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TIIK INDIA XAPOT-TS JOURNAL, FRIDAY, DECEMBER G, 1001.
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FRIDAY. DI-CKMBKR 1001.
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IJnt.jrf.J as se.oü.i-claaa matter at Inulanajiolls,
Can Le founJ at the followliij places:
NtWj VOXiK. Aklor lloube.
ClIICA(Jf palmer Kou-e. I. O. News Co., 217
LstarLrn ktrett, Auuitriuru Ar.nex lioteL
CINCtNNATI-J. It. Haw ley & Co.. i:t Vln
VILLE C. T. Lerir.ff. northwest corner
cf Ih.rd ar.d Je.ltrson streets, ani Loulsvlll
Li A.ic Co.. x'ourtii avenue.
ET. LbUIi-Union News Company. Union Depot.
WASniXCITON. I). C RlRgs House, ELbltt
lioo-e. Fairfax Hotel. WiliarJ Hutcl.
Frttm the number of bills already intro
duced in the Senate it is evident there
Le some stringent anarchlat legislation
at this session of Congress.
ilrJ Bryan may congratulate himself that,
while the Democrats In the House are not
anxious to shout for the Kansas City plat
form, there is reason to believe that about
two-thirdj of them are In favor of It.
Tho isthmian canal commission has fur
nished the best illustration of a non
sequ.tur in its report on record. All the
conditions, which the commission gives, one
by one, are in favor of the Panama route,
ye. it decides that the Nicaragua route
is the most feasible.
Senator Wellington, of Maryland, who
made an insulting remark regarding the as
sassination of President McKinley, Is get
ting the punishment he deserves. Neither
the president of tho Senate nor his col
leagues recognize him, and he is practically
a man without a party.
It ' Is worth remarking that the so
calleji "American peril," which European
statesmen and editors are talking about,
conrus from tools and Implements of trade,
and inot from arms. As it will only incite
other nations to greater energy and enter
prise! in the arts of peace it is not a very
There Is much to be said in favor of ltt
ting: things alone when tho buslnt-ss of the
country is prosperous beyond precedent.
Vhsn an intricate machine is running
smoothly it Is not wise to permit an un
skilled workman to make some change in
its wheels and gears simply because he
things he can improve it with a sledge
The refusal of the Democrats in the Sen
ate ;to at once confirm the appointment of
Mr. Kr.ox for attorney general, as is the
rule; Is intended to call the attention of the
country to the fact that he has had Mr.
Carnegie for a client. Having no principles
upoii which they can agree, the Democrats
must make the most of every insignificant
matter in which there is a possibility of
making political capital. It is not denied
thai Mr. Knox la one of the great lawyers
of t 'io country.
Colonel Moses Wet more, a successful
manufacturer of tobacco in St. Louis, sold
out his business to one of the tobacco
trusts almost two years ago at a big
pric?. He then started another prosperous
tob:tcco ccmpany and Joined Mr. Uryan in
denouncing trusts. Now comes the report
thai he has again met the octopus and
6oU out his company at another ex
orbitant rrice. As for tho tobacco trusts,
the firul Colonel Wetmore a costly op
ponent to pet out of the field.
T-iere aro many men in the North who
arejnot Republicans who would like tc see
tho disfranchisement in certain Southern
Staf.es passed upon by some national trib
unal. It Is not a sectional sentiment, but
one! based upon tho theory of equal repre
sentation In the national Congress and in
tho? Electoral College in every State that
causes people to object to having TtfO.OOO
people In Alabama counted for representa
tion when the males of the voting ae of
thajt population aro deprived of the right of
The President's message has been re
ceived with an expression of favor by
congressmen of both parties that is without
precedent. A Democratic correspondent says
thai on Wednesday during vl?lting hours
the corridors of the White House were
crowded with senators and representa
tives of both parties, assembled for the
single rurposc of assuring the President
that his message is a remarkable state
paper and that most of its features were
likely to meet with rubllc approval. Re
publicans added assurance that a majority
cf the recommendations will likely be
carfied out during the session.
A Washington special to the local Demo
cratic org-an says that "the general jol
icy; which will be pursued by the Demo
crats In Congress j, now In the forma
tive stage." This would seem to imply
that it has heretofore been without form
and void. If one may Judge from the pro
toplasm as outlined In the recent Demo
cratic caucus tho result after it has passed
through the formative stage will be a
chronic intestinal disturbance with IJryan
Ism and Crokeri.-m fighting for mastery.
IJut It Is hardly worth while speculating
about the future of u. party that never
Ets Loyonl the formative stage and is
always in the process of transition.
There is a proposition on foot In Wash
ington to Increase the salaries of all fr.-l-ral
Judges, raising Justices of the Supreme
Court from tlO.ooj to i;.0J a year, circuit
.judges from ?U"0 to j:vj"0 an,! district .
j jude.es from $'..u to The increased
salaries would not be at all unreasonable
compared with the Incomes of g o 1 law-
yers nowadays. The Judiciary is by far (
the least expensive department of the gov- I
rrnmnt. The estimates for appropriation j
I for 1.1 recently submitte 1 to Congress
j called for Ji.fi .O. for th l-gislative es
j tablishrnent. LS.T,.", for the executive and
! JT-S.CJJ for the judicial. Hundre ds of law
yers who practice in the federal courts
make several times as much in f s every
year as the Judges are now paid.
Tin: riinsiiiEvr ami c iiia.
Tie Cuban, like everybody else, are
phased with President Roosevelt s
rage. Indeed, it would hardly be putting
it too strongly to say they are delighted.
