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The Indianapolis journal. (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1867-1904, July 11, 1894, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015679/1894-07-11/ed-1/seq-1/

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3 CENTS. tii&?ES&tf&?S&
I'nlr wnil AVarinrr.
An elegant assortment of Men's Colored Shirts,
half laundered, with attached and detached collars
and cuffs, for
That were formerly $2, $2.50 and $3.
Black and Tan Seamless 25c Sox, fast colors,
Open Air When Band Concert at the Orphans' Homo
to-niht. All are invited.
Importers, Jobbers
03, 95, 97 and 99 South Meridian St.,
(Uholesale Exclusively.)
100,000 Grain Bags
Controlling in this market the following favorably known brands:
Frankilinsville, Cumberland,
Rock City,
Nashville, Naomi Flails, Etc.
Prices are lower than ever previously known in the history of the trade
Are now sold only in single cartons, each carton bears our
name as a guarantee of the quality. The stock is a selected
Veal Calf, with side foot linings, both in D. S. and D. 23. and
Tap; tap sole boots have saddle seam. Every boot is warranted
both in workmanship and material. If you have not handled
them write for samples and prices; you will find theGreenhood
a ready seller at a fair profit, and just the boot you have been
looking for. Our 1894 boot is much improved, and is of high
grade, at a reasonable figuro.
JW c K E E & CO.,
Wholesale Boots and Shoes,
Nos. 136 & 138 S. Mt ridian St., 35 & 37 McCrea St., Indianapolis
Is as good as thrown away on a poor ice-box or
gas stove. We sell guaranteed goods.
Has no equal in any respect.
Are ttie best stoves made.
We are making prices that will make you buy.
lHDIAEPOLlslmrrTrMTralili Meridian St.
International Convention
'r CI, ED
At Cleveland, Ohio,
July 11-16.
Thr IIIht Four U the OFFICIAL
ItOlTi: from Indiana anil llllnoln.
M'UCIAL TllAI.X will leave Indlunup
olU Wednesday July 11,
t 11:X A. 31. mid rnu through to
-'levrlimI, reach In; there nt 7UO 1.
31., mnkliiK entire trip by daylight.
Hates from Indianapolis, $8.23 for ' the
round trip. Tickets will be so! J for above
special and ail regular trali-J of July 9,
I'J and 11. pood to return until July 31. A
further extension to Sept. 15 may be se
cured by depositing tickets with joint
agents at Cleveland. For further particu
lars call on I.. J. Kirkpatrick, Kokomo;
Harriet J. Wlshard ?nd C. J. Duchanan.
Indianapolis; al?o. Bit? Four ticket offices.
No. 1 l-Iast Washington street, Zo Jackson
Place and Union Station. Indianapolis.
H. M. imONSON. A. G. I A.
Tbe Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton R. R.,
"With their CAFE DiXINU CAR SLUVICE, ami
FIVE Trains eaoii way, uaily, U the most delightful
route betwetu
Indianapolis and Cincinnati.
IT you wai t to enjoy remfort anl luxury, take this
SUPEKli HOUTK. 'Iklut i2ce, corner Washing
Urn ami Meridian Mirt-et.
(Louiavil'.o. New Albany & Chicago l!y. Co.)
The Yestibaled Pullman Car Line
No. UO Chicago Limited, Pull
man Vestibule! Coaches, par
lor and Dining Cars, daily 11:50 a.m.
Arrive Chieag. f:30p. m.
No. 2t-ChlcaKM Night Express.
Pullman Vefctibuled Coaches .
and Sleeper? dally 12:"5a.m.
Arrive Chicago 7:40 a.m.
No. 10 Monon Accommodation.
-dally except Sunday 4:00 p.m.
No. J Vestibule, daily jp,m.
No. S3 Vestibule, daily a. m.
No. 9 Mono;i Accommodation.
daily except Sunday 11:10 a.m.
Pullman Vestibule Sleeper for Chicago
stands at west end Union Station and can
be taken at 8:20 p. m. dally.
For further Information call at Union
Ticket Office, corner Washington and Me
ridian streets. Union Station and Massa
chusetts avenue.
84 Kant Market street.
Tbe Indianapolis Warehouse- Company
Muoey alraitreil on i.nii:iiiii.nt. Iesfitr-I re
rripi nieu. No :;.) tn .;; miCTII I'tN.NhVL
Va N Ia M IILtT. Tel. p!i.n 1 MA.
Wagon wiiiiAT 5i
3Z2 West,Wa8lugtoa street.
