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lie m f t&e Mug.
ris the Somisfr of 1756, tbe BritUh army, nsder eotn--,ir5
of Abercronible, li y encamped on tUn eat bank of tbe
Triton PJrer. a little south of the city of Atb-.ii v, awaiting
reinforccmenta of militia from the Ej-atrrn Stat-. pre lona
tniDsrclitaS Pn Ticondervga. Doris--- the month of Jane,
kill rir leriea roared into camp, cotnpanr afUr comnan v.
ten man differently armed, eqntpped and accoutred from
Mi ntirbbor, and the whole preaentios ch a apectacle aa
vu aerer eqcalled, nnlesa by tbe celebrated regiment of
merry Jk F-'ktff Tbeir outre appearance furnUbed
Msf amnaement'to tbe.EriU.li officer. One Dr. Shack
tuTC. as nclih umton. cmipoaed tbe tune of Tanku
neodlt, tuad amnced ft to worda which were gravely d-iU-eatad
to the sew recruits. Tbejofcelk, and the tone haa
ootne down to tblt day. There are aUmloca In anue of tbe
nriM, which indicate that they were aince altered or added
to, to oonfonn to the commencement of the Revolution.
. Father and I vest down to camp,
Alas; with Caputs Goodwin;
And there we aee tbe mm'-, ad boja,
Aa thick aa hatv paddin-.
y ukee Duudlf. luM-p it np,
Yankee Pontile tlnn-Iy;
Hind tb-ran tie and tlieatep.
And with the girla be handy.
And there we aee a thonaasd men,
Aaricba. Squire DatM:
And what ther wasted every day,
I wiah it conld be saved
Tbe "basts tbey tat evervday,
"Would keep a hons a Vinter:
Tliry have a much, tbat 111 be bonnd
They cat It wben they've mind to.
And there was Captain Washington,
Upon a slapping stallion,
A giving orders t his wn
lguess there was a million.
And then, the feathers on his hat,
TbbT looked so tarnal flue-sh,
1 wanted pesklly to get.
To give to my Jemima.
And there they had a swampln" gun.
Large aa a log of maple.
Upon a deaa-d little cart
A load fur father's cattle.
And cTery time they fired it off.
It took a born of powder;
It made a noUe like fatbtr'a gun.
Only a ua.ti.io louder.
I went aa nigh to it'mysclf.
As Jacob's nnderplnnio;
And fathrr went as nigh again
I thought the dence was in blm.
And comin Simon grew so bold.
I thought be woald bare cocked it;
Jt scred me to, 1 hrhiked it olt
And hong by father's pocket.
And Captain Davis had a con.
He kinder clspt his hand on't.
And stack a cmokrd stabbing iron
Upon the little end on't.
And there I are a pnmpkln-bbell,
Aa big as mother's basin;
And every, time tbev touched It of .
They scampered hLe tbe nation.
And there I ere a little keg.
The bead were made of leather:
They knock'd npon t with little ticks,
To call the folks together.
And there they'd fife awav like fan.
And plsv on mrmtalk fiddles;
And mine bad nlilN-ns red as blood,
All bound about their middles.
Tbe troopers, ft, wriubl gallop np.
And fire right iu onr face;
It scar'd me almost half to death.
To see them run such Tares.
Old Uncle Sam came there to change
Some i.inrakeft and wmir unions,
For 1aNMeakeM to carry home.
To git c his wife and joung ones.
But I can't tell yon half I see,
Tbey kept up" Mich a smother;
So I tottk my bJt otf, made a 1-oic.
And M-amperul home to tnothir.
I Drank Home of II."
AtNorth Ailaiu?, Mass., tliriitlicr day, a resolute
constable seized a jar containing somet liinjr, ami
took it before a lnni.strati'. vlicn tlie following
interesting examination took vlace: The attor
ney for tbe prisoner akcil the nni.taliii if he
knewitwasluitinr. He replied. '"Ves, it was rum,
I drank home of it.'' Ihe iiriwmer, a woman, wan
called. "Did ym have any liquor in jimr house
when the State Constable called there!'" " Ves. I
Lad homo in ajar." "How long Ii.id jon had it f"
"About MX months." "Did jouhaeit fur kiiIi-f
"Oil, ho, I don't sell liiiior." "What did von keep
this rum for" "I kept it to wash the lialiv."
" Had you e er w ashed it in this!-' ' Oh, cm; very
often. I used to turn the rum out in a di-Ji, wash
the baby in it, anil then turn it back into the
jar." There was laughter in the court, and the
State Constable declarnUie would seize uo more
rum kept iu a jar.
A TltULY Calvanistic old Lilly declares that
"total depravity is a very cowl doctrine if van
"only 'ire up to it." Another nays, she belieein-
that blessed doctrine, cue knuns the is totally
depraved from the crown of her head to the sole
of her foot, and she "thanlt the Lord for it!" Of
near kin to these dear old souls was another who
said, "The Universalers believe that everybody's
going to bo saved, but ire hope for belter thing!"
The modern woman w hen she has a nail to
drive doesn't wait for her hnsband to come home.
Ske. catches hold of the nail as the would into the
hair of a recreant son, swings the hammer over
l;er head and plunges downward. Then she ties
rip'hcr fingers as well asFliecan, puts on her best
bonnet, and goes over to her mother's for a good
cry. Dalury Xevt.
The Boston Truiucryifcle.irsnpthe Livingstone
mystery in this lurid manner: "If yon would still
believe that l)r. Livingstone i lint stone dead, you
have to believe what Seyd lien M.ijid said to Sheik
Kasib. You mn.t Wlieve Seyd lien to have been
at Tjjiji n'-'l Sheik Ben to have lieen at Unj an
yemlie, while his brother, Abdallah Ben, niUBt
have been at Zanzibar."
At an infant Sunday school the teacher gave
the Bible story of the "Prodigal Son." When he
came to the place where tlie poor, ragged son
reached his former home, and his father saw him
a "great way off," he inqniredwhat his father
probably lid. One of the smallest lioys, with his
fist clenched, said: "I duuno, but I dessay he set
the dog on him."