They profeis to see in it assurance of the.
realization of their hope3 of independence
and prosperity. One Havana paper char
acterizes the message as "most encourag
ing," another calls it "a noble message."
and a third says, "the President's words
show that the administration has no de- j
sire to incorporate Cuba into the United
States," for which it expresses satisfaction,
as if this were a new discovery. As thi3
is almost the first exhibition of reasonable
ness on the pirt of the Cubans It is worth
while to recall what the President said
on tho subject. His only direct reference
to Cuba was in the following paragraph:
In Cuba such progress has been made
toward putting the independent govern
ment of the island upon u lirm footing
that before the present session of the
Congress closes this will be an accom
plished fact. Cuba will then start as her
own mistress; and to the beautiful Queen
of the Antilles, as she unfolds this, new
page? of her destiny, we extend our heart
iest greetings and gocd wishes. Elsewhere
I have discussed the eiuestlon of reci
procity. In the case of Cuba, however,
there are weighty reasons of morality
and of national interest why the policy
should bo held to have a peculiar applica
tion, and I most earnestly ak your at
tention to the wisdom, indeed to the -vital
need, of providing for a substantial re
duction in the tariff duties on Cuban im
ports into the United States. Cuba has in
her constitution affirmed what we desired,
that she should stand, In International
matters, in closer and more friendly rela
tions with us than with any other power;
and we are bound by every consideration
of honor and expediency to pass commer
cial measures in the interest of her mate
Again, in discussing the Monroe doctrine
the President made an Incidental allusion
to Cuba, saying: "Our attitude In Cuba Is
a sufficient guaranty of our own good
faith. We have not the slightest desire
to secure any territory at the expense of
any of our neighbors." The same idea
was expressed as strongly In different lan
guage by Secretary Hay in his recent
speech before the New York Chamber of
Commerce, when alluding to "our sister
republics to the south of us," he ended:
"We no more want their territory than we
covet the mountains of the moon."
The Cubans ought to be well satisfied
with the President's frank and friendly ex
pressions regarding the future of the
Island, but they should have been satisfied
on thl3 subject long ago. That they were
not shows that they were unreasonable,
suspicious and ungrateful. The solemn
pledge of Congress and the repeated acts
and expressions of President McKinley
should have fully convinced them of the
honorable intentions of this government
and its fixed purpose to withdraw from
the island as soon as its pledges were re
deemed and the Cuban government estab
lished. President Roosevelt's assurance
on the subject does not make this purpose
any clearer than it was before, but as
it seems to have convinced the Cubans
that the United States has really meant
what it said from the beginning it is well
he gave it. His assurance that the inde
pendent Cuban government will be on a
firm footing before the present session of
Congress closes should be notice to the
Cubans that the time is close at hand when
it will behoove them to stop all racial and
factional quarrels and show the world
whether they are fit for freedom and self
government. It should also be notice to
Congress that the crowning act of our duty
to Cuba remains to be done in the estab
lishment of such commercial relations as
will Inure to the prosperity of both coun
tries and to insuring the stability of the
new government which we have planted
at so much cost In money and lives. The
fact that President Roosevelt has by his
first message won the complete confidence
of the Cubans should be a great help to
Congress in establishing friendly relations
for the future. It would make one of the
most Interesting pages in Mr. Roosevelt's
history if the rough rider of Santiago who
assisted in liberating Cuba should, as
President of the United States, be the first
to welcome her on a prosperous basis
among the family of nation?.
"AX AMERICAN LIVINt;."
In a few sentences in his message the
President states the qualifications which
foreigners seeking admission to this coun
try should possess, and they embody the
economic policy upon which largely de
pends the well-being of this Nation. "To
earn an American living" is a striking
phrase, but in its broader significance it is
tho best explanation that has yet been
given of the theory of national economics
based upon the protective policy. To de
clare a policy which will raise the industrial
masses to the standard of "an American
living" is the far-reaching conception of a
statesman like President Roosevelt. It is
a happy contrast to that emotional policy
which has these many years been welcom
ing to this country the down-trodden of all
other nations. If we are to maintain and
advance the standard of American living
we must put an end to that indiscriminate
immigration which forces competition with
men who have become American wage earn
ers. The decaying nations are those whose
governments have permitted the masses
who till the soli and work for wages to be
doomed to an existence of semi-starvation.
The cause of this gradual decay is insufii
cient nutrition, squalid abodes and rags,
dwarfing the people physically, mentally
and morally. Tho decaying nations are the
warnings which statesmen heed. They see
that those governments that best' provide
for the employment and the social w.ll-
belng of the masses are thoo that lead In
the world's affairs. Great Rritain has more
than held its own during the last century
because in Its legislation its industrial
forces have been cared for. Germany, with
its paternal government, sees that all its
peoplo are educated and that tho conditions
of earning a livelihood and of rare for the
old and destitute are as favorable as they
can be nn-ade. Immigrants from Germany
and Great Pritain are welcomed because
they can "earn an American living." Thou
sands of immigrants coming to us from
other European nations have not the kill
nor the intelligence to "earn an American
living." Thy are representatives of peo-
plea that have bcn half starve. 1 for gen-
erations. Immigrants who can subsist upon
for.. upon which the American latwrcr
would lose his vitality, but they can dis-
plao at lower waees American labor with
which they come in competition. The one
result of such competition In time would
; b- that many of the American competitors j
I must be dragged down to the low and hop ;- j
... ....... I
les- Ie! or the immlcrant. Mien is me
Immutable law of nature. The nation which I
P rmlts such an outrage will in timi reap
retribution for its injustice.
j If-pre.'ervation beir.g the first law of
; nations as well as of nature, it is the first
i and most imperative duty of all legislators
; to adopt any policy that will promote the
! gradual elevation of the standard of living
of the vast majority of the American peo-
pie engaged In tho Nation's varied indus
j tries. The polit y that iill put a nation
In the front rank of the world's progress
Is that one which secures every possible
condition to establish the highest compen
sation for service and such compensation as
will Insure the sober, prudent and indus
trious an "American living." which means
a sufficiency of nourishing food, a comfort
able and healthful abode and decent cloth
ing for the hours of recreation. The
"American living" in its full significance
means that the man and his family must
have the surroundings that will make him
an intelligent and self-respecting member
of the community. In this country the
person who cannot read and whose Inability
to earn money compels him to cover himself
with rags is not a self-respecting being.
