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8hia *a, *rleaans etstt.
SATURDAY MORNINGI , FEBRUARY 29, LASS.
INI DEBIAT NIWI THU E OVR zUmID
$peeches by1ashbrior , Wilon, Stevens,
Wood, Woodbridge, andothe.
On the 2'4 .ftha House of Representatives re
ienerd the conslideration of the impeachment res
olution, the interval between 10 o'clock and noon
Ltir g tetbhtu.liy regarded as belonging to the
erasiln of Saturday. The desks of the members
were very eparsely occupied at the opening of the
proceedings, but every seat in the gallery, save
some in the diplomatic gallery. was filled.
Ihe delete was opened by Mr. Ashley. of Ohio,
'who, in the course of his remarks, said the House
was now trticht face t. -face with a min who
was recognized as an enemy of tle-governm-nt,
aL as a strong ally and friend of the lost cause
a nian whose public and private act thad been
marked Iy vii;ations of law. Dare the iloIee
lot.-er hbrlnk from the exercise of its power in
reaclingi the government from the usurper, and
thus proclining that the governmlet was one of
conititutional law and not of unurped powerse
w hen two months ago the H use voted down
inmpescimient hte had encouraged loyal men to
keep their heirts, and that time would vindicate
them. He did not now exult in that vindication.
lie had much ra.aE shea hs sets of the esoi
dental preidelnt would fall to the gruond, or that
he had so administered the govern.uent as to
bring it back to the paths of peace, union, an i
The in.peaehment of this man was necessary, if
not for the Union, at le t to teach a lessoe3 to
future presidesnts, and to vindicate the matchless
Constitution of the conntry.
Mr. Cook, being allowed one miatee remaininog
Oneqpired from Ashley's time, declared taut io
v- tiug for the resolution of imp,.ach neIt he held
that not o ily had the tenure of offset law been
violated by the president, but if that law had not
been in ezxctence the president had exercis A, a
power entirely unwarranted by the C ,utitutlon
aid law. of the United States.
Mr. 1t.i, r aidres-ed the Honue In opp3ietion
to the re, lulion and contended that ev n ih ia ,
the it ture of utll.e law were const!tution il, tiere
was no siola',on of it, either in letter ,r a, rat, :u
the rt noval il Mr. Stanton. Mr. Steilton was ai,
appointee of Abraham Lincoln, and if the act
bad been in existence one month after the ter:ui
nation of Mr. Lincoln's adiulnistration, hit firnu
tiene as s. cretary of war would have ceased by
the very terms of the act, and he had ever sinec
contlusied It. oflice simply at the pleasure of the
Ireident. lie defied any gentlelman on the other
sWle to pittn oi,t any provision of the tenure of
%flhe law which had been violated by the prest
dent. I ainy person had violated the lai in tthii
anatlel it a,. Edwin M Stanuton hiuiself, who wi
bII loirg on to the office af'er hie term had
l!r. Kel ey adlres.edi the Ho"i-lin p1 l:p irt .f
the ris.el i.h ,, argui.g a iltiruestlolu if lar ltia
tile pjblhtll t et-, e mt on e i were estlctl In retere l--v
fori tie slling )*er: 1 l
' A it s F LI,4, P 1.,T
A. *ARC. ERE,
.. ..R+ '" the ..... 4.. - ....
jull edlt. ii.n or the oflenelt moit hecesarily have
juii-dicioni of the person of the criminal, aunl
Lbat full control of his movements; the creitUal.
ab a voater if course, had no power to perform
his funt ilons.
Mr. cai.e supported the resolution of impeach
ment. He believed the public siiul wat re tdy
for the ev, it. To trifle longer with t the q estiiu
was to trifle with the just demanibf the loys,
en of the , iii nm. Around gdwin M Staaton
e gatierling the sympathles of the people.
,. Bleanan followed on the see ije, but
.ting t ne irinute to Mr. Price, who seid f r
u og ye)ar thie people in Congress and the
eil le tul of Ciiongress had been keeping watclh
. ' tthe portals of liberty, and t st in
.. son, with a recklessness pe,-lrar t
uiumr-l, eass rushing madly and furiously o"nu
Lia tfte "
Mr. Blame wete he baim wase bo t to act
uldi r t.e l tpimi aushurity of the CUonstitutlon
1Ltre wta tLo quisation of law invwlvd ill tih
Datter at all. The prresident bad op'lvy an Il
flai, ly .I lr-ted the law, thrown d ,wa to-', i c. t1:
etaid dated Congress to the tirl-. CIline,
.must accept the challenge and must meet tae
l1r. Diigge said if the whole Pem-ncratic party.
aLd t ery oittr party, wt're claiiir!ug at tii
door of Cuugreas, and seek.og venurge-ive a Lri-
ever) niau who supported the impuiscimeut raso
lution, he trusted there was not a aie uoer pre
stLt oulId jiut vote for it on coIcirtiuu, tt,io.it
teltlld t, aiy tl rea' s.
Mi. Washbirne, of Illinois, declared he sh , i.l
vote for the resolilton befor-e the II .ue, ae;t.ng
l ith a nij .,r;ty t f the Republican members. Ht
had not hitheIrt. favored impeachment agaisltt the
president, ti t because he did not beli ve hi:u m lr
asly guilty of impeachable offense:; o it ie
tise he he od ot execrate his adminii,trt on, bUt
e cause as iheretofore
Thi . ibl,, a,ie a doubt of his conVi.
t h ut on a lubtult expe
e hope that the presi-lrnt, w trne
of the power of the House, and indebtito
for its forbearance, would so conduct himself
as to avoid the necessity of resorting ti t5e ex
- trine remedy poovided by the Constitution.
t:ut ittl such hopel, had been disappointed. ivewry
act tf forbearance had been but a fresh invia
tcn to further and more fllgrant ag.re.ain,
ulili at last he had flolng himself against th
'rilY l~il s:k- of the Counn'ition, defyii
thFl ~ls an d overriding the co-ordinate bricllue
of the g ovrniiest. The time had now arrive.
tLtn tLe peoile's representatives could no linger
d.llSy tell -i ' ,iatlin of the Con-tttiioin. r
Iinl the ph'sway of duty was ,plain. H.'
