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THE NATIONAD TR-ffiONS.
.it " m .
Report of thfyGommissidner ofPensionm'
T,. . m...m i otittiV Tv-ni'mn
,x Pension Office
f . arin!tonf2). .ft, October ISt 1877.
Sir : In submitting a roportpf tlio tratisacftdns of this
bureau fpr thf year mulinjj Juno 80,' 1877, I desire to m
tn vnnr nmmtion ! .''
To Table I, hereto Annexed. Moro cases by 24 per cent, "were
il " 6-?- i .
Imbbwiblo to eoeWesuch reports as jould permit oven nn approach
to Intelligent adjustment of olalms,
" ' I do not bellovo It Is possible to do woro to Instruct tlio surgeons
than lias already boen done, ..
" It Is comparatively rarothht claim Is now made for a disability
contracted in servico ; It is a question of sequels to disabilities in
curred in service. . ... '
"lIt is therefore essential to any approximation to intelligent
notion that wo havo skilled, trafnod surgeons. But If it woro possi
ble to secure experienced and skilled surgeons, and to hold them,
there would remain the fact that thoy would bo so under local Influx
eijoe as vo prejuujcc uioir ronuriis in lavor u umuunutn.
"'Thoro Is in my opinion uutonoway tocscapothis diniculty,and
that is the employment of surgeons whoso relation to the Pension
OJllco shall bo what tho relation of the Army surgeon is to tno bur-
adjudicated during tho ilscal year thnn in tho year preceding, and i Bcon!Qonrii.l'sOnico "
yet tho number of pending claims of n" oles noroased S,4il. x thJ connccLkm jinv!
Tho number of original claims was Increased by .110. nnd the num. fluUa of t Jl0 Uonnjfti exa,
bor of claims for increase of pension was JJ'lMi.nni olalms UI"lor scctI "1 Kovlso
On the 30th of Juno last there woro pondlnKSl.Sfll orfulnalclnlms, .,r ,,, -., .,tatintB
. T - . . . -.-.-- --.a ..-i. ,..,..... VI 111U tlKUHVJ UJflblJViOi ",vii WlAUi-.lM .,.mww awi.f.v'
, a total oi w,. m?m -.ViinMVi ;"i rr suspension of Agent lsabello, and tho. figures civ
I claims, many of whlo i MaWo 10 Ikj r dolphin aro omitted Irom tho calculation because tha
.! 1,032 wore reopened ua sag to?!-: not furnished a statement of tho numbof of oxamlni!
and C.5S3 Increase olnltns
more than 64,000 rejected
These unsettled claims Jiavu been accumulation since 1862. Not
loss than 15,000 of thorn were filed prior to January 1, 1870. The
delay In tho settlement ot claims has caused great complaint, and
In many cases has worked hardship and injustice to a class of per
sons whoso claims should bo promptly settled.
1 took occasion In my last annual report to call attention to this
matter, pointing ontsomc defects In the system oradjudlcatinKtho
claims, and recommended as a-reincdy a change of tho system. As
It afreets alike tho claimants, the pensioners, and the Government,
tho Importance of the subject is so great that I reproduce here tho
portions of that report bearing most directly upon tho points in
volved'; "While In a class of cases in which the main facts were matter
Of record, or wore openly to bo soon by any porson whosa attention
migm oo caueu 10 ino sunject, as was mo iuci witn a largo propor
tion of thoso tiled during and for sovcral yoars subsequent to tho
war, the present system of adjudication may havo been regarded
as directive, yet, after a careful study of the Bubjcot, I am convinced
thai it is radically defective and doiiclont when applied to cases in
volving obscure questions of fact and of medical sctoncc, as was tho
caso with some of tho early claims, and is with most of thoso of
"It provides for tho settlement of claims upon cx-paric testimony
exclusively, given by witnesses who are ontirely unknown to the
llce, ami whoso affidavits aro almost universally prepared by
claim-agents who can receive no compensation for their services un
less the claim Is allowod. Moreover, the examining surgeon who
v ccrlifiett to the existence, character, and degree of disability is,
nsually, the neighborhood practitioner, whose professional interest
it is to please life claimant at the expense of tfie Government, So,
riot Only i& the door thrown wide open for thepirpctration of fraud
and deacnliotu but even interest connected with tha nrcvaraiion
of the case for adjudication the claimant, his attorney, and the
examining mrgeont aavcrne to me uovemmene, a mere sraio
tfiont'of tho substance and character of the present system would,
if would seem, bo enough to condemn it for tho class of cases we
now have, without uny statement oi its practical workings as known
to the office.
