)t Kansas OLljtef.
SOL. X1XTCR, EDITOR.
WHITE CLOUD, KANSAS:
Thursday, : : : : : April 18, 1867.
Talae f Oar flfevr Acqafsltloat.
The purchase of the Russian American
possessions is severely condemned by
large portion of onr people. It is claim
flct that we have merely secured. large
extent of bleak territory, ntterly worth
less for any practical nee. We have no
doubt tbe same was s2id of Jefferson's
Louisiana purchase, yet time baa shown
the territory thus acquired to he; among
,fke most valuable and -important of all
tbe United States possessions. So it
will prove, we faave.no doubt, with the
Let us look at it for moment. It is,
or "should be, the policy of tbe United
States to produce everything necessary,
aeful or ornamental, within ber own ju
psdfctioo, so that she may be dependent
Hpon foreign powera in the slightest de
'"srree nossible. If she cannot do this
within ber present bounds, let her extend
them. 'This was doubtless the object in
annexing Bussian Ameriea. See what
advantages we have thereby gained :
The United States had withQ her lim
its men of almost every knewn race and
. .nationality. But of the graceful, band
t-iome, energetic, intellectual and dainty
Esquimaux, we do not believe she had a
' single one. By tbe purchase of Bussian
. America, she at once acquires a vast
aumber of these highly useful and orna
mental citizens, who, in the progress of
the great principles of the Declaration of
Independence and Impartial Suffrage,
rill aoon become intelligent and inde
pendent voters, and will be studiously
conrted by ambitions politicians.
White Bears did not exist in the Uni
ted Stales, of their own freo will and ac
cordand, thanks to the Society for the
amelioration of the condition of dnmb
brutes, the animal kingdom is rapidly
being transformed into free moral agents,
and will soon be supplied with Bibles,
tracts, and missionaries. (Tbe bears
will nndoubtedly prefer tbe missionaries
6 raw.) As white bears would not vol
untarily come to tbe United States, it
was clearly the dnty of the United States
to go to them. This they have done, by
securing possession of Bussian America.
Seal skins are a valuable species of
peltry, extensively used in our country.
Yet this nation postered not a single
ealrexcept the great seal of the United
Btates, tbe various State seals, and the
seals with which the wives of the Mor
bob are seated to mem. lint as an
item of peltry, we doubt whether any of
tbe above named could be made generally
nsefoj. Bussian America abounds in
seals. By securing that country, the
United States is enabled to raise her own
Tbe possession of health and vigor is
essential to the permanency and power
of a nation. v Health and vigor depend
principally upon iooa ana naoits. uar
new brethren, the Esquimaux, are among
the stoutest and hardiest people known
They subsist chiefly upon the flesh of the
Walrus, which doubtless imparts this
rigor. The United States bad not
walrns in all her broad domain. By tbe
purchase of Bussian America, she secures
aa abundance of walruses. Who doubts
that the result will be a speedy increase
oT.atrengtb' and vigor in our people, and
increased power to make other acquisi
tions, whereby we may produce other ar
tides which now have to be imported
from foreign countries ?
It has been the boast of the United
States, that she. possessed almost every
variety of climate. This was an empty
boast she had no frigid zone. But she
can now make the boast truthfully ; for
in the purchase of Bussian America, she
has acquired a vast extent of frigid zone,
aad soon icebergs will become an article
of United States production.
The question of fewest hours and big
gest wages for a day's labor, is becoming
a leading featnre in American politics ;
and it will continue until the laborer is
not required to work at all, and has free
access to the money-box... The firsteffort
was to make ten nours tne standard ot a
day's labor, and it was with difficulty
accomplished. The' effort now is to re
duce the standard to eight hours. The
working-men are warmly in favor of
these changes, while the men who have
to pay the money are as decidedly op
posed to them so that wo now hear of
alternate strikes for fewer hours and
higher wages. One difficulty the labor
ing man has to contend sgainst, is the
fact that the natnral days in the United
States are too long. Now, if wo could
secure any possessions where the days are
only from four to eight hours in length,
there tbe four, six or eight hour system
would be established, as a natnral conse
quence; and a starting point once secur
ed, the system would Boon become estab
lished throughout the Union, npon the
principle enunciated in the Declaration
of Independence, that all men are created
free and equal, and the provision of the
Constitution, that every State shall be
secured a Bspnblican form of Qovern
ceeat. ' All men are not equally free, if
aome have to work ten hours to accom
plish a day's labor, while others work
hat' six or eight; and such a discrimina
tion Vaet Republican. Tbe acquisition
oKJIomUb Ameriea is just the -right
thing in the right place, for the days are
of suitable length, from eight boors down
to nothing. Now, the labor reformers
can intrench themselves firmly on the
Arctic Circle, and, making that their
base, can' " swing around tbe circle,"
until tbe grand principle.of no work and
big pay is securely established through
out the entire United States.