iiti,d i., thilcat whikh hid b ea miin. up >
the flir, lie feared no appeal to tie pien.l,
but i virti d uch an epueal. Toe geutl':en hlit l
r, a tl IIi ·.!tr if they liaI not learned tlitl il all
a ., i :et, c I an exe- utive ail, the c ii:iiisii,
*d o " . , .. . !P hid Iri rti -h ,,
S I'l.Yi'0iA *LlIi .iitnl'· llhl tu t.i iri5tl'&
thi ii i-. ii le lales 0n
wohIld L I n - w t.i' ovircimie by a hba'i -if unere
J ,) rae. ,: ie e: s if a corrupt anI trit v ,nsi,'ie
1 Pri ,itit - rei te prmniptly impO-cheld fr i.
Inst sit - - i· ',m miiteei sea in t the i' i-'ia ti
tiioi. If1 - 'o r icotiionance in oftf e was a ,er p~u
Dni a'd 1 -dt-r-tir nianflne agemitt the ii-. s- 1iii
Jr. -;-*r, ' it 'liet ciulntry. Tue n w - .lv ofit
Car~ r t li- ie "ll p lillde t has be i in llrei.l I ti a
I lei tiii-rn ard -f elf his no li-atiois -f p-i
duttt arit bi a deer'e if perrt y, trie i re t1
oI f I tr e -'lp . Ale s mtnde- iouos as hle we'
tisI-il t ,t' 1- ca attelmited in is b ofi:ial a'tihn"
to 1 i , i 0 annd d'-uiuiLy lte bravest, the nob:esl
Lv:-ll d t-I,·- . a l Ivi-ed rii I -ll it - I-- I b ,y i-
Wlirt rl" ihet i-veir crawle hit bleu ilitir1 retIea
at tie Ili,. i L i-f powar his ie tiisrlolil hi
t.i hllifiti h i-f the governtlen, to t,'-re--l i
tl la . - u t i ' i trin, the rettolri n irf Ihei arino ,
ptace nur I" ,ppees. of the country. i
' I' . I t iS ate nen of the rebl tretes lIr. tion
tr h iht ta unlidi-ill. ander hie abr oitilatrt n ,
I.til'le i-. i'li, tation of whis h ad l non ri e -i
br--. stil all tie crim e sik t r llCllhte Ile I l.
.ild (V in) d, l,;ie morela sin r. nlls by ri t
lSi d i* t . . i Iuhi-ed a p 1 ,ii'n. nC' - I by itli
woi Ii t itii o at ver crwled like Iftiy r·npt'ei'
i inrti i. f the govern'eilt, to an e etet lii t il
S me w u the hioppne ry of the country. cour,
3 al en Erl the rebel tatesd hite bin
br lWght t'o a udioh. andh r his na uinl traub ar..
io the r tr lationnd publi plunderers have n aeo
,ith Latrnr. .luirdr, rapine, boe euds-ritsm. ri
ea v. aid thal the crmill not vndlok tr ih the tl U, C
lhd etry at t henremavy in oeit.e wit t tpre
, s-. t r. -t i.-i , of rebel u tio s of the r ei lt
id lt.t ntat ofih ruof the ongovernent ha ihe d
rii oit, .rtiL of uptb trro an exteprt w i a I
i . wile niiions of hiwtory of ay ouo intry, the
ridtes ol thieves , end pldeer, or
mcorrupt ie peeif T oneor tisfiedet with bein!
ter tld jubbre and opubt pluderers nd ave r ee
t•aldl-ed al tenrtsr. Thoe ponetf r cdpantry, hna,
cniuted thlrat he will not viiate thelmmsee of Cn
lik adt the ntate departmet, wrrath itgmed probe
r.u.e . andh tte. depnartmaent nrraigand be
rore the iulers of the earth for its failure to vindi
cate the sights of the natiotn d au tbeete of the
Confronted as we are this day by this state of
thitpg so threatening to the national asiastace,
sod so destreetlve to all that isbold dear to prs
perity, where is the patriotie man of any political
organization who does not call upon Congress to
sternly do its whole duty mad prae tit capital of
the crimes which now defile the nation.
tiurilg the delivery oe Mr. aVahburne's speech
the hour of 12 arrived, when the session of Sator
day terminated, ad the regular legislative sea
sion for Monday commeseoed.
Mr. Woodward obtained the floor. refunng to
yield a few mtnutes' time to No. Washbore to)
concIede hib remarks because of the ~uaoders
ttiered by him against the president, and pro
eceded to address the House against the impeaebh
n eat resolution. He argued that the resolution
Simpeachment was a mistake, and that anyv
,mpeachment of the president on the idea that
-ecretary S'snton was withis the protection of
the tenure of ofce law was what Pouchd, the
(hief of the old French police, weald have called
'worse than a crime, a bloonder." Whatever
executive power the federal government poe
e :sed was vested in the president, who was the
vsle trustee of the people in that regard. In
,he nmatter of appointment to office and the
treaty-making functious, a check was imposed
ui on the president. but even in this iaoatuce the
power exercised was the president's; the concnr
rtene of the Senate was only a regulation for
the exercise of the power. It was a mere ad
visoiy discretion, and not an executive power.
j he separateness and completeneaaf this ex
ecutive power in the hands of the president was
a doctrine essential to the harmony of this sye
tena of government, and to the responsibility of
the president to the people. If Congress med
dled with It, Congress became a trespasser, ant
ia act an impertinent nullity, and the president
was not to be impeached for d-reojerdlag it.
He quoted eatraetM from a dekbte in the first
Congress upon the executive department, and
argoed that that debate settled this quetiuon ab
tolutely, and demonstrated tbe utter une'orntl
tuttonality of the act of March 2. 1'47. He als,
argued that by the very terms of that very act
!tielf, Mr. Stanton did not come within its s,:ope.
Hte quoted Senator Sherman and Measrs. Spad
mg and Hingham as taking that samine view of
the law when it was under consideration.
Mr. Johnson wai a man of the R.-publican
iarty's own choosing, and he verily believe1
list the president was trying to rest re the
( min, to paciticate the country. and ad ninister
hl Isigh ofi~e with a faithful regard to the ,,bh
Ritults of the Constitution and the best interes:s
,,f the people. He seemned to hi-n to be a true
Trierld to the whoe of this country, a faithful
public clfmer, and entutied to catbuet adviers
rvh were his friends and not hid enemies. Con
frees had far better snstai such a in au in his
ionscitutiotal rights, sad address itself to the re
i:el of the suflfotrtig country, than to waste its
line and the peopile's mowey in the iipeachtainot
if a Iaithiul pl:'I ic servant on charges ieat are
toth fa'se sand tooli.h.
At the risk of deounciatin he (Woodward) de
n;ed the right of the Sieuate to try an i upech-l
0 nt. The Houre e was not coinpo,-d, as the C,)u
pitultiono leqtred, of metncers ch,,-en by the
,people of the several :'t-ite., Ior was the Senate
conposetd ot muembrse from each State.
ItI coucluseio, he said :
* Mr. Speaker, .o sure am I th it the American
Ile:ple will respect tlhis obj-etiin thrt it I were
hIe . r' t.ide-tt's counsel r, I wo 1-i ad vie hin. if
up-,u itript r articles of if ttsmu .cti,:uit , to leo ir
tuth to yiour jirisdiction an I to that of the --o
. Ce hti t' ;--" a pr '!aml i n 0'~s', wli.'e h-:
I)iid h maself impeachAble for miseite anor in
flite bet, re tie constitutional trib,:,als. he
.ver wiuld ulbject the otaile he h,!ul i ii tru-t
I the people to the uucnutt,tutuiiul frag
uel tast bodies who propse to ttip Iurn of it.
Iu'ha prelamalinl, wita the army and navy in
laid to eostain, would meet a popuular reasouse
hbat would make an end of impeachment and the
iii it-h r+.
