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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOUI1IUL, SUNDAY, GEPTEIiBEIt 23, 1CCÖ.
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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOUHXAL
Can be found at the following places:
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"WASHINGTON. D. C Rlggs House, Ebbitt
House and Wlliard's Hotel.
Partisan politics aside, every Intelligent
nan must admit that the Republican party
stands for the most prosperous years the
country has ever had.
The business, commercial and Industrial
Interests of the country during the last
three years have satisfied everybody ex
cept those who make political capital out
of hard times.
Nobody ever heard of any person point
ing with pride to the fact that he voted
against the re-election of Abraham Lin
coln In 1S64. Thirty or forty years hence
iiO person will be willing to admit that he
voted against the re-election of McKinley
In 1300. Young men should think of this.
It Is hoped that the reports of the bar
barities of Russian soldiers toward the Chi
nese are not true. If they are, there has
been nothing In modern times so full of re
volting brutality. The reported cruelties of
the Boxers against Christian missionaries
were as repulsive as they well could be,
but the victims were so few that the bar
barism could not be charged to a whole
army. In this case. If true, a whole army
Joined In the bayoneting and drowning of
helpless Chinese. The United States should
refuse all association with such barbarous
Colonel Charies Denby, of Evansville,
twelve years minister to China, has an
article in Colllf.r's Weekly, in which he sets
forth that European nations ,cannot wish
to modernize China, because a powerful
and destructive competitor would be
raised up, and a new and not desirable
power would come Into the affairs of the
world. Considering our own interests, it
Is better for China to be left largely to its
own ways and devices, so long as we are
assured freedom to its markets and the
security of Americans who go thither.
This is probably sound advice.
Howard, who Is on trial for the shooting
of Goebel, seems to have found more men
to testify that he was clean shaven at the
time the crime was committed than the
prosecution have found to testify that he
wore a mustache. Upon this circumstance
the jury must determine his guilt or inno
cence. He also proved by the train record
kept by the station agent In Winchester
that he could only have reached Frankfort
a few minutes less than an hour before the
murder was committed. Unless Campbell
Is able to convict Howard, the man charged
with being the principal in the conspiracy
to murder Goebel, the accusations against
the men charged with being accessories
The power of the West over the Cast in
national affairs does not 'appear 'to 'have
Increased very rapidly during the last dec
ade. It is quite probable that Massa
chusetts, with Its ten cities with a popula
tion of over 60,000, will show as large a
growth as any State in the Union. The
census of 1S00 showed that Massachusetts,
Pennsylvania and New Jersey gained more,
proportionately, during the preceding: ten
years than did Indiana, Illinois and Ohio.
It Is not impossible that the same condition
will appear when the figures of the census
of 1900 are given out. Indiana will hold
Its place because the decade has been one
of j manufacturing developmentof the
growth of corporate Industries to which it
owes so much. Such States as Kansas and
Nebraska in the North and the purely
agricultural States in the South will not
show the growth of States which have
embarked In the varied Industries. As for
the center of population it will be a little
west and north of the present point, but
still in Indiana.
President McKinley's quality of prompt
action In important matters Is shown by
the rapid clearing up of the Chinese situa
tion after he took hold of it: He returned
from Canton to Washington to nd several
imjortant communications from foreign
governments unar.swtred and negotiations
between the powers and China awaiting a
declaration of rollcy by the United State.
Within two days after his return all the
communications were answered and a dec
laration of American policy was communi
cuted to all the powers that will have an
important bearing on the situation. Briefly
this policy Includes the rejection of Ger
many's proposition to punish the leaders
of the Boxers before negotiating for peace;
the recognition of the credentials of Ll
Hung Chang and Prince Chlng as valid;
the continuance of Minister Conger in Pek
ing and the withdrawal of all American
troops from China, except a small force
to be left In Peking as a legation guard
under the control of the minister. This an
nouncement emphasizes the purpose of the
United States. not to be & party to auy
dismemberment of the empire and not to be
drawn Into any permanent alliance with
the powers for the furtherance of their
plans. The promptness with which It was
made after the President's return to Wash
ington shows that he la chief executive of
the United States.
A FAIR STATE3IENT OF TIIK COAL
Mr. William E. Curtis, who deservedly
enjoys the confidence of the public as a
fair-minded and intelligent correspondent,
prints in the Chicago Record a calm and
judicial statement of both slde3 of the con
troversy in the anthracite coal region. Mr.
Curtis says that powder is the greatest
source of trouble, and the wonder is that
mine owners and operatives permit it to be
a continual cause of friction. The present
scale of wages was adopted in the seven
ties, when it was not deemed prudent to
have explosives sold to the public. The
price of powder was .ixed then at the mar
ket price of $2.73 a keg. Since that time
powder has fallen more than 50 per cent.
In the markeL It is not true, however,
that all mine operators exact $2.73 a keg
of the miners, as many either furnish it
at cost or at a slight advance. Still, Mr.