Among the islands of ice and along
the frozen coasts of Bassian America, the
wrecked vessels of a century have accu
mulated, in every stage of dilapidation.
Now that the United States owns that
coast, Yankee enterprise will drag forth
and overhaul those wrecks ; and we have
no reason to doubt that, in the next war,
Gideon Welles will set afloat and equip
an immense and effective navy from tbe
debris found in that frozen ocean.
These are but a few of the many ad
vantages secured by our new acquisition
and all for tbe paltry sum of seven
millions of dollars. Yet there are those
who'objeci to it, and grumble at it 1
FiuraiE Ncuseby. In this issue will
be found the advertisement of tfao "Prai
rie Nursery" of E. Snyder, at Highland.
Mr. Snyder has met with several mishaps
in starting bis Nursery, but has at length
got it established on a firm basis. He
made tbe first start in 1859 60, but tbe
unparalleled drought of (he latter year de
stroyed everything. In the Spring of
1861, he made another start; but the
war breaking out in that year, he entered
the army, where be continued through the
war, and of course his Nn'rsery went to
waste again. Since his return home, he
has again made the attempt, and is now
enabled to offer a choice variety of trees
and plants, suitable for this country and
climate. Of ono thing the public may
rest asured Mr. Snyder will never know
ingly palm worthless trash upon them,
for the sake of making money.
J&T A stranger came to town, on Sat
day, riding' a pretty good ' horse bare
backed, with a blind-bridle. He was
very anxious to sell the horse so much
so, that he sold it to a person whom he
did not know, for S60, and trusted him
for $30 of the amount. He was then im
patient to cross the river at once. The
circumstances were so suspicions, that he
was arrested and lodged in the Calaboose,
until Monday morning, when, nothing
new having come .to light, and there be
ing no evidence upon which to detain
him, he was set at liberty, and got across
the river in quick -time. There can be
but little doubt that he stole the horse.
&3T Tbe Repo-"c.'is np0n the as
sertion tbat Wathena is tbe Ingest town
in tbe County, and does a heavier busi
ness than any other. When we state the
simple facts, tbat one man in White
Olond pays more United States Bevenue
Tax, on business done here, than the en
tire balance of Doniphan County ; that
one dry goods store here, sells more goods
in a year than all the stores in Wathena
combined ; and tbat tbe lumber business
of White Clond is alone greater than the
whole business of Wathena the large
dimensions of the Beporter's joke can be
Holloway's Pills and Ointment.
Practice vs. Theory. The nnparalelled
success which attends these remedies in
their radical cures of Scrofula, Erysipe
las, Salt-rheum, King's Evil, Barber's
Itch, Ulcer, Sore leg, Bingworm, and
all skin diseases, would be deemed incred
ible, were it not snbstantiated by "a
cloud of living witnesses." Snch ben
eficent results cannot fail to challenge
onr admiration for the genius which dis
plays such Bcience in the extirpation of
disease and in the triumph of health!
Sold by all Druggists.
&" Tbe Season may be late in pre
senting its smiling countenance, bnt not
so Demorest's Monthly. It is on band
for May, exuberant with Novelties, Bril
liant Ideas, Fashions, in their multitudi
nous forms, Illustrations, Poetry, Musio,
Braid Patterns, Dress Patterns, Architec
ture, and a host of other valuable matter
useful and indispensable to every house
hold. S3 per year.
W. Jesnings Demorest,
473 Broadway, N. Y.
.XSTWo fear the female suffrage ques
tion in Kansas will be more unpopular
than if taken npon its simple merits, from
tbe fact that Sam. Wood is taking such
an active part in its behalf. The people
have come, to regard anything with which
he is connected, as a humbug or a swin
dle. The friends of any measure, who
desire its approval by the people, will
hereafter have to manage to keep him
out of it, make np their minds to
meet with a failure.
"Westers Empire." This is the title
of a Weekly paper, the first number of
which we have just received, published at
St. Joseph, by Messrs. Hruby is Yonng.
It is a handsome sheet of seven columns
to tbe page, devoted to literature and
general intelligence. Tbe first number
gives evidence of editorial ability. The
subscription price is 82 a year.
JEsf Tbe river is very figb, and is
still rising, and boats have difficulty in
making their way against the swift cur
rent and through the floating drift-wood.