The Indians have learned tbe "emotional in
sanity" dodge. One .Tames Lane, living near
Trinty Centre, Cal., was shot recently bva treach
erous savage who had gained his confidence, anil,
upon demandingof the Indian the cause for his
act, the latter lioundedofl with tlie rille, crying
out, "Mo heap crazy! Me too much crazy! " Me
too ranch crazy!"
TllE- qnestion at- a country tea party tnrning
npon the impropriety of mixing up cake with a
iuiiii i Diiioi in iiio i!);i-i9, n juti ictiitfinrii 0141
he had sen his mother do it and never drop a bit
of snuff, " Whv. mv son." said the lady, "how can
yon lie sof " Well, mother," he replied, "may lie
yon did drap just a little."
SRfSK np, danghter, and go to tliy danghter.
for thy daughter's daughter has a danghter."
This is what Richard Vemnn, Jefferson Connty,
Ind., set. eighty five, is suppoed to have said to
her i. e. he was lately made great-great-grandfather
by the birth of a daughter to his great-grand-danghter.
Three little Imys were disputing as to whose
father said tin boTtet irro. "Mv fatlwp..v
"1-ord.we thank jou for'thee proiions." Sec
ond "And mine savs. 'Father. ble this fsil to
ns.'" Third 1Q "All. but mine's tlio best of nil.
He shoves his plate up to mamma and sas, 'Hani
ye, fill np.''
Extracts from the papers of rejected school
ma'ams in Ohio: "Tlie food is first masticateil
and then passes through the phalanx:" "Respira
tion is the-.sweating of the body;" "Tlie chest is
formed of two bono, the sternum and spinal cord:"
"Emphasis is placing more distress on some
Tit) Xcw York Assemblymen were walking
down State Street, in Albanv. after the passage
of the charter bill. "I feel." said one of them,
"as if I deserved Tto lie kicked for voting for the
charter." His friend replied. "That's just the wav
I feel myself; let's go up this alley and kick each
A DrTclTVtAN was relating his marvelons escape
from drowning, when thirteen of his companions
were lost by the upsetting of a Imat, and he alone
saved. -"And how did yon crane their fate!"
asked .one of the hearers. "I did not go in mit
der pote,"vivas the Pntchman's repjy.
Tins is the way a western paper goes D. V.:
"She wore a dolly vanlrn. the night when first
we met; her chip' hat. like a ganlen. with posies
ITv was set. A thumping big blonde waterfall,
when next we met she wore; her skirts sprwid
ont from wall to wall, and dnsted off the floor."
TfiE"Fnt Contributor" wmte to Greelev to
know how-to raise a roof. Orreley replied: "Raise
it from the shinsle. selecting dintved shingles,
eight to the pound. Cnt the tops off before plant
ing, and drag them in with a sansage-stuffer."
A, Band,- whieh. serenaded a young married
eonple. in one of our suburban towns, the other
evening, selected a pecnliarlv hanpy and flatter-
Ini, v.;... 1 ..n sr 1 r ! a st.
-,. iwr Known as ine muuiLcy .aiarucu sue
Mrdear.-said almsb.-in.l to his better half.
van will never he pennitted to go to heaven."
WnyPinqnired the wife. " Becanae -yonll be
t'vws-.wrmfaj down IwlowP "5
rf foe farmer.
'vwr '''' ''......i,. ....I,.. ..'
-WHAT K1XXEB IHE ETEBCKEKiVS t
From Maine to Virginia there is a general com
plaint that t ho evergreens have perished. The
discovery was only fnlly made during the month
1 1 y' WDen,,"e f":t, which had been fora fort
night a suspicion, became too plain to leave any
room for further hope. The beautiful arlwr vita,
black sprnces, balsam firs and hcuitocks were
really dead. Everybody says, "Thewinter killed
them." Very iKsjslble. r.at howT "We believo
no section bas suffered more damage iu tho loss
of these hardy evenrree.,. i in this nartofCou-
nccticnt; bntweail know that, in this part of
the cooutry at- least, the lat winter was not a
remarkably severeone. Tli.f tin. evergreens were
not killed by any unusual sexeritvin the cold is
evident euongli. The winter shut down suddenly,
Sd ?r'J'-'" November; ami rontinned ilrj', most
of the time, till soring Tito nhnri of snow
iiciiuiiiciiiiiii ironi 10 penetrate deeply; aim iar
mers in this region were sunirised.in settingtheir
fences as late as the middle of May, Jo find in
some spots nearly a foot of solid rott at the depth
of fifteen or twenty inches, and this after there
had been days of weather 90 degrees in the shade.
But there is no seeming reason for lielieing that
iuc urcp aim iaie contiuned frost had any connec
tion with the death of the evergreens. An ex
change paper (to which we would git e the credit
if we knew where the paragraph originated) has
this explanation of the mjstery an explanation
which we do not wholly accept:
" Kfeett of the Winter on ITardf F.rerfftrni. Tlie
last 'winter has been very trying to vegetation
icre in the eastern states. The absolute degree
of cold has not been remarkable. There have
been winters when the thermometer was mneh
lower and vegetation less injured than it is now.
The hardiest evergreens, like hemlock, spruce and
balsam, have suffered severely. Scarcely any
thing in the way of evergreens but what hasbeeD
injured wherever exposed to the wind. There
have, however, been no w inns of extra severity
this winter, but there has been an nnnsnal ab
sence of moisture in tho atmosphere: it is this
dry wind that has done the damage. We suppose
it is pretty well known by this time that death
in tbe winter operates in two distinct ways. In
one case the water in the plant expandsby the
frost, the cells then burst, as water frozen in a
bottle bursts the vessel. In other cases the
plant has the power to retain beat enough
to prevent tts liquid from freezing, but
these are evaporated faster than tbe partially in
active roots can supply the waste. In this last
case the plant dries up. just as it would do under
a not summers sun. in is is me liiua 01 ueain
w Iiis.li overtakes thee usually hardy things. The
cold dry winds draw out the moisture, and tho
moist twiggy branches perish."
The writer then goes on to argne the necessity
of planting thick-branched and hards hedges, or
trees, all crreit 10 proieci evergreens, iiere in
New England, as is done at the west, from the ef
fects of w inter winds. We lielieve the suggested
precaution to be unncessary, and the theory on
which it is based to be wrong.
