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.TUE IHDIANAPÖLIG JOUHHAL, SUNDAY, SEPTEIJBEIt 23, KCl.
lutlon (of 1TS0) have worked upon the minds
of the more ignorant part ol the industrial
urban population as alcohol works upon a
feeble brain. The ancient respect for au
thority has been turned into a blind hatred
of authority. Political liberty, widely ex
tended in mo?t countries of Europe, has
r.ot bettered the condition of the industrial
class as it was expected to do. Power still
remains largely in, the hands of the rich.
The luxury of the new rich, which Is much
in evidence, excites more envy than did the
luxury of the titled grandees of last century'-
Thu3 there is. la larse sections of the
Industrial urban population of continental
Europe (for the conditions of Britain are
quite different) a sullen sense of wrong
and an angry longing for change, which,
in the. more excitable or criminal mind,
rises into a sort of wPd fury against all
exisMng institutions, aüd especially against
governments as the repressive powers
which are deemed to hold the people down.
CAUSE AND REMEDY.
Add to these facts the now almost uni
versal habit among the urban population of
reading and the excitement maintained by
the constant diffusion of news and the
removal by the press of the veil of stately
obscurity which used to conceal the per
sonality of rulers from the eyes of subjects,
add all these things together, and it will
be seen that the spread of what we called
anarchistic principles might well have been
predicted for the criminal manifestations
associated, whether rightly or wrongly,
with those principles, the number of per
sons with more or less disordered brains
Is so large and Increases so fast that wher
ever there Is a widely diffused excitement
one must expect it to break out, in fierce
cr vicious natures, into savage crime.
Buch natures do not ask themselves, "Of,
what use is the crime, and how will It
bring any nearer the overturn of estab
lished Institutions which we desire?" Ar
gument Is lost on them, as the fear of pun
ishment has proved to be.
For the last ten years or more the gov
ernments of continental Europe have been
busying themselves with schemes for deal
ing with the evil, but they seem to get no
further. Six or 3even years ago, after the
öynamlte outrages at Barcelona, the Brit
ish government was invited to join In some
severely repressive measures, but In Brit
ain, as in the United States, the settled
maxims and rules of law and administra
tion make it Impossible to take the kind
ct arbitrary action which 13 permitted in
tnost continental countries. Nor do those
jwidcr police powers which continental gov
ernments command seem to succeed, for
the evil gees on. It Is even possible that
greater severity might aggravate. Never
theless, one cannot but regret that capital
punishment has been abolished in Italy,
and cannot but stand astonished at what
has happened In Belgium, where . Sipido
lias been allowed, through the weakness,
lirst of the jury and then of the admin
istration, to escape scot-free. Perhaps
there is nothing to be done but see that
every assassin receives punishment and
wait patiently till the epidemic dies out
tof itself, as other epidemics of crime and
folly have done before. New conditions
liave engendered it, or have at least ag
gravated the tendencies to iL "When those
conditions have themselves become modi
fied, it, too, may decline and disappear.
But it Is one of the most depressing fea
tures of the closing century; one of the
most painful proofs that the hopes of rapid
human progress which were so rife in thtj
world forty years ago were too sanguine.
London, England, Sept. 12.
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.
What are the sources of paraline?
Petroleum and a; mineral wax called
"Who was the discoverer of gold In Cali
fornia in IS is, and of what nationality was
he? M. T. R.
James Wilson Marshall, a native of New
"What are the comparative weights of
Xtdlk and water? M. ilc.
The specific gravity of cow's milk is 103,
water being taken as 100, and of goafs
jr.ilk is 104.
How many living children has Queen
Victoria? 2. Whom did Princess Beatrice
Six. 2. Prince Henry, of Battenberg, who
ied Jan. 20,
How is meerschaum polished? W. C. D.
The rough meerschaum is scraped, dried.
Kcraped again and polished with wax. Pipe
towls, after turning and curving, are boiled
In wax and polished with bone-ash or
Are all peaches of the clingstone or free
stone varieties? Are there not sorts that
come half way between? C. R.
The two classes grade into each other.
borne sorts, most of them early ones, are
cutrlght clingstones in ordinary or dry
teasons, but in a wet season become near
What are the weights in grains of all
"United States coins of current coinage?
Double eagles. 516; eagles, 25$; half eagles,
J23; quarter eagles, 64.5; these are gold. The
silver coins are dollar, 412.5; half dollar,
122.9; quarters,. 6.45; dimes, C5.5S. The
Ulckel weights 77.1S, the cent, 41
How are piles sunk hydraulically? P. B.
A pipe Is so fastened to the pile that It
jvill discharge water at the lower end of
the stick. Water forced through the pipe
2oosen3 the sand so much that the timber
kinks of its own weight. When the pipe Is
withdrawn the sand soon becomes compact
about the pile.
"V r- T-
Doef a deer shed his horns every year?
Yes; the deer's antlers are soft at the
ptart, and until they attain Tull growth,
which is in about three months, are per
meated by blood vessels. Then the circula
tion of blood stops, the 'velvet is rubbed
.off against trees, and in four months or
to the antlers are broken out or fall off.
Why do workmen who dig in caissons of
bridge piers have to be subjected to great
air pressure? T. C. K.
There must be pressure of air in th?
caisson . to keep the water out, and the
pressure must be increased with the in
crease of depth .of vrater. One hundred
feet below the water level the pressure
reeded Is forty-five pounds to the square
inch in addition to the normal atmospheric
pressure of fifteen pounds to the inch.
How many divisions does the caste sys
tems of India create among the inhabi
tants, and what are they? V. H.
The four great or regular castes are
the Bnihrnin, or priest; the Kshatriya, or
"warrior; the Vaisya, or farmer, and the
Sudra, or slave. Then some two scores of
lew castes of recent origin are recognized.
