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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1900.
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House and Willard's Hotel.
The Taft commission in the Philippines
Is proving Itself an exceptionally strong
body of men and Is likely to make a fine
record in laying the foundations of civil
A prominent manufacturing company of
Chicago, announces its intention to divide
$100.0oo among its 3,000 employes as a Christ
mas gift. It will probably come back in the
fchape of faithful service.
The reasons for the admission of Okla
homa as a State cannot bo urged in favor
of Arizona. The former is rapidly Increas
ing Jn population, while the latter has not
the number required for one representa
tive. The present activity of the Boers is
probably the last flicker of an expiring
candle. They cannot maintain even a
guerrilla warfare much longer, and their
present ccurse shows more bravery than
Ex-President Cleveland's suggestion that
the rank and file of the Democratic party
be given a chance raises a question wheth
er Chairman Jones and ex-Candidate
IJryan belong in the official list or in the
rank and file. v
Every detective and every policeman in
thi country should use his best efforts to
prevent a repetition of the Cudahy kidnap
ing case. The crime is so horrible and in
human that It should not be allowed to ob
tain any foothold.
The announcement by the Dreadful Jones
that he has no idea of resigning the chair
manship of the Democratic national com
mittee will be a damper on the hopes of
Democrats who have hoped for the refor
mation of the party.
The appropriations carried by the river
and harbor bill have been scaled down
frcm $77.000,000 to $00,000,000. which is still
$20,0o0.0o0 more than the committee antici
pated at the beginning of the session. As
usual. It is a vicious, log-rolling measure.
Mr. C. H. Aldiich, In his argument before
the Supreme Court, made the point that if
our new island possessions are not Amer
ican they are Spanish. Everybody knows
they arc no longer Spanish, but some per
tons seem to be In doubt whether they are
"sure enough" American.
A bill has been introduced in the House
increasing the salary of the Vice President
from Js.Ou) to $25.0u0 a year, and of Cabinet
members from $3.000 to $15.000. The salaries
of these officers should be such as to enable
them to lire in the style expected of them
without drawing on their private means.
The Cudahy abduction case is one of the
most remarkable on record, and it is to bo
feared the easy success of the abductors In
securing a ransom of $23,000 in gold may
tend to popularize the crime with desper
adoes who will Jo anything for money, t
will also tend to make wealthy parents
watchful of their children.
If ex-President Cleveland could be in
vited to speak at the Lincoln. Neb., ban
quet, the night before Jackson's day, with
Mr. Bryan, the speeches of the last Demo
cratic President and the twice Democratic
candidate for President would be entitled
to the first two columns on the first page
of any intelligently-managed newspaper.
It is better to tell the truth all the time,
but if one is not going to tell the truth he
thould not tell falsehoods that every in
telligent person who has investigated the
subject knows to he falsehoods, as did the
excellent person who recently gave out
that army officers are opposed to the army
canteen, when 35 per cent, of the opinions
o' line officers given to the secretary of
war and published in his report of last
year were decideJly in favor of the can
teen. G r. ral MacArihur has notified the rem
nant of Filipino insurgents who are at
tempting to terrorize the dwellers of town-;
occupied by Aim-ricans that their guerrilla
tcctlcs will not be tolerated hereafter, and
that they will not be treated as prisoners
cf war when captured, but punished. This
seems to b the right line of action. The
remnant that Is disturbing the peace of
Luzon is small. It is not war they are mak
ing; therefore, when captured, they should
Not long since the Louisville Courier
Journal, after criticising those papers anil
men who are saying that the Cubans are
cot fitted to maintain a stable and gool
Government, concluded Its article by the
ttlaratlon that sooner or later Cuba will
become a part of the United State. Such
a conclusion eloos not warrant the criti
cism. There Is no disposition to deny to
the Cubans an opportunity to establish
self-government. The trouble In Cuba is
that the constitutional convention is com
posed chiefly of a class of men who have
been revolutionists and who have no sus
taining vocation. Most of them have little
Interest In the Industries of the country.
Many of them want to manage a govern
ment to improve their condition. These
men are distrusted by the planters and
business men. If the latter could have
their way they would have the islands an
nexed to the United States, because they
fear that government by the class without
property or business will be both inefficient
TIMELY WORDS II Y A JIDGE.
The rebuke which Judge Baker adminis
tered yesterday to two juries which failed
to agree is cause for congratulation rather
than criticism. In plain and simple crim
inal cases it is quite the fashion for Juries
to tlisagree. This Is elue to various causes,
but largely to a mawkish sympathy for the
accuseel. Indeed, one of the methods of the
defense is to create sympathy for the ac
cused by parading his wife and children,
his parents and even his cousins and his
aunts to shed tears and thus affect the
Jury. This disgusting practice Is the rule
rather than the exception. It should be
stoppeel. In this State, In criminal causes,
the Juror is the Judge of the law as well as
the evidence. There is no law so unique as
that promulgated by a man who can read
with the greatest difficulty. Frequently
one or two cranks get upon a jury, thus
nullifying the purpose of trial. The man
who is reputed to be" a crank in his neigh
borhood should no more be selected for a
Jurwrthan an Insane man.
Judge Baker said a righteous word when
he denounced as pernicious the maxim,
"Better ninety-nine guilty men escape than
that one innocent man should be pun
ished." A very wise man in his day and
generation may have uttered this saying,
but he could not have uttered, as a rule of
action for jurors, a more pernicious heresy.
