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SOL. MILLER, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER.
THE CONSTITUTION AND THB-UNION.
I TERMS-$2.00 PER ANNUM, IN ADTANCE.
VOLIJME XV.-NTBIBER 45.1
ROBERT OF LINCOLN.
BT WILLIAM CUIUS BETA XT.
Mmilf swinging on briir and -wred,
Near to thr iit of bis little dame,
0-r the mountain-aide or mead,
jUbert of Lincoln la telling liis name:
Spink, spank, vplnk;
Snuff and tuft U that net of oar.
Hidden among the Summer flowers.
Chee, chee, chee.
ttobr rt of Lincoln is eajly dressed.
Wearing a bright black wrdding coat;
White are bis nuoaldcra, and white hi crest;
11 i-ar him rail, in LI merry note:
Spink, njank, spink;
Look, w hat a nice new coat i mine;
bure, there vm tin er a bird mo fine.
Chee, chee, chee. w
Kobcrt of Lincolnn Qnakrr wife.
Pretty and quirt, with plain brown wing,
2'aming at home a patient life,
JirncMU in the cm while her husband slngi
Snink. Kjiank, pink;
Brood, kind creature; you need not fear
Thieves and robber while I am here.
Cbee, chee, chee.
Modert and by an a nnn is slip.
One weak chirp is Iter only note ;
Braggart and prince of braggarts Is be,
ron ring boaiU from his little throat:
Spink, f-iuMik. npink;
Xever was I afraid of man ;
Catch me, cowardly knaves. If you can.
Chee, cbeo, cbee.
Sir white eggs on a bed of liay.
Flecked with purj'le. a pretty sight!
There as the mother nit all day,
Kobcrt in singing with all liU might:
SpinV. niiank. spink;
Nlre, punt wife, that never goes out.
Keeping buuse w bile 1 frolic about.
Chee, chee, chee.
iSoon a the little ones chip the nhrlL
Six wide nHriithsareoprn furfiMid;
JCoWrt of Lincoln letirs him well.
Gathering fed for the hungry brood.
Spink, upank. spink;
This new life ia likt-Iy to be
Hard fur a gay young fellow like me.
Cbee, chee, cbee.
Kobcrt of Lincoln at length i made
Sober with work, and nilent with care;
Off Is his holiday garment laid.
Half forgotten that merry air,
Spink, spank, spink;
Xobiidy knows, but my mate and T.
Where our nest and our nestlings lie.
Chee, chee, chee,
Snmmer wanes; the children are grown;
Fun and frolic no more he knows;
Robert of Lincoln's a humdrum crone;
Oil be Mir, and we sing as be goes:
Spink, siank, spink;
When j ou can j.ie. that merry old strain,
Kobcrt of Lincoln, rome liack'again.
Chee, chee, cbee.
THE .WABASH ROBBBK.
BY SYX.VASCS COllll, Jit.
In the Summer of ItSfri, I was engaged, with a
young man named Lyman Kemp, in locating laud
lots along the Wabash, in Indiana. 1 had gone
nit partly for my health, anil partly t accommo
date one, w ho bail ever been a good anil faithful
friend tn mi', anil who had purchased a great ileal
of Government lanil. At LgaiiKrt. Kemp was
taken sick, and after watching him a week, ill
1iiim'k that he u-onM recover, I foiinil that he had
1 settled fever; and an the pliysiiiau said he
would not probably lie aide to move under a
month, I determined to push on alone. So I ob
tained a good nurse, anil hat iiu; seen that my
Iriend would have everything necessarj to his
comfort whirb money eoiild procure, I left him.
As gissl fortune would hate it, I found a party
of MX mrii IhiiiiiiI on the very route I was going,
and I waited one day for the Nike of thecompa
jiv. At length wo set out, and I found I bad lost
nothing by waiting, for my companions were
agreeable and entertaining. They were going to
St. Joseph, where, they had already located, and
where tiicy liail mills upon the river, intending to
get out luinlier the remainder of the season.
On the thirl day from Logaiisjmrt. we reached
Walton's settlement, np the Little 1th er, haing
left the Wabash on the morning of that day. It
was well into the. evening when wo reached the
little log-hut inn of the settlement, and we were
jilad enough of the shelter; for ere we bad got
fairly under coer, the rain commenced to fall in
great drops, and thickly, too. And more still had
I to he thankful for: my horse liegan to show a
lameness in one of bis hind legs; and when I
tallied from the saddle, I found that bis foot pain
ed him very much, as I could tell by the manner
in which he lifted it from the ground. I ordered
the. hostler to bathe it with cold water, nud then
went into the house, where we found a good, siil
stantial supper, and comfortable quarters for the
light that is, comfortable for that section and
About ten o'clock, just as I wan falling into a
grateful doze, 1 was startled by the shouts of
men and the barking of dogs, directly under my
-window. As the noise contintiel,I rose and threw
on mv clothes and went down.
"What isitf I asked of the. landlord, who
stood in the entry way.
" Ah don't you know, stranger! " the host re
turned. "Yon've beard of Gustns Karl, perhaps!"
Who in tho West at that time had not heard of
him I the most reckless, daring, and murderous
roblier that ever cursed a country. I told my
host I bad heard of him often.
"Well," he resumed, "the infernal villain was
hero onlv this afternoon, and murderwl a man
just up the river. We have been out after him,
lint he's gi'n ns the slip. We tracked him as far
as the upper creek, and there he came out 011 the
Lank, fired at us and killed ono of our homes, and
drove into the woods. We set tho dogs on, but
tbev lost bim."
"And so von have come back bootless." said I.
"Yes." the landlord growled; "but," he ad
ded, w ith a knowing shake of the bead, "he can t
run clear much longer. The country is inarms,
and he'll either leave these huntin's or be drop
ped." " What sort of a man is he ! " 1 asked.
utl .,.., i..f tr,.n In the -world von wonia
take for Gus Karl. He's small not a bit over
five-foot-six: with light, curly hair, n smooth
face, and verv stout- Hnt, lxm 01 iovc, uo ..
quick as lightning, and his eye a go firem.it.
He dressesTn all wrts of shapes, """
all v as a common, hunter. Oh, he's the very dev
il, I do believe." . . . . ,:...
After the tub fnll of whisky and water which
had been provided was all drank up, the crowd
1-egan to disperse, and shortly f."'" J
P again tomv bed; "1 W? Umo X on
without interruption till morning.
1 had just eaten my breakfast and had gone
out at the front door, wen a horsenmn csme
dashing up to the place, himself and . ""
covered with mud. 'it had been ra.mng nearly
all night. The first thing the w-n' '
was to inquire for me., I nn8V.that Lvman
the name; and he then informed me that Lyman
Kemp could not live, and that he would like to
see me as soon as possible, . , t.