Each oZ these tome from the growth of
a new Industry whose followers gradually
are taken to constitute a new social order.
. "I" -T-
, Will you tell something of the life of
ilaud Balllngton Booth? T.
She was the daughter of Samuel S. Wal
worth, a rector of the Church of England,
who had charge of a parish In London's
Eist End. Opposite hla church was Will
lam Booth's mission. When seventeen
years old the went to Paris and did mis
sion werk with General Booth's daughter
Catherine. After two years of this she
returned to Lcndca &nd Tlrlttd cities
throughout the United Kingdom. She
helped in inaugurating the Volunteers of
America in March, 1SSG. She married Sept.
IC, 1SS5, and now lives In dontclalr, N. J.
Will you tell something of the life of the
black crickets ?-J. H. M.
Crickets live singly in hermit fashion in
little burrows that they dig for themselves
and from which they seldom stray far.
They are timid, generally peaceful among
themselves and toward other insect3, and
very retiring, especially during the day.
They are herbivorous, but are known to
eat dead animal matter and to prey on
other soft insects.
What countries are Included In the Latin
Union, and what Is Its purpose? C. I.
France, Switzerland, Belgium, Greece
and Italy. It is an alliance formed in 1SG5
for the purpose of establishing and main
taining uniformity in gold and silver coin
age. Roumanla, Bulgaria, Servia and
Russia have also adopted the system In
part, but have not come into the union.
It provides for coins of like weight and
fineness, though they may differ In narr.s.
What is the significance of the expres
sion "university extension?" S. C. A.
A system for extending the advantages of
university education beyond the limits of
the universities. Instruction is given by
the regular teachers of the university, and
i3 by lectures by classes held In places
adjacent to the university, and by corre
spondence. The scholars may be those of
usual college age who cannot attend the
university's regular courses, or older per
sons who wish to continue studying, as
college graduates or teachers, and those
who wish to take up especial branches.
Please give the following as recorded
by the government observatory in Indian
apolis: The highest degree of heat and the
lowest degree of cold, with dates. 2. The
highest and lowest degrees of this year
with dates. 3. The highest average tem-
perture for the summer months with dates.
4. The average for the summer just past.
5. The longest continued hot spell, with
average temperature and date. 6. Highest
degree on Aug. 8, 1900. Anxious.
101 degrees, July 10, 1SS1, and Aug. 12, 1881;
22 degrees below, Jan. 3, 1879. 2. 94 degrees.
Aug. IS; 7 below, Feb. 25. 3. 77 degrees,
year 1SSI. 4. 73.2 degrees. 5. July, 1893;
twenty days above 90; for the month, 90.04
degrees. 6. 92 degrees.
What States did Cleveland carry In his
first election, and what were his electoral
and popular majorities? 2. What were
these particulars at his second election?
Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Dela
ware, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky,
Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri,
New Jersey, New York, North Carolina,
South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia
and West Virginia. His majority of elect
ors was thirty-seven, and In the popular
vote he lacked a majority, but had a
plurality over Blaine of 62.6S3. 2. ' In 1S92 he
carried all of the foregoing States, Illinois
aryl Wisconsin, eight of nine electors in
California, live out of fourteen in Michigan,
one of two in North Dakota and one of
twenty-three in Ohio. His majority In the
Electoral College was 110, his plurality over
Harrison, 132; and in the popular vote he
again failed of a majority, but had 080,810
Was the French detective Vidocq the
great genius some make him out to be?
No, rather, he was more of a scamp than
a capturer of scamps. As a boy he robbed
his father and ran away. After a spell
of vagabondage he entered the French
army, then deserted to the Austrians, later
serving again in the French forces. Next,
discreditable life brought him sentence to
eight years In prison. He escaped before
the expiration of his sentence, and soon
was employed by the Paris police in a
grade of spies that Included many toughs
and convicts. After entering business and
failing he established a bureau for the re
covery of stolen property, but was com
pelled by the police to give it up,
and until his death lived In obscurity
and poverty. His name has been con
nected with almost countless fictitious
adventures, but his memoirs are considered
unreliable and even their authorship is
T "V "V
Where is the magazine East and West
published? 2. Name two weekly publica
tions giving book notices. 3. Give some
royal rule for the compounding of words.
4. When will Nicholson's "Indiana Au
thors" appear, and what is his present ad
dress? 5. Please publish a poem by Bry
ant, one line of which reads "Far by Ohio's
mighty stream, bright star, I've worshiped
the." L. A. R.
At 36 West Seventy-fifth street, New York
city. 2. If you mean weeklies devoted en
tirely to literary matters, reviews, etc..
we do not know of any since the New York
Critic became a monthly. Such weeklies as
the New York Independent, the Outlook,
Philadelphia Saturday Evening Post, Pub
lic Opinion, Methodist Advocates, Chicago
Interior, etc., give some Epace to book re
views. 3. A m.-tnual. prepared by F. H.
Teali, and published by Funk & Wagnalls,
is accepted by many as authority. 4. This
fall;he title of the book is "The Hoosiers.
1110 High street, Denver. Col. 5. We do
not find a poem containing this line in the
edition of Bryant's "Complete Poems," at
(Prepared for the Snndny Journal by
nn Old Practitioner.)
