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TIIE FLVVTIM; OV THE APPLE-TREE.
ur mui ccucx- BBiivr.
Come, let 119 plant the apide-trr-e,
Cl-ravr the tough crrtiswanl with the spade:
Wide lt its hollow IkM be mule;
Tlwre cntly Uy the rrmtN. ami there
Sift the dark mould with kindly care.
And imu it o'er thrm tenderly,
Jim round the tdeepln; infant fret
We oftly fold the cradleheet;
So 4ant we the apple-tree.
What plant we la this amile-trerf
Jluda. which the breath of Summer daya
Vhal lenptheu inti leafy prays;
tough where the thmah'with crimaon breaat,
Shall haunt, and wii. and hide her neat;
We plant, ajwm the aunny lea,
- ahadow for the nouutide nunr,
A ahelter fnm the Siimiber ahower.
When we plant the apple-tree.
What plant we In tin apple-tree!
Swecliifiira hundred flow rrv Springs
To load the May-wlnd'a eaOnji wine.
When, from the rchar-row, he pour-situ
fi-agran- through or oin doors;
A world ctf LloMionia for the bee,
Flowrm for the nick girl's silent room,
J"nr the glad Infant prijr of bloom.
We plant ith the apple-tree.
What plant wefu this apple-t reef
Fruits that liall swell In sunny June,
And reilden in the Auguftt noun,
And drop, when centle airs come by.
That fan the blue STpteniWr sky.
While children come, with cneof -Ire,
And seek them where the fragrant graaa
Iletra.vs their liel to thone -wlmpa.-.
At ihe foot of the apple-tree.
And when, above this applr-lree.
The Winter stars are quivering bright.
And winds go howling through the night,
Girl, w how onng ejea o'ertiow with mirth,
Mull peel its'fruit liy cottage hearth ;
And picMts In prouder iKiines shall see,
Ileapedvitu the grape orCintraa vine.
And ptldm orauge of the Line,
The fruit of the apple-tree
The fruitage of this ple-trec.
WimU and onr flag of ln- and star
Shall War toenails that be afar,
Where men shall wonder at the view.
And k In what fair gime tliey grew;
And tuijourners be3nd thesra
Shall think of childhood careless .lay,
-Ami long, long hours of Summer play,
Jn the shade of the apple-tree.
"Each rear shall give this apple-tree
A broader flush of roseate bloom.
A dper maze of venlnrons gloom.
And lonneii, when the fpt- lontbt lower.
Therrlsp. brown leaves in thicker showrr.
The years shall conie and pass, but vru
Shall hear no longer, wh re we lie.
The Summer s song, the Autnmis slh,
Jn the boughs of the apple-tree.
And time shall waste this aii iMree.
t). when Its aged branches throw
Thin shadows on the ground Wln-ir,
Shall frand and Toreoand Iron will
OnpresM tl wt-ak and In Ii!- Mill I
What shall the tasks of mercy be,
lAluid the toils.' the strifes, the tears
t)f those who live when length of j ears
Is wasting thin apple-tree t
"WlmjilantetllhU old apple-tree!
The children of Ilut distant itay
Thus to some aged man shall say;
-Ami, gazing on its mossy Mem.
"The gray-hairt'd man shall answer them:
"A ioet of the land was he.
lloni in the rude but good old times;
T is said lie made some quaint old ihymca
On planting the apple-tree."
THE DEAD ALIVE.
A TIIKII.I.IXC KKETCII.
Tlic subjoined narrative published originally
in Chambers Journal, is stated to bu translated
fnnn a foreign newi.paier. It is necessary to re
niind tlic reader that the Island Maurita. apper
taining to this ilay to the English, was nriginally
rolonicd liy the French, ami that the population
consists in a great measure of persons of that na
tion, to whom, by a formal treaty lictvvccu the.
two parties i-oncerneil, their ancient laws anil
ttxages were preserved without material altera
tion. Almnt three or four months ago. the Sienr Cln
domir Frenois, a rieh merchant nf the Island, was
found dead, and frightfully disfigured, in his own
habitation. His Imdy was discovered lying on
the floor, with his face mutilated by a pistol, and
all doubt as to the catastrophe was dispelled by
the discovery of the fatal weapon by the side of
the corpse, as also of a paper in the hand-writing
oT the deceased. This paper contained the fol
I am ruined ! a villain ha mbW meuf twenty tlinn.
Kami livre uterhni: itintwnor miwt lie my portinn. ami I
cannot survive it. I leave my wife the tank of dUtriliutinjr
nminijr my creditor the means which remain to lis, and I
pray that fiotl, my friend anil my enemies, mav panlon
my M-lNleAtructiiin. Yet another minute, anil I nhall lie iu
tternity. (Signed.) CLtHMUIIK FKEXOIS."
Great was the consternation caused by this
tragic event, which was the more unexpected, as
the loss allndeil to in the nolo had ncrer lieen
made public. Tliu deceased hail been held iu
vreat esteem over the colony, as a man of strict
honor, and was universally lamented. His at
tached widow, after endeavoring faithfully to
fulfill his last wii-hes, found her grief too power
ful to mingle longer with the world, and took
the resolution to consecrate her remaining days
to the service of religion. Two months after the
sad end of her husband, she entered a convent,
leaving to a nephew of the merchant, a'physician,
the charge of completing tlio distribution of the
effects of Freuois among his creditors.
A minute examination of the papers of the de
ceased, led to the discovery of the period at which
the unfortunate merchant had been robbed; and
this period was found to ertrrespond with the
date of the disappearance of a man named John
Moon, long in tho employment of Frenois. Of
3his man, on whom suspicion not unnaturally fell,
nothing could be learned ouinqniry; but, short
Iv after the division of the merchant's property,
w .. 1 t .1... ....I...... WliMti tnl'itli 1111
.MOOn HlHie.ur.il" ii ........... ....... ....... ,-
anil examined respecting the cause of his flight,
he stated that he had lieen sent by his master to
France, to recover certain sums due to the mer
chant there, in which mission he hail licen unsuc
cessful: and he further averred, that if.Clodomir
Frepois, in his existiug correspondence, had
thrown anv injurious suspicious on him, (Moon,)
the whole was hut a pretext, to account for ne
fieiencies of which the merchant himself was the
Mile eanse and author. This declaration, made
l.y a man who scorned to fear no injury, and
-ivhose worldJv rirenmstances remained, to ap
pearsnee, thcsanie as they had ever been, hail
the effect of silencing, if it did not satisfy, the ex
aminers; and the affair soon fell, iu a great meas
ure, out of the public recollection.
