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THE NATIONAL? TJRIBUNE.
:r,:,;z;,:i-i-,-'.1.1.: :,:".: ' s:A"
Bauds, Lake Co., D. T., Sept. IS, 1SS0.
Editor National Tribune :
';VSih: I received tlio August number of Tile National
.TjmiUNK and was pleased to think or the interest you
manifest in regard to the boys who gave their lives and
health for the Union. I will send one dollar to pay for
the paper two years I believe that is the price and I
also want to write you about pensions. I was a soldier in
ouo of the Vermont regiments and contracted a discaso
from which I have never recovered. After I had been out
of the service a number of years and had spent consider
able for doctors' bills I was advised to apply for a poiuion
and" did so and obtained one in a short time but it was
only dated back to the time of the filing of my officer's
..certificate and was rated at eight dollars per, month and
liavo alwajs been rated the same, and whou the bill
passed that pensioners wore to receive all their arrear
age and at the same rate that it was originally
granted, I thought, of course, it was so. and made appli
cation to cne uommissionor ol rensions lor i.uo same uemg
instructed not to make 'application! through any claim
agent because there would not be any notice taken of it if
1 did, as the Commissioner of Pensions would send it to
the soldiers free of charge: but what was my surprise only
to getfOur dollars for part of the intervening time and six I
IA11ntc firtt f.Vir wct. nr f fi tliivHmn mvnnnsinti wn! fVTjmf'Pfl . 1
I wrote to the party in Washington who got my pension
in the lirst place and received the- answer that the Com
missioner had the arbitrary right to do so. Am glad Mr.
flyers is at work digging up the cases of the wronged
Soldiers. I can't help but smile to think how honest Air.
'Bentloy talked and didn't want the claim ageuts to get
any of the arrearage money and then rob the boys of their
aioiiesfc'dues. Yours respectfully, E. B. KELLOGG.
bo about 5.000.) that thoy aro composed of almost all na
tionalities, many that cannot read tho English language,
' and that among those that can read and speak it many of
thorn are penniless, and among thoso that havo a litftlo
means many are suspicious of imposition, and could not
i bo convinced of tho bonoflts of tho publication to their in
' tcrost, wcro you to offer a promium of a half eagle to each
fifty-cont subscriber. Such is tho condition of matters
I suppose, that of course, you havo seen accounts ore
this of tho changes tbat havo taken placo in our "Home"
officers, by tho action of the " Board of Managers, M who
have boon in session hero during a vlargo portion of tho
past week. Timo alone will toll whether these changes
will prove beneficial, but as to myself, I am very doubtful
as to the wisdom of them.
Mr, Editor, I noticed in your last issue, (pa go GO) a
short item as to the birth and doath of Goorgo Washing
ton. ITavinga dosiro to ascertain as to tho correctness of
your figures, I roforred to a valuable Almanac in mypos
session, and thoroby. discovered your error as to timo of
his death. I have cut from my Almanac the page con
taining i statistics of "Our Presidents," and oncloso it in
this letter, so that if in future you havo Occasion to refer
to any of oiir Presidents you may havo something official
from which to quote. I will acknowledge that my confi
dence in tho accuracy of this article on "Our Presidents, "
was shaken whou I road that James Monroo died nineteen
years before his birth ; also that John Adams was inau
gurated eleven years after his death it does not give tho
fxact locality in which ho was -inaugurated whether
above or below. But these queer kind of statements are
so numerous that it is useless for me to attempt to givo
them all, in fact, I have about tired myself in attempting
to go over said article with a pencil, and I suppose I
havo not discovered one fourth of tho errors, and besides I
make no claims to being a proof-reader ; I will acknowl
edge to having boon a " typo" for over thirty years, but
it makes mo ashamed of the " profession" when I see an
article of that longth and iniportauco with such a quan
tity of errors, and especially to find it published and sent
forth to tho world from a publishing houso in Philadel
phia, that land of steady habits, I challenge you to pro
duce one with more blunders, and of equal National im
portance than tho enclosed. Examine it at your leisure,
for tho curiosity of tho thing, if for nothing more.
THEO. J. PATRICK.
The Almrvnac you send is indeodaohapter of blunders,
but it is quite a curiosity and ve thank you for it, Mr.
