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THE INDIANAPOLIS" JOURNAL, FRIDAY. SEPTEMBER 28, 1900.
THE DAILY JOURNAL
FRIDAY. SEPTEMBER 28, 1000.
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WASHINGTON. D. C Rlggs House, Ebbilt
House and Willard's Hotel.
A full dinner pall Is preferable to an
empty Bryan promise any day In the year.
General Apathy has fled In confusion
from the Republican front In this part jof
Ex-Governo; David 13. Hill has made his
first speech, but he devoted ten words to
local Issues to ono to the cause of Bryan.
The fact that Chairman Jones regards
Ohio as doubtful should be enough to as
sure every intelligent person that .it is ab
solutely eafe for McKinley.
- It Ij apparent that the Bryan campaign
managers are convinced that the be:t hope
of their ticket is Boss Croker s corrupt
control of votes in New York.
The spirit of the meeting addressed by
llr. Irish did not Indicate that Mr. Eryan
will be compelled to order a considerable
number of candy calves for Gold Demo
crats in this vicinity.
The American Tin-plate Company, a
xnuch-denounced octopuö, ha3 reduced the
price of plate 63 cents a box, or about 15
per cent. The company is he nearest a
monopoly of any manufacturing company
la the country undr ths tariff.
The Kansas City platform declares that
"'the Philippine policy of the present ad
ministration has sacrificed the lives of
' many of our noblest sons." The evidence
Is overwhelming that the course pursued
by the Bryanites Is rcsponsibl3 for this
Mr. Bryan haa not a word to say In
favor of hauling don the flag in Porto
Rico. We acquired the Philippines by the
same treaty, and hold them by the same
title as we do Porto Rico. To be consistent
Mr. Bryan should demand that we with
draw from the nearer island as well as
from the more remote ones.
The amended Goebel bill appears to be
the same Infamy, only It is whitewashed.
An election board composed of one man of
each party and a state officer is a Demo
cratic board. This board appoints the elec
tion commissioners In counties, one from
each party, with a Democratic umpire, who
will have the casting vote.
A canvass of the wholesale department
Marshall Field & Co. in Chicago as to
presidential preferences shows &51 for Mc
Kinley and 149 for Bryan. A poll of the
occupants of the Monadnock block shows
921 for McKinley. 144 for Bryan and 113 non
committal. This Ehow3 the drift of the
business sentiment of the country.
The foreman of the Jury convlctIngHow
ard for the murder of Goebel says the Jury
was composed of ten regular Democrats,
one Independent who voted the Republican
ticket several times, and one Brown Demo
crat. He added that all would vote the
straight Democratic ticket hereafter, which
means that the men trying the mountaineer
were a Goebel jury.
The chairman of the Republican national
committee and other leading Republicans
are using all their influence ,to adjust the
difficulties In the anthracite coal district.
Kas any Democratic leader lifted his finger
to help an adjustment of the trouble? On
the contrary, hundreds of little dema
gogues are making speeches designed to
make employers and employes enemies.
Chairman and Senator Jones, of the Dem
ocratic national committee, continues to
make those childish predictions regarding
the results of the election which caused
him to be so much laughed at in 1S0Ö. The
other day he expressed hopefulness In the
ability of Mr. Bryan to carry Ohio. But
while the chairman Is off on politics he has
no weakness when it comes to the cotton
baling monopoly of which he is a share
holder, and out of which, at the expense
of the cotton grower, he has become a very
The mobbing of Governor Roosevelt by
a sang of Bryanites In Colorado recalls old
times, and Democratic attempts to stifle
fiee speech. This is the first occurrence of
the kind for many years, and they never
occurred except In Democratic States or
communities wliere it used to be the fash
Ion to tar and feather, ol noxious editors
and throw their printing presses Into some
river Mr. Bryan deprecates the assault
on Governor Roosevelt, but the sugar
coated doctrines which Mr. Bryan preaches
are calculated to incite such assaults
among his ignorant and violent supporters.
Th attempt of the Democratic managers
to mako Republicans bellevo that they
should help to make the meeting of Demo
cratic clubs in this city a great success Ij
simply impudent. When the Governor of
New York comes here to make a Repub
lican speech Republicans will ask for no
Democratic assistance In welcoming him.
Indeed, the Sentinel is In a terrible flutter
because Governor Roosevelt happens here
one of the days of the carnival. His com
ing will draw thousands to the city who
would not otherwise come. Let Democrats
do their own welcoming and drop from
some of their committees the names of
Republicans who have not been consulted.
Tin: record or parties ox trusts
The portion of Representative Little
field's speech, Wednesday night, which may
be emphasized with profit is that giving a
history of trust legislation in Congress.
The attention of the Democratic Congress
elected in IMS was called to the subject of
trusts, and a subcommittee of the House
Judiciary committee, with a clerk at $5 per
day, was set to investigating the trusts.
