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TIIE IXDIAXAPOLIS JOURNAL, SATURDAY, AUGUST 3. 1901.
' i i ii i - - ' ' 11 " ' " A
Modern t:ille CuiUlnirllon.
Country "' -m:n.
The i.rr.;.. r huur-ir.g rf do:r. stlc animal?
!5 r,'. i i r i -c eurclul, s j hten-atlc t on: : i :e ra
tion ;.s n.-tr b-f c :. lnvisiU.it!:.: arc Lc
irg conducted ly n.tuns of car-ful. prac
tical experiments I -y rr.-n who- urr thor
oughly c:i vr.; r.t will. Hi -? s 1 1 j t ftorn a
practical as :!! as a j-cintlfio stan '.;'. hit.
Mr. 1. A. Convtrs', who h is cii ir;;- of
too live stock and dairy dr pr.rlrne nt at lue:
l'aii-Anii-rirnn llxpo-fjon. Is j; pior.Mr in
tlii. important held. II" l.i cl'-mon.straliiig
to tin- rr.u'.titv!'. at the exposition, by ac
tual working modeK ho v.- it id possible
to build a really . d stable for a very
reasonable amount oi money.
In oL.r Northern climate warmer stables
hae for years ctcupie.l the attention of
our be.-t farmers and .stockmen, and bank
barr.H have been the outgrowth of the de
td to pruvt b; c.( njfrtatle stables that
Vrre both warmer and bt-tter. The con
v nimt-e of havit.x ull stock under one roof
carefully tucke.l away from the co'.e!, with
plenty of feed ove:had. ready at all times
to had its way 10 manners and food-racks
by gravity, proved very alluring to am
bitious farmers all over the country. Ani
mals houst-d in these expensive dungeons
were iKt happy, and showed their tiHcom
liture In watery eye, lusterless hair, hot
nose and hot, feverish breath, with fretful,
quarrelsome actions, together with their
Inability to grow or fatten. Too frequently
cattle thus hottstd v.vro attacked by bovine
tildeusn gfim-j, which were materially as
sisted In tinir werk of destruction by con
ditions to cxpenihely, though unintention
ally, provide-!. Stock men thought the
trouble was rau?oi by too Kreit a change
in temperature by allowing the cattle to
fro out lor an airing or for water each day;
to remedy thin water buckets were added
to the stable- outfit, and the stock confined
in an ubominabh; atmo.-nlure for weeks at
Atmospheric conditions affect animals dif
ferently. Th- heavy breeds of beef cattle
are usually phlegmatic in disposition, pay
ing but llttlo attention to ordinary disturb
ances; these suffered less in consequence,
though it was noticed that they did not
bene. it from tho quantity rf feed as they
should. Milk cows of a, highly nervous
organization are more susceptible to in
cipie nt diseases caused by objectionable
surroundings than any other domestic ani
mal. Not until progressive scientific men
spent much time ami money in investiga
tions and experiments was the trouble
traced to its true source.
Analyzing stahl. atmosphere led to the
detection of harmful bacteria in incredible
numbers. Scientists encased in the work
were slow to Rive out the result of their
first investigations, thinking that the con
ditions under which tney were working
mlcht be abnormal, Prospecting further
and while endeavoring to learn the cause,
they found conditions in these cellar stables
particularly favorable to the propagation
of stockmen's worst enemy. Harmful bac
teria delight in a dusty atmosphere, espe
cially when it Ia impregnated with mois
ture; when a shar of the dampness comes
from the moisture-laden breath of animals
that are obliged to breath the same air
over and over again, bacterial conditions
Hank barns are always damp and always
dusty; owing to their construction they
never admit sunlight in quantities sufficient
to bo of any use. Sunlight is destructive
to all f im s of harmful bacteria; therefore
a stab! properly constructed should ad
mit tho direct rays of the sun to every
stall, if possible.
Great progress ha3 been made during re
cent years in stable construction, looking to
the complete elimination of the troubles, as
eet forth along these lines.
A model stable on the exposition grounds,
In which I confined a number of different
breeds of the best dairy cattle in America,
demonstrates to Pan-American visitors
how a really good stable may bo con
structed at a low cost, that is warm in win
ter, cool in summer, and sanitary and
hygienic at all times.
Public opinion, backed by government
milk Inspection, has resolved itself into a
Ftrlct censure of dirty, antiquated methods
City milk supply is now traced to its
source, the cows are examined thoroughly
lor condition and health, and the stable for
cleanliness. If Incompetency or indifference
has led the dairyman to disobey the State
sanitary requirements, he Is not permitted
to ship his milk until he satisfies the In
spector that h? has mended his ways. This
course was made necessary by the rapidly
Increasing volume of business which is
conducted by such a cosmopolitan class of
people, comprising as it does all grades of
producers, from the most progressive farm
er down the line of small dairymen to the
Ignorant huckster. Cleanliness is required
by inspectors first, last, and all the time,
thus making the right start, for cleanliness
leads to many virtues. A man who is par
ticular about all utensils, his wagon, stable,
cattle and himself, will not tolerate a poor
stable or an unhealthy cow. lie may not
understand the sclenco of ferments or dis
ease germs, but his milk supply will be
pood and wholesome, because he robs
harmful bacteria of the dirt upon, which
Propnantlns Plnm and Cbrry.
Iowa Letter in Orange Judd Farmer.
This subject has not received the careful
attention by propagators of nursery stock
that the importance of the case will war
rant. My experience and observation leads
me to the conclusion that one of the prin
cipal causes of failure In plum growing Is
on account of the methods of propagat
ing. The Americana plum budded or
frufteel on Myrobolan stocks Is worthless,
for it fails to form a good, permanent union
and will survive but a few years and does
not prove fruitful. Neither can the Ku
rcpean plum bo budded or grafted suc
cessfully on tho Americana or Chickasaw
Blocks, for the tree will soon form a large
knot at tho union and the trees will be
short-lied. bat will sometimes produce
one. of two crops of fruit. I also wish to
condemn the budding or grafting on Eu
ropean or American plum on peach stock,
tor it is disappointing to the fruit grower.