"The doctor says be mt '"jL for life
senger. "and ther' fellow only asks for life
enough to see yon." i slf "So
"tw T vman!"I mnrmured to myseir. e
ssLsarsi MX": jaff
. . . a . return as soon as possiuie.
1 w 0111,1 seioui....-, --- h nmmtA hi. jr
SingbdfarnpasthePottawotUimie lsjrder. ., .. - f, mv horse:
I settled my bill, ." 1 J" L a Vfotmd canoe very well, and seemed to take bnt little no- vine jf"'?. and it can only look upward and
bnt a bitter Ul'IMM"me"!5w1rrml It pain- I tice of me; bat at the end of that time, I conld be drffaib. When we are in the right, we can ner
the animal's foot wo".?bfrtep oolfc d ' "? man m- " ' er WMon bnt m ""
edhim so that hftoonld hardly rtep
the road, been good, I should have been tempted
to try him; but I knew that in some places the
tnuit would be deep. I wcut to the host, and ask
ed him if- he could either lend or sell me a horse.
He could do neither. His- only spare horse had
been shot by the Wabash roblwr.
There was not a horse in the place to be ob
tained for any amount of money. I returned to
the stable, and led my horse oat, but he could not
walk with any degree of case I could not use
him. I was in despair." .
"Look'e," said mine host, as I began to des
pond; "enn you manage a cauoe ?"
"Then, that's your best way. The current is
strong thisjunniiiig. and w ithuut the stroke of a
paddle, 'twould take you along as fast as a horse
could-wade through the mud. Yon shall have
one of my canoes for just what it is worth, and
you cau sell it at Logausort for full as much."
i caugin at tiie projxisition instantly, for I saw
it was a gisid one.
- "If you "daren't shoot thejJlds," addled the
landlord, "you can easily shoulder the canoe, and
pack it around. Tisu't far."
I found the boat to be a well-fashioned 'dug
out .'large enough to carry four men with ease,
and I at once paid the owner his price ten dol
lars ami then had my luggage brought do 11. I
gave directions about the treatment of mv horse,
and then put off. The current wasquite'rapid
say four or live miles an hour but not at all tur
bulent, and 1 soon made up my mind that this
was far lietter than riding on horseback. The
banks of the river were thickly covered with
huge trees, ami I saw iraiiie in uleiitr : ntid iiiiim
than once I was tempted to tire the contents of
iny pisioi ar. me ooliiest of the varmints;' bnt I
had no time to waste, and so I kept on. Ouly
one thing seemed wanting, and that was a com
panion; but I was destined t find one soou
It was shortly afternoon; I had just eaten my
dinner of bread and cold meat, when I came to a
place where therher made an abrupt bend to
ward the right, and a little further 011, 1 came to
a broad basiu where the current formed a perfect
whirliool. I did not notice it until my cauoe got
into it, and I found myself going around and
around instead of going ahead. I applied my
wooden paddle with all my power, ami soou sue
ccedtil in shooting nut from the rotary current;
bnt in mi doing, I ran myself on a low, saudy
shore. The effort had fatigued me not a little,
and as I found my bark thus safely moored, I re
sohed to rest a few minutes.
1 had been in this position some minutes, when
I was startled by hearing a fisitstep close by me,
and on looking up, I saw a man at the side of my
canoe. He w as a young-looking person, not over
two and thirty, and seemed to Iw a hunter. He
wore a wolf-skin shin, leggins of red leather, and
a cap of boar-skin.
"Which way are yc Irinnd, stranger!" he ask
ed, in a very pleasing tone,
"Down the river, to Logansport," I replied.
" That's fortunate. I w ish to go there myself,"
the stranger resumed. " What say you to my ta
king your second paddle, and keeping you com
pany I'' ,.
"I should like it," I told him frankly. "I
haxebeeu wanting company."
"So have I," added the" hunter. "And I've
been wanting some better mode of rouvcynnce
than those worn out legs, through tbedeep forest,"
"Come 'on," I said; and as I spoke, he leaped
into the canoe, anil having lcosited his rirle in
the lr, ho'took one of the paddles, and told me
be was ready when I wa.So we pushed off, and
were soon clear of the whirlpool.
Koran hour we conversed freely. The stran
ger told me bis name w as Adams,, and that his
lather lied in Columbus. He was out now on a
mere hunting and prospecting expedition, with
some companions who had gone to Logaiisjwrt by
horse, and had got separated from them in the
night, and lost-his horso in the bargain. He bad
a great sum of money nlxiiit his licrsou, and that
was one reason why he disliked to travel in the
Thus he opened his affairs to me, ami I was
equally frank. I admitted that I had some mon
ey, and told him my, business; and by a most qui
rt and iinpresuiiiing course of remarks, he drew
from me the fart that I had money enough to
purchase forty full lots.
Finally the conversation lagged, and I began
to give my companion a closer scrutiny.
I sat in the stern of thecanoe. and be was about
miili-hip. and facing me. Ho was not a. large
man. nor was he tall. His hair was of a light
flaxen hue, and hung in curls alsint his neck; his
features were regular and handsome, and his
complexion wry light. lint the color of his face
was not what one would call fair. It was a cold,
hloislh-ss color, like pale marble. And for the
first time, too. I looked particularly to his eyes.
They were gray in color, and had the brilliancy
of lilarinirice. "The liuht was intense, but cold
and glittering like a snake's. When I thought of"!
of his age. I set bun over thirty.
Suddenly a sharp, cold tibudiler rail through my
frame, anil my heart leaped with a wild thrill.
As sure as fate I knew it there could lie 110
doubt 1 had taken into my confidence, Augustus
Karl, the Wabash robber! For a moment I fear
ed my emotion would Iwtray me. I looked care
fully 'over his person again, and I knew I was not
mistaken. I eoiild look and see how cunningly
he had led me ou to a confession of my circum
stances how he bad made me tel my affairs.
What a fool I had been but it was too late to
think of the past. I had etiougb to do to look
out for what was evidently to come.
I at length managed to overcome all outward
emotion, and then I began to watch him more
calmly. My pistols were handy and in order, for
I bad" examined them in tho forenoon, when I
thought of tiring at some of the game.
Another honr had passed away, and by that
time I had Is-come assured that the robber would
make no attempt upon me uutil after night-fall.
He said that it would lw very convenient that we
were both together, forwe could run all night, as
one could sieer the canoe while the other slept.
"Aye," I added, with a smile; " I would not
miss meeting my iriend for worlds.""
"Oh, you'll meet him, never fear," said my
Ah! he spoke that with too much meaning I
knew what the slv tone, ami that strange gleam
ing of the eve meant. He would put me on tho
road to meet Kemp in the other world! I won
dered only now that I had not detected the roli
fter when" I first saw him; for the expression of
his face was so heartless, so icy; ami then bis
eye had such a wicked look, that the most nn
practircd physiognomist could not have failed to
detect the villain at -once.
