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jhLccr : (louzf
SOL. MILLER, EDITOR AM) PUBLISHER. .
TTTT! CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION.
TERMS-$2.00 PER ANNUM, IN ADYAKCE.
VOLUME XVI.-KU3IBER 2.1
ET TOIOTHT DWICF1T.
CaaumLIa, ColumliU. to glory ariju.
The quefD of tie world, and the child of the Um !
Thy genius command) thrc; with rapture behold.
'While ages on ases thy ajilendors onfuld.
Thy reifQ i the laM. and the noble, of time ;
Moat fruitful thy soil, most .nviticj: thy clime;
Xt the crimes t the East ne'er enerimfton thy name
Be freedom and science and virtue thy Came.
To ennqoest and slaughter let Europe aspire:
AVhelm nations In blood, and wrap citfta In flr;
Thy heroes the rights of mankind shall defend.
And triumph pnrao them, and clory atteniL
A world is thy realm for a wirM le thy laws,
Hnlarpe! as thine empire, snd just aa thy cause;
On Freedom's broad bssls that empire hll rise.
Extend with the main, and dissolve with the aUca.
Xl Scftnce Iter rate to thy sons sliall unbar.
And the east sre thymufn bide tli Warns of her star;
New lards and new safes nnriralleil shall soar
To fame iniextinjmib-d when time in no more;
To thee, the lat rt-foxc of virtue designed.
Shall fly from all nations the In-, of mankind ;
finis, cratefnl to Heaven, with transport nliall bring
Their incense, more fragrant than odors of Spring.
Xor less shall thy fhirones tozlbryacend.
And genius and beanty in harmony blri.d;
The craces of form sliall avaVe pure tlrr-are.
And the charms of the winl ever cherish the fire;
Their eetims ninuincled, th-ir mant-m. refinrd.
And virtue' bright image c ntaniied on the mind.
With jw-ace and soft raptore shall teach life to jlow.
And light up a smile on the cj-iwct of wm.
Thy fleets to all regions thy power nhall display.
The nations adrairr. and thit oresu oWv ;
t'jtch slwrt-10 thy gtorv itn tribute unf.-.-.
Ad the East ami the .smith yield their spices and gold.
As the dayprliig. unboiuided thy splendor Khali fluw.
And earth' little Unburns before the- ".tall bow.
While the ensigns of Union. In triumph unfurled,
JIush the tumult of war, and give j-eaco to the world.
Thus, as down a bme valley, with cedars o'erspread,
lYom war's dread confusion. I prrmlrely slrayeil.
The uloom from the fare of fair beaten retired;
The winds reasetl to mnrmnr, the thunders expired;
IVrfumes, as of Elen, flowed sweetly along.
And a voice, an of sngels. enchantingly snng:
"Columbia, Columbia, to glory arie.
The queen of the world, and the child of the sVles!
CQlAniUlA., TllV: CV.U OF TltK Oil: AT.
BT JOHN II. HEWITT, EMJ-, OF lULTHIOtlE.
O, Colnmbia, the gem of the ean.
The home of the brave and the free!
The shrine of each patriot's devotion,
A world offers homage to thee.
Thv mandates male heroes aiwcmble.
When liberty form stands in liew;
Thv banners make tyranny tremble.
When tmrne by the lied. White and Ilhie!
Tliv-banners make tyranny tremble.
When borne by the Ked, White ami Blue!
When war wfngrtl its wide desolation.
And threateneil the land to deform.
The ark. then, of freedom foundation,
Colnmbia rode safe through the storm.
With her garland of ictnrv around her.
When so tdoutly slie Imre lier brave crew,
"With her flags proudly floating before her.
The hnant of tiie Ked. White and Itlue!
"With her flags proudlv thtting Wfore lier.
The Uiast of the lied, While aud ltlue!
The wlne-ciiji, the wine-cup. bring hither,
Aud fill you ft true to the brim:
Hay the wreathe they have won never wither,
2wrtbctarof their giry grow dim!
ilav the service united ae'er sever.
Hot tiiey to their colors prove true;
The Armv and Xavv forever!
Three cheer for the KhI. White and ISti!
The Armv and Xaw forever'
Three cheers for the Ked, White and Blue!
A TALE OF THE EEVOLUTIOIT.
It was on the Cth of July, 1770. that Morgan
Lewis, Quartermaster General of tie division
of the Continental army commanded by. General
Hf, Clair, was disjiatciied by that officer, down
the banks of the Hudson, to watch the inove-ments-of
the British General Burgoyne, who was
advancing, by forced marches, mi Ft. Kdtvard a
fortification jdaced at a short distance from what
is now the village of Sandy Hill, commanding the
western entrance to tho river.
On his way to fulfill the important mission of
his commander, Lewis was surprised to find, in
the wild forest scenery, which, on every side, sur
rounded h1ui, a cottage presenting a tout maemble
in which natuie. n:itl art vied with each other for
the supremacy of rural beauty.
The woodhiuC) wild roso aud honeysuckle, hung
in frraceTul festoous around the entrance to the
wilderness abmhj; a garden, reinanvable for its
neatness and the rich variety of foreign aud indi
genous plants, imparted an ever-varying jK-rfume
in the siirniuiidini? ntmosnbere: while the Yew
tree, aud cypress, waving their sombre branches.
in the wild luxuriance ot nature, aililn
choly grace to tho more simple lMUiit
"What have we here!" said General Lewis,
addressing Lieutenant Palmer, one of his aids.
"We arc certainly on fairy land, for ton beauti
ful abode presents au unearthly appearance in
contrast with the rugged aud rocky wilds in
which it has sprung up!"
"If you will permit me, General," said Palmer,
" 1 will pay my devoirs to the gldess who has
selected it "for her abode; if, like another Tale
inachus, I liecome ensnared hv the charms of a
Oalyrso, I have at least, like him,, a "Men tor .by
"General Lewis linntsl in acknowledgment of
the compliment which tho tnung officer had paid
litm. "If I am not irrentlv mistaken." said he.
"you will be richly repaid by your visit: the
taste displayed in the exterior decoration ot tins
- nuished woodland scene, gives evidence of an in-,
telligence not ofteu found nuder the solitary jn
".tection of the rock and mountain seldom, it ev
er" surpassed in the cultivated walks of society.
But, independently of the promptings of inclina
tion, we have a duty to perform towards the in
mates of the cottage; Burgoyne, with his whole
force, is rapidly approaching on the fort. This
simple and sequestered abode lies directly in his
path; his arast rorir will probably be the sav
age Mohawks or the tierce Mohicaus: the first
announcement of their approach will lie the
dreaded war-whoop; its quick and final results
the gory scalps of their mutilated victims.
