and" when he returns from any
one of his nnmerons trips to the celebra
ted and aristocratic battle-fields, I am
told that the favorite parlor song is :
"0, Willli, wr have milted yoo,
Welcome, welcome home."
Speaking of the patriarch of the Nary
Department, my boy, they say that the
respected Ancient has under consideration
anew and admirable 'plan for making
the blockade efficient. Tho idea is, to
furnish all the naval captains spectacles
made of looking-glass, so that when
they are asleep, on the qnarter-deck.
their glasses will reflect the figure of
sny rebel craft that may be trying to
slip by. Those spectacles could nil he
ready in twenty years ; and when the
Secretary told a Congressman of the
plan, the latter thought carcfnlly over the
suggestion, "as dripping with coolness it
rose from the Wellfs," and say he:
"My dear madam, the idea lacks bnt
one thing the louking-clnss spectacles
ought to be supplied with a comb and
brush, so that the captain can fix himself
up' after captnring the pirate." Ah,
madam." says the Congressman, hastily
picking np the Jack of Clubs, which he
had accidentally pnlle'd ont with his pock
et handkerchief, "yon will rnk next to
Mary, the mother of 'Washington, in the
affections of future generations."
The mother of Washincton. my boy 1
the hothsr of Washington I why,
the Secretary is already celebrated as the
grandmother of Washington city.
On the occasion oi my lass vims, io
Yorktown, my boy, I found, the Mackerel
Brigade so well np in animal spirits that
each chap waa equal to a pony of bran
dy and: capable of captnring any' amount
of' glass artillery. At the present time,
my boy, the brigade is formed in the
shape of a clam shell, with the right res
ting on a beer wagon, and tha left on a
travelling free Inncb saloon. I was ex
atninng the near battery 'of. Orange Coun
ty' Howitzers whose guns have such
large toach-holes that the chapa keep their
crackers' and. cheese in them when not in
action, and was alio overhearing the re
marks of a inelencholy Mackerel concern
inir'wW ha wished to be done with his
effects ia case he shonld perish of old age
before the battle eosameBced wnea l
beheld Captain Villiam Brown approach
isg Me oa the most geometrical beast I ever
.iiwriBB Mimal area' richer ia sharp cor
ners, aiy boje & T owa Gothic steed,
"Hal" Baya VMiaai, hastily swallow
ing aomething that brought tears to. kis
eyes, aad taking a bit of lemba peel to
clear hW voice,- "yoa are admiring my
Arabiaa eomser, aad wondering whether
St U niia of ftaetareepreseateo to oecre-
tary Seward by the Essperor of Egypt."
"xoa wiraTaariy. 7-.aa"v'W"---"f Jm
T.:. Vt-ksi aaaerb-Aieoeef aejaweea joobb
-there's so aty. biseatraf &&
i:-" .-T v . ,t'
THEi CdNSTlTyjION AND THE
"An i says viuiam, witb an agree
.. . t tl, .TT'tt ...
able smile, "in toe words' of the anthem
of childhood s -. - - -
The- aagett to ma to.'
Villiam's idea. of. angels, my boy, con
stitutes a theory or theology in. itself.
- "What gall yon the charger V says I.
- VEnclid'eays.Yilliara.'pansingfor a
moment to catch the gurgle of at canteen
just reversed. "Ah!" says Villiam,
recovering his presence, of mind, "this
here marvel of natural history is .a gnar
No I" says I.
"Yes," eays Villiam calcnlatingly,
"this snperb animal is a snre 2:40 he
cost mo just Two dollars and Forty cents.
Bnt.come.,with me." savs Villiam nrond-
ly. "and see the sharp shooter contingent
I have jnst organized to aid in the snp-
pression of this here nnnatnral rebellion."
I followed the splendidly monnted
warrior, my boy, to a spot not far from
the- nearest point of the enemy's lines,
where I found a lenethv Western chao
polishing a rifle with n powerful telescope
on the end of it. He' had just been or
ganized, and was preparing to make some
"Now, then,, Ajack," bays Villiam,
classically, "let as see you pick off that
Confederacy over there, which looks like
a mere fly at this distance."
The sinewy sharpshooter sprang to his
feet, called a drnmmer-boy to hold his
chew of tobacco, looked at the rebel gun
ner through his telescope, shut np the tel
escope, took aim with both eys shut, turn
ed away his head,rnndiVi7
I must say my boy, that I at first
thought the Confederacy was not hit at
all, inasmuch as he only scrntched one
of his legs and and squinted along his
gun ; bnt Villiam soon showed me how
exquisitely accurate the sharpshooter's aim
hail been. .