Curtis says that if powder should be fur
nished at cost "the bottom would fall out
of the strike." The weighing of coal is
another cause of irritation. Every car is
supposed to contain a 2,240-pound ton of
coal at the mouth of the pit. There is so
much slate, stone and other foreign sub
stance in the coal that 21,000 boys are em
ployed to pick over the .coal and remove
it. For that reason the car contains 3,000
pounds to cover the deficiencies. This rule
is enforced the same against all miners,
no matter if they exercise care in the fill
ing of the car to keep out slate, stone, etc.
Even then, if a car contains an unusual
amount of foreign substances, the miner
!c docked. The lack of regular work is a
cause of complaint. At the present time
the miners work eighteen days in the
month and six or seven hours a day. The
number of days is determined by the su
perintendent, but the hours additional i3
left with the miner.
The average compensation per month of
miners In four mines, the pay rolls of
which Mr. Curtis saw, was $32.33. In the
extensive mines of the Heading Railroad,
employing 23,000 men, the miners and la
borers are paid by the week on a sliding
scale according to the fluctuations In the
price of coal at tidewater. When coal is
high labor receives more; when it is low
labor gets less. During August coal was
$4.S0 at tidewater, and miners were paid
$12.33 and laborers $10.5S per week. The
33,000 laborers and general workmen out
side the mines are paid an average of $10.50
a week; engineers, $60 a month; firemen,
$13; blacksmiths and carpenters from $43
to $75 a month; tho average paid to 24,000
boys is 65 cents a day. The amount a miner
can make depends largely upon his skill
and industry. In one colliery, the pay roll
of which Mr. Curtis saw, one man earned
$CS and another $132. Thirty-two miners
were paid from $57 to $D3.67 a month, six
teen getting $öl each, working eighteen
days in the month.
The company store is another ground of
complaint, which, Mr. Curtis says, is al
most obsolete except where mines are
isolated so that there are no stores kept
by outside parties. Mr. Curtis found that
while the men favored cash payment, the
women favor store orders. It 13 claimed, it
should be said, by some miners that the
man who does not patronize the company
store Is discharged on some pretext.
The question of pay Is .the fundamental
cause of the strike. The miners demand an
increase of 5 per cent, for those making the
highest wages, 10 per cent, for all earning
between $1.50 and $2 a "day, and 15 per cent.
for those earning less than $1.50 a day. It
is probable that the fact ' Chat, after an
extended conference between the mine
operators and the representatives of the
miners in this city last spring, an advance
of over 20 per cent, was agreed upon, by the
producers of soft coal has led the anthra
cite miners to believe that they can secure
an advance by a strike. In this connection
It may be said that If the soft coal pro
ducers over a wide area could-come to an
amicable adjustment for a year it would
seem that the anthracite operators, cover
ing an area of less than 500 square miles,
might easily arrive at an agreement if they
A QUESTION OF "RIGHTS."
An Eastern paper, with space to spare In
spite of the political campaign, has started
a discussion In Us columns on the ancient
problem of whether or not a. husband has
the right to open and read his wife's let
ters, or vice versa. One might have sup
posed that a question with so obvious an
answer had long since been settled for all,
time, but apparently enough newly married
couples, to whom the problem is new. and
whose ideas as to matrimonial rights and
privileges are ill defined, are always on
hand to take up the subject as if it were
a fresh and really important one. The
discussion in the case mentioned goes on la
the accustomed way with all the stock
arguments for and against common prop
erty in written communications. Those in
favor dwell upon the theory that man and
wife are one, and that, therefore, their
correspondence with outside persons must
lose it3 individual character and be open
to both; they advance, also, the tlme-hon-
ored fiction that a married couple should
have no secrets from each other. Advo
cates of a separate individuality protest
against the assumption of a mutual right
in so Intimate a matter as personal corre
spondence, but solely because it trespasses
on the individual liberty of the one to
whom the letters are addressed. The dis
cussion, as usual, misses the real point of
the matter because! ignores the rights of
the person most concerned, namely, the
writer of the letters. It never seems to
dawn upon the husband and wife In their
self-sufficiency that any other lights than
their own are involved, or that the hypo
thetical "secret" is first of all the posses
sion of another than themselves, and that
there is therefore a complicating element to
be considered. It would be worth while
for them to remember that the author of a
confidential communication, say,' to the
wife from a friend, or even from a mem
ber of her family is not married to the
wife's husband, and, if not a stranger, is on
merely formal terms with him that would
by no reason warrant the writing of such
a letter to him direct. If the recipient of
the communication does not respect the
secret as such, it is her business to con
sider whether or not the writer might ob
ject to having it submitted carelessly to a
third person. The attitude and wishes of
the writer, in fact assuming that the let
ten are proper epistles, written in good
faith are the only elements to be con
sidered. The husband, however filled with
curiosity ho may be,' has no rights in the
matter as .against those of this third per
son. . . -
But all this discussion of rights is In any
case .useless and superfluous. There. Is
reason to believe that it is only the excep
tional husband and wife who quarrel over
the matter; the practice being, In most in
stances, for the recipient of a 'confiden
tial" letter to discuss it freely with the
other member of the matrimonial firm,
not on the theory that the latter has a
right to know, but from sheer inability to
refrain from talking about It. It Is a very
Innocent and deluded person who will set
down his private affairs in black and white
for the perusal of a married friend and
rest secure in the belief that the married
friend holds them sacred.. Few secrets arc
sacred to those whose own interests are
noz involved. This is as true when a man
is the repository of such confidences, or
becomes In any way acquainted with the
affairs of others, as it is where a woman
has the Information. Both are apt to be
overcome by the human propensity to "talk
over" the affairs of their neighbors with
some one If you doubt this, recall how
often you have been permitted a glimpse
at family skeletons by your doctor, y,our
lawyer, or even your preacher friend.
