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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE.
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ww i ff) tfeat ae4l hoxoo. of our.
arr m aver w ImwhUIuI iiowors.
ttiinocl nt iho court of tho Lydinn nionnroh, thon tho
waalthfost nnd mirrhtost of potoulnloa, rojoioing hi tho
fjillnoae of his pjlory and tho oxlcnt of his realm, hu was
nskort by tho vain monarch, who doshnd and oxpcolcd a
roply fnvorablo to himself, this quoRtion, ' Who 0 Solon !
was thohnppiosl man you have over known? Tho king
was not only amazed, but startled at tho answer : iC Tolltts,
nn Athenian mechanic" replied tho Soton, "was the hap
piost man whom I have over known, lie; after a life spent
in doing good to his fellow citizens, having had a family
of stalwart sons born to him, died bravely fighting in his
country's sorvico, at, the oloso of a victorious battle, where
in her rights had been assorted and hor freedom assured,
to which result ho had greatly contributed by his porsonal
valor." AVoll might Cioosus bo astonished at this reply of
tho man whoso laws havo made his name immortal, for in
it was tho germ of theprinciplo which makes small slates
great and republics powerful.
This was an assuranco that patriotism olovatos and dig
nifies the poorost citizen of a state, ennobles him abovo
tho rank of kings, and sublimes oven ordinary virtue
whon displayed in tho service of ono's country. It is a
bountiful expression of that noblo sentiment, so dear to
ovory freeman's heart, that "It is sweet and becoming to
dio for ono's country."
It was this willing tributo to tho memory of her sons
who diod in battle that made Greece in her day the mis
tress of tho world in arms and art, which constituted hor
tho beacon light to all succeeding nations, and which has
oxaltcd hor into a model for all who aspire to do noble
dccds.or think noblo thoughts to look to for inspiration.
Under teachings such as hers, tho heart of tho citizen
expands with the glory of his country, whoso honor and
greatness arc paramount to all other considerations, and
as constant in his mind as is the .northern star in tho
firmamont. Louis XIV onco declared "that ho was the
State." Tho pooplo wore nothing to him. How much'
moro truly can tho citizen who knows no simmim. who
-- ' w. - V.B -V
trom tho laws ho obeys, and who, by his own hands or by
tho hands of his ancestors, of equal political rank with
himself, constructed tho government which ho nrotaate and
J!gSf fSmh tijmymliom i amiynljiirKli National Cemo-
!! Hi nWWOMtldfltwa firftnlnflifwl minvminrl
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to Mm Ib. ma firt by itj from tho heights, and
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1mA wu . ( mi mmh, a Wntorluo u his cause.
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J IAbb amr 'Bif amjiiH Htb wuluipnired in all her
,ti ty?ll m wrvlxoiv, might enjoy
i IT 'm&' b1!! Hut iiy, and peace.
It: l!Si i J ' fciwlI aVd ! bmvo and no-
irBd A b mb mi kfr oUb tht) hands of our
immt4t, x mrmtut tl-m &-wr, u that their
itymi amy r irojU bmiirro to lojuto their do-
WMimf amab. Tm afthirM mII r ! Mow sug'8tivo !
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lMtt Bokm, t . yicmi AiUtriiiui. Utwgivur, ub untar-
by which ho is protected, say, "I am the State?"
The individual sovereignty which the citizon of a re
public enjoys stimulates him either on tho weary march
or amid tho carnage of battlo ; ho is willing to die in tho
dofonco of tho liberty ho loves. From this pure spirit of
patriotism free governments spring, without which they
will bo as evanescent as tho "morning mists upon your
mountain slopes." This lovo of country, my friends, is
a prolific thome ; it inspires the mind ; it quickens the
pulsation of tho blood ; it nerves the weak and presses on
ward tho stroug ; it makes the soldier valiant and the
orator's delivery grand ; it is as old as time, and in a re
public, as certain as eternity ; it comes -with breath and
departs only with lifo ; it will assort itself in the traitor's
heart ; like Banquo's ghost, it will not down, but will evor
chide him in his thoughtful moments ; no nation can bo
truly great without it ; poetry draws from it its inspira
tion, society its charms, tho arts and sciences their im
pulses, and language its eloquence. Yes, my friends,
dead must be tho soul that does not swell with emotion at
tho thought that this is his own land, and dead soon would
be that land whose children did not glow with pride at the
mention of her name. This love of country, then, being
tho greatest laurel that bedecks tho brow of liberty, how
will we entwine its tendrils around tho hearts of those
who come after us iu ordor that time may increase its
growth? My countrymen, this is a result that every na
tion on tho surface of the earth at some time or other in
its history has sought to attain. The most effective me
thod evor discovered to keep alivo this essential feeling of
patriotism you are practicing to-day. Yon are to-day pay
ing a tributo of respect to tho memories of the bravo men
who now sleep in the honored graves. You are perform
ing a labor of love springing from a recollection of tho
services rendered our country by your own patriotic sons,
a recollection of great deeds, of earnest patriotism, and of
unhesitating devotion in a worry cause. To this silent
city of the dead the widow of tho departed hero will re
pair with her son, point out to him his father's grave, tell
to him the story how ho volunteered, how ho fought, and
how he fell gallantly defending the flag of his country.
