Newspaper Page Text
te pa e um qmusL.
WFFICAL OUIUMAL OF TIE CITY OF NEW LEAIIS.
I I "x . Is S re med Vewesee..
OvWL, Ie. fa OAT6 aJ ZP R .
2MI DAILY GBmOUM
etr -a m r so umm" s meea mp te.
a gegmentº gas rule ssegii Ns am
s...... s nW. s n. - u .
oooo.e. vm e asor asea nee. L
.:' " " .. M
a". I ..mi a :: an
In:: in d
n teso-etrd As shdre aec&
uI eas ParSh se meatohly a,,WstWmesma eam e,
Pw -'- ..w.
smdas eItImsemts, m meth raem r ts popem, sm
1%0l and limer pg st l mtdsemenl, eal is.
ImUes, l N per pam.a
utiaier sd.uti, , was d.mvbes gelo, a- be saeSd
No assm be.m shawe eamen $eaI.US rawu m nw be
yeai ehw; pISes, UMias a. msaia meb dea mum U
msepll esm.s m
A. bemMast entbemrnis mast be aid ts lasdameas
&al SveMtes e at matked oe amy speaied saumbe of
aMeams wti be pebib d ael Mases and dareed aseordtiagt.
UIMbil with samer adersledae shb l be readeed maetbl.
sm he be ss We mussgsi by er 55a5.ea seam.
VIS W.~KLY ORmIOEN'
A pndb"e ese17 gaturda amnug. Ueheariputa, i5
eememaois A mdveem; balt-pearly and arte ty. same raUte
nage -eism 18 seem
70es ot Aeeeuslsatss
-::::: *l- *r:- "- l": 'sO 1*
BUND s MORNs.In". OTOBER 18 1868a
s c...... Is Nrs.fr. -The following is thea
" s..... "" " 1 "" M " 70.
Ber nd his coadjtor re so persistently
. I 1 " 1 "" IS0
SUNDAY MORMING. OCTOBER 61 1866.
AtrncLxz Nnrr-"-xrx. -The following is the
ninety.ninth article of the Constitution, which
Baker anid his coadjutors are so persistently
and willfully trying to set at naught:
Asr. 99. The following persons shall be pro
pibaed from voting and holding any office: All
persons who shall have been convicted of tres
im, per fry, forgery, bribery, or other crime
puW ible in the penitentiary, and persons under
nterdiction. All persons who are estopped from
elaiming the right of suffrage, by abjuring their
allegiance to the United States government, or by
aotorlously levying war against it, or adhering to
Its enemies, giving them aid or comfort, but who
have not expatriated themselves, nor have been
eeavicted of any of the crimes mentioned in the
frst paragraph of this article, are hereby restored
to the said right, except the following: Those
who held office, civil or military, for one year or
more, under the organization styled " the Confed
erate States of America ;" those who registered
themselves as enemies of the United States; those
who acted as leaders of guerrilla bands dung the
late rebellion; those who, LA the advocacy of
treason, wrote or published newspaper articles or
preached sermons during the late rebellion; and t
those who voted for and signed an ordinance of
ascesaion In any State. No person Included in
these exceptions shall either vote or hold office
until he shall have religred himself by voluntarily
writing and signing a certiflce setting forth that t
he ackhnowledges the late rebellion to have been
morally and politically wrong, and that he regrets
any aid and comfort be may have given it; and he
shall file the certfeate In the office of the secre
tary of state, sad it shall be published in the of t
oial journal. Provided, That no person who,
prior to the first of January, eighteen hundred
and sixty.eight, favored the execution of the
1sws of the United States, popularly known as the
reconstruction acts of Congress, and openly and
actively assisted the loyal men of the State in
their elorts to restore Louisdana to her posetion in
the Union, shall be held to be included among
these herein excepted. Registrars of voters shall
ake the oath of any such person ae prin,,t facie
evidence of the faet that he is entitled to the ben
eat of his proviso.
If any citizen is improperly denied regis
tration by the supervisors, we trust that he
will immediately take legal steps to assure
his rights, instead of appealing to the "trooly
loil" Baker. The district courts can issue a '
mandamus, and no appeal lies from their
decision. This course is simple, and the
remedy is sure. One or two such cases will
be sufficient to settle a contested point and
compel the supervisors to do their duty.
JAcxSoN sTUm v Dir GoonDs BTOR..-Mr. J.
Miller, Jr., wholesale and retail dealer in dry
goods, corner of Jackson and Tchoopitoolus
streets, upper side of Jackson, advertises a large
end beautiful assuortmeat of calicoes, lineas, 1
delalnes, flmnels, shawls, gent's noderwresr.
bosiry, and an endless variety of ribbons, Isaoe,
and other artioles too numerous to mention, ail
of which he is selling at greatly rednoed prices,
)elieving in the old adage of quick sales and I
'msll profits. Ladies visiting his store will
receive polite and courteous attention, and find
his stock and prices to be just as is represeated.
OGive him a call. t
Nsw OuLuAus ELEVATOR AND WARHOI. R
CourAr.-This company was organized on the
14th inst. by the election of a board of directors
composed of some of our weslthiest and most In. 5
uestal cltarne, it is the lnanguration of a ea
terprise which must, from the very nanture of cir
cumstancee, greatly enhance the commercial pros.
perity of our city and make rich all those who are a
directly concerned in the management of its
affairs. It is extremely gratifylng to see our peo
pie imbibing the spirit of public improvement,
and we are eatisled that there is as much of the
pure metal among our own citizens as there i in 0
the minds and hearts of our neighbors of a colder
clime. We think all that is wanting to develop t
our resources is that which is tha wisest of all
teachere-neceoity. Under the able manage
ment of such a board of directors, we feel coni- a
dent In predicting for this enterprise a career of
anprecedeated success, and, thinking and feeling
9o we do, we unhesitatingly commend it as a b
deaure place to invest one's money. d
B.vruasov AND McsarnsSc BPrLtgs -The O
tteution of ou readers is direoted to the adver
tiasmest of Meers. Boestick & Seymour, dealers in
herdware, Irm pipe. and fitnge for item, at
water usd gas, erner of Common and Felton B
sireet. Stems eeames end mechanics ae hi
eipeeially advised to erll and eualmine this large c
*td varied stoek, which they are selling as low e U
any housme in the SBeth. Their sortaqnt of j
holier, bar, sheet and rod Iron, rubber ho, pcek.
