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J? cSfotithlii oumul devoted to the inteveniu of the. oldierx mil uihrsi of the hite wnr, und nil .enmonerfi of the ifnited tnteg.
CKHOBCH3 B. LEMON & GO
Editors und Proprietors.
Vol. I, No. 8.
WASHINGTON, .D. 0., MAY, 1878.
ICntereiitttcordtnff to Alio Con gres$, in the year of our Lord, f$78, hj GibriSK Lemon A Co., h the Office of the Librarian odongreu, at Wathtngton, X. 7.
ilifcW t .-tM,. -M, -.w , -WmHft.
T13BM S, PIFTY GENTS PEB YEAE;
Single Copies, 5 Cents in Currency or Postage Stamps;
l'n norn ma of the Stiuulmul Bridge.
tho Arehipolago, covered filim head to foot with ombroi
don', tnssels rind shining; bultons.
From time to time the crowd slackens a liitlo; but in-
Prom "Constantinople," by Ertmowlo do Amlols,
and pyramidal headdresses of Europeans, male and fe-
no longer a grand carnival procession that is passing: it is
humanity itself filing by with all its miseries and follies;
with all the infinite discords of its belief and its
stantly otbor groups advoiiM), waving with red caps and is a pilgrimage of a debased people and a fallen race:" an
wnixU liUJuiiusj uniHi wuicu no cyiiiuuica-i iuimj, uuimuuut nuiuuiisiu
To see tho population of Constantinople it is well to go j male, seem to iloat, borne fhward with that Mnsselman
upon tho iloating bridge, about one-quarter of a mile in j torrent. It is amazing ever? to note the varioty of reli
length, which extends from tho most advnncod point of gions.
Galata to tho opposite shore of tho Golden Horn, fooing The shining bald head of the Capuchin friar, the towor
tho great mosque of tho Sultana Validc. Both shores aro ing janissary turban of an tgema, alternate with the blaok
European territory ; but the bridge may be said to connect veil of an Armenian priestl-Imaums with white tunics,
Asia to Europe, because in Stamboul there is nothing : veiled nuns, chaplains of fcfc Turkish at my, dressed in
Europonn save tho ground, and even the Christian suburbs j green, with sabres at thefofsides, Dominican friars, pil
that orown it are of Asiatic character and color. The Gol- j grims returned from Meccr&iwith a talisman hanging afc
don Horn, which has tho look of a river, soparates two their necks, Jesuits, Dervisls, and this is very strange,
worlds, liko tho ocean. Tho news of events in Europe ; Dorvisos that tear their own flesh in expiation of their
which circulates in Galata aud Peru clearly and minutoly, l sins, and cross tho bridge nuclei a sun-umbrella, all pass
und much discussed, arrives on the other shore confused, j by. If you aro attentive, jfui may notice in the throng a j
.1111 initl1nrl 1ilir n ltf4-n ,w1w 4li- lvinvii iP r.nlt -rmrtll 11 f it 15.1 ti r ntimotni. inmlnj'n? 1.T-rt it. jkilitilli ?1lTllir -
aim iii uhjvi, jiiv7 H .ucmiiiu cvuu , uiu iiuui; wi fjiwti iuim wii-Moniiit ciiuimiui; iliulusiLjj, uric 10 a niuiibuj n"iu"g
ity of suffering to bo helped, of shame to be washed
out, ot oliains to be broken; an accumulation of tremen
dous problems written in characters of blood, which1 can
only be solved by torrents of blood; and it is all horribly
A Happy Form of Insanity.
Prof. Mo Donald recently delivered au exceedingly -interesting
lecture at the New York University Medical; Col
lege, on that form of insanity known as general paresis.
The lecture was illustrated by eight inniates of Warct's
Island Asylum, who sat quietly upon the platform until
called ipon to speak. The cases of general paresis, gen
erally comes from tho better class of society. At flrstfthe
piiwcubouuwia ruitb luuuwu uupression, auu cnau is. i.oi-
-and great things m tho west is stopped by that narrow , tho white ol his eye to a-Chnstiau exquisite, who has j lowed, by elation ot the spirits to such a degree that the.
water as by an insuperable barrier, and over that bridge, I glanced too curiously mtoftho carriage of his mistress; victim always imagines himself possessed of great wealth,
where every day a hundred thousand people pass, not ono . thoro is a French cocotte, dfessed after the latest fashion power, or social influence. After occupying half an liftur
idea passes in ton years. i plate, leading bv the hand ie beloved and beioweled son
Stamug thoro one can see all Constantinople go by m , of a pasha; or a lady ot Striftboul, feigning to adjust her
an liour. Whatever oni ho imagined that is most oxtrava- ; veil that she may peer morqeasuy at the tram ot a laay
gant m type, costume and si
within tho space of 20 paces
hind a throne of Turkish in
bonding under enormous burdens, advances a ?edan chair, , his last sous from some popdevU, and making a cabalis
luuiui wiwi ivory uun inuuiior-oi-poiui, iiuii uemuii" u xxi- uu gesture over ins iace lomdiy mm ox sore eyes.
