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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 12, 19ÖÖ.
THE DAILY JOURNAL
FRIDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1900.
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WASHINGTON. D. C-Rlrrs House, Ebbltt
Home and Wlllard's Hotel.
la every respect yesterday was a Re
The mora speeches Mr. Bryan makes the
greater menace ha appears to the American
The Sentinel was mad about the Repub
lican parade before It took place; It will be
The Taggart Tammany la a little S0-cent
affair, but It does the best It can to Imitate
tho Croker Tammany.
Here as everywhere. Theodore Roosevelt
ras an Inspiration, because ho Is a splendid
example of the American citizen.
Yesterday's demonstration shows the
political drift In Indiana. Now is the time
to push the fighting, but not with brick
bats. Fear years ago the Sentinel warned
Democrats to beware of Jim" Keach, who
raa suspected of foul designs upon honest
V. Boys, were they, hired to ride old horses?
The Sentinel will find out that every boy
Is twenty-one years of age and will vote
for McKinley. .
Hoodlumlsm has Its inspiration In those
speeches and editorials which are Intended
to array one part of the American people
against another and thereby create classes.
How much have the gamblers put Into
the campaign fund of Thomas Taggart for
the privilege cf swindling hundreds of In
experienced youns men out of their
The Democrats who are saying they have
not heard of Colonel Durbln during the
campaign will discover the quality of his
Quiet but persistent work when the votes
are being counted. '
If any Republican thinks the Journal
gives too much space to Mr. Bryan's
speech ts he may change his mind when
assured that they are making votes for
ZIcKlnley every day.
As one administration of McKinley has
changed the United States from a debtor
to a creditor nation, lowered the rate of
Interest and created universal prosperity,
why not have another?
It Is hoped when the excitement of the
campaign Is over and ex-Senator Frank B.
Burke Is left to follow his profession he
will reconcile himself to being an American
Instead of desiring to be a Tagal.
VTho was the man who said that he would
not lift his hat to the stars and stripes, and
for whom will the crowd vote that ap
plauded the assertion? Neither he nor his
applauders were in last night's procession.
Twice S3 many wage-earners marched In
last night's procession as ever marched In
a Republican procession before. This Is as
It should be; nearly twice as many men are
employed in Indianapolis at higher wages
as a year ago.
General and ex-Governor Buckner, of
Kentucky, believes the Republicans would
carry that State if there were a fair count.
As 20 per cent, of the Republican vote was
thrown cut last year, he expects a repeti
tion of the crime this year.
Those people who have witnessed the
hamelessly open gambling and the viola
Hon of the laws of the State In this city
during the past few days know what to
expect should tho same regime get posses
sion of the State government.
The Republicans of Indianapolis are un
der Immense obligations to the gallant
marching Republicans who came to take
part in last night's magnificent demon
stration. Marion county will repay them
by giving a rousing Republican plurality.
The Seymour Democrat declared that
John R. Walsh, of Chicago, the owner of
the Southern Indiana Railroad, Intended
to vote for Bryan. When Mr. Walsh saw
. the statement he telegraphed the Demo
crat that the report was not correct, as he
was going to. vote lor McKinley.
A week before the election In 1S05 Chair
man Jones, of the cotton-baling monopoly.
predicted that Mr. Bryan was absolutely
certain of 252 electoral votes and was al
most certain to carry Iowa, Illinois, Ohio
and Wisconsin. And yet Jones sits among
the Bryan prophets.
John D. Crlmmlns, a prominent Demo
crat of New York city, one of the most
extensive employers of skilled labe In
the country, and a delegate to the Demo
cratic national convention in 3536, has pub
ttzttS a bttir atsurins werklrcmen that
to vote for Bryan is to vote against their
own interests. He warns them that the
election of Bryan would certainly shatter
the prosperity on which they depend for
steady employment and good wages, and
that nothing he could say or do would
A MAGNIFICENT DC3IONSTUATIOV.
In numbers, enthusiasm and effect the
Republican demonstration yesterday and
last night was the most notable that has
occurred in Indiana in years. In numbers
the procession was the most extensive ever
witnessed in this State. The enthusiasm
was Intense, but natural, while the effect
of the demonstration must have been to
Ehow to all who are In a frame of mind
to form a Judgment that the drift of public
sentiment is toward the Republican ticket.
The paramount Issue, the assault upon
the policy of sustaining- the national au
thority In the Philippines and the de
fense of Agulnaldo in his course, has
turned the young men of the State against
the Democracy. In Indiana there has
been too much talk of Lincoln and Morton,
the past thlrty-flvc years, to make the
defense of men firing upon American sol
diers and the stars and, stripes an accept
able performance. The six thousand young
men of Indiana who enlisted In the Spanish-American
war as a rule turn to Roose
velt rather than Stevenson. In fact, the
young men of Indiana have measured up
the contest. In Theodore Roosevelt they
see the man who stands for civic right
eousness and manliness In peace, and on
the firing line In time of war. In his op
ponent, Mr. Stevenson, they see the man
who went about Illinois in September and
October, 1?64, as a Democratic candidate
for election, denouncing Abraham Lincoln
as a bloody tyrant and proclaiming the
var for the Union "a failure." The young
Hoosler turns his admiring face to Roose
velt and hiß back upon Stevenson.