Things remained for a short time in this condi
tion, when, one morning, Mr. William ?".
iirincipal creditor of the late Ciodomir Frenois,
heard a knocking at his gate,, at a very early
hour. He called up one of his servants, ho
went down and opened the door, and i1""1';
ly returned with the intelligence that a Granger,
ivho seemed desirous of keeping Pc"n
cealed. wished to speak xrih Mr. Burnett .n . pri
vate, Mr. Burnett arose, threw onhis dressing
gown, and descended to tho parlor. lie there
2 stranger of tall person, seated. r. wwy i and
familiar attitude upon a sofa, tnth a nmnbe r of
the Mornin" Post 1" h band- Tue ', . i
tor was ?unTUo Mr. Burnett, as he ej .tere L
Kathersnrprise.1 to stranger wndnet him
self so like an old friend of the bouse, Mr. Bur
nett said aloud: "Sir, may I beg0 lno,r Jour
hnsiness with met" ..i.,i,-,ltnfa.
The stranger turned round, ?ldnc J.
lntehis host wamly and courte.nsy. Mr.
liefore, a mntiiaieo oi
f0vhaM!waftha-t interview, between Mr.
himself with tira tJSSSf he .Tad
Songhre eT", he w rested
and taken to prison by the ofilcera of justice. On
the following day, lie was brought before the
criminal court, accused of robbing the late Cio
domir Frenois, the crime being conjoined with a
breach of trust and violence. .
Moon smiled at the charge, with all the confi
dence of a man who hail nothing to fear. The
Judge, having demanded of him if he confessed
the crime, the accused replied that the charge
was altogether absurd; that clear testimony was
necessary to fix such a charge uiou him"; and
that, so far from there being any evidence pro
ducable, neither the widow of the deceased, iior
any other person in his sen-ice; had ever heard
the pretended robliery even once mentioned by
irrcnuis during his life.
"So you then affirm your innocence V rcpeat
edthe Judge, gravely, of ter hearing all that the
other had to say.
"I will avouch my innocence," replied Moon,
"even before tho body of my late master, if that
be necessary." (Such a thing oftcu touk place,
under the old Colonial law.")
"John Moon," said the Judge, in a voice bro
ken by some peculiar emotion, " it is before jour
late master that you will have to assert your in
nocence; aud may the God of justice make truth
A signal from the Judge accompanied the w ords,
anil immediately a door opened, and Ciodomir
Frenois, the suppo'sed suicide, entered the court.
He advanced to the bar, with a-shnv and delilier
ate step, having his eyes calmly but firmly fixed
on the prisoner, his servant. A great sensation
was caused in the court by his appearance. Ut
tering shrieks of horror and alarm, the females
lied from the spot. The accused fell on his knees
in abject terror, and shuddering, confessed his
guilt. For a time, no voice was heard but his.
However, as it became apparent that a living
man stood liefore the court, the advocate for the
prisoner gained courage to sjicak. He demanded
that the identity of the merchant be established,
and the existence be explained. He said that the
court should not be biassed by what might prove
to be a mere accidental. likeness lietuceii a per
son living and one deceased, and that such an
avowal as that of the prisoner, extracted iu a mo
ment of extraordinary terror, was not to be held
of much weight.
"Before being admitted here as an accuser or
witness," continued the advocate, addressing the
resuscitated merchant, "prove who and what
yon are, and disclose by what means the tomb,
which so lately received your Issly, mangled with
bullets, has given up its tenant, and rcstured vim
to the world iu life and health."'
ThN first appeal of the advocate, who continii
til steadfast to his duty, under circumstances
tint, woiiU" have chiscd the lips of most men, call
ed forth the folloning narrative from Cludomir
,My iiiry may so.iii be told, mid will sufilce to
establish, my identity. When I discovered the
robbery committal by the accused, he had then
lied from the Island, and I speeiiily saw all at
tempts, to retake him would prove fruitless. I
saw ruin ami disgrace liefore me, mid came to the
resolution of terminating my life before the evil
day car.ic. On the night in'which'thisdctcrniiu
nti'iii was formed, I was seated alone iu my pri
vate chamber. I had written the letter which
wan found on my table, and had loaded my pistol.
This done. I prayed fur forgiveness from my Ma
ker fur the act I was about to commit. The end
of the pistol was n( my head, and my linger on
the trigger, whena knock at the door of thehon-e
startled me. I coneeah-d my weajMiu, and went
to the door. A liian entered, whom I recognized
as being thesevtou of the parish in which 1 lived.
He Iwre a sack on his shoulders, and in it tho
body of a man newly hiiricd, which was destined
fur my nephew, thn physician, then living with
me. Tho fcarcity of Isslies for dissection, as the
court is aware, cnmcls those who arc anxious
to acquire skill iu the midieal profession to pro
cure them by any possible secret means. The
sexton was at first alarmed at having met me.
" Did my nephew request you to bring this liodyf "
"Xo," replied the man; "but I knew his anxiety
to obtain one for dissection, aud took it upon me
to offer thisliody. For mercy Kike," continued
the sexton, "do not betray me, sir. or I shall lose
my station and my fimily's bread."
While the man was speaking, a strange idea
entered my mind, and brought to my despairiug
bosom hopes of continued life and honor. I stood
for a few moments ahsorlcl in thought, and then
recollecting myself, I gave two pieces of gold to
the resurrectionist, the sum which he expected.
Telling him to keep his own counsel, aud that all
would lie well, I sent him away, and carrus! the
Ixsly to my cabinet. The whole of the house
hold had been sent out of the way on purpoc,
and I had" time to carry into execution the plan
which had struck me. The lusty was fortunately
of the same stature as myself, and like me iu com
plexion. I knew tin man; he had been a poor
offender, abandoned by his family. "Poor relic
of mortality! said I, with tears in my eyes,
"nothing which man may docan now injure thee;
yet pardon me, if I rudely disfigure thy lifeless
substance. It is to prevent the ruin of not one,
but twenty families; and should success attend
my attempt, I swear that thy children shall be
mj- children, and when my hour comes, we shall
rest together iu the tomb to which thou shalt be
borne before me."
At this portion of the merchant's narative, the
most.Iively interest was excited in the court, and
testified even by tears from many of the audience.
Frenois thus proceeded :
"I then stripped off my clothe, and dressed
the, IhmIv iu them. This accomplished, I then
took up iny pistol, aud with a hand more reluc
tant than when I applied it to my person, I fired
it close to the head of the deceased, and at once
caused such disfigurement as rendered it iinisissi
ble for the keenest eye to detect the substitution
which had lieen made.
"Choosing the plainest habit I could get, I
then dressed myself anew, shaved off the whisk
ers I was accustomed to wear, and took other
means to alter my appearance, iu ease of lieing
subjected by any accident to the risk of lietrayal.
Xext morning saw me on board a French vessel,
on niv way to a distant land the native country
'of my ancestors. The expectation of this scheme
was not disappointed. I knew John Moon was
tin-111.111 who robbed me. and who stands. at the
bar of this court, and that he had formed connec
tions in this Island which would iu all proUibili
ty bring him back to it. as soon as the intelli
gence of my death gave him promise of security.