Patrick. Ed. Turn.
v Putnam: Hal-l, Putnam County, Flohtda,
August 19, 18S0.
.Editor National Tribune:
Sir : Please send mo a sample copy of The National
Tiiibune. I enlisted in the United States army in 1SG2,
becaine diseased, served my time out, and was honorably
discharged. As long as I was able.to earn a living I never
'called,' oh the Government for aid. I had plenty to go on
till about two years ago, when I lost what 1 had, I made
JSToiith Topka, Kan., Sept. 24, 1S80.
Editor National Tribune:
Sm : After fifteen years of military inactivity, on read
ing your valuable paper, I can almost fancy I am again in
the service of my country. Seeing you are willing to pub
lish communications from soldiers, aud thinking possibly
a few words from Kansas may interest you, I will write.
I hope the Sixty Surgeon Bill is laid on the shelf for good
for the sake of many poor pensioners in this State. God
forbid it should ever pass, for if it does there would not
be ouo hundred pensioners in this State who could pay
railroad faro and ruu after the doctor and lawyor for the
little pension money thoy would get. It would just
amount to cutting off the old soldier from his pension. 1
am endeavoring to add a few more subscribers to your
paper. I consider it tho soldiers? head-light. It really is
the truest guide to their best interests and every Union
soldier can surejy sparo 50 cents for such a valuable paper.
I 'remain yours truly,
Co. A, 27th Ind. Vol. .
Walnut Grove, Red River Co., Texas,
. September 30, 18S0.
Your paper came to hand in due time, and lam
much pleased therewith ; would not do without it for
twice or throe times the price. I find very much matter
application for a pension over a year ago. I have never therein contained in regard to Pensions, and the " Boys
been able to do manual labor since ray discharge from
service ; yet I thought I could livo without help from the
Government. The department is very slow. I have a
wife and five children four daughters and ouo boy none
of- them able to work. It does seem to mo that the Pen
sion Office ought to havo force sufficient to at least let a
fellow know his doom in twelve months. Some of my
witnesses livo in Arkansas pr Missouri, I do not know
which, but am trying to find out by the time necessary to
use them. My colonel lived somewhere in Tennessee tho
last time I heard from him. Now I want to know through
your paper .how to find out a witness' whereabouts when
you do not know his residence. I would send you the
monoy for your paper, but my wife and children aro ray
first care, and I have put them on bread and water alone,
just because I have not the means to give them better.
They have plenty of water, but I am sorry to state thoy
are short of bread a good part of the time. I havo seen
two or three numbers of your paper, and G its tone very
much. When I get the monoy to sparo I will send for it,
unless you can send it to mo for awhile on credit. It is
..pretty hard to havo to await tho slow motions of our Com
missioner of Pensions, and if Mr. Bentley establishes his
doctor and attorney bill in sixty districts it will entirely
debar my claim, as it will be impossible for ine to have my
witnesses attend any court thoy may appoint, as my com
pany was made up of men from divers sections of the
"Union. I was a prisoner in Libby prison, captured Juno
10, 18(13, I think, and got back to my command in Octo
ber, 1303, I think. I do not remember exact dates. Am
I entitled to anything for lost time and starvation while a
prisoner of war? Any information will bo thankfully re
ceived, and when I am able I will not forget your kind
ness. Hoping to hear from you soon, I am, respectfully,
iu, Blue." There are but few of them in this State, but
what few I havo found are true to thoir country aud their
fellows, malting tho best of citizens when settled down
for life. It is to be regretted very much that the Govern
ment is so dilatory m paying off ex-soldiers their pensions
which are thoir just and rightful clues. Many, very many
there are, who aro entitled to good and permaueut pen
sions, have nover received a pension from tho United
States, for taking thou lives iu their hands, leaving
friends, home, companions, children, and all the endear
ments of homo, and its attractions, going forth among the
first to do their country service and have done thoir duty
put upon them like noble, obedient, and dutiful soldiers,
who havo by so doing become disabled in many ways, so
that they aro unable to perform much if any manual labor
at all, havo not, aud are not receiving anything from tho
United States. Yet. why it is so I cannot conceive unless
it be iu tho' Pension Otuco's neglect. As I myself for one,
am among that numbor, having prone out to serve my
country in 1801, and going through with all tho hardships
and exposures incident to thoso of that class of soldiers
belonging to tho engineering and mechanical corps, aro
always compelled to undergo, while performing duties,
thus becoming a cripple for life, must wait and wait, for
King John, or some ono else, for what tho United States
by right is justly owing mo, until I shall pass away from
earth, and this little raito do mo no good. I havo boon
now ovor three years in getting my matter proveu up, yet
must wait. Givo King John particular fits for mo, and
accept my best wishes for future success and prosperity.