The maiden whose lover has fallen in this bloody sfr-ifo
will also come here, her hopes blighted and her young,
warm heart crushed, and on this, to her a hallowed spot,
will drop a tear on the grave of him sho admired. And
hero will como the aged, crippled veteran, with his grand
son by his side ; standing amid these houses of tho de
parted all his youth Avill revive, the old daj's will pass be-
lore linn anew, tne old ieoling will again inflame his
breast, tho great cause, the earnest love of liberty, tho
ardent love of country, the desperate battle, the weary
march, tho dreary bivouac, the temporary defeat, and the
final victory. All ! all these will pass in reviow before
his mind. Uis ancient ardor will rekindle, and ho will
recount in stirring speech and martial phrase the glories
of his youth. Into tho greedy ear of tho listening lad the
old man will pour tho story of the battles, sieges, and for
tunes through which ho has passed, and, fired by recol
lections of these scenes, he will "shoulder his crutch and
show how fields were won," and pointing whore his com
rades sleep, exclaim with proud emphasis.: "I, too was
one of them ! And as tho old man talks, see how the oyo
of tho youth kindles, how his cheeks glow, how every
fibre of his body is moved ; tho lesson hns entered his
soul ; ho, too, aspires to be " one of them," and when the
day of trial comes (if como it should) ho is mentally re
solved to emulate the deeds of his grandsiro and his com
rades. With every noblo sentiment of his soul aroused,
ho departs with regrot from tho consecrated resting-place
of tho fallon heroes of his countrv. Fathers, mothers.
brothers, and sisters, all will como hero it will bo a hal
lowed spot. The spirit of the martyrs will forever linger
here, beckoning to coming generations. My friends, you
are here perpetuating tho memory of tho men who died
that you might live aud enjoy liberty. It is fit that such
men should bd' honored. In honoring them wo not only
pay a deserved debt of gratitude, but wo onnoblo ourselves.
All people havo in this manner testified their apprecia
tion of their heroes. In the remotest time testimonials
like theso havo beon rendered to commemorate tho
deeds of those who died for their country. The an
tiquity of tho custom is only equal to tho grandour of the
heroism it preserves. Especially is this the case where
free institutions have prevailed, and man was recognized,
not as tho serf or tho pariah of tho state, but as the very
foundation-stone of its strength and greatness. All tho
republics of ancient Greece thus paid their tributo of
gratitude to tho patriotism of their sons. On tho field of
Marathon, where tho Athenians encountered tho hordes
of Persia, threatening to submerge Europe in one gonoral
dolugo of univorsaldospotism, thoy mot nn
fearful tide. Their admiring follow-citizons i u
inscribed with tho names of tho fallen, a m.
still stands to remind tho scholar and tho WtMt,
liberty of tho gallant men who fought upon
1 noro each succcoclmg yoar, so long as Greece ui.uni.th
her freedom, tho men, women, and children f a i limn
gathered and strewed flowors upon the gravos t f 1 1 im glity
dead, and a panegyrical funeral oration was (ithuiou.
Thus tho fires of patriotism woro kept bu- mik bright
by recounting tho incidents of that wond .lul fight
Through cvory epoch of Grecian history up o tho vory
pinnacle of hor, greatness, and down through tho long
olympiads of hor decline and fall, tho youth of Greece
repaired to Marathon to ronow their patriotism, as tho
Moslem in long succeeding ages made his pilgromages to
Mecca to invigorato his faith.
'Go, stranger, and to listening Spuria toll,
That hero obedient to her laws, wo foil,"
is tho modest yet suggestive inscription on tho column
orected at Thermopylae consecrated to tho memory and
covering tho bones of that glorious band of three hun
dred, who, animated solely by a sense of duty and adora
tion of freedom, resisted to tho death tho myriads of tho
Persian invador. What man could over pass that sacred
spot and read that simplo record without fooling tho blood
tinglo through his voins, without a thrill of exaltation that
here Hollas' sword had carved its way through Eastern
barbarism and prosorved a civilization? What man could
go there without an honest pride of tho place and tho oc
casion, elevating him almost to tho height of tho horoio
souls who there gave up there lives? Iu the Old World,
monarchies have orected monuments aud paid testimony
of respect, such as you are doing to-day, not to tho rank
and file, not to tho soldiors who won tho victory, but to tho
privileged few whom tho accidout of birth had investod
with authority. The governments, were but governments
of the privileged few ; while our Government is a. govern
ment of the people, by tho people, and for tho people.