It hedges about every rascal haleel before
a jury as often as a cranky or tearful
minded juror can be impressed with It.
Better ninety-nine rascals go free than one
Innocent man should be punished has af
fected thousands of well-meaning jurors
and set murderers, highwaymen, house
breakers and other criminals free. As
Judge Baker intimated, it is far better that
one Innocent man should be punisheei than
that ninety-nine criminals shall escape
punishment and go forth with fresh des
peration to make war upon the peace of
society. Besides, it is so infreejuent that
the really innocent man is caught with
those committing crimes or is connected
with a crime that not once in a hundred
thousand cases brought into court will a
really innocent man be convicted.
To put an end to lynching and to insure
the enforcement of the laws more pains
should be taken to get competent jurors to
fill every chair, and the vicious maxim.
"Better ninety-nine guilty men escape than
that one innocent man be punished,"
should be repudiated by courts as it was
yesterday by Judge Baker.
THE BLACKMAIL LOnHY.
The general Impression prevails that'
most of the lobbying about legislatures is
done by the agents of corporations or com
binations. This is true to some extent. Tha
most active antl best organizeel lobby elur
Ing the last Legislature was that organ
ized for the defeat of xhe county and town
ship reform bills. That lobby had con
siderable money to spend and a largo force
of men who claim to have influence. In
several States there Is another kind of lob
bying which is often profitable. Persons
make friends with members and interest
them in certain propositions which seem to
be against a class of corporations and
beneficial to the people. Bills are intro
duced and their purport is given the pub
lic through the newspapers, which often
advocate them in good faith. When the
proposed legislation Is well starteel another
member of the lobby goes to the com
panies or men whose business will be dam
aged by such legislation and offers to de
feat it for a reasonable compensation. If
the measure has been well pushed by the
other parties - In the conspiracy and the
would-be victims are considerably fright
ened they will put up a considerable
amount to defeat the scheme. This done,
the bills are killed or disposed of in a man
ner with which the schemers are familiar.
To many It may seem impossible that
any considerable amount of money can be
made by such lobbyists, but in certain
States where large corporations operate
it is said that quite a number of men of
high talent realize large incomes by push
ing bills endangering large Interests and
then killing them when those threatenet!
put up a considerable amount of money to
insure their defeat. The most remarkable
thing about this species of rascality is that
most of the victims understand the swin
dle and submit to such robbery. They
probably fear the result of a fight for the
measure in the Legislature and prefer to
pay money and have the matter out of the
way. More frequently than otherwise the
profess' :j. .als engaged in such schemes are
not often about legislative halls. It is said
that this sort of blackmail Is Increasing.
A patron urges the Journal to continue
its apposition to the proposition again be
fore Congress to establish a parcels post.
This Is all very well, but why do not the
Board of Trade and the Commercial Club,
which are looking Jealously after the In
terests of this locality, send a protest
against the scheme? If such opposition
has no backing outside of the newspapers
which happen to realize the trouble, loss
and danger to trade which it involves, the
parcels post will be fixed upon the country
one of these days, to the great injury of
local retail trade and to the immense ad
vantage of the large department stores in
New York. Philadelphia and large cities
generally. There Is no reason why the
people of the t'nlted States should pay to
carry the wares of Eastern dealers over
the country In the malls at half or a third
of the actual cost of transportation, i That
Is what Is proposed. One narrow-sighted
advocate of the scheme declares that un
der the regulation? proposed goods can be
carried across the continent for the same
price that will take them fifty miles.
Some weeks slrtce the Journal commented
on a news paragraph in a paper published
in another State in which it was declaretl
that the statue of the late Hon. William'
II. English, in English. Crawford county,
had been disfigured. It turns out that the
statement la false ''wholly baseless."
writes the editor of the Crawford County
Democrat to a friend. The Jcurnal is
pleased to make the correction. At the
same time It would ask what sort of men
and correspondents the men who invent
such falsehoods can be falsehoods without
purpose, unless for. the few trents paid for
FROM HITHER AND YON.
Urs. Church Did you say your husband liked
these clinglnj? gowns?
Mrs. Gotham Yes; he likes one to cling to me
for about four seasons.
Easily Torn Oft.
"Why do you have so many calendars hanging
atound?" asked the new clerk.
"ThaCs for the benefit of my employes," re
plied the foxy business man. "When any of
them feel the need of a vacation they ran take a
In Boston I encountered a parrot, one day.
"Polly wants a cracker!" I observed, thinking
"Your language is extremely anomalous!" re
plied the bird, severely. "Polly Is colonial,
while cracker, in the sense of biscuit, is dis
tinctly post-bellum. Moreover, I am not con
scious of wanting a cracker. I wouldn't mind a
plate of pork-and, however!"
The fowl's scholarly dignity was what Im
pressed me particularly.
God made Man
Frail as a bubble;
God made Love,
Love made Trouble.
God made the Vine
Was It a sin
That Man made Wine
To drown Trouble In?
THE ROCKPORT CRIME.
Expression by Indiana Editors on
the Triple Lynching:.
Indiana has another record of lynching
to. off set some of those we criticise so se
verely in the South. Elkhart Review.
The good people of Rockport, Ind.,
lynched a third negro yesterday. The peo
ple down there indulge in such eccentrici
ties to. properly prepare themselves for the
full enjoyment of Christmas day celebra
tions. Plymouth Independent.