Sometimes, it is true, tho door is held open
by the doctor's, the lawyer's or the preach
er s wife, but her husband first gave her
the key. It is true that professional honor
forbids this, but rules cannot always gov
ern the course even of a professional man.
The moral of this Is the old one write no
letters. Modified, it may read: If you must
write letters of a confidential nature to a
married friend, bear in mind that you are
also writing them to the husband or wife,
as the case may be, to eay nothing of other
members of the family. As for the original
problem relating to matrimonial rights, it
Is not one in which, the public is concerned.
Each couple should be left to settle it be
TROUBLE V.ITH HISTORIES.
The ex-Confederates who complain that
school histories written by Northerners do
not properly represent the Southern side of
the civil war, .and Union veterans .who
grumble because hlstörlesjused in Northern
schools do not sufficiently emphasize the
justice of the Union cause? are not the only,
people with troubles of this sort. English
papers declare that French youth has long
been nurtured on a history which teaches
a bitter race hatred, everything done by
the British which in any degree hurt
French susceptibilities being stigmatized as
"brutal" and their course in general as
reprehensible in the highest degree. The
author of the school history which has been
in use for eighteen years having died, anoth
er writer took it up, beginning with events
of 18S6 and continuing to 1S09. This included
the Fashoda affair, and the bitterness of
the anti-English sentiment was even great
er than that manifested by the earlier his
torian; so bitter, indeed, that Its character
could not be overlooked by government au
thorities, and it has been withdrawn from
the schools. f
This Incident Is simply a fresh illustra
tion of the difficulty of writing unbiased
history, especially of a contemporary pe
riod. The historian must have opinions of
his own, and what he sets down will be col
ored by those opinions In spite of himself.
He may hold the correct views, but there is
always another side, and while the parti
sans of that side live he will be accused of
misrepresentation. But if it were possible
for him to give the exact facts without
leaning to one side or another it would be
but a dry chronicle, as the history of such
works as have most nearly deserved the
term unbiased has shown. Some of the
most widely read works of history, so
called, have gained their popularity be
cause the authors have instilled Into them
their own personality, and, probably un
consciously, have so invested men and
events with a glamour that the records
have all the charm of romance and In
some respects as little reality. The work
of certain modern historians has a family
resemblance to modern historical fiction,
and the popularity of this form of fiction Is
probably due, to some extent, to the feeling
of the readers that they are acquiring use
ful and Improving Information In a way
more agreeable than the old one of delving
Into volumes of heavy and unadorned fact.
Inasmuch as it is the tendency of modern
educational methods to make learning as
easy as possible for the child and to feed
him only on predigested Intellectual pellets,
it may be that in the course of time the
school history problem will be solved by the
use, as text-books, of a series of graded
novels, out of which vigilant supervisors
have edited everything that could offend
the most sensitive. . -
PHASES OF FICTION.
The Bookman recently expressed the
opinion that the historical novel, which
has enjoyed such favor for some years,
has about run its course, and that the next
two or three years will be the era of the
religious novel. This causes a newspaper
exchange, whose editor evidently Is not
partial either to the historical or religious
phases of fiction, to lament the decadence
of the novel and to account for It on
various theories. It assumes, among other
things, like the Bookman, that various
classes'of fiction arise and flourish because
the public demands them, and that it is
the effort to cater to a supposed popular
taste which keeps the average quality of
fiction so low.
The Journal believes this theory to be
all wrong. The public, in It3 opinion, takes
what is served to it and makes the best
of it. That it shows some remarkable and
pven unaccountable preferences is true, but
its kindness to the class of novels repre
sented, for Instance, by "Janice Meredith."
and the other class of which "The Chris
tian" is a specimen, indicates its choice
only because these books, lacking In artis
tic and literary merit as they are. are urged
upon it and are the best that can be ob
tained at the moment. . The capacity of
the novel-reading public is great; It reads
many books, and if it cannot obtain what
it would enjoy . most it reads, anyhow,
whatever is most available. Its taste Is,
In fact, catholic. If historical tales are
presented to it, it reads and -enjoys them;
if the theme Is religion, its welcome Is the
same. But there Is no proof that It desires
one order of fiction more than another
with this one exception: it wants a story.
The secret of the success of certain recent
novels is undoubtedly the fact that, not
withstanding their crudities, their want of
literary finish, their, bad art, they have
czzS contained ft stcry cf conslderabla
interest. Novel readers may delude even
themselves ..with the theory that readers
want history, or religion, or psychology,
or social problems- In fiction, but what they
really do want is a story of Human deeds
and human passions. The more truthfully
and forcibly these elements are depicted
the better they will be' pleased. "David
Harum" is an illustration In point. It is
not a novel in a popular sense, but a series
of somewhat disconnected sketches, rather
awkwardly strung together. The leading
character in it is not an admirable person
In all respects, trut he Is extremely human,
and the accuracy of his portrait Is so uni
versally acknowledged that It 'would seem
that novel writers might draw a moral
therefrom. They lookv about for "new
fields" and "fresh material," or study the
various schools of fiction with a view to
deciding the most promising, and do not
see the possibilities of the field that is close
about them. Wherever are human beings,
the materials for novelr exist.
