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Cut other foolish- caper, . " '.. .
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He always hears .tbe'ew8, V "
And having news to talis about.
He never gets the bluefl. .
' While others yawn in eCnqi, " . r.' r
- His mind l light as vapor;. - ;
Tlie cause is hlam to half an'.eye--' , - '
He always takes i the. paper . .' ,
Vliile .neighbor Stout hears all the news',-j
Arid knows eachqrrent price, .
And always minds his P8 and Q's, . " .
By taking good ad vice ..."''.
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A longjnMnlght taper,, . . . . .
Arid thus take time'. to read the news 1
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; THE AO HD. MATRON, i
Crrrv-haird anI very oitl wai shftj.' '; '. '
With manv. a wrinkle; where':.- -
' rose anl lilly,on.c. ljad bloomed, -
When Ufe'i.yoitng-moTri was Uiee.v-
. .." And often frtw Yttt dim old eyfj; ' ;'
r Mthoughtlthere fell a tear rV- V
Upon hec "knitting work,"t)iat tola;: V' "
Of menriemfojl-euddeir.' "-.f ,: .V.
, "'-';'' '. :-" " Ai
' And oft her boso'wiVeit'a sigh? " ' V-"
- As front "tho open jioor t,v'. i,'!'-
. ' . She watched the little tuieS a playt
';' 1 As she had 'played of?yrev '-.lt 'i-'..-.,
She knew, that capkerrbg ctiTMvoultxiflLe
' . To. spoil the eatles' far L"::'i
1 Their RUhittwW.Wbdljoli'Ap
;t SlvhpjJ byiuuehiidren tlev-.V
I i called lirawn,4iid crept I - X X
' . Behind-.hr hair to: We and eekV '
No yvoiujef that he.weptj -, ; ';t-' . J
yof they were dtead, andtneiSQ.brotigMb'ack
' " Tlie meniory of tlerr tooc, s ,
i And drew U68 ttrarg to bathe the "tfowers,
, . ; In memory .prden sown. .. .
; ' CUT OFTHE TAVERN.
-Out of the tavcrtt I've just stepped to-night; .:
Street! you are caught in a very bad plighl;
ltight hand and left hand are both out of place:
treet! you are drunk,. 'Us a very clear case. ;
Moon I His a very queer figure you cut, l':
One eye Is staring while t'other is shut.
jVj"r,y' eaii you're greatly to blame ;
". , . " ' "lr uorriBie auaaae I
i 2??n tl2 "t'frt kunps, what a scandalous sight!
; I d!on,.or thcro aobOTly standing . upright ;' .
I !5ocu,5 tagKerlng--why, oa mV word, ,
J of "i lamits i as drunk as a lord. '
.'i - All is eonfutioiv now Isn't it cukt," .
f I am the only thing sober abroad ?
Sure if, were rarb with this esew to remain-
Better go into the tavern again.
TUB PCXJH MAN- TO HIS BON. "
; ' - Jtas, slua. cook.
Vork; work, iny boy ! be not af raiitf
' Look labor boldly in the face:'1 ' 5 . -Take
op the hammer or" the Wade, .v-:.'
- And blush notior your ifumble place;
t HoM up your brow ia honest fd, -"
' '"Tho rotlfrh and fiardvrHirhatwI )
; Such hand are sap-veins that provklrf ; j
-The life-blood of the nation's trcef .
Negro-Sliiyerj', No Evil;
Oil - A
THE XOtlflt ABTIJ SOUTH.
JEFjrXCTS, Of' '. SECHO-jtiviBy- J
THE CE5SIS, BY A
" CVMPAttlSOX OF THE (CONDITION . . -
OF THE ' SLAVEIIOLD1SC ' . "
- J . 'ASD 5098LAVH0LD .
' .. '.-';. ;.; . ISC STATES. J
y. CONSIDERED IN A REPORT,
' . MARE. TO THE - :
Platte County Self-Defensive Association,
. . By a Committee Through .
' B. FY STRINGFEliliOW, Chairman.