If Governor Mount has any power he cer
tainly should use it in bringing the Rock
port "regulators" right up before the bar
of justice, and the good people of the State
will back him. Mob law should be put
down in Indiana by all means, If It is not
in South Carolina and Texas. South Bend
The South will have to look out or Indi
ana will win the prize as a lynching State.
And we boast of the best school system in
the world! Morality in education is the
need of the hour. Fifty years ago, with the
log schoolhouse, mobs and lynchlngs were
unheard of in our State. Now they are of
frequent occurrence. Obedience to law and
respect for authority are the burning needs
of our boasted modern civilization. No
This is the third affair of the kind that
has happened in Indiana within the past
four years, and really the Hoosler State
cannot say a word in denunciation of mob
vengeance in the South. There may have
been provocation in each instance, yet this
State is supposed to be composed of law
abiding citizens, and there never has been
an Instance where a criminal who was
turned over'to the law in this State did not
get full justice. South Bend Tribune.
Governor Mounrshould take immediate
steps to investigate the matter and 'make
every effort in the closing days of his ad
ministration to bring the guilty parties to
justice. With lynchers hanging negroes in
the southern part of the State and Marvin
Kuhns defying the police in the northern
part of the State, it would appear that it is
high time that Indiana should take steps to
do something to restore a reasonable de
gree of respect for law and order. Logans
Indiana has been again disgraced by a
lynching bee in Spencer county. Two ne
groes who had assaulted and beaten to
death a white barber in Itockport on Satur
day night were taken from jail Sunday
night and hanged. They had confessed
their crime, so that there was no doubt of
their guilt, and there is no etuestion that
they deserved the death penalty, but it
should have been meted out to them in due
process of law. The commission of one
crime for the punishment of another is In
excusable and the authorities should make
a thorough investigation of this affair and
bring to the bar of Justice those implicated
in and responsible for the lynching. Mid
One or Jtwo sheriffs who will perform
their sworn duty at the risk of their lives,
a risk they were aware was associated with
the office when they asked for it, would do
more to stop lynchlngs than all the "de
ploring" of "best citizens." Let a sheriff
use his weapons on a mob and it will be
stampeded. Either we must wait the day
when sheriffs feel the obligation of their
duty or have a law under which a sheriff
and his bondsmen can be made to suffer
pecuniarly. If there had been a prospect
of paying over $10.000 for the lives of ne
groes at Itockport we take It that the sher
iff and his bondsmen could have prevented
the lynching. Terre Haute Tribune.
(CONCLUDED FROM FIRST PAGE.)
States overrides every other consideration.
In building and maintaining the canal we
assume a great burden, by which the whole
world will benefit, and if we bear the bur
den alone the power and the control must
be ours alone also.
"We desire to dispose of the Clayton-Bul-wer
treaty in the most friendly way possi
ble. We are most averse to any other dis
position of it. England does not intend to
go to war with us to prevent our building'
of the canal, antl if it is physically possible
to build it we mean to do so in any event.
Under these circumstances we are very
clear that it Is as much for England's in
terest as ours to accept the new proposi
tions in the friendly spirit in which they
are offered and thus end a controversy over
an outworn treaty which is only a stumb
ling block to both nations. It is not to be
doubted that the English ministers, whose
ability, experience and reputation are
known to all the world, will duly weigh all
these considerations and rightly compre
hend the purpose of the Senate amend
ments and the spirit in which they are pre
sented." LONDON WKKKLY SCOLDS.
What the Review, Spectator and the
Speaker Sny of the Treaty.
LONDON. Dec. 21. The responsible week
lies will to-morrow discuss the Hay
Fauncefote treaty at considerable length.
The Sunday Review will devote a page to
the "Nicaragua Scandal." saying uncom
plimentary things about the United States
Senate, President McKinley and Lord
Salisbury. "The ' worst of It is," it will
say, "that we have only ourselves to than
for the whole pother. The policy of per
petual concessions to the United States,
and of overstrained eulogy upon her states
men, meets with no response from the other
party save fresh demands and increasing
irsolence. Our own statesmen have
brought upon themselves humiliation
which it is conceivable- they may at last o
li-duced to resent."
The worst thing the Spectator will say
is the following: "Apparently the object
of the United States Senate his not been
to attain a particular object so much as
to Insult a friendly power and to make It
difficult for that power to negotiate In a
The Speaker will go Into the cinal ques
tion historically, citing Nicaragua's treaties
with Spain in 1S5G, France In 1S00. Italy in
lbCS and England in lS-'-O. neutralizing the
projected canal, pointing out that these are
all in force now except the treaty with
England. "We foresee for the United
States." (he Speaker will say, "grave dip
lomatic complications with other powers,
unless they support America with the ob
ject of achieving Great Britain's discom-Xlturs."
M IN HIGH FAVOR
HOW THE PROPOSED PRIMARY
ELECTION LAW IS VIEWED.
Majority of Indtaiin's Delegation In
Congress and D. 31. Rnnsdcll
Prefer the Present Method.
RECESS TAKEN BY CONGRESS
WILL NOT REASSEMBLE UNTIL THE
FIHST FRIDAY IN 1001.
Fairbanks to Preside Over Senate In
Absence of Mr. Prye A $G4M40,
OOO River and Harbor Hill.
Special to the Indianapolis Journal. .
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. The project
credited to Chairman Ilernly .of having the
Indiana Legislature enact a primary elec
tion law excites a good deal of interest
among Indianians here. The weight of
sentiment in the congressional delegation 13
against it. Their opinions depend largely
on the method of nominations heretofore
employed In the counties In which they
live and on local conditions.