In no one thing do the American wage earn
ers show their self-respect so clearly as in
their regard for good clothing. It is a part
of "an American living."
Not the least of the causes which have
made the standard of American living the
highest in the world is the much denounced
protective tariff. Since the adoption of the
protective policy the standard of American
living has been raised. What were the
luxuries of the well-to-do in 1SC0 are now
tho necessities of the wage earner. It is
well to make this remark now because the
advocates of free trade are making im
portunate demands that our markets be
opened to the Competition of the people
who cannot earn "an American living."
Such people cling" to a few phrases and re
fuse to learn from experience and passing
events. While It is important to protect
American labor from a low-priced competi
tion It is also a matter of pressing im
portance that tho foreigner who cannot
earn "an American living" should be for
bidden to land on our shores to engage in
a demoralizing and degrading competition
in the field of common labor.
Former Attorney General Monnett, of
Ohio, says that President Roosevelt has
asked A. II. Martin, secretary of the
American Anti-trust League, to put n
writing his charges against Attorney Gen
eral Knox, with a view to investigating
them. The charges are probably the same
that were made some months ago that the
attorney general was derelict in his duty
under the Sherman anti-trust law. It has
been stated recently that the President had
Ignored the charges against the attorney
general, but Mr. Monnett's statement
shows that he has not. Whether there is
anything in the charges or not, the fact
that the President has asked that they
be put in writing shows his willingness to
The News asks: "What difference does It
make who builds the Southern road, pro
vided it is a good thing for the city?" It
would bo greatly to the advantage of tho
city to have the road managed as a local
road and in the interests of the city rather
than as a feeder to or link in some through
line or system. There are already several
railroads to and through different portions
of the coal field, but the city does not de
rive much benefit from competition in the
price of coal. What it needs is a distinctive
coal road under a management that will
make cheap coal an objective point for all
o Room for It.
"Tb y have a skeleton In the closet,
"Oh, dear, no! They live in a flat."
Not "What He Meant to Sny.
Old Aunt (despondently) Well, I shall not be
a nuisance to you much longer.
Nephew (reassuringly) Don't talk ".ike that,
aunt. You know you will!
He Felt Safe.
Mrs. Slimson Don't you know, Willie, if you
are naughty you won't po to heaven?
"Oh, I don't know. I'nele Jcke was the mean
est man I ever heard of. but you say he is in
"I never gossip," said the woman with the
uncompromising eyes. "I never ?ay anything
about anybody unless I am sure it can be shown
to be true."
"Dear me!" murmured Miss Cayenne. "How
No Danjcer of Accident.
New York Weekly.
Old Lady Oh. I always get po nervous on a
railroad. Dor.'t you think we're goin at an
Mr. Illuck Y-e-s, but you needn't worry,
mum; there won't he any accident.
Old Lady How do you know there won't?
Mr. Illuck 'Cause I've got an acciJont insur
Strange Mi tap pre he it Inn,
Iloru Ho.v do you liko that last roem
Nacgus First rate. It's so restful so sooth
ing. iVn't you know.
P. .rus-K. stful? Great Scott, man! It's an
Naurus CocJ heavens! I thought it was a
The publishers of the Rlack Cat want
to send the author of the very best short
story that comes to them on a "per
sonally conducted" trf; around the world.
The current number of the little maga
zine. "Ten-Story Rook," issued by the
Daily Story I'ubll.-hing Company, of Chi
cago, contains short stories by the?e writ
irs: it rural Charles King, Margaret Hor
ton Potter, Orb- Read. M 1. n II. Gerdener,
(lo.rf Grantham Rain, Gertrude Potter
Daniels. Mi. Wade Hampton. Oirran 11.
Gictnhes. Jcso Garcia y Marl seal ani
Prot'. Sh rwin Cody. The list a.-.-urcs va
riety of theme and tO:yIe of treatment.
The- most notable article in Frank Les
lie's Monthly for December and one well
worth reading is written by Israel Zang-
. and is .ntiil.d "The Redemption of
I'al'stiae by tli- Jews." Mr. Zangwill is
evidently a Zionist in the? sene of believing
lli.it the: Jews should have a home, a moth
er country, but he tdiows that the move
ment in that direction had ui to this thv
'en productive of slight results, though
Immense sums of money hive been spent
by Rothschild. Hirsch and others to further
it. He points out where the mistakes have
been and suggests remedy.
Anyone who wishes to know in advance
tho character of the ceremonies through
which King EJward must pass at his coro
nation next year, wil! find the account well
set forth in Lippincott's Magazine for De-
r-.m ,or T- 1 ri i ? n . 1 firman. nrlK..: In thl niim-
ber a!mut'"The'p.--n Rooks." Agnes Hepplier
discourses of "The Oppression of Gifts."
tin rt- i the usual com:. lament of licti. n, in-
cluJIni? ;i crmpifto novt.lt an1 I. Zangwill
contributes two t-triking poems.
The "departments" in the Ladies Home
Journal have Increased in number and
now every problem of domestic life is con
sidered, from the rearing of children and
the furnishing of the house to the dressing
of dolls. The woman In search of informa
tion of this sort is likely to find what she
wants here. The December number con
tains in addition several Christmas stories
and other holiday features. A story by
Rudyard Kipiing tells "How the First Let
ter was Written," The cover ha3 a pleas
ing color dtsifcii.
