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IINRNLISH, FRINOII AND ONRMAN
CUTLERY, GUNS AND FANCY GOODSJ.
M. A. WTEvflNs s Co.
FANCY G1OO1 ,
VIOLINS ANID VIOLIN STRINGS,
CONIS. BKSHRIS, BUTTONS,
NINILES. PINS, SOAPS, PMnPL'MnIY.
BLANK ROOKS, SCHOOL BOORS,
AND PLAYING CARDS.
Nov. 115, 5 and S9 Common ISreet,
(cclccceilclcr 1104.6, ),
Nec Orlean. e
4:. ft.: TEraw1 ............................... Mrs. it. xymo t
Reric.I bIy cl ccicIafccc Englcnd, Fcectnd (Cce-y, JI
x Iselin muc~k of-
Wcccl A 5,1,1cC' IMPERIAl, RAZOR STEEl I'O(KET II
lOCTIIIRY and ccANONS.
Roger.c A, Son' SILVER STEEl. RlAZORS.
Wccl~~lccftcc'cc' .. . .
Eily', Iccccl,Ic Wms'-pcccc PEKRCIOYIcN CAl'S.
(`osr,' Netxl Idne .. ..
(Ih-unllllt I·TCII~l 11. 1).
SS,1.cW 1Fccccch 1112 WADS-Lcc.t artle lplorI d-1l.:..i.. 1
11 to 11.
IS 3c t.. VIOLINS1, FIITINASR an ACOORI)EONS.
Kccg1,h, Fcrclc-h ccd IlalIcc VIOLIN STRINGS.
cc -Atco, , largc assortment c f
SRUCSIIS, nod c
FANCY G0001. t
Agnt. lot COVEIN'S Celebrtctd
Playing Cards. I
255 pcn. In sctre, Cecceistingf
DKUATES AND nAGLE.S,
DOUBLE AND SINGLE IIEAIOS,
Ecery cvclcy ofback..
151 ccles COTTON TWINE.
At., accceortcccct of LININ TWINS.
PRINTING, WRITING cnd WRAPIING PAPER of
PAPRR RAINS for (iGmeer, Drcgglccc and Confcclonec
BLANK BOOKS. STATIONIRY and SCHOOL ROOKS.
m.GOccr ccso III bc fo ccd one of the most cmplcte in Ic4
lent atcld vcrl.',y It, the Uclc SRates, and Ic ocffred to the tradIc
on tche mct cfcocblc terms.
t.1! Im E. IT. STEVENS A CO.
LOUISIANA.STEAMI CLOTDSIIS IIA.U
The-lerborltern respscfnily n ntar tbet numeronr Elrtotwnn,
std ithel clanrlc, In Igoenel, that thIey cc. clcc preparcd to I
ftlh thcm c th lcl NEGRO CILOTIIINO, of the ver~y cot too.
erlr ccca.d l m cccccc.lcced prirce,.
ThI, tacc Icpmccccc Ithy recel,, fom thisccnd nclg.lcIdg It
Sltate,. Ic.. tI, incdluc ccc ecnd Wcei, etl, blhmcS thc o to ]
meet n++y incrnl.,e of bsrlnw, and, in order to Ise able to ,apply I
WecIr c ccclcu clcccc, with the ctuc and ccct desrriptllcccc f ma- c
I, lh.,CI clcohtc n clar ln tcc e llcth, and ,ltth henceforltcp1d Sll rs
lo c,,cccclccI' cclcT·r clccll olccclh ccclclc cllbcccfccclbcchl
T'!.cy fIet c,:ci.ccll cccth ccycyill g-e nltire eItccfari-c toI
a11ll Icc, -Icccca..y patIron cc t10i e-min-ncly cc', thccc S rlcc cL r,,
adIdccligl i,,l ,ccclcr ore, c h 4.11. c-Llc erllc-cc immellccltttentlon.
Jcl. Itc IIIIGARIO N CO.
PATTON, S.IIITil &c PUTNAMI.
COilRNEA OP MAGIIAINK AND GRAVIO STAITT.TT,
Agents for the Sale
Hlae -cccn heac dcl and a cc.ccltl y rceivicg, on rcmmc
.1cc, dirccc'Iccc.lcc SlccccccutnCccrccc ISnr L.,ccc-c clnd 5lccl
111annacc turecd Tcbacco.
occcycc-,l cc.cc lcc hcve ever cTercd to the tride. and ccllIci
the xcccticn .cjct:iGOCERe ind D EA LERS tclctir stccck blfcc
They are the SOFt . AGESNTS fccr IURTON S MAY'S Croc
ccL 11cc,, pcccclc l.A IEI.1.E CtRtEOlE. Ic acl 10cc; IICK
IN 'N'YS Uc acccl ITI. and KENT'S Iic.-clclde c vclc cl other
blcccc GRANT A WII.IIAM.;' SiNS., ccnld ochers LEONI)
I' NAA IccccccL,. cclcicL tok the Prrmiccclt the Se tcc I'dr atPe
SCncccc. 5cc., Nccfhe,. ISM; Y. A 1E. P.105125' polmdI cnd
Twicc, cclcl .hccv tackcc the Pccclccc- in Nccrth Ccc,,Ecc cx
yer to suce -ccc.lc, acd I. perlcapc the iccct Tobaccc i. the
WIlI..IAMSGN'O TWIST, (lind plclccccA KATE ELIl.A
pcccl, intcc.clcd for lccccclcxelrx ccccc , c nd Ic Icet e,cry- de.
acripccn or TOlc-c enerclly uccl.
We ci,, hcc, the POWHATTAN PIPES, which we rIerlve
diecct on ccmmiclcc. d12 cc
OL'cGAlR-HOUSE SlGI.ARc1;S c cd GOcDIEIN SYRUIP,Ifrcc
the Iopc and Scc r c lcc c Rclcccclcc, ,cccnl manlyc nlcthe Scclth,
for sate In barrclc. hccvec and cL c, ic qccutcclcl to sacil pccg
clhaser. Tuncc liberaL
NELONY A BRO.,
1.01 Spic-3c No. 38 Pccclca street.
SPADING'S PREIPARED GLUE!