The Bookman and the rest may classify
fiction and predict as they please concern
ing the next popular phase of It, but let
a writer come forward with a powerful
story of any class, romantic, realistic, ana
lytical or what not, so long as it is of
human interest,' and their predictions will
go for nothing. The public Is not able to
tell in advance what it wants In this line,
but It recognizes It when it can find it.
A Chicago paper has made some Inquiries
to ascertain the correctness of the state
ment of Mr. Bryan that, because of the
large aggregations of capital, young men
no longer have an opportunity to engage in
successful careers. The statement was first
made this season by Boss Croker. The an
swers are various. Those of business men
are to the effect that the field was never
more promising to young men who have
the ability, the energy and the persever
ance to fight for success. On the other
hand, all those consulted who are poli
ticians of the Bryan stamp are certain
that the young man of to-day has no field
in which to make his mark or attain dis
tinction. They give us to understand that
the young man never will have another op
portunity until the large producing estab-.
llshments, the railroad corporations and
the extensive commercial establishments
shall be rooted out, and the Hand work
man shall again take the place of the ma
chine, and the large manufacturing estab
llshmenf shall bo superseded by the small
workshops of fifty' or seventy-five years
ago, with their mechanics who were paid
a dollar a day to do what machines now do
much better and at lower cost. The vast
aggregation of capital Invested in railways
and their management must be distributed
among the shareholders and each of them
given a' bit of traek for his own to operate.
If these men arc correct, the human race
has seen its best; and human progress and
incentive to career . will never reappear
until the farmer drops the harvester and
takes up the reaping hook, and the clothing
of the family is wrought out by hand in
the family with spinning wheel and hand
The election of a new Parliament in Great
Britain Is a quick procedure compared with
our long congressional - campaigns. The
dissolution of the present Parliament will
take place on theCtfy Insij and ihe elec
tions will begin Qctvl tttid' end. Oct. 15.
They do not, as In this country, all occur
on the same day. So short a campaign
does not afford much time for electioneer
ing, but. the system suits the British peo
ple, and no doubt it has its advantages.
Under the British Constitution a Parliament
may last seven years, but as a matter of
fact they average about the same as our
presidential term. In the last twenty years
we have had five presidential terms, and
during the same period England has had
five parliamentary elections. All the indi
cations point to the easy success of the
Conservatives in the coming election, but
with a somewhat reduced majority. Their
present majority in the House of Com
mons is about 140. Immediately after the
last election, In 1S33, It was 131, but thi3 has
been somewhat reduced since by special
In his latest London literary letter in the
New York Times W. L. Alden, commenting
on a new novel by Miss Braddon. says that
the public which reads Kipling and An
thony Hope and Zangwill and Morley Rob
erts and the host of younger men has for
gotten Miss Braddon almost as completely
as "VVilkie Collins. "It seems strange to
us," he goes on to say, "that less than thir
ty years ago Wilkle Collins's 'thirteen puz
zles and Miss Braddon's stories of blue
eyed and golden-haired murderesses should
have been eagerly read, and even mistaken
by some people for literature. Surely we
have made progress since that day in the
art of writing novels, and the popular taste
has certainly Improved. Who among culti
vated people would waste time to-day in
reading A Woman in White' or 'Arma
dale?' And what chance of attaining a cir
culation of a hundred thousand copies
would 'Aurora Floyd have If it were to be
published for the' first time this week?"
The Journal Is not disposed to argue with
him, so far as Miss Braddon's books are
concerned, though some of the recent
novels that have gained vogue even among
cultivated people and vast circulation
among novel readers generally, might not
bear close comparison in point of construc
tion and literary merit with the English
woman's work. But Mr. Alden must not
cast Wllkie Collins into outer darkness in
this summary fashion. Iiis "Woman In
White" and the rest may not bo literature,
but they are fascinating stories, with no
purpose to be anything but stories, and
young men who read current fiction waste
time, It is safe to say, on stories without
half the entertaining qualities Collins man
aged to put Into his. The announcement of
an English publisher that he is about" to
bring out a new edition of Collins's stories
Indicates that he Is not so entirely forgot
ten as Mr. Mr''-'
Mr. Flnley 1. Dunne, author of the "Doo
ley" papers, is about to remove from Chi
cago to New York for permanent residence.