Against this theory our -observation goes to
show that it is by no means those evergreens only
which were especially exposed to the wintry
blast, that have perished; we find the reddened
and seemingly tire-blasted evergreens in the most
sheltered parts of cemeteries, private lawns and
the southern edges of woods. On Cedar moun
tain, near Hartford, where there, aro thousandsof
cellars mid other wild eergreen trees, the sight
is as if a fire had swept over the region: and this,
too, in sheltered places, under the lee of the thick
One species of et rrgreen scf ms to have uniform
ly escaped. Whether in private grounds or cNe
w here, the bcaiitifulf'Xorway spruce" comes out
ef this ordeal unharmed. So, also, does the white
pine. The arbor vit.T, the cedar, the hemlock,
and the black spnire,seeiii to be the chief sufferers
and alsint in the order we have named. The
loss, it is said, amounts to millions of dollar; but
there are no means of nrrhing at a correct esti
mate. Xow- is there not a more rational explanation
than any that has yet lieen made public, to ac
count (or this destruction f In the summer of
the ear 1834, then- wa a terrible drought in all
this region of the 1'nited States. Out of that pro
tracted drought the ctergrrens emerged in an
enfeebled Condition; and inJfay, lcUi, many hem
locks, cedars, etc.. win- found to be dying. In
the summer of ISO there was another great
drought, almost as protracted and accompanied by
even greater heat. Ill le71 we had another pretty
dry summer, following directly iimiii the heels of
the severer drought of le70. Tlie evegreens are
first to feel these droughts. They entered upon
the last w intf r like a partially-recovered typhoid
fe er patient, who essays too soon to go to' work,
in an enfeeble condition. They had not enough
vitality to resist the w inter's frost, and they ha e
died. Is not this the most rational explanation t
m mo m
A careful study of the habits of this pest to the
on-hard will establish the follow ing facts, which,
if promptly and vigorously acted upon,f.iu hardly
fail to secure exemption, to'a great extent, from
its attacks. It seldom attacks strong, healthy
tres. but nrefers those that, from bcitor rerelltlv
'transplanted, or from neglect, hae become weak
or Klimiru. niicioun-B 1110 nuiiicu Willi mil.
naked trunks, oxpose.l to the sc irching rays of
tlie sun. the bark becomes thickened and com-
I parati ely inert, and especially so w hen the tree
leans so us 10 rccrnu-iiie um-ci rasoi me sun
during thchottest part of the day. This furnishes
an inviting field for the operation of the Imrrr.
producing w hat are commonly called "snn scalds,"
but wli'uh. a closer examination will invariably
show- to be the work of this insect.
After a can-fill study of all the remedies pro
mised, as also the habits of the enemy, we would
n-comnieud the following as the most effectual:
Mix soap and water to the consistency of paint,
and into this throw any refuse tobacco that can
be pnicnrcd; let it soak for a few dajs, or steep
for an hour or two over a lire, and when cool. ai
ply with a brush to the trunk and larger limbs of
the tree; and rciK-at the same as often as it may
be w ashed off by drenching rains, till alsiut the
first of July. After which, for that year there is
no danger. Keep an eye constantly on the watch
for the intruder, and when his pathway can bo
discovered, kill him by Tunning a wire after him
and nlmrifiiiif ill" his hole with Mian.
A wide, low-spreading top that will completely T
shade the entire trunk, is almost-a sure preen
tive, and if the ground can be kept qmto wet for
two feet around the free during most of May and
June, it is nearly as effective. I lluitratetl Journal
Her. aad the Grapes,
George W. Campliell, of Dc-Liw are, OA in a letter
in the Ohio Farmer, says: "The point which I
wished to establish was whether the honey liees
were justly classed among the grape-destrojing
insects, orwhether they simply utilized the juices
of the grane liv aniiropriating what would other-
"wise be lost alter the skin of the lierries had lieen
bnikeii by some other agency. I have up to this
time been wholly unable to ascertain that they
ever attack a sound, nnbniken grape, and believe
they ha e acquired this reputation only by reason
of being sometimes fonnd in bad company. The
wasp is furnished with a powerful anil efficient
saw-toothed cutting apparatus, with which the
grape skin could be easily abraded ; but this is en
tirely wanting in the honey lieCj whose organs
seeni only suited to the sncfionot liqunlsulMiun
ces. flrapes are often burst by overcniwdingou
the stems, especially if rainy weather sneceeding
a ilniiitti occurs uiioiit tnc linieol riieiiiiig. and
Hasps and other inserts will then be found abun
dant among the vine."
Raise Moke Wheat. We desire to call the at
tention of our fanners to the necessity of raising
more winter wk,eat. The fact tkat most .of our
fall w heat is a total failure argues nothing against
its being raised here as a regnlarcrop. All pieces
put iu last eaon with a drill, will yield a gixsl
return this season. It is no more trouble to raise
wheat than com, and we have three or four of the
best mills in the State, all needing a Imnntifnl
crop of wheat. If onr farmers will only stop a
moment and'figure tin the difference in price be
tw een a bushel of wheat, and a bushel of corn,
they will not le long in comming to the conclu
sion as to which is the most profitable to raise.
All the fall wheat jiossible should be put in this
fall. It'shonld be sown early and pnt in with a
drill. Burlington- Patriot.
fy. in discussing this subject, says:
Hi regard to me yellows in tue peacn we nave
little to offer. We suggested it was owing to the
fungus at the roots, the effects of which pervaded
tbe whole tree. Since then Dx. Taylor, the
micrnscopist of the Agricultural Pepartinegt at
Washington, acting on onr suggestion, has taken
the inner bark of a stem of a yellowed ieach tree,
taken just alsive tbp'gpitimVand fonnd it infes
ted by a moniliform thread-like tnngns, as we
supposed. When the season arrives for getting
in "the ground, he will go to the root of the thing.
Destroyixg Stiiiped Urns. A writer in the
Maine Farmer says that at the first time hoeing
corn he llllts a hoeflll of fine earth on the umiio
pumpkin plants, covering them completely. Tlie
tings leave, and before the plants come through
the earth, are gone past. Tlie pumpkins are not
checked in their growth by this process.