teg. etc., is one of the most complete is the oity, 4
end the facilities offered to purohasers re sr- of
aed by that of any other hones. See adver
D)emoans, register at once. Lose no time. p
We cna md eoughbt to register twenty-five
Jhouarad Deeaoet voters in this city, if t
lJsa ilt eies are are ded for the work. Be
The fobowing in more exteaied emaet_
them we have yet had roan thertsb in whid
Sthe New YorkWorld initiated the extmaedt
nary propoaedLm to ehane the DeamoeRlo
The gains were ot 0 gfat a the party de
sired or deserved. Inquiring why, havirtng ome
so amsr seees tin eme elm, we have aust
- mied It, two reasos appear, in the abeesoe of
either of which, ou tramphs woeld ave been
eestasi. These reasss ae suee as to show that a
Smjurity of the people are a our ade. ad have
t been repelled from or mupport by thiage having
so proper neawetle withe mets ofthe o
vn. If the military prestIe Gee. Great had
been out of the scale, we soud have been seo
ceseful; or, tht remanlag. I the perversions of
Gea. Blair' position had bee out of the oeale, we
k should have sucoeded. It would be paying a
poor compulient to Gen. Orat or the Judgment
of the patt that eminated hi. to say that hi
oculaitys net been worth to the Republicana
ofrPesayiain allt of the meagre majority by
wbh hthevy have rried the State. Put half of
that mall mjority on the other side and the two
parties woe be equal. If that small number of
votes are d to the popularity of Gea. Grant. it
would be ridiculous to suppose the contrary. The
election, had it been decided on the issue, would
have been In favor of the Democratic party.
The same remark will apply to other States on
the Democratic principles, pare sad simple. We
should have succeeded. We have been beatea by
reasons quite extraneous to the questions in issue.
We eenid easily have overcome the popularity of
General Grant if another point had not bees reaied
to direct attention from the ienes. The position
of General Blair and some of the Southern leaders
Sbu beeu perverted and misrepresented, and an
r impression induced that the Democratic party in
virtually pledged to the overthrow of the present
8tate goveraments by force. This slander ksh re
piled more than enough votes to have turned the
And then the World demanded the extru
sion of Gen. Blair from the ticket, and the
Intelligencer clutched at the chance to do
mand that Seymour be likewise thrust aside.
The deliberate judgment of the National Con
vention was to be set aside at the dictation
"* of a few panic stricken politicians, and the
great and generous impulses of the party were
to be sacrificed to the huckstering experi-.
ments of a self-constituted directory. It may
be that the Decmocratic party will not win,
but so cowardly an expedient would have in
sured its defeat.
Writts for the Itedar fvmj
JOCKO 0*s TO JACKUoMPoNer.
I am here, and therefore am I here. How I got
here ts a moving tale, for I was much moved in
doing it. It lus a train of events-and the Jack
son Railroad which brought me, at least, partially.
The rest of the way I took a steamboat--and some
After starting, the first man I struck was a
small dog, that 1 knocked over is my baste to get
on board. Then I encountered an individual who
looked as if he might have accumulated a fortune
in the wooden nutmeg business. Thi peron had
- possession of a berth in the sleeping ar, and was
e laboring under the pleasant delusion that he had
h "bot the hall section." This I attg boted to the
miseroscopic nature of his visual o"gans on the
y subject of,greenbaeke, and went to sleep.
Breakfast happened to me next morning, In
common with some fifty other fellow sufferers,
Sad about eleven o'clock aninsinuatinggentlemnan
11 passed through the cars with what he called "dl
S er tickets ;" but I recollected the morning and
I reached Memphis in safety, about half past
n three of the afternoon, after one of the most ex
traordinary journeys over taken, even in those
sF pace-anthlleto.attang days. I had left New Or
leans abot dusk, and before day-break next morn
ing I had gotten to Cantos. The habits and cue
toms of his interesting Chinese city I did not have
an opportunity of fully investigating, as the train
i only stopped about 13 manutes: ; but I am cou
vinced that they do not eat puppies, for I am con.
Sfdent I asw a thousand at the depot and heard the
voices of a mdllion more, which could not well
have been the case if they had been previously
From Canton we weeded our wa is a very
weadisome manner, and next reahed the ancient
capital of the Moorish empire, Greands. Strange
to say I did not see a single speelmn of the
Moresque building, theo' there were more or less
houses In sight, whatever part of the town you
went inato. I saw some da'k complected people.
however, and I supposed that the buildings had
gore to decay-or perhaps moved otT. There are
so many changes in the world, dear Cress !
We then retraced our steps and struck for Asia
Minor. (Major Asia had gone off recruiting for
the K. K. K.-which his wife calls "buying cot
too.") We ran up against A. M. a hSad,. a
pleasing place of business for a nervous man, as
there is absolutely nothing to even make him open
his eyes from day's end to day's end, utles h t Is
eccentric and sleeps with them so. Sirdis is
much reduced since Panlwas there an-I prey hed
from the steps of the temple. (N. B, to the
printer. Look in the C. Dictionary, and if this Ia
Sall wrong about ardis-I mean the Paul and
the Asia Minor part-strike it out. I like to be
e correct, bu l'm a long way from a library, and
old men's memories are proverbially tricky.)
Memphis I need not mention. Everybody has
been there; sat on the Pyramids, stumbled over
the mines, talked to the Sphyox, climbed up
Poimpey's pillar, gone through the eye of Cleo
patra's needle, or been "served up," it comes to
the same thing. Everybody that is anybody has
Sbeen to Memphis, and of course has performed
these things, and has wound up by donlg the Nile.
If they harven't let them go to Memphis and be
rsure they'll do them or their equoivalent and be
pretty certain not to get away without being
1 "Nle-ly done."
At Memphis I was invited by a gentleman of a
I prepossessing exterior and a seedy hat t' t co~s
and see him next time." ie enforced his clame
to recollection by giving me s card with " Comrn
niercial Hoiel. $2 50 a day," on it. I told him I
was much obliged, when he lsleft--which l incerely
I embarked on one of those crafts which so
closely resemble human actions in that thIir
motions are mostly discovered by looking bhck
the unlearned call them " etro-whelers,
"wheelbarrows," and other ianSluting epithets.