A few varieties of Chickasaw plum can
bo budded on peach stocks, and. if planted
deep, they will form a fairly good union
und be more productive than if budded on
any other stock. That distinguished vet
eran plum grower, J I. A. Terry, of Iowa, is
my authority for saying that such varie
ties as Wild Goose, Milton and Charles
Downing will be more productive than
when grown on any other stock, and in
this way you avoid a. multitude of sprouts.
Che best methods of propagating good,
permanent plum trees is to bud or graft
Americana on Americana or Marianna
Btoeks. The Americana on these stocks
will form a good union and a tine root sys
tem. European sorts should bo grafted on
Myrobolan or St. Julian. plum stocks, the
lat named being the best to produce a
Propagating the cherry can be done best
by budding In August on Mahaleb or Maz
zard stocks. The former stocks can be
grafted successfully if special care is given
the grafts after grafting to keep them in a
perfectly dormant condition until planting
time. JJudiling Mazzanl stocks is not so
easily done as on Mahaleb. These buds or
grafts, as the case may be, should receive
careful winter protection by plowing up
the earth to them Just before freezing
weather, covering the buds three or four
Inches deep with earth, it is all very Im
portant that these buds be given sp- cial
care early In the spring as soon as tho frost
H out of the grout. 1 enough to remove the
rnrth from the buds. It should le done at
the earliest date possible, or the buds will
DetHÜ of (irnln Threshing.
W. W. Stevens. In Orange Judd Farmer.
AVh'-n you employ a thresherman get a
man wh ur.dtrrands Ids business and has
the machinery to do the Work well. There
are some men In every occupation who are
bunglers, and of all abominations on the
farm a bungling thresherman is the worst.
Get a man that furnisli-s the whole outfit
complete, with h.tu N- to do all the work
except hauling the threshed grain. And
let him board ): own help. He can do it
cheaper Ü' ii :! can l It relieves the
worn :i f.i!s of a great deal of hard work
Thi'. -r.;! -g time, not many years pjt'. was
Ic-kt d for u ird to with a ort of niingWd
anxi'ty a:.d dread, ll.ervboly was worn
out b fore the Job .! s d.Hle and every
thing from th houe to the melon patch
Ht.ö orchard win taken by storm by th
thr .'h-r.." All was hurry, fiurry and
v.: '.. With le.f.r syst'Tu - haw more
civility on th'- f irt of llinse who separate
th- wh'at ir mi th- chaiT. an.l thresnii.g
ilay is ti I to to dr- a-ie.j as it used to be. "
Arctl -r l:n--rt n! it :n in exp.-ilair.g the
nrk of thr. -!.!.. i- to have ? r;. t hint in
rtaiir: wh n ?h- thresher rrlvet. rf'-e
that plenty f tml 1 provided and wxtcr
acri-fiMc. If yoa thr;.-h from the thork
have p!-nty of teams and nun to gel the
w heat to the rna hine. It is quite con
venient to iv. up Murk with yuur neighbor
to secure such extra teams and m n is you
rr.iy ned outside of jour own force. If
there Is any ur.n e-.-sary d lay b t the
fault rtr-t wlih the machine boss, and th:n
you will not be fu-ved at.
Th'-re i.s much l--ss ki ain stored on the
farm than tl.f.-e u.-cd to I.e. and th- amou:.t
! gradually growing leys as th- years -o
by. If y r u haw far:n .-oai-s weigh your
train as It goes to market. Mistakes some
times occur ii:d if you know ju-r now much
you ha t sent to the mill or ! ator it may
prove to be money in your pocket.
Little TliiiiRN on tli Turin.
If our readers can be brought to a realiza
tion of what little things on the farm
means, they will have a better prospect for
success. As our individual prosperity Is a
factor In the collective prosperity of a com
munity cr nation, so these little thins?,
while they may not be of great importance
on each farm, swell to a great magnitude
when considered collectively. As an illus
tration, take the smallest State, Ithcde
Island, which has about 22.ry) cows. If
each of these cows can he rr.r.Je to produce
I cent's worth mors of milk daily, the value
will be t--,J In one year.
liy keeping your eyes open and your rnlnd
active, you will see about you many oppor
tunities to make or save a cent and often
times larger amounts. It will pay to pick
up many things and market them that
otherwise will ko to waste.
It will pay to gather the eggs closely In
the summer, rather than to let them spoil
under the broody old hen. It will pay to be
economical In the feed of all stock, to kill
the bu;,'s and worms before they injure your
crops, to keep the Hies off your cows and
other animals and a hundred other things.
II you, cood reader, would statt out Mon
day morning with a memorandum book In
your pocket and do all the little things that
should be done until Saturday night and
write them down and put a fair value to
them, just what you think the nnal effect
will be worth, we believe you would be sur
prised. It is a fact that farmers are more careless
of the little things than are bankers, mer
chants and packers. Particularly the latter
Is proverbial for "letting nothing go to
waste." If the farmers would "waste not."
more of them might become capitalists.
A Sncccful Fnrinfr,
New York Evening Tost-
An old farmer who died some time ago. in
Sussex county, N. J., was In himself a
practical proof of the fallacy of the oft
repeated declaration that "farming does not
pay." Oscar Dunn began life with a farm
bequeathed to him by his father, with the
condition that he pay off the Interest of
three other heirs In it. He estimated his
equity is Jl.tw. When he died. In hU
eighty-first year, he owned fifteen of the
best farms in Sussex county. A believer in
farming, he invested his surplus in farms,
always improving them, so that an "Oscar
Dunn farm" meant one with buildings in
good condition and fields under Intelligent
cultivation. On starting out he made sev
eral resolutions to guide him In his business
course, amons them these: To make a
study of f irming In every detail and know
the business as thoroughly as possible; to
look after small matters; to practice rea
sonable economy in all things; never to buy
anything he had no use for because it was
cheap; to pay cash for all purchases; to
be temperate In all things. He never had
but two notes In a bank, and never had a
lawsuit. lie let all his farms on the sharing
system anil never had any trouble to secure
good tenants; some of his tenants have
been on his farms for twenty-one years.
All his leases were oral agreements.
Dlseane of FimvIm.
On general principles it is well when a
contagious disease appears in the Hock to
get rid of the flock if the disease does not
soon disappear, and it may be wasto of
time, labor and money to battle with it.