Mr. tH il-on, of Iowa, chairman of the jadiciary
toimnittee, in support of tWe imwpacuaic.at rasa
nt~t !', t.Li,it :
• IMIr. bcaker, the peace of the ciuntry is
again di-tuibhd by the presidet: of ta-i UiiedJ
-tates. He di nice the Ilatinu that reno-e which
ii so much needs. l will not obey the law, an i
by it he mu't be judged. I do not approach tahe
- ase tur-der thi.epur of hate or the heat of pas
-il-n. 116 pr .ec-e I depl- re, but its demaids I
wiil ri-eect and obey. is a representative, it is
Si dty to bee the' the law. of the republio are
t or dt ht d by a criminal in otti -e, if witthi the
llmits of tl.e Couanitu'ion a remedy way be
Iturd. The presence of the criminal ts a pal.a
ble fact. 7 he remedy is plain and undi'putable.
.t.d itvau ie pertrm-nce of the du'y I wi 1 noit
I ii. a. An u;npeachmen' of the orest-lent of the
Irotted ,at-as is made tuevi'hble by his own de
t!telate crit inal cotnduct, as presente I to us by
,lc case wht h now clllnint ils our a'tcuti u). 'Ve
(anoltt esca-e this coIIclisi-,n if we woiull, for
Sic ,ishlnit would l.. de us ab ut with new
.cts iIf grteat r tu-nrtm,. if there ie any I ,gic i:
a couree of procedure, which would at last cion
e vl Ls to tLke up the g age that he ats nr-v del
iiati) cart at our feel.
iteritiotlie.is challenges have not been, in my
jr:;g.iemt, in 1te fotmtif law. or es'amed with th
Slalatelr o(f real crimes and midemucnors, as Il
tbecrtt lre I have reisted a resort to he extremi.
it nady which the Constitution has placed in o Ir
lnu'es. Perhape I have been more cautious thau
moat bmen would have been, but no regrets come
, ne i n this accunt, for I believe I diil my duoy.
TI e considerations which urged upon my mini
atid uaouided my conduct in the tase with which
the ccmmittee on the judiciary of this h tuse was
charged, are not to be found in tbleprrsent case
Tie ogic in the former cases is male plain, not
to, ay pt rfect, by its sequence in the present one.
The president was workiug to an end, sip+,cted
by others, known to himself. His then means
weire not known to the law as crimes and Iumd "
neanors, either by the common law or by statute,
aod ae i(- proioinced. He minstook o-ir j Idgln 'of
tir cowardlce, and worked on until he has pre
set ted to us, as a sequence, a higi misdemeanor
tik.o an to the law and defined by statute. If we
e .uit tibis to pat- utclial.enged by that high
plwer wi'h which the Cinsritotton his c!otned us,
ic tin can measure the future troubles of this
For tne, I am not wiiing to wait for an sacer
tii tti t of the ur known qusn'ittes off iture pres
. tialt i -e. itid n:ie' n A . Sn-re. H'e hi at-- it -
tre ut tu e elmments sod the qoitlities ascertained,
a.d i :Ili ii favor of wiping it frorm the exe-,utie
Ilnt k-board by an mpeachment of the c:ri ni*l
ahce paccd it the-re. Its pire-ence is a tur:e of
rtglet to uie, ail it nutst be of in rrrifl- ti in to the
-ePIple of this republic; hobut I will face It, and
I, i) sill m-ect it, hy s-i rtiig the snborliaim'ioi
,I the president to lte law of the land. He is ,t
ao hker of the law, or a judge tlihereof; aul it is
,: tghl for him to know that the CiasetiLtitio, i
a. , . b he i. swl-rn to prserve.protect and defen 1.
Sat he shall take care that the laws shall be
- executed. What laws! Those which
,rie used *n pur.usnce of the terms of that Coon
Stttu-i- n hich he is asworn to preterve, protett
I,,,J l' dtL. And hlw are these lrts p.s.ed?
By the two Hiuses .if Congress, with the appr vrl
[, the presidemit ; ,,r iii s-t--h c-isa as he ,ies n-it
p lprove, hi shall return It, with hts objCti ins. witn
-hIl!l enter the objucti,)n ait laga on tiir j ,urltl
i p::; lrlt-cd "o ri -- r~ d' r it ; od if. aft-r asich re
i tdematiit,two liicdsa Of the house dshalh ag*re t,
;, d the bill, It s-ll be sent. together with taie
* -'jeciin, t th. iher h,)ime, iy whli it shall
.-,e a, It be oo nid-,r-d, aol if asprved by :two
I: ds of that hiot e, it ehLll become a law. Whit
tiid of a taw ? )se wautch the preatidet shall
,,r tale it bt faitbhruly excuted. Foe ,unt
.r',olil die- no l,.ik hi n jug- if th.' law. ,u
Ii exti-ttor t eriof. anid lie is b n),tl to execut.
Ithai wl;h h the I w-mtakiug power decrees t, be ti.'
it iw i tLe qcd. Whatever may be his opllnion .
a in,, disIiidua meberh of the natioual fruiy,
hr i- I und to yit!d ti that higher duly whtch t-.
titt - ':n itnil . e i pn hii t as a'ffizer -if the
a-rte. It hts coIel- ense forbids, he may resiagn tue
St:,a', b' .lie hls no tight to retain the pow~r of a
- ',ri, i ffi -.- Itil, sthordinase that to the j idgmsn'
af a mete ii dividuel umember of the commuonity or
caill n ahich has c otbed himn with the executite
p' er for the enfor -enant of its laws. As a p'i
ic ( fitter, no autL pea cnu be propery entered lu
l i bh l.mlf, be an e helr i, ro' ouoy .w ir to exe
- uie the law, but al o pioisesres the right of re
igRnation. If his cuoscalit-e will not peimit him
ti t xe, olte a giveu law. he m ty resign his trust.
iLtd iaveC ti his sciC,'s r t'.e pcrf -rct nce of a
d i n which his j ide!nent as a:t. ia liviulal wi!l
.,t sur.-t d-r Ir t t is oil: ati ui as a u~ Jiblic o¶
i- r. A williulttec to itlllltiit to the penalty pre
-ti ti-ed for a violaition f the iaw, may to siimeec
'ent txcioe ditobedieuce on the part of a pri
:,tie citlrtn, and at the sRime time avaIl nithing
to tit public ( ffier. The lItter min, at any tims,
by resignation. hecome a private citixz-n; but the
,':ner canLot tecome a pub!ic ofli:er in l is
• tintry except by the stfrage of his fellow citi
zers. If he accepts the resull of bhelr snfrages
he mergte his individn ality into that of the omffiil
creature which binds itself by oath, as an execn
tire oicer to do that which, ase mere individuasl.
he nusy not believe to be right, jnet or eonasu
t:onal. sneh an acceptance rem ves him from
the phere of the right of private judgment to
the place of the public ofler, and binds him to
ibey the law, his judgment to the contrary not
The Conetitution invests the president with exe*
culive power in order that he may take care tat
the laws be lai'hfully executed. Every abusm of
this power, whether it be an improper a of it or
by neglect, or reunal to exercise, I a breach of
officiral doty. But t is aot eve bresach of ooar u
day that can be carged as . oriae or made- p
meaeor against the delinoaest ofioer. WhatIever
doubt may have arisen In other case of the crifi
asl obaI cter otf teeel oodhet levolveed, thi ti
one which we are now eeasideriog preente ae as
blasis on whic to rest a doubt. Deliberately the tl
president has violated a pe al statute of the el
United tSee. and thereby committed a high ris i
deesaer, which the law says shall be punished I
by a fine not exceeding ten thousand dollars. or I1
by imprisonment not exceeding five years, or by I.
both said puieshmeets, is the discretion of the a
court. (Act of March 22, 1867.) The circuns i
stances attendant upon this case show that the ts
president's action was deliberate and willful.