Resides several entertaining short stories
in the December Criterion, a iiumber of con
tributions of a different character attract
attention. In "An Old Dictionary A Rev
ery," Riehard Rurton sentimentalizes over
an unsentimental theme. IJallington Rooth
writes of "The Gulf Between the Church
and the Churches." Kyrle Rellew talks of
"Art and Acting. " Ix-onara Ellis offers a
study of Southern cotton-mill communities,
and James Iluneker has a chapter of for
eign musical gossip. Altogether It is a
creditable holiday number.
"Early Opera in America" is the title of
an Interesting article in the December
Cosmopolitan, written by C. D. Hess, him
self an operatic manager. He gfves a his
tory of the various ventures in the oper
atic b'ne in this country and recalls to
the ndaJs of music lovers many old fa
vorites. The article Is accompanied by
numerous illustrations, showing the artists
in the quaint attire of the period in which
they sang. Among the portraits Is one
of Mrs. Zelda Seguin Wallace, then Mrs.
Seguin. Mr. I less says of her, in speaking
of the Farepa-Rosa Grand English Opera
Company, of which she was a member, that
'oporagoers of that season will remember
her as far above the average in dramatic
ability and vocal excellence."
I The Engineering Magazine for December
puts In the leading position an article by
F. E. Saward on "The Growth of American
Coal Exports." The cause i3 shown to be
tho constant cheapening of production
through Improved methods of mining, hand
ling, transport, and shipment. The effect
is a relief to the overdriven Rritish col
lieries, the conservation of Rritish fuel sup
plies, and the reduction of prices, to the
enormous advantage of Rritish railways,
manufactures, and Industries generally.
Mr. Philip Dawson, the adviser of Mr.
Yerkes in his London traction enterprises,
writes of English, American and continent
al steam engineering, treating particularly
Rritish traction power houses and their
Two semi-detached photogravures in the
International Studio for November caused
that magazine to come in conflict with a
postal regulation concerning the mailing
of photographs and made it necessary
for the publishers to remove the pictures,
which were portraits of the late Empress
Frederick and of the Baroness Dlerghardt,
and send them separately to subscribers of
the periodical. Even without these supple
ments, however, the magazine is so fully il
lustrated and so filled with interesting
reading matter as to give great satisfaction
to an art lover. There are a number of
tinted reproductions of portraits, sketches,
including one of Cardinal Rampolll. two
tinted reproductions of paintings by Sidaner
and a reproduction In color of a Japanese
vase in Oribe ware. The text is in part
made up of a sketch of the artist Sidaner,
an illustrated account of the photographic
work of Guido Rey, "Old English Glazes"
and "Object Ixssons in the Potter's Art
trom the Far East."
Tho leading article in Ainslee's Magazine
for December, entitled "America in Eng
land," by Allen Sangrec, is a dramatic
study of the triumph of American business
methods in Rritish enterprises. The writer
compares this movement to the return of
the prodigal son, laden with a new set of
tools, to improve the old farm. "Senator
Aldi ich, the Most Influential Man in Con
gress," by L. A. Coolldge, is a readable
study of the personality of the leader of the
Senate and alo a clear analysis of the
wonderful congressional machine at Wash
ington. "In Remote Newfoundland," by
.Norman Duncan, is the kind of special ar
ticlo that has all the value of new? and all
the impresidveness of a well-wrought work
of fiction. The description of this stony
country, where gardens and graveyards are
painfully built by the hands of men, is
illustrated with many good photographs.
"Melba at Home," by William Armstrong,
gives a pleasant account of the home life
of this great singer. A number of clever
short stories add variety to the issue.
FOOLISH WOMAN AND A MAN.
LcsMoiiM to Re Drawn from the Ronlne-.
Milwaukee Free Press.
There is a woman on trial for her life In
Washington for the killing of a young man
with whom she had been intimate. She i3
a married woman, so the intimacy was Im
proper, no matter how she carried herself
in it. It was one of the sort of intimacies
that is forever being repeated in "family"
hotels and boarding houses, where men and
women, who are nothing to each other,
ami under any other circumstances could
never become anything to each other, grow
familiar in an altogether too familiar way.
That was the condition in the Washington
hotel. The young married woman, and the
much younger unmarried man became
"frionds." Had the married woman been
living as a married woman ought to live,
in a home of her own, of some kind, the
intimacy would have been improbable, at
least, jiut sne was at this hotel, with noth
ing to do but to bo amused, and to amuse.
And her husband, who Is now standing
by lier as if he believes in her. was away
from home most of the time.
The young man who was killed was of the
"sporty" sort, unlit for a companion for
any woman, married or single, who cared
for her reputation. This woman did not
care, from all the evidence. Any hour of
night and any place were all the same to
her. She was a good deal of a fool, if
nothing worse, and there is not so much
else that is worse for a woman to be. That
sort of includes. It included a gxod deal
else with this Washington woman. Stories
of her jealousy of other women who were
supposed to share the favors of the sporty
young man have figured in the trial. He
came to her room, and she went to his, to
mend things for him, and to examine his
accounts, it Is always bo nice to have some
female "friend" to come and examine your
accounts. She did this because she was his
! friend. She is one of the boarding hotel
women who takes it upon herself to regu
late the affairs of all the men in the house;
either that, or something else. Rut she
was a fool anyway. Hoarding houses and
"family" hotels are full of such, and scan
dals are always hatching there. That is,
they are always ready to hatch.
The sporty young man he was very popu
lar among all the women at the hotel
comes to the marrie-d woman's door at a
small hour in the night and asks her to
come to his room. II is not feeling well,
and wants to have her tell him what be
had better do. She goes to his room, and
finds him In his underwear. She is sur
prised that he should meet her in such cos
tume, but goes in Just the same. An hour
afterwards, she Is back in her room, and
the sporty young man is dead In his room.
She is the only one who can teil about what
happened. He is past telilng. He is prob
ably one of the interesting sort who would
not mind telling if he were alive. JPt story
is that he made some advances that she
resented; that her "honor" wa? tn langer.