The handling of sick birds to force reme
dies down their throats is disagreeable,
and even dangerous. Some hens are not
worth such work.
If you really have cholera among your
flock, there is not much hope of saving
them. First, be sure you have fowl cholera;
if so, kill all that are sick and burn them.
Clean up your quarters where the fowls are
kept, mix some capsicum, ginger and a
little alum in the food of those you have
left (one ounce each of capsicum and gin
ger and half an ounce of powdered alurnj;
mix well, one teaspoonful for twenty-four
fowls or half-grown chicks; half as muoh
for young chicks. Give only good whole
some food, and ro slops or wet food. All
mixed food must be as dry as possible.
Your fowls, or chicks, may only have
diarrhoea that has come from damp and
cold, or from bad, sour, sloppy food; if so,
give the same remedy, only not so much,
and remove the cause of your trouble.
Feed I ii u nnd Flavor.
Correspondence Orange Judd Farmer.
The experience of a subscriber, given re
cently. In regard to feeding onions to fowls
Is confirmed from an experience of mine
many years ago in trapping muskrats.
After removing the pelts the carcasses
were thrown In a field not far from the
barn, where the hens ranged and fed on
the meat. This produced such a musky fla
vor in the eggs that afterward care was
observed to keep the dead rats out of tho
hens' reach. At a later period I purchased
a quarter of beef from a farmer who, while
fattening a number of steers, fed a large
quantity of turnips. These so tainted the
meat that It was decidedly distasteful, and
when cooking there was a pronounced smell
I 'a nil Notes.
A large, rubber-covered bit Is best for a
hard-mouthed horse. Harsh bits only make
In some Rhode Island tsts the following
plants were greatly benefited by the addi
tion of lime: Orange quince, black tartarian
cherries, Richmond cherries. Purbank plum,
linden, elm. asparagu. mangels onions,
turnips, sweet peas, popplos.
Any soil that will prodace worfln Is in
good condition as only rich land will pro
duce some kinds of weeds. One of the
surest indications of Rood soil is when pig
weed flourishes.- As the land should not
be required to produce two crops at the
same time no farmer should allow weeds
to make headway at the expense of the
A cow that gives sixteen quarts of milk
per day Is worth two that give cUht
quarts each, fur the reason that she will
occupy but one stall, while the- others re
quire two. One cow will incur itss expense
to the owner for she Urr nnd also for labor
nnd care, consequently she glve more prof
It not only by reason of greater product
but also because she Is less expensive than
the unprofitable cows.
The silo cheapens food for cattle because
it Induces farmers to grow corn for ensi
lage, which saves hay in winter. Where
the winters are severe and the farmer
leaves his fodder in the rtelds to go to
waste the best thing for such farnurs
1i the silo, which Is of Itself an object
lesson In economizing the foods for cattle-.
Knsllage corn can b planted late, and
therefore enables the farmer to grow and
store away an enormous amount of green
fodder when the tlrousht has injured the
The hot Iron test Is empl n ed in the
cheese factory to determine when sultici. nt
acid in developed in the curd. The test i?
very simple. An iron shr.pcd simewhit
like a soldering iron is heated alnio- t to
redness. A small piece o( curd is taken
frenn the vat and the water expelled by
squeezing. Tlvs is broupht ii eontait with
the Iron for a moment, then it is slowly
withdrawn. If an ecid is present the curd
will adhere to the hot Iron and will strint;
out In tine threads. The length of these
threads before breaking Indiat thr dearer
of acidity. For best results the threads
should he aLout one-fourth of an inch long.
Late In the season all kinds of poultry
may be allowed the run of the garuen. ex
cept geese at.d ducks, which should be
turned out on a pasture. Fow's do not in
jure gardens after the crops are well i:n i,r
way, though hen' with chicks will serat h
for seeds on newly-prepared plots. The
fowls will destrrtv many hi.ects and alo
consume the s e is of orne. weeds. Th y
also eat the your.g and tender weeds thit
are coming up. Geese will consume thu
pe rshti nt and amoving weed known s
puislaine or pursley, while both ducks an 1
g eso will thrive ,.n creeri food eruuly if
alP.wei!. It hs a waste of grain to give it
to fowls that have the run oi gr:;ss .-.mi
young weeds, as they can select tor them
selves all the fond 'esirel.
Dry earth is one t.f the best absorbents
that can be us.-d for pteserviug liquid
manure. eharcal 1 exolh nt axel so is
plaster, but the plaster absorbs the am
monia and does not change it to sulphate
of ammonia directly, as many suppose. The
use of dry earth as an absorbent is within
the province of all. as It is easily procured
and 1 a clean substance to handle. JLven
th soil quickly absorbs gar-eous matter,
and when dry earth is thrown over decay
ing matter the disagreeable odors cea:-e.
There Is r.o material that will absorb
liquids r.3 perf.-ctly and satisfactory as
dry earth, and it is easily spread upon the
seil. The use- of dry earth, both in the stalls
and on the manure heap, need not Interfere
with th. use of any other materials such
as leaves, cut straw or shredded corn
Prenmntlve Auents Which Arc Dan
gerous to Health.
II. V.'. Wilev. Chief of the Division of
Chemistry. Department of Agriculture, In
There are many other poisonous principles
in our foods (besides ptomaines) which are
not powerful enough to produce immediate
sickness or denth, yet which act on the
organs of the body, gradually reducing
their vitality, changing their physiological
functions and finally undermining the
health of the subject. These insidious
poisonous principles are very common con
stituents of food products. I refer particu
larly to those which are not the result of
fermentation or decay, but which are added
in the preparation of the food, either for
improving its appearance, increasing its
bulk, che-ar.cning its cost or preserving It.
Chief among these mildly poisonous prin
ciples may be mentioned the preservatives
added to food products to prevent decay.
The only prcper way of destroying
the germs in food products Is by steriliza
tion or pasteurizalion. These two terms
practically signify the same process,
viz., the destruction or paralysis of
fermentative germs by the applica
tion of heat. The term sterilization is,
however, by common consent applleel to
th?.t form of the process in which the In
tensity of the heat employed is that of boil
ing water or hither, while pasteurization is
used to designate that form of the process
In which a lower degree of heat is used.