It took testimony concerning the sugar
trust, the Standard Oil trust, the whisky
trust and the cotton-bagging trust. The
subcommittee took much testimony. In
Juli', 1SSS, the committee reported that "the
number of combinations and trusts formed
and forming Is very large, and affects a
large portion of the manufacturing and
Industrial interests of the country." After
the election of General Harrison and a
Republican House the Democratic subcom
mittee, because of the difference of opinion
existing on the part of its members, re
ported that the whole matter be referred
to the next Congress. Thus it appears
that, in 1SS8, pending the re-elt non of Mr.
Cleveland, trusts were forming very rap
idly. The platform of the convention which
nominated General Harrison in 1SSS pledged
the party to legislate against unlawful
combinations. The Congress v.hlch assem
bled In 1SSD was Republican. One of the
first bills offered in the Senate was the
Sherman anti-trust bill. Senator Vest op
posed it on the ground that It was not
constitutional, but a Supremo Court, made
up largely of men wno have been Republic
ans, 'declared that the Sherman law is con
stitutional. The Democrats in the House
tried to sidetrack the bill, but the Repub
licans passed it. The next House was
Democratic, as was that which came in on
the second election of Mr. Cleveland, but
no anti-trust legislation was attempted by
men who are now shouting about the
"hydra-headed monster" of trusts. No one
presented a bill on the subject. The Demo
crats passed a tariff bill into which they
might have put anti-trust sections better
than the Sherman act if they could be
devised, but nothing of the kind was to
much as suggested Having the oppor
tunity to legislate regarding trusts thty did
The Sherman law is on the statute books.
It is a good law, and the probability is that
it Is about as far as Congress can go in
dealing with corporations chartered by
States. In the present Congress the Re
publicans proposed an amendment to the
Constitution which would give Congress
greater power over corporations. Did the
Democratic members of the House support
it? No; they defeated It. Nevertheless
they filled the pages of the Congressional
Record with their denunciations of trusts.
So the records of Congress show that
all the legislation regarding trusts Is Re
publican, and Democrats tried to defeat it;
that in the four years following the pass
age of the Sherman act Democratic Con
gresses did not attempt anti-trust legis
lation, and that during the present Con
gress they have opposed a proposition to
amend the Constitution giving Congress
greater power over extensive combinations
in different States. How can they claim
to be the foes of what are called trusts?
THE REPUBLICAN COUXTY TICKET.
The Republican ticket in Marion counts
is as worthy of support as was the best
ticket ever nominated by either party in
the county. Many Republicans could have
selected candidates that would 4iave been
more acceptable to them on personal
grounds, but they could not have named
a ticket more deserving of support at the
polls. If there is objection to any of these
candidates on the one real ground for op
position unreliableness of character and
unfitness for the duties the Journal has
not heard of it.
Take Eugene Saulcy, Republican candi
date for sheriff will any reputable man of
either party declare over his own name, in
a newspaper, the nature of Mr. Saulcy's
unfitness? Ho will not. because it Is gener
ally conceded that Mr. Saulcy is admirably
equipped for the duties of the office. What
objection Is there to Mr. Saulcy? Simply
that he has held several clerkships and
subordinate offices, Including that of town
ship assessor, which he now holds. Has any
one made complaint that Mr. Saulcy has
not filled any of these positions with abil
ity and fidelity? No one has done so. The
only complaint against him is that he has
been so good an officer that he Is not en
titled to another office. What would be
come of the world's business If a man who
has served a firm faithfully should be dis
charged after ten or a dozen years service
because he had been an efficient employe
too long? This sort of objection is puerile,
and will not count with grown men.
Armin C. Koehne is a candidate for re
election as county treasurer. Any candid
and intelligent man who will make inquiry
into the management cf the office will bo
satisfied that Marlon county never had a
more efficient treasurer. Few men holding
the office have done as much in the short
time Mr. Koehne has occupied it to insure
accuracy In Pnd dispatch of business. In
fifteen minutes. In the busiest hours of the
day, a balance could be struck showing
the condition of every account. It is si
business office, conducted on business prin
ciples. Mr. Koehne looks out for the In
terests of the taxpayer under the Barrett
law who may be robbed by sharks If he
neglects to pay an assessment the day it Is
due. He has already saved this class of
taxpayers many thousands of dollars of
blood money by paying small assessments
and filing the coupons in his safe. If every
county treasurer's office In Indiana was
conducted with the carefulness and intelli
gence that Mr. Koehne exhibits In man
aging the Marion treasury there would nev
er be another defalcation or irregularity.
In this connection it Is due Mr. Koehne to
add that when the County Council bill hung
in the balance In the Legislature, no man
did more timely service to secure Its pas
sage. He came into the office after an hon
orable business career of several years. He
Is yet a young man. ambitious to merit the
respect and confidence of the people among
whom he has spent his life. No Republican
or independent who desires capacity and
Integrity in. an important office can find
valid pretext for not voting for Armin C.
The two candidates for County Commis
sionersJohn E. McGaughey and Thomas
A. Spafford are well-known residents of
the county. They have had experience In
business affairs and possess the qualifica
tions which will make them careful and
efficient officers. And what is said of these
men can be said of the rest of the ticket.
No one of thorn Is tattooed with a bad
private or public record. No one of them
needs defense or artificial bracing. Such
being the case, all other objections do not
count with the mass of voters who desire
efficiency and Integrity in public officers.