It was a queer surrounding for a woman
with an "honor" she was jealous of. Rut
that is the "family" : otel of It.
Now, the court is trying to find out
whether tho married woman killed the
sporty young man to save her "honor,"
or the young man, in a struggle, killed
There Is no Impossibility that the married
woman is guilty of nothing worse than be
ing a fool. The killing of the sporty young
man who was so popular with all the wom
en in thi hotel is not a matter to be re
gretted. And if one of the bullets there
were three of them fired had done for the
woman, there would be small cause for
regretting that. Promiscuous parading
iround in the middle of the night in un
drtss, now in your own room, now in that of
somebody else, t:nd the whole mixed with
revolvers and shooting, well, a good ending
would be the killing of all who ure engaged
THE HORRORS OF MOROCCO
Tin: ijiiricLL.Tii:s in tiik way
REFORM AND PROGRESS.
Sultan Sny He Will AIjoIUIi Ahmte.
but Government Fatten on Them,
and Reform Will He Resitted.
New York Sun.
The young man who is now on the throne
of Morocco is said by Europeans in that
country to desire to correct the great
abuses from which his people suffer. He
has, for example, Issued edicts providing
for prison reform in all the large towns.
All travelers say that the prisons of Mo
rocco are nothing more than damp, fetid
dungeons, horribly dirty and unsanitary,
in which prisoners are weighed down with
chains, scantily fed and kept nearly naked.
These prisons are the most abominable fea
ture of that degraded country. Even the
Tangier prison, from whose roof the coast
of Europe is plainly in view, is a vile hole
in which all the prisoners wear heavy ankle
irons, though they could not possibly es
cape if they were free of chains.
Another reform which the Sultan wishes
to carry out is a better system of taxation.
He says the extortions practiced upon the
people by the Governors of provinces who
collect taxes must cease. Of course any at
tempt to put an end to the squeezing of the
people, by which the Governors and their
deputies have waxed wealthy, will make the
Sultan unpopular among the official class.
It remains to be seen whether he is strong
enough to carry out any reforms. His rule,
though nominally absolute, is not so In fact,
for the powerful ministers who surround
him are able to some extent to impose their
will upon the Sultan. The Governors of
provinces have the law almost absolutely
in their own hands, for they can usually
frustrate any attempt on the part of an in
jured person to appeal to the Sultan. Nom
inally they cannot inflict the death penalty.
but they get over this difficulty by beating
the victim to death, against which there is
no law, or by some other form of cruelty.
The number of methods of torture used
to extort money is practically unlimited.
One of the favorite forms is that calletl the
wooden jellabeer (shirt.) This is a sort of
wooden box large enough to receive the
victim in a sitting posture. On the insido
it is studded with sharp nails. Prisoners
have been kept in this appliance for months
at a time until at length released by death.
They have been killed In this terrible way
because their friends have failed to make
up the sum of money demanded of them.
Another form of torture is an iron collar
by which the victim is chained to a wall
at such a height as to oblige him to stand
on tiptoe to avoid strangulation.
The cutting off of a hand as punishment
for theft, the loss of an eye in return for
the malicious destruction of an eye, the
amputation of a limb for a limb and the
punishment of libel by rubbing the lips of
the offender with capsicum pods are mat
ters of daily practice in Morocco and illus
trate the regime under which the Moors
live almost within sight of Europe.
All this cruelty, as practiced according to
the law of the land, has produced in the
Moors an indifference to life more callous
than that shown by most Orientals. An
Englishman living in Tangier recently told
a story which illustrates this fact.
He was about to leave the town one
morning by one of the gates wiien he found
it closed and a large crowd assemble! be
fore it. A number of soldiers had a pris
oner, a mountaineer from the Rif, with his
arms bound to bis sides. His head had
been ordered to be struck off because lie
had been engaged In smuggling on the Rif
A Moor, repulsive in appearance, was
the executioner. His weapon was a small
knife with a blatle six inches long. A
heated discussion arose between this
wretch and the officer in charge as to the
money he was to receive for the job. The
victim stood by and listened. The butcher
demanded 20 francs, and after a good deal
of haggling the officer agreed, though with
ill grace. Then the butcher seized the con
demned man, threw him on the ground and
knelt on his chest. The Englishman turned
his head away, but hearel sounds of a horri
ble struggle, in the midst of which a hoarse
voice cried. "Give me another knife: mine
does not cut!" Another knife was broucht
and the head was hewn from the body. The
soldiers cried faintly. "God prolong the life
of our loril and master."
It is a curious fact that one of the prede
cessors on the throne of the present Sultan
was half white. An Irish sergeant of sap
pers, sent by request from the garrison of
Gibraltar, died in the service of Sultan SIdl
Mohammed; his widow, wishing to be sent
home, sought an audience of the Saltan. It
was granted, with the result that Sidi Mo
hammed, struck by her beauty, made her
an offer of marriage, which she accepted.
She became the Sultan's favorite wife, and
on his death her son Mulai-Yezid, nick
named "Red Beard." assumed power and
was soon distinguished as being the most
sanguinary monarch known in the annals
of Morocco. His acts of barbarous cruelty
were innumerable ami he was in the habit
of saying that the country would never be
well governed till blood tlowed in a stream
between the gates of his palace and those
of the city. He reigned in the latter part
of the eighteenth century.
The grandfather of the present Sultan
was Sidi Mohammed Abdurrahman, who
died in 1S73. One of the closing acts of
his lifo may be taken as typical of tho
benevolence of his rule. Queen Victoria
had sent him as a gift a small steam
launch, which he placed in a large marble
tank that was one of the chief ornaments
of the beautiful gardens around his palace
in the city of Morocco. One day the Sultan,
with two or three of his wives was on
board this boat when it suddenly capsized.