"It Is not thought that absolute justice will bo attainable in all
cases, whatever tho character of the system may be; but common
sooeo and common experience justify the "belief that a eyetom rea
sonably calculated to elicit a fair and Impartial presentation of the
existing f&cts In the various oases will Cotter subserve tho ends of
justice and of honest claimants than ono of an opposite character.
"A system should bo adopted which will glvo to the Government
an opportunity to closely question both tho claimant and his prin.
eipal witnesses, and secure medical examinations by skilled sur
geons who have no intercut adverse to tho Government.
" Tlio most simple and efficient, and at the same ttmo economical,
Jdanvhich I am ablo to suggest is as follows; Divide the country
nto districts of such bIzo, considering both tlio torritory and popu
lation, as that one surgeon devoting his whole time to tho duties
Would generally be able to make all tho medical examinations in
any district which tho pension laws might require. Appoint as
many lilghly-qualifled surgeons as thero aro districts, with a rea
sonablo annual salary, all to be under tho direction of the Commis
sioner oT Pensions t one durgeon t bo assigned tOcaoh district, sub
jeet to be ordored from place to plafcc within the district, and to bo
i:n$nred ssbout from oaexQitMcv l'J another a jhe cfyoraanalea of
the service lhlirlit requtra. o&e panpottnt clerk should be sent to
ach district to act in coriiunctlois with the surireon. or sonaratolv.
as his duties and tho regulations of tho Oommisslonor of Pensions
should, from ,timo to time require. These two should constitute a
commission on "bolutlf of the Government to mako tho required
medical examinations in any cose, and to rocolve tho parol testi
mony oifered in its support; and to that end tho claimant, with his
principal witnesses, should appear beforothem and submit them
Bolvea to cross-examination on behalf oi the Government. If a
material wituess resides in another district, his testimony should
be taken by the commission of that dfstriot and forwarded to tho
commission having tho case In hand. When tho claimant hus fur
nished all the proof he desires to furnish, and submitted to such
examinations! as aro required, the whole caso to bo transmitted to
tho oflleo for final settlement.
"This eomml33loh may be generally charged with the special In
.vestlgatlons in the district.
"In case it should be found that work was accumulating in any
district la3ter than tho regular commission could dispose oi It, a
clerk could bo d6tailed from the oulco for a limited period to aid in
- VVf his plan is simple, nnd its methods and details equally simple
j, "When an application for a ponslon Is received at the office,
copies of tho records irom the Adjutunt-Goneral's and Surcon
General's offices bearing on tho case would be obtained, nnd, to-
S ether with the application, forwarded to the commission of the
Istrict where tho claimant, resides. Ho will at tho same time be
notiiied that tho caso is ready to be proceeded with, and to present
.himself wlthJilfi witnesses to the commission for examination.
"The principle upon which this plan is grounded is universally
adopted In civilized communities for 'tho settlement of doubtful or
contested questions of fact, and tho plan itself is not entirely now :
at most, 4t Is liut the application ot an old plan to a new class of
cases. It is suggested by ancient precedents, as well as by the
modern practice of the courts, both of law and equity, in referring
cases to a master or rafurce to tako and roport testimony.
"Tho presont plan of adjudication was prooably as efficient as
any that could havo been devised for all that great class of cases
which came forward durintr. and for a few vears subsenuent to. the
war of the rebellion, which rested, upon wounds, or upon a disease I
ur uisHuuiiy, uu aucount oi wmon tnc soiuier was aiscnargcu tno
service Such disabilities were open to tho public, and the proot
wds reliiible and quickly and easily produced.