The conspicuous presence of thousands
of wage-earners in the procession shows
that the intelligence In the shops, the fac
tories and the warehouses is not with the
party that masks a depreciated dollar be
hind half traitorous chatter about imperial
ism and efforts to break the accord be
tween employe and employer. They know
that all men who' toll for wages are better
off now than four years ago. They re
sented, last night, as they will resent at
the polls on Nov. 6, the insulting assertion
that they are intimidated by employers.
Farmers were in the procession or in the
crowd of acclaim because a brighter day
has come to them with McKinley than they
have seen for years.
Business men and professional men were
in that grand turnout for Republicanism,
not because they are all Republicans, but
because, more and more as the days pass,
Bryan and Bryanlsm loom up a menace to
prosperity, to good government and to the
highest welfare of the American people.
All are thoroughly aroused. Because they
are the belief gains ground as the days
pass that Indiana will give Its electoral
voto to McKinley and Roosevelt, and thus
stand in line with the great and progres
sive States of the Northwest rather than
with the solid South. Indiana stood with
those States for Lincoln In 1S; it will
march to victory with them in November.
Such Is the lesson of yesterday's demon
stration. MR. BRYAN INSULTS TUG PRESIDENT
Many of Mr. Bryan's speeches disclose
a spirit of personal insult towards Presi
dent McKinley which Is as discreditable
to Mr. Bryan as it Is unjust to tho Pres
ident. He has repeatedly charged the
President with personally favoring im
perialism, which is equivalent to charg
ing him with harboring treasonable pur
poses. In a recent speech he said: "If we
are to have Imperialism a big army will
be necessary. Only a big force under arms
can maintain the prestige of an imperial
istic bully." The epithet "imperialistic
bully" was evidently a personal allusion
to the President, who is charged with fav
oring imperialism. At ;Nlles, Mich., on
Wednesday, while discussing imperialism,
Mr. Bryan declared that the Pres
ident had asked for an Increase
of the army to 100.000 unon hi own
initiative. The people had never voted on
the subject, he said, and ho charged that
the President's request had not been made
to Congress until after the peace treaty
had been signed. The animus of these
charges is plain. They are intended to
create the Impression that the increase of
the army to 100,000 men, 63,000 regulars and"
35,000 volunteers, to serve till July l. 1901.
was unnecessary and uncalled for; that
the President had asked for it of his own
motion, and, impliedly, for Imperialistic
purposes. To say that such a charge Is
unfounded and unjust Is too mild; it Is a
gross personal insult to the President.
What are the facts about the Increase
of the army? It is true that the President
in his annual message of December, 1S0S,
did recommend an increase of the army to
100,000 men. The secretary of war had
already recommended it In his annual re
port as' a necessary measure, and in re
peating his recommendation the President
It Is my purpose to muster out the entire
volunteer army as soon as the Congress
shall provide for the increase of the regu
lar establishment. This will be only an act
cf Justice, and will be much appreciated
by the brave men who left their homes and
employment to help tho country in its
Mr. Bryan Intimates that it was some
thing unusual for a President to recom
mend an Increase of the army without the
people having voted on tho proposition.
Many Presidents have made the same rec
ommendation, and the increase has been
made by Congress many times, and In no
instance have the people ever voted on it.
The bill providing for the reorganization
of the army passed March 2, 1SX). It
authorized an increase of the regular army
to 63,000 men until July 1, 1301, and the
enlistment of 33,000 volunteers to serve
until the same date. The bill originated
in the Senate and was reported from the
committee on military affairs by Senator
Cockrell. Democrat, of Missouri. In In
troducing the bill Senator Cockrell made
a speech explaining Its provisions and
strongly commending it. He said:
This measure has been examined very
carefully, and I want to say I Indorse it.
I indorse It because I believe it is right and
just am! proper and necessary; and In ad
dition to that It will settle for years to
come the question of the reorgan
ization of the regular army.
I have been on several com
missions to reorganize the army. We have
never bton able to get anything that could
mt-et with approval, and I believe honestly
and conscientiously that thi ' th ht
measure that has been presented to ths
Congress of the United built io- uiü.-;
the regular army since I entered thU
chamber on the 4th day of March, 1S75. I
do not believe that you will ever get a
That is what a Democratic senator said
of the bill which Mr. Bryan represents
as the outcome of President McKlnley's
Imperialistic designs. The bill passed the
Senate by a vote of 55 to 13. Among the
Democrats who voted for It were .Sen
ators Cockrell, Gorman, Llndsey, Bacon,
Clark, McLaurln, Money, Morgan, Mur
phy and others. Therefore, when Mr
Bryan attempts to strike President Mc
Kinley through the bill to increase the
army he strikes the Democratic senators
who voted for it.
Mr. Bryan's personal attacks on Presi
dent McKinley should excite the contempt
of all fair-minded men. Men may disagree
honestly In politics, but no person possess
Ing any knowledge of public affairs or
public men can doubt that President Mc
Kinley is far above the reach of any re-
flection on the purity or patriotism of his
motives. Mr. Bryan's Insults should re
coil upon himself.
TUE FOOL PROPHET.
One day this week the Sentinel dropped
its trouble and rage over the mortgage
debt of Indiana people long enough to pre
dict that things In this State are tending
Bryanward at a lively pace. The Sen
tinel files for October, 1S96, were consulted
to see If that paper was then prophetic.