SPALDTNIG'S PREPARED GILEI
SPALDING'S PREPARED GLUEt
Save the Pieeee!
ECO NOMYI DISPATCIII
S" A StiUtch In Time Savs Nince.".f
As accident. will happen, ever n woll.regulatd families, it It
vary desirable to bare ome cheap and convenient way for re
parnig Furniture, Toys, Crockery, etc.
Spalding's Prepared Glue
Mee aIl such emergencies, and no hotlehold can afford to be
without it. It t always ready and up to the sticking point.
There is no longer a necessity for limping chairs, eplinterdl veo
neen, hedlea dolls, and bomhn cradles. It is just the article
Ior cone, shell, and other oramental work, so popular with la
-dies of refinement and taste.
This admirable preparation t, ueed cold, being obemically
held in solution, and poueoling all the vahlable quolitiol of the
bet cabinet-makor'ts to e. It may be used in the place of ordi
nary muellage. being vatly more adheOive.
"USEFUL IN EVERY FIOtRE."
N. B.-A Brauh aecompanit eech tmttle. Price, 26 cents.
Wholesale Depot, No. 48 Cedr street. New York.
Address HENRY C. BALPLING & CO.,
Box No. 3,60, New York.
Pot up for Dealers in Caes containing four, eight, andttwelve
down-a beutlfulL Lithogrph Show-Card accompooying each
W-Asinglebottle of SPALDING'S PREPARED GLUE
will ave ten times its cost annually to every hotehold..,
Sold by all prominent Stationers, Druggtst, Hardware anod
Furture Dealers, Grocers, and Fancy Stores.
Country merchants should make a note of SPALDING'S
PREPARED GLUE, when making up their list. It will stand
eny climate. 1.19 ly&W
STATIONAIRY STEAM ENGINES
ALL SIZES, FROM 8 to 16 DIAMETER OF CYLINDER
PORTABLE STEAM ENGINES, from EI to Nt hore power.
DRAINING WHEELS, from 12 feeot to tee diameter.
DRAINING PUMPS, from 6 to 29 inches in diameter.
Leo & Leseltt's Patent CIRCULAR SAW MILLS, with both
Iroe and wooden frsmee, with Noreeoa' Rocker Boxes and
Stearn's Patent Eccentric Hnd Blocks.
, Page's Page & Child's CIRCULAR SAW MILLS.
ie ouble o le Cilor Saw Mills, with Top Sawe.
traob's Iron Frame CORN and FLOUR MILLS, from 18 to
NEWELL COTTON SCREWS, of 6,7 I, 9 and 11 nches i
diometor, by 12 feet long, and gared for either horse or steam
SHAFTING, COUPLINGS, PULLIES, STANDS, HANG
ENS, and Boxes of all sies.
DOUBLE FLUE BOILERS, 42 Inches in dilmetor, atd from
CIRCULAR SAWS, up to 72 nches diameter.
DOCTOR ENGINES, of vaocus ,iles.
INDIA RUBBER BANDS, of allshes.
An saortment of all soesof the above artlclee generally in
atore, ready for delivery at the shortest notice, and fr ,sle on
the most favorable term, attd at the lowest pices.
Every article fully guaranteed.
Full printed Cataloguea of prices wib be sent to any addres
S. H. IL.MAN,
my9 &Wtf 711 Gravr street, New Orleans.
COTTON SEED ......... COTTON SEED.
I have now on hald a large supply of "Petit Gulf" and
"Boyd's Prolifc" COTTON SEED, which I can furnis durong
the seeason It lot to sail eostomers.
Planters and others wishing a pure and well pelected artile of
Cotton Seed, would do well to give me a call before purehiato g
I havea on hand a fell and well asorted stock of GRO
CERIE., which I am prepared to sellat rc eacoble prIes.
CHAS. R. RAILEY,
1.6 3m f Tehooplttooloetreet.
.%JOLM&EES o CLA]USSGROCERS AND DEALERS
to Weutern Poduce, NoM. It New Laveso 0d41 Tchotpo.
toul.. c4ess olohydhe
NEW ORLEANS DAILY GRE
PUBLISHED EVERY DAY, SUNDAY EXCEPTED, BY J. 0. NIXON. AT No. 70 (CAMP STREE.
VOLUME XII. WEDNESDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 22, 1860,
eth Orhans g v Q~aLrctnrt.
WEDNESDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 22,1860.
.COLONIES, COMMEROE AND CONQUEBT."
An impression if generally abroad, and is perse
veringly entertained by many even of the most
eminent statesmen and political economists, that
England has overreached herself in carrying out
her traditional policy of " colonies, commerce and
conquest," and has finally got so many irons in the
fire that she will not long be able to man the bel
lows in a way that will keep them all effectually
hot for working operations. We find even the New
York Ilerald taking such stand, and sustaining it
with argumluts thte most superficial, for they
hinge upon b ut two propositions of the text, to-wit:
the " colonies and the conquest," and leave " com
moerce" untouched, when it is the saving clause
which redeems the other two; for in making con
quests and attaching colonies, commerce is the
object and the reward of England.
The Herald thanks that the recent advices from
England "are full of melancholy instruction and
bitter lessons." These advices are to the effect
that the Bank of England had been compelled to
raise its rate of interest in consequence of the re
cent enormous shipments of specie to the East to
pay the civil and military expenses of the British
iPower in India. Hence the Herald deduces that
distant and expensive colonies, generally and in
this instance, are very serious burdens to a mother
country, and that England's are gradually drawing
her nearer and nearer to the point when the deca
dence of her empire will begin--in fact, that it has
begun already; that she has overtasked herself
with and disseminated her strength and wealth
among her immense and costly dependencies. Im
pressions like these as to the condition of England
and her colonial relations are current with most,
lbut while wislhing to avoid tile charge of arrogat
ing superior wisdom, we must confess that they
seem to as not only superficial hut strikingly erro
neons. It il in error to fancy England is less pros
perous than ever, for she i. richer than ever, and
it is an error which is fallen into in consequence of
the oversight of confounding the Government of
the country with the people.