"InthiB connection 1 invito yonr attention to Table VII of my
annual roport. You will note that in the four years ending June
30, 1807, tho office settled and allowed 1C6.317 pensions, an annual
average of 41,554, when its force did but slightly osceed one-hairits
..strength in 187C; whereas in tho four years ending Juno "Co, 1876,
jWithnearly double tho force employed, but 47,653 cases were settled
and allowed, an annual avorage of 11,014.
- ' It is to bo remarked that tlio work connected with the Increase
of pensions was considerable during tho latter period, whereas th!ro
was scarcely any in the earlier years named, which will fix part only
account for the diilorencu In results.
'The comparisons of tho results of tho work in the office with tho
force employed at the several periods constitute, perhaps, tho most
eonolusive statomont which can be turnished in demonstration both
of the efficiency of the presont Bystem for the adjudication or tho
oarly war-of-rebolllon claims, as well as of the necessity which now
exists to alter the system to meet the circumstances of tho claims
which have accumulated and those which are now arising.
"Ond consequence of tho proposed change is of the utmost con
cam to the claimants.
!" Under tho proposed system tlio claimant has It in his own hands,
y his promptness in complying with the office requirements, and
y his diligence in furnishing hs testimony to tho commission, to
rcuro a speedy settlement ot his olulm, and avoid many annoying
,felyH which ho has now necessarily to submit to In the preparation
Uf his case.
"Tho medical examinations and judgments in oases are the most
difficult as well as tho most Importune branch of tho adjudications
oil the present day. t
"Correct, adjudications can bo secured only by placing In the
iwdB of a skillful surgeon exact knowledge-of tlio history of the
,iiee iavolvcd Tho proposed system would do this, while tho besi
'aUainablo practice" under tho present system signally fails in ao-
' "In a yerv able and exhaustive papor touching the medical eSv
iMninaUons, Dr. T I), Hood, tho medical roiereo o( thh5 bureauj
fcW'yig other things qayB :
-In largo proportion of cases it has been extrcwolydlfllcult
Invito attention to Table XI, giving tho re
examinations which took placo last month,
4771 Jiovisod Statutes, in sixteen ot the eighteen
of tho ngoncy districts. Now Orleans has not roported becauso of
nvun lor nuiR
hnt nsrency has
It will bo soon that tho number of ponstonors whoso pensions aro
reduced, and tho number dropped from the roll cither permanently
or temporarily, Is ccmparativolysmall ; and the roduetlons and
droppings from the rolls aggregate only $6,047.03 per month, or a
total of $145,143.12 for two years. Tho surgeon's ices, $2 each for
examinations by single surgeons, and 3 tor noaru examinations, is
estimated to bo not loss than $188,000.
It has boon tho caso that pensioners wboso names woro dropped
from tho roll, or whoso pensions woro reduced in rate on a biennial
examination, would apply for Incroase or restoration as tho case
might be, and a very great proportion succeed in securing their
claims, and thus reverse tho action of the surgeons in reducing or
dropping. It is presumed that such will bo tlio caso now. so that
the result will be that the reductions and droppings on the blonnlal
examinations will notonlycost more In foos than thoy roturn to tho
Government, but nlso'-ontail a great exponse for tho rcndjudlcatlon
of tho cases.
Under tho present systom wo had on tho 30th of Juno Inst a corps
of examining surgeons numbering 1,678 scattered throughout tho
country, and tho numbor romalnod about the snnio in September.
It Is now known to tho office that some of these surgeon's used
tholr commissions niore-io servo their priva to Interests than to sorvo
tho public, by stoking to draw to themsolvcs, through advertise
ment nnd other moans, for examination, as many pensioners as pos
sible, and thero is reason to bollovo that oven greater abuses have
necn practicou'in a great numoor oi instances.