Tn Ibis I have not beeu disaniminted. I have
been equally fortunate in other respects. While
niVnnWOrillJ M-l.m istuuuin. "-- " ....ji...-
ry safety, I have leeu successful in discovering
(I,, nii.ni-ter in which, not-daring at first to lwtray
tlie appearance of wealth, he,lodged the whole of
the money. I nave urongui it wiui me, aim aiso
aiiffieient nroofs. sunisising his confessions of this
dav to be set asidrt altogether, tn convict him of
the crime with which lie staniis charged. Jiy the
same means," continued Ciodomir Frenois, with
a degree of honorable pride in which all who
beard him sympathized, "will I be enabled to re
store my family to their place in society, and to
redeem the credit of a name on which no blot
was left by those who bore it liefore me, and
which please God, I shall transmit unstained to
my children, aud to my children's children."
John Moon, whose guilt was thus suddenly and
trnnlr laid bare to the world, did not retract
the confession which he made in the extremity of
his terror; and without separating, tue court sen
tenced him to confinement in the prison of the
colony. . . ,
The newsol v-iouomir rieiinisn n-appearancc
nre.iil ranidlv. and the high' esteem in which his
character was held. led to an universal rejoicing
on the occasion, lie was accoinpanieu imm the
court to his house by a dense multitude, who
welcomed him with prolonged shouts. It would
be vain to attempt any description of the feelings
of his wife, who had thus restored to her the lie
loved lieing for whoso sake she had quitted the
world. She was released from her ecclesiastical
vows, and rejoined her husband, no' more to part
till the grave really claimed one or the other of
them as its due.
It is a singnlar coincidence that Mrs. Susan
nah White, who came over in the Mayflower,
should have been the jlnt bride and the rf
mother in Xew England: aud also mother of the
fr$t native Governor of the Plymouth colony.
Capt. Peregrine White, the first liorn. died in
Marshfield, Mas, in 1704, aged 83 years.
The difficnlty In life, says Arthur Helps, is the
same as the difficnlty in grammar to know when
to make the exception to the rule.
WHITE CLOUD, KANSAS, THURSDAY,
THE COWS ARE COH13U.
BT ALICE BOBBIXS.
The cows are coming, Jesaie, dear; make haate and see the
Then- are twenty milky beanties to be housed and fed to-
That nrt one, with the anow-white horns, ia jnat aa old as
She ami my net lint saw the light, the same soft Summer
A tcmlrr ereatnre waa ane, so vraV. and cold, and thin!
John said she was not lit to raise. I aaid it waa a sin
To cat her oft; for Maybod'a sake. John ianghea, and
I thou-ht it best, nion the whole, to rear fire calves together!
But she was aiarf-d, and ao was May. It sometime seems
In Starltright'a soft and gentle eyes, May'a pleading glanre
I love the creature you may amile pcrhana my fancies
She's fairest of the herd, as May's the sweetest of the nock.
There's May, her arms round Starurfcht 's neck; the girl la
nine to-day ;
A frolicsome and genial thing, at study or at lilay ;
The darling c'our failing years. Soring in our Autumn art ;
A fair white jewel tiLixing in our faded coronet.
But see. John lets the liars down; in clover deep they stand,
With glosiiy flanks, and hacks as straight as yonder table
land; The fragrance of their breath pours In like ambergris and
They're'just the ntatrtt cowa to milk John says they never
They know bin tone 'tis seldom loud; they know his touch
"John ha a way, the neighbors say, to make dumb crea
Perhaps I only know that I, through all these blessed
Have never seen the moment when his voice lias brought
F.vrry now and then a whim seizes the public,
and takes possession of jieop!es senses, though
why or wherefore, it would lie hard to say; but
when once it has got a fair hold, it has to be hu
mored until it is wont out or supplanted by souio
other novelty. At the present moment the name
which predominates every w here, w liicli is adver
tised in the papers, imstcd on walls in hills in
large black type, stuck up in the windows of dry
gcssls stores, and heard in everylmdy's mouth, is
that of Dolly, Vardeii. the sprightly, coquettish
heroine of llickcii's, historical novel, "Jtaniaby
I'udge." But the. novel was written thirty years
ago, ami there seem to be no apparent "reason
why the London locksmith's pretty daughter
should all of a sudden start out into popularity
greater than she enjoyed when she was first intro
duced to the woriiL She was then made the sub
ject of many a picture, and the celebrated artist,
.Maclise, at tue suggestion ami umlerthc guid
ance of his friend, Dickens, painted what may Ie
called a jHirtrait of her, if there ran lie such a
thing as the portrait of an imaginary character.
It was, however, a realization on canvas of the
conception of the uuthor, and it lias given to her
the lHslily form and the costume by which she
will henceforth lie identified. Just as we form
but one conception now of Uncle Toby and the
Widow Wadman, or of Sir I.oger de Coverly and
the Spectator, or of Mr. Pickwick nnd Sain.Wel
ler, iu consequence of our familiarity with the
celebrated pictures and illustrations iu which
they are represented, so will our notiouof Dolly
Vunlen be limited to that of the artist, combined
with the description which Dickens has given of
her. In this she apjiears in a "cherry colored"
hood and cloak, and a hat trimmed with cherry
colored ribbons, Ac. But, graceful ami attrac
tive as she is, there is nothing iu common lie
tweeu her mid "the young ladies of the present
day, who have their own peculiar grace and at
tractiveness, tilio lived and flourished while onr
war of independence was going on, and in which
her lover lost an arm. To find any one who
would resemble her, we should have to go back to
our great-grandmothers' time; and herein is a
partial mystery of the Dolly Vanlen furore. Some
one in all probability an enterprising dressma
ker started the notion that one of the most stri
king novelties in the way of costume for ladies
would be a revival of the antiquated (lowered
chintz overskirts worn by I'uglish ladies iu the
middle of the last century, and it has lxi-n as suc
cessful a hit as any that has been made for some
time. Accordingly tho Iow-lsslied dress, with
skirts well looped up, sleeves tight to the elbow,
and then suddenly assuming the dimensions of
sacks, leaving the sirtion of the arm below the
elbow bare, is to be the costume of the season, at
home it is to lie hoped, for it would scarcely do
for walking or riding in without some modifica
tion. And patterns of every hoe and every vari
ety of sprig and flower are displayed iu the store
windows, to the no. little anxiety of paterfamil
ias, who iK-gins to wonder what sort of appear
ance his women-folks are going to assume when
they step forth out of the hands of the modiste,
with their straw hats looped np on one side a la
Dolly, aud their skirts looped up on lxitli sides,
displaying the scarlet or brown undergarment in
which our great grandmothers delighted, and
which they wore short, so as to display the open
clocks of their red stockings, ami the shining sil
ver buckles of their high heeled shoes. And
along with Dolly Vanlen hats and dresses come
Dolly Vanlen Jewelry and knick-knacks. It was
an ingenious idea to revive all this iu the name
of Dickens' popular heroine, but it might as well
have beeu done iu the name of Clarissa Harlow,
or Sophia Western, or K aline, or Olivia Prim
row, or uny other heroine of the perils), for they
all dressed iu the same costume as Dolly Vanlen
did. So far,Jnileed, as hsipcd skirls are concern
ed, they haebeeii ill vogue, inoreorle"S, for a
century, and a half, and at this very time are
fashionable iu walking dresses. The Dolly Var
deii overskilt is not so much a novelty iu itself;
the attraction of it is to be found, one may sup
pose, in the flowered pattern of the material of
which it is made.