The Government is always in want of money, and
it is true that it is kept so by the expensive colonies
and the vast expenditures for the maintenance of
the military and naval establishments, but these
very causes of the Government's poverty are also
the canues of the country's wealth. Such expend
itures secured and such expenditures retain for
England that mighty commerce which alone consti
tutes hter greatness. During a hundred years and
more, she has spent countless millions in creating
markets for English merchants and nmnutfacturers,
in carrying out her hooted policy of " colonies,
commerce and conquest," and she herself now
stands the grandest of monuments to vindicate its
wisdom. What nation in Europe can compare in
wealth, progress and power with the people of that
wonderful little island, and yet shte owes it all to
the policy of" colonies. commerce and conquest,"
which wise men for a hundred years have continn
ally ast=rted wos suicidal and would work her
downfall. Yet the HIerald says, " there is no pic
tore Ireccntcd ill the world at the present time so
truly pitiable as that of England as the mistress of
Balance--hret.i of England's accounts with her
various colonic.; are triumphantly exhibited as con
clusive evidence of her unprofitable policy, for they
show that the expenses of foreign possessions,
with scarcely an exception, exceed the revenues
derived. But this is one-sided evidence, altogether,
showing all the expenses and but a moiety of the
revenue, for they do not exhibit the increase of
wealth among the people of the island of Great
Britain which is consequent upon the commerce en
sure-l by the posscssion of these colonies-this tax
able home wealth the revenues derived from which
should be credited to the account of the colonies.
This magnificent home prosperity, the creation of
foreign commerce, secured and sustained by public
expenditure in acquiring and retaining colonies,
running steamship lines and other ways, is ready
to respond to any demands for aid which the Gov
ernment may make upon its subjects.
If the Government needs ten millionsto pay the t
expenses of a colony of which the commerce
brings hundreds of millions into the country, ought
not the people to be willing and able to furnish it?
The people of England are always willing, and can
well afford to be. If the Government is "short,"
though its revenues as well as expenses are enor
mous, in consequence of its " colonies, commerce
and conquest policy," it has only to put its paper
for any amount in the market and it is taken up, i
out of the riches which that policy has brought to
the country. Colonies are the great paying insti
tutions of manufacturing empires, costly though
they be. If their public revenues are not large, t
the great reason is, that duties cannot be levied on l
merchandise from the home country, and just so i
much is saved to manufacturers and tax-payers I
who contribute it to the public fund in other ways.
TALK ON 'OIHAiGE,
The gatherings yesterday on rue Carondelet were
few and far between. The morning opened with a
strong south-east wind, which, by-the-bye, was
very favorable for inward bound vessels. Shortly
after 10 o'clock the rain commenced to fall, and
continued at intervals till towards 3 o'clock, thus
interfering with out-door transactions. There were, i
however, transactions in the grand staple. There
were very few transactions, either commercial or
financial, talked of. There was some talk that the
late sales of cotton comprised qualities classed
from Middling down; that the factors are holding k
on to the clean and good cotton to realize higher i
figures, when the dusty and sandy cotton is out of 1
the way or offof the market. It is the generally re
ceived opinion that our port is good for two mil- t
lions and fifty thousand bales of the staple this
year. On these figures there is not much diversity
of opinion. We received last year after this time
to the 31st of August three hundred and thirty I
thousand bales. There is not much difllerence of
opinion on the flags about a large yield. The mail
yesterday brought the weekly circular of the great
oracle of New York, Colonel Wright. The Colonel
says in his last review, the 14th instant(eoncocted,
of course, for the Liverpool and Manchester mar
kets) that owing to the heavy receipts at the ports,
but more particularly at New Orleans, the esti
mates range at 4,250,000 bales. The Colonel has
again, as last year, been brought to the bull ring.
This is confirmed from the fact that in September
and October last we placed the minimum growth
at 4,250,000 bales, reserving the privilege of en
hancing our estimates. The New York operators
(some of them cannot tell a cotton stalk when they
see it) began to figure away at lower figures than
the crop of 1858-'35; in fact, they could tell more
about cotton than any one in the South. For the I
information of all New York, we have to state that
the excess in receipts over last year at all the ports
up to last evening overtop 550,000 bales, and the
intelligence can be forwarded to Liverpool by the
Arabia leaving NewYork next \Vednesday, for the
benefit of the Manchester Cotton Supply Associa
tion ; moreover, our planters, factors and cotton
growers in general, do not care a straw about the
great Cotton Supply association; that the great
South are laughing at my Lord Palmerston and
Lord Normandy's movements in Parliament re
f garding cotton and negro slavery. (Why don't
they inquire after their own white slaves?) The
fact is just this, Mr. Bull is on the hip regarding
the cotton question, and if my Lord Palmerston,
with my Lord Morpeth--who has paid as a visit
once-will Just step on to Carondelet street some
pleasant morning, our factors will instil into their
s minds the beauties of the great cotton trade, and
convince them how little they regard and consider
their motions and actions in the House of Lords,
Great Britain; therefore, we only talk, that cotton
a still king in the face of a crop of 400,000 bales, 0
of which we shall have some further talk in a day
The arrivals of steamers yesterday were nnmer
nse. The receipts of sugar and molasses are in
creasing, and higher figures are entertained regard
ing the yield of sugar. It is reduced to a certainty
that the yield of molasses is largely over halof a
crop ; hut it is difficult to ascertain what a fall crop
means, so that the exact extent of a half crop can
he figured out. It was, however, very unfavorahle,
as regards weather, at the sugar depot yesterday.
A day or two of sunshine will create much better
humor among the gimlet rangers. In the mean
time, some of the ILRoky .Mountain Bears are talk
ing of 225,000 to 210,0e hogsheads ; but quialesabe,
after the severe frost of November last?
The accounts from the month of the river are
mfavorable. On Sunday last there were only 14t
feet water on the bar of the Southwest Pass. This
is presumed to be at extreme low tide, as on Mon
day t1i feet were reported. The British ship Spir
dion, we learn, who taken to sea by two boats of
the Eclipse Company the latter part of last week,
drawing 18 feet 2 inches. It is a very mysterious
channel at that bar of the Southwest Pass. It
suzzles the most intelligent and learned engineers;
In fact, book learning and science are not wanted
st the mouths of the hississippi river. The mud
Icmps will not be controlled by science; but the
talk Is, how is it with about the same stage of
water and similar obstructions now as last year at
this time that there is so great a difference in the
egress and ingress of large vessels? Quien sabe ?