Of course, it was. Prophecy is the Sen
tinel's best hold, but its predictions must
be understood the opposite of what they
read. In the course of a week, beginning
with Oct. 21, 18D6, many prophecies were
found as follows:
Oct. 24 "Democrats, pay no attention to
Republican claims. The leaders are trem
bling in their boots. Indiana is for Bryan
by a vote that will drive every gold fraud
advocate to cover in November."
Did the Sentinel really believe this state
ment when it was made? If it did, its
opinions regarding elections are of no
value. Again, In the course of an article
in which ex-Representative Cooper, of Co
lumbus, was mixed up with Cooper, then
the Democratic candidate for Congress,
the Sentinel said: "Mr. Cooper, of In
dianapolis, and the next congressman from
this district." Mr. Cooper lacked about
6,000 votes of election. Did the Sentinel be
lieve at any time in lKtö that Mr. Cooper
would be elected? On Oct. 28 the Sentinel
said: "McKinley will get only one Middle
West State, and that is Wisconsin.'. When
the vote was counted the Republicans car
ried the Middle West States by from 1S.000
to 140,000 plurality. Oct. 31: "The State is
for Bryan by a large majority," which, as
reported from Chairman Martin, was 63,000.
The same day the Sentinel cheered the
Bryanltes with the following prediction:
Governor Altgeld, of Illinois, returned on
Monday to Chicago from New York, and
ho says that the Empire State is for Bryan.
Four days before the election the Sen
tinel encouraged Its Democratic readers to
bet their all by the following declaration:
The Republican managers who are fa
miliar with the Indiana political situation
are In desperate straits. They know that
they are defeated.
Three or four weeks before the election
the Chicago Record made a postal-card
canvass to get the drift of opinion on the
silver question In the Northwest, Missouri
and Kansas. It was against the 3ryanltes.
Thereupon the Sentinel published some
figures showing that, upon the basis of
the Record's canvass, Bryan would carry
Illinois by 75,133, Indiana by 65,141, and
The Sentinel made other predictions. One
was that "no policy that decreases tho
value of the products of labor can be bene
ficial to labor." Another was: "Vote for
McKinley, less money and more panic."
Now the Sentinel is distressed at the gen
eral advance of prices, while everybody
knows that McKlnley's election has been
followed by more money and no panic.
What a beneficent man he would be who
should invent some sort of gold or Keeley
cure for the Democratic vice of prophe
sying. The Indianapolis 'Sentinel in a leading ed
itorial draws the following pen picture of a
A demagogue is defined as "an orator or
leader who seeks to influence the people by
pandering to their prejudices and passions."
The word involves, in its ordinary accepta
tion, the idea of an appeal that produces
injurious, unworthy or ignoble results, or
Is liable to produce them. It does not neces
sarily imply that the orator or leader is In
sincere in his views. No doubt some of the
most influential fiends of the French revo
lution were thoroughly convinced that the
welfare of the nation demanded that the
gutters should drain away every drop of
aristocratic blood in France. Yet they were
demagogues, and most harmful ones.
This describes Mr. Bryan very accurately,
but It should be added that in addition to
the foregoing qualities he possesses un
usual fluency and plausibility in presenting
the dangerous doctrine he holds. In ora
torical ability he greatly excels Robes
pierre, the French revolutionary leader,
whom one of Mr. Hearst's papers lauded
a few days ago and compared to Bryan. In
the Assembly of which he was a member
Robespierre was not regarded as an ef
fective speaker. A biographer says: "It
was outside as a popular demagogue and
leader in the famous Jacobin Club that his
chief activity was exerted; and in this field
his influence speedily became Immense."
This, also, fits Bryan, whom the Hearst
paper compared to Robespierre in his sin
The Sentinel is doing good Republican
campaign work by publishing a statement
by counties of the number of real estate
mortgages made and the number satisfied,
respectively, in the years 1S07, 1S08 and 1S39.
The statement In detail occupies too much
space to be conveniently inserted in the
Journal, but the footings tell the story.
They show that the increase in the num
ber of real estate mortgages in 1S09 was
only 5,016, as against an increase of 28,608
in 1S3S, and of 23,001 in 1S37. The increase in
the amount of real estate mortgages in 1S09
was only $3,552,116, as against an increase
Of $1S.294,SS6 in 1803, and J16.S09.361 in 1S97. Of
course, McKinley prosperity had not made
itself felt in the reduction of mortgages
during the first year of his term, but in the
third year it shows very conspicuously, the
number of new real estate mortgages exe
cuted in that year being about one-sixth
as many as in the first year, and the
amount less than one-half. This shows that
more Indiana farmers got out of debt dur
ing the year 1S09 than in any previous year
in the history of the State. The widest pos
sible circulation of these facts ought to
help materially in giving the country "four,
four, four years more" of McKinley.
Because of the sensational reports printed
in yellow newspapers and Prohibition
organs relative to insanity in the Philip
pine army. Surgeon General Sternburg has
asked for and received reports from all of
the medical officers In the islands. These
reports show that there were only eighty
four cases of insanity among the troops
in the Pacific islands, and there were only 121
cases in the whole army of 105,546 men a
samller percentage than will be found In
any city of that population. Furthermore,
the most of the cases were temporary, the
result of mental depression and nervous
anxiety, while the number of cases attrib
uted to Intemperance Is very small. Thus
do the official facts dispose of the lies of
Prohibition editors and yellow reporters.