Much space ha3 been given in these notes
to the comparative Isolation of consump
tives and the fresh-air treatment. It may
seem to the general public that too much
stress Is laid upon these factors by sani
tarians, but the conditions, as they usually
exist, are forcibly shown by Dr. Raw, of
England. As a rule the consumptive Iii
looked upon by his friends and relatives as
hopelessly stricken, and he Is, therefore,
given the best room In the house, from
which all fresh atr Is religiously excluded,
the windows even being sealed down, and
every method taken to render the air im
pure and overheated. In addition the pa
tient Is overclothed with heavy woolen
clothing, and loaded down, when in bed,
with blankets and comforters. All of these
are conditions In which consumption flour
ishes. As a rule those afflicted are young,
and naturally attract much sympathy, but
much of this sympathy, in its expression,
la of the klndness-that-kills kind. There
may be drugs that may cure consumption
or alleviate some of its manifestations, but
the only cure known to be such is fresh air
and sunlight, with proper environment.
The time Is not far distant when consump
tives will be provided with suitable Sana
toriums In every country and state, not
for the close confinement and life quaran
tinement of consumptives alone, but for
the early treatment and cure of the young
cursed with this baneful disease. Instead
of the legend popularly supposed to express
the fate of those who enter the portals,
"leave oil hope behind," will be written the
cheering greeting, "hope on and be assured
of life, ye who enter here." To build and
maintain such Sanatoriums Dr. Phicque, a
French physician, recommends an addi
tional tax upon alcohol, which he believes
is perfectly Justifiable, since alcoholism is
one of the great factors In the causation of
Some so-called tafesu&rds against dis
ease are In reality traps for disease. Come
faulty rawer-trips are an cxaxnpls ct this.
Much more common, however, is the filter,
often placed on the cold water faucet with
the idea that it catches various germs,
good and bad, and organic matter that
may vitiate the water. These are. In
theory, good, but In practice, bad, for thvy
are actually filth traps of the worst de
scription. In experiments made by the
Buffalo Health Department water drawn
from these filter-protected faucets ' was
found teeming with bacteria and actually
contained more germs than unflltered
water. The danger of drinking filtered;
water was shown to be seventeen times
greater than that of drinking unaltered
water. The filters, at best, clarify the
water, making It beautifully limpid, but
they are veritable germ-breeders, the more
prolific the longer they are used. Any old
filter, according to the public idea, will
Improve the quality of the water, but this
Is a most dangerous fallacy. Other things
being equal, a reversible filter Is the best,
since it is occasionally washed clean If
folks will take the trouble to turn it. Per-.
haps as efficacious a filter as any, at any
rate a simple and inexpensive one, is to
make a bag of flannel and tie It around
the nozzle of the faucet. Two, at least,
of these should be made, and the one
should take the place of the other while
it is turned Inside out, washed and boiled
every day. Such a filter will catch in
jurious matter contaminating the water.
and if changed daily will not serve as a
neat and breeding place for offensive germs
and decaying matter.
At this time of the year the daily papers
have their usual notices of death from
mushrooms a most horrible death, by the
way. These are always accidental, a case
of mistaken identity for which there Is
really no excuse. By addressing the De
partment of Agriculture, at Washington.
books and colored charts descriptive of the
edible and poisonous fungi may be ob
tained which will enable persons to dis
tinguish tho good from the bad. It would
also be a good idea if these charts m were
displayed in schools and other places where
they would make an impression, but unless
the person collecting these fungi has con
siderable experience this nutritious and
palatable dish should not be Indulged in.
Even the edible mushrooms are only safe
In their prime, as they are prone to de
velop poisons in decaying, so they must be
consumed as soon as possible after gather
ing. It Is also important that the mush
rooms be free from grubs and larvae of
flies and other insects.
Briefly stated, the following are the gen
eral rules by which edible fungi may be
distinguished rom poisonous ones: ' Re
ject all which become dark when bruised;
all that have an unpleasant odor or taste;
all that have a very thin, slender stem,
a turn-down collarette, white lamallae, or
whose tcps are studded with white or gray
wart-like excrescences. Some of the most
delicious mushrooms have some . of these
qualities, but they arc common to the pois
onous ones. Woody and corky fungi are.
of course, inedible. The surest way to
avoid error Is to get someone well ac
quainted with mushrooms to point out the
edible varieties and confine yourself to
such as you know are safe. They should
be gathered after the dew is oft the grass,
and should not be too far advanced in
growth. The poisonous effects of poisonous
mushrooms do not, as a rule, appear Im
mediately after eating, but only after sev
eral hours, and the worst effects occur be
tween thirty-six and forty-eight hours after
eating them. The symptoms reach their
height very rapidly after the onset, and the
patient usually passes away rapidly, al
though In some cases he may linger in
agony for five or six days.
Burghart, In an article In the Berliner
Klinische Wochenschrift, gives a valuable
resume of the treatment of consumption.
Fever Is combatted with rest and cold ab
lutions, with pyramidon, quinine, or phena
cetlne as drugs. Night sweats may be
checked by sponging with water, aromatic
vinegar, or water with a little citric or
tartaric acid in solution. A 1 per cent, men
thol solution or 10 per cent, of formalin
and 3 to 4 per cent, of peppermint oil
in alcohol is also efficacious. Pleuritic
pains In the chest are relieved by mus
tard plasters or by a felt splint. In ob
stinate cases morphine may be given cau
tiously. Much stress is given to the pre
ventative treatment by hardening the sys
tem when there is a predisposition to
phthisis. Outdoor life is recommended,
with abundant sleep and proper, generous
diet, with plenty of meat. Burghart es
pecially recommends sugar as of value as
food, and prescribes nearly seven ounces
of beet or cane sugar dally. Alcohol may
also be used in small quantities, but It
may be dispensed with if desired, as it is
not an essential element in the treat
ment. Dr. Stone, in a very humane article re
garding the treatment of the insane, says
such patients require exercise and fresh
air, and that occupation of some kind is
very useful. Change of scenery is pood for
most patients, but travel Is r.ften harmful
on account of the excitement and irregular
habits of eating and sleeping. Many cases
can be treated in a well-ordered home, and
in most cases the home treatment should
be thoroughly tried before removal Is de
cided upon, provided thero 13 no homicidal,
suicidal or destructive form of mania. ' The
patient's room should be a pleasant one,
convenient to the ground, and a careful
nurse should be with the patient constant
ly. Aside from the disgrace always asso
ciated with an asylum, which Is always a
bitter memory and reproach to those who
have been temporarily insane and re
strained, incarceration in an asylum seri
ously affects the mind and spirits of per
sons who recover.