Another Fruitless Effort to Save the
Assassin's Neck.
CHICAGO, July 10. Justice Bailey to-day
refused to grant the writ of error and su
persedas that would stay the execution of
Prendergast until his insanity trial could
be reviewed by the Supreme Court. The
Justice concurred with Judge Payne in his
views of the law, and while he admitted
that there were errors In the case he did
not think they .aere material enough to
warrant his interference with the verdict.
Two last efforts will be made to-morrow to
save the life of the assassin. Attorney
Darrow will go to Springfield and plead
with Governor Altgeld for a commutation
or the death sentence. Attorney Gregory
intends to come into court with un appli
cation for a writ of habeas corpus. The
grounds for this meditated action lie in
the errors which counsel for Prendergast
say existed in the original trial.
Conferee Making No ProKrea.
WASHINGTON. July 10. -The tariff con
ferees adjourned after being together for
eignt hours until 10 o'clock to-morrow. It
was stated that the discussion was being
marked by great stubbornness, and that
neither side had yet yielded in the least
on any of the main issues involved. The
general understanding that the Republican
conferees should not be admitted has now
advanced to a definite decision. Up to the
time of adjourning no time for making
a report had been agreed to, and the de
termined stand of each side gave little
indication of an early report. It was also
communicated to members of the commit
tee that Speaker Crisp would probably b
away for the rest of the areek at the bed
side of his sick brother, and this was a
further reason for deferring even n pre
liminary report until next week. Sensa
tional reports of a "row" in the conference
were current here, due. it is believed, to
the unyielding insistence of the opposing
sides, which has prevented them thus far
from reaching any material settlement.
Ohio Toun Partly llurned.
ST. CLAIRESVILLE, O.. July lO.-Early
to-day lire broke out In Wilson's restaurant
and in four hours damage to the anjount
of J2U0.000 had been done. There was no
means of fighting the blaze, and it quickly
spread to Umstead's hardware store, then
to Kedmyer & Vancuren's grocery, Alex
ander's drug store. Horner's meat market,
Gillar's saloon. McMlllen's Jewelry store,
Darr's Jewelry store, Conkk's bakery and
the Gazette oilice. All were destroyed, with
contents. The fire stopped only when it
could find nothing more to feed upon. The
entire business portion of the town Is wiped
"SuHpeeta with I iiniut te.
DENVER. Col., July 10.-W. W. Hope
and Jack Welch, after repeated endeavors
to have an Interview with P. II. Moffatt.
president of the First National Pank.
were arrested this evening. Upon being
searched at the police station one of them
was found to have eight sticks of dvna
mite in his pocket. It is supposed they
intended to extort money from Mr. Mof
fatt or blow up the bank building. Th
men say they are prospectors out of funds
and only intended to ask Mr. Moffatt for
some money.
Horned on n Hnrae.
SOUTH HAVEN. Mich.. July 10. The
steam barge Michael M. Koss was par
tially burned while lying in port to-day.
Frank Smith, aged eighteen, son of the
captain and owner, was burned to death.
Charlts Connell, chief engineer, was prob
Mv f a tally burned. William Smith and
W illiam Leroy were seriously burned. The
loss is placed at $7,000. with no insurance.
"Hut" Shea to We ,,- Ulectrlclty.
TROV. N. Y.. July 10. Partholomew Shea,
who killed Robert Ross In a riot on the
municipal election day, was to-day con
demned to death by electricity during the
week of August 21.
Dr. W. A. Hammond Anlnml Kxtrncta
Celebrine, for the brain; Cardlne, for the
heart; Testlne. Ovarine, etc. Two drachms,
Henry J. Huder. Indianapolis, or
Columbia Chemical Company. Washington.
Debs, Howard, Keleher, Rogers
anddjrs Indicted.
First Four Charged hy tho Federal
Grand Jnry at Chicago with Con
spiracy and Obstructing: the Mails.
Taken Into Conrt and Their
Bonds Fixed at 810,000 Each.
Sureties Fonnd in the Persons of Alder
man Fitzgerald and William Ska
kcl, and the Leaders Released.
And Locked Up in the Court Sale
by Attorney Milchrist.
Bitter Protest by President Debs, Who
Violently Denounced the Seizure of
His Papers as an Outrage.
Strong but Impartial Statement
of the Laws in the Case.
What Constitutes Insurrection anil Con
spiracyIiightg of Employes and
Leaders of Labor Organizations.