Last year at this time there were between eighty
and one hundred sail of vessels detained at the bar.
We hope no big ship will get athwart or straddle
the bar this season.
The mails came throughyesterday as late as due.
THE OPPOSITION PARTY.
Eel. Crescean--Late indications having clearly
demonstrated the utter impossibility of effecting a
union of the Democracy and the Opposition in
Louisiana, with a view to unity of action in the
Presidential campaign, it seems to be high time
that the Opposition should be takings steps towards
organizing its forces on separate ground. It was
a patriotic and generous conception, that of those
Democrats who were willing to forget and bury
the hostilities of the past, that the South might
present to her common foes an unbroken front in
ls60. But it was only a dream. The men who
have fixed their heels upon the neck of that once
high-spirited party were afraid to risk the security
of their exclusive donmination even for the sal
vation of their country. The infusion of Whig and
American elements into that subservient organiza
tion might have proved to be endowed with an ex
plosive force dangerous to the perpetuity of a cer
tain oligarchy of mutual admirers.
But there is pluck, there is talent, there is patri
otism among the fifteen thousand gentlemen who
voted the Opposition ticket last November. Shall
all those energies lie dormant and inert, when the
doctrines of the American people are being elabo
rated in the crucibles of party conventions? God
forbid that the men of the Opposition should fold
their arms while others are making ready for battle.
We area minority, but that is a strong, and not an
unsintelligent minority. Its proud voice mait and
will be listened to in November.
In the present perplcxing'state of public affairs,
it is difficult to mark out what course the Opposi
tion should follow. Its multiplied reverses have
apparently reserved but one political function to
our party: that of acting as a species of balance
wheel in the political mechanism. Let it discharge
that duty intelligently, advisedly and, above all,
unitedly. It may be that duty will compel us to
support the nominee of Charleston. It may be we
should yet once more unfurl the old banner and
war alone, even without hope of victory. Discord
may break up the councils of Charleston and leave
the fate of the nation in the people's hands. Let
the Opposition reflect upon and be prepared for
these contingencies. As a means of attaining that
object, it is proposed that the men of the Opposi
tion shall meet in State Convention, for the pur
pose of taking counsel for the future and shaping
the policy of the party. It is with a view of
eliciting an expression of opinion on the subject
that this communication is addressed to yod.
Very re.pectflly, TERREn.MONtE.
TnR VAmErIEes.-To-night Mr. W. H. Briggs, a
quiet but most worthy member of the company,
whtralways does agreeably and satisfactorily what
ever falls to his lot in a cast. has his benefit and
deserves a good house. The interesting drama of
The Marble Heart" is announced for perform
ncee, Mr. Briggs taking the part of Ferdinand
Volage, Mr. Sothern as Raphael Duchallet, Miss
Charlotte Thompson as M'lle. Marco and Miss
Sarah Stevsas as Marie. The play will be fol
fowed by the farce of " My Wife's Dentist," by
Mr. Briggs and others of the company.
"TLE AMERICAN EAGLE IN DANGER."--Under this
head the New York Tribune describes a bogus $10
gold piece, a most dangerous counterfeit, which
had been detected at the United States Sub Treas
ury, having been paid out by the Metropolitan
lank, of that city. The coin stood all the tests of
weight, sound, circumference and thickness. On
being cut in two, it was found that a genuine coiu
had been split edgewise, both halves being quite
thin, then filled with some whitish metal, and re
EXECr.TVE CORRESPONDENCE.- Further corres
poudence between the Governors of Maryland and
South Carolina was submitted to the Maryland leg
islature, on the 131h. Governor Gist, of South Caro
lina, avers that the resolutions adopted by the State
and transmitted to others do not involve a propos:
ion to secede from the Union, but rather a preser
vation of the federal compact by concerted action
on the part of Southern States. The Executive of
Maryland is happy to learn the construction in
tended, but sees no necessity for a Southern con
COLLISION AT SEA.-- Ves.el Sunk.-Captain
Brewer, of tile brig Charles Miller, which arrived
at Norfolk on the 15th instant, from Matanzas, re
torts having come in contact, on Tuesday night,
off Clhingoteague, with schooner N. Smith, from
New York bound to Charleston, by which both
vessels were badly damaged, the latter so much
so that she settled down and sunk shortly after the
collision. The crew were taken off by the brig
and lauded at Norfolk.
TILE WHEAT CoOP OF NORTH MISSISsirrP.--The
folly Springs Herald says the wheat crop of that
county is almost an entire failure.
WEATHER IN VlcKsn.Lur.--The Whig of yesterday
We have of late been favored with beautiful
weather, and yesterday was one o" the must lovely
days that February has ever brought along. it
has given vegetation a new lease oi life-nature's
carpet has assumed a deep green, and the trees are
,utting forth their tender buds and fragrant blhu
VOR Ma..rns.-The Memphis and New Orleans
packet line mail steamer Eellipo, Capt. .I. I. poetl leavathis
evenhlo at 5 o'clock, connscting whth the Munaplp and Charle
to.. sad Memphis and Ohio tailroad, for nll points North, Em,.
ned Wesf, and wh fine mil steamersn for Louisville anmd St.
Inus.. For throgh licket, pppl to J1. I. Freligh. Agent,
Memphis packet onfic, under the St. Charles ionel.
DanoGraSMAN WA.ED.--M. Oenry Howard,
Architect, No. IS Commoraetl Place, advertsus in another
eolumn for s anl-rota drsughtsmnau ad eolodrl, as an elstas
,In ile osine.
A P~aS eligible offoe is offered for rent by COvel
r, &a Pelira over the Mercshats' Boak. S.e noudee s another
pe.al to the tews Ortens Cremn.)l
Wasumeoori, Feb. 15, 1'60.