It is not stated whether or not he will con
nect himself with a New York newspaper,
but, as he la by profession and training a
newspaper man. It Is to be presumed that
he will do so. He should have a care, how
ever, and make a special effort to preserve
his Individuality, for the New York papers
have a way of taking possession of talented
men. driving them so hard that their work
becomes forced and their originality is lost,
when they are tossed aside, like a squeezed
orange, into obscurity. This has been the
history of more than one promising genius
who went from the West to better his for
tunes, and seems to be particularly the fate
The Dental Society of Chicago has asked
the School Board of that city to order or
authorize periodical inspectionsDf the teeth
of the children in the public schools, and
offers to fumLa treatment for tuch as need
it free of charge They say there is already
an inspection of the eyes, noses, ears and
throats of public school pupils with a view
of discovering and curing defects, and why
not of their teeth? It seems the custom
prevails in quite a number of European
cities, the Inspections being made by com
petent dentists employed by the municipal
authorities, who either furnish treatment
free or make written reports to the school
authorities, who communicate with the
parents. No doubt early attention to the
teeth is a matter of considerable Im
portance, but Americans will nortake kind
ly to the idea of grafting it on to the public
Encouraged by the success of her
"Knights in Fustian," Miss Caroline V.
Krout ("Caroline Brown"), of Crawfords
ville, has been closely engaged in the past
six or eight months upon a new novel. It
is a story of the Northwest Territory, and
when she had almost completed the book
she was dismayed to learn that Mr. Mau
rice Thompson, her fellow-townsman, had
written a story treating of the same epoch,
and, partially, of the same events. Neither
had the slightest knowledge of the other's
work. Mr. Thompson, whose book will
appear within a few days, has urged Miss
Ktout not to let this interfere with the
completion of her story. Apart from the
coincidence, a comparison of the treat
ment of a similar theme by two Indiana
writers of Mr. Thompson's and Miss
Krout's ability will be very interesting.
Both books will doubtless have a wide
circle of readers, throughout Indiana, at
any rate. '
BUBBLES IN THE AIR.
"What about this wrangle between Mario
Corelll and Hall Caine?"
"Oh, it is an advertising scheme, worthy )f
both of them."
When woman cits without her hat.
Then man will go, in order that
Mayhap heil chance to understand
How preachers get the upper hand.
The Home Field In Clvllislns.
Oh, save the missionaries yes;
Divert the Boxers' wild pursuit;
They're needed here, I rather guess.
To teach our people not to loot.
Loath to Settle Up.
"Women hate to pay debts."
"Yes; my wife refused $3 yesterday because
Ehe knew if she took it she would have to pay
me a borrowed 50 cents."
, Altered' Vision.
Kitty You know that nice, middle-aged Mr.
Smith that Clara was so crazy about?
Nancy Yes; what of him?
Kitty Well, now that their engagement Is
broken, she speaks of him as "Old Man Smith."
"So you had a good time on that excursion,
"Oh, Just grand."
"Did you have any adventures?"
"I think so; I got on the wrong train golaj,
lost my pockotbook and umbrella, broke my
spectacles twice, and got on the- wrong 'train
.ThM-e is a vast difference between being self-,
poised and self-centered.
We often have to rouse ourselves to be agree
able, but we can be disagreeable v without any
effort at all.
A woman can't havo a place for "everything
and everything in its place," because she &l
ways has more things than places.
All club women are active In club work; th3t
Is, some are active in trying not to be active.
Children used to be healthier under the train
ing of the old-fashioned father who made his
children eat all they took on their plates.
. When pity is really akin to lovo it is also
akin to cash.
People generally would have more time to ac
quire knowledge if humbugs weren't so Inter
ertlng. Man was made to mourn, but when gets to
bo a widower girls, bachelor girls and widows
conspire to Interrupt him.
People who are said to have lost their will
power always seem to have plenty in the wrong
It is wiser not to do things and have people
think you can do them than to .attempt them
and let people find out you can't.
"The Grey Fairy Book" is to be Mr. An
drew Lang's contribution to the juvenile
literature of 1001.
"Shadowlngs" is the odd title of Mr. Laf
cadio Hearn's forthcoming book. This, like
all his later works, deals with Japan.
Frank It. Stockton has recovered from
his recent Illness and Is at his quiet West
Virginia home at work upon a new novel.
Theodore Roosevelt's new book, "The
Strenuous Life," will be out in October. It
contains the addresses or essays of the
Governor during the last few years.
Flnley Peter Dunne, author of the "Mr.
Dooley" papers, has decided to make New
York his permanent residence. He has re
signed as managing eaitor of the Chicago
Mr. Gilbert Parker's new novel, "The
Lane That Had No Turning," is a story of
life in Canada. The heroine, Madelinette,
is a famous singer, and the hero is her hus
band. Seignior of Pontiac.
Tolstoi has sent the MS. of his inquiry
Into the results of modern industrialism.
"The Slavery of Our Times." to England,
where it will be translated by Mr. Aylmer
Maude and published In October.
Joel Chandler Harris's retirement from
newspaper work is quickly followed by the,
welcome announcement of the early ap
pearance of a book from his pen. It will be
a volume of stories entitled, "On the Wing
of Occasion." They all deal with the un
written history of the civil war, the theme
of one being the kidnaping of President
Mrs. Edith Wharton, whose "Greater In
clination" and other stories have attracted
considerable attention, was born little more
than thirty years agro In New York. She
comes of old New York stock, her mother
being a Rhinelander. Most of her time is
spent between. New York and Newport,
butshe Is especially fond of Italy, where
she is at present residing.