A soldier on duty in the gardens out of
view, heard the screams of the women
and. rushing up, leaped Into the water and
saved the life of the Sultan's favorite, his
Highness himself having meanwhile
scrambled ashore. An hour later the gal
lant soldier was summoned to the august
"You rescued my wife," said the Sultan.
The soldier beamed with loyaltv and bowed.
"Did you see her?" said the Sultan.
The soldier off his guard renlied: "I saw
The Sultan beckoned to an officer, mur
mured the simple words. "His head," and
fell back among his cushions. This was
the reward given for a gallant act in lTJ.
and within a distance of 150 mites from
ine present uitan is tne latest or a
dynasty that has ruled uninterruptedly
in Morocco since the days of Queen Eliza
beth, who sent an embassy in 1578 to the
first Sultan of this family, Mullai-Abd-e 1
Azlz, who is about twenty years cid,
seems to be the best-hearted and most re
spectable representative of the long line
of Sultans. If he can do even a little to
improve the condition of his country, his
name will be in better odor than that of anv
of his predecessors, who have been noted
chiefly for cruelty and avarice.
THE FLAG AS AN ASSET.
It Should lie Stamped on Every Pack
age of Exported Cloodi.
Saturday Evening Post.
Whatever the enemies of Mr. Cecil
Rhodes may have charged up against him.
he has never been accused of lack of either
common sense or business acumen. Of
all the remarkable utterances of this re
markable man none is more lik-iy to be re
membered than the statement he made
recently In an interview with an American
newspaper correspondent when he referred
to the flag of Great Rrltaln as "the great
est commercial asset in the world." Great
Rritain is known in every corner of the
earth, for its ships curry the flag alike
among savage isles and into civilized ports.
Even on our own coasts the proportion of
Rritish mercantile flags to our own Is often
more than three- to one.
Germany is beginning to realize the pow
er of a national emblem In starting busi
ness inquiry and quickening trade, and
much of its machinery that goes to foreign
lands now bears in enamel a miniature of
The great English shipping firms that
own large fleets of vessels have standing
rules governing the display of the union
jack; the result if that every one of their
ships at anchor in a foreign port Mies its
Mag from h o'clock in the morning till sun
down. "What's the use of wearing out
flags by keeping them up all the time?" I
once heard an American skipper say in a
foreign port. "My owners kick at the.
bunting bill as it is."
So long as the greater rart cf American
trade going to foreign binds travels in
foreign bottoms and under a foreign f.ng
Just so long will our merchants be sharing
with another country the advertisement
that their energy and enterprise entitle
them to enjoy alone. Though it is proper
to forbid the use of the flag for advertising
purposes direct. It is well to remember
that the flag, in itself, constitutes the
greatest advertisement that the country
possesses. We should keep up and even
increa.-e the peaceful mercantile invasion
of foreign lands and harbors with the flag.
It cannot be seen there too often. Let
every ton of merchandise and every piece
of machinery that leaves the country car
rv, on some part of it. the eagle or tho
shielL It is the simplest, the best and the
most direct method for the enlargement of
commerce. The flag is the greatest busi
ness asset we have and trade will follow
OUR OLDEST POSTMISTRESS.
She Wn Appointed lr Lincoln and
Still Retains Office.
New York Times.
Women who hold postoffice positions to
day owe much, it is said, to the courage
and preseverance of Mary Anne Paschall,
postmistress of Trenton. Ind., and knowTa
as the oldest woman office holder in Amer
ica. Her bitter struggle to defend the mails
in the early days cf her appointment to
office and her ultimate success forever open
ed the field to women. She tells the story
of her adventures in a spirited manner.
"When first I received my commission,"
said the postmistress, "I found immediately
that my path would be very difficult. Not
only was there the imperfect mail syptem
to stumble over, but the will of the men
of the country waa against mo because of
the high feeling opposed to women holding
public offices. Not infrequently I waa com
pelled to remain awake all night watching
the mail bags, and occasionally I had diffi
culty in securing the mall at all; for, when
the bag was thrown from the train upon the
platform at the depot, the men of the town
would seize it before I could get within
reach and assort the mall to suit them
selves. Of course, the men had no right
to disturb the mall, but they took all the
law in their own hands, believing a woman
"I tolerated this behavior for a short time
and then purchased a gun. Ona day, just
before the mail train had arrived, i went
upon the platform, leveled my gun, and de
clared I would shoot the first ruifian who
touched the United States mall. I was a
pretty good shot, having often gone hunt
ing with my brothers at the old farm in the
wilds of West Virginia, and when a fellow
seized the bag I put a bullet In his leg.
"That episode marked the last of the
troubles at the station, but hostilities did
not cease at my home. At night attempts
were made to rob the place and this neces
sitated my sleeping under the counter,
which I did for three months. Hut I could
not prevent broken windows. These cow
ardly acts were not done by reputable citi
zens, who, nevertheless, tried more effective
means of forcing me from my position. Sev
eral petitions against me were sent to
Washington, but President Lincoln re
mained my staunch friend.
After a few months the chief annoy
ances ceased and the onry trouble I had
was with the imperfect mail system, for
which some people blamed me."
Although now nearly ninety years old,
the aged postmistress still retains her posi
tion. "No," she said, when questioned, "I do
not think myself too old for the position; in
fact, I do not see how Trenton could do
without me. I never lose any mail, am
always prompt, and no complaints are
lodgeer against me. My health, too, is re
markably good. Never during my entire
life have I been compeilcel to go to bed for
illness. I believe my longevity is due to
my position, which compels my keeping
"My parents were American, my grand
father having fought in the revolution, al
though ho originally came from Scotland,
and it is the American government that has
given me the chance to secure a home and
profitable employment throughout so many
SAVINGS OF PRESIDENTS.