ocial class may there bo seen ot rera; or a sergeant of cs$;alry m full umtorui stopping i wealth, power, ana influence
and 10 minutes of time. Be- in tho middle of the brklgojp blow his nose with his fin-, peculiarity about these
niters who nass runnmir. and ', crers in a wav to crivo onOvftold chill: or a onack. takinsr i neveci tnomselves to be sane.
juuiuuu liiuy ; ami uc uiuieu smo in it u ieuouiu wuipjeu oonieuines mere passesKngiib,y pasua wiui tfuee w.ns,
iu a white mantle, and a Turk in muslin turban and skv- loumrinfr in a snlendid&tf'riaffe! followed bv his nine- i
blue caftan, beside whom canters a younjr Greek gentleman bearer, and one black slawjiaW then all the Turks salute, !
''fO-tV t . -i . . -i it
followed by his dragoman in embroidered vest, and
vise with his tall conical hat and tunic of camel
who makes way for the carriage of a European amba
"I .. 1 TT r t-V . m " . m .,,
in lecuinng, rroi. aicuonaia called up tho patients one
by one to speak tor themselves. They spoke ireely ui an
swer to questions, each claiming for himself enormous
The professor said that a
patients was that they not only be-
but never doubted the sanity
of other patients similarly afflicted. They often formed
copartnerships in the asylum for carrying on great enter
prises, xie Knew a pawenc wno imagmea mat ne owned-,-all
the steamships in the world, and another who imao-mecD-
ho owned all the dried apples in the world. They fornjed)
-N. J . -. ., .' W , . . ,
a ler- touching tho forehead a-ftf presst, ana the meudictmt a co-parcnorsmp, agrejeiug that the dried apples shQuldpfr
's hair, women horrible witches;II&iti Biuffled faces and naked shipped on board the steamers and transported to'Vll
ssa-I breasts run after the carnage trying for charity. Eu-Uoints of tlie world, calculating, the profits at; fabulous-
jtvse. and threes and fives to-; prices. , ",-':
tets,ariit rtre recognized bv their . -i-r- v "i, .''
dor, preceded by his runuiug footman in gorgeous livery, nuchs not on service pass ftvse. and threes and fives to-; prices.
All .this is only seen in a glimpse, and the next moment j gether, cigarette in moiitfear&v ,rtre recognized by their
you. find yourself in the midst of a crowd of Persians, in . corpulence, thoir long arnad their black habits. Bit- j it c , .
,lmamklal bonnets of .Astrakau fuMjjpai.illavdlaJ : -"-
by a Hebrew ni a Ion ir yellow coat, open at the sides: a ; and rose or yellow vests, run aud uimpwith feline acility. ', A cor
making way for themselves with, their henna-tinted hands
Bootblacks with gilded boxes, barbers with bench and ba
sm in hand, sellers of water and sweetmeats, cleave the , manner m which the concentration ol tho enemy's
press m every direction, screaming m Greek and Turkish. , was managed. They had evidently adopted the ' fc
At every step comes glittering a military division, officers and Haiske'ft' stadiometer, an instrument by whicli ,
TliR ShiPTVnfl nf Tn.xrn.1 "WinrfflTfl.