If a corporation or individual, by Its or
his agent, makes it a condition of selling
sugar or any other merchandise to a re
taller or Jobber that he shall buy all his
sugar or other goods of that corporation or
individual, or refuse to sell to a retailer or
jobber because he has bought goods of
other persons, or if a corporation like the
Standard Oil Company, by its agents, un
dertakes to drive competitors out of any lo
cality by selling Its goods below the mar
ket price, and it can be 10 proved, such par
ties can be punished under the existing,
laws of Indiana, because such acts are in
restraint of trade. Such Is a fair deduction
from Judge Jordan's decision, which was
sustained by the Supreme Court.
Hon. Wheeler H. Peckham, one of the
most prominent lawyers In New York and
once nominated by Mr. Cleveland for judge
of the Supreme Court, has 'publicly repu
diated Bryan and declared his Intention of
voting for McKinley. He says that as a
Democrat he regrets to have to support
the Republican ticket, but as. In his opin
ion, the election of Bryan would bring
"unmixed and unqualified evil," he cannot
The Washington Post, an Independent pa
per and an able one, with Democratic lean
ings, says that Mr. Bryan is hurting his
cause and should quit and go home. The
Post approved his speech of acceptance in
this city, but now it says "we are bound
to admit he (Mr. Brj-an) Is lending himself
to very ignorant and base prejudices."
It Is very natural that the man who half
apologizes for those who assail the author
ity of the United States in the Philippines
will labor to arraytme part of the citizens
of this country against the other. The
last is as treasonable as the first, because
it is an attempt to destroy the harmonious
whole of the American people.
A man who says "the Republicans want
a large army so they can establish a fort
near every city to suppress discontent
which should be relieved by legislation"
Is too reckless and untruthful to be seri
ously thought of In connection with the
presidency of the United States.
BUBBLES IN THE AIR.
riease notice that "ready" and "steady"
Are the very best rhymes for "Teddy."
"You're not half so stout as you were, Billy."
"No; we've moved into a flat, and I Just bad
to get thin."
Equipped to Tumble Around.
"Johnny! Johnnyl You're" so noisy I'm going
to have rubber soles put on all your shoes."
"That's groat, ma! And, oh, ma! get me some
rubber elbows, too!"
"For your dear sake, O love," she said, "there's
naught I would not be.", '
lie does not like the hat she wears, but not one
whit cares she.
"Did that girl encourage you any?"
"Well, when I called she didn't appear her
self, but she sent her mother la .to see me In
stead of her father."
Down with the Yellovr Peril.
"Against these hideous Belgian hares," now
states In great dejection
Our home-grown Bunny, "I would like to beg
my friends protection."
Commerce Facing Both Ways.
"I tell you, our grocer has a good business
"In what special way?"
"Why, he's got both McKlnley's and Bryan's
pictures In his front store window."
Autumnal Joy is Inspired when man finds out
he has some good winter clothes left over from
last year. !
By agreeing with everybody we give them a
chance to go off and say we are amiable but
haven't any mind worth mentioning.
Voters who like sterilised politics will please
notice that all the yellow Journals In the coun
try are Bryanlte.
An Ideal husband Is one who can give his wife
the Impression that she Is getting her own way
about everything: when she Isn't.
In a heated partisan argument it is always
convincing to tell the other man that he doesn't
know a thing about politics.
By prying into other people's tendencies we
get off guard and give them a chance to pry into
Two people who don't talk at all don't like to
be together any better than two reople who want
to talk all the time.
At heart every woman believes that a rainy
Sunday is made so she can stay at home and fix
up her top bureau drawer.
ABOUT PEOPLE AND THINGS.
Mark Twain says he is In doubt about the
age at which an author should lay aside
his pen. He' used to think It was slxtj', but
he Is now sixty-five and has changed his
Senator Hoar says he was recently talk
ing to tho five-year-old eon-of a Repub
lican friend, and asked: "Well, Tom, are
you going to grow up and be a good man
like your father?" "No," was the reply,
"I think I'll be a Democrat."
It may be of Interest to women who wish
to study in German universities to know
that while, by courtesy of the individual
professors, women attend lectures at many
of the universities, only in Heidelberg and
Freiburg is their admittance a matter of
Prof. E. W. Scripture, head of the psy
chological laboratory of Yale University,
has been awarded a gold medal by the
Paris exposition for a device for testing
color-blindness. The device Is of great
practical value for testing the sight of can
didates for railway and naval service.
George Brown, an old negro Janitor at
the United States Naval Academy at An
napolis, has been in the employ of that
institution ever since It was founded, in
1SI5, and has been more or less familiar
with all our naval heroes since that date.
He is the only person now living who was
connected with the Institution when It was
Washington Duke, the tobacco manufac
turer, has. given 5100,000 to Trinity College,
a Methodist Institution at Durham, N. C.
This makes altogether 1500,000 given by Mr.
Duke to this college. In addition to this,
another member of the Duke family has
given to the college J100.000, and a library
that will cost $100,000 Is now being built by
J. B. Duke.
Lord Roberts is but the third of all the
British field marshals, past and present, to
be appointed to the command of an army in
the field after attaining that rank. The
Duke of York held it when placed at the
head of the Helder expedition In 1791), and
the Duke of Wellington had been a field
marshal nearly two years when he assumed
command in the Waterloo campaign.