CHICAGO, July 10. Slowly but steadily,
calmly and certainly, as befits the supreme
power of a great nation throughout all that
wide stretch of its domain where evil dis
posed persons are taking advantage of an
exceptional Industrial condition to incite
violence and bloodshed, the federal govern
ment is moving to the accomplishment of
that for which Its powers were delegated
to it by the people, the preservation of or
der and the safety of life and property. At
Chicago, in conjunction with the State and
municipality, It has already brought peace
out of the condition of lawlessness which
prevailed last week. At San Francisco, Sac
ramento, Los Angeles and various points
in Colorado and Washington, where the un
ruly are crying havoc, it has let loose the
dogs of war In token of its intention to
have peace, even If it has to fight for It.
. In this city, the military arm having ac
complished Its purpose, the Judicial arm to
day tcok up the orderly course of Its duties,
which include the fixing upon the guilty
parties the measure of their crime and the
fitting of the punishments thereto. The first
step in this procedure was the assemblage
of the federal grand Jury and te deliv
ery of the charge to It by Judge Grosscup,
as set forth in extenso elsewhere in these
dispatches. That It is the intention of the
national authorities not to be turned aside
from an exhaustive inquiry into the ques
tions which it has undertaken to pass upon
by mere technicalities was evinced at the
outset by the brusqueness with which it
swept aside the plea of privacy and privi
lege which the Western Union Telegraph
Company, with a due regard for the privacy
of the messages of its clients, was forced
to put in when the Jury caned for the mes
sages from President Pebs to the members
of his order which had been transmitted
over its lines. The court held that public
safety was paramount to private rights, and
so ordered that the dispatches be pro
duced. That it is the Intention of the gov
ernment not to be too long about the work
in .hand was shown from the fact that the
footsteps of the telegraph ofiicials who had
brought the dispatches had scarcely ceased
to echo along the corridor leading to the
grand jury room when that body filed into
Judge Grosscup's court and announced that
it had found a true b'll of inutctment.
Tending the arrest of the person thus put
under the ban of law, his name remained
unrevealed, and the public was allowed to
draw its own conclusions from all the prem
ises and such preliminary data as it had
at hand. That President Peb3 was the man
none doubted, and subsequent developments
Justified the belief.
Touching the outlook for the future,
outside of Chicago, it may be si Id that to
day's dispatches were almost uniform in
tender to the effect that normal conditions
had already been restored or that they
were rapidly approaching that st-Ue, and
there setms no reason at this writing to
suppose that the progress toward a com
plete resumption of trade and trafTTc will
meet with any serious check as the com
ing days shall succeed each other. In other
words, it does not seem possible, with all
the forces of law and order as now arrayed,
with its leader put to his o.vn defense at
the bar of justice, with its ranks begin
ning to be depleted by desertions, and with
the strain It has already endured, that the
American Railway Union can ral'y its
forces for a struggle which must needs be
long and discouraging at best. Apparently,
therefore, Its only hope of flnal triumph
lies in aid which it hopes to get from
union labor outside of its organization. As
this is being written the order for all
classes of labor In Chicago to go on strike
to-morrow morning is being promulgated,
and It is expected that that of General Mas
ter Workman Sovereign, of the Knights of
Labor, calling on all members to strike
and all who sympathize with the Pullman
strikers all over the country to come out
with them Is expected to follo.v quickly.
How generally these orders will be obeyed
Is problematical. To a great extent their
effect has been already discounted by
the stagnation of business, and It is known
that some of the longest headed of the
labor leaders themselves believe that ac
tion has been postponed too long to be ef
fective. i.dicti-:u ami aiihi:sti:u.
Deb, Howard, Keleher, Hotter anil
.Mnrtvlu to lie Tried.
CHICAGO, July 10. The federal grand
Jury, after receiving the Instructions of
United States Judge Grosscup this after
noon, returned Indictments against Eugene
V. Pebs, president of the American Rail
way Union; George W. Howard, its vice
president; Sylvester Keleher, secretary; and
I W. Rogers, one of its directors, and
shortly thereafter the four men were ar
rested. They are charged with conspiracy
to commit an unlawful act that is, to
block the orocrejw of the United States
malls. Joined In the Indictment with the
four leaders of the railway union was
James Murwin, the Rock Island striker who
threw the switch which derailed a mall
train at Blue Island on the night of June
50. Debs, Howard, Keleher and Rogers
were taken Into the office of District At
torney Milchrist Immediately after their ar
rest, and after a few hours detention were
released on ball by Judge Grosscup, their
bonds being $1&000 each.