7- -. ' , . , tm .' ,l M ..A'
. ,.v .,.., - .-, -,-.......J.U.-f W- k,'sSP',i!'',rWih .'SfilC
respondent writing of a recent reconnoissance of
the Turldsh fleet toward Sebastopol, saj's, " Before con
cluding 1 may say a tew words respecting the admirable
frowzy-headed Gypsy woman with her child in a bag at
her back ; a Catholic priest with bioviary and staff ; while
in tho midst of a confused throng of Greoks, Turks and
Armenians, comes a big eunuch on horseback, crying out,
" Larya !' (make way !) and preceding a Turkish carriage,
painted with flowers and birds, and filled with the ladies in fez and scarlet trousers, their breasts constellated with position of any vessel entering a harbor or the distance of
of a harem, dressed m green and violet, aud wrapped in medals ; grooms from the seraglio, looking like generals , any ob.ieet m view can be ascertained at a moment's no
large white veils ; behind a sister of charity from the hos- of the army; gendarmes, with a whole arsenal at their, tice. Two observers are required at the end of a base
pital at Pera, an African slave carrying a monkey, and a , belts ; zeibecks, or free soldiers, with those enormous ' line, and they have merely to follow the motions of the
professional story-teller in a necromancers habit, and what baggy trousers that make them resemble in profile the object, if moving, or bring it in the center of the field of
is quite natural, but appeal's strange to the new-comer, all Hottentot Venus : imperial guards, with long white plumes their respective telescopes. The observer at the ouo end
those diverse people pass each other without a look, like a upon their casques and gold-bedizened, breasts; city guards hns his telescope affixed to a table on which is spread a
crowd in London ; and not a single countenance wears a , of Constantinople guards, as one might say, required to chart of the harbor marked off in squares, each of which
smile. The Albanian, in his white petticoat and with pis- , keep back the waves of the Atlantic Ocean. The con-! is numbered. The pedestal of his telescope carries a light
tols in his sash, beside tho Tartar, dressed in sheep-skins ; trusts between all this gold and all those rags, between pointer, either of glass or a light, open, narrow frame,
tho Turk, astride of his caparisoned ass, threads pom- people loaded down with garments, looking like walking At the other end of this tablo is a similar pointer, attached
pously two long strings of camels ; behind an adjutant of . bazaars, and people almost naked, are most extraordinary. ' to machinery placed within a small box situated under
an imperial prince, mounted upon his Arab steed, clatters ; The spectacle of so much nudity is alone a wonder. Here heath, which is worked by currents of electricity sent from
a cart filled with all the odd domestic rubbish of a Turkish i are to be seen all shades of skin color, from the milky ' an electro-magnetic battery at the other station. The
household; tho Mohammedan woman afoot, the veiled ; whiteness of Albania to the crow-blackness of Central ! moving of tho telescope, in fact, causes the rotary motion
slave woman, the Greek with her red cap and her hair on ! Africa and the bluish-blackness of Darfur : chests that, if necessary for the reduction of the electricity, and every-
hor shoulders, the Malteese hooded in her black faldetta, you struck upon them, would resound like a huge bass or thing is so adjusted that the movements of this telescope
the Hebrew woman dressed in the antique costume of In- rattle like pottery: bucks oily, stony, full of wrinkles, and , md ot the pointer at the table shall always correspond,
dia, tho negress wrapped in a many-colored shawl from hairy, like the back of a wild boar; arms embossed with ! When both tho telescopes are pointed at tho same object.
Cairo, the Armenian from Trebizoud, all veiled iu black i red and blue, and decorated with designs of flowers and ' hQ pointors cross, and the scale of tho chart being in ac
ljko a funeral apparition, aro seen in single file, as if placed i inscriptions from the Koran. But it is not possible to ob- eordanco with aud in proportion to tho base line, thei.
there on purpose to be contrasted with each other. serve all this in oners first passage over the bridge. AVTrilo ' point of intersection naturally shows the section of the?
-. .-". .. ..- -.-. " W i.,7 '.-. . ..-- A "-...
It a changing mosaic ot races and religions that is com- i von aro examining a tattoo on an arm. vour iniido warns harbor m which tho onioct is to be found, bmniar maps
posed and scattered continually with a rapidity that tho ' you that a "Wallaohian, a Sorviau, a Montenegrin, a Cos-! being placed iu all the forts and batteries, it is very easy
eye can scarcely follow. It is amusing to look only at the ; sack of the Dou, a Cossack of the Ukraine, an Egyptian, ! to eomniuuicato by flushing signals the number of the
passing foot and see all tho foot coverings iu tho world go I a native of Tunis, a priuce of Inierezia is passing by. It - square in which tho enemy's ship happens to be, aud thus
by, from that of Adam up to tho latest fashion in Parisiau seems that Constantinople is tho same as it always was the range at each poiut can bo at ouco ascertained, aud
boot -yellow Turkish babouohes, red Armenian, blue the eapital of three continents and the queen of twenty ' the guns laid accordingly. During tho day, when the Sun
Greek and black Jewish shoes; saudals, low-cut slippers, i vice realms. But oven this idea is insufficient to account ! 1S shining, mirrors answor this purpose admirably; and.
log pieces of many colors, belonging to horsemen from for tho spectacle, aud one fancies a tide of emigration,
Asia Minor, gold embroidered shoes, Spanish alporgatos, produced by some enormous cataclysm, that has over
shoos of satin, of twine, of rags, of wood, so 'many that I turned the antiouo continent.
while you look at ono you ca,toh a glimpse of a hundred Seekers after the beautiful or the horrible will hero find '
more. Ltoo must be on tho
overthrown at ovory stop,
a colored jar upon his back
Uaok; now a squad of imperial soldiers in zouavo dress,
alert not to be lostled and their most audacious desires fulfilled : Rnnlmol would 1m '
Now it is a wator carrier with i in ecstasies, and Rembraudt would tear his hair. The !.
