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THE NA'TlO-teL TR'lBU'NrE.
' art f
Logan was a bettor
bo of more service to the country.
man than most of hisif r'lohds know i a betler man than
those who tion't know him will believe. But ho was a
chronic growler, unless ho was iu a fight, and then his
Irish pulso boat contentedly. Logan never did less than
ho promised. IIo would always do more. During the
tiresome Senatorial contest in Illinois last winter General
Grant said :
41 1 hope Logan will bo elected. IIo has an ugly temper,
but you always know where to find him. Ho is tho surest
man to his friends, I know."
But, as I .said, Judge Davis will be of more service to
tho gantry;. ' Ilo'is' able, jifdibial, and probably knows,
more law tlfah any man in the Senate, except Edmunds, !
perhaps. Ills political position is in no doubt; ho defined
it clcai;ly before he left "Washington last session. He will
support the President.
Booth, of California, is a man that will come out promi
nently some day. IIo is cool, calm, and contemplative
IIo is too indifferent to be warmly prejudiced for or
against anything, and Is accustomed to look out of Im
partial oyse. There is a great deal of latent ability in him,
also, and when ho exhibits it, ho will astonish people.
Booth is dilettante. He lias handsome hands, and wears
them gloved. His clothes fifc him too neatly to allow him
to do any heavy lifting, but lie is of that material that he
will take off his coat when he gets interested.
Booth and Oglesby have formed a remarkable intimacy.
Remarkable, because it would seem to a third party that
they should repel each other, not attract. Oglesby is
crude and boorish; ho takes a pride in it. He says
Freliughuysen and IVilliam A. Wheeler. Booth thinks
profanity vulgar, and has as dellcato a sense of propriety
as an old maid boarding-school teacher; But tho two
men are Inseparable. They walk to the Capitol arm in
arm every morning, and ride homo together at night in
the samd carriage. One will wait an hour for breakfast
if the other is late, and that is a test a matrimonial attach"
ment won't stand.
From the new men that tho South has sent to the Senate
much Is expected. They are a better class than have come
from there since secession, and nearly all of them have
been chastened by fire. Lamar, Hill, Morgan, Garland,
Harris are all triumphs of the lost cause. Each one is the
best of the native class in his State, and each believes in
th divine l'ight of tiie States. Lamar and Hill are the
ablest and best known. The former from his long
prominence in the House of Representatives, the latter
. from his debate with Blaine ovec.the bleached bones of
Hill is an uneasy spirit, seldom sits in his own seat, and
is given to pacing the floor like a man with a burden on
his mind. This is also a characteristic of Christiancy.
Hill and Christiancy resemble eacli other, except that the
former has tlirco or four more inches in length of spine.
Both have round shoulders and faded gray eyes. They
trim their whiskers alike, and are given to clasping their
hands behind them. Hill is pathetic ; Christiancy is judi
cial. Hill i3 a dreamer; Christiancy a student. Hill is
brilliant in debate; Christiancy writes everything he
speaks, and reads a five-minute argument from manu
script. Washington Correspondence of the Daily Graphic.
this is especially true in all the great wars wo
have had in which volunteers were called for in
addition to tho Regular Army, from tho revolu
tionary war down to tho war of 1861.
Acting under this policy, unlike the great
nowers of the Old "World, our Government has
been relieved from the great burden and expense
of maintaining large standing armies hi time of
peace ; knowing and feeling that in any case of
emergency, a call for troops for the defense of
the flag would he promptly responded to. The
vindication of the wisdom of this policy has been
fully and thoroughly attested in every hour of
need in the history of our country, and at no
time more fully than in the late war, in behalf of
whose wounded and disabled, soldiers we are now
seeking relief. And to-day, under this fixed
policy of the country, if, unhappily, our Govern
ment should become involved, in a war with any
foreign power, and a calf by the President for
troops to defend the nation's honor should be
made, it would be at once responded to by the
people from all sectiorisf the Union ; and the
boys who wore the blue and the boys who wore
the gray, fighting in a common cause for the
whole country, would vie with each other with
laudable strife as to who should be most loyal to
the flag, and do most 4or sustain our national
honor and perpetuate constitutional- law under
our republican institutions.
WHAT YOU WILL RECEIVE.