The Post-Office bill goes back to the Senate, ow
tng to the disagreement on the franking privilege,
the amendment for its abolition having been, as
was foreseen, rejected in the House by a decisive
votp (yeas 60, nays 112). There is reason to doubt
whether the Senate was ,in earnest in proposing to
abolish this privilege, especially as the approach of
the Presidential campaign is so near, when there is
so great a call for the distribution of documents. In
any event, it is not supposable that a majority of
the members of the House will ever be found wil
ing to part with such a considerable perquisite, as
averages just twice as mouch for each member as
the amount of his salary. The representativesa in
the popular branch of Congress have always been
.ealous of their perquisites and pickings, even down
to their allowances for extra stationery, etc. The
franking privilege is not worsethan the monstrous
system of mileage; and I may mention, by the
way, that the accounts for mileage sadly need over
hauling, as they are generally about 33 per cent.
in exess over the proper allowance, the Sergeant
at.rms taking the responsibility of paying mem
bers for any distance they mayname. I allude to
this abuse incidentally; but I have the best reason
for knowing that it has been carried on to an ex
tent at the degree and ,arontery.aof which the
public might well be startled.
The manifesto of Seward's New York organ, the
Courier and Enquirer, in favor of the adhesion of
the Republican party to Helperism and Sewardism
in preference of all othertaiees, has excited some
interest here. It admonishes Republican members
of Congress that Mr. Seward is notto be dropped
for Mr. Bates, or any other man who did not fully
support the Republican ticket in 1856. Copies of
the manifesto have been sent to every member of
the party here. Thereis great difference of opinion I
here among the representatives of the Republican i
party, in regard to their candidate for the Presi
dency, and they have, in fact, descended to squab.
bling as to whether the claims of Mr. Seward's
friends should be admitted at all for any portion
of the House patronage. In this respect the fight
for the printing spoils is considered of great im
portance, as Mr. Defrees is the Seward candidate,
nominated by a bare majority over Mitchell, the
candidate of Bates. The developments of the con
test show that the two factions are about equally I
Among important bills, of which notice has,been
given in the House, is one to raise the appropria
tion to 0000,000 for the annual distribution of arms
by the Government to the militia of the States.
The amount is thought not to be too large, as it
would scarcely satisfy the present importunate
demand for arms by which officials are now beset.
Hitherto the appropriation has only been $200,000.
If the volunteer system is worth anything, it cer
tainly deserves the aid of the Government, at least,
so far as supplying arms to those who have put
themselves in a condition to serve the country in
case of need. X.
Allegiance awnt Expatrlation.
Below will be found Secretary Cass' reply to
Senator Pugh, of Ohio, involving the case of John
Detlefs, Auditor of Ottawa county, Ohio, who
wishes a passport, and, at the same time to be
advised whether he can safely visithisaged mother,
in the Duchy Holstein. Detlefs is a native of that
country, but came to the United States before he
had attained the age of 20 years, and was regularly
naturalized in the Court of Common Pleas for Ot
tawa county, Ohio, on the 10th of May, 1852.
Although not subject to military service at the
date of his emigration, Detlefshas been pronounced
a deserter (in his absence) by the Danish authori
ties ; and is apprehensive that he may be ar
rested, fined and imprisoned, or compelled to serve
as asoldier, in case he should return to his native
Answco Or an, 0cs.
D)sARwaoe. or ST. o Wa 'Io.,
Sir:--I have the honor to acknowledge tile re
ceipt of your letter, and I enclose for your infor
mation an extract of a letter to the Minister of
the United States in Berlin, dated July 25th, 1859,
which explains the views of this Government con
cerning the rights of American citizens abroad,
and from which it will not depart. It is proper
to remark that Mr. Ernst, upon the representation
of our Minister, Mr. Wright, was discharged
from the service of the Hanoverian Government.
You will perceive that, agreeably to the prinoci
plea laid down in this dispatch to Mr. Wright,
r. Detlefs owes no military service in Denmark,
as he left there before he had been called into the
army or navy. and therefore could not rightfully
be considered a deserter. We deny that contin
gent obligations, depending on time or other cir
cumstances for their fulfillment, create any lia
bility on the part of an American naturalized
citizen, to which he can be subjected when re
turning to the country of his birth. A case in
volving these principles recently occurred in
I Denmark. Mr. Stmidt, a native of that conntry,
but an American naturalized citizen, was forced
into the Danish military service in September
last. Our Minister at Copenhagen, Mr. Buchanan,
immediately remonstrated against this violation of
the rights of our countrymen and reported his pro
ceedings to this Department for its consideration.
SHi course was approved, and lie was infomed
that " the President has taken much interest in this
case, involving, as it does, the claim of a foreign
Government to intefere with the personal security
and liberty of so many of our citizens whose inter
esta may require them to return for temporary
purposes to the respective countries of which they
were once inhabitants."
The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Denmark in
formed Mr. Buchanan, in answer to his application,
that the Government was upon the point of taking
the necessary measures for the discharge of Mr.
Smidt "as a special and exceptional measure,"
when it was ascertained that he had already been
released from the service in consequence of his
place having been supplied by a substitute.
As soon as the necessary descriptive list is re
ceived, a pas-port for Mr. Dstlefs will be made out
and forwarded to you.
IoI., r, your obedient serv; a,
On a recent Sunday morning, in Chicago, Ill., a
reverend gentleman delivered a pointed lecture to
h tis congregation, which contained many valuable
hints to business men, showing up petty rascalities
in trade, with the moral that all this trickery and
fraud was "robbing God." At the close of the
lecture, one of the oldest and wealthiest citizens
of that city, who is very excitable, and when ex
cited is unable to control his emotions, arose and
asked, "If Isell a man a load of wheat and it
shrinks-he being thle loser and I the gainer-am I
robbing GodP' The minister serenely said: "I
will answer tihe brother another time." The ec
centric gentleman remarked: "Well, sir, I would
tlike to know this evening, for I want to leave for
Washington early to-morrow morning."
Arrivals at the Hotels Yesterday.
