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wi;u m the si
?!vnu. n will
. rind the edito
- vn'ue of the
From a siil
having up waif
. taming the col
seeds in each
ine snrinr an
the field, ami
f good hemp
hemp or flax i
, and the cottod
P'ant, It reqd
ii, icr whl
main in thegrJ
tajr out fresh d
. i he hemp ( w
requires lo be
fiax should he
the cotton, too.
ton gin, the sail
in the South.!
may be cuhiv;
and I think it
out nth Mack
. The discov
proves at once
the JVbrh as
tnay .produce a
ton trade. To
that we have aji
A specimen off
is dressed. 2.1
fiax, dressed, bj
men of the Me
tng and cardi
Specimen of th
a little wool.
flax, spun into
coarse and fin
the raw cotton
y. Specimen o
the present is tj
raisers are thini
apples, and neai
them no greatej
Davis, of Chelfcj
presented at thfej
culture, and vh
plump as if pi$
thev were eih '
Redliner. Dartict i
that of all of the f
ty the lapse of jtf
apples: ; jr
" They wen
dark cellar, fie
close'.s are ma.'.1
ticrht fitting dc.r
to slide that tt?y
ure, laticed tq
and only far!
layer of apple
peck of unslac
open pan on th
more than onfinf
the cellar and pcfo
Lushel filled threl
ing signs of dec-v
t tuner .rear:na
retained their, fia
March. The Cit
ter than in Detzri
came mealy. Tq
Redding, still rej
have no doubt cat
Another Apple, d
the only kind upot
closets, capable, q
was S14." i 1
We think V ":
pies and pea
sense than ac :
The result pro
plete success k
would last m a
years, should inc.
fruit to try the
the best native p
spicy, honeyed fl
clusters at the. eri
ripens from the ji
Dr. Hosack, in
nounced bv the
ciety exceeding i
best ot their aut
.cry small, excf
this pear : 4
was a well kn;
dealer in the '
was familiarly! :
Every season, i :s
turning from hi'
Jaeob regaled t
an unusually d
whose place (
would never seC
vuiging. At i.
south of the c
eels and Dut:
ground on, wi
stood, a fine tr
Not longf after
of Mr. Seckel,
received, his cat
erty was added
fide property of such emigrant, and pro- !
vided also, that taws may be passed to
prohibit the introduction, into this State, of
slaves who have committed high crimes in
other States - or Territories. They shall
have power to pase laws to permit the
owner of slaves to emancipate them, sav
ing the fights ol creditors, and preventing;
thera from becofiiing a : public charge.
They shall J&ve pwver to obliffe the" carri
ers of slave to trat thera with humanity,
to. provide for them the necessary food and
clothing, to abstain from ult injuries to
them, extending t life, c . limb, and in
ease of their neglect, of refusal to comply
witb the directions of such laws, to have
such slave or slaves sold for the benefit of
the owner, or owners. , . .
Sec3r. In the prosecutioniof slaves,for
crimes of a higher frrade ihari petit-larce-
nyi 'the Legislature shall have no power
to deprive them of an impartial trial by a
pelit-jury. - " "" - ' .1
Sec. 4. Any person who shall .malici
ously ,! dismember," or depnVe a slave of
life, shall suffer such punishment as' would
be inflicted in the case the . like offehoe
had been committed on a free 'vvhite per
son; arid bn;the like proof, ' except in case
of insurrection of such slave! ". "Z
AHtlci.E VIIl.-7-II.ECTIO.VS AND; KIOHTS-'-.
' j OFSUFFEaACE." " ; ..
Sec. Every .male citizen, ot the Uni
ted States above the age of twenty-phe
years, having resided in this State snet
year and in the county, city or town in
which he may (ofier to vote three '-'months
next preceeding any election, shall, have
the. qualifications of an electorand be en
titled to vote ',,at all elections; ' and every
male citizen of the Ignited States above
the age aforesaid who :'may be a resident
of the State at the time this . Constitution
shall be atiopted,! shall have, the right of
voting as aforesaid, but no such citizen or
inhabitant, shall be entitled to vote except
in the county in which he shall . actually
resido at the time of the election!
Sec. 2. All. voting - by the people shall
be by ballot. .'' f. : ':,!:
Sec. 3, 'Electors during their' attend
ance at elections and going to "or return
ing therefrom, shall be privileged from ar
rest in all cases except treason, felony and
breach of the peace. " '' ; -, . . .
Sec. 4. .No elector,, shall' be obliged to
do rnilitia duty on "rthe, days of. election,
except in time of war or public-danger.