If the bill to equalize bounties is passed by
Congress, all soldiers who served three months
will receive twenty-five dollars.
All soldiers who served nine months will re
ceive seventy-five dollars.
All soldiers who enlisted prior to July 4, 1864,
and served one year, will receive one hundred
All enlisted men who received discharges to
accept promotion will receive eight and one third
dollars per month, for each month's service m
enlisted men, deducting only tho amount of
bounty received from tho United States Government.
Pensions tot Veterans.
From the darliest history of our country, it has
been tho settled policy of tho Government to
pension its soldiers, or their representatives, who
shall have become disabled in tho service from
woundov disease; and this, too, from tho date of
death or discharge from the sorvico. And so
flxed by law and usage has been this policy that
tho soldier, on ontcring tho service, regarded it
as part of his contract with' tho Government that
in caso'of his death or disability, his representa
tive or himself should bo granted pemsiom And
THE BtLli TO AMEND THE PENSION I.AWS FOR THE
BENEFIT OF SURVIVORS O THE WAR OF 1812, AND
PROVIDING FOR PAYMENT OF ARREARS OF PENSIONS.
The following is tho bill amending the pension laws, so
ns to give pensions to the soldiers and sailors of the Avar of
1812, and their widows, as it va3 amended in the Senate
after passing the House ofjepresentatives, at the last
session of Congress ;
An act amending the laws grading pensions to the soldiers
and sailors of the war of dghteen hundred and twelve,
and their widows, and for dMr purposes.
Be it enacted hy the Senate 6nd House of Representatives
of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
That the Secretary of the Imerior l)e, and he is hereby,
authorized and directed to place on the pension-rolls the
names of the surviving officers and eulisted and drafted
men, without regard to color, .ncluding militia and volun
teers, of the military and nival service of the United
States, who served for f ourteei days in the war with Great
Britain of eighteen hundred and twelve, and who were in
any engagement and were hoiorably discharged, and the
surviving widows of such officers and enlisted and drafted
men : Provided, however, Tha; such widows were married
to the husbands on account of whose services the pension
is claimed prior to the treaty of peace which terminated
tho war of eighteen hundred and twelve, and have not
Seo. 2. That this act shall not apply to any person who
is receiving a pension at tho rate of eight dollars per month
or more, nor to any person receiving a pension of less than
eiaht dollars per month exceptfor the difference between
the pension now received (if less than eight dollars per
month) and eight dollars per month ; pensions under this
act shall be at the rate of eight dollars per month, except
as herein provided, and shall be paid to the persons on
titled thereto, from and after the passage o! this act, for
and during their natural lives : Provided, That the pen
sions to widows provided for in this act shall cease when
tlioy shall marry again.
Seo. 3. That before tho name of any person shall be
placed upon the pension-rolls under this act, proof shall
bo made, under such rules and Regulations as tho Com
missioner of Pensions, with the. approval of the Secretary
of the Interior, shall prescribe that tho applicant is
entitled, to a pension under this act; and any person who
shall falsely take any oath required to bo taken under tho
provisions of this act shall bo guilty of perjury; and the
Secretary of the Interior shall cause to bo stricken froin
tho rolls tho najue of any person when it shall appear, by
proof satisfactory to him, that such name was put ou said
rolls by or through false or fraudulent representations, or
by mistake as to tho right of such person to a pension
under this act. Tho loss or lack of a ccrtitlcato of dis
charge shall not deprive the applicant of thobenellt of this
act, but other proof of tho service performed and of an
honorable discharge, if satisfactory, shall bo deemed suffi
cient ; and wlum there is no rccordkwUlencct of such serv
ice and snchHlischargo, thoapplleaufc may establish tho
sanio by other satisfactory testimony.
Seo. i. That all applications for pensions of tho classes
provided for In this act heretofore, or which may hereafter
bo made, shall bo considered and decided as though made
under this act; and all laws now jn force in regard to the
niaunor of paying pensions, and in reference to tho pun
ishment of frauds, shall bo applicable to all claims under
tho provisions of this act.
