Newspaper Page Text
THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE.
-V T-'ISW T'rjCP J"
need one way or tho othor. So far as I know, the most The 1st Division of onr corps, commnuded by Brig-Gen-' bub every ono who was thoro will corroborate tho assertion
of them served in the army mid arc fully competent to , Barnes hud preceded us. Our division, tho 2d, under that tho 140th regiment rcachod tho orcst of Lifctlo Round
rive a mofessional. not to sav au unbiased, opinion in the I Brig-Gdn. II. B. Ayros, followod it. Ouv brigade, under Top m the very nicJc ol time and toioro any othor troops
caeacm4ug before them. I trust for the sake of the Brig. -Gen. Stcphon 11. Weed, led tho division, aud though
and that the loading regiments of our brigade wore just
iMissimr over that, sliirhtlv elevated ground north of Litttc
m -... .i m i l. 1 j. .1 j. . -.i.. 1 ! . !-. 1 14 "' lx. 4- nvAiim lir r l-nmt 4-r lrrtit ol i o ahmh 4ittn4-i
liouim vop wuen uowu ussiupo on our iuu,, acoompaiuuu w a unvwij "" '; uwunmwi i- uu iiuinuw
orderly, rocio Uon. V.t. upon wio union troops in ino nciu. uuiuw. a no principal
liOMers that the proposed cnango win not oc macie. i my rccoueonou oi i,ue oraur in wnuui wiu rugiiuuius wuiu
country Ik so large, and pensioners so scattered, that ' marching does not agree with that ol othor ollicors prosout,
ilioHMindB will aovor bo able to present them- I think that our regiment was the rear ono of the brigade
rIto3 for examination.
wore there, oxcept a part of Hazlett' s rifled battery, and
that if wo had not reached it first, thirty or sixty seconds
lator Hood's Texas brigade, which was tho force wo met,
would havo seized the hill which was the key to the whole
Union lino. Tho disorganized "remnant of Sickles's routed
corps would have beon surrounded on three sides. Ha&-
Wo havo rocoived from "W. M. a very long
article on the general subject of delay and de
ba1 to tfoe soldiers of tho bounty and other priv
ileges bromieed. Its great length prevents us
fwm -nnhlishiiKv ir and w"n should do the a,rt?- I while slill somo cigbt or ten rods from, us, that ho wa
ttom puDweimig u, ana wo snouta ao inc ara-1 iuj lo oom up ihcv t,mt tho Qnomy wot0 aclvancjag
cm lujusuce uy giving umy jjuru. xxia iuuujuuo
tioaa of the early times of the war are written
with great vividness, and the general tone and
saint of the whole is in strict agreement with
by a single mounted officer aud an
Iv. warren, our lormor brigade commander then actingas
Gen. Headers chief engineer. Warren dame straight to
ward the head of the regiment, whore I was riding with
the colonel. He called out to O'Rorko, beginning to speak
opposed up tho opposito side of tho lull, down which he
had just come, and ho wanted our regiment to meet them.
Ho was ovidontly greatly excited and spoke in his usual
impulsive style. O'Rorke answered, "Gen. Wood is ahead
aud expects mo to follow him." "Novcr mind that,"
said Warren "bringYOur regiment up hero aud I will take
i what we believe the almost universal sentiment the responsibility." It was a1 perplexing situation, but
,,. A.i i without hesitating O'Rorko turned to tho loft and follow
er ciuo surviving suuuurb ui una uuuutiry. j Cd the officer who had been riding with Warren, while
t i,. :.; "U- -A.-m T,ri: Warren himseii roue ramdlv down the slonvlull. whether ' ueaviiy.
iictvi aiou xiiolviai. a, nx, xlu a a, a, . , .. ,. f wlifoh wo had uist como or to over- , guns in position just at tho time
, , ..., ..- -.- . .