There is not a shade of excuse or Palliation in the It
care as it Is presented to us. Perversely he h as
rushed upon his own deetruction; obstinately he i
hae forced upon us an issue which we must join or a
prove ourselves unworthy representatives of a of
tree people. We have not sought this issue, but ai
have reusored to every legitimate means to avold hi
it. We have manifested no undue desire to exer- I
, ice the impea:hing power which is vested in this t
House exclusively by the express terms of the of
Golded by a sincere desire to pass this cup from hi
our lips- determined not to drink it if escape it
were not cut off by the presence of a palpable d
duty-we at last fod ourselves compelled to" take
its very dregs. A decent respect for the exeru- tl
rive office, a patriotic effort to avoid colliaiu be- w
iween the two departments of the government hi
ever mAtifested by this Hose, seem to have been p
nmost strargely misunderstood by the president. di
Our refusal to abuse the power or to resort to it
even while a mere doubt as to the right to exe.- -
cite it c, uld be urged in opposition thereto,,seems
to have been construed by him into a license to of
tranmle on even the penal statutes of the nation. m
1 he renult is before us. The president challenges ci
the supremnacy of the law and dishonors his con- It
stitatioal obligation to take care that the lawsbe
faithfully executed. Substantially he affirms that
the oath if t flce may be qualified by the conclu- a
sions of his pllvate judgment. lie defiantly casts r(
before the representatives of the pe )le his tI
gusge ai.d declares that he will decide what laws ii
are constitutlwo,l, and that such only as sttid
the test of his judgment will he respect, enforce H
or obey. uI
This is his case, and hlie ha.slected to base it on
a penal itatute. It i. for us to traverse this case H
arid put it to the country. Anything less thin II
itbi wonll be a lhttineful ab le of tiig trait 3I
anvd criminal abandonment of duty. Ti my it
thaape l:all neither of the.e offinues be oDice.l. cl
IMr. Speaker, it has been urged in this debeta a
that the prIritient's scole ojet: is to se itre a It
juIdgment otf the courts sa to the constitutionali'y t
SIf the act regulating the tenure of certaiu civil I1
ifi'ers. Su,.h an intent will not justify the c
cn imission of a high crime or misdemeanor. Sap- ti
iore the c. urte should hold the act to be coniti as
tutlutlal, wi uld the fact that his intent was to [t
have that question decided be a good plea to a Ip
iudictntnt for a violation of its provi.ions ? Who i
is se iustne as to assert so preposterous a prop)- d
situ, n ? Whoever acts, in the way, and for the w
purpone suggested, does it at his peril. rhe risk p
i-elongys to the president in this case, a
not to the law. Trie pilea in his de It
Iei-,e -as niot the, re-ult of inadvertence or ti
ni-laken judgment. It is that, wailt cel'ulatonu I
,nd dil hbiate purpose, he committed a higr mis it
Icolueanr in order to secure a judgment of the a
courts. Sir, we will grstify his desire by refer- it
I .g lies cse to the hiighest tr.lscl known to the a
(' nr-itution of ttie r-puihic--the high coirt of i n- re
pteahuet, To l that august tribuuAl we will pre- It
.-t:t .his care, aid wilh it the law and the cri,u c
:val. He shall have hli d4y in cI-irt, ani be "i
Ironuht for Li- own good and that of his succe- tii
-r rr in office, and that ot the United tites. I
Ll'otied a ith all the high powers of his official c
.tatliu, he is as coltpletely a subordinate to the ci
"' ws of the rec nblic as the haiub e.t of its eiti- u
zeri.s. The pubic welfare, the repose of the ii
ui.lion, the interests 0o our uts ituti ,ua, the saIety a
f the republic itself, require that all persons, g
Sliffi i or othrwii-e, -hall oe solmnly taught that 11
hi lIw of this laid is no respecter of perdnas; p
tat lhe Ligh and low, rich and poor, the public ft
oflictr ad the private citizen are eacu audill il
alike amenidable to its imperative demands, sub- 5.
j, ct to its high command, subordinate to its an. a
prno-e auth,,rity. The ruijes'y of the law must be d
aritrttd, though it striie frout his exaited post lt
tin the chil majistrate of the uation. \Ve de- h
ilite the ,eceesity , but we must obey the voice b
oi tih law. .
I spe k not as a partisan, but an a custodian j
if a trust who.e sacred character uries me to a
itict obeivan e of my duty. I will v te ur the iI
tending resolutiuns to the end that the law may c
oe viredicated by the removal of an unworthy u
pL.bac servant from an official positilon Wutch he t
,has dihbon- rd by his pe verse di-r, gard of duty u
aind his unjust contempt of the supremacy at the
Mr. Woodbridge sustained the impeachment I
Irr tlutio,. l, diclaret his bellif that ii a,
other way than by impeachment could the inj"sty r
of tlc s.w ;cud th,- futu:e safety of the repub'.u
ie, nutlutamc ed. If tumult, nit and bloodshe I
wculd lulluw, they would not be cauned by toe
tatc4uiioh of the laws. HIe waoll assure the gee
n an from New York (Mr. Brooks) that if suci a
vould he the result, ten thousand swords would i
leap flour their sca'.bardi, a million bayonet, a
g' -t n in the slrtlin- ; brate heroes wou'd i 1 up i
the ranks; the honor of the old fig wiou,, be
nains'a lied; pea-e and quiet would hie re-iore I,
aind the na',ons of the e-rth wuld ag lu learn c
that hbe , verniment of the Uni:cd States was a
goveremant of law.
Mr. Wood addressed the H iuse against the irm
peaI'hnlent re-olution. HF said the proceediag o
a us nwarantable as it is unprecedented. the i
president has been gioty of no legal or moral of
en.se under the Constitu ion and laws. The ground t
on which the resolution of impeachment is sought i
to be maidtained are all frivolous, technical, and
utteuly unworthy of any attempt at refu'atiin. If
ony brat.ch of the government has been guilty of t
high crimes and ntsdemnieaiirs, it is that waic a
vould usurp all iwer and ruike the c,,-llrllinte
branches subservient to Its will and Its slt-ish per
tisan decires. The president has beeo careful to
n ;ttain his cath otf ifice, which requires him to
preserve, protect anid defend the Constltution t,
the best iof his ability,and this ia the extent of his I
Sfftrding at!i no more. If the -enate shall cou- I
sumnmate this proteeding and diplace the chief t
iiig.-traie of the natin titer so light a pretext. r
it wil conlmllt an lofl.nse greater in effeti than that
att m ited by tie Iraters of seccuinn in I1. I.