; In obedience to a resolution adopted by
the Phvtte County Self-Defensive Associa
tion, ve' proceed to lay before' the ' public
the immediate causes which led to the for
mation of '"the Association; to explain its
purposes, and to suggest the means which
seems to us proper to be adopted by the
citizens of the. Skveholding States, to de
feat the designs of the abolitionists "
In adopting- this' resolution", the AeSOcfa;
Uon .was not influenced by any desire to de
fend itself at home, against the 'absurd and
false reports of . its action ' and purposes,
which have been so widely - circulated by
abolitionists and freesoilers; for at home no
defence is'necessaryj the members of the
Association are too "well known, to. need
defence against any charges' 'which Abo
litionists might bring against them. We
do but justice to the Association, when we
say, that it is composed of men, who fofi
integrity, morat worth, orderly couduct, in
telligence -and patriotism will - favorably
compare with the members v( any associa
tion of the kind in the country Of-those
who originally composed the Association'
there were-o-?- few unworthy' exoeptionsv
Siiclv'mus-be the case of all associations
the more i; is inevitable, where, as in ours.;
all were Invited to join The wonder is
there were so few, as irt this instance, thej
hope, thus to ward off suspicion, w"aa to the
unworthy the strongest inducement to
join , ' "
The ptirpoe of the Association in adopt"
ing -this resolution, was to expdse fully th
dangers tp which slave-property in Mis-
souri,. and especially on tlie borders ol
Kansas, is subjected; to arouse the attend
tion of all good citizens, not of Slavehold
in? States alone, but of the whole Union!
f(3 the results which must follow, if the ab
blitionists 'succeed in their purposes J arkty
if possible,, to suggest means by whi'n
tliose results Jnay be prevented.
. It . i knovn, that on the passage of the
bills for 'the; organization of Kansas and
Kebraslia, the leading abolitionists of the
Easterricities, organized associations under
tiienarpe of "Emigration Aid Societies"
the."avmvej rtnrpose of which is to tluovir
into Kansaj t horde who shall not only ex
trliwTe! slaveholders from that Territory, but
in the end abolish slavery, in Missouri
, ere tjicse miscalled. "emigrants poor
dnii honest farmers, . seeking1 a home and
the advantages of a newcountry for them
slves.and families, we miglit applaud, tlie
cjiafrtyof those who ofjginated the scheme:
vcire jlhese-'associa (ions fair" means of de-
opnonems wnegrosiawry,'Ve 4Uigiiraa--
Vve -find hej
?itluet-i!heir purpose; not lp procwe
lVieefrn f ta .fhey attj iiot eijoeh, btjt j
prtperSj avIio hajne. sold themselves to Eh
Thayer St UoM to do theij master biddings.
wlio liesitate not 16 proclaim thatthey'ar ;
pxpert in stealing- slaves; that theyten&
v. iuuuH inrir . tHiung, seii-ueiense ra
quires that means eqliy efficient shoulji
be adopted by those who are threatened. I
Situated on the border of Kansas, we
were the first to receive the attack.. Tliose
among tf who hftd hitherto been restrairi-
cd by fear, eniboUened by tlx? prospects if
their sentiroentsj tlie tnnid , becaine ''.fref?
souers ; me Dotu arx)uiionisis .. a ne-em-
issaries of the "Emigration' Aid iSotrietiesu'
were, arriving t thev were boasting " thA't
'they would shortly be thtngestimdr
then tliey. would drive Slsrteholders from
Kanisas r? : They declared thai" -they had
Tun off staves t t nnd icovld run off m&ftf
1SOtiVi f ' v . : ""r-'-rIc..'-vr.v'T-"1
y?n ouf -reVts,'one of. the least prudent
llandthat he Wllingly hefp
to burn thl-d slateAolding tovcnj
It seemed aslf WetonC w-ere a&Aii'to
. becohi . fhe head-fjuartefi pCtiheirvpera-
' jtions. . It .-was feared, lic""t
events Have vindicated, that our fears were
not fitliout foundation, h;at among our tra
ders and merchants there were those who
at heart were against us;! others who loved
money so BUch more llian their country,
they would j forthe gain from the abolition
trade, encourage them to come among us.