The federal '.grand Jury spent but a short
time on the case of Debs and the other
leaders of the strike. The case against
them for conspiracy had been prepared
some days ago by attorneys Milchrist and
Walker, and the grand Jurors had been at
work two hours when the indictment was
ready to be presented in court. It was
based on some of the public utterances
of Debs and the other leaders, and this
was clinched by the original orders in
writing sent out by Debs directing men on
the different railways to quit their work,
thus stopping the running of mail trains.
A large number of telegrams sent by Debs
from his headquarters, giving directions
which extended the blockade of the trains,
were submitted to the grand jury by E. M.
Mulford, manager of the Western Union
Telegraph Company, under a subpoena is
sued by the United States court, Judge
Grosscup overruling ' the telegraph com
pany's protest that the messages were priv
ileged documents and exempt from seizure.
Mr. Mulford had left the grand jury room
but a few minutes when' the grand jury
filed out and walked into Judge Grosscup's
court. Foreman Sanborn handed to the
court the indictment, which was at once
taken to the office of the district attorney.
Marshal Arnold and a deputy were sent
out with warrants. Shortly before 5 o'clock
Marshal Arnold returned with President
Debs as prisoner. Debs was taken into
Mr. Milchrlst's private office. He was ac
companied by Theodore Debs, his brother,
who was with him when the arrest was
made. There were in the office when the
heed of the American Hallway Union ar
rived as a prisoner Edward ilker and Mr.
Milchrist, and these were ton joined by
Judge Grosscup, who had been sent for to
take ball. Debs sent his brother out to look
for bondsmen, and, while waiting for his
friends to appear, sat with the Judge, the
two attorneys for the government and the
marshal who had arrested him, while the
door of the office was locked fp all comers.
It was not long until Deputyt Logan ap
peared with Keleher, the secretary. In a
short time Theodore Debs returned with
attorney L. R. Risoee, who had been re
tained to defend the prisoners. At 6 o'clock
Deputy Logan appeared with Rogers and
Vice President Howard. The latter was the
only one of the four whose face bore traces
of anger or resentment as he was taken
into the back room. The others took their
arrest calmly.
It was after half past 7 o'clock before
Clerk Rurnham appeareu and the bail bond
was legally accepted. The bondsmen are
Alderman William Fitzgerald, who qualified
to the sum of $230,00, and William Skakel,
who qualified for $50,000, the bonds being
in the sum of JIO.OOO each. It was some
time later when the formality of signing
was completed and the Indicted ones left
the building in company with their bonds
men. Marshal Arnold found Debs in his apart
ments at the Leland. when he took him
Into custody. The strike leader was sit
ting in an outer room, which he used as an
office when the marslvl sppeared, and
there were several persons with him. When
the marshal introduced himself Debs
stepped back Into a.i Inner room, asking
the marshal to go with him, and then the
marshal showed his warrant.
"I am ready to go with you," said Debs,
with apparent cheerfulness, as he walked
into the outer room and reached for his
hat and walking stick. "I have been In
dicted and arrested," he said to those who
were in the office, and without any further
remark he hurried away with the marshal.
While the bail was being arranged, at
torney John F. Geeting joined the party in
the district attorney's office. He was re
tained by the Railway Union officers on
Monday evening to assist in their defense
in case they were arrested. Mr. Geeting
said that the defense of the men will be
directed by Clarence S. Darrow, who Is
the attorney of the union. The Indictment
against Debs, Keleher, Howard, Rogers and
Murwin Is founded on Sections 5503, 5509
and 533G of the federal statute.
While waiting for bail to be arranged.
Debs, In an interview, said: "We have
been placed under arrest to answer to an
Indictment found against us by the fed
eral grand jury, in which we are accused
of conspiracy, to commit, and of com
mitting offenses against the United States
by obstructing and interrupting the malls
of the country. Our bail has been fixed at
$10,000. We do not know when the case
will come to trial. Since I have been
brought here I have been Informed that
officers of the court have gone to our
headquarters in the Ashland Rlock and
taken my personal correspondence and
some other records of the A. R. U. I
don't know by what right this act has been
committed. It seems to me to be an In
famous outrage. Not only did they take
my personal effects and papers, but car
ried with them my unopened mail. I have
never heard of that before in this country,
and I don't wish to speak further about It
until I am Informed by what right the
act was committed. In Russia and not out
of that country have such things been
done. It seems like the act of the Czar of
Russia instead of the act of a free coun
try. The seizure was made by an officer
of the court and a postoffice official. I am
not running a lottery, and I cannot under
stand under what law the postoffice au
thorities are a party to the seizure of my
private mail. It Is an outrage, and you
call this a free country? It seems to me
not to be compatible with the stars and
stripes. It Is no longer a question of
richt In this country, but a question of
force and absolute force at that."