Oiir fashionable belles have scarcely recovered
from tlie "Grecian bend, and the luxuriance of
their present pompadour overdress makes the
transition to the tight Isslice. low bosom, and
bare arms of Dolly Vanlen rather sudden. Very
young ladies will doubtless expect to double their
attractions if such a thing lie possible iu their
Dolly Vanlen costume. And ladies of more ma
ture agrwho retain their Jouthful appearance,
as many do. may also apjiear to advantage in it
at home. FhitaMpliia Lrdgrr.
Fik's AvKUstox to Lying. It appeals from
McAlpine's " Life and Times of James Fisk, Jr.,"
that the redoubtable James had not only a strong
aversion to lying, but that he had an utter con
tempt for a tnau who would lie a salesman in a
Vfholesale dry goods shop. He thought there
must lie fun in the life of a salesman iu a retail
concern where existence is made more endurable
by dialling with women aud measuring tape with
them, but to stand and "dicker" with a man
who knows yon are lying, and who, knows that
yon know that he knows yon are lying, was the
thing from which his gigantic soul revolted.
This puritv ami this pride made him a controller
of Erie and the Opera House two institutions in
which pride and purity went hand in band, and
so became notorions.
StXTY-nvE years ago, a vessel was wrecked
near Cape May, aud now a venerable lady in the
cit v of Brotherly Love must needs have a dream,
and having "dreamed a dream" she could not
keep it to herself. In her vision she saw five
hundred thousand dollars in the cabin of the
wreck waiting for some one to claim it., S off
start ed a score of money makers in pursuit of the
lost treasure. Last week some of the rarty re
turned, decidedly disgusted with the whole affair,
for, atVr suffering mauy hanlships. they found
no trace of the promised reward. The vessel lay
among the quicksands, and most of the wreck
hal gone- t.i parts unknown; aud so they blamed
I the !il lady for having postponed her dream un
til the gnhi had vanished. .
LAf".J ""irse in life to pursue, and at all haz
anl abide by it; first see that vonr conrse is cor-
1-Ht .111 Irl .. . ...... ... ....
..-,., ...... ,- ,mre ,1!al lg ,1(SC1P)l intelligently,
as it also lias, appmliatioii of the best men wheth
er 'ecorded r ,Knt m.,ke -. busiuess to
ecthatth.s one thing of j our life is strictly ad-
4.ir!.o,Cr?fr0e.a, -iVhat iii the United States,
.&,aentrm,r --' .- '-
TBE CBUT BKAJt.
Jta Ilrrrsllaw Chapter ia CanBrBtivc XtiIwI.
ajrr IllutraliM r l Growth af Keliciaaa
Belief Oat af Ihe Trauaafaraaatfaa af Wants.
The group of slnrs known as the Great Bear, or
mure familiarly as the Dipper, must have become
very early an object of interest, as well from its
remarkable configuration and strange movement
iu the heavens, as from the circumstance that it
serves to mark one of the cardinal points,'and we
are not surprised, therefore, to find mention of it
in the oldest literary, monuments.
Like the other constellations, it fills a promi
nent place in mythology. An ancient name for it
jn tho north of Kumpe i,Tvrlsvagn, the Carle's,
or Old Mall's Wagon, from which is derived the
English Charles' Wain. jtThe Carle is said be to
Odin or Tlior. After tlie1 Introduction of Christ
ianity among the Germans, the ownership of the
Karlsvagn was transferred, along with so many
other mementoes of paganism, to the new person
ages who took the place of the old gods. There
is a legend, which will illustrate the singular con
fusion of ideas in the media-val periods of Chris
tianity, that this is the wagon in which Klias.our
Ixjrd, and other saints ascended to heaven. The
small star alsive the centre one in the Mile is call
ed the Wagoner, Hans Dnmkeii, and there arc
severaDegeiuls to explain how he got this positinu.
According to one account, Hans was iu the service
of the I-onl, and had a very comfortable place,
bur'by degrees he became more and more negli
gent. Our I.onl warai-d and eluded him to no
purpose. He was particularly careless alsmt cut
ting chaff; none that hu cut could be used, being
cut much too loiig. At this our Lord was at last
so out of patience that he set him on the Kile of
ine ceicsiiai waiu, wnere lie may oe seen every
evening, a wanting to all serving men who cut
chaff tisi long. Another account makes Hans
Diiiiiken to have been a carrier, w ho conveyed our
I.onl, and iu remuneration for this service was
otl'ereil the kingdom of heaven; hut he chose, as
more congenial to his taste, to be permitted to
drive to all eternity, from sunset to sunrise.
The resemblance of this constellation to a wag
on was also noticed by other nations. It is very
anciently referred to by the Greek poets as the
harmiuia or chariot, the driver of which, corres
ponding to the Hans Duinkcn of the Germans, is
the constellation (literally ox-driver), which
follows it. By the I'omaus, also, it was sometimes
called the plauitrum, waiu or wagon, but more fre
quently bom el Iruio. the oxen and pole Bootes
still being the driver. .
These names are evidently snggestid by the
configuration of the gniup. There arc other names
for it w Inch have been more difficult to explain.
Its most common designation among the Koinans
was the Septenitriones, or seven trioues, and sub
Scptemtrioncs, that is, "under the Septemtriones,"
was n common phrase "townnl the north." Tri
oues is explained by Vara to lie an ancient name
for plow-oxen not wholly obsolete iu his time, so
that the seven triones meant the seven oxen; but
this explanation, ulthongh it has usually been
adopted, is plainly a mere conjecture of Varo, and
a simpler aud more satisfactoryonp has been sug
gested byMaxMiillcr. If wc suppose an s to have
lieen dmpped fnnn this wonl, aw omission which
has not infrequently happened in Latin words,
aud that its ancient form was strioues, its mean
ing may very readily lie guessed, for it is seen to
contain the same root-form as the Latin stella (for
ster-ula), Greek, a-ster, German, ster-u, English,
star, aud the name septcm-strioues meant iu fact
simply, "the seven stars."
A name which has occasioned even more per
plexity than the Latin Srphmlrionn, is the one
with which we have headed this article. Ursa
Major, the Greater Bear, so called to distinguish
it from I'rsa Minor, the Lesser Bear, is a name
adopted fnnn the Greek Arlclo; bear, by which
this constellation was very anciently known.
How it acquired this name has never, until recent
ly, lieen satisfactorily explained. We call easily
understand w by it should lie called a difiper or a
wagon, but the most lively imagination fails to
discover in it the lineaments of an animal. In
deed, as the great liear is usually depicted on
our charts of the heavens, the seven conspicuous
stars ocupy but n small portion of it, and one can
not help surmising that the ehartographer has lo
cated it pretty much at a venture, knowing that
it belongs somewhere licrealsmt. The fact is,
tlie Gleat Bear is, as has beeu shown by Max Mid
ler, u name and nothing more. The explanation
which he has given of this fanciful creation is both
interesting in itself, and well illustrates a pmcess
of thought which has given rise toa vast deal of
the ancient mythology.