Sec. 5. No'elector shall be' deemed: to
have lost residence in this State by-reason
of his absence .on business of his'ovvn, or
of the yhited tates or of this State. ':
Sec. 6." No person eihployed in the 'mil
itaVy naval or marine service of the TJni
ted States, stationed inthis Stale, shabby'
reaso.n, 01 nis s ryice tnerein, pe aeemeu a
resident of this State.' ' :- '. -
Sec. 7." No person shall be elected or
appointed to any office in this'state civil or
military, who shall jiot be possessed ot the
qualification herein before prescribed : for
un elector. " .
Sec." 8. The Legislature shall have the
power to exclode'frorh the privilege of vo
ting or being eligible to omqe any person
convicted of bribery, perjury, or other in
famous crime. , ' , - , "... '
oec. y. .lhe next general - ejection in
this Slate shll' be.' held . on the day .and
year provided by this poiistitutioii, and all
general, elections thereafter, on the day
and year as provided ,by subsequent legis
iative'ehartment! '. . J ,
,1.f;ARTICI.E.IX.- FIXAKGE. ; la! ;;
Sec. 1. :The rule.. of .taxation .shaH .be
uniform, c and . Uxcs. hall be levied upon
such property as the Legislature shall from
time to time prescribe ;..; ry - - :-
3ec 2. Thcf Legislature shall provide
or an annual tax sulBcient to defray the
estimated expenses of. the government for
each year,, and .vyheneYer . the. expenses of
any year, shall exceed the income, the JL.e
frisJature shall -provide for levying a tax
lor, the ensuing year, sufficient with other
sources of income, to pay the deficiency
as '.well as the estimated expanses of. such
Sec. 3. For ihe, purpose of defraying
extraordinary expenurtures, the a tale may
contract public 4bts,, but such debts shalj
never, ... in the aggregate eceed live hun
dred thousand dollars. Every such debt
shall be authorized by law, for so iris puff
pose or purposes to , be distinctly specified
thevein-and a vote of a majority ; of all
the members elected to jbqth . houses shall
be necessary to the passage of such law,
and every such law shall provide for.au
annual tax to be levied, sufScient to pay
the interest of such debt created, - and
such appropriation shall not.be repealed
nor the taxes postponed until the principal
and interest of such debt shall . have , been
wholly paid. . . , , . ... , ,, v ; .
Sec. 4. The Lpgislatuie niay also;bor
row mouey fbr the. purrnise of repelling
invasion, suppressing insurrection, and de
fending the state'in time of war, bu; the
.inqnej thus raised shall be applied ;.exclu
iivelv to the purposes for - which it, was
jaisetL, t. . ,; rv
Sec Si No scrip! , certificate, or other
evidence "of state debt shall be fssued ex
cept for such debts" as are . authorized , by
the. third ;or fourth sections of, thii article.
Sec. 6. The pt ope rty of, the state arid
counties, both real and. personal, and such
other property as the Legislature may
deem necessary for school, religious, or
charitable purposes, may, be exempted
from taxation. , 4. ;
Sec. 7. No, money shall at any time be
paid out of the Treasury, except in pur
suance of an appropriation by law. ;.
Sec 8. An accurate statement of r, the
public money, shall be published with' the
laws of each regular session of the Legis-
, . . .k. - - - - . i - '
latqre, ; ; . u,? din-
; ' ARTICI.E X. BEVEKUE. . y . ,
'Sec. Xi All bills for , raising revenue
shall originate , in, the house of epreserij.
tatives. " V.T f " - r ".. -J v ;
Sec Taxation - shall be . equalfi ana
uriiforraVahd all nroperty on' which "taxes
xnay bJe!ed shall be taxed in propor
I'oh'to rts'.vala, to b .scerUji)pd'a3 di.
rected by Legislative enactmentiand no
one species of property shall be taxea in
propertysf equal value, to be equal value
on which taxes shall be levied. . . Z-.-'i
t Sec 3. -The Legislature shall, have
power to levyan income; tax, and. t tax
alt persocs pursuing any decDpation, trade
Of profession!: .'ir '.
, Seel 4. The Legislature shall provide
for the classification of ie,landa of this
State into three distinct classes; to be atyled
respectively class one,, two and three, and
each of these classes - shall have a fixed
ualue in so much money, upon which there
shall be assessed an ad-valorem tax..
Sec 5. The Legislature ;rshaH provide
for a capitation or poll ta, W-be paid by
every able.fcouieamaie,. citizen overwenty
one years. and. under sixjy years of age.
but nothing herein coruainea snail prevent
the exemption ot' taxaoie pons in cases of
bodily 'infirmity. ' 4 ilt;'. r: K
Sec. 6 Tlie LegisIute J isliall levy
tax on all rail road incomes, proceeding
from gifts of ; public- land at 'th e rate bf ten
cents, on- the hundred dollars1''" ' s -
Sec: '7.. No Lotteries shall be author!
zed by law asr a source of Revenue.2 1 '
Sec & "VVhatever donations of lands of
money, that may be received from the gen
eral government, bythis Stateshall be re
garded as a Source bf revenue, subject tb
a compact, maae witn the United: States
by" special ordinance.; " n 'v:'
i.ruiiLic DOaTAIIf AND IN-
. TERN'AL ISfPKOVEME-fT." ' .