There were among us' too, a-large num
ler of free iieroes, most of -tlieHvas usual
bratrtiatctheir' houses ' the natural
places of resort for abolitionists, -at which
to meet; aM : tamper yth slavesi corrupt
them, entire them to ruakway, and furnish
them facilities for escape. '
About tras tune a largQ.number of slaves
made theiij ercape : thjre, from the neigh
borhood of! Westoti, were taken in Iowa
and fret? papers, with full instructions as to
their route j Were found ipon them.
iDontionists were nor content 10 connne
their 'eflorjs to the expulsion of slaveholders
from Kansas, but were evidently already
at work mj 'abolishing slavery' in Mis
souri. Tlie jaw, seldom suficient to pun
ish, was wholly inefEcieiit t prevent their,
crimes, ft was .evident, that the active,
individual ieflorts of all cood citizens would
be needed to aid tlvs hnv in the protection
or our - rights, - in the preservation of our
property L- : ' . :
-,The secnTity of cttt iiWVeropcrty tfa
nojt alone iiivjolved" our tery lives were en
dangered. ; The negro-f.hief, the abolition
istj who induces a slave" to Tun away, is a
criminal of jar more dangerous, character
than the iofcse-breakeri or the highw'ay
rotber, -4tis jcrime of af far higher grade
than that if j the incendiary it ranks, at
least, with! that of the Imidnight assassin.
Tp induce & slave to e$cape involves not
merely to'the master the loss of that slave,
of that anount of propifirty J i bht it brings
in its traiij. far more serious consequences
Other slaves are thereby induced to make
like attemjpts; a hatred 'for their masters,
whom thijy .begin to regard as tleirop-
Jjessorsj ija thijs begptteh; aud this, too, of
icu is wiMiucu t y upsuu- aiju muraer.
: To giiaid adar as risible against such
fearful evils, was: the ltnmediate cause of
our organization . j .
Not only was tho immediate pressing
necessity 'such as to corhpel . our organiza
tion, but Ihe fature consequences which
must follow the success iof the schemes of
the abolitionists, are sucjh as to awaken the
fears, and to call for the active and contin
ued effort! of all good citizens ?
Even ill the future, wte are more imrrie
diately interested thanhose who are more
removed from the field ca their operation!
Already tne effect of tl coming of such a
band of abolitionists to'ottr harder, has been
not only t'reduce. the vilue of our slaves-,
but of our "land. Slaveholders fear to come
among usjj; good men who are opposed to
slavery, ill not come 'and should Kansas
be made k harbor for negro-thieves1, ours,
now the . 'most prosperous portion of our
State, wiljl in a. short time become a desert
waste.; jVe must at oiice sell our slaves,
abandon , the culture of hemp, our great
staple ; suffer pur 'fields - to lie idle, until
slaveholders driven fronj our State, Missott
ri shall f4ll into thehand of freesoilers, and
a new people be brouglA to take our places.
. Notlesk is the interest which other slave-
holding -States .have in thes end, though
seemingly at Ahe less ii . the beginging of
tins struggle The aLJitiotoiets are, ftdly
axvatae to,1he ;.tfofe tiart&e,' the ; future con
sequence? of this trug;e. ;v They proclaim
the, purpose f . their ; e!gojls. tV bJ ;; to sur
round Missouri-, wi til . ioo-slavIaoriinfir
States j. fQrce Jitjr' ta atJjsh 'slavery )vthej
trheel'her itka their - rfcflkjJ" -f 00 .Jtacfe
upon : he States south (if her. i .' v "V '
Aiissoun . vanquisiu.a,-: Arkansas 'and
Teas are looked .uponas easy -.victims. -
Slavery, then -restricted to a small space.
they rejoice in the contemplation of an ear
ly exniDiuonoi anome, riaTian n Deration.