Among the Hindoos this constellation was
known as the Sewn llUhlt, or Sages, and of course
a story w as told of the circumstances which led to
these seven sage's lieing placed in the heavens.
There appears to lie very little connection be
tween 7i ii't and JriUM.yct Max Muller has shown
that, as names of a constellation, they have prob
ably pnicecdisl fnnn the same soiifcc, Imth arising
fnmi a. misconception of a name originally given
to those stars, the true meaning of which had beeu
forgotten. The transition is curious as illustrat
ing how easily mythology mav bo engendered by
amhignityiif speech. In the Vcdas occurs n, wonl,
Arlibnn, used in the sense, of stars, which is ex
plained by the commentator to lie properly a
name for stars iu general, but particularly applied
to those seven MM: Here Max Midler finds the
key note not only to the Hindoo but to the Greek
myth. Arlthan 'is a wonl easily decomposed; it
contains the resit ark, having the significance of
bright, in which sense it enters into many wonls, '
aud very naturally formed a name for the stars
"the btight ones." But as other names for stars
were also used, and iu this one, as the Venlic com
mentator remarks, Wame nttached principally to
the seven bright Mars of the north, it gradually
lost all signification except as a pmper name. Its
general sene of stars was forgotten. Jrlia
bavin" no sisriiifieanre of its own. gradually Ih.-
came identified with 'iVtif or- Irtai. which had a
signification, although one quite different; and
thus iu time was formed iu Iudia the myth of the
Besides the wonl arlnlat in the sense of stars,
there is in Sanskrit another wonl of the same form
with the meaning of lear. This is identical with
the Greek arltd; and appears to have given, on
Grecian soil, a different clue to the lost meaning
of artnhns, the tlarn. By a metamorphosis not ful
ly traced, it is true, but still quite conceivable,
the seven arMat or arltoi liecamo consolidated
into a single artlot or btar, which in time was fur
ther pmvided with a brar Itrptr, arkt aunt (Arc
turns), and also suggested t he name "Lesser Bear"
for a smaller and somewhat similar group. Thns
a constellation which has long taxed ingenuity to
fix its outlines, which has been adopted by as
tronomy as a convenient designation of one por
tion of the heavens, and which gave its name to
the Arctic region, has probably originated in a
mere double entendre, unwittingly perpetrated
some three or four thousand years ago.
There has just died in great wretchedness at
Geneva, Sennr Garcia, one who, in the annals of
those who make haste to became rieh by gambling,
held a conspicuous place, Garcia, the hero of sev
eral seasons at Baden and Hcrmburg, was scion
of a good Spanish family, and waa born at Sara
gassa, in 1830, and had some little fortune, left
him, which he immediately lost at the gaming
table. He tamed np in France in 1853, about
which time he became possessed by inheritance of
a small property, realizing about 12,000 francs.
This was the nnclens of the enormons fortune
that he won ac ecarte, at naccaral and trente et
quarante. He possessed at one time JE160,000,
which he won entirely bv caminc. He left France
t at the time of the Calzado affair, and the "diffi
culty" with the Duke or Uramnionnt-caneronsse.
I He lived afterwanl at Baden, where he lost all he
J possessed, aud at Monaco, where he Iiecame wait
! er in a cafe. He has died in a wretched lodging
in Geneva, leaving barely sufficient to pay for his
I interment. He shnfHed off this mortal coil leav-
ing in his ragged pockets five francs, the lowest
stake allowed at rouge et noir!
The Rev. Dr. Muhlenberg, author of the hymn,
"I would not live alway," and founder of St,
Luke's Hospital, although very aged, is able to
attend to his pastoral duties, and personally su
pervises the ednrational and industrial school for
cripples, at St. JohnUnd, Long Island.
Wiiex a man has no design but to speak the
truth; he may tay a great deal in a very narrow
He that has the fewest faults, has comparative
ly none at all; bo man has more faults than he
who pretend to have none.
APRIL 25, 1872.
IHE BETLIH OF HHAStDOX.
t nuxcis aunoxT rATHXB raocr.)
iAKrijition cn aa e4 BdL
With deep affection and recollection.
I often think of those Shandon belia.
tiTbone aounda ao wild would, in the days of childhood,
Vling round my cradle their magic aptlla.
On this I ponder, where'er 1 wauder, T
And thus grow fonder, awevt Cork, of thee
YVftb thy brUa of Sbandon. that aonnd ao grand on
The pleasant waters of the river Lee.
Fve beard bells chiming full many a clime In,
Tolling auhlinie in cathedral shrine.
While at a glibe rate brass tongues would vibrate;
Hut all Ibrir music spoke naught like thine.
For memory, dwelling on each proud awellinr
Of thy belfry, knelling It. bolt notes Tree"
Made the hells of Shandon sound far more grand on
The pleasant waters of the river Lev.
Fee heard belia tolling Old Adrian's Mole In,
Their thunder nilling from the Vatican;
And cymbals glorioua, swinging nproariooa
In the gorgeous fiirreUof Xotre Dame;
But thy sound were sweeter than the dome of Peter
Flings o'er the Tilier. iealing solemnly.
Oh t the belW of Sbandon aound far more grand on
The pleasant waters of the river Lee.
Tbere'a a bell in Moscow; while on tower and kiosk, 0,
In St, SiphU the Turkman gem.
And loud in air. calls men to prayer.
From the taliering summit of tall minarets.
Stirli tmpty phantom I freely grant them;
lint there's an an anthem more dear to me.
Tis the IWlsof Sliandoo, that sound ao grand on
The pleasant watirs of the riier Lee.
PROF. JIOR8E OX HIS) GREAT I.XTKJf.
Tlie following letter, written by Pmf. Morse to
Cyrus W. Field scareely four months ago, happily
shows the depth of his interest in his own great
Xew York, Dec. 4, 1871.
MyPf-ais Mr. Field: Excuse my delay in
writing you. The exietment occasioned bv the
visit of the Grand Duke Alexis has but just
ceased, and I have lieen wholly engnisseil by tlie
various duties connected with his presence.
1 have wished for a few calm moments -to put
on paper some thoughts respecting the doings of
the great Telegraphic Convention, to which you
are a delegate.
The telegraph has now assumed such a marvel
ous position iu human s flairs throughout tlie
world ; its intluenres are so great aud important in
all the varied concerns of nations, that its effi
cient protection fnnn injury has ls-eouia necessity.
It is a powerful advocate for universal peace.
Xot that of itself it can command a "Peace, Im
still," tn the angry waves of human passions, but
that by its rapid interchange of thought and opin
ion it gives thcopportiinity of explanations to acts
ami to laws which iu their ordinary wording of
ten create doubt aud suspicion.
Were there no means of quick explanation, it is
readily seen that doubt and suspicion, workingon
the susceptibilities of the public mind, would
engender misconception, hatred, and strife. How
importaut, then, that in the intercourse of nations
there should lie the ready means at hand for
prompt correction and explanation.