"As to the arrest I have absolutely noth
ing to say. We have not committed any
offense or crime. We are responsible for
cur acts and will answer at the proper
time and abide the consequences. The ar
rest will not deter us from our work. We
will go on just exactly as we have done.
If we 'ere to do differently it would be
an admission that we have been In the
District Attorney Milchrist, when ques
tioned alxmt the seizure of the effects of
Mr. Debs, said: "These men were arrested
on a subpoena ducestecum. a perfectly leea!
operation, whereby they are commanded
to bring with them everything appertain
ing to their business. In this case we have
a corporation to deal with the American
Railway Union and the effects of that or
ganization can be brought into court on a
warrant of the kind Issued to-day. These
men were indicted as officers of their or
ganization, for offenses committed as such
officers. The records of the organization
are subject to the command of the court.
It Is not an unusual proceeding In this
court. Only recently when .ve were trying
the railroads for violation of the inter
state-commerce laws we issued the same !
process. When the officers went to the J
office of the union none of the officials were i
there. Under the subpoena they
had a right to take the effects of
tCoatluucd on Jsecuud 1'ucr.)
Proclamation hy General Master
Sovereign to His Followers.
All Knights of Labor Requested to Quit
Work and Show Their Sympathy
for the A. It. U.
And Vorkiiimen Asked to Re
Luke the Arrogance of Capital.
Somewhat Bombastic Appeal That Is
Intended to Widen the Breach Be
tween Employer and Employe.
He Still Thinks the Railways Will
Be Forced to Give In.
Wild Talk by Howard, Who Says "We
Have the General .Managers Licked
Off the Face of the Earth."
He Does Not Believe the Knights
Can Create Trouble.
No Disorder Reported at Chicago Yes
terday Passenger Trains Moving
Regularly Sew Men at Work.
CHICAGO, July 10. Knights of Labor
throughout the entire country have been
called upon to strike for the cause of or
ganized labor. General Master Workman
Sovereign issued an order late this evening
to all members of the organization to
cease work until the conflict originating In
the strike of the Pullman employes shall
have been settled. Following is the text
of the order:
"To the Knights of Labor of America,
"A crisis has been reached in the affairs
of this Nation that endangers the peace of
the Republic. Every fibre in our civil
structure is strained to the breaking point.
The shadows of factional hatred hover
over our fair, fair land with terrible fore
bodings. The arrogant lash of superiority
is beinc applied by the corporations with
relentless fury and the chasm between the
masses and the classes is growing deeper
and wider with each succeeding day. If
peace Is restored and this Nation saved
from acts repulsive to the conscience of
all Christian people there must be wise
action and that quickly.
"Sincerely beneving that the flames of
discord are being purposely fanned by the
railway corporations at the risk of the life
of the government, I take the liberty to
appeal to you, and through you to the
conscience of the people, to lay down the
implements of toil for a short season and,
under the banner of peace and with patri
otic desire to promote the public welfare
and the power of your aggregated numbers
through peaceable assemblages, to create a
healthy public sentiment in favor of an
amicable settlement of the issues growing
out of the recent strike of the Pullman
employes; and you are further requested
not to return to your usual vocations until
a settlement of the pending trouble is made
known to you through some authentic
"In the present strained relations be
tween corporations and their employes Is
Involved a principle near and dear to all
Americans the right of labor to present
Its grievances to the owners and represent
atives of corporate capital. The Pullman
Talace-car Company refused to arbitrate
the differences between itself and its em
ployes on the ground that cars were built
below cost, and, therefore, there was noth
ing to arbitrate. But the conclusion of
every unprejudiced mind Is that If such
were the true facts It could have nothing
to fear at the hand of an arbitration com
mittee. But the Pullman company goes
further In its autocratic policy than a re
fusal to arbitrate. It has refused to join
with the business men and the Board of
Aldermen of Chicago in a committee to
discuss the question as to whether chore
is anything to arbitrate or not, and behind
this autocratic policy stands the Managers'
Association of the railway corporations,
backed by the United States army as the
aiders and abettors of this social crime.
"Suppose .the Pullman company had In
vited organized labor to arbitrate and or
ganized labor had declined the invitation
and refused to discuss the question as to
whether there was anything to arbitrate or
not. It is needless to say a wave of pop
ular Indignation would obliterate every
labor organization from the face of this
country, and no more could be formed for
the next fifty years. The stigma of such a
position would follow every name con
nected with organized labor to the grave.