"The bullet struck him." said Villiam.
confidently, and would have reached his
heart but for the Bible given him by his
mother when he left home, which arrested
its fatal progres. Let us hope," said Vil
Ham, "that he will henceforth search the
Scriptures nnd be a dutiful soni"
I felt the tears spring to my eyes, for I
once had a mother myself. I couldn't
help it, my boy I couldn't help iC
The second shot of the unerring rifle
man was aimed at a hapless contraband
who had been sent out to the end of agon
by the enemy to see that the ball did not
roll out before the gunner had time to
pull the trigger. Crack nent the deadly
weapon of the sharpshooter, and down
went the unhappy African to Iris father.
"Ah !" says Villiam, skeptically, "do
you think you hithim, Ajack 7
"Irnlie, stranger," responded the tin
moved, marksman, -sententiously. "He
will die at twenty minutes past three this
Sick of this dreadful slaughter, my
boy, I turned fiora the spot with Villiam,
and presently overtook "the General of
the Mackerel .brigade, who was seated on
a fence by the roadside, trying to knock
the cork ont of a bottle tvith a piece of
rock. - Wc saluted and went on to Ihe
Sharpshooters, my boy, are a source of
ranch pain to hostile gnnners, and,. if one
of them should happen to put a bullet
through 'the head of navigation, it would
certainly cause the tide to fall. -
Orpheus 0. Kerb.
"The Sweet little Man."
The Sweet Little Man survives. When
the Ohio troops were last week passing
through our streets to Kentncky, we saw
him looking as pleasant us ever. He
stroked Ilia mustache delicately, arranged
the tie of his shirt-collar acenrately,
planted' himself against a lamp-post care
fully.: and with a cigar, two for five cents,
puffed away as though the work saving
the United States was one of simple meta
physical propriety; in which nomnn had
any' interest. other than that which might
ho got np at a moment's notice on a ques
tion such as whether the moon ba inhab
ited or not. If yon will look sharp yon
will discover him in your own neighbor
hood. He is sometimes doing something,
and,sometimes,ho is not doing it. He
has a desire. for good health, and labors
to avoid fatigne and exposure. He loun
ges now and then against a gate! post, or
in front of a, coffee house, or at the cor
ner grocery, or goes gunning with a fourteen-year
old. boy as a companion, for
woodpeckers and jaybirds', and is usually
at home before the dew falls.
We wonld suggest to our fair readers
to provide for him a good supply of
lamb's wool 60cks and to receive contri
butions therefor. This office is open to
contributions. .Also, in the cold nights
coming, it would be "well to have on
hand" several warm flat-irons, as nothing
is so injurious' to health as cold feet in
ihe night time. They beget bronchitis,
and similar complaints. We caution
onr friends, who know the power of hu
man kindness, to show him much regard.
The .atteraaoa of cokL words, . and the'eas
ting, of cold looks npoa Tha .Sweet Little
Man, might hurt ,bis--feelings, aad then
with" his feelings .bnrt aad -au. feat cold,
who' could till' but what his1 condition
wonld be worse thaa that of the poor
soldier on Ike battle-field 1WUrn
Bea'niwrd'eallstrie recent battre field
State, JndahP. Benjamin. wiH abdicate
bow, tor tae propaecy oi -.bo patriarca
Jacob wa, that'-'taescepre shall not de
part frem Jadaa m& ShOoh eoma."
JOHN BROWN SONS.
John Rrowa'. body liei a roonld'ring ia the grave,
Jcha Brown', body liei a monM'ring In the grave,
John Brown', body Ilea a roonld'riag la the grave.
Hi. roil Ii marching onl
Cnoaci Glory, Glory, Hallelajah!
- Glory, Glory, Hallehjahl -'
' Glory. (Jlory, llallelajahl
Hi. eonl ii marching on!
He'a gone to be a aoldier in the army of tha Lord,
II.'. gone to be a oldier in the army of the Lord,
He'a gone to be a aoldier Io the army of too LorJ,
Hit tool ia marching ont
CHOKJ7S Glory, Glory, Hallelajah!
Glory, Glory, llallelnjah!
Glory, Glory, nallelojah!
Hit too! i. marching oat
John Rrowa't knapiack 1. itrapped npoa Mi back,
John Drown', knapsack ii itrapped upon hli back,
John Crown, knapiaek it itrapped opon hi. back,
Hfi tool ii marching on!
Cnoiui Glory, Glory, Hallelojah! '
Glory, Glory, Hallelojah!
Glorr, Glory, Hallelujah!