On this boat I made a safe and expeditious pass
are of three days to my present abiding place on
1'Wh'te river, in the State of A-r-k-a-n-s a-.. White
river is socalled because it aed to be wh:te,
I but it has been reconstructed since, and become
Sone of the United States agaIn, and is coe e
quently of a kind of black and tan-convention
Scolor. It is said to be one of the mot. sinu ,s
streams ever known; not that it is very strong.
thougoph it is nre tty beavy on a rise, having raiete
eighteen feet in nine bours once. Witt al its
feet it can't walk a foot. sad yet rnne all t!,e ti:u -.
It lacks close. A friend says there is ..hoit to
miles of it stowed away Ion 400 miles of cou-trv.
SWhat a store! Don't add a letter and make a
store y of this story, its story enough as it stands,
without beineg a two-tory. And speaking of
stores leads me to Jacksonport. Jacksonport Is
principally stores. It has some seventy-nine or
eighty inhabitants. most of which are stores-it
also a the Ku Klux. It had lit bad thbs nigt,
I got here--about two hundred of them I tO k.
I didn't see them, but I have heard neuugh to
make up for it.
Jacksonport is pretty good on steamboats. too.
In fact it is about the steamboaties- place I know
of, outside of Shreveport. But then it hasn't a
railroad. There is one which is in contemplation-
and benlog of a contemplative turn of mind. I
think It will stay there.
By the way iforgot to tell you, but Memphis 2
habu something new. It's " suandown." They
loek like a disappointed mushroom or a sugar
scoop in a bad way. They are woron by young
ladies, and old ones too, I suppose, for they
"come down on" the conatenance i a manner
to entirely preclude investigation. If they bhad
been called "sun-rises " now, I cou'd have or
derstood it, for they certainly are the rise of any.
thing known-and I should think they ware grod
to eat soup out of. Arkamaically yours,
Tan UNxIro Wassrro Macnirs.--Our readers
are directed to the advertisement of Messrs. Rice
Bros. & Co., importers an4 wholesale dealers in a
hardware, eutlery, eto., and who asre sole agents
for the celebrated Charter Oak cooking stove and
Union Washing Machiae. The certificate pub- r
lished by Messrs. BIe Bros. & Co. in another col
umn of thi morniag's Canse , giving the cor- .
dial indorsement of one of our respected citIzeas f
of the Union Washing Machine, as being the most w
tueful one ever brought before the pablio, is rof. as
Sient evidence of it being capable of 4ccom- th
plishlng all that is claimed for It. These gentle. cc
men have on hand a large ssorrtent, and after g
having witnessed a trial of itn work, reck mmend th
it to the pub:ic as a great labor savinag machine. hi
Bead the pertifloate of IMr. Ulrihb. in
,bl nw " m ls-now, ,m'6
Thb a e of er s tm l as the !s iM w Teek
trade sales se $0,000.
hi Philas I Australia mu rbelo eld, with
o seeesn. fe So earm of sa biMes.
A geatlmea b3 Weashebg omly, Iliu0a1, has
o10,000 speckled treot Is is iBsbsm
le- A fhrser near Nashville, has made
ne $40,000 shee the war, prieIpelly rom the sale of
of A farmer iL Wayne meem , New Teor, gath
en ered 167 pounds of potatoes for Ory peand
a pleated, of the barly Ros variet.
we D ileg the let two years he Unted Stateegov.
g ernment bee collected $48,000,000 tax from cotto
w. grows in thei Southern tates.
ad A etrawberry grower Ia Peasylvantia. this seo
o. sea siold his crop on tea acres for $10,000, he
of pickig the fruit.
re The sawmills In Nevada county, California, eat
a 760,000 feet of lumber daily.
st There are 10 06 pem London who sop.
al port themselves by the pen.
as California bea more them 10,000 Odd Fellows.
sy I be crop cerealms in Ohio tbis year is etimated
of at 141,000 000 bubels.
ro The stock of gra at New York on the 21st
of SeptemberS,168, w 3,047,752 bushels, aganst
it 1,743 39. buehels eame tame I 1867.
i Ohio bes 1,481,000 bhed of eattls and 2,100,000
Id hL187 the value of aleied tr product of the
in aited States wasu 170,49,240.
re Aloeg the Amason river t Beoath America, the
ty most productive comntry l the world, the towns
e. are supplied with meet, flour and dried fruits from
of North America and Europe.
id Over $0,000,000 are annually spent in New
)a York for drinks.
re Of 2600 Ree meters recently examined in Co
in lumbe, Ohio, only 248 weore found to be exact.
it Several large vieyards have been planted in
Mt Michoecan, Mexico.
e. A barrel of Bartlett pears were recently sold in
ie New York for $45.
In Daviesn county, Ky., the rabbit and partridge
u_ crop t said to be larger than the tobacco crop.
The aggregate crop of cereals of the United
1e States thie sesson Is estimated at 1,000,000,000
e. buebels, being the larget ever made.
The oclety of Agriculture and Arts. Versailles,
Si trylg to domesticate the ostrich in France.
n- The Uited States receivee $72,000 000 revenue
in a~nually from the dutiee on tea, c ,ffee and sugar.
Holland has a commercial marloe of 2237 yes
e eels, with an aggregate toanage of 542.952 tons.
re The library bshelves of the British museum are
about twenty-five miles iu length. The accession
of boeks is about 20,000 volumes a year.
sy There are in Paris 300 female printers and fifty
female proof readers.
The Astor house, New York, pays $9000 a year
a- for flour and $22,000 for butter.
Recently, 1040 eels were caught in one day at
Four Corners. Mass.. averaging two pounds each.
On the opentag day of the chase, near Paris,
10 500 hunting dogs were entered at the different
For ten years preceding 1743 the British parlia.
ment granted £120.000 to the patentees of Gear
Lie, for the encouragement of the culture of in.
kdigo and other crops.
V. A co-operative foundry, established in Roches
ie ter. N. 1., last year, has proved very successful.
Only $Il.00 was paid in, and the profi.s for the
a firt six months amounted to $8392.
t In 1768 the society for promoting arts. etc., at
0 New York, awarded £10 to Thomas Young, of
is Oyster Bay. for the largest nursery of apple
.d trees, being 27.123.
' Corn is sold by the acre In Kentucky. A field
d of corn near Maysville sold for $25 per acre; one
e near Carlisle sold for $33 per acre, and another
' for $22 per acre for the corn and $33 per acre for
n A farmer in Fayette county, Ky., sold twenty
seven acres of hemp for U00.