CITY nlOTF.e.-- Rithlda.. O,0gon; Z M5 twrernne M A
Peak, ANia,; e R Fox asd lady.r. C ; J F Hirten, Stoble:
M Pe'rnd egr . at,,ntn Rouge; W F Frvnn, is W CaIrter, W F"
I11l11 and tedy Is; J C Maohnll aod huty, I.y; lI Iannr, I
Rouge: N I. .'leoo, Wr T She,.rsll. 0V li !oEsl. eie; Wme
ii,,sell, H tL m.,r. N Y: tllrry, O lqse, mino: , '' |)IU
Noshoesl,;: Alux MOlc.ed, 5 MeOistos. J A Ilaisrood; 1eis
innrr,, 15t: ,,oev. 0, O Conc. J Oioesi. I'-s; J K Jnes.
Alas - Fi rn I ,,I'i O. nt Kty: J 5 ilce,.I JlI lsl,.tu and
lady, Sir. D W (;lilt. P IM. rcy. B 1I,~h, . H h Nohrt Ml.,:
ir u ie ulshlmp Teo; W A AndeonM Nh;: t5 Alte. IC.;
J ,tw ,lhlh)ll, 7.M t'bhl T Foser, Y P PPierce, J B Bse|.
nun 'reo: J C WlI ee... it tlam.nnt TO.; t n Hsreoind.
R s C, nlnl. na Mobile: I5 Perr, Pluiiemneio : I. Rtdirl Iehr
0lil ii 8 lllinec. OC IChbb, Wi'ovtionl,. Ni,,; A T
I[oHsleetr, FMh IA I·Slms,,r Tenn; JAwWasdw'rd, Ol;: Ctr,
IfacdlaOy, ms:". Hanldezly Cis 0le. e : e ,o W luu!er;O iflit;r
A 0D eniel .7 T lnll. Joilohn . l.a; R R Omlwonot, Miae F
Jonuh,ss M1bile; It F' Alleh.,,t; Colo SA A ltricls,,l, Ky; .1
iL9 N1 Si A Pioekeu-f or ss. Mai m t /Ilib,,, Miesa M S
ansl S jBibb. Mi; J leolmos luAoblul; R t crk, se J aI,
),": J K Parerr. I. I. leeeifr W It Arkiollon, J Dot
tinn, i K Rionnlor.,o. r S Wlol.e, i i llihldr, Tesln; S W
Chappel, Te; W A l'Poteo J T T'ouuolloy, lounad.
ST. LOUICIS HOT.L-. . Moreh.ad.. An D I, F More.l
head St. a ,ouin - S t Morris, Baton a , g etpeRR ieu I
S1)D Allion, Wn M rirhsh, ,Z Boylfe, 5a0on Rosge: : wI
I, R a, ,ncaeS urfl y Tetm; cYskers, H Wllso, Ohto: t
A Meres and Tk ly Si Maeon,. Mobile: Mim WstiO Miim
M eron, MSia lstaok, S. F 'etlles: H i Klto, Ij.: B lamm..
tmR J sittb, , C, BrryA JJ aeder, StoIndy: Ta Sthnn and
Inly. Artk J eleaewrnea , Fy. Yem; c: n.Lrt, A a niel,
osa;: Dr M l Martio .eLoe;u O OyI. F oasy, F Ie.r., LtIo
;,Ae J t.Moonruck. WJ N oss ,O. Aso.esied: N T Mlaluo,
Tx; De R Otlou uS al,, Csai;AB J ahsonk, len wishit.
BT. CmHARnn1e HOTIL--D B HksLa, J Tldwsehl. Dr 0 Ham
Il0ho M AI'reen. MnI:; Mise 1. H.lten, MI IM Hamilton.
Tnos J F Htll, C P Joes, w I)nrae Mit. H i azrlzr, Mo:
is arbonr, Va; N Vasbhle. Al:t J g Wihh; MiA J Wdbb
Pnain,-B F Sims, W A .ak.aon, J W Ward. D H Wd, Tea
Ward, o Ollafin, f.a; A W P Coss.a, iia55mos,
BoCmU or Armuax-This Board failed to ld
Its regular meeting last evening, no quorum beW
YsesrmanA Was a special and exftraedi[at
Iardi-gras. Few such days have hbee so~m i
Bad weather threatened the day esaly in te:
morning. The wind was strong and the clouds
thick. But as the weather was not cold or pej
tieularly wet, the usual thousands of boys, rowdy,
ish men and abandoned females, appeared On40
streets in an infinitude of costomee, rich, middling,
cheap and tawdy, in many cases reversing the
sexes, and filling the streets with such torrents of
the scandalous, the grotesque and the lnny, that
It verily appeared as if Pandemonium had broke
The most opulent class of the abandoeees flew
around in carriages; whole groaps of tie middling
class of bhalots and ro lern were in aotsr aid
furniture cars; the lowest clasm, the dirtiest dregs
of the city, footed it,to ther mnlth efthe unttlititg
multitudes, and doubtless to their own hearty satis
faction. An for thtbay; (witbot~we do not in
clude in the above category) every other boy was
either a nigger, an iTadlfa harlequin, or a safolr.
Toward noon that invisible but important per.
pýagessrat lydessg nt tadevA' erkof *t
weather,' began to show that he, too, was out on
a Mard.-gras spree. His breath was a gale; his
ufering was a deinge of rain; his eyes were flashes
of lightning; and his voice was the most stunning
of thunder, cracking terribly after each fearfol
flash, and dying away into a dull roar, as of dis.
Soon the streets were depopulated, and half
drenched hariequins, niggers, kings and Indianus
sodght th. friendly shelter of the groggerles and
groceries, and the street awnings The storm was
fierce enough, but at about 1 o'clock it assumed
the dimensions almost of a tornado.
The torrents of rain, falling slantingly in the
gale, fairly scrabbed the streets, and rebounded in
a mist which looked like smoke, forbidding vision
for more than a square or so. Shutters and swing.
Ing signs banged and flopped, and often went
flying like leaves in the tempest. Old fences went
down like rotten paper; ancient tender sheds gave
up their occupation; slates, ripped from rooLs,
flew about like specks in the mist of the storm;
the havoc among light things was of the wholesale
descrlption. The streets were flooded into rivers,
and it was long after the storm before " the rush
ing of the waters" had so far subsided as to render
the streets decently passable.