Ex-Speaker Reed, being himself a most
methodical man. likes those about him
to be as punctual in business matters
as he is. The other day he reprimanded
an office boy for the tardiness of his ar
rival at the office. "Well." said the boy.
"you said there was nothing like regu
larity, and as I'd been an hour late for
the past two weeks, I didn't like to change
my method and come in on time to-day."
Mr. Herbert Putnam, librarian of Con
gress, who has returned from his visit to
Europe in search of books, spent 512,000
for volumes needed by the institution of
which he Is at the head. He visited all
the principal cities of England and the
continent, and rummaged through dark,
dusty, second-hand stores, besides examin
ing the stocks of the first class book deal
ers. What promises to be the best apple crop
In the history of Canada not merely In
quantity, but quality Is now fast approach
ing the harvest season. In three weeks
the fruit will begin to come to Montreal
preparatory . to shipment to Europe. Last
year Montreal shipped 2S6.000 barrels of
apples: the year before, 333,000 barrels.
From present appearances this year's ship
ment will be at least twice as large as last
Among the messages received by the Sul
tan, on the occasion of his recent Jubilee,
was the following, from AH Bey, the son
of Mldhat Pasha: "I congratulate your
Majesty. I recall the blood of my father.
Innocently shed in the fortress of Taif.
That tragic death. In the face of Justice,
of humanity, and of Europe Itself, Is
never to be forgotten. I have nothing to
say on the subject of the strangling of
my father after the promises made to
those same powers who have now come to
celebrate your Majesty's Jubilee; but I
leave the judgment of the matter to the
peoples and to the future. I am prepared
to endure the wrath of your Majesty before
the specter of Mldhat."
Some artists use a nom d plume, ,
Thinking this their luck'll
Hap augment; while some employ
Example gratia. Kid McCoy
As 'twere, a nom de knuckle.
TRUSTS AND CORPORATIONS.
Distinction Carefully Drawn by Mass
achusetts Attorney General.
As prompt as ever, as loyal and as en
thusiastic, the Middlesex Club ratified the
Republican State nominations Saturday
with one of its old-time gatherings.
Governor Crane could not sit at the
head of tho table, for business had taken
him away from Massachusetts, but Lieu
tenant Governor Bates spoke for him very
acceptably. The chief address of the meet
ing was the vigorous argument of Attorney
General Knowlton, whose handling of the
trust issue was all the more Impressive
because It was the work of the chief law
officer of the commonwealth. Mr. Knowl
ton insisted that though this was a false
Issue on the part of the Democracy, it
would not do to ignore it. He condemned
unqualifiedly the real trust-which he de
nned as "an association of corporations
in some cases of individuals who by an
agreement made among themselves sur
render their corporate or individual prop
erty Into the hands of a party of irre
sponsible men called trustees to manage
the property for the corporations without
corporate voice in it, the object being
to avoid the laws regulating corporations,
to promote secrecy in the operation of the
trust, and to avoid the consequences which
result from open and aboveboard dealing."
"These secret and corrupt organizations,"
declared the attorney general, "have no
friends. The world is against them. Some
of them have attained great success, but
all of them have been the animadversion
of honest men, and to a large extent they
have been abandoned." But Mr. Knowlton
went on to remind his audience that there
is another use of the word "trust," less
accurate the application of It to any large
aggregation, of capital formed to gain in
creased power by union of forces. Mr.
Knowlton had no quarrel with the great
corporation which is what many a so
called trust really is. He argued that these
combinations of capital and strength came
into existence because of imperative laws
of nature and are not necessarily in
jurious; they are not illegal. But, the
attorney general added, when such a union
of forces "is used as a consolidation to
raise prices, to corner products, or to crush
out competition, then it Is unlawful. For
example, four or five cotton mills, which
manufacture yarn, get together because
they can save salaries and expenses and
dispense with the middle men, and thus
cheapen their product and make more
money, but do not attempt to destroy out
side competition that is an aggregation of
fcrces which is within the rights of every
man to form."
Here our Massachusetts attorney gen
eral, with the weight of his professional
authority, makes the vital distinction be
tween lawful and unlawful combinations
between good trusts and bad. It is very
important for the sake of clear and sober
thinking that this distinction should be
held constantly In mind. The Republican
party does not countenance or defend tha
harmful or illegal combinations. In fact,
as Mr. Knowlton well said, "the only
legislation that has ever been enacted
against trusts has been by the Republican
party." But the Democracy, in its indis
criminate denunciation of all great combi
nations of capital, really makes war upon
the very foundations of modern commerce
and modern Industry.
THE IMMENSITY OF CHINA.
An Area of 5,000.000 Sqnnre Miles and
a Circuit of 14,000 Miles.
Is it to be wondered at, however, that
China has considered herself self-sufficient?
It is not the "middle kingdom" of the
world, but it is of Asia. It lies in the mid
dle and on the southeastern slope of Asia.
It incloses an area of 5,000,000 square miles.