Sec, 1- It shall be the dutv1 of trie Lefr
isiature to provide; for the 'prevention1 of
waste- :and damage of the ' public lands!
now possessed; or that may hereafter' be
ceiled to the Territory or State of Kinsas;
unu 1 may pass laws lor the sale 01 any
part or'portiori 1 thereof. and' in such'case
provide 1 of the safety, security and appro
priatioa 'of the proceeds. ' -
oec: zi. A liberal svstem of internal im-
prbvemerits being essential to the develon-
meht of the resources of -the country,' shall
be'encouraged by the1 government ' of the
btate ;( and it shall be the duly of the Leg-
lsiuiure, as soon as practicable, to ascer
iuiu, uy iy, proper ODjects or ; improve
ment m'relation to roads, eanals and navi-
gaoie streams, ana 10 provide' tor a suita
ble application of such : lands s as : 'niay ''be'
appropriated tor such improvement;
' ": ARTICLEXir.-'cORrORATlOJT.
Sec I. Corporations may be formed uri
der : a' general law, but'fthe Legislature
may, by sgecial act; create bodies politic
lor municipal purposes and where the ob
jects of 'the corporation cannot be attained
uuuer 11, an general laws, or special acts
enacted' under-' the provismos of this Sec
Hon, may be altered, amended or repeal
ed by the Legislature at any time. . ' '
; Sec. 2.; No corporation shall take pri
vate property, for public use; without first
having the consent of the owner, or where
the necessity thereot being firstestablish
ed, by a verdict of a jurv, and the value
thereof assessed" arid paid.' ! :
Sec. 3; It shall be the duty of the Leg
isiature to'- provide lor the orsranizatibn o
chvfes and incorporated vilhges.' and to re
vstrit their power of taxation,' borrowing
nwne5 contracting debts, and loaning th'ei
credit, so as to prevent abuses. '
;. I Sec. 4. The Legislature mav incorpor
ate- banks ol ddpvSite: arid' exchange, but
sucn banks shall not issue any bills, notes
checks, or other paper, as moneys
f - mi ' : ".' -. i .-;
oec. o. ine xegisiaiure may incorpur
ate one' bank of discount and issue, with
-riot'inore than two branches, provided tha
the act incorporating the said bank, and
branches thereof, shall not take effect un
til it i -shall : be submitted to the people, a
the general election, next succeeding th
passage of the same.' and shall have been
approved by a majority of a.f electors vo
ting at such election.
-' Sec. 6. The .said rbank and ;brariches
shall be mutually liable for each others
debts or liabilities ; for' all paper, credits
or bills issued,' representing money : and
the stockholders in said bank, or. branche
shall ' be individually responsible,' to
amount equal to the stock held by them
for all debts or liabilities of said , bank or.
branches, and no lawshaW be passed sane
upning, oirecuy or inairectiy, the suspen
sion by said bant or its branches of speci
payment.. . . .'( .;; ;
' : bee 7. The state, shn II hbl be a stock
holder in any bank', nor shall the credit 0
me aiaiu uk given or ioanea in aid ot anv
person, association or ; incorporafiori nor
sliali the state, become a s stockholder in
and corporation. i: ' ' ";
ARTICLE XIII. MILITIA.
. Sec 1. :The-MiIitia of this State shall
consist of all the' able bodied male citizens
of th StateV between jh3 ages of.eigliVeen
and forty-five' years, "except such" citizens
as "now are, or hereafter may be exempt
by the laws of the United Stater-or of this
state.1 z- ;, .
Sec. 2. Any citfzens whose . religious
tenets' conftct yith bearing arms shall not
be compelled to do mjlitja 'duty, in time of
peace but shall pay sucn an equivalent for
personal services as may oe, piescriueu by
Sec 3. All militia ofilcers shall be elec
ted by the persons subject to military duty
within' the "bounds of their several, compa
niesV battallions,' regiments, brTsrades and
divisions, under su6h rules aud regulations
as the' Legislature may from time to time
direct and establish. "
Sec 3. The Legisluture shall as soon
practicable, establish one Common
school ot more 3 in each township-in the
State, wherat her children of the townshiri
shall be taught gratis. - ..,-'1' . '
tes. 4. The Legislature shall have bow
er to make appropriations 'from tha: State
Treasury for the support and maintainance
ol toramon schools,- whenever the ; funds
accruing from the 'lands dcmaW Kw tt
United States, or the funds received from
other sources are insufficient for that nnr.