' A ton of cotton seed yilng about 30 gallons of
d A vessel recently arrived in England, from Aus
tralia. with 20110 whOle sheep. 2600 legs of mut
ton and 10 t1 ne rf beef, all in fine condition. The
bones were cut out, then the meat was steeped in
pickle, wrapped in clean white cloths, packed
closely in barrels and the Interstices filled with
seeds or melted fat to exclude the air.
A refrigerator car from Chicago arrived at
Providence, R. I.. recently, with 700 bsakets
peae hes in ine condition.
Rye bread is said to produce more brain and
ou· cle-sipporting food than wheat.
The Peaf and Dumb and Blind Institution at
1 Staunton, Va., has 138 students.
The crop of rice on Cape Fear river, N. C., is
estimated at 30,1(0 bushels.
F The freedmen's bureau lsamed 10,000,000 rations
during the last twelve months.
Dickens I. to receive £M0.0 for his farewell se
ries of one hundred readings in England.
A dairyman in Vermont made 138 pounds of but.
ter ard sold 252 quarts of milk from one sow b'
tween the 5th of May and 1st September of this
C'ranberries are $2 per bushel in Minnesota and
$5 to $6 in New Orleans.
Ex.Queen Isabella is 38 years old, weighs 225
p uods, drilLk biandy, and is said to be very
A Catawba graspe vine near Paducah, Ky.. pro
duced this season 240 pounds of grapes, which
sere said at tr cents per pound.
I)uring the Saratoga season of three months the
visitors at Congress Hall consumed 39,000 chick
e1 t. 3(,0(0 tozen eggs, 1500 turkeys, 5000 other
Swvils and 10-,000 pounds of beef, veal, mutton,
''l:e po::ce of Boston made 5284 arrests during
the three months ending 30th September.
Fiance has 2.700000 acres of State forest;
Proias, 5,070 000 acres; Bavaria, 1,962 000 acres ;
art' Austria, 13.000.000 acres.
New York Stateratses 4,000,000 pounds of flax
There are 1,469 money order ofll-ee established
in the United States.
It is estimated that 450.000.000 yards of printing
cloths are annually produced in the Ulited States.
The value of the Michigan fruit crop this seanon
is estimated at 7t4) 010.
l,,wrll, Mme., has 483.000 spindles, and pro
duces, arnually, 124 391 000 yards of fabries.
Fa:l river has 473 (010 apindles, and produces 114,
34.000 yards of labrics per annunm.
The first day of the Bt. Louis Agricultural and
Mtchaoia1l fair, O.t000 tickets of admniesio)n were
he ce!ehrstedl vonysrds of Steinberg were
pslated in t177 by the monks belonging to the
eoavent of llherhark.
1etec were 2.,L0 eses of boots and shoes ship.
,ed from Boatcn to New Orleans during the week
eidiong ()t. 7th.
Fail Ilnver unes 21,:i;3,000 pounds of cotton an
oually, anrd Lowell uaees 33,510,000 pounds per
Durirg the quarter ending 30th Beptember. 39,
215 cases of boots and shoes, containing 2,23t,640
pairs, were shipped from Lynn, Mas.
The stock of bides in New York, October 1st,
wsa 15,010 againit 95.000 same time last year.
Th:e emierors of France, Austria and Italy have
Iust c tered on the twentieth year of their reign.
Tle receipts of hides in New York fr the
quarter rGdng _eptember 30th, were 314 775 ;
or whictcl,3l; were from Texas, and 31.39e Irom
N w Or:eson.
Pritwc-n the let Jno!y and :0th Feptemher. Cali
fLrr is shilped 72 2.-7 barrels of flour and 74,91,
900 pounds of wheat.
Dl)litillers in the Blegrass region of Kentucky
have contracted to make and deliver, drina the
conrIg year, 25 006 barrels of whlsky, at 81 30
per gallon, tax included.
The " lHOuse for Working Women." in New
York, fcrurnhese good board sand lodging for $3 50
At Plessantri!le, 'Pa., forty-eightwells y:eld over
2500 barrels of oil per day.
A fitrm in Clevelanud, Ohio, sold 416,00 papers of
pop corn last year.
A farmr near Msaysv'lle, Ky, has this season
aiised on one vine twenty-two psmpktns, averag
ing 56 posIpl each.
One co ity In Ohio has produced this season
260 (00 buehel8 of peaches.
The bull-rng in Valencia. Spain. has seats for
16 16 persons. and the one in Barcehuna seats for
Pope PIn is said to be the only sovereigna in a
Europe who does not smoke.
The gold product of oluntana, this year, is esti- a
mated at 820,000,1-00.
fncri-g August the Nrew York Postofce received
363.000 letters ant sent of 396,000.
There are 600 lottery offices tn New York city.
There are $2,000 (00 invested in the business, and
the profit are about i500,000 per annum.
A New Jersey editor is ald to have the largest
collecton of birds in the country and the hand
someat editorial room outside of New York city.
P. J. TRxAqrAa's Nw- BTOR.-Those of our
readers who are in pursuit of nice goods at ano- a
tion prices, we would snuggest to them fo pay a
visit to Mr. P. J. T~raquair, dealer i staple and
fancy dry goo's, 167 Canal street In connection
with1 dry lood. departmnt, he bhasan elegant r
asarnent of millinery, perfumery and fancy ar
clesq. ete., whichlob he sells at prices that defy
coptitino. City and conntry ordere flled with l
great care and dipatch. Partle desring anly. l
thig l hi line wll mnd it tOhir literest to give
him a call before prchasulng. Se hie advsrU
tntralo from . m dm.of G a
3BEFRE THE YOSG ME'Sl DEMEMTIC C1UB
OF AW YOlK rff.
SWe eommegd toeer readse the following o-.
d trao frem a addess eemely de veaMe by Gem.
Bandall Gibson, before the Young Men's Demo
- oratic Club of New York. It is a eal, thought
a fta satleM expodhies of the eitsol quemis
Sof the day, sad we regret that we haye not space
t to publish it to fll:
Felloe-citizens--To every thoughtful man the
it spectacle of 30,400,000 of free people t the
Northera tates of th. Uales, r efore
P themselves for Linai atlemeat questions that
have for more than three years and a half ocau.
pied every depermmat of the federal govern
Sment-the spectacle of a grent ad prueperous
people still in the ejoymeat of all the inestimable
t prleee of selfgovernment in the Union is ren
t dered the morn laprelve--the more interesting
from the ftot that tahe tea outhen States. com
prislng one-third of the entire area of the Union,
greater toin extent than say European kingdom,
te oesnaiang mose thea ,ln O.00 of blaha s,
are deprived of this inestimable right of sell.gov.