Representative Steele Is opposed to such
a law, deeming it worthless. His county
(Grant) tried the primary plan this year,
after long experience with delegate con
ventions, and failed to find it satisfactory.
Representative Cromer, from the adjoin
ing county, where the primary plan for
nominations has always been employed,
except in the year iSTti, when they were
made by a delegate convention, ami some
of the nominees came close to defeat, says
there is a feeling there in favor of a
primary law. It is not likely the Re
publicans of that county will give up the
primary in favor of a delegate convention,
whether; the Legislature passes a palmary
law or not.
Representative Landis says that in his
county the parties are so evenly balanced
that the office seeks the man, and he
hardly thinks a primary law would find
favor or operate well.
Representative Crumpacker doubts the
advisability of a primary law.
Representative Brick feels the same way.
Representative Ällers said he thought suca
a law would conduce to purity in elec
tions. Daniel M. Ransdell, sergeant-at-arms of
the Senate, doubts that any .benefit would
be derived from such a law.
The majority opinion is that the best
thing to do is to leave the matter of nomi
nations to office to the various counties to
settle for themselves; that this is a most
excellent thing to be decided by local con
ditions; that It is peculiarly proper to con
tinue the policy of local self-government
which has always prevailed as to nomina
tions for office, and that it would be un
wise and hazardous to make a change such
as that contemplated in the proposed law.
It is pointed out that some States have
adoptetl primary election laws, but that
those who have had the experience of
running for office under them do
not recommend the plan for adoption
by others. If anything in the nature of a
"purity election" law should be enacted
it is thought it should include the nomina
tion of th officer as well as the election.
One Callfornian In telling how such a law
worked in his State, said it had cost him
$2,000 to be nominated and' $U2 to be
elecTed. Every person of experience in
politics admits it is a difficult eiuestlon to
deal with and most bf them seem to think
that to leave each locality alone to deal
with it as circumstances require Is the
THE POSTAL COMMISSION. r
It YVI1I Soon Report on the Cost of
Cnrrylng the Malls.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. The commis
sion made up of members of the Senate and
House of Representatives in Congress
known as the postal commission has about
completed Its labors and probably will
make its report to Congress by Jan. 10.
Numerous charges having been made of
exorbitant sums charged , the government
for carrying of mails by the railroads and
for the use of postal cars, etc.. Congress
committeed to this Joint congressional
commission the duty of making a thorough
investigation of rates paid railroads for
mall transportation. The senators on the
commission are Messrs. Wolcott, Allison,
Chandler and Martin and Representatives
Loud, Moody, Catchings and Fleming.
The investigation has been in progress
during the last four and one-half years and
has been exhaustive in all branches. The
commission has visited San Francisco,
Chicago, New York. Buffalo. Detroit and
Boston, taking testimony of railroad of
ficials and of all others who could shed
Jight on the subject. Meetings were held
yesterday and .to-day for the purpose of
agreeing on a report, tentative drafts of re
ports being presented by members. No final
agreement was reached and the commis
sion adjourned until Jan. 3. when it is ex
pected the matter will be so far along that
a report can be made by the 10th.
It -is understood the commission Is
unanimous in the view that the specifica
tion of exorbitant railroad mail carrying
charges, amounting to three or four times
the jalr value, have not been sustained by
the testimony. One of the specifications
was that the cost of railway carriage to
the government could be cut 23 per cent, at
once anel that investigation would show
that a reduction of 75 per cent, could be
made, so that the total annual cost to the
government would be about $S,000,000, in
stead of upward of $33.000,000. ft is this
specification which, it is understood, the
commission is unanimous in not sustaining.
Its members are not yet agreed, however,
on the question as to whether there is any
overcharge, and this is the chief point yet
to be decided. It is not yet clear that the
report will be unanimous on all points. The
question of postal car ren ils is being
treated as a part of the general subject
and the report will Include this with the
deductions on carriage charges in general,
the testimony will cover several thousand
pages, but the report will be comparatively
FOR RIVERS AND HARBORS.
House Committee Will Ask an Ap
provrlntion of 80.O0O,OOO.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. The river and
harbor bill was completed to-night and
Chairman Burton gave out a statement
showing the amounts appropriated. The
total is approximately $00.000,000, of which
about $23.000,000 is in direct appropriations
and about $37,000.000 in the authorization of
contracts for continuous work. Compared
with former river and harbor bills the
present one in the second largest on record,
and after the Senate has added amend
ments It Is expected to be well up to If not
ahead of all previous records. The bill of
Um carried and that of 1S97, which
was the largest on record, carried $72.275,
D5. Among the items are the following:
Wabash river, below Vincennes, cash, $35.
Ouü; Calumet river, Illinois and Indiana,
cash, $73.000; Illinois river, cash. $75,0üü;
survey, deep waterway, cash. $200,i00; outer
harbor at Michigan City, $15,000.
SENATE ANII HOI SE ADJOl R,
Sessions Yesterday Brief, Owing to
Death of Mrs. Frye and Mr. Wise.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. No business
was transacted by the Senate to-day. The
news of the death of Mrs. William P. Frye,
wife of the president pro lern, of the Sen
ate, was conveyetl officially to the body,
and. out of respect to her memory, imme
diate adjournment was taken until Jan. 3,
1901. Senator Fairbanks called the body to
order and Rev. Dr. W. II. Milburn pro
nounced a beautiful invocation. The sec
retary then real a letter from Senator Frye'
appointing Senator Fairbanks . presiding
officer during his absence from the Senate.