, Xet not pur. friends in the. other slave
holdingStates fold the'r arms, and by their
supineness sulier "us to,' all victims to aboli
tion energy. f If tfiey jjoj the day will come
ajnd that not far distaht, when they, .too,
will have a battle to fight at home, at their
ytry doors. r- ,;' ; , '
v The plan of onr Association-' is not 'ag
gressive,, but as our .We jmports, truly
selMecrisive yVpjsfee pledged diligently
to investigate and prippily bring ; to p'un
islimect every violatorjof the laws whkh
have, bcca;ehacle4d,fqy;liie protection of jour
slave-pniperty ' 'X'. I '
j3Ve ;-hnve determined to adept 611 pfopi
er meairt - to rid ourselves, of the free ne
groes, wh9-are,unfit and have no " right by
law torej(namanv?ng js i and to prevent
all sack ?e Jt jEaembrs tf scneVwbite
fainilyv und subject tollieir -control; from
reslmg,oii'coui4 "- : i ;j;
yVjS hare else pledge! burscives to ex
pl fjos'jotfircouaty eU who shall be found
proclaiming principles whicht tendid induce
our slaves to escape",: Iq lcad them to insur
rection and rebellion. i; " : .- ' ' . .
Though we fully recrgne e dutyif
all good citizens to obe.tlie; law to rely
upon the law; where the.rs' no kfv, -the
right , ofelf-defence" requires that we should
resort to the strong hand folf-pxrteciion,
tVe have -no law by . whi;3 hecipression
of aboiitiom sentiments risfiBadea peml
office, and yet it is a. crime of Uieliighest
grade. It is not within- ven '.tlie much
abused liberty of speech; but in. a' slave
holding community," ihp expression "of such
sentiments is a positive act, more eruninal,:
jriorqi dangerous, man kindling tli torch of
me mcendiaryV jiuxing tlie poisau- pf the
assassin ; The neces&itvfoT a ItLw bttnish
ing such a ermie, ha?' not, until . now, been
ielt in Missouri; Until . such a law is eti
acted, self-protection , 'demands that we
shpuld guard against :sueh crime'si
. j Such are the means .we propose to adept
for the immediate protection of our proper
tyv We have thus -fully stated them not
to excuse our , action, btit to ttwalceri ottf
friends in other portions of our slavehold
ing territory, to the dangers which will ere
long surround them; if we are overcome :
to arouse them ta the necessity of coming
to our aid, and thus keep the enemy from
There is another measure which we have
proposed, which may be deemed local and
personal, and which has been grossly mis
repres'etned by the abolitionists ; and their
sympathisers. We have been charged with
pledgdina ourselves to assist in the exptil
sionof all settlers who go to Kansas from
the non-slaveholding ; States. This, like
most other abolition statements, is. purely
false Un the contrary, .the only pledge
we have given toucliing' the expulsion of
any person Irom Kansas, is one which we
expect ere long to be called Upon to re
deem by the good men who have ' gone to
Kansas from the non-slaveholding States.
That pledge is, that we. will, when called
on by the citizens of. Kansas, aid them in
expelling those who are exported to that
Territory by the Abolition Aid Societies,
With these, tlie honest merj, who go to
Kansas from the non-slaveholdiiig States,
are not to be confounded: The latter go
with the spirit of freemen to secure a home
for their chidren, they go respecting the
rights of. others ; the former go, the slaves
of Thayer & Co., and his associates, to do
their master's bidding, to drive others from
the Territory, to steal negroes from Mis
souri ' v
For the dfie class, hchVcrtef, much wi
may regret that they should differ from ts
in opimo"n, even though that difference may
in the end result in our ruin, we feel re
spect, such as one freeman should feel for
another. To them we shall appeal, as to
good men, equally interested in the pros
perity and happiness of our common 'coun