Sec 0..; The Legislature., shalL have
power to pass laws for the government of
All Common schools xvithin'the Sfate; .' O
ARTICLE XV.- MISCELLAIfEOUs
SeclrLecorripton ahall'be the seat-of
government until .ptber wise . directed ;. by
taw ; two-thirds ol each house of he Lefir-
islature concurring in th passage of , such
aw .,,1 -, t. f. . . , . . a : -.
Sec 2. Every , person , chosen or ap-
pointed to any olfice under this state, ;be-
iore entering upon the discharge ot fas dn-
ties shall take an , oath or amrmation 1 to
support the ..Constitution;, of the United
States, the Constitution of this state, ; and
all laws, made ixr pursuance -hereof and
faithfully to demean , himself mj the , dis
charge of the duties of. his olfice. . ,.;! .' '
Sec. 3. 'The laws, public record!, 'and
the wrritten judicial and legislative -?pro-;
peedfngs of fthe state,' shall be conducted,
promulgated ! and.preservedjn the Jnglish
language. f.( , .... , r : . ;
', Sec. 4.. Aliens .who , are, or who, may.
neeauer., become oonarwe resiaents ot
this siaie, snail enjoy me same riguts in
respect to tlie... possession; inheritance and
enjoyment of' property as. native bprn cit-
izeus... , ..
Sec. . 5. No 'county seat; shall be re-,
moved!until the point , to which it is; pro
posed to be removed shall be fixed by law,
and a majority, of the voters of the county,
voting on the question, shall have voted in
1 r - - 1 .'. - '-'1. 't' .
lavor 01 its removal to sucn point.
Sec 6. All property, both real and per
ARTICLE XIV.- EDUCATION.' . ;
. Sec.l. A general diffusiion of knowl
edge being essential to the preservation of
the rights and .liberties xu the peoplei
schools and the means of. Education shall
be forever encouraged in this State.-,. ?i.
. . Sec. 2. : The Legislature shall take rnea
surrs to preserve frpmwasCe or damage,
such lands as have been 'or hereafter.mav
be granted by the United States, (or lands,
or junas. wpicn may , be receeded; trom
other sources) Jnr4he use of schools with
in this State, and shall apply the funds
vvhich may a r rise from such lands, pr frori
any other .sourcYin sirictwr
pbjecjs ol Ihcgrant. : :.ZZ i:
sonalof. the; wife, owned or. claimed bv
marriage, and lhat acquired afterwards by j
gut, devise or descent, shall, be her separ
ate properly ; and laws shall .be passed
more clearly . defining the right's of the
wiie, in relation, as wen to her separate
property as to that held . in common . with
her husbanc'. lyaws shall also be passed
providing for the registration: of the wile's
Sec. 7. The privilege of free suffrage
shall be supported by laws regulating
elections, and prohibiting, under adequate
penalties, all undue influence thereon from
power, bribery, tumult or other : improper
bee 8. Treason against the state shall
consist only in levying war against it, or
adhering to its enemies; giving them aid
and comfort.. .No person shall be convic
ted of treason unless on the testimony of
two witnesses to ;the same overt act, t or
his own'coufessiou in open court. :
BILL OF RIGHTS.
j That the general crreat! and essential
principles of liberty -and Pree Govern
ment may be rt cognized and estabJiahed !
wedecl.arer. ;.,;; ; -.3 .: 7
L 1st. That all Freemen when they form
a social compact,; are "equal iu rights; and
that no man or.setof j men,.are entitled to
exclusive,. Separate ipublie .emoluments ''-or
privileges but, in consideration.; ofi public
services.,,;;; ; . ' t .
2d. All political power is inherent in
the, people, and al free . governments are
founded on their, authority, and instituted
for;jh.eir benefit, and therefore . they have
at all, times an inalienable; and indefeasi
ble right to. alterr reformi or abolish their,
form ofguvernment in such I manner ; as
they, may think proper. .; . ; :. . ...i u-.
: 3d. That all persons have a natural
and indefeasible right toi vyorship; Almighty.