Meantime a conference of senators had
been held as to the order of business. TUo,
reatllng of the journal was suspended, and,
at 12:05 p. m., on motion of Mr. ILear, the,
Senate adjourned until Jan. 3.
The House was in session only twenty-five
minutes to-day, when it adjourned out of
respect to the memory of Representative
Wise, of Virginia, who died at his home in
Williamsburg, Va., early this morning. The
customary resolutions were adopted and a
committee of fifteen members appointed to
attend the funeral. Under the joint resolu
tion adopted a few davs ago the adjourn
ment was until Jan. 3. 1901.
Immigration of a Year.
Special to the IndlanapolTs Journal.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21.-Nearly half a
million people from other parts of the
vorld have come into the United States
during the year 1900. seeking permanent
homes. The details of the immigration
during the ten months ending with October,
gathered by the Immigration Bureau ani
published by the Bureau of Statistics, indi
cate that the Immigration for the calendar
year will reach about 460.000. Of this num
ber more than 100,000 come from Austria
Hungary, another 100,000 from Italy, and
nearly another 100,000 from Russia; while
the United Kingdom furnishes more than
50,000, of which number 40.000 are from Ire
land. Of the 4G0.000 immigrants fully 4ÜO,Oi;C
come from Europe, while but about 4,0u0.
or less than 1 per cent., come from the
Probnhly Not Killed.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. The statement
was recently made from the lecture plat
form in this city that R. Dorsey Mohun,
who is building a telegraph line in Africa
for the Belgian government, had. with his
entire party, been killed by the natives.
The mother and sisters of Mr. Mohun live
here and enlisted the aid of the State De
partment to ascertain the truth of the re
port. An Inquiry was cabled to Minister
Townsend, at Brussels, and the following
reply was received to-day: "Congo of
ficially notifies me that they have not re
ceived information from any source re
garding the killing of Mohun and party."
Mr. Mohun, who Is now an employe of
the Belgian government, formerly wras
United States consul at Zanzibar.
Special to the Indianapolis Journal.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 21. Representatives
Cromei-, Robinson and Brick will remain in
Washington during the holidays.
Maj. Charles II. Noble, Twenty-fifth In
fantry, has been ordered to Indianapolis
arsenal to report on subsistence stores re
ported unlit for issue, for which Maj.
Charles Shaler, ordnance department, is
Senator Fairbanks and Representative
Crumpacker are pushing Maj. W. A.
Shunk, who was appointed to West Point
from Indiana in 1&75. and who is now a
major in the Thirty-fourth Volunteer In
fantry, for a staff position in the regular
army. He Is stationed at Baler, 1. I. Ma
jor Shunk's rank in the regulars J cap
tain of cavalry, and his organization is
Troop F, Eighth Cavalry, Gen. Adna Chaf
Return of Ilnssell IL Harison.
Special to the Indianapolis Journal.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. Lieut. Col. Rus
sell B. Harrison arrived here to-day, direct
from Porto Rico. It is not known whether,
having been denied a court of inquiry, he
will seek a congressional investigation as
to the cause of his summary discharge
from the volunteer army. Mrs. Harrison
Js with him.
Nntionul Capital Notes.
The Senate committee on agriculture
yesterday continued its hearing on the oleo
margarine bill, the only witnesses heard
being opponents of the bill.
A general order issued by the War De
partment provides that applications for dis
charge from enlisted men in both the regu
lar and volunteer armies shall be sent
through company commanders to the ad
jutant general of the army.
Representative Lacy yesterday Introduced
a bill providing for a "cliff dwellers' na
tional park." It provides for the setting
aside of a large tract of public land in New
Mexico for the purpose of preserving the
prehistoric caves and ruins of the cliff
dwellers and other relics thereon.
Senator Foster and Representative Jones,
of Washington, called at the White House
yesterday and invited the President to ex
tend his trip to San Francisco in May and
to include a number of towns in Washing
ton. The President readily assented, pro
vided nothing occurred to prevent.
Secretary Hitchcock has granted the In
augural committee permission to hold the
ball and entertainments incident to the
coming inauguration of President McKin
ley in the pension building. The spacious
court of the Pension Office, with its archi
tectural beauty anel enormous proportions,
is well fitted for the inaugural ball. It has
been used on former occasions.
The judiciary committee of the House
has fixed Jan. 11 for hearing the repre
sentatives of the municipalities relative to
the bill proposing to give the federal courts
means of enforcing their judgments against
municipalities. An fmportant departure
from existing law is involved in the propo
sition, and one affecting all cities and
towns who borrow money on bonds, or
The Senate committee on territories yes
terday heard arguments by Governor
Murphy and Delegate Wilton, of the Terri
tory of Arizona, in support f the bill for
the admission of that Territory as a State.
They dwelt especially on the marked in
crease in the population of the Territory
and urged that it contained both popula
tion and wealth sufficient to justify the
change in form of government, for which
the bill provided.
Chairman Southard, of the House com
mittee on coinage, will call a meeting soon
after the holidays to take up the bill sug
gested by the New York Chamber of Com
merce and introduced by Mr. Levy, of
New York, providing for the exchange abil
ity of gold for all kinds of money when
presented at the treasury. It is said that
hearings will be given to Secretary Gage
and prominent representatives of com
mercial interests relative to the proposed
The Cabinet meeting, yesterday, was de
void of Interest, no public business of im
portance being transacted. It is expecteel
that the Hay-Pauncefote treaty, amended
by the Senate, would be considered at the
meeting with a view to arriving at a de
termination as to returning it to the British
government. It was found, however, that
the document has not yet passed through
the hands of the recording clerks of the
Senate, so no reference was made to the
treaty at the Cabinet meeting.