I)uriiigtbe rest of the afternoon we conversed
some, but not so freely as before. I conld see
that the villain's eyes were not so frankly lnt
npon me when he spoke, and that he seemed in
clined to avoid my direct glances. The move
ments on his part were not studied, nor even in
tentional ; but they were as instinctive as though
his very nature led him thus. At length ijight
came on we ate onr supper, and then smoked
onr pipes, and finally my companion proposed
that I should sleep before he did. At first, I
thought of objecting; uiu a lew moments- renec
tion told me that 1 had better behave as though
he were an honest roan: so I agreed to his pmpo
ttinn. We took mv seat in the stern, and 1 mov
ed further forward, and having removed the
thwart npon which my companion had been sit-
,inK:;pre.d my cloak fn the bottom , of , he .canoe;
ana men, naving p.acc.i ..., ' -" '"AT i"""" the Ascension. In 587 Antioch was visited by
laid myself down. As soon j. PMM .till another earthqnake, being again almost ut
ont one of my mstoK a " ""-" "$ ( terly mined, and in lftS came a similar calamity,
-my conch I cocW i-Then I '$ jnj body ffnm . ,t hM . i.
so that my rigm anu w . - """ "
grasping my weapon firmly. "-'""? hte
,n,l then settled down for a watch.
Fortunately for me, the moon was np, and
though the forest trees threw a shadow upon me,
vet the lieams fell npon Karl, and I could see his
every movement. We were well into the Wa
bash, having entered it alsrat three o clock
"You can call me at midniflht," I said, drow
sily. "Yes," hemnttered.
Rnnd-mi'ht. and nleasant dreams. I
have yon farther on your way than yon think,
ere yon wake up again."
un.,l,nA an" tbnt,f.bt T in mrself- as 1 lower-
ted my head, and pretended to compose myself to
S,'P'. t .. .. . ,..
xor nail an nour, m cwiuikuihui dichu .mw
WHITE CLOUD, KANSAS, THURSDAY,
snnre with a long, regular drawn breath, ami on
that instant' the villain started as starts the hun
ter when he hears the rapid tread of game in the
Hut hark! Aha! there was liefore one linger
ing fear in my mind that I might shoot the
wrong head; bnt it was gone now. As the fel
low stopped the motion of his paddle, I heard
" Olio, my little sheep, yon little dreamed tliat
Gus Karl was your companion. lint hell do yon
a good turn. If your friend is dead, you shall
follow him, and I'll take your traps to'pay your
passage 10 Heaven."
I think these were the very words. At any
rate, they w ere their ilrift. As he thus spoke, he
noislewly drew in the paddle, and then rose to
his feet. I saw him reach over his left shoulder,
and when he brought lrts haud bark, he bad a
hnge Isiwie-knife in it. I could -see the blade
Gleam in the pale moonlight, and I saw Karl ran
is thumb along the edge, and then feel the
point: -My heart neat lriirtnlly, ami my lireatli
ing was hard. It was with great exertion that I
could continue my snoring; hut I managed to do
it without interruption. Slowly and noiselessly
the foul wretch approached me oh! his step
would not have awakened a hound and his long,
gleaming knife was half raised. I could hear his
breathing plainly and I could hear the grating
of his teeth, ashenervedhiinself up for thestroke!
The Aillaiu was at my side, and ho measnred
the distance from his hand to my heart with his
eye. In his left hand he held a handkerchief, all
wadded up. This was to stop my month! E ery
neive in my body was now strung, and my heart
stood still as death. Of course my snoring ceas
ed and at that instant the huge knife was rais
ed alxiv e my Ihimuii ! Quick as thought I brought
my pistol up; tiie muzzle was within a foot of
the robber heart. He uttered a quick cry. I
saw the blade quiver in the moonlight, but it
came not upon me; I pulled tho trigger, and the
last fear was passed.
There was a sharp rejHirt, and as I sprang up
and back, I heard a fierce yell, nnil at the same
moment the mhlwr fell forward, his bead striking
my knee ns it c:.me dow 11 !
Weak and faint, I sank back", but a sudden tip
pling of the canoe brought me to my senses, and
I went aft and took the paddle. As soon as the
boat's head was onco more right, I turned my
ejesnM)ii the form in the lmttom of the cauoe.
I saw it quiver and then all was still.
All that night I sat at my watch, and steered
my little bark. I had the second pistol ready,
for I knew Hot surely that the wretch was dead;
he might lie waiting to catch me off my guard,
and then shoot me. Hut the night passed slowly
away, and when the morning broke, the form
had not moved.
Then I stcpicd forward, and saw that Augustus
Karl was dead! He had fallen with his knife
true to its aim, for it had struck wry near the
spot over w Inch my heart must have lieen, and
the point was driven so far into the solid wood,
that I had to work hard to pull it out, and still
harder to unclasp the marble fingers that were
closed with undying madness about the handle!
Swiftly Honed the tide, and ere the sun sank
again to rest, I had reached Logansport. The au
thorities knew the fare of Augustus Karl at once,
and when I had told my story, the)- poured out a
thousand thanks upon my head. A purse was
raised, and the offered reward put with it, and
tendered tome. I took the simple reward from
the generous citizens, while the remainder I di
rected should lie distributed among those who
had suffered the most from the Wabash robber's
I found poor Kemp sick and miserable. He
was burning with fever, and the doctor had shut
him up in a sniall room; where a man must soou
"Water! water! In Coil's name, give rue wa
ter!" he gasped.
"Haven't you had any ?" I asked.
He told me no. I threw open the windows,
sent for a pail of ice-water, and was on the point
of administering it, as the doctor arrived. He
raised his hands in trepidation, and told me it
would kill the sick man. H11M forced him back,
while Kemp drank deeply of the grateful lever
age. He drank freely, and then slept. The per
spiration pound off him like rain, and when he
awoke again, his skin was moist and his fever
turned. In nine days from then, he sat in the
saddle by my side, and we started for Little Kiv
er. At 'Walton's Settlement. I found my horse,
w holly recov ored, and when I offered to pay for
his keeping, the host would take nothing. The
story ot my adventure upon the river had preced
ed me, ami this was the landlord's gratitude.
OW sons! they rinc nrm the brain,
IJke KloHpers from the far-ntt nrheres.
Ami with their thrUUns spell revive
The garnercil hwe ot hy-croe rears.
What thnuch lieDealh the mm! thev lie!
Their sliitita to their Maker fled.
In hues Immortal round the heart,
Sll'l, still a hallowed beam they shed.
OM songs! I never gneaae.1 how large
A spare there was in this heart of mine.