try; to them we:shall present such 'argu
ments,' as should influence true hearted
patriots ; ' ,
But fd that Other class, hired slaves' df
Cormpt masters, who are senifor the pur
pose of driving our brothers from Kansas,
of stealing our property, . drivings us from
our homes, we offer no argument, but that
of the strong hand. We : have not, it is
true, done that," which natural right : would
have, justified in doing. iThere fs no law
to bind them to keep tlie peace -there can
be none untij it is enacted by the Legis
lature of that Territbrj they are to us as
would lie- a band of ''. Blackfeet or Cainan
ches, who should encamp upon our borders,
for the at'ewed ptffpdpe of stealing our cat
tle and horses of plundering riouT farms
and villages.- We' would be justified' in
marching to their camp, and driving them
back'tb-'their' denis without waiting' -IRm
their' attack.' "Wi; are not bound ?t6. wait,
until they Jiave -"stolen pur . negroes
"burned our slaeholding tOTvns? But vre
have "teen so "law voiding and .ibderly,,
that, we have. not'Jone thi w"e have simp
ly said, ' we ;willwhen called upon," goto
the aid of "our friends, and assist in Nexpel-
ling those, who proclaim their purpose
be the expiilsion 'orpur friends. Jobbers
and murderers "have no rigiit to call on the
w foi protection ."-
Ir ccecuon with these immcsdjate and
local features pf - th "contest, it ..is .proper
we should . say a word of the character of
the Territory and its adaptness to a slave
holding pcpulation. "Politicians may prate,'
and letter-writers may scribbleabout the
homes for the poor, to be found in Kansas,
but it is not the less true, that it is ihe least
desirable ctrnTiiry to the poor m an -ever open
for settlemtfU J - X y-i-f'Af'
The absence of Umber, tliere -not behig
enough for fuel and ; fencing, rnttch Jess a
foot for ctdtiration. Tenders it utterly un
fit fur jaira who Las toiely pa hia owii Un
aided arm." TDwellirgs must" be of brik,
wi atuxie, ur.-ii ui wiuwr; uamea uew ry
expense;' fricing of plank, or hauled ti a
great.distanet - ,"-':.-.":"';-'.-'.": , . "
In the tic-fberf; the .. pcJOr'inah w,ith 3 ?iis
own strong jhand can build his cabin; --with
his atd. eft'H his .uiees. and .with Kis ttfte
horse.' plough j Can puj his tittle field in oulr
tn-ation ; There "w lib " swn' land '.m. Kin-
sasj ' ffrrwiirequire: money tobuy;pis.
house; jto byvak prarie, six yoke ..of 'cattle
are necessaarj'j fencing vill . be totf coistly
for small fields. . TcJ the man of-, capital,
to him. whtf can command labor, alowt if
Kansas desirable. To such, it is easiest
and cheapest to' make a farm iu the prarie.
Thesoil isjudapted to the culture of hemp,
the raising !of stocky ?" Its climate peculiar
ly, healthy io the nef jro Nature intended
it for a slavVholding State ' necessity -will
force it to be such, uidess our friends fol-
ishly abandon it to tliose who cannot ptjeu-
Our friends can thus see that to them
the land is worth a: struggle '. Were there
no other' intefes" at stake, they -Hiiij be
paid-for doing their duty - - (
We have .now shown the immediate
evils to which, we ore -exposed the mejons
by which we p; opoe as far-aSf. practicable
to meet those-" eH"ils; we ;hl!ye shon that
We are now in that condition -to which, if
the "abolitionists succeed, other slaveliijU
ing Stotes ; wiU 4?re long- be driven. jVVe
propose now to consider that which liejs at
the iounaation ca an, incse irouuies oppo-
s if ion to HCgro ilavery. ' a , .
iTd slaveholders, . tve will first address
ourselves ; ; '
: - With all due defl'f rencC td the wisdom of
the great and good men who have so long
governed the . councils pi - the slavehohjing
States, though it may seem presumptu&us-,
we vet feel that we are iustified insavlnsr.