Alter consultation with you It was decidod to make a partial test
of the medical and sunrical examinations bv causlntr iivo hundred
I pensioners to bo examined by a reliable surgeon cntlroly removed
irom tnc innuonccs wmoii were supposca to anect tno opinions ana
judgments of tho examining surgeons. Accordingly, early In May
last I placed in the hands of Dr. Alraon Olarke, of Wisconsin,
known to mo to be of high professional and personal character, who
had boon an Army surgeon, and had ahso boen an examining surgeon
of the bureau ior several years, a list of all tho invalid pensioners,
both thoso who wore and those who were not exempted from blon
nlal examinations, who wore known to the oflleo to bo residents in
tlio counties of Wayno and Chautauqua, Now York, Wayne and
Montgomery, Indiana, Calhouu, Michigan, and Ashtabula, Ohio,
with Instructions to mako cnreml examinations in eaoh case as to
all disabilities of which tho pensioner complained. Ho was in
structed to, and reports that ho did, rato the disabilities without
auy knowledge of the rato of pension which had beforo been allowed
by the office
Ho found and examined 491 pensioners, and his rating reduced
their monthly pay, in gross, $701, or-4-16,824 for two yoars.
Tho average gain to the Government for two yoars on tho biennial
examinations was $2.33 per pensioner examined. The average re
duction of rates for two years upon tho examination of Dr. Clarke
was $34.20 per pensioner examined.
Of tho 4D1 pensioners examined by Dr. Clarke ho recommended
that 23 should bo dropped from the rolls and the rates of 170 re-
After making all reasonable allownnoo for difference of opinion
in the cases examined, thero will bo left a very largo margin which
cannot be accounted for upon any reasonablo ground, except that
tho examinations made by tho examining surgeons aro unreliable.
From all I havo boen ablo tHntrp I am irresistibly led to tho
conclusion that tho present plaif oi junking medical and surgical
examinations and rating tho pensions by practicing physicians who
receive a small fee for each examination, should bo supplanted by a
system whlohwill employ for this sorviro good surgeons at an ample
salary to enablo them to devote their entire attention to the duties
of their offices.
Tho necessity for a change of the system for adjudicating pension
claims aud making biennial examinations is prossing:
1st. To secure a prompt and just settlementof tho elaims; and,
2d. To secure a rating of tho pcneloner'sdisabllltlcswhichwill bo
just to him as well as to the Government.
It may be safoIyBtated that the proposed system will not be more
dxpenslvc tkAn tho present, and it is believed that It will bo much
less oxponslve and would operate to save to the Government many
hundreds of thousands of dollars per annum, which are now paid
out In oxcosslvo pensions, and to persons ontitlcd to no pension.
ji.uueu to tne ueiays usuauy moment to tno settlement oi claims
in the Pension Bureau is tho fact that it now takes fourteen months,
In tho usual course, to get answers to calls made upon the Surgeon
Goneral. Tho following extract from a communication addressed
to pie by that officer on the 9th instant will most clearly presont tho
matter to you:
"In reply to your communi6atlon of October 6, T have the honor
to state that the numbor of calls made by you for Information In
ponslon cases, which this morning remained unanswered in the rec
ord and ponslon division of this office, was 15,399 ; butbesldes these,
3.107 similar calls, made by the Adjutant-General of tho Army, for
tho most part to enable him to glvu satisfactory replies to calls mndo
by you, also remain unanswered this morning. So that tho total
number of unanswered calls of the two kinds is 1S,690.
"The searchers are working to-day op calls made fourteen months
ago. So that tho business oi this Uivislon of the office may bo said
to bo just fourteen months behindhand."
This condition of affairs Is owing to a lack of force at the command
pi' tho Surgoon-Goneral.
of tho Commissioner of Pensions to rcvlow the feo contract inado
between tho claimant and tho olalm.agont, and determine tho
amount which shall bo paid tho agent notwithstanding tho contract.