a, ease or "DCCUliar narClSllin imon me men toi tho vnst of onr hri&rnrln T cannofc sav.. but evidently to I lamiig uacic in great cusortlcr be
- i - - , , , .,- .- -. ,., -u r y i
A,.-; .;,nf wl.A WAf aii A ii fiT 4 n Wrt. find and order up more troops,
w. a, uiirt-tcj. j.c0ih4.uu ""u nrv.nu vix wvu-ij xu xiu Wft t.nrnf.rl ofTilm rnnrlfnonrlofh nnrl nisliP.rl nlowjr the
wooded, rocky, eastern slope of LittlCvJttound Top, ascend-
vember, hut were not mustered into the U. S.
service until March of the following year, and
' IttAHV 01 the soldiers have lailecl to receive bOllll- Hazlett's battery came rapidly up and plunged directly
,, ., Tii x p through our ranks, the horses being urged to frantic efforts
of their drivers and the cannoniers assisting
&c date of mustering, although they rendered
more than two years of actual service. If our
correspondent will send us the number of the
ifigiment we will endeavor to help him. His
remedy is by an act or joint resolution dating
the muster in, back to the time of actual entry
cries of charging lines, tho rattle of musketry, the boom-
. i n t t K . t i i i M
: xi,. s e i.i, n , w i mg ot araiiery ana tuo snnoKS 01 tne wounaea were me
uu uuc j.j.viuu uj. wiu vruv oiuiuv.uu. w c mi t, orohesti-al accompaniments, of a scone like very hell it
ing it while at the same tinio moving toward its southern
extremity. It was just here that some of the guns of
by the whip
at the wheels, so great was the effort necessary to drag the
guns and caissons up the ragged hillside.
As wo reached the crest a never to be forgotten scene
burst upon us. A great basin lay before us full of smoke
ammunition train, winch was pancoa aoouc wait a nine n
the rear, would have been lost, the general lino of battl.
would havo beon doubled up, and a disastrous defeat woul
have, beon almost inevitable. Yiucout's brigado of tho i .
Division of our corps, which was just getting into positir
on Round Top still further to tho lett, might have dor
something to avert this disaster ; but to do it thoy woulci
havo had to change their front under firo and on ground
tho most unsuitable for such an evolution. Wo of the
140th rogiment aro so solf gratnlatory as to think the arri
val of tho Monitor in Hampton Roads just when and as
she did, was a circumsUmco no more fortunate for the
Union causo than was our timely arrival to fill thtfgap juSt
when and as wo did on Little Round Top at Gettysburg.
Vincent's brigado on our loft fought splendidly and lost
viueouc nimseu was kuicu. laaxieiu goi nis
when Sioklos' s.i corps was
fore an overwhelming force,
and it was against these advancing and for the moment vic
torious lines that he poured in an effective fire. Here, too,
he mot his death in a manner dramatic to tho last degree
and yot to be described.
"Wiion Warren detached and sent us up tho hill, word
was sent to our brigade commander, General Stepheu II.
"Weed, notifying him of the fact, he having gone at tho
head of hc brigado directly to the front to the support of
Sickles's corps. Upon receiving this word, Weed brought
back the regiments with him as hastily as possible and put.
them injjosition to our right along the crest of Little Round
j. up, uuii, iiuwuver, arriving urn our oiooay auair whs over.
with raie sulphurous fumes ot battle and was ringing
with the shouts and groans of the combatants. The wild
and fire, and literallv swarminc with riderless horses aud ! But the sharpshooters wero still doing their best against
fighting, fleeing aud pursuing men. The air was saturated ! HaAett's gunners, and it was while standing among them
was about to die ho was in tho very act of committing his
last message to his friend Hazlett, who stooped over him.
when there came the whizz and thud of another bullet as
it sunk into Hazlett's brain, and that brave artilleryman
written, him Oil the subject, and publish this self as terrific as the warring of Milton's fiends in Pande-1 ioll a corpse across the body of his dying friend
4. j. n 4 4- l'n 4f a im monium. The whole of Sickles's corps, mid many othor i Thus had fallen our brigadier, the commander of the
SO as TO attract tne attention OI Otlier 111 IIKC tmons that had been Kf'nl; to its simnorh in that ill-chosen i battery which we supported, aud our gallant young colonel.
hollow, were being slaughtered and driven before tho im- I" honor of tho first of these three the uame of LittleRoiind
petuous advance of Longstreel. But fascinating as was i Top has been changed and it is now known as Weed's
thin turihlriKnpnn wnlinrl nn.iniA t.n snnnrl unnn if ' Rlnnrlv I hill
"Wb're going-to "fight it out on this line, if
rfc ' takes -all summer,'' but we must have
cruit&r-thousaiids ef them.
j work was ready for us at our vory feet.