There are certain chemical reagents
which, on account of their cheapness and
eiliciency, have been largely used Instead
of heat for germicidal purposes. It is much
easier to add a reagent of this kind than it
is to subject the food product to a high
temperature. Moreover, there are many
fooel products whose physical state and ap
pearance are unfavorably changed by the
application of heat, and for this reason
some other form of preservation is sought.
Chief among the common preservatives
which arc injurious to health may be
mentioned salicylic acid and formaldehyde.
I am aware that there are many contra
dictory statements in regard to thest
bodies. Some authorities of a high repu
tation in medicine and hygiene claim that
the moderate use of them Is not preju
dicial. I am far from saying that in
every caso the use of these poisonous
bodies, in the minute quantities which
are administered in the consumption of
food preserved by them, is productive of
immediate injury; in fact, perhaps most
really healthy stomachs are able to ehs
prse of small quantities of these chemi
cals, even for an extended time, without
suffering any apparent inconvenience. Dut
the public supervision should look after
the weak and diseased digestive systems
rather than the strong and vigorous, and
there is no eioubt of the pernicious Influence
of these preservatives in cases of this kind.
Digestion Itself is only a form of fermen
tation, and the admixture of any body
with a food which prevents fermentation
outside of the digestive organism tends
also to interfere with It in the body. I
by no means advocate a law which would
forbid the use of preservatives in foods.
There are many food products which are
less objectionable when preserved with
practically harmless bodies than If left
to the natural decay which they would
undergo before.' use. Foods which are ln
tendeel for mining camps, ocean voyages,
and in general for alimentation at points
far from th? source of supply, must be
preserved in some way, in order to secure
their highest utility.
It Is not the purpose of this article to
discriminate between preservatives, and to
say what may and what may not be used.
That is a question for the lawmakers and
the courts, guided by the experience of
phj-slologlcal chemists anel hygienists. Cut
it is evident that there are certain pre
servative bodies, such as common salt,
saltpeter, sugar, and borax even, which
have no deleterious effects upon digestion,
and yet which possess high preservative
powers. Sugar, Indeed. Is one of our most
valuable articles of food, and salt Is essen
tial to health. The admixture of a small
quantity of borax with butter fits It for
transportation to distant points and ren
ders it more wholesome and more palatable
than if allowed to become rancid.
No fooel product, however, containing a
preservative should ever be offered for sale
without a plain statement on the label ef
the package showing the character of the
preservative and the amount employed. In
the same category with preservatives,
though not open to the same serious ob
jection, are the colorimr matters which are
often v.sed in foods. The butter which is
commonly found upon our market Is colored
with a coai tar dye. Canned peas and
beans have the green color of the vegeta
bles preserved by copper. Preserved meats
and sausages are made to Imitate In color
th fre:-h products from which they have
been made by artificial coloring matters.
I would not assert that all coloring mat
ters In food products be forbidden by law,
but the law should require in each case a
statement on the package showing the
character of the coloring matter anel the
amount of it In the product.
PLANS TO COOL THE AIR.
Modified Hope i:.elleil by Iteir He
Kansas City Journal.
The dictum of Dr. Alexander Graham
Pell that It is as barbarous to let people die
on account of excessive heat In their houses
as it would be to let them freeze, ought to
give hope to millions of miserable human
beings. It probably means that tho Invenor
of the te lephone Is at work upon an appar
atus which, if perfected, will be a greater
boon to mankind than the telephone has
been. The professor believes that the lack
of apparatus for cooling the air Inside
dwellings is a reflection on the inventive
genius ef the land. As he Is such a large
atom in the sum total nature has given the
United States, his assertion Is as severe
upon himself as upon half a elozen edher
mortals put together. Put if the doctor
does contrive something that will drive
away the terrors of summer, all hope there
will bt? no Pell Telephone Company to nap
up the patent rights and then proceed to
gouge every mortal who would like to use
it and would he willing te pay a lair sum
for the privilege of keeping cool while try
ing to sleep.
There is undoubtedly a great deal of
sound reasoning back of the professor's
opinion that cheap and rapid transporta
tion has prevented Inventors giving the
subject of apparatus for cooling houses
much attention. It has been profitable to
devise machinery for cooling meat and
beer, but there has been no profit in taking
such mea.-ur-'s as the pfofosor suggests
for seeming cooler living quarters. Land
lords have not been able to see any h.htr
rnts in houses, the roofs of which are so
much higher than the ceilings ef the top
story rooms as to leave an air chamber
seven or eit;ht fcct hb;h, and ye-t ome
houses are known to be much cooler than
those constructed on ordinary lines, but
ihe y don't bring any higher rent.
Professor Pell th::iKs the terror of exces
?ie heat will be done away with. His no.
ti' ti Is that some modification of the cool
ing processes used in breweries and ev'.d
storage warehouse. will be adapted to coo.
ing block of hau.-es. In Paris, dry com
pressed air is distributed in much the same
way that gas is provi.P-d for illumination.
If not cool air. then liquid air. the pi oft s
sor thinks, will solve the problem. With
a p-t of liquid air in the garret, and a
furnace in the cel. nr. the scientist Is of
opinion that a ho'is.-hoUc r would be pre
pared, for either of the extremes likely to
be cxp. ,-riencid in a short j-paeo of time.
The only obj- cti-ui to liquid air, other
than the fact that it is about as ex
pensive as trust eontroUed anthracite, is
that it must be ued as soon as it is pro
duced. Any attempt to con'mp it pro
duces an explosion that would deuioli.-h
an ordinary house. It expands so rapidly
when It comes in ovit.u't with ordinary
atrnoph rh air that it is properly classed
as an explole, if put into a small com
partment. That practically takes 11. raid air
out of the subject of refrigeration for
ilvi'!Il;g hi'iw s and roi;n- i: to era-pre!-S'
1 ;r -.ir to tvaporate the Perspira
tion on weitet iag mortals and brire in
pipes to Li.nl the houses, as It is e!o;.e in
eoM storage plant, or air e hambers under
the roofs to absorb the beat.
Hut as those who have money merely hie
away to the seashore or the mountains
viuii the heat becomes oppressive, there ii
no Incentive for Inventors to work.
hvtri day during the hot wave, excessive
heat had more victims than Mars claimed
on the field of battle during the war with
Siiain. Professor Pell calls attention tu
TOPICS IN THE CHURCHES.