You. my friends, perform your pleasing duty of to-day
upon no such principlo ; you do not design to perpetuate
tho memory of the privileged fow ; but you recognize the
merit of tho private soldier. Never in tho world' s history did
soldiers desorvo better of a country. Cast your oyes back
ward for a fow yoars and take a retrospect of our struggle
for uatiouai existonce,. Considor tho immensity of tho dan
gor, consider the magnitude of tho interest at stake, and
consider tho awful consequonces if wo had been untrue
to oursolvos. Upon the determination of the issue de
pended not only tho integrity of our torritory, tho Union
of the States and their consequent greatness, the liberty
of ourselves and all who should como after us, but also
the welfare of millions in the Old World who look to tho
United Slates as their future home, where they too could
enjoy the liberty they so much admiro and covet. Free
government itself was itpon trial. Freo government,
which, like another Noah's Ark, was sailiug over tho
waters of time freighted with the hopes of mankind, car
rying in her bosom vital principles of freedom which
are eventually to give life to tho world. Truly, then, this
was a struggle for national existence.
Countrymen, when the hour of troublo came, when tho
fearful peril impended over tho future of the nation, and
the cry weut out, "Tho country is in danger " what a
noblo, what a womlerfail response the citizens of the na
tion gave ; how thoy gathered together from ovory ham
let in the wide-extended land, and poured in ever-swollmg
streams to their country's rescue. Nor was Pennsylvania
second in her devotion in the great cause to any of her
sister States. Her sons, few of whom had ever seen the
camp fire, animated solely by love of country, unhesita
tingly devoted thomselves to endure all the privations aud
dangers of war. From, every State came the quota, em
bracing the shilled artisan and the sturdy farmer ; while
from tho mountains and forest came tho hardy backwoods
man, all volunteering to do battle for tho maintenance of
these States under the Constitution framed by our Revolu
tionary ancestors. Tho student of history reads, and tho
orator grows eloquent, over tho battles of Alexander, of
Haunibalj of Caisar and of Napoleon ; but these all will
" pale their ineffectual fires " boforo tho truo history of
our great rebellion when it shall have been written. Ac
company our army, the Army of tho Potomac, in your
mind's eye, through four years of bloody strife. Com
mence with the sovon historic days before Richmond in
1802. Their bones are bleaching in tho swamps of tho
Chicahominy on the plains of Manassas, amid the rug
ged gorges of South Mountain, by Antiotam's stream, and
on the steep hoighths of Fredoricksburgh. The winds
that whistle through tho pines of the Wildorness sound
their requiem there. Whon the tide of invasion entered
our own State, and tho northenmost wave of rebellion had
rolled its bloody crest upon the slope of the Round Top,
at Gettysburgh it encountered your military rook (" which
was never shaken,") tho Pennsylvania Rosorve Corps,
which dashed it back in shattered spray, never to bo
united or advanced again. On tho natal day of your in
dependence, 1863, on this sanguinary field, tho national
salute was fired that not only made tins Union permanent,
but tolled tho death knell of the Confederacy.
Who can describe the terrific grandeur of this battlo and
do justice to tho subject? No onel Yot how vivid is tho
recollection of tho "zip" of tho Minnie and tho whistle of
the shell? tho yell of tho stubborn and gallant foe, and
the sturdy, hardy cheer in reply? tho elbow touch of the
comrade as you pressed boldly forward in the headlong
charge? All, all is over, and many a noble man there
"fought his last fight and won his last battlo." Who
greater than he than ho whoso monument stands there,
the gallant noblo Reynolds? Ho whom you all delighted
to honor, and whose imago you cherish in your hearts with
a feeling strong as tho first lovo of budding womanhood?
Ho whose discipline in the camp and bravery iu the field
made his imprint on the oflicors and men of his qoinmand.
Wo imagine we still see him
"Whore death's brief pant? was quickest,
Whoro tho battle's wreolc lay thickest,
Thore bo sure was KoynolUs charging,
Thero bo no'or shall chnrgo again"
With what sorrow did our great ohioftan, General Meado
exclaim, as did Napoleon at Narongo, when informed of tho
death of his great lieutenant, Dessaix, that "Victory at
such a price is doar." My 'friends, when tho roveille on
resurrection morn shall sound, theso horoos will rise from
their honorod gravos, and as thoy advanco to the otornnl
throno the tears of pity of the recording angel will blot
out the record of their human frailties, and fit thorn to re
ceive tho crown of everlasting glory. But now that tho
doors of tho tompto of Janus are closed in our beloved
country (I hope forotro;,) now that the passions are lulled
and reason has again resumed her sway, lot magnanimity