Its circuit is 14,000 miles, or over one-half
the circumference of the globe. It com
prises one-third of Asia and one-tenth of
the whole earth. It Is Inhabited almost ex
clusively by Chinese. The foreigners are
not yet numerous. They are so few that the
hostility ta them reminds us of the Biblical
prophesy that "one shall chase a thousand,
and two put ten thousand to flight." Its
original eighteen provinces are variously
estimated at from 1,318,870 to 2,000,000 square
miles, or nearly the equivalent of the States
lying east of the Mississippi river, plus
Texas, Arkansas, Missouri and Iowa. Its
great plain extends from the great wall
north of Peking to the Junction of the
Yang-Tse Kiang with the Po-Yang lake
700 miles in length. It includes 210,0ml
square miles. It supports a population of
177,000,000 and is more densely inhabited
than any other equal portion of the world.
The Yang-Tse Klang is one of the world's
Chih-Li, Shan-Tung and Shan-Si are the
three provinces In which the Boxer revolu
tion now exists.' Chih-Li contains nearly
20,000,0110 people. Peking, the seat of gov
ernment for the empire, is supposed to
contain from 1,000,000 to 3,000,0!JO. Shan
Tung has a population of about 26.000.000.
Shan-Si has a population of about 12,000,000
Hence the direct effects of the Boxer revo
lution concern thus far about 60,000,000.
China's antiquity is a part of its colossal
proportions, however the country may be
viewed chronologically, historically, polit
ically, religiously, etc. Native writers as
sign to their country myriads of years. Its
mythological history antedates 2852 B. C.
Its legendary history covers from 2853 to
22o5 B. C. Its ancient history extends from
2205 B. C. to 221 A. D. Its medieval history
covers from 221 to 13CS A. D. The last na
tive dynasty was the Ming, and it extended
from 13GS to 1SIL. The Manchus have gov
erned since 1614.
Tho civilized nations of the globe have the
most formidable task of all time If they un
dertake to subdue China by force or by re
llglon, or by Western civilization, or by all
A Result to Be Desired.
Kansas City Journal.
The disfranchising of the Southern ne
groes by law ought to have one good effect.
There will now be no excuse for the "race
wars" which usually are started shortly
before elections and which result in killing
a part of the negro voters ana scaring the
rest into the woods. The Southern negro
should be as safe at election time hereafter
as at cotton pianunj ume.
HR. BRYA2TS OREGON SUP.
Some Thin its That He Didn't Say
About Jegro Suffrage.
Terre Haute Express.
"Oregon," either as the name of the State
or of the great cruiser carrying the flag
to distant parts, will not be music In Mr.
Bryan's ears when he realizes fully the
effect of his use of Oregon as a parallel to
North Carolina. It was an Instance of
cunning overreaching itself.
Oregon was originally Spanish territory
and our title to it came from the Louisiana
purchase and the Florida treaty of 1&19
with Spain. Not only were objections, sim
ilar to those heard at present, made to
the acquisition of the Spanish territory In
former days, but the same objections were
made to the admission of Oregon to ter
ritorial rights that have been made to our
possession of Hawaii and the Philippines,
the erection of Oregon Into a Territory, In
1S48, met with strong objection on the
ground that it was so far oft "that it never
could be governed by the United States"
and that a delegate to Congress "could not
reach Washington until a year after the
expiration of his term." Oregon then was
further off in time and trouble from Wash
ington, D. C, than the Philippines are to
day. Oregon, however, was admitted as a Ter
ritory. It was Democratic, Its most promi
nent politician being Joseph Lane, who
was Governor, delegate to Congress and
afterwards senator, and vice presidential
candidate with Breckenridge in 1SC0. When
this Democratic Territory adopted a Con
stitution, preparatory to application for
statehood, there were clauses against
slavery and the suffrage for negroes. This
Constitution went into effect in 1S59 when
Oregon was admitted into the Union by a
Democratic Congress, which approved of
The fifteenth amendment to the Constitu
tion, which has been In force for a
generation, provides that "The right of
the citizens of the United States to vote
shall not be denied or abridged by the
United States or any State on account of
race, color, or previous condition of servi
tude." The passage of this amendment
made Inoperative and canceled every State
decree to the contrary, and while such
decree might remain unrepealed It was a
"dead letter." No citizen and friend of
universal suffrage was disturbed by a
State enactment whose dead letter had
been replaced by the living letter of the
Constitution of the United States.
To-day, as the Oregon secretary of state
telegraphed to the Anderson Herald, ne
groes are allowed to vote in Oregon and
their Tight to hold propertj (and of course
to live in It) is not limited by the Constl-
tion and laws of Oregon.
vhen Mr., Bryan came into Indiana he
knew or ought to have known that the
Oregon constitutional clause of 1S59, relat
ing to negroes was dead, and the negro
preserved the rights which are to be denied
to him In North Carolina. He came and
provided with typewritten copies of the
old clause of 1853 to hand out to newspa
pers, and when asked about North Caro
lina, replied, "I am going to assume that
the Republican who asked that question
is an honest man. I am going to ask him
about the Constitution of the Republican
State of Oregon. I will read a provision
ot that Constitution."