CSvirdciy Soliool LeNson
Clir If titln. Endeavor Worlci
Tim SlM)AY-C!IOOL I.HSSOX.
Third Quarter: Auk. 4. lf.H t Abrain
mid It ;-iieI xill, 1-1H.
Abram prnraMy followed the great desert
highway which ftlll exists between the East
and Damascus, the very same, probably, that his
graniit-un Jacob took In his flight trora hi ar.gry
brother. To all outwnM -appearance. Abrarn"
Company probably exactly resembled the caravan
which the traveler in the East sees to-day.
There were the camels, "ships of the desert,"
tearing their precious freight of women and
children, LesMcs provisions and merchandise.
There were thi Hocks nnd herds and their at
tendants. b?iies the arm"! (fuard. The oak or
oak prove of Moreh In Fiehm is the first-mentioned
campinir-rlace of the ratrlarch within
the bounds cf th promised lard. Abram's first
recorded act is significant. Columbus, ftandir.
on the höre of the ne-w world, unfurled the
standard of Ftrdirand. Abram. coming into
Canaan, built an altar to Ood. So It became his
custom. "Where Abram had a tent God had an
altar." Those became a series of "sermons in
ftor.e" to the Jiol-worFhirins Car.aanlte.
The first mention made of Abraham on his re
turn from his enforced ojourn in Eyrt !s con
cerning his wealth. The statement of the artless
narrative is simply: "Abraham was very rich
in cattle. In silver and In gold." God's prumisei
of temporal bluings had an early fulfillment.
Kitto'a computations are curious rather than
reliable. On the data of the possessions of
Jacob and Job he estimates Abraham as having
between eight and nine thousand head. Of
course, s,uch Immense herds and flocks would
imply a correspondingly large number of attend
ants. From the incident of the equipment of
three hundred and eighteen men for war It may
be figured that there were something over a
thousand men in the camp, not to mention
women and children. Up to this time
Abraham and Lot had shared the pleasures and
hardships cf their pilErlm life. But now the
herds of both had increased "to that the land
was not able to bear them, that they might
dwell together." So. as sometimes occurs to
this day, the herdsmen became rivals, end strove
for pasturage and water. In this incident Abra
ham's character shines resplendent. Two thou
sand years before Christ he showed the Chris
tian spirit when he said to Lot: "Let there be
ro strife between me lend thes and between my
herdsmen and thy herdsmen, for we be breth
ren." Nor are these mere words. Abraham
backs them up. He waives his right. The land
was his. It was all his. Yet in noble mag
nanimity he said to Lot: 'is not the whole land
before thee? Separate thyself, I pray thee, from
me. If thou wilt take the left hand, then I will
go to the right; or If thou depart to the right
hand, then I will go to the left." Lot's
selfishness crops out. He took advantage of
Abraham's generosity. He cast his eye on the
well-watered i!ain of Jordan and chose lt. II
journeyed east. It was not long before he ex
changed rastoral life for urban. He attempted
the Impossible. A double service God and
riches met the Inveterate and historic outcome.
v .. .1.-. .... ... V . i V . J L tKJ h 9
the occasion of the display of new traits In thd
admirable character of Abraham; decision,
bravery, military skill. Lot is in trouble. The
very wealth he coveted and the richness of the
land he cho was the cause of it. A rumor
brings tidings- of a predatory incursion and of
Lot's captivity. Abraham determines his course
instantly. Lot must be rescued. Three com
panies of trained servants, born in his camp,
are armed, and Abraham takes command In
person. Strategy gains a victory. Generosity
declines the spoils.
THE TEACHER'S LANTERN.
Biography composes a large part of Scripture.
God's bock has a deal by man in it. It is well
it Is so. Men of the Bible etand for Ideas: Abel,
innocence; Noah, obedience; Jspob. persistence;
Moses, law; Aaron, worship; Joshua, courage
David, praise; Solomon, wisdom; Jeremiah, pa
triotism; Paul, zeal; John, love. Thus God
teaches by example. Example is better than
precept. Want a bey to love his coun
try, give him the life of a patriot; to be success
ful in business, give him the life of one of the
"captains of industry." So God deals with his
larger children-pives us examples. Good for
the fact that on one dav thr npwcnünprc
reported a death list of Zbh In each of
ine.se cases the absolution was directly at
tributable to the heat. How
surfe ring- from diseases were hurried to the
trave no one will ever be able to compute.
The plague which devastated the world
during the dark aj.,vs. carried off thousands
during the years of its prevalence. Hat it
did not prevail every year. Kscesslve heat.
nowecr, is or annual recurrence in nearly
all parts of tho I'nited State?, and the total
of deaths caused by It among those who
live In houses not adapted to hot weather,
is probably greater than the total of lives
destroyed oy any one plague.
Excessive heat probably did not worry
the people of those ages. The wealthy
lived in big houses and the poor in huts.
There were; no houses with "all modern
improvements" to be had by the man who
is neither rich nor abjectly poor. The
palace and the hut were equally well
adapted for hot weather. The man who
lived in the latter didn't mind being com
pelled to sleep under the trees on very
hot nichts. The: man In the palace had
the protection of thick walls. The neither
rich nor poor of to-day is in the uncom
fortable mid condition.
PEOPHECY OF GERVINUS.
lis Agreement with mill Divergence
from Current Condition.
Kansas City Star.
Nearly sixty years ago G!oerge tlottfried
Gcrvlnus. the German historian and critic,
wrote his famous essays on the progress of
free institutions, and, ns a result, was tried
for treason. Although he declined to make
any defense, he v. as given but a light sen
tence, being conlined in prison lor a period
of four months. The pamphlet was burned,
but copies of it escaped the vigilant au
thorities. In that review of the world's
progress was one of the finest tributes to
the principles of popular government, as
espouseel and enjoyed by the United States,
that ever emanated from a European mind.
The conclusion of Its observations on the
United States is as follows: "The resources
of the United States, suhicient for their
own supply, anel their refusing all other na
tions the right of occupation in America,
as- proclaimed In the famous Monroe dex
trine, will, in time, restrict the amount of
emigration from Europe, and limit the
commerce o the West. In an eojal pro
portion the increasing decay of the East
will Invite u renewal of the old commerce
and civilisation of Asia."