Till, one doll ere. by chance I fonnd
A well worn book, whose etcry line
Came back to me a rlear aa though
lint yeslenlay.I'd laid it down;
And there I found the wUbed-for clue.
That epoke of da a forever flown.
Oh. when amid the world of donuta. .
Of light and shade in which we stray.
We seek some charm bv which to drive
Some temporary grief away.
Lrt thoae won love aurh ideasnrea. rourt
The favorite, who entrance the throng;
.1'or me. 111 6nd a homrber scene.
And lull me with arane dear old song.
, ?-"' m
THE KABTHtlCA-KB AT AXTIOC1T.
"The beautiful AtitiociC" as the Greeks called
her; the "Queen of tlieTiiJt," as she was desig
nated by Flinv.'may Ihj called the most nnfortn
"nate city in the world. A telegram informs us
that an earthquake has destroyed half the city,
w ith. fifteen hundred of the inhabitants, and that
tho survivors are in misery.
It is" generally believed that the region Isinler
ing on the "Mediterranean is more subject to
earthquakes than any other part of the globe, ex
cept Central and South America. This impres
sion is probably derived from the fact that much
of this region has been inhabited for many centu
ries by civ nixed people, who have transmitted to
n detailed descriptions of every snrh calamity.
-However this mav be, it is evident that Selencns
"Xicator, who founded Antioch in honor of his fa
ther, ihree hundred years before Christ, conld
not have rhosen-iu all the world a more nnfortn-
L . ... j . T i:, .... .t. 1 .lei .-..
naie Sliq lor ai vu(i. 11 Airs ou lue uvitiiiuu ii,
Orontes, surrounded by mountain scenery, and
was in ancient times the residence of princes and
wealthy Greeks. In the year 115 A. D. the city
was almost mined by an earthqnake. but was af
terwards rebnilt by the Emperor Trajan, who had
himself lieen injured there. After destruction by
fire in 155 and a second restoration, it was visit
ed In 458 by another earthqnske, and again in
526 by one of the most fearful convulsions of na
tnrei on record. Accordine to Gibbon 250.000
f people perished at that time, there being in the
rarTtolra't. the Christian festiVal'df
, with such a history, we can hardly wonder
that Ai.ti.Kh has dwindled from the magnificent
cityofantiqnity.the sea. of Grecian culture and
reiinement, tamons tor me wir, elegance aim -
nrious habits of its citizens, to a miserable gath
ering of mud and straw honses. with only six
thousand inhabitants. Besides the earthquakes,
it has suffered from three great famines, and the
terrors of successive conquests bv Jews, Romans
and Saracens. It was in Antioch'that the follow
ers of r Savior were first called Christians,'
and in the time of St. rhmnatnm tbe most illns-
"'"J1,", c,'ri'tian chnrch of antiqnity, numbering
I'ai,fI,l!c tlK,:n,:,,''n, 100,000 people,'
tabllshed, X r. Ertniig rait.
was here es-
..... ..cart is ready enough at feigning excuses
f? ta il. V Aotsol lDs of wrong; bnt ask
2ILi'7",.Sr -rflt- beautiful or di-
TS- 1 .
1 Brier Sketch
The great and good old man who invented the
magnetic telegraph, Prof. Samuel Finley Breese
Morse, died at his resideece iu Kew York, on
Tuesday night. No other inventor ever lived to
see so wonderful a development of his work.
Born on tho 27th of April, 1791, he would have
attaincsl, if his life had been spared until the 27lh
iiist., the age of eighty-one jears. -The following
sketch of his life will be read with interest:
."He graduated at Yale in ltJIO. His tastes led
him into the fiue arts, aud his father was finally
induced to second his aspirajoaso I"? an artist.
The year after graduating he went to "Loudon to
study painting under Benjamin West. While
there he Iiecamc quite intimate with C. B. Leslie.
They agreed to paint each other's portrait as first
attempt in London."" i.JJiirse made some
progress in his art, exhibiting in f3l9 at the Roy
al Academy his "HyiugHeicules." This picture
merited higbp raise. A plaster model which he
had constructed to aid him in painting was also
suown, anil won mo Aiietpui golil mcual. lie
came unto his own town of Boston and Boston
knew him not. He therefore betook himself to
Hew Hampshire, w here he eked out a living by
painting portraits at fifteen dolla-.s a head. In
Charleston, S. C, he reaped a more bountiful har
vest, nut in ltss: lie look np Ins residence in .New
York. The rorjsiratiou authorized him to paint
the portrait of Lafayette, when the General was
on a visit to this country. In this city, iu 1M,
he, w ith some other artists, organized a draw ing
association, which was the basis ou w bich the
National Academv of Design was erected iu laX.
Mr. Morse was the first President, holding the
office for sixteen years. Iu 1829 he returned to
Kunqie, ami remained there for three years. His
return to America in lSW must he forever memo
rable, for iu that year, while returning from
Havre in the packet-ship Sully, he first laid the
foundation of bis great invention. While in
college, his attention had been carefully directed
to chemistry and other branches of natural phi
losophy. On lsiard the Sully a discussion of re
cent discoveries in elect lie magnetism took place,
and in the course of it an observation was made
which planted in the mind of Morse the seeds
of his great invention. Before he left the ship he
had uiapiml out the rough plan of a telegraphic
system. His original idea was to pass a strip
of paper, saturated with a chemical preparation,
which would lie decomisised when brought iu
connection with the wire alongwhich the electric
current was passing, and thus form an alphaliet
bv marks varying in width and number. With
this idea in his brain he steadily followed his pro
fession after his return to New York, devoting
his leisure to his scientific project. In 1835 he
completed his first apparatus, an extremely rude
one, as may be supposed, sufficient to enable him
to communicate with a person half a mile dis
tant, but nut capable of receiving an answer back
from the opposite extremity. In 1KIC this instru
ment w as shown in successful oiM-ration. This
was iu its rudest and elementary form, the well
known Morse instrument, in winch the paper was
indented by a needle. Legislators, it is unneces
sary to say, tin not Iisik with much favor on in
ventors, ami Morse-found his proposition for aid,
submitted ill 1SI7-8 to Congress, received very
eooly. He then went to Kugland, and was there
refused a patent. Iu Trance he obtained a brtttt
r inrrution. On his return to America he was in
defatigable in trying to persuade Congress to
enable him to practically test his invention. At
last, when all hope was abandoned, it allotted
him thirty thousand dollars on March 4, 1843, "at
the midnight hour of the expiring session." In
1844 be had constructed the line between Wash
ington and Baltimore, and sent over its wires the
first message, " What had God wrought." Within
sixteen years nearly 40.000 miles of w ire were iu
full working order. Curiously enough, in 1837
two other inventors had discovered a system of
telegraphy Wheatstone, in England, inventing
the deilccting-heedle instrument, and Steurliol,
in Bavaria, constructing a recording telegraph,
which, however, was of too complex a character
to come into general use. Honors poured in on
Morse. Yale honored her academic roll by en
rolling him among her doctors of law. The Sul
tan of Turkdv sent him a diamond decoration.