: now a luissmn lady on horse-; purest types ol Cheek and Caucasian boautv aro mino-wi
......"- ... . f : o-w
at night tho flashing of a lantern will equally serve to tel
egraph tho required lutormatiom
Survival of the Fittest.
and stopping as if to an assault; now a crow of Armenian
porters, two and two, carrying on thoir shouldors immense
bars, from whiph aro suspended great bales of merchan
dise; aud now a throng of Turks who dart from loft to
right of the btdgo to embark in the
thoro. There is a tread of many foot.
sound oljyoiees, guttetul notes, aspirations
incomproheusiblo aud strange, among
or Italian words that roach the ear seem like luminous
points upon a black darkness. The figures that most at-
with liac noses and woolly heads; queens and fairies pass ; oies, says the
; beside you; lovely faces and faces deformed by disease ; to tho vegetal
1 and wounds; monstrous teot, and tiny Circassian feet no ; aware. Tho
i longer than your hand, gigantic porters, enormo
sticks of skeleton
pulont Turks and black
Tho Darwinian doctrine of tho survival of the fittest in
! animal life, in its relation to the perfection of tho . spe
Philadelphia Ivnm, is quite as apnjicabtt
ilo world, as many careful cultivators am.
praotico of saviug tho best for seed, if adopts
by tho farming community generally, would morptisq,.
of ! tho average production to au extent little droamed.Qf,
aro man v who, as-
rouoous idea which,
iy hero havo his cannot too soon bo corrected, in respect to gram there
fill. No two figures are dressed alike. Here are shawls ! is loss variety of opinion. The following, which comes to
twisted arouud tho hoad, savage Allots, coronets of rags, ( us in an exohango, confirms the principle :
ipos and squares like hurlo-: ' A farmer, well known tor his care m the selection ot
nives that roach to the arm-: his seed, made it a practice to sot apart each year a coih
nits. Mameluke trousers, short drawers, skirts, hums, i tnln norr.inn of his Holds for tho niisinir of seed. Uuon
... !!!. U.. .1.1 XI 1 ... .1. l. V ,., ? . . .' . ...-" '. CI""I -"- " L ' - -....-.-, , .j--. -.
w'i'a vu mu oiu nupoioomo guurus, long, oiaoic eaitaus, trumug snoots, coats trimmed with arm mo, vests liko theso seod-plate none but the most soleot seed was usQd,,
daggers at their girdles and silver cartridge-boxes on thoir , golden onirassos, sleeves puffed and slashed, habits monk- j and of a given quality. Tho best cultivation was given.
sieumors tnap no men that nu you with pity and distrust: overv stranyust : Tho usual nractice is nist the other wav.
- " - J r -i J- -- I - " k t .. - .,.
a murmuring, a in which can be presented tho ascetic life, thn nhiis nf uro not. onh savnd for mim. but thm
intorjootional, pleasure, extreme fatigue, the excess of opulonco and tho ' sort that they see a profit in it an er
.!.:. . . i".. lii i(iiY r -t - . v
wmuiut iow rrenon i misery inac kius. wno loves coioi-s nu
4.ku .i. -ivt, .-. :.v ..ii i.i.i- i j-i. z'? .. .
wi wju uyu iu au iuis crowd aro uiu Circassians, wno go skirts ana undor-vosis in scr
m groups ot threo and llvo together, with slow steps, big- , quins, girdles stuck full of k
bearded mou ot a tomblo countonanco, wearing bearskin
w ..... . .V. . " ---.,-,.. . . ,T,.4 . ...,
oioasis; real ligures ot bantlitti, who look as thoy had ish and babies covorod with gold laeo, men dressed liko
nou that look like men; beggars with tho
a ragged elegance, a profusion of colors,
tags, and fluttering ends of childish and tho-
como to Constantinople to soil a daughtor or a
with thoir hands imbued with Kussiau blood, T
sister t womon
Thon tho : port of
Syrians, with robes in tho form of Byzantine dohnatio, ! of fringes
and tueir heads enveloped in gold-stripod handkerchiefs; . utrioal deeorations, Uiat l-emhul one of a masquerade in a
nuigsvnans, dressed in course sorgo, and caps onoiroled i mad-house, for which all the old clothes dealers in the,
with fir; Georgians in hats of varnished leather, their tun- uuivorso have emptied their stores,
ips bound round the waist with motal girdles; Grooks from The first amazement over, the festivo colors fade; it is
without regard to cost, aud tho product of those seod-plafcs
was used for tho general crops; the top or extra grain be
ing carefully sorted etioh year, to bo again sown forfuur.a
seed. Thus ho always hud nono but tho best and lupsX
mature SQod for sowing, and always obtained an, exti;a ,
price from others, for seed from his ftokls. But his Qyn
selected seed for those seed-plats could not bo bought at
i a m
1 P 4rl
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