God. according... to the dictates, of their
own conscience.-and no person can of right
be compelled to attend, erect, .or support
any place ol worship, or maintain any
ministry against his consent, f vThatnonu
man; authority can, in any case whatever,
interfere with the ; rights of r conscience,
and that no preference shall ever be -given",
of any religious, establishment, pr mode, of
worship., ' ' .: ' ;-: ... ;; !-:
;4th. . That the cifii rights, privileges,
or capacities of a citizen shall in no wise
be diminished or enlarged on account of
lllS religion.-: i , :- -. .: ; :
5th. . That, all, elections shall be free
and equal.. -4 :; '.. : ;i ;. .. ,
btlhr.i lhat the right to trial by jury
shall remain inviolate. ,
7th. Every citizen may freely speak,
write, and nublish bis .seniimenis on .um
subjects, feeing responsible; for the abuse,of
Sth, The pePle SI?alU oe secure : in
their persons, houses, papers and posses
sions, from unreasonable seizures or search-
hps,, and na warrant, toj search any.jplace or
to seize any person x. hing,,, shall U issue
without probable cause, supported by . path
or affirmation. ,,;In ;all' criminal prosecu
tions the accused ha a right to be heard
by himself or counsel, to demand the na
ture and cause of the accusation, and have
a copy thereof, to be confronted by the
witness; or wi messes ?a gainst him, to have
coinpulsory process , for obtaining witness
es in his favor, and in all" prosecutions by
indictments or informations, a speedy pub
lic trial oy an imparuat jury 01 ine county
or district in which the otience shall have
been; committed, he shall not be. com
pelled to give evidence against himself,
nor shall he be deprived of his life, libeity
or property but by due course of law,
; 9th. s.Thai no freemm shall be. taken,
or imprisoned, or disseized of hts r free
hold, liberties - orT privileges, pr outlawed,
or exiled, or in any f manner destroyed cr
deprived ot his. iifeilibertx, -or .property,
but by the judgement of his peers, or , .the
laws of the land. . . r - ; .1
. : IOUl. j No person, for the same offence,
shall twice be , put in; jeopardy y of) lite,
Urab. jsr liberty ,s , nor TjBLall any person's
j 1 robertj.b?.tikea, or , applied; to .the Pub
lic use, unless just compensation be made
therefor. . .
11th. That all penalties shall be reas
onable and proportionate 10 the nature of
: 12th. No person shall be--held toan
swer a capital or otherwise infamous crime,
unless on the presentment, or indictment
of a Grand Jury,tr by impeachment, ex
cept in cases of rebellion,. inurrection'Qr
13th. That no conviction shall work
corruption of blood or forfeiture of estate.
14th. That all prisoners shall be bail
able by sufficient securities, unless in cap
ital offences, rwherer;the proof is evident;
tfrHhe presumption great, and the privile
ges of. habeas corpus shall not be suspen
ded, unless when in case 01 , re be lion, or,
invasion'the public safety may require Ifl
lf5th. . That excessive-bail shall - in no
case be required, 'nor excessive., fines" irn-
. ' 16thvt That no expost facto law, .nor
ariy'laV irripairing the obligatipns of, con
tractsshall ever beyraaclejy, V. . '
! : "17th.k f,That forfeitui'es and monopolies
are 'contrary' to the 'genius t)f'a republic".
and' shall n'dt. be allowed prior i- shall - oiriV
uiljt;. I.VUi U,:iii-i
jeieuiinijf dJivjiumcui, fu,icca ui . uuu
"ors 'evet be ' granted! or conferred in (he
: IMtli... TThnt trip riti7.pn Iiarp n Tirrrit'
in a 'peac'eabl' rtianner, to assembjie to
gether for theircommori good,1 to instruct
iiieir reureseniauves, anu 10 anyiy 10 inose
intrusted "with' the - r5owersf of government
for.redre of grieyapces or' other proper
purposes, uy auuress or remonsirance. -
lyth.' lhat the citizens of this state
shall hdre a right to keep and bear arms
for their corhmoh defence. ,4 . "
20thl That no soldier shall, in the time
of peace, be quartered in any house with
out the consent of. the owner ; nor, in time
of war, but in a manner prescribed by
law." ", ' "" " '" y
21st; ' The military shall be kept. in
strict subordination to the civil power.
. 22d." Emigration to or from this state
shall not be prohibited.
' . 23d. Free negroes shall not be per
mitted to live in this state under, any cir
2 lth. This enumeration of rights shall
not be construtd to deny or ' disparage
others retained by the people, arid to guard
againsi anj encroachments on the rights
herein retained, or any transgression, of
any of the higher power herein delegated,
we declare that everything in this article
is excepted but' of the J general ppwers'of
government, and shall forever remain in
violate ; and that all laws contrary, there
to, or lo the other provisions herein con
tained shall be' void" .
. 1. That no iuconvenience
by reason of a-change from a Territorial
to a permanent State Government, it is
declared that all . rights, actions, prosecu
tions, judgments, claims and contracts, as
well of individuals as of bodies corporate,
except the Bill incorporating Banks by the
last Territorial Legislature, shall continue
as if no such change had taken place ;
and all processes which may have issued
under the authority of the ;; Territpry of
Kansas, .snail be as valid as if issued in
the name of the State of Kansas,
rj 2. AUJUws now of" force in the Ter
ritory of Kansas, which are not repugnant
to thisv 'constitution', shall continue aud be
of force until altered, amended or repealeJ
by a legislature assembled under the prp
,visionsof this.Consiitution.', ...t j
. 3. AH fines, penalties and forfeitures,
accruing to the Territory of - Iansas, shall
enure to the use of the State of Kansas.