The general was carried at oucb behind the' shelter of a
1'- Round Top, a conical hill several hundred feet in height, rock, and was soon taken in an ambulance to the farmhouse
' 1 ..ni a. a ,a..l1. .--.3 . HJ.AJ1 4... TJitln f Lmnc A Knclmioti iiTinnli oe ximll nc hiehoimc rtiifl ritf
iUV !Ub bU tllU SUlllU Ul IIS, UIIU WilS ttinVXlliCll IIUIU XllbUC " -f -""""J ""J "vu t uio wwuio wir
. i a -i-. m -K-r
inn, tne reacn ot all Tiro inational
TifiBUNBj at fifty cents for one yeai4.
Round Top, on whoso, brest we were now moving, by a i houses, had been taken possession of aud was being used
- - .."- " 1? '. T .! 11T T V" T 1 1 i "
whqro the great . as our envision nospirai. v eeci suiiercu lurenseiy uuc lor
EeminiscencJes of Gettysburg.
Poeter Faklev, formerly adjutant of the 140th' Regiment,-
N. Y. Vols., is publish ihg in the Rochester Demo
crat and Qhrtnido a valuable series ofremiusicences of that j
regiment. Toy contain many interesting facts concern- j
ing officers of the Regular Army commanding New York !
troops during our Civil War. The 140th was commanded ,
Vtt rn1rial Tl'T?rTlro on rninri rP onmnnnrs in llo Porritlni i
J Vvwv, vr a.wAn. .w.U . ro.urlo,u uU iu.u! , , , ..
Army. Alter describing the march to tf ettsyburg adjutan ""W,T ""ui'"e
broad ravine leading down .into the basin
fight was raging. Right up this ravine, which offered the ' some time after he was hurt was- entirely conscious and
easiest place of ascent, a rebel force outflanking- all our ! aDl t0 communicate the messages which he had begun to
i troops in tho plain below, was advancing at tho very mo- ; give to Hazlett. This he did to Lieutenant VjUmni H.
ment when we reached the crest of tho hill. Vincent's ' renueii, quartermaster 01 our regimenc, wno wu-n me
brigado of the 1st Division of our corps, had come up , other quartermasters of our brigade had served during this,
through tho woods on the left and wero iust getting into i campaign as "Weed's aids. Among other things, Weed
iisKuu mat wnen ne vas cieaa uie ring wnicn ue woro
might bo taken from his fiuger, and with the pocket-book
containing his private letters, be carried to the young lady
' to whom lie was engaged to. be married. As the father of
position, and tho right of their line had opened fire in the
hollow oil our left when the head of our regiment came
over the hill.
As soon as we reached the crest bullets ciuhe (lying in
noc a musKet
. We were moving with the right in lront auu vuuu juuug mujf ms ur uiauy yuv uueu pimnu uuttmy-
--as loaded, a fnct -which Warren of coura- ccr !t maY not HB loaimropnate to state that she was tne
about when he rushed ns un there. Tho aaughter ot bimOn utimeroa ol l'ennsj'lvnma.
Farley says :
It was while waiting here that an orderly brought to
Col, O'Rorke a circular addressed by General Meade to
the Army. O'Rorko and I wereboth mounted and stand
ing in front of the column. He glanced over the papor,
handed it to me, and told me to read it to the regiment.
It was as follows :
xt Hbadquaktbiis Akmy of the Potomac, -
June SO, 1SGS.
( The Commanding General requests that previous to
the engagement soon expected with tho enemy, corps and
all other commanding oilicers will address their troops, ex
plaining to them briefly the immense issues in this strug
gle. The enemy are on our soil. The whole country now
look anxiously to this Army to deliver it from the presence
of the foe. Our failure to do so will leave us no such wel
come as the swelling of jnillions of hearts with pride aud
joy at our success would give to every soldier in the Army.