You are at liberty to publish this if you think it worthy
a corner in your paper.
Yours truly, ' O. R. O.
E. F. 0M Alihon, Ind. No, Tho disability on account
of which you claim increase of pension not being ono
spooifioally mentionod iu a law, tho increased rating can
only commouoe from date of your examination Uierofor
by tho Pension Office surgeon. Q. Will tho widow of
a soldier who was a ponsiouer bo allowed a pension from
the dato of his doath, notwithstanding tho faot that sho
did not marry him until after his discharge ? A. No; be
cause sho did not,filo an application boforo July 1, 1880.
Her pension can only commouco from dato of filing hor
claim. , Sho is entitled to pension only in dnso hor hus
band's doath was duo to his military or naval Borneo. If
she has remarried sho has no title.
"SunscnniEtt, Guekncastle, Ind. Aporson applies
for a pension. Q. I. After all ovidonco that i3 called
for has been furnished, through what channel' do tho
papois travel? i. ?., what ofiioos examine first, -aatriiil
through until approved? A.. When the application is
first received in tho Pension oftloo it is opened in tho mail
division, whero it is stamped with tho dato of its receipt.
A filo wrapper, suitably indorsed with a description of
tho olftim, i3 then prepared and tho Claim forwarded to
tho attorney clork to ascertain if the agent authorised by
tho claimant to prosecute tho claim has cmulifitid as
required by la, and if he is in good standing. Tho in
dorsements havmg been msulc, the papers thou go to tho
record of claims. Hero a search is mado to determine if
the applicant has ever before applied for a pension. If ho
has not, the claim is given the next vacant number in tho
series, duly recorded, and placed on the files for examina
tion iu its turn Having received the sanction of tho
adjudicating division, the claim is forwarded . to tho divis
ion of records and accounts for tho preparation, of tho
pension certificate, and tho instructions to tho pension
agent to placo tho claimant's name on his list and to pay
at the rato and from tho dato indicated. The certificate,
with the brief prepared by the examiners, after -careful
comparison, aw passed to tho Commissioner of Pensions,
who countersigns tho certificate. It then goes to tho
Secretary of tho Interior, who signs it aud causes tho
great seal of his Department to ba affixed to it. Tho
certificate is then sent back to tho Commissioner of Pen
sions, who sends it, with other papers, to tho pension
agent, who forwards it to tho claimant with a prepared
voucher for tho first payment of tho pension. Q. 2. ' ' Can
you give tho numbor that has boon reached aud disposed
of iu the Adjutant and Surgeon-GcueraVs offices? " A.
The Surgeon-General is behind about 7,000 cases, and
reports oii about 100 cases daily. The Adjutant-Gonoral
has about 20,000 cases on hand, and reports on about 400
daily. Tho Pension'Ofiico has readied claim No. 310,000
for action. Q. 53. "What is tho character of tho claims
that go before Congress? Aro thoy claims that havo been
delayed and not acted on, or those that havo been re
jected?" A. Claims that have been disallowed by tho
Departments on technicalities, or on what tho Pousion
Office regards as insufficient ovidonco, or cases that aro
not provided for in tho geiieral pension laws, or cases that
that have fallen under Uiq bar imposed by statutes of
O. W. B., St. Louis, Mo. I filed my application for
the additional bounty provided by the act of Juno 30,
I860, on the 0th of last July, and tho Auditor returned
ray application stating that said act of Congress had
oxoired bv limitation ou tho 30th of .last June. Is there
no way to collect the bounty? A. The bounty cannot
be collected until Congress revives tho law, which will
probably bo done at its next session. The date of approval
of tho act granting additional bounty was July 2S, 18GU,
not June 20.