This duty is one which It Is Imposslblo to perform satisfactorily and
equitably, ns will be readily understood by all who havo a knowl
edge of ponslon olalms. It la recommended that these sootlons bo
so amended as to take from tho Commissioner tho dleorotlon vested
In him to tix tho nmount of feo to bo paid.
When 1 camo Into ofTlco, Maroh 31, 1876, tho Commissioner and
ohiorolork, with a fow othor clorks, had their offlco-room In tho Pat
ent Office building. Tho balance of tho forco, under tho lramodiato
charge of a deputy commissioner, was located In tho Soaton Houso '
and throo adjacont buildings, sovoral blocks from the commissioner
and chief clerk, which woro wholly unfitted for tho bureau's use,
being cut up into small rooms, and not lire-proof.
The office forco was divided into eleven soparato divisions, to wit.
Invalid Division, Widows' Division, 1812 Division, JBounty-Iand
Division, Medical Division, Finance Division, CortlUcato Division,,
Mall Division, Spcclal-Sorvico Division, Hoard of Reviow, and Hoard
It was very onrly discovered that tho separation of tho Commis
sioner and chief dork from tho main forco of tho office, and tho or
ganization with so great a number of divisions, operated groatly to
embarrass and retard tho transaction of business, and the objoction
ablo character of tho oflloo added not a Httlo to tho other difficulties.
Stops were at onco taken to Improve tho situation. Tlio commis
sioner and chief clerk moved to tho Seaton House, and took personal
ohargo of the bureau. Unnecessary divisions were abolished, ana
the clorks assigned to tho remaining divisions, and much unneces
sary machinery dispensed with, whilo Congress was urged to, and
did, provide for tho leasing of a hotter building.for an offico, whioli
was occupied by tho bureau on tho 16th of September, 1870.
The reorganization of the offico was oll'octed gradually, and was
not regarded as complete until tho 16th of November. 1876. JLtttlo
progress was made prior to tho 30th or Juno, 1S76, (tho iirst thrco
mouths,) and therefore the subject was not referred to In my last
annual report, but loft to bo taken up when tho reorganization
should bo completed nnd tho now organization fairly tried.
Tho offico is reorganized upon tho basis of three adjudicating di
visions, with jurisdiction as follows :
1. 27jc Invalid Division adjudicates all Invalid Army ponslon
claims for service sinco tho commencement of tho war of tho rebel
lion. 2. The Widows' Division adjudicates all Army claims or wldowr,
minor children, and dependont rolatlvcs for sorvico sinco the com
mencement of the war of the rebellion.
a 'Tho Old War, Jfavy, and JJounty-Lunit Division adjudicates
all olaims for Army pension on account of scrvioo previous to tl. i
war of tho rebellion, all olalms for Navy pension, of whatever dale
tho service, and all claims for bounty-land warrants.
Thero aro three othor divisions, ns follows :
1. The Division of Jtecords and,Accountsitis charge or tho lssuo
or ponslon certificates, and or all roll-books and records portalnlng
AMENDMENT OP STATUTES.
I respectfully recommend tho followin.tr chancres in certain sec
tions of tho Itoyhled Statutes:
j. ejection 40'jj. aim an punsion statutes passed since juiyj.0, lHttt.',
Jail to provide a pension for a lieutenant-commander, which grade
or offioor in tho Navy was created by an act passed on the above
date. This rank is of tho same grade as lieutenant commanding.
As the law now stands, their pension for total disability is onlv
eight dollars per month, while tlio lieutenant commanding receives t
thirty dollars per month. Tho law should bo altered so as to pro- I
vide for tho lleutenaut-conimauders from July 10, 1852.