Hit tool ia marching on!
Hit pet Iambi will meet him on tho way.
Hit pet Iambi will meet him on Ihe way.
Hit pet Iambi will meet him on the way
They go marching on!
CliOtol Glory, Glory, Hallelajah!
Glory, Glory, Hallelojah!
Glory, Glory, Hallelujah!
They go marching oa!
They win hang JefT. Davit t a palmetto tree!
They will haog Jen. Davit t a palmetto tree!
They will hang Jeff. Davjt t a palmetto Ireel
At they march along!
Choci Glory, Glorr, Hallelojah!
Glory, Glory, Hallelujah!
' Glory, Glory, Hallelojah!
A i they march along!
Now, three roming cheen for tho Union!
Now, three routing cheen for tho Union!
Now, three rooting cheen for the Union!
At we are marching on!
Cuoatjj-Glory, Glory, Hallelujah!
Glory, Glory, Hallelujah!
Glory, Glory, Hallelujah!
Hip, Hip, Hip, Hip, Hurrah!
McClellan's General Order.
McCIellan issued, a few days since, the
following general order :
'Those hlaves of rebels who have
fought against the Federal troops shall
find refuge in our army ; those slaves
who have not fought against us shall be
The practical operation of the general
order would operate as follows :
A. Uolonel with his regiment, is on
the vanguard, and a fugitive slave comes
running asking for refuge, whereupon the
following dialogue ensues :
Colonel "Did you bear arms against
Slave, (frightened) "Yes, sab."
Colonel "Very well, did yon charge
upon onr soldiers ?"
Slave, (more frightened) "Yes, sab,
Colonel "Very good, have you kill
ed one of ours ?"
Slave, (falling on bis knees) Take
pity on me I have. I's sorry to say,
massa, that I shot some of your men."
Colonel, (moved, with tears of joy in
his eyes) "Rise, my dear son, yon de
serve our protection, and shall be rewar
they embrace each other, the nigger
makes a somersault, and hurries into the
Now comes another slave running to
pass the outposts for the camp.
Colonel "Stop 1 don't stir 1 Where
do yon come from ?"
Slave "I've escaped from my mas
ter, who fights in the.secesh army, as he
wanted to compel me to charge npon
Colonel "And you have not shot at
our soldiers ?"
Slave "No, massa."
Colonel "Never V-
Slave "Never, sab'."
Colonel, (striking him with the hilt of
his sword npon the back) "Away, yon
hlack dirty dog. yon ; how can yon hope
to find protection with ns. if yon have
not shot one of onr people ?" JV. T.
Staatt Ztitung. German paper.
Location of the Battle of Pea Ridoe,
Arkansas. The location of the great
battle in Arkansas, is in the extreme
north-western part of the State, and in the
north-westernmost county, (tJen'on.) A
range of hills (of the, Ozark range.) will
be seen sleeping from Missouri through
this corner of the State, from thence
branching into the Indian territory, where
that section known as the Boston Moun
tain is fonnd. Big Sugar Creek, near
which the fight began, is a short distance
north of Bentonville, the capital of Benton
County, and Pea Ridge; which is a part
of the mountain range, is bnt a short dis
tance from the same town. Cross Tim
ber Hollows, to and from which the reb
els were chased, is four miles from the
head-waters of the Osage creek, The sec
tion of country where the battle took place
is a wild, hilly region where, in case of a
rout, it wonld be extremely difficult to
pursue the routed enemy.
West Point, Vibotnia. WestPoiat,
Va., where a portion of our pursuing army
now is, is an insignificant village ia size
aad appearance, situated in the southerly
angle of King William County, aad at
the junction of the Pamnakey aad Matta
poay, two rivers which- here form the
York river. Although at the present time
a small settlement, it was anciently a place'
of considerable pretewnoM, aad has con
nected with it several historical Teasinie
rencea. West Point -is aboat twenty-five
miles by water from Yorktown, aad about
thirty-five miles .from BJcamoad, .with
which it Mconaeeted by tie BJchaoad V
York BiVeT Railway. " -
Miscellaneous War Terms Explained
Flank. The right or left of a body of
troops, flankers are numbers of men
stationed on the sides of an army or regi
ment. to guard against an attack.
Wings. The right and left portions of
an army, isktrmuheri are bodies of men
sent ont in advance to engage the atten
tion of an enemy. Zouaves or other rifle
men are usnallv assigned for this dnty,
Seoul. A soldier sent ont to gather in
formation of the position of tho enemy.
A Spy nsually goes in disguise, and if
possible enters the opposite camp to learn
about their strength, movements, etc.