4, All recognizances heretofore taken
shall pass ; to anil be prosecuted in the
name of the r State of Kansas ; and all
bonds executed to the CTovernor of the,
Territoryj or to any other officer or Court,
in his or., their oflical capacity, shall pass
o the Governor and corresponding officers
of the State authority, and their successor,
in office, and foxTthe use.lherein expressed
and may.be sued for and recovered accor-
mi A nfr tlio" oefafoe rir nrnnu rt tt
real, personal or mixed, and all judg
ments, bonds, specialties., .choses in action,
and claims or debts of whatsoever des
crjptioh of the Territory of Kansas, shall
euure.lo, arid vest. in, the State ot Kansas.
and be sued for and recovered in the same
riianner, and to the. same extent, as the
same could have been by the Territory of
Kansas. , -
S. "5. All criminal prosecutions, . and
penal actions; which may have arisen be
fore .the. change from, a .Territorial to a
State'government, and which; shall then
be . pending shall be prosecuted . lo. judg
ment in the name of the btate ot Kansas,
all m actions at . law, and suits 111 , equity
which may . be pending in the courts' of lhe
Territory pf, Kansas, at thetime of the
'chanjre from a Territorial to a State erov-
ernment, may be .continued and transfer
red to any court ot . the btate ivbich shall
have , jurisdiction . of . thejQsubject matter
hereof. . . .. ,
Sec 6. All officers, civil and military,
holding their officers under authority of the
Territory of Kansas, shall continue to holtj.
exercise their respective offices, untib.they
shall be superceded by tne authority of tne
State. ... . . ' .:. .-. . ' ;
7. That ihb Constitution shall be sub
mitied. to the Congress of, the Uuited
States, at its next ensuingf session, and as
soon as official information has been re
ceived, that it is approved by the same, by
the admission, of the S-tate of Kansas as
one of the sovereign States of. the .United
Slates, the President of this Convention
shall- issue his proclamation to covene the
State Legislature at the .Seat: of Govern
ment, within thirty-one days'after publica
tion. Should any vacancy occur by death,
resignation or otherwise, in the Legisla:
turei or j other- office, . he. .shall, order an
eleaion, to J6ll; auch. vara ncy. . Provided,
however, in? case r.pf refusal, aWencecr
disability. pf the President !of thiCcnveb-
tion to discharge the duties herein imposed
on him, the President pro tempore of this
Cpnventionshall perform said duties; and
in case of absence, refusal or disability of
the President! pro tempore a cofnmitee
consisting of seven, or a majority of "them
shall; discharge the duties required of the
President of this Convention.
Before this Constitution shall be sent
to Congress, for admission into the Union
aa a State, it shall be submitted Vo'al I the
white male inhabitants of this Territory
for approval or disapproval, as follows:
The President of. this Convention shall by
proclamation, declare that on the 21st day
of December,' 1857 at ti e different elec
tion precincts "riowestablished by law, or
which may be established as - herein pro?
vided, in the. lerritory pt i;Kansas.an
election shall be held, oyer - which, shall
preside' three judges, or a majority of them
to "be appointed. as follows :'"The President
of this Convention shall, appoint three
Commissioners in each county in the Ter
ritory, Whose duty it shall - be to .' appoint
three judges J of election in the' severa.
preciricts of their' respebtiye counties, and
toj establish .precincls for votiogr and. to
cause polls' to. beopened'at such places as
they rhay deem' proper 'Tn their respective
counties ; at vvhich' election the. .Corisuiu
tion fra m e d .by the, ;Co nyen lion ' sha II be
submitted t6:alVjLhe white male inhabitants
of the -Terrifiry oi:Kahsas in said Terri
tory upon that day, and over : the age of
twenfy-bhey ears, for ralificahon- or re
jection in the following manner arid form.