Sernment in the Union, are covered with the dark
i shadows of military despotism. living under gov
Sernments which have been imposed upon them
and are now maintained over them, at gret o
Spea, by the military power of the Uiabs. Let
the causes be what they may, no man who looks
} opo united America as his country, ean fail to
feel humiliated at the and sd deplorable oondi
i Lon ofte hese te Amerisa Uates, or to indulge
painful apprhebtions, lest tim shal dislose that
Sthe power of the sword alone was not the sorest
cement to bind a great and powerful people to
e the desltnies of the Union through all the tests of
fortune. $ e 4 *
d FeUow.citsens, I have come to ask how long
Swill you vote to mainatain these egro mlitary
grovernments over the SBothern people? How
I. las will you insist upon fastening upon them eye
ten s of government you would not tolerate for
e an instant over yourselves? I propose to show
Syou ,hat these systems of government are in vio.
Islatiln of the Constitution of our common country
sad disastrous to all its terets ; not needed to
5 ecure the legitimate fruits of the war to your
a selves, destructive of our republican liberty, and
contrary to the bemase spins of the age. These
7 constitute objestisna which no American not a
slave of party can trample under foot, or falil to
r consider calmly before oemmittiog himself in
favor of measures so obsoxious. You know as
t well as I do, that before the guvernment was em.
taoblished in the convention in whichit was framed,
t two opposite opinlops prevalled as to the character
t of the goverameat that ought to be established,
and when it was finaly established, as to the cor.
rect coastruction of the Oonatitntion; for it was
evident to all thinking mea that the character or
the federal government would be controlled,
would depend entirely upon the Interpretation
of the Constitution. The Northern opinion
. has been that the allegiance of the citisen
was due the federal government, and that the
contest between the federal government and a
t 8tate, the federal government was to be the sole
f judge of the measure of its owna power over the
8tate and the people thereof. The opposite theory
always obtained at the South-thatallegiaMe was
I due the Stae, and that whenever the people
of a State feel that their rights or institutions
rwere unsafe within the Unioa, they could invoke
r the reserved right of seeeselon, aad retire alike
from the benefits and obligations of the Union.
A divided or double allegiance is as impossible as
that two differing supreme powers should exercise
sway over the same persons at the same time.
These 8tstes also differed in this-that negro
slavery still existed in the Southern States, but
had ceased to elst in the Northern States of the
Union. There difference, aend the animosities
tthey induced, led to the recent war. Had the
I Sooth not attempted to exereise the right of
secession, or had the North permitted her to
re cede, " to depat in peace," the war would not
have occurred. Had negro slavery disappeared
in the South in 1860, as it had dos under the laws
of trade and population ta the North, or had thero
been no hostility in the Nortb, that appeared to
the people of the South to threaten the destrno
tion of negro slavery and the disruption of
society, the people of these tates had not en all
I human probability deemed that their darety and
interests demanded that they should set up the
rlgbt of secession and attempt to withdraw from
Fellow-citizens, 1 echo the sentiment, "let us
hbve peace ; but why have we no peace, why are
we denied it, and why do we clamor for it three
years and a half after peace was thus established
Sand proclaimed? Have the people of any ltcate
attempted to revive sad exercise the right of
secession? Have the people of any State at
temnpted to reestablish negro slavery? Have the
chiefs attempted to reorganise the proud armies
of the Fouth ? Has the dead body of the Confed
eracy sprung to its feet? No, no, no. The cause
then muet be sought outside the lssues Involved
in the recent civil war. What can be the cause ?
I will tell you. The Coagrese, or Radical party in
Cc agress, at once broke up thi settlement that
was to honorable, so complete and satisfactory to
the cautry. annulled the amnesty of the presi
dent, haut the doors of the Senate and lower
HE uso in the face of the representatives of the
people of the Southern States, chosen in accord
ance with the conetitution, spurned their honest
I rotestatlous, declared a war of leoislative enaot
ment against them,struck down their State govern
meats, and first condemned the people to the
rule of the sword, and finally to new State gov
err ments based upon negro supremacy, maintain.
ad by the military power of the Unloe. And you
behold this very ay three Ameriesa 8tet·, and
among them Vrgni, whose people, when Mama.
chusetta was deprnved of her charter by the Brit
ish kinog,. declarend that the onuse of Boston was
the causen of all, who frt set the ball of the revo
l.tion in motion; who, when inladependence was
achbeved, first proposed to form the Union; the
hone of Washington, the father of hisl country;
of Madison, the father of the Constitution; of
Marshall, the father of our judiciary; of Jeffer
son, the author of the Declaration of Indepen
dece--and the home of their children and de
scendaotus- living ubder the sword. And in this and
two otter States it is made a punishable ofloeas to
attempt to vote for president; and in seven other
States only the negroes and a small number of tbhe
white people are permitted to participate in any
elections. And there is no peace! Now, I ask,
did Congress, which derives fts existence aod all
its powers from tLe Constitution of the United
States, get the right to deprive these American
States of self-government in the Union, to blot
them out of existence, and upon the rumn of all thejir
rivil sad political liberties to erect despotisms of
'he sword and the negroes? Radical poliUicans
say that these States perished in the war, and it
becsae necessary to reconstruct them. They did
not perish doring the war, for they were in fuoll
os eration at its close, and were reeognlned for.
mnally by every department of the federal govern.
ne-t. The fact is. the war was undertaken avow.
edly to save the States to the Constitution and the
Union and the war, for this object was unqoes
tlonablfsoccessful. Nay, it was held that the
Btates could not be permitted to withdraw from
the Union, because they were ndispesable to the
very existence of the Union sad the Coastitutlon;
that they were the colossael pillars by which the
national edifice was supported, and If they were
removed the whole fabric would fall to the earth.
If, then, the States perished in the war, the Con
stitution and the Union perished with them. anad
there survived only a government of usurpation.