Mil. BRYAN'S AaTI-STARCII CRU
SADE. Mr. Bryan's speech at Nebraska City
was devoted exclusively to an attack on
the Argo Starch Manufacturing Company
of that city. This Is the largest manufac
turing industry In the city, and employs
several hundred persons. The attorney
general of Nebraska has instituted suit
against it under an anti-trust lav? of the
State, with the avowed Intention of driv
ing it out of Nebraska. The employes of
the company and their friends, and a large
majority of the citizens of Nebraska City,
are opposed to having the factory closed
or removed, as Its owners say will be done
if tVe warfare Is continued." Mr. Bryan's
attack was based on the alleged fact that
the starch company is now In a trust, but
as he has shown repeatedly that he doe3
r.ot know the 'difference between a trust
and a corporation his testimony on that
point Is worthless. He calls all corpora
tions and combinations of capital, whether
incorporated or not, trusts, and treats
them all alike as hurtful monopolies. Mr.
Bryan says that the Argo factory, which
started originally as an Independent one,
has since been merged in the National
Starch Company, which he says is a trust.
Therefore he proposes to drive it out of
Nebraska. There Is also some politics in
the case, as Hon. J. Sterling Morton, ex
secretary of agriculture under President
Cleveland and principal owner of the
starch factory, was a strong anti-Bryan
man In 1S06, and is still. Thus Mr. Bryan
proposes to get even with n, political op
ponent by attacking his business, and he
does this under the pretense of performing
a public and patriotic duty In assailing
trusts. That the people of Nebraska City,
irrespective of party, are opposed to hav
ing the Argo factory closed or driven away
is shown by the fact that mas3 meetings
have been held to protest against It. Mr.
Bryan had Intended to make a much more
violent speech than he did, but when be
learned how strongly local sentiment in
Nebraska City favored the factory he modi
tied his remarks somewhat. A special from
Lincoln, under date of the 23th, says that
after conferring with . Attorney General
Smyth, who was also to speak, it was
decided to make the speeches as mild as
possible. It being feared that the enraged
people of Nebraska City would create a
disturbance If their remarks were too
strong and emphatic."
The National Starch Manufacturing Com
pany was organized in 1S90 as a trust and
was reorganized in 1S98, presumably as a
corporation, as nearly all if not all of the
original trusts have been. As already
stated, Mr. Bryan makes no distinction as
to the legal form or actual business meth
ods of combinations of capital. They all
look alike to him, and his business is to
excite popular prejudice and passion
against all. If the National Starch Com
pany is now a corporation It probably pos
sesses some of the powers of a trust, such
as controlling output, fixing prices, closing
some factories and running others. To
what extent this should be permitted or
prohibited is an open question to be deter
mined after careful consideration. The
market reports of the price of starch do
not indicate that the people have suffered
from any combination of factories en
gaged in the business. In the market re
ports of the Indianapolis Sentinel of Sept.
27, 1S90, the quotations or. starch were as
Starch Refined pearl. 4c per lb; cham
pion gloss in packages, &S6ic; champion
gloss, lump, 4?4c; Imported corn, 6YA$ic.
Tho Sentinel of yesterday contained the
Starch Refined pearl, 31 c per lb; cham
pion gloss, pkgs, 4&5c; champion gloss,
lump, 3ic; imported corn, 5iiGc.
' Comparison of these reports will show a
material reduction in the price of starch
during the last ten years, and the Im
provement in quality has been much great
er. So, whether the National Starch Com
pany is a trust or a corporation, and
whether the factory at Nebraska City is
in it or not, it is evident that the people
for whose welfare Mr. Bryan professes
so great anxiety are not being robbed or
oppressed in this case, at least. In view of
the facts and of Mr. Bryan's indiscrimi
nate and vindictive warfare upon all com
binations of capital and his persistence in
classing all corporations as trusts, thus
trying to put the stigma of an odious name
n innocent and useful combinations of
capital, it Is fair to conclude that he is
actuated by personal and selfish motives
rather thanby any anxiety for the public
welfare or desiring to secure a right set
tlement of a perlexlng question.
A Paris cablegram says that the leading
papers of that city unite in declaring that
the. election of Mr. Bryan Would eliminate
the United States from Oriental affairs,
while the re-election or President McKin
ley would be a menace to French commer
cial Interests in the F.ast. "Republicans
and Nationalists," says the dispatch, "are
united in the hope of the election of Bryan
as the surest means of diminishing Ameri
can prestige abroad." This is a very dif
ferent and much more probable reason for
European solicitude for Mr. Bryan'3 elec
tion than that recently assigned by Editor
Morss, of the Sentinel, viz.: desire to see
the Declaration of Independence maintained
in its Integrity.
The Chicago Abendpost, the leading
Democratic paper of the Northwest, says
President McKinley is as much of an Im
perialist as was Andrew Jackson, but that
"like the Whigs In their day, so are the
Democrats at this time so distrusted by
the majority of the people that apparently
the fight of the latter against McKinley
'imperialism' will have no better outcome
than that against Jacksonlan imperial
Ism.' " And the Abendpost does not say that
this distrust Is unmerited or that Mr.