Their effirt was to accoruplish territorial disirte
gratiln. Ihls eflrt is to dii rg anize the goveru
iernt titself. If carried through, the pui credit
:tceives a fatal blow, becakes the insteblity of
or pltItctal tustltttions h)icones mmuif-st, and
this basis upon which rests all monetary and pr
iletary interest. will be shaken. As a cuse
qlielce, the Igteat industrisl interests will bec ime
-ral~ Zed. taixaiti-n will be - tne materially en
henced, the corrency further depreciated, trade a
and conilerce destroyed, and tihe people, taught
by the example of Congress, will learn to dare I
.pect and disregard the authority or the ofi ial I
powera so necessary for the protection of life. r
Ithrty and prIperty. hui. would seeidl and po -
litical evl oill-w, alike subvwrsive of prlvte~ anl II
tubitc good. Will the necessity for removal j isiIfy
the pribasblity of -uc-h expert nents a at fthi re' e
Is our national condlli,n in that secure po~itiin ti
wliart an experlnenit o fraught wel p.asilPll I
istager? If ,o('h conti-derati ,ns bhre n-, weight
:~,h the ma, rlty of the Iluise, can thit party
ihear the responsibility it wail thus iliti I Cat it I
sake upon tteelf the odium of all extraordinary I
i.d rivlutilct~asry procitelhnee? t'ar it es-,ape
iron tile caneequeuccu; iuci-len' to sv) eilent aI
-ened) for Inaginiiary wrng-, when no m.itives
I, pub!,c godo will sustain it' 1 inplorethegen
nr eii (If the Hol-e, brhere these impenling c I
aleiies, to reflect upon the ciiue-i'en-e
t I the step they are about to take. If Ith' d inger
to thle cuntrv ard ti!e it. t'JTry's exit-rnce can
, uite ,( laris, let them r-iii-uiber tii r oath lif
I lii' e. ti:h cI nttl!ielcy to whnm ea-h must reo
der his CoIunt, and ihe iunvdlls lithility thtu
Ircurrced. In our p tluon as memhers of the
lIoure we are not our own agecs. We are here
II. a replieeNtita ve canaciy. Nr dI, we reflect
aione tie voices and wiahes of p dlticians at home. I
Inc'der the theory and laws of our c ,uotry. we are
ail the cervants of the whole potlse whose wants
aInd w;hbeas we impersonate on this flior. fo their I
hal-picess and pro~erity let us devote ourselves:
t, their bhet interests eIrt us be faithful, and to
their biading let us bow. so thet we may here
ait ler n et them wit hout fear and withot repro aoh.
The day will; -pc d yy corne when all of us mpstIa
rt td r an account of our stewardsphi. not only to
,nr fttinds and our neighbors, but to Gd and our
cuntry. Let us try so to dirscharge this duty
hat, whether living or dying. in public or private I
life,. in the pre*aence ot oiur families or oCour I
Maker. we can justify or maintain our conduct.
Mr. Proyn followed, on the same side, arguing
in euppert of the constitu'i ,1ln action of tihe
i-resdent in the matter which is the grounad
the charge against him.
Mr. Pltntd, having flre a ontes allowed him.
Sret spoke in favor of the impeachment reso
Mr. Stokes, having ten miaotee allowed him,
followed on the same side of the question.
Mr. Pike, having six minutes allowed him,
stated the gronandsan whiuh he sustalmed the
Sresolutrlon of impeaiment.
Mr. Nlichlsoon opposed the resolution. and de
elared hs belief that the assumed vHolation of the
tennre of olice law ws- a mere pretext, and that
t the true motive of the proposed impeachment
Swas to be found In the determ nation to remove
r'he president, not as an obstacle in the path of
S1econstruction, but as a dreaded obetaceo to the
uncontituiton4- Masure to be rcsle ib for
pa cr ojsty secos
Mr. Miler eastaied the resol-o.
Mr. IdrIdge addressed the lBe la e i-l
ties to the remdlaties. He a th geIsL teug
on the other ide if the believe r epeeputd
that It we poeible for this goveram t, et r
eral coequal deptrtmein , to exist whea nt1
nl warrng with each other, bt ewh the see
not only eas neo deatinl emmele with the
,other, but war a knows and determined enemy,
oldl g his poesition aganst his owe prosoaoeed
conviction of constitutleoal right and duty. He
believed that this was part of a great organised
i-lan to get rid of the executive and to lavest
"ongres. with all the power of the government.
It was the exeoution of a great sad determined
t urpose to subvert and overthrow the Constitn
-ion and to destroy all the eomtitatloaal depart
ments of the government It was the carrying
out of a purpose long since formed by the most
radical of the Republican party. In proof of this.
he sent to the clerk's "desk and had read notea
,of a conversation had lasut fall with a promieet
member of the Republican executive committee
of Indiana, in which the purpose was foreshad
owed of removing Mr. Johnson, and putting in
his place one who would use the army to carry
the presidential elect~e if aecessary. He had no
doubt that this conspiracy would be earned out.
Mr. Judd said that his past action in voting for
the imnpeachment of Andrew Johnson had met
with the approbation of his constituents, and he
had just received a dispatch which justifed his
proposed action in voting for thi resolution. The
dispatch was read as full ,ws:
"CHuicGO, ILL., Feb. 24.
SHoi I. B. Judd:
" The Republican press and party of the city
of Chicago unanimously demand the impeach
ment cf Andrew Johnson. A mass meeting is
called for to-morrow evening to give expression
to tis feeling.
" I D. OTIS, C1ma.""
Mr. Harding said that his constituents had is
structed him to unite his voice and vote with the
representatives of the loyal millions in demandisn
the impeachment of the criminal who occupied
Mr. Shanks said that In this conjunction the
Honuse should speak but one word, and strike but
uone blow, and that the blow should come firt.
Mr. Stevens, of Pennsylvania, closed the debate.
He said: "I agree with those gentlemen whi
have gone before me that this is a grave subject,
and should be gravely treated. It is important to
the high official who is the subject of thse
charges, and it Is important to a nation of forty
nillitns of people now free and rapidly inoreasin;
to hundre of millions. The oiicial character of
the chief of his grand nation being thus Involved.