We heard of no very serious damage being done
to any buildings in the city. We may mention tiat
St. Louis Cathedral acknowledged the storm, and
shed its slates over the neighborhood far and near.
On the river, which for the time was almost a
r&ging sea, the damage ras considerable. 'The six
or seven miles of ships, steamboats and other craft
which line the levee, were badly jostled. Ships
were damaged; steamboats lost their chimneys,
and there was a considerable spanging of hawsers,
resulting in some of the vessels going adrift. So
far as we could ascertain, with the assistance of
our marine news reporter, the following was what
happened along the levee:
The storm occasioned considerable damage
amongst the vessels at the levee. The steamer
John Walsh broke loose from her mooring, at the
foot of Girod street, and drifted down to Post 47,
Third District, where she ran afoul of the British
ship Lady Sale, striking her on the bow, which
caused her to slew around and come in contact
with the jibboom of the British ship Sardinian, which
broke off her mizzen-mast close to the deck.
The Lady Sale sustained considerable other
damage; her figure-head and oat-water being
knocked to one side.
The steamer Eclipse broke loose and drifted
down some distance, coming in contact with the
shipping. She had her bow stove in, also the stern
of her cabin; and the starboard wheel-house was
considerably damaged. The steamer Atlantic had
her chimneys blown down, and her starboard
guards were badly stove in. Her dampage will
probably amount to about $3000.
The steamer City of Memphis had her chimneys
blown overboard, her hurricane roof and star
board guard stove in and otherwise damaged.
The damage sustained by her will probably
amount to $2500.
The steamer Flying Cloud'sa chimneys were
blown down. She was not damaged much other
wise. Damage probably $1500.
The steamer Scotland had her hurricane roof
stove in on the larboard side. Damage about $300
The steamer Henry Chouteau had her larboard
guard damaged by the falling of the Flying
The steamer Emerald lost her chimneys over
board, and had her hurricane deck and guards
damaged. Damage about $1500.
The steamer Grosse Tete was on her way down
and was struck by the wind when about opposite
the foot of Oirod street. The gale carried away
her chimneys, but did no other damage. Loss
The steamers Pocahontas, Selma, Belle Gates
and Editor, lying at Algiers, had their chimneys
blown down and were otherwise damaged.
The steamers Algerine and Relief, belonging to
the Canal Street Ferry Company, were lying near
the steamer Selma at the time. The falling of the
Selma's chimneys knocked down those of the Alge
rine and also stove in the greater part of her cabin.
The Relief's chimneys were knocked down by
those of the Algerine. But she sustained no other
The ship Creole was blown loose from Post 16,
First District, and drifted to the Slaughter-house
point. She lost her chain and anchor; main-top
gallant mast; stove her bulwarks, and sustained
It was rumored that the engineer of the steamer
Relief was killed, and that three men were blown
Doff the Eclipse and drowned. We heard other
rumors of life lost; but as we have not positive
information in any case, we hope and believe that
these rumors were idle. It was positively stated
that several men were blown overboard, but swam
Dobbs, during his first session as a nember of the
Legislature was caught without a speech. He was
remarkable for his modesty and his thirst for "red
One unlucky day, the proceedings being rather
dull, and Dobbs being rather thirsty, he concluded
to go over to the hotel and take a drink. As
Dobbs rose to leave the hall, he caught the Speak
er's eye. The Speaker supposed he intended to
address the House, and announced in a loud voice,
Dobbs started as if he had been shot. The as.
sembled wisdom of the State had their eyes fixed
upon him. He pulled out his pooket-handkerchlef
to wipe away the perspiration, and feeling itneoes
sary to say something, he blundered out;
"Second the motion."
"There is no motion before the House," said the
The silence was breathless.
Dobbs could not think of ansything to say. But
a bright idea came to him, and he ilshad with
"I move to adnmjo rn
The motion didn't o, but Dobbsdid and noth
ing more was eee. O .td d, and noth
"Wa see," said Swift in one of his most sar
castic moods, "what, od Almighty thinks of
riches by the aeopl .to whoms t/lgIves them."
There Is truth in teareoasme; but what noble ex.
ceptions we caafind I
BaonsEaxag BALrs oP Ms6oWU eNDIMs.- We ask
te stt.,os.s seOedt, s. ests sdstse oassr a oe er. Wa.
Onbwfotmd, te sa iaadeO saems merehsadtse booker, who
is fsor ibslsr I.toof Mhe, ale, prte, wine, bmnudls,
hi55.5 toesessie., eonllof whh.io ll nive fsvonbes
Thse dint on t leh wdeboe0M4la
rand ever h beeom Lrq
rdeserf ame wee e and
nlsa destoval r 1
in the al e s atd by
pron ay etoabe ,t as b
net prout, to tn oeor thetowb e
of lhba ond= brrileeno b
rough and h arepaid ewy. pesaseehe
to pe nclared by the orea tlmeotadt oe
.tons. So they are I lke o ash
ontswhlre lnd ah o to eso.
oitnto ec a l apter-mahe u idc h
emeod oeB ilk of m
sgqee ad ot by hw o oreeo wlt
alt n en. e t in er he reb e
nb erm eo m e ad p.. . gh
decamwpren the who, ar l
uro pse.. oa tl ae. io ba
baurtwong be ablston u
nothe iros htobrs e
an ad.p and g badn sed-th eanter n..os
tntian--erewh aidns, rodoueryted wio
ndertswhe on the skyandtmspap eedin cike,
heand bethersensd s nprt If m s
Isve toba By ade p fitie n tse, we
toerr by the at ndtplaa in nnua
d and tens ther pnh t ag . d1eeen
tinser.tr hlo!teeot ven r ei era sm
eankd ousbyl rin withingb esqj ad o
oudor thalluechy o n be een, a w der.athe
createdur-et h tain train nte t4p beg em
ling iery uvaih fsor mcae napodne wat ne toe
oe narse, and were engadn dow e awe
browing prend blean through th make a wa
bointe mora which oud sameas tod us wacs chlckry
man, smn bderanispirte. At maa a a
woaled-ltheatrabehin en vie ththedefo rerte th
long inteBaly, aor miles in cdvonce we; were Ide
encampmente, wi wre to dtrinthe or pe had
come namvies, and were eng divide InticiWog
harrowing and blastin.through re ro a way 1t o f
dents-were laid ot lotg tables, covered eight eml
joints oudnalyndita animals, toapwhichwore aitacked
and lian.te vegetables. Tanhiseas or deglr. to i
had coal all the wsa orom Cairo; wo tod the. t
were at all eatable, we had envied the dood oa the
to draw lots, which were to determine onr.places
oreatures or an uncertain n.mber of UP, renom
Plot of a ==_.,', N..,.L
A writer in the New York Atlas gets off the foR
The preface must end-after dedicating the trash
to "my afflicted mother," "dear papa," or to
Miss "Carrie" somnebOdy, wlth--.'and If these
pages only turn one reader, among all who may
peruse them to a contemplation of true morality,
and so enable him to leada better and parer life,
the author will feel happy in the convictilon that
her labor has not been in vain."