Should the victims escape the fury of the savages,
thev would still be exposed to the consequences
of a battle between our own troops and the Brit
ish. Wo shall therefore perform an act of hnman
itv, miftgled with a pleasing gratification, in
' making ourselves acquainted- with those secluded
dwellers in the forest ; bear to them my respects.
nml "uarantce to them auy means of seenrity
xritih ns American omceiTs "c tiln tl',"vl
The voung soiuier umciini i . ...-....... . .v...-.-. ...p ....,. ........
his horse ami in a few seconds arrived at the out- Mrs. Campbell and her ward beiugplac.il in
er uate of. the mvsterions' cottage. Having dis- their saddles, the escort proceeded on its way to
mounted lie asceuded an inclined plane, screened the British camp, watched on its outskirts by
from the'noonday sun bv an avenue of branrhiug Palmer aud his little band
elms, and arrived at the"door of tho cottage. His As the party forming the escort were ascending
approach haduot lieen unobserved by the inmates, a considerable ascent north of the village of San
w'ho formed the only permanent dwellers in this dy Hill, auothcr group of savages ordered them
woodlau.1 home, an elderly lady, and a lovely to halt. .,...,,.,. a
toiiii" girl just budding into womanhood. It now became evident to the fair fugitive and
Tlie entle rap had scarcely announced the to Palmer, who was removed but a short distance
esciice of the stranger, when the door opeued,
md the young soldier, with head uncovered,
stood licfore the dignified form of the elder female.
Time had made but slight impression on her
..ntnaiice': the piercing raven eye still retain
ed its original brilliancy, while the high and am-
. ! i j ...,-An.i.innde vifirel th nrounre
ule forehead uucoiisciously evinced the presence
of the iutellectnal spirit that reigned within.
raltner " to saji nat if agreeable, he will be hap-
nr to 'uav his respects to you. Two motives
"lam commissioned uyoeuenu u:nis, sain
.at Jla? - !IA ftatl tA lists.
to pay his respects
iiromnted him to make this oiler; the one to form
j.ieasinir arn"0nlfauce U1 t"ess ary wilus,
'L. s-nnr rural retreat seems to lie the only
temple of miuiauiiy, uioou.c.,. ...-..'
intelligence that may be, of the utmost import
ance to your future security." ,
"Independently of any conannnication which
your commanding officer may wish to make, it
will give us pleasure to receive his visit," replied
Mrs- Campbell, ina strong Highland accent; "but
will yon not come in and partake of such refresh
ment as we can offer t The presence of a strang
er does not often add a pleasing variety to onr
The Lientenant bowed, and conducted Dy Sits.
Campbell, entered the cottage.
Jfthe exterior of tjie dwelling, bad impressed
" -S , .. ATm On oiamnilllllMia
the commander and hig aids with respect for the
Renins to whom it was indebted for its tasteful
decorations, the interior was calenlated to excito
the highest almiration in cverv loTer of the sim
ple and beautiful.
The entrance room was decorated with grottoes
formed of the various kinds of moss which the
wilderness presented, Mudded with shells of
eyerj- size aud variety, the former inhabitants of
distant climes. On a reat oaken table lav botan
ical specimens of the indigenous plants which the
forest afl'orded, while exotics and American flow
ering shrub?, tastefully arranged in different por
tions of the apartment, shed a rich perfume.
While viewing these natural embellishments
with rapt astonishment, an contrasting them
with the towering and nigged ramparts of na
ture with which their temple was surrounded,
the soft note-t of a guitar fell upon the ear of the
young soldier. He started for a moment, when
Sirs. Campbell saiil : " '
"The music which vou hear is from mr want-
to whom I had forgotten to introduce you. I
will, however, make up for the omission. We
will find her in the next room, as gay as tho birds
which carol to her the morning and evening song,
and as pure, aa the elements of nature anion"
which she moves." "
ifrs. Campbell and 1'almer enit-rrri ill- mum ui
softly that tho sweet musician, iiueonscions of
tneir presence, still continued at her pleasing la
W, accompanying the instrument with her
voice Iong auburn hair, in Honing ringlets,
was scattered in profusion over a bust that vied
in whiteness with the Parian marble, and impart
ed a peculiar beanty to the exterior of a form
which would have afforded an exuuisito model
for tlie sculptor's chisel.
She had ended her plaintive wing, and was
alMiut to replace her guitar in its appropriate sit
uation, when Mrs. Campbell said:
"Mary, we are honored with a visit from a
young American officer; jiermit me to introduce
to you Lieutenant rainier."
The lovely girl turned around, and, as her blue
nzurc eyes encnunteritl those of the young lieu
tenant, a criuiMiu flush, the natural revelation of
artless intelligence and leauty, lighted up her
countenance. "You are welcome to the nlNsln of
L tho forest's daughter, for I can wcarcclv claim an v
other parentage," said she, extending her hand
to the young officer.
Does your forc.-t afford any more such daugh
ters?" said 1'almer, plaj fully." " I should be hap
py in lieing introduced to them."
"Ipresi not," replied Mary; then, thonght-
fnlly, kIii-continued: "It may, peihaps, ere long,
have one Ies. Oh! that the inaddess of ambi
tion would cease to sacrifice its victims; that the
sword might return to the scabbard until the
stern mandates of Justice, not the lut of cnu
piest, requires its withdrawal; that the smok
ing hecatombs of humanity might cease to send
up the incense of human blood to heaven, that
the world might rejsise in peace. Pardon me,"
she continued; "gloomy foreboding, perhaps
the offspring of our peculiar secluded life, will
sometimes involuntarily urine. May I now ak
to what circumtauces we are iudi-bted for this
"(leneral Lewis," replied the young officer,
"has been deputed by his sniK'rior officer to trav
erse the banks of the Hudson, in order to watch
the movements of the Ilritish General Ilurgoyne,
who. with his tnsips, is approaching the Ameri
can lines. I am one of Central Lewis aids, and
am eoiuinissioueil by him to otfer you any protec
tion which unprotected virtue may claim or
American courage can bestow." t
""I thank you," replied Mary, "but I cannot
consistently accept your offer. My refusal may
cost a painful effort, but yonrgeiierosity demands,
and shall havetmy confidence and candor. 1
lint e a friend who has for some time lieen ardent
ly attached to mc, now a commissioned officer in
the Uritish army. I have this morning received
a communication from him, stating that an es
cort will Iw sent to couvey me withiu the Ilritish
lines. Whatever may be my future destiny;
whether to survive or perish, my honor-is pledg
ed, aud must be redeemed ;t any sacrifice."
"May I be permitted to ask 3Iiss McCrea,"
saiil Palmer, "who will form her escort! 1 have
no sinister motive in so doing my object is to
insure, if Mssib!e, her personal safety."
"I presume," said Mary, "it will be composed
of the aborigines; they alone are able, miobsrrv-
,ed, to thread the windings of the forest."
"I cannot accompany yon to the Jtntish lines,"
said Palmeri "but I should disgrace the uniform
I wear, if I suffered you to commit yourself to
the Wild protection of the impulsive savages,
without accompanying yon so far as my duty as
an American otiicer permitted. Allow me still
further to trespass on your confidence, by asking
when the escort wiHarrivef "
"lesneet it to-morrow." renlied Marv: "but
do not. 1 lieserch you, place your life in jeopardy
on mv account, junior Junes win uououess se
lect his men, ami will insure our safety by retaili
ng hostages for tlie strict penorniance oi me
contract entered into with the Indians.
nl a melan-, not, I am sure, add that you will not take any
ties of the, p undue advantage, in a military view, of the com
innnicatiou which I have made."
"I will not. on the honor ora soMier, replied
Palmer. "Adieu; I must now return to my com
manding officer. Tomorrow, attended by a few
of our troops. I shall be with you. We will hov--er
on the outskirts of your escort, near etiough
to render assistance, if necessary to secure safe
tv. at all hazard."
""Generous and brave young man,? exclaimed
Mary. aH 'I'1" young officer, mounting his charger,
galliqieil in the difsction of tin; road leading to
the fort. "Xobility is .the gift of nature; it be
longs neither to condition nor country."