The King of Prussia g.iv e him a gold medal of
merit, set 111 a massive suuII-Imix. Ine niters 01
Wiirtemburg and Austria were not behindhand.
By France he was made a Chevalierof the Legion
of Honor, and by Denmark a Knights of the Dan
ucborg. In lC.'W Isabella the Catholic sent him
the cross of the knights commaiider of the order
w hich liears her name. In 1857 the representa
tives often couu tries which had been lieuefittrd
by his lalsirs assembled iu Paris and voted him
a grant of 400(000 francs. Iu London and Paris
grand dinners were giveu in him. The first
submarine cables were laid by Morse across New
York harbor in 1843, an achievement which was
rewarded by the American Institute with its gold
medal. In '184S Mr. Morse first broached the pro
ject of the Atlantic telegraph. His claim to his
share ill the invention ot the tclegrapn nas is?en
bitterly contested in and out of the public courts.
His merit appears to rest not on the discovery of
the principles of the telegraph, but on the adap
tation of already ascertained principles to the
work he nndertook to perform. The lates events
in the. public life of Mr. Morse 'were his recent
appearance at the inauguration of Franklin's
statue in Printing House Square, and some time
previously his presence at the niiveiling of his
own statue in Central Park, and the grand de
monstration which took place in the evening at
the Academy of Music, when congratulations
were sent to the "father of the telegraph" from
the telegraphic fraternity throughout the world.
Warn JIargaa Killed t
Thousands Iwlieve that Morgan was not killed
for exposing tiie secrets of Masonary; others be
lieve that be did not exKe its secrets, and
thousands Mieve that he was killed. The whole
proceeding was shrouded in mystery. He, it is
said, was confined in a Canaudaigna jail for steal
ing a shirt, and sulMequently taken nut and put
in a sleigh. and by relays was hnrried toward
Canada. The liody of a man was found in a lake;
he had his throat cut. Mrs. Morgan was sent for.
She hunted for a private mark 011 the body by
which she conld distinguish him. She did not
find the mark, and declared it was not the body
of her husband. Mr. H. was a lawyer, and en
gaged in the nbdnction of Morgan, and told a
frirnd iu presence of a son, then about twelve
years of age, that Morgan was not killed, bnt was
pnt on lmard of a British man-of-war. That son
is now in this city, from whom we learn the fol
lowing particulars: In 1848, Sir. II. says, be went
to Hobarttown, in Van Pieman's Land, where be
met an old friend who asked him about Morgan,
He told him what he knew about bim, and the
man, laughing, said: "Morgan is living here; I
will introduce yon to him." They went to the
office of the Hul.arttown Jdnrtittr, and there
fonnd him. After some conversation, and com
paring recollections of the region of country in
New York where it was supposed Morgan was
killed, he related the particulars of his capture,
and stated that be was pnt on board a British
man-of-war. and kept there for fonr years, when
he was landed on Van Diemsn's Land, and ha
been there ever since.
H. asked him why he did not go back. Mor-o-an
renlied. "I cannot if I would. I cannot get
a permit; ann 11 1 couin g uat, mmiu cue.
be killed, or be denounced as an impostor." He
was in good circumstances, and part owner of the
Jitaiitr. Sam fhmeiteo Examiner.
51k. Daxiel Tbeadwell, who recently died,
was the Rnmford professor of technology in
Hartford University from 1834 to 1845, and was
prominent in perfecting the process of printing
by steam power. In 18a) he setup the first steam
press ever used in this country, in the office of
the Botom Airrrturr. In ISM he and Dr. John
Ware established the Jml of nUelapkj and
the Arts; iu 1826 he introduced the system of
turnouts for railroaus in inn country , in ice? ue
finished the first suecessfnl machine for spinning
hemp cordage, and afterward discovered many
improvements in the process of making cannon.
He was a nnietand nnobtmsive man, and was
comparatively little known. He was bom in
Ipswich, Mass, in 1791.
on the backs of camelsfor nseinlmlia, m in course
of trial by a select committee at Woolwich. It
hasten barrels, each4S-uich bore, rati UsnB
dently light to be red from a tapod fixed on
th. bik of tbe eael, withoet iaeeavemmw.
MAY 2, 1872.
THE OLD HQBEHTCAB.
BT AUCX CUT.
-Wlies akjea are growing warm sad bright.
And in the woodland bowers.
The Spring time, in her pale, taint robe;
la calling np the flowerst
When, all with naked little feet, -
The children in the morn
Go forth, and in the furrowa drop
The seedj of yellow corn ;
Wlua a beautiful embodiment . "
Of ease, devoid of pride, JaV
la the good old faahiuned homestead,. --?$?
With doors set open wide! '
Bnt when the happiest time ia Come,
That to the jear belongs,
-When all the valea are tilled with gold.
And all the air with aonga: .
When flelda of yet nnnpened grain.
And yet ungarnered atorea, w r-s?
Remind the thrifty husbandman Hf : AiV
"Of ampler thrrsuingfltmra; " '-
How pleasant, from the din and daatv'
Of the thoroughfare aloof, s
Stands the old fashioned, homeatesd.
With ateep and mossy roof!
When borne the woodsman ploda, with axe
Upon- hia aboulder awnng.
And fn the knotted apide-tree . , .
Are scythe and aickle bong;
When low afoot her clar-huut neat ' .
The mother awallow tnlla.
And decorously slow, the cowa
Are wending down the hlllst .
What a blessed liicture of comfort.
In the evening shadowa red, '
la the good old faahioned homestead,
With iu bounteous table spread!
And when the winds moan wildly.
When the wooda are bare and brown,,
And when the swallow's clay-built neat' ,
From the rafter crnmblea down; ..
When all the untrod ganlen paths
Are heaped with frozen learea,
And icicles, like ailrer apikee ,
Are set along the eaves;
Then, when the bonk from the ahelf ia broaght,--
And the tire-lights shine and play.
In the good old fashioned homestead,
la the farmer'a holiday.
But whether the brooks be fringed vritb flowers.
Or hether the dead leaves fall;
And whether the air tie full of aonga,
(r never a song at all ;
And whether the vinea of the strawbcrrlea
Or frusta through the gnuMea run;
And whether it rain or whether it shine,
Ia all to me aa one;
For bright as brightest sunshine.
The light of memory streams
Bonnd the old fashiontsl honieatcad.
Where I dreamed my dream of dreams.
PI'.SJCII OX THE TBKATV.
Ilia CalaUave f Ike EaislUh Claims.