Flowers. A few if only a very few should
be about every farm bouse Thry are pleasant to
ihe children, and to the traveller ns he passes;
and it will promote your own happiness to sec
M Jfaiip 0fc.
bt ruxcis uorxresox.
Hill! Cohnabia, happy bud :
lisil! ye bcruea. Leavm-burn bud.
Who irmzht sad Uod la freedom's caaie,
Who fought sad bled is freedom's ciosa.
And . hen th atcirm of war vaa fione, '
EoJoT'd the peace voor valor won.
Let Independence be onr boast,
Em mindful what It cost:
Ever grateful for the prize.
Let lu slur reach tbe skies.
CnoiC. Firm, tmittd, let ua be.
RaHyinx round our libertr;
Asa band of brnthera JotnU.
Peace and aafrty we (hall find.
Tmrnortal patrlutal rlae once more.
Defend your rights, defend your shore:
Let no rude foe, with imnioua hand.
Let do rude foe. with impious hand,
Invade tbe ahrine where sacred bes. 4
Of toil and bluod the well-earned prize.
While onering 1'eace, sincere ana Just,
In Heaven we place a manly trust.
That truth and juitice will prevail.
And every achtnie of bondage fad.
CBOBCB. Finn, united, &c
Sonnd. O. sonnd the tramp of fame.
And lrt Washington's great name
Kin; thronsh the world with loud applause,
lline tbrouzh tbe world with loud applause;
Let etery dime to freedom dear.
Listen with a joyful ear.
With eUal skill, with cndlike power,
Ur c"rrns in tbe fearful honr
- Of horrid war. or enMes with rase
Our councils in the time of peace.
Cliosis. Finn, nnited. tr.
Behold! the chief who now commands.
Once more to serve his country stands.
The rock on which the storm will beat,
Tbe rock on which the storm will beat ;
But arm'd in vtrtne. firm and true.
His hopes are fix'd on Heaven and yoo.
When nope was sinking lu dismay.
"When gtoom obscured Colombia's day.
Bis steady mind, from changes free,
Bcaulred on death or liberty.
Cbokcs. Firm, united, Ac
TKE. VrAt.-SP.VNUl.ED LnjEL
bt roaxcis 8. ur.
O ! sar, can you ace, by the dawn's early light.
What so proudly we nailed at tbe twilight's hut gleaming I
Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the penlous
O'er tbe ramparta we watched were so gallantly stream,
And the rocket's red glare, the bombs unrsting in air.
Gave proof, thron-h the night, that our nag was still there!
O! say, does that stsr spangled banner et wave
O'er the land of the free, and the home of tbe brave f
On the shore, dimly seen through the mists of tbe deep,
Whero the foe's hauchtv IkmC in dread silence reiwmca.
J What is that which tbe breeze, o'er the towering steeji.
as it uiiuuj uiows. uaii nincnun, nan uisciosesi
Xow it catches the gleam of tbe morning's first beam.
In full clorr reflected, now shines on tbe stream:
Tis the star-spangled banner! O. long mav it ware
O er tbe land of the free, and the home of the brave!
And where Is that band who so vauntinglv swore
That the havoc of war and the tattle's confusion,
A home and a country should leave us no more!
Their bluod has washed out their foul ftwtteipollutiun.
Xo refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight or tbe gloom of the crave;
And the star-spangled lianuer in triumph iloth w ave
O'er the land of the free, and the home of the brave!
O! thus Ite 11 ever, when freemen shall stand
Iletween their lored home and the war's desolation !
KIet with victory and sace, may the heaven rescued land
l'raise the Power that hath made sud preserved us a nation!
Then ennoner we must, when onr cause it la just.
And this be our motto MIn (iod is our trust:"
Anil the star spaugled luuner iu triumph sliall ware
OertheLiudof the free, and tho home of the brare!
IIIMTOKY OF "II All, COLUMBIA."
The follow ing history of the now famous song
" Hail Columbia," (which we publish to-day,) fioiu
the pen of the author, Judge, John Ilopkiusoit,
will be read with interest by those of our readers
who am unacquainted with its history. The au:
"The song was written in the summer of 179S,
when a war with France was thought to be inev
itable Congress being then 'in session at l'hil.i
delphia, deliberating uihui th.it iinnortant snbicct.
and acts of hostility having actually occurtsU
iue contest neiween r.ugi.iu ami r ranee was rag
ing, and the peoplci wen- divided iuto parties for
one side or tho other some thinking that ptilicy
and duty required lis to take part w ith llepMica'n
I'ranee, as she was called, others were for our con
necting ourselves with'Knglauil, under the belief
that she was the great preservative power of good
principles and safe government. The violation of
rights by both belligerents was forcing us from
the just and wise policy of President Washington,
which .was to do equal justice to both, to take
part with neither, but to keep a strict and honest
neutrality between them. The pnisjiectof a rup
titrew ith France was exceedingly offensive to the
portion of the )ieinilc which esjioused her cause,
and the violence of tho spirit of party has never
risen higher I think not so high as it did at
that time, on that question. Tho theatre was
then open iu, our city. Ajoutig man bclnng
ingtoit,whosotalentwas asasinger, wasalmutto
take his benefit. I had known him when he was
at school." On this acquaintance he called on me
in the afternoon, his lieuefit being announced for
the following day. He said he had no boxes
taken, and the prospect was that he should suffer
a loss instead of receiving a benefit from the per
formance; but that if lie could get a n.itrintie
song adapted to the tune of the "President's
March," then the ls-ipular air, he did not doubt of
a full house; that tho poets of the theatrical
corps had lieen trjing to accomplish it, but were
satisfied that no wonls could lircnmposcdtostiit the
music oft hat man-lu I told him I would try for him.