The novel begins with a description of gentle
Ada Montgomoerloreney, the child of wealth,
reared in the capacions lap of luxary, and appied
by indulgence, as is Illustrated by a terrific scene
of passion between her and hebar doting mother,
who is a woman of the world, the "deargirl"
insisting upon. taking a walk with Reginald Pits
clam, a handsome young gentleman with a dark
moustache, and born of poor but respectable
The father of Ada is a parse-proud aristocrat.
Ada's brother is a wild rake, and In every other
chapter breaks his mother's heart, but persuades
her, immediately after, by his penitence, to get
his father to give him twenty thonsand dollars
more, with which he can pay his debts, "and
abandon forever the gilded halls of crime, and
the bewildering, delusive attrctlons of the gain,
hring saloons." The brother lights half a dozen
doels, suddenly disappears until the last chapter,
wherein he turns up reformed, with a princely
fortune, a charmng wife, apd a small poOket
Bible, which latter nvalablo he declares te hbs
"carried next his heart through all the atorms of
life, as a memorial of his sainted mother," whom
he once called an old fool, aild whom he supposed
to have died from the saforesaid broken heart, Ada
determines to wed the amiable Reginald, ,who,
while With her at a fashionable reulnion, pro.
poses an elopmen She sheds a few tears,
sheds her mantilla, leans her head upon his manly
bosom, sobs and snuffles; he brshes a tear (of
perspiration) from her cheek, and hem her nn
mar an assent. A earriage is prepared at .the
turn of a dark lane-all is in readinesS, when the'
coachman- proves treacherons, and the Indls
aristocrat of a father, n his drawers, s ine'
and dressing-gown, ruashes upon the ll-fated k
followed by the mother, with "dsahevelle'dilr,
streaming eyaes," and disarranged night gear, ;e
brotherealso appears, jnstjreturnln from ihe .s f
texicatlon, Isa suddre e bhyer: bae s tof
affairs, and grasps Reginald wlth one nd, and,
In the exciteient of the moment, prsent r.~lt.
key loaded with tobacco erumbe, instea p a
pistol. He discovers his mitake. i, Greis
vens, my pistol is paweed l"' Reginald '
The gentle Ada is dragged tlo0 lio hoa an'
locked up. The ecaebome Is raew. orf
treachery, and s made th beadlerktf h.l.t
nant father'o bankslag-Ies, legila us
to the roar and esragj of stIetg olewn .ap
wherever there happpen. to 'be a W. ab tlthe
the novelisbeingweittin,' senlis as thedyet
of a ba9ggge wagon,b.ed 1st ofis msth le1 ieeg a
corporal, sergeant, aption,gf r, ein dre
returns home updmr aet astimedname, i stel"eted
United States .enator, and; akes a e undooe
speech the flret day he takes his seat
The gentle Ads has "a flt if ieknees.'"goeeointo
a decline and Bunyan's Pilgrim Pe , ans has
no appetite for oyeteia, onue her 1eeiitefod9
The aristooratie father, to itmbl i hs tnste that
asheshall marry old ;ette.a r "She
will die fliet" Hr fahr r s thte factthat
e is on the eve oa a general smash-up. To save
her doting .ether, she enstent that a diamond
weddiag asallt take. fie, "Farewell, dear, dear
Reginald faieve; but yoar i ea shall etern.ly
obe enshrisned n my raed heast" A chapter i
devoted-t the miser loating over his prey, anod
hie .trm .h over the arlet4tatio father, .who one.
kiked out of hin basking-house. kvej'elg
is in readiness far the nnptals, when the Honors,
hi Smith. (e.iald) appears. Grand tableau.
btisr .in eharged with forgery, arson, murder aSd
bigamy, by Reglnald, and alls dead, a ftar confes
brg his orimes, and bequeathlng his ill-gottena gams
to the gentle Ads and the bold Reglnald, wlihoe
copt them In order to found a hospital for arlanera
The usal lineale takes place, The pa.l e ang
andhappily; thetreacheroas cachob es
and in tlime becomes the captain of' ta sail
Sing, clipper-built, rie canal-heat The
bospllal m not built, but the money is .i out at
interest" for the benefit of the poor when the
per shall have beaome tioo old to e ~ "`.
Columbia, happy land l" e T" m ltael. fa
and before the pubihers have told three
copies, they annoene--" Ninth edhlta noVrr65e
Tremendous sestioan I The bosk th age I u
parnlloled sale' Thna 'tne l of edt cs, -
who have never seen the beck n. se
mingn,' Is aebotoelet fr a
abe and her bask era sees and iseed mad `
by the huamtgged world.
Vosme Bi so-Wa e null tea lttonlln fttae4.
istes'55a pinsdai 50 l1steVP A. ILet*e- setA e
spons'suasiias sts, Ito i5 :sb o sees, iTsmset le,
From htnh 4eo b
of s~s n
glieg of *e EM
oeele*. weree dr
Ito 4 4 rd - rllen~ legt of the ceeetu
gln o te isatee
boomereeo pItlqotra Te pfIno
anteed.g'tý e tfouch buto
(for he b wn a lathe n
(for eha mo~h
ibcnn, r the threw
wholly etlte4 yf n
etc elcte un
batitee ow t
14 b, altd
qf i `scir ~.,