He intended to make his audience believe
that the status of the negro is the same
in Oregon that the people of North Caro
lina are trying to make it in that fatate,
but he was taking a snap-judgment which
would be reversed on appeal to facts and
There was another use Mr. Bryan might
have made of the Oregon provision, with
the change of but few words, that would
have been fair. He could have said, "My
honest Republican friend. I will read you
a clauso from the Oregon constitution of
lbo9, passed by some antique Democrats,
which disfranchised the negroes, but I call
your attention to the fact that the fifteenth
amendment of the Constitution of the
United' States renders it inoperative and
illegal and I now point out to you that the
Constitution of the, United States will pro
tect the negro in North Carolina from
Democratic enactments as it has in Ore
Mr. Bryan could not make such a simple
statement without reflecting on the North
Carolina Democrats and seeming to affirm
the sanctity of the fifteenth amendment
which the Southern Democrats are now
violating. He would be asked no more
questions about North Carolina If he
should say, "I will insist upon securing the
same rights to the negro of North Caro
lina which are enjoyed by the negro of
Oregon." He will not say this but will
continue to use history with ail lines
washed out which do not suit his case. Just
as counterfeiters wash words and marks
from bank notes and postage stamps to
enable them to pass them on the unwary
for something which they are not.
Present Condition of a Peculiar Race
Which Is Fast Dying; Out.
The cruel murders recently committed by
a couple of black natives in New South
Wales have naturally directed increased
attention to the present condition of the
remnant of the strange, mysterious race
which formerly peopled the Australian
island continent. According to Mr. Cogh
lan, the New South Wales government
statistlcan, the aborigines of Australia
form a distinct race, and it may be pre
sumed that the whole of them throughout
the continent sprang from the same stock,
although it is remarkable that their lan
guages differ so greatly that tribes within
bhort distances are often quite unable to
understand each other, and, in fact, al
most every large community of natives has
Its own peculiar dialect. It is difficult to
form a correct estimate of the number of
the aborigines; but, while there is reason
to believe that some generations ago they
were very numerous, there is ample evi
dence of late years that in many places
they are decreasing, and they may now
be counted by fives where they were form
erly counted by hundreds. In Tasmania
they have disappeared altogether, the last
of tho tribe in that colony having died in
1S75. It is reported that' Governor Phillip
estimated the aboriginal population about
the close of the last century at 1,000,000;
the number between Broken bay and
Botany bay (north and south of Sydney)
appearing to have been about 3,000. At the
census of 1SS1 only 38.S79 aborigines were
enumerated, of whom 8.2S0 were In New
South Wales, CG5 in Victoria, 23.783 in
South Australia and 6,245 in Western
The figures relating to New South Wales
and Victoria Included all aborigines liv
ing In those provinces, but the returns from
the other colonies were very imperfect.
The Tasmanian census of 1S31 enumerated
ISO half castes, who were Included In the
general population. It has been asserted
that there are some 70.000 aborigines In
Queensland, but this is a very crude es-
tlmate, and may be far wide of the truth.
In the case of South Australia, a large
number of the aborigines in the northern
territory is entirely outside the bounds
of settlement, and it seems probable that
they are quite as numerous in that colony
as in Queensland.
The census of Western Australia Included
only those aborigines in the employment of
the colonists, and as large portions of
this, the greatest In area of all the Aus
tralasian colonies, are as yet unexplored,
it may be presumed that the number of
aborigines enumerated was very far short
of the total in the colony. Altogether, the
aboriginal population of the continent may
be set down at something like 200,000. The
8.2S0 aborigines In New South Wales in
cluded 3.1S3 half castes. At the close of
lSl'S the number of aborigines under tho
control of the colonial Aborigines Protective
Board was 6.S9I, of whom 2,230 were full
bloods and 3.CG1 half castes. There are
live mission stations in the colony. These
establishments, when first formed, were
little more than camping grounds for the
aborigines, where the blacks worked for
their rations, and elementary Instruction
was imparted to the children;, but now
they have developd Into settlements, with
greatly Improved huts for married couples,
and adequate accommodation for teaching,
duly quallüed Instructors having been ap
pointed by the New South Wales Depart
ment of Public Instruction.
At the end of l&tt there were K0 full-blood
aborigines and half castes living at the mis
sion stations, and on the same date 612
aboriginal children were receiving instruc
tion in schools or privately. During the
ytrr a tun cf wcj cr;:ni:l ca t.a
aborigines. There are altogether In the
colony US reserves for the aborigines, tho
total area being 23.4S0 acres. At the census
of 1SS1 only 1.673 aborigines were enumer
ated; the returns for ljl must not, how
ever, be taken as showing an Increase, but
as proving that at the previous census the
aboriginals passed over as being In a wild
state far outnumbered those within the
bounds of civilization. At the prerent time
the New South Wales aboriginal is gen
erally a harmless individual, possessing
many privileges, Including the free use of
state railways and tramwajs. - He has
a great scorn of copper money, but will
readily accept the smallest silver coin, and
If he be the head of a tribe his great am
bition Is to wear a brass plate with an in
scription announcing his rank as King.
The two perpetrators of the recent mur
ders in New South Wales were exceptions
to their class. They had been born and
reared within the pale of civilization anl
were able to read and write, but their Im
agination had become inflamed by a perusal
of the deeds of bushrangers and notorious
criminals, in the same way that the off
spring of white people have been led astray
by the narratives of Dick Turpln. Jacic
Shepard and other criminal heroes. Yet,
despite the low poMtlon occupied by the
Australian aborigines in the social scale,
there Is, says Mr. Coghlan. abundant evi
dence from their songs and cherished tra
ditions that they are by no means destitute
of some qualities in which civilized men
glory such as the power of inventing tragic
and sarcastic fiction, the thirst for religious
mystery, stoical contempt for pain and rev
erence for departed friends aud ancestors.