that experience has shown the errJr of
their course. , Jn decrying. . discussion), in
seeming to admit negrpslayeryi ajx el to
be borne, not an institution to be defended,
we have not only strengthened the anr pf
out enemies, but tied? the hands of
friend's By stich seeming tfdnKSsionsI
hate deprived nrselves of the sympathies
of loo many good men Otif silence! has
been construed into a confession that
instittttion - cotdd not be defended
should have learned long ere this, tha
more we protest against agitation,
more abolitionist? agitate; we should
member, that victory is rarely won by re
treat; that courage wins half the battles.-
We have been, so much, accustomed to hear
slavery denoanced an evil, that tr'eiavc
oufleltegf, tvith the- evidence of its efiect
before our;eyes, feared to look and exam
ine them V ith this daily cry Tesounjijnf
in their esrs, with all the monstrous eKag
erationsof the poet's fancy, the knave's
cunning, to mislead them still farther, jit is
not strange that good men whq could not
see and jJdge for themselves, should Iiave
been taught to look f with horror upon! the
j master, with' pity upon the slave. ''s: With
SO many If? denounce, so few.to defeqd, it
is not strange, that; even those who .'erc
willing tolHUStain tar "strict -legal rights,
the honest gocd men of the north, el could
yet feel rtluctant to do any act by Which
so great An evil shoukl be extended" It
has been 'irefl said, that ill car cothafry
truth looses nothing by discussion.' jWe
who nave uvea in siavenoiamg ouates
have had .n opportunity; to see . and j" feel
the effects jof negro-slaveiryi; have fitlat
it was no evii. u ma now, we nave had
no simple "striking rule, the correctntjss of
which all would admit, by which to test its
effects. We have now the test, and" it is
our duty, to apply it. It is due to ourselves,
it is due to our friends in the non-slave-
holding States, that we should have
than bare'; assertron ' for proof If k be
tre that neflto-slavery is, a represented
by the abcitionists, not only a crime, wrta
nrvl'tlrwl Arul nriral vil. 1iyrn(tinnlWii
character jpf thg master as we flasthc save,
retarding the advancement of our country
in prosperity and happiness, we should at
toionce as men, teach , OOTSeltesTto looli the
I evil in the1 faeewe should cet about; rid-
J ding .ourselves of such a curse.
1 ;.V lff hovreter, it be found that negr-
I very w nojcrime: if it.be found neit
political nor a moral evil, , but that it j ele
vates the iiaracter of the master, proipgtes
his happiness, contnbwe to the advance
inent of the country in wealth and prosper
ity, is the best possible condition for.; the
slave race, all gootl men, all real pjiHan
thropists, all practical statesmen, all! true
. . .' rrt '' . "' i - -
-pamois wii say, lei us preserve eucn an
institution, let is extend its blessings
JMjm iwf bW understood as- aggejingjeand is- stiS an Moktor r Efen now the
that the number oCslafesshesi be intfrea.-! only hope of h eleva&n in the scalp of
ed by violence, by qteinhg agam ber'pcifc'
to the unportation of those whom 2i- now
abolitionists . would then capture m. the
wilds- of -' Africa ..' Though t has been
wisely; suggested, if - this were done, abo
litionists would give us no further troubles,
they .vould as did their fathers, become
slave-catchers and thus being able to make
a profit of slavery - would cease to hate
slateowners ; wdnld forget their mock
love of tlie negro in. tlieir real lore of uwn-
slavery has doue;'m'orc" td cmhze and chris
tianize the African, tlianall the seliein.es pf
all the pious- missionariis ; yet our syinpa-
tlues lor the African arjf- nof stich as lor his
ood to induce its' to bring among 'us a.
horde of savages, by biinging 'theni into
our families. We. vare rioyv- jeaping tlie
benefit of oiur. fathers' good works; "ve liave
the civuized Clinstian mail, ui place of the
rude, vicious, and degraded heatlien
We propose to consider slavery as it ex
ists m. our country ; . to test - its effects on
the white race and on the negro; to try it
not by bold assertion, but by facts and fig
ures, about which there , can be no dis
pute. '. - . . : .
S e assert that negro-slavery, as it ex
ists in the United States, is neither a rnor
al nor a political evil,, but on tjie contraryi
is a. blessing to the white race, 'and to the".
necfrd - V "... . :- - . -
This broad pf oposUipn . wiH doribtlcss
cause the abolitionists to sneer it will
strike as bold, the good trien of " the north.
who have been so" long decen-ed: it jnay
even , seem hard of proof to those in the
slaveholding States who have feared to in
vestigate the subjectj bat .we have the evi
dence at hand. A good lesson has been
tauo-lit us, and we have profited by it. So
long and so oft had it been proclaimed from
the pulpit that slavery was a violation of
God's law, men begun to. doubt whether a
slaveholder coold be a- christian. . Men of
the world, too little fersed in theterehangs
of Ithe Bible, feared to iflveisate. the.