Bryan ought to be elected.
James R. Keene, the "bear" operator on
the New York stock market, as a Demo
crat and personal friend of Mr. Bryan,
desires his election, but as a financier he
believes that his success would ruin the
country. Some time since he expressed the
opinion that Mr. Bryan might be elected.
but now he is said to believe that McKin
ley will win.
Mr. Bryan's announcement of his disap
proval of the attempt to mob Governor
Roosevelt was not so necessary to be urg
ent, but if, two months ago, he could have
sent word to Agulnaldo, through the Hong
Kong Junto, that he does not approve of
his resisting the authority of the United
States and bushwhacking American sol
diers, he might have rendered his country
a timely service. Instead of doing such a
patriotic act, all that Mr. Bryan has said
has tended to encourage the Tagal rebels.
If the anthracite coal strike is settled
or on the point of settlement, great credit
and public thanks are due to those who
have brought it about. It is a case for
the application of the adage against look
ing a gift horse in the mouth. The settle
ment of the strike on terms acceptable to
both parties will be an event so clearly in
the public interest that It should be ac
cepted thankfully without questioning the
motives of any who have been Instrumental
in bringing it about.
The Republican party is In no way re
sponsible for the so-called trusts, and it
Is the only party that has ever tried to
abate the evil by legislation or that can
be depended vn to do so. In this as In
ether matters the party to trust is the
cne that redeems its pledges and does
A few days ago the Chicago Record
said, with a tone of resignation, that it is
probable the guerrilla warfare In the Phil
ippines will be kept up until after the
election. It might be different if Mr. Bryan
should advise Agulnaldo to cease hostili
ties. The Democratic rulers in Missouri have
dissipated the State's school fund, which
Is all right from their point of view, since
a good public school system would be dan
gerous to the hide-bound Democracy of
If Germany declares war against China
it will be a. war of revenge, an unneces
sary war, and may prove a very costly one
to Germany, especially if all the other
powers refuse to join in it, as they
How many of his "candy calves" will
Mr. Bryan need to bring with him when
he comes to Indianapolis to present to the
Gold Democrats who are now for him?
BUBBLES IN THE AIR.
Freely to strangers we confide our woe.
Because their leaky ways we do not know.
Tbe l'lyliipr Phalanx.
"Pa, what is a hurtling gait?"
"Oh, Bobby, it's the way our cooks come and
Rack nnd Fortht
"Edmund, what made you so'late?"
"My dear, I came up in my new automobile,
and passed the house five times before I could
arrange to stop." " --"-'
Then Dip Back Into the Mncllafre.
"If you dip your mucilage brush in the ink
bottle it is a sign you need moro sleep."
"Gh, no; it is a sign you will need more
To Q. II. Flnccns.
I love thee, Horace, for thy poet's art
Thy taste for, simple things, thy manly heart;
Eut, more, I love thee'for the reason that
Thy annals teli me thou wort short and fat.
Difference of taste in humbugs is a great strain
A man generally asks his wlfo's advice about
his new fall hat after he has bought It and has
given away his old one.
When a man lifts his wife's satchel he always
says: "Gracious, what have you got in here?"
Next to not earning any applause it is comfort
ing not to earn any disapproval.
Often the only chance a man has to take his
own time Is when he is working for somebody
Some men carry such dreadfully dignified
canes that it makes them look silly.
The worst feature about one birthday Is that
it is the forerunner of the next.
RICE'S BODY CREMATED.
Another Statement by the Attorney
for the Late Millionaire.
NEW YORK, Sept. 27. Only two persons,
as mourners, accompanied the body of Wil
liam Marsh Rice to the Fresh Fond crema
tory to-day. The body arrived at the cre
matory at 12:13. Two carriages followed the
hearse. In the first was Charles Jones and
Dr. Walker Curry. In the second was the
undertaker. The body was taken from the
coffin in the incinerating room and placed
on an iron cradle. Three hours later the
incineration of the body was completed.
Lawyer Albert T. Patrick, late this after
noon, gave out the following statement:
"In my relations with the late William M.
Rice, it was recognized that I was the New
York attorney for Col. O. T. Holt, executor
of the will of Mr. Rice's late wife in a
certain law suit pending in the State of
Texas. When Capt. James A. Baker, of
Texas, Mr. Rice's attorney, and Colonel
Holt, the executor, were here last fall, tak
ing testimony, I conducted negotiations be
tween them for a compromise, and under
stood Colonel Holt to authorize a settle
ment of all claims for $230,000, which
amount Captain Baker refused to pay.
Thinking to serve my client, I conducted
secret negotiations with Mr. Rice from
January last to get him to pay the $230,000.
The $250.000 in cash was sent to me by Mr.
Rice last Saturday In my capacity as at
torney for Mr. Holt, and in satisfaction of
all his claims against Mr. Rice's estate,
the money to be paid by me to Mr. Holt
upon hi3 executing full releases to Mr.
Rice, according to previous negotiations.