American National Rank, of Haiti
more, Taken from the Directory.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. The controller
of the currency to-night appointed Mr. J.
Frank Aldrich temporary receiver of the
American National Bank of Baltimore.
This bank, it is stated, has suffered a large
shrinkage in deposits and has sustained
some heavy losses which have involved its
capital and surplus and reduced greatly its
cash resources. The condition of its as
sets Is such that the Itfss to depositors
probably will be small.
At a meeting of the clearing house of
Baltimore this afternoon it was decided
that in view of the condition of the bank no
further credit could be extended to it, and
the controller, being satisfied of a condition
of insolvency, a receiver was appointed.
The last statement of the bank, made to
the controller Oct. 25, shows its condition
as follows: Resources Loans and dis
counts, $i)7,S25.11; overdrafts. $12.743.50;
United States bonds and premiums, SIOG.OOO;
real estate, $57,755.57; due from banks. $75.
43S.50; other Items, $Ci.5S7.67; total, $1,013,
350.36. Liabilities Capital stock, surplus
and undivided profits, $29.42S.71; circulating
notes, $100.000; due to banks, $238.711.79; de
posits, etc., $3SS,209.&6; total, $1.010,250.23.
A Surprise in Baltimore.
BALTIMORE, Md., Dec. 21. The news
that the Treasury Department had ap
pointed a receiver for the American Na
tional Bank was surprising news to the
people of northeast Baltimore. The Insti
tution had . been regarded as perfectly
sound and nothing was known of the action
of the Baltimore Clearing House Associa
tion to-day until the press dispatches an
nounced the appointment of a receiver. The
bank, chartered in 1SS1. had a capital of
$200.000. The officers, who could not be
found to-night, are: President, Joshua Hor
ner; cashier, Simon P. Schott; directors,
John Baurnschmldt, Edward Thompson.
M. W. Hardin, Joshua Horner, David Aber
cromble. Dr. George W. Hartman, Dr. E.
P. McDevitt, S. B. Marks, Frederick Iler
ttl. John McPhaiL
.EMILE ZOLA'S FEARS
FIFTH ACT IN DREYFIS CASE MAY
BE TERRIBLE, HE SAYS.
Protest Agninst the Amnesty Bill,
Which Will rinnge France Iuto
a Dreadful Nightmare.
PUNISHMENT TOR CUIGNET
GIVEN SIXTY DAYS' CONFINEMENT
IN A FORTRESS.
Further I neonflrmeel Reports of Hor
rible Atrocities Committed by
Tnrks on Christians.
PARIS, Dec. 22, 5 a. m. The Aurore pub
lishes, this morning, a seven-column letter
from Emile Zola to President Loubet, pro
testing in characteristically eloquent fash
ion against the passage of the amnesty
bill, which he stigmatizes as a "grave
fault" of the government. M. Zola says:
"I am confident the day has arrived when
this error of amnesty Is recognized, as well
as the fact of the gross betrayal by the
second condemnation of Dreyfus. It is the
duty of the government to put the Dreyfus
case again In the hands of the Court of
Cassation and to allow all the cases con
nected with it to be fought .out. thus giving
the French nation a lesson In truth and
equity without which it will never be ap
peased. The government, however, has de
cided upon an opposite course decided to
stifle the truth, thus plunging the country
into a nightmare certain to last so long as
the Dreyfus iniquity Is not repaired." He
enumerates the accusations of the famous
"j'accuse" letter, each of which he says
has been proved so and he emphasizes the
injustice to himself in "including me among
a number of guilty men who escape under
cover of the bill. I predict," he says, in
conclusion,, "that the affair is not yet fin
ished. The fourth act was plpyed at
Rennes, but there is bound to be a fifth.
People forget that the German Emperor is
in possession of the truth and will be able
to throw it into the face of France when
the hour comes. This terrifying fifth act
Is the one 1 have always feared, and the
French government ought not, for a single
hour, to accept the terrible eventuality."
French Cabinet Sustained.
PARIS, Dec. 21. The Chamber of Depu
ties to-day at the request of M. Waldeckt
Rousseau, the premier, by a vote of 309 to
192 decided to postpone M. Lassies's mo
tion to interpellate the government on tho
Major Cuignet incident until all the other
orders of the day are disposed of, thus
shelving the Nationalist attack indefinitely
and giving the government a vote of confi
dence. MASSACRE OF CHRISTIANS.
Horrible Atrocities Alleged to Have
Been Committed by Turks.
LONDON, Dec. 21. Sensational reports
of massacres of Christians by Turks in Al
bania continue to emanate from Vienna. A
month ago it was reported that 400 Chris
tians had been massacred. Early this week
it was stated that 200 had perished. Yester
day the number was placed at 1,010. To
day it is said 1.100 have been slain. Here is
one of the stories from Vienna:
"Further reports of the Turkish massa
cres of Christians show that their instiga
tor is a Mohammedan fanatic named
Haiduk Islam, who brags of having slaugh
tered 200 Christians with his own hands.