J. U.K., New Haven, Coxn. Q. Would tho present
Commissioner of Pensions ("King JohnM) bo retained in
his present, office in case General Garfield should bo
elected? I know many exsoldiors and sailors pension
ers aud applicants for pensions who. are "stalwart'
Republicans, but who would not vote for Garfield if thoy
knew he would retain the ' arch enemy of tho peusionor"
in office. A. Of course we aro not iu General Garfield's con
fidence, aud presume ho has made no political slate in anti
cipation of his election, jno person can say wno win uu
National Militaky Home,
Dayton, Onio, September 25, 18S0.
Editor National Tribune :
Sut : I thankfully acknowledge tho receipt of a numbor
of sample copies of your valuable paper, which, although
no letter of instruction accompanied them, I naturally
surmised were for distribution among tho inm'ates here.
I hereby inform you that I havo distributed them as pro
miscuously asvpossible, and I trust that your liberality iu
providing them may be rewarded by a largo increase in
your subscription list in tho future. You, of course, real
ieo that among the largo gathering of soldiers here, (said to
Geokgk Knigitt, of Parker's Landing, Armstrong
County, Ponn.. formerly of Company D, 40th Pennsyl
vania Vols, would like address or Dr. Bowon, surgeon
Murfreosboro' hospital in January, 1804, or Dr. Bnrk,
surgeon of 40th Pa. Vols, or Col. Solfridgo, 40th Pa. Vols,
or James House or Adam Heffnor, same regimont.
Lewis IIybh, Saybrook, MoLoan County, III., wishes
to know tho post office address of Dr. Luce, late assistant
surgeon of tho 8fch Ohio V. Of
S W. Snidek, of Sholdahl, Story County, Iowa, for
merly Lioutouaut-Colonol of the Sixteenth V.st Virginia
Infantry, desires address of any of tho commissioned offi
cers of said regimont.
tho office of Commissioner of Ponsions under Garfield's
administration, should ho bo elected President; but we
earnestly hope that an ox-soldier will be tho incumbent of
that office without regard to which candidate is elected.
'Haiuiy," Ghees-field, In Q. Did tho Special
Committee of tho -louse of Representatives, of which tho
Hon. Mr. Myers, of Indiana, is chairman, detect any
wrong workings in tho Pension Office, and where could I
obtain a copy of tho committee's report? X. Tho com
mittee has not yet made a report, but will probably do so
soon after the convention of '.Congress next December.
For the result of the first dajjfs investigation by said com
mittee, see Tub National Tkibune for the month of
April, 1880. Wo opine that you will there see pioof con
clusive of tho " wrong workings" of tho Pension Office.
Startling developments may be expected when tho com
mittee does report.
Z. H. C, FoitT Scott, Kansas. -Rejected recruits aro
not entitled to pay or any other allowauco than transpor
tation to the placo of original enrollment.
B J. L., Leaven woktii, Kansas. I lost a valuable
horse in action during the lato war. Can I recover pay
for him?-A. If you filed an application for pay for tho
horso prir to January 1, 1870, by furnishing tho requi
site evidence of ownership and loss, you can recover. T ho
act of Congress allowing pay for horses lost in sorvico
expired by limitation Docombor 31, 1875; but as qi ito a
number of bills lookincr to an oxtonsiou of tho timo for
tiling claims of this nature were introduced in Congress
during its last session, and as it is highly probable that
ono of them will bo enacted into a law, you aro advised
to placo your claim on file through, an experienced attor
ney without delay. (Seo advertisement in this paper.)
Mas. J. A W., Houston, Texab. My husband was
accidontly killed by a train of cars last mouth. Ho ap
plied about ono year ago for a pension and had furnished
all tho ovidonco required except that of his captain, Can
I recover his pension? A. Yes; by completing your
husband's application you will receive tho samo amount
of pension that would havo boon allowed him had ho
lived and completed his claim.
Joel, II. V Coiumuus, Ky. Tho Union Army took
supplies from mo during tho war and I had my claim filed
in tho Quartonnustor-Gonoral's Oilico. Kliavo received a
notice that my claim is rejected because tho Quartormastor
Genoral is not satisfied of my loyalty during the war.
What am I to do? I oan provo my loyalty by many