This was followed by Mr. Rice's unfortu
nate death and hence my effort to certify
the check in order to consummate the
transaction without the delay incidental to
administration. I at once placed the checks
in escrow to await the consummation of
the transaction. I did not deem it proper to
speak of this matttr to the public until I
had transmitted the Information to the
Lawyer Patrick said that this settlement
wiped out the euts now pending in the
Federal Courts of Texas, and that the
claims originally amounted to something
like two millions of dollars.
HIS EYESIGHT PERILED.
Jndgf J. i. Jenkins Has Had Opera
tion Performed for Cataract.
MILWAUKEE, Wis., Sept. 27.-Judge
James G. Jenkins, of the United States
Circuit Court, Is at present in a darkened
room In St. Joseph'B Hospital, in this city,
after an operation performed on his eyes
for cataract. It will not be known for sev
eral days how successful the operation has
been in restoring the Judge's sight. The
surgeons believe it will be restored.
Should the operation fail to give him the
U3e of his eyes to some degree he may re
tire from the bench. Friends of the judge
say ho has r.ot as yet come to any de
cision. Three months ago the Judge submitted
to a preliminary operation, and since that
time he has transacted all the business of
his court, although practically blind.
BRYAK'S FINAL TOUR
W. J. STARTS FROM LIXCOLX OX, HIS
LAST SELF-ROOMIXJ TRIP.
Stop at a Democratic Stronghold In
Sarpey Comity nntl Attempts to
REPEATS OATS CROP STORY
SAYS REPUBLICANS ARE DOIXG
XOTIIIXG FOR THE MASSES,
Sneers nt Hanna nnd Prosperity nnd
Denounce Trnstn Acceptance
Lttcr from Stevenson
OMAHA, Neb., Sept. 27. W. J. Bryan
to-day began his last tour of the country
in the interest of his presidential candi
dacy. He made the first stop of the day
after leaving Lincoln at Pappilllon, the
county seat of Sarpy county. In order to
make the point in time for the meeting
Mr. Bryan left the Rock Island train at
Richfield and drove five miles across the
country. The county is strongly Demo
cratic and the national candidate was cor
dially received. He contended that the
policies promised by the Democratic party
were In the Interest of the people through
out, while those of the Republican party
were antagonistic to the public welfare.
Especially he contended was the Demo
cratic plan of government in the interest
of the former.
"I am going to suggest a question," ho
said, "and I want the Republicans here to
think about it and ask them why any per
son in Sarpy county should vote the Repub
lican ticket. This is an agricultural com
munity. Most of your people live on farms,
and those of you who do not live on the
larms live on the farmers, so that you
come in contact with the soil finally.
Those who do not till the soil are getting
their living out of those who do. I would
like to have the farmers answer to their
own satisfaction why any farmer should
voto the Republican ticket, and if a farmer
cannot find a reason, how can any man
who lives In the town and makes his living
out of the farmer array himself against
He repeated his argument that the Pres
ident is merely a hired man, saying:
"In 1S26 I made a speech and incidentally
suggested that the President is Just a
hired man; that he had a little longer term
than the average hired man and got bet
ter wages than most hired men, but that
he was nothing but a hired man. A New
York paper criticised me severely, and said
1 was dragging the office of President down
to the level of a hired man. What is a
President, a congressman, a Governor, ex
cept a hired man? The people get together,
make laws and frame a Constitution and
provide that certain offices shall be created
and filled by election, and when election
comes the various, parties present their
candidates. What do these candidates say?
We are willing to be hired by the public,
will accept the salary' provided by law and
discharge the duties of the office.' What
oath does a man take when he is elected?
He holds up his hand and swears before
God that he will perform the duties of that
hired man to the best of his ability. But.
my friends, it takes two parties to make a
contract. The candidate offers himself, but
the people have to hire him. You ought
to be as careful in the selection of your
public servants as you are in the selection
of a hired man. Suppose you hire a man
to put in oats and he put in corn. You
would not hire him again. You would re
quire a man to cultivate your land as you
wanted it cultivated.
WHO WILL VOTERS EMPLOY?
"Now, my friends, you have had a Re
publican administration for four years and
now you are to decide whether you .are
going to re-employ the President. You
have had a Republican congressman in. this
district and now you are to decide whether
you are going to re-employ him. You have
had State officers and you are going to
decide whether you are going to re-employ
them. Y'ou are to decide whether you are
going to re-employ Senator Allen or some
other man, as we think a Democrat, wheth
er you are going to employ two men to en
force the doctrines for which the fusion
forces stand, or whether you will employ
some Republican senator to legislate for
the corporations while he Is in the Senate
and act as attorney for the Standard Oil
Company, while the Senate is not in ses
sion." He asserted that the Republican party
has r.o plan that looks to the benefit of
the great struggling masses of this coun
try. The Republicans tell you, he said, of
the prosperity which they have brought to
the farmers. He went on to say that he
had been a victim of the exaggerated re
ports of the farmers' prosperity and then
told the story relative to his oats crop as
printed in a New York paper. Continuing
"The Republican party assumes that it
brings everything good and refuses to take
tho responsibility for anything bad. It
claims the blessings that are given to us
by the Almighty ad shirks the responsibil
ity for everything that Hanna brings us."