The Turkish authorities have shown utter
indifference to the massacres and the out
rages perpetrated on Christians are beyond
description. At Bituch men were crucified
on trees with stakes driven through their
hands and feet. Women were attacked
and then mutilated. Children were mur
dered by mutilation before their parents'
eyes. Women were maltreated at Grumma
before the eyes of their husbands, fathers
and brothers, and then carried into the
bondage of harems. Men were elone to
death slowly by various means, their llmba
cut off successively and children were
thrown into the river. The fiends tortured
the Christians at Rlharitz by slicing flesh
from all parts of their bodies before killing
them. A Greek Orthodox priest was tied
in a sack and pitched into the river at
Genovitza. The Servian consul at Mltro
vitza estimates that 1,100 persons have been
killed and 400 women attacked and placed
Another dispatch from Vienna says:
"Haiduk Islam's band is plundering and
devastating the villages of Prisbend and
Novibazar, In the vicinity of his recent
massacres in Macedonia. A constant
stream of refugees, carrying their posses
sions and driving their flocks. Is passing
toward the Servian and Montenegrin fron
tiers. At Rivitza the Montenegrins sidec
with the Christians and repulsed the Turks,
mutilating ar.d wounding them as they had
the Christians. Haiduk Islam was formerly
an Albanian magnate, with great posses
sions. He lost all at the hands of Armen
ian money-lenders, and thereupon vowed
vengeance on the Christians. He collected
a horde of fanatics, malcontents and un
paid officials and started out to exter
minate the 'Christian vermin. The Moslems
regard him as the 'defender of the faith "
3IAJOR Cl'IGNET PUNISHED.
War Minister Gives Him Sixty Days
In n French Fortress.
PARIS. Dec. 21. The minister of war,
General Andre, has inflated on Major
Cuignet sixty days confinement in a for
tress. This is disciplinary punishment for
disobeying General Andre's orders when
called before him yesterday when the gen
eral asked the major for an explanation of
his conduct in first disclosing to a deputy,
m. iasies, a conneienuai aocument or wnich
he obtained knowledge while attached to
the secret Intelligence office of the War
Department; and second, in writing direct
ly to the premier, M. Waldeck-Rousseau,
t- accuse the Minister of Foreign Affairs,
M. Delcasse, of falsehood, thereby trans
gressing the regulations which require all
officers of the army to forward all letters
of complaint through the proper channels.
The major will afterward appear before
a council of inquiry, which will investi
gate his principal offense, that of divulging
a document connected with the Pannlzzardl
dispatch, which figured In the Dreyfus
court-martial at Rennes.
A Conviction and n. Death.
BERLIN, Dec. 21. Sternberg, the Berlin
millionaire banker, who has been on .trial
for a long time past, was found guilty
to-day of unnamable immoralities and was
sentenced to two and a half years Im
prisonment, with loss of citizenship for
Von Meerschldt Hullesem, the chief of
the criminal department, who was sus
pended In connection with the Sternberg
trial, died to-day.
The United States warship Kentucky en
tered the Suez canal yesterday. She will
stop at Suez over Christmas, and will pro
ceed Dec. 26 for Colombo and Manila.
Emperor Nicholas, of Russia will sanction
the use of 100.000.000 roubles of 34 per cent,
debentures by the Nobles' Agrarian Bank,
and 35.0f'0,noO roubles of 4 per cent, certifi
cates by the Peasants' Agrarian Bank.
Emperor William has accepted designs
for memorial coins celebrating the two
hundredth anniversary of the establishment
of the kingdom of Prussia. A two-mark
and a five-mark silver piece will be coined.
Italian workmen who have returned from
Abyssinia, where they have been for five
years, report that many of the prisoner
tfken In the war are still In a state of
tlavery. The Italian soldiers captured in
the war are working for taskmasters tn
the interior provinces of the Negus's do
minions. Prince Vladimir Eristoff, wife of th:
toted swindling Russian prince who fell
into disgrace, has committed suicide at
Odessa, leaving a letter leaving he pre
ferred death to dlshenor. Erlstoff, after
being deprived of hi. commission in tn
imperial guard and lani.hed frcm St.
Petersburg, went to deH, where he
gained the hand of the daughter of Gen
eral Kriloff, who did not know of hi dis
grace. When she learned the truth she
VANDERBILT TRUST FUND.
Report of Appraiser Maxet Submitted
to the Surrogate.
NEW YORK, Dec. 21.-Robert Mazet. r,s
appraiser, this afternoon filed his report
in the surrogate's office as to the value at
present of the trust fund of $5.000.o left
by William H. Vanderbilt to his son, the
late Cornelius Vanderbilt. with the right
of disposal between his children as he
deemed fit., Cornelius Vanderbilt decided
that $500,000 should be paid to Cornelius
Vanderbilt, Jr., and that the remainder
of the fund should be equally divided
among his other four children. Mr. Mazet
finds that Alfred G. Vanderbilt. Reginald
C. Vanderbilt. Gertrude Vanderbilt. who Is
now Mrs. Harry Payne Whitney, and
Gladys M. Vanderbilt are entitled to $1.4.
273 each, making a total of $5,921.092, to
which the fund has accumulated, exclu
sive of $500,0n) paid to young Corneliut
ROGER WOLCOTT DEAD
FORMER LEGISLATOR AND GOVER
NOR OF THE BAY STATE.
Recently- Declined the Italian Minion
on Account of 111 Health Wife of
Senator Vryrc Also Dead.
BOSTON, Dec. 21. Former Governor.