Upon thbe only theory that could justify the war,
the ttatea, the Constitutoe and the Union were
saved by it. * *
Aeuredly thben, fellow-citlsens, you perceive
how hostile, not only to the Union and the Conati.
tticn, but to the principln upon which they were
fcnundd sand to the objects tor which they were
formed, is that Radical legislation which despols
the people of ten Amerloan States of their birth.
right, of selfgovernment, of their mualnclpal lnsi
twsions and consecrated stome of liberty, and a
substiutot new systems of government, band
upon disfranchement. praoription, the negro
and the sword. But while It is admitted by the
frankest and ablentsdvocates o the eongressional
legislation that it is contrary to the Costituootmn,
that thi plan of dntruetion sad reconsotrction 1
is outsibde of the Constituaton, they cotend that It
may yet be justlfied upon tbhe ground of publio 1
safety, the plea of State aecessity. upon hmano I
sad bred principles. They soy that though the
Bouthern people before the wold renoounced a
slavery end wseeaiou, yet they were not inacere, I
nad ought not to h trusted; sad in order to pro- a
vent a recurretae of thUse evils it was neceaory t
to destroy existintg instirtlttou and to establisha
others, to be controlled wI e neoe who alone i
are !raly loyal; tUa, imoug o bject is to
establi.h negro mpetsmoy, there no deng
of Its benoming permeot, became all the
property, virte, ad itellfge are in the white
race. How ieg ena virtue and property and . ad
telligenee exist wh haueklned by the sword, a. p
der the feet, sad paed t U the m of neqoes
just emergllng fr h drkne of brbuuim uad
slavery? Is thneroe pseeA.r virte in g noae
slvery at the Sokt mlke other steo of a
slaevy, ta l ab jeob to h eampeato to u
eon l grent a pewer USsle m e i no eAse.
cean Uniou f It for this roase that thes lindhoai
lusnbtoboslyupeevMIfg the nogroe poiliigal £1
S--thg-thrm mates, bit -. -
mme stma he exercie i on
ea baitat 3 ra ansiw e e
e ma n tsinte se ree hseme. i
th e uppee o a megh Seth, thI e oirth
wI soeamterbal:aer taon e alb In F. erLow
York, aod the three shoei ans d a half egroae
Will posi e te urn a mei te an a tho ua
ud~i~r of o mo in 1e Btw of Nt w.
I Yrk. The be abi e t nre- aire iwe
e rsep eeti we eble them to ezeree. a o
Iap-it ainB see eam the hlaioa of the
S "oluatry se aN p msslest inea sad atas
tic amd of iaw; a oe alln quetmIerreaing to
he asmmeree, er forepre da s er asgr clltree, or
he maufacturea; they will me to map lava for.
Sthe North as well e tle ebt, a the federal
t govesamefl: their lare wi permeate the
se fIramework of the govenamet and American
. ociety; they are at oee lifted above all other
S Americans. ad ot ittatesd Sa igrd order with
S bij ctolslv poltle privmege to wioch so
whi ma 1n is hub t apire the will
Mg. fr r the poblie miod thew r f mueuto
of oppresimrte sad epd aguIs a neptIue t
i standing army to repress disorder sad prre
, peace, and alarge tnaeal debtoa p *s theex.
o, peweae will aomaeo the nard Iu the ao
n pe. It If not the ame e ste. heavy bor
e doEs this system imposes tot the haldees and
Sresources of the peoople costltot the main
m objections to it ; buat It I that it met Lad
corrupt the people, underminel their mahood.
t appublto virtue. sad nt themto dsohaege the
o respoeibltlneo of arrenuom freedom.
oi. Take the government of my ttee--modusasa
Sa a sample. One of th senatores, I emlaformd.
at from this Stta ad the ther from Iowa beth
rat are utter strangers to the people of Loulsieaa;
to their names esespe my memory; If, lhdeed, I
ofever new them correctly. TIe overnor I a
young man fpm Illinols, who boe a most sn.l
eg cant name- r- rmoth. The isistoset vernor
ry isa egro,s blckns tih , wheso ts ad
i father. I am informed upon ood amthorwy beo
ta- longed to any grsadother, VoL. Hart, of Ken.
'or tack--he presideover the Senate. The speakeor
Sof the Hnaou rn al marge maorty of the govern.
o nment are r eroes. When the Legslator was organ
ry i red the first thng they did to trn outor, b
to vote, without Investigation, ael members whose
it- seats were contested by e y r c passbed
.d a printing bll in the trestof the governor,
e leutenant governor, the speaker and the mover.
a for which a bonus of $150,000 in gold was oderod
to by a printer on the floor of the Home; they res
n ted swarms of offices all over sh e State u ovnow
as to our aInws, with enormous sala, to be
- filled by their friends; they raired coutablary
d, forces in each parish, and a States standln
r army of negroes to overawe the people and te
d, protect them In teir schemes of plunder;
- they have created gigantic monopolies for
s private greed and gain, in whLich the members of
,r the Assembly and highest ofMfr of the govern
d, ment openly and unblushingly partlpateo; they
to have pssed force bills to compel parents, oa pain
n of fiLe and imprisonment, to send their wilte ohll
in dren to the same schools with nroe; theyhave
s disfranchised the great body of the white people,
a and have virtally abolished all elections by sp
1. point ing a Boed of Registars with full power to
a reject all votes at their pleasure, and releasing
-y them from all penalties for misconduct in oce ;
Sthey disfranchie all foreigners; they intend to
Sdrive the whit people from the State, sad to
Splace a Chinese wall around It to prevent others
Sfrom oming. To meet their exaordinry de
me mandt for money property assessed for more
a. than its marked value, n a tax of ve per cnt.,
If it were possible to collect It, would not rane
a much money as has already been appropriated by
. the Igbslature. And yet oekl robbery is oed
o legislation, and such tyranny loyal civil governl
t mlt. They Incite disorder, they arm their per.
a teas, they ojamor fr our property or our blood,
a. they mae war upO ILon lgece, upoae birtou
aL upon leabor, upon property, upon white lmgre.
f .tion, upon enterprise, upon religiloa The no
n main in perpetual ession, they comtitote legal
t lred anarchy robhery, they are amters of re
d venge, erel and remorseless in the gu of loyal
Scivil government, against a erople oacs oe
o proudest of the race, once the wealthst asmo
a the most cultivated, refined and religious now
s- reduced by the calamities of war, by the over.
if flows of the Mimimippi river; but more than all,
II by corrupt misruld ad ozerbltut taxzatio
Id worse than firs usad the oods-tob the poorest,
t the most ditreNed in the world. Immediate,
a direct, universal conefiscation bad been more mer
ciful sad less injurious than this system, for pro
s perty in that evsent had only changd ds bat
e industry. and business, sad onfidene a ot
* been destroyed, sad .e0oity had not been cor.