Mr. Maurice Thompson will come before
the public this fall with two books. One Is
an historical novel entitled "Alice of Old
VIncennes," for which a great success is
predicted by those who have read it. This
will soon be issued by the Bowen-Merxill
Company, of Indianapolis. "My Winter
Garden" is the title of a new book by Mr.
Thompson soon to be published by the Cen
tury Company.- The author spends his win
ters on the shores of the Gulf of Mexico,
and in this book he writes of this earthly
If there Is anywhere such a thing as a
natural-born writer, Mark Twain ought to
be that man, says a literary paper. lie Is
so admirably direct that his public can
never really believe that he Is a "literary
feller," and a painful scribe like the rest of
them. The public Is wrong. A bit of gos
sip from England tells us that he has twice
finished and twice destroyed the book he
has in hand, but that the third writing goes
well in his pleasant English home at Dollls
A growing uneasiness as to limitation of
copyright Is apparent among authors, says
the New York Tribune, together with a
growing Insistence on the argument that
property In a great book ought to btlons
to a man's heirs as much as property in a
great manufacturing concern. It is held,
moreover, that perpetual copyright would
be of as much advantage to publishers at
to authors. The highly profitably publica
tion of cheap editions of boolia v.l,!:h era
still copyrights Is pointed out es prcf tr:-.t
neither psUishera nor ti tzz.tr z
Mr FIN LEY F. DUNNE.
Copyrighted, 1900, by
"I've river been much iv a hand fr th
theayter," said Mr. Doolcy. "Whin I was a
young man an Crosby's Opry House was
r-runnln I used to go down wanst In a
while an' see Jawn Dillon throwln things
around fr th' amusement iv th popylace,
an' whin Shakespeare was played I often
had a seat In th gal'ry, not because I liked
th' actin', d'ye mind, but, because I'd often
heerd me frind Hogan speak Iv Shakspeare.
He was a good man, that Shakspeare,
but hist pieces Is full iv ol gags that
I heerd whin I was a boy. Th throuble
with me about goln to . plays Is that no
matther where 1 set I cud see some' hired
man in his shirt sleeves argyin with wan
Iv his frinds about a dog fight while
Romeo was makin th kind iv love ye
wouldn't want ye'er daughter to hear to
Juliet In th' little bur-rd cage they calls a
balcony. It must've been 'because I wanst
knowed a man be th name iv Gallagher
that was a scene painter that I cud nlver
get mesilf to th pint Iv concedin that
th' mountain that other people agreed
was many miles in th' distance was in
no danger iv beln rubbed off th' map
be th' coat tails iv wan iv th principal
char-ackters. An' I always had me watch
out to time th moon whin 'twas shoved
acrost th sky an' th record brcakln
Iv day in th robbers' cave, where th
robbers don't dare fr to shtcp on a rock
f'r fear they'll cave it in. If day iver
broke on th level th way it does on th
stage 'twud tear th' bastln threads out
iv what Hogan calls th firmymlnt. Hogan
says I haven't got th dhramatlc delusion,
an he must be r-rlght, f'r ye can't make
me believe that twinty years has elapsed
whin I know that I've on'y had time to
pass th time Iv day with th bartinder
"Plays is upside down, Hinnlssy, an' In
side out. They begin with a full state
mint 4v what's goln to happen an how
it's goln' to come out, an thin ye're asked
to f'rgit what ye heerd an be surprised
be th' outcome. I always feel like goln
to th box office an gettln me money or
me lithograph pass back af ther th first
"Th way to write a play is fr to take a
book an write it over hind end. foremost.
They're puttln' all books on th stage now
adays. Fox's 'Book iv Martyrs' has been
done Into a three-act farce-comedy an' '11
be projooced be Delia Fox, th author, nex'
summer.- Webster's 'Onabrldge Ditchnry'
will be brought out as a society dhrama
with eight hundhred thousan char-ack-tcrs.
Th 'Constitution iv th United
States,' a farce be Willum 'McKinley, is
r-mnnln to packed houses with th cil
lybrated thradeejan Aggynaldoo as th' vil
lain. In th' sxteenth scene in th last
act they'se a nayger lynchin. James H.
Wilson, th author iv 'Silo an Ensilage,
a story f'r boys, is dhramatlzln his cllly
brated wurruk an' will follow it with a
dhramatlc version iv 'Sugar Beet Cul
ture, a farm' play. 'Th Familiar Lies
iv Li Hung Chang' is explcted to do well
In th' provinces, an Hostetter's Alamnac
has all dates filled. I undherstand th'
Bible '11 be ready f'r th stage undher th'
direction iv Einstein an Oppefman befure
th' first iv.th' year. Some changes has
would suffer under the conditions of such
Mr, F. Marlon Crawford's new novel
will be called "In the Palace of 'the King;
a Love Story of Old Madrid." It is a his
torical romance of the time of Philip II of
Spain. The plot is laid in the Spanish
court, and the period that of the discov
ery of Amerca was perhaps the most mag
nificent of the prosperous days of Spain.