Various forms of medicated food haye
been suggested at times, such as laxative
raisins for children, etc., and the manufac
ture of these is comparatively simple. Of
late years many experiments have been
made to discover and make practicable
some organic form of Iron which should
be assimilated more readily and with less
disturbance to the system than the various
salts of Iron formerly in vogue. Kobert
has discovered a method for causing hens
to lay eggs rich in Iron, and In time, no
doubt, the bloodless and weak patient will
take his nourishment and medicine at the
same time in a raw or properly cooked egg.
A laxative fruit salt having an agreeable
taste is composed of bicarbonate of scda.
3 ounces: cream of tartar, 5 ounces; Ro-
chelle salt, 2 ounces; tartaric acid, 1 ounce;
sugar, lit ounce; oil of lemon, 20 drops; oil
of orange, 10 drops.
Cascara sagrada is a popular laxative,
but in Its crude form It Is Intensely bitter
and nauseating, and causes griping. The
following elixir is free from these objec
tions: Finely cut cascara bark. 6 parts;
alcohol (CO per cent.), 12 parts; Malaga wine
(California). 50 parts; simple syrup, 25
parts; distilled water, sufficient to make
In remittent fever and other malaria
troubles the following, known as Baccell's
mixture. Is credited with remarkably rapid
cures: Sulphate of quinine, 45 grains; ferro-
tartrate of potash. 2 drams; Fowler's so
lution, 25 minims; distilled water sufficient
to make 13 ounces. The dose is from ons
to thres tableipoonfuls dally.
L. N., IX. D.
FOR FEMININE READERS
THE ADVA5TACU OF THE COURSE
DLWCn OVER -"FAMILY FEED."
College Training Out of Favor with a
Certain Fushlonable Class A
Trade for "Women. ' ' -
A man may be rich and Increased In
oods and yet keep, the safe path to heaven.
says Marion Ilarland, in the Philadelphia
North American. Ills wife may wear pur
ple and fine linen, and both may fare
sumptuously every, day, yet live godly and
bober lives and Inherit everlasting life.
A statesman may take a glass of wine
at a friend's .tableland yet hold fast to
his integrity, and deserve the confidence of
It is entirely possible for the ascetic to
be as worldly-minded as the epicure.
.This preamble was provoked by the talk
of two men who sat behind me xn a subur
ban train this afternoon. One, judging from
bis dress and 'Intonations, was a minister.
I fancy he would not like to be called a
"clergyman." The other took pains to re
mark that he was "a self-made man." He
capped the remark by asserting that he
"did not give in to worldly vanities, al
though he could buy them what practyzed
such three times over."
He was, furthermore, of the opinion that
"the country is going to the dogs all on ac
count of the sinful extravagance and fol-de-lols
of women who think men are born
for nothing but to provide them with fine
ciothes and fine furniture and to keep them
In style." He had "no manner of patience
witn new-rangled notions like course din
ners and the like. Plain roast, b'iled and
tried, with a vegetable or two and a slice
of pie at 1 o'clock In the day, was good
enough for him or any other American
"Seems as if the Nation never will learn
righteousness, even when judgments are
abroad in the land. We've lost one Vice
lTesident through abominations like course
dinners. They do say he eat eighty-odd of
em hand running."
If such stuff were not current eossln. and
had not been repeated in so-called respect
able newspapers, the tale might better be
passed over in silent contempt.
ine great national loss so flippantly re
ferred to by our self-made plebeian is too
fresh in our minds to allow us to laugh the
absurd charge out of court. One solemn
editorial to which, by the way, the clerical
companion of the unworldly passenger re
ferredheld up the eighty-odd consecutive
course dinners as a warning to a nation
that is making haste to be rich and luxuri
ous. The editor, the clerical indorser of the
admonition and the purse-proud "plain
man" who has no manner of patience with
sucn worlely vanities one and all devour
365 consecutive dinners every year. The
worianness ergo, the sin of the tunction
lies in the arrangement of soup, fish, meats
and sweets in regular courses according to
rules prescribed by dietetic and social laws.
Such a meal, according to our customs,
verges upon immorality. The family feed
With groanings of spirit I recall a
Thanksgiving feed to which I was one set
down. A genuine old-fashioned (hence al
together laudable) Thanksgiving dinner.
When my plate reached me the mountain
ous contents almost touched my chin. Im
primis, roast turkey, stuffing and gravy;
secundus, four kinds of vegetables, includ
ing cabbage and turnips; tertius, cranberry
rauce, pickles and currant "jell." A simi
lar collection confronted every one of the
ten iredestined caters. Eight out of the
ten bent him and herself to the task with
energy that "cleared the dish," and, for
aught I know, "licked the platter clean"
before I could disengage a bit of the brown
bird from its incumbrances. Then every
body had a second help. When "time" was
called for plum pudding, mince and numn-
kin pie all eyes stood out with fatness.
ii came to me like a revelation. In recall
ing that awful "gorge" 'while my pursy
neighbor discoursed, that, he imagined the
obnoxious eighty-odd course dinners, hand
running, to be equivalent to that number of
family feeds. In which case I fully
acquiesce in his objurgations. The mortal
was never created Jack's Welsh clant no
exception who could survive the undertak
He may never see this pace. The prob
ability is that he never casts his lordly eye
upon a woman s department. There may
be others who require to be told that it i3
more healthful, as well as more seemly,
to partaKe leisurely of many harmonious
littles than to gobble a promiscuous whole.