The sun had scarcely risen almve the lofty trees
of tin? forest, on the morning succeeding the visit
of Lieutenant Palmer to tho cottage of Mrs.
f Campbell and her ward
:nmnlx-ll and her wanl. when the nmmised es
cort ofiavages, headed by Ko-yo-to-was.se, a SIo-
liican chief, arrived to conduct the fair inmates'
to the British camp. Ko-t o-to-tt asse placed his
finger on his lips, asif to impose silence during
their journey to the British headquarters.
The Indians had prepared horses for Mrs. Camp
bell and her lovely wanl, and all were ready for
deiiartnre, when Lieutenant Palmer, true to Ins
, -i .. i .i i -
promise, nrriveu ar me uu i irotirw.-uni twt
tage of Mary McCrea.
Ko-yo-ti-wass for a moment eyed the young
oftioor withu silout iiikI fnvnge expression, in
stinct with determined vengeance. At a signal
tlie Imiws were lent, the arrtrtvs unsheathed, and
pointed in the direction of the Lieutenant
Miss McCrea. who had watched with intense
emotion the movements of the savages, now
sprang forward and threw herself licfore the lsxly
of young. Palmer, at the same time extending to
him her hand, an intimated token of her friend
ship for him to.the savages, t
The effect was instantaneous. In a moment
tliolsiws were unbent, the arrows retnrneilto
I "- --, ...... . ...... ..... ... .-.....v j...
Irom tlie scene, that no inconsuleranle excitement
had arised lietweeii the party of Indians proceed
ing to Fort Ed wanl, and that by which they hail
One of the latter, rushing rudely forward to
seize the bridle of Miss McCrea's horse, was tom-
ahawked by one of her escorts, and fellacorpse
j upon the ground. Tho eight' of blood inflamed
me savages, ah resiraiui was oauuuje, iud
I ilifftn ,ah m ml -l .! BA t.attfA lldSHimal IMtl.
j war-whoop sounded, and the battle became gen- j
, Determined, if possible, to save the life ot Jliss
McCrea nml lier foster mother. Lieutenant rai-
. mer, calling on- his three vallaint associates to
. Tilllisn- It! in jlla.ll.1 1u1iI1-t inin 4 la a vmtilalf a 1 liia
follow him. dashed boldlv into the midst ef the
carnage. A second Indian, rushing forward to
secure Miss McCrea, at the same moment flour
ishing the deadly tomahawk, was immediately"
shot by the young officer. Ko-yo-to-wasse now
rushed forward among the combatants, and for
a moment obtained a cessation of hostilities.
Fixing his eyes sternly on the lovely, girl, for
whose possession the savage contention had aris
en, the chief drew a pistol and pointed it at his
victim. Palmer watched the act,, and striking
the arm of the savage with bis sword, the nner
ring blade plowed its way through tbe muscles,
tbe pistol dropped,from tbe murderous band, and.
WHITE CLOUD, KANSAS, THURSDAY,
the arm, thus deprived of motion, fell lifeless at
tho side of the sanguinary chief.
The young Lieutenant now called on the fe
male portion of the escort to save themselves by
flight, while he and his men kept the savages at
bay; but Mary McCrea rcfuneil to leave her hero
ic defender in danger. "I shall face the worst,"
said she; "yon shall not erish while I survive."
Forgetful of their former hostile opposition,
the savage'eombatants now united in giving
battle to Palmer aud the, three soldiers under his
Bravely Palmer and his three men met the In
dians, hut they were unequal to the contest
they fell, lighting for the angelic creature by
their side. Wheu Lieutenant Palmer and his
brave companions fell, the fury of the Indians
was turned toward Miss Mary McCrea. She was
killed by one stroke of the tomahawk. She died
tho MM lovely, uiMi rreature, that distinguish
ed her while living, the sacrifice of her own love.
nr -rnoaus riix-c hkkt i-tousiied, jixt, IK
Jo s rtiarint nf llplit. from the regluaa of lUy,
Tlie t tmliletw of Librrtr rjmr:
Tru tbonnaml clrtial ilirrrtisl tlie way.
Ami hither eitmlurted the ilanie;
A fiir.'bnililiii' braurh from the gardens abore.
Where millions un ruillin4 ajree.
She brimht I u her hantl. a. a pletlse f her lave.
And the jtlant she nuneil Liberty Tree.
The celeatul emtio struck deep lu the ground;
Like a native it rhnirislfd and bore;
The Cime ot its fruit drew the nations around.
To week out this peaceable shore.
TTntalndful of naaaen and distinctions, they came.
For freemen like brotlien agree;
"With one spirit endued, they one friendship pursued.
And their temple wan Liberty Tree.
Beneath this fair tree, like the tmtriarelis of old.
Their bread In contentment they ate.
Unrextsl sith the rouble of .ilrerand golI,
Tlie care, of the grand and the great.
With timlsT and tar they old England anppliod.
And atiported tier powr "n the'nea;
Her battles they fought. ithnnt getting a groat,
Tor the honor of Liberty Tree.
But hear. (X ye .wains, 'tis a tale most prufjne,
Ilow all the tyranuieal .wers.
King. Common, and Lord, are uniting again.
To cut down this gnanlian of onra.
From the east to the west blow the tmmpet to arms.
Thro' the land let the wtnnd of it tlee;
Let the for and the near all unite with a cheer.
In d feuse of our Liberty Tree.
smAPS OF IIINTORV.
"Candidates for the Presidency and Vice-Presidency
w ere formerly nominated by a caucus of the
members of Congress. In lrJI, when party linen
had liecnme obliterated and the neonle were snmc-
what undetermined what lines to take up, an in-
-;...i.. ...i.;..i. i i. e. it i.. ':'.. -i
eeiiiuiii; niueii iiitMi!;iil. lOUT ClliKllliaieS 1IIIO IllO
field, John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, .William
II. Crawford and Andrew Jackson, " there was
much dissatisfaction with the Congressional cau
cus system, ami it was abandoned. The first na
tional convention was in ISiA. That year Gen
eral Jackson and John C. Calhoun wrre nomina
ted, the first for President and the second for
Vice. At the next election, Gen. Jackson was te
iioiuiiiaiid with slight tqqiosition; Mr. Calhoun
was thnmn overboard, and Martin Van llureii
nominated for Vice-President, receiving 'J03 votes
out of the lid--' east. In lrtlo. Van Buret! was
unanimously nominated for president, but the
Virc-Presideucy was disputed, so n ballot was ta
ken, resulting ill' the nomination nfliichard M.