The voting shall be by ballot; '- The judges
of said election shall cause to be kept. two
poll books,' by two clerks, by them appoin
ted. ; The baliOts: cast at said ' election
shall :be : endorsed,5 Constitution with
Slavery or ' Constitution with no Slav
ery One of said poll books shall be re
turned within eight days to lhe President
of this Conventionand the otlier shall be
retained by the judges of election, and
kept open for for suspection. : The Presi
dent, with - two. or more members of this
convention, shall examine said polls books,
and if it shall appear, upon said examina
tion that a majority of .the legal voters cast
at said eUction be .in favor of the Con
stiiution with Slavery," he shall immediate
ly have the same transmitted to the Cpnr
gres3 of the Uuited States as hereinbefore
provided. ' But, if upon such examination
of said poll books it shall appear that a
majority of the legal votes cast at said
election be in favor of the Constitution
with " no Slavery,'" then the article provi
ding for slavery shall be stricken from this
Constitution by thePresideht of this Con
vention, arid slavery shall'no longer exist
in the Slate of Kansas, Texcept that the
right of property in slaves now in this
Territory shall in no manner be interfer
red with; and shall have transmitted the
Constitution so ratefied to the Congress of
the United States as hereinbefore provi
ded. In case of the failure of the Presi
dent of this Convention to: perform ; the
duties imposed, upon him in the forgoing
section by reason of death,-resignation or
otherwise, the same duties shall devolve
upon the Presu'.ent' pro iem.
' Sie. S. Thire ' shitl tr; a ' general election
upoQ tha first Jilon lay in' January 18oR, to b
conducted as the election provided for in the
seventh section of this article, at w'Mch elec
tion there shall. be chosen a, Governor. TAen
tenant Governor, Secretary of Stat, Auditor
P. Blair, J. J. Revnolds, Wnx. Mathewi T
ander8iice, II. W. Forman, ' Um
XeaFenworth County-Jesse Connell, J n
Hendergon, M. M. Moore, W. Chrisfisoaa
Kookoee l. j. Eastin,' Wm. Walker, JoL
W, Martin. G. B. Redman. . . ' 0il
v'LVkens Couaty J, P. Breadford, Wm i
Hei$kell, ; ..---"- " A
: Jeffereon iCoanty Thos. D. Chiles. Jlir
Bayne, W. K. Swift,. -, - - ' AIX
Brown & Ifemeha Cos Cyrus Dolmm
Henry Smith. -
Jobnson County G. -W." MeKown. BaH
Jones, J. K. Danforth.
Marshall County Wm. H. Jenkins.
Shawnee Connty Samuel G. Reid, Httsa
Elmore.. - - - - '
Riley County-Jobn S. Randolph, C. j.
Mobly. Calhoun County Henry D. Odei. ! ' .
C. J. Mcllvaine Secy of the Convention. ? '
i 1: ATCJlS07if.AJ(SA&-TTSJtt"T'
.'T SATURDAY, -DEC. 5t. ISo7
n. . ; ."lecoriipton Constitution. ,5 - - i
" We publish this week -this siclIy ofT- '
spring.of .that' a ugust.,Toody purporting to
be the representatives of the people of
Kansas.:'. "';".'.',.,,' IV.1, :V.
They have laid down a rule of action
and intend forcing us to obeyance regard
less of interest or conscience. .
They.. have pretended to sulpii: the
slavery idause-to the peop'e for a mere
trap, for . voting ' either '. way leaves it 3
Slave State nnpact j-Tvhich - every ene can ..
plainly see. from the first glancpV And in
order to get a vote they require their abom
inable oaihi'which has ever been their de
light to torment ' a n frive!i from the polls
the Free State men.: They preface' their
work with a base !ie, as' every one kuo ws. ,
by asserting" we the people &c,,t; and
right in the face of the last election re
return . which showed them in the minority
at least five thousand. -; '
We need not stop to show objections t
the reader can discern qu ickly. where ia
they infringe upon the right of Araericaa
citizens. ; . : - .
It is pro-slavery tyranical and anti-democratic
throughout. . They want to force
U3 to.swallaw it, and then ( keep it dowa
for six years without 'any change what
ever. . ; 1 .: J. . """"" "
or the w'sh of the people, tbWjfti
the will of the majority
L . j: A nrw ;
But this could
vti?" Kotet,the not be expected from such an asseinlUge
of men, whoso only uoa was wrnsicy. '
aforesaid elo-ti-. ..y.f
l ,, jiiaiiendil, takaan oath to support the
constitution' of the United States, and to sup-
portthis Constitution if adopted, under ,the
penalties of perjury uuder the Territorial laws..
S?c 10. A-l olliccrs app6inted to carry into
execution the'provisions of the foregoing sec
tions, shall, before .entering upon tneir duues
be sworn to faithfully.' perform the duties " of
the ir offices, and in failure thereof, be subject
to the same charges and penalties as are pro
vided In Jike cases under the territorial laws.1
Sec. IU iThe officers provided for in the pje-
ceuin scciiODS suaii receive lor lueir aert iccn
the sline cosnpensation as is given to officess
for performing similar duties' under the Terri
torial laws, i -. . i..-..
Sec 12. The Governor and all other officers
shall enter upon the, discharge of their respect
ive uuues as soon artcr me aumission ot ta?
State of Kansas as one of the independent arid
sovereign States of the Union,-as may be con
venient. T :; . .-. . . . : .