Homes, firesides and domestic altars aro involved. The
Army has fought well heretofore. It is believed that it
will fight more desperately and bravely than ever if it is
addressed in fitting terms.
lf Corps and other commanders are authorized to order
the instant death of any soldier who fails in his duty at
"By command of Major-Gen. Meade :
' "S. Willi Airs, Asst. Adjutant General."
WcstJPointers arc uot habitual speech-makers, aud bur
colonol was no exception to the rule ; but the order expli
citly directed all commanding officers to "address their
troops, explaining to them briefly the immenso issues invol
ved in this struggle," and in obedionce to it, sitting then
and there on his little brown horse in front of the regi
mental colors, dressed as wo all so well remember him in
his soft felt hat, long white leather gloves and military
capo, Pat O'Rorke made the first and only speech which
he ever addiessed to his l'egimont. It was short and to
the pointand I regret that I cannot repeat tho whole of
it, but his closing w ords I remember very well, when he
said, "I call on tho file-closers to do thoir duty, and if
there is a man this day base enough to leave his company
let him dio in his tradesshoot him down like a dog."
'Ihose were the words of a man who meant to do his duty
enemy were coming from our right and to order, " on tho
Weed's bravery oven unto death, and his blufij outspok-
right by file into line,1' would have-brought us into pro- ' en maimer, were well oxemputiecl by the clearness- with
, per position ; but there was no time to execute-it, uot even j which he. made his dying requests, well knowing tuoy
time to allow the natural impulse which manifested itself ' were such, and by the emphasis with which he spoke, pur
on the part of the men to halt and load tho instant V6 re- ticularly in a reply which almost epitomises tho character
uoivfid the onemv's tlrn. O'Rorkn did not. hesitnto a mo- of the man, made to Crennell when ho said to him, " Geu-
11 U IVitW
W ..hj WW AWV.to
horses and gave them to the sergeant maior. O'Rorke
shouted, "Down this way, boys," and following him we
rushed down the rocky slope with all the same moral effect
upon the rebels, who saw us coming, as if our bayonets
had been lixed and we I'eivdy to'dhtrgd Upon them. Com
Said Weed, "I'm
"Dismount." said he to me. for the crrounzl before el, I hone you aro not so badly hurt."
itoovoufvh to ridn ovnr. Wo snruncr from our , as dead man as Julius Cresav." tie soon became
- - --r - - - -,v, , . ... - r . T. ..,, -- - . .
the sergeant major.
ous and died about 9 o'clock that evening.
During tho fight our surgeons, Drs. Dean and Lord, had
been stationed but a few rods in roar of the regiment, just
over the crest of the hilh Here they gave the wounded
such immediate attention as they needed before being sent
ing abreast of Vincents brigade, and taking advantage of : t0 tno division hospital at Bushman's farm. To this place,
wuuii me iiijiib was ovor, cergeanu wrigftui ami uiicu-ucuor
men of Company A carried our young-" colonel and there
laid him on the ground. I went with them. He had
fallen instantly dead. A bloody froth bn each sklte' of:his
ueck showed the fatal track of the bullet. . ',
Up to that time in mv life I had' never
tho shelter the huge rocks lying about there afforded, the
i men loaded and fired, aud in less time than it takes" to
write it, the onslaught of the rebels was fairly checked,
and in a few minutes the woods in front of us was cleared
except of the dead and the wounded. Such of tho rebels
as had approached so near as to make escape- almost im
fdt. agricf so
..'l.ii. .I.. ....T Jl . a. . . il il. . . I-..T.- ..t PIniiMi tAi -tr ttfri - rm iwti tinntirtn - rln-M rv I
s possiuiu uruppuu Liieir guns, uirew up ineir nanus, ana 0"uiji"j "VM- wmi. mv nimiuiuiiu w.i w'w nn -,
upon u slight slacking of our ilro rushed in upon us and then, when tho wild excitement of our fight, was over and
1 gave themselves up as nrisonere. while those so near took I saw O'Rorke lying there so palo and peaceful. - ''IVmb '
of the chance left them and retreated in dis-, all of us ho had seemed so near the beau, idealpff &.$&!-.