Ho came the next afternoon, and the song, such as
it is, was ready for him. It was announced on
Monday tnimiing, jinil the theatre was crowded to
excess, and so continued night after night for the
resi of the season, the song being encored and re
peated many times during each night, the whole
audience joiniug.in the chorus. It was sung at
night in the streets by large assemblies of citizens,
including miunbcrs of Congress. The enthusiasm
was geueral, and tlie song was heard. I may say,
in every jiart of the United States. The object of
the author was to get up an American tpirit, which
should be independent of, and almve the interests,
passions, and policy of Instil beligerrnts, and look
and feel for our own honor and rights. Not aft
allusion is made either to France or England, or
the qnarrel lietween them, or to which was the
most in fault in their treatment of ns. Of course
the song found favor with both parties; at least,
neither of them coqld disown, the sentiments it
inculcated. It was truly American, and iintbimr
else, and the patriotic feelings of every American
heart responded to if. Such is the history of this
song, which has endured infinitely bevond anv ex
pectation of the author, and lieyond any merit il
can lsiast of. except that of being truly and exclu
sively patriotic iu its sentiments and spirit."
nistory flbc Miar Maaazlrsl Baaarr.
The "Star Spangled Iljnner" has, siuee the dav
it was written, lieen a national anthem. The cir
cumstances under which it was composed by
Francis S.- Key are fully explained in the annexed
article, w hirh we take from the Baltimore Patriot 1
or sjs-pteiAlier '-II. 1BH. The song was-originally
pmcnreil from Mr. Key by the lamented John
Skinner, who handed it to the editor of the Patriot,
Col. Isaac Mminie, and who published it in his
paper thus handing it down to jiosterity. In or
der that all may have it before them once more,
w e re-pnduce it to-day, on the recurrence of the
anniversary of tilt- birth-day our national free
iVowi the Jialtimore Patriot, September 20, 1SU.
the- follow ing beautiful and animating cllusinn,
which is destined long to outlast the cs-casion.
and outlive the impulse which prednced it, has
lieen extensiv ely circulated. In our first renew al
of publication, we rejoice inau opportunity to en
liven the sketch of an j-xplojt si, illustrious with
strains which so fitly celebrate it. This incom
parable song was eomiMised under the following
circumstances: A geutleman Francis S. Kev,
Esq. had left lkiltiniore with a flag of tnice for
the purpose of getting released from the Ilritish
tieet a friend of his, who had been captured at
Marllioningh. He went as far as the mouth of the
i'atuxeiit, and was not lx-rmitteil to return, lest
the intended attack cm ISaltimore should be dis
closed. He was therefore bmngh't up tlie Hay to
the mouth of the I'ata'psco, where the llag vessel
w as kept nnder the guns of a frigate, and he was
compelled to witness the bombanlment of Fort
McHenry, whici, the Admiral bad boasted that he
would carry iu a few hours, and that'the city must
fall. He watched the flag at the Fort thningb the
whole of the day, with an anexity that can lie
bet ter felt than described, until the nieht prevent
ed him from seeing it. In the night he watched
the bomb-shells, and at early dawn his eve was
again greeted by the proudly waving flssr of his
The subject of sympathies and antipathies is
extremely enrions. Itoyle fainted when he heard
the splashing of water; Scaliger turned pale at
the sight of water-cresses; Erasmus became fe
verish when he saw1 a fish. A carious story is
told of a clergyman, that he always fainted when
he heard a certain verse in Jeremiah read. Zim
merman tells of a lady who conld not endure the
feelingof silk or satin, and shuddered wben torch
ing the skin of a peach.
jIefore Paris became mistress of modes, Milan
prescrilied the model of bonnets, hence the name
milliner for the fabrication of the crowning glory
ui n cii urcssca womannooti.
The name "grass widow" is of French origin.
It is derived from the French r-raer. and orirnn-
'. aly meant a widow by courtesy.
StUtful an CttriiMSi.
Tmitit C siii. WstwVahst. J
There are tome iosexrations'ia the London
Lancet which .might be-studied -with advantage
by police) constables. Referring to a case which
lately occurred in Kcw York, in which death
speedily followed the extraction of teeth after an
ineffectual endeavor to administer, nitrons oxide
gas, the ZBst maintains tbat had the patient,
who had fainted from terror, been laid flat on the
floor instead of lieiug kept si au upright position,
she would probably have recovered inn few min
utes; and it then points out the danger of treat
ing syncope byjerect posture, instancing the case
of a poor wouiaif who lately tainted on an English
race-course, and having been placed by a police
man in a sitting posture, was only saved from
death by the accident of a doctor happening to
pass by at the moment and laying her down nntil
she recovered. The public, says the Fall Hall
Gazette, is often moved to a slight display of in
dignation when some one who has committed tbe
offense of being taken ill in the street is put to
death in a police cell; but when it is remembered
tbat many of onr police constables were, perhaps,
agricultural laborers a few weeks before they
were called upon to do duty in the street, and
areas ignorant of the proper method of dealing
with eases of syneojie as they are of Hebrew, the
wonder is that any insensible person who falls
iuto their hands ever survives police treatment.
Even the more intelligent members of the force,
w ho are not in the habit of jumping at the con
clusion that every insensible person "smells of
spirits" and must be drunk, and therefore nse
their liest exertious to restore couciousuess in no
vindictive spirit, almost invanably .prop their
patient up against a pillar, letter-box, or a door
step, having dragged him'or her, as the ease may
be, to that support with tbe assistance of the
ByaarsMia Caa be Cares!.
Sixteen-Mile Stand, 0, Dec.23, 1671. Sovcra!
have asked, and many thousands want to know
how. Just look at the vast array of them, mid
pity as you look" For, of all the miserable, tbey
are the most wretched. I served long in their
ranks, and, like many of them, for a long time I
despaired of release. Hut it came.