Jteconnoisance. Tho survey and. ex
amination of a portion of country, with a
view to military operations.
Pioneers. Soldiers eqnipped with axes,
saws, etc., for clearing the way before an
army, and to entrench or build defences.
Sappers and Miners. Soldiers whose
duty it is to make ditches and open sub
terranean passages for blowing up fortifi
cations with gunpowder.
Sentinel. A soldier placed to watch
for the safety of tho camp, prevent all in
trusion, and give notico of an approach
Picket. 8everal soldiers plnced togeth
er on guard at the outposts or furthest
limits of a camp.
Videttes. Sentinels on horse-back, sta
tioned at the outposts.
Challenge. The ca'l of a sentinel,
"Who goes there ?" addressed to a per
son approaching. "
Countersign. A secret word, by re
peating which to the sentinel, a person is
permitted to pass the lines of an encamp
ment. Ihe countersign is changed daily.
Patrol. A small party nnder a non
commissioned officer, which goes through
or around an encampment at night, to
Ambuscade. A body of troops in con
cealment for the purpose of surprising nn
approaching enemy. The hiding place
is called an ambush.
Masked Battery. One or more pieces
of cannon hid or masked from observation
by brush, trees, or other moans.
Bivouac. To pass the night withont
shelter, except from trees, or temporary
huts of branches, etc.
Billeting. The temporary occupation
of the honses of a town by soldiers.
Garrison. A fortified place in which
troops are quartered; the name is nlso ap
plied to the troops themselves.
Furlough. Leave of absence for a lim
Parole. The promise to his captor.
Mutiny. Disobedient or refractory
conduct among troops, with resistance to
Enlist. To enter the service of the
Recruit. A newly enlisted soldier.
Amnesty. Pardon and release from all
offences connected with war.
Armistice. Temporary suspension of
Forlificalions.-V? orks ofvarions kinds,
as embankments of masonry, earth, etc.,
for defence of troops.
Fort. Any military work designed to
strengthen a point against every attack.
Important and finished works of this kind
are called Fortresses. Fort Monroe, is
the only fort in this country so complete
ly fitted up with all kinds of defences as
to be called a Fortress.
Abatis, (pronounced Abbatee.) Trees
thrown down together with their branch
es outward, to obstuct a passage.
Approaches The lines of entrench
ment, ditches, etc., by which besiegers
protect themselves in approaching a forti
fied place. The principal trenches are
Banquette. A small bank of earth on
which soldiers stand to fire over the top
of the wall which shelters them when
Barbette Guns, are those which are fired
from the top of the wall of a fortification;
they are partly protected in front, but not
overhead like guns in the casemate.
Barricade. To obstruct a street or
passage witb any materials at hand; as
wagons, stones, rails, trees, etc.
Bastion. That portion of a fortifica
tion which is advanced beyond the general
line of the work. The part of the wall
between two bastions is called a curtain.
The bastions are so arranged at the coin
ers or angle of forts, that grape shot, etc..
can be fired from them along the outer
face of the wall or curtains, and thus de
stroy an enemy attempting to scale (go
over) the walls with ladders. The bas
tions are nsually higher than the walls,
so that they cannot themselves be scaled.
Battery. Any number of cannon taken
together, numbering from two upward to
a dozen, twenty or more. J. his is also
called a park of artillery.
Caisson. The ammunition carriage ac
companying a field piece.
Casemates. Bomb-proof chambers ia
fortifications, from which heavy gnns are
fired through openings called embrasures.
Arsenal. A public storehouse for can
one, gnns, and other implements of war.
Barracks. -Buildings provided by the
Government for lodging the troops..
There are other matters pertaining to
war, ships, etc., which we may explain at
The Confederates say that we hare vio
lated all law ia onr treatment of them.
Well, if we have broken the law let them
sue ns. If they caa't sne for anything
else they can ana for peace. Loiisvitts
It is said that Gen. Heater has orders
tobarataedty'ofCliarleatoa. "And let
all thepeople say Atmea.
$2.66 PER ANNUM, IV ADVANCE.
WHOLE NUMBER, 254.
BATTLE HYMN OF THE BEPTJILIO.
BT MBS. JULIA WARD HOWE.
Mine eyei hare teen the glory of the coot lag of the Lord:
He ii trampling ont tho vintage when tho grace! of wrath
arettored; v -
Hetatle tooted tho fateful Kghulog of MiTuntoto swift
His truth is marching oo. '
i , i
I have seen Him ia the watch-fires of a handrail elacllag
They have boilded Him aa altar ia toe eveaiag dews aad
I have read Hit rfgateosa seateaco by the) dim anj Siring
His day Is maruhiag oa.