So far the restrictions of commerce have
not been s-en in a comparative liht, for
the imposition of a high tariff system has
been lung tstabhshed. Kvn under tills
system, trade has grown in spite of the
embargo against its development In some
directions. It Is impossible to say how
much greater and more equitable It might
have been under dilfercnt international re
lations. i.,v ilde of emigration has already ben
hssciud. and the- opening of Asia Is at
hand. It is this last realization of the far
seeing observations of other times that has
given chief eiistinctiori to the beginning of
the nineteenth century, the tirst six months
of which have just closed. At the dawn of
the century tht re was a strange foreboding
of international war. The powers af Europe
and ta government of the United States
were confronting or.e another In China. Ec
hind professed motives of disinterested
humanity there was the sinister purpose of
sohl.-h aggrandizement. The bringing to
got bar of the?.-' nations seemed as likely to
result in a great world war as in the pacifi
cation of China. Hut within a few month.
all had changed. The great problem has
h. -n practically adjusted, and with Kss
dishonor or incidental misconduct than
might have bt en cxp---tcd under the cir
cumstances. The eh; . :.i.tt?c jrcst;ge and
moral loice of tae UiuUa States have Leon
greatly inhaia-'d throughout the world,
i htt attitude cf this country has saved
China from partition. It has injured the
best tra'e policy with the Chinese In the
future. It will bring about u gieat revival
of commerce in Asia, and in thi? trade the
I'nited State will be a large participant.
Industrially the tirst six months of the
tew century will be memorable, for they
have witnessed the organization of gigantic
trust:? of undreamed of power ar.ä great
consolidations of railways that threatt-n to
destroy competition in transportation. Tor
good or ill. these concentrations of energy
Imitation, bad for avoidance. So, in
studying Eible characters, we are 'not to enttr
tain ourselves with trivial incident, but find
what they stand for. the virtue or the vice they
Incarnate. Biography of the Eible
reaches its highest note in the life of Je-sus.
Christianity, in rlr.al anlyni8, is the religion of
a Person; not of a dcgm.a. creed, cr system of
theology or eeclcslat!cis:n. At heart of it is the
Person. Truth is so nhrined in Him that He
could say, "I am the Truth." There is
one little passage in the account of Abram's
entrance to the promised land. It, might escape
the superncial reader, but Is wcrthy of attention.
"And the Canaanite was then in the land." The
patriarch came into the lard the Lord had indi
cated to him. only to find it preoccupied. He
might have reasoned:, "How can I ever, with
my paltry band, drive out these warlike na
tions?" The Incident terms not to have given
him any concern. Fact is, he was not reasoninj.
He was trusting. Again, there was
something besides Canaanltes. "There was a
famine." What, in the land which was to flow
in milk and honey? Abraham did not fret. He
does the wise thing. He went to Egypt on a
CHRISTIAN C UCAYOR.
Topic for Aug. 4 Gaining: by Losing
Mnrk x, SS-XO.
That was a terrible experience in the career of
Cortez, the conqueror offMexico, when he and
his followers were compelled to floe for their
lives from the wrath of the aroused Aztecs.
The enejrmous masses of gold which they had
taken to themselves In that rich land rroved a
problem. "Carry little of it with you," Cortes
advlaed his soldiers; "we must fight our way
through." Eut many of the Spaniards loaded
themselves co heavily with the precious metal
that they were completely worn out by the
march and fell an easy prey In the ensuing
So It Is with all who weigh themselves down,
in body or spirit, with the cares and possessions
of this world. The way Is long before us. the
night is dark, the enemies ar fierce. He travels
safest who travels lightest.
Have you ever heard the fable of the magic
Ekln? Whoever wore it was enabled through its
potency to obtain whatever he desired, but with
every wish thus won the ekln contracted a trifle.
Soon it could not be removed, nor did the owner
wish to remove it, but kept on with his selfish
Indulgences, heaping up to himself the satisfac
tion of his desires and growing smaller and
emaller as he did so, until one day a final wisn
squeezed out his life.
That is a true picture of the man who live for
self. He Is celf-centered, and the very things he
draws in upon himself serve to belittle him. On
the other hand, the generous, telf-giving man
enlarges himself by the very out-?olns cf his
spirit, and becomes grander by every deed of
Once I was admitted to the astronomical ob
servatory of the Chicago University. There
stood the great telescope, and beyond It, through
the slit in the curved ceiling, gleamed the stars.
Eut before I waa permitted to look through the
wonderful tube the single light in the room must
be put .out. Why? Not merely because it would
confuse the eye by Its direct rays, but becaus
lt heated the air and set It to quivering, thus
rendering clear vision of the stars impossible.
Tut out the lower lights. Christians, if you
would see tha Image of the heavenly! Think
less of the gold of erth and more of the gold
that thieves cannot steal. Kesign the applause
of men, if need be, for the approval of God.
Turn down the soft light of luxury, extinguish
the torch of ambition, even let the student lamp
burn low if it quarrels with the stars!
There is no practical life but this. Most men
whom the world calls practical are merely play
ing with life. They call it bullion, stocks, farms,
kitchens, but It is mud pies they are making
down In the dirt, while the real business of life
awaits them. What is that real business? The
creating of character, ours and our brother's.
Character is the only possession we can take out
of the world. Whatever hinders that occupation
is worse than useless, though it be an industry
that fills a bank with gold. And whatever helps
that, however humble the task, is vastly probt
able, behaus? its prolit extends through eternity.
AMOS R. WELLS.
and capital have entered the field at the
beginning of the new era. it Is some sat
isfaction, but not very profound, to know
that along with the agencies that are cal
culated to centralize wealth has come a
more generous spirit on the part of those
who are fortunate enough to command
those agencies. There never has been an
other time in the world's history when
bounties were so numerous and so lav
isn. Yet the eepuities of life should not
depend upon the charitable impulses of
the individual, but upon the fairness of
the economic system. Such fairness is
not Incompatible with the amassing of
wealth, nor should it be; but it is not in
harmony with some of the encroachments
of organized capital as witnessed in these
HAY AT SOO 1F,R TOX.