Look again at them. See how they resemble,
especially the chronics, dry, w ilted, cold, colorless
goosellesh! What hollow, languid eyes! Take
notice of their dry hair. See them, ghostly, bony,
almost like statues. Observe how reckless their
minds, tormented with wild imaginations. They
sit like a joint of stove pipe.diugcd iu otioueside
aud bent into au elbow, pinching their vital or
gans behind thedinge. Aud they breathe as if air
was scarce, and they had been put on short
I give these prominent symptom Wanse a cure
lies chiefly in removing them. They are great
sinners against nature who strain themselves
into such deformities, i.ml their only remedy is
in repentance aud reformation, lint what dys
peptic has strength of will enough left for the
taskf Whether they eat much or little, it is not
digested; so they had better cat onlv what will
digest. Use no irrataiits. stiimilantC, m,r medi
cines, and Very little driuk. Avoid grease and
sqd.i. lie as cleanly as sssihU Slmiyliltn up,
amlleepttraiyht. lie cheerful. l!p.iiid the lungs
and chest to the utmost, and keen tliclu b. IX
creise freely, nctivelv. and abundantly. Work
all jon have strength for. llreathe abundantly;
enough to bring oj gen to every particle, of IiIimkI.
giving the imwerto wann and cleanse the system,
and the food will digest aud the patient recover.
T. K. U.
'irrawirai-aririsij . nfjijisMaifcrfM-rri--i-MVVr
People are continually complaining of neuralgic
Ii.ii:is. Whenever there is an ache or au nnoiiia
ous kind of erratic pain which seems to be pecu
liar, and too stubborn to yield to common reme
dies which every edd woman suggests, whether
appropriate or not, that is called neuralgia. A
rrcucliuian's definition was quite nsgissl as if it
c.iiue from the most learned physician iu language
that no one could understand, or pronounce cor
rectly if he could. " l)er niiralnj.i like von needle
iu de leg. Wee monsieur, veil dey stick uiioleetlc
jimblet iu de Ilcsli so dat it voiit go iu no more
and (hit's nuralaja."
The difference lutween neuralgia and rheuma
tism is simply this, viz: rheumatism is nil inflam
mation of the fibres of a muscle; neuralgia is sup
poscd to bean inflammation of the tissue or case
which sinniunds a nerve. If injlamed iu the
sligutest degree, it consequently compresses tlie
pulp or substance of the nrrte. therefore tlie
cause is purely mechanical, and sometimes con
tinues a very long time. Khcumatism vieldstn
remedies much more readily. When neuralgia
assumes that dreadful fonn called ticdolorenSr, or
dinarily confined to nerves of the face, it seems to
come by sudden panixvsms almost lieyond tho
power of human endurance. That is "pnibably
due to mental excitation, stimulants, ininrniier.
indigestible food, which quickens the action of
i ne nea n; ami a quicker pulsation forces blood
into the inflamed nerve case, aud that explains
'ct aasl Bry Batatas;.
If any one in these days will exercise in the
open air so that each day he will perspire mod
erately, aud if he will wear thin undergarments,
or none at all, and sleep in a cold nsim, the func
tions of the skin will suffer little or no impedi
ment if water is withheld for months.
Indeed, bathing is not the only way in which
its healthful action can lie maintained by those
living under the condition at present existing.
Dry friction over the whole surface of the liody,
once a day, or onco ill two dajs, is often of more
service than the application of water. The reply
of the centenarian totheinqniry, towhat habit cif
life he attributed his good health and extreme
longevity, that he believed it due to "rubbing
himself all over with a cob every night," is
significant of an important truth.
If invalids and persons of low vit.ililv -trmibl
usediy friction auiiI)r.Frankt.iu's"airbafh',every
day for a considerable Jieriod, we are confident
they would often lie greatly lieuefitted. Clean
liness is next to godliness, no doubt, and a pnqier
and judicinns nse of water is to be commended;
but human lieings are not amphibious. Nature
indicates that the functions of the skin should lie
kejit in order mainly by muscular exercise, by ex
citing natural jierspiratinn by lalsir; and delicious
as is the bath, and healthful, nnder proper regu
lation, it is no substitute for that exercise of the
Issly without which all the functions become
abnormal. Dr. A7colV Fireide Science.
How la Hlerp.
We clip the following from the Science nf ITrnlll
We are often asked for a prescription for pretcr-J
iiuiiiraiiy waKciui persons. J no -uigii pressure"
principle on wnicu many en onr imsmess men work
their brains and abuse their belies, liegets an
irritable condition of the nerves and a morbid
state of tlie mind, very antagonistic to quiet and
refreshing sleep. Such persons will often go to
lied weary and exhausted, bnt cannot sleep; or
sleep dreamily or fitfully ; or lie aw ake fur hours,
unable to sleep at all. We have tried manv ex
pedients to induce sleep, with more or less suc
cess, and have read many recipes which proved
lietter in theory than in practice. The very best
method we have yet discovered is that of count
ing. Breathe deeply and slowly (withont any
straining effort) and with every respiration comit
one, two, three, etc., np to a hundred. Some per
sons will be alecp before they can count fiftv in
this manner. Others willennut ten, twrnty.thirty,
and then forget theinselvCs and cease counting.
In such cases always commence again at once.
v ery tew- person can connt a hundred ami find
themselves awake; bnt, shiaild this happen, re
peat the dose until cured.
Host grind a hoe or a sevthe withont you've
first mounted the old grindstone on frictimf roll
ers, fitted with a treadle, and (lung awav the
crank. Also fit tbe bail of an old bucket to that
paint keg and susirfnd it over tho stone, with a
faucet that will let the water ont bv drops. Do
it, no matter who or what job is waiting; von'll
never lie sorry. I vsns stupid enough tn suspend
my water 'sit over the stone bv a horizantai bar
nailed to two small trees standing close together
by the grindstone. Of course, wben the wind
Jilrw. no trii-penny nail couUl hold those trees
r..... .-....:..... l.... s. ... ..
" o-iioij;, ne. it required two ireas.s nun
a downfall to get the cause of the wreck through
my hair, aud set me to clamping the bar loosely
to the trees with bits of hoop-iron. Such is life.
Light ai veil as fresh mir U neeiled in a nick-
room. Ait know that .anU will not thrive iiia
Cn T..mX. JT- :-t, .1 I , .
iicnii&, fTiiNxiauv iiuniizcinivaii--
crrice, require light a much as plant; not only
liglit.Tiut direct Minligli't. It warmth is pleas
ant, in associate are pleasant, tint it lias other
influences we cannot explain. It aids tbe venti
lation, it warms anil dries the room, and renders
healthful what otherwise is noisonou. The nale.
weak ami bloodless, nnder the direct influence of
a "snn ualn, gains color, .strength ami bealtn.