A large portion of the bottom between
this place and Forest City is overflowed;
and.it will be an unheard-of event, if the
wateraubsides without carrying away the
At the request of the people of this and
neighboring School Districts, we wrote
tbe State Superintendent of Public In
struction for hia opinions and interpreta
tion of the laws npon certain points
which bad arisen in these Districts, and
received tbe following reply. His an
swers are clear, and to tbe point ; and
we print tbem, for the information of
tbe public :
Omn Sitt't Pes. iKtraocno.
Torn, April 9tb, 1867
Mt. Sou Millxb Dear Sir: Yonra of tbe
3d inst. is before me, and contents noted.
shall first state what I consider the sabstance
of jour inquiries, and then give my opinion
Inquiry 1st. Has a District Board the light
to pledge tbe credit of a District for maps,
globes and furniture, when no tax has been
levied for that purpose?
Reply. The law makes it the prerogative of
the voters of a District, if they see fit, tfJevy
a special tax for the purchase of map, globes,
furniture, Ac. The District Board, therefore,
should not incur an indebtedness, by tbe put
cbase of articles for the payment of which the
District has made no provision.
Inquiry 2d. If a District Board gives the
note of the District for the payment of maps,
globes and furniture, when no tax has been
levied for such object, is the District bound by
tbat obligation to pay the amount when duet
Reply. The officers of a School District are
tho agents of the District, for the transaction
of business; and a District is bound by the ac
tion of its officers, or agents. The officers,
however, are answerable to the District for the
right discharge of duty.
Inquiry 3d. Is it lawful to pay notes given
for maps and furniture, out of money raised for
the payment of teachers' wagest
Reply. The statutes fpage 43 of school laws)
provide for the levy of ipecial tax for special
purposes. The law evidently contemplates
tbat the proceeds arising from these different
levies, shall constitute separate and distinct
funds. In cases of emergency, however, my
opinion is that the voters of a District may au
thorize the Board to borrow from one fund for
the payment of bills against the other fund,
such loan to be replaced at a future time.
Such diversion, for the time being, may be in
extreme cases allowable ; but the District Board
cannot thus divert, without tbe consent of tbe
voters of the District. The separate funds are
entrusted to the officers, to be applied accord
ing to, and not contrary to, the expressed vote
of those creating those separate funds.
Inquiry 4th. How,oftcniia County Treas
urer required to pay over money due the Dis
trict to the Treasurer of the District? Is it
only on the 1st of February and July, or is it
whenever the District calls for it?
Reply. Whenever, during office hours.
District Treasurer presents a proper order to
the County Treasurer, it is the duty of the
County Treasurer to pay over all the funds in
his possession due the District and called for
by the order. By refusing to do this, at any
time, the County Treasurer subjects himself to
a penalty. See School Laws, pp. 33 and 35.
Inquiry 5th. Can a County Treasurer legal
ly retain from the money due a School Dis
trict, the amount of notes against a District,
either purchased by him or placed in his hinds
for collection? ki" -
"Reply. A School District is a body corpo
rate. It can sue or be sued; and creditors
" . w -(. - ,. . . .
must look to the District, and not to a Cocnty
officer, for their pay. A County Treasurer has
no legal right to cancel the floating debts of a
School District, with school funds, in his pos
session, due that District. The school funds,
State and County, and all proceeds from taia
tio, are entrusted to the County Treasurer, to
be paid over to tho District Treasurer, on the
presentation of tho proper orders of the Dis
trict, or tbe Cocnty Superintendent. All that
the County Treasurer is allowed to retain, is
the per cent, allowed him by law. The trlofe,
and not a part, of the remainder is to be paid
to the District Treasurer. By refusing thus
t pay over, tho County Treasurer subjects
himself .to a penalty. See pages 33 and 35 of
Inquiry CM. Can several School Districts
legally unite for the purpose of establishing a
separate school, in some central location, for
Reply. Tbe school law provides that the in
habitants qualified to vote at a school meeting
lawfully assembled, shall have power "to make
such order as they may deem proper for the
education of white and colored children sepa
rately or otherwise, securing to them equal ed
ucational advantages." This provision con
templates a separate school in the sane, and
not in different Districts. The only union al
lowed by law, is a unioa of School Districts for
the purpose of establishing a Graded School.
If colored children are so far educated, in sin
gle Districts, separately or otherwise, as to
need a graded school in which the higher bran
ches shall be taught, then Districts may unite
for the establishment of such graded school.
But a District, which unites with other Dis
tricts to establish a primary school for colored
children, or limply a common school, outsido
of the District, thus compelling colored chil
dren to travel twice or threo times as far as
white children, and often rendering it imprac
ticable, on account of distance or state of the
roads, for colored children to attend regularly,
or even at all, does not secure to such colored
children equal educational advantages; vio
lates the law of the State; does not maintain
a common school, i. e. a school which secures
to all children of school ages, within the Dis
trict, free and equal educational advantages;
and consequently the District is not entitled to
an apportionment of the public school funds.