,he charge, if falsely made, is a cruel wrong. If,
i"n the other hand, the misdemeanor and usurpa
ti-ri charged agsan.t him are trite, he is guilty of
as itrocious an attemptjo usurp the liberty and de
stroy the happiness of this nation as were ever
perpetrated by the most detestable tyrant who
ever opposed his fellow-men. Let us, therefore.
drscuss these questions in no partisan spirit, but
with legal accuracy and impartial justice. The
people desire no victl. and th-y will enture no
uenliation. The chaYges, so far as I shall discss
them, are few and dltinct. Andrew Jobhnos is
rharged with attempting to usurp p ,were of other
tranches or the government. and with attempting
to obstruct and resist the execution of the law ;
with misprision of bribery. end in the open viola
tion of laws which declare his a9-ts miade-nean era
sad subject him to tine and imprisonment: with
reIisving from office the secretary of war darirng
the session of the Senate. without tue advice or
consent of the Senate; and witththe violation of the
.ixth section if the act enritled an act regulating the
t nure of certain civil officers. There are other
, I, sems charged in the papers referred to the
conrntrtee, a hich I may conor Icr more by them
telves. In order to sustain impeachment under
our Constitution. I do not hold that i' is necessary
to prove a crime as an indictable offense, or any
act ,iinatm in se. I w with the distinguished
genltemun from Pennsylvania, on the other side of
the Hon.e, wh i holds this to be a purely political
proceeding. It is intended for a remedy for mal
teasance in office, and to prevent the continuation
herr.of. Be-joud that it is not intenled as a per
eonal punishment for past offenses and for future
action. Impeachment under our Constitutie Is
different from impeachment under the E''ilsh
law. The framers of our Constitution did not rely
for safety upon the avenging dagger of a Brutus,
but provided peaceful remedies whicbshehtld ore
vi nt that uecessery. England had two systems of
jurisprudence-one for the trial and punishment
tf conmon offeuders. and one for the trial of men
rt, bigher stations, whom it was found Jiti:ult tis
convict before the ordinary tribunals. This lat
ter proceeding wasby impeachment or bills of at.
tan der, generally practiced to punish official
u elefactors; but the system soon degenerated
Ilto poli cail and personal persec.tkion, and men
aere tried, condemned and executed by this court
TrOn: mal:grent motives.
" Srrch was te condition of the Englith laws
when our Cr0nst'tuion was framed, and the con
v. iti n det.er ined tr provide against the abuse
. i tLt ligi power, so that revenge and punish
niert should not be inflicted upon political or
pervr) at enremiles. Hence the whole pinslhinent
was nmade to conusist in removal from offie, and
bills of attainder were whully prohibited. We
are to treat this qtestion, then, as wholly polit
ceal, in which, if an officer of the govern-nent
al.use his tiust, or attempt to pevert it to im
irtoper purposes, whatever be his motive, he b
comr s erbject to impeachment and re-moval from
ftice. The often-e being iudctable does nit
irevent impeachment, but is u t neoessary t>
sustain it. See Story's commentaries on the to'i
etiti'.iin, Madt.-rn and otherr. Soch is the opin
i, n of our elementary writera, nor can any cate
,f impeachment tried in this country be found.
where any attempt was made to prove the offense
indictable and criminal.
" What, then, are the official misdemeanors of
Andrew Jhnson. dirc'osed by the evidence? On
the 2d day of March, I-t;7, t'ongress p.ared s,.
sit, entitled 'an act riguiating the teinre of
crtain ecvil offic.s.' Antong o'hir provitions, it
etracted that no officeer who had been appointed
sy ,r with the advice and consent of the
-,nate, s ould be removed from ofi:e with at
the consent of the Senate. and that If dur
It g vracatlion a supension should he made
fhr canu-e, such can'e should he reported t,
the -enate within twenty days after their next
iteetitr. If the Senate ahould deem the reason
,f the stnpension arfficiant, then the ofl+cr ahiild
Ie mtnior'ed and ansther salppointis in his stea :
tut if the benate should refuse to concur wibh the
president, and declare the reasons insultl'ient,
tLeo the ffticer buspended bh til4 forthwith resume
'ie functiols of his office, and the powers of the
p rson performing its duties should cease. It is
especially provided that the secretary of war
-hall hold his office during the term of the presal
,ent by whom he may have been appointed, and
I-.r one nionith thereafter, uinle rim'oved by aid
with the consent of the Senate aforesaid.
"On the 12th of Augusnt. 1987, during the recess
of thie Sinate, the president remuved the secre
tary of war, whose term of ofli-e ha lo not expired.
re quiring him to surrender the offi'e, with tie
,,riblic property ad appointed General U. S.
rlarle seretr.,ry of war al I irt'rrim
W When Aidriw J.hnson assumed the of e of
;.re:drnt, he took the oiath ti , ohbey the CoJnstl'u
rtn of the Cunted istates, and to take care that
tLe laws be faithfully execued. 'This was a
-ilemn, enduring obliigatio, n, r can he plead ex
rniption frim it ron acciunt of his c-rrdlition at the
rime it wass edninistered to himn. nlu tle attempt
i,, Lbstruct the ex-cnrtion of the Isw, not a mers
ii i-rion u amriounting to uneglierica, which wou'd
rave been a midemnea~nor, hbut a bold conspiracy
was attempted by him ito Ilduce the general ol
Le armj to aid him in defeating the operatlint of
hls law, arnd whrn he had suipendd the secretrlv
f war, he appointed ienral Grant sneretary ad
,t "m writ tiah avowed plrp ise of prevestint
t r opl.ratrtn of that 'sw If ithe i-ne satriid dc
it or iai f cvr cto secrrtary. and he says tst tb
CeiTeral did triter Iito sti-h aconapira - to aid him
iis oi)pttrtr, tI-,( retrrlr (,f the secretary, nort wi'tu
-tandong the Senate might decide In hisl fav r.
'ie i denied by the general, and a qiestimn of
veracity, rather sigrily discrisoel, has ari*en be
tween them. and these gentlem-n seem to co.
.ider that that qrestion is one of impertence to
tie iublic. In tois they are mistaken. Which is
ihe man of truth and which is lathe man o false
ii ed is of no more puhlic ,mportance than had i!
(' urred between two obscure Individials. If
Art driew Johnsoon tells the truth, then he is guilty
* a l:gh misdemeanor, for he svown his edirt to
presen-t the executi ,n of the law. If the ienerat
onniandtrg tells the truth. then the president is
LUiityf abrgh misdemeapsnor, for he declares th
-anle thing of the president, denying only his own
r mpnlicity. No srgument can make this point pilin
er than the statement of the culprit. If he sad the
general told the truth, then he committed wilful
t erjory by refusing to take care that the laws
-h,.ulJ be duly executed.
"To show the atranms and guilty keowledge
with which this was violated, we have oaly ti
irn to the proceedings of the Senate, notifying
im of his illegal and voed condoct, aod thee to
consider that be hasb since persevered in attempt.
er to en orce it. Indeed. to show his utter die
regard of the laws of hie country. we have only
to turn to his last annbal maUege in whlk he
proclaimed to the publie that Silaweof gogrees
are unconstltutional, and not bladtag ea the pe
vie. Who, after that can say thai se*s a mn is
lIt to ocapy the exetive chaIr, whose duty It is
to vindicate obedience and see that thsee very
laws are faithfully obeyed?