Mr. Bryan said the Republicans had been
inconsistent with their dealing In connec
tion with the money question and had
placed themselves on record as favoring
the retirement of the greenback and the
substitution of the bank note. In showing
the difference between the individual note
and the bank note he said: "Whenever a
private individual issues his noto he issues
it for tho purpose of obtaining money and
pays Interest as long as he has the money;
I he national bank Issues Its note as money
and draws Interest on the notes while they
are outstanding. When you can obtain
Interest on your notes instead of paying
interest you will be as good as the banks.
"The Republican party has increased the
tax upon the farmers and the laboring men
and the business men in this country, and
reduced the tax upon national bank cir
culation. You are compelled to pay more
taxes than you did in ls6, but the national
banks have had their taxes reduced and
pay less on the bnnK circulation than they
did in 1896. The Republican party is look
ing after the interest of aggregate wealth
und ignoring the rights of the plain people
of this country.'!
Speaking of the trusts Mr. Bryan referred
to the meeting at Nebraska City, saying:
"I was in Nebraska City last night. They
have a starch trust down there, and when
the attorney general of this State began
to prosecute the strach trust they had a
mass meeting to protest against the en
forcement of the law and the Republican
district Judge was chairman of the com
mittee on resolutions condemning the at
torney general for doing what he promised
to do when he took his oath of office."
Along the same lines he continued: "Mr.
Hanna made a speech recently Jn which ho
said that there are no trusts In the coun
try. Are you going to start a man out to
destroy the trusts who says there aro
none? You know there are trusts and that
they are able to raise the price of what
you buy. and if you are producing raw
material which they have to buy. they are
cble to control the price of what you sell
them, and they can control the wages that
they are to pay. You know of these trusts.
Why does not the Republican partyde
Uroy them? You have had a Republican
President for thrto and a half years and
you have had thre sessions of Congress
convene and adjourn, and yet the Repub
lican President has not recommended one
specific measure for the destruction of
In repard to the large standing army Issue
he said: "I have been criticised because I
suggested that they wanted to tax the
Ieople to support an army of 100,000 in
idleness, and 1 am accused of saying that
our army is Idle. Let me ask those who
öeslre to criticise that statement, 'What
does the army do?' The Republicans say
that tle Philippine war will soon be over
and what is the army going to do then?
It simply kills people, that is ail. It is
better to have an idle army than it Is to
have one shedding blood all the time. You
Republicans who do not like to have an
idle standing army must find something
for the army to do and you had better
take my view of it because when your
urmy Is employed it means war and blood
thed and the only excuse that it is not to
be idle Is that It must be engaged in the
prosecution of the war."
WOILU DESTROY ALL TRUSTS.
Bryan Sayss He Does Not Relieve There
Is One ;ood Monopoly.
DAKOTA CITY. Neb., Sept. 71. Mr.
Bryan arrived here at 7:30 o'clock to-night
and spoke in the courthouse yard. He made
three speeches during the day, traveled al
most forty miles by carriage and 150 miles
by rail. From rappullion he drove to
Blair, thirty miles, making speeches at
Hlllard and Bennington. He did not speak
more than five minutes at either place. At
Blair there was a large assemblage. Mr.
Bryan had only a little more than half an
hour for his talk there and ran hurriedly
over the principal Issues of the campaign,
giving especial attention to trusts and im
perialism. He contended that the tendency
of the trusts was to Increase the prices of
all articles of consumption used by the
farmer, while they did nothing to produce
increase in the products of the farm.
While he was talking about the price of
oats some one asked about the price of
hogs, and he replied: "I had expected
such a question. The Republicans claim
the credit for every rise In prices, no mat
ter what the cause, and shirk the respon
sibility for every reduction, no matter how
directly It may be traced to the Republican
He said that apparently Chairman Hanna
and Governor Roosevelt were not har
monious on the trust question, for while
Mr. Hanna was declaring that there were
no trusts the vice presidential candidate
was making complaints of an Ice trust In
his own State.
In his night speech at Dakota City Mr.
Bryan gave especial attention to the trusts.
"1 believe," he said, "that there is no such
thing as a good monopoly in private hands.
There is not now, there never was and
there will never be." He again referred to
the President's letter of acceptance, say
ing that the author of it had manifested far
more concern over the possibility of de
stroying what he considered good trusts
than he felt over the preservation of the
Mr. Bryan also took up the question of a
full dinner pall, saying that the Republic
ans were mistaken in supposing that the
citation of a well-furnished table was suf
ficient to meet all the demands of the labor
ing man. He asserted that the Republican
party did not dare take Its full-dlnner-pall
argument into the anthracite coal regions
of Pennsylvania, and declared that whether
a man was a laboring man. a farmer or a
merchant he must see that opportunities
are constantly narrowing under this trust
system. "If you complain, what Is the
answer?" he added. "A large standing
army to make you afraid to complain."
Discussing imperialism, Mr. Bryan as
serted that the same power which put the
Porto Rlcans outside the Constitution this
year might next year put the people of
Nebraska or any other State outside. De
stroy the doctrine that all men are created
equal, and it will soon become necessary
to carry your pedigree around with you,"
He declared that in the Paris treaty with
Spain the United States had not secured
any title to the Philippines, but had se
cured only a license to hunt there.