Mr. Punch, considering it his tlnty to step fur'
ward at the present moment, and to suggest an
easy and honorable arrangement of the American
question, has prepared the following schedule of
Knglish claims for compensation. It is manifest
that they are all absolutely just, and he is sure
that the American government will admit the fact.
Therefore, all that remains to be done is this:
Let Mr. Hamilton Fish append his signature and
the words "all right," (he may add "old boss," or
not, as he may think the American nation would
desire), and then the two governments have but
to exchange receipts for their respective claims.
HKIt majesty's government claim compensa
tion. . s. d.
For twenty years of violent
abuse poll nil uoii F'ngland
by the New York Herald, in
the interest of slavery, and
np to the date when the ed
itor of that pa(cr was inform
eil that ho must really be
hanged if he would not desist
from treason to the United
States. 0 0 2
For similar abnse, in nolsxly's - '"
interest in particular, since
the above date. 0.0 0j
For encouraging tho Fenians,
and nutting Canada in dread
of a Fenian invasion. ' 0 0 0
For permitting the Irish-American
press to abuse England. 0 0 0'
For inducing many persons in
England to use the word
"reliable" iustead of "trust
worthy." 20,000,000 0 0
For allowing Mr. G. V. Train
(our enemy) to be out of a lu-
uatic asylum. 0 0 C
For the use of the works of
English authors from Wil
liam Sbakesjieare downward,
and for calling them Ameri
can authors, 100,000,000 0 0
For piracy on modem English
authors, and for not calling
a great many of them Ameri
can authors. 100,000,000 0 0
For spoiling a great numlier
of decent second rate English
actors, and sending them
home with the idea that they
were Keans and Kembles. 0 7 6J
For insulting the King's or '
Queen's English by speaking
for fifty years, nasally. 20,000,000 0 0
For eclipsiugthe harmless gay
ety of natious by suddenly
stopping the supply of capi
tal nigger stones, which
have now entirely ceased. 1,000,000 0 0
For ontraging humanity by - ;'
not aunexing Mexico, and '"
pntting an end to its atroci
ties. 100,000,000 0 -0
For putting ns under an obliga
tion by the graceful return
of that Arctic vessel. "Thy
Love is worth r- 1,000,000 0- 0"
For attempting to destroy the
monarchical principles of his
Koyal Highness the Prince of -Wales,
by treating him with v
so lunch kindness and hospi- -
tality that his Royal High
ness was induced to think
well of republicans. 100.000,000 0 0
For persnading Mademoiselle
Nilsson to leave London for
America. and for still detain
ing that songstress. -- 100,000 0 0
For inventing IlerrBreitsiakn, v
instead of leaving b some
Englishman the honor of in
venting bimv. - 100,000 0 6
For incessantly reproducing
pictures from Punch, and nev
er acknowledging their
source. No charge.
'442200,000 -8 4
This is anr bill,
Gladstone, Pcxca &. Co.
A Remarkable Max. There is now living in
Preston, Lancashire, England, and working hard
every day, a man whose like is not often to be
met with, named FranVBraaiey: He was bora
at Drnmbeg, in Ireland, in 1776, and is conse
quently 00 years uiu. nviHiiuniauuiii u, mu
vanced age, Bradley. still works hard, and thinks
nothing ot monnting a ladder and going three or
fonr stories high with a hodfnl of bricks on hia
shoulder. He was 22 years old when the Irish re
bellion of last century took place. For some yean
he was a farm laborer in Ireland. He was after
ward fur eight years a soldier in the Second Royal
Regiment of foot, and for fifty-four years he has
earned his livelihood as a brick-layer's laborer.
He has been married twice, and has been the fa
ther of fifteen sons and five danghters--nine sons
and two dangbters during the first marriage, and
six sons and three daughters in the second. Most
of his sons have served in the British army. His
second wife, still alive, ia younger than his oldest
son, who is C4 years of age. The old man is hale
and hearty, lias nearly "all of his teeth, baa lost
none of the hair of bis head, and looks likely to
live for years Bottom Glote.
Ix describing the origin of the WareWr Jissav
rtae, a correspondent says the proprietor hit npon
the ingenious scheme of publishing any eomposl
tioo, prose or verse, that might be contributed,
on condition that the author should Uke fifty cop
ies of the issue. The paper acquired a large eir
enlation at the start, and what waabetteryet, the
" copy " didn't cost anything.
Snt Walto Scwit said that tto,batde rfW,
terloo created in the Brith empire K&O widowa.
A aad coesmeotary upon Yietory
A Biatasry er tsss Lift aTilw BbulaamiiaWdl Kess.
tswklaus TIM Mmj at Weil Paulas Th Varna
BIsmb 1st Sfexlea. sad Ike Lawyer, "casslar,
sslalaaaatlst urn the Palitleiaa t Latrr
Tlasea The Mceae al lae Bcata .
Hon. Hnmnhrev Marshall died at his residence
in this city at 2 o'clock yesterday afternoon, of
acute bronchitis, the citr was startled bv the
'announcement, for his illness was of anch short
duration that tew bad even beard of it.
Gen. Marshall went to Frankfort a week ago
yesterday, on professional busiuess. On Friday
he ate a hearty dinner and retired'to his room for
an afternoon nan. When he awoke he found
.himself suffering from a severe burning and
ruiuiurriug ecusaituu iu iuu urcast. luese symp
toms continued to ali'ect him so severely that he
came home oh Saturday and took to his 1ml. Dr.
Force was called iu'on-Mnndav to. attend him dn-
1 ring his short ,and fatal illuesiO Tbe smothering
scijsaiiuu cuuuuueu bo severe tnai me uoors aim
windows of the sick chamber were ke(it open
both day and night. Mrs. Marshall, his wife,
was in Mercer county at the time, aud though
sent for as soon aa the General's indispositiou lie
came dangerous, could not arrive until after Ids
death. Two daughters and ono sun and other
members of the family, however, were at his bed
side. He sutTered severely, was verv restless and
sat upright in his bed much of the time. He
seemed aw arer several days ago of his approach
ing end, and awaited it calmly. Yesterday after
noon one of his daughters, Mrs. Strader, assisted
bim to rise up in bed, and while resting upon bis
arm. he sudden! v remarked. "( t all orrr." and
'then dropping back upon the pillow died with
out a struggle. 1110 uiMiy, uiier oriug jam out,
was visited during the afternoon by a large nuni
bcroftbe members of he bar aud prominent cit
izens. The General has lieen in feeble health during
the whole of the past winter, and on several oc
casions got out of a sick bed to attend to impor
ant professional duties.
The burial place has not yet been determined
on. Though the deceased bail a beautiful homes
stead in Henry county, it is probable that the re
mains will be deposited in Cave Hill cemetery.