2. Section 4702. It has boon lound that many widows conceal from
tho Government the fact of their remarriage and contlnuo to draw '
tho pension after such romarrlnwo. When finally tho romarrlaeo Is !
discovered and tho widow dropped from tho rolls, the children come
in and claim the ponslon from the date of marriage, notwithstand
ing they have lived with and beon supported by tho mother tho
whole timo. In this way tho Government Is compelled In many
cases to pay tho pension twice over tho same period. It is recom
mended that a jrovito bo added to this section commencing the pen
slon to the ohlldron at tho dnto of tho last payment to the mother.
the War Office, this section
to admitted cases, the correspondence with tho nuonts for tho pay
mont of pensions, and all matters rolatlng to their accounts of which
the Interior Department has jurisdiction, and the accounts of pen
sion examining surgeons.
2. 27ic Mail Division (a branch of the chief clerk's offico), hotf
charge of tho incoming and outgoing mails.
3. The Special Service Division has charge of allinvcsMgations oi
suspected frauds, nnd of all matters pertaining to olaim-agents ana
27tc Medical liefer co has general supervision of the medical ques
tions, tho rating of pensioners, nnd of tho appolntmont of ponsloii
2'hc Appeal CTcr&hoschargoof the appeals from tho Commission
er to the Secretary of, tho Interior and othor miscellaneous mattor.
No othor domnnstration 1b neoded of tho nronrlotv of tho reorgan
ization than tho statement that during the fiscal year ending Juno
30, 1877. tho Bureau, with tho force reduced 10 per cent., adjudicated
upwards of 24 por cent, moro claims thau were adjudicated and set
tled during tho previous year, notwithstanding tho loss of timc.con
sumed in transferring the Bureau frohi its old to the new office, and
tho distractions incident to tho presidential campaign and the subs
sequent count of tho vote. ,,
This excess of the numbor of claims settled tho presont yonr over ,
the number settled tho last year does not by any moanB represent
tho full increase of work accomplished. The work whloh was very
muchbohind-hand has boen brought up nearly to date.
Tho deputy, commfssfon'or tras dlsrSVnsod vrlth, In accordance with
a special recommendation which I had the honor, to mako to your
predecessor on tho 3d day of January, 1877.
At tho same time I recoramendod tho repeal of tho law creating
that office, upon tho ground that tho Commissioner and chief olerk
having joined the main force of the office, and taken personal super
vision thereof, all necessity for tho efilcopf deputy commissioner hatl
ceased. I have the honor to renew that recommendation.
Too much credit cannot bo accorded to tho clerks employed in this
Buroau, particularly to tho ohlof clork and division ohiofs for the
part they have taken in tho reorganization. Without their intelli
gent advice and cheerful aid tho reorganization would havo been
The clorks and employees of tho Buroau sinco my connection with
it havo generally been industrious many of thom working over
hours and liavo observed that degree of discipline necessary to bo
maintained among so many persona employed together.
Attention is invited toTablo IX. showlncr thto operations of tho of-
; fico under tho provisions of section 4744 II. S. Only $40,022.78 of tho
$do,ojo appropriated was oxponaeu. tho lauuro to oxponu tno nai
Once in tho work, of which wo havo plcuty, was partly attributable
to tho lato passage of tho appropriation bill, and partly to tho fact
that the conditioner tho office-work would not justify tho withdrawal
from the offico for tho special service of a groator number of clerks
than were detailed.
In addition to the money saved to tho Government and to pension
ers by those operations, many offondors against the laws havo been
brought to justice, and many unscrupulous claim-agents havo beon
suspended or debarred from practice. Tho results altogether do
great credit to that brahch of the service.
PENS I OJf-AOENOrES .