Mr. Bryan left bere, after the conclusion
of his speech, for Sioux City, la., where he
will spend the night.
Glad to Be the Xomlnee of the Fa
llon Populist Party.
LINCOLN, Neb., Sept. 27. In a letter
received to-day at the Populist party na
tional headquarters Adlal E. Stevenson ac
cepts the nomination f oil the vice presidency
tendered him by that party early this month.
The letter notifying Mr. Stevenson of his
nomination said that he had been selected
for the office of Vice President of tho
United States to fill the vacancy occas
ioned by the declination of Charles . A.
Towne, who was nominated at Sioux Falls.
In reply Mr. Stevenson said In part:
"Upon the important questions of finance,
of domestic administration and of reform
in our methods of taxation, the platform of
the People's party gives no uncertain
sound. It Is no less emphatic in Its de
mand for a return to the policy of honest
and economical expenditures of public
money. The further demand for wise and
efficient legislation looking to the suppres
sion of trusts cannot fail to challenge the
attention of all thoughtful men.
"In common, however, with the Silver
Republicans and the Democratic parties
you recognize the important fact that all
these are but questions of the hour. In
the presence of the overshadowing Issue of
imperialism, others are but as the dust
In the balance. It is not strange then that
there, should now be concert of action be
tween those who sincerely believe 'that a
crisis has been reached in which mere
party considerations are of secondary im
portance.' "Sixty thousand soldiers are now in the
Philippine islands how much greater will
be the sacrifice of treasure and human lifo
before the conquest is completed no one
can know, and when completed, what next?
How are these islands to be held and gov
erned? Does any sane man doubt that it
can be done only by force by the power of
the army and of the navy? And this not
lor a day or for a year, but for all time.
All this implies the exercise of power un
known to the Constitution. It is in very
truth government outside of the Constitu
tion. It mefcns the adoption by the Amer
ican Republic of the colonial methods of
European monarchies. It means the right
to hold alien peoples as subjects. If en
thrones force. as the controlling agency in
government. In a word, it foreshadows the
"Imperialism 'the republic or the empire
Is indeed the overshadowing issue with
which we are confronted in the pending
struggle for political supremacy. Its ter
mination Is to be by the American people
through the peaceful instrumentality of the
ballot. Meanwhile Its discussion will con
tinue at the fireside and on the hustings
with an earnestness rarely equaled in our
history'. It was Burke who said: T love
clamor when there Is an abuse. The alarm
bell disturbs the inhabitants, but it saves
them from being burned in their beds.'
"Again thanking the committee and those
they represent, I accept the nomination so
generously tendered me. Should your action
be ratified by the people at the polls' it will
be my earnest endeavor to discharge with
ndelity the duties of the great office."
Another Revolution In the niaek Re
public of Santo Domingo.
NEW YORK, Sept. 27.-A dispatch to
the Herald from Cape Haytlen, Hayti,
says: "Reports have Just been received
here from Monte Crlsti, Santo Domingo, of
a movement to overthrow the government
of President Jiminez. The insurrection has
begun at Meca, and is led by Horatio Vas
quez, vice president of the republic, and
Governor Caceres, of the province of San
tiago." Fighting In Colombia.
KINGSTON, Jamaica, Sept. 27. Advices
received from Colon. Colombia, to-day, say
the rebel forces again advanced to within
fourteeen miles of Panama, but were
checked there by the government troops.
The latest news was that fighting was pro
ceeding between the opposing armies.
TUNNEL TO BROOKLYN.
Mcir York Rapid Transit Commliiion-
er Promise to Ilnlld One.
NEW YORK, Sept. 27.-At the meeting
of the rapid-transit commissioners this
afternoon a resolution was passed for a
tunnel to Brooklyn. The route of the tun
nel will be the old Flatbush-avenue route.
The tunnel will extend from the City Hall,
Manhattan, to the Battery, across the East
river to the foot of Jerolomon street,
Brooklyn, thence to the old City Hall,
thence to Flatbush avenue, thence to the
Long Island Railroad station, at Flatbush
and Atlantic avenues. There the tunnel
will terminate for the present. The route
is the one favored by Controller Coler, who
makes an estimate that the cost of con
struction of the tunnel will h about
SEPTEMBER SHOWED A BIG IX
CREASE IX XEW WORK.
Drop in the Price of Crude Stay Hare
3Iuch Effect on Production Month
ly Comparative Statement
Special to the Indianapolis Journal.
MONTPEL1ER. Ind.. Sept. r7.-The
month of September has been a remarkable
one In the Indiana oil field. During tho
month there have been 2T2 wells completed,
of which sixty-six were dry holes, the bal
ance showing a dally production of Z,K0
barrels, or an average per well per day of
20 2-3 barrels. This is a big Increase over
the completed work for August, there being
twenty more wells drilled In during the
present month and the production is 70
barrels more. A dozen more dry hole
were completed, owing to the large number
of gas wells being drilled In throughout the
field to Increase the winter's supply of fueL
In new work under way there is an in
crease of six in drilling wells and twenty
nine in rigs up and building, making a to
tal increase over August of thirty-five. This
is quite an increase for this season of tho
year. The drop In the price of crude oil
may make a great difference in future de
velopments, as many rigs that have been
erected to drill test wells will be torn down
and moved to locations where the finding
of oil is a more certainty. Five cents a bar
rel for the product makes quite a difference
with the operator's monttly income.