Such a period has afforded Mr. Crawford
an opportunity similar to that which was
given him by the crusades In "Via Crucis,"
to place his story in the most romantic and
brilliant surroundings. The hero of tho
story is the famous Don Jdan of Austria,
son of the famous Don Charles V, who won
back Granada a second time from the
"Mr. George Meredith," says a writer in
a current periodical, "Is, perhaps, the hand
somest man in England. Even judged from
the way he dresses he has great artistic
Instincts, his coat being silver gray, in har
mony with his beard and hair, and in per
fect sympathy with his rose-toned com
plexion, which is so fresh as to be almost
like a child's. He lives In one of the most
beautiful spots of the whole cf England
Box Hill, Dorking. At the present moment
he is writing verse and not prose. He is a
brilliant talker and one of the few great
men who talk as well as they write. From
his looks you would Judge him to be a pes
simist, but from his conversation you are
quite sure he is the reverse. Life to him is
an ever-present joy; he loves every mo
ment of It. Once he was asked if he were
not bored with being so much alone. He
quickly answered, 'Bored! Never! Why
should I be if I have the intelligence to
An English publisher is quoted as say
ing recently to an American writer: "I
wish heartily that your authors could find
a motive outside of Bunker's Hill, the Con
federate war, and the iniquities of William.
Tou would be doing a real service to liter
ature if you could pursuade them of this."
Commenting on this the London Mail says:
"There is something in this criticism, a
good deal In fact. English publishers have
never been so ready to welcome American
books and to Introduce them to their Eng
lish readers as they are to-day, but th-a
public is more conservative and less readily
moved to take an Interest even in popular
American fiction, so long as the theme is
local and peculiar. At least the remoteness
cf subject must be dominated by the dra
matic imagination, touching the Intellectual
and emotional interests common to th"
universal human heart, before the Ameri
can novel shall conquer the -English com
munity, of readers."
ABOUT PEOPLE AND THINGS.
Dr. A. C. Hamlin, of Bangor, Me., Is to
erect a -dark-green syenite slab as a me
morial to Poel Torna, for years chief of the
Fassamaquoddy tribe of Indians.
The Egypt exploration fund, so much in
need of support to publish its discoveries.
has received a subscription of $750 from E.
B. Coxe. jr.. of Philadelphia. It is the set--ond
largest subscription ever sent to iu
office In Boston. .
Secretary Hoof received the other day a
check for $100.000 in payment for his legal
services in a suit settled Just before his
appointment to'ofllee. For work in that
office for the Fame length of time devoted
to the lawsuit he will get $1,333.
Joaquin Miller, the poet, has been much
annoyed by the recent reports of his fall
ing health. "I am feeling better than I
have felt for ten years past." he said, the
ether day. "and I can see no reason wbv
I should not live for ten years to come."
Leslie Carter, the former husband of the
well-known actress, has offered the park
commissioners of Chicago any site they
may select from a number belonging to -i
company of which he Is president, provided
the one chon be used as a children's play
ground. The rental will be merely nominal.
Three women graduated in the three
years course at Chicago this year, receiv
ing degrees -of bachelor of laws. Judge
James B. Bradwell recently contributed an
article on "Women Lawyers of Illinois" to
the Chicago Legal News. Ninety women
have been admitted to the Illinois bar
since Mrs. Myra Bradwell applied in 1SC9
and was refused on account of sex.
LJ-:utenint Horace P. Mcintosh.- of the
United Ctates navy, la on his way to Chill,
::. cedent of th? United LlzXtz Gov
Robert Howard RussclM
been nlclssry f'r to adapt It to stage pur
poses, I see be th pa-apers. Th' authors
has become con-vinced that Adam an
Eve must be carrld through th' whole
play. So they have considerably lessened
th' time between th creation an th flood,
an' have made Adam an English noble
man with a shady past an th' divvle a
Fr-rinch count in love with Eve. They're
rescued be Noah, th faihful boatman, who
has a comic naygur song."
"I see be th pa-aper th' stage Is goin to
th dogs what with its 'Saphoa' an' the
like iv that,' said Mr. Hcnnessy.
"Well, It Isn't what it used to be," said
Mr. Dooley, "In th days whin 'twas th
purpose iv th' hero to save th honest girl
fr'm th clutches iv th' villain in time to
go out with him an' have a shell iv beer at
th' Dutchman's downstairs. In th plays
nowadays th hero Is more iv a villain thin
th villain himself. He's th sort lv a man
that we used to heave pavin shtones at
whin he came out iv trf' stage dure iv th'
Halsted-sthreet Opry House. To be a hero
ye've first got to be an Englishman, an' as
if that wasn't bad enough ye've got to
have committed as manny crimes as th'
late II. H. Holmes. If he'd been born in
England he'd be a hero. Ye marry a woman
who swears an' dhrlnks an bets on th
races an ye quarrel with her. Th' r-rcst
Iv th play Is made up iv hard cracks bo
all th char-acktcrs at each others', morals.
This is called repartee be th lamed, an
Hogan. Repartee is where I say: Ye stolo
a horse. an ye say: 'But think lv ye'er
wife: In Ar-rchey r-road 'tis called dis
ord'ly conduct. They'se another play on
where a man r-runs off with a woman
that's no betther than she ought to be. Ho
hates her an ehe marries a burglar. An
ether wan is about a lady that ates dinner
with a German. He bites her an she hits
him with a cabbage. Thin they'se a play
about an English glntleman iv th ol' school
who thries to make a girl write a letter
Tr him an if she don't he'll tell on her.