Not that all are to he exposed to it nnder all cir
enmstances, lint let the room hare a sunn v aspect.
Prize K$an Man. Med. Sotiet).
Todistover spnrioos greenbacks or national
bank notes, divide tie last two fignres of the
nnmber of tbe bill by four, and if one remain the
letter of the genuine will be A; if two rrmain it
will be B; if three, C; and should there be no re
maitider the letaer will be. J). For example, a
mite is registered 2461 ; divide sixty-one by fonr
and yon have one remaining. According to the
rule the letter on the note will 1-e A. In case tbe
rule fails, be certain that the bill is counterfeit
Fbitj mice were ojjee considered a speejfie for
IRON, NAILS, STEEL,
Fence Wire and Staples,
Doty's Clothes Washer, "Wringers.
Tin, Japanned, and Wooden Ware,
Stalk Cntters, Com Planters,
FOR SALE BY
T. T. -t-aZsOZ-t-sriXtS,
At lie c! J Stand of lUil.-y iXr.ycJ,
H&rch 3. 170.
ST. LOUIS TYPE FODILBY CO.,
US raw Street, H. leals. Me.
stancracrcK ass rcarax
Plain and Ornamental Type,
MACHINE AND HAND
PAPER AND CARD CUTTERS.
NE.WS AND BOOK
All aires, of superior quality.
Colorrtl and auilla gaper,
Note, Letter, Cap, Flat Cap, Commer
cial, Packet, and Folio Post Paper,
Plain and Ruled.
CARDS and Card Boards.
Kews, Book, Black ind Colored.
Executed to order in the best stjle of the art.
SEALS 1XD SEAL PRESSES, for Courts,
Notaries and Societies, furnished to order.
8 Umjn otauypattrm fanslthetl at short notice.
f$?- Tbe Old Reliable and Popnlnr Threaplj
ts I'xprrss Koulr
To Saint Louis
AXD ALT. POINTS;
EAST! M)RTH! SOUTH!
NO CHANGE OF CARS
From SL Louis to New M
ii-3 cTsn.nnr-rrii zisszst crsa
THE MISSOURI PACIFIC BAILROAI)
Elegant Day Coaches!
Pullman's Palace Sleepers!
Miller's Safety Platform!
Patent Steam Brake!
CPAa Ksjaipaaral aaraaaalrs" bj aay olhrr
Liar ia tar Wnl.
Try Iti Try It!,
A. A. TAT.JIAOK,
General SuiK-rintenilent, St. Lmil.
. A. FORD,
General Passtnger .cnt, &L Lonia.
Mm -rim. I jnj I ATrmCrwwmrtJai
taat-frerfcila pnAdtmipnmxiMt TftrnlBCi
r-T UstMBpluwa. ate.
TUi U uUMmJai wrt f tw mini u4 t-r-nrt-f.
9rptmrt9tAMmrrm9ftr'iBCw "J" ai-
Hm bbn-Mtlia hr UaM tv art mam&.tmumru
mmmM. CmUItfaft ttwk tl--rwktobft-rpt-k
Ad.mi ifr. HuiA- Xmwgtamtf, -Xa X Cc Bft.
Mftrs srplrlat U is astsrlsss aassfes
tabu ssscrs. sr aslaa ssr sssek ns.
Dr. Bsas csa ss ssassnst. ssaaaslr sr sVaso; sa raa
f aanlam la sis orU, , J.ij S.XIsaja
Look to yqnr Cliildren !
Tfce Great SactMag Smtij.
gUlTftiWff'g tawel. ! ft111 !! tiM lt-
MRS. I KMwn
WsUlXfCs33 &II UaaTtf laCaJcBa U
ftYRCl 1 - rlll'Ma,
wZuTCSlBTja-ad M-nvr Ccofitiula -i-
ir ss4 CaUita s Ssstals Ssassn
His as stsst isfcsir ss a
r.- .x-..-..?- -..rrr".
swJtP tKHssSPW misOaassiiljsfa.
IIS VJ SB Win, aNMM V., DK. IS1II. Sk
THe Only Liis BnuniDii Tiiranzli Cars
HEW YOEI, CHICAGO, CINCINHATI 4 LOUISVILLE
FOUR TBAIXS DAILY!
7:30 A. M. Day Express.
Thrown tnXew'Tork. Clilrajo, Cinriniutl and Louis-Tillf-
DsOj excf pt Sonda-.
1:45 P. M.AccommodatioiL
Fur all Way Stations Dally except Sonda .
6:15 P. M. Fast Line
With rnllman'a Falaer Neepiaa-ar throoih to Xrw
6:45 P. M.Cidago'Exprem.
tnth through Sn-pinx Car Dailr except SstnrUsT.
TtclEtt Office, Xo. ISO X. FsarUi !
, earner Cheatnat, St.
jr, i. JOSXS.
Geal Pass. Arcnt
D. G. GARLOCK,
JIAKUFACTURER Sc DEALER VS
AXP AliOTlUvB ABTICLES
"Wliitc Cloud " -
Krn-airiii-; tloao witli neatneM and illapatc.1. lie rctants
IO'VrEIie. SAW JMULJLj,
mm cloud, kaias.
A COMl'LETE SUITLY, C0XSIST1XG Or'
Sash, Boors, Blinds, Shingles, Lath, &c.
NEW YORK STORE!!
SPKlhfO A J SinTIITISR STOCK just arrived.
JXKTSkT GOODS, CLOTHING,
LABEES' ANB GENTLEMEN'S FUSNISHING G00BS.
Cliesipoi flmii ilio Ciienpo-8t !
AT Till: OLD STAXUOF ItKCKnTTA-SAXItOKX,
WHITE CLOUD KANSAS.
CVTCIL, VVI li-LV"-tII-VE THE tSTOCIC.
A.ril IS. l-72.