Humphrey Marshall was Isim at Frankfort,
Ky., 011 tho 13th of January. 1812. He was the
second sou of Hon. John J. Marshall, who after
wards moved to Louisville, and was for a long
time Judge of the Jefferson Circuit Court. He
was grandson of Humphrey' Marshall, the author
of the History of Kentucky, which was published
in-two volumes, at Fnmkiort. in 1WM, and which
was the first history of this State" ever giveu t
Iu IrtSJ be was sent tothe-Militan-'Xcadeinv at
West Point, where he graduated in ISfc. While
at West Point one of bis classmates, under the iir
llnetice of liquor, got into a barlwr's shop and
broke up ami destroyed nrettv lunch evervthiug.
The offense was a grave one under the rigid rales
of the Academy, but who did the mischief and
who was to be punished for it was a nnestinn.
jThe whole class was called up, and each one re-
quinsi 10 leu 11 no anew who nut it. MT. Mar
shall, when it came to his turn, said he knew who
did it, but declined to tell. He was told that if
he knew and would not tell, he would lie exiell
ed. He refused to disclose the author of the mis
chief, and was expelled. But when the informa
tion reached Chief Justice Marshall, of Virginia,
who was his relative, and President Jackson, the
friend of the family, young Humphrey was re
stored to bis place iu the academy, and rather
honored than disgraced for not informing on Ids
When he graduated at West Point ho went in
to the Blackhan k war, and 'was stationed at Da
venport, in Minnesota. But the life of the soldier
became disagreeable to him, and he left the serv
ice, and on the iSM of January, leXCI, was married
to Miss Francis McCallister, daughter of Charles
McCallister, of Franklin, Teunessee. Soon after
his marriage he began the study of the law with
his father, alid in April, 1833, after close stndy of
but a few mouths, was admitted to the bar. He
acquired legal knowledge with wonderful rapidi
ty, and in a short time became a formidable legal
In 184f be was a Colonel iu the Mexican war,
thus showing that the military education he had
received hail created a taste fiir the field which
civil life had not entirely deadened. At the close
of the war he returned to the practice of the.law,
which continued until 1849. wheu he made the
race for Congress iu this district against Dr.
Lane, and was elected. The contest was warm,
and the race close, Mr. Marshall was elected by
ouly a small majority, and, indeed, it was for some
time uncertain whether lie or his opponent had
During the administration of President Fill
more he was sent as a Commissioner to China,
whence he returned to resume tb practice of the
law at the national capital. It was his intention
to settle himself permanently in Washington, and
devote himself principally to practice in the Su
preme Court, lie was diverted from this, how
ever, lieing elected to Congress from the Louis
ville district in 1855, and again iu 1857. It was
his influence that caused the abolition of the se
cret feature in the Know-Xothing organization.
The relttllion came on ia 1861, and interfered
with the arrangements of nearly all men. Mr.
Marshall joined the Southern cause, and in Sep
tember, 18CI, made his way South, where be was
appointed a Brigadier General in the Confederate
service. He afterwards resigned his position iu
the army, and resumed the practice of the law in
Richmond. He was elected to the Confederate
Congress, and was a member of that liody when
it went to pieces amid the wrecks of the period.
At the close of the war General Marshall re
turned to Kentucky, and was among the first of
the Confederates whose disabilities were remov
ed. He then resumed the practice of the law in
Louisville, and in the Circuit Courts of the coun
ties of Oldham. Henry, Shelby and Owen, which
he found very remunerative, and in which he
was very successful. Cesricrsosruol.
A New AlleaiBt la Baclaiaa the Caaaaaa.
With the establishment of senlar government
in Rome one of the most curious problems in
physical science is likely to receive a solution.
o satisfactory explanation nas ever yet Keen giv
en of the reason why the Roman Campagna
shonld lie a depopulated waste. The theories
snggested to account for the fact are innumera
ble ; bnt the fact itself is beyond dispnte. Some
years ago an attempt was made by Prince Bor
gbese to drain, cultirate, and colonize a consider
able.tract of land near the month of the Tiber.
Bnt the experiment failed, owing to the extreme
mortality among the settlers ; though it was be
lieved that political considerations bad also some
thing todowith the abandonment of the enterprise,
A similar experiment, on a far larger scale, is now
about to lie made by the Italian government. A
commission has lieen appointed to devise the best
Flan.for reclaiming some portion of the expanse.
t seems that the peasantry of Piedmont, whose
life is bard; anil whose land is dear, have lieen
tempted by the promise of allotments in the rich
soil, and are prepared to emigrate in large nnm
lien to the new territorrof the "Recno d' Italia."
Xoihing could be better for Rome than sneh a
migration of hardy, industrious Northern Ital
ians, even if they did not succeed iu exorcising
the malaria. Yet those who have known Rome
in the old days will admit a feeling almost of re--gret
when they" learn thatthereTs a prospect of
the grand moors bring inclosed, drained, and peo
pled. Italy will gain by Ibe change, but Rome
without the campagna wonld lose one of those
characteristics that chiefly enhance her beauty.
Railway employe do not have to serve a long
apprenticeship. A man is believed to be compe
tent for the position when he can sbnt a door In
such a manner aa to lead the occupant of the
tenth seat back to infer that it is too late to pre
pare for eternity. Damimrm A'nra.
"Get out of "my way what are yon good for!"
said across old sun to a little bright-eyed ur
chin who happened to stand in the way. The
little fellow, as be stepped one side, replied very
gently- "They makemca oatofsacb things as
AgassM's first literary venture was a small
book of travel, issued in London thirty-nine years
ago, under the title "A Journey to Switzerland,
and Pedestrian Tour In that Country, by L. Agas
six,Esq., lateoftbeBoyalXavy aad Koyal Ma
rines.'' HaJsT fc tea HaMs- n.flli fii.
(WHOLE NUMBER, 773.
THE OLB XlLl
It stands In rustic beauty there.
Crowning the valley rich and fair.
And wheel ami flume are still.
Bark rafters tilt from wall to floor.
Creaks In tbe Wind the battered door
Of the old, deserted mitt.
Hushed ia the clatter which it made.
And merry forma that ronnd it played.
Have vanished, une bj one!
Tet standa tbe old. deserted milt.
Breathin itn happy memories atiH,
Of daya furever gone.
Soft. aUverr Uaghter rinss amend.
And lorera fimutena press the ground.
At eve's not nearly star;
The miller's carol, blithe and clear,
lkirne on the frarranl brseae. I bear
Echoed o'er woodlands far.
And through the doorway, oaee again
Like phantoms through i i""1 " a brain .
tjiide formsflf butgagot s
Once more I hear the busy ham
Of voices, aa they go. aud come,
Meludiuualy low. "
Again the stream. In pure delight.