Johnson, of 'I'M'iimsch fame, over Wm. C. Kites,
of Virginia. During these years the Whigs got
along quite comfortably, as they were in a hope
less minority, and there was no great strife for a
nomination, either President or Vice-President,
only to lie sacrificed. But in 1SJU their pros
pects brightened, and candidates were pushed
with iertinacity. The Whig convention assem
bled, and entrusted the nomination to a commit
tee, which balloted two days without arriving at
a result. The subject was remanded back to tho
convention, and General Harrison received the
nomination, having 148 votes, to 90 for Clay and
10 for Scott. There was no contest for Vice
President, John Tyler lieing unanimously nomi
natiil on the first ballot. His subscqnoiit Jwiliti
c.il career is one of the most interesting chapters
in our jsilitical history. The same year the Dem
ocratic convention unanimously re-nominated
Mr. Van Buren, but found it impossible to agree
upon a Vice-president. No nomination was
made, the convention passing a resolution leav
ing the decision to their I'epuhlirnti fellow citi
zens in the several States. The election came,
and Mr. Van Buren was defeated, receiving only
fid electoral votes out of ')i. The vote for Vice
President was. Johnson 4;, Littleton W. Tazewell
11, James K.Polk 1. In 1844 the Whigs unani
mously and by acclamation nominated Henry
C'lav. but balloted three times for a candidate for
.Vice-President, finally selecting Frelinghnysen.
ine I'cinocrats nan a irniiiiinns time in conven
tion, balloting three days, finally selecting James
K. Polk. Silas Wright was named for Vice-President
with unanimity ; he declined, and George
M. Dallas was selected. In 1S48 Gen. Cass was
nominated for the Presidency at once, hut the
Vice-Presidency was hotly contested, there being
six candidates, Butler, of Kentucky, lieing fin
ally selected. The Whigs had a stonny open
ing for their rim vent ion, and much acrimony was
exhibited before agreeing uioii Gen. Taylor.
Millard Fillmore was selected for Vice-1'resideiit,
there being no opposition. The Democrats were
essentially damaged at this election by the run
ning of Martin Van Buren as the Free Soil candi
date, who received more than a quarter of a mil
inu of votes. In 1S5C tribulation came upon the
Whigs iu their convention, and six days were
consumed in voting before the nomination of
Gen. Scott was assured. A candidate for Vice
President was nominated on the second ballot,
Graham, of North Carolina. The Democrats had
extreme difficulty in nominating, lieing forced to j
liallot-forty-nine times, wlieu franklin 1'ierce
wa nominated; the candidate for Vice-President
was selected from ten names before ihe conven
tion, lieing King, of Alabama, nominated on the
second ballot. In lcCO, the Republican party a
peareil for the first time ill the arena of national
jHilitics. Gen. Fremont wasselected without any
serious contest: there wer fifteen candidates for
the Vice-Presidency, Dayton, of New Jersey, be
ing nominated on the second formal liallot. The
Democrats again had a weary time; balloting
seventeen times liefore concentrating on James
Buchanan, but nominating unanimously on the
second ballot John C. Breck,enridge for Vice
President.. The subsequent conventions have
been so recent that we need not recapitulate the
Haw (key Trral "lrait Apailea ia Ceraiur-
The experience of a Mormon emissary, in North
Germany will not tend to create a very great de
sire, among his brethren in the faith to under
take missionary work in that part of the world.
Christian Hansen, a Dane by birth, lately made
his appearance in the German Grand Duchy of
Mecklcnlierg-Schwerin. He liegan at once preach
ing Mormonism among the fishermen of that vil
lage and the neighborhood, nnd in the following
two,or three weeks persuaded about one hnndred
and fifty persons tb embrace the faith of the Lat
ter Day Saints, and to prepare for emigrating to
Ftah. " Hansen promised to accompany them
himself to the land of the Mormons, but two days
previous to their departure was arrested by tho
jKilice in Rostock; the principal commercial city
bare bark, and to be imnrisoned for six months
every other day on a diet of Bread and water.
Hansen protested violently against the execution
of tfiis sentence, and telegraphed to the Ambassa
dor of the United States at Berlin, to interfere in
his behalf. He received. theJashes, however, lie
fore he rjieived. any iepljr fronrMr. Baneroft,
and ta taken to tbe Correction Prison at Bnt
zow. Mr. Bancroft refused to do anything for
him, and Hansen will have to scire oat his time
in Mecklenlierg prison. .
Stefhex Pearl AxuimwaeUtes clearly enongb
that "the absolutoid and abstractoid Elementisi
mtts of Being echoes or' reappears by analogy
within tbe relatoid and eoncretoid of elaboru
mus." There is npthing mw in, this we always
thought . ,,
of yiecklenlierg-Scbwenn, and the ponce jnuge
of that place, having ascertained what he bail
done, sentenced him to receive fifty lashes on tho J
-le Bis M kr Beatable, East-
Horace Greeley cane into the world in the nsual
way. Few would think it to look at him, but be
Ilisancestors were as remote as they make them,
and traces of old Adam were perceptible in his
character and conduct while an infaut at the
Althongh horn without moral responsibility, he
Caught it before he was weaned, and has had it
pretty bid ever since.
He tt as a child of farinaceon complexion, anil
the first wonl he uttered was "braw."
Becoming a vegetarian at the age oT tea months,
he refused to cut his teeth un a bone nng'but did
so with much cheerfulness aud success on a corn
cob. t -
There is a tradition extant iu New England
where he was bom, that when six fvears old, the
devil took him to the top of the White mountains,
and offered to make him au office holder when big
enough, if he would consent to lie inconsistent.
He said he couldn't think of it for a moment.
Thcfirst object in which he manifested any in
terest when a Isiy, was a weather-cock, and he
subsequently adopted that revolutionary bird as
a model, ami conformed .strictly to its habits in
the most trying circumstance of his life.
As a stndent he was ambitious. When he had
lieen at school only a week, he was the second boy
iu the class. The class consisted nt tr.
At au early age he exhibited a morbid appetite
for paper, and devoured all the newspapers aud
pcriiHlirals within his reach. He couldn't digest
them, and oozing thnsigh the pores, they added
to the natural pallor of his cuticle.
When alMiut fourteen he was apprenticed to n
printer, who immediately sent him to the "gal
leys" for seven years. It was while working out
this term of penal servitude, that he manifested
the remarkable sympathy for the slave, for which
he has since lieeii notorious. At fifteen he rec
ognized the negro at a man and a brother. The
recognition was mutual, and they have lieen
liosom friends ever since.
When he arrived at the age of pulierty he be
came marriageable, ami shortly afterwards began
to develop placid muscle on a dirt of Graham
bread. Ho then joined a popular association
known as tlie "Sonsof Nebuchadnezzar," aud took
the pledge ngniust mast ls"ef in any form.
One day it occurred to him that what was any-
iHHiy s was everylKsly's. and what was every
lmdy's was anylsnly's. He said so, and became a
moral and 'social philosopher.
At this time there were only three iuditidnals
of transcendent genius extant. One was Clay,
another Adams; tint third was Horace Greeley.
Aware of this fact, Horace turned politician,
nnd at once took the shine nut of the other two.
When he felt like it he married, and the twain be
came one Graham loaf. Finding bran too excit
ing for the constitution of a politician and a hus
band, as well as a social philosopher, he thought
at one time of trying sawdust. But he didn't do
it. On the contrary, be lapsed into pork chops
and ox tail soups.
In reading thr.se bingrapieal notes, it should be
borne in mind that consistency was Horace Gree
Sometime after baring served out his time at
the galleys, Horace commenced running newspa
pers, and run two or three iu the ground.
Finally, after experiencing considerable difficul
ty in raising the wind, he started the Dailg Ty
phoon, a versatile but consistent paper. Which has
been blowing hot and cold on all subjects ever
Although not much is.n)4n1,vVman"tn look at,
Horace, alxiut this ieriod, became n favorite of
the muses, ti ho liegnilcd him into, writing a sem
ridiculing the American flag, and inviting the
people "tear it down."