Could there not be passed, in the great inter
national convention, some resolution to the effect
that, in whatever condition, whether of peace or
war 1st ween nations, the telegraph should be
deemed a sacred thing, to be by common consent
effectually protected, both on laud and beneath
the waters f
Iu the interest of human happiness, of that
"Pence on earth," which, in announcing the ad
vent of the Saviour, the angels preclaimed, with
"good will to men," I hope that the convention
will lint adjourn wit hunt adopting a resolution as
king of the nations their united effective protec
tion to this great agent of civilization.
The mode ami the terms of such resolution may
lie safely left to the intelligent meiiiliers of the
honorable nnd distinguished convention. Believe
me, as ever, your friend and servant,
SAMfKt. F. 11. Mouse.
Hon. Cvitrs W. Field, Borne, Italy.
When this letter was read at the Telegraphic
Convention, prolonged cheers were given for its
author, and the letter itself was onlered to be
printed among the reconls of the convention.
Naalhem Rrfagrra ia Maath Aaaerlra.
A corresMindent of the Xew York World, writes
from Lima that, with very few exceptions, the
rebels who left the South for South America at
the end of the war are heartily sick of their
change of abode, but are generally too poor and
miserable to get to their old homes again. He
Many of the Southern colonists, it is true, still
manage to keep lip a respectable apiearance, but
after all it Is a sort of "out-at-the-elliows,itowii-at-the-heel
" respectability, while, sadder stilt,
the vast majority an- to lie met witli whose
appearance most surely indicates that they are
making the pitiful effort to drown their miseries
iu potent liliations of the most villainous and
vilest decoctions that human ingenuity or rather
deviltry ever devised. In an ont of the way
quarter in Valparaiso,.in one of the lowest pre
cincts of the city, known to the maritime com
munity as "the maintop," whose brothels and
drinking Iwoths are the resort of foreign 'sailors
and the lowest class of the native imputation,
part Congo, part Indian, part Spanianl. and nnta
small portion of Chinese, stands a dilapidated
building that could scarcely lie dignified with the
name of dwelling. Tlie miserable, rickety old
hovel presents a more filthy and repulsive ap
pearance than the mist abject den of misary with
in the purlieus of .the Five Points in days gone
by. Alsive the door is conspicuously emblazoned
the legend, "IiDixies land wo made one stand,"
which without n doubt tiroclainis the nationality
of the nninrictor. while a siini in clarinjr capitals
just liclow it, whereon is inscribed "The Alabama
, m :.. i; ... :,1. 1 ,,:...
r ree anil rasy, uiuicaies wiiuciyai CTimiiiij
the charactcrof theestabli.shment in question. At
the bar of that disgusting Chilian- brothel, snr
ronnded with the most depraved of both sexes,
and dispensing the vilest' native drinks to as vile
a set of scoundrels as ever went unhung, is what
is left of a man who was nut a dozen years ago a
power in the laud a man who was once a dele
gate in Congress, as well as a prominent officer
in the Confederate army. His story is not dissi
milar from that of others of his former rank in
South America. Having, lost almost all his
worldly goods by the war, he was tempted by
visions of hastily acqnircd wealth, and freedom
fenm hard lnlsir. to emitrrate to Ecuador. Thence
he went to Pern, and finally to Chili, sinking
lower and lower in the social scale at eacn migra
tion, nis bright dreams dispelled, honor and the
memory of what he once was were insufficient im
pulses tn deter him from falling to the lowest
depths af a miserable and depraved existence.
The alve is far from being an exaggerated pic
ture; it is only one instance of the result of North
American emigration to the Southern Continent,
It is not generally known that Connecticut is
indebted to the town .of Chatham for the title
which is almost universally bestowed npon it in
ly a half a centnry ago, nutmegs of this descrip
tion were actually mannfaetnn-d and shipped
from that town, for sale. It is doe to the memory
of the enterprising manufacturer of these art ides,
which found a rearty market in tne v est, to siaie
that the turning out of these, wooden imitations
formed bnt a minor part of his business.
The Maysville JSaltel'im says that the first white
man who ever entered-the State of Kentncky was
John Finley, who came to Maysville in 1767. In
1773 he settled at the Upper Blue Lick Spring,
which has lieen owned by his family to the pres
ent day. During the Revolutionary war he was
a soldier in the ISth Pennsylvania Regiment.
The story that "the Queen of Madagascar takes
JTarper't Pasar," originated in the fact that one
of her loving snlijects sent her a leg and wing of
roasi missionary, uiciuseu iu iu i'yj ..
periodical mentioned, which was fonnd iu the lin
ing of the missionary's bat-box;
Trnf" is the way the Cedar Rapids BepM'uan
pntain: "Don't fcn-rotr a newspaper; nearly all
the prevailing epidemics are spread in thu way.
If yon don't want the small pox, take your paper
direct from the publisher."
Coxsotrnox is said to carry to the grarj i two
hundred thousand persons aannally on the Sort.
The Bearrtcsi Palace afTrlaxiaailiaa aa4 Car
Correspondence of the Xew York Herald.
Miramar Palace. Trieste. Jan. in.
Six years have gone by since Maximilian was
shot at Oneretaro. Six vears. too. have flown
since poor Carlotta passed from the realms of
reason. Mien nas lieen the fabulous cost or a fab
nlous ambition, and it is here, at Miramar alone,
that one can measure the terrible sacrifice which
a loving couple offered to vain hope, that they
might in common enjoy a Western crown and sit
in royalty in the halls of the Monteziiuias.
Miramar lies three miles from Trieste. Mira
mar, from a seawanl view, is the palatial gate
way to Trieste, standing on a rocky base, with
immeuso. boulders Jlauking it, and green foliage
and variegated flowers for a deepening landscape.
Yon must yourself lift the latch; for no porter
is at hand to admit yon. Once within, the way
lies up a broad, graveled drive, either side being
ornamented by ganleu plots and hedges. The
ganlens of Miramar are a hurst of beauty, such, I
venture to say, as cannot be fonnd elsewhere in
close contiguity to the sea. Saltness offends veg
etation so much that it is only by a marvelous u
plicatiou of the ganlii,er art thatMirauiar still
smiles and blooms as it does. Our party consist
ed of three, a friend and myself, aud a "stranger.
We made a detour of the palace, and at last reach
ed the main entrance from the rear. A ring. The
porter responds, "Yes, the palace is open, but I
must have your canls." Even here the low voice
aud melancholy accent has liegnn. with the bnr-
-ly, healthy, unsentimental door-keeier. We
walk softly on the tesselatnl marine towanlthe
grand staircase; tho porter closes the mammoth
oaken door with slow solemnity, as if a quick
movement would awake the indignation of the
dead, and now we staud in the midst of the splen
did but deserted palace.
The wainscotting is in carved walnnt, but not
ovenlone; the ceiling is thirty fret from the mo
saic floor, and the vestibule in which we are is
sufficiently elegant for an ante-rooui ur large
enough for a grand promenade. At onr right is
tne grand staircase, reiuhiug to the topmost sto
ry, and along its carved walls arc groups of ar
mor, clusters of antique weapons, spears, battle
axes, helmets, cuirasses, and what not, all woven
into those curious circular textures which prin
ces lielieve synilsilize a warlike taste.