TiiB Two fflostSnccessfnl, Popular&Perfsct
OP THE PERIOD
AKE Ot'R VTELL KXOW.-
i IIolli are of I lie NInaplrf Conxlrnc
linn, nnd so WjxhIIj miiniisrtl tliat tTt
Ranrnnlre them to p;i-
.m no iirtt-tr In Ilio honiclstiltl fia si
err n tor intlaenco in liriMnwlIn;! tlir
li rill III, (-otisforl iimsI ti:ipfin-i nii
rumilr clrclf limn !: Conk Storr. If in
Kcnnomr t Avell :ih tot!ri l tzrt liar
TepOll,;au Can rrls-oncetliuc
nMt NuccrMtfnl. Popular nnd Prrfect
CooklntT NIovp i-irr niiidn.
In aalnernn i:plcurr Ilrollcr, yon lire
nltrnya anrr of bavlnc f
Juic'.Tenderfc Delicious Beeeaks,
CIIICKEXS, IIAff, CHOPS, dec.
EXCELSIOR MMOFACTURIM COMPAM,
613 614 J'. KlniR Street,
ST. aLOTJl!?, 3XO.
LIVE STOVE DEALERS,
WHITE CLID, KAHMAJ.
Prints! Prints .r
lO.OOO yards Prints
just .Tceeivcd, all of
latest fepring- styles
and at old prices.
Jprilll.lrti . i".. iNOYES.
PALMER & OETON'S
3M- 3 rV 1XIL I X X,
VEere yon win find a good snpply of
'tTTEsVOTN'O, JJU 1 I a-pxisTO-,
And an tinOsof
FOR SALE CHEAP.
Particular atteation paid to UHnK orders far bills.
PALMES a. 01.TOX-.
TVTiite Cloud, April II, 1SC0.
Now is tie Tine!
And tbe place is at C. "W. "SOYES", to
get a nice suit of Gent's, Boy's or Youth's
Clothes. Goort. tStyles, frtoh gootls, and
KFPT IX UI3 BKAXCU Olf
tlianlvS to hi former patrons. -uidsolidU-sCnntiDuaQre cr
" tJun- 2J, 71.
-June 23, l.
.kX. - bWl - iHVA&fA VUMWi
- - tfSCt-"H30rTSr .
Ia fr ni:-J rarjlrirc to ! Ich 1'. a aClctnt
a-vabiraK.lutp fr r.I'er. I't CM-otmr IiUcto
l-:namllu(-tli A-rio;.! c J i ty.zt'm'mmt
sjtrrel i mrsIiTe rm-rH-tn . .I c!i Veil ls iLrltl'
ctU:oi'ieirnahb Uirn!. J-ir U-alii; ttc tlct,
Vm mre et i lf-. rtratli-il In re r.ct!clne.
s"hsCTlJ-nf I' Is f-l-t Is f-cr-l 1 1 tl.er'catsMlcl'
of n--tiij:l-3,3i:!.c3rT.L:chlt les Un IccnJl
Coughs, iu.1 t:io rvlr itsci T CTourcznt;
tloii, it U s-..ul.i.tlt tie crdlral tcnily. aid
. mihui j ijri, b.
the DIOO.1 ltvitll tatLltl th(-r(,li'hlVji,1rH
lInjpr"Jcrilo", i: a.-rs rl HnKois frcia ito
iDnisrroiiiin'ini iri-a i:roicu,Flrr:pIo
orErniitloiu Jlc-rwicli catcJIIcrrrJlctictf,
and lVii-cJcc:.c-. innioirJ.rnl tltnca trclili
aidasnnal rjin.it;tl. r.tl.T..Ml '
JiaSa!t . lliicMRt, rcrcr Soirs, Lrrl
eiajwa by ha I u I. -in i.rrn-d Ijr lils toKcrtrJ,
If jn f t i'j!I.ctnnr-r. ntlllutot.lsTe nXUm
rpiy t 1. it rcUurUh Ire tin ppcis ta face rr
bidr.fiifat L;a.!acN cr r"n!riis. b-d tato In
moth. Inlrrn-.l heat nr tills sllprrsitd stliU cot
!. 1 ; !!rll. I jlixipjr Rrttodlin. Irrsrc
Ilr app-.-lilc. a-ij limine rrati1. cn are rcCcnnr;
froa Xurii'd t.lrcr cr "lillloosncss.''
la ma.-irca.-cs cf "l.lcr Coroplallit'' cilj
pirt of thesg srraioms ara rxperlrnccL A a rcrcc
djrforsll raca rases Dr. I'icrccs GoJ'rn alrdlral
Discorerr has no njnal. as It,trrr1s cirfttt tnrrs.
Jearln j ho llrer rlmirltieiiot arit I rafltr. For tto
core or tfabllnnl CviiMlpMInn ef tlie IVrr.
.Is it Is nerer fallln- irm!y. ard those ito Uro
i " "' ,!!" varpn am l..od In Iu praise.
iw fiT1"1!?" fi'-r'tlsro'r'-.srd oraiceiiclr.
l?S,f V, r?Ml " ft''h-fr--f all the Citrates for
Jli:.-."!'-n- F"!e rn-pnrtor. at hl Ctemlcai
laijoratorjr. 1 sw, M,r.r.t!rfaio, N. T.
4 jour address tor a paaiDBiet
STEEL RAIL! DOUBLE TRACK!:
BilTK S 01 L I
Hariaa; 87 ( 1 1 3f ilea, and airirio; On Taarc la.
"asiaa; 39 3Iilea, and arriring C Hocaa In ADTaid at
"aria- 77 iite, andarriTing fj Ilotxa ia AcraxcE at
On Taan TUI QuicaiaT.
THE GKEAT mOMJLAWWAY BJUDGES!
rer ac hl Bieeir al Partmaaarar aasl
aTtellatre, ara Caaaplean.
MOEMSG AXD SICHT LHES OP
PqHhh's Palace DrawiB-E & Sleewi Cars
Are raa on taia Roau frssa Ciaeiasati or Coluaaboa ts
BaltiBMire and Wasbln(ton City,
By taia Bout yoo amid ALT. OaDOBTJS TXAXSFESS
. . ' B1 FIOUUES. s-oe
r nViliS"",aTkkrt0a South aad Wear.
L -5- 9 ... J-u wasos.
BalHansra. Md. Balttniurr Vd.
MatKKT JtajJtraCeai j Agti cjtoaj'tTor