Several years subsequently the South complied
with the request, upon which he pitihed into the
South, and agreed with Gen. Dix, that whoever
insulted the star-spagled banner should he shot
without any delay.
The reader must not forget that if the subject
of these notes had an amiable weakness iu his na
ture, it was consistency.
Shortly after the civil war liegan, he insisted
that the "northern army." which was then a mob,
should "march ou to Richmond." The nrmy
adopted his idea. Those who returned to Wash
ington didn't go to Richmond; those who got
killeil couldn't, and those who did go, didn't want
Then Horace put on sackcloth, and wished he
had kept his eace, and hoped the Ixinl would
forgive him. It is not known whether the Lord
did or not; probably not.
Then Horace said that if the South unanimously
wanted to secede, it had a perfect right to.
Then he' said it bad not, and that the Southern
ers were vile traitors, and must be assailed ttith
fire nnd sword to the "bitter end."
Then he suggested that it would l best to com
promise the matter, and offer to go to Jeff. Davis
and get him to make it up. But Jeff, conldu't see
it. Wherriiinn Horace went at him hammer and
tongs worse than et er, and liecame a iM-rfect giant
blnnilerbore thrusting the legs of his pantaloons
hito his seven-league IhioIs, as if for a march on
Richmond, and shifting the knot of his cravat
from his right ear to the left, to signify that the
arcn traitor deserved to nave Ins nccK stretclied
this' rem-irknble '
f h s course since
Such is a hurried sketch of
m,n tm fiilliaiilnuinftliA n-.ae f F lil a.. :....
flit, nilldie nm trwll ti,f..ei. n...l !.. C.lli,- I
informed -ind tbe farilitv I
gue"rhhie,f the tar if'
j,ne ooin sines oi ine lariu ,
with tvhich he can nrgn
question at the same time is worthy of admira
tion. We have not chosen to sieak of him as an ag
riculturist. His efforts iu that direction have not
uniformly proven .successful ; but the intelligent
reader who has, given even slight attention to the
subject will not fail to observe that the depreda
tions of the June bug are fatal to nearly all the
staples during a dry season, and that in wet
weather dried apples, as a crop, cannot Iw relied
In conclusion, the reader is informeil never to
lose sight of the fact that the leading trait iu Ho
race Greeley's character, as a dietistsociaI re
former, a poliftciay andfustriot, has always been
The weather cock, the token of his early life,
continues to lie his model, guide, philosopher and
friend in his decliningycars, and traeas the needle
to the pole, he boxes the compass in accordance
with its gyrations. A'ns-A Ciy Journal.
Or the cutting down of forest trees, which is
so constantly going forwanLiti this country, Win.
Cullen Bryant says: "It "j a common observation
that our summers are becoming drier, and our
streams smaller. Take the Cuyahoga as an illus
tration. Fifty years ago large barges loaded with
goods went up and down that river. . Now, in tbe
onlTnary stage of water, a canoe or skiff can hard
lv pass down the stream. Many a Imat of fifty
Ions burden has lieen bnilt and loaded in theTns
carawas, at New Portage, and sailed to New Or
leans without breaking bulk. Now tho river
hanllv affords a snpply of water at New Portage
-for the canal. The same may be said of other
streams. They are drying np. Aud trom ine
same can- the destruction of onr forests the
snmmers are growing drier and our winters
TROUT are very delicious eating, especially
when one is on an exenrsion in the country; bnt-
the cause of their deltcateflavorhashithertolieen
a secret. It is now found to be owing totbelight
and delicate diet in which tbe fish indulge. .A
man arWorcester, the other day, canght a Jecn
liarly plump specimen, and. on dressing it. found
iL.S la- -..!. .... ..4flaa sdl to nlla"-flftfM
Then JefT. was captured in the disguise of an 1 anil slept tuai nigni in one oimj.ipper-Tiu.iis,...
old woman, upon which Horace began to frater- , w'',f11' ".; ,'nInl '"," .M "ml1A '."". a,"-,iw
nize with him. and. eventuallv; to save him from i maller children slept. Ho breakfasted with my
c.-.i .' : . i".:.. i.-:i familv the next mnrninir and remained in the
a large meadow jat and a striped snake two feet two men who were here, "The Yankees are cros
. sing at Port Royal, and you must take care of
'.j -.,.:: .. -,..!. '
the Xr evenW when ne said "MiV -,
to her head and found nothing slipped. The gen-
tleman quietly pointed to tbeTiraiA of ber dress,
-i -,-if . .-i r whtel, h.A w torn off. and
abont half a yard of which bad been torn off. and
was lying on tbe floor.
The Denver papers are attempting' to account
for tbe climatta- changes that are taking place in
that region. Colorado used to be called the "raisr
leas region," bst for tbe past two years rains have
been frequent and abundant. It ia thought that
irrigathm will aooa-bc -uraetMi-f.
JUJLY 4, 1872.
THE OLD COXTIXEXTALS.
(The following little poem is the Terr beat thine of the
kind that we erer chanced to met with la onr periodical
literature. There la an old fjhioaed Saxon mod la it that
is quite refreshing, and nothing rould possibly convey to
the reader a more vivid idea of the din of m batde-fiehC It
haa great artiatieal merit, and ia worthy of peraaal. if for
no other reason than to aetire the sarpnuwr, effect wrought
upon la mind by a skillful collocation of word. J
st cct arorrnuT a'lusTXt.
In their ragged regimentals
Stood the old Continental.
When the grenadiers were lungeing.
And like hail fell the plunging
tVben the flies
Of the isle.
From the amok; night-eneaaipmenl, bore the banner of the
rampant ' '
And rrummer. grnmmer. grnmmer, rolled the roll of the.
. Then, with eje to the front all.
Ana with guna horizontal.
Stood our sires;"
And the balls whUtled deadly.
And in streams dashing redly.
Mated the tuw; '
On the abore.
Swept the strong battle-breakenoer the grecn-oodded acre
Of the plain:
And louder, louder, louder, cracked the black gunpowder.
All amain !
Xow like smiths at their forges.
Worked the red Saint George's
And the "villainous saltpetre
IUng a tierre. diaeordant metre
Hound their ears.
With bot-aweeping anger, came the horse-guards clangor
On our flanks;
Then higher, higher, higher, burned the old-fashioned fire
Through the ranka !
Then the bare-headed Colonel
(ialloped through the white. Infernal
And his broad-aword was swinging.
And his brazen tbnvat was ringing
Then the blue
And the trooper-jackets rvdden at the touch of the leaden
And rounder, rounder, ronnder. roared the Iron aix pounder.
TIIE JIl'ItDER OF I.ISJCOI.X.
The I.a.t Day af JJaba Willtea TBaata-IIis
Parnew ia Kacapiaw a Yirgiaia latcrrs
To the Editor nf-thw Herald:
I saw it stated in n Washington paper. iixm the
presentation of my petition by Hon. John T. Lew
is to Congress for payment for my lossessustainrd
iu the burning of my tobacco house and contents
by the orders of Colonel Conger, who commanded
the forces that were endeavoring to capture J.
Wilkes Booth and D. C. Harold, in April, lr?bo.