Not 3Iany of Them Accumulated Any
The country has read with much eatis
faction that the late President McKin
ley managed to accumulate at least $250,-
000 during his lifetime of hard work and
incessant activity to leave for the support
of those dependent upon him. The amount
is small gauged by modern standards of
wealth and particularly so In comparison
with the fortunes accumulated by many
persons of less industry, ability and real
worth in mercantile and industrial pur
suits. The sum mentioned is much higher than
the average of the accumulations of our
chief magistrates. Several of these have
elied poor and insolvent. Some, through
an apparent lack of saving habits and
others through misfortunes In business.
Among them were James Monroe, Thomas
Jefferson, John Adams, Andrew Johnson
and General Grant. Jefferson owned a large
estate In Virginia and other property at
one time, but lost it all and died compara
tively poor. Johnson was rated to be
worth $150,000 when his presidential term
expired, but he lost nearly all of it through
the failure of the Freedman's bank.
The illustrious statesman who was "first
in war. first in peao" etc., was also the
first of our Presidents in point of wealth,
considering the purchasing power of the
standard currency of his day. At his death
Washington's estate was valued at
President Arthur's wealth was estimated
at $e0,0;0, but he would hardly be consid
ered as rich a mn as Washington for all
this difference. Buchanan ranks pretty
high in this regard, with a fortune amount
ing to jL'eO.o-o, which he left to nieces and
nephews. Mrs. Polk wa left with about
$150.000, and Mrs. Garfield $JO,0X. Martin
Van Buren helped to bring up tho average
with the handsome sum of $jeK.000, which
he continued to save from business invest
ments, but not from his salarv as Presi
dent. John Tyler left the White House
as he went Into it a cumparatlvejv poor
man, but with enough to live in comfort.
The same might be said of John Adams
and also of Millard Fillmore, but the lat
ter became wealthy through a second
marriage. Franklin Pierce's property was
valued at $.VOoo, and he left no one to in
herit It. Madison was accounted rich
among the men of his day, but his money
was squandered by Mrs. Madison's son.
x ay uc xouu, ana tne wiaow became a
poor woman. How much Grover Cleveland
had managed to accumulate at the end of
his second term no one really knows. He
is now estimated to be worth about a quar
ter of a million. These facts sneak vol
umes in favor of the sterling honesty of
men conspicuous in American public life.
GEN. OLIVER 0. HOWARD.
He Thinks the Chin cue Exclusion Lniv
Should Re Modified.
Burlington (Vt.) Free Tress.
Gen. and Mrs. O. O. Howard have re
turned to Rurlington, after a trip to the
Pacific coast. Roth are in good health.
General Howard Sunday revisited the First
Congregational Church, of which he had
been a pillar during his residence in this
city, and was given an ovation, and made
an address to the Sunday school.
Speaking of his trip to the Pacific roast-
General Howard said:
"I talked with a great many Chinese
merchants, and they wished the exclusion
act could be at least modified. The-re is
an old shed at San Francisco and a Jail
at Portland into which Chinese coming
or r turning from China, who have a right
to etitr this country under the act, are
yet thrown and kept until they ran prove
their right, and prove it by white wit
nesses. (Jft-n the son or nephew, some
times the daughter, of an old Chinese- nur
chant is thus detained for two or three
months. Chinese testimony should be
taken lor what it Is worth. The mer
chants tell me that sometimes there is
sue h corruption anion th officers Jn
charge that until money Is used they re
fuse to accept competent testimony, but
tsttlmony is not required if a little money
is given. There Is certainly that tmpt i
tiori. Th Chines- think the ries should
be referred to the courts, but I know
courts h ive dlays. What the Chinese? ask
is proper quarters for those detained and
aee ptance ef Chinese testimony.
"It is against my soul this partiality."
declared Gen. Howard. "I want to check
immigration as much as anybody d.ces, but
I want to de it with reason. Some say
Chinese are excluded b cause. of their
vices. Yet there; are Italians who are not
excluded and who go back and kill. There
wa3 a Pole whose family was not ex-
eluded, and who killed oor President. An
other thi".g about xclusl-.n. If we keep
the Philippine and It looks a if we
would we r.eed Chir.pe there to cut forests
and do th work. They can make a whols
quartermaster's department by themselves,
they are po faithful ai.d o willing to car
ry burdens. Exclusion cf the Chinese
from the Philippines is 8r.se!ets and sui
cidal. "If Chines are excluded because of la
bor's fear that they would overrun thi
country. I think that is a mistake. All
who have come here have con.e from or.
province of China. La tor cannot succeed
by putting Its foot upon the neck of any
man. be he white or black, red or green, cr
yellow. It is selfish when it tries that, and
it is making a mistake.'
It Is Abundant, aud Is Relieved to
Came DUenne Among Cattle.
"Probably, never in the history of corn
growing in this State," sali Prof. A- W.
Bitting, veterinarian of the agricultural
experiment station at Purdue University,
"has there been more smut rresent on
the fodder than can be found this falL
The conditions for development were very
favorable and eome fields are very badly
Infected. The presence of much smut
on fodder is popularly believed to causa
disease among stock. A number of com
munications have been received during:
the past two week, reciting losses duo
to this cause. This belief is very old, aa
on of the earliest writers upon smut In
17S4 felt it to be necessary to make experi
ments to demonstrate the truth or fallacy
of tho beliöf at that time.
"If we take th results of all available
experiments from that date to the present
time as a basis for a conclusion rather
than the statements of those who havo
lost animal thought to b due to this
cause, the real danger to stock from eat
ing corn smut is very small. In the ex
periments of feeding rmut, the quantity
has often been made many times greater
than It would be possible for an animal
to obtain in the ordinary grazing on stalks.
The periods have been from a few days
to two or three weeks. With few cxcei
tions, the results have been negative. At
this station extracts were made and given
by mouth and by hypodermic Injection.