"Then the great beauty of the remedial anad
preventive process I clearly demenatrated. He
Sdnul and blnud who csan't t tL eemeaty and
1' be ebsldre s aed perpedN of the ratt by
*e* s hu*s, . a 5 1. ese s ew .e s en a* s w
pt aqua r made orrwere sr Oft
to ter f it Se; or the askAg
,e ,twiglo any .teasetmbwl
or les ofsa t r h y is i sa e toetr
sad se hntby dmMid- I d o tbsio
Umaes, . p rtaid omp vnd.
..ll pu ed by a oe of sot ezoeedlag te
tbotleid'ollars.or by impr imemeet not ezwed
ini beo years, ooth -M Ipealhmeta, ti he dis
cretion of the oTart.'
w Aadrew Johulae, on the 7l1t dayof Peb
ISIS, Ibesd his commiseionary letter of a-.
to Loreaso Thomas, appolasuag him seore
tary of war ad interim, and commanding him to
shke possession of the department of war, and to
'-jet the itembent, I. M. tsanton, thee in law.
lul poessioO of said omoe. Here, if this act
stood alone, would be an undeniable official mis
demeanor; not only a misdemeanor per se, but
declared to be so by the act itself, and the party
,ade indictable and punlshable in a criminal pro- ri
"If AAdrew Johnson escape with bare removal
from ofice ; if he be not fined and inoareorated it
the penitentiary afterwards under criminal pro
eedings, he may thank the weakaese of Congress
and not his own innocence. We shall propose to
prove in the trial that Andrew Johnson was ggilty
of misprision of bribery by offering to General
Grant, if he would unite with him in his lawleas
violence, to assume is his stead the pennaltie and
to endure the impn.onment prescribed by the la ws. °
" Bribery is one of the offense specilcally a
enumerated, for which the president may be Ia.
leached and removed from ofse by the Consti
tution: Article 2, sectlon 2. The president has
power to nominate, and by and with the advice
and consent of the Senate, to appoint all officers
f the United States, whose app uintments are
not therein otherwise provided for. and which
shall be eetablshed by law, and 8I all vaoe
cies that may happen during the recess of the
Senate by granting commissions which shall ex
pire at the end of their text session.
"Nowhere, either In the Constatution or by
statute has the president power t) create a va
cancy daring the recess of the Senate, and fill
it without the advice and consent of the Senate,
aid yet on the 21st day of February, 1869,
while the benate was in seciton he notified the
head of the war department that he was re
moved from office, and his sucassoar ad iaterism
"Here is a plain recorded violation of the Con
stitution and laws, wh'ch, if it stood alone, would
make every honest and intelligent man give his
vote for impeachment. The president hat perse
vered in his lawless course throngh a long series
cf unjustliable acts.
"When the so called Confederate State of
America were conqnered, end had lain down their
arms and surrendered their territory to the vic
torious Union government, the flual disposition of
the conquered country belonged to Congress
alone, according to every principle of the laws of
the nation. Neither the exLcOtive nor the julici
ary had any right to interfie with it, except so
for as was necessary to control it by the smilft y,
or until the sovereign power of the nation had
provided it civil administrations.
" No power but Congress had any right t) say
when they should be admitted to the Union as
states and entitled to the privileges of the Con
sti'utlon of the United States; and yet Andrew
Johnson, with unblushing hardihood, uinlertoek P
to rule, and by his own power alone to lead thet
into full c mmunion with the Union. direct them
what governments to enact and what Constitu
tiones to adopt, and send representatives to Con.
gress according to his Instrutions.
" When admoni'hed by an express a:t of Con
greea more than once, repeatedly he disregarded
the warning and continued his lawless usurpa
tions. He is since known to have obstructed the
re-establishment of those governments by the an
thority of Congress, and has advised the inhabit
ants to resist the legislation of Congress.
"' In my judgment, his conduct with regard to
that tresaction was a high-handed usurpation of
power, which long ago ought to have brought him
to impeaclment and trial, and to have removed
him from his position of great mischief. He has
been lucky in thus far escaping. through false
logic and false law; but his are acts which will on
the trial be shown to be atrocious, and are open
evidtece of his wicked determination to subvert
the laws of his country.
" I trust that, when we all come to vote upon
this question, we shall remember that, although it
is the duty of the preside nt to see that the laws
be eagcpted, the sovereign power of the nation
reets on Congress, who have been placed around
the executive as monuments to defend his rights.
ard as watchmen to enforce his obedience to the
laws and the Constitution, and it is our duty to
compel him to do it -a tremendous obhligation.
heavier than was ever assumed by mortal rulaters.
"We are to protect or to destroy the liberty and
happiness of a mighty people, and take care that
ti ey progress in civilization, and defend them.
tilves saairst every kind of tyranny. As we deal
a ith the first great pclitical malefactor, so will be
ibe result of our eborts to perpenate the ltappi
i(e and good government of the human race.
Thaldod of our fathers who Inspired the-n with
the thought of universal freedom will hold us
responsible for the noble itstitntions which they
pr jected and expected as to carry out.
' TLis is not to b.: the temporary triumph of a
po'itical I-arty, but is to endure inmits onsequence
until this whole continent shall he fillet wi'h a
free, untrammeled people, or shall he a nest of
rlr;,ukii g. cowardly slaves."
The reading of tle speech was concluded at two
minuted before 5 o'clock. The Hoaue then pro
ceeded, amid great hout suppressed excitement, to
vote on the resolution, as follows:
" Ieso:lrcd, That Andrew Johnson, president of
the United States, be impeached of high crimes
During the vote excuses were made for the ab
* i" or Messrs. Robinson. Benjamitn, Wasibme
and Williams, and Vas Hrn, of Missouri: Trim
ble, of Tennesser: Pomeroy, Donoelly, Konts,.
Maynard and Shellaharger
The Speaker stated that he could not ac~nsent
that his enoutituent~ 5h10nl4 he silent 0n so grave
an rcsior.; therefore, as a member of the House,
he vo'*d sye.
[he vote re'ulted yeas 12t, naysJ 47.
Shepsed, Abbot & t'o.-. , ('amp street, are
o iling th -ir stonk it .eastly r~e-,.-n d prices.
OU'ISIANA STTE oSEMIAT,.
sIAR ALIXAND5IA, LOUtltANA,
Fea dU sd anl upperte by the State of LeMana
The next sslen beginls Septemhber d, and closes June a,
atrcv-eT---ald t at a f sll reoree of able Isteetr-t i aS
r chie orf Lu-tertu,* ad c'eelo usn y taght -a the best
('Coiei e ra d 'ntIsittr.e
I ouoss or i-cur-- mbrace a Pre.raetory and as Aead
nm e Dep~rtmet, ncludms a Litrery, eclsttiij ad Op
ti, ncl t oeur' a Bt5ecisl &hou| of Cilil Itgnuie•e'lg Isd s
io,,:n erh'*.s rchlool
' osm---sr ts cexpenes, exeept clothin-g $slt: $2St paTy.