question. ,.iOur . Dhnies misledv b-theif
text-books, took for granted the dogmas of
their Doctors,' Yet so soon as one man
dared approach the. I loly Book, dared to
'search the scriptures, :it was found, that
instead of being a violation of Gods holy
laWj slavery: was actually established by
that law ! ! . The truth was proclaimed
discussion followed ; the resteU wa, that
Investigation fixed beyoid conlrot ersy the
fact, that by the -first law given to man by
lus Maker, the law proclaimed from Sinia
slavery was established ! Moses, the di
vine law-giver, was a slave-holder t
"fugitive slave," instead of being aided in
his escape was returned to his master by
Paul the gfeat ApOitlc, to the Gentile i
So triumphantly' and cwielusively was
the consistency pf slavery wiili thcChris-
tian religion established, that abolitionists
were driven to infidelity, to blasphemy
they tranipled under foot the Bible, srnirncd
the God and Saviour of Slave-holders. '
With .auch a lesson, k is strange our pol
iticians have had less . loldiiessf ' llriin our
parsons, have' not dared to disctisa the jholit'
ical,- social and morttl effects of negro-sla
very x ne victory was : a certain anu
complete in the pne. case as in the other.
Though we,' but private citizens of a bor
der county, with neither the leisure nor the
hteans, had we the ability fully to present
all the evidences which canbe brought to
sustain our position, so abundant is the ev
idence, so accessible the. proof, we feel-no.
hesitancyin saying, , we f ytr larnish so
much that none but those? wiio are willfub.
ly blind, shall fail to see the truth of our
asserticw. ;" " ..'.V :"r' :?-X:t:.'i
Slavery is no evil to the3 -negro. " ' if wne
look at the. condition of the negro in Africa,
the land of his nativity, we find the most
pitiable victim of a cruel master, the most
wreicnea siave in America, wnen omrasi
ed with a prince of hw tribe in the deserts
of Africa, is as a man contrasted with a
beast! The mightiest of 4the "negro . race,
in his native land, not only sacrifices his
human victims to hit Gals of stone, but is
so loathsome in his filth and nakedness,
that Giddings, ,cf ,-Gerrit Smith, would .fly
from his presence; Mrs. Stowe could not
in fancy picture him a, kinsman of poor
Topsy; Fred. Douglas- would disown hisu
as a eoimtrxinanj; - t is not for us to ques-
tion Godpurposes, but it' is- certain that
from 'oar-firsJ knowledge of the negro-race,
those only have been rescued from the low
est stage of heathen barbarity, trtid . hare
been made slaves to the white ihan -those
only nave learned to know the God of the
Christian, who 'iave been instructed by
their roasters. Ages have rolled "on,, and
still the labor of tLe pionsmissionaiy tea
1ben in yainv!!! African in .his; native
hemury, Uf If means of the liberated
So fgrr; then, as the conditioa,of flie slaves
can be contrasted with that of hi tribe in - j I
Africa, to the negro slavery is no fevil.J ,: ; .?
But we go further andjsay that, ' t i !
ever the negro has.bccn the slave of tW V " C
white manJus condition has neen .better " 1 1
not only tlian that of his face in the deserts : i I
of A frka, but better tliarx when freed frpjV
the control oC the white man,' in wh&tevrf
j.pa.rij9i beiinade -Whctl?,;
vt lrnViT?"lrt bIa'rtVi.!i;rtrt . c.? TviU:...Jl . -' "...
the slave of the light4earted FreiWlimah;
in Jamaica; .of. theenergetij Enfrlishmant '.'-
in the. fiiitvd States pf the iridolent CtJ
Ole bf " the! - Soiith -Or. of tlni enlrnr;.m- - -
Kentucifiah, as a slave, Uie niTrrdlajt.ever'
lieeti-lK'trjaiidnapjurr' tllaiiyhe' . Z
in &U. - lomingd and Jamaica, .which "
once contained n population prosperous and :..
wealthy, Uie mastera, kind and iiidulgnt, .
die slaves joyous and happy, "with their.
light labors yielding r abundant harvests
robbed of the care, protection and : fore- ;
thought of tlie white man, we see them fast - .
sinking to the starving miserable condition
of wretched savages ,
. In' our own couiitry, with tlie adranhif
of the wliite man's exainple'beftire thi a1 ?