Roger Wolcott died at his residence in this
city to-day. He became ill with typhoid
fever several weeks ago, but reports from
his bedside indicated nothing alarming un
til the latter part of last week, when new
complications produced a change for the
worse. From that time until the end came
bulletins of his condition were hopeful, but
hardly reassuring. His physicians said to
night that death resulted from extreme
weakness, due to the progress of the dis
ease. The members of his family were at
his bedside, lie had continued in a lethargic
condition for twenty-lour hours, and while
probably conscious of what was going on,
his mind was not alert and he spoke no
word. The disease probably was contracteVi
either while on shipboard or soon after he
landed in New York after his European
visit. The funeral will bo held Monday
afternoon in Trinity Church.
Roger Wolcott was born In Boston, July
13, 1S47. He was graduated from Harvard
in 1S70 and was class orator. Later he
studied law and was admitted to the bar,
but did not practice much, his large estate
requiring his whole attention. He served
three terms in the Boston Council, three
terms in the State Legislature and was
then elected lieutenant governor. Governor
Greenhalge died during his term of office
and Mr. Wolcott acted for the remainder
of the term as chief executive of the State.
He was then elected to the governorship.
One of Mr. Wolcott's direct ancestors was
Oliver Wolcott, colonial Governor of Mas
sachusetts, and later a signer of the Dec- .
laration of Independence. His wife was
Miss Edith Prescott. a great-great-granddaughter
of the General Prescott who led
the American forces at the battle of Bun
ker Hill. .
On the 30th of last July President Mc
Kinley offered Mr. Wolcott the Italian u'm-
bassadorshlp. Mr. Wolcott was then la
Europe. He accepted the post provision
ally, but later was forced to decline the
honor on account of ill health.
Richard A. Wise, M. C.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21.-Speakcr Hen
derson received a telegram this morning?
announcing the death of Dr. Richard A.
Wise, the member of the House from the
Norfolk, Va., district, at his home at Wil
liamsburg at 12:40 this morning. The news
of his death came as a great surprise. He
was here a few days ago performing his
congressional duties. Dr. Wise was twice
seated as a member of the House on a
contest in the lat and the present Con
gresses and had given notice he would
contest the seat in the next Congress. He
was a member of the well-known Wise
family of Virginia and a brother of John
S. Wise, of New York. The cause of death
was Bright s disease.
Wife of Senntor W. P. Frye.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. Mrs. William
P. Frye, wife of the president pro tern,
of the Senate, died suddenly at ihe Ham
ilton "Hotel this morning at 3:30 o'clock.
Mrs. Frye on Tuesday last suffered an
acute attack of indigestion and iad since
been ill. When she arose this morning she
was apparently much improved and par
took of breakfast. Shortly after leaving
the table the end came without the slight
est warning, heart failure causing deatlv
The body was t alien on the 4:50 p. m. train
to Lewiston, Me., the home of Senator
Frederick Richard Pickers;!!!, B. A.
LONDON. Dec. 22. Mr. Frederick Rich
ard PlckersgiU. the painter, who was keep
er of the Royal Academy from 1V73 to 1&7.
Frederick Richard Pickersgill was born
in Londonin 1S20. He was a nephew of
Henry Richard Pickersglil. It. A. Studied
at the Royal Academy; became A. R. A. in
1S47, R. A. in 1M7 ami keeprr of the acad
emy in 1S73. His chief pictures re "The
Death of King Iear." 1SU; "The Burial of
Harold." 1S47. He exhibited frequently
and was awarded many honors.
Vere Foster Noted Philanthropist.
BELFAST, Dec. 21. Vcre Foster, who
has been engaged for the last fifty years in
assisting the emigration of nearly 25.0O0
young women from the congested districts
of the west of Ireland and in the building
or furnishing of over 2.200 national schools
in every part of Ireland, died here to-day.
He was born at Copenhagen in 1819. and
was formerly in the British diplomatic
service in South America.
Served in Conaress vtlth McKinley.
TRENTON. N. J., Dec. 2L Ex-Representative
John H. Brewer died at his home
here to-day. He was a pottery manufacturer
and warm jiersonal friend of President
McKinley, with whom he served in Con
gress. Other Deaths.
FRANKFORT. Ky. Dec. 21. Col. Tho.
Rodman, for mary years president of the
Farmers' Bank of Kentucky, one of the
oldest and best known financial men In
the South, died to-day, aged seventy-six.
SAN FRANCISCO. Dec. 51. Mrs. Fannie
Clifford Brown, of Portland. Me., died in
this city esterday .of acute pneumonia.
Mrs. Brown came to this city to care for
a son who returned ill from the Philippines.
Mrs. Brown was the widow of the late
Philip Henry Brown, a wealthy Maine
banker and the daughter of the late Nathan
Clifford, associate Justice of the United
States Supreme Court and chairman of
the Tilden and Hayes electoral commission.
Legislation In Porto Rico.
SAN JUAN. Porto Rico. Dec. 21. A bil
Introducing the Jury system In Porto RKo
has passed both houses.
Frederick L. Corn well, a member of the
House of Delegates, has introduced a Houe
bill providing for an appropriation of $JC.0u
for an insular exhibit at the Pan-Atm-rlcan
exposition at Buffalo, provided the rvcfle
raise $20.000 additional.
The House has passed a bill fixln-: the
salaries of the five native councilors at.
$4,000. This Is consUered excessive, as it
exceed the salary of some of the depart
ment heads. It is not likely to pass tho
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