From the vestibule we pass into the billianl
room. There the portraits of all the Hapshurgs,
many of them of old types, hang ii'sin the walls,
lieing supported in old black wimhIcii frames. The
library was next visited. There one conld jndge
of the intelligence of the unfortunate Archduke.
The collection is a very rich one, and Maximilian
ninst have been an industrious reader. Upon as
sorted shelves I found collections of travels in
English, especially relating to India; works on
military aud civil engineering; hundreds of vol
umes on moral science, all bearing evidence more
of use than of ornament. The inlaid flooring, the
rich pauueling, the rases, stands, and many orna
ments were all ill harmony, without anv effort at
amuinous ornamentation. A full figure of Met
re of Met-
lernirn sushi oh metallic, ami a marine
Goethe faced the doorwov as we entered.
this collection of at.OOO volumes we nassed north.
want into the Admiral's favorite room, his cabin,
an exact counterpart of the cabin ofhis late flag
ship, the Kaiser. Therein were the last tableaux
ever epacted by Maximilian at Miramar. Noth
ing had been disturlieil which had last received
his sacred touch. Indeed, this rule has lieen fol
lowed throughout the palace. An empty decan
ter aud two wine glasses stood upon a silver tray
upon his writing desk; some old scraps of paper
were lying loosely around; an imperial photo
graph of Carlotta wxs under his last gaze; his
sister-in-law, the Empress Elizalieth, of Austria,
was also in unavoidable view, while small sjr
traits of Xapolcon, favour, De Buest, and other
notables were distributed upon the walls iu cabi
net size. In construction and finish, this cabin
is the cabin of the man-of-war. There are the
oiled carbines overhead, the stern Mists and win
dows, and the low ceiling and pendant lamps.
Anchors were very numerous. The friends of the
family have gnanled this cabin with religious
care, and to touch an object there is regarded as
little less than sacrilege. Passing again throngh
the library, you reach the reception room of Car
lotta. and then her liondoir, both elegant rooms,
overlooking the unbroken horizon of the sea. On
the second floor, are the state chambers. Tho
throne room is a long apartment, two thinls the
size of Steinway Hall, with many jieiidant chan
deliers in bronze, and a gallery for the orchestra
aim a siigni eictnieu unis ior ine line .ArcnuilKe.
Portraits of the'most distinguished Enrojieaiis of
the nineteenth century are paneled below the
cornice, and the large valuable allegorical scenes j
emliellish the walls. The most striking picture
is a genealogical group of the Haburgs. A tour
iiirougu me outer apannieuis ouiy serves in con-
firm in the mind the sumptuous character of all
the fittings. In the salon des et rangers we have
the portraits of the inonurclis of the world, inclu
ding those of the fallen Lsatiella and TalMileon
HI. and the demiled King of Bavaria. Tlie pri
vate chambeni of the noble eonnle deserve atten
tion. Their common sleeping apartment is in
walnut and gold, the dark wood prevailing, aud
which is profusely decorated with anchors. At '
the head of tbe two narrow oaken beds, which I
stand side bv side, are two illuminated nravers. I
and it is in the deep solemnity of this chamber'
that one grieves at the tragic end of tho ill fated
Austrian, and calls back the mad, despairing cries
of the ill-fated Carlotta. The scene is a sad one;
the sturya bitter one; and not even tbe grand
paintings and the rich carvings can in thn cause
ufsFSthetic admiration sulslne the thoughts that
the second and loveliest victim of Miramar has
yet to die.
IMPRESSED WITH GLOOM.
Withal, this is now the most Inxurious palace 1
n Europe, but the moral atmosphere atioiit it
nakes it more intolerable than the grave. Stand- i
makes it more intolerable than the crav
in? at the head of the Adriatic, it has given birth
to a tragedy at once the most pathetic and bloody
of our time: and no one can wander through its
chamliers aiid pause iu its gloomy ganlens with
out feeling that it is deserted to-day, not from a
mere chance of war, but because it is a divine
visitation upon the conspirators against democra
cy, as conspirators against democracy are always
punished, whether they call themselves Napoleon
III., Isabella of Spain, or Maximilian tbe First.
I.iaeala' Sua Mather.
In theforth coming life of Abraham Lincoln,
by Ward II. Lamon, from tbe press of J. R. Os
good dr. Co., is this interesting passage concerning
his step-mother, who always called him "Alie:"
Sirs. Lincoln was never able to speak of Abe's
conduct to her without tear. In her interview
with Mr. Herndou, when tbe sands of her life bad
nearly run ont, she spoke with deep emotion of
her own son, bat aaid she thought that Abe was
kinder, better, truer than tbe other. Even the
mother's instinct was lost as she looked back
over those long years of poverty and privation in
the Indian cabin, when Abea grateful love soft
ened the rigors of her lot, and his great heart
and giant frame were always at her command.
"Abe was a poor boy," says she, " and I can say
wnat scarcely one woman a moiuer can say iu
at hoosand, Abe never gave me across worn or ,
look, and never refused, in .fact or appearance, to .
do anything I reoue.tedh.ra.1 never gave ,i,im ,
. cross word in all my life. His mind and mine ,
was here after he we'Kted ;resi''ent. (At
this point the aged speaker turned ;''V P.
ways. I think he loved me trulyC" I had a son
John wb.. was raised with Al. Both were good .
iwys, """""-""""" """ "- ; ' , r I
Auewas,ineuesonya ever saw orouec. . .
nee, 1 WISH I uau mcu uen wj buwhuwhiou
I dill not want Abe to run for President ; did not
want bimeleeieii; was ainun somenow icit ii
in my heart; and when he came down tn see me,
after he was elected President, I still felt that
something told me that something wonld befall
Abe, and that I should see him no more,"
Maxt children have their hair totally mined
by having it cropped and pinched with a hot iron
when they are quite young, in order to pamper
the vanity of a foolish worldly mother.
ARISTOTLE informs ns that there is a foolish
corner even in the brain of the sage. Is that the
Teasonsare thing are considered proper ataflng
WHOLE NUMBER, 772.
Th following beanUful poem appeared originally la tia
J.ew York Emnnj pott, more than forty year ago
Mr native hula! tar,ur away,
Yonr tons in living green are bright;
And meadow, glade, and forest gray.
Bask In the long, long Summer tight;
And blossom stilt are gaily set
liy haded fount and rivulet.
Olj. that these feet again might tread '
The slope around mv native home,
""h gra and mingled Manaoni Bread.
w here risd the western brerxr come,
T? ".n ."" falsling- traveller brow
Ala! I almost feet them aow.
Trnnld that my eve again might ee
i uwwmt iMvnie.1 neiua anil loreats d
The tall .. waving like a sea
The while dork aratterrd o'er the steep
The dashing hmoka. and a'rr them beat
The bi;h and bound Armament.