The smooth sequence of courses any one,
or two, or three of which the diner may
refuse if he will is the friend, not the
enemy of digestion. It promotes appetite
and satisfies it in an orderly fashion. The
eater rises content and comfortable from
the table over which he has lingered for a
social hour, filling the "waits" with cheer
There is all the difference between 'such
gracious ceremony and the business-like
"bolt" of the family feed, that we see in
the leisurely slp3 of the humming bird from
flower to flower as compared with the gulp
and gorge of the bloated toad.
Women an Jlookbindera.
New Orleans Times Democrat.
"One of the prettiest occupations in the
world for a woman nowadays," said the
representative of a well-known art publish
ing house, "is the binding of books. Of
course, one must have considerable artistic
taste In order to acquire the craft, but ar
tistic taste is not so rare at present, and
there are scores of girls wearing their lives
away as clerks and teachers who could be
come skilled binders with little difficulty.
The methods pursued by an Individual
worker who aims to produce unique effects
are entirely different from those of a big
modern bindery, and the trade can only
flourish In great cities, where there is a
large and wealthy class from which to
draw patrons. The art binder uses very
few tools, and the entire outfit consists of
half a dozen instruments, shaped like bod
kins, a heavy leather pad, a wooden mallet,
a paste pot, some needles and waxed thread
and a supply of gold leaf. The whole col
lection costs only $3 or $1. and every detail
of the work is done painstakingly by hand.
Such craftsmen make a specialty of bind
ing fine books In such a way as to add to
their beauty and value. The volumes they
operate upon are generally new, because
old and rare books are, of course, preserved
in their original covers, and great pains are
taken to make the binding harmonize with
the contents. Not long ago I saw a copy
of Watson's 'Hymn to the Sea and Other
Poems,' which had been rebound by a
young woman who has a shop, or 'studio,
as she calls it. in Chicago. The material
used was very dark morocco, and the
tcoiea nesign represented sprays of sea
weed. The inside of the covers, which to a
connoisseur are Just as important as the
outside, were ornamented with a small
figure of a starfish in gold, scattered Ir
regularly over the surface. The effect was
exquisite. She got $G5 for binding that
book, and worked at it, off and on, for a
month, but she had at least half a dozen
others in hand at the same time. There are
two other women binders in Chicago and
five or six in New York. They all have as
much work as they can possibly, do."
Laces In the. Laundry.
New York Evening Sun.
The time for putting up lace draperies Is
again at hand. Not all housekeepers realize
how easily and successfully their lace cur
tains may be laundered at home. When
ever It is possible it is far better to have
them treated to the domestic cleansing pro
cess than to send them to the cleaners, for
they are too often torn and destroyed when
sent out to be washed. Even delicate, fine
curtains may be put through the following
process without injury. Put them Into a
tub of cold or tepid water with no soap
or washing fluid, and let them soak over
night. In the morning pass them through
the wringer, folding them so that they will
not be pulled out of shape or stretched.
For the next step prepare a suds of tepid
water and pure white soap and work the
curtains up and down In this until the soap
and water penetrate every part. Rubbing
the curtains Is. of course, out of the ques
tion. Wring them out once more. Do not
wring them by hand, but either pass them
through the wringer or squeeze them be
tween the palms of the hands. The next
water should bo clear rinsing water, from
which the curtains should pass, to the blu
Ins water. The bluing and starching
should be combined Into one atep. Add
1 csma liquid fciua to cold water and add
Is showing his stock of imported woolens
for tailor mades; also an exclusive line of
art silks, satins and fancy materials for
party, dinner and reception gowns, car
riage and opera wraps, with trimmings es
pecially designed for him. You are in
vited to call and inspect the same at
"The Residence," 837 N. Delaware St
Appointments Made by Mail or Telephone
One Ring on 97-4.
boiled starch, enough to make a very thin
starching fluid. From this water pass the
curtains once more through the wringer
and stretch them out on the frames. It is
far better if the frames can be placed in
the open air and In the sunlight while the
curtains are drying, but If this is impos
sible, and if the frames themselves are not
at hand, pin the curtains out on sheets
stretched over the carpet. Each point
should be carefully pinned out and the cur
tain left with as even an edge as may be.
Open the windows and let In the out-of-door
air while the lace dries. t
The proper way to launder a white lace
veil is similar to that of washing. curtains.
The veil need not be soaked over night. In
stead, begin by putting it into a strong
latner of white soap and clear water and
letting It simmer slowly for fifteen or
twenty minutes. Remove it from the
water and squeeze it well, but do not rub
It. Rinse It In clear cold water, then in
water with a drop or two of liquid blue
added. For starching use either very clear
gum-arabic water or rice water. Pass the
veil through it and clear it by clapping.
Then stretch it out and pin it to dry on a
linen cloth. When dry, lay a thin piece of
muslin over it and iron It on the wrong
Lace edging is not at all beyond the skill
of the home laundress. Those who have
made the attempt declare that the sum
mery gowns that are trimmed with black
lace edging are not unpleasantly affected
by the wash tub, and that the black lace,
far from being ruined, looks well after
ward. Black lace should, however, be
dried far from the fire and heat of any
kind, as it is likely to turn it rusty. Black
lace, not on a dress, may be dried by plac
ing it on a dry towel, stretching it out,
then covering it with another dry towel to
absorb the moisture. To wash white lace
edging, a very good plan is to stretch it
out on a piece of muslin cloth and sew
in into place. Now put the lace, muslin
and all, into a good lather and let it boll.