d stantly convulsed, and trade, commeee, and
e prosperity had sool revived. The people of Lou
If teana are being driven to despertion, to deepar,
Sto madness. she prediction of Thomas Jefferson
e it realised, for bhuman mature shdders at the proe
e pect held up by this attempt to subject the white
I race to the dominion of the aegrees. It seems to
e me the spectacle presented in Louisiana-in all
d the Southern States to-day-would shook the
? moral sense and outrag the public opinion of the
n civilized world. This awful crime agast olvill.
t ration, humanity and liberty easet be eeoanealed
o from observation, and will bring rnproscn upo
i- the Dame of the Radical party throughot ea.
r LpLtered Em. pe. The I ais wasabjted to
Sthe Anustrian, and the Pole to the Bassa, but the
I. Austrians and Russians are civIliIed. are Faro
t peans, and nfinitely above the negroes, who but
- yesterday were our slaves, and yet yoa pat the
segroes over as, and send your army and envy to
e enlorce aod perpetuate their sway. * * "
The legislation and policy of the Radical party
are based upon the theory that the Northeran people
a ea governa the people of the Boeteraa Bteo bettor
Sthan they can gover tmhemsive, thatit would be
unwise and OuNfe to permit them to control their
ownu affairs, although they did so before they had
Sany connection whatever with the Northern
-eeiple, and durfng that whole oslonial period
s they oonstitted the meet popalas, properoes,.
a and happy cctton; ad althouh thel oontinueda
; to do so from the establishmeot of the Unio na
fll deprvfred of all self-government b the present
Radleal Congress. They dispute, they dy, they
suppress any fto that may cnflict with this
thery, and collect with lnfnite palus every occur
Srence favorabse to it here and there in the Booth,
Sand parade them, exaggerated by dramattio color
r ing, before the NortheTrn people util masy are
a convinced who do net reeot upoa the motive, or
Sthat the South becomes disordLaly sad nsottled
in proportion as she is heag recostlcted, or
I whose realty uad pride ad estha are s
I ttred by this assumption of euperinrlty. Dad
a yu ever reflect how easy it waould he to con
t vict this or any other communiaty of .ay
r charge-by collectingo all the facts that might
support, and throwing out all that might
a relute-the more espeeisly if there were thou
t esds of active aeots soasttred throughout it, to
I act In the ioterest of the charge and to make their
1 reports of progresm Take this great clity for in.
Sstoance. Annoonce the theory that it is lnhabbited
- alte gether by thieves and murderer, sad wicked
- men and women; and now colleotall the lasteoes
a of crime and all the names of the crimiatls-the
morally depraved, and shut out all the beaevo
oence, and intelligence, and goodnes, Oad you
a ht would sooa settle themselves harmealeeuly
;ad satisfactorily to all parties, whe interfered
with by partian at a ditaneo, not directly Inter
a sated, sand who do not comprehead all the facts,
or who get at a few feauts oldy, or who see them
distorted by party coorlag, or when stirred up by
I the bayonet-make great ado sad trouble, and be.
come chronic disorders. The gret American re
medy of elU government is better than the old E
a ropesn one of tbyonets, for Americua States. Tbhe
very instrument you employ to give eseo is the
very cause of our disorders, and has always been
Sthe world over the cusn of demornllisation, cor
a raption, and the means of mlsgovernment Fel
p low-clirene, the IRadiel omauesslual pla
as I trust you have seen, is hesed upon no ratlonal
princrples, and it is not needed to sere the legit
Imnate fruits of the war to yourselves, or to pre
Sserve the Union, or to prevent the re-eetablibh.
I ment of negro slavery ft was conceived In blind
pesion and unreasoning hate; it dealt a death
blow at the Coatitatios adelval libertimof ear
country; It is the cosmmatlo of the poticy of 1
revenge; it invokes the sword, anrod olamors for
the peace the sword gives. Can you not conquer,
as we have done, the reseatnents of the war?
Sou won the vletory; you attained the ends you
pproposed, and more than you proposed to gain by
the war. Youa maimed heroes are cared or
sad honored; your widows are peaitoned; er
herei ded are armembered in solptaed mols
ments; your country sme like a prde ;year
towas have become proud oitl sad year tales I
mighty empirue. Look at the doath, ornabhed sad d
Th biemst elems! hre he etes
Agmtr uuwe ihehr Cm d hsmd.
whoe holy duen wu sut Ised yeg b8.
Can yon not be fajst, nay, masanimous, _
people so unfortunate, seo muhappy? Have
who drew your fortunes from the geerens SI O
tLe Booth or from her one golda marts of ude e
ad commere, or whose kindreddheo oear d
nairs, no word of frieadipt Do ye ham tumn
as In the boar of adversity asd aband es t thoe
pitiless revegoe of those who have hBm eddested
n the school of sectional hate or who thrive pas b
their mIfortues ! Do the airehB peope pee
a a I. l *oleacea So ther owa moral, mate
* a htekS rewee that they thu _flit
pg the Boe wh r ea cim
a thbuv thDo they rafa re f the ýlu.
SRaoe thatl am> wla It Rs B
loth ietver ?Hae reOenMf1eterthelter
a other daay a oe d to as for Smor it
r resiue as a ftaded bearn peiar ame
r iles? Have we fallean apo times whe vtlr
ar aeo se rde Ip a e rlne ucat
-- towersle Ape esamena loath the
en, give m back our asaesat aisttions, out
* n pl , ah t at o lf alt governmeant
I the aUs, aed ash y te sword, for out
attesme ave w t; bu; agive the
sword sthm heatr h1 . aram mi ae aofnewOo
r ermoat, for it wpesge ftjdtere, of deaol
r Se, of death. you wil aet ma, goversa s
I amllt disatve or de armts u forever. WO
So eld r dureh, uara t IS to bar, the
SStort leanceed mtyray t re d po ble
r tary meetero of a wa hee, thn tha barb
Sris and orfal uorl a , nttdmst over oa
. sad calls eivl geramusI which the whims
man is pinned by the beyeonet to the earth, that
a theero ma led t over i sand lt to our a
colet balls of Legisature bakrupt our reeoure ,
eoneoate and pL der y taxation, and eithe'
force am to maial eqealit sld amalgamation, as
late a Meuoo of diaordeA, or to turn our backs
Saons a lad endeared toS alike by Its acient
glory sad present maifartemes, and to sek home.
on strager shores, or among the more mereiful
The Tme at o the aed.