The manner in which they have displayed
these characteristics presents ueh a
strange mixture of wisdom and folly, of
elevating and degrading thoughts, of inter
estlng and repulsive traditions, of pathetic
ar.d grotesque observances, that In order to
account for the apparent contradictions
recourse must be had to the supposition
that, this race has descended from an an
cient and higher civilization, of which ill
people have retained some memorials.
Their efficiency and Valor Lauded by
Governor Roosevelt explained for the first
time yesterday his reported antipathy to
the colored soldier. In Scribner's Maga
zine for April, 1S33, there appeared an ar
ticle by Mr. Roosevelt, which the Demo
crats assert reflected upon the bravery of
the colored coldler. This article has been
used as a campaign document and has
been widely circulated among the colored
people of the country. "The Democrats
have attempted to make a mountain out of
a mole hill," said Governor Roosevelt.
"In the article referred to I made mention
of an Incident that happened at San Juan
hill. I had orders to hold a certain posi
tion, and was supported by the Tenth
Cavalry (colored). The position was un
certain and we needed every man available
to make the stand. Two or three of the
colored soldiers started to the rear in
search of water, as ordered, by their cap
tain. I rebuked the captain for lessening
our force, and commanded the men to re
main. The statement I made after that.
po near as I can remember, was, I have
orders to hold tlds hill, and I intend to do
it. I will shoot any man that gives up
"This is the whole story in a nutshell,
and the efforts of the Democrats to make
political capital out of the simple Inci
dent shows what small campaign methods
they are capable of using.
"My position with the colored people is
too well known for these political tricksters
to undermine it. I would be the last roan
In the world to say anything against the
colored soldier, because I know of his brav
ery and his character. He saved my life
at Santiago, and I have had occasion to
s-ay so in many articles and speeches. The
Rough Riders were In a bad position when
the Ninth and Tenth Cavalry came rushing
up the hill, carrying everything before
"The colored soldier has th faculty of
coming to the front when he is needed
most In the civil war he came 400.000
strong, and I believe he raved the Union.
He has done excellent work in all of the
Indian campaigns, and while I was in the
West I had a number of opportunities of
witnessing his wonderful work. He saved
a massacre of the Seventh in 1SD0.
"At San Juan bill the colored soldiers ren
dered an object lesson to all of the soldiers
assembled there. They sung and fought and
rushed the laggard troopers up the hill and
the great victory at that point was theirs
as much, if not more, than any of the sol
"The colored man can vote for whom he
pleases. He can follow the dictates of his
own conscience. That is why he has the
franchise, to exercise It and use it for his
best advantage, and the advantage of the
country, which he has served so honor
ably with his sword, but I take great pleas
ure in saying that he is a first-lass fighting
Bryan's Insult to All Voters,
Brooklyn Eagle (Dem.)
A candidate for the presidency has to all
intents and purposes called the office he
reeks a purchasable quantity. He has
Intimated that enough voters can be
bought, coerced, bribed and intimidated to
Insure his defeat. That is an insult which
sweeps across a continent. It is aimed at
Republicans as buyers and at Democrats
as having votes for sale. It cuts both
ways. It is a foul blow. An apology Is
in order. The statement that Bryan re
covered his head must be withdrawn. It
left his shoulders when he eaw the Mc
Kinley pictures. Then he furiously klckei
it out of reach.
Henry Wntterson on Combinations.
Memorial Address on George Dennlson
I fancy that the story of giants, which
has come down to us through the nursery.
Illustrates' the suggestion that in tho early
days of the world there was room for the
play of a gigantic individuality, which pop
ulation and civilization exclude from
modern concerns. Originally men went out
simply In quest of fortune, and a hero
was, in faith, a giant; then they moved in
couples. Next in clusters. We now travel
in circles. Combinations are essential. One
man is nothing by himself.
Should Get Together.
Some of our Democratic contemporaries
really ought to have staff consultations be
fore the papers go to press. It would pre
vent some very awkward complications.
For instance, one of them asserts in one
eclumn on the editorial page that Debs is
drawing votes from McKinley every day.
and in the very next column charges that
Ilanna is paying Debs's campaign expenses.
Somehow, these two assertions, taken to
gether, do not sound reasonable, and the
result is a tendency to discredit both.
New York IYess.
"The Territory (Louisiana) was pur
chased by the United States in their con
federate capacity, and may bo disposed of
by them at their pleasure, it is in tne
nature of a colony whose commerce may
be regulated without any reference to the
Constitution. Thomas Jeffersen.
This is the Jeffcrsonlanlsm that Mr.
Bryan does no quote.
Having recharged and refreshed himself
from the Indiana original sources of In
spiration, Mr. Bryan will resume his
pneumatic trip to the "enemy's country,"
where he can blow off In safety.
Of Real Interest.
There is one educational problem la
which China at present is deeply and hon
estly Interested, and that Is the complexion
of geography as taught in the near fu
ture. That's So.
Kansas City Journal.
"There is absolutely no excuse for a col
ored man voting the Democratic ticket,"
says an exchange. That ü true, and there
Is scarcely any for a white man voting it.
Wholly Professional, Too.
The Democrats are trylr.3 very hard to
carry New York for Ctanchfleld. Bryen
may possibly find fcl:tif la a "tr- -n