But in the present crisis the corporations,
whose wealth has been created by labor,
take the position that they are prior and
choke their creator. Like the brigands of
old, they rob the laboring masses and em
ploy the s.vord and the bludgeon, and set
up a throne on the bones of the vanquished,
and declare their divine light to rule over
the balance of mankind.
"The Pullman company claims that not
withstanding the wages of their employes
were reduced to the starvation point, there
Is nothing to arbitrate because cars have
been built at a loss, yet it neglects to state
that the stock of the company has been
watered three times over, and that the
company has not only been able to pay its
regular dividends on water and all, but
that its stocks have long been and are at
the present time at a premium on the stock
markets. Mr. Pullman cries poverty to his
starving employes and then retreats to his
princely summer mansion on Pullman's
Island. In the St. Lawrence river, and wires
the business men of Chicago that he has
nothing to arbitrate. Like a Nero, he
laughs in luxury, while devoted martyrs
"If the present strike Is lost to labor It
will re-tard the progress of civilization and
reduce the possibility of labor to ever
emancipate itself from the thraldom of
greed. The dignity of labor and all the
victories won In the past are nt stake In
th3 conflict. I beseech you to be true to
yiur obligations ia this hour of trial. Court
the co-operation of the generous public.
Stand firm "and united in our common
cause and the victory will be one of peace
and prosperity for the faithful.
"General Master Workman."
All Knights of Labor assemblies In Chi
cago were notified by the district master
workman to take action on the plan
adopted at the recent labor confererice, all
members being adjured to maintain p. ace
and order.
Acldre from Deha.
CHICAGO, July 10. Eugene V. Debs.
president of the American Railway Union,
to-night Issued an adJrcss "To all striking
employes and sympathizers," urging them,
in view of the serious phase the strike has
assumed, not only to refrain from acts of
violence, but to aid In every way in their
power to maintain law and order. Mr. Debs
predicts that the stoppage of work will be
come general, asserting the people are
with the strikers. who, he says, are
merely contending for justice for their fel-low-workingmen.
"The responsibility for
the grave situation that confronts the coun
try," continues Mr. Debs, "is not with us.
Strong in the faith that our position is
correct and our , grievances just, we can'
afford to await patiently the final verdict.
Then the wrong, wherever found, will be
rebuked and right will be enthroned."
McHride Invited to Meet GomperM.
COLUMBUS, O., July 10. John McBride,
president of the United Mine Workers
of America, received to-day the following
telegram from Samuel Gempers:
"A crisis in the industrial situation of the
country is at hand. It behooves us to en
deavor to bring order out of what threat
ens to become chaos. The executive com
mittee of the American Federation of La
bor will meet at the Briggs House, Chicago,
at 10 o'clock Thursday morning, July -12.
You are cordially requested to meet us
there. If your presence is impossible have
a representative without fall."
McBride, having just returned from Chi
cago, says he Is very tired.
President McBride, when asked to-night
If he contemplated calling out the miners,
replied: "I have no authority to call out
the miners. The constitution V2sts thi3
power in the executive committee. Any
opinion I may express on this point is sim
ply a personal one." It is understood that
both President McBride and Secretary Mc
Bryde are opposed to ordering out the men,
and no meeting of the executive committee
has been called to consider th3 matter.
Xew York Knight 3Iny Obey.
NEW YORK, July 10. A meeting of Dis
trict Assembly No. 43, Knights of Labor,
was hell to-night. It was a strictly secret
session and lasted until midnight. Early
In the evening a committee was sent out
to notify all the local assemblies in the
city to obey the order to strike in case it
was made. Secretary Murphy said If
Grand Master Workman Sovereign had
issued the order calling out all the Knights
of Labor throughout the country it had
not yet reached New York, but the knights
proposed to be in readiness should the
order come. The order claims a member
ship of fifteen thousand in this city.
o,MM Will Quit nt St. Lonlii.
ST. LOUIS, July 10. When General
Master Workman Sovereign calls cut the
members of his organization five thou
sand employes in St. Louis will walk out.
There are 227 trades and labor unions ;n
St. Louis under the Jurisdiction of the
American Federation of Labor, and twenty-three
assemblies of the Knights of La
bor, embracing the musicians, garment
cutters, brewery employes and tobacco
Mnater Workman Cohen In u Hurry.