"that it would be recollected that Booth aud
Harold were concleuleil in this house, aud it had
to lie burned to capture thrm," leaving the infe
rence, it appears to me, that Booth and Harold
were concealed in this house by nift or some of
my family. If this inference is" intended to be
made by the editor of said paper there is nothing
more erroneous, mid to set the matter right and
to show that neither I, nor auy of my family in
tended in any way to conceal them or was at all
apprised or had any suspicion of who these meu
were, I will make a true statement of the "whole
transaction from the time that Booth -was brought
to my honse to the time of his lieing shot by one
of the soldiers when the house was on fire. On
Monday, thelMth of April, 1365, abont 4 o'clock p.
in. tbriemeu rode np to my yard, aud when I went
out to them I found they were all strangers to me.
The one in front Introduced himself as Capt.
Scott; he then in'rodiiced the two others to nic
otic as Lieut. Rtiggles aud the other as his friend,
Mr. Boyd. He stated that Mr. Boyd was a woun
ded Confederate soldier; that he lielouged to the
former command of Gen. A. P. Hill, and that he
was wounded before Petersburg just liefore the
close of the war; that he and Lieut. Boggles were
going (as he expressed it) on a little scout toward
Richmond, and uskeilme to keep and take care of
his friend Boyd until the next Wednesday mor
ning, as he was siifieriiig too much to travel with
them, and that they wuuld call for him at that
As it had always lieen one principle of my re
ligion " to entertain strangers, es'iecially any that
seemed to liesnu"eritig,"I consented that he should
remain, ami that I would take, as good care of
him as 1 could. I did not promise this because he
was a Confederate soldier, but liecanse he seemed
to 1m suffering. I had licfore this administered to
the wants of about twelve woutiueil Federal sol
diers, who had lieen captured and brought to my
lie ighlKtrhood iu a stiflering state, nud it was com
fortingtn my feelings to see the gratitude ex
pressed by them to me, aud to feel that I hail
helped to relieve the wants of some of my fellow
ereatnres. Jtevcrsliall 1 lorget tmscircnmsiance;
it is graven deep ujion my heart. This man,
whom I and all my family looked npoiia Mr.
Iwiyd, a wounded Confederate soldier, was taken
at once into my House; ne suppeu wiin my laiiiuy,
ll,uw "" J'"1' lno',, of tbe ,-nM reclining npoii
'' P- in the' yard, my little children lieing of-J
re" w11" ,,,m ,,e "' very lime to say, aim
''' '" ' "Sntrering, " we thought, from his
c,-i..t.r..- ... ....s.. ... iH.e
tell Willi illlll.
nUUIIII, JlltCl IHEIMI(H IIIHI UIVIU1N), M.J ...Ml....
son. John M., riMlo to a shoemaker's, alsintone
mile from my house, to have his bonu repaired,
and while there he met with a gentleman of the
neighborhood who had gotten by a private means,
a newspaper from Richmond, (there being no
mails to our section), and this paper bad in it an
advertisement offering a large reward (onehnn-
dredand fifty thousand dollars, I. think) for the
capture of Booth, the murderer of President Lin
coln. After my son's return, and while at the
dinner tabic, he spoke of having seen this paper
containing the advertisement. This man. who
wasnt the table, remarked that he would not
have lieen snrprised if nva hunVlro.1 tluMMa-Mlad'l
lars had been offered, lint that he had heard that
the man that committed the act bad been arrested
liet ween Bait imore and Philadelphia and was now
in Washington. He having liefore this told me
he was a native of Maryland, I then asked him if
he had ever seen the man. Booth, who wascharged
with the offense. He said he had seen him once.
He saw him in Richmond aliont the time of tbe
John Brown raid. I asked him if he was an old or
young man; he said ha was rather a yonng man.
I had never heard of bnt one Booth as an actor,
and thought it was Mr. Edwin Booth. My youn
ger sea, who mas c tn-r.i jmith, remarked:, "I
wish lie would come this way, so that I might
catch him and get this reward." He turned to
him and said: "If he were to come out, would
yon inform against him T My son. laughing, said
h would like to have the money. The man talked
all this coolly, and showed nothing like excite
ment upon the occasion, and caused no grounds of
suspicion in any of our minds that he was the
man who had done the act. Some two or three
hours after dinner, two men on horseback, with a
third man riding behind one of them, rode np to
my gate on the maifi road. The man who was
riding liehind got down and came to my house,
while tbe other two men rode on toward Port
Royal. When this man came to tbe boose the
man who was here introduced him to my son,
John M , who was in the yard, as Mr. Boyd,
his cousin. They walked np the road from my
vanl, aud seemed to be in earnest conversation.
Vert soon after this tbe two men who had passed
on Jiorseback,returneiL riding very rapidly, '(one
of whom .was Lieut. Rnggles). and said to tbe
yourselves tue west way yon can," ami roue ou ii-
mediately. I was short distance from my bonse.
bere m"y laborers were at work, and on coming
to -beuI "Jh-iE I
i wanl the woods. Soon after getting "
one of these men. who P" . J"" J '
I turned to my yard. I and ror son said to mm we
mould not be snrpriied if these force were in
pursuit of bint and his-ftiend. He said; "Oh, no;
fL , s Af.1.. .. mmVa t.Atn mmii nt!
we uave oooe notuiuj w bm r-"- .
but that be bad beard that some Federal soldiers (
that were stopping the" night before at pl ;
called The Trap, hatween here and BowlingOreea,
bad tbeir tagta atoleo, and he eneAed theee j
force weoseetrt -low. fro Frejjericfelrarg to ea- '
deavnr to capture the thieves." Sai after this
the Federal forces passed Ihe road by my house,
and went on toward tbe place at which the hor
ses were said to nave neen stolen. After the for
ces passed. Harold went to the woods and bmueht
his friend lmck to tbe honse. They took snp)er
wun my lamuy, ami, aiier snpper, I, being un
well, went directly to luy.ruom. and my sons and
these two men went to my frout porch. My son
said they seemed to be very uneasy, and that they
wereaiilions to get a conveyance to Orange Court
Hone, at which place they heard there were a
good many Marylamlers, who were endeavoring
to get west of the Mississippi Rivr.and that they
wished to go with them. They asked my son if
he knew of any conveyance they conld,get that
evening to go a part of the way. He told them
there was a colored man living near br who hail
hVs.andarall that he hired out at times.
They endeavored to get it, but the man was from
home. They then offered my son $10 to carry
them about twenty miles on the way. He told
them he conld not go that night, bnt that if they
wished to go uext inoruing lie conld take them.
Thev proposed sleeping in my house that ninht.
bnt my son objected, as he thought from their
excited maimer there was something wrongalsitit
them. They then proposed sleeping under my
front porch: but be told them we had liaddogs.
and they might lie annoyed by them. They then
asked him if we had not an outhouse in whirh
they could sleep. He told them there was fishier
and hay in the tobacco house, and they could go
in there if they liked.
They went in there, and after they did so my
two sons having heard Harold sav, " We should
like to get the horses we saw you rirf'tig this eve
ning," ami fearing they might get up in the
night and take their horses and go off, lny
sous concluded to take their blankets nnd
go into a cornhntise, between the tobacco
bouse and stable, and guard their horses;
and my .youngest son, fearing, as these
men were heavily armed, that if they attemp
ted, to take the 'horses they might have great
dillirnlty. and might probably get shot, concluded
Iih would take tin Lev to the honse and lock the
ibor outside, so as to pret cut them coining ont if
they wished it. This is the reason why the door
was found locked when the officers went to the
house. Aliont a o'clock a. in. I was awakened by
the violent barking of my dogs. I arose from my
lied and went to the window, and I found the
house surrounded by armtd forces. I drew on my
pantaloons, anil, without waiting to put ou any
other dressing, I o-iened the door to my end porch,
and when I did so three men rushed in, nnd one
of them put a pistol to my head and said tome.