clier ana a gentleman, all that he had been and tho bright
The firing for a few minutes was very rapid and tho piomiso ot what he was to be was so fresh in our minds,
execution on both sides was fearful. Captain Shirks, of ; Ulcl low, in an instant tho fatal bullet had cut short .the
the leading company, received four wounds, but with j chapter of that fair life. I choked with grief as I stood
splendid pluck staid by his men till tho affair was over. beside his lifoleoa form. I had known and loved him well,
Captain Sibley, of the second oonipanj', was shot through and in those last few weeks bettor than ever, my position
both legs, and lay perfectly helpless till carried olV. 0'-1 as his adjutant naturally leading to intercourse of the most
Rorkc exposed himself with greatest gallantry, not taking ! familiar kind, as, day by day wo ato our soldicq's faro to
the least advantage of the partial shelter which the rocks . gather, aud often at night slept with thosamo blankot coy
afforded. Ho was shot in the nedc aud dropped instantly 0l'inS us- Foi liim to clie was to mo like losing a brother,
dead without a word. Captain Spies, of company 13, was ! ancI ihat brother almost the perfection of the manly graces,
shot through tho body and desperately hurt. Lieutenant What a blw was such a death to the young wife and loving
Charles Klein, of tho samo company, and Lieutenant ! family who far away waited for tho news from Gettysburg;
Hugh McGraw, of Company K, wero both wounded in wl)at was it to 113 ot that regiment whoso fortunes he had
and was resolved that everyone under his command should sylvania Court-house.
do the same. The episode was dramatic to tho highest
degreo. Tho sentiment and the occasion were not such as
to elidt boisterous applause ; but a low murmur of ap
proval throughout his -audience showed that as a body
they were ready to follow wherever a brave-man would
.hfx ncr fMIrl linlli linrl in, nnncnniihimn Of flin nnliffn1
men there were twenty-five killed and about oighty-,four
wounded. Klein and McGraw died, Spies and Sibley woro
so badly hurt that thoy never could rejoin us, and Starks
with his four wounds, all of which wero slight, fully re
covered and alter a lew wcoks rojomcu us,
dior s death the tollowmg spring in
to meet a sol
Our losses were much more severe than they would have
been if our. muskets had been loaded and if the regiment
had been formed in proper-lino of, battio before it rushed
over tho crost of the hill. This remark must not be con
strued as reflecting ou any one. Warren did not know
that our guns were empty, and if ho had known it, or if
shared, Nvhoso wants and welfare he had watched over, and
who had been tho witnesses of tho last gallant effort of his
life when inspiring every ono who hoardhim with an enthu
siasm whioh only master minds can impart, he started his
men with their empty muskets full in tho face of a wither
ing fire springing to thoir front in tho wild "rapture of the
fit.rifn ." i11 ffA n.unitr fr.linm.
lull dead among thorn.
The wholo Army, with tho exception of tho Gth Corns. ho "d O'Rorke had halted tho column for tho purpose of
had by this time arrived upon the field. In tho disposi- loading, it would have caused a delay which might and
tion of the troops our corps was held as a reserve within probably would havo been disastrous boyoncl all calcula-
the curve range of hills whoso crests formed our chosen on
line of battle. During tho day wo were moved from place In a word, Gettysburg might have been the greatest dis-
to place according as different parts of tho grand line seem- aster of the war, and might have turuecf tho scales in favor
ed mora exposed or threatened. of the rebellion. This may seem an oxtravagaut statement ;
The price of a human jaw at the seat of war in Bul
garia is about $2. It varies according tp tho roguiarity,
soundness and whiteness of teeth. In Paris the 4"bta
tion is 50 per cent, groator at wholesale. rates. .The ghast
ly wares are convoyed in cases contalng" 506, and tl b tedth
are extracted after their arrival at tho city to which the
jaws aro consigned.
The clock for the now Court House at Providence, R. I.,
is claimed lo be the largest in New England and tho best
in the country. Th6 dials aro 7 feet in diamotor and tho
pendulum rod 14 feet long, with 300 pound ball, and tho
clock, byaii ingonious electric device, regulates all tho
othor twelve clocks in tho building.