I send jou herewith a copy of the laws per
tainining to schools. Hoping that the above
views may meet the approval and common
sense convictions of a majority of the people of
I remain, very truly, yours,
t3T It is a singular fact, that all who
oppose women voting, do so solely ont
of their hieh rezard for the women. It
must certainly be gratifying to the wo
men, to know that they are held in such
high esteem, that they cannot be trusted
to a voice in choosing men to make laws
by which they most be governed.
tW A prominent landmark in Sew
ard and old AndyU Bussian acquisition,
is Moont Saiat Elias. There is where a
monument commemorative of the trans
action should he raised. We suggest
tbe erection of three tabernacles one for
Seward, one for "Motes," aad one for St.
are termed three "solid arguments" in
favor of female suffrage, from the Oika
Ioosa Independent, a paper ao bitter in
its opposition to the sssasure, tbat it de
fames all women who iete the privil
ege of voting
1. If women art brtrtirht down on the same
level with men, then gentlemen can keep their
Beau iu cars, nomnmu, cuorcncs, iuu pwnv
assemblies, giving the ladies eqflal right; and
no more. This is what they claim.
2. It will give anxious old maids and spruce
Tonng widows a chance to eo "sparking," and
to "pop the question," privileges they have
been groaning for these many years.
3. In traveling over bad roads, it will give
them the advantage of the glorious privilege
of sharing with men the labor of "walking and
carrying a rail" to pry stage coachce-ana other
venicies out or tne mud.
Well, they ore solid."' Opponehts.of
negro suffrage, contend tbat to grant the
privilege would bring about negro equal
ity, and that 'white women woold take
to marrying niggers. Opponents of fe
male suffrage, insist that if women vote,
they must 'necessarily become brawlers
on the streets, must carry rails, work tbe
roads, and, all that sort of thing,"hnd
will not be entitled to any respect from
tbe men. -Tbe one argument is about as
solid the other, ana they are both worse
Z2T Dr. Vinchow, one of the most
eminent Professors in tbe Berlin Univer
sity Medical Faculty, who exi mined Dr.
Bartn, tbe distinguished African travel
er, after death, says he was killed by tbe
carelessness of his physician, whom he
called in to relieve a trifling attack of
dyspepsia, to which be was subject after
. ; t .., . ..
eating oeartuy. Among otner articles
of the prescription was one ordering six
grains of tartar emetic, which in itself
was sufficient to kill four persons. If
people would for one moment consider
how easily remedies can be procured,
which, white they are perfectly harmless
in themselves, work marvelous enres, the
cases of p'oisoning by the carelessness of
physicians would be few indeed. Such
a remedy is Boback's Stomach Bitters,
for dyspepsia. Procure a bottle at the
drug-store, and test yourself.
jtar We.-see it reported that S. A
Biggs, of Lawtence, has been appointed
United States District Attorney for Kan
sas. We are glad to hear it. He is one
of the genuine men of Kansas, not a dirt
eating shyster. The only thing we dis
like in the matter of recent appointments,
is tb if so many of the members of the
"(cent Legislature are suddenly receiving
Federal offices. It looks too much like
the palmy days of Lsneism, when, imme
diately after a Senatorial olection, neatly
tbe entire Legislature would go on a pil
grimage to Washington, and come back
with commissions in their pockets.
Tflc L'tatrj OrrnEIoiisEiioiTD Smi
ling faces are the household lights. Can
a wife expect her husband to smile when
she sets before him poor bread? Can a
husband look for smiles from his wife if
be offers her inferior materials for ma
king bread? If yon, sir, will please
your wife, get D. B. De Land is Co.V
Best Chemical Saleratns, and she will
produce bread and biscnita tbat will
please yon that will please her, and
there nill be light in tho household
smiles all arooud. Use it instead of
The Copperheads are shouting
over the result in Connecticut, more bois
terously tban they used to do over the
election of a President. It is evident
that tbey have not been used to snch
things, of late years. Tbey used to tell
us that Connecticut waa a traitor State,
that burned blue-lights during the last
war with England. Consolation from
snch a source is thankfully received by
C We have received a copy of the
speech of C. B. Wilkinson, editor of the
St. Joseph Herald, in the Missouri House
of Representatives, in favor of negro suf
frage. We have also read a report of his
subsequent speech in St. Joseph, in favor
of tbe election of rebels to city offices.