Rinse It in clear water and put it in the
sunlight to dry. When thoroughly dry, cut
the stitches and the lace will be as good
For the Brlde-to-IIc.
New York Evening Post.,
If you have fears (which, by the way, are
entirely groundless) that a bolero or Eton
will go out of fashion before the season is
over, why not have one of the new Russian
blouses to complete your traveling cos
tume? To reassure you regarding short
jackets: One of the most celebrated furriers
Is having both bolero and Eton models
made up of every sort of expensive pelt
sable, seal, otter and even ermine and of
combinations of fur and cloth, velvet with
fur accessories, satin and panne, etc. Re
serve skirt trains for house and evening
gowns, and by all means have the skirts
which are to be worn out of doors made
without even the troublesome "dip" at the
back. There are wholly new autumn skirt
designs that clear the ground that are,
nevertheless, very graceful in effect. Pink
and pale tea-rose yellow are very fashion
able colors for bridesmaids' dresses, and
the beautiful creped satins are highly fa
vored materials. These are more expensive
than most of the grades of either plain
satin, peau de sole or crepe de Chine. Real
lace berthas, Jeweled pins' and boxes of
natural flowers, matching the various tints
of their gowns, would make very elegant
gifts to your bridesmaid and maid of
honor. For your mother a gown of a pink
ish shade of mauve or one of silver bro
cade, with lace garnitures, would prove ex
tremely becoming. These are, of course,
quite the conventional colors, but there are
no others that just take their place. Black
velvet is very elegant, so also are gowns of
white lace or satin, but objections have al
ways been made to black at a wedding; and
at a recent midsummer marriage the slen
der, handsome mother of the bride was
quite severely criticised for attempting to
"actually rival her plainer daughter by
appearing at her wedding in a white satin
gown, made with a corselet girdle and a
lace bolero." One other always becoming,
appropriate and elegant gown for the
mother of either the bride or groom Is one
In black and white melanges, In lace and
net, satin brocade, matelasse silk, etc. A
city modiste is Just completing a dress that
Is formed of a deep, rich shade of Jacque
rose red and cream-colored satin brocade,
lined with white taffeta and trimmed most
elaborately with Venlse guipure lace en
Ways of "Onr Set."
"Our set," a pretty girl was heard to say,
"does not go to college."
It is quite true. Women's colleges are no
longer favored by extremely fashionable
people and coeducational Institutions never
were. Private schools, or, more exclusive
still, private governesses and tutors for
their daughters, two years at an Eastern
finishing school and a European trip 1 the
present style of education. The European
trip is held to be quite as instructive as a
college couree, and to take both would un
duly put off the "coming out" period.
Many a girl is eighteen before she is pre
pared for colleg; after four years there
and two in Europe it would not be a bud
but a full-blown rose of twenty-four who
would make her debut.
Book learning, argue the mothers, is not
everything. The girls must be-fluent in two
languages besides their own, their voices
must be trained; nice needlework is also
one of the womanly fads of the day. These
things take time. Then the physical side
must be cultivated; there are fencing, dan
cing and rldjng lessons.
"I consider a good seat on a horse far
more Important than the ability to write a
clever composition, said a young mother.
Her own little daughter has as yet mounted
nothing but a rocking horse, but as soon as
she is seven her equestraln training will
As for college. It Is all very well for a girl
who expects to become a teacher, but the
girls of "our set" rather look down upon
It, with that funny youthful snobbery most
girls and boys go through at one time or
another. The mothers would send a daugh
ter there if she displayed extraordinary
aptitude for study and little for anything
else, but they do not encourage It. At the
Eastern finishing schools the girl rubs off
home timldy, makes pleasant friends, cul
tlvates further the languages, literature
und history which form her principal ac
quirements, and then goes to Europe to
improve her French and German and widen
"Our set" does not care for college.
, The Surprise Visit.
"I would not take my own mother by sur
prise," said a lady, talking of a visit to her
old home which she was about to make.
"One can never t:ll la what circurt-nccj
a family may be placed, ncr tiorf much
ffirappn frmnHon of euests. A few lines
beforehand, or at least a telegram, should
be sent to prepare the way for an arriving
ctiest. sn that she may be assured of her
welcome." To this may be added the very
courteous suggestion that visits ougnt. nui
to be indefinite. When sending an mvua
tinn. or when, as is often done when kins
folk and intimate friends are making
plans, asking for one, let the precise time
of the intended stay be indicated. This
clears the track for other engagements,
and leaves a margin. If desirable, for a
prolongation of the visit's term. Surprises
may find one member of a family down
with a- fever, another embarking for Eu-
rftnp. and another nlunced in a wninpooi
of work which cannot be given up for play,
however attractive the latter may be.
13 There a Moral to Tbl?
New York Tribune.
Probably ninety-nine men out of a hun
dred who have been refused by their first
love have lived to be devoutly thankful
that they were not taken at their word.
while such Is the irony of fate that women
are apt to regret their lost opportunities.
It is not often, however, that what "might
have been" is brought so directly home as
in the case of an unexpected and not alto
gether pleasant happening of the last sum
mer. A very prominent lawyer, whose
large practice and successful Investments
justified the most luxurious living, took a
large house for his family at Oldport, and
thither they all betook themselves, with
horses and carriages and automobiles ana
a largo staff of servants. After a few
weeks vacation, however. Mrs. inompson
decided that her daughters would be the
better for a little regular employment, and
inserted an advertisement for a governess
in one of the. New York dailies. She re
ceived several answers, ßelected one that
pleased her, and after a short correspond
ence on the subject, engaged a Miss Anna
Blank as companion and governess for her
children, without havlns mentioned the
name of her husband. Her own name Mrs.