On tho 7th or May an order wns issued by tho President, which
was afterwards modified as to the location of two of tho agencies,
by which tho numbor of tho agencies for the payment of pensions
was reduced from 58 to 18, by consolidating sovon agencies in Maine,
Now Hampshiao, and Vermont into one agoncy at Concord, N. II. ;
four agencies in Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island into
ono agency at Boston, Mass. ; four agencies in New York into two
agencies, ono at tho city of Now York and ono at Oanandalgua;
throe agencies in Pennsylvania Into two agencies, ono at Philadel
phia amrono at Pittsburgh ; four agonoles In Now Joraey, DOlaWare,
Maryland, nn s District of uoiumuia into ono agency at yynemng
ton ; five agencies in Virglnlu, West Virginia, Tennessee, and North
Carolina into one auronovat Knoxvlllo. Tonn. : two aaonolos iu Ken-
3. Section 4717. As now oxooutcd in
is working very great hardship upon many claimants. The follow
ing is tho rule oi action adopted by that offico :
"Under instructions from the Secretary of War. tho Adjutant
General has no authority to substitute for tho records committed to
him to preserve, others mado up of outsldo testimony which Jio has
no means of testing. He will always furnish tho Commissioner of
Ponslonswlth all the Information to be found In the archives of tho
War Department which can aid in determining tho validity of a
claim. Beyond this ho hnB no power to go."
In mv opinion, such lcglslatioashould bo hod as will either roliovo
tho claimants from the limitation of this statute, or onablo t hem to
obtain a consideration of tho testimony olforod by them In rolatlon
to tho records In tho offico of iho Adjutant-Gonoral, and tho trans
actions to which, thoy relate,
That the records of that offipc, relating to that groat volunteer
army whloh lately did such bravo sorvico for tho country, aro not
only very imperfect and incorrect In dotal!, but In many casos brand
honorable and gallant men with dishonor and cowardice, Is well
known to all who hayo had occasion to examine into them.
In my judgment, rooords which havo so ofton boon, found Incorrect
and imperfect ought not to bo permitted to stand in the way of per
sons prusentlngclalms for penBlon on aocounjor dlBubiHtiosordeath
incurred in tho sorvico of tho country.
4. Scotlons 4708, 4760, and 4785. Under thece statutes it Is tho duty
tuekylnto ono agonoy at Louisville; throe ugenolos in Arkansas,
Mississippi, and Louisiana into one agency at Now Orleans; throe
agouoles In Indiana Into one agonoy at Indianapolis ; Tour agcnolcs
In Illinois Into ono agoncy at Chicago; lour agencies in Wisconsin
and Minnesota luto ono agency at Mllwaukoo ; two ngonplos in Mich
igan into one nt Detroit; four agencies in Iowa ana Nebraska into
one agency at Des Moines ; four agonclos Jn Missouri, Kansas, and
Now Mexico into ono agonoy at Saint Louis ; two agonclos In Cali
fornia and Orogon into ono agonoyit San Francisco ; and three agon
cies in Ohio Into ono at Columbus, tho consolidation to take effect
Tlio Importance of this moasuro, added to tho fact than all tho pre.
Ilminiirv Htons woro of necessity taken prior to July 1, makes its
progress and presont condition proper subjects to ontor Into this ro
port; and accordingly j. tniumn, wig luiiomus .
On tho oih of May a letter transmitting the Excouttvo order was
addressed to each of tho agents whoso ngonolos worn to ba discon
tinued, containing a paragraph of instructions, as follows:
' You will plonso so conduct tho business or your agoncy hencefor
ward, to and Including Juno 30, that you will bo ablo to mako up
final reports and statomoms.and transfer to tho agent at (tho
consolidated agency) tho books, papers, rolls, records, files, and all
Other property aud things whatsoever iu your possession as ponslon
agent at (tho discontinued agency) and belonging to tho Gov-
eminent, with us little delay as possible altor that date."
On tho 14th of Juno a letter wus addressed to tho agent at the scat
or eaoh or tho consolidated agencies Instructing them, In gonoral,
as follows; ,. ,.
That tho transfer of tho ponslonors from tho dlocontinued agon
clos consolidated with tholr own agency would bo ulfcctcd by the
transfer of tho rolls, records, &c, portalning to tho discontinued
agonctos. That they should visit eaoh of tho discontinued agouoles
of tholr respective distrlut s, and rocoivo from tho ugouts tho rocordB,
rolls, and Government property.
This lottor also required tho agents of the consolidated ageqoloa
to execute now bonds, tho surotlus justifying upon unincumbered
real estate, (this Is a new feature in tho bonds of pension ugouts,