A great number of gas wells are being
drilled at the present time, and as soon as
thej are drilled in they are connected to
the various gas lines that get their winter's
fuel to supply customers in this great gas
era. While the rock pressure is getting
down each year there still remains plenty
of gas to supply the wants of the cities for
years to come if it is properly cared for
and not wasted as it wtfs in the Ohio field
after the famous Carg well was drilled at
Findlay. For years after immense flam
beaux could be seen burning for miles
around, and there was no end to the waste,
but the consumers now sec the mistake, as
well as does the gas companies, and it is
well that Indiana took the gas matter up
In time to save the fuel and mako it last
longer. It is certain there is not the amount
of money in the gas business that there Is
in the oil business, especially for the
farmer, who, as a usual thing, receives
one-sixth of the oil produced from his
farm, while for a gas well he only g?ts
$209 a year, but eitder one gives hira more
money than could be made by farming the
Following is a comparison of the work
for the past two months in the Indiana oil
Summary of Completed Wells.
County. Comp.Prod.Dry. Comp.l'rod.Dry.
w ens on
Huntington .. 22
Delaware .... 3
Increase completed wells Jto
Increase in new production, brls 71)
Increase dry holes 12
Abandoned wells 23
October wells, brls 22 1-3
November wells, brls lSVi
December wells, brls 20 1-7
January wells, brls 20
February wells, brls 22 1-f
March wells, brls 22
April wells, brls..... ;.: IS
May wells, brls
June wells, brls 21
July wells, brls '. Is 2-
August wells, brls 1" 1-3
September wells, brls 20 2-3
Drilling Wells and Rigs Up.
County. Drg. IUg. ' lot.
Drg. Rig. Tot.
34 21 55
Wells 34 24
Blackford 17 5
Huntington ... 18
Miami ..! 3
Totals 13t 112
Tnro-iua rfrllUnc wells
Umu. V v.. ... - . M
Increase rigs up and building -
Net Increase In new work 25
PUNERAL OF GEN. PALMER.
Remain, of the Illinois Soldier and
Statesman Interred at Carllnvlile.
SPRINGFIELD. HU Sept. 27.-Under
leaden skies and with cold rain falling, the
remains of Gen. John McAuley Palmer,
soldier, statesman, jurist and writer, were
laid away in the cemetery at Carllnvlile,
this afternoon. All the State offices were
closed and flags on the Stathouse and all
public buildings floated at half mast. Tho
funeral services were held at the residence
and were brief, consisting only of prayers,
hymns by a quartet, and the reading of
Christ's Sermon on the Mount, which was
a favorite passage with the deceased
After the services the remains were
taken to Carllnvlile for interment. At Car
llnvlile the local Post G. A. R. and local
lodge Masons met the funeral party and
proceeded to the cemetery, where the
Mason ritual was read by the Carllnvlile.
Mason lodge, followed by the burial serv
ice of the G. A. R. Among the honorary
pallbearers were Senator Cullom. Governor
Tanner, former Vice President Stevenson,
former Governor Fifer. former RfPr?
atlve J. A. Connolly. Gen. John i C. Black
and Supreme Judge Jesse J. Phillips.
Death of Capt. F. D. Sharp.
KANSAS CITY. Mo., Sept. 27,-CapL
Frederick Dent Sharp, U. S. A., retired,
cousin of Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, died to
c'ay In this city from an overdose of bro
mide, taken for the puriose of relieving
i;ervousnes and pain. Captain Sharp was
totally blind and it Is supposed that he had
been unable to properly gauge the quantity
of the drug. Captain Sharp wjls appointed
to the regular army by President Grant
during his first administration.
Judge John C. Miller.
SPRINGFIELD. O., Sept. 27.-Judg John
C. Miller, of the Common Pleas Court, died
here to-day. He was a brother of Rear
Admiral Joseph N. Miller, now retired nd
living In New Hampshire.
John nominnßr Kills Grace Preston
and Commits Suicide.
LOUISVILLE. Ky.. Sept. 27. John Bos
sung, who kept a drug store at Jcffersoi
and Fourteenth streets, shot and killed
Clrace PreMon at 4 o'clock this afternoon
and committed' suicide. Bossurg and Grac
Preston had had considerable trouble with
each other lately, due principally, it I
laid, to Bossung' jealousy. At 2 p. m.
to-day the couple were seen to go up
stairs to the rooms over the drug ort,
where they "lived, and it Is a!d they quar
leled for two hours. After tvo shots hal
teen hetrd persons who entered the roon.f
found Grate I 'res' ton dea.l. and in another
icom found Botbung, who, after killing
the woman, had blown oS his htid rrilii a