OMAHA, July 10. District Mastor Y.'ork
man Cohen, of the Knights of Iabor, v.ill
to-morrow call out all members of his or
ganization In Omaha, South Omaha and
LI ? coin In uccordancj with orders from
General Master Workman Sovereign. It is
lflieved the Union Pacific men will refuse
to obey the order, although Coh?n expresses
confidence that 5.000 to 6,000 men will walk
out in three cities.
Tliinkn IIIm Clinneen of Winning tbe
Strike Are Ileiter Xow,
CHICAGO, July 10. President Debs, of
the American Railway Union, when seen
late this evening by a-representative of the
Associated Press, said: "I think our chances
of winning the strike are better now than
they ever have been, and I do not see how
we can lose. The laboringmen all over the
country are coming to our aid In such num
bers and in such a hearty manner that we
must soon win out. I was never more con
fident than now. Pullman will be forced
to arbitrate within a few days." The mat
ter of his arret Mr. Debs declined to dis
cuss in any way.
This morning President Debs said that
the industries of Chicago would be com
pletely tied up by to-morrow morning. Mr.
Debs made this statement: "This trouble
has gone beyond my control completely,
and beyond the control of the railway
union. It is possible that the committee
which seeks to settle the trouble by arbitra
tion may be able to do something, but I
very much doubt It. It certainly looks as
if a gigantic strike were sure to comf. So
far as the cause of the American Railway
Union is concerned, things looks brighter
to-day than ever. The 'Strike is on, and
there is now no violence. That is what we
have mostly feared the depreciations of
mobs who are really not connected witii
our struggle. With so many companies of
militia here, though, iiere will not be
much violence. The greater strike is prac
tically sure to come now, but I hope It will
be conducted peaceably and quietly."
'The Only Tblnjr That Cnn Prevent n
General Strike.'
CHICAGO, July 10. Vice President How
ard, of the American Railway Union, said
to-day that the union was through with
attempts at arbitration. A general strike
would take place to-morrow. Mr, Howard
"You know v.e have got the general
managers licked off the face of the earth.
We had them flat on their faces more
than a week ago and they know it. They
said then, though, and it has been their
policy since. 'We are helpless to do any
thing in this matter.' Let them go ahead
and tie up everything until the whole busi
ness of the country is prostrated and then
we will see if there is not a general up
rising to put down this tiling. The sug
gestion that I made was that the general
managers had telegraphed to Washington
asking Congress to pass a law declaring
Pullman, the Pullman Car Company, all
their c?.rs and works a public nuisance
which can no Ion re r be endured, but must
be suppressed immediately, ind ordering
the railroads to desist from the use of
Pullman cars, which are a nuisance the
disuse to continue pending a congressional
investigation into the cause of the whole
trouble. If the general managers would
send such a telegram as that then we
would consent to postpone ordering a gen
eral Industrial strike pending the result of
the investigation. This is the only thing
that can prevent a general strike."
General Mile' View of the Situation
nt Cli Iimi no.
CHICAGO, July 10. General Mi, state 1
this evening that in hi opinion the situa
tion was generally quieter and that no re
torts of violence had come to his depart
ment during the entire day other than the
burning of the bridge across the Calumet
river. "Incendiarism, assassination and
general destruction are usually the? last re
sorts of lawless men," sail the Crneral,
"and a few such acts cs thes? may be
expected until we catch a few of the of
fenders and punish th?rn. 1 hardly look
for any great trouble to come o it of the
general strike, tor, when one stos to
ligure, he will find tha th -r? arc about
fifty thourand organized laijorers In the
city. On th' other h'.nJ, in Te are fu'.ly
Z''J-'JO men who work for their mop. y who
will certainly ikf--ri 1 their gov.rn:-.:tnt. tl:"ir
hemt's and the'r mors f !i v:iot 1. S.,
even in a hand-to-hand fia;ht Aith all or
ganized labor on orn s-!de un l only citizens
cn the other law-abiding people would have
a great chance. This, of course, leaves
out cf consideration the military forces
and they are cf course of rnre consequence
than all. being armed and trained in the
art of warfare."
United States troops from Fort Niobrara,
Ntb.. arrived In the city to-day over the
(Contluucd on Second rage.)
California Strikers Still Threat
ening to Fight the Troops.
Nearly Two Thon&aud Armed lion at
Sacramento Reported to I?e Keady
to Inaugurate a War.
Steamers Loaded with Regulars
Left San Francisco Yesterday.
Gatlinff and Hotchkiss Guns Aboard and
a Well-Kuowii Fighter In Com
mand of tho Force.
Five Hundred Landed from Vcs
sels at Mare Island;
Troop of Cavalry on Both Sides of tha
Hiver to Prevent Guerrillas Fir
ing on the Steamers.