"Are there not two men in your honse t" I said
no; that flu-re were two men her, last evening;
that they went to the woods when yon wen pas
sing, afterward returned and got their supper, aud
I did mil know at the time where they were. I
had gone from my supper to my sleeping room,
and did not know where they had slept.
The officer said I was not telling them the
truth, and called for a nqie. and said tbey would
bang me. Being thus rudely treated, I no doubt
appeared sea nil and affrighted. Alsuit this time
mr son. John M., came to the door and said to the
officers that these men were iiMhe tabaceo house,
and they put me under guard and carried my son
with them to the tobacco honse, had the door
npeiird, and made him pi in and try to bring the
men out. When heweiit in he addressed Booth as
Mr. Boyd, as the officers said, and told him there
was a large Torre surrounding the house, and he
had lietter surrender. He onlered my son out,
and appeared to be drawing a pistol, aud he ran
ont. The officer then parleycsl with the men in
side for some tim,when Harold expressed a wish
ia surrender, and Booth said to the officer that
the man in here wishes to come ont. Tlie officer
told him to hand his arms to one of them. I be
lieve to my son at tbe door, and come out. Booth
said the man had no arms; they were all his, and
they would not be delivered up. Harold then
came ont. and Booth refusing to surrender. Col.
Conger onlered the bouse fired to force him ont.
When he gave these orders, Booth said to him:
"Don't destroy the gentleman's preperty. He is
entirely innocent, ana does not know who 1 am.
Tlie house was then fired, after which Sergeant
Corbet shot Booth, nnd he was brought ont and
died in my 'inrrh. It was not until after Booth
wasshot that we were told who he was; we had no
idea that they were tire mnnlerers of the Fresi
dent. When the forces passed my house they
weut to Bowling Gieen and got Jett, theman who
brought Booth tu my house, and lie told them
that he left Booth at my house. When he came
here I asked him why he brought that man to my'
house and left him here as n wounded Confederate
soldier, and had brought so much tmnble upon
me. He said be wished to net clear of him. and
left him at the first house he came to after leav
ing Port Royal; that he had told the officers,
wlieiithey came to Bowling Green, that he hail
left him with me as a Confederate soldier, nnd
that I was' not apprised who he was. I told him
'to make that declaration to an officer in my pres
ence, ne mane it to l.ieirt. Uonglierty, wlio was
the ofBceriu command of the regular ibrcei. Col.
Conger being a detective, but iu command, as I
understand, of the expedition. These are the
facts of the case; those in regard to the burning
of tbe barn were learned of my sous, who were
present. The subject of the murder of the Presi
dent having been talked of at church the day lie
fore Booth came to my house, I condemned it
publicly in unmeasured terms.
Richard H. Garrett.
Washisctox, April 2, 172.
JMBCBOTM F PCBLIC 31 E.St.
BV COL. J. W. FORNEY.
Henry Wilson, onr candidate for Vice-President,
is u fine example of the effect of free insti
tutions upon the struggling youth of America,
and also a proof of the practical consistency of
the Republican party, i'have known bim well
for over seventeen years. Twelve months young
er than Mr. Sumner, he has always been his
friend, even when compelled to differ with him.
Wilson is one of the men who will wear. Time
and trial improve and ripen them. No day pass
es that they do not learn something. I met him
while I was presiding over the House of Repre
sentatives in the stormy session of rKj-Vti, and
UmUl m lcv ,.,.1., Ijtn rttil'c(ei. lie saw
that the time was coming when Democrats like
myself would be compelled to choose lietween lib
erty and slavery, and his anxiety to secure such
a reinforcement to his party was shown in lys
kindness to and confidence iu that brave and
earnest Isxlv of men. Aud when the stonn broke,
in le.V?, and Buchanan sought to force the Le
compton constitution upon Kansas, Henry Wilson
threw himself with esjiecial fervor among the
revolting Democrats. He consulted with us and
encouraged ns; he traveled far and near to ef
fect co-oiwratiou and organisation; and when
myiiamewrw presented for Clerk of the House,
iu It-59, he insisted that I should be elected with
out pledges. These had lieeii demanded by some
of the more violent Republicans, and sternly re
fused. I did not ask for the place, and would
not have touched it if it had interfered jrith my
independence as editor of the Prw. Wilson de
clared that I was right, and with the aid uf
Charles Francis Adams, John Hickman, Jolih B.
Haskiu, and John Schwartz, we organized the
Honse, and soon after the anti-Leconiptou Demo
crats constituted a resistless Republican reserve.
Henry Wilson is a superb organizer. Ilia tem
perate life and 'high principles, his fine health and
strung convictions, his knowledge of the preju
dices and wants of men, made bim a great power
against the rebellion, as well in the army as at
the bead of tbe Committee on Military Affairs.
The amonnt of work he performed was prodig
ious. He was a real, brcak-of-day-man a sleep
less, untiring, and nnmnrmnriug patriot. A lit
tle too impulsive, perhaps, bis is one-of the tru
est of hearrl warm, genenms and forgiving.
His frugal habits accord with his strict integrity.
He. is inexpensive iu his tastes aud desires, aud
.lives among bis books and bis friends. He visits
great deal, aud reads much. Active aud quick,
regnlarly in his seat in the Senate, ho is often
sesn an tbe aveilne and in society, thouch be nev
er touches wine or cigars He is a thoroogh-coni-:
mou-sense man, and a-uatorat medium between'
quarreling friend.. His blows are for the enemy;
his fonnTeusss for his associates. He bates cor
ruption as' he hated slavery, aud he will go far Ui
paaiMi a laiuueas iruatc. oui-u uw lwhini it
fat Vice-President. Is be not an argument I
himself Especially so when we reflect that this
man work nrl for the lowest wares as a boa 0
larm, and began ,to learn. ihoe-makiDg. w beti.ba.
WHOLE.NUMBER, 782. ,
nr sotal Trait, hoi.
Squeak the fife arM beat tbe dnna,
IndepenileDCe Vr has coma!
Let tho mastitis lU be Uml,
QakklT rub tbe pewter platter.
Heap Iks nat-eakes fried ia bataar;
Set tb enpa and beaker xlaas,
Th paupkia and the apnlaaaoea.
' Send the kejc to ahitp for brand,
Maple smear we hare handy;
aoeaexleat tUy-erini Dick,
A Baggis wise of nri rtgiita tUct.
SaL put o roar nutl skirt.
Jotban, e! your bttnaXttn ahlrtt
Tvtir we danen to tlddlr-dlddln.
Here mam Saiubo with hia flddls.
Sambn. take draw af whiskey. '
And lar nn Taakee Doodle frisky.
JUolL ram leav your wfkxl trleka,
Aad let there hoa reel M air;
Father and mother shall make two,
SaL UaIL and I .tarsi all a row,
Sambn, play and dance with nnality.
This l Ihe dar of blest Equality!
Falberand mrAerare bat men.
.And UnitM l a eifcell.
ronie. foot It. SjI; SIull, figure in;
And. mother. Tort dance up to hiii
Snw aaw as fast aa e'er rua can do.