., Sec. 13." Oaths of office may by administered
by any judge, or justice of the peaee, or clerk
of aiiy court of ' record of the Territory or State
of Kansas, until the Legislature of the State
may otherwise direct.). ' .,
Sec. 14' That after the year one thousand
eight hundred .."anil sixty-four, whenever the
Legislature shall think it necessary to amend,
alter and change this Conslituion, they shall
recommend to the electors,; at. the next general
election, two thirds of the n.cmbers of each
House concerning,' to vote for or igainsfc calling
a Convention and if it appears that a major
ity of all the citizens of the State have voted
for a Convention, the Legislature . shall, at its
next regular session, call a Convention, to con
sist Of as many 'nembers as there may be in
the' House of Representatives' at the time, to
be chosen in the same .manner, . at tha - sacae
places and by the electors, that chose the Rep
resentatives ; said delegates so elected shall
meet . within three months' after their election
foir- ttie purpose of reversing, amending "or
changing the Constitution, but no alUrnaiiori
chall be mace to effect the rights of property io;
cue ownership or slaves., . .
; ' Sec.. 15.' Until the L?gislatire elected a 'ac
cordance with the provisions of this Constita
tion shall otherwise direct,:the saiarr of the
Geyernor shall be three thoasand dollars per.
annum and the salary of the Lieutenant Gov-;
ernbr shall be double the pay of a State Sena
tor ; and the pay of i rrieinbers of the Legislature
shall be five! dollars- per diem: until otherwise
provided bv the first Legislature, which, ehalj.
uxiue salaries ot an onicers omer man those
elected by the people at the first election. t"
feec. 10. This Constitution shall take effect
and be in force from and after its ratification
by the people as hereinbefore provided. '
Done in Convention at Lecomoton this the
ssventn uay or November, in the year of our
uoru one taousanu eigne n unarea and fiftv-sev
en, and of . the Independence . of th - United
states of America-the eight v-secend.
In testimony whereof we hav here unto sub-
scriDed our names: "
-''..: v: diu J. CALHOUN. ;.
President pf the, Convention and Delegate from
U11 tounty ox Uongtas. . , , ;, ; :
Atchison'county J. ,T., llerefordr Isaac S.
JlaskalUSames AdkinsJ' ' - . "J" ' "
; ;Bourbon CountyH. L'WiloaiB. Little.' l-
iougjas voitaLj . sj.. veiI9, 'Alfred V.
Jones; Owen C; Stewart,'1 L. 6, Bolinr, W- S.
bptcjeJy, tliiJatch-r. - i t..sU 1 !
t??ilr3? LHH3F-'TTb'ias J. , Key, Sisusl
By this poisnbus serpent every finer feel
ing- if any they ever had J had been de
stroyed, and no longer could they be. ex
pected, ta act the part of men. There
were some exceptions it is irue to lie
character, forming that body j -but those
should have remembored . the story of
poor Tray, and withdrawn.
.. But as they have disregarded the voice
of the people, and ; contrary to dcinocralie
principles' have refused to let "us hare t
ay m its: auomion : in consiuerauon
our presfnt ana luture .weuare, some, w
tion on our part js' necessary to leach tho
usurpers we cannot thus be trifled with.
When this Constitution is out of the way
our. troubles are., forever : silenced, then
never . can again be any possible show for
these few tyrants to .forge their chain
for us. ' " : "'
But what shall we do ? We hear com
ing jup' from almost every cabin, aud i
comes, with an interest manifest which be
speaks a readiness to execute the decisis
Some in their excitement have urged me'
sure, revolting to 'peace loving men- 5.
we would urge every one to condemn-:-
To take control by force is what we W"
al along been condemning io onrsorrr
saries; it ! would now beUDprudent.jr;
ous and wrong. r We exhort aU tooe""'
ful of enlre'dliesof fanatics."' "Las1 elec
tion we gained in a pe'acable way ani ffe
can now thus, control matters. Ourb"55
shall ever remain pure from our coautrf
man's blood; and we have confidence 10
sober judgment of the people that uT
will never countenance such actions.
' j It is 'with sorrow that we : see some
our leading' men and . papers sujgesuc?
the plan of seizing those men who hate
shamefully treated os, end " put the?
of the way, Such a course is wroc?
be urged and should receive the c8"3?
of an enlightened people . Death
severe peouuy sou sowu u - - ,4
without, more delioeralion than
here have. Of it we do not concieve
m'f 'n rintv ttrnl If thtV he it - Is
time now to punish thus.' : ' je
5 Lot them go ahead end vote.1?
tu rns, a;",ipaBy frauds, as'lhey H
d iia-jOi-iiiisq v- ;!;"''' - "'" Z
ate Stenhen Gil
a few years aec
Specinuctw' of hs