Seo. 5. That tho Secretary of tho Interior be, and ho Is
hereby, authorized and' directed to restore to tho ponslou
rollsnho lun'ries'of all p6rsonsiiow'sun'lvingherGtbforQ
I pensioned vonfaccQuutAof service in the war of Aigh.teen
huudrwl and twelve against Great Britain, or for service
)n any of the Indian war?, and whoso names were stricken
from the rolls in pursuance of tho act entitled, "An act'
authorizing tho Secretary of tho Interior to strike from
the pension-rolls tho nnmett of such persons as have taken
up arms against the Government, or who have in any
manner encouraged the rebels," approved February fourth,
eighteen hundred and sixty-two, and the joint resolution
entitled, "Joint resolution prohibiting payment by any
officer of tho Government to any person not known to
iiavo been opposed to the rebellion and In favor of its sup
pression," approved March second, eighteen hundred and.
sixty-seven ; and section four thousand seven hundred and
sixteen of the Revised Statutes at Large of the United
States shall not apply to the persons provided for by this
act : Provided, That no pensions shall bo paid to any per
son whose name shall bo so restored for the time during
which his name was stricken from the pension rolls : And
provided,furthcr, That in case of the death of any such
such person during the time his name was stricken fr6m
the rolls, the surviving widow, if any, shall be entitled to
receive such pension from and after the passage of this
act, to continue during licr widowhood.
Seo. G. That all pensions which have been, or may
hereafter be, granted, in consequence of death occurring
from a cause which originated in the service of the United
States since the fourth day of March, eighteen hundred
and sixty-one, or iu consequence of wounds or injuries
received or disease contracted sinco said date, shall com
mence from tho date of the death or discharge from the
United States service of the person on whose account tho
claim has been, or shall hereafter be, granted, or from the
termination of the right of the party having prior title to
Such pension: Provided, that the limitation herein pre
scribed shall not apply to claims by or in behalf of insane
persons, or minor children of deceased soldiers.
Seo. 7. That immediately upon the passage of this act,
the Commissioner of Pensions shall cause a copy of the
same to be furnished each pension-agent, whose duty it
shall be to notify each pensioner upon his roll who shall
be entitled to arrears of pension under this act; and it
shall be the further duty pf the Commissioner of Pensions
to pay, or cause to be paid, to sucli pensioners, or, if the
pensioner shall have died, to tho person or persons en
titled to the same, all such arrears of pension as the pen
sioner may be entitled to, or, if dead, would have been
entitled to, under the provisions of the first sectidn of this
act, had he or she survived.
Seo. 8. That all laws and clauses of laws in conflict
with this act be, and they are -hereby, repealed.
Congress should take immediate steps to in
crease the clerical force iu the Surgeon General's
Office. Every application for a pension is sent
there to have the hospital record of the soldier
investigated. The force of clerks now allowed is
totally inadequate to the requirements of the
Pension Office, and they are now 18,904 cases
behind; that is, they have that number of cases '
on their tahles to investigate, and thatnumher of
persons are kept from receiving their pensions hy
tho unreasonable lack of clerical force in the
office. If no more applications should be made,
it would take from fifteen to eighteen months for
the clerks of the Surgeon General's Office to dis-,
pose of the business already on then tables:, ; r;
In order to protect tho Government from the
innumerable frauds which. ifr; is constantly Ja&j
tempted to perpetrate upon it, in the Pension
Bureau, the Commissioner of Pensions should
have an appropriation, so that the special service
might be enlarged and its efficiency increased.
There'should be money enough provided so that
a man could be sent to examine into overy case
of suspected fraud. Honest pensioners could dnif
that way be protected, and 'dishonest ones pre-
vented froin defrauding the Government, 'and
If you want to know "how much will be due
you from the Government when tho bill for tho
Equalization of Bounties is passed, multiply the
numbor of months you wore in the service 4y
eight and ono third dollars, and "subtract the
amount of boimty you received from tho United
States. Tho remainder will show the amount of
bounty you will bo entitled to under thi3bill.
It was at a party tho other ovonlng. There was a lull
in tho conversation, which mado tho host, whowas luox
porieuced in party matters, somewhat nervous. Witty a
view to relitif, ho asked a mournful-looking man, who
was set like a packing box up iu one corner, if ho was
married. ' "No, I am a bachelor," stlflly replied tho som
bqrmau.., tVh!" observed tho host, warming up wjth
tho subjoot, How long have you been a bjVchulor?"
U'hct' vas another lull in tho conversation.
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ffmii finffifi u hi Tim