And, father, yon erjMa o'er to starabo.
Thns we danee, and thus we play.
On Klorioua Xtfptmdr Day.
Kun more roain un your bow.
Ami let na hare another go.
ZonmUt as sure as e-sr and bacon.
Ilere'o Ensign Mneak and Uncle Deaeoni
Aunt Thiah. aud tbeir Uets behind her.
On Unioleriaz mare, than beetle blinder.
And there's Ihe S-iuire. too, with his Udr
S"L hold tbe beaat. 111 take the baby.
3IolL bring the Squire our ereat ann-cnalri
(toml folks, we're slad to see you here,
totbam. irrt the great case buttle,
Yonr teeth can pull its corn-cob atopplo.
Ensign lleacon. never mind t
Spiire, drink nntil you're blind;
Come, here's the French and GiuHotlna,
And herVa past Squire GallaUn. .
And here's each noUv Jacobin;
llere'a friend Madison so hearty.
And here confusion to the treaty.
Come, one more swing to Suit hern Demon.
Who represent our brother ne-roes ;
Thns we drink and ilance away.
This glorious Independence Day I
Henry Wilsou was Isirn at Faniiiugton, New
Hampshire, February l'vleTi. His parents being
extremely jMsir. he was apprenticed at ten years
of age to a neighboring farmer, with whom he re
mained patiently until ho was of age, going to
district school meantime, for twelve mouths in
the aggregate. But his slight schooling was by
no means it measure of his pregress. He hail ac
quins! au appetite for btsiks, turd had managed
to borniw, within a circle ij teu miles around,
aliont all that wrrenwni-d. Night's and Sundays,
by firelight and moonlight, he had read a thous
and volumes, large history nnd theology. He bad
also learned to use his tongue glibly iu the "deba
ting society," that Yankee institution to which
so many jioor boys are indebted.
At tho end of his eleven years ho look all his
property iu a pack on his back and walked to
Xatick, where lie hired to a shoemaker, and devo
ted two years faithfully to learning the trade. In
tlie meantime he accumulated two hundred dol
lars in money, by extreme frugality, and with
this, at the age of twenty-three, he began to got
to school in the academies at Stafford and Con
cord. The man to nhotii ho had lent the two
hundred dollars filial in a few months, and the
ambitions student returned again, disappointed
hut pluck,', to the shoebetich at Xatick. Now bs
liegau to speuk at the wanl ineetiugs, and at the
country school-houses, especially iu tho advocacjf -of
abolitionism. Iu IrMOhe.made a vigorous can
vass for Harrison, delivering tipwanl of sixty
speeches, and at the end of the campaign was ehveted
to the legislature as a represcntativenf the labor
ing men of Xatick. Dnring the next five years
he was thrice re-elected to the House, and twice
sent to the' State Senate, aud in both otSccs bo
was chiefly known as a zealous foe of slavery and
a zealous friend of the workiugmeu. Iu lS15ho
made in the Legislature a notable speech against
the extension ami continued existence of slavery,
declaring in favor of all constitutional resistance
to it. Iu'-ldhe was a delegate to the Whig Na
tional Convention, and ou the rejection of the
anti-slaver resolutions, he withdrew from it and
fook a prominent part in organizing the Free Soil
party. In '00-51 lie was President of the Stato
Senate. In Ti'2he was made president of the Free
Soil Xational Convention, and chairman of its
national committee. In the same year ho was
Free Soil candidate for Congress in the Eighth
district, where with a majority against his party
nt'JM) he came within ninety-three voles of
lieing elected. He was a memlier of the Constitu
tional Convention. In '5., by a coalition between
the Americans and the Free Soilrrs, he was elec
ted to the United States Senate to succeed Ed
wanl Everett, and, shortly after taking his scat,
made a most etfective speech advocating the re
ieal of the fugitive slave law. Being challenged
to fight a duel by Bully Brooks, he declined on
the ground that dueling was an illegal and bar
barous practice. During the succeeding four
years he took a very preininent part in debate.
His speech in. defense of free labor, in reply to
Seimtor Hammond, of South Carolina, attained
nu immense circulation throughout the North.
Being re-elected, he wax, in "ft!, inado chairman
of the Military Committee of the Senate. His
lalmr during the war was quite enormous aud the
value of his services incalculable. It was de
clared bv (Jeneral Scott that he did more wotk in
the first session than all the other committees
had done in twenty years, and Secretary Cameron
in a. published letter said of him, in '62, "No
man, iu my opinion, in the whole country,
has done more to aid the War Department in
preparing the mighty army now under arms."
After the close of the war, Mr. Wilson published
three volumes, detailing recent anti-slavery and
reconitrnctiou history, and during tbe present
year hss'issned his first volume on "The Rise and
Fall of fhe Slave Power." Though he baa been
in public life for thirty years: he is still almost aa
poor as when, in "39, hemsde shoesat Naticlc Ha
has occupied positions of the highest trust, where
it was easy for an officer not unite scrnnulous to
get rich, hut his reputation for perfect honesty is
ns clear as Abraham Lincoln's was. No man in
America is more highly respected tlian Henry
Tir.nn is a tradition that in the Ark, soioon as
ever the day began to break, Xoalt stood up to
wnnl the Ixxlv of Adam, and liefore the Lord, he
and his sons. Shrni, Ham, aud Japheth ; and Noah
prayed and his sons and the women answered
from auotber part of the Ark. amen, Lord!
Whence, you may note (if the tradition be sound
enough) the antiquity of that custom (obtaining
still, especially in the eastern parts) of the separa
tion of sexes, or tbe setting of women apart from
men in the houses of God. Which, sure, was ft
matter of no slight concernment, if" it conld not
Im neglected no, not iu the Ark, in so great a
straiglitness anil distress of congregation. John-
Wk trmt that tbe business of finding petrified
giants has received a salutary check this timev
The man that tried it lately in Xew Hampshire,
lias come to gnef. gome miserable employe or s
railroad, who assisted at dead of night in planting'
the graven image lieneath the honest farmers
apple tree, turned traitor and ciposed the little
game. The honest fanner was thereupon arres
ted, ami lias lieen. mulcted tn ine sum oi eigne
hundred dollars for trying to obtain money nn-,
der false pretences in its attempt to sell the giants
We trust that this will be a warning, and that
no daring mortal will any longer ahnse our pa
tience with the discovery of Cardiff giants.
" """"""""""""" """""""" " '
8ruTT.Disr Dnrvja Cbf-kk, no doubt, Is a very
pretty little stream, though too trifling to lie tho
dividing line; ,s it is, of New fork from West
chester Conntv. It is a fact not generally known
that it takes its- name ajrom the famonsattcrapt of
Stnyvesanfs trnmieter. Antony Van CoiUar, to
swim across it en nyf nVr rfsrcl "In spite of the
devil r The latter peir-onage trinmphed; and;
has commonly been considered master tC the
situation, not to say of tbe rity, ever since.
Eoehaltr Democrat aid Caroslsfe.
- .coiaipcprT-sT wuomlls himself "A Bend
er," and proves hunselt a -spelter" oy tbe use oE
a double "tt" in British, does not aead his trttft
name, bnt we guess it. It baa but three letters,
aadbefinawitb-'A.'' Bottom JranOtr. '
A max -who don't faow anything-will t.lt
tha tot taaaa Wfraat!anaC