Pretty KxpenMlve to Keep n Horse nt
.Nome In the Winter.
In a letter to Mr. John B. Moore, of 405
Fifth street. Northwest, dated at Nome,
Alaska. May, 28. J. Frank Wingileld. form
erly of this city, recited some of the con
ditions prevailing there during the past
winter. Mr. Moore left Nome last fall and
his friend writes that after Iiis departure
he nearly Jost his machinery In a big storm.
"The waves." he says, "knocked the whole
thing over anel over, and after tossing it
about for awhile rolled the whole mass
high up on the beach against the tundra.
I lost about 2 per tent, of It, and the bal
ance is now stored In Nome."
Mr. YVingfield and his two partners, a
man and wife, built a cabin seven miles up
the beach from Nome.
The winter was a long and hard one,
with four times as much snow as the win
ter before. The snow was drifted fifteen
feet deep around the cabin, which was
reached through a tunnel dug In it one hun
dred feet long. The coldest weather was 46
below zero. There were many severe bliz
zards and many men were frozen to death
while trying to stampede claims. "At pres
ent there is a scarcity of coal oil." says Mr.
Wingrieid. "and it i about 520 to $Zt a case.
We. have all daylight now. so don't need It.
j During the winter the Standard Oil Com
pany Kept me price ail the time at ll.bo a
case, and positively refused to let the big
dealers corner It and rale the price. Coal
has averaged $43 a ton; couldn't keep her
up to $v) and $100. as the supply became too
"Hay has averaged about $200 a ton.
Flour Is only SI per hundred, and bacon
and ham 15 to is cents a pound. Hundreds
of ton.s of stuff hive been taken to the In
terior, over the enow and Ice, this winter,
as that i the only time to move out and
prepare for the summer's work. I think
lids season will be better than last, but the
mining season will be much shorter.
"The first ship of the season has arrived.
She is the steam whaling ship Jennie, and
was sighted far out at sea May 21. at D
p. m. At 11 o'clock she anchored to the Ice
two and a half miles from the beach, and
hundreds of people went out to welcomes
her. There was great rejoicing In camp.
She landed her passengers on the Ice. and
at this writing has about discharged her
cargo of 1,4'X tons, which was hauled
ashore on sleds and delivered in line condi
tion. At present thirds don't look very
bright for mine-rs. The winter seems to
drag along, and there will be nothing done
until July, if then."
The "World's Financial Center.
Troy (N. Y.) Uudget.
J. Fierpont Morgan disturbed the money
market of London, last week, by the pay
ment of tl,o)Ki for the common stock of
the Leyland line of steamers. This Is one
of Mr. " Morgan's side issues and the pay
ment of that amount of money did not dis
turb the New York money market fo far
u.s was perceptible. Mr. Morgan had con
tracted to buy the common stock of this
lir.e for JS.7.'0.("O. and as he paid at the time
he made the deal last April il.2CoMi, his
payment on Thursday wiped out the bal
ance and made Mr. Morgan the owner of
seventy-live ocean Beniners. Lonoon has
been generally known as th financial cen
ter of the world, but recent events have
made the spot where Mr. Morgan is that
center, even if it la under his hat.
A Docile Metal I Hold.
The ejuality which makes gold the mot
valuable of the mtal? is its docility. The
cunning hammer of the smith can '"teach"
It almost anything. The more stubborn
Dyspeptics cannot regain health and strength by living upon
half rations. They must eat plenty of good food and digest It.
To enable them to do this they should use something that will
help the stomach do its work. Kodol Dystefsi a Cuke is such a
preparation. It digests what you eat and supplies tho sub
stances needed to build up the worn out digestive organs.
Prof..J. Ivison, of Lonaconing, Md., says: Tor thirteen
years I suffered agony from dyspepsia and neuralgia of the
stomach. I tried almost everything and doctors drugged mo
nearly to death with morphine, but temporary relief was all I
could obtain till I was advised to, use Kodol DrsrcrsiA Cuke.
The first dose gave me relief. I bought my first bottle in
March, 1900, and I have not had a single pain since. It has
completely cured me. I cannot endorse it too highly."
Bfi camiil: help hut do yoa good
Prepared by E. C. DeVCUt & Co., Chicago. The IL bottle coutains 24 times the 50c ilxx
The favorite household remedy forcouchs cold, croup.-bronchitis, grippe
throat and lung troubles is ONE fftENUTE Cough Curo It cures quickly.
For sale by FRANK II. CARTER. HENRY J. HUDER and E. W. STL'CKV.
Copy of Statement of the Coaditioj
UNION CASUALTY AND
On the 30th day of June, 1901.
It is located at the Wainwright Building,
St. Louis, Mo.
EDWARD CLUFF. President.
LE GRAND L. AT WOOD, Secretary.
The amount of its capital is J250.000
The amount of its capital paid up is.. 0,0üö
Tbe Assets of the Company in the United States
are as follows:
Cash on hand and in the hands of
agents or other persons J16.441.CS
Boneis owned by the company,
bearing interest at the rate ot ...
per cent., secured as follows:
St. Louis city gold bonds 15S.0O0.00
United States registered bonds.... M.uuO.üü
Loans on bonds and mortgages of
real estate, worth double the
amount for which the same is
mortgaged and free from any
prior incumbrance 111.9S5.00
Debts otherwise secured Z.SOj.C'j
Debts for premiums, less commis
All other securities lu,0U3.45
Total assets J 177,011.52
Losses unadjusted JS.970.92
Losses In suspense, waiting for
further proof 32,3OO.0O
All other claims against the com
Amount necessary to reinsure out
standing risks 92.0il.SS
Total liabilities $13i.7?7.80
The greatest amount in any one risk,
State of Indiana, Office of Auditor of State.
I, the undersigned, auditor of state of the
State of Indiana, hereby certify that the
above is a correct copy of the statement of
the condition of the above-mentioned com
pany on the 30th day of June, 1101. as shown
by the original statement, and that the
gaid original statement is now on file in
In testimony whereof I hereunto sub
scribe mj name and affix my ofll
SEAL. cial seal this 30th day of July,
1901. W. H. HART.
Auditor of State.
INDIANA TRUST COMP'Y
Washington St. and Virginia Ave.