He doesn't tell, an' so he's rewarded be
marryin' th heroine, an honest English
girl out fr th money.
"Nobody's marrid in th modhern play,
Hinnlssy, an' that's a good thing, too, fr
anny wan that got marrid wud have th
worst lv it. In th ol' times th la-ads that
announces' what's goln to happen in th
first act always promised ye a happy mar
redge In th' end;, an as iverybody's look
In' f'r a happy marredge that held th au
Jeencc. Now ye know that th hero with
th' wretched past is goln' to elope with th'
dhrunken lady an th' play Is goln to end
with th couples prettily divoorced in th
centher iv th' stage. 'Tis called real life,
an' mebbe that's what It Is, but f'r mc I
don't want to see real life on th" stage. I
can see that anny day. What I want is
Vr th' spotless glntleman to saw th la-ad
with th cigarect into two-be-fours an mar
ry th lady that doesn't dhrlnk much whllo
the aujeence is puttln on their coats."
"Why don't they play Shakspere anny
more?" Mr. Hennessy. asked.
"I understand," said Mr. Dooley, "that
they're goin' to dhramatize Shakspere
whin th' dhramatlzer gets through with
th 'Report iv th' Inteeryor Department
fr mm: "
ernment, he is to superintend the construc
tion of a navy for the Chilian government.
Five admirals of the United States navy,
without conference among themselves, rec
ommend him for this work. Lieutenant
Mcintosh was for many years a professor
in De Pauw University. He was tem
porarily in the hydographic office in Gal
veston at the time of the storm.
There are two kinds of elevators In the
New York skyscrapers and to that fact was
aue the capture of a pocket-book snatchcr
the other day. A young woman stenog
rapher on the nineteenth floor of the St.
Paul building discovered a man carrying
off her pocket-book. The man ran to tho
elevator shaft and caught a "way" ele
vator. Quick as a flash the young woman
caught a "through" elevator and reached
the ground floor in time to arrange for th'j
capture of the thief as he emerged from
the "slow car."
Among the textbooks studied by the Chi
nese army officers is the "Sun-Tse," which
is some 3.000 or more years old. The char
acteristic point about this recent work on
the military art is its inslstance that the
general ought, above everything else, to
study ruses, many which, to put it mildly,
are not now strictly considered war at all.
The student of the "Sun-Tse" is told to
negotiate with the enemy, and while you
are discussing the situation massacre him.
sow discord in his camp, intercept his pro
Vision, or soften his heart by voluptuous
music or the sight of beautiful women."
As for military matters, the general is
given the following advice: "Jf you are ten
times more numerous than the enemy en
velop him; If you are live times more nu
merous dispose your army to as to attack,
him on four sides; if you are only a little
stronger content yourself by cutting your
army in two (on the principle of reserves;,
and if you are weaker than the enemy try
to secure cover."
A thing I've often noticed, ind
Perhaps it's worth a mention;
T,Vhe 5lr11 w,lh. the nw engagement ring
Whose hair needs most attention.
W'a hingtön Post.
Maud Muller, in the summer enn.
Golfed like Fixty and callM it fun.
,.Un Judpe. demurely ralrered the.
will you kindly make a tee for nie?"
Put the Judge replied, with manner bland.
AI ar Miss Müller. I haven't the sand!"
And Maud concealed nr wounded hart
Laughed an said: "You think you're 'smart !"
WISDOM OF CURRENT HCTI0N.
Great books make epochs, rather than
great epochs make books. Lady Blanches
Women have been known to live a life
time on the joy of one day. An Unpardon
When a man has failed himself in his
great need he has little heart to blame
others for famnff him also.-The Return of
"There's naught in life but what we're
ready tu take for ourselves!" cried Batter
fifcVLh talk no fable of other fishes
th K?y ,f..r. T11 kat e want, if
yell have it." The Girl ut the Half-way
We' can easily feel that the time will
come, but while life stays in the heart she
Iril5ts on bfins satisfied now; nothing but
the remorseless hand of dtath can stop
n.,r,.UnCeae,Insr cry ror happlness.-Until the
The fact Is that to be quite straightfor
ward is a somewhat harder ta?k than may
at first sight appear, and some latitude has
always been allowed by the just, and
rxnevoient to poor human nature when
confronted with problems relating to lov
and money .-The Flower of the Flock.
Whatever may be said of the young
woman of the moment, she Is not Euch a
fool as the sister of the last generation.
?,aanfOUACTOW,J the wntlmental Pose
toward life deemed necessary when every
fil101 Uns Womn theoretical!
vl iiu'h f u brkcu heart to keep
2.1 ?. L Vn UJat ne something e'sS
besides the female of raan.-The West End.
Amusement is a business which calls for
a good deal of brains if it is to be carried
on successfully. Of course, only profes-
firfif ,h0pf t0 ?ueceed in a line so dif
SS?;Lf"d ,in fXmer,ca there are few real
professionals in the art of nelf-amuso-
S -.fttil0!t cn spoil their chances of
STtf i ucces by dallying more or less
rrui,f,rS0(,CM fort amI another; an J
this Is faUL-Lovo la o Cloud.