Fair are the scene that ronnd me lie:
Itnght ahlnc ihe glad and glorious ana;
And .weellr erlmanned I the aky
At twilight, when the day ia done;
Ami the same tara look down asevta.
That glittered In my native heaven. .
A tnoniianil tdmamn n.ett mine ever
The red nwe meekly tiw ita head. ' "
A balmy wind go dancing or; in4
And wild deer on the green Kluft. ply.
That rise in dimnes far away.
Slajeatle are these atrrama. that glide,
ershadowrd by mntignona wood,
nave where the lime glade opens wide.
where erst the Indian hauilt t ton4
Itnt awerter atrrama, with sweeter nonjs,
In home a green valley dance along.
OF Ol'K CITIL,
A """"eAne, U.r.,n;-WUI
""eve! la Bath aaap.
From the Macon (Ga.) Tel""""-, d Mcwnger,-
tio-L .passed be, weenV.I XSL
lau, the object of which was ,., a trure for
ninety days w,th a view to tbe final cessattoi.of
hostilities ; that they nearly had ail In,rtview n '
on the subject, and that Gen. 1UWCH cjohb. at
that time au officer in Lee's army, was very ac
tiTcin that effort to secure this result. It had
lieetrfor a long time my intention tn question (jen.
Cobb nlsiut the mutter, but I had Jiever done so
liefore June, ltfoV, when nion the cars between
Cincinnati and Xew York 1 formed the acquain
tance of a lawyer from the former place, named
Key. I am not certain, in my recollection, about
his name, but jt was cither Key, or some name
very similar to it. He was a prominent inau iu
Ohio, and had lieen since the war several times
Democratic candidate for Judge of. tho Supreme
Conrt of the Slate. In conversation with him he
informed mo that be was, during tbe year 18C1
and la,theconfidential staff ofHcernf McClellan.
I embraced the opportunity to inquire of him
concerning the truth of this rumor which I had
hcanl. He replied that no communication had
passed lietwecn Lee and McClellan npon the
jcci oia truce, lor lie certainly would have known
if there haiL He stat.il, however, that on the
nay aiierine name 01 nnarpslmrg a very strong
effort was made by a unmlier of prominent offi
cers of the Federal army to induce Gen. McClel
lan to address to (Jen. Lee a proposicimi to de
clare a truce preparatory to jieace, which they
urged the people, wanted, aud would have if of
fered an opportunity to secure it. Gen. McCIel
lau himself sympathized, with tbe object, but said
that while nnder other circumstances he would
favor the movement und assist iu forwanling it,
for the, reason that lie- was then, and had been for
eight months previous, the subject of the most
unwarrantable iersecutions at the hands of tho
administration; tliat if ho should declare tho
truce it would lie repudiated by President Lin
coln, who would take advantage of his action to
ruin him oQlcially and disgrace him liefore the
During the last few days Gen. Cobb spent in
Macon, just previous to his death, without relat
ing to him what I hail lieen told by Gen. Mct'lel
lan's staff officer, I took occasion to ask him abont
the Sharpshurg truce. He also stated that no
communication passed lwtwccit the two Generals
npon the subject of the truce, but that there was
an effort made in tho Confederate army to open
such a negotation. The following is a brief state
ment of the facts which hn related tn me in de
tail: On the day after the battle, Gen. Howell
Cobb, Gen. T. R. R. Cobb, and several other pro
miurut otliceis of the Confederate army, hud a
conversation coucemini? the war. Its character.
probable duration, result, etc.
The conclusion nt which they arri veil was that,
fnnn the evidence of earnest determination which
each section had given during, the eighteen
mouths of the war, they were convinced that nn-
less emieii uy diplomacy, its only termination
could lie found in the utter ruin ami exhaustion
of one section or the other. They then agreed
that that very day was the time to bring abnnt a
settlement. The last battle had terminated a
terrible campaign in which each army had shown
great conrge and prowess. Those twoarmtcs then
lay confronting each other from the opposite sides
of a battlefield upon which neither could claim to
have achieved a victory. It was a near n drawn
battle as would again be fought during the war.
If the armies ilrrlam! n truce of ninety days, tbe
people of each section, who by that time had
come fully to realize tbe difficulties of the tasks
tbev had undertaken, would refuse to allow hos
tilities to lie resumed. Impressed with the
strength of these views, they determined to sub
mit them to Gen. Lee. They at once secured an
interview with him. When they entered his of
fice. Gen. Lee had in his hand a letter from Gen.
McClellan relative to the return of the horse of
the I ederal Gen. Kearney, who hail lieen killed a
few days liefore at the battle of Chantilly. Gen.
i'TJ ??. 'V' '"" f '
, "r " r ' . "L
J1"' " ?:' rf"
views ot the snnjeet of the truce
anil nnresl tneir desire as strong
ly as tbe circumstances wonld permit. Gen. Lee
expressed himself in fnll sympathy with them,
mi con id not tie iironghl to lielieve mat tneir
efforts wonld be attended with any snecess. He
distrusted President Davis approval of such a
step, and was satisfied Mr. Davis would dis
approve of a request for tbe interview with Mc
Clellan. Gen. Cobb replied that if he wonld al
low bim to answer the letter in Gen. Lee's name,
which be tben held in his hand from McClellan,
he pledged himself that witbont writing about
anything bnt Kearney's horse, he (Gen. Lee)
should in less than twelve hours receive a letter
from Gen. McClellan requesting an interview.
Gen. Lee was very sail, and they Icfthira very
mnch in donbt as to his proper conrse m the pre
mises, bnt with the understanding that if he de
sired to move in the matter he would notify them
and reqnire their assistance. These officers heard
nothing farther from Gen. Lee,, and the matter
After tbe close of this statement, Gen. Cobb,
for the first time, beard from me, in the relation
of what had lieen stated by McCIellao's staff offi
cer, that a similar effort had been made by the
officers in tbe Federal armv to end the war.
Macox, Ga-, Feh. 10, 1872.
A carf.fvi. calculation as to-thenrrmber of bo
w . ,ji ct rf , cannibaliam at the prea-
ftST a t t.l f only a fraction InsiSeof
Vmmi?n "which acttully represent, tbe six
, sm, Ilin;t,enth'part f the whole popn-
lXnTf tbegloly. Tbe-SUtive signed beyond
bnngrr, induced by dearth of other animal
,an.l.'Darion. of revenge and hatred, aa
ta-j,. tj, Howroxa. tbe.editor of the Mtaitic
, njm ,nat tnB wbool-desk isto mo
A might he inferred, be was s good compositor,
and when but twelve years of age is reported to
have set as many 1200 ems in one usy.
"Mt heart' leaps np when I behold a Jhow
in thekiy," tbe great WoriUworth say. What tj
fwhere there were recently witnessed no less than
forty-one ralnoows in a iiniv -
SttjUXXO never ssakesa man rich, giving alma
never make a man poor, and praying never hin
ders a man's bnsineas.
Mozjlbt composed a symphony for a fnll otcTseV
tra waowxy ; of awV