Copy of Statement of tbe Condition
On the 33th day of June, 1901.
It is located at 87 Michigan street, in the
city of Milwaukee, State of Wisconsin.
ALFRED JAMES. President.
W. D. REED. Secretary.
The amount of Its capital is $600,000
The amount of it capital raid up is COO.OuO
The Assets of the Company are as follows.
Cash oa hand and in the hands of
agents or other persons jij.ijo.uu
Bonds and stocks owned by the
company, bearing Interest at
the rate of 3 to . per cent., as
per schedule tiled 1.5ä.,o00.00
Loans on bonds and mortgages of
real e.tate. worth double the
amount for whieh the 3amc is
mortcaped. and free from any
prior incumbrance 3?5.r w
Denis for premiums, in course of
Interest accrued and not due.... 12.0J3.-3
Total assets $2,915, 5-j5.70
Losses adjusted and not due $2 S TS .07
Losses unadjusted ' J'--
Ub In expense, waiting for
All other claims against the com-
Amount ' ' nercssa ry to reinsure
outstanding risks i.s.jjo.j
Total liabilities $1.SK7M.62
The greatest amount in any one risk,
State of Indiana. Ornce of Auditor of State.
I the undersigned, auditor of state of
the State of Indiana, hereby certify that
the above Is a correct copy of the state
ment of the condition of the above-mentioned
company on the th day of June.
as shown by the original statement,
and that the said original statement is now
on file in this office. ...
In testimony whereof I hereunto sub-S'-rlle
my i.ame and artlx my oili
f SEA L.I cial seal this 27th day of July.
1 j w H. II ART.
Auditor of State.
GREGORY & APPEL
131 üast Market St.
metals crumble after they havo ben re
duced to a certain point of fineness: bit
gold can Im- hainm red Into a sh t so
ir.tlr.ltrly fine that of them piled ene
upon the other would not h: an Inch thick!
And a tiake of gold tiny us u plnheud can
be- drawn out Into a liner thread than ever
n-an spun in a spider thread-to a length
'of 0o0 feet.
W35 12ZO KAVK
Calling Cards, Wedding Imitations Announce
ments. At'llonic Cares, Moaorami
SENTINEL PRINTING COMPANY
123. 125. 127 West Market St.
Copy of Statement of the Coniitioa
INSURANCE COMPANY '
On the 30th day of June, 1901.
It is located at No. 401 California street,
San Francisco, Cal.
WILLIAM J. DUTTON. President.
LOUIS WEINMANX. Secretary.
The amount of its capital is Jl.Oifl.rvv)
The amount of its capital paid up is 1,000,000
The Assets of the Company are as follows:
Cash on hand nnd In the hands
of agents or other persons $l!ö.50t.5O
Real estate unincumbered iAt.7n.O0
United States bonds 117,125.00
State, county and municipal
Railroad stocks and bonds 7s4.16.Vu
Other stocks and bonds 1.214,bfi5.U)
Interest due and accrued on all
Losns on bonds and mortgages
of real estate, worth double th
amount for which the same Is
mortgaged anel free from any
Trior incumbrance SS0.1S7.64
Debts otherwise secured ISl.lfio.O.)
Debts for premiums 511.71U52
All other securities 15.iGS.lt
Total assets $1.013.675.7
Losses adjusted and not due.... $.t2.0!3.C3
Losses unadjusted 13S.775.&2
Lesses in suspense, waiting for
further proof 5.S25.00
Ail other claims against the com
Amount necessary to reinsure
outstanding risks 1.413.2S8.1S
Total liabilities Jl.G71.S07.6l
The greatest amount in any one risk,
State of Indiana, Ofilce of Auditor of State.
I, the undersigned, auditor of state of
the State of Indiana, hereby certify that
the above is a correct copy of the state
ment of the condition of the above-mentioned
company on the Cth day of June,
1901, as shown by the original statement,
ana that the said original statement is now
on file in this oflice.
In testimony whereof I hereunto sub
scribe my name and fflx my ofTt
SEAL. cial seal this 2Tth day of July,
1901. W. II. HART.
Auditor of State.
H. PLUMMER, 155 Fast Market Street.
I. N. RICHIE, 108 East Market Street
J. J. V A LD ANAIRE.
Copy of Statement of tin Condition
Fire Insurance Co.
On the 30th day of June, 1931.
It is located at 34 Pine street. New York.
CHARLES A. SHAW. President.
JOSEPH M'CORD. Secretary.
The amount of its capital is $l,00n.fr)
Tbe amount of its capital paid up is 1.000,000
The Assets of the Company are as follows:
Cash on hand and In the hands of
agents or other persons $37.S"3.23
Real estate unincumbered Jio.O'H.OO
ilonds owned by the company,
bearing Interest at the rate f
... pr cent , secured as follows:
United States bonds 190.W.00
State. county and municipal
Railroad stocks nnd bonds l.C;.l2.12
Other rtoekf and bonds 77,U25.oo
Loans on bonds and mortgages of
leal estate, worth double the
amount for which the .--a me Is
mortgaged and free from any
All other securities 75.Sl7.7l
Total assets ....
Lor?e$ adjusted and du- loses
adjusted and not du-, b se. un-
adlusted. loye-s in supms.
waiting for further proof Sa,a.04
All other claim ap;inst ?b com
Amount net-essary to Insure out-
Amount nee ysu-y to reinsure
outstanding risks 1.22I.SM.CO
Tetal liabilities !1.7j1.3- 12
The greatest amount In any one risk,
State of Indiana. OfTire cf Auditor of State.
I the undr'.g!:ed. auditor of state of
the State of Indiana, hereby certify tint
the above is it correct ropy of the state
ment of the cor.litim of the above-mentioned
Cdr.pir.y n the 3"'th dr.y of June.
P.M. as ihown by th original statement,
and Hi it the mI I original htatenimt i now
on Me in this nu e.
In trstlmr.nv whereof I hereunto nh
ertbe my name and hfT.x my of!U
SEAL. e'.al al this .M day or July,
lH I. W Ii. HAUT.
Auditor of State.
LOCAL AC i:T9 1
F. F. M:CRU. Law BalMlns.
D. A. CUl'LTER, 100 Last Market Street,