The State's Forces at Chicago Dis
cussed by Governor Aitceld.
Strike Situation Throughout tho Conn
try First Violence at Cleveland
Trains Moving: Freely.
SAN FRANCISCO. July 10. There ara
many conservative men of affairs here who
fear and believe that to-morrow will de
velop a desperate conflict between federal
soldiers and the striking A- R. U. men end
their allies. The seriousness of the situa
tion is shown in the warlike precautions
that the army authorities have taken. Up
to 11 o'clock this morning the federal au
thorities had made every move In secret.
At that hour the big ferry fteamer Ala
meda steamed out of the Oakland mole and
steered to the Presidio wharf. At 11:13 the
steamer had effected a landing and there
was all the noise ami bustle of a hasty em
barkation of horses and Infantry. Two
troops of cavalry and five batteries of light
artillery were rushed on board. Catling
guns and two Hotchkiss cannons were In
evidence and Colonel Graham, commandant
at the Presidio, was personally In command
of the expedition. The Alameda, with her
formidable looking cargo, steamed directly
toward the mouth of the Sacramento river,
but so guarded had the army authorities
been that it was not known until she en
teral the river channel whether her destina
tion was the State capital or Oakland. It
13 not probable that the troops can be
landed at Sacramento before midnight.
The publication of President Cleveland'i
proclamation caused intense excitement ir
Sacramento, but this afternoon when it be
came positively known that Colonel Craharc
and his soldiers, to the number of thret
hundred, were already en route to reinforct
the State troops at the Ftate capital tin
excitement there became wild. The strik
ers grew loud in their threats to resist
any further attempt to clear the railroad
yards and depot, and their leaders loudly
proclaimed that the Southern Pacific com
pany would not be permitted to move lti
trains. Nor were the hostile demonstra
tions confined to talk alone. Armed mca
soon appeared on the streets. As if in
preparation for tattle they transfcrrel
their arms and ammunition from their
storehouse in J street to their headquar
ters nearest the railroad yards. No at
tempt at concealment was made. The Ftrlk
ers marched boldly through the streets,
bearing the weapons on their tdiouMers.
and they were loudly cheered by hordcj
of sympathizers. It Is claimed that tha
A. II. U. arsenal holds at least 1.CW rifles
and shotguns and quantities of ammunition.
The strikers who came in on the train
seized at Dunsmuir brought in over two hun
dred rifles which they collec ted at Dunsmuir.
IU1 liluff and Sisson. Another train from
Truckce brought in guns and ammunition.
This afternoon a number of strikers were
practicing with the riflea on the Yolo side
of the river. There are now over thrt
thousand of these strikers In Saciamento
to resist the federal and State troops.
Flushed with their victory over the United
States marshals and police on Tuesday
last and a complete victory over more than
a thousand militiamen on the following day,
they are in just the mood to rcfclst tha
United States regulars to-morrow.
The steamer Alameda with three hun
dred soldiers from the Pre.ddio arrived at
Mare island this afternoon and took out
three hundred marines.. Then the Alameda,
steamed around the point and the rrxa
were transferred to two Sacramento river
steamers which had -been lying in wait.
One troop of cavalry was landed on each
bank and will march to Sacramento as an
advance guard. General Graham, while at
Mare island, received orders from "Wash
ington directing him to proceed to Sacra
mento and leave the conduct of the whole
campaign to his discretion. It Is thought
the strikers wi'l attempt to interfere with
the progress of the troops, but as each
boat carries Galling and Hotchkiss guns
an attack from the strikers on the river
Is not feared and the guard on fhore will
prevent offensive operations there. There
was some idea of transporting troops
from Vailejo by train, but as Foon as the
strikers at South Vailejo heard they were
coming they killed all the engines, ditching
one and ?piked the switches, thus effective
ly blocking the track.
This afternoon the crew from the
Charleston. Monterey, Thetis. Marion an1
Independence were landed at Mare Island
fur riot drill. They comprise ubout live
hundred men and will leave for Oaklanl
In the face of the general preparation of
the strikers for resistance, the attitude of
the locomotive engineers Is attracting at
tention. Itepresentatlves'of the brotherhood
waited on General Superintendent Fillmore
at Sacramentft this morning, am', announced
that they were ready to 'return to work at
a moment's notice. Superintendent Fi'imore
promised to notify them if he decided to ac
cept their services.
At all points in the -Mate, Kave Sacra
mento, and possltly Oakland, events, hav

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