Tbey are both able efforts ; bnt somehow,
when we put them together, they won't
Bdbeiialter is Forscrook. The new
advertisement of tbe above popular firm
appears this week. They keep a com
plete stock ofnll kinds of Groceries, and.
are constantly receiving fresh supplies.
Tbe superiority of tbeir goods, and their
reasonable prices, have already secured
for them a large custom.
The negroes held an immense
meeting at Macon, Georgia, recently,
which passed off peacefully and agreea
bly, with the exception tbat the dirty
dog. Brick Pmeroy, intruded npon it
with a speech. The negroes felt the dis
grace of tbe association keenly.
SW Fencing. Siding, Flooring, Scant
ling, and every other description of lum
ber, may now be had at Taylor is Ortons',
in any quantity, and all bills promptly
filled. If yon want smooth, neat lumber,
requiring no unnecessary labor in dress
ing, go to the Lower Saw Mill.
tW Cough Medicines should be so
compounded that they can be taken "lit
tle aad often." It is the throat and
chest, not the stomach, that fa affected.
This is one great secret of the success of
Cos's Cough Balsass. Try it. All
dealers sell it. ,
Tba acquisition of Bussian Ame
rica is characterized as a stupendous piece
of folly. 'It iou look foolish to cede a
country where seed will produee nothing.'
'Respect roa thett'VyY have
seen married women whose meek and
pitiful look at all times, whose timidity
in company, and whose shrinking and
trembling silence in the presence of their
-"lords and masters," all spoke unmis-
takeably of the churl and tyrant at home;
and we have beard tbe husbands of kuch
women declaim eloquently against female
suffrage, because of tbeir high regard for
tba fer. A man who systematically
abuses his wife, and compels her to smell
bad whiskey and tobacco, tempered by a
natorally foul breath, from the first of
January to the thirty-first of December,
is just the person whofe-regani for the
sex would prompt him to preserve women
from contamination by mixing in politics,
and using her influence to suppress tbe
dens wbero he goes to make a brute of
AT3T The iteauw Monntjineer, on her
way up tho river, was run into by the
Sunset, on her nay down, near Pern,
N'hrnftka, on Tuesday forenoon. A
hole was stove into the hull of the Moun
taineer, and about fifty tons of her freight
in the hold nan damaged.
3T" The miners in Pennsylvania and
New Jersey are on a strike, and serious
riots. Iiavo occurred. The Govnrnor of
Nw Jerfpy hai called ont the tuiliti.i, to
hold themselves in realinrss for any
JtrlT The Sonthern Nebraskian. of
F.ilN City, commences Volume 2, enlarg
ed to n "even-column sheet. It is a good
and a loyal paper, and deserves the sup
port of tho people of Sonthern Nebraska.
X5T President Johnson is sick with
gravel. It has been reported, for some
time past, that ho had not much "sand
in bin craw" perhaps it has changed lo
cation, and tnrnod to gravel.
gST The Humboldt Union boats that
tho A11n County jail is empty. So is
the Doniphan County jail. It has not
oven so ranch as floor, ceiling, roof, jofct,
or windows. &
The XVonnense or It.
''It would never do for women to vole,
it would lead to such divisions in fami
lies." But political division-i do not,
after nil, make men qnnrrel half so much
as religions division.-; and if you allow
v.-ivex to do tbeir own thinking in relig
ion, why not in politics? Besides,
nothing makes a man to mixing rnd
per-naMvo as when he trie to induce Iiis
neisbor !o vo'o "nur tickit." llustmnds
wlu nre bnors all the reu of the yrar,
tvnn'd b-come patterns of politeness for
i tuni.th before flection day, if the
wires only Iiml a vote!
"The polls are not decent places for
women a I present" Then she is certan.
ly i. ceded theie to make them decent.
Lileiatiire niw not deeent, nor the din
ner tilde, till fin was ndmittcd to Hem
on cqust tyrnis. But already, llitonli-
nnt mof.t parts of the conntty, the h-illot
box Id as qilit't a place In go cs ll h Pnst
cffice; anil where it is not fo. the pres
ence of tine womnu would be uuith a
"Politics are necessarily corrupting "
Then why not ndvise (nod men. as well
as good women, to t-top voting?
' should not wish to hear my wife
speak in town meeting." I should think
not, unless slio poke more to the poii t
thin the average of men. Peril ps she
tv.-inld; no telling till she tries. And yon
aro willing to pay a high price occasion
Jly to heai somebody's wife sing in pub
lic and if it is proper for a woman to
sin;; nonsense before an andiance, why
not to ppcak senRe?