II. Thompson conveyed no particular im
pression to her new inmate, who arrived
at the time appointed and proved to be a
pleasant, rather colorless, middle-aged
woman of cultivation, who appeared to be
just what Mrs. Thompson required. As Mr.
Thompson came down only for Sundays
and Miss Blank arrived on Monday, the
latter did not meet him, until she had be
come accustomed to her new duties, and
was, so to speak, a member of the family.
It was not until the introduction took
place when Miss Blank came down after
dinner Saturday evening with her pupils
(Mrs. Thompson being quite English in her
habit of having her children with her only
at -luncheon) that there was a mutual
lears before, when Mr. Thompson was a
struggling young lawyer and Miss Blank
the belle of her native village, he had been
madly in love with her. So much so that
when she refused him his entire future
seemed blasted and life utterly worthless.
How he left for the' metropolis, how he suc
ceeded, how he married and lived to bless
the day Anna Blank had driven him forth
to seek his fortune, is too long to tell.
"Heavens, what an escape!" he said, to
himself after the recognition, comparing
the shabby little figure and wrinkled face
of his old love with the fine presence of
his still beautiful wife, while the former,
contrasting her lonely condition with that
of the woman who was surrounded by the
good things of this world, could not help
sighing mentally, "What a mistake!"
Odds and Ends.
Half a teaspoonful of sugar will nearly
always revive a dying fire.
It is convenient' to have an iron holder
attached by a long string to the band of
the apron when cooking. It saves burnt
Angers or scorched aprons, and is always at
Keep a clasp knife, or a knife with a
handle different from those in common use,
for the sole purpose of peeling onions, and
so avoid the flavor and color of them
where it is neither expected nor desired.
All the bows for the hair have been In
fected by the gold microbes and a bit of
gold gauze ribbon is twisted Into the black
velvet and the white satin bows that are so
practical for ordinary dinner and home
Fancy covers for washstand and bureau
have gone out to a great extent. Fine white
figured damask with deep hemstitched hem
!s used on the handsomest furniture. White
lace In heavy qualities, uch as Honiton
and Renaissance is used entirely plain over
a pastel color of China silk to match tho
room. White Swiss, with a deep hem, fin
ished at top with lace beading through
which colored ribbon Is run, laid over
sateen or silk in a light shade. Is the mot
elaborate used. Long pin-cushions, covered
with an embroidered pieced and edged with
rutflcs of footing are put on them.
The new Russian blouse, with and with
out the skirt below the waist, which fin
ished all the Russian blouses when last in
vogue, will rival the Eton and bolero jack
ets in fashionable favor. These garments
are particularly becoming to slender fig
ures. Many of them are belted, and most
of them have the drooping blouse effect on
the front, even those which are tucked and
stitched from shoulder to belt. Soutache
braidwork, Russian embroidery, silk or
cloth strappings and appliques, and narrow
gold braid and buttons are the favored
trimmings for these blouses a la Russe.
An excellent cough candy Is made of
slippery elm, flaxseed and sugar. Soak a
gill of whole flaxseed In a half pint of boil
ing water. In another dish put a cup of
broken bits of slippery elm and cover this
also with boillnc water. I.t th erne cH rsl
for two hours. Then strain them both
through a muslin cloth in a saucepan con
taining a pound and a half of granulated
bugar. Extract all the liquor you can. sti
the sugar until It Is melted and then boll
It until it turns to candy. Pour It out at
ence when it reaches this point on to
greased papers.- This is the old-fashioned
rule. The candy is more palatable If the
juice of two lemons Is added to it after it
has cooked for ten minutes.
Brown is popular once more, and a host
of women will look more honelessly plain
than a beneficent Irovidence Intended, says
a New York fashion writer. There seems
to be an idea that any one can wear brown.
In reality it is a color to be treated with
marked respect, and a woman needs deep
discretion In choosing the exact shade of
browp that will be becoming to her. Yel
low brown will steal all the life from some
hair and eyes. Gray brown will ruin some
complexions. Red brown will make a sal
low skin more sallow. And yet the right
brown on the right girl Is a thing to con
jure with. Touches of burnt orange and
black appear on many of the brown gowns.
Dull blue and certain shades of green also
combine well with many browns; yet a
brown costume does not lend itself to indis
criminate combination, and unless one la
prepared to achieve a complete eytnphony
In browns or.; would tetter cheers a more
tiaptabla czlz? fcr a czzrzl carvtca eca-
The Stepping Stones of My Success
Is purity, quality and quantity. See that
your grocer gives you
Price the same as common baker's rread.
INDIANA NATIONAL HANK
Snfo Ioi30it: Vfinlts
' THERE ARE XOT many fireproof butHlngi
in this cltv. Val iabl l.ajxrs are not f."cur
elsewhere. K a year pays for safe Un-oslt tu.
Trunks stored for &0c x month. Uuelness cona
dential. We Don't Know It AH
But we do know- that when we sell a bill
of Taint we carry out our agreement to
the letter, and give our customers an hon
est dollars worth for every dollar. We
sell Paint that slays, and now is a good
time to put it on.
The ALDAG PAINT & VARNISH CO
426 East Washington Street.
VE ARE HEADQUARTERS ror.
H. T. Hearsey Vehicle Co.
"ON THE CHICLE."
Everything in the Bicycle line must be
sold to make room. for a full line of Gar
land Stoves and Ranges.
C KOBHRIXG S2 BKO.
878, 8S0, 882 Virginia Avenue.
Central Printing Co.,
Formerly at 133 East Court Street
yfili occur r reak of i.oyvj:n-mek-
ItlL.L CO.'S HUiLDINü,
fiMlAbout Oct. 1st.
DR. C I. FLETCHER,
TtESIDENCfE 1023 North Pennsylvania itreot.