The dose obtained in this manner repre
sented very large quantities ef crudo
smut. Only slight illness followed tho ad
ministration by mouth and serious results
occurred only after the administration of
large quantities by Injection. The conclu
sion cannot be other than that only under
rare circumstances could an animal get
a fatal dose or that death might come to
a spe'cially susceptible individual. The losJ
due to this cause must be very small."
VALUE OF AN HONEST EYE.
Better Than n Hundred Ilccoimncnda
tloiiH to Secure Employment.
A business man said that he once elo-
voted half a day to hiring a man whom
he needed in his office. In answer to bis
advertisen.: nt a great many applicants
called. He rejected the first because ha
would not look him in the eye. "The sec
ond man," said the merchant, "was armed
with a double-barreled recommendation
from his pastor, with testimonials as to
his business ability and good character.
but, though he looked me in the eye, I
saw that we could never hope to get alony
well together, and so 1 dismissed him. Th
third interested me the moment he steppi
inside the door. He was poorly dressed,
and, though his clothes were whole, tney
were at least two sizes too small. It was
evident that his attire troubled him not
the least, for he held his heud high, and as
he approached my desk looked me equarely
in the eye. He said that he had no recom
mendation; that he had no business ex
perience, but that ho was willing to do
his best to please me. In an .Instant it
dawned upon me that before me was the
man that I was looking fur. He had noth
ing to recommend him save an hom-st,
bright eye and a pleasant face, but that
was sufficient. 1 engaged him on the- spot.
"Since then I have -seen fit to advance
him over a man who had been with me
three years. The latter grumbled, but there
was reason for my move the new man had
proved himself worthy of promotion."
Instances might be indefinitely multiplied
of the value of an honest eye. That won
derful window of the soul, the eve, is a.
eure index to character. If you have it not
cultivate a bright, honftt, straightforward
look. It will more than repay your effort.
Look up and fearlessly meet the eyes of
those with whom you converse. Many a
choice position has been lost through an
indifferent, flinching eye, and many a cov
eted Position has been won through a fear
less, honest eye. That kind of eye is better
than a hundred recommendations.
LONDON STYLE SKYSCRAPER.
Will He ElKht Stories, with Twelve la
Victorian buildings, as it is suggested the
new structures shall be called, will have no
counterpart la this country, whll-3 repro
ducing features that are common in Amer
ica, modified, however, to suit English re
quirements. On the ground floor level there
will bo a wide passage giving access to a
central rotunda, or rendezvous, under &
lofty dome. Twelve hydraulic lifts will bo
placed in the rotunda, an additional twtlvo
being distributed in other parts of the
premises. From the rotunda proceed, at
right angles, passages or arcades. Inter
secting others, tight in number in all, and
these. In conjunction with two much broad
er arches, into which carriages may be
driven from the Strand or from the Hol
born arched entrances, give frontages .to
commodious shops and offices. The main
idea Is to make a new shopping center un
der cover, profiting hy tha experience of
the arcades and galleries of Paris. Rrus
sels. and, in our own country, Birmingham.
Above this bhopping floor will ri e to tho
height of the first roof of the main facade,
eight stories. But, falling some way baclc
from the street, in the center of the block,
and supporting the dome, ther will bo
four more storien. From their position
these could not obstruct the light of the
street. No American workmen will be em
ployed. The American scheme embraces many ad
vantages without extra charge. Every
thing is to be Included in the rent electric
lighting, hot and cold water, telephone and
cleaning. At the bottom of the bulling,
below t lie shops, will be a public restau
rant, Turkish baths and safe deposit
vaults. Yesterday, among the shoal of ap
plications which the mention of the enter
prise In the city has produced, was the
offer of JCü.OfiO a year for the privilege ol
cleaning all the boots in the building.
The Fad cf raitldlonnca.
Many people nowadays prhle themselves
upon being fastidious. They possess, they
think, the faculty of fastidious discilmina
tion in a marked degree, and ivd a frw of
them are even proud to think how wretched
that faculty makes them. They know fo
well what everything oufht to be that the-re
remains almot nothing which they an en
joy as It I. Nearly all the ordinary source
of pleasure are e rr.bittercd, or, rather, ren
dered tasteless to them by the diligent m-ploym-
nt of their one- talent. Th y tan like
but few pe-ople and can read but few books.
The world of art seems to dwindle beneath
their critical foot rule, and with It the
would drive some of the meait ep'hanll'.-C
of musical compears into out r 1 irUi .-.
Conversation among the.--" fa-tld. o !'
has become a se!f-ronsclouts art. v-hi h - an
only be practiced by the v. ho k.'.ow 1. !v
consequently general socity afford.- t!i n
ve ry little a musi nient. No set s ; :n.i!l
enough to pleas them. They do rut e:ir)
In the l.-a.-t to till!-; to a strani-er, u:il-.
b or sh" should haw dc.-c :-'-d from um
great --of'al altitude; oth'-rw l.-c u- h e."i
tact nnbrs them liable to i ru out ter th
shock of the commonplace. "Nice;:- ; s ar. l
::re fitly co-.;,d,-.j together by Lord
The cult of discrimination. p::r
sued for Its own sake, will flr. illy bad its
followers away from all truth. Tt y grad
ually lose hold on ssi:tbi!s ;u; ; l-eo.-.o
absorbed In detail. They look at the- man
ner and not it the man; at the writing, l. t
at the ook; at the pr-intlnz. r t at toe pic
ture. Th-v sift, reje.t, appraise, cii-iiy
and differentiate till "the world, unfathoo.
ablv fair, seems duller than a wuliLn
Kansas City Journal.
NovemU r' gone with all its ills, its
joys, its hope, its vain regret; and cred
itors send in their bills, kt wei furi-it, iet