Woman is sufficiently represented al
ready, through her influence on ren "
llnw is it then that the whole legist tion
of Christendom, in regard to her. wns "a
disgrace to any heathen nation," till the
Woman'x Bights Convention began to
call attention to it, ten yearn ago?
' Women are entirely distinct from men,
altogether unlike, quite a different order
of beings. Are they, indeed? lhen.il
they are so di-tinct, how can men repre
sent iliem, make laws for them, admin
ister their rights, jndgo them in the
courts, spend their tax money? If they
are the same with men, they have the
same rights; if they are distinct, they
have a right to a distinct representation,
dirtinct laws, conrtw, property, and all
the rest. Arrange it as you please, it
comes to the same thing.
"A woman who take proper care of
her household, has no time to know any
thing about politics." vvuy not say, "a
man who properly supports his house
hold, nan no time to know anything
abont politics?"- Show me tbe husband
who does not assure hia wife tbat his
day's work is harder then her's. Huw
absurd, then, to suppose tbat he has time
to read tbe newspaper every day, and
step round to tho.ballot box once a year.
and she bas not!
." Women, after all, are silly creatures."
No doubt tbey are, often enough. As
the old lady says in a late English novel.
"God Almighty made some of tbem fool
ish, to match tbe men. And tbe men
have done their best to turn the beads of
others, who were no fools by natnre.
Bat it is the tbeorv af democracy that
every man has a right to express bis own
folly at the ballot box, if he will and
in time, perhaps, learn more sense by so
doing. And why not every woman too?
EW Tbe amount of it all fs, that wo
man must be enfranchised; it ia a mere
question of time. All attempts to evade
this, end in inconsistency and nonsense.
Either she must be a slave or an equal;
there is no middle ground. Admit, in
the slightest degree, ber right to educa
tion or property, and she must have the
right "to suffrage In order to protect the
property and use the edncation. And
there are no objections' to this, except
such as wonld equally bold against tha
whole theory of democratic government.
Ten bushels of snake bones were fouod
in A Iedie of rocka a fair davs since, nesr
Cedar Rapids, lows. That is where the
Copperheads were last falL
The Ceded Territory.
The cesion of Bussian North Ameri
ca to tbe United States, if consummated,
will be tbe most important international
event affecting this continent which bas
occurred in many years. Snch an unim
portant part has Bosnian-America played
in the affairs of nations andof men, that,
when an offer for its cession from one
nower to another is made known, the an
nouncement conjures np in the mind of
nearly every one visions ol a cold, bar
ren and uninhabited region, converging
about Bebringe strait, and celebrated
only because Capt. Beecby and Sir John
Fraklin voyaged on its coasts. But in
this resuscitation of school day memo-
lies, or even in a casual glance at tbe
map of the continent itself, the raot im
portant parts of the territory wonld mot
likely escape notice. These are the pe
ninsula of Alaska and the archipelagoes
known as George 111, and Prince of
Wnles, rather peculiar names for a series
of islands forming part of the pos-esnions
of the Bnstian Bear. It h noticeable,
however, that tbe Russians kno'v the is
lands hy other names, and the one nam
ed George III., by Vancouver, forming
part of tbe archipelago generally known
by tlin name of tlMt monarch, fs by them
called Baranoy. These inlands are form
ed by inlets of the ocein,- and are more
properly a narrow strip of land extend
in for nearly fonr hundred miles along
tha coast of the Pacific, broken by irn
row causeways and arms of the sea exten
dinc iu everv direction.
The principal settlements are in these
island, the largest town being New Arch
angel, on the island of Sitka, which hits
a population of only 1000. On the is
land called George III, or Baranoy, is
the seat of the governor of all the estab
lishments of Bnssiau America. It has
a governor's resilience and fortifications,
and magazines built of wood, and on its
const is usually a fleet of two frigates and
two corvettes. The whole region along
these coasts, inclnding the archipelago of
Kodiac and the peninsula of Alaska, is
exceedingly mountainous, being a suc
cession of lofty peak, most of tbem vol
canic, one of them reaching nearly 15,
000 feet in height, and another -being lit
tle inferior in altitude. The part of tbe
mainland sooth of Mt. St. Elias, one of
the volcanic peaks before referre 1 to,- and
the loftiest summit on the continent, ia
nowhero more thsm thirty-three miles
wide. The islands and cojsts of the
mainland have generally been well ex
plored, bnt the interior of the conntry,
which looms np prominently on the map,
is almost entirely unknown. The esti
mated area of tha whole territory is about
J'Ji uuu square miles, it baa an aver,
age length and breadth of 600 miles,
The longest line that can be drann across
the conntry, from Cspe Prince of Wales
on liehrings straits throngh the narrow
strip bordering on British Colombia and
the Pacific ocean, to the extreme sonth
ern point of the Radian possessions, is
1600 miles. Bnt it will be seen from its
average length and breadth tbat the mas-,
of tho country is tolerably compact.