.,le in sdvane, balance auJ peeqelnene January 1*t nd
t ,1te reeoivte st any time during the sesosion. and charged
frum dote ot eetrance
AddAes D. IF. BOYD, lopserntMndenk
lOa"'' T MARY VOLL--L --r
nEAR MMTTTBURGto, MAIRYIANDI
Tbis lnctlttios losnood I e, toorporeted 555m
p-..ered to corfer D-arch- in iPi), ha, cotlntitii- mpre iee
acd d osdtouCoIaia uyttiyvg a ?t,,tOUtti IOU(CA
Tie Firest Brui,- Of the abc-tlaick aer bigias the sist
wrk ,of As*u~c; the Seco d on tethe28th o' Jan ary
te YT-rms feor ISeatrd ad Tsmt'eon see S ptr •asa--- a
t,,r ear O.tin a l4t--pybi Ip adnree. Clothrin.a, hts
Io-rlry. et. It nope iod by thr Cotilg. mrnet ai ed be aiod
A I it. tiudese 'irte mtruted ia t DD.etris ma trai
p thr I u d i the it. hit hor ilgote .
liere a*r o P tatir) i.ortn.to tr Po n 'Uos not qile.ea
'o~r '. CC-i,~cuarca I'w lirtleir ioft,rr•tla apply 5'.
C- D Rio-as, 5e sa 33 c'mp .tees NeW Orlear . sa be
api. to sou sman for thi e olieco
a ;.-Klr a.ws'l CUgO@L rm5 Iws
Se Qeoss ea da saa Saioelad.
'O A L ..... .... .. _ _ ........ ....... ... C O A L
AT RDUCEID PgIwga
Yeey hest dosr, e nIeTe.d Ptt-hnerT Oast fu t•atIlTe,
deimeed 5 any part of tet. at ia n maarket
rle, Pittcburr Coal in barges or brats, da iveLred the
east .r sayrt of tief t.)B. MA5ON a #O..
m OGrater rstaer
COAL................co &................ OAL.
vbe anademiamedareprared to tfhuaL the best earsed
PITTSU O COALatthe iswet market press All oede's
oSt s he Tmard feet et taUoa e streetr oer te har mes
Sae Csme etbt, vial erseese rcamps asiaiasa,
S OYD, WILmOY a 00,
-R. I* MACtlI
Orn3 TEIRD AND TCNOUPITOULAB STRENT.
Is ew tarsrasln the best of ASB WOOD at I pr
'3LEGRAPII comP Y
TLQ01&P? COMPAIIY. t
A new iepet toe be hue. me the NATIONAL TE.
GRAPS OMPANT, bas beoa erganed, weh aaeablt
franchise a cferred by a rse s set of Congaress, or the pm.
peo of eeabhisbg TRUM LUNUU OP TL)lGRAPm em
nI the ishebdpt anseae ad mas mrtes tn the VaUntO
tates. Tb. beU k l t be ismed upethe smem platelp as
haot of the Merh ate' U le Ixprew OCspea.y, whieb .
eatty eomma med epsMea, Tn dued is to natere th
eatire beadm s eam say to tbe eaterprie Te is 4 sae.
set seasea to dl.peeo or the Stek it is to meeare. the bed
SmO of the eeumry theagh wibh the lime pas.
The Capital tos to be
Ta me s ares., o the per valueof
10I Pnr u IHAUr.
t to atuel aee to be paid ladt C h
llSE er Share.
And this aemat Is tobe p.M a fotlows: O per cat. of the
per at tim of subeenbsg, and no mere, amtU . em
capital has beesaabsorbed, cad tha one a Is to be a Ad tI
the Board o Dreetrs, ctMJilmlb not to eoeed lIperp
ornt. per mesth. Wbh thirty- v, per eat. oft\e par val
of the shares has beer paid, est tes of stock wll bea
•.. . Tas will spoe a Oale s a ai up
CaUl c&AITALX O1r 680*.*00,
Which will be emulet to duplleab e liues to 1, a r aaty l,
he psyteg potals reached by the preamt meopopy.
The present Toleprh Compeatos of the county have bm
asscolidated lat ea. hbee moopoty, sad me nov earala
ever deS miles to dollars per yew, er evmer headrel p
coat. en the ateal east of their Ilima, their preset etllat
saving been watered ever ee thousand per eat.
The NATIQIAL TILKORAPH COMPANY hs bar -
oepal'tle from the United States Government of the ipee.
a0es of their nterprise, with a grFat of the meot vcl
frnebchiee ever eelerred spe a TeIgraph Oempamy. 3e
competing timo beaa ver had th right new graited by Osm
gross to this Compmny to constrnet and operate lines er
every Reflioed and Mall Beat in the Ualted uates. lho
position of this Company dlffers from that of any company
ever before ergoe ed. The questie of the light of Way ts
The lteckboldn of this Complmy easme be sold at or
transferred to ay other Company. The act o' Congrel s a
der which this Cmpany h been organled prohibits any
transfr o the oanchi se granted,
C(lls-IWew to be Made.
One per cen. of tbe Stoek w be reqnuired oa uberalbin(g,
and eahbrquet cia, not to enceed Ive pmr eaIt pIm meth,
wln be made by th oeard of Director., from time to time ae
as be oeeseary, to cmppy fuads to metract and equip the
lines; but a calle wtll be made after the one per cent. Ic paYt
at the etre Capital ak shall bhare bees escrribed.
Aetuel Cepital eqeatar d.
The Cempeay eedontLy believe that thrty-ly pm .
of the Capital te wtll coaatruct and fetly eqalp
3S,@ MIlo. of Win.,
Which will eomeet all tim gommeroal center, and important5
rdples in the Ualted States. thil oplninl reto upen *L
most reliable estmate ed reponaibtle offeor to contamu
and equip the lns.
The NATIO(AL TELEGRAPH COUPAWY tI oralrsed
under the laws of the State of eow York, and frachine oem
feored by an set of Cosngress, pm~rvedJdly St, tleI
pr ldet.-G-OEGK B. BESTER, of Clvrelaod. Obh.
Vie-Preoldent--ROSLERT SQUIRESn et New Y.rk CLOt.
Treas -er-FI P DIR ] PErENTIC, of Wew York Ciy.
Pecrctary--O1ORGOE B. WALTBB, of lNew YorkCltty.
--couPAlr s orrc-
We, m 4 sa ad sa rreadway, New rowk.
Alhamlted amea of th CeOaptl Stock of thic Comunen *
eletted to this tLeeal , sad *t0a taria a oppoenlity, eat
subscrhingl, will be plaeod spea eal termn with' ts eC eo
ratora, and will saere le ianterest in all franchie whith
hae eced, or ma.y beelter ce to C
Perties wisohl to mben'ese to thin eate'ptha, will gnd the
sehecspen Ist with
JULES CASBARD, ENo.,
amdst City Sallmal Sank.
TUS. I. DTX. Esq.,
Cahkler Nerchant' uk.
D. WEBSTER, Esq.,
GOrnal Aaeat of *he Celanpa.
IgNN& L , bmU a o.,
r li l egrs S*Ime *, cormer ot Veatm
ow. Octem, Ii,