OFFICE 713 South Meridian itreeU
Office Hours 9 to 10 a. m.; 2 to 4 p. m.; 7 to I
p. m. Telephones Office. 1K)7; residence. 427.
Dr. V. B. Fletcher's SANATORIUM
Mental and Xcrvoui I)Ufne.
213 NORTH ALABAMA STREET.
DR. J. II. KIRK1WTRICK.
Diseases of Women and the Rectum.
PILES cured by his fife ani easy methol. No
detention from busintss. Ofh. SI East Ohio.
RAILROAD TIME CIRI).
P.M. time is in BLACK figures. Tralui tuarked
thus: Dally, t Sleeper. P Parlor vUl V
Chair Car. I Dining Car.t Eicept öundajr.
I3IO FOUR KOUTK.
Cltyllcket Office, 'o. 1 E. Washington SU
Anderson accommodation G 4 2 TiO
Union City accommodation 4.SO -1
Cleveland, New ork A Boston. ex s..4 C5 10.4(J
Cleveland. New York A Doetou mail.. no ;.:((
New York and Boaton limited, d s..2.55 3.1
N.YÄBoi -Knickerbocker."d s....GS3 1L3J
BENTON HARBOR LINK
Benton TTarbor express 6.45 .10
Benton Harbor express, p 11.15 3
Warsaw accommodation 4.ao 3
8T. LOUIS LINE.
fit. Lonls accommodation 7.S3 6.33
St. Louis southwestern, lim, d s 11.4J 1
Ht. Louis limited, ds 3.Ü5 2 AO
Terre Haute fc Mattoon accotn 5.oo v 4J
St. Louis expres. e ll.XU 4 03
Lafayette accommodation... 7.4-S ß.4.1
Lafayette accommodation 5 15 1
Chic njro fan mail, d p "11 4i B.4(
Chicago, White City special, dp 3.30 ii 10
Chicago night expreo. s l2.0i 2.S1
Cincinnati express, a S.45 11.4 5
Cincinnati express. s 1.1 ll.o
Cincinnati accommodation 7.15 7. 45
Cincinnati acrmnmodatiou 10 5.) ij.i-i
Cincinnati express. p 2.ÄO 3 't
(ireeneburjr accommodation... Ä.30
Cincinnati. Washington f 1 ex. d....o U.
N. Vernon and Louisville ex. s s.4 11.43
N.Vernon and Louisville ex 330 11 3
Peoria. Bloomincton m and ex '"" 2.40
Peoria and Bloominjrton t ex. d p ....Ii if) li.otf
Champaign accommodation, p d 4.10 n 5
Peoria and filoominpton ex. 11 .51 3 X)
SPRINGFIELD AND COLl'M 11 LT. LINE.
Columbus and Springfield ex 5 4 lo.33
Ohio special, d p 3.o 2 .
I.ynn accommodation 11.1.5 13 IS
CIN- HAM. & DAYTON UY.
Cily Ticket Office, 25 VV. Wash. St.
Cincinnati exprefs 4.1
Cincinnati fait mail, s...P :i
Cin. and Detroit ex. p.. 10. 45
Cincinnati and Dayton finren, t...2.45
Cincinnati and Dayton limited, p d..!.
Cincinnati. Toledo. Detroit 7.07
CHI.. 1M). Ldl.IS. RV.
J Ticket Office. Zi West Wash St
l4. ChlVo niirht .'A 1X1
Chicago laat mall. s. p d 7.0l 7.5-5
Chicago express, p d n si ;2 to
Chicago vestibule, p d 3.3. 4 31
Monon acrom 4.00 1000
LAKE KillK WINTERN IL 1L
Toledo. Chicago and Michigan ex 7 tOC5
Toledo. Detrou and Chicago, lim.. 1 2. 20 4.J."i
Muncie, Lafay!and Importe spec.t7.20 10.23
INDIANA, DLCAlLi; Jl'WLüT UllS IVY.
Decatur and Ht. Louis mail and ex....t$ li 14 40
Chicago express, p d U.&J 12.41
Tuscola accommodation....... t3 45 10.40
Decatur Jfc at. Louis ft ex. c....l l.lo mos
Ticket oce At
station and al
.rniladelphia and New York S.3$
altimore and Washington S M
Columbus, lnd. and LouisvOJe.. 4 10
Kichmond and Columbus. O 17-1 J
Piqua and Columbus O r?.H
Columbus and Richmond tl.li
Columbus, lnd M adiaoa (Sun. only) 7 J
Columbus, lnd and JouuviUe. P.uö
Vernon and Madison tAtt
Martlnviiie and Vmceuoes 7.5i
Darton and Xenta.... S3
Pittsburg and hat .....s.Zj
Logaiihport and Chicago 11.U
Martinsville accommodation. .....tl 2..0
Knijchtfciown and Uichmoud 1 ".I
Philadelphia and New York 3.U3
Baltimore and Washington 3.05
Dayton and SpnngSeld ..........3 o5
Coluuibua. lnd. and MadUon 3 30
Colambu. Ind. and Loutvitle 4 OO
Martinsville and Vincenne 4.15
Pittsburg and Last 5 OO
Philadelphia and New York. 7.lO
Dayton and Nenia ......7 IO
Spencer accommodation UO
Cciumbus. lnd. and LouisriU 7.10
Lcgansport and Chicago XJ.SJ
VAN O ALI A LINI-.
Terra Ilauu, St. Lous aud West Its
Terrs Haute and u Louis accoin 7.n
err Haute, bu Loui and West.. .nie. 15
Vce.tern Express j ju
Terrs Haute and rang hm acc ....4 OO
1 sirs Haut aua i. Louis !iatciail."7.oo
P 1 i-l . - -
i irr i m .m ' ' ' --m