From sevvral expeditions that have heen
projected into the interior, it seems that
tho wedrn part of the territory is eleva
ted and uneven, while tho, part extending
along the xVrctic ocean is generally fit.
The north coist was discovered early in
the present centnry, (Japt. Cook having
previously, aa early as 17, penetrated
as far nnrih as lev cape. In 1S2G Capt.
Beechy reached Point Barrow, and at
the same time the lamented Sir John
Franklin, then Capt. Franklin, traced
the coast from the month of the Macken
zie river to Return renf.
The population af Russian America is
about 60.000. of whom at leat 50.000
are Esquimaux. The remaining portion
of the ibabilants are Russians, Creoles,
Kodiaks and Aleoois The piincipal pnr
Knits and chief dependence of the inhab
itants are the fisheries and fur-hunting.
Little attention is given to agricultural
pnrsnits; bnt to view this vast territory
as wholly forbidding and barren is to
fall into a grave error. For. itH shorrs
being washed by the warm Pacific trem,
which aweepa np from tin China sea and
breaks ner the extreme north-west point
of the continent, its atmosphere is toned
down to the salubrity of points on the
Atlantic coast whirh are many degrees
fnrther from the pole. Far inland there
is a region of almost perpetnil snow; bpt
on the coaM, and, aa far inland as the
breezes from off tho China sea enrrent
may reach an I molify the rigors of the
climate, the land is fruitful and the conn
The fnr product of the conntry has for
many years been made a monopoly by
the Bossian government but tbe Uniied
Stales and Grea't Britain succeeded in
obtaining a lease for the territory from
50 deg. 40 rain, north latitude to 58 deg.
13 min., and the exclusive privilege of
supplying the Russians with agricultural
prodnce and provisions was granted to
the Hudson's Bay company. The mon
opoly of-tbe other territory remains with
the Bussian-American company.
It is noticeable tbat, by the treaties
with the United States and Great Brit
ain, made in 1824, the late Bussian pos
sessions comprehends all tbe American
coast of the Pacific, and the adjacent is
lands noitb of the paralell of 54 degrees
40 rainntes north latitude, and the whole
of the mainland west of the meridian of
141 degrees west longitude, which passes
throngh Moont St. Elias. This boun
dary treaty was accepted and made bind
ing so long ago as 1824.
Not Posted The Topeka Tribune
gives the following amusing incident,
growing ont of the present suffrage move
ment. Two parties arrived at tbe Capital
House in that city, the gentleman being
registered as Dr. Blackwell. and tbe lady
ss Lncr Stone. Tbe register as it ap
peared, did not appear to show to the
Clerk of the Capital that the parties were
"msn snd wife," bnt simply two differ
ent and unconnected individuals. The
gentleman remarked that tbey "wished
room." The clerk thought of conrse
that the two conld not occupy single
room, but was informed that ont room
ould be qmte sufficient, snd thereunon.
as cool as possible,, nnder the circum
stances, onr friead said: bnt we don't
do basiness ia that way." Explanations
followed, and the matter was asaicablv
arranged, ao that Dr. Blackwell and La
cy atone occupiea.ine ssme room.
ID-Petroleum V.Xaabydoes not seem to
succeed very well aa a lecturer, though his
reputation carries him through.
CT The Kansas bill to encourage the growth
of hedges is now a-law. It gives fire cents a
rod eachyear for fifteen yearsfor good hedgs
XT The whole number of Webster's Spelling
Book printed, has reached 40,000,000. It sold
last year at the rate of 513L copies for each
IT An old Episcopal church at Richmond,
Staten Island, was burned last Thursday. It
was built by Queen Anne, in 1713;. , ,,,
lET Dr. Jayne, of "Expectorant" notoriety,
left two millions, of property, .His widow U
said to be about marrying a wealthy yooag
man of New Jersey.
D-A'negro recently refused 6,take the
oith as postmaster at Forest depot, Virginia,
because be had "sympathized" with tb 8ot&
during the rebellion.
ID- The Mobile Tribune, an exceedingly
amiable sheet, recently remarked of Horace
Greeley, that be was "tbe most abominable vil
lain ever belched to the surface of a corrupt
ID A Texas paper in illustrating the adran'
tges of advertising, states that a gentleman
advertised the loss of a $50 note and found it
in his vest pocket before he reached home.
ID" In England, France and Germany, wo
men have been admitted to practice, and in the
two former countries, Womcn'a Schools of
Colleges have been opened.