" Watchman, what of the aight?" " Watchman,
what of the night "
Oh why do you slumber on Zion's bill?
Are you dremipl the oloudhave passed away
Is the brishteig dreamseof MleuInsl day,
To wake up the echoe long Wstill ?
Watchman, what of the nilht ?
Watebmam, tell, are the oefdren there ?
Did He, in merey bring thembome ?
"Under the fig tree, and nder the vine,
Quaff they the Bowing milk and wie,"
"becure frcm the wrath to come ?"
Watchman, what of the night
Watchman, hark! did the trumpet sound ?
Did the nations rally o Jewry's shore ?
Did Israel' king lead the bhttle-van
The glorious prim., and perfect-man,
had Christ the onqeror, for evermore !
Watchm., what of the Sight !
Watchman, what of the valiant Gog
Can he, sad his asrmy lay the Lord ?
Such a boastful king, each a motley crew,
Will they ever be landed agalanst the Jew,
Or mlaia by the Savior's sword ?
Watchman, what of the night ?
Watchman, what of the sacred spot,
Where the holy Jesus trod ?
Do its summits sweep the saure sky,
Or loot in the olden eleads o hbigh,
Await they the Sea of (God t
Watchman, what of the nlght
Watchmea, do you ase sigas above,
Of a smoking oolman, and pillrs of fire ?
Of a darkeaed eu, sad a mooa of blood,
And stars, o'erwelmed beneath the flood,
Of Hls veageasee, swift sad dire I
Watchman, what of the ight ?
Watchman, saw you a God like form
On the easter aide. deeenadig ?
Cleaving Mount Olives from eout to west,
By the beautiful feet of Messiah prest.
And the valley beneath, extending !
Watchman, what of the ght ?
Watchman, ray, did the children flee,
Prom the fiery waves to Asa's vale !
"As they looked on Him, they piered then
On Jerusalem's Lord, and the king of men !
Did the tribes In bitterness wall "
Watchman, what of the nght ?
Watchman, beard you hi chariot wheels
'Mid the mournin and the din ?
And the pled.oin e ba-ethoat,
Praise Father, and Holy Gboot
For a world redeemed from man!
Watchesea, what of the -ight ?
Watchman, what of that happy day
Known to the mighty Lord alone ?
Not day, nor night, ear clear sor bright,
Baut at evening time I shell be light,
When Jebevah receives He own I
Watchasa, what ot the night?
Wathmaa, whenee are the living welts
That water Jerusalem towards the us ?
Prom tan Altr t h h river.s ow,
Nether ship, nor bark. may pass below,
In smmmer and ia winter, so shall it be.
Watchman, what of the night !?
Watchman, shout forth the glad tidlagm below,
Unfurl the bright page of God's word,
Hold the ensign of Jeans aloft to our view,
Be patient, O gestile He wiats for the Jew
To proclaim ies Bedeemorand Lord ! !
STAPLE ar FAN OnsooC is.-Mesers. W.
H. Henning & Co., wholesale and retail grocers,
95 and 97 Camp street, eannoa to their nuser
one friends an. the publio generally, in this morn
ing's Cuascam, that they are lost in receipt of a
large and choic' stock of atapie and fancy groce
rea, ymea, liqu'rs, a.me, porter, premerve, etr.,
etc., which they are dealng oat to their qutom-.
eruM the lowest muarbet prie.. To poit thoe
who are fond oa the delIecoae of the Northern
markets, we here lnform them that Me.ar. en.
aing & Co. are Jst l receipt of a lot of freah roe
shed, and new mea mokereL City sad contry
orders flled with care mad promptems, and
goods delivered free of drayage to any part of the
city. Call in Uioe, gourmand., to get a taste.
CO(cC ETArtL. An FAncrY GOocanas.-Me- r .,
L O. Berry & Co., wholeIsae and retail dealerm in
fancy and st-ple grocerle, 71 Camp etrut, drver.
time the reeeipt of their fall stock, coammtfon of
every arutiole that is ehoele ad fresh in this line.
Memrs. Berry sk Co. hrao devoted year. of stady
ad aInbor Ia cateriag to the tuaste of our people,
sad they hove arrived at a polit of such ine dim
etimatlon, that one who is fond of the delloa.
else of the table can cearcely go into their store
without purb~huiag. Their prices are in striot a~
cordance with t.e tImei, and we advise our friends
to pay them a cell ad examine their goods. Or.
dere from the ountry promptly attended to, and
goods delivered In any part of the city free of
a PLAtrr & Cc.' Puac Lmr or Thca.-Memars.
J. W. Plat & Co. advertise a large list of floe toss
in another ceuamn this morning, to which we direct
the attention of our readers. Bouying their teas
through their agent In laew Yerk, who boys upon
the moeesedvategeous terms, they can afford to
ftarnish their customers with the chbolcest qualities
at much price that will1make it to their Interest to
call and examine their toes before purchelng
elsewhere. Their large and spacious store is at
the corner of Camp an;l Poydre streets.
P. G. TArcLos's xm.-Mee-sr. Taylor &
Churchill & Co., wholesale dealers ain hardwareo,
gune, catlers, etc., eoc., advertise a varied a.
mortment of See fre arms, met of whickh have
taken the first premium for ealoleey of make anad
flnsh. They also have a large ianvoloe of P. G.
Taylor's celebrated ala. Theme ae. are manu
fcetured by the lbougls manofeturidng company,
and are considered eqa, if notsupuerlor, to Bem'l
Collins'. Their prce. are the lowest maske
rates. Read their advertimemat.
Facr Goonse Ilesuma.l.-Woe advise oaut
lady reades of thek faqt l Mr. Jamem Byback,
Me. I~ and 149 Casl atrt, will open on Ket
nyq leeenect co with his choea and elegant
U to ihecy goods a largo ad moet desrable
easmeat of dry good.. Thi eatire stock has
beam eleoted by Mr. Rybtuk In person, and he as
E a that a more beautl variety b never
bs bemaght to thie rwarket. prices are I
secordence with the tmem. *Give im a earli
call uad seene hbie eoat.
Do Tm.--Why tis Phaloa's Dior de Mayo, the
new perfuame for t headLkereshlef, Uto an errand
boy ? Baeause it is snt verywherl , Bold bh