ii uu uie waicwmcare ol their Trieds, '
Hie abolitioirists to aid them, the coWitKHi " '
of tlie free negro is far worse tlian' thatt
me siave. Politically their condition is .
worse than that of the slave, for as 'toi'titt -
the honors, and ofiicesi cf orerraa fiio v
privileges, of a citizen, Ifrewlom 'is tolthit
free negro Wse"than an empty name
ouojeci mine DurUens, they are even- by
the abolitionists deprived of the benefiti of
government ' Tiiey who so tore he slave
that they will steal him from the care
protection of his master, will excludes i the
unliappy frceTiegro froin it. tfi4 iit thei'
State. . Unlike the slave, they have rono
to protect them To the state, the- maste-f
is.die " goyeninient, a ruler ' Avi fh . fiftntetf -powers,
. whose; interest is. iderkical: witf , .
brs.subjeet VTo th'mastei aldWC dpf thtf '
slave owe allegiance, from hiin he receives .
protection. To the free negro, the govern .
ment is., that of -a stranger lie is as ait
alien,' wn'th all the burdens', with none of . .
the privileges of a citizen. Until the free
negro 1 inade politically that which nature; .
has- not made him, tlie equal of the white
man, his political pritileges are iil fact th
worst specie of oppression . V . . ',
: We will then' contrast the social, fftoraf
and. physical condition of the slave. and
free negro. , ' ..
On this the census is sufiicient to -leave, ,
no doubt ; . ' ' ' ' - '' --, ;';-.
Ioss of speccli, of heating, of ngltvai
certainly Jiidicate physlcaf, as Kocy imd1 .'
insanity do mental suffering. . By the ex-
tent to which the negro, slave and free, is
subject to these aftlirtions,' we'are ; enabh f '
to determine his condition. Blindness, in "
sanity and. idiocy especially restUt from "
destitution and distress- By tlie censds of
IcjoO, we find that tin? negro race" is much
more subject to these aflErtiorfs than the
white, the ratio bein ";' ..' " V ' :
Of Deaf and "Onmb, 1 to 21 Si 1 liitev " : ?
t Blind, ' 1 to2145 . V;
" Insane and Idiots 1 to 1374
Of Deaf and Dumb 1 to 3005 Free Negfa . "
liiina : -t to tfitf -' :- r ..
" Insane & Idiots -l'f o - 980 u -''
- We thus see that to blindness, insanity
and idocy, the" negro, when free, wjar , ;
mate .subject than the white ' Sflcli being t'f. -t
thft. natural Lability of the negro to these""
afflictions, we yet find that as a slave . the
negro is almost exempt from them aU--nct T
only isIie lar less afflicted than the " free
negro, but even Jess than hia master :X .": '
We give from the census the ratto' of "
each, and5 ask thinking: men to; reflect on ; i
the exhibit - ;V A-ri? ---i; - -
Of Deaf and Dumb, . 1 to 2151, : .WhiteV
1 to 3005 F.U'egro, ?
' . 1 to .6552 Slaves,;":.
Of Kind, v 1 toU415' .White: V
. M - 1 870 Fre Kcgfou
Of Insane & Idiots 1 to 1374 - .Whites.
' ' "; .', : ,.! to QSO Free Negfc?
tv - . - ; , 1 -to30SOJ lavW ' ;
' But one explanation tan be made of thii
exf racr Jinary . development. Itc is of
which must present itself id every tmpreju
dked mind,-w'hich'at'pnee occunrto all wW"
are familiar with the real conditkft oVJir
negro hive. It b found - in th Tr&tcLfi4 .
HfOre -.of the maW, tWpK' igentise
happiness of the: s!aye-'jiziAr.
ish fabwhet'ds abontknir;.s,Ti;it a r" x
resent (her&t&er as a rnetr, tl:e
victim pf cruelty. Were CnzDv..'-- '-;
norfigoresi, the ler CiSfhCSc ;
tocpnvey anytnr ,t L!ih4 s:f--r:--
ckm ihatiltct. Cc'Jl-n si'ike.1
be the reverse 'of -thef, la---'.--f