ID The Border Seutinerrejoices over the
fact that there is living in Linn County, Kan
sas, a man by the name of HulRy, who has a
family of nineteen children, all alive, neither
a cripple uor a Democrat among them.
O" An Italian astronomer named Sciparelli
has been studying about the comet of 1862.
He predicts tba.t the earth will be obliged to
pass through the very nucleus of this comet
the year 1882.
!D In Washington, a woman shot a man be
cause he did not marry her; in Cincinnati,
another shot one because he did. What can a
bachelor do to save his bacon T
ID A cat recently got into the large cylinder
or the Hoe ptes or the North British Mail
newspaper. The unfortunate puss remained
quiet for two hundred revolutions of the cylin
der, when she fell under it upon the forms and
was distributed over tbem.
ID- An incautious individual at Terre Haute,
Ind., the other day, after smoking his pipe put
it in his pocket with a package of powder. He
was seen shortly after looking a good deal sur
prised, and inquiring for his coat tail and a
Urge piece of his breeches.
O" The raid on tbe "chignons" still contin
ues. The London Lancet says it is certain that
many Iadica carry about with them in tl eir
chignons the seeds ol ringworm, which is call
ed an "intractable malady." It also siys that
much of the hair csed for chignons is "chnrch-
yard hair," pulled from the scalps of the dead.
ID- A Buffalo paper has the following : " We
know of one enterprising Western Representa
tive who bought twenty five dollars' worth of
written eloquence in aid of a railroad grant,
and who circulated it at home with such accep
tance that he w3 rewarded by a credulous peo
ple with a U. S. Scnatorship."
U- "A. Head," of lbs New Orleans Cres
cent, a retired printer, proposes that every
printer shill set "one thousand cms" of type,
to be paid for in the usual way, according to
the price ruling :n the locality, and appropria
te! to a monument which shall "typify" the
j virtues of A. Ward, and transmit lis memory
to futurity in imperishable bronze or marble.
Are now receiving, and will keep constantly
on hand, a choice selection of
Staple and Fancy Groceries,
CONFECTIONEIty, Ac, Ac,
Which they will sell for CASH or PRODUCE
at as low rates aa can be found in the city.
Call and see for yourselves, at their old stand.
Corner of ."Main andlicree.
April 1, 1867.
PR AIIUi: N UKSERY,
Highland, Doniphan Co., Kansas.
FRUIT AND ORNAMENTAL TREES
PIE PLANT. 4c, for sale.
Persons wishing to purchase, are invited to
call at the Nursery and see for themselves.
I believe my trees and plants are good, and
well adapted to the prairies. Certainly much
tare has been taken to attain that result.
April 18, 1667-tf. E. SNYDER.
SILVER .MAPLES, $10 per thousand.
Law ton Blackberries, 16 per hundred.
Sweet Potato, Cabbage, and Tomato Plants,
in variety, and by the quantity, at the
April is. PRAraiE-HtrageaY.
State of Kansas, ) sg
In the District Court for Doniphan County,
State of Kansas.
John Wagmiller, 1 Plaintiff. '
Dr. Wm. H. Brown f- , . ...
Maril!a Brown, j Defendants.
NOTICE is hereby given, that I will, en
tbe 20th day of May, A. D. 1867,betwen
the hours of ten (10) o'clock', A. M., and four
(4) o'clock. P..M., of said day, at tbe door for
the Ovurt House, in Troy, Doniphan 'Comty,
State of Kansas, offer for sale, at public sec
tion, for cash, the following described real es
tate, to wit: Lots number nine (9) and Un,
(10) in Block number three, (3) In East Troy,
in Doniphan County, Kansas. Taken as the
property of Dr. Wm. H. Brown and Manila
Brown, and offered for sale to the highest bid
der, for cash, to satisfy a certain judgment
and costs now of record, in tbe District Court
for Dooiphn County, ia the 8tate of Kansas,
in which John Wagmiller is plaintiff, sad Dr..,
Wm. H. Brown and MarilU Brown are defen- ,
fdants. . .-..
Given nnder my hand, tins I5tn day or April, -A.
D. 1867. JOS. HAYTON. ' "
Under and Acting Sheriff of Doniphan Ge.i
v By S. Baowaux, Deputy Sheriff. - j
April 18, 1867-5w. PVs fee, $9
HELMBOLD'SFLUID EXTRACT 150"-
CHU is pleasant in taste and odor, free rros
all Injurious properties, and immedlats la' its
THE GLORY OFMAN IS STBENGTK, 3
Therefore Us nervous saw deMHteted steals
i sMssdwtely see Kstmete' Erraicr stoesari Z
. i - -. - - .
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