Leaps to its work with hands of might,
and twirla the noodrroua wheel;
While every iniiMnV ot my youth.
Each faded joy. in love and truth.
Again, again I feell
All vanishes, tike morning mUt I
Uj the warm annbeama fondly kLiaed -
However it may be.
Oh, there are hearts that I hare known.
And they, each hope and passion flown,
Seem bke thia mill to me!
For atill the bnsv hum goes on.
Till each allotted task ia done.
Our passing years to till;
And then the waiting flood gate drops,
And death, the miller, kindly atopa
The old, deserted mill !
B1K CIXTCBK or TIHIEB.
Whatever the conclusion ultimately arrived at
through scientific discoveries founded upon ac
tual experuneuts, and the correlative facts from
data, which of late years haslicen collected by
the various governments of th, civilized world in
relation to metorologiral changes which havo
taken place in consequence of the drnndatinn of
forests, one thing seems to be qnite conclusively
proven, that such denudation does not only pro
duce important changes in climate, but also in
tho rain fall. The ditlerence may not be so much
in the average rain fall, as in theextremes of heat
and cold, or in severe drouths ami deluging tor
rents. It is a fixed fact, that those regions of
count rv that are covered by dense forests, havo
not oniy more gentle rains, but such countries
have a more nnifore climate one not subject to
sncbTYnileut alternations of heat and cold as are
those regions-not so favored. There are some
countries indeed that are so peculiarly favored by
natural causes, that they ate not so particularly
affected by artificial changes, as the British Isles,
for instance. 1 be climate or those tsles is modi
fied by one of the branches of the Gulf stream.
Coming nearer home, the famous fruit region of
Michigan is indebted primarily to Lake Michigan
fur its peculiar climate, and secondarily to the
vast forests of this favored State outlying to tho
north; the latter are now terribly decimated by
the terrible fires which have so lately swept over
them. If this denndation of the forests is suf
fered to proceed without renewal, the tiuio is not
far distant when Michigan, also, must suffer by ,
European natious have long felt the necessity
of renewing their forests, and for this purpose
Germany especially, has established special de
partments for forest culture, with the necessary
schools for education iu this direction. France,
Austria aud Russia have also worked for a long
time in this direction, and tbe artificial forests in
those countries; Iwlonging to the government,
now rank among tbe most valuable of the govern
mental pnqwrty. In England, and especially in
Scotland, much has been done in this direction by
privaate enterprise, and already large sums are
being realized .by the proprietors, from the salo
of timber from artificial plantings.
In Spain' n law has lieen in force that the plan
ting of a tree shonld sneeeed one destroyed, and
the consequence is one of tho most delightful
climates on the face of the earth.
Deductions from historical records show that
civilized man leaves deserts in his track. The
principal cause is the destruction of forests with
out adequate replanting, causing the drying np
of streams, irregular if not entirely discontinued
rain fall, and also freqnent and destructive torna
does. Let na quote a few instances where the
preservation of timber has, iu a great measure,
changed the meteorological conilitionsof localities
iu our own country. A part of the city of Den
ver was built upon the dry Ixsl of an ancient riv
er, but from tho opening of the farms, the plan
ting of trees, and tbe preservation of timber, it
has been fonnd necessary to bridge this stream,
on account of the qnantity of water flowing in it.
The great Salt Lake of Utah, since the settlement
of the great basiu, has been gradually rising, and
is now seven feet higher than it was at its first
settlement. In Egypt, on account of tbe plant
ing of timber extensively by the Pasha, ram has
lieguii to fall inconsiderable quantities. Bnrhan,
the well known Scottish meteorologist, mentions a
valley in Veneinela so sbnt in by mountains that
the rivers which water it haVeno outlet to the
ocean, but flow into its centre, where they form
a lake. During the last thirty years of the eigh
teenth centnry, this lake, without any assignable
cause, gradually dried np. On the breaking ont
the war of independence, however, the valley in
which it lay liecaine the scene of deadly warfare,
and so continued fortwenty-two years. The lake
rose from year to year, until at the end of the war
much land formerly cultivated was nnder water.
The explanation is simple. Forests in'a tropical
climate grow with astonishing rapidity ; and the
whole district which before was in great part
destitute of trees, being unoccupied by inhabi
tants, during the war had become a Tsst wood
land. 'fcttcra BtraL
The 9faa Whs Vlesst ska itaavaa Teaaale.
Among tbe events of the famous Mormon war
was tbe burning of tbe Nsuvoo Temple. The
structure was burned in the night time, and so
successful was the party engaged in ita firing
that probably be was never even suspected. The
recent death of the incendiary, however, has re
moved tbe necessity of further secrecy, and a day
ortwoago we wcrepnt in possession" of bis namesnd
tbe facts connected with tbe burning of the Tem
ple bv'the only living person cognizant of them.
The Temple was fired by Joseph B. Agnew, who
recently died in Appanoose township, ll""?0,!"
County, in this State, at the age of some fifty
eight years. It was always supposed that the
party who burned tbe boiling hadenterrdthrongh
tbe basement, bnt the facts are, Mr. Agnew
surreptitiously obtained a key to one of the door
of the Temple some time liefore the act, So on
sraarngagnl with him, and only fonr knew ha
was the party. Three of these are now dead.
Agnew prepared his fire balls and other combusti
bles at his residence. Placing them in his saddle-
bags, he rode ou horseback to Ksnvoo, and In the
night entered the Temple with hia key, passed trp
to tbe cupola, arranged Ma material, and lM
them, and then qnietlv escaped the way ha raws.
Our informant, who is a responsible and promi
nent citizen of the western part of tbe Stats, ya
he thinks he can procure the-ky-"Ta Teas to
which Agnew secured in order to accomplish hia
work. Pesria (7B.) Traucripl.'
Wage paid and the prices of tbe neeesjties of
life are being generally discussed by the papers
in tbe dominion. It ia stated by one of onr ex
changes that articles which in 1888 cost $18 26,
cost & 40, an advance of 283 per cent. In furty
four years the rates of wages have advanced in
very near tbe same proportion. For the last
twelve years, however, wages have not increased
in tbe same ratio aa prices. Thus, tbe average
wages ia eight trades show an increase of U per
cent, while the increase in food, fuel, clothing,
rents, dVc, has been 44 percent. These statistics,
if correct, weald seem to prove that the nsochanr
ics of Canada have not obtained a fnllsltare of tbe
prosperity enjoyed by the country during toe past
DR.8CHWWrcTH deserilsappleitlM 1 lo
terior of Africa who- average hghtUbrt little,
if any. greater 'ban f n"pUoder. "
snm!etbat tba-jr "3rV to the rmco de
seribeda pigmies by Herodotus.
A wrcrxT calculation' estimates that eaoaga.
inn wire to belt the globe with a netting s yard,
) f J