I have read a fiery gospel writ ia huniibod raws ofsteel:
"As ye deal with my contemners, so with you my trace
Let the Hero, bora of woman, craah the aerseat with his
Since Cod la marching oa."
He has sounded forth the trumpet that shall aever eaU re.
lie is sifting oat the Leans of men before His judgment.
Oh, bo swift, my sod, to answer Him! be Jnbllant.my feet!
Our God is marching on.
In the beanty oftho lilies Chri.t was bora across tho sea.
With a glory is Bis bosom that transfigure yon and me:
As He died to make men holy, let us die to make mea free.
While God is "marching oa.
Sketch of Captain Gordon.
Captain Nathaniel Gordon, the con
victed slaver who suffered the extreme
penalty of the law in New York recently,
was a native of Portland, Maine. He
was a man of slender build, was about
five feet six inches in height, of dark com
plexion, had dark whiskers and penetrat
ing eyes. Ho was about 35 years of age.
From his youth np he bad been a sailor,
in various capacities, beginning as cabin
boy and working himself np to the posi
tion of captain. His mother is still liv
ing, and is an exemplary member of the
Presbyterian Church in the city of Port
land. He mado four voyages to the coast of
Africa for negroes to bo sold as slaves.
Two of these voyages were successful, the
negroes having been landed on the Island
of Cuba. A third voyago, was only par
tially successful, the negroes having been
landed at a Brazilian port.
His fourth voyage as a slaver was on
board the ship Erie, with which ho, his
two mates and crew, were captured oo
tho African coast, off Congo river, by the
United States sloopof war Mohican, of
the African squadron. When the Erie
was boarded, the United States officers
fonnd a cargo of 067 negroes, .consisting
of men, women, and children.
Immediately after the capture, a prize
crew was put on board the Erie, nnder
command of a lieutenant as prize-master,
and a midshipman, and the ship was
headed for Monrovia. On the passage
thither 300 of the negroes died and were
bnried at sea. On their arrival at Mon
rovia the negroes were duly handed over"
to the agent of the United States Govern
ment at that point, and set free nnder the
civilizing influences and institutions of the
The crew of tho Erie was taken on
board theMuhican to fill the places of the
United States sailors who had been trans
ferred to tho prize ship Erie, and OaptT.
Gordon with his two mates was sent oa
to New York by the Erie, after landing
the negroes as stated.
British Civil Wars War Debts.
There are no less than thirty-seven rebel-,
lions recorded in English history between
the time of William the Conqueror, A..
D. 1069, and the Irish outbreak in 1803;)
Several others have since occurred. The
British foreign wars have been incessant,'
and their expenses enormous. That of
the American Revolution was six hundred,,
and thirty millions of dollars, and the
coniest with the first Napoleon, cost five
thonsand seven hundred and ninety-five
The sympathy shown to the Confeder-
ates by England may thus in part, be
naturally accounted for, though consider
able inconsistency is nevertheless yet to.
be explained in the want of it for the na
tives of India and the discontented popu
lation beyond the Irish Channel, who'
have been very anxious to possess aad
govern their own countries in their own.
DRArrrsa in Connecticut. The Daa
bury (Ct,) Jeffersonian gives the follow-'
ing "dodge" on the drafting that occur
ed in that borough :
Selectman "Are there any able bod
ied men over eighteen and nnder , forty
five years of sge living here V'
Old Lady "Hey?"
Question repeated. .
Old Lady "I'm raj hard of aear-i
ing. . ;.,
Selectman, (very loud aad growiBg
red in the face.) "Are there any able
bodied men living here?"
Old Lady "Yes, my darter is ia the
otber room." Exit Selectman.
Yobktown. Yorktowa ksitaatedoa,
the right bank of the York river, seventy
miles from Richmosd. It is an old tows,
settled in 1705, aad has abont fifty hoaser.'
It was the theatre of one of the most isa-T
portaat events ia American history tha
surrender of Lord Corawallia to Geaarali
Washington, which occurred oa the 19th
of October. 1781. The rebtle' are report-""
to have erected strong fortifications ataagL
theriver banks; the works at Gloaessssrf
Point,- opposite Yorktowa, are represeatr
ed particaleriy, to be very formidable.
advise tha rebels to' stsar -'teir
craft as sooa as poafJUe fato thai 'pert of.
nbaMaftoa. It it-art bloeksaea,
" i K'-